Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 04, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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Tim omaiia Daily Hlvl
Dally Fee (without Sunday), One Year. $4 90
) Dally Hee an hunday, One Year "
Illustrated Hee, One Year "
'Vunony Hep, one Yesr 2 ?'
Saturday Hee. one Year 1
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year.. l.W
Tally Pee (without Sunday), per ropy... Jc
'Ially Hee (without SundHy). per week. ..12c
Dally Bee (Including Sunday), per week. lie
tSunday Hee, per ropy oc
Kvenlng Hee (without Sunday), per week 6c
Evening Hee (Including Sunday), per
week ....10c
Complaints of Irregularities In delivery
should he addressed to City Circulation De
partment. OFFICES.
Dmiha-Thc Bee Building.
South Omaha City Hall Bulldln, Twen-ty-flfth
and M Streets.
, Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street.
Chicago lftw Unity Building.
New York 23?s Park Row Building.
WashingtonSol Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter should be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Business letters and remittances should
be addressed: The Bee Publishing Com
pany, Omaha.
Remit hv draft, express or post.-l order,
vshl in Tha Ree Publishing Company.
nlv 2-rent etamns accented In payment of
mall accounts, i-ersonai cnecs, c-i' n
lOtnaha or eastern exchange, not accepted.
Btate of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss:
. George B. Tzschuck, secretary, of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
savs that the actual number of full and
crmplete copies of The Dally, Morning.
.Evening and Sunday Hee printed during
the month of October, 1902, waa as follws:
I 30, too n ai.sao
2 .lo.ft.'io IS 81,4511
' J 31.11MI 19 :to.4oo
4 30.HTO 30 82,240
t 21),SO 21 8a,3;w
31.2UO 22 81,B70
7 80.910 23 81,740
II 31,070 24 32.1BO
81,000 25 31.140
1! 81.1AO 26 20,33ri
Jl 82,000 27 31,070
12 20.020 28 31.0OO
II 81,8ftO 29 31.B30
14 81,230 30 .12,300
15 81.040 Jl 31.330
16 32.7(H)
Less unsold and returned copies O.W72
Ket total sales OBO.743
Net average sales 30.000
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
Wore me this 31st day of October, A. D.
1301. M. B. HUNOATK.
(Seal.) Notary Public.
It look as If the Iowa Idea were not
cutting such a biff swnth after all.
The weather man should have an hon
orary membership in every campaign
Whatever you do, don't let the election
go by default. Go to the polls and vote
your honest couvlctlous..
If Ex-President Cleveland doesn't quit
making so many speeches he will hare
Colonel Watterson after him again.
That colony of Boers, when it gets
fairly settled In Arkansas, will probably
be exempt from shotgun polities.
Henrlee In the array of school teachers
In the Philippines seems to be as hazard
ous as service in the army of soldiers.
Every republican is expected to do his
duty at the polls to his party and his
country according to the dictates of his
The . volcanic disturbance of Santa
Maria has "destroyed 200,000 hundred
weight of this year's Guatemalan coffee
crop. This ought to stiffen the demand
tor chicory.
All the purchasable vote will be bought
for Mercer. The Mercerltes have money
to burn, so our advice to venal voters Is
to Insist on the highest market price and
get their money before they deliver the
Our nonresident congressman says
travel Is almost a passion with htm. The
voters of this district should see to It
that he has ample opportunity to Indulge
this passion without neglecting any du
ties to his present constituents.
It Is pleaded in extenuation of
Schwab's sensational performances In
Europe that he Is cruzy. If the plea be
admitted in his behalf, It is rather rough
on a lot of other Americans whose con
duct Is Just as bad so far as their means
At all events, the two candidates on
the Judicial ticket in this district are net
worrying about the returns. They have
both been nominated by all political
parties and cau only compete against
one another for the honor of polling the
larger vote.
It Is worthy of notice that the news
paper which calls Itself nonpartisan ai
rways displays the most rank partisan
ship of any. The reason Is that It Is for
ale to the highest bidder, and when it
Is bought It must go the whole length
for the purchaser;
Of course It's puly a coincidence that
the same business men who have at
tached their signatures to the apieal to
republicans for Mercer were also for the
most part signers of an apMnl lu behalf
of the democratic, school board candi
dates last year. . In what ikjhIUou are
they to appeal to party loyalty?
The Board of Education Is the only
body that can add to the city tax rate
without limit. The necessity of having
men of Integrity and business sagacity
who will keep down extravagance and
waste should not be overlooked by tax
paying cltlxeus when tfl come to vote
Dew members into the school board.
Omaha is of sufficient Importance as
the seat of an episcopal diocese of the
Roman Catholic church to have a cathe
dral of creditable and Imposing proper
tlons. When the members of the church
bare progressed far enough to give as
surance that the project is to be pushed
In- earnest they will And the public-splr
Ued citizens of Omsha ready to assist
pitbout regard to denomination or creed
It Is sound doctrine and common usage
thnt the concurrent will of a political
party expressed by direct vote In pri
mary elections and conventions Is mor
ally binding tiKin all loyal men of the
same political faith. ' la other words,
when the will of the majority of the
party isexpressed fairly through a nomi
nating convention Its candidates are en
titled to the suptHrt of the rank and
file. When, however, the primary elec
tions are dominated by coercion, corrup
tion and fraud and the voice of the party
Is stifled and Its machinery used to foist
upon the ticket candidates who do not
represent the cnoice of the majority, the
action of the convention ,1s of no binding
force. -
Fraud vitiates all contracts. This
principle applies as much In politics as
it does In business. Twenty years ago
cnudidnte for the office of state treas
urer, counted in by fraud lu the repub
lican state convention, wits repudiated
by the rank and tile aiid defeated by
:t.xi majority, while the other candi
dates on the same ticket were elected by
L't.Ooo. The conscience of the party as
serted Itself by administering a rebuke
to fraud and for years thereafter the
lesson taught was not forgotten by Ne
braska republicans. .
It Is an open secret that the nomina
tion of David H. Mercer for a sixth term
In congress does not represent the un
trammeled will of a majority of tho1
party, but on the contrary was dictated
to aud forced upon the party by the rail
road corporations and their allied de
Itendents. supplemented by a horde of
Imported nonresidents voted at the pri
mary on perjured affidavits. Any can
didate who secures his nomination by
such means has no legitimate claim upon
honest republicans. If republicans en
dorse the lawless methods by which,
Mercer was nominated and tamely sub
mit to the autocratic dictation of cor
poration managers the same tactics will
be pursued again and again and party
conventions will cease to represent the
free will of the majority and simply
register the edicts of corporation mag
nates, who are republicans In republican
states and democrats in democratic
From the local republican point of
view Mercer has no claims upon the sup
port of the active party workers past or
present He Is the most supremely self
ish and ungrateful man who has ever
been honored with public office. He has
never assisted any other candidate by
word or work, he has never contributed
to the election of any other republican,
but In all former campaigns has been a
deadhead, even when he was himself
mnning. In the present campaign he
and his manager have done nothing ex
cept for Mercer, aud are trying to trade
off everybody else on the ticket from
top to bottom for Mercer.
The plea that the re-election of Mercer
Is essential to republican supremacy In
national affairs Is groundless. The poli
cies Inaugurated under McKInley cannot
lie disturbed so long as republicans con
trol the seuate and so long as Roosevelt
occupies the White House. No change
can be made In our money standard or
In the tariff without the concurrence of
senate and president No change can be
made In the government of the Philip
pines without the concurrence of senate
and president Congress has made am
ple provision for acquiring the Panama
canal and prosecuting the work of con
struction, and It will take several years
to complete the public buildings, war
ships, etc., projected and under way.
Mercer's continuance in congress as
chairman of the committee on public
buildings Is of no moment whatever to
the people of this district however Im
portant he may be as trading material
for railroad corporations and trusts In
promoting schemes In which they are
All Indications point to the control of
the next house by the republicans by a
decisive majority without Mr. Mercer.
It Is for republicans who desire to re
generate the party and reinstate It in
popular confidence to assert their inde
pendence by placing . patriotism above
partisanship and registering with their
votes a protest against Mercer and mer
cenary methods In politics.'
The recent decision of the supreme
court of Iowa, so construing the consti
tution as to give free hand to cities and
towns to own and operate public utili
ties, notwithstanding the 6 per cent lim
itation on municipal Indebtedness, has
been quickly followed by an equally Im
portant decision giving cities competent
control over the service charges where
public utilities are operated unfler fran
chises by corporations, Hie uecision
sweeplngly sustains the action of the
city council of Cedar Uaplds In cuttiug
down by 25 per cent the rates sought to
be enforced by tha' water company, hold
ing the municipal rate to be reasonable.
The court grounds Its decision Tjroadly
on considerations of public policy. It
therein takes a position that is not only
Impregnable from illegal standpoint, but
also In line with the progressive tuougut
and I he practical necessities of the age.
Both tbo subject Rafter And Jtbt method
of supply of water, 'light, heaf etc., are
!; their very essence of public concern.
Their value absolutely depends upon
density of urban population; the corpora
tlons which distribute them a.e the
creatures of the public, thalr franchises
are public grants and the' public welfare
Is vitally dependent upon them. But
these corporations have systematically
abused, their functions by suppressing
competition, by speculative maulpuia
tlou, by over capitalization and by ex
tortlonate charges," and too often they
have been abetted In these wrongs by
courts' of all degrees.
The supreme court of Iowa Is to be
commeuded for opening wide the door
for iellrf to all the municipalities of the
state in a series of consistent and thor
ough-going decisions. They may now
freely establish their own plants or take
over on agreement those that have been
established by corporations, or If bound
by contract for a term to a monopolistic
corporation which refuses to come to
agreement, they can fully protect them
selves by enforcing reasonable charges.
It would le well If In this respect other
states would follow the Iowa example.
In his rejwrt to the War department
regarding conditions In the Philippines,
the special commissioner, Mr. Jenks, rec
ommends that employers of labor be
permitted to Introduce Chinese laborers
Into the Islands under contract for a
period of not over three years In each
Individual instance. The labor question
In the Philippines Is not less pressing
than the currency question, since it has
been conclusively shown that native
Inlwr cannot be depended upon for the
Industrial and commercial development
of the archipclugo. What Is needed
there Is skilled labor and the Chinese
and Japanese are the only races In the.
far east furnishing such labor. Besides,
the Filipino will work only as his neces
sities require and these are small.
The Chinaman, on the other hand. Is
a steady, patient trustworthy worker.
In the Philippines he has taught the
native to do nearly all that he now
does successfully, while be is superior in
other respects to the average Filipino.
This is the testimony of all Intelligent
observers, among them several of our
consuls in the Orient. The question is
one to be considered from the practical
point of view. The most radical advo
cate of excluding Chinese labor from the
United States may consistently favor
admitting It to the Philippines, since the
conditions and circumstances are wholly
different That labor Is not needed here
for developing our resources, but In the
Philippines it Is absolutely essential to
Industrial and commercial growth. It
seems evident that congress will have
to allow Chinese labor in the archipelago
upon some such plan as suggested by
Mr. Junks, If any progress Is to be made
In developing the islands.
It Is understood that President Roose
velt will In his annual message urge
upon congress the necessity of extending
the land laws and the system of public
survey o to the district of Alaska, In
order that the resources of that vast
region may be adequately developed. It
would seem that such a recommendation
should meet with no opposition, for
there appears to be no valid reason
why Alaska should not receive this .con
sideration and whatever more may be
necessary to the development of Its re
sources. It is a valuable region, that
has repaid many times what It cost rind
every effort should be made to render It
still more valuable.
The common Impression has been that
Alaska Is wholly without agricultural
resoot ces, but this Is erroneous, the fact
being that there Is a considerable portion
of the region In which agriculture can be
successfully carried on. It Is believed
that if the land laws were extended
there the agricultural portion would be
rapidly populated and developed. There
Is no reason to doubt that such would
be the result and this being so it is
plainly the duty of congress not to with
hold the means necessary to the upbuild
ing of Alaska and to the Improvement
of conditions there. Whatever reasons
there may have been heretofore for neg
lecting that part of our possessions,
there certainly are none at present, and
It Is safe to predict; that any recom
mendation which the president shall
make to congress respecting Alaska will
be complied with.
Two measures for amending the Inter
state commerce act are pending In con
gress. One is known as the Elklns bill
"to enlarge the Jurisdiction of the Inter
state Commerce commission," and rep
resents the more advanced pro-railroad
sentiment that Is, it is assumed to mark
the outer limit of concession which may
be expected for the present from any
of the carrying companies. The other
Is the Corliss bill and Is supposed to
have behind It the mercantile shipping
In some respects these measures are
similar. In the authority conferred upon
the commission to make an order for
future rates to take the place of rates
which have been condemned as unlawful.
the two bills are to all Intents the same;
so they are, also, In making cumulative
the penalties for disregarding an order
of the commission, so that the offending
company will be forced. In self-defeuse.
to take the Initiative In any appeal to
the courts. They diverge at the point
where they provide for the Interval be
tween such appeal and the decision of
the tribunal of last resort on the merits
of the controversy, The Corliss bill pro
vides that during that period the new
rate prescribed by the commission shall
govern; the Elklns bill provides that It
shall be suspended.. As to this detail, the
question is simply whether the order
shall be Immediately obeyed, at the risk
of loss to the carrier, or temporarily set
aside at the risk of loss to the public.
It Is not to be doubted that public
opinion will favor the provision of the
Corliss bilL
The most radical and Important differ
ence between these measures is the
absence from the Corliss bill of any
concession to the railroads from the
present anti-pooling and anti-trust laws,
while the Elklns bill contains a pro
vision specifically authorizing common
carriers "to arrange among themselves
for the establishment or maintenance of
rates." As this has been the cause of
most of the dissensions between the
shipping and the carrying Interests in
the legislative arena of late years, the
fate of the two measures, when they
come to a direct clash, may turn upon it.
It Is reasonably certain that the pros
ent congress will not enact a law per
niluiuif pooling, while of course the
railroad raterest" will strenuously op
pose legislation to Increase the powers
of the Interstate Commerce commission
that does not also allow pooling. It is
suggested that much may depend. In the
final event, upon the result of the effort
to dissolve the merger in the Northern
Securities case.
There Is a very strong and earnest
public demand, more general, perhaps,
than ever before, for amendment of the
Interstate commerce act so as to enlarge
the Jurisdiction and Increase the power
and authority of the commission. The
necessity for this, if the law Is to be of
any substantial value to the mercantile
shipping Interest of the country4, Is
obvious. Congress should heed the pub
Ifc demand In this matter and amend
the law so as to enable the commission
to act to some purpose and thus remedy
the abuses that now admittedly prevail.
In counting the vote election officers
usually make a great deal more work
for themselves than Is necessary, thus
delaying the tabulation of the returns
and the announcement of the successful
candidates. In( many states the law
makes provision .for the prompt collec
tion and tabulation of election results,
but In Nebraska this work Is left en
tirely to the private Initiative of the
newspapers. If the election officers re
alized the full Import of this part of the
canvass they Would certainly exert them
selves more to assist In accommodating
the thousands and ten of thousands who
are Impatiently waiting to know what
the outcome Is. Let the election officers
all go at their work this time syste
matically. Finish the count first on gov
ernor and congressman and then the
other candidates on the ticket In the
order of Importance aud the election
returns will be given to the public In
better form than ever before.
Few political campaigns in recent his
tory have caused less interference with
business than the campaign Just closing.
Trade and commerce has gone on almost
the same as If no election were In sight.
The reason for this doubtless is that the
business interests place full confidence In
President Roosevelt and know that what
ever tne outcome of the election the re
publican policies that produced the pres
ent prosperity, will continue uninter
rupted. The only thing that Mexico can wisely
do Is to limit the use of silver to small
payments, to restrict the coinage and
make the silver coins virtually redeem
able In gold. This Is what the practical
experience and best thought of the world
has settled down" to, and with the metal
In a Mexican dollar cold now worth only
about 39 cents, and violently fluctuating
and still falling, It 1s what that country
will have to do. ' '
Ourley couldn't answer those pertinent
questions propounded to him because he
Is no mind reader, land Mercer has not
made any attempts answer them. The
people know, therefore, that they cannot
be satisfactorily answered nor the dis
creditable transactions in Mercer's rec
ord explained away. If Mercer won't
take his constituents into his confidence,
why should they jlace, any confidence
In him? ;
Political arithmetic Is the most un
certain branch of mathematical science.
With the same data! and using the same
methods of solution, the statisticians are
able with the same ease to figure out
majorities on either side of the political
line, defying any one to detect ana point
out errors. The solution given In the
voter's answer book, however, often does
not correspond ..wjtli any of the fore
A man who would procure a nomina
tion for congress by the votes of Im
ported repeaters sworn In on perjured
affidavits, make false returns under oath
of cumpalgn expenditures and use bis
congressional frank to cheat Uncle Sam
out of postage on bis private campaign
circulars would not hesitate to fake up
a typewritten endorsement of himself
over the name of Senator Uanna.
A Toachlnv Proposition.
Saturday Evening Post.
Vnr 1200 000. sava Lieutenant Peary, the
North nola can be reached. But it is doubt
ful it the North pole can touch the country
for any. such sum. ,
. Ideal Benevolence.
... Indianapolis News.
A 1600.000.000 combination ot the beef In
terest of the country Is planned. This,
of course, has tor Us object the lowering
of the price to the consumer. What else?
H( Hia Gate on the Willows.
Chicago Record-Herald.
If the sultan ot Bacolod would locate
where a few of the hoys eould pay their re
spects to him on Hallowe'en he would
doubtless get over his desire to reach out
for further trouble.
Proflta ot Chewtsg.
Springfield Republican. '
The chewing gum trust, otherwise known
as the American Chicle company. Is paying
dividends of 1 per cent a month on Its com
mon stock, and Is said to be earning 15 per
cent a year. . Tbla must be accounted
among the most striking evidences of pros
perity. The t'ontla Daay Day.
Baltimore American.
The country should respond cheerfully to
the president's Thanksgiving proclamation,
This Is a great and glorious country, with
advantages, resources and opportunities
never before so developed an) plentiful, and
If we spend the time In actually returning
thanks for all that we have cause to be
thankful for, November 11 will be one of
our very busy days.
I'p Asalaat the Ileal Tbla.
Indianapolis News.
The tact that the members of the coal
strike arbitration commission are getting
dirty, dusty and tired examining coal mines
getting "up against the real thing," In
fact will not prejudice them against the
claims of the miners not by a good deal.
Prom the way the commission has begun Its
Investigation it looks as If a good deal ot
light might be thrown on the coal mining
evils of the Pennsylvsnia anthracite neiu
Even by this time the coal roads are no
doubt bracing themselves to answer some
very embarrassing questions.
Peeallnrltles of Country Where Mul
len Carries the Prophet's Hsner.
Recent dispatches, from Egypt supplied a
brief degression from routine affairs by re
counting the operations of another wild
man not from Borneo, but Somaliland.
widely known as the Mnd Mullah. In former
times he achieved some distinction as the
False Prophet. That was before Tommy
Atkins took a fall out ot him. But he
failed to profit by the experience and is still
carrying the prophet's banner In some un
contested districts of Africa. Mr. Mullnh
ia a man of nerve, else he would not dis
pute John Bull's right to rule Somaliland
and the adjoining countries. He also pos
sesses the faculty of humor, though he may
not know it. Both nerve and humor were
conspicuous during his recent busy days
when, with banner aloft and bayonet fixed,
he chased a bunch ot Tommies off the con
secrated ground of the prophet. That inci
dent aroused the gaiety ot nations and
proved that Mr. Mullah Is not suffering for
a nerve tonic.
Oscar T. Crosby, an African traveler who
has tramped around and through the terri
tory of the Mad Mullah, gives nn account
ot the country and how It is governed In a
letter to the New York Sun. "When I
traversed Somaliland, a little more than
two years sgo," he writes, "there were Just
three Britishers in the whole protectorate
one at each of the three coast towns.
Once-a-week communication by sea had
been established between these towns for
some time, a little steamer touching at
these Somali ports and at Aden. Com
munication by land Is difficult, the whole
country being of desert characteristic. The
regular caravan routes trend toward the In
terior. Through Zeila (one ot the three
towns in question) most ot the commerce
with Abyssinia passes from caravan to
boat, and vice versa. Besides the three
British officers on duty, there were no
white men whatever save perhaps half a
dozen Greek merchants those true cosmo
politans of everywhere.
"As a military force, I saw at Zella,
about forty East India soldiers, who were
soon to be returned to India, a Somali
police force having meanwhile been put in
training. To my surprised Inquiry as to
why this risk should be run. Captain
Harold, the devoted officer then stationed
at Zella, replied that It would be cheaper
thus cheaper for the small Samoli budget,
whose Income he did not want to Increase
by unusual taxation, and whose outgo he
did not want to Increase by providing him
self with the necessary help and protec
tion. Even at that time the Mad Mullah
was disturbing the hinterland, and while
in Abyssinia I saw many of Menellk's sol
diers tramping toward the frontier, where
ever since they and the British, making
common cause against the rebel, have met
varying fortunes of war. With British rule
even with Abyssinian rule go law and
order, yet one who knows the sincere
Somali Mohammedan must sympathize with
these wild chaps who fight for something
that Is dear to them. Almost without
firearms, they wage war against British
and Abyssinian rifles. Doubtless tboy have
now, after years of slow infiltration, a
little a very little In the way of rifle and
cartridge supply. At Zella, the watch
over this traffic Is very strict. But In
Djibouti, capital of French Somaliland, I
saw many caravan loads ot 'cartouches'
starting for the interior. They are meant
for ,Menellk, yet Somali eagerness and
desert solitude must sometimes combine
to cause a change of destination.
"In the Soudan, on the upper Blue Nile,
I saw the same poverty of white force In
black land. Chancing to he the first white
man to descend the Blue Nile from Abys
sinia to the Sudan, I came first upon the
farthest east post, commanded by a Su
danese officer. Then, seventy miles fur
ther down, in command of the frontier
district, a single white officer, with no
white Iroops. Then, 250 miles further
down stream, two more British officers
were found and at Khartoum barely six
months after the death of the callpha
only forty-four Britishers, all told. Even
the officers who made this count, because
of my remark that they were skating on
thin Ice, seemed a little surprised t the
small array of forty-four, which Included
six noncommissioned officers and two
civilians, all others being officers.
"The Boer war had. of course, drawn
down the number of those administering
the great savage British-Egyptian empire
of the Sudan, but my informant could
make out only seventy as the roster, before
the leakage to South Africa. These men
command troops either Egyptian or Sudan
ese. They have splendidly molded thU
black material yet only two months be
fore my. arrival In Khartoum there had
been a serious conspiracy among the Egyp
tian officers, and many of the Sudanese
soldiers bad been of the Mahdi's men, mad
with religious zeal against the Infidel.
Courageous, cool, loyal are these British
officers, chosen for hard work. In the far
corners of the earth. But months of soli
tude (for In a sense it Is solitude to be
surrounded only by Insecure, though
friendly blacks), will gradually deteriorate
the strongest fiber. One more white man
at each such post might make a great dif
ference not only In the life of the Indi
vidual officer, but in the money-and-blood
coBt to the controlling power.
"It does not follow that the presence of
duplicate officers in the three Somali towns
would surely have prevented this particular
movement of the Mad Mullah. But, an as
sistant taking over for a time the daily
duties of God-on-Earth, performed by the
officer In charge at Berbers or Zella the
senior would have time to spend In the
interior, would have time to think, would
get out of the rut Into the busy routine Into
which the town holda him, would be better
prepared In many ways to deal with those
complicated undercurrents which now sep
arate, now unite, the nomadic tribes of the
Interior. He would at least have a better
knowledge of the land over which be may
have to fight.
The Mad Mullah Is so deeply religious
that half the soldiers In his camp are en
gaged In prayer when they are not drilling
or attending to their camp duties. The
natives are absolutely fearless of death
and believe that defeat under the Mad
Mullah Is Impossible and hold to the view
that heaven is the reward of all those who
die by the bullets of the hated foe.
Great Britain is In no humor for another
war. The Boer campaign cost $300,000,000
and Is not over yet. Of course, India has
an enormous army of native troops offi
cered by Englishmen, but to send them
away would be to Invite another uprising
and the old mutiny is not forgotten.
Enough English blood has been spilled
already, the English think, but the mad
mullah mutters and Great Britain shud
ders. Personally the Mad Mullah Is an extraor
dinary man. He, while despising the civil
ization of the effete west, has secretly
made a study of every Invention the news
ot which came to his owa city. It is ru
mored that among the prisoners taken
years ago by this queer chieftain is an
English officer, who was, aa most English
officers are, a graduate of Sandhurst, which
corresponds to our West Point. The story
Is tnai this luau Loa taught net only hit
own language to the Mad Mullah, but has
shown him the mysteries of telegraphy,
the telethons and other things, including
the science of military strategy and that
of arms In general.
The- mullah la personally so strong that
he Is said to be able to break at) Iron bar
In two aa easily as the average man snaps
a walking stick. He has a host of sooth
sayers and priests about hltn, whom he
consults on all possible occasion.
Process of Concertina; Storks ino
Mortaaaes and Snndi.
New York Kvenlng Post.
Some of the figures, In the summary of
railroad operations in 1901 Just published
by Poor's Manual, are rather noteworthy.
During that year the aggregate capital of
this country's railways, Including both
stock and bonds. Increased come t 1,000, -000.
To appreciate exactly what this means,
it should be added that Increase In the
same accounts during the three-year period
ending in 1800, was only $425,000,000. Dur
ing this same three-year period. Increase
in capital stock alone was $201,382,000, and
In bonded debt $221. 160.000; the two
branches of liabilities fairly keeping pace
with one another.. During 1901. on the
other hand, the $4.-l,ooo,000 Increase in
capital comprised expansion In stock of
only $174,440,000, whereas bonded debt in
creased -no less than $278,877,000. This
showing Is quite In accordance with the
events of the twelvemonth In railway
finance. That year will always stand forth
conspicuous In railway history as a period
when the raising of capital on the basis of
stock issues 'was suspended by the floating
of mortgage bonds. Similarly, 1903 will be
remembered as a time when the process
was extended further, and outright con
version of shares into bonds waa the order
of the day.
The upshot of the process, so far as
concerns division of railway capital Into
stocks and bonds, .Is that In 1901, for the
first time since 1896, bonded debt of Ameri
can railways exceeded their share capital.
As against this somewhat atriklng tact,
however. It should be noticed that last
year's actual Interest payment on this In
creased debt though greater by nearly
one million than In 1900, and by $6,200,000
than In 1899, was with those exceptions the
smallest of any year since 1888. The seem
ing paradox Is explained, of course, by the
fall of Interest rate and consequent possi
bility of- turning 6 and 7 per cent bonds
Into 4 per cents. When the other side of
the general balance sheet is examined, to
find what assets stand against the $451.000,.
000 increase in last year s railway capital.
It will be seen, from the Poor's Manual
figures, that only $233,000,000 Is accounted
for by cost of railway and equipment. It
Is in that extremely suggestive entry known
as "other investments" that the secret must
be looked for. Expansion in that account,
during 1901, was no less than $210,000,000.
How much of that Increase was made up
of stocks of other railways, bought at the
prices of a Wall street "boom," people
familiar with the history of the year may
guess. Last yea'r's increase In such assets
appears to have been twice as large as
that of any year since 1800.
A New York policeman is to be tried
for selling himself for 60 cents. And
probably he was dear at that.
For a young man destined to become an
absolute monarch, the crown prince of Slam
takes very kindly to democratic Ideas, and
Count Victor Czaykowskt, known as
Mouzaffer Pasha, and a Catholic, has been
made governor general of the holy land
by the sultan.
Prof. Michael I.. Pupln of Columbia uni
versity, Inventor of the ocean telephone,
began his career In America as an attend
ant in a Turkish bath parlor In Brooklyn.
The villa of Tommaso Salvlnt, the dis
tinguished tragedian, has been entered by
thieves, who stole medals, gold crowns and
many other precious souvenirs of Salvlnl's
Should the dictum of the Missouri valley
homeopaths become the rule of action the
ears of womankind will hear these saddest
of sad words: "Farewell, a long farewell
to all your sweetness."
. The British forces in South Africa gave
the Missouri mule a good advertisement
In that country, as the Boers now propose
to employ him In the pursuits of peace.
They respect his obstinacy.
Under the rules laid down by the czar for
the government of newspapers in Russia
the Job of featuring "a scoop" is a perilous
one. The prospect of a free pass to Siberia
tends to chasten the Joy of the head builder.
The name of Jessie Benton Fremont, the
aged widow of the "Pathfinder," was the
first to be entered on the new register of
the Fremont hotel, recently opened In
Los Angeles and named in honor ot her
When Mr. Tseng, the new Chinese con
sul, arrived at his post In New York there
was considerable surprise that his wife,
instead of being a small-footed little Ori
ental woman Is a fair-haired, pink-cheeked,
broads-shouldered young English .woman.
She and her husband met when he was
attached to the Chinese legation In Lon
don. They were married three years ago
and have one child, a boy of 2 years.
Mrs. Fanny J, Clary Is a prohibitionist
candidate for the legislature from the First
Hampshire district of Massachusetts, the
first woman to be nominated for a state
office in Massachusetts. Her husband, also
an enthusiastic prohlb'tlonist. Is a pros
perous farmer. So strong are the temper
ance principles ot the Clary family that a
cider mill 'which was on the farm when
they bought It a tew years ago was dis
mantled, though It had been a source of
.considerable Income to the previous owner.
The doctor orders the medicine, the medicine
aids nature, and nature makes the cure. Ask
your own doctor about it. He has our formula.
He knows why Ayer's Sarsaparilla makes the
blood pure .and rich, why it tones up weak
nerves, and why it overcomes all debility.
' Avers Pills aid the Sarsaparilla. They keen
1 - - - - -
the liver active, cure
Siciwieaaacne, nausea.
Ilo the Names Given Chllirrs
enee Their Careers?
Kansas City Star.
Judge Wofford. bo has earned a rep
utation for quaint philosophy In Kansas
City, asked the name of one of the girls
of his probationary school. "Marie" she
said. "Humph! No wonder you stole."
returned the Judge. "You should have
been named Mary or Jane. A girl with
uch a name as Marie hasn't a fair show."
The Judge only stated In his emphatic
way a curious fact which others have ob
servedthat names of children do Influ
ence their careers. Parents should be
very careful what names they give their
offspring, especially their boys. The par
ticular Instance of "Marie" may appear
to be tar-fetched, but It Illustrated one
phase of the general rule, which is that
not many names will bear transplanting.
To limit the discussion to boys; Oscar
or Adolph does very well In Sweden or
Germany, but neither will fuse very ac
ceptably with English Ideas. Occasionally
an Oscar or Adolph In America becomes a
leading citizen, but then there are white
crows. Generally speaking a boy should
have a one-syllable name or one that
can be readily "nicked." A Reginald or
Clarence hasn't near the chances for thn
presidency that a Tom or Bill has. There,
again, there may be exceptions, though it
must he admitted that a boy who wins
under that handicap should be given espe
cial credit.
Bpt perhaps the greatest offense thnt
misguided parents commit against defense
less infants Is in loading them with
the camea of great men, particularly the
names of poets. It is difficult to Imagine
anything less poetical than a baby at
christening time, and whether It Is sup
posed that the poet's name will do to con
jure with for tho divine afflatus, or that
It Is ooly In keeping with the seraphlo
character of the Infant, the fancy Is alike
misled. If the child could have the bliss
to die.
Ere sin could blight or sorrow fade,
there would be little harm done. Homer
and Milton and Dante look well in mar
ble. But for the flesh, no; they are too
well, too unfieshy. The child that bears
such a name becomes Impressed. If he
gives It hoed at all, with his responsi
bility. It weighs upon him. He seems to
be under a perpetuaT injunction to sing
and the very fact makes the notes stick
In his throat. It Is no cause for sur
prise that all of the successors ot Milton
have been "mute and Inglorlus." Who
ever heard of more than one tuneful Ho
mer? To the thoughtless observer it
might occur that Dante Gabriel Rossettl
disproved the sweeping dictum. But ha
didn't. He was not even an exception
to the rule. His case may be accounted for
by the singular combination of nomen
clature a sort of bl-nomlal thecrem work
ing along the lines of a double negative. It
may be asserted with confidence that Dante
Rossetti would have sold bananas in tho
streets of London. Gabriel Rossettl would
have peddled macaroni. But Dante Gabriel
was too much for silence. Any boy of nerve
would have redeemed that name or done
something desperate.
Town and Country: Friend But if there's
no hope of saving him. doctor, what are
you going to perform the operation for?
Doctor One hundred dollars.
New York Sun: Knlcker How are you
getting along with your play?
Bocker I've Just written the third chap
ter of the novel.
Browning's Magazine: ''I never knew of
a clergyman so popular as Rev. Mr.
Ketcham." ,
"How do you account for It?" ' '' ''
"He calls his afternoon sen-Ice a mati
nee." Chicago News: "What we require." said
the managing editor. "Is the service of a
man capable of taking full charge of our
'Query Box.' Are you capable of answer
ing all kinds of questions'.'"
"Well. I rather guess yes." replied the
applicant. "I'm the futher of eleveni chil
dren." Detroit Free Press: Politician Congratu
lations, Sarah. I've been nominated.
Sarah (with delight) Honemly ?
Politician What difference docs that
Chicago Tribune: "What is the trouhle
between you and Mr. Spoonamore?" they
asked her.
"He addressed me the other day," she re
plied, choking with wrath at the recollec
tion, "as a 'fair daughter of Kve!' Daughter
of Eve I And I'm not as old as he Is himself
by live full years:"
Philadelphia Press: "Miss Oldun," said
Mr. Gayboy, "are you very fond of sports?"
"Well er really " stammered Mlsa Vera
"I suppose there's at least one sport you
like more than any other."
"Thlx is so Hudilen. Mr. (Jayboy. Yot're
the only real sport who ever called on me."
Atlanta Constitution.
Ain't It a mighty good country spite of Its
troubles an' all,
From the red o' the blooms in the Maytlme
to the crimsonln' fruits o' the fall!
Then ho, for a song
As we're trudgln' along
For the brightest old country of ail!
Ain't it a mighty good country' answerln
quick to your cull,
From the fields that are heavy with harvest
to the clustering vines on the wall!
Then ho, for a song
All the bright way along
For the brightest old country of all!
Ain't It a mighty good country from cot
tage to garlanded hall
With room In tho hills an the valleys for
the hearts an' the homes of us all!
Then it's ho, for a song
All the glad way along
For the brightest old country of all!
. - a b
constipation, biliousness,
j. o. ayib oo joweii. Mass.