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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 29, 1902)
TITE OMAITA DATLT BEE; WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2D, 1002.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee.
K. ftoHEW ATi.il. EDITOR.
PtBUPMF.U KVKRY MUHNINQ.
TKRMA OK Bl'MrJCniPTlON.
Dally He loiih.iut Suud., Un i' tar. .$4 00
lati an euttUHt itr e.w
Illustrated iim, one leir .w
kunuay in lr iw
Saturoay Itee. one tir i.M
aWeiiiiaih ei tury farmer, una Ytar.. i.M
Lti-I VKIlJLil HIT CAKKlk.lt.
IsUy Be (without Kundayi, per copy... tc
J iiy kim twltnoui buiiia, per w. e. . .lio
1'aiijf toe tiimuuii, nunuay), per I.,liO
ctunuay iiee, per uupy ec
.venlng Ilea (Without nuridayl, per ww be
lvvemi.- (li.uuuuig bundayj, per
tAnipialnts of lrresuUiit.es in delivery
ahouia M addressed tu city circulation Ix
Omaha The Be uuliuirig.
etuutn Omaha cily iiau iiuiidliig, Twen
. ty-ullD twi M htreela.
counuJi Miuna W iearl Street.
Chicaf o lirtu Limy Uui.uiii.
New ora fark Kuw uuiiding.
W aehingioo ul fourteenth tttraeu
Communication relating to news and edi
torial muttrr auould be auureaaeU: umuu
4Je, Ikditorial XJeparunent.
Business letter and rtm.Uance should
fee) adaivsaetii in U fuuiiauing turn
i Remit by draft, express or postal order,
(payable to 1 be ilea Pubilahlnf Company.
'Only 2-cant stamp accepted in payment of
mail aocounts. -ronai cbecKS, except on
Uutaha or eastern excnane, not accKploO.
I STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Stat of Nebraska. boug.aa County, as:
(Mors B. isschuck, secretary ol Tbs
Baa publishing Company, being duly sworn,
laays that the actual number ot (all and
complete cuplea ot The Ually, Morning.
JUvaaia- and eunday toe printed during
tbs month of oepteiuber, Uui, waa as Xul-
1. 80,130 1 81,100
1 a no,To 17 ai.oao
' a. SO.&SO It 81.140
j 4 80,810 u si,imv
I S1.ST0 20 31400
' 80,420 U S,70
1 mM7o a si.ooo
I. ..- ao,uoo u S46uii
8O.70O 14 32144
10 81.000 v 81.UOO
II SO.IUO 26 80,770
11 81.830 27 80,830
U SlJflHI 2 29,0X8
14 SV.S0O 29 8O.M00
U. SMMM 10 81.10U
' Total 628,228
;bsa a Mold and returned oople.... 10,144
Net total sales 18,081
'Ket dally average SO. 002
OEORQE3 D. TZSCHTJCK.
flu beer! bed In my presence and sworn to
Wore ma this tutb day of September. A.
!.. lt St. B. HUNQATK,
tSeal.J Notary Publlo.
Last registration day next Saturday.
Mark It down.
The Chicago bone show really baa
horses among tbe exhibits. How strange!
Only one more chance to register and
that chance comes next Saturday. The
unregistered will not be able to. vote.
Desperate causes need desperate reme
dies. That explains why Mercer Is re
torting to so many questionable cam
Having secured his nomination by Im
ported railroad graders. Our Dare now
expects to secure his election by Im
ported railroad boarders. ,
If tbe republicans only had a man of
Secretary Shaw's ability and Integrity
aa their candidate for congress in this
district but there's the "If."
Voters In Omaha will certainly feel
lost election day without the customary
privilege of expressing themselvea for or
against Gordon for police Judge.
It is to be regretted that an expert
cyclist has broken bis own neck while
corchlng, but It Is not so bad as If he
had broken other people's necks.
Keep your eye on the fire underwrit
ers. The mere suggestion of fire depart
ment retrenchment Is enough to serve
them as a pretext for marking up the
rates on fire risks.
Nw It Is announced that the price of
coke Is to come Mown. It might as well
be the price of corncobs. Furnaces and
stoves built for coal refuse to digest any
other kind of nourishment.
With so many murder mysteries all
round ua In Nebraska, It Is a serious
question whether this Is just the right
time to begin agitating for the abolition
of capital punishment In this state.
Governor Savage has undertaken to
lecture the students at the state uni
versity on trusts. It 'would be much
more appropriate for the students to
lecture the governor on public trusts.
The eminent Indiana physicians under
Indictment as parties to a systematic
scheme for wholesale body snatching
are getting one kind of advertising not
forbidden by tbe code of medical ethics.
It Is to be noted that all this hubbub
about the danger of infection from kiss
ing conies from the homeopaths. The
legitimate conclutilon Is that osculation
la dangerous only when taken In homeo
When David B. Hill says that a demo
cratic victory In New York this year
Involve a democratic victory In the na
tion In 11MH, he reully tueaua that he
hopes It may be a victory for David B
Hill In 1904.
It ought not to take tuany life an
ten era to put a decided damper on people
with homicidal proclivities In this baill
Wick unit- all our Nebraska governors
,ahould I) eager to achieve a reputation
Cat great pardoner.
! ill J. J I
I The annual report of (iorernor Dol?
, calls for an appropriation' of over
BJLUkin dollars from the national treas
ury for Hawaii. Colonial puaaesaiuus
com high, but It appears that we ars
bound to have thetu.
Tbs arlf'i'outtltuifd guardians of the
pu'41c schuuls who workedi themselves
lot-J a frvur a year ago that none but
drtmiTwt -ut 1 Trorx rly administer the
schot I systrui a ueuilwr of the Board
C aVlscatlosi meat to have fallen Into
, JotnArgy this yeatv. -.
a partt rirnocr as issue.
In Ms speech Monday evening Secre
tary Hhnw raid . that the democratic
pnrty is without aft Issue. This Is so
conoplcuously the fact that It seems al
most needless to assert It The demo
cratic party started out In the national
congressional campaign with a flourish
of tnimiiets regarding Imperialism, mili
tarism, opposition to the trusts, so
called, and tarlfT reform, with which
It was proposed to sweep the country.
What Is left of these Issues? m
The cry of Imperialism has ceased to
attract attention. Nobody pays any
further attention to It. Its folly has be
come apparent to everybody of common
sense and sane Judgment. There Is
pence In the Philippines, so far as the
civilized people of the archipelago are
concerned. These are submitting with
out a question to American sovereignty
and are showing entire contentment.
They are experiencing no imperialistic
rule, but on the contrary are having
a measure of freedom which they have
never liefore enjoyed. As to alleged
militarism. It Is a'uown to have teen
utterly groundless by the fact that the
military establishment has been reduced
to the minimum provided by law and
that our army la today . the smallest
relative to population of any In the
world. Just aa rapidly as It was ex
pedient to cut down the regular army
this baa been done and It ha now been
reduced to a force which no sensible citi
zen can regard as insufficient, or aa In
the least degree dangerous to the inter
ests and welfare of Our people and the
perpetuity of our Institutions. No ra
tional man will apprehend any Interfer
ence with the liberty1 of our people or
any menace to free Institutions from a
standing army of less than 60,000 In a
nation of nearly 80,000,000.
In regard to opposition to the great In
dustrial combinations the democratic
party is no more earnest and sincere
than the republican party. It must not
be forgotten that the only federal anti
trust legislation was enacted by the re
publican party and that It was a demo
cratic administration which pronounced
this legislation Inadequate and failed to
make a single effort to enforce It, al
though trusts were then numerous and
aggressive. The republican party was
first to declare against combinations In
restraint of trade and for the control of
production and prices, and it htt shown
Its good faith In legislation, national
and state, and in efforts to enforce the
As to so-called tariff reform, every
body knowa that the -democratic party
has In view free trade the overthrow
of the principle of protection to Ameri
can industries and American labor. . Yet
even aa to this, that party is not united,
some of its members realizing that if the
policy of destroying protection should
be carried out the effect wtould be
disastrous to a very large number of our
industries. Tbe simple truth la that the
democratic party has no practicable pol
icy regarding a single one of the great
questions which 'await solution. It Is
merely a party of opposition, proposing
nothing that commends Itself to the
sound Judgment and the practical wis
dom of , the cointry. It is entirely out
of accord with the Intelligent sentiment
of the time and therefore unworthy of
popular confidence and support.
OITK THK INDIAN A CHANCB.
The United States government could
do nothing better for the welfare of the
Indians than to persevere in and enlarge
tbe effort to enable them to render them
selves self-supporting Not to discuss
the many futilities and anomalies of ur
policy for a century and more In dealing
with them, it Is sufficient to , say that
nothing could have been worse, more
demoralising and more fatal to the In
dians themselves than the system of
maintaining them in Idleness by govern
ment supplies of food,' clothing, cash.
etc., and herding them In large bands
under strict surveillance and conditions
which absolutely deprived them of the
means of the employment and Industrial
occupation necessary to earning a liveli
hood. The Inevitable result baa hap
pened. Placed under similar circum
stances and foreclosed from the oppor
tunity of self-support, the strongest race
on earth would infallibly degenerate.
would lose self-reliance and Individual
Precisely the. reverse policy . should
have been adopted by the government.
Every effort should have 'been made to
afford the Indian opportunities for earn
ing his own living, for developing In
dustrial capacity and (or working out
his own salvation like other men. It la
gratifying to be assured that the efforts
lately made by the Indian bureau In this
direction have been In high degree suc
cessful, and that they disprove the old
contention that the red man absolutely
would not work except by compulsion,
and that If compelled he could not sur
vive. Where the Interior department
has offered them the alternative of being
dropped from the ration rolls and going
to work for wages for the government
building roads, reservoirs and the like,
the Sioux lndfans at the Pine Kldge
agency responded with alacrity and ac
quitted themselves welL It was purely
voluntary on their part The govern
ment did nothing but afford the oppor
tunity to work, and the Indiana, al
though Immemorlally subjected to the
demoralization of dependency, manfully
accepted and Improved It.
If a tithe of the expense and pains that
have been Incurred by the government
to maintain the Indian In Indolence bad
been pendstently devoted to provide him
with ample chance to work and to de
velop In him the ambition and capacity
of Industrial Independence, It would
have been Incomparably better both for
htm and for the guvernuieut The ma
Jorlty of the Indiana before now would
have made thetnwlves self-sustaining
and would have beeu many marches
more advauced on the road of progress.
It Is preposterous to say that work will
destroy the Indian when In fact he does
work If gl van a fair opportunity and
prospers by It The marvel la that be has
not succumbed more bopHexsly under
the pampering policy of the government.
The truth Is that the red race Is funda
mentally much like other men, and must
either have the chance of work and self
maintenance or else Inevitably become
BE A LITTLK MURK SPtCIFlC.
Congressman Mercer's campaign man
ager declares that The Bee knows that
Mercer's home has been at 2811 Hickory
street, in the Seventh ward, since 1888.
The Bee regretfully confesses its Igno
rance of that fact. It Is true that Mr.
Mercer has registered from that number
every other year when be was running
for re-election, but his most Intimate
friends have not been able to discover
any traces of actual occupation of any
part of the house on Hickory street since
We feel sure the Impression made upon
the people of the Second district that
Mercer has ceased to be a resident could
readily b dispelled If his manage:
would be a little bit more specific. If
Mr. Mercer really lives at 2811 Hickory
street there ought to be some evidence
that he owned a bedstead, a washstand,
a water pall or a broom In that locality.
If he Is only a transient boarder he
ought to have made some return of per
sonal property to the county assessor,
but as he has paid no personal taxes
since 1894 either to the county or city
until this summer after his right to
claim residence In Omaha' was ques
tioned, he can b'me nobody for suspect
ing that he does not live here perma
nently and would not remain In Omaha
three days If a majority of the votes
polled next Tuesday are against him.
If Mr. Mercer really does live In
Omaha hla manager ought to be able to
give us particulars as to the amount of
money Mercer has expended In Omaha
for hired help, or for provisions and
clothing for himself and family. Please
print the names of the mechanics he has
hired In keeping that house on Hickory
street or any other street in Omaha, In
order within the past six years the
butchers, bakers, grocers, tailors, shoe
makers and milliners he has patronized.
If Mr. Mercer and his manager would
take the people of Omaha into their con
fidence Just long enough before election
to give us specific proofs he might be
able to convince them that he does live
TBC NON-UNION MJNKRS.
One of the questions with which the an
thracite coal strike commission will have
to deal, and by no means the least per
plexing one, la that of tEe consideration
to be given to the non-union miners. The
operators generally are manifesting a
determination to stand by the men who
accepted employment during the strike.
In consequence of which a considerable
number of the striking miners have not
been restored to their positions, and as
tbe situation now appears, are not likely
to be. If the operators persist as now
seems, probable, In retaining the non
union men, It will be hardly possible to
avoid friction and possibly serious
trouble, and It is predicted by some that
this must be the Inevitable outcome.
It Is not easy to see what the com
mission can do In the matter. The un
derstanding was that pending the arbi
tration the operators would restore the
old employes to work as rapidly as the
mines were ready to receive them. They
have as yet not acted In entire good
faith in this respect Whether or not
the commission will undertake to hold
the operators to the understood agree
ment Is a question, the determination of
which will undoubtedly depend very
much upon the future attitude of the
operators, which from present Indica
tions is not likely to be favorable to
shutting out the non-union men. There
are equities Involved that manifestly
render the problem not easy of solution.
jzrsrKtrcTio.lv jjv iqht schools.
Night schools have become an Impor
tant adjunct of the common school In
all the large population centers They
supply a pressing demand for the edu
cation of bread winners who have been
either deprived of the opportunity of
elementary Instruction by their necessi
ties or by the lack of opportunity ,to acr
quaint themselves with tbe rudiments of
the English language. Tbe prevailing
opinion that any ordinary teacher Is
competent to supply the wanta of pupils
that attend the night school Is erroneous.
The night schools require more capable
teachers than the day schools. Children
attending the day schools have been pre
pared for grade work. They are accus
tomed to methods of study. Grading Is
practically Impossible In the night
school, where students must be treated
Individually and greater skill Is essen
tial In teaching than Is necessary In the
graded day school classes.
Pupils In the night school are for the
most part young men and women en
gaged In arduous employment In tbe
daytime and fairly tired out before they
enter the school. Frequently the night
school pupil, who craves an education.
Is compelled to deprive himself of needed
rest and recreation. Under such con
ditions be cannot be expected to digest
and absorb Instruction like the boy or
girl entering school bright and alert
after refreshing rest or from exonerat
A large proportion of the pupils In the
night school aie, moreover, of foreign
birth and only partially familiar with
the English language. They, therefore,
require more expert teaching than the
pupils In the dsy school. A great ma
jority of the day school pupils receive
continuous training In the schools for
years until they reach the high school
grade. Tbe night school pupils at best
can only afford to pursue their studies
a few weeks during the winter. Hence
It becomes of the utmost Importance to
them that the instruction afforded should
be directed In tbe channels that will
supply their wants In the shortest pos
The consensus of opinion of educators
Is that the night school should be In the
hands of teacher who possess the gift
of adjusting their Instruction to the ca
pacity of each pupil ard poswess the rare
ability to diversify Instruction.
THK DEMANDS OF COLOMBIA.
It Is not surprising that the govern
ment of Colombia "has made demands
In excess of what our government In
framing the treaty with that country,
deemed to be fair aad reasonable. We
have heretofore pointed out that this
was a difficulty to be expected. Colom
bia, believing that the United States
had conclusively decided to purchase the
property of the Panama Canal company
and construct the canal, has simply de
termined to exact the most favorable
conditions for herself, and It Is not prob
able that she will recede from these
unless convinced that the United States
may abandon the Panama route and
enter Into negotiations for the Nicaragua
route, as the president Is authorized to
do by the Spooner law.
It appears that Colombia has notified
our government that the proposed com
pensation for the land to be acquired Is
not satisfactory and that the amount
must be considerably Increased, the
rental price to begin at once. Further
more, the territory which our govern
ment desires cannot be secured In per
petuity, as provided In the Spooner law,
but can be granted for not to exceed
one hundred years, with stipulations for
renewal. It Is very doubtful if this will
be acceptable to congress, and Indeed It
Is pretty safe to say that It will not be
If a better proposition In regard to ter
ritory can be obtained from Nicaragua
and Costa Rica.
We remarked a few days ago that the
fact that the new Panama Canal com
pany could give a valid title to ltB prop
erty did not remove the only obstacle
to the canal negotiations and the latest
advices fully confirm this view.
The refusal of the United States su
preme court to relieve Perkins county
of this state of liability for bonds Issued
to aid In the construction of an irriga
tion ditch which was never built should
serve at least to caution other counties
against Issuing irrigation aid bonds
without satisfactory assurance that
some benefit will follow. Irresponsible
promoters can not be held to fulfillment
of their obligations by refusal to pay
bonds that have passed into the hands
of Innocent purchasers. The safest
plan In cases of this kind Is for the
county or township to hold onto Its se
curities until construction Is completed
and the work accepted.
The validity of the Piatt amendment
to the Cuban constitution does not de
pend upon any action of tbe Cuban
legislature or' of the Cuban people, al
though the latter seem to be afflicted
with this hallucination. It simply de
pends upon the power of the United
States to enforce it ' It is ultimately
merely a questlpa'lf physical force. It
will be too bad if Ute Cubans shall fall
to see the real ,pptat and misconduct
Whose money Is" Mercer spending so
lavishly? Everyone who knows our non
resident congressman knows that he Is
not spending his own money. It would
be an interesting disclosure that would
give the names of the railroads, govern
ment building contractors and other
treat corporations who are putting up
the stuff to pay Our Dave's election ex
penses. The railroads figure that they have
carried between 40,000 and 50,000 set
tlers to the western states during the
oast two months. That Is a good start,
but still only a drop In the bucket The
great west Is ready to furnish homes
and the meana of livelihood to millions
who have the requisite Industry and
thrift Let the homeseekers come on.
Green with envy, the sultan of Caraca
wants It distinctly undeivstood that the
sultan of Bacolod. who thinks himself
bigger than Uncle Sam. Is at any rate
no bla-a-er than ho Is. When the two
sultana discover that they are up against
the real thing, they will compete with
one another In trying to make amends
for their recklessness.
The champions of woman suffrage
aedulouslv refrain from giving any ra
tional explanation why the female vote
In Chicago for university trustees leu
from 24,000 In 1804, when the law con
ferring upon them the right to vote went
into effect to 1.131 In 1900. and to a
registration of only W55 for the coming
A Deal that Failed.
Blnce the outcome of that Uland deal w
re mora strongly convinced that ther Is
something la Denmark that should b dis
Re Ckaac tor Heireeeaa.
Lord Roberta Is coming to this country.
Toung women who are unacquainted with
the history of the noble lord may be in
formed tbt he 1 married and doen't need
Valae ol Forest Beaarve.
oi. niinn are to be added to the
forest reserve. The dollar seeker cry that
thl 1 a wast. By no mean, tarn waier
from that timber land will Irrigate more
acres, now unproductive.
Aa Idol ! taa Plal Peo.l."
There is a horrible story la elrculstlon
that Hon. Tom Johnson's administration
cost the city of Cleveland 11,000,000 more
than any of the nve preceding administra
tions cost. Worse than all, they are prev
lng it oa him.
Fried Steak aad Blaqaeaea.
New Tork Bun.
We like Uncle Hod Boles of Iowa, even
if he does insist that the tariff and trust
are "Inseparable." and although he warm
over that old democratic nostrum ot "a
tariff for revenue with Incidental protec
tion." He la 76; and he love fried teak
h-..kft Rt 111. Tear of tried steak
may be responsible tor hla political view.
ROCVD ABOfT HKW TORK.
Rtpwlee the Cwrreat of Life la a
Borne relief from the pinch of high priced
coal I obtained by New Yorker tr the use
of asbestos brtrks Asked in oil and burned
In ordinary stoves. They are made of a
aise to fit the average firebox. The brick Is
soaked In kerosene for half a minute and
will take up a half pint of the fluid. It Is
then placed In the stove and lighted and
wilt glre out aa Intense beat for nearly an
hour. One house which Is doing a land of
flee business in brick give customers (hi
advice: "Take three brick for Safety and
convenience. While one I turning another
will be cooling off and the other In soak,
The hot brick must never be put in the oil."
Mr. Beau, the "man monkey," was the
object of scientific interest at the Medical
Aasoclatloa of the Greater City of New
Tork the other day. "Over twenty medical
men took part In a clinical exhibition ta de
termine the anatomical characteristic of
the anthropoid ape.
The doctor noted that the conformation
of the skull showed a cranial capacity far
above that of the ordinary monkey In site.
which explain the Intelligence of the sub
ject. Tbe knee cap disclosed the fact that
Mr. Bsau.wa Intended to stand and walk
erect With comparative anatomy and phy
siology la mind, Mr. Bau was regarded
by many of those present as more closely
approaching human charactertlstlcs than
any monkey aver physiologically examined
A Harlem f&ttiar who mn a
I,- Is la despair. Not only because aha
teals money, with which ah buy things
to eat, but also because her appetite Is
She took 11. ZG from the femftv nneaa
en a street ear to One Hundred and Twenty-Fifth
street, went into a cheap eating
house, and had a fair alzed luncheon. Then
she rode to Fifty-ninth street and had an-
etner meal. By 4 p. m. she had reached
Tweaty-thlr street, where hn i.nin
loaded up. Thinking that It was time to
get nome, and having no idea where home
was, she applied to the nearest policeman.
He took her to the nearest stattnn. Sh.
gave her name and addre to the matron
and Innocently added: "And I haven't bad
a thing to eat since breakfast"
The good eld woman rare her hrt1 mil
milk, which she disposed of with alacrity.
When her father called for h
her home, .she looked up at her mother
ana said, "Ala t supper ready? I am so
It waa after she had
meal and was telling her mother where the
money had gone to, that the gastronomld
record above described came to llht. Rh
had eaten enough to support a laboring man
for two oaya.
There la on a youti man In v.,k
who Will look around In the fiitnr hrn
he drop into a seat in a crowded car on
me mnia avenu express of the elevated
He wa atandlnr the nthae nnmln.
the train made a stop at Seventy-second
street, relate the Sun. Another m.n i.r
hi seat at that station.
A younc woman who hmA alan hM itmii.
ing and was nearest to the vacant seat,
started to occupy it. The chap who had
been standing next to her cut In ahead of
her and dropped into the place.
The act wa audacious. Just as the fellow
got his newsnaner unfolded a neuannv
who bad nudged his way In o as to have
room to maneuver, reached over and got
a grip oa the lapel of the chap' coat. He
gav it one yank and the other passengers
opeaeu up space.
Tbe chao waa lifted fmm . . hi.. v.
he had grabbed and wa slammed against
me noor or tbe car.. The maa who had
brought about the sudden i. -i.
nation lifted his hat and, bowing with the
grace ot a courtier, beckoned to the young
woman to ocoupy the vacant, seat. Then he
aaslited the chao .ta hla feat ami ..ia
"Sorry to make It so sudden,"'
Another Dassenrer remarked- "Tk.c.
about the neatest bit of hog killing I ever
saw on the elevated."
The lmmenaltr of New Tark mnA ,.
amount of business done by the municipality
i learned only here and there' when the re
port or some department 1 used for illus
tration and comment Take, fnr imimA.
th report of the corporation counsel for six
montn. in that time hi department baa
tried 242 case, ara-ued 47 mniinm .ni...j
1,118 orders; ha had 264 Judgment entered
against the city, to the amount of $350,000;
and (1 in favor of the eltv. to the ,mn.,nt
In tbe one matter ef the eotlaetinn
rean of peraonal taxes then ...
given: "Upward of 20.000 claim have been
nanaiea ana nearly one-half have been dis
posed of by payments, settlements, affida
vits and peraonal examinations and of the
remainder about 1,000 have been prepared
for suit . .
"The recoveries and uiiiium, ...
shown y the total , collection for , th
period, which amount to $243,727.02. By
way of comparison the total roiwtinn.
of this bureau for tbe four yeans of the last I
administration, during which time the bu
reau Covered the aame tnrrltnr it n
today, amounted to $167,il.8. Xn other I
worn to total collection of th last four
year have been exceeded la th. -
year of the present administration by $86,- j
PERSONAL MOTS 3.
Jame R. Keens, who ought t know.
think the era of prosperity In the United
State ha but begun,.
The mayor of Hammond, Ind., who is
urging young people to get married, I
named Knotts, and want to tie 'em.'
Rear Admiral Miller 1 to be released
from the command of th Mare Island
navy yard some time thl week; and will
be succeeded by Captain R., H. McCalla.
Th three Swedish pioneers in Minnesota,
Oacar Rooa, Carl Ferntrom and August
Sandahl, have Juat ' had ' a monument
erected to their memory at New Scandla,
General Dewet, the Boer leader, contend
that th name De Witt or Dewltt, so
common la thl country, originally waa th
same as hi. Therefore, h claim to have
many diatant kinsmen In tbe X'nlted
When Assistant District Attorney Os
borne made bis opening speech ,ln the
Mollceux trial la New York, hi mother,
aged 8S years, wa present She had never
before been in a court room and It was
the Brat time he had heard her son ad'
dress a Jury.
Should the king of Portugal rislt a hotel
In th ordinary way, accompanied by hi
two sons and younger brother, his secretary
would have quit a Job registering tbe
party. HI majesty ha thirteen names, hi
elder on ha aeventoea, ths Utter' brother
ha thirteen aad th king' brother twenty
two. Booth Tarklugtoa, th author. Is run
ning for the legislature in- Indianapolis
and the other evening made his maldea
political speech. He Idld not Intend to
take up a great deal ot time with hi re
mark, but stag fright cut them much
shorter even thaa he had contemplated.
He talked one minute and twsaty-two sec
onds by th watch, and by that time waa
la such a Stat of dlscocnfuddlemeat that
he abruptly took bis seat.
PROSPERITY I HOME MARKETS.
vwaJ Ceaaasere Ike Tree Test ef a
"an Francisco Chronicle.
Dr. Andrew Carnegie has Just been In
stalled as rector of St. Andrew' univer
sity, Scotland, sn honor annually conferred
In British universities on some distin
guished person not connected with the uni
versity. HI rectorial addrees Is said to
have been a remarkable document, replete
with roncluslona, frequently unwelcome to
his audience, but Irresistibly fortified by
fact and figure. Nothing, however, which
he eald In hi address could have been more
absolutely true than the following: ,
"Invasions of Europe, especially of Great
Britain, by American manufactures are not
to be apprehended to any great extent, ex
cept at rare Interval, because the home
market In America took 94 per cent of th
manufactured article; hence her prosper
ity. .Foreign commerce I a braggart al
ways In evidence at home. Internal com
merce Is the true king."
All the fuss about free trade has been the
work of a few people In seaport cities who
are concerned lu international commerce,
re-enforced by "professors" of so-called
political economy, who could see nothing
but foreign trade. Of late these have been
getting some help from selfish producers,
who, having temporarily exceeded the de
mands of the home market, desire aid to
dump out their surpluses so a to avoid
competition at home.
The great market 1 th home market.
The American people will nfcver consent to
impair the market absolutely under tbetr
control for per cent of their product
In order to make special outlet for the
remaining 4 per cent. Dr. Carnegie he
has Just been made doctor of law by
parchment, which he probably cannot read.
although he well earned the distinction
Is a protectionist becaus he know the
value of the home market and the folly
of the free-trade doctrine, which would de
liver it to alien.
REACTION FROM THK KITIFE.
Starnlflcanee of Reeeat Operations la
Th brilliant operation In bloodies sur
gery which the Austrian, Dr. Lor en x, Is
conducting In Chicago and elsewhere, call
attention to a distinct reaction from lavish
use of the surgeon's knife,' which 1 appear
ing In the higher level of the profession.
Surgeons have been accustomed to deal
with hip dislocation by cutting into the
flesh and handling the naked bone, taking
their chance of proper healing of th
ghastly wound. Dr. Lorent doe every
thing by manipulation of bone and muscle
without any incision. We don't know
whether or not other aurgeon can learn
hi method, or to how many other malfor
mation or ailments it is applicable. But
the spectacular demonstration of hi power
Is likely to set doctor thinking how far
they may go In dispensing with the knife
In cases where it ha been supposed indis
It is' time for a counter revolution la this
direction. Tremendous Impetu baa been
given to the use of the knife in surgery by
the two discoveries of aneathaata and antl
sepsis. Surgeons began to carve more
freely when they found a way to do it with
out causing torture to the victim. But
their power to explore the human interior
was limited by the perverse habit of dying
after the operation. In many case thl
was due to the secondary causa of blood
poisoning, which was largely removed by
the later discoveries of antiseptic surgery
Then came a perfect riot of .cutting and
slashing,; attended undoubtedly with great
benefit to the human race
It would not become laymen to say that
this has gone too far, because Intelligent
surgery always weighs carefully the chance
of death or recovery, with or without an
operation. But If It 1 possible to cure, by
simple manipulation of the human Skeleton
and muscles, cases for which it has been
customary to resort to the knife, w are
certain to get a larger percentage of recov
eries. If It was a great gain lot humanity
to learn how to use the knife with less
danger to th patient. It wiU be a greater
gain to learn how to dispense with the
knife in many cases. Dr. Loreni seems to
be starting a reaction in that direction.
EXTORTIONATE FREIGHT RATES.
Discrimination Practiced by the nard
Coal , Carrying; Read.
President J. J. Hill. In attacking- th
freight rate for anthracite, ha laid hi
flnaer'on the weakest point In the man
agement of the anthracite-carrying rail
reads. Anthracite average twloe the coat of
bituminous.. By a familiar ruls this Jus
tifies a . higher rate. It Is carried over
a shorter haul, and in general the shorter
haul from a non-competltlve point,
while It cannot by law be higher than th
longer haul In the same direction from
a competitive point I often aa high, be
cause railroad rate are not decided by
mileage, but by demand and competition.
A somewhat higher per ton mile rate
on anthracite thaa on bituminous would
therefore be reasonable; but anthracite ha
been carried in th earn train as bitumin
ous coal at a per ton mile rat four time
as high. - -
This I manifestly unfair. Th differ
ence is too great. It Justifies President
Hill's sharp criticism. If the anthracite
strike commission make a recommendation
on thl point the anthracite roads will find
It difficult to maintain their present rate.
cine for the whole family it has no equal.
44 1 long ago learned the first great rule of health keep the bow. .
els regular so I am never without Ayer'a Pills.
PKt,MIInF.R 1 MODEM POIJTIC",
Talaakle Service Readered VArMkoat
Curtis Onuld. Jr., in fWlbner's.
The "spellbinder" made hla appearance
coincident ally with tbe "dude" In the early
'80s. At least the names arose at about
that time. The two types of men have ex
isted' since the first spellbinder persuaded
his brother troglodytes to form the firtt
trlbsl govemmentvand the first dude dis
tinguished himself from his fellow by
scraping the sea-mud from his hafry limbs
before gulping down the molluek whose
high-heaped shells were to be the kitchen
midden of the archaeologist.
The young republican who went forth
converted to democracy In the Blaine cam
paign, and with the teal of new convert
held their audiences "spellbound" aa they
wove chaplet ot rhetorical flowers about'
the head of the democratic candidate, were
the first spellbinders, I think, to wear-(be
title. It wss swiftly adopted, however. In
discriminately for all apolitical speaker.
The spellbinder of 18S1. rightly . or
wrongly, at least left their party for con
science's sake and gave their service, to
their cause. Even today a majority of po
litical speakers are absolutely unpaid. Of
course, one hear stories ot fee , of $10,
000 paid to a noted democrat for campaign
ervlre against Mr. Bryan In 1896, and Jot
fee of $300 a night paid to a noted Inde
pendent who opposed Mr. Harrison. In
addition, however, to congressmen and
senators, and state and local officeholder
who give their services, there are hundred
of speakers ot various political faiths, who
neither hold nor expect V oia subllo
office, who would regard tbsfrr of pay
ment for a political speech S an fnsult.
Nevertheless, the spellbinder rnuet get
what comfort he can from the trlutJtah of
his cause, for tbe world will nofr'cerdlt
him with dlslntereatednees, and hit beat
friends (out of politics) think him lUred.
The orator of an earlier generatfoo has
bad his day. The modern spellblndVljIlk
the man of business, tbe soldier, the Sal
vation Army evangelist, concern himself
more with result than conventional mefb-
oda, with matter rather thaa form.'
Philadelphia Pre: "I suppose, In the Col
lecting business," said the Inquisitive, man, .
"nearly every man you go to eee asks, you ,
to call again." '
"Ask me?" replied the. collector. "Some
ot them dare mof ' '.
Washington Star: "Which do you -think
should be more highly esteemed, money or
"Brains," answered Senator Sorghum
"But nowadays the only way a man can :
convince people that he haa bralna 1 to
Philadelphia Prei: "I wish," sighed tha
wife, "that I Itad not purchased mi oh an
expensive bonne. I am afraid you will
think me extrnvaarant, and I feel uncom
fortable ev'ry time 1 look at the hat tow,"
"I'm worse than that," answered th hus
band, "for I feol uncomfortable every Aim
I look at the bill."
Philadelphia CathoMc. Standards 'Well."
said the Briton, pntronlslngly, "we are
really cousins, you know."
"Oh! comer' retorted the Tankeev "that ...
sort of talk can't hurt us any more. Ws'v
Uved that down long ago." '
Chicago News: "Hiram," queried Mre.'
Meddergram, "did you ever eee one o them,
"I 'low I hev, mother," replied the old
man. I send one o' the tamal thing last
time I wu tew th city."
"What air they built out uv, Hiram.?"
asked Mrs. M. v
"Gold brick, mother."
Detroit Free Frees: "Jlnke haa a library
of only four book, valued at liOO.OOO." . ,
"You don't say I What kind of books are
"Bank book.- .
Chicago Record-Herald: "And why,"
asked the manager, "do you desire espe
cially to appear In a problem play?"
a me Ihave suchgouTngure.'.r .
AND THEN. SHE BLUSHED.
Jame Barton Adam in' Denver Post
The ageing spinster beard hi declara
tion. That came aa thunder clap from azure
She'd lost all. hope that from, the male
She'd ever snatch an often prayed-for
She stared Into hi face in blank amaze
ment! She pinched herself to "ae it twer a
dream ! . ,
He wondering what, bee ipo apparent dase
When he'd believed vfVIU 4y she'd almost
Would throw her hooks about hi neck
An answer; maybe weep a tear or
'Tls true he long had paid her some atten
Had praised th beauty of bar Thomas
And had, at times too numerous to men
Dropped In to have with her a social
But never by a word or look . had
That ehe waa more to him than just a
No lovellght In hi eye had ever
And when he aaked her for her heart
In manner so abrupt ah scarcely
If ahe were her or he were him or
But when she realised h had him
Instinctively her woman nature knew
Full well what the proprieties de
And. rising, she into her chamber flew.
And, while with Joy she otttlmea nearly
She seised her soft, rose-tinted toilet
And anon upon hex face had deftly
A Quite well executed maiden blush.
She then returned, and Well, you know
Just hid that blushing face within hi
'I remember well when I first
used Ayer's Strsiptrllli, nearly
60 years ago. I was thin, pale,
weak, tired all the time, no appetite,
could not play as the other boys did.
Since then I have taken it many
times, especially when over
worked, tired out, or nervously dr
pressed. Now, all my children and
their children use it. As medi
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