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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1902)
i , . TITE OMAnA DAILY BEE; SATURDAY, OCTOBEtt 25, 1002.
1 -.. . i i i,. . - - -
Tim Omaha Daily Bee
E. ROSE WATER. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska. Douglas County, ss:
. Ueorge H. 'liscbuck, secretary of. The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
say, that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Jbvening ana bunday bee printea during
vn e mourn oi bepteaioer, iwi, was aa lul
1 30,130 1 81.1KO
Less a mold ul returned copies.... 10,144
Net total sales 918,081
Net daily average 3O.U02
GEORGE D. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed in my presence and sworn to
oeiore ma tnis autn day of September. A.
V.. 1S02. U. B. H UNGATE,
. (6eaO Notary Public
i Have you .registered? . Last chanpe
next week Saturday.
To our departing guests of the Chris
tian church convention come agajn and.
TVby should the small home owner
pay the taxes that should be borne by
the great railway corporations? -Why?
Even after the registration. lists have
been closed It Is not too late to register
a kick on election day against non
Some people are never satisfied. Ilere
Is one set of critics trying to find fault
with President Roosevelt for not settling
the coal strike before the men struck. '
' The danger is that members , ot.' the
strike arbitration commission) who are
supposed to serve without pay may
strike for higher wages,-and. ; shortfx
hours. , .
Governor Cummins has beep-compelled
to abandon his campajgnjlng tours be
cause of almost total loss of the use of
bis voice. Colonel Bryan's vocal powers,
however, are stlU unimpaired.
Don't forget that a constitutional
amendment is to be voted up or. voted
down by the people of Nebraska' at the
coming election. . Vote. on the propcv
sltion one way or the other don't let
it drop by mere neglect
Itemember that the school board has
unlimited power to impose taxes on all
the property in Omaha.. The demand
for a reduced tax rate must be met as
much by the school board as by ' the
members of other local taxing bodies.
In a general way, Elizabeth Cady
Stanton agrees with the supreme court
of Nebraska only she thinks, that, if
expurgated la accordance with her
theory of woman's rights the . bible
might then be. safely; rea4 in'tlieryblic
"schools. " - , ,
1 Governor, Stone has ordered- tha Term
iylvanla National Guard .withdrawn
from the coal field1 as no longer. Deeded.
jThe taxpayers of Pennsylvania, how
,tver, will have' a forcible reminder of
jti;llULQ dress parad.wnenthe.bUla
i It -will be a long time before ; the
jTJnlted Sfatcs government -will see the
fcolor of Turkish money In payment of
Mis Stone's ransom. But It the
,brigands could be compelled to' listen to
ber lectures they would doubtless cheer
fully, return every cent'
Out In Colorado Colonel Bryan is flght
,lng the populists, who have full. state,
county and legislative tickets In the
field. The colonel is doing bis very best
to defeat them and" it Is only where
they are playing second fiddle to the
democracy tfiat he Is sweet on them.
v If the weather measured out to Omaha
when . entertaining chiycn convention
Is a criterion, our Christian friend must
be In far greater favor than our Meth
odist brethren. When the Methodists
held their great quadrennial conference
in Omaha it rained almost Incessantly
tvery day of their sojourn.
Owing to misplaced types in the local
democratic organ, the democratic candi
date for governor Is made to declure
that be "gives full credit to Roscwater"
for tbe-settlt-iuent of the great anthra
cite coal strike. The editor of The Bee
baa been blamed so often for Imaginary
ofTenseg that to be given credit that does
not belong to biui Is a new aud novel
experknea. " - '
MA1XTA1X THE XTAGK STAXDARD.
In one of his sieeches Just before re
turning to Washington rresidpnt Roose
velt said that the tariff rate must never
fall below that which will protect tli
Anurlian workingman by allowing for
the difference between the general latxjr
coft hTe ami abroad, so as to at least
equalize, the conditions arising from the
difference In the standards of labor hen
and abroad "a difference which
should be our aim to foster insofar a
It represents the needs of better edn
cated. Itetter paid, lietter fed and bette
clothed worklngnien of a higher class
than any to be found In a foreign coun
try." Mr. Rooevelt added that at all
hazards and no matter what else is
sought for by changes of the tariff, "the
American workman must be protected
In his standard of wages that Is, in bis
standard of living and be must be
secured the fullest opportunity of em
ployuient" This is the sound American
policy, always observed by the repub
Wages In England, according to a re
cent official report, have materially de
clined In all of the Industries within the
past year and a further decrease Is
threatened. The explanation Is readily
found in the decline of British industries,
which In the opinion of so competent an
authority as Andrew Carnegie are not
likely to recover fully their former stand
ing. In Germany wages have not been
so low at any other time since the be
ginning of the Industrial development of
that country, a quarter of a century
ago, as at present In other countries
of continental Europe the labor con
ditions are no better, end In some of
them much worse, than in Germany. An
American who recently returned from
an extended tour of Europe stated that
he found the condition of the working
classes in nearly every country deplor
able. Evidence of this Is seen In the
large European emigration.
Certainly . no considerable body of
Americans can wish to see labor in this
country reduced to European, conditions,
Well employed and well paid labor Is
the basis of prosperity. When all the
people are at work at good wages every
Industry thrives. "To insure our growth
n civilization and wealth," said one of
the wisest of American statesmen, "we
must not only have wages as high as
they are now, but constantly and steadily
increasing. In my Judgment upon
wages and the consequent distribution
of consumable wealth Is based all our
hopes of the future and all the possible
Increase of our civilization." How shall
the wage standard be maintained?
Manifestly by continuing the policy that
has given the United States the first
place among the Industrial nations and
created here the greatest labor market
of the world. The democratic tariff
policy proposes a departure from this.
It demands the overthrow of protection,
the only guarantee of the American
wage rate and the American standard of
living. . It proposes that which would
destroy thousands of Industries, throvr
millions of people out of employment
and bring down the wages of labor hero
to the European level,
No class of our people, are so deeply
concerned In this as the wage earners,
with whom it largely rests to determine
whether or not republican tariff policy
shall be sustained and continued.
TBK CUMMtSMOX OROA SIZED.
The "anthracite coal strike commis
sion," as it is designated In the presi
dent's letter of instructions, has organ
ized, with Judge Gray as chairman. It
Is presumed that everybody who has
taken an Interest in the appointment
of this commission is aware of the fact
that Judge Gray Is on the bench of the
United States circuit court, to which he
was appointed by President McKlnley,
previous to which be was a United
States senator and held other very im
portant public positions.
The president's instructions are brief,
merely stating that the. commission
will endeavor to establish the relations
between the employers and the wage-
workers on a Just and permanent basis
and as far as possible do away with any
causes for the recurrence of such diffi
culties. The prompt response of the
members of the commission to the ln-
itation of the president shows them
to be deeply interested In the task that
is before tbem and gives promise that
there will be no unnecessary delay in
prosecuting the inquiry and reaching a
Meanwhile, the situation in a part of
the anthracite region continues some
what unsettled, but there Is reason' to
hope that within a week or two every
thing will "be satisfactorily adjusted.
A 8TKA1X OX tlCMAX CHKDCLITT.
President Ja,mes J. Hill, in bis testi
mony at St Paul In the merger case,
overshot the mark and put too great a
strain upon credulity. The Great North
ern magnate insisted that the stock
holders of the merged companies acted
solely as individuals and of their own
free will and accord in exchanging their
stocks for those of the holding com
pany. If be bad rested the case of the
merger on purely administrative grounds
be might have gained credit at least for
candor. For It can be plausibly argued
that Important economies may be
effected by consolidation of management
anil that a holding company can be used
to Betuire protection against speculative
raids In the stock market and the at
tacks of hostile interests. These and
similar considerations are a legitimate
pology for consolidations.
But when President 11111 asserts that
no thought of restraining competition
was In the minds of the few manipu
lators who have sought to bring under
common control the two great directly
competing systems of the Great North
ern and the'Northern Pacific, together
with the Burlington system, and that
the multitude of their stockholders acted
individually and es free agents, be
simply Impairs bis own credibility. It
U true, of course, that UvAlvidual stock
holders coulj'gire or withhold their
consent, but the scheme would have
been carrlod through Just the same. The
majority of them, counted by the head
were not consulted in forming the t l.1
and their consent was not essential to
Its consummation. Their disoent If per
sisted In, would simnly have Involved
them In Inconvenience and loss.. It Is
not strange that they went through the
form of agreeing to the Inevitable,
wnetner they believed that Its result
would le advantageous or not to thel
Interests as minority stockholders.
The point of the government's case I
that the merger operates essentially In
restraint of trade and competition
I'resident Hill fails to meet this point
although lie tries hard to do It. It is
doubtless true that he can specify some
specific reductions In the printed rate
schedules of the different systems since
the merger was conceived. But he docs
not show a single reduction on any other
basis than the old "one of charging all
the traffic will bear, and the merger
necessarily takes away any check of
competition, so far as the merged sys
terns are concerned, which existed when
their fundamental Interest as lndepend
ent systems was to get all the business
possible away from each other. It will
be better for all merger managers to
be candid and to meet squarely the facta
which are obvious to everybody.
TiJfg FOR A SPECIFIC DkCLARATlOX.
The candidates for the legislature on
the republican county ticket are, in the
main, well qualified for representing the
citizens and taxpayers of Douglas
county in the legislature and would, un
der ordinary conditions, receive the un
divided support of the rank and file of
the party, even though they owe their
nominations to delegates elected by Im
ported voters and repeaters, who carried
four or five wards In the city of Omaha.
to Insure the nomination of David II.
The failure of the county convention
to make any declaration with regard to
the vital local issues, or to pledge the
candidates nominated to reforms de
manded by the great majority of tax
paying citizens, has naturally created
the Impression that the men on the re
publican legislative ticket are Identified
with the tax-shirking railroad corpora
tions as against the taxpayers and can
not be depended upon to stand up for
the interests oftheir constituents against
tntf interests of the corporations.
There Is also a widespread Impression
that the candidates on the republican
legislative ticket, who owe their nomina
tions in part at least to the Mercer
Baldwin police commission, will oDDose
home rule in every shape and form. In
other words, that theywlll oppose any
change in the charter that would give
umana the right u elect its police and
fire commissioners instead of leaving
tueir appointment to the governor.
On the other hand, the eandlilntoa n
the fusion legislative ticket are Dledeed
by their state platform to the abatement
of grievances resulting from the under
valuation of railroad property, and while
they have as yet failed to give positive
assurances individually that they will
strike out of the city cbartet the pro
vision under which more than J15.000.000
worth of railroad property is assessed
for less than 2 per cent of its value, by
the platform on which they were nomi
nated they are morally bound to do so.
On the home rule Issue the fusion dele
gation Is squarely committed, and es
pecially on the provision abolishing governor-appointed
police and fire commis
sions, collectively and Individually, and
thousands of republicans who favor
these reforms will vote for them unless
the republican legislative candidates
come forward Individually and collec
tively with satisfactory pledges In sup
port of these reforms; ' ' '
The time for making such a declara
tion is now at hand. It remains for the
candidates on the legislative ticket to
define their positions. If they fail to do
so they must take the responsibility for
In Wisconsin the republican candi
dates stand pledged to Increased rail
road taxation. Why should not repub
lican candidates in Nebraska emulate
their example? The Wisconsin railroads
paid $1,050,000 in taxes this year, but
the republicans of Wisconsin insist that
they have not paid enough by about
fl.000,000. The Nebraska railroads
claim to have paid fl,100,000 In taxes
last year, and that Includes taxes on
lands and properties outside of their
right-of-way, when by rights they
should pay from $2,000,000 to $2,200,000.
According to the Associated Press dis
patches, the directors of the Union Pa
cific railroad at their session In New
York Thursday informally discussed the
threatened strike of trainmen, but It has
not been divulged whether they dis
cussed the lockout of the machine shop
men and the derangement of their train
service all along the line, which has al
ready caused so much inconvenience and
loss to patrons of the road. s
The purport of President Hill's testi
mony Is that the Burlington-Great
Northern merger is a purely humani
tarian and, benevolent enterprise in
which no such sordid motive as cor
poration gains was dreamed of. The
court must have felt like taking up a
collection for so zealous and mist-lush a
Give Them Hoora.
Some of the independent steel companies
re getting ready to fight the big trust. Or
H may be that they desire to be absorbed
One does Dot hear much about "im-
perlallam" in tbt campaign. To be aure,
thera are references to it In democratic
platforms, but the real party leaders fight
shy of It or denounce it very mildly. All
of which suggests that the democracy will.
n ins event or succeeding to power, simply
oosldcx our "possessions" to be th same
1 . Ill I .1 ' - - . . . I
as our ox tier territories. There Is. appar
e-ntly, a growing disposition with the aver
age voter to regard imperialism" as about
as vital aa Mrs. Camp's friend. Mrs. Harris.
tp te the Coal Healers.
Now that peace is restored between the
miners and the mine operators it is about
time for the retail coal dealers to make
peace with the public.
Hot Air froaa 'P.arolod.
The sultan of Bacolod renews his demand
ior one war, hot, with tobasco sauce. The
sultan of Bacolod may find, when his order
Is served, that the check Is so Urge tha
he will be unable to fee the waiter.
Staagerlag- Sample of Graft.
A British blue book discloses the fact
that Captain Smith, the officer who bought
mules in New Orleans for South African
service, jnrcketed a commission on every
purensfe, making 1500.000 thereby, tbey ss
In New Orleans. This is an Item In the
price that stagrers the British taxpayer.
Meatal Alarms Stilled.
And now that the dreadful imperialistic
army, which used to deprive our democratic
friends of much needed sleep. Is reduced to
60.CKH), what has become of that menace of
militarism and those predictions that for
years and years we would be pouring the
youth of the land Into the maw of the
Even those out of sympathy with the ob
Jects and policy of the Vnited Mine Work
ers' union cannot withhold from Its presi
dent, jonn Mitchell, admiration for the
candor, patience and singleness of purpose
he has displayed during the prolonged coal
strike. From the beginning he counseled
moderation In the making of demands and
throughout he opposed anything like a re
sort to violence Inc2lprclng them. He first
sought to obviate the calling of a strike by
negotiation, and has consistently advocated
arbitration for Its settlement The miners
overruled his Judgment In declaring the
strike, but throughout its continuance tbey
have accorded to his leadership devoted and
Last renaitr for Misdeeds.
A life of tragedy has come to a tragic
close. James younger, outlaw in his youth.
wounded many times in battle with officers
of the law and their posses, prisoner of
the state for many years and finally re
leased on parole, has put an end to his own
life by the pistol. It Is said that there
was an affair of the heart In the drama.
but the difficulties of his new life and suf
fering caused by the wounds received long
ago may have had much to do with the
determination to put an end to his exist
ence. Of his early career naught can be
said In extenuation. That he behaved well
n prison and strove to be a self-support
ng member or society after his release
is a fact. He has paid the penalty of his
misdeeds; the chapter Is cloBed as It be
DISTniBl TIQ THE CREDIT.
Part Payed by Newspapers la SettUag
the Coal Strike.
A good many efforts are being made to ap
portion the credit for bringing the coal
strike- to an end. Much praise, and Justly,
is given to President Roosevelt for his
share In the result. President Mitchell of
the miners' union is also given his allow
ance of commendation, and, lastly, public
opinion la praised lor aiding materially in
There ls a fourth .factor, however, of
which' little notice has been taken, but
-without which the third factor, or public
opinion, would have been largely inopera
tive. And that fourth factor is the news
papers. They could easily have misled or
influenced public opinion and so have pro
longed the strike and encouraged violence
and bloodshed. To their credit be it said
they did neither. They kept the public cor
rectly Informed as to occurrences from day
to day all through the five months' struggle.
and in their comments they held the balance
so Impartially between miners and opera
tors that all could know what was hap
pening and form a correct judgment as to
the situation. In this way public opinion
was not only informed but crystallized and
brought to bear on both sides and a happy
result reached. .
In all Its long career of . usefulness It 1b
doubtful if the newspapers ever rendered
a greater service to the public than they
did during the recent strike. They also
demonstrated the long stride taken in the
fairness and fullness with which events are
chronicled and treated by the newspapers.
No labor trouble was ever reported so fully
or criticised so fairly as the recent coal
strike, and as a consequence the public
knew exactly what waa occurring, what the
merits of each side of the controversy were
and how It ought to be settled. This service
of the newspapers should not be Ignored In
pportlonlng the credit for bringing In sight
happy end to the great coal strike of 1902.
MAMA. FOll UAMBLIXG.
tense Ambition to Get Rich Becom
ing; a. National Epidemic.
Among the many world records held by
this country at the present time is that of
gambling. It crops out all over the coun
try In the street urchin; in the university
youth; in the clerk and the workman; in
aoclety; in the family even (where one
lght a week is often set apart for an "In
nocent" little game of poker); In the
gambling establishments which the law is
powerless to supprers ; at the race tracks,
nd, above all, in Wall street. ' It is safe
to say that more gambling goes on In
Greater New York every day than In any
other community in the world, not except
ing the kingdom of gambling, Monaco.
The dishonesty, corruption and misery en
tailed are stupendous and heartrending to
contemplate. At first sight this Incurable
mania for gambling with which we are
filleted seems a heinous and unmixed
evil. It is bad enough. In all conscience.
nd it la not our purpose to plead for It.
But as madness is often the reeult of some
ne quality or power becoming excessive
or going wrong, ao gambling seems to be
diseased form of a spirit which has mads
the prosperity of America the spirit of en
terprise. In fact, enterprise is a sort of
gambling. A man gauges bis savings, his
time, bis energy, in a scheme which he
hopes will yield him fivefold, tenfold, a
hundredfold, but whose success Is almost
aa problematical as the fall of a roulette
ball, the finish of a horserace, or the
uctuatlon of the s'.ock market. The differ
ence between gambling and genuine enter
prise is that in the former a man wagers
on pure hazard, often pitting his reason
against a mechanical thing that has nothing
to do with reason except to mock it, while
in the latter be bets on his own power and
resource. Gambling and enterprise ars
both the expression of an Intense ambition
o get rich. And as long as that ambition
remains the moving principle in American
activity, there will be this double ex
pression of It enterprise and gambling, the
one leading to prosperity, the other, more
often than not, te poverty and ruin aid all
OTHER LANDS THAN OCRS.
Some recently published statistics In re
lation to the expaaslon westward of the
Polish rare In Prussia have provoked much
uneasy comment In Berlin. In 1S61 the
Pole outside the eastern provinces of the
monarchy numbered: la Pomerania, 1.577
la Brandenburg, IS; lu Rhenish Ptussla,
16; in the province of Saxony, 1. Accord
ing to the census of 1900, the numbers were
as follows: In Pomerania, 14. 100; in Bran
denburg, 24.300; In Saxony. 24,700; in St hies
wig-Holsteln. 4.200; in Hanover, 10,600; In
Westphalia. 91.&00; In Hesse-Nssesu, 1,500;
In Rhenish Prussia 15 .500. In Bc-.lln alone,
with its suburbs of Charlottenburg, there
are no fewer than 18,500 Poles of pur?
race, while in Prussia there are 3,333.000
persona of Slavonic race who speak only
Polish, or Wendlsh, or one of these lan
guages and German. Is la estimated that
10 per cent of the whole population of
Prussia is Slavonic, while the proportion
of Slavs In the population of the whole
empire is 6S per cent. The statistics of
1S61 are, doubtless, Imperfect, since In
those days no accurate record of the pre
cise distribution of languages In Prussia
was obtainable. There fan be no doubt
however, of the enormous expansion of the
Polish race, and the westward migration
of the? Poles to Brandenburg, Saxony,
Westphalia and Rhenish Prussia conse
quent upon the recent industrial develop.
ment Is a most significant fact.
According to consular reports, Berlin, al
though a busy manufacturing city, is one
of the cleanest and best kept In Europe.
The smokeless condition of the Berlin at
mosphere Is ascribed to three facta: The
preponderant use of coke and briquettes
which are practically smokeless ; the skill
ful scientific construction of boiler fur
naces and chimneys, and, finally, the high
standard of skill that Is taught and en
forced among firemen who stoke furnaces
with coal for steam and manufacturing
purposes. Before a man can assume euch a
charge he must be taught the theory and
practice of economical, scientific firing, by
which the coal Is distributed in such a
manner and quantity over the grate sur
face as to secure the most perfect com
bustion of Its volatile elements. The Sl-
lesian coal used in Berlin In most large
steam plants and factories Is rich In bitu-
men and would rank below many of the
bltumlnous coals of the Vnited States, and
yet the long, dense, trailing clouds of
smoke from mill and factory chimneys
w hi are so familiar a sight in many
American cities are rarely seen in that
eectlon of Germany, where the lndlscrlm-
Inate shoveling of raw bituminous coal Into
the steam and other furnace Is considered
an ignorant and wasteful proceeding.
The mortality from cholera la Egypt,
where no less than 30,000 have perished
from that scourge since the middle of
July, has raised the whole question of
England's responsibility, especially in rela
tion to the Mecca privileges. Most compe
tent authorities are agreed that if it were
not for these migrations of the faithful it
would not be difficult to keep the cholera
out . of Egypt. Some pertinent and Incon
venient questions are asked now by casual
correspondents of the London newspapers.
Among them is the inquiry whether Eng
land, having undertaken the administra
tion of Egypt is not bound to protect her
inhabitants by the enforcement of obvious
sanitary regulations? It la a matter of his
torical record that Lord Cromer brought
this matter to the attention of the Khedive
some time ago, but the latter then shrank
from taking any measures which might be
considered aa a wilful interference with
the rights of true believers. Now, how
ever, when his people have been dying
by the tens of thousands, there Is a grow-
Ing feeling that religious 'prejudices ought
to be subordinated to the general inter-
ests of humanity. Wholly apart from the
loss of life, the cholera- pjagwe. ba been
the indirect causa of a large - decrease of
revenue. To make matters worse, tnere
waa a "bad" Nile, this yeart and only the
most strenuous exertions can prevent wide
spread . suffering among, the" fellaheen.
Sooner or later the Mecca pilgrimages must
be regulated or abolished, , but: the matter
one of extraordinary .delicacy and dif
The politics of Crete has been Intermit
tently active since the days of. the Min
otaur, with no sign of subsidence embellish
ing Its ever romantic and enchanting hori
zons. At present Its contending parties
are battling for and against annexation to
Greece, with no advantage la the betting
n either side. Greece, herself Is in lead
ing strings, financially run by the rest of
Europe, and In poor circumstances gener
ally; the annexationists with the peninsula
hlch promises any efficient measure of re
lief. The present regime produces burdens
quite as heavy as Its former Turkish rule Im
posed, though the government Is admitted
to be much better and more equitable. In
the political settlement after the Greco
Turkish war the island demanded self-government,
and got it, but it now seems to
be nearly as discontented as before. But
there Is no pleasing some islands, whatever
may be done for them.
The last section of the tail of Finland's I
lndependent nationality has Just disap-
peared down the ravenous Muscovite gullet,
and the whole fabric Is now undergoing the
benevolent assimilation which Russia has
lways been so ready and willing to pro- I
vide for Its neighbors. The four new ordl-
nances just promulgated at Helslngfors
provide, first, that the senate and its pro- I
ceaures snail be wnouy under the control
of the governor general; the second em- I
powers the same authority to dismiss any I
official not appointed by the czar; the third
puts the law courts under like control, and
under the fourth it la forbidden to bring any
official of the atate or any grade to trial
without the consent of his auperlors. So
far as statutes go the country Is as com
pletely Russianized as the Russian section
of Poland and with the same effect on the
sentiments of those - belonging to the ex
The British admiralty Intends to find out.
If It possibly can do ao, what the trouble Is
with Its torpedo craft, several of which
have developed structural weakness within
the last twelvemonth. To do thta the ad
miralty will sacrifice the 6-year-old de
stroyer Wolf, which cost $1,250,000. This
vessel has been placed In a specially fitted
dry dock, where It will be hung by Its ends,
Its middle being unsupported, to see if the
strain amidships is enough to break its
back. If it survives this experiment it will
be bung across a cable. Its ends being left
unsupported. It would seem that a less ex
pensive investigation might be made, but If
the British naval authorities find why their
torpedo craft are too apt to go to pieces at
aea the cost of the experiment will not be
considered exorbitant. The nature of tha
experiment ahows how greatly the admiralty
Is disturbed over the weakness ot its ves
Wha; Makes (or Temperance.
New York World.
It Is a fact proved by drink statistics that
America is becoming more temperate, but
the best authorities do not attribute the
Improvement to the effects of legal penal
ties. Hard drinkers are no longer counte
nanced by desirable society. This Is one
reformatory force, and a stronger one yet
Is the increasing demand in many lines ot
business for nieja who ars always sober and
TIGHTENING HIJ CRIP.
Mr. tlarrlman's Meves ob (he Railroad
Every move la the transcontinental rail
road field reveals additional firmness la the
fffp of Mr. Harriman. Through t!s sew
contract with the St. Paul he rets Into the
territory of the northern tints about as
effectively as the northern roads entered
Vnion Pacific territory through acquisition
or the Burlington. By the same stroke he
destroyed the motive of the St. Paul for
building an Independent line to the Pacific.
thus protecting Vnlon Paelflc Interests at
an Important point. Now he announces
comprehensive navigation plan that will give
htm advantages In the Oriental trade and
adequate facilities fcr reaching all parts of
the Pacific. These moves show clearness
of vision, a steadfast purpose and executive
The bare announcement of the Inten
tion of the Oregon Short Line. to father
steamship lines from Portland to the Orient
and along the American coast from Mexico
to Alaska leaves the project open to a great
variety of speculation. The Harriman In
fluence Is supposed to dominate Pacific Malt
now and for many years operating from
San Francisco. It has for some time been
clear, however, that Pacific mall does not
fl" M lhe BeeJ" r tn Harriman system
for transportation on the Pacific Pacific
ocean. This was first apparent when the
Portland Asiatic Steamship company was
first organized. Presumably the Portland
ft Asiatic was put In the field as an expert
ment and Its success Is the basis for this
movement for more expansive service. At
any rate, It bears evidence of a well ma
tured plan and there will be great Interest
in Its development.
Mr. Harriman has transmitted the St.
Paul from a fierce competitor Into an ally.
He has thereby deprived another com
petitor, the Missouri Pacific, of an impor
Unt lne!it jn its plan of reaching the
r-aciuc coast- on an independent basis. But
the Missouri Pacific Is not yet baffled, and
there Is great reason to believe that it will
yet reach tidewater on this coast. It is
possible that this will be effected through
some arrangement with Harriman lines, but
tDe two systems are competitors at so many
points that the question of harmonizing
their divergent Interests presents many dif-
ficultles. The Missouri Pacific, and Its
allies, the Rio Grandes, now reach west to
Salt Lake City. Being Interested In getting
away from the Union Pacific everything
possible at Its eastern end, the Missouri
Pacific will probably find much trouble in
getting satisfactory terms for use of Harrl-
man lines at the western end, inasmuch as
granting Missouri Pacific facilities for get
ting to the coast would inevitably result in
Increasing Its competition In the east.
It Is to be noted that Harriman and
Gould are together In several Important
properties. They are on the boards of the
Union Pacific and Pacific Mall. But this
does not establish relations that Insure har
mony among all the properties Mhey are In
terested in. Harriman's move toward
breaking away from the exclusive rule of
Pacific Mail, and Gould's Ill-concealed de
sire to reach the Pacific seaboard with his
own lines, suggests possibilities that may
yet bring discord Into the transcontinental
field. It is not likely that St. Paul will be
used aggressively against the northern lines
not so aggressively, perhaps, as the pro
posed new steamship service oa the Pa
cificbut it will serve as a foil for Burling
ton, which Harriman has needed ever since
he lost control of Northern Pacific through
retirement of the preferred stock. Now It
may be that taking the St Paul alliance
from the Missouri Pacific will give the
latter road direction on Us way to the Pa
cific that will rob it of danger to Union
I Pacific interests. It this theory should turn
out to he true. It would shed additional
light on'recent transactions and add luster
to Mr. Harriman's reputation aa a railroad
OCR GRAND ARMY.
Millions In the School the Hope !
It Is a good thing for the American who
Is Inclined to listen to the doleful lamenta
tions of the pessimist to turn away from
the army In the Philippines tor a moment
and look at the greater army and mightier
army described In the annual report of the
United States commissioner of education.
Just submitted to the secretary of the In
The report of Commissioner Harris shows
that the total of pupils in the schools, ele
mentary, secondary and higher, both public
and private. In the United States ior tne
.11 T..- 4A 1QA1 1? ?QQ 2.1A n
o;7r the pVeviou.
year. Of this numoer la.tiu.iiat were en
rolled In schools supported by local and
If we add to this enrollment those who
attended certain special institutions like
evening schools, commercial schools and
schools of cookery and of special trades and
vocations, we have a grand total of over
seventeen and three-quarter millions of the
population that received education for a
longer or shorter period during the year,
An interesting feature of the report is the
increased ner caDlta expenditure for educa-
tion. In 1870 the expenditure for schools
per capita of the population was $1.64; the
last year it was $2 93 per csplta, the highest
n the history of the country,
This army of seventeen million youngsters
is the hope of the republic. It Is the In-
vincible defense of our institutions and of
our democracy. No other army on the globe
lis comparable to it as a rorce ior civinza-
tlon and as bulwark for free and popular
If you are looking for exclusive styles in
Children's Suits you will find the handsomest
and completest stock here .
These are very different from the ordiv
nary clothing store qualities.
Tbey are made for those who appreciate
good materials, workmanship and styles that"
are new and correct.
Furnishings and hats to go with the suit.
No Clothing Fits Like Ours.
R. S. WILCOX, Mutineer.
V rOLiyCAl DRIFT.
Tom Johnson' 3hlocIrrus essU II.Oc a"
dsy, but Tom. df sa't tount th cost when
working the )lda pepls-
If President oevlt should become th
guest of Grove Cleveland there will hs a
warm ruDllosls Lancaster county, Ne-
Hon. DavM L Hill Is asain attracting
attention In N York state. A riled clU
ten recemiy td him hs was a descendant
of Ananias. t
The porulist cte in Georgia dwindled to
less than 6.004 at the state election In
October. Ia 19-1 they east over 2J.000 votes
fcr their candi-ae for governor.
A rude swindlr has victimized about 150
members of tb) Vermont legislature by
collecting $1. Breach from them for' a
photographic sofvenir which hs failed to
deliver. It Is zhr proposed to appoint a
guardian for th members.
Former Conglstman James Hamilton
Lewis of Washlqton, one of the old r-"
of Bryanism. hai followed Charley Tows
into the ranks o plutocracy. He has de
cided to locate lot'hlcago and become gen
eral counsel for corporations.
The Jane Jefferia (women's) Democrat!
club ot Denver ha I taken out a thirty years
charter. It Is bopd by the originators that
the club, which wS named la honor of the
toother of ThomasJefferson. will ultimately
become a nation organization of demo
cratic women. I
State Senator Imes R. Lanyoa of tha
Sixth district c-9 Connecticut understands
the full signlflr jco t lbs axiom, "mis
fortunes never -me singly." While tbs
vote which defeated bis renomlnatlon was
being taken In republican convention
some villainous rook relieved him or a
gold .watch, tim la cash and securities
valued at $12,0
The Massachusetts republican campaign
managers are bstlrrtng themselves. Sear
ator Henry Cabot Lodge bas canceled nearly
all bis outside sites to take the stump la
bis own state, aid Senator Hoar, It Is an
nonnced, will make at least three speeches
before the close of the campaign. One of
the three speeches be will deliver la Tre-
mont Temple, Boston.
The democrats of the Seventh district of
Massachusetts have gone over Into another
district to select a man for representatlvs
in congress. Tie gentleman nominated is
ex-Mayor Arthuf Lyman of Waltham. Tbey
have a good prtredent. Democrats elected
William Everett of Quincy to congress some
years ago to represent a Massachusetts dis
trict of which be was not a resident.
George T. Beck, democratic nominee for
governor of Wyoming, is a son of the 1st
Senator Beck Kentucky. The young matt
weighs over tft pounds, but carries ne
superfluous flesL being of vast frame. All
over the far vest be is known for his
athletic powers, no man In the Big Horn
basin caring 4 tackle him single-handed.
He is a rancher and with certain rich men
is interested it a scheme to reclaim by
irrigation a larie area ot arid lands.
Chicago Tribune: Well, Rlggsy. hnw ara
you making It? Got a situation yet?"
"Niw! NuttlnAbut a Job."
Washington Sta "What did you tell yoh
los when be fount oa you waa wearln' his
"I done reproveclhlnl fob. bis lack of ap
pteciatlon. 1 remfided film dat imitation
v ere do slncerest flattery."
Philadelphia Press: "I came to tell you.'
said the visitor, "that at one time I bad
little faith In your, panacea "
"But It cured you?" Interrupted the pat.
ent medicine man, eagerly.
"Yes, of the Utile faith I bad."
Tonkers Statesman: She I always beard)
tea was bad for the nerves.
He Oh, it can't he; I see Lipton says he's
ccming over again to lift that cup.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "The sultan of '
Bascolod wants to flihl Unci Sam." i
"I don't aea how be can." ...
"Why can't he?" '
"Because there Is no place for bim to go
and get a reputation."
Washington Star: "I can't understand
why so Intensely thoughtful and sedate a.
man as Mr. Rooks weaia those loud check
"He says they assist him In mental re
laxation. He uses them in figuring out
chess problems." . .
Baltimore News: "And do you take a
great deal of exercise??'" we asked a, man
with the phenomenal muscular develop-,
"Well." he replied, "my wife Insists It Is
my business to employ and discharge the
Philadelphia Press: "See here!" said the
hotel clerk, "you'll have to move on. We
can't have any loitering around this hall."
"Why," replied the offender, "the head
waiter told me to stay here till he came.
I'm after a Job as waiter."
"Oh! I beg your pardon. I thought yo
were only a guest."
TALKED A BO IT.
neighbors talked about ber nearly
everywhere they met:
They talked about her till she died; they
talk about her yet.
The high and low all spoke of her, aa did
the old and young.
And every gossip tossed ber name upon her
'Twas she -who kissed the baby first and
blest Its happy birth;
Twas she who helped to guide Its feet
through all the paths of earth;
'Twas she who watched beside the bed
whereon the dvlns lav:
"Twas she who soothed the stricken friends
when one was called away.
The neighbors talked about her nearly
everywhere they met;
They talked about her till she died; they
talk about her yet.
They talked about her wondrous bands, ber
heart ao full of love.
And now the angels talk, of her who dwells
with them above.
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