Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 21, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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rniE OMAHA Daily Bee.
Dally Hee (without Sund.y). One Year. .$4 00
lally lie nl tiuncl.iy, One Year
Illustrated lie-, urn- Year K W
bunuay Bee, One Year 2 '
Saturday lire, One year.... 1 &
Twentieth C'eMury Farmer, Op Year.. 1.U0
Dally Re (without Sunday), per copy... 2c
Dally bee (wltnout Bund), per ween. ..12c
lJally 11 ee (including Bunuay), per week..IVc
Sunday iiee, per copy 6c
Evening Wee (without Sunday), per week be
Kvenlng Be (Including Sunday;, per
week 10c
Complaints of irregularities In delivery
hould be addressed to City Circulation De
partment. OFFICES.
Omaha The Bee Bui. ding.
Houth Omaha City Had Uulldlng, Twenty-fifth
and M Streets.
Council Bluffs 10 l'earl Street.
Chicago 1G40 Unity Building.
New York 232s FHrk Row Building.
Waahinglon 61 Fourteenth Htreeu
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter should be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Business letters and remittances should
be addressed: The Bee publishing Com
pany, omaha.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to 'Ihe Bee Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of
man accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exenange, not accepted.
Btate of Nebraska. Douglaa County, as:
George B. Tzachuck, secretary of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of September, 19u2, was as fol
lows: l 30.130 is ai,ir,o
1 80,740 17 31,020
30.SSO 18 81,140
4 80,310 U 31,ltMJ
1 31,870 20 81.430
1 2U.S70
I...- 80,000
t 80,700
10 - 81.CNIO
11 30.820
U 81,2 00
IS 81-2UO
14 Stt.OOO
U ,.81,060
21 8U.8TO
22 81.OO0
23 84, BOO
24 3 It ,240
26 31 ,200
26 30,770
7 80,030
2t 20,028
2J ao.soo
80 81,100
Total , 028,233
Le unsold and returned copies.... 10,144
Net total sales 018,081
Net dally average 80,0021
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 30th day of September, -A,
(Seal.) Notary Public
For the next two weeks political ping
.pong will be all the rage lu these parts.
The people of Omaha ore not only In
favor of home rule, but of home repre
sentation In congress.
Omaha hag been advertised as a very
Wicked city, but It can also be a Chris
tian city occasionally.
The battle of Nebraska for 1002 Is
Just two weeks off, and only two months
more of Savage. Ilow time does fly.
The latest strike Is In Colorado, and
It appears to be one of the richest In the
history of gold mining in that state.
A complete history of the great anthra
cite strike by Field Marshal Murat Hal
Btead should have been announced as
on the market before this time.
After President Roosevelt's, recent
Strenuous experiences with the coal
monopolists, hunting Hons in Colorado
will be light occupation and genuine re
laxation. Less than one-third of the legal voters
of Omaha have registered. Those who
failed to record their names should do
so next Friday If they want to vote at
the coming election.
If consumers of anthracite have so
bard a time of it now that the strike
bas ended, what wold have been their
condition if the strike had continued
through the winter?
"The biggest corporation, like the
humblest private citizen, must be held to
Strict compliance with the will of the
people as expressed In the fundamental
law." Theodore Roosevelt.
The fusion candidates for the legisla
ture have declared for home rule and
pledged themselves in favor of an
elective police and flro commission.
Now let us bear from the republican
candidates. This Is not a party Issue.
Members of the Board of Review for
the year 1008 must be appointed before
November 6. It Is to be hoped that thu
mayor will be able to find two men to
set on the board who canuot !e swerved
from a fearless and Impartial discharge
of their duty.
Many months have passed since the
county commissioners ordered a survey
of all the railroad tracks and railroad
witchta lo Douglas county, but up to
date the railroad surveys do not seem
to have materialized for some Inex
plicable reason.
Those who are predicting a speedy re
duction of the retail beef prices should
remember that It takes about 100 days
to finish cattle after they go Into the
feeding pen. For the most part feeding
operations throughout the great corn
States are only Just beginning.
Congressman Mercer Is searching the
county and city treasurers' records for
evidences of his tax-paying qualities,
but he will not be able to get a certifi
cate from either treasurer that he has
paid a penny of personal tax In the city
of Omaha or county of Douglas since
Anno Domini ISiH.
If all taxable property in Omaha la to
be assessed at Its full value for munici
pal purposes, why not then for ccuniy
purposes? Why keep up a double stand
ard of valuation, which creates confu
sion and works Injustice? Why can't
Douglaa county set the example of as
sessment In strict accordance with law
and force all the other counties In the
stats to com to that standard
t'jtoaiztD la Ron nine to stat.
Tho failure of the formidable effort of
the anthracite coal operators to crush
the miners' organization Is a distin
guishing and most significant fact
which should not be lost sight of. It
Is of no material consequence that the
operators still refuse to recognize that
organization. It has received recogni
tion from the president of the United
Slates and It will be recognized by the
commission he has appointed to, pass
upon the Issues Involved In the strike.
Mr. Mitchell and other representatives
of the miners will appear before that
tody upon equal terms with Mr. Baer
and other representatives of the oper
ators and It Is not to be doubted will be
treated with entire fairness and Impar
tiality. The example of President
Roosevelt In not discriminating between
tho operators and miners will be ob
served by the commission in Its Investi
gation. "Capital must make Up Its mind," soys
the Springfield Republican, "to get along
with unionized labor. Such labor Is
here to stay and the law Is more likely
to compel the unionization of labor than
it Is to outlaw the labor union. The
sooner this fact Is recognized, the
sooner will the country be placed on
the way toward attaining a permanent
industrial peace." This fact Is now
pretty generally realized. One of the
largest operators Id the Ohio bituminous
coal fields says that his company
used to think that the unions were
against its Interests, but It gradu
ally worked out one point after an
other with the union leaders and found
them, on the whole, fair, reasonable
men. "Since we made our agreements
with the men," he stated, "we have
done better than ever before. The
agreements have been kept, and kept
sometimes under pressure and when It
was for the temporary advantage of
the men to have broken them. We
have found it safer to make contracts
with the labor unions than we have to
make contracts with competing compa
nies." He regarded the agreements
made with the men as one of the best
moves his company had ever made,
hence he Is a friend of unionized labor.
All fair-minded men realize that with
capital working in combination with a
view to getting the greatest possible re
turn, the right of labor also to organize
for the promotion of its Interests must
be admitted. The great lesson which
both capital and labor need to learn Is
to work together in mutual recognition
of the rights of each. That they are
learning this is not to be doubted and
the great coal strike, enormously costly
to both parties, will Impress the lesson
more strongly and deeply.
It Is certain that the product of the
gold mines of the world for the present
year will be. at least up to the average
Increase in recent years, and probable
that that limit will be largely exceeded.
The figures for all the principal gold
fields so far show a decided Increase.
This Is the case in Aiaska, where the
mining season Is practically ended,
while an even higher rate of Increase is
reported from Australia and Russia, as
well as from the chief gold mining re
gions of the United States. Mining
operations have been resumed in South
Africa, where they were Interrupted by
war for a series of years, and on the
basis of actual shipments their output
will soon be up to the maximum of the
past While the demand for the yel
low metal Is growing larger for orna
ment and In the mechanic arts, there Is
now an Increased annual quantity
which at once enters Into the world's
stock of money. It Is almost instantly
available for the uses of commerce and
credit the moment it is run Into bars,
whether coined or not There can thus
be no Impediment to the healthful ex
pansion of exchanges, to whatever ex
tent they may go, by reason of lack of
money, for never before In the history
of the world was Its supply of money
so steadily and satisfactorily effected as
it Is at present, and as there Is every
reason to believe It will be indefinitely
in the future.
In a recent speech Secretary Shaw
discussed the subject of our trade rela
tions with the countries south of us. It
is a matter of the very first Importance
and should receive the earnest attention
of our manufacturers and of congress.
The fact is that we have not In the past
and are not now working for the trade
of the South and Central American
countries in a way to win the best re
sults, that while England and Germany
are continually Increasing their trade
with those parts of the western hemis
phere, we are making very little prog
ress or none at all.
It Is well that a leading official of the
government, the secretary of the treas
ury, calls attention to this. There Is
manifestly need of an awakening on the
part of our merchants and manufactur
ers to the great opportunity which awaits
them In southern and central America.
These are fields that are vastly superior
In their possibilities to the markets of the
Orient, not only because they are nearer
to us, but for the reason that the peo
ple of the countries south of us are very
much richer than those of the far east
and are growing more rapidly In wealth
and consuming power. The resources of
the southern countries are as yet In the
Infancy of development They have
everything that Is necessary to their
growth and expansion. They are a thor
oughly civilized people, with a growing
desire for all that civilisation desires or
needs. There Is no natural antagonism
between the people of the South and
Central American countries, and what
ever hostility has been cultivated by our
trade rivals should be easily overcome.
Today this country has only about 10
per cent of the great commerce, amount
ing to about $600,000,000, of the states of
South and Central America. It should
cava at least half of that trade. . liow
shall the United States get Its proper
share? The first requirement perhaps,
certainly one of the very greatest Im
portance, Is the establishment of steam
ship lines between our ports and the
porta of the southern countries. This
was pointed out by President McKlnley
and It is reiterated by Secretary Shaw.
The former pointed out that one of the
most essential means of extending our
southern trade was to establish regular
lines of steamship communication be
tween our ports and the principal ports
of South and Central America. Secre
tary Shaw, as representing the present
administration, urges tho same thing,
and nobody who has given intelligent
consideration to the subject can have
any doubt as to the wisdom of this. The
government should encourage, by every
proper and practicable way, the estab
lishment of transportation lines between
our ports and the ports of South and
Central America, as assuring better re
turns ultimately than con be had from
any other part of the world.
The speech of Attorney General Knox
regarding the power of congress to deal
with the combinations engaged In Inter
state commerce, to which we hereto
fore referred, has attracted a great deal
of attention and commendation. The
general comment is that the attorney
general has pointed the way by which
congress can provide a remedy for the
evils incident to the combinations, with
the constitutional powers it already has.
The New York correspondent of the
Philadelphia Press says that Mr. Knox
expressed tho view of some of the
ablest lawyers of that city In assert
ing that the common law furnishes, ex
cepting possibly in two or three states
where other jurisprudence than that of
the common law Is the basis, abundant
means for state and national regula
tion of the corporations so that the evils
In them may be removed and so that
there may . be control without at the
same time Impairing their value to the
community. Mr. Knox said that a law
which only covers contracts and combi
nations in restraint of trade as defined
by the common law would exclude oil
hurtful combinations and conspiracies.
Congress can adopt the scheme of that
law, he said, and In the enforcement of
such law each case as it arose would
be' considered upon Its own facts and
the rule of guidance would be as laid
down by the supreme court of the
United States.
The Impression made by the attorney
general's presentation of the subject
can hardly fall to reach congress and
indeed It Is expected that the views of
Mr. Knox will be submitted to the na
tional legislature by President Roose
velt In his annual message. At all
events the country has been given an
exposition of this perplexing question of
dealing with the great combinations
that is most reassuring. .
The prospect of the republicans carry
ing Colorado grows brighter every day
as election draws near. There is every
sign of alarm In the democracy, which
bad plotted to win and at the same
time to cheat their old allies, the popu
lists. The latter were expected to co
operate, although not a single place on
the state ticket was conceded to them.
The full energies of the democratic
press and party organization are now
concentrated upon the point of per
suading the populists to vote the demo
cratic ticket notwithstanding they have
a 'straight ticket of their own in the
field. The frantic appeals of the demo
crats clearly Indicate the peril which
they apprehend from popullstlc schism,
for only by union of both elements has
It been possible to defeat the growing
strength of the republicans the past few
What is hardly less significant Is the
system of election frauds which has
been exploited by the democratic ma
chine. In Denver particularly, but also
In other cities, most elaborate registra
tion frauds have been perpetrated, so
that the lists, padded out by perjury.
fictitious names and false addresses, may
be used for repeaters and other crimin
als on election day. The democratic
machine, which controls the registra
tion facilities, has carried things with
so high a hand that a better element of
the party Is in open revolt and organiz
ing to rebuke the machine. The des
peration of the democratic bosses argils
well for republican success.
To secure the unqualified assent of the
striking miners to the scheme of arbi
tration submitted through the agency of
President Roosevelt will be almost as
signal a moral victory for Mitchell as
was the yielding of the proprietary com
panies. In such a constituency as that
of Mitchell's there Is always a radical
element which it Is difficult to restrain
The strikers, too, have been Subjected to
great provocation, and there have been
grave practical difficulties, such as the
question as to the vacancies filled by the
strike breakers, in the way of a general
return to work. The prestige and con
fidence which the executive head of the
miners has acquired by bis conservative
and masterly dealing with the corpora
tions now stand him, in good stead in
finishing the business with his followers.
The story is well vouched for that
Colonel Butler, the St. Louis millionaire
politician, now on trial for tampering
with the city council, hired a profes
sional hypnotist to work on the ttiul
judge.. Perhaps the hypnotic method
explains some of the eccentricities of
the Nebraska State Board of Equaliza
tion in the matter of railroad assess
ments. It is In accord with the eternal fitness
of things for Lady Somerset to come all
the way from England to Portland, Me.,
to berate the American people and scold
an American bishop for pandering to iu
temperance, although she knows that
mors drunkenness exists t) the square
foot In Great Britain any day of tbe week
than there Is In America to the square
mile In any month of the year. In
America bar rooms are patronized al
most wholly by men, while In England
they are patronized by both sexes
promiscuously, with smirking barmaids
dispensing the Intoxicating refresh
ments. Lady Somerset only Illustrates
the old odnge, "that It Is much easier to
sweep In front of other people's doois
than it Is In front of your own."
If a decision Just rendered by Judge
Tuley Is sustained by the Illinois su
preme court the Chicago Telephone com
pany stands to lose . about $1,000,000
which it has Illegally collected from Its
patrons. The company has been charg
ing $D0 in excess' of tbe amount fixed by
the law as a maximum charge, trusting
to out-lltlgate any dissatisfied Individu
als, but the court holds that they con
recover Illegal overcharges even when
made by a big corporation.
No other publle man Is hotter Informed
about the condition of western farmers
than Secretary Wilson, being himself
still an extensive Iowa farmer, as he hss
been for over thirty years, os well as
an Intelligent general student of agri
culture. Ills statement that Iowa farm
ers have lately been furnishing a large
amount of money to the New York
banks as one of the significant signs of
the times.
The proposition that It Is never too
late to arbitrate 1b one that may well
attract the attention of the Union Pa
cific in dealing with its locked-out ma
chinists. He's Comlsc, Too.
Washington Post
Mr. Cleveland thinks the democratic op
portunity has arrived. But how about tbe
man? Ahem!
A Hot Time Comlagr.
Buffalo Express.
When the sultan of Bacolod gets what is
coming to blm he will ba able to appreciate
tbe feelings of tbe parrot that lost Its feath
ers In a mix-up with tbe monkey.
Will tho Lesson Stick?
Philadelphia Press.
Some of tbe newspapers are discussing
"the lesson of the strike." This was to
have been expected. The simple lesson to
most people will be to keep a big stock of
coal on hand In the future.
Remember the Fate of P. P.
Chicago Chronicle
That rash and misguided body, tbe Ken
tucky State Railroad commission, baa be
gun proceedings la opposition to a merger
of railway systems which is desired and
advocated by our liege lord Plerpont I.
Have these unhappy men never heard of tbe
fate tbat befell one Peter Power?
. . Redaction of the Army.
Cleveland Leader.
Tbe president bas ordered the reduction
of the United States army by about 10
per cent of It present strength. That will
bring it down, to, (he lowest limit per
mitted by law, .Some Americans will be
greatly surprised at this Incident because
tbey have been'ied "to think of tho chief
executive as a mail of blood wbo could not
have enough soldiers to satisfy his tastes
and desires.
Dlasraeefal Exhibitions.
Minneapolis Journal.
For the sake of the great game of foot
ball It la to be hoped that such exhibi
tions as that at Omaha Tuesday and that
at Orand Forks Monday will not be re
peated. Tbe Omaha gam between tbe
University of South Dakota and the Omaha
Medical college was a disgraceful and gory
fist fight from start to finish. The Orand
Forks game between North Dakota uni
versity and Hamllne, while not so bloody,
was equally ungentlemanly on tbe part of
some of tbe players. Foot ball is a rough
game, but It is not necessarily a game for
slugging and unfairness.
Detroit Journal: Tbe commission Is emi
nently fitted to arbitrate the dispute and It
has the confidence of the whole country that
Its finding will bo equitable because scien
tifically thorough and without prejudice.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: Taken Individu
ally and collectively, the commission is one
In which full confidence can be placed that
It will investigate thoroughly, Judge dispas
sionately and render a decision that will be
just to both sides, so far as It Is possible
for them to determine where exact Justice
Indianapolis News: Tbe strike commis
sion Is admirably constituted. It is dom
inated by men of great experience, wisdom
and ability, who will go to the core of the
subject without fear or favor. A good omen
is that it Is acceptable to both sides. Each
expresses confidence In U. There may not
be such unanimity of regard after its find
ing, for some contentions must Inevitably be
denied. But there la no question that the
conclusion will command the confidence of
tbe country,
Buffalo Express: President Roosevelt may
well be proud of tbe personal triumph be
achieved In bringing the strike, to an end.
He bas made warm friends among the min
ers and all other union men, while bis
straightforward treatment of a most trying
sluatlon bas sbowa the public In general
that be la worthy of all tbe confidence
which may be placed In him. Tbe settle
ment of this strike undoubtedly will have a
favorable influence on his political life, as It
will on the present republican campaign.
New York Tribune: The tribunal of
six members constituted by the president
Is well fitted to ascertain the equities of
tbe case submitted to It and the disinter'
eetedness of Its conclusions will never be
disputed. That they will also be Just,
on the whole satisfactory to all concerned
and productive of permanent Improved
relations In the mining region may not
be so certain, but there Is reason to hopo
that lasting benefit will result from this
bitter controversy.' The powers of the
board are complete and final under the
agreement. It Is to Investigate and settle
all the questions at Issue.
Chicago Tribune: It was a hatardous
matter for the president to Intervene.
Success was uncertain and failure would
have been Injurious to many Interests.
He ran the risk and has succeeded.
Thanks to him the mines will be re
opened. Tbe shivering poor who have
been dreading the approach of winter will
cast away their fears. Tbe mills, closed
for lack of fuel, will resume work. Peace
will return to the anthracite regions, to
which It has been a stranger for, nearly
half a year. Happy Is the country with a
chief magistrate wbo Is not afraid when
great exigencies demand It to step out
side the beaten path of duty and the con
ventional sphere of action and at the
haiard of being misunderstood or re
buffed bid warring capital and labor lay
down their arms sad give tb country
A Personal Triumph
Detroit Free
It Is to Theodore Roosevelt that the
country is Indebted for the settlement of
the coal strike. To be sure, If tbe presi
dent bad not Interfered tbe strike would
ultimately bave ended. Such conditions
ss those existing In the anthracite coal
region could not have continued Indefi
nitely. Either tbe operators would have
yielded eventually to the clamor from the
manufacturing and the Industrial Inter
ests, or the miners, driven to desperation,
would bave begun a civil war to be sup-
pressed by bullets and bayonets.
The country bas come to expect that a
great strike In which 150,000 men sre In
volved means Krag-Jorgensens and Cat
lings. That bas been the experience In the
past when the reckless elements among
the strikers gradually gained ascendancy.
It was to have been expected almost con
fidently In the coal country where thou
sands of the miners are Ignorant foreign
ers Imported by the operators to take tho
place of better labor and who bave ab
sorbed little of the spirit of American In
stitutions. The situation was already be
coming critical, not only from the point of
view of the consumer, but from the stand
point of cltlsenshlp, when President Roose
velt presumed to "Interfere,"
Disclaiming all legal authority to act, be
brought tbe operators and Mr. Mitchell to
gether to Inform them that the situation
bad become Intolerable. Tbe operators re
fused to yield and even ventured to lecture
the president as to bis duty In tbe case. In
spite of their arrogant manners, President
Roosevelt retained an admirable self-con
trol and Instead of assuming tbat his whole
duty had been done to the public when the
operators rebuffed bis advances be contin
ued bis negotiations. Public sentiment had
been focussed on the operators as a result
of the White House conference and with
their ready intuitions In disposing of quib
bling technicalities the American people
a whole quickly decided that the oper-
Beatrice Times: He Is said to have de
livered the best political speech ever heard
at Glltner. In fact, E. H. Hlnshaw Is press
ing on to victory on election day.
Alnsworth 8 tar-Journal: M. P. KInkald is
one of the ablest men In Nebraska and will
represent the district with much credit
to himself and bis constituents. He will
surely be elected.
Osmond Republican: Election day Is
drawing near and the election of J. J. Mc
Carthy for congress from this district
seems certain. Mac is conservative and
not after a third term either.
Norfolk Republican: If you vote for J.
J. McCarthy you vote for a man who will
look out for your Interests in Washing
ton. Mr. McCarthy Is able, conscientious
and will do what be believes to be right.
Money cannot buy blm.
Tekamah Journal: J. J. McCarthy made
a good record In the legislature and proved
that he had tbe courage of his convictions
and good staying qualities. His votes are
all recorded on tbe side of economy, re
trenchment and reform.
Norfolk'News: The fuslonlsts carried tbe
Third district tor Robinson two years ago by
but 175 votes. Last year the district went
for tbe republican state ticket by a good
plurality. Tbls, In edition to the fact that
Mr. McCarthy Is making a clean and win
ning campaign, should be a basis " from
which to figure a republican victory this
fall that should be tar from satisfactory
to the fuslonlsts and highly pleasing to
the republicans.
Nebraska City Tribune: Congressman
E. 3. Burkett bas made a tour of his own
district and Is perfectly satisfied with the
outlook tor tbe party. So fully is he con
vinced that tbe republican ticket will show
heavy majorities In tbe first congressional
district, from top to bottom, that he bas
permitted the committee to plan a speak
tng tour for him this week that takes blm
away from his own district Into each of
he remaining districts In the state.
Ponca Journal: As the campaign ad
vances the candidacy of J. J. McCarthy Is
growing In popular favor. He is making a
thorough canvass of the district and Is giv
ing his opponent tbe fight of his life. Rob
inson knows there Is somebody running this
time and be is working 'day and night to
stem the popular tide that has set In
against him. It Isn't a question now of
McCarthy's election. It is simply a question
as to how large his majority will be.
Grand Island Independent: Next Con
gressman Norrls addressed a good meeting
of the republicans of Wood River last
evening and made a host of new friends.
He took up tbe question of tariff and tbe
trusts and clearly showed what Mr.
Bryan's Ideas of a cure of the trust evils
would result In, and lead to; how Imprac
tical were tbe Ideas, etc. He held the
attention of the audience for over an hour.
The candidates for the legislature and
county attorney were present, but made
no addresses.
Rising City Independent: Hon. E. H.
Hlnshaw" political meeting at the opera
house last Friday night was well attended
and bis speech listened to with marked
attention. He expounded republican doc
trine pure and simple and defined bis stand
on the Issues now before, tbe people as be
understands them. Mr. Hlnshaw Is a
pleasant gentleman who does not consider
himself above the common people and who,
If elected, would, In our opinion, try to
serve his constituency along the lines as
mapped out by blm In bis utterances ex
pressed before the people during the cam
Graf Echo: We believe that Mr. Burkett
will be returned to congress. His record
at Washington Is one that the people of
this district should endorse and the ma
jority of them do. He has worked for Ne
braska, his district and bis government
with energy and teal and bas accomplished
much. He has procured for his district
more rural mall deliveries than any other
district In the state of Nebraska can boast
of. He Is a worker, and a conscientious
worker, and when a voter casts a vote for
Mr. Burkett If be knows tbe man he feels
as though be was casting It for the benefit
of his country, his state, hi family and
Alnsworth Star-Journal : That Judge Kin.
kald will be our next congressman Is a
foregone conclusion. And there Is every
reason that he should be. He is a lawyer
of exceptional ability, acknowledged even
by the opposition, as by their help, when
tbe district was hopelessly fusion, be was
elected Judge several times. No one denies
his ability, and not one word Is or can
be aald to his detriment as a man, lawyer.
Judge, Jurist, or In any conceivable way.
The only hope for the fuslonlsts In tbls
district Is to try and make succeed a "sol
dier" racket, a sort of "general" racket, so
to speak. And what makes tbat so dis
gusting Is the fart that It comes from a
political fusion that In times past bave
yelled "bloody shirt" every time the re
publicans put up a soldier candidate, and
never found any good among the "boys"
save only when ode of them occasionally
ha I a place on their ticket. Now, we ap
peal to every thinking reader If this Is not
the case? But then. Judge KInkald will be
elected as congreaaman from tbe Big Sixth,
and there will be hundreds of good, honest
democrats and populist In the district that
will help elect him, la utter disgust of tb
"any thing-fer-omce" fusion element.
ators were In the wrong. As the president
shrewdly foresaw, there soon came a time
when public opinion was too strong to be
resisted. The operators found their noth-Ing-to-arbltrate
position untenable, and
very diplomatically the president made It
possible for the trust to "save It face" in
conceding to the union what the men had
chiefly demanded, an arbitration of differ
ences. Even the Impudence of the oper
ators In attempting to dictate the char-
arter of tbe commission left the president
calm and Judicial. He satisfied at once
any doubts tbat Mr. Mitchell might bave
as to the fairness of such a commission,
appointed It Immediately ss a guarantee
of his good faith, and the work of mining
anthracite coal will be resumed next week.
It bas been many years since a president
of the United States faced a more serious
condition of Internal affairs than that which
confronted Mr. Roosevelt when he decided
to use bis friendly offices to effect a set
tlement of the strike. The president was
under neither legal nor moral obligation to
Interfere. He could have shielded himself
behind his constitutional limitations bad
he cared to. But Mr. Roosevelt cboae to
make himself a real president who could
not look with unconcern upon anything
relating to the general welfare of the
country. And be bas brought about this
settlement without arbitrary extension of
bis authority, or any straining of his con
stitutional powers.
It Is Theodore Roosevelt, rather than
President Roosevelt to whom the Amer
ican people owe their debt of gratitude for
the ending of this disastrous conflict. No
scheming politician In the presidency would
have ever ventured upon such a delicate
mission. No man with less than Theodore
Roosevelt's reputation for honeety, Integ
rity and fair dealing could ever have ap
pealed to the confidence of the miners at
a time when their confidence was a sine
qua non In the termination of the strike.
Make way for tbe coal trains.
Captain Anson, tbe former noted base
ball player. Is going Into politics In Chi
cago. He is known as a hard bitter.
Commodore Vanderbllt, the first of the
Vanderbllt family, and founder of the
fortune, used to ssy this: "Never tell
anybody what you are going to do till you
do it"
Prof. Adolf Lorenc, the German special
ist, who has Just operated on Miss Armour,
In Chicago, says be finds more cases of hip
disease In that city than In any other of
which be has knowledge.
Another statistician rises to remark that
on an average every man, woman and child
in he United States has on deposit In the
savings banks $108. A good many of tbem,
however, can't draw any of It.
United States Senator Knute Nelson
helped to pump a handcar five miles on
the Duluth, Mesaba 4 Northern road on
Tuesday in order not to miss connection
preventing blm delivering a political speech
at Nlfflng. Wis.
Surgeon Millard H. Crawford, who bas
been In tbe service of the Navy depart
ment for a quarter of a century and stands
well toward the top of the medical corps,
has tendered his resignation because leave
of absence was denied blm.
Another Instance of American competi
tion orowding out English enterprise Is fur
nished by the fact that an American sailor
has been tbe first to receive the prlte of
S sovereigns which King Edward gives each
father of triplets In his realm.
Lord Methuen, when sufficiently re
covered from the wound received at the
time of bis capture by the Boers, Is to
have command of a British army corps.
Incompetent generals with social "backing
need fear nothing In England.
Chief Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes,
lately appointed a Justice of the supreme
court of the United States, bas accepted an
Invitation to take President Roosevelt's
place. In tbe absence of the latter because
of Illness, at the Installation of President
Edmund J. James of Northwestern univer
sity at Evanston, 111., on October 21. Judge
Holmes will deliver an address to tbe law
Dr. E. Castellt of Washington claims to
have discovered a sure preventive of sea
sickness. "Just sit and look in a mirror,"
says the doctor, "and you will experience
no Inconvenience ,from the motion of tbe
vessel. I Infer from my discovery that
the pathogenesis of seasickness Is the
same as that of vertigo 1. e, the affliction
Is the result of the consciousness of the
oscillation of the act of orientation."
A little more than 9,000.000 pieces of mall
turned up at Uncle Sam's dead letter office
last year. Letters and parcels to tbe num
ber of 60,900 were opened, yielding $48,000
In cssh and commercial paper of an aggre
gate fare value of $1,899,926. Tet there are
some .people cruel enough to say tbat hus
bands wbo neglect to mall their wlve's let
ters are the most absent-minded people on
earth. It will be consoling to the maligned
to know there are others.
Organized effort Is being made for the
erection In Washington of a monument to
the memory of Alexander R. Shepherd,
who did so much to beautify that city. A
committee having the matter In charge
has addressed a circular to those likely to
contribute and expressing the hope tbat
prolonged canvass will be unnecessary. It
Is urged tbat Mr. Shepherd must rank with
Washington and L'Enfant as one of tbe
creators of America's moat beautiful
There's nothing so bad for a cough as coughing !
There's .nothing so good for a cough as
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
The best time to take It is when the cold first comet on, when tbe trouble
Is in tbe tbrost.
Throat tickling, throat colds, throat coughs are all easily controlled wi.h
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral.
Doctors first prescribed this nearly 00 years ago. They use it more today
than ever. They know its Ingredients. Tbey understand bow it heals con
gested membranes and overcomes Inflammation. Ask your own doctor
about using this medicine for colds, coughs, and all lung troubles.
i. O. ATSa CO., Lowell, kui.
I had a torrtblo eoturfe last rtn, aas It took
opwioiw ou i mo. novo mmwm tojo mown no
Making Intelligent tee ef Modern
Indianapolis News.
No phase of life In the wonderfully de
veloping life of this country exceeds In Im
portance and Interest the life of the farmer,
which still and for generations must en
gage tbe attention of the great mass of our
people, snd no other phase of life shows a
greater Intelligence and a quicker reallaa
tlon of opportunity. Aside from all of tho
Improved machinery which still continues to
Improve, and the use that Is being made of
the rural mall delivery, the telephone and
the trolley car, there Is evident a deeper
realization of possibilities In tbe effort to
make Intelligent use of all of the many
ways to better Ufa snd enhance effort. The
educated farmer Is coming to be as promi
nent a figure as the educated man In any
walk of life. The same demand for Intelli
gent work, the kind that makes of a man
"educated from the top down, rather than
from the bottom up," Is felt in work of
farming, and It Is being met.
A striking Illustration of It Is a class of
more than fifty girls at tbe Minneapolis Col
lege of Agriculture that. this year have
taken up the study of scientific farming.
This college Is ten years old, but It baa
only recently been admitting girls. The
course tbey take Includes botany, chemis
try, physics and geology, requiring la the
first two years at least two terms In each.
In about two-thirds of the course tbe boys
and girls are Instructed together In lan
guage, mathematics, science, civics snd
some technical work, but the girls are
taught cooking, laundering and sewing,
where the boys are taught btacksmlthlng
and veterinary science. Generally the girls
are directed more than the boys to bouse-,
bold art, home economy and domestio
science. Both are taught be plan farm
buildings and to lay out grounds. Attention
Is given to the furnishing of bouses, to lit- "
terature, music and social culture, with the
Idea "of making tbe farm home the roost
attractive spot on earth." What the result
of this will be must be left to the future,
but the experiment Is watched with the
keenest Interest by educators. ' The con
fessed difficulty In tbe past of keeping tbe
sons of farmers at borne It is felt will In
a way be met by training farmers' girls to
an Intelligent Interest In snd knowledge
of farm life, together with a knowledge of
ways and means to make that life more
attractive and profitable In every sense.
Boston Transcript: Fuddy Money Isn't
the only thing
Puddy No. It la the only thing that
will buy most of the. other things.
Chicago Tribune: The Doctor I had a
tooth pulled yesterday, and I walked past
the dentiHt's office a dosen times before I
could summon up the necessary resolu
tion. The Professor It seems to me that was
a pretty long pre-amble.
Chicago Tribune: Voice ln the house)
Bessie, what Is keeping you out there on
the porch so long?
Benftle I am looking for the , comet,
Voice You'll take your death iit cold.
Bessie Not at all, mamma. I'm I'm
well wrapped.
Boston Globe: Bankerman Tou'H par.
don me, for saying It, but I'm afraid your
credit Is not Just what it should be.
BtryKer My dear sir, I can assure you tar
credit la all right. Why, I owe ' about
everybody in town.
Brooklyn Llfet Orpheus had Just been
boasting to his wife of his ability to move
Inanimate things by music.
"So can our cat, replied Eurydloe; "I
saw your brush and bootjack going hi
way last night."
Angered beyond measure by this sugges
tion, he went forth and slew hla rival.
Philadelphia Press: "Poor woman! After
her hard day's work she has to stay up
half the night with the hftblna."
"What's the matter with her husband?
Why doesn't he help her?"
"Oh, he puts in all his time agitating
for an eight-hour day for the working
man." Chicago Post: "Pap., can you answer a
"If It's not too hard a one."
"Ot. It's easy."
"All right. What Is It?"
"Why don't bald eagles wear wigs?"
Judge: Her Father Why do you en
courage that young poet? Don't you know
that poets are always poor?
Daughter Yes, papa, but he writes such
beautiful love letters. They will be worth
a great deal of money If he ever becomes
Susan ' Coolldge.
PI1 tell you how the leaves came down.
The great tree to his children said,
"You're getting sleepy. Yellow and Brown
Yea, very sleepy, little Red,
It Is quite time to go to bed."
"Ah!" begged each allly, pouting leaf,
"Let us a little longer stay;
Dear Father Tree, behold our grief
'Tls such a very pleasant day,
We do not want to go away.' ,
So, for Just one more merry day
To the great tree the leaflets clung.
Frolicked and danced and had their way,
Vnon the autumn breezes swung,
Whispering all their sports among.
"Perhaps the great tree will forget.
And let us stay until the spring,
If we all beg and coax and fret."
But the great tree did no surh thing;
He smiled to hear their whispering.
'Come, children, all to bed," he cried;
And ere the leaves could urge their prayer.
He shook his head, and far and
Fluttering and rustling everywhere,
Down sped the leaflets through the air.
I eaw them: on the ground thy lay, .
Golden and red, a huddlmt swarm,
Waiting till one from far away.
White bedclothes heaped upon her arm.
Should come to wrap them safe and warm.
The great bare tree looked down and smiled;
"Good night, dear lit t lo leaves," ha said.
And front below earh sleepy ohlld
Replied. "Good night," and murmured.
"It Is so nice to go to bed!"
It's first, the throat ;
Then, the bronchial tubes ;
Next, the lungs;
At last, Consumption.
Joj o bottl of Avar's Cborry Pastoral te
10 1117 lootjij iui 01117, BiOov yoort."
Mas. t.
E3 . llApniKTIi Bfc. JU
.uooph. Mich.