Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 17, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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Tiie Omaha Daily Bee.
Dally H-e. (without Pundjy), On Tear. .1400
Iially lire an1 Bunday, On etr )
Illustrated Hee, On Year .
runosy Hce, One Year l-'W
Saturday Hee, one Year l.fc
Twentieth C'ertury Farmer, One Year.. 1.00
Dally Bee (w'thotit Sunday), per ropy;.. 1c
Dally Hee (wlihout Sunday, per weeK...12c
Dally He (intl.iulng bunday), per week.. 11c
Sunday Bee, pei copy be
Kvenlng Hee (wl.hout Sunday), per week c
Evening U e (Including Sunday), per
week 10c
Complaints of Irregularities In delivery
should he addressed lo City Circulation De
partment. ,
Omaha The Bee Birlidlng.
Bouth Omaha City Hail Building, Twenty-fifth
and M Streets.
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street.
Chicago KtO I'nlty Building.
New Vork 2.12S Park Row Huliritng.
Washington 6"1 Fourteenth Street.
CORRESPONDENCE. Communication, relating to new, and edi
torial matter should he addressed: Omaha
Dec, Editorial Department.
Business letters and remittances should
b, addressed: The Bee Publishing Com
pany, Omaha.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only I-cent stamps accepted In payment of
mail accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted.
6tte of Nebraska, Douglas County, as:
Oeorge B. Tischuck, aecretary of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual nsmber of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Bunday Bee printed during
the month of September, 1902, was as fol
lows; 1 80.130 IS 31,1110
2 80,MO 17 31.020
I! 80,650 18 81. HO
4 1J 31, UK
( 81,070 20 31.4.W
80,420 21 .....21t,U7"
7 2U.S7U 22 31,000
atl.WK) 23 34,5(0
30.TOO 24 32.240
10 81.050 . 25 31.200
11 SO.HSO 20 aO.TTO
12 31,250 27 , 30.03O
12 31.200 23 SO.U23
14 20.SUO 21 80.MU0
15 81,000 10 81,100
Total 92S.223
Leu unsold and returned copies.... lo, 144
Net total sale, 918,081
Net dally average 30.802
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 80 th day of September. A.
!., 1W02. M. B. HUNOATE.
(Seal.) Notary Public
It Is to be noticed that only one of tbe
coal strike arbitrators halls from west
of tbe Mississippi.
Henceforth the old corporation retort,
"Nothing to arbitrate," will not be
beard bo often as It has been.
On second thought the coal barons
have come to tbe conclusion that dis
cretion Is the better part of valor.
The only thing lacking in this cam
paign to give the appearance of activity
Is sufficient audiences to enthuse the
spellbinders. ' '.
Next In order is a move looking to tbe
settlement of the Union rnelflc lockout
that will enable Union Pacific trains to
catch up with time-table schedule.
With gangs of Imported "repeaters"
voting on fraudulent affidavits, It was
as easy for Mercer to carry tbe repub
lican primaries as rolling off a log.
We may be sure that on a guessing
contest no one would have returned the
right answer for the list of names to be
selected by President Roosevelt as coal
strike, arbitrators.
From the newspaper comratnt elicited
by his recent speech, it Is plalj thut Mr.
Olncy will have to repeat several times
over his declaration that he is not a can
didate for the presidential nomination.
Irrespective of the ending of the an
thracite coal strike, tbe search for a way
to produce heat without coal should go
on unabated. Tbe Inventor who frees
humanity from subjection to tbe coal
baron will be hailed as a liberator.
Mercer's renomlnatlon for a sixth
term was procured very much on tbe
same basts as thut of the congressman
from Texas In the play of the "Texas
Steer," who claimed that be came to his
election honestly, as he paid for every
vote he got
Protests against tbe suggestive, fea
tures of tbe midway in connection with
the St. Louis World's fair seem to be the
proper thing, and tbe Christian fhurcb
convention here in Omaha will doubtless
be called on to get on record for an im
proved moral plane.
Whatever may be the amount of an
thracite put ou the tnurket this season,
It is safe to predict that the demand
for it will not be so great as heretofore.
Many have already made arrangements
for other fuel, and substitutes of one
kind or another will be more extensively
used In the future.' ,
Reduced meat prices are now In sight
Soft corn will give an impetus to cat
tle feeding and the fattened cattle will
produce the meat to supply the market
and bring down prices. It will take
some time, however, to accomplish this
result and in the meanwhile tbe butcher
will have bis own way.
Minister Boweu, who represents us at
tbe Venexuelan capital, has asked for a
war ship. Not that the United States is to
zciz lsto the revolutionary troubles of
our southern neighbor, but sn Ameri
can war ship will come in haudy as a
means of retreat for the minister and
other American citisens in case it
should get too warm for them in that
It is given out on good authority that
should the crown prince of Slam, now
visiting in this country, make favorable
report of bis visit his royal father will
come over In another year to tee for him
self. If this isn't euough to furnish sn
incentive to treat the crown prince right
be might send for another trunkloud.of
colored ribbons and medals for distribu
tion among his entertainers.
It would be quite impossible to over
state the feeling of public gratification
with which the ending of the anthracite
coal strike Is regarded, nt only tiers use
It means tlint a great public demand
will lie met, but also that a most threat
ening danger to the peace of the country
Is averted. The deprivation of the great
body of anthracite coal consumers of
their usual supply would have lieeu an
almost Immeasurable calamity. It Is
quite Impossible to conceive how great
would have lieen Its ill effects. But even
more serious would have been the possi
bilities of violence and lawlessness as a
result of the protraction of the struggle
Into the winter, when the miners and
their, families would have been subjected
to hardships and sufferings of the sever
est nature. In such clrcu'instances not
even the military power of the state of
Pennsylvania would have been able to
preserve the peace and prevent out
breaks of the' most disastrous character.
Nor, indeed, would such disturbances
have been confined to the mining
regions. Wherever the people were un
able to obtain a sufficient supply of coal
there would be liability to serious
The danger to the public peace and
welfare has been averted. The most
momentous labor struggle In the history
of .the United States has been termi
nated! Tbe great forces of combined
capital and organized labor have agreed
to submit their controversy to arbitra
tion and to accept the result under con
ditions which will Insure peace between
them for several years. It Is a most val
uable victory for the principle of arbi
tration that cannot fall to have a far
reaching Influence, and It Is to be borne
In mind that In this Instance labor rather
than capital Is entitled to the credit. The
first proposition for arbitration came not
from the operators but from the miners
and for the victory of that principle
Justice requires that the latter receive
the honor.
Another consideration is that the re
sult Is a magnificent recognition of the
potency of public opinion. Tbe coal
operators had most conclusive evidence
that the popular Judgment was over
whelmingly against them. Their arbi
trary and arrogant position was con
demned on every hand. Their claims
found no countenance or support outside
the circles of monopoly. Their war upon
organized labor was universally repro
bated. Their Indifference to the public
interests and welfare was indignantly
resented by the great majority of the
people. Finally forced to realize this
they came to the conclusion that It was
the wiser policy to yield.
Another point of Importance Is the
recognition of organized labor In tbe
commission named by President Roose
velt. The proposal of the operators ex
cluded organized labor, but one member
of the commission is the chief of a union
and a man of more than ordinary ability
In that capacity, whom the miners tun
depend upon to honestly and candidly
care for their Interests. Finally, the
country will not fail to recognize and ap
preciate the great credit due to Presi
dent Roosevelt for bringing about this
settlement of the most serious labor con
flict the country has ever known. No
commendation of tbe president for bis
course in this matter can be too hearty
or earnest Disclaiming all official
power or authority, be bus acted wholly
with reference to tbe general Interest
and welfare and In a wuy to convince
all parties concerned of their responsi
bility and their duty. President Roose
velt has shown In this difficult and deli
cate matter a Judgement and discretion
of the highest order.
This titanic couUlct between capital
and labor has its lessons for statesmen
uud all who are concerned for the ma
terial, political and social welfure of the
American people. Its teitlement Is cause
for general gratification, nut there is
something yet to be done for averting
the recurrence of so disturbing and
dangerous a trouble. Tbe American peo
ple, must not be periodically subjected
to such a menace to their welfare and
Secretary Moody, In bis speech in
Omaha, declared in favor of organized
labor. He sold it is Uo late to question
the right of workmen in this country to
organize, that they have tbe same light
to organise as tbe capitalists have, and
that all that is asked of either is that
they work in obedience to the provisions
of the laws and constitution of this gov
ernment. In bis speech at Kansas City
Wednesday evening the secretary of the
navy said that "organized labor like or
ganized capital is here to stay and the
administration of President Roosevelt
stands for organized labor." He de
clared that the voices of both organiza
tions must be listened' to, both must
work for public welfare and they must
yield obedience to the laws of the land.
It has Just been most conclusively deni
onstrated that tbe national administra
tion Is favorable to organized labor. In
the negotiations for the settlement of the
anthracite coal strike Mr. Roosevelt has
not failed to give full recognition to or
ganized labor and it has a representative
on tbe commission of arbitration, very
likely at the suggestion of President
Mitchell of tbe organization of mine
No rational man can doubt that or
ganized labor is bere to stay and that it
Is bound to obtain recognition. As was
recently said by a distinguished citizen,
formerly prominent in public life, in
these days of combination by capital on
a scale and to an extent unprecedented,
labor cannot be denied an equivalent
right of combination. This is required
by tbe sense of fairness and Justice
which animates tbe American people.
The proposition that both organizations
of capital and organizations of labor
shall yield obedience to the laws of tbe
land will not be questioned and it Is a
fact that organizations ef labor hare
generally shown a disposition to do this.
Corporations that antagonise labor
unions are blind to tbe salient facts of
4. tbe era they are living lu. Organised
labor Is a factor in our industrial system
that is firmly established and the sooner
that Is recognized the better for all concerned.
r.4.v A.ivhonr tklu
Can anybody tell what has become of
one D. Norton, otherwise known as
Shorty Norton, who enlisted about 150
graders work lug on the tJreat Western
railway In the vicinity of Council Muffs
and brought them across the river to as
sist Mercer In carrying the republican
primaries on Friday, September 19, 1902?
Can anybody tell tbe whereabouts of
one W. S. Esancy, who voted for the
Mercer ticket at the Fourth ward repub
lican primary ou an affidavit and repre
sented himself as living at 1013 Howard
street and who was vouched for under
oath by John G. Kiihn and F. B. Ken
nard as a republican and legal voter of
the Fourth ward, when as a matter of
fact nobody by the name of Ksaucy ever
lived at that address?
Can onytrndy tell the whereabouts of
one Fowler, who is reported to have
operated In the Eighth ward at the pri
mary on the 19th of September, and who
Is believed to have voted for the Mercer
ticket in four or five wards under dif
ferent names?
Can anybody tell who instructed and
paid one Ed Lynch for voting for the
Mercer ticket In four or five wards on
the same primary day?
Can anybody tell who it was that
checked the repeaters and fraudulent
affidavit voters lu the Eighth ward who
made their way out of the polling place
through a hole in the fence?
Can anybody tell by whose Order or
authority policemen stationed at the
Sixth ward republican primary place
took men out of the line in front of the
polls and Inducted them Into tbe build
ing through the back door to vote the
Mercer ticket while those who opposed
Mercer were blockaded and frozen out?
Can anybody tell what proportion of
the $335 which D. H. Mercer swore he
and his friends and supporters had ex
pended to carry the republican primary,
including $100 filing fees and over $100
for carriages, was distributed to the
Iowa graders and repeaters and several
hundred workers that were employed In
The Omaha Real Estate exchange Is
about to organize another campaign to
compel the assessment of tbe property of
the franchlsed corporations, namely, the
street railway company, water works
company, gas company, electric lighting
company and telephone company, ou the
basis of the market value of their stocks
and bonds. This Is all right but why
should tbe franchlsed corporations of
Omaha be singled out while the discrimi
nation in favor of the franchlsed cor
porations of Nebraska, the railroads,
which own more property In Omaha than
the street railway, gas, water and other
corporations, Is ignored by the Real Es
tate exchange?
Are the railroad corporations too sa
cred to be touched, or too powerful to be
handled by the officers of the law? Are
not the members of the Real Estate ex
change aware of the fact that the tax
able railroad property in Omaha is worth
more than $15,000,000, or at least one
seventh of the aggregate value of all
property, while they are paying one
fortieth part of the taxes? In other
words, why should corporations that
own more than 14 per cent of all tbe
property in the city pay taxes on only
2 per cent?
Why make flesh of one and fish of an
other? Why not insist that the tax com
missioner shall assess the property of
the railroads at their fair, true value, the
same as all other classes of property?
To raise the property valuations of the
corporations that supply water, gas,
light aud street railway service In
Omaha to full value and to raise the
property of all other classes of taxpayers
to full market value while tbe railroads
are to be returned at the mileage rate
fixed by tbe State Board of Equalization
would only work greater injustice next
year on the taxpayers of Omaha than
has been perpetrated upon them In the
last three years, when all classes of in
dividual property was assessed at 40
per cent and the railroads' property at
2 per cent
If the city assessment goes up from 40
per cent to 100 per cent on all property
except railroads and the levy goes down
In proportion, the railroads which paid
a fraction over $27,000 into the treasury
of the city for 1902, would have to pay
several thousand dollars less in taxes in
1903 on the same valuation unless the
state board sees fit to raise the state
And now a whole network of suburban
trolley lines covering the entire eastern
portion of Nebraska is promised by an
engineer representing himself as speak
ing for eastern capitalists. We have had
so many electric railroads built on paper
by hot-air promoters eager to get hold
of valuable franchises for speculative
purposes that promises are at a decided
discount lu this section and parties that
mean business will have to come to the
front with something more substantial.
Prohibition by an amendment of the
federal constitution is about as remote
as the election of United States senators
by the people by constitutional amend
ment, or woman suffrage by constitu
tional amendment Instead of trying to
amend the constitution of tbe United
States prohibitionists should try to
mend tbe constitutions of the toper.
That would be much easier.
A complete new set of ward and pre
cinct assessors is to be chosen at tbe
coming election, and while the assessor
is not so all powerful as be was before
the supreme court decisions enlarging
the authority of the equalizing boards,
bts importance must not be overlooked
by those interested In tax reform.
The promulgation by tbe War depart
ment of a general order reducing the
active) strength of the srmy to 50,000
mea which Is tbe mtulmum prescribed by
law, does not look like the militarism our
Bryanite friends have been so free to
predict would overwhelm tbe country
when authority was given to recruit the
army up to On the contrary it
Is the most convincing evidence of the
intention of the administration to keep
the size of the army down to the very
minimum whenever possible.
Ex-Preslcletit Cleveland says that the
paramount political Issue is the tariff.
Colonel Bryau says that no amount of
tinkering with the tariff will eradicate
trust evils. There is ground for sus
picion that these democratic leaders in
their hearts regard tbe paramount issue
to be whether the Cleveland wing or the
Bryan wing of tbe party shall be on
If the Omaha Real Estate exchange Is
In earnest about tax reform it should
Invite the candidates for the legislature
of all parties to pledge themselves to re
peal the provision of the charter that re
quires the property of railroads to be
assessed for city taxation by the state
board while all other classes of taxable
property are assessed by the tax com
missioner. If tbe pollco board can spend all tbe
money In the fire fund and then draw on
tbe general fund for more, what is to
prevent the purk board, the Board of
Public Works, tbe library board and
every other department of the city gov
ernment doing the same? If the charter
limits on appropriations mean nothing,
why were they inserted in tbe law?
Deacon Bier Humbled.
Chicago Chronicle.
Good Deacon Baer is sot the first man,
as he will not be the last man, to declare
for death In the last ditch and then amble
meekly Into camp when the demand for
unconditional surrender Is made.
Merely a Spectacle.
San Francisco Call.
A big comet is said to be coming our
way at a rate of about 8,000,000 miles s
day, and tbe astronomers promise that
while it will make s gay spectacle ia tbe
sky It won't be any more dangerous than a
Bryan kite in 1904.
Inside Information.
Baltimore American.
Dewet is to receive a small fortune for
his history of the Boer war. He ought to,
for if any man knows anything about the
war Dewet is that man. At least, there are
many things tbe British would like to know
that be can tell them now.
More Trouble Coming;.
Philadelphia Record.
And now a long-suffering people are
threatened wltb a wholesale grocers' com
bine, with a billion capital, more or less.
Should this wild western invention ever
eventuate the flercest of trust haters must
either take water or eat bay.
low the Scene Changes.
Chicago Chronicle.
We have now , reached the strenuous
period in the waning year when portraits
of the giddy girl golf champion and Mickey
Southpaw, star twirler for the Never
sweats, give place to the pictures of the
husky halt back and the sturdy eenter
rush. And so from hour to hour we ripe
and ripe and then from hour to hour, etc
etc. '
Mr. Knox "Ought to Know.
Minneapolis Journal.
Attorney General Knox thinks there is
ample room under, the Interstate commerce
provision of the constitution for effective
regulation of the trusts. Knox is a good
lawyer and used to be a trust lawyer, and
ought to know. If a constitutional amend
ment Is not necessary to the proper disci
plining of tbe trusts, half the difficulty Is
Cable Laying- In the Pacific.
Philadelphia Record.
Already the British cable line to Australia
across the Pacific has been stretched from
Vancouver island to Fanning Island a dot
of rock about 3.500 miles from the land
station. Tbe work was done in seventeen
days, and the cable-layers expect to reach
their Fiji Island Station, 2,100 miles from
Fanning, before the close of the currant
month. Promoters of an all-American cable
l!ne to Manila will find many difficult prob
lems of deep sea work solved by British
enterprise long before the proposed line
from tbe United States to the Philippines
shall have been entered upon the stage of
final realization.
Dakota Has the Fever.
DeSmet News.
The "ping pong" craze has hit DeSmet
full In tbe face. It Is now a common sight
to see a party of our most prominent
society people dancing around a table like
files around s molasses pitcher, armed
with a little weapon that looks very much
like a butter ladle. We have not yet be
come entirely familiar with tbe science
of the game, but being young and active,
we can fall on the floor and get one of
those little celluloid balls from under the
sofa or piano as quickly as any of them.
It is a game full of Innocent amusement
and is fairly good exercise especially if
the room in which It Is played is full of
The Outlawed Mirrors.
Kansas City Star.
The principal of the Omaha High school,
who has forbidden the use of mirrors In
school hours, Is bound to see trouble. He
fared tolerably well last year when he made
the boys put away their sweaters and re
quired the girls to wear long sleeves, but
that was a very different matter. A mirror
Is as essential to a girl, even a homely girl,
as pockets are to boys, and the short sighted
principal Is likely to find a hurtful change
In the temper of bis pupils as a result of bis
confiscation of looking glasses. No girl can
concentrate her mind on her studies in a
public school room unless she knows from
Inspection that her hair looks well, that her
face Is clean, that her neckwear Is properly
adjusted and that her nose isn't shiny.
Two to one the mirrors will be restored to
the Omaha girls within a fortnight.
Bolllaar Dowa Pab. Doe's.
New York Tribune.
The tendency on the part ef beads of
departments at Washington to lncreaso
the size of reports has long been notice
able and President Roosevelt's request for
shorter reports will meet the hearty ap
proval of the comparatively small number
of people who are Interested In and read
these documents. Some of the reports of
recent date, especially from tbe War de
partment, contained many interesting and
well executed illustrations, but la this, as
well as in other departments "unneces
sary and expensive illustrations" made the
reports additionally bulky. It is to be
hoped that li tbe effort to bring tbe re
ports to a proper sise tbe unnecessary
Illustrations will be eliminated, but that
tbe president will enter no protest against
pictures ef the better class, which have
done much toward making the dry matter
of the departments Interestlsg,
The President's Victory
Chicago In
Those who have Imagined Theodore
Roosevelt to be Impulsive in temper or
rash in action have only to consider his
conduct during the last few weeks to be
convinced of their error.
By his Intervention In the coal strike
the president was doing his duty not a
duty enjoined upon him by the letter of
the law, but inherent In his office the
duty of every chosen magistrate of the
people to take heed of the people's wel
fare the duty of a chosen leader to lead.
In the discharge of this plain duty
Theodore Roosevelt found his motives
maligned, his mandate from the people
denied, his good Intentions scouted, his
benevolence flouted, his guests Insulted
In his presence, his appeals wantonly
disregarded, the dignity of bis office
trampled upon and his purposes Insolently
If Theodore Roosevelt had been really
Impulsive, rash, hasty or headstrong hero
was a situation In which those qualities
would have appeared. No Impulsive man,
no man without the fullest control over
himself, would, have endured these affronts
to himself apd to the dignity of his great
If Theodore Roosevelt had for one In
stant forgotten that he was president of
the United States and as such must be
ever ready to sink every personal con
sideration and to make any Individual
sacrifice for the public good, he would
have resented these affronts with every
one of tbe vast and multiplied powers
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
"Members of the Grand Army carried
away from Washington some impressions
of the city which were not entirely pleas
ant," writes a correspondent of the Chi
cago Journal. "They were not of the
city or of the weather, for both were beau
tiful and at their best. But there is somo
thlng about Washington's people always
excepting some which carries a sug
gestion of a spirit which Is more than in
hospitable. It is the spirit of 'do' and
'work' in that colloquial sense which has
become familiar to all. The Washlng
tonian always excepting those who are
not that way Is 'on the make.' He has
something in common with the 'sharper'
and the 'bunco' man. Tbe resident popu
lation with the exceptions above noted
are versed In the art of getting a living
out of the government or out of other
people. It Is a game of getting something
for nothing or a good deal for a little.
It Is tbe habit which has given new sig
nificance to such words as 'soak,' 'graft'
and 'bilk.' It is that manifestation of
human nature which reverses the golden
rule and 'does' the stranger within your
gates and 'does' him brown because you
have him where you want him.
"The Washlngtonlan swung out his bunt
ing and It was a signal to 'charge.' Under
its fluttering folds he charged right
valiantly. The serried ranks of hotel men,
boarding house keepers, back drivers and
purveyors of amusement closed In upon the
bojrs In blue and what they did to their
pocketbooks makes Cold Harbor and the
Wilderness seem kind. Everybody had a
good time If he didn't mind the expense.
The natives bad the time of their lives.
Net even new congressmen or politicians
In search of foreign missions are so easy.
The veterans were out to spend their
money and the natives were present to
help them to do It.
Washington is a great and beautiful
city, but if the spirit of its resident popu
lation (always excepting the nice people)
were to be typified by anything symbolic
it should be a leech rampant, with the
Latin for 'I graft,' inscribed all over it."
Anybody with . a hankering for the de
lightful post of tombstone inspector at
$1,000 can have the job by passing an
examination on tombstone art on Novem
ber 11. Tbe examination will be con
ducted by the United States civil service
commission. The vacancy is In the quar
termaster's department of the army and
the duties will be mostly at Boston. To
pass the examination it Is requisite that
the candidate know about tombstones, tbe
material ef which they are made and what
to put on and under them. He, or she.
should be able to read, write and figure
Inscriptions and a little exercise In a tomb
stone factory would be of inestimable ad
It may be stated that cemetery experi
ence is not required. But in the examina
tion experience counts 60 per cent, while
all the rest of the things together count
the ether 60. No night work is required
of the tombstone Inspector. Most of the
work will be clerical la Its character and
half of tbe examination is in the branches
usually given for clerks: tbe other balf is
exclusively tombstone. Some knowledge of
material, quality, cost ef stone, and In
scriptions will be needed.
"Some years ago," writes tbe Washing
ton correspondent of tbe Boston Transcript,
the Bureau of Harbor Statistics made a
compilation of the length of time which
would be necessary at the advance of wages
resulting from all 'successful strikes' for
tbe men to get back the money they had
lost by being out of work. In some strikes.
which were rated au 'successful,' It would
take as long as six years for the employes
to recoup themselves for their direct loss,
although tbe average was only about three
months. I"1 the partially successful strikes.
the designation of a compromise class, tbe
length of time necesiary averaged about
ot year. If the present strike should be
settled now, after twenty-one weeks of
idleness, on the basis of a ten per cent In
crease, it would ordinarily take four years
for the miners to get their money back.
But In practice it would take them a very
much less time, since their work would be
steadier for the next year than ever be
fore and aside from the customers who
have been driven away by the strike, never
to return, there would be about so much
demand to be met anyway. A five per cent
Increase in wages would be very alow
in making good the Immediate losses.
"But the greater loss to miner and oper
ator alike will come In tbe popular educa
tion which this strike has afforded in the
use of substitutes. This Is really important
in view of the vanishing supply of anthra
cite, and Its effect on the immediate mar
ket will probably be marked. It aeems
likely, too, that congress will repeal the
duty on coal this winter, at least upon
grades approximating anthracite, and this
would be doubtless something of a loss to
the American producer unless it were dune
by means of a reciprocity treaty with Can
ada by which that country admitted our
coal free. Then the traffic ot accommo
dation along tbe border line would amount
to about as much la one direction as In
the other.
Llsht (or the Dark Spats.
Springfield Republican.
There Is a certain significance In the
fact that ths British royal commission ap
pointed to laver'.lgate tbe conduct of tbe
Boer war has begun Its work by closing
Ha doors to the press and examining all
witnesses la private. This means. If any
thing, that an elegant coat ot whitewash
for evsryoae concerned is contemplated.
ter Ocean. ,
which the people have placed In his hands.
Hut the president ssw that here the vital
Interests of the American people co'ild not
be served by a San Juan charge that the
solution of this problem dnmsnded not only
courage and resolution, but also tact and
Infinite pailrnce.
And Theodore Roosevelt, while abating no
Jot of resolution, was patient and long-suffering
He demeaned himseir as became
the chief magistrate of the prudent, patient
and law-abiding American people. Having
defined the issue unmistakably having
shown the people the cause of their suffer
inghe waited. He could afford to wait,
and he knew how to wait.
And he won. He won for himself and for
all the people. He won absolutely, com
pletely and without conditions. He won not
by using the vast powers of his great office.
He won by directing straight at the point
of resistance and by maintaining upon that
point the unceasing and unrelenting pres
sure of public opinion.
No raBh, hasty or Impulsive man could
have won such a victory by such means.
Only a cautious, patient, conservative,
steadfast man a man great enough to Ig
nore every provocation a man strong
enough to refrain from using his strength
could have won such a victory.
And by that victory Theodore Roosevelt
has proved himself not only courageous
but cautious, not only resolute but patient,
not only fearless but devoted to his people's
weal, as strong in endurance as in action
a great president.
Washington Poet: Those Lincoln express
robbers appear to have worked the "com
munity of interests" theory for all it la
Chicago Chronicle: For the first time
within the memory of man the Nebraska
express robbers got money Instead of a
few empty potato sacks and similar booty
which they Invariably obtained heretofore
If we are to credit the express company
Philadelphia Record: Modern "knights
of the road" still find business good in the
far west, notwithstanding stringent federal
and state laws designed to curb and check
their activities. Extension of methods of
travel and expansion of population have
not eliminated train robbery, but have
operated rather to afford readier means of
escape to the marauders.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: Perhaps some
day ;he railroad companies will anticipate
these bold up knights by preparing a wel
come for them. It might take the form ot
a steel plated car, or a steel-jacketed mes
senger; or there might be a fearless sharp
shooter aboard with a reputation for aim
ing to kill. Other means ot making the
train robbers' occupation an arduous one
could be devised. And very likely It
wouldn't take more than one lively en
counter to knock all the romance out of
tbe business, and Incidentally save the ex
press companies a lot of good money.
If Russell Sage has consented to leave
Wall street he is certainly sick.
Mr. Hill has exacted a promise from. Bird
S. Coier that the latter will not sing on the
stump. Bird is said to be quite a songster.
The mew' of a cat saved a family from
death by suffocation in Worcester, Mass.,
and hereafter tbe cats can practice their
nocturnes with impunity around that domi
cile. . , .
President Roosevelt made no attempt to
pronounce the. name of tbe crown prince of
Slam at their meeting. The doctors want
Mr. Roosevelt to get well as soon as pos
sible. Andrew Carnegie's secretary says that
during July, August and September Mr.
Carnegie received from 400 to 600 applica
tions for assistance in the establishment
of free libraries.
It Is said that in one day recently Howard
Frotblngbam, representing the associated
banks on tbe floor of the New York ex
change, loaned $13,000,000 at an average In
terest of 12Vi per cent
The property of tbe late John W. Mackay
in the state of New York is valued at
$2,600,000, against which there Is no Indebt
edness. The inheritance tax which the state
will receive foots up to $126,000.
Charles A. Lockard and John O. Nye,
two white men of Syracuse, N. Y., have
been adopted as memebrs of the Seneca
tribe of Indians. Two other whites, Uriah
and Palmer Cummlngs, who Joined the
tribe several years ago, bave become chiefs
and controlling spirits in the Seneca na
tion. One of the most Interesting passengers
among those brought to New York by the
American liner St. Paul on its latest trip
from Southampton was Miss Grace Nallor,
16 years old and a full-blooded Indian. After
the battle of Wounded Knee, which was
fought In South Dakota fifteen years ago. a
soldier found a baby girl on the battlefield
and took her to Captain Nallor. Mrs. Nallor
adopted her, educated her, took her abroad
and now Miss Grace Is a Washington fa
vorite. Captain and Mrs. Nallor accompa
nied their adopted daughter from Europe.
Thomas F. Walsh, tbe multimillionaire
and former owner of tbe bonanza camp.
Bird gold mine, at Ouray, and former
president of tbe National Irrigation association,-
spent money with a lavish hand
during tbe three days' session of the irri
gation congress at Colorsdo Springs. Mr.
Walsh not only spent money like water
for the entertainment and happiness of
his friends and tbe delegates, but felt
much aggrieved to think that he could not
part with more of his gold. His hotel
bill was $1,000, to which was added an
itemized account of $6,000 for "extras."
Sla-alncanco of the Dcelslon of the
Nebraska Saprame Court.
' Kansas City Star.
The decree of the supreme court of Ne
braska forbidding the recitation of tbe
Lord's Prayer and tbe singing of Moody
and Sankey hymns In tbe public schools
does cot interfere in tbe slightest degree
with the pursuit of these exercises In tbe
Sunday .schools, nor around tbe family
hearthstone, though It is feared that the
church people will bardly be able to lay
hold on this source of consolation. Daniel
Freeman, who carried the matter to the
courts, advanced the plea that he does not
believe lo tbe bible nor in tbe singing of
spiritual hymns, and that It Is the province
of the public schools which be as a taxpayer
helps to support, to give the children who
attend them Instructions In tbe text books
provided for advancing the causs ot popular
The supreme court of Nebraska holds that
this contention Is just and has proceeded
to restrain religious exercises In the secular
schools. This view of the matter seems to
be prett) generally accepted -now In all the
states sad It is no longer regarded by lib
eral minded people as a blow at Christian
ity. There are certain conscientious and
righteous persons, though, who will protest
strenuously against this decree, though they
would certainly object to the teachings of
any tenets other than their own ia tbe
Bunday schools wale they help to keep up.
Dividends on Stock Watered to the
Saturation Point.
Minneapolis Times.
Wltb all the glee of Mr headlines ant
redundant superlative th papers owned ct
controlled by Mr. J:ims J. Hit! or hypno
tired Into a belief in his altruism publlst
the fact thai the earnings of the Orenl
Northern railway Increased during fhr
fiscal year ending June 80. 1H02. more that
$3,000,000, while the operating expenses In
creased lltt more than fMWO.QOO. As the
earnings prior to this wore large rnotut
to pay handsome dividends on stoci
watered to the saturation point, we sub
mit that this added $(1,000,009 net Is platnli
stolen from the producers, shippers and
What other possible way Is there ot
looking at it? Here Is a common carrlet
that takes toll of prosperity to such an
extent that It sets bv far the larver ihin
of the grist. If the money actually In
vested In the Great Northern were falrlj
given, as Its securities, it could pay frort
35 to 40 per cent dividends from the pres
ent earnings and then have a surnlim foi
stork dividends or for Its strong box.
This u true to some extent of the
Northern Tarlflc. although the amount nf
money Invested In that road was much
larger than that of Its parallel neighbor,
because of divers and sundry looting!
that occurred well within the memory ol
mianie age.
It Is not to be wondered at that even
convention of men assembled for the pur
pose ef making Dublin uttrne tmnhi.
sizes the Indisputable fact that over
capitalization Is one ef tbe curses of tbls
country today Is one of the most gigantic
"evils" of the great trusts. Of course w
all know why the stock is watered, swelled
and Inflated as It Is we all knew that It
Is because owners. Dromotera mnii nani.
tlves would not dare declare tbe dividends
that wou.d accrue from actual invest
It is Impossible not tO See that tha hanil.
writing on the wall spells government
ownership for railways as well as for coal
mines unless mere Is a far more radical
reduction In rates than has even been
hinted at by the multl-mllllonalree. It
were foolish to shut one's eyes to the
dangers of such ownership, especially as
affecting railways. It would place In the
hands of the party in power a tremen
dous machinery to keep there, vould glvs
a political leverage that used tnaleficently
would be dangerous to the very life of tbs
republic However, It may ba that as be
tween two evils, federal control -of lines
of transportation and private rapacity, ths
people will eventually choose the former,
for It rests with the people to choose
as the owners of railways tery well know.
Chicago Tribune: "What have you gone
to smoking for, at your age?"
"I want to show my boys how easy It Is
to break off a bad habit."
"Then you are going to quit It?"
"Yes as soon ns I get the habit a little
more firmly fixed."
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Colonel Strong
and Mies Yohe are reported to have de
cided to start a farm In Argentine."
"What will they raise?"
"I suppose It depends on the proximity of
the nearest pawnbroker."
Indianapolis News: "Did that new doc
tor succeed In curing your husband of In
somnia?" "Yes, but the doctor's bill was so ex--cesslve
that my husband cannot sleep now
for worrying over how he is to pay It,"
Philadelphia Press: "My!" exclaimed the
shopper, 'Isn't $2 a yard high for this
"Oh! No," the salesman reassured her.
"It strikes me as very expensive. By the
way. Is the color positively jet-black?"
"No, Indeed. It's called 'coal-black.'
That's what makes It so expensive."
Chicago Post: The musician was talk
ing, and the real estate kgent was burled
in thought
"It's a symphony In A flat," explained tbe
"First or second floor?" asked the real
estate agent
Washington Star: "It Is Impossible for a
man to measure the Influences . which a
single Individual can exert In this world."
"That's right," answered Senator Sor
ghum: "I've known a man to get as mui-h
na $100 for a vote when It wasn't worth
James Wblteomb Riley.
When the frost is on the punkin and tha
fodder"a In the shock,
And you hear the kyouck and gobble of the
struttln' turkey-cock.
And the clackin' of the gulneys, ' and the
cluckln' of the hens.
And the rooster's hallylooyer as he tiptoei
on the fence;
Oh, It's then's the time a feller Is a-feelln'
at his best.
With the rlsln' sun to greet him from
night of peaceful rest.
As he leaves the house, bare-headed, an
goes out to feed the stork.
When the frost Is on the punkin and tht
fodder's In tbe shock.
They's something klndo' harty-llke aboul
the atmoafere
When the heat of summer's over and the
coolin' fall Is here
of course we miss the flowers, and the
blossoms on the trees.
And the mumble of the hummln'-blrds and
buzzln' of the bees;
But the air Is appetizln', and the landscape
through the haze
Of a crisp and sunny morning ef the airly
autumn days
Is a pictur' tat no painter has the colortn'
to mock
When the frost is on the punkin and the
fodder's In the shock.
The husky, rusty russel of the tossels of
the corn,
And the raspln of the tangled leaves, as
golden as the morn;
The stubble in the furrles klndo' lonesome
like, but still
A-preachln" sermons to us of the barns they
growed to fill;
The atrawstack In the medder, snd ths
reaper In ths shed;
The bosses In theyr stalls below the clover
Oh, It sets my hart a-cllckln' like the ttckln'
of a clock.
When the front Is on the punkin and the
fodder's In the shock!
Then your apples all la getbered, and the
ones a feller keeps
Is poured around the cellar-floor In red and
yeller heaps;
And your clder-makln's over, and your wim-
mero-roiKS is mrotign
With thlr mince and apple-butter, and
theyr souse and sausage, too;
I don't know how to tell It but ef slch a
thing could be
As the angels wantln' boardln', and they'd
call around on me
I'd want to 'commodate 'em all tha who'e-
lndurln' flock.
When the frost is on the punkin and the
fodder's in the shock!
St. Jacobs Oil.