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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1902)
TITE OMAHA PAILT BEE; TIItTKSDAY, OCTOT1ET1 10, 1002-
'niE umaha Daily I3ek
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORN 1 NO.
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STATEMENT 0? CIRCULATION. .
Ttate of Nebraska, Douglas County, so:
George B. Tzschuck, secretary of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full and
complete conies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday 'Bee printed during
the month of September, 1902, was as fol
L4 unsold and returned copies....
" Net toUl sales. 18,osl
Net dally average 30.ttoa
QEOROE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence, and sworn t
before me this 30th day of September. A.
p., 1302. M. B. H UNGATE.
(Seal.) . Notary Public
Don't fall to register today.
Nobody In these parts will object to a
second installment of Indian summer.
Do not fall to register on tbe first day
and remember that today Is the first
day of registration.
The tidal wave seems to be trying to
get Into competition with the volcanic
eruption as a death dealing agency.
It is not in tbe least surprising that
the anthracite mine workers hesitate to
accept Jug-handle arbitration in whlcb
only one side Is represented.
; Officers of .the,, recent Irrigation con
gress are stopping off here on their way
east to see that Omaha is kept in proper
repair as a relay station of tbe propa
Remember that nobody can vote at
the coming election, November 4, unless
his name appears on the registration
roll. Last year's registration will not
answer. . . . ..
Omaha's new market house has
reached the stage where bids have been
received for tbe construction of tbe cen
tral division and west wing. That is
It will be In order for the fire under
writers' combine to take the threat of a
reduction In our fire force as an excuse
to screw the, rates on, "Omaha 'risks up a
few notches higher? V :.r i
' v. ; t
No bona propositions '0 sightfor sub
mission at the coming election in either
Omaha or South Omaha. But perhaps
the school board will yet uncover some
place where It would like to plant some
money. . . v
In what other country on earth, let us
ask ourselves, would the president of an
organization of worklpgmen engaged In
a strike have free access for personal
conferences with the chief executive?
The United State la truly typical of
Attorney General Knox says It is dlffl
cult to Improve upon the great uuwrlt
tan code known as, the common law
That does not seem, however, to deter
our hosts of lawmakers from tackling
the Job. every time the legislative ma
chine gets In motion. -
Omaha extends hearty welcome to all
tbe visitors to the Christian church con
Tentlons and urges each and all to muke
themselves perfectly at home - duriug
their stay. If they ,wapt a few extra
keys to the city. Mayor Moores will bo
pieasea .to supply, tneui.
The palatial residence planned by
Architect Kimball for David IL Mercer
two years ago Is still on the stocks. Con
tractors who deoire to put ia a bid will
be given an extension of time until 1004
If Mercer Is re-elected. If he Is not re
dacted they can have until A. D. 20UO.
Argument nave concluded In the
Union Pacific striko injunction case and
the decision wlthheH until the Judges
have time to digest tho ten hours of. hot
air. spouting indulged to the lawyers on
both sides of the case. In the Interval
the restraining order holds fast, which
la all the railroad company wants.
We feel sure Secretary Moody, will ex
cuse the allure of. the Mfcmurt river
fleet to tender tbe salute which belongs
to bis official position on the occasion of
his vlsl to the port of Omaha, but since I
congress cut the Missouri out of tbe list
of navigabla rivers entitled to share In
the river and harbor bill appropriations
ammunition for the flotilla's batteries
baa bea completely exhausted.
who glts Tflt Mvntrl
In their manifesto to the pull!rTh
presidents of tbe anthracite coal mining
ratlrund muke the declaration that tho
waV paid by the conl: contvanies' are
fair and full and as MvHrnil the bunlnVss
of coul inii.lng In Its Afuvil rgniljtloh.:
has been aMw to stand it jtho capital in
vented Is to have any reasonable reuru.
They fu.rLher.pnre want tiA American
people to U'llcv; that p'roflfVffom coal
mining hare been twunU,"everal of-the
companies have never mJd dividends
and the dividends paid by others have
afforded but ( small return for the cap
ital invested. . .
Here. Is a revelation to the American
people. It Is a matte of notoriety That
the great coal nilniUf'J'allroads of Penn
sylvania practically control the price of
coal and the output of the mines. If tho
companies are not earning fair returns
on the capital Invested; whose fault Is
it?' If the price of coal Is too low to
ield a fair profit to the mine operators
they are In position to increase -: the
profits by raining tha price of coal. If
the railroads that haul the coal to mar
ket are squeezing the mine owners by
exorbitant rates, then'raltroads are mak
ing the money, and as tbe railroads own
the mines tbe money simply passes from
one pocket into another.
According to President Mitchell, tbe
demand of . the mine workers for in
crease In wages would amount to 10
cents per ton for each ton mined, but
while the mine owners refuse to grunt
the demand of 10 cents increase on the
ton of coal, they have raised the price of
coal more than $10 a ton and -the con
sumers have paid the Increase. .
Where does thut money go to? , Do the
mine owners' sell the coal at the old
prices to the dealers,' or have they ex
acted the Increased price from the deal
ers to cover the loss incurred ; by the
strike? Grant, thut the dealers in coal
have taken advantage of the increased
demand to raise the price. They "cer
tainly did not double' or treble it unless
they were compelled to pay higher
pi'ices corresponding to tho rates at
which coal is sold In the market In any
event the coal mine owners would be
able to exact the additional 10 cents per
ton from the consumer, without encoun
tering the slightest dlffltulty and the
plea that they are. 'a danger of going
into bankruptcy on account of the 10
cents per ton Increase demanded by the
wage workers Is too preposterous to bo
considered for a moment
THE HAUUK IHlBVffJU
It will be a memorable fact In the
history of the International court of ar
bitration that the first case submitted
to It was by countries of the western
hemisphere, and that the decision was
In favor of the United States. This
case, Involving the payment of a large
sum of money by the government of
Mexico, had before been submitted to
arbitration and decided against Mexico,
but it was given thorough consideration
by tbe distinguished tribunal ; at - The
Hague, whose decision will undoubt
edly' bo accepted without .question by
the Mexican government .!'".'
Judge renneld of the, Department of
State is quoted as saying that the In
ternational court Is accomplishing im
portant results for America. The prin
ciple of arbitration has not-been taken
so seriously in Europe as here, and Tbe
Hague tribunal hi exerting an Influence
abroad favorable to that principle,
which Is reasonably expected to have
most beneficial results. There is a
promise that European prejudice in re
gard to arbitration will be overcome,
leading to a general acceptance of the
principle. Another Important Influence
of that tribunal pointed out is that It is
acquainting Europe with real Ameri
canism. "In Europe they are slow to
understand our Idea of' the equality of
man, said uudgo u?etmeld;-''the Inter
national arbitration '"o'uftgiveW; u our
first opportunity of "presenting to' the
publicists and Jurists of the old world
our exalted Ideals concerning the rights
of the people, and that the function of
government is the protection of the in
dividual The Hague tribunal is thus
performing the Important mission of ex
tending the liberal spirit of American
Institutions." There' is no doubt that
the court will grow In the respect of
the world, and therefore, In usefulness.
THE PKOfLU SOT HKLPLtSS.
The address of Attorney General Knox
on the commerce clause of the constitu
tion and the trusts is a reassuring state
ment of the power of the federal govern
ment to adequately deal with tbe great
combinations engaged In Interstate
commerce, under existing constlutlonal
authority. Mr. Knox said, that corpor
ations upon which tbe people depend
for the necessaries of life' should 'be re
quired to conduct their business' so as
regularly and reasonably . to supply the
public needs. It is'obvious that in this
he had In' view the anthracite coal com
bine and there M ill be universal concur
rence in the opinion. . He urged that cor
porations serving the public as carriers
should be required to keep the avenues of
commerce open to all upon the same
terms. He advocated publicity in re
gard to the operations of those corpora
tions that are doing. an Interstate busi
ness, saying thut "secrecy In' the con
duct and results of operation Is unfair
to the non-managing stockholders, and
Should as well for reasons of state bo
prohibited by law."
. In regard to the federal anti-trust law,
commonly known as the Sherman act,
the scope of which Mr. Knox explained,
he said that If that law "exhausts tbe
power of congress over monopolies the
American people Had 'themselves hope
lessly impotent " facing a situation
fraught with tbe most "alarming possl
trtiltles, with which neither the federal
nor star governments can deal." He
argued, however, that 'the power of
congress Is not exhausted in ibis law,
but that the anti-trust act of 1800 may,
under the existing constitutional grants.
be amended and extended "and thus
remedy Its defects and so effectively
regulate national and foreign commerce
aa to prevent -the atifliag of competl
tlon, the regulating of prices and the
retraining of national and International
trade." Mr. Knox declared that when
the currents of monopoly, evil flow out
over state lines and cover the country
Itvlll not do to say that the evil is
beyond the national reach. '
it is easy to Infer from these declara
tions of the attorney general of tho
I'nlted States the position of the admin
istration. It Is that congress under ex
isting constitutional grants has power
to deal with the combinations or trusts
and that if for this purpose the anti
trust law is not adequate congress can
extend that act so that it shall meet the
requirements for the repression of
monopoly. It Is the Judgment of the
administration, voiced through its chief
legal adviser, that the American people
are not helpless against monopoly, but
can protect themselves from Its evils
and abuses with the constitutional
grants they now have. It Is a very In
teresting aud Important deliverance that
Attorney General Knox has made and
foreshadows an earnest recommendation
to congress by President Hoosevelt for
additional anti-trust legislation, at least
for extending and strengthening the act
CLEVtLAKD IS UPTISI 1STIC.
Mr. Cleveland sees a favorable out
look for the democracy. He thinks tbe
party will Increase its representation in
the next congress, and that if it will
only keep on fighting protection and
leave all other questions in the back
ground It may have a pretty good
chance of winning two years hence. Mr.
Clevelund has discovered restlessness
in the republican party regarding the
tariff, and in this be finds the demo
cratic opportunity, but whatever rest
lessness there may be among repub
licans is not due to any tendency In the
direction of the democratic demand for
tariff revision. There are republicans,
it is true, who think It would be well
for the party to modify the tariff in
some respects, but always on protec
tion lines. The democrats, on the other
hand, want free trade. That Is what
their congressional campaign text book
aftirnis and what the more candid men
among them admit They want to
break down the policy that safeguards
American industries and labor, and they
are making the fight on trusts a subter
fuge for accomplishing this.
The people, however, are not being
misled. They understand very well
what the democrats mean. When Mr.
Cleveland and otliers who believe with
him talk of a readjustment of the tariff
everybody familiar with the democratic
record knows that this contemplates the
overthrow of the protectlve policy, not
simply a modification of the tariff. There
is no doubt that the democracy will ad
here to Its position regarding the tariff.
It has no other Issue, and on this ques
tion it will again be beaten, for It is
impossible to doubt that a majority of
the people will vote against a policy to
which Is so largely due the prevailing
prosperity. , '
There is nothing small about St Louis.
Tbe St. Louis terminal railroad associa
tion, which owns the superb Union' depot
and terminal facilities of that city, has
invited its stockholders to vote upon the
following propositions on the 10th day of
. L The question of increasing the capital
stock of said company from $12,000,000 to
t. The question of Increasing tho bonded
debt of said company from $12,000,000 to
In other words, the terminal company
coolly- proposes that the St ' Lonis
terminal facilities, now capitalized for
$24,000,000, be raised to $100,000,000. If
this program Is carried ou,t the St Louis
terminals will be expected to earn a net
Income of at least $4,000,000 a year after
paying operating expenses and taxes.
The pretext for this extravagant capi
talization Is .that about $10,000,000 will
have to be expended within the next
year for tunnels, storage yards and other
extensive Improvements that are needed
for the Increasing traffic of St. Louis.
But what of the $00,000,000 of cold stor
age water that is to be injected into this
terminal octopus for whlcb the traffic Is
to pay taxes for tbe benefit of the pro
moters? It Is proper to recall the fact that tbe
railroad corporations, which control
both the production and the distribution
of hard coal, were In business when
Richard Olney was attorney general of
the United States, and that their
methods have not changed since that
time. He now denounces them aa "tbe
most unblushing and persistent law
breakers," and declares that they have
discriminated between customers in
their freight charges In violation of the
interstate commerce law," and that they
have laid themselves liable to prosecu
tlon under the Sherman anti-trust law.
But there is no record that Mr. Olney,
when attorney general, ever took cog
uizance of these facts or that be ever
prosecuted them under those laws.
The coroner's Jury which has been in
vestlgatiug the accident to the presl
dent's carriage near Plttstield, Mass.,
which resulted in the death of a secret
service man, has returned a verdict con
eluding that the accident is to be
charged to the recklessness of the con
ductor and motorman In charge of the
trolley car. Whether the matter will be
carried any further than that remains to
be seen, but the American people have
felt so much gratification over the fortu
uute escape of the president that they
have had no disposition to wreak re
sentment on the men to whom responsi
Mr. Bewick, now secretary of the Lin
coin Commercial clnb, who figured some
what In tbe exposure of grafters in state
Institutions some years ago, claims to
have made a thorough study of the new
mode of city assessments at Omaha,
South Omaha and Lincoln and has con
eluded that full value assessments are a
great Improvement on the old method.
It la passing strange, however, that Mr.
Rewlck has not discovered the Iniquity
perpetrated In the assessment of rail
road kirupcrty at Lincoln, South Omaha
and Omaha. Mr. Rewlck certainly
knows that there can be no genuine tax
reform until all classes of property con
tribute their Just proportion to the cost
of maintenance of municipal government
Voters of Nebraska will have sub
mitted to them at the coming election a
proposed constitutional amendment
making it possible in the future to
amend the constitution by a majority of
the votes cast upon the proposition In
stead of as now by a majority of all
Votes cast at the election. When the
time comes every voter should express
himself one way or the other on this
question he should not let the amend
ment fall by default because of Inatten
tion. Let It' be voted up or down by
positive act of the people rather than"
smothered by inaction.
The new German meat inspection law
provides for three examinations on
meats imported from the United States,
the design being, of course, to obstruct
as far as possible the consumption of
American meats in Germany. Unless
we are sadly mistaken, American meat
packers will be able to comply with the
requirements of the German Inspection
laws, if they are executed with any de
gree of fairness, and the German con
sumption of American meat cannot be
stopped by such a legislative device as
long as the home meat supply in Ger
many is not equal to the demand.
Minnesota's supreme court has just af
firmed the validity of the law establish
ing tbe direct primary, which was at
tacked on the ground that the provision
barring candidates defeated at the pri
mary from contesting at the regular
election Invaded Individual rights guar
anteed by the constitution. The courts
have come to recognize the demand for
primary election reform. People every
where are anxious to have the experi
ments Inaugurated in Minnesota fairly
tried, so that other states may guide
themselves by the results achieved
there. " ' , ' . .. '; ,
Did It ever occur to Editor Rosewater
that it Mr. Mercer shouldn't be elected he
would be likely to spend more time in the
Immediate vicinity of The Bee office T
Sioux City Journal.
Not at alL If Mercer is not re-elected
he will take the shortest cut to Wash
ington and bid Omaha and Nebraska
a long farewell.
Medallions of President McKlnley and
President Jefferson are to appear on the
special coins struck by tha mint
commemorative of the St Louis World's
fair. It is to be hoped the likenesses
will not require the inscription, of the
names under them, aa In the case of the
new McKlnley . postal card. -
Gallant KBlajbta of tho Bomb..
St. Louis 'Globe-Democrat.
Nebraska has. a. gentlemanly set of train
robbers.' After TobMng a passenger they
shake him by the hand snd compliment .film
for his llberalltr.'1,"'., :
Dowa to Hard Pan.
It appears' that certain members of the
South Omaha school board have been sell
ing their votes for $S apiece. That's al
most as slow as working for a living.
Preparing; for a Fall.
- San Francisco Call.
One of tbe funny things about the con
gressional campaign this year Is that astute
leaders of each party declare a conviction
that It would be better to let the other side
carry the house. There appears to be s
firm-fixed conviction that the house Is sure
to blunder snd ths opposition will profit
Gettlnsr (talto Oar.
St Louis Globe-Democrat .
One of the sultans 'In the 'Sulu region
of ' the 'Philippine' writes; -to the Ameri
can commanding officers .'Cease writing
letters. What -we want is war." A de
sire so ardently expressed will have to be
accommodated. It will be interesting to
watch what this sultan of Bacolod will
have to say when' he sends la a post
Improving; Public Manaors.
After Governor Odell had read the riot
act to the coal operators for calling him
a politician and had given them to un
derstand that he was governor of New
York and as such was doing the talking,
it is amusing ss well as Instructive to see
the operators carefully referring to . tbe
"publicists." "Ths publicists," said en,
"made a number of suggestions, all which
we turned down." So they did, but some
thing Is gained when public manners are
Politics aad Jndlolat Office.
. Indianapolis News.
We have never been able to see why
man's politics should be a controlling factor
In his selection for the bench. What the
community wants is not good republican
judges or democratic Judges, but just good
judges. It ought to want the best Judges
that It can get. Wise men. It seems to us,
when they come to vote for the Judicial can
didates, should leave political considera
tions apart and vote for the men that are
best qualified ly experience, knowledge and
temperament for the work of the bench.
Richest People oa Earth.
'St, Louis Star.
The Osage Indians of Oklahoma afford the
beat example of socialism in the world, The
tribe is said to hava $(,000,000 cash on de
posit In Washington and to own 1,500,000
acres of land, worth another !8,oo.ow.
Their realty holdings give a per capita
wealth of $4,000 for every brave, squaw and
papoose la the tribe. The Interest on their
money la Washington affords annually
little over $300 to each member, old, middle-
aged snd young. This makes the Ossgea
the richest people in the world.
Tho Werla Do Mot.
Certainly the world do move. A few
years ago any game warden who bad sug
gested holding up an Indian for shooting
game out of season would have been re
garded as a fit - subject for a lunatic
asylum. We leara, however, that some
recalcitrant reda who have been killing
antelope on the aforeau river are liable
to run up against some South Dakota game
wardens aad if they are la any doubt as
to what that would meaa they can apply
to sundry hunters of chickens who went
out of Minneapolis with the determination
of making s bis bag of game and who
ran afoul of bucolio guardians af fields
00R OUTLOOK IN ENGLAND
Revival f Trad rails U kaUrisliis With
tht Endiag sf ti Wirt
NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED INCREASING
Wagea Comlaaj Bowl aad Papers
Geaerally Take a Gloomy
View of the Situa
tion. LONDON, Oct 18. The labor department
of the - Board of Trade issued a report
which is considered to be a bad omen for
tbe coming winter, as It shows that the re
vival of industry which It was anticipated
would come after the termination of the
South African war has aot yet been realised.
The report says the general state of em
ployment has continued to decline and Is
now worse than It was a year ago. Wages
re tumbling everywhere and the number
of unemployed persons Is rapidly Increasing.
The newspapers comment on this point
this morning snd predict a hard winter for
the laboring classes. Meat, bread and coal
are all dearer than a year ago, while thou
sands of reservists who have returned from
South Africa are unable to find employment
nd are beginning public demonstrations to
call attention to their destitute condition.
KING RIDES 0N HORSEBACK
Speade Two Honrs la the Exorcise aad
Makes Rp.iatl of Bar Ins;
NEWMARKET, Oct. 15. King Edward
spent two hours on horseback this morning
and made a round of his racing establish
ment at Edgarton house.
Subsequently he watched the horses exer
cising on the heath. He drove to the rare
course In a downpour of rain and reached
it in time for the first race. A Mg crowd
was present, as the race for the Ciarowttch
stakes waa considered to be particularly
W. C. Whitney's Elizabeth M won the
Kennett plate, thus adding to the number
of the supporters of his Volodyovskl for
tbe big race.
J. Reiff came over from Paris to ride the
French candidate, Deux Pals. It was ex
plained that Reiff 's suspension by the
French Jockey club does not go Into effect
Blacksand won the Ccarowltch stakes at
Newmarket today. Congratulation was sec
ond. Seventeen horses ran.
Rightful led to the bushes, when Con
gratulation drew out, followed by Black
sand, who soon took the lead and won by
three lengths. A head separated second and
Mr. Whitney's Spectrum won the Selby
OPPOSE NAVAL STATION GRANT
Caba Inwllllnsr to Allow America
nae of Havana Har
bor. HAVANA, Oct 15. An official of , the
Cuban government Is authority for the
statement that the Cuban cabinet has had
no opportunity to seriously consider the
outline of . the treaty with the United
States. He said there had been only two
cabinet meetings since that date and that
they had both been taken up with consid
eration of the annual budget.
It Is generally understood that President
Palma Is being .strongly urged to resist tbe
establishment of an American naval sta
tion at Havana, ss called for in the treaty
and that friends of the United States and
Cuba will ask tbe United States to with
draw this request. It Is expected the
United States will be offered a naval sta
tion at Bahla Honda, on tbe north coast
of Pinar del Rio province, and about fifty
miles from Havana.
With regard to the commercial treaty
the official said Cuba would ask, in all
probability, for more thsr. was offered her.
He said that Cuba hd no Intention of
granting favored nation treatment to any
European power, the United States being
tbe only country with whlcb reciprocity
could be advantageously effected.
BULGARIAN BANDS DEFEATED
Understood that Government Finally
Decides to Bnppreas Mace
CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 15. It Is de
clared In government circles that the Bul
garian revolutionary bands have every
where been defeated and that after a sharp
engagement in the Klesna defile between a
force of Turkish troops and Insurgents the
Bulgarians were dislodged snd dispersed.
The port understands that tbe Bulge
rian government has finally decided to sup
press the Macedonian committee.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Oct 15. A report has
been received here that 600 women and
children have fled Into Bulgaria to escape
They report the destruction of four Chris
tian villages and sav the village of Oran
ovo has been burned and its inhabitants
TELLS BRITISH CABLE PLANS
New Zealand Premier Aaaooaces Pa-
eiao Wire Will Go by Way
of Fesslsg Islaad.
WELLINGTON. N. Z., Oct. 15. Acting
Premier Sir J. G. Ward has confirmed tbe
report that the plan of the New Zealand
government for a submarine cable from
Honolulu to Fanning island has been prac
tically accepted. '
Fanning Island Is in the Pacific and be
longs to Great Britain. It Is on the route
of tbe proposed cable from Vancouver to
Ball oa a Secret Mission.
SINGAPORE, Oct' 15. 8lr F. A.- Swet
teham, governor of the Straits settlements,
has sailed oa a government yacht Hta des
tination la' said to be Kelantan. The mis
sion Is secret. Kelsntan, which is the cap
ital of the stats of Kelantan, Is situated on
the Malay peninsula and scknowledges the
sovereignty of 81am.
Wish to Vae Acid on Meat.
BERLIN, Oct. 15. Nino chemical com
panies have petitioned the Reichstag against
the Bundesrath s prohibition of boric acta
la the preservation of meats. The petition
Is accompanied with expert opinions from
Pllsrrlm Loach Ueaeral.
LONDON. Oct 15. The Pilgrims' club, the
newly organised Anglo-American organiza
tion. nt a luncheon thia afternoon to
Oenerals Corbln, Wood snd Young at tba
Baak Dleeonat Raised.
CALCUTTA. Oct 15. The rat of dls.
count of tb Bask of Bengal waa today
raised from I to 4 per ceat.
MARSEILLES. Fraac. Oct. 15 The
United States cruiser Chicago arrived her
for repairs today.
OtKD ABOl'T XKW YORK,
Ripples oa the Tarreat of l ife la the
The plea "This Is my busy dsy" does
not excuse prominent New Yorkers from
the penalty for fqlllag to answer s sum
mons for.-Jory duty;. Last year a bunch
of busy financiers cheerfully paid $100
each for falling.. to put In an appearance
In person tbe first day and In addltloa
were obliged to render Justice the tribute
of work exacted by the law. The last vic
tim is Ntcols Tesla, the electrician, who
was fined $100 for falling to appear for
Jury duty In the general sessions court
Mr. Tenia said that he had overlooked
the summons because he had been ab
sorbed In very Important work and, be
sides, bad. been away oa Long Island for
three days. "I got the notice too late,"
said Mr. Tesla. "but, nevertheless I will
apologize to the court. When I become
absorbed la my work I forget everything
"About twenty years ago," writes Jo
Howsrd, "there came to New York a lot
of caterers with money and experience.
Ignoring the respectability and curious
habits of courtesy which made Delmonlco's,
for instance, the existing restaurant, the
resort for the "best people." the educated
men and women, with families snd friends,
they started tbe "broiled lobster-champagne"
fever, which soon became a fad
with a certain class of wild oat sowers,
who felt their mustaches sprout afresh
with each successive check from regretful
papa or silly mamma.: Fortunes have been
made by these caterers to Immoral as
well as physical appetite, and what was
first s fad Is now a fortune-making, a
fortune-spending fashion. In these places,
to which a few well meaning snd very
many spree-seeking people go, one may
see at once the beginnings and the conse
quences . of riotous snd Indecent lives.
Don't for a moment think that this great
city and Its reputable Inhabitants are bit
ten bythla oB coloring. It's not so. It
Is true, however, that thousands of our
young folk, with now snd then a venerable
donkey. Indulge In these fesf Ities every
night In ss many years as tl .f can stand
thn strain. And then? Oh, then, as a
worldly wise man once - remarked, the)
procession keeps right on, for "there's a
sucker bora every minute."
Tbe traveler arriving at New York in the
erenlng and approaching the city from the
New Jersey shore, says the New York
Times, sees thousands of bright eyes look
ing out from the great downtown buildings
whioh notify him that the activities of the
metropolis go on long after night has fallen
upon the city. '
FSr aloft In the skyscrapers and here and
there on all tbe floors of the many build
ings lights are blazing indicating that men
are burning the midnight carbon keeping up
with the insistent demands of their busi
ness. Tbe effect of the thousands of lights, some
of them seeming to be far up In the sky. Is
to make a picture that is Impressive, bear
ing upon the visitor a sense of New York's
activity that Is quite as forcible in its way
as the hurrying of the crowds In daytime.
A few years ago none of tbe downtown
buildings were open st night, except those
In which the newspapers were published,
but now more than half of the office build
ings are open until 9 o'clock In the evening,
almost all of the newer skyscrapers are
open until midnight and many of them never
One of the most successful and beneficent
organizations of the big city is the Boys'
club, located on the East Side. It was the
first organization of the kind hi the coun
try. ' It was started by the business men in
1878 snd incorporated In 1887. It began la a
rented room with a halt doten boys; It Is
now a large organization with a building of
Its own. The membership Is above 8,000 and
on some occasions it has had an attendance
of 4,000 men and boys in on evening. It Is
non-scctarlan snd no race Is barred. There
are only two requirements for membership
a fair degree of personal cleanliness and
the use of decent language. There are few
rules; as the boys are expected to be held
in jheck snd Incited to good behavior by
the spirit animating the club.
There are the usual club rooms, to which
have been added an aquarium, a camera
room, a popular science laboratory, a
music room, a printing room and a car
The club Is divided Into sub-clubs, each
boy being free to Join such as he choose
with compulsion as to none of them.
There Is a chess club, a checker club and
s photography club, a club devoted to law
and order, one'-td citizenship, and one to
nafUraT 'history, lth ' half- a dozen more
along other ' lines of knowledge ' or enter
tainment1 Places are fjund for beys who
are old enough to work. A camp on thn
seashore Is established each summer,
where every member has the right to re
main for two weeks.
Gifts for seven new scholarships have
been made to Cooper Union, that admir
able school of the people la Manhattan.
Two of these, to be known as the Hewitt
Eightieth Birthday scholarships, are
founded with $6,000 by Jacob H. Bchtff;
two with $5,000 by John F. O'Rourke, to be
known by his name; three with $7,740 from
tbe estate of Louis H. Laudy snd to bear
the Laudy nam. Tho prevloua two schol
arships were founded afw years ago by
gift of $2,500 each from Misses Cath
erine and Maria L. Campbell.
DeO of a PI rat Bold.
The sultan of Bacolad,' who has defied
Uncle Sam and demands war to a finish,
must think hs Is a coal mine operator.
You certainly do not
know how generally dis
agreeable you make your
self, or you would stop
coughing. No one can
read or rest in the
same house with you.
Can't stop it? Then
we must tell you about
No medicine like it for
ing sore lungs, quieting inflammation in the
bronchial tubes, and preventing serious lung
troubles. Ask your doctor if he could give
" Last fall I contracted a severe cold on my lungs which continued spit
of all 1 could do. I then tried Ayer's Cherry Pectoral and vss quickly
relieved. I am now perfectly well.'1 ......
Miss Emma Miller, Fort Snelllog, Minn.
PKRONAI. KOTK. t
Andrew Carnegie's gifts of $TS.C00 t
Belfast and $3fi.0O to Limorlek tor th
establishment of- libraries have been ac
Booth Tarklngten s.ways sketches his
storte la plofures bfer-m writes fhem
la words and all of his stories lie hlddsn
away In picture form.
George D. Top of Brooklyn was made a
Knight of the Order of St Orvkory the
Great several days ago by order of the pops
H Is th third American to b thus hon
ored. Th new commander-in-chief of ths Grand
Army of th Republic, General Stewart, la
but 64 years old. Ha enlisted whlle-a'boy
and served over four years during th war
of th rebellion. . .. if !
Edward T. Potter, a brother of th Wshop
of New Tork, has written an opera, two
acts of which were sung a flay or two ago
In his residence at Newport. R. I. Ths
work as a whols will be done October is
at the same place. Professional musicians
pronounce H clever. '" ' "
President Burllngbam 'of the New Tork
Board of Education has accepted' the offer
of several churches of rooms In thes
edifices tor the Use of city schools, th
buildings belonging to the municipality
being overcrowded end thousands; of new
pupils seeking admission.' ' '.
"W. J. Bailey," says th Kansas City
Journal, "will be th first, Ksnsas gov
ernor taken from th farm If we except
Governor James M. Harvey., tt Is. true. that
other of the Kansas governors, dabbled
In agriculture to a greater or less extent,
but Harvey and Bailey . are 1th only ones
who farmed for a' living aad,dll nothing
The Illinois state grand lodge of Masons
at Its recent convention In Chicago voted
$25,000 tor the erection of buildings upon
the 250 acres of land near Sullivan, Moultrie
county, their atats, bequeathed- to the
Masons by the late J. R. Miller for an
orphans' home. The plans for the buildings
comprehend accommodations for the widows
of Masons as well aa for the orphaned chil
dren. . ' '
Mr. George, the new minister of rail
ways In Westralis, began 'his speech at a
meeting of railway hands by sddresslng his
hearers as "Fellow employes;" .This was
good In its way, but he bad not Wot through
hla first sentence when a voice from th
back of the hall called out: "Fellow em-'
ployes! Yes. an ' makes $0 qutd a week
an' we get SO blanky bob!" . '
The sultan of Turkey, according to an
official announcement made in -Constantinople,
has finally .dismissed- Enia Pasha,
the vail of Aleppo, notorious as ths or
ganizer of the atrocities at l Dlabeklr in
1895, when 1,500 Armenians war massa
cred. For more thaa two years the Brit
ish embassy, supported by ' French and
Austrian representations, has been " con
stant In Its efforts, to have SqIs removed.
LAUGHING GAS. - '
Cleveland Plain Deal?: "Burglars en
tered Blxby's house the other rttght"
"Did they rob- him of anything?? -..
"Yes, of a night's rest" ... r.
New York Sun: "Mlstsh' Johnolng, yo
habn't got de manners ob a hog!"
"I knew dat. Miss William, but It sur
prises me to heah yo' admit it. ',,'.. '.
Philadelphia Pniso:- Bunker Miss Wood
by is so eccentric in her golf playing since
she came back from Paris. -
Miss Nlblock 1 ahe really? . ..
Bunker Yes. Indeed. When she foozles
now ahe Invariably exclaims: ''Hoot mon
Washington Star: "What do' )ou think
ought to be done with the trusts?" v
"I don't know," answered ' Senator" Sor
ghum. "Heaven knows, I've done any best
to make 'em give up some, .of their, money."
Chicago Post: 'Father,1'; tiald' thr Small
boy, who had been rending the newspaper
headlines, "what is m, franchise?"
"A franchise,", replied the father, "Is not
Infrequently a bill of sale for a tew reputa
Chicago Tribune: "But If human, beings
were evolved from apes, how does It happen
that the ape still exists?"
"Nothing strange about that. Tho gentle
man waa evolved from the boor, wasn't
he? Well, the boor still. exists.,. ,
Somervllle Journal: Why to What de
nomination la your church ?-
Browne Well, I don't know for sure,
but they charge $500 a year for ,a pew In
the center aisle.
Chicago Tribune: Public Cltlsen Why
don't you see If you can't do something to
end this coal strike? . ...
Eminent Republican Politician My dear
fellow, what good could I do? -Mitchell and
Baer are both democrats. Let 'em fight It
out . ...... . . ' ..
AT THE OATIOS OP SilOU.
W. D. Nesblt In Baltimore American.
There are two gates that guard tho Nlghtt
The one where shadows creep.
And lullabies come crooning low,
SiIl-throated, soft snd deep;'"--' '
Where twtllgnt reaches forth, her arms
To all by Day oppressed, ,
And lulls them Into happiness.
Serene upon her breast. . ' .,
And from that gate, all dark and cool.
The night road stretches far,
By palaces of sweet 'content, ' . :
Whore many dreamlngs sre: -
Where blind may see, and dumb may peak.
And sad ones laugh and slug:
Where hungered ones may-drink and eat
The pauper be king. ,. .
All through the Night the good road goes.
O'er valley plain and steep;
Along Its aides, in grandeur, -rls .
The citadels of sleep.
And many thing there be that soothe
And comfort us and bless. -.
But best of all the blossoms fair,
Of rich forgetf ulness.
The other gate that guards the Night
The one that ends the way
Has trumpeters that loudly call
Us forth Into the day. "
And though we fear the foes of Day-
With bitterness and dread,.
We know that through the weary hours
The first gate Is ahead.
stopping coughs, heal
Lews U, SUm.
.m ',v" 'm
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