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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 10, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAITjY BKEt FCIDAT, OCTOBETl 10, 1002.
'hiE umaha Daily IJee.
E. ROSEWATKK, EDITOR
PUBLISHED EVEKT MOHNINO.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OP CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss:
George B. Tzsrhuck, secretary of Ihe Bes
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of September, 1SW. was as fol
1 80,130 18 81,1B
2 80,740 17 81,080
1 80.6SO 18. '. 81,140
80,810 : 1 81,10
I 81.B70 20 81,450
, 80,420 .21 .. 2B.6T0
7 20.870 ' 2J 81,000
U .....81,2 no
28 1 mjwts
Less unsold and returned copies.... 10,144
Net total sales 018,081
Net daUy average .80.002
GEO. B. .TZBCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
be! ore me this 3uth day of September,
A. D.. 10. M. B. HUNGATE,
(Seal.) Notary Publle.
With Colonel Bryan at large In' Ne
braHka, state politics should at last show
signs of activity.
If the price of coal goes up 'much
higher Nebraska farmers may find it
profitable to burn corn.
It is to be noted again that Colonel
Bryan's itinerary Includes no stop-off in
ex-Governor Boles' district
General Bragg goes from Havana to
Hong Kong with the special Injunction
that American consuls should not talk
Mayor Moores has wisely concluded
that he' will not undertake to settle the
anthracite' coal strike. There are other
labor troubles nearer home.
The political campaign is generally so
quiet that; It will be a relief to reach
the "get-dut-the-vote" and the "lf-you-flon't-reglster-you-can't-vote"
The presidency of the auditorium en
terprise is not an ornamental position
Whoever accepts It should get down to
business -without further unnecessary
Governor Savage has issued another
proclamation. " How many moro procla
mations he wlsl .Issue .during the re
maining twelve weeks of his accidental
Incumbency cannot be foretold.
No questionable practices would have
been resorted to by the national treas
ury to bolster up the Wall street banks
In olden democratic times, because In
the deficit days the treasury was busy
bolstering up itself.
Those turnstile figures of Omaha's
street fair, showing the pald'admlsslons
to have exceeded 122,000 in spite of bad
weather, afford striking proof of local
pride and patriotism on one side and the
popularity of Ak-Sar-Uen on the other.
. If there are any other cattle shows or
bull fights anywhere that want a guber
natorlal -" proclamation for advertising
purposes, they should not hesitate to
tend their applications duly accompanied
with compllmentaries to Nebraska's
Russia has just restored to China part
of the Mancburlan territory It has been
holding. The Chinese dragon will do
well to keep his eye out for the Uusslan
bear, which has never been known to
give up anything without trying to make
good the loss la another direction.
A democratic- contemporary refers to
President Baer as a republican. On
the contrary, , he has always classed
himself as a democrat The truth, how
ever, Is that It doesn't make much
difference what political label a trust
boss bears, They are for the trusts.
And now the Hungarian parliament
has been getting gay without first send
lng for Mark Twain ' to witness the
amenities from the gallery and describe
them later in his Inimitable style. The
Austrian Diet learned by experience
that the presence of Mark Twain is ab
solutely necessary to Impart the neces
sary invlgorstion to the tournament of
Eastern papers are commenting on a
pipe dream yarn said to have emauated
from Nebraska to the effect that the
Bryan democrats of the west would like
to have Ulchard Olney as the demo
cratic candidate for the presidency In
J.0O4. All other considerations aside
the Uryanlte democrats of the west will
never go to Urover Cleveland's cabinet
for presidential timber. Mr. Olney need
not take to the woods as jet to escape
TWC RtPLTvrTttt MlMMi.
The letter of Mr. Mitchell to Presi
dent Itoosevelt rejecting the latter's pro
posal for an Immediate resumption of
mining and a subsequent Investigation,
niitut be accepted ss final and conclusive
so fnr as the' miners are concerned, the
position taken by Mitchell and the dis
trict presidents having becq unani
mously endorsed by the local: unions.
This refusal of the miners to return to
work under the conditions proposed was
not unexpected.- As we pointed out a
few days ago, If the miners were) to
resume work without obtaining any of
the concessions for which they ask It
would be In effect an admission that
their demands are not Justifiable and
It would place them entirely at the
mercy of the operators. However strong
their confidence may be in the good In
tentions of President Itoosevelt, they
can feel no confidence in the mine
owners and therefore will not place
themselves , at the mercy of the coal
combine. Moreover tbey believe, as
stated by Mr. Mitchell, that what they
proposed at the Washington conference
was fair and In this they have the sup
port of general publle opinion.
So far as appears nothing Is to be ex
pected in the way of concessions from
the operators. Having been given com
plete military-protection, they" will en
deavor to secure enough men to resume
mining, as they have asserted they
could do if men willing to work were
properly protected. The Indications are
that they will fall. The miners almost
to a man have voted to continue the
strike. There is no appearance of de
fection in their ranks and no complaints
from them are being heard. It looks,
then, as though the end of the struggle
is still remote. The dispatches report
numerous conferences and mysterious
movements, but they seem to have little
significance and at any rate are without
practical result It Is useless to theorize
In regard to such a conflict. Of Im
practicable plans there ' have been
enough. What Is manifestly needed Is
that all the constitutional powers of the
state of Pennsylvania shall be put in
force to terminate this war that is
threatening the gravest. consequences to
the country. . It is alleged that the rail
roads responsible for the intolerable sit
uation are violating the constitution of
Pennsylvania. The governor should lose
no time in asking the,, courts to de
termine this. He has too long trifled
with the situation and further derelic
tion will be unpardonable.
Meanwhile the prospect for consumers
of anthracite coal Is exceedingly gloomy
and Indeed the entire coal situation Is
moot unpromising, for the supply of
bituminous may fall below the de
mand, should the winter be more than
ordinarily severe, while coal prices have
probably not yet reached the limit. j It
is possible that if anthracite ' mining
were resumed at once, or within a week
or two and actively pushed the demand
could be met but It appears safe to
say that a majority of the people who
havis used 'anthrtfelte-'-flH ftave) ' to-nse
bituminous' during most- of ithe 'coming
winter, and at about the price formerly
paid for hard coal. :-.' , '
DEMAXb FOR TRVST RSOVLATIVN.
There is no doubt that the demand for
the regulation and supervision of the
combinations commonly called trusts
has been very greatly strengthened and
intensified by the course of the anthra
cite coal combine. This was the opinion
expressed a few days ago in a speech
by Senator Lodge and it Is said to be
the view entertained In administration
circles at Washington. An unnamed
member of the cabinet is reported as
saying In regard to the coal railroad
presidents that they, have better reason
to think of the future than any other
managers .of great property Interests.
He declared that they have set them
selves above the necessities of the peo
ple, -regardless of the fact that In their
business they must look to the people
and the people's representatives in con
gress, expressing the opinion that as the
railroads in the anthracite region are
engaged In interstate commerce there
will be an effort made to amend the law
so as to reach such a condition as now
prevails. He believed there will be a
well-nigh universal demand on congress
for legislation which It will be difficult
for any one in congress to resist
The arbitrary and arrogant attitude of
the anthracite coal operators has caused
millions of people to take a deep Interest
In the question of trust control and
regulation who had not before given it
very serious consideration. They had
never before realized how entirely the
public Is at the mercy of such a mo
noHly as that which has been estab-
Haired In the anthracite region and Is
controlled by men who have shown
themselves to be utterly indifferent to
the public Interests and welfare. There
has come a general and an alarming
awakening and It will be followed by a
demand upon congress and state legis
latures for legislation to protect the
public that will prove irresistible.
It Is very likely that this demand will
not be satisfied with anything short of
radical and drastic measures, It is diffi
cult for people to fee conservative under
such circumstances as the coal combine
Is held responsible for and with thut
object lesson la mind they wll not be
disposed to tolerate any leniency, to
ward the combinations. Thus the prob
lem to be dealt with may become more
difficult and perplexing, involving In its
solution revolutionary policies of far
reaching consequences. We may be
sure that a class of politicians and dema
gogues will not neglect the opportunity
to assume the position of champions of
the people and urge extreme remedies.
Indeed some of them are already doing
l'realdent Roosevelt . has pointed out
the course which he thinks should be
pursued respecting the great combine
ttons engaged In interstate business.
Piiiiaps he will have further suggestions
to make In his annual message to con
gress. At all events there Is certain to
be a public pressure upon congress for
I additional anti trust legislation which
that body will find It very difficult If
not Impossible to resist The popular
demand for this Is well-nigh unanimous
and It must be heeded.
.IJgrBff.VCH.WIAr THAT VOtS HOT
With the opening of every new year
Omaha always turns over, a new leaf,
with promises of retrenchment as the
keynote in every branch of the public
service. ' The mayor and city council
Invariably declare In favor of the aboli
tion of sinecures and a general weedlug
out of tax-eaters. The Board of Educa
tion solemnly pledges Itself to a revision
of the salary list, the abolition of fads
and frills and strict adherence to busi
ness methods in the management of the
affairs of the public schools. The county
commissioners trump the cards by the
adoption of resolutions to do away with
Useless and worthless snlury grabbers
and a most vigorous use of the new
All these good resolutions and all the
swearing off do not however, arrest the
current of extravagance, wastefulness
and general disregard of the rights and
interests of the taxpayer. Reforms
promised In January are thrown over
board in March, and the month Of Octo
ber brings to the forefront the usual
overlaps running Into the thousands and
thousands and a corresponding increase
in the floating debt which, in the long
run, has to be funded by an Issue of
bonds. This Is precisely the condition
which confronts us this year, as it has
In previous years, and will continue to
confront us until the officials that cre
ate these overlaps are prosecuted and
they and their bondsmen are compelled
to make good the losses entailed by reck
less and lawless expenditure of public
, CHARTER DISCUSSIO)-IX ' URDKR,
Omaha's present city charter was
framed six years ago. In many respects
It Is an Improvement on previous char
ters. In some respects It has proved by
experience to be defective and not suffi
ciently elastic to meet the changing con
ditions of the city.
In several particulars the people of
Omaha are vitally concerned In secur
ing speedy relief. The most crying need
Is a revision of those provisions that re
late to the taxing powers of the city now
at variance with our new mode of as
sessment. Under the system prevailing at the
time the charter was framed city taxes
were Imposed on assessments made by
elective ward assessors on the same
basis of valuation adopted for state and
county taxation. Under the tax com
missioner system the valuation of prop
erty for city taxation is at variance with
that for county taxation. For 1902 the
county assessment was presumed to
represent 10 per cent of the actual value,
while the city assessment is at the ratio
of 40 per cent of the actual value. For
next year the assessment for municipal
purposes will be for actual value as near
as possible, while county and state as
sessments are liable to remain at 16 pet
cent In view of the fact that the rail
road property In Omaha, represents at
least one-seventh of all taxable property
value in the city, the provision of the
charter that requires the tax commis
sioner to assess railroad property at the
mileage rate valuation fixed by the
state board Is an injustice to all other
classes of taxpayers that must be mani
fest to every unprejudiced mind. While
the state board's assessments have for
years been extremely low, the wrong
perpetrated becomes more flagrant with
the greater divergence between the
ratio fixed by the state board and that
adopted by the tax commissioner.
No relief can be had from this exemp
tion of the railroad property from city
taxation until the railroad property is
assessed on the same basis as all other
property In the city.
While the assessment of all property
at actual value will raise the debt limit
of the city so as to place It. in position
to enlarge Its system of public Improve
ments, there Is danger of extravagance
unless additional limitations are placed
against projects that would enormously
increase the city debt
' Another question that should be dealt
with in the revised charter Is the issue
of warrants against future revenue and
the refunding of debts created by over
laps. The paving problem should also be
dealt with in the revised charter on
lines suggested by experience.
Last but not least the revised charter
should make provision for home rule
in the management of the police and fire
departments as well as of the parks.
To postpone all discussion of charter
changes until after election will leave
Omaha -in the same 'condition it has
found Itself time and again, when all
charter revision was frustrated by cor
porate interference. If we are to have
any charter reform, we must formulate
It and pledge all candidates for the leg
islature to carry it into effect
John N. Baldwin appears to enjoy
notoriety about as much as a ballet girl
delights in exhibiting her well-devel
oped tights. Since his phenomenal suc
cess in appointing police commissioners
for Omaha and dictating Dave Mercer's
nomination, be permits no day to pass
without creating occasion for projecting
himself into the public eye. Although
Baldwin has no relation whatever to the
operating department of the Union' Pa
cific, be feels it incumbent upon him
self to assure the American people in
general and the people of Nebraska In
particular that General Manager Dlckln
son does not entertain tbe remotest wish
to occupy the position now filled by
Horace G. Burt. With these few re
marks modestly delivered, Mr. Baldwin
makes his bow to the audience, but tbe
public, which perforce has had its eye
on Baldwin, will doubtless feel consoled
with the reflection that this Is not the
farewell appearance of the great melo-
draraatlst In front of the footlights.
And the band played.
President Clowry of the Western
Union makes a wonderful showing of
economy as a result of the reorganlza
tlon of the operating service of the cum
panr, since lit; took executive charge.
As we have said before. Colonel Clowry
Is the right man In the right place, but
we have as yet seen no signs that the
patrons of the company are to share the
benefits of the more economic manage
ment In the form of reduced rates on the
transmission of messages. The public
would not begrudge the owners of the
telegraph Increased earnings If It were
only given better and cheaper service at
the same time.
Harper's Weekly refers to Bird B.
Coler, who has been put up by the demo
crats of the Empire state to make ths
race against Governor Odell, as "vacillat
ing, inconsequential and incompetent"
and expresses regrets that his certain
defeat no matter how overwhelming,
will not even have the merit of quench
ing an insatiable thirst for office In
particular and notoriety In general. If
the people of New York refuse to take
Colrr's candidacy seriously no oue out
side of New York should waste any
time worrying about It
The coal roads continue to pay divi
dends to their shareholders, notwith
standing the anthracite coal strike,
which has almost wiped out the coal
traffic. The annual reports, however,
cover a year, of which only a few months
are Included In the strike period. When
the next annual reports are made the
full effect of the strike will be more in
Grave danger exists that the South
Omaha asscssorshlp, that was once con
sidered of more Importance politically
than the presidency of the United States,
Is fast losing its prestige. If an assessor
cannot pocket padded fees on fake
names of pretended deputies without
subjecting himself to criminal prosecu
tion,. the office will not be worth trying
for. , . ' .
Try One for Exercise.
Detroit Free Press.
It's . a mighty conservative cltlxen who
can read President's Baer statement with
out feeling an almost Irrepressible desire to
heave a brick.
Fa rims as Well as tbe Majority.
There does not appear to be much of any
thing In this country satisfactory to our
democratic friends, yet they manage to live
here and prosper like the rest of us and will
continue to do so as long as their party
can be kept out of power.
Stores of Hed Tape.
' People, banks and others who have sent
in unused Spanish war tax stamps for re
demption by tbe government must cultivate
patience as a rule. The word from the
Treasury department is that It will take
five or six years more to complete the job.
Facta to Be Remembered.
8a n Francisco Chronicle.
Never lose sight of the fact that the
prosperity which protection has brought
enables Americans to increase their con
sumption of all kinds of commodities. Don't
forget that the Adversity which followed
the assaults on tie McKlnley bill resulted
in diminishing tbf (consumption of all sorts
of American profits, those of the field as
well as ol the factory.
Shining Credit Mark.
The fact, stated in the annual report of
the paymaster general of the army, that the
United States has not lost one cent through
defalcation during the fiscal year. Is a
shining credit mark to the regular estab
lishment. There is one army officer wear
ing prison stripes because he was convicted
of embezzling a large sum appropriated for
engineering work.', But his case Is almost
exceptional. It Jsvery rarely that an offi
cer of the regular army stoops to thievery
Hip Pocket Reform.
The long-delayed crusade against the
cowards and desperadoes who make arm
ories of their hip pockets appears to have
broken out simultaneously all over the
south. Tbe people who' stand for law snd
order have reason to be glad of the fact.
Our civilization has been cursed altogether
too long by the prevalence of the Idiotic,
semi-civilized custom of men going about
every day loaded with' concealed deadly
weapons and ready to do murder on the
Place to Draw the Line.
Kansas City Star.
The payment of extortionate prices for
meat and for fuel in a country teeming
with cattle and hogs and underlaid with
coal is travesty on liberty and prosperity,
which a free people will not stand for.
If they would stand for it without remon
strance and active protest they would de
serve to' suffer all of the .misery incident
to such weak 'and shameful submission.
The line must be drawn somewhere on the
encroachments of commercial greed, and
the place to draw it has been pretty nearly
it noi quite reached.
SECRET OF THE MAINE.
Haa It Passed from Hassan Knowledge
with the Death of Meat. Morris t
When Lieutenant Mortis committed sui
cide probably an everlasting locic was
turned upon the secret of the Maine. He
'was the electrician on that ill-starred ship
when it was sunk by an explosion in Ha
vana harbor and caused the Spanish war.
His intimates have been sure that he knew,
the secret of the cause of the catastrophe,
and that it was internal and not external;
but that its revelation Involved responsi
bility of a brother officer and so Morris
carried the weighty secret until it could be
borne no longer and took his life as tbe
only means of deliverance.'
The failure of the commission of inquiry
into the eause at the catastrophe to find a
reason for it has left it an open question
snd open quest Ipn it will always be so far
as direct evidence is concerned. The sul
cld or Morris, i bis occsslonal talk about
defective wiring tne feeling of hii con
fidential friends that he knew the cause and
that it was wlthlo the ship and not out
side, constitute circumstantial evidence
only, but such as it is it acquits Spain of
the responsibility that only circumstantial
evidence fastened upon it.
The consequences of this calamity have
been stupendous, for had not tbe Maine
blown up there would have been no Span
Ish war, nor tbe long train of vexatious
conseauences. the further projection of
which no human wisdom can see. Tbe pres.
ident wss opposed to the war and relied
upon diplomacy to free Cuba and accom
plish all that the war could do, and by
better means. ' But the explosion in Ha
vana harbor was followed by an echo of
wrath in this country which demanded that
the president throw the issue to congress
to be decided by the direct representatives
of the people. If Morris at that moment
bad unlocked the secret It might have
stayed the hot tide of rage and It might
not. Who caa tell I
The grouping of tbe manufacturing sta
tistics of a number of the states, as pub
lished in the census bulletins up to the
present time, has enabled a comparison to
be made between the progress in the Inst
decade of manufactures in a group of east
ern states that formerly far outranked all
others in this respect and a corresponding
number of states of the middle west form
ing a group adjoining the former.
The eastern group is made up of the six
New England states, with New York, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware. In
toe census ef 1880 these states produced
more than 62 per cent of all the manufac
tures of the country. Thst percentage
bad changed considerably in the census of
1890, but in the census of 1900 these ten
states produced but a fraction over 80 per
cent of the manufactures of the United
States. All the other sections had made
a decided Increase during the last decade,
but the middle west Is now crowding hard
on the heels of the eastern states and by
the next census will undoubtedly be much
nearer an equality than at present.
The ten states brought into comparison
with the eastern group include Ohio on
the east and Kansas and Nebraska on the
west, with the intervening states of In
dians, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minne
sota, Missouri and Iowa. In 1890 these
states had 43,284 less manufacturing estab
lishments than the ten eastern states. In
nOl'ND ABOCT NEW YORK.
Ripples on the Current of Life la the
In no city In the west Is the effect of the
anthracite coal strike as keenly felt as in
New York City and vicinity. In the west
the pinch Is confined almost entirely to hard
coal, the various grades of bituminous coal
remaining at practically normal prices. In
New York, however, ail grades of coal have
been boosted in price, and the effect is al
ready severely felt by the poorer classes.
Hard coal is selling at $22 a ton by the pail
ful and ton orders are refused at any price
under that figure. Dealers In soft coal are
taking advantage of the situation to squeeze
the residents to a finish. Just before the
peace conference at the White House soft
coal was quoted at $8.25 in the market. Be
lieving the conference would result in a set
tlement of the strike, dealers reduced prices
to $5.75, but just as soon as the result of the
conference became public the old rate was
restored. This week prices were boosted
to $10 and $12 a ton. In many parts of New
York City tbe effect of the scarcity of fuel
was shown in tbe shutting off of steam In
factories and in stopping or diminishing the
hot water supplies in flats and apartment
houses. In some of the houses the tenants
were warned thst hot water would be sup
plied from the basements only on two days
of the week. In some other houses notice
was given that the hot water would be sup
plied only part of each day.
From fifty to 100 women and children,
carrying baskets and bags, made an after
noon swoop on several cars loaded with coal
qp the tracks in Dundee, N. J., and before
they could be stopped carried away a full
half car. Coal cannot be bought there at
In tbe window of a fish store in Fulton
street, near Nostrand avenue, Brooklyn, is
a sign that attracts much attention. It
ONE PIECE OF CO All
EVERY QUART OF OYSTERS.
One does not appreciate how completely
New Jersey has earned its right, to he
called "the home of trusts" until he has
visited three or four buildings in Jersey
City that are given up to their temporary
use, reports a New York letter.
Under the very wide open laws of Jersey
as to trusts, it is required that corporations
chartered by its authority shall bold their
annual meetings of stockholders upon its
soli, and that each shall maintain a perma
nent office within its borders.
It would be burdensome to the thousand
and one corporations born by the favor of
the state to keep up a formal appearance
of being on the ground the year around
for the mere purpose of meeting there once
each year. Aa a result, companies have
been formed for the express purpose of
acting as the local representatives of these
corporations, for which a charge is made
of so much per year.
Take, for instance, the Corporation Trust
company, wnlch Keeps open orace lor me
American Shipbuilding company, largely of
Cleveland, which was formed under the
laws of Jersey, and whose annual meeting
was held In Jersey City the other day. It
represents 1,800 companies, and one large
office practically serves for the doing of
the Jersey business of them alf. In tha
building other like concerns represent some
3,000 companies in all. And this is by no
means all of the outsiders who are served
In the same way.
Most of these buildings are close to tbe
river bank, so that the New yoric nnan
clers who come over once a year to vote
can reach home again at the earliest possi
The United States Steel corporation has
an office of its own In Hoboken. .
A novel cause for divorce U that alleged
by Joaeph Madlaon of Hoboken. His com
plaint sets forth that his wife has become
"matinee fiend." ne is a young ana
beautiful graduate of the Hooonen mgn
school. Her husband states that they lived
happily together for three years, until, in
the winter of 1900, she contracted tne mati
nee habit. She would go to the theater
Ave or six times a week, devoting her at
tention chiefly to continuous performances
and to vaudeville. The husband does not
charge her with selecting any particular
Idol for hlstronlc worship, but merely with
neglecting her home for the footlights.
"From one point of view," says the New
York correspondent ot tne rniiaaeipni
Lcdeer. "Timothy D. Sullivan, who Is soon
to be numbered among the statesmen who
compose the house of representatives at
Washlnsrton. U "a model young man. Me
does not smoke or drink. He is an early
riser. He ts thrifty and saving. Born in
the most bumble circumstances, he is at 39
rears of age a rich man. What a model for
the young to pattern after! Temperance,
Industry, thrift, ambition he is a type of
all these snd they are four great virtues.
Yet Mr. Sullivan's career shows that a man
may. In his personal habits, be better than
many men of illustrious character and yet
from the standpoint of public morals, be all
that is most objectionable and base. Sulli
van Is a product of tbe slums. He has risen
above the slums In personal fortuue, but be
has carried the slums with him Into politics.
l ike Deverv. he Is the representative of
graft, tbe leader of the gambling fraternity
and tbe saloon. The triumph ot these two
men is an unfortunate thing for tbe youth
of this city, many of whom may be turned
from paths of honorable ambition by their
success. Of the two, Sullivan is tbe more
dangerous. He Is already master of every
thing below Fourteenth street, snd It looks
as If it would not be long before he mads
himself master ot Tammany Halt"
Captain Richard Walsh, who has Just been
glfen police command of tbe "tenderloin"
precinct In New York, is known as "Smiling
Dick" among his intimates. One Interest
ing and somewhat suggestive circumstance
1W0 the difference had been reduced to 14.
983. During the decade the east had added
.40,884 establishments, while the middle
west had sdded 59,163. In value of manu
factured products the east Is still consider
ably ahead of the middle west, producing
in V00 S total value of tt.643.782.875. while
that of the ten middle western states was
I4.316.77M24. But in the decade the east- '
em states had made a gain of 32.9 per cent,
while the gain In the middle western states
was 36.9 per cent.
During the ten years there bad been a
larger amount of new capital Invested in
manufacturing in the east than In the mid
dle west, whether regarded positively or
relatively. On the other hand, the returns
In value of product on the amount of cap
ital Invested and number of hands em
ployed were higher In the west than in
the east. The average value of the product
to each tl.000 capital In 1900 was $1,218 In
the east and $1,494 In the west. The value
of product In the east wss $2,341 to each
wage earner, while In the west it was $2,818.
Thus It took less capital and labor to produce
the same value of manufactured product
In the west than In the east That may
partially explain why the middle west la
building up its manufacturing Interests at
a more rapid rate than the eastern states
that at one time had a practical monopoly
of manufacturing. .
in connection with that precinct is that the
199 policemen on duty there draw monthly
pay amounting to $20,921, while the fifteenth
precinct with 294 men, manages to get
along on $10,688. This pronounced dis
crepancy has been attracting some angry at
tention of late.
HOME! RIXE FOR CITIES.
Petty Partisanship Dominates the
Chicago News (Ind.)
Ohio ts usually classed as a progressive
stats, but .In the rejection of the measure
providing home rule for cities the Ohio
legislature has placed that commonwealth,
in one particular, in the same category
with the most backward and boss-ridden
of states. The bill In question stood for a
principle which is now recognized to be of
paramount importance to the advancement
of American municipalities. It proposed to
take 'questions of purely local import out
of the hands of politicians at tbe state
capital and place municipal administration
on a nonpartisan business basis. It recog
nized the principle that in all questions of
local concern the people of the municipality
should have the power to determine how
their city should be administered and how
its public service utilities should be con
trolled. The only conceivable explanation for the
failure to pass this vitally important meas
ure Is that partisan and political interests
proved too strong. The bosses at the state
capital were unwilling to give up a system
by which they In company with the local
bosses could txiJolt lofal government for
all that it was worth.
Ohio has taken a perilous step backward
in this matter.
PERSON At, NOTES.
There is' no Joy In Panama, although Ad
miral Casey's at the bat.
President Butler ot Columbia thinks about
$10,000,000 additional wpuld do as a starter
for tfcat Institution.,
- Brigadier General William H. Blsbee Is
about to retire, having served more than
forty years In the army.
Cuba has . started to grant concessions to
monopolies. , By and by it will be asking
concessions from the monopolies.
October is doing its part toward making
up for summer's shortcomings. If Nbvem-
ber will do as well we may be happy yet.
The president has been Invited to hunt
moose in Minnesota, but Just now be has all
the game he can attend to right at home.
The Indiana doctor who claims that he can
bring the dead to life understands the art
of getting free advertising for a new patent
Mayor McNamee of Cambridge, Mass.,
proposes to sell tbe wood in the old build
ings on the Elm street school house lot as
Captain W. L. Rice, who has been mayor ot
Bristol, Tenn., ever since that place be
came a city, resigned the other day, plead
ing that being 70 years of age he was getting
too old to properly All the place.
The late Mr. William Marsh ot Capetown
made a bequest to the South African Wes-
leyan church of $600,000 for the purpose of
establishing the "Marsh Memorial Homes"
for the destitute white children of South
Senator Hawley of Connecticut is stead
ily improving. In some quarters doubts
have been expressed abou his being able
to return to Washington in time for the
opening of congress. As a matter of fact.
he and his fsmlty expect to go to their
Washington home this week.
Fishermen .In and around Oloucester,
Mass., are firmly of opinion that Rudyard
Kipling has "the; evil eye." He wrote a
book about them some yesrs ago and
named twenty fishing boats therein. Every
one of these boats has met with disaster,
the last two having foundered In a recent
gale. Among English soldiers there are
not a few who also think that there Is
something uncanny about Kipling's eye.
If your hair is turning gray or falling out, it is
starving. There isn't life enough in thq roots. The
remedy is simple : Feed your hair. Feed it with
Ayer's Hair Vigor.
It will not do impossible things, but it often does
It always restores color, stops falling, cures dan
druff, and prevents splitting at the ends. Lw'i
"My hair waa three parti p-ay before I used Ayer's Hsir Vigor. Now
there isn't a gray hair to be seen. I have many friends who hive bad the
same experience with it." Henry Coleman. New York City, N. Y.
A CAI SK TO A( RIFICH KOR.
Chancellor Andrews' Refnaal ef an
Alaae in Salary.
The sctlon of Chancellor K. Penjamli
Andrews of Nobraska university In refusing
a raise of salary from thst institution be
cause he thought It could not afford to
take the money from It treasury at this
time Is another lllustratlrm of the fact
that education ss well as the church has Its
prophets snd souls devoted to its advance
ment. This kind ' of self-sacrifice, ol
which examples are not Infrequent, is not,
however, the highest form that the devotion
of Instructors to their lire work take. The
dally giving of the best In the heart and
.brain which thousands of devoted teachers
i practice costs more and counts more than
. any sacrifice of money possibly can. . Thn
I quiet attempts to . understand the mlndi
and develop the latent manliness of way
I ward boys, the persistent efforts to help
j the growing womanliness of thoughtless
girls tries the patience and wearies the
j body snd soul of many tollers In our
This unrequired work is harder to per
' f orm sometimes because it seems to. lack
recognition, and those who steadily con
tinue In It are entitled to he called great
among our builders of coming social and
Industrial life. It is noticed more, how
ever, than it may appear to be to the teach
ers. The mistress of the school room
holds nn enviable place in the regard of all
classes of people. Neither the clergy nor
those who hold high office In the state or
nation command such an ever-present fund
of popular good will as do those who teach
the puplta of the public school. The tre
mendous burdens imposed upon the tax
payers by the task of giving a first-class
modern education to every child born or
brought to our country's rare causes at
times an impatient, 'renlless spirit to he
manifested at school expenses, but no dis
satisfaction has ever caused any noteworthy
proportion of the people to feel thRt too
much was being done for the teachers of the
Were It not that the large yearly Increase
in the number of pupils taxes the financial
resources of school authorities to the utmost
to provide for,' there would be less Com
ment upon school expenses and even more
would be done to make the position of good
teachers desirable and their work easier to
Chicago Record-Herald: "She baa such
a taking way, don't you think?"
"Yes. She Inherited It. I guess. Her
mother was a kleptomania." -
Puck: "An" he treated her to sodar yls
tiddy; an' now look at him payln' to gtt
"Yes; he's a rorkln' good spender when
he's got der dough!"
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "My boy, my
boy, what are you throwing at that dog?"
"A piece of coal, father."
"My child, my child, do you want to die
in the poor house?"
Philadelphia Press: "Old man Tellum
thinks he Is sure to get a government Job."
"Why? He has no political puU."
"But he claims he has. He says he at
the oyater that Oyster Bay was named
"Molly." he said.
I feel this mornln as'
' if the office was
"It may be only a twitch of the hoppln'
rheumatism, John. Go out an' -split a cord
or two of wood an' you'll feel better!"
Baltimore American: "My fee for ths
surgical operation, which is a very danger
ous one," said the eminent expert, "will
"Five thousand dollars? Whew!" ex
claUned the prospective victim. "Why, four
centuries ago the royal executioneers hadn't
the nerve to charge over $10 forthelr
work." ' - - -,
. ' MU :
Somerville Journal: Friend So your John
is engaged to that Bacon girl, . She Is
pretty enough, I know, but don't ydu. think
he Is marrying beneath him?
Mrs. Bullion Well, yes, I suppose he Is.
But how could John marry any other way?
Chicago Post: "But I don't see. urged
the senior partner, "how you can charge
the money you've spent on that impe
cunious young fellow up aa business ex
"Why, that's simple," returned the young
lawyer. "He has a rich uncle that is sick,
and there's going to be a lovely contest
over his will. '
HE KNEW THE GOODS.
He went Into a druggist's shop;
His step was lame and slow; 1 "'
His face was thin and drawn and long
A picture, he, of woe.
The druggist.' from behind his ease.
Came smiling Into view.
"Qoo evening, sir," he blithely said,
"What can I do for you?"
"Ah, sir." the customer replied,
"My pain I can't endure.
I wish you'd recommend to me
A good dyspepsia cure." (
"I've Just the thing!" the druggist cried,
"To cure such racking Ills. ,
You ought to try a little box
Of Dubbs' Dyspepsia Pills,,
"They're recommended far and hear.
North, South, and Kast and West;
In testimonials which say
They surely are tho best." . '
"No," sighed the pallid stranger, then;
"No pills, like those for me.
Come, can you not suggest at once
Some other remedy?"
"Oood sir," the druggist man replied,-
"I have upon my shelf
Some other cures but this is made
. By Doctor Dubbs himself.
"And surely," most impressively
The drugKlst said, "you know
That Doctor Dubbs would never give
Dyspepsia any show."
Black grew thn ailing stranger's brow
Black as the ace nf clubs. -
"I tell you I don't want those pills!
Sir, I sm Doctor Dubbs!"
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