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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: RATUHPAT, OCTOBEIt 4, 1902.
MIXCP OVER THE TAX LEVY
lute Ezecitirs Oouncil and Auditor
rtifj tt Differ!. ImtniU
TAX BOOKS ARE NOW TARTLY COMPLETED
It LTf Certified by EaeenllTe Council
U Correct a Urge Amount of
Work Most Be Gone
Countr Auditor Innes It, In quandary
mni a discrepancy between the certificates
from the auditor of state and tbe executive
council aa to the levy for general atate
purpose! Is tbe cause of tt.
On August 2 the county auditor received
a certificate from State Auditor Merrlam
bowing that the levy for general state
purposes for 1902 was 3 mills. Yesterday
there came along in his mall a printed
certificate from the executive council
algncd by Secretary A. H. Davison which
ays tbe levy for general state purposes
la 6 mills, or 1 mills more than certified
to by tbe state auditor.
When this was received yesterday morn
ing consternation prevailed in the county
auditor's office as the 3 Vs mills levy bad
been accepted as correct and tin this basis
the tax books are being made out. If
the 6-mlll levy, as certified to by the
executive council, Is correct, It will mean
n Immense amount of extra labor for tbe
auditor's office, as the tax books will have
to be practically rewritten.
On receipt of tbe certificate from the
tate council Auditor Innes . telegraphed
State Auditor Merrlam explaining the situa
tion. The answer from Mr. Merrlam was:
"Certificate from this department is cor
rect." How the state executive council codld
have made such a mistake as to certify to
a levy of IVi mills more than tbat certified
to by the state auditor, Is what puzzles
Mr. Innes and until be hears from Secretary
Davison of the state council will have no
more work done on tbe tax books.
Under a law enacted by the lasC gen
eral assembly all levies for state purposes
must be certified to the county auditors by
tbe executive council, this certificate taking
the place of that heretofore sent out by
the auditor of state.
The county auditor of Mills county tele
phoned Mi. Innes that he had received tbe
certificate from the state executive coun
cil which showed a discrepancy of 1V4 mills
in the levy for general state purposes and
wanted to know what Mr. Innes Intended
to do under the circumstances. Tbe Mills
county d!?er s!d that Ms tax books r-crs
almost completed and that to change them
now would Involve an immense amount of
work and considerable expense.
County Auditor Innes and the members
of bis office force are anxiously awaiting
aa explanation from Secretary Davison of
' the state executive council.
Davls aells glass.
CORN TO BE THE IOWA BADGE
Eonncll Blnffa Delegation, Headed by
Cemsaander Llndt, ICaves This
State Commander John Llndt and fifteen
members of Abe Lincoln post will leave
this morning in a special car on Burlington
the national encampment of the Grand Army
et the republic. With the party will be Wal
McFadden and bis fife and drum corps ot
even pieces. Every berth In the sleeper
las been engaged and by the time the train
reaches Osceola the car will be filled with
In common with the other members ot
the Iowa delegation the old soldier from
Council Bluffs will be conspicuous by tbe
large ears of corn which they will wear
trapped over their shoulders with yellow
ribbons. In place of the usual canteen.
This will be a distinguishing feature of the
Iowa delegation In the grand parade in
Washington. i . i'
To Wal McFadden waa left the task' of
collecting these ears ot corn' for the Council
Bluffs contingent and he. succeeded. In gath
ering together aome of the largest speci
mens ot corn ever seen In this vicinity.
McFadden la willing to stake anything that
bo man In tbe Iowa delegation will be able
to show a larger ear of corn than the mem
bers of the Bluffs contingent. Some of the
ears measure over sixteen Inches and all
are perfect specimens. ' ?
Plumbing and heating. Blxby Son.
The general election this year will be
Tuesday, November 4 and the days on which
the registration board will sit will be
Thursday, October 23, Friday, October 24
and Saturday, November 1. The registrars
will also sit on election day but only to
register tbe names ot those voters who
were out of the city during tbe three days
provided for registration or those who may
have become entitled to vote by naturaliza
tion sines the last of those three daya.
This not being a presidential election, a
general registration la not required. Only
those who did not vote at the general elec
tion last fall er who have since that elec
tion moved from the precinct In which they
voted will be required to register this
year. It is expected that the registration
thla year will be unusually heavy as there i
has undoubtedly been material Increase In I
the population of the city since last Novem
ber and many new votera will be compelled
to get their name on the books.
N. T. Plumbing Co., telephone lot.
Only One Hnrglnrjr Complaint.
Chief Ttbbtt and thevmembera of the
police force were congratulating themselves
yesterday that burglars bad not robbed the
town Thursday night. Although Council
tuffs waa almost depopulated tor several
Wjurs Thursday night and hundred ot
homes were left unprotected white tbe occu
pants were taking In the sights across the
river only one small robbery waa reported
at police headquarters yesterday morn
ing. The one report came from the home
At Judaa K. K. Avleaworth. where a basket
of clothes and aome loola had been atolea.
- Da via sells paints.
-Wants to Find Her Hnahnnd.
"To the Mayor of Council Bluffs, in care
of the Postmaster" was the manner la
which a letter received by Mayor Morgan
yesterday, waa addressed. The missive was
front Mrs. Howard J. Oood. a former resi
dent of Cedar Rapids, la., now visiting rl-
ti Pearl St., Council Bluffa 'Phone 81.
NEWS OF IOWA
atlves in Hartland, Wis. Enclosed In the
letter wss a photograph of Mrs. Good's bus
band whom she Is desirous of locating. Mrs.
Good writes tbat February 15 last she left
Cedar Rapids with her two children to
visit hrr parents In Hartland. Wis., and
that cn April 15 her husband left and came I
to Council Bluffs. The last letter she re- j
reived from him was dated May 6 and at
that time be was working for J. Zoller, tbe
Broadway grocer. Enquiry by tbe mayor
elicited the information that Good had not
worked for Mr. Zoller for several months
and It was thought that be went to Omaha
J when be left Council Bluffs.
Gravel roofing. A. H. Reid, 61 Broadway.
Drops Dead from Heart Dlinif.
Francis X. Better was found dead yester
day morning at an- early hour in the granary
on the farm of his son-in-law, Charles
Neve, at Dumfries. Mr. Better had been
ailing for some time with heart trouble and
some time between 10 o'clock Thursday
night and S o'clock Friday morning wan
dered out Into the granary where he was
found by bis son-in-law.. Indications were
tbat be bad dropped dead from heart failure
and Coroner Trrynor on learning the cir
cumstances decided that an Inquest was
Mr. Better was a well-to-do farmer and
for a number of years owned a large farm
near Hinton station Just over the Mills'
county line. He recently sold this farm and
went to live with his daughter, Mrs. Charles
,Neve at Dumfries. Besides the daughter
with whom he made bis home, one son,
William, survlces him. The funeral will be
held tbia afternoon at 2 o'clock and burial
will be In the Catholic , cemetery near
Mlneola. Tho services will be conducted by
Rev. Thomas Burk of St. Peter's church of
Matters In the Court.
Tbe district court jury in the suit of the
Monarch Manufacturing company against
the motor company brought In a verdict last
evening for the plaintiff company in the
sum of 13,000. The Monarch Manufacturing
AjkmnaMw kiiAil tnr AAA r4 u m m am fn tha
"""I""' T". -
fiooding of Its factory at Ninth avenue and
Sixth street in July. 1900. claiming that
the improper construction of the motor i
track, on Blxth street and - Ninth avenue i
diverted the water into tbe basement of
the factory in place of the sewer.
Frances Miller was given a divorce- from
S. D. Miller on the grounds of habitual
The trial Jury for tbe November term of
district court has been summoned to appear
November 17. This Is about a week earlier
than the usual date for this term of court.
The trial jury In tbe superior court has
been summoned for October 21 when several
cases are assigned for trial. Among the
iu64t liuportant are those of Dr. C. Q. Tobcy
galnst Pottawattamie county and W. H.
Town against the city of Council Bluff.
I'aeertaln Abont Portland Tax.
County Treasurer Arnd has taken under
advisement tbe question of placing the as
sessment ot the Portland Gold Mining com
pany of Colorado upon the tax books and
expects to hand down his decision next
week. Whatever his decision. It Is expected
tbe case will be taken Into the courts.
J. A. Gorham, the tax ferret with whom
the county recently' ' entered Into a -contract
on a 15 per cent basis. Insists that tbe
Portland company should be taxed for the
last five, years and at the bearing before
the county treasurer was represented by
an attorney. The Portland company was
represented by former Governor Thomas of
Colorado, who contended tha aa the com
f" t"1 -"Colorado It cannot be taxed
In this state. He also contended tbat tbe
assessment of the company on stock valued
at $9,000,000 was excessive aa tbe value ot
the atock has varied from 40 centa to $3.01
and that the present market value la about
High School Eleven Made lp.
The Council Bluffs High school foot ball
team will play Its first game of the season
this afternoon with the Omaha High achool ,ffect .he tyaUm ,B tw- gUt
eleven at the Vinton street grounds Jh other states. The shippers who handle coal
Bluffa boys, under the coachlngof Prof. Mil- -nd other nrodlM!t. ... aM llnh.,i ,,m.
lar of the High school faculty, have been
putting In some good hard practice and
will go into today's game determined to win.
The Council Blu5a..team. selected, at the
close of practice last evening will be as
follows: ' CitgTntl"erfteYi'Hennige, right
guard; Capt. Byrnm, right tackle; Beards
ley, right end; Dickey, left guard; Platner,
left, tackle; Burke, left end; Aylesworth,
full back; Treynor, right half ; Cutler, left
half; Scott or Warner.-quarter, back; aub
sUtutes. Dudley, Van Order, McCabe, Rob
eruon,; Porter. E. Mather will act as ref
eree and Charles Taylor as linesman for
Council Bluffs. The game will . . be called
at t o'clock.
fl.OO Enreka Fonntnln Pen, lOe.
Last chance today. Cut this out and pre
sent It Saturday before 10 p. m. and you
will be entitled to one Eureka fountain pen
complete for 19c. . Only one to a customer
and none without this ad. DeLong Tbe
Printer. 807 Broadway.
Real Ketate 'Transfers.
These transfers war. 'fled yesterday In
the abstract, title and lean office of J
Squire,-101 Pearl street:
J. H. Qreenahlelde et al, referees, to
W. 8. May.ie. part e1 se4 84-78-44.
1 r. d ; ..... 1.;.$
Morris Hough, guardian to .Frank
Hough, undlv. Vs seH ncV. and eS
nw' ne. and w 12 acres ne1- n-Vt.
" a, and w U acres swV4 nwV4 8;7-4a,
. g. d
John A. Hutchison to - George R.
Hough. U acrea 111 ne4 ne -76-4$.
lying west and south of road, w. d...
August litaKe to retcr . jacoos,
i.,t. 1 and 1. block 14 Minden. w. d.. 1.J00
Grant Pilling to Sherman J. Oouser.
Five transfers total..
Da vis aella drugs.
. Etockert aells csrpets and rugs.
Mauth. tine watch repairing, 228 B'way.
. bxpert watch repairing, Lnen. to jj way.
Hlg line wool dustirs. S, 10 and li cents.
A. 11. Howe, 810 Broadway.
. Special salt on picture mats. C. E. Alex
ander Co., 333 Broadway.
Do you play ping pong? Morgan dc Dickey
can furnish you a nice set for $1.
Girls, have you seen that awell line of
fall styles o! papetrtes at Morgan &
J r r, ... ....
evening for a week's visit In Washing
ton. D. C.
Commencing tomorrow and continuing
until spring, all the meat markets of the
city will close Sundays.
VUlt our art department and see the
beautiful new deslgna In frames now In.
C. B. Paint. Oil it Glass Co.
Mrs. Margaret Poley and Mrs. Mary
Weacott- of Claiinda, Ia., era gueata of
Mayor and Mrs. Dell u. Morgan.
Oeorge D. Adama of Des
Ines college will lecture next Frldav
night at the First Bapilat church under
the auspices ot the YouneT Mini class
The lecture will be free and all young men
of tbe city are Invited to hear It.
T. J. Kvans H. J. Evans and C. R. Tyler,
comprising the Crystal Mil:a and Grain
company, have riled with the county re
corder a cerUUed coyy of lb acUua ot the
stockholders extending the corporate life
of the concern for five years from July
F. C. Caldwell, he horse trader arrested
Thurrday night chnrged with attempting
to cut his wife's throttt, whs discharged
In pollre court yesterday, as Ms wife re
fused to proaeeule.
The brass fittings found by the police
have been claimed by Contractor Hall,
who recognlned them as bearings stolen
from short curs tiwd on the Great Western
grade. Frank Davidson, a discharge!
grader, Is under arrest, charged with the
Mrs. Ooldle Ott of 3n5 East Broadway,
while on her way to Omaha yesterday,
was taken suddenly and v.olently sick on
a motor. She was removed from the car to
a drug store at the corner of Ninth street
and Hrnadway, where medical assistance
was summoned. 1-ater she waa removed
to her home In a carriage.
Annie, the lJ-year-old daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. C. D. Allgood, 1517 South Third
street, died yesterday morning from paraly
sis of the thioat, after an illness of five
weeks. The funeral will be held this after
noon at t o'clock from the residence and
Interment will be in Walnut Hill ceme
tery. Rev. James Thomson of tho First
Congregational church will conduct the
George A. Haynes, as guardian of Harry
Dye, Insane, served notice on the rlty yes
terday to vacate the property north of the
patrol house, on which stands the large
frame shed used as store and too) houee
for the sewer and streets and alleys de
partments. The city has paid rent for the
ground and the notice to vacate is re
garded at the city hall as an attempt to
force the city to purchase the land.
County Chairman Wrtght yesterday for
warded to the secretary, of state the cer-.
tlflcate of the nomination by the repub
lican county central committee of Colonel
C. O. Saunders for state senator, also a
petition signed by the requisite number
of voters asking that Mr. Saunders' name
be placed on the ballot. This latter pre
caution waa taken for fear It might be
held that the county central committee
had not the right to make the nomination.
ROWDIES BEAT A MINISTER
Brutal Treatment of Pastor Is Cnaaed
by Ilia Effort to Stop
WEBSTER CITY, la.. Oct. 3. (Special
Telegram.) E. M. Knox and a gang of
five rowdy boon companions beat Rev.
Paul Shroder and chased blm up and down
tbe streets of Randall last evening. The
rowdies are now under arrest, charged with
assault and battery.
Their treatment of the minister was
caused by his Interference to break up a
street fight which Knox and bis compan-
1 ....... -.--.l- I-
" . v B . ' . . . . .
. J "T? T J ti.
"on' ' fau' Lhrodr " pastor of tb
Norwegian Lutheran church.
Fair Directors Pay Up.
CRESTON. la, Oot. J. (Special.) The
management of the Creston district fair has
completed the auditing of accounts and the
directors-have been compelled to go down
Into their pockets and make up a shortage
of $500 In order to pay all the premiums In
full aa they guaranteed. Tbe shortage was
not caused by any lack of patronage or poor
attractions, but It has developed that the
fair association was systematically robbed
ot a large amount of gate receipts that
should have been paid them. The crowds
were larger than was expected, but the
directors made a mistake In tbe handling
of their family tickets and several carriages
were known to have gone out of the grounds
and brought In as high as four carriage
loads ot people at different times during tbe
day, using but one family ticket for all ad
missions. Tbe management announce their
determination ot holding another fair next
year with a system that will prevent any
such work again.
Teat Railway Case.
CEDAR FALLS, la., Oct. '. A case that
will attract more than state-wide attention
when it comes to trial will be that ot the
Chicago, Great Western, Rock Island - and
Illinois Central railroads, all of which have
been Indicted by the grani Jury of Black
Hawk county charged with conspiracy to
collect unjust freights of rhlnpon. The
Indictment was brought about after r.n in
vestigation of the demurrage system now
in use in this state since August 1 last.
The Townsend ft Merrill company of this
city were the principal , witnesses before
tbe grand Jury. The company handles a
great deal of coal and was charged $5 by the
roads for a car that remained on the track
more than forty-eight Lours before being
unloaded. The outcome of the casn will
,t . tme have been maklng a iis,trolM k.cU
about - the Injustice ot the charges.
Hew City Hnll for Creston.
CRESTON, Ta., Oct. 3. (Special.) The
contract for the erection of the new city
hall and engine house for Creaton haa been
let to W. C. McKeo of thla place for
$(,456. It Is to be made of brick, contain
room for the fire apparatus, rooma for the
firemen, a council chamber, mayor's office
and police court, and have a city Jail In
connection. It la to be completed by Janu
ary 1. Work of tearing down the old engine
house on Maple street has already begun
and the new one will be erected on the
Newspaper Changes Hands
CRESTON. Ia., Oct. 8. (Special.) The
Murray News haa been sold to Rev. Smith
of Story county, who has already taken pos
session. The purchaser will turn the man
agement of the paper over to his two sons
who are practical printers. While tbe paper
' h ftlwr Vven a paying Investment, this
Is the fifth time within a year that it has
changed ownership. Tbe purchase price is
aald to have been $3,200.
Advance ia I.nnd Vnlnes.
WATERLOO, Ia., Oct 3 (Special.) Tho
remarkable advance of land values id Iowa
: is illustrated ny a patent rrom tho unit 3d
! States in 1864 for a qua.'ter tc-'or. in East
I Waterloo township. The purchaser paid
ithe prevailing price of $1 per aero. The
farm Is now a stock farm owned by Hanker
; H. B. Allen and could be disposed ct on
,h m,rket y uo
Iowa atate News Notes.
A white blackbird waa shot at Brltt.
is a genuine Aioino.
Of tho eleven republican candidates for
congress In Iowa, nine are lawyers.
The Des Moines Hoard of Pnb:ic Wni-fca
haa Just advertised for bid on rontracts
, involving an uggregate expenditure ot over
.As things are going It won't be long be
fore every town in Iowa Is represented In
me inpuriaie arpurimem OI tne state In
The district court at Dubuque la burled
out ct sight by litigation, and even the
lawyers are seriously considering how cases
can be disposed of.
The collectiona of collateral Inheritance
tax under the new law for September netted
the atate treasury $15,0:'712. Twenty-three
There la universal romp'alnt of soft corn
In Iowa. So great la the demand for cattle
to consume It that the price of feeders
haa mawrlally advanced.
Miss UJile Hlllman of Danbury has pub
lished what she calls her "Emancipation
i rurmni.u'in. ciio na jum reached tn
age of U years, and gives notice that she
la going Into buslneaa on her own honk
t and nrlnts the affidavit n( hi
I Drove It.
1 The errand lurv In Ruck h..i
nas reiurnno inuicimenia against the ofTl
oers of the Illinois Central, the R ck
Island and the Ureal Western Hallmad
companies, charging them with conspiracy
to riitri luuucy irum snippers. J ne case
grows out uf the new dmurrag rules
wuita uave ieu put tuto eilvct lu low.
IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRICITY
Phenomenal Growth of the Elsotiioal Ia
dnittj ia the United States.
STORY TOLD BY A CENSUS BULLETIN
Trolley Lines Digging Into the Loral
Trifle f - Steam Ronds Facts ' .
Abont the nnnafactnre of
The census bulletin on the electrical in
dustry presents In compact form the story
of tbe phenomenal growth of that Industry
In the United States during the census de
cade. In twenty ' years the" value of tbe
product jumped from $2,000,000 to $100,000,
000. Just aa the period between 1850 and
1SG0 was notable tor the discovery of the
telegraph, that between 1860 and 1870 for
the beginning of dynamo construction; that
between 1870 and, 1880 for tbe application
of tbe science to the stock ticker, burglar
alarm and other electrical conveniences;
that between 1880 and 1890 for the develop
ment ot telephony and electric lighting, the
period between 1890 and 1900 was marked
by the unprecedented adoption of tbe elec
tric motor for power transmission, fac
tories, etc. ' Tbe report states tbat tbe
average annual expenditure on electricity
in the United States for each Individual of
a population not far from 75,000,000 Was
$7. Of tbls amount, about $1.25 per head
would represent the demand for electrical
apparatus and supplies; tbe Income of the
electric traction companies would reach not
less than $3 per head; while tbat from
electric lighting would reach about $1.60.
The returns available would alao Indicate
that not less than 75 centa per bead would
represent the expenditure on telephone
service and 60 cents per bead the outlay for
telegrams, fire alarms and kindred work.
The development ot the dynamo to sup
plant the primary battery was responsible
for the sensational advance In the value ot
the Industry. Of the $100,000,000 annual
product ot the electrical manufacturing In
dustry at least 75 per cent would have been
unavailable ta the public, In tbe days of
the primary battery. In 1880 there were
but seventy-six establishments for the
manufacture of electrical apparatus aud
supplies, while In the census year 1900, 580
were reported. The output of these estab
lishments In 1880 was valued at $2,600,000;
by 1890 It had Jumped to $19,000,000, and In
1900 it reached the enormous figures ot
$91,300,000. The general figures do not re
veal any tendency to excessive capitaliza
tion, for the capital of $83,000,000 ia ac
tively employed In producing' a yearly prod
uct greater than itself In the census period
by $8,000,000. v It . should be remembered
that the figures here quoted do nut repre
sent corporations, in tbe fields of teleg
raphy, telephony, electric railways, eleo
trlc lighting, etc.. In which the apparatus
produced Is put into operation, but merely
the output of the establishments devoted
to the manufacturing of electrical! appara
tus and supplies. '
The statistics as to the production of
motors for electrlo railways are striking
and Interesting,' especially when viewed
frpm the standpoint of the returns of
electric railway Work gathered by ' tho
eleventh census, when, for the first .time
the Industry made Its appearance in the
national records, none of the roads then
enumerated 'having; been in operation prior
to 1886. In 1&96 the street railway com
panies of the United States in operation
numbered 789, of which 144 were electric.
At that time, there ' Were 2,895 electrlo cars
In use out of 32,605 of all kinds, and 1,262
miles of track 'pti of '8,123. By 1899 the
number pt cable, fare , had declined from
5,089 In 1890 to 4,350, and horse cars from
22,408 to 1,489, .tuf. In the meantime elec
tric cars had Increased to tbe number
of 50,658 add the number of miles of track
to 17,969. The stimulus given the Industry
la further brought .out by the fact that
whereaa lit 1890 the total capital and
funded debt for all roatla appears to have
reached $363,150,000,. In 1900 the total for
871 etreet railway -systems, chiefly electric,
was $1,023,819,987 'capital stock and $777,
862,571 funded debt, making a total ot
slightly over $1,800,000,000, or Just five
times the figures of ten years before. On
this vast capitalization the returns from
the operation would Indicate a net earning
capacity of from 4 to 5 per cent.
In the earlier days, such as those of 1890,
a car with a pair of small motors of fif
teen horsepower each was well equipped,
but It will be noticed that the average per
motor in 1P00 is apparently only forty
horsepower, while more motors were pro
duced, than, the rjew cars would require.1 If
equipped with but. wp' motors, each., This
discrepancy Is explained not only, by- the
large exports of electric railway apparatus?
but by . tbe tendency to ' renew the old
motors and Increase steadily the rapacity
of the motors under the newer cars. More
over, there was ' a notable extension of
rural aud elevated railway vork, calling
for heavier motors, and frequently Involv
ing the putting of four motors under each
car, one on each axle.
The popularity ot the small electric fans
for offices and homes has Increased to such
an extent that the demand In the census
year was greater than the supply. The re
port states that ' the experiments with
storage battery cars have not been en
tirely successful but better i esults have'
attended the construction of portable
equlpmenta for use In euch places as mines,
etc., where It is difficult or dangerous to
Introduce wires carrying live currents.
Statistics of arc lamps compiled during
the second quarter of 1899 showed 2,360
stations owned and operated by private
corporations, reporting 280,400 arc lamps,
2,670,000 direct Incandescent and 6,300,000
alternating Incandescent on their circuits,
with 1,100,000 horsepower of motive ma
chinery in their generating plants. This
does not Include the municipal plants.
Telephone Progress. ,
Referring to the history of the telephone
In the United States the report says:
Few laduatrlea have undergone a moie
violent transition from a centralized con
trol of production to unlimited manufac
ture of apparatus than telephony, and the
period of greatest activity In this field
since 1880 began with the census year 1900.
Having after tremendously expensive liti
gation established the supremacy ot Its
patents, the Bell telephone system enjoyed
for some years undisturbed possession of
the field, but the moment these patents
could be assumed to lapse competition
broke In from every quarter, with the re
sult that the Industry baa of late under
gone an extraordinary development,
doubling Its figures from year to year, and
witnessing very thorough revolution in
methods, apparatus and rates. Since tbe
census year 1879-80, no statistics of tele
phony have been compiled other than those
embodied In the annual reports of the
American Bell Telephone company. Twenty
years ago 148 companies and private con
cerns reported 54,319 receiving telephones.
3,338 employes and 34,305 miles of wire,
with total liabilities of $15,502,135. In 1900
the Bell systems reported about 1,500 ex
changes, with 1.0S0.OOO subscribers con
nected, -using 1,254.203 miles of wire, em
ploying 33,000 persona and handling 2,000,
000,000 conversations per year. The capital
tor the parent and sub-companies then
stood at not lees than $300,000,000.
The figures would in themselves Indl
cats the stupendous growth of a distinc
tively modern Industry, but tbey are far
from revealing tbe actual condition. Be-
glnhlng about 1894-95. "Independent" tele
phone exchanges sprang up like mush
rooms all over the country, but more par
ticularly In the middle and northwestern
states, and by 1900-1901 they had attained
a total of about 2.750 exchanges with 700.
000 subscribers and an Investment of $150,
004,000, apparatus being furnished by at
least threescore manufacturers. It will
be observed that the output of apparatus
for telephone purposes In 1900 reached
$10,612,412, scattered through nearly a sccro
of states. These figures, however, are
strictly those of the mnnufartorlng side of
the Industry, and do not take any account
of the far more striking data to be de
rived from a study of the subject after this
apparatus had gone Into service and Is In
the bands of tbe public. It will suffice to
point out that In 1900 the United States
showed a per capita of one telephone In
forty, while in some places, such aa San
Francisco, It had reached one in twelve, a
rate tbat leads the world, and which has
since been growing with unprecedented rap
Trolley Aa-alnat Rntlronda.
The New York Central road finds Itself
Involved In a contest which, before long,
unless tbe signs of the times fall, will be
a common experience to most railroads In
the thickly populated east. An electric
trolley line has been projected between Buf
falo and Rochester. The mirnnae of th-
Ilehlng rates a little lees than one-halt
mose cnargea ny the steam roads having
been announced, the Central road meets
the situation by taking steps to Increase
the service between the two points and
lowering Ita rates. The Central u via
says the Brooklyn N Eagle, In thus so
promptly meeting a situation which threat
ens every railroad running In and out of a
large city. The competing trolley lines are
projected to parallel most of the subur
ban lines of steam railroads, and though
by commutation tickets the steam rail
roads are carrying passengers at the rat's
of 6 mills a mile, they 'are llkelv to meet
the competition of even a lower rate.
Cf. ,. .
nieam raiiroaas, granting so low a com
mutation rate, have looked to transients
at the full rate of 2 or 8 cents a mile to
average tip the receipts. Thus, where the
suburban commuter pays 10 cents for his
trip to the city the transient has paid 50
cents. What makes the trolley competition
feared Is the competition as to the tran
sients. Where a steam road charges 50
cents for a single fare the trolley charges
10 cents and Is In a position to sell trip
tickets for a much lower sura. Over in
New Jersey a trolley line now under con
struction Is pushing Its way parallel to a
steam road which is. In a way, the pioneer
of serious competition to those railroads
which empty into New York thousands and
tens of thousands every morning. At pres
ent It Is "operating ten miles of competing
road, but under such conditions that Its
Influence 'on the steam road !t parallel
cannot be well Judged. It Is promised by
the; trolley authorities that, before the snow
files, at least twenty miles will be In com
peting operation. The additional ten miles
will tell the story. And by all trolley and
steam road authorities the result Is being
anxiously awaited as Indicative of the place
competing trolleys will hold nn.
may be safely predicted, and that Is that
e are entering upon an era of low subur
The manufacture of an Incandescent
electrlo lamp, says the Electrical World, la
of special interest because many of the
operations have hitherto bean regarded as
trade secrets and carefully kept from the
The delicate filaments which produce the
light, are - formed by squirting a paste
made from cellulose (wood pulp) through
dies, from which It emerges In the form ot
One threads, which when dried, are tough
and flexible. " These .threads before .they
arf dry ara formed Into theideslred shape.
They are then packed In carbon dust and
subjected to Intense heat for many hours.
Tbe cellulose is completely charred, and
the filament now practically consists of
charcoal. It Is then suspended In an at
mosphere of hydro-carbon vapor. In a ves
sel In which a partial vacuum has been
made and a current of electricity 'sufficient
to bring it to Incandescence is sent through
It. This decomposes the hydro-carbon, and
a carbon soot somewhat resembling graph
ite Is deposited on a filament. Tbls Is
technically known as "flashing." After this
treatment the filament has a metallic luster
resembling polished steel.
The glass bulbs are blown in molds to
secure absolute uniformity, and as they
come from tho glass house they are per
fectly smooth at tbe rounded end, and
have a long open neck. To the rounded
end Is fused a short length of glass tubing
opening Into the Interior of the bulb. This
Is -subsequently used for connecting the
bulb to the exhaust pump. ' " '
For making the' connection' through the
glass between the carbon filament and the
wire-bringing current the most satisfac
tory' material Is platinum, because It ad
heres very firmly to the fused glass and be
cause It expanda and contracts at tbe same
rate. If. this were not the case when It
got hot through the passage of the cur
rent It would either expand more or less
than the surrounding glass, and either
break It or make a space through which air
would leak. So through the little glass stop
per which will eventually project down Into
the neck of the bulb are fused two platinum
wires. This stopper, which haa a flange at
one end. Is now called the mount or stem.
Next the filament Is fastened to the ends
of the platinum wire which projects from
tne stem. This Is accomplished by means
of a special cement which will stand a red
heat. Over this paste Is deposited a layer
of carbon. The paste Is then dried In an
oven, and the stem, with Its attached fila
ment. Is fastened Into the bulb by fusing
the flange on its upper end about the neck
of tbe bulb.
After this Joint Is carefully tested to be
sure there are no leaks, the exhaustion of
the air Is accomplished by means of a me
chanical air pump, the last traces of gas or
air being removed from the bulb by chem
ical means. When tbe vacuum la suffi
ciently high the tube through which the
air haa been exhausted Is sealed off by
meana of a small lamp, leaving the small
round tip seen on the spherical end of the
The -lamp Is now practically completed
and is sent to the testing department. Here
It is subjected to a series ot severe tests
before It Is considered ready for the mar
ket. If It passes these successfully the base
(the portion by means of which It Is
screwed Into the bracket) Is cemented on
and the completed lamp goes to the ship
What Makes Rnby Lips.
The pure, rich blood, made by Dr. Kina-'s
New Life Pills. They nramota hi.t
Give clear akin, rosy cheeks. 25c. For
sale by Kuhn & Co.
LEAGUE HEARS BEVERIDGE
Indiana Irnntor Addresses Regis-
llran -Workers at the t'blenao
CHICAGO, Oct. S. The convention of tho
National Republican league was brought to
a closs tonight by a mass meeting In thu
First Regiment armory. The principal
speaker of tbe eveuing was Culled States
Senator Albert J. Beveridge of Indiana.
Senator Beverldge's address was devoted
largely to discusaion of the attitude cf tbe
two parties toward young men. Among
tbe other speakers were Governor Yates
ot Illtnoi and Congressman Groaveuor of
t wnnt every woman desirous of a besutlful complexion to try my y it h
Hazrt Poap. It preserves the creamiest skin and makes harsh skin son ana
fresh. I want tvery jwrson afflicted with skin disfigurements, pimples. tvarK
hendn. friifHlnns. or with hard acaly sculps to try It. It will cure any saiti uis
ordcr and it Is a shampoo without an eeiual. I want everyone looking Jor a
medicinal soap and yet a toilet luxury to try tt. Nothing else will suit them
If you have' blocd troubles that show In eruptions and pimples, or other dlfl
prements, use my Blood Cure It will drive out all Impurities. If your liver l out
of order and you have moth patches, sallow akin or blotchy complex-
i Ion, 1 want you to try my Liver Cure. It wl!l give you R-ood health
( iff, and good looks. If you have Indigestion and dyspepsia, prevent
fVtj, r- 1" proper aslmtlatlon of food and causing consequent paleness and
tL that "worn-out" look, take my Dyspepsia Cure. You can then eat
f T, all you like, what you like, when you like and you skin will glow
with youthful freshness. M UNION. "
Miinyon'i rjoctort Give Advice by Mall Free.
CURED TO STAY CURED FOREVER
On tceount of Ita frightful hldeousness Blood Poisoning Is commonly called
the King of all Diseases. It may be either hereditary or contracted, once tht' sysr
tfm Is tainted with It, the disease mv manifest itself In the form of Scrofula,
Kctema, Hheumatlo 1'alns, StlfT or Swollen Joints, Nruptions or Copper .Colored)
Spots on the Knee or Body, little Ulcers, In the Mouth or on the 'I'oiiKiie, rtorw
Throat, Swollen Tonsils, Falling Out of Hair or Eyebrows, and nnally Leprous-.
like Decay of the Flesh and Hones. If you have any of these or similar ay pip-,
t'ims, get BROWN'S BLOOD CURB Immediately. This treatment is practU ally
the resjlt of life work. It rontalns no dangerous) drugs or other Injurious medicine .
of any kind. It goes to the very bottom of the disease and forces out every
particle of Impurity. Soon every sign and symptom dlappeara completely and
. fi.rever. The blood, the tissue, the flesh, the hones and the w hole aynlem are
cleansed, purified and restored to perfect health, end the patient prepared anew
for the duties and pleasures of life. BROWN'S DLOOD CUHR. C.0O a bottle,'
lasts one month. MADE BY DR. BROWN. 935 Arch Street 1'hlladelphia.
Sold only by abermnn tk Met onnell Ilrno; Co., Kith A lodKe Sis., Omaha.
In the treatment of Private DISEASES OF MEN, to which
our practice Is limited and to which our exclusive thought
and ezpetlenoa haa been devoted for more than '2S years,
WE GIVE A LEO AI WRITTEN GUARANTEE TO CURB
PERFECTLY AND PERMANENTLY or refund every oent
paid. If troubled with VARICOCELE, I M P O T E N C Y,
BLOOD POISON OR REFLEX DISORDERS It will pay you
to consult us at office or by letter. CONSULTATION FREE,
and If you take treatment charges will be entirely satisfac
tory to you. EVERYTHING STRICTLY PRIVATE AND
W. A. COOK.
,nMp"vau8D.: Cook Medical Company
of Men. 112 South 14th St, Over Dally News, Omaha. 1
BAY STATE FOR ROOSEVELT
Eepablicmi of Ktsiaobusetti Eidene the
President in Platfarm.
DfLEGATES FAVOR CUBAN RECIPROCITY
Ka-Secretary at the Xavy John D,
Long fs Choses) Permanent Chair- .
'. nian aid Reviews the Pol- ' ' '
teles o( the Party.
Governor , JOHN L. BALES
........... CURTIS GILD. JR.. of Boston
Secretary of the Commonwealth
WILLIAM M. OLIN, Boston
Treasurer and Receiver General
..EDWARD 8. BRADFORD. 8prlngfleld
Auditor of Accounts
HENRY E. TURNER, Maiden
HERBERT PARKER. Lancaster
BOSTON, Oct. J. An unexpected attempt
to amend the platform presented at the
republican state convention today caused
a sudden' but very brief storm. Tbe propo
sition to amend was overwhelmingly voted
down. -The ticket nominated was as fol
lows: Governor, John L. Bates, Boston;
lieutenant- governor, George Curtla Guild,
jr., Boston; secretary of atate, William M.
Olin, Boston; treasurer and receiver gen
eral, Edward S. Bradford, Springfield; At
torney - general. -'-Herbert Parker, Lancaster.
- The efTort to change "the resolution came as
a complete-surprise-after Chairman George
Draper of the committee on resolutions had
read the platform and moved Ita adoption.
Ex-Representative Frank M. Fltta of Som
ervllle moved an amendment to the plat
form In tbe form of a plank for reciprocity
with Canada and an Immediate revision of
the tariff, ao as to Include free coal, free
Iron, free steel and free hides. Instantly
a wave ot excitement awept the floor of tbe
convention. Isaac B. Allen wanted an
amendment protesting against the 111 treat
ment of colored votera In tbe south, but
this was lost sight of in the Interest
aroused by the proposition of Mr. Fttts.
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, noting the
tangle, terminated tbe trouble by making
a spirited speech in favor of the resolution
aa recommended by the committee. The
amendment was overwhelmingly defeated.
Platform Eullr Adopted.
The platform presented by tbe committee
was adopted with not half a docen dissent
ing votes. It reads:
The republicans of Massachusetts and Ita
people, without distinction of party, hava
paid their tribute of honor and reverence
to the great name and fame of William
McKlnley. We have cause for profound
trratltude that In the providence of God
the burden he laid down la borne by a
Thoedore Roosevelt has addressed himself
to the duties of his high office with wisdom
and courage He has had no secrets from
the American people. He lias spoken to
them out of the abundance ot a brave and
honest heart He has addresaed hlmaelf
fearlessly tc the difficult problems which
have arisen since he succeeded to the preal
dency and those which came down from
his preoVceasora. We approve what he haa
done already and what he has declared that
he Intends to do hereafter. Massachusetts
sustains and supports his present adminis
tration and Intends to sustain and support
him ln..anothtr. .
Reciprocity wlfh Cuba Is demanded alike
by honor and by Interest. We have as
sumed 'a. responsibility In regard to Cuba
which we csnnot abandon. Relying on our
promises the Cuban republic has placed In
Its constitution provisions required by us
and Intended to guard both their Interests
and our own. These obligations, we are, as
a nation, bound In honor to fulfill. Presi
dent Roosevelt has. In hla policy of reci
procity with Cuba the entire and hearty
support uf the republicans of Massachu
Betis. Woman t arries Haral Hosts,
CRESTON," Ia., Oct. 8. (Special.) Union
county claims to have the distinction of
having tbe only female rural mall carrier
In the state of Iowa, Mios Guirmere of this
place having passed the examination and
been selected for rural route carrier num
ber 6 Just established from this place. She
Is about -twenty-two years old and be
came acenstomed to tbe work hy running
as substitute for her father who was one
ot the Brat carriers appointed In the county.
"Garland" Stoves nan Usages
Awarded ftrst prise, Farla. 100: Buffalo,
t mortification and
nhnnnlnpM to those afflicted. et
how unnecessary I .
applied night and morning with a light
rate Impurities so thoroughly that
ahort time tho Improvement will D
parent to all.
Sold ever ywhere, iBe jrr cake.
1503 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa.
The Best of Everything I
Washington, D. C., $28.03
October 2d to 5th
Boston, Mass., - $31.75
October 6th to 10th
New York, -1 $35,55
October 2d to 5th
Home Visitors One Fare
October 2d to 5th
To Southeastern Illinois. Indiana, Ohio,
Kentucky, West Virginia, Western Penn
sylvania, Western New York and Ontario.
NOTE The through cars to Washington
for the G. A. It. encampment leave Oniah
October 2nd. arriving at Washington far
abead of any other line.
Write or call at
1401-1403 Farnam St., OMAHA.
from loss of nervous force often owe
theirrondltion to youthful Ignorance
that fearful enemy to health.
It Is the bu.ine.a of science to repair
the damage canned by the thoughtless
practices ofyout h.
Nervous Debility never gets well of
Itself. Its victims drag through a
miserable existence, weak, listless,
literally feed the hungry nerves, rlvfnc
them the preciie ingredient de
manded by nature. This wonderful
remedy cures Nervous Lability, stops
all drains, replaces wasted tlaauee,
sends rich, warm life blood tingling
through every part, making every or-
gan act and causing you to glow with
tl 00 per borji I boxes (with gnaran.
tee to cure), $5.00. Hook free.
' i .
For sale hy Kuhn sc Co., Omaha.
Dillon's Drug Store, South Omaha.
Davis Drug Co.. Council Rlufta. la.
FREE ELECTRIC BELT OFFER
t, a Vi
fan wri.ian yS,
i.iiKJuirfau LTtHi1iMi iittnr fin raw snih to
ir,r or tnu
VS'.'?!" """"'"a- r.' .oikvIW- (- airs
I'M BifSs I . "It. .(!!
Ul I M
lac tlftf fr,laaaL'tlwatlOua,
i;Ullui-S tir, alcoialioiil
I M K HrWian, a p(M u c o tu.a br. ua.
r.i ia-.t4aa. riulM, .ad aot sirap
liMtiaaCMHUi l,i (la scut vt poituauaa.
mt n. a. t i ' r Orawnts'sv
V U.S.. y i ?' at ' flam wrsssaSL
VLT1,V!?ST- ?"'! AIMOST NOTMIHSonii.r.lHa
!' .11 Olhr trc.liornU. I arp. . allalkar.lmrtabaHa.
OallaiaaU. OM.I St SK Hit lor .A ........... A
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