Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 04, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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    THK OMAHA DAILT BEEi SATURDAY. OCTOREIl 4, 1002
Hie omaha , Daily Bee
E. noSEWATEK, EDITOH.
PUBLISHED EVERY MOKN1NQ.
TKKMB OF SL'bSCKIl'TlON.
Dally bee (without bunuay. on iar..i.W
ialiy iiee ami Bunuay, uue Vtar iw
illustrated tx-e, une lear
Uunnay iie, one iear 4.tu
fcaturuay lire, on iear 1'
'iwantirih lentury artner. One Year...luv
DfcLlVKHk.D U (JAKHltK.
Pally Be (Without Sunday), per copy.... 2c
Jjaily hvu (without bunuy. per weS...uc
Ualiy bee (including ttunuay;, per weok-.Iic
bunuay bw, per copy Dc
l-.venlng toes (without HuiiUh I. r weeK v
fcvenlng bee (Including bunday), per
week I""3
Complaints of Irregularities n delivery
houid bo audressed to City Circulation De
lia rt men t.
OFFICE8.
Omaha The bee building. ,
bouth Omaha CUy Hall Building. Twenty-tilth
and M Streets.
Council HI ii rf lit Pearl Street.
hirago low I'nity butluing.
New fork 132 Park How building.
Waahlngton Ml Fourteenth Street.
CORKE8PONDENCK.
Communlratlona relating to new and edi
torial mutter should be addreaaed: Omaha
bee, Editorial lwpartment.
BfSINtaa LETTERS.
Btislnesh letters and remittances should
be addressed: The Bee publishing Com
pany, Omaha.
REMITTANCES.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only 2-ccnt stamps accepted In payment of
mail accounts, personal checks, ecept on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
'llli; BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Elate of Nebraska. Douglas County, as:
U-nrK B. Tsachuc-k. secretary of Ihe bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
savn that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Kvcnlng and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of September, Uu2, waa a fol
lows: 1 30,130 IS 31,150
1 80,740 17 81,030
t BOfiKO 18 31,140
4 80,310 It 81,1841
a 31,070 30 1,0
6 80,430 tl 20,070
7 !fl,H70 22 81,OtMI
1 30,000 23 84,500
9 8O.70O 24 32,240
10 81,000 25 aiH
11 80,H2O 26 80.TT0
12 altVO 27........ 80,950
13 81JHH 28 mMun
14 20,500 2 SO.HOO
16 , 81,OGO 30 81,100
Total 92M,2ZS
Less unsold and returned copies.... lo,144
Net total aalea 18,otl
Net dally average SO.OOJ
GEO. B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and aworn to
before me this 8Mb. day of September,
A. D.. 1DU2. M. B. H UNGATE,
(Seal) .Notary Public
Ills roynl majesty, King Ak-Sar-Ben,
still continues to reign as he king of
kings.
Protection did not protect the Salt
trust from premature decay and fatal
collapse.
Those pertinent questions propounded
to Congressman Mercer still remain un
answered. General Vlfqualn Js altogether too
emotional. It Is not safe to crow until
you are out of the woods.
If President Roosevelt succeeds in set
tling the coal miners' strike he will jut
a big feather In bis rough rider cap.'
Those Indiana body-snatchers are alto
gether too far behind the times to keep
up with the twentieth century proces
sion. Chances are fair that by the time the
Detroit conference to discuss the coal
situation Is called to order there will be
nothing for It to confer about
The great problem for the Nebraska
Bankers' association Is to devise a plan
by which its members can make the
largest amount of money in loaning out
other people's money. -
From across the Atlantic ex-Boss
Croker remarks with reference to the in
tentions of New York democrats, "They
can get along without me." Inasmuch
as they were unable to get along with
Croker the New York democrats are cer
tainly no worse off without him.
'Kxplorer Baldwin must nave had a
hard time of It on nls Arctic trip. If
what be says about It la true, be was
the only man in the expedition who
knew anything about Arctic exploration
wad uone of tho others were willing to
follow bis directions. The next time
Baldwin goes north he should go It
alone.
The report on the exercise execu
tive clemency since President Roosevelt
succeeded President McKlnley shows
that fewer pardons have been granted
and more applications denied propor
tionately, than in the same time by any
previous president for many years. Pres
ident Roosevelt evidently has no ambi
tion to shine as a great pardoner.
The National Live Stock association
.threateus now to enter active opposition
to the Dronosed meai Backers' mercer
should any attempt be made .to carry it
Into effect If tue packers Intended to
combine they should bave gotten to
gether without so much dilatory pro
crastlnatlou. In the interval neither tb.9
'live stock raisers nor the meat packers
are losing any money.
The fact remains that ex-Ooveruor
Boles, who as a trust-buster proposes
free trade as the sole nostrum, was a
high protectionist for over thirty years.
And when be left the republican party
It was on the local prohibition Issue and
without regard to national issues. Not
till after be bad been elected governor
of Iowa, nor till his gaze was fixed on
the United States senatorship and pos
slbly the presidency, did the euormlty of
the protective tariff occur to blm.
The regulars bave been showing the
national guardsmen a thing or two at
the Fort Riley maueuvers. Pride our
selves as much as we may about our
militia organization, the troops of the
regular army are, as a rule, as far ahead
of the national guard In military dls
tlillne as the national guard is ahead
of the uudrllled members of the com
m unity. Military service is like any
other service, or profession. To be ex
jMrt at it tequtres devotion to It as a
business la Itself.
THE WHOLE EAST FUR BlH8 1 r g LT.
The sentiment Of the east, with abso
lute unanimity, lit In favor of tho nomi
nation of Theodore Roosevelt for the
presidency two years hence. So far as
n pilars there Is but one opinion among
the republicans of the eastern states and
that Is that the leader, of the party In
1!H4 must bo Theodore Roosevelt and
that no other man Is to be seriously
thought of.
Why tills Is so Is perfectly obvious.
The people today, without regard to
party have absolute confidence In Presi
dent Roosevelt They see In blm a pres
ident who has In mind the welfare and
the Interest of the whole people and not
the advantage of a party.
There has never been a time In our
history when the American people have
had a more complete and admirable
guardian of their Interests than they
have under the present administration.
The whole policy of the Roosevelt administration-
has been In the direction
of promoting the welfare of the material
and the social Interests of the people as
a whole. Every sentiment that be bas
expressed has been with reference to
the upbuilding and the growth of the
nation and there is today no one among
our public men who Is more powerful
In the expression of sentiment favorable
to a change In conditions necessary to
the Improvement of their material and
social situation than is President Roose
velt While be does not favor radical
changes in any direction, but on the con
trary believes In adhering to the policies
of his party that have proved beneticlal
in the past be is yet a progressive man
who is not averse to a proper growth
and advancement in those directions
which promise to be of advantage to
the general welfare.
Sucli consideration, make President
Roosevelt the foremost man In the opin
ion of republicans' generally as the
candidate of the party two years bence.
He has, more than any other man at the
present time, a hold upon the esteem
and the confidence of he country; Every
state republican convention of the year
has unqualifiedly endorsed the national
administration and most of them nave
declared In favor of the nomination of
Theodore Roosevelt In 1904. Unless the
situation changes in the Interval, there
is no doubt that the republican leader
two years from now will be the distin
guished statesman who is at present the
chief executive of the nation.
WHAT PROTECTION MEASSi
The republicans of Massachusetts de
clare In their platform that protection
means high wages and constant employ
ment of labor and "In a large measure
our phenomenal national prosperity for
tho last flvo years." Their platform
adds that "this policy should be adhered
to, but changes which the world's
progress and the interests of the Amer
ican people may suggest should and will
be made by the republican party when
ever they are of sufficient importance to
Justify the check to business which In
evitably attends any revision of the
tariff." - r . '
There could be no better explanation
than this of the attitude of the repub
lican party in regard to the tariff ques
tion. That party has never been and Is
not today wedded to any particular
schedule or special rates. Repeatedly it
has changed the tariff and It will do so
again when circumstances seem to . re
quire or justify a change. But It will
always do so with reference to main
taining the policy of protection. It Is
In this respect that the republican party
differs from the democracy, the latter
demanding the abandonment of protec
tion, which means not only destruction
of our Industries, but also disaster to
American labor.
The republicans of Massachusetts
voice the general sentiment of the
party when they say that changes In
the tariff "can only, be made success
fully and with the least possible Injury
to business by the republican party and
in accordance with the principle of pro
tection." That Is the absolutely sound
position which ought. to be recognized
by everybody who is at all familiar with
the tariff question. The American peo
ple have bad ah experience with demo
cratic tariff tinkering and It would seem
that they do not want another lesson.
171 TREASVRT AAD It TUCK JOBBERS.
The management of the treasury, no
matter of what party, brand, has long
been too much dominated by the super
stition that the New York Stock ex
change represents the whole country and
that when It puts forth signals of distress
the secretary of the treasury must man
a lifeboat for Its "relief." Under the
spell of this venerable superstition the
secretary of the treasury has thrown
himself Into the breach to satisfy the
clamor of the stock Jobbers for money
to tide them over a threatened crash.
The Treasury - department waa not
created or designed to be a "rescue"
agency. The country was never more
prosperous. Commerce and Industry are
active and profitable. The banks gen
erally have an abundance of money and
the credit of legitimate business is not
impaired. Throughout the great interior
the local banks are supplying funds for
marketing crops, although of course for
this purpose they are calling home a
largo part of their deposits In New York.
In New York Itself and throughout the
east trade and industry are on a solid
basliv From. Maine to California no
farmer, no merchant no manufacturer
bas called out for treasury help or
dreamed of doing so.
The simple truth la that the trouble
In New York is confined to Wall street
and indeed to that part of Wall street
which is concerned In stock Jobbing and
sieculatlou, and not In legitimate busi
ness and sound banking. The specu
lators bave been caught lu their own
trap. They have overstralued their
credit and absorbed too much of their
own and other people's ' inouey in
watered stocks. The New .York banks
have been guilty In encouraging a spirit
of reckless speculation. It Is beginning
to dawn ujwn the tiuanclal world that
too many New York bankers are tbeui-
selves subordinating their duties as
bankers to their spectilstlve schemes as
promoters, and that too many of the
recent gigantic mergers and combina
tions are at bottom merely stock-jobbing
schemes to unload Inflated securities
upon the public. With ninny of the
great bankers of New York heels over
bead In these schemes. It Is preposterous
to suppose that they would properly act
as a conservative force upon a specu
lative movement In which they them
selves plotted to reap great gains.
The market bas broken under the
feet of the speculators and stock jobbers.
Why should the national treasury be put
at their service simply because their
schemes have failed? What better claim
thereto have the operators In Wall street
than the operators on the Chicago Board
of Trade when a squeeze occurs? The
simple fact that Wall street by
squealing loud enough, can have the
treasury keys turned is Itself an en
couragement to overspeculation. No
more wholesome lesson, either as a mat
ter of business or of good government
could be taught the stock exchange than
for the treasury to stand aloof from
It and to let the speculators know that
when they get into a scrape they will
have to get out of it the same as other
people have to do, the best way they
can.
BRUA TCHiSM RAMPART.
When that political desperado, Wil
liam J. Broatch, leaped into the saddle
as police commissioner everybody fa
miliar with bis public career knew that
the Mercer-Baldwin board would shrink
at nothing short of political burglary.
Within three days after Broatch had
placed his band on the throttle the work
of police demoralization and degradation
bad begun.
The first act under the leadership of
Broatch was the reappointment of the
most disreputable and the most discred
ited officer that bad ever held a position
on the police force to a captaincy. No
body knew better than Broatch that
Henry P. Haze had been dismissed from
the service for scandalous conduct that
should forever bave barred .blm from
any place In the police department The
charges of flagrant misbehavior for
which Captain Haze bad been dismissed
did not rest on merely one or two in
stances of dishonorable conduct' but con
stituted a repetition of offenses too rank
almost to describe in a newspaper.
Following up this shameless abuse of
power the Mercor-Broatch board ap
pointed George B. Stryker as special de
tective on the police force In the face of
the fact that Stryker bad been dishon
orably dismissed by the county commis
sioners for questionable practices and
mismanagement as superintendent of
the county poor farm.
Nobody familiar with Broatch and bis
methods, therefore, bad any right to be
surprised at the attempt to reverse the
judgment of a former board for the ben
efit of former Police Captain Cox, who
bad been tried, convicted and dismissed
on the1 charge of cowardice, affirmed by
the district court after a full bearing.
According to City Attorney Connell, the
Mercer-fialdwln-Broatch board . had no
legal right to take any action In the mat
ter and its Intrusion into the case is cal
culated to complicate matters and lay
the foundation for further legal proceed
ings against the city by Cox and bis at
torneys, who doubtless bave taken the
case on a contingent fee.
The Cox incident only emphasizes the
Imperious demand for borne rule. A
board responsible to the taxpaylng-clti-zens
of Omaha would not dare defy pub
lic sentiment by reckless disregard of
common decency, nor would It reck
lessly squander money contributed by
the taxpayers for police protection.
SEtlATOR TELLER IN PERIL.
The Intensifying quarrel between the
democrats and the populists in Colorado
strengthens the hope of the republicans
of carrying the Centennial state. While
the two hitherto confederated parties
were unable this year to effect a fusion
for general purposes, they did both agree
in endorsing Senator Teller for re-election.
The spilt at their state conven
tions, however, bas aluce spread through
most of the counties and the war be
tween their rival county tickets bas
involved the legislative nominations. In
many counties populist and democratic
candidates for the legislature are fight
ing each other as bitterly as the nom
inees for other offices. The Colorado
republicans are wisely putting up strong
tickets in all districts and feel sure of
wresting a number of them from tbe
opposition, which bas been able to' win
ouly by fusion. It Is conceded that tbe
republican state ticket is one of the
strongest ever nominated in Colorado,
which is an Important aid in the struggle
for the control of the legislature. Sen
ator Teller has been greatly embarrassed
In his canvass by local feuds between
the former fuslonlsts and by general
lack of interest and vigor among bis
supporters. His sliver hobby bas de
generated Into a dead issue, even In
Colorado, and bis speeches betray con
sciousness of the peril that confronts
blm, while every Indication demon
strates the confidence and energy of the
republicans.
The BurestNand best way for the re
gents of the State university to enlarge
the resources of that Institution Is to
join In tbe fight for tax reform that will
put a stop to the evasion of taxation by
the great railroad corporatlous of Ne
braska. For every $1,000,000 added to
the grand assessment roll tbe university
1-mlll levy will produce $1,000 and an
Increase of $10,000,000 by the assess
ment of railroad property and fran
chises on the sunie basis as other taxa
ble property would give the university
$20,000 a year without making inroads
into the state's general fund, which is
already inadequate to meet the ordinary
demands upon it
Tbe paper established at Lincoln by
I. K. Thompson under tbe name, Tbe
I tally Star, whose first number has Just
appeared, ought to Infuse long-needed
fresh vigor Into Journalism at the state
capital. The Ifiltlal Issue under the
trying conditions of unfinished quarters
and Incomplete plant scarcely affords
fair opportunity to pass Judgment from
the standpoint of newspaper criticism.
By the salutatory over the signature of
Mr. Thompson the public Is assured that
It will be an Independent republican
newspaper, abjuring yellowism and
working for the upbuilding of the cap
ital city and state. That It Is to be a
personal organ is strenuously denied
and coupled with the declaration by
Mr. Thompson that he Is not and will
not be a candidate for any office. Starr
ing out under favorable auspices, there
Is no good reason why the (Star should
not score a success.
The New York Financial Chronicle
does not state the whole truth, but
comes nearer the truth than most pa
pers of Its class are apt to do, In this re
mark: "Money has become , close here
and not So close In the west and south
because New York bas at this specula
tive period furnished in good part the
interior with the necessary extra funds
for their crop work." But New York
"furnished" the interior, not New York
money, but western money merely on
deposit there. Tbe New York banks
know, that these western deposits will
be called home for the crop movement
and they bavo themselves to blame if
they overloan It to eastern stock boom
ers and speculators. Tbe fact Is that
tbe west bas "furnished" Itself with
money for the ordinary fall uses, New
York having been merely the depository
for the same during part of the year.
The Chicago Railway Age, a corpora
tion organ, takes great pains to state
the purport of the decision of the Ne
braska supreme court In the late assess
ment case exactly wrong. It pretends
that "the decision summarily disposes
of the chief contention of the complain
ant to the effect that real estate, rolling
stock and other tangible property of tbe
railroads in Omaha bad not been as
sessed at their full cash value," whereas
the court dodged the whole question and
refused relief from obvious and gross
discrimination In favor of the roads.
The court Biniply refused to take Juris
diction or to pass on the Issue and threw
the taxpayers of the state back upon
the State Board of Equalization, which
at the Instigation and under the domina
tion of the corporations had perpetrated
the" Inequity complained of.
According to reliable advices, the
Spanish government is preparing to
build during the next few years a large
number of new warships of various pat
terns' to restore Its navy to a fighting
basis. It Is safe to say the Spaniards
Will be very cartful wLeu they gel their
new men-of-war to observe all the rules
of navaj etlquette'wbeuever they come
within range of an American gun.
Bat His Meier Talks.
Washington. Post.
Mr. Phlpps, the gentleman who flipped
$100,000 Into the fund for the Boer widows
and orphans, waajiot-a professional Boer
sympathizer. ', ""'
. 'tlrl8J Ito vtle Reserve.
t Pittsburg Dispatch.
Concerning the statement that the average
deposit in-ba t ofH(he population of the
United States Is Wf per capita. It Is an
evident conclusion that if we have a sharp
winter the coal combines Intend to get that
$108. y
Jwatlfylaa; Its Title.
St. Paul (Pioneer Press.
The "enemy's country" seems to be Justi
fying Its title In these days. Connecticut
has turned down Bryan's lieutenant ai.
ander Troup, just as Massachusetts turned
down George Fred Williams, and In New
York Dave Hill seems to be firmly In the
saddle In spite ot the bucking and balklag
of tbe Brooklyn and Tammany organiza
tions. Mlalaaaaa and Hiilaim Rates.
Philadelphia Press.
Ths enforcement of the policy of reciproc
ity cannot be too strongly pressed. But
it should rest on broader grounds than mere
Isolated treaties. It should be based on
minimum and maximum rates, so that the
nation which gives us Its best rates should
get our best, snd the nation which gives
us Its worst should get our worst. The
broad policy of reciprocity does not binge
on the few treaties which the senate has
left unconsidered.
WELCOME TO ALL OF IT.
Kearly Three Billion Dollars Paid t
Veterans of the War.
Minneapolis Times.
Since tbe lnaumirntlnn f ,. ?-r.j
States government In its nmunt
nearly three billions of dollars (to be
exact iz,9Z,509,013) have been distributed
In pensions to soldiers, to their widows
snd their children. This does not Include
the millions expended In establishing sol
diers' homes where aged and Infirm vet
erans are carea ror by tbe nation.
Of this vast sum more than two and
three-quarter billions are chargeable to
the war of the rebellion and the Times
voices the general sentiment In saying
that not on penny of the vast sum la be
grudged by the money makers of the
United States. Better even that t h f m
hundreds of thousands, or even the few
minions., of dollars that have been paid to
fraudulent claimants should have been
thus dispersed than that any considerable
number of needy veterans should bave
been deprived ot what was their due.
It should be also Insisted that any ob
jections against the increased payment of
pensions by cltiiena of the United States
do not obtain as against the needy snd
worthy soldiers of the civil or of any
other war, their widows (not remarried)
or their Indigent children.
The time is fast approaching when the
pension rolls will be materially lessened,
but that time Is not yet. It should be re
membered, first, that s very large Incre
ment Is due to tbe Spanish-American war
and, second, that there are still living
tens of thousands of soldiers of the civil
war who. up to date, have been able to
support themselves, who came out of the
army bronxed, rugged athletes and who
would not have thought of accepting the
government's bounty until now when old
age and its Infirmities, confront them.
These are the men who, above all others,
deserve the nation's thanks and the na
tion's aid. They were tbe most effective
soldiers while the war lasted, they av
been most worthy citizens throughout the
generation that has succeeded.
If there is a man who begrudges the old
soldier his relatively small allowance that
man must have In bis morals something
equivalent to the miasma that, when It
Inoculates the physical system, changes
the point of view and makes pesaioiiaiiu,
natures aaUrail cases jr sal hopeful.
OTHER LASDS THAI Ot US.
Rnaal. la (ha k. ..- IV.
flit II ,-a lyf Itt. YJ i n .1.., T K Anal atata
of which they form a powerful part were
to break asunder Germany would Inevita
bly, acquire the Oerman provinces of Aus
tria, men Russia would insist upon
COmDAIMStln alns farftiar aaat. At laast
a part ot the slavlo elements so numer
ous in Hungary might prefer the rule of
the pur In that r.f ttta kfinin TChaft
chance would tbe stoutest-hearted nation
of 7.000,000 or 8.000,000 have to maintain
Itself against Russia and 11,000,000 or more
doubtful friends In tts own country? That
is tne question which tne Magyar states
men can only hope to put sside, not to
Itllvap Tfcaf la hv th. nlinm tA tfca
dual monarchy which makes them a mas
terful element In a great power. That Is
ttia urnl nf h. an hnalaat if 1-arentlnn
which they gave the Oerman kaiser a few
years ago as the head and front of the
triple alliance. In Hungary among the
ruling classes It Is emphatically felt neces
sary to preserve the empire kingdom over
which Francis Joseph reigns. Magyar
laailora aaraa with thnll statesmen of
other nations who say that If there were
ho Austria-Hungary one would have to be
Invented.
T,a Inrlnatrlat rionroifllnn In Germany
dpenaTM. aernrdins- to latest reports, al
though the panto out of which It grows
dates back some two years. Last nsy it
was thought that the bottom bad been
reached with wages generally reduced, fac
tories running on shortened time snd the
working force greatly cut down. But a
current official report on the state of em
ployment and wages In the metal and ma
chinery trades shows conditions to be
wnrsa, than four months ago. Work has
become scarcer and the number of em
ployes has been further reduced, in some
rases waves bave aealn been reduced. At
the same time the cost of living remains
high and In the matter of meats is rising
under the influence of the German tariff
and the shortage In the United States.
The country faces a harder winter than
either of the two which have been passed
through since the panic.
9mm
Th pnrraannndent of the London Times
at vai. Morocco, states that the sultan Is
making a much-needed Improvement In the
condition of prisons and prisoners in ms
domain. At Fex the prisons have been
cleaned and the prisoners given a chance
to .bathe, sewer connections have beeu
made, running water piped to the buildings
and food furnished at the expense of the
government. It Is also ordered that here
after lists of prisoners and the charges
sgalnst tbem be kept Orders for a simi
lar cpurse to be taken throughout Morocco
Whvn hnen sriven. but there Is reason for
some doubt as to the execution ot such
commands In that country unless the sultan
Is very much in earest. Large .pumoers oi
prisoners have been found unjustly con
fined, and released. Some association
mnrinUert after the Red Cross organization
may some day be formed and given inter
natinnaj rernrnltton to Investigate the con
ditions prevailing in all the nstlons of tho
world In relation to prisoners, ana puDiisn
th results In circular form for the in
formation of the governments concerned.
If such work were done with tact ana elab
orately Illustrated In the reports, the pub
licity resulting would probably bring about
needed reforms In backward countries and
secure more just treatment for cttliens of
fnrlrn nations imnrlsoned under so loose
a system ss has prevailed In tbe North
African states.
Progress Is being made In the Cape-to-
Calro railroad project, which Is worthy to
rank with the Tranaslberlan road. Already
trains are running from Cape Town to Bulu-
wayo, 1,500 miles. Here the line deflects
to the west to touch rich coal beds. It will
cross the Zambesi at Victoria Falls. Cecil
Rhodes- Intended that the road should pass
through German East Africa, but since
Rhodee's death, under an agreement with
Belgium, made last spring, the line will
pass through the Congo Free State to the
upper waters of the Nile. From Buluwsyo
It will run to Victoria falls, 300 miles;
from Victoria Falls to Lake Kaaall, 700
miles. From Stanley Falls, on the Congo, a
line will be built to Mahagl, on the Albert
Nyanza, 480 miles, and this will link the
Cape and Egyptian railways. It Is likely
that another Una will reach the Cape
through German East Africa.
A commission has been appointed at Jo
hannesberg to deal with the whole ques
tion of the resettlement of the Transvaal.
A provisional board was appointed, even
before the war had finished, to receive ap
plications from Intending settlers, but tbe
members of It soon found that there were
more applicants who wished to start farm
ing at once than they could possibly deal
with. So the distribution of farms was en
trusted to an official In the governor's office,
and now farms are allotted with no more
delay than is, perhaps, Inevitable. No. at
tempt has been made by tbe government
as yet to bring settlers from Great Britain,
In view of the number of applications re
ceived from ex-soldlers and others already
In South Africa. Tbe leases are limited to
one year, or, In some cases, to five years
with a first option for the settler at the
end of the period of acquiring tbe land on
terms which will be formulated In tbe first
place by the new commission. Accounts of
the progress of tbe land settlement and
tho work of repatriation, with which it Is
closely associated, appear from time to time.
It la feared that there are many instances
of real distress in the country, usually in
the case of families who remained on the
veldt throughout the war and who from false
pride or from other reasons did not come
In at the conclusion of peace to obtain re
lief. Special agents have been appointed to
bunt out these people.
A Vienna correspondent states, as the
official opinion In Austria and Russia, that
while the treatment ot the Roumanian Jews
Is contrary to the treaty of Berlin, It is
only one of numerous cases in which a
treaty has been violated without protest
from the signatories, and It Is therefore
unnecessary to do anything about It aow.
The statement of fact Is Indisputable. None
of the powers bas paid more attention to
tbe treaty than served its own Immediate
Interests, and Austria and Russia least of
all. Tbelr Interests, Indeed, bave generally
been followed In disregard of tbe treaty,
and each of tbem is more concerned for Its
own Influence in Koumanla than for any
International obligations.
According to a publication Issued by the
French ministry ot finance thers are in
vested in foreign securities over six billion
dollars of French money. Of this sum
$200,000,000 sre Invested In England. $1,400,
000,000 In Russia. $600,000,000 In Spain. $575.
000,000 In Austria-Hungary and about $300,
000,000 each In Italy and Egypt. Tbe
French people have given hostages to for
tune; no government, be it ever so chauvin
istic, would dare engage In a policy of ad
venture In the face of tbe conservative in
fluence exerted by the millions of French
small Investors whose Interest Is peace.
The vast sums loaned to Russia bind France
more securely to ber alliance with the lat
ter than do formal treaties.
Belter Slow.
Philadelphia Ledger.
Commissioner Ware has a notion that he
can save $10,000,000 a year In pension. He
wouldn't have a chance to try It the second
year U as succeeded lbs first.
ROrXU ABOl'T NEW YORK.
Ripples ea the (arreat of Life la the
Metropolis.
Wbst Is planned to be when completed the
largest public school In the Vnlted States,
and probably In the world. Is being built on
the block of ground bounded by East Hous
ton. Manhattan, Lemls and East Third
streets. In tbe heart ot a district by far
the most densely populated In Greater New
York. It will be known as Tubllc School No.
188, and the general dimensions ot the struc
ture will be 212 by 181 feet. There will be
two distinct departments, one for girls and
one for boys, with 100 classrooms and a
seating capacity tor 6,000 children. If the
system of part-time classes still prevails
when this school Is opened, Its capacity
may be stretched to accommodate 1,000
more.
Tbe structure will be five 'stories In
height, simple In design, but with sufficient
architectural touches to make It an orna
ment to the neighborhood. The body will
be of a light cream-tinted brick, with terra
cotta and limestone trimmings.
Two stories of the courtyard sre to be
roofed over, to aflord a double playground,
which will be heated In stormy snd in
clement weather. ' There Is also to bo an
auxiliary playground space, as the court
yard playgrounds are to be devoted to the
smaller children In the primary and kinder
garten departments, where they will not
be required to climb more than one stair
way. In addition, tbe roof apace ot tbe building
la divided Into two numerous stairways and
exits on every sldo of the Immense build
ing, by means of which the school may be
dismissed and the army ot 6,000 children
reach tbe street within three or four min
utes. The contract price tor the building Is
$383,000, which, together with the price of
the site and the equipment and furnish
ing of the school, gymnasium, bathrooms,
etc., will bring the cost pf this model school
to over $500,000. ' , '
One of the special features of the school
will be the training of children for work
In department stores. N
A writer describing the greatness of the
New York subway reflects that only twenty
tour lives have been sacrificed during its
construction. This logs of life has been
sustained while millions of people bave
been walking over fhe chasm and whilo
other millions have been riding In street
cars alongside ot the deep excavation.
The subway Is now about one-half com
pleted, having tost to this. date $21,000,000.
Tbe human cost Is considered the less when
It Is known that over 3,000,000 cubic yards
ot solid rock have been blasted. This has
been done In tbe heart ot the most thickly
populated city of the United States.
In commenting upon the twenty-four
deaths, the writer suggests that they may
almost be considered a gain.
The Brooklyn Rapid-Transit Company is
beginning to find that the way of the trans
gressor Is hard. For months it has been
burning soft coal, and paying no attention
to tbe law. The engines send out volumes
of soft-coal smoke and soot which fly into
the car windows and doors to the discom
fort of passengers. The other evening one
of the cars had what might be called sn
overdose of the smoke when a man pulled
out a cigar and lit It. The guard made his
appearanoe almost immediately and ordered
htm to stop smoking or leave the train.
The man refused to stop, saying: "If tbe
smoke of this cigar Is any worse than your
soft-coal smoke, I'll stop." The guard re
treated, and a dosen men then pulled out
cigars, pipes, and cigarettes and began to
smoke. -
Arthur Brisbane, who Is to be the Tammany-
candidate for" 'congress to succeed
the lats Amos J. Cumminga, is, as Mr. Cum
mlngs wss, one of the products of New York
Sun Journalism. ' He was first a reporter on
the Sun, then Its London correspondent,
and later editor of tbe Evening Sun, a posi
tion Cummlngs once occupied. Then Bris
bane went to the World and later to the
Journal, of which he Is now one of the ed
itors. Plana for the new city home ot Charles
M. Schwab, president of tbe Steel corpora
tion, have been filed with the building bu
reau of New York city. The bouse will bs
a six story structure of ornamental granite,
with two three story extensions occupying
the center of a plot covering the entire
block bounded by Riverside drive. Seventy
third and Seventy-fourth streeta and West
End avenue, the surrounding grounds being
laid out as terraces and gardens. The main
building will be 90 feet front and 107 feet
deep and tbe extensions 33.8 by 45 feet.
The building Is to cost $900,000.
The tyrant paleface who runs the street
cleaning department bas ordered all wooden
Indians back to their reservations. The
tribe of cigar signs have heretofore enjoyed
a moderate amount of peace and paint and
looked as nice as possible on all occasions.
But the commissioner declares they are sn
unsanitary tribe and must get off the earth.
Tbe public reason given for the cruel edict
Is doubtless well founded. Tbe Impelling
motive, however, Is that tbe animated cigar
signs of home growth merged their Inter
ests snd hurried their ancient competitors
to the fuel bins.
Penalty of Betas; Fresh.
Chicago Chronicle.
The . salt trust Is In financial difficulties
because It undertook to gobble up more
than It could assimilate. In other words.
It got too fresh which is, of course, fatal
to a salt combine.
New
After the distraction of carnivals, parades and crushea,
we look for a different impulse in business different in
the fact that we can now be able to give you the attention
that was denied during the rush of the last two dajs.
You, will come here for clothing if you want to be sure
of getting your foil money's worth In correct apparel.
Don't make the mistake of thinking our prices are higher
because our clothing is better than the other sorts. . ' . . -
Suits $10 to $30.
Overcoats $10 to $40.
No Clothing Fits Like Ours.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers;
Re S, Wilcox, Mauacer.
POLITIC AL DRIFT.
Tom Johnson realises that he hasn't tiuoh
ot a show In Ohio, yet declines to sblp his
circus to Nebraska.
"Lauchln' snd appertalnln' to" one tiev
ery It la evident from the accounts that
the "country lobsters" at Pavs Hill's con
vention sre mighty skillful snd vigorous
in spplylng the hoot. That is why Dtvery
flew when ordered but.
Congressman Schley of Pennsylvania, who
tobogganed Into the republican camp meet
ing not lo!-g ago, resents an official wel
come tendered him In tbe form of a cam
paign assessment. Ho was pulled for $1,000
and set up a Calamity roar.
There will be one lonesome democrat
In the state senate ot Maine when that
body meets. He will doubtless achieve the
notoriety of excluslveness, as did "Dono
van of Bay," who held a like post in tbe
Michigan legislature a few years sgo.
The tussle for supremacy In Montana
between Clark and Helnxe Insures an unin
terrupted season of prosperity for the
"heelers." Clark and Ilelnze . are well
heeled as well as liberal spenders snd may
succeed In getting all able-bodied voters
on their payrolls..,'. ::,w ';
The oldest man elected, to. the Vermont
general assembly Is Arnold ''Ball of East
Haven, Jacksonian democrat, aged 78, The
youngest Is Harmon E. Kddy of Stratton,
republican, aged 21. Legislator-elect Wil
liam Tudor of Somerset Is the father of
Legislator-elect John Tudor of Stamford.
The prohibitionists ot Indiana are trying
to pledge 60,000 men in the state to vote
their ticket at the November election and.
It Is said, havs already secured the names
of half that number, divided about equally
between former supporters of the repub
lican and democratic tickets and policies.
George R. Sheldon, the banker who was
originally slated for lieutenant governor
on tho New York republican stale ticket
and subsequently turned down, thought
he had such a sure thing that he had man
ufactured 200,000 "Odell and Sheldon" but
tons, for which he paid cash in advance.
Most of the buttons were shoveled Into a
furnace, a few being saved as mementos.
Dennis Mulvlhlll, the work logman mayor
of Bridgeport Conn., has given so much
satisfaction to those who elected blm that
they are endeavoring to secure his nomina
tion as sheriff of his county. His selection
ss a candidate for that office probably
would be equivalent to election. Tbe place
has always been slated ss worth $10,000 a
year and tho sheriff bas a four-year term.
There are two candidates named Brown
on the republican state ticket In Pennsyl
vania. One Is the nominee for lieutenant
governor, William M. Brown. He has been
a state senator and Is a special agent In
the United States land office. Isaac B.
Brown, the nominee for secretary of In
ternal revenue affairs, represented Erie
county In the legislature for three terms
and then became a clerk In the depart
ment of Internal affairs. He has been
deputy secretary for two terms.
1'OIMKI) RKHARK9,
Chicago Tribune: "Tliese men are so for
getful. Your husband has been away
nearly a week and I suppose you have not
had the scratch of a pen from him."
"The scratch of a pen? I haven't even
had the vibration of a thought from, him!"
Philadelphia Press: Deacon 6now Does I
un'erntan', parson, dat yo' oplnlonate dat
Adam wus a colored nvui?
Parson Johnslng Yo' diagnose mah views
o'reckly, suh.
Deacon Snow Den I s'pose yo' 'low dat
dat apple wus In real'ty a watamllllon.
Baltimore American: "Let me Sell you n
v atch dog," suggests the dealer.
"I believe not," says the long-haired gen
tleman, who holds the door ajar with a
hand that is Ink-spotted.' "I believe not.
We keep the wolf at the door nearly all the
time." . . , . .'
- ' : 1 i J ' r J- i mi.,
Chicago Tribune: ' "DonT you sometimes
have thoughts," asked the Soulful Young
Thing, "that are absolutely unutterable?"
"I do, miss," answered the old poet. "And
sometimes, when 1 am digging for a rhyme
that won't come, I have thoughts that are
absolutely unprintable."
Philadelphia Preset Towne Engaged to
be married? Not you, surely?
Browne Oh, no! It's my barber; but I'm
t be-congratulated Junt the same.
Towne Because of his engagement?
Browne Yes. You see, he's stopped eat
ing onions now.
Baltimore American: "Here, landlord!"
cried the patron. "Here is a cockroach in
my coffee."
The landlord hustled to his side. Inspected
the cockroach critically, then moved to
ward the kitchen, muttering:
"1 11 discharge that cook on the Instant.
I have told him time and again to remove
the cockroaches from the coffee before It la
served." ,
At TI M OK THK HEART.
Portland Oregonlan.
Across the wood-grown western hills
The serried clouds advance;
And soon on Autumn's crumpled loaves
The first few raindrops dance.
Each drooping tree, euch fading flower,
Rejoices at the sound,
As cooling breeze and generous flood
Refresh the thirsty ground.
Upon a withered waste of life
The clouds ot healing rise;
And teardrops course In serried ranks
From long unweeping eyes.
The shadows of contrltfun fall
On conscience, seared and dry'
And sunset's rainbow hangs Its arch
Of promise in the sky.
Oh. passing sweet Is hearthstone fire,
When gained from Winter's night;
And vlnlon Is most dear to eyes
Long hidden from the light.
None knows the worth of liberty
But one that has been bound;
And showers fall most graciously
Upon the famished ground.
Kind mother Nature brings to each
The boon that famine craves:
To burning woods the floods that quench
To hi "-la the tear that saves.
Down tli.- long halls of memory.
Where blew sin's burning blatit.
Soft zephyrs steal and fountains play
The Summer drouth la paatl
to Business.