Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY 1IKK: SATURDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1002.
A1LS TO END COAL STRIKE
0.u.':;cj at Vhi'.e Home Couiai ti
lUurhi A'tfr Knc'i Talk.
OPERATORS REM UN LtJDURATE AS EVER
SUfoae la Lli'rii tit in) Proposition
that Contemplnti Arbitration
rnil Issue Matcniente
to rub le.
(Ccoilnurd from First Page.)
conference radcd. Tbt operators raaie down
tain and held a brief consultation and then
left In their csrrlagcs for their train, where
they met a number of newspaper men to
whom they furnished copies of the state
ments they hid made to the president.
I'rrnldrnU Are Obdurate.
Stipulating that they ihould not be quoted
they talked quite freely of the conference.
Several of them declared that Interference
of the president has resulted In retarding
rather than forwarding the settlement. They
aaserted that no progress had been mude
and ssld they would return to continue the
ccntcst. They declared that the situation
was most serious as to coal supply, but
aald that the coal would be furnished to the
public and that If given protection they
could get men to mine cor.l to at least 70
per cent of their capacity. Tbey declared
there would be no compromise and that tho
atrlke would continue until the miners suc
cumb. They asserted their determination to
make no concessions further than the offers
During the evening President Mitchell of
the Mine Workers' union dictated a format
atatement concerning the proceedings of
the conference and Its results, In which
lie announced that the strike would con
tinue aa a result of the failure of the con
ference. Official Acoonnt of liny.
At the temporary White House the state
ment was given out concerning today'a
The conference opened at 11 o'clock.
The operators and representatives of tho
miners were presented to the president.
The president at the outset expressed
his hearty thanks for their attendance and
atated that owing to his peculiar relations
to the situation, he felt that he should
make to tbem a very careful statement of
his position and of bis Intentions in ask
ing tbem to meet.
The president's atatement follows:
I wish to call your attention to the fact
that there are thr-e parties affected by the
situation In the anthracite trade: The
operators, the miners and the general pub
lic. 1 speak for neither the operators nor
the miners, but for the general public.
The questions at issue which led to the
situation affect Immediately the parties
concerned the operators and the miners:
but the situation Itself vitally affects the
public. As long as there seemed to be a
reasonable hopu that these matters could
he adjusted between the parties It did not
seem proper for me to Intervene In any
1 disclaim any right or duty to Intervene
In this way upon legal grounds or upon any
official relation that I bear to the situation,
but the urgency and the terrible nature of
the catastrophe impending over a large
portion of our people in the shape of a
winter fuel famine impel me, after much
anxious thought, to believe that my duty
requires me to use whatever Influence I
personally can to bring to an end a situa
tion which has become literally Intolerable.
I wish to emphasise the character of the
situation and say that Its gravity is such
that I am constrained urgently to Insist
that each one of you realise the heavy
burden of responsibility upon him. We
are upon the threshold of winter with an
already existing coal famine, the future ter
rors of which we can hardly yet appreciate.
The evil possibilities are so far-reaching,
o appalling that It seems to me that you
are not only Justified in sinking, but re.
quired to sink, for the time being, any
tenacity as to your respective claims in the
question at Issue between you.
In my Judgment the situation ' Impera
tively requires that you meet upon the
common plane of the public. With all the
earnestness that there Is In me, I request
that there be an immediate resumption In
the coal mines in some way that will, with
out a day's unnecessary delay, meet the
crying needs of the people.
I do not Invite a discussion of your re
spective claims and positions. I appeal to
your patriotism, to the spirit that sinks
personal considerations and makes Indi
vidual sacrifices for the general good.
Offers to Arbitrate.
Upon the completion of the president's
remarks. President Mitchell made a state
ment aa follows:
"Mr. President: I am much Impressed
with what you aay; I am much Impressed
with the gravity of the situation. We feel
that we are not responsible for this terri
ble state of affairs. We are willing to
neat the gentlemen representing the coal
operators to try to adjust our differences
among ourselves. If we cannot adjust
them that way, Mr. President, we are will
ing that you ahall name a tribunal who
shall determine the Issues that have re
Suited In the strike, and If the gentlemen
representing the operators will accept the
award or decision of such a tribunal the
miners will willingly accept It even If It
Is agalnat their claims."
The President: "Before considering what
ought to be done, I think it only justice
to both of you both sides and desirable
from my standpoint, that you should have
time to consider what I have stated aa to
the reasons for my getting you together
tad I ahall trespass so far on your good
Tbe jury returned a verdict of acd
, dental death on the man who fell from
the window ledge on which be had fallen
alecp. But the death waa really due to
Jf - I
There are a
i v e a sud
nated as a
read " heart
When a man
the warping ayniptotna of disease, he ia
Carelessly inviting calamity.
Dr. Picrce'a Golden Medical Discovery
Cures diseases of the stomach and other
organs of digestion and nutrition. It
enables the perfect digestion and assimi
lation of fJod, which makes strength.
It stimulates the liver, cures biliousness,
and removes bilious impuritiea from the
I had Were troubled with a pais io lower
ait oi my stomach fur three years, to severe I
Thought u would kill me in lime write Mr.
Aaroa Vsa Dsn. of (Krostnsteul 1M iinh fit.,
ChtragV 1 It- "I could turdle matk; it frit like
. big weight luariDf oa me sail got to hail that
' I bm to Ukt medicine. I used Stomach bitter
fc a lime, but it xi no s4 so I wrote to Dr.
a.. V. fierce for advice, which he gave me im
mediately. I followed his direction. urd two
wattles of hi medicine and was cured. I had s
Iprptd liver which was trouMiog me inted of
cramps la I thought). so If Pierce told me.
1 have pleasure in living now; hare gamed in
' weight Is pouad since tbes
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pelleta cure cor.
'etipatioa. The do not beget the pill
nature as to ask that this Interview rease
now and that you come luck at 3 o'clock.
I should like you to think over what 1 have
stated, not to decide now, but give It care
ful thought and return at S o'clock.
The conference then adjourned until 3
t'pon resesembllng, Mr. Baar spoke as
follows: "Xr. President, do we understand
you ecrrectly, that wt will be expected to
answer the proposition submitted by Mr.
Mitchell this morning?"
The President: "H will bo a pleasure
to me to hear any answer you are willing
Mr, Baer: "I have prepared an answer."
The statements to the president were
made in the following order: President
Haer of the Reading railroad. President
Mitchell of the Mine Workers, President
Thomas of the Erie railroad, Mr. Markle,
an independent operator; President Tues
dale of tho Lackawanna railroad, Mr. Wil
cox, vice president and general manager of
the Delaware A Hudson railroad and Mr.
Fowler of the New York, Ontario & West
The following Is the text of the several
President Daer's Statement.
Statement of Mr. George F. llaer of the
To the President of the United States:
We understand your anxiety, as forcibly
expressed In the statement you read to in
this morning, to bring about "an Imme
diate resumption of operations In the coal
mines in some such way as will without a
day's unnecessary delay meet the crying
needs of the people." We infer that you
desired us to consider the offer of Mr.
Mitchell, verbally made this morning, ex
pressing and speaking for the I'nlted Mine
Workers, to go back to work. If you would
appoint a commission to determine the ques
tions at issue. You distinctly siy trim
you "do not Invite a discussion of your
respective claims and positions," but we
assume thnt a statement of what is going
on in the coal regions will not be Irrele
vant. We represent the owners of conl
mines In Pennsylvania. There are from
lo.OKi to 20.000 men at work mining and
preparing coal. They are abused, assaulted,
injured and maltreated by the I'nlted Mine
Workers. They can only work under the
protection of armed guards. Thousands of
other workmen are deterred from working
by the Intimidation, violence and crimes
inaugurated by the I'nlted Mine Workers,
over whom John Mitchell, whom you In
vited to meet you. Is chief. I need not
picture the crimes dally committed by the
members of this organization.
No Tranquility There.
The "domestic tranquillity" which the
constitution declares is the chief object of
government does not exist in the coal re
gion. There is a terrible reign of lawless
ness and crime there. Only the lives and
property of the secret oath-bound order,
which declared that locals should have
full power to suspend operations at col
lieries until the nonunion men Joined their
order, are safe. Kvery effort is made to
prevent the mining of coal, and when mined,
Mitchell's men dynamite bridges and tracks,
mob trainmen and by all manner of means
try to prevent its coming to relieve the
The constitution of Pennsylvania guar
antees protection to life and property. In
express terms It declares the right of ac
quiring, possessing and defending property
to lie "Inalienable." When riot and an
archy become too great to be appeased
by the civil power, the governor of Penn
sylvania is bound to call out the state
troops to suppress it. He must fearlessly
use the whole power of the state to pro
tect life and property and to establish
peace not an armed truce, but the peace
of the law which protects every man nt
work end going to and from work. He
has sent troops to the coal regions. Grad
ually the power of the law is asserting
Itself. . Unless encouraged by false hopes,
order will soon be restored, and then we
can mine coal to meet the public wants.
Calls for Regular Troops.
If the power of Pennsylvania Is Insuffi
cient to establish the reign of law, the
constitution of the I'nlted States requires
the president, when requested by the legis
lature and the governor, to "suppress do
mestic violence." You see, there Is a law
ful way to secure coal for the public. The
duty of the hour is not to waste time ne
gotiating with the fomenters of this an
archy and Insolent defiance of law, but to
do as was done in the war of the rebel,
lion restore the majesty of law, the only
guardian of a free people, and to re-establish
order and peace at any cost.
The government is a contemptible failure
If It can only protect the lives and property
and secure the comfort of the people by
compromising with the violators of law
and the Instigators of violence and crime.
Just now It Is of more Importance to teach
Ignorant men dwelling among us. misled
and used aa tools by citizens of other
states, that at whatever cost and Incon
venience to the public, Pennsylvania will
use the whole power of government to
protect not only the man who wants to
work, but h's wife and children, while lie
Is at work, ar.d to punish every man who
by instigation or by overt acts attempts
to deprive any man of his liberty to work.
Declines Mitchell's Offer.
Under these conditions we decline to ac
cept Mr. Mitchell's considerate offer to let
our men go to work on terms he names.
He has no right to come from Illinois to
dictate terms on the acceptance of which
anarchy and crime shall cease in Pennsyl
vania. He must stop his people from kill
ing, maiming and abusing Pennsylvania
citizens and from destroying property. He
must atop It because it Is unlawful, and not
because of any barsraln with us.
We will add to our offer Ia "rrmllnn.
the wages existing at the time of strike
and to take up at each colliery and adjust
any grlevsnce." This further condition;
If the employers and employes at any par
ticular colliery cannot reach a satisfactory
adjustment of alleged grievances it shall
be referred to the Judges of the court of
common picas of the district In which the
colliery Is situated for flnsl determina
tion. UKUKUIS F. BAER,
President Phlladelnhta A Readtnir pni
and Iron Company, Wllkesbarre Coal and
iron company ana Temple iron Company.
President MltchelPa Statement.
Following la the text of the atatement
made to the president by John Mitchell
the official representative of the miners
n . rirBiunu; i in conierence tni
morning we, the accredited representatives
of the anthracite coal miners, were much
Impressed with the views you expressed
at the dangers to the welfare of our rnun.
try lrom a prolongation of the coal strike
that you so clearly pointed out. Conscious
of the responsibility resting upon us, con
scious of our duty, to society, conscious of
our obligations to the 15U.O0O mine workers
wnom we nave tne minor to represent, we
have, after most careful consideration and
with the hope of relieving the situation
ng the sjfTerinK and hardshln
Id Inevitably follow in the wake
of a coal famine, decided to nronoua
sumption of coal mining upon the lines
lieiore doing so, Mr. President, we do.
sire to say that we are ruil urompted to
suggest this course because of any doubts
of the Justice of our claims. In deferriiis
l your wishes we are prompted by no
fear on our part of our ability to continue
inn corneal io a successrui It sua. thanks
to the generous assistance rendered
our fellowworKera in this and other lanriH.
thanks to a Justice-loving- American nuhll.v
whose sympathies are always on the side
of right, we are able to continue the strug
ue the strug-
Mlnera Willing- to Arbitrate.
Confident of our ability to rtVirmn.tr. t
to any Impartial tribunal lh onti ,.t
demand for higher wages and Improved
environment. We propose that the Usuea
culminating In this strike shall be referred
to you and a tribunal of your own selection
and agree to accept your award upon all
n in me iiuesuuna involved. It you
in accept tins responsibility and the rep-
-ntatlvcs of the coal operators will slg-
nuy tneir willingness to have your de
cision incorporated In agreement for not
less than cne year, nor more than rive
years, as may be mutually determined be
tween themselves and the anthracite coal
mine workers, and will pay tne scale of
wages wiucn you anil tne tribunal an
pointed by you shall award, wa will lmn.
dlately call a convention and recommend
the Immediate resumption of work, with
the understanding that the wagea to be
fisid to go lnio effect from the uate work
a resumed. Very respect full yours,
President United Mine Workers of Amer
ica. JOHN FAHEY.
D D. NICHOLS.
District Presidents United Mine Workers
I-ie.ldent Thomas' atatement.
Statement of Mr. Thomas, president ot
the Erie railway:
No cne can more fully realize the gravity
of the situation or the (rave responsibili
ties resting upon them ttian men who for
months have been-sees trig- to protect their
property uuder their charge, as well aa the
lives of loyal employes, from the attacks
of misguided men Incited by people foreign
to th state and to the Industry we are
seeking to defend. We are doing nil in
our power, and with Increasing siicees. to
mine coal. Mr. Mitchell and his lieutenants
nre dolus; all In their piiwrr to prevent it.
We nek thnt eurh efforts cease or. failing,
that the state of Pennsylvania, ami If she
Is unsble, the powers of the I'nlted States
shall he exerted to afford full protection t
employes, not only while at work, but to
and from their homes, ss well as to their
fumlll; end that the reign of terror, riots.
Intimidation and murder, which, for months
hss prevailed In the anthracite region,
shall cessn. A record of twenty killed,
over forty Injured, and with constant and
Increasing destruction of dwellings, works,
machinery and railroads, by mob violence,
with no proper enforcement of the lis or
order by the proper officials, Is not the time
to act on jvir. Mitcnell s suggestion ot tills
morning to arbitrate with men not In our
employ. There are over li,0"0 loyal em
ployes at work In and nround the anthra
cite mines, and since this conference has
been called open threats are current In
that region thnt such men will neither be
permitted to work or live In that country.
We are contending for the rlfht of the
American citizen to work without regard
to creed, nationality or association. To
seek to prevent this Is a .-:ime, nnd we
cannot by Implication sanction silbh a
course. We ask the enforcement or law
and order In the state, that we be per
mitted to deal with our employes free from
foreign Interference, convinced thnt under
such conditions we can fully perform our
whole duty to the public, our owners and to
our employes. 1 fully concur In the sug
gestion or Air. Hoer, wnicn can oe pur
sued In case of failure to agree with our
employes, but In many years of such deal
ing It ho never yet neen requisite to call
In assistance to fairly and satisfactorily
deal with our own men.
John Market's Statement.
Statement of Mr. John Markle, the Inde
pendent coal mine operator: ,
I have listened with deep Interest to the
remarks that you made before us a few
minutes after 11 o'clock this morning, and
do thoroughly appreciate the seriousness
of the situation In the anthracite coal Held
of Pennsylvania. As you dlscloim any
rlnht or duty to Intervene In your tifflclal
capacity, but are using your personal In
fluence, ana, as you admit, tnis mnuer is
beyond the merits of the issue between
the coal presidents and operators on one
side and the miners on the other, nnd you
express the fact that the situation nas
become literally Intolerable. and as you
further state "the evil possibilities are so
far-reaching, so appalling, that It seems to
me that you are not only Justified in sink
ing, but required to sink for the time being
any tenacity as to your respective claims
as to the matter at Issue between "you. in
my Judgment the situation apparently re
quires that you meet upon the common
plane of the necessities of the public, with
all the earnestness in me l ask that there
be immediate resumption of operations In
the coal mines In some way as will without
day's unnecessary delay meet the crying
needs of the public.
Demands Armed Intervention.
I fully Indorse these remarks from you
and as an American citizen and a citizen
of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania 1
now ask you to perform the duties vested
in you ai the president of these I'nlted
States; to nt once squelch the anarchistic
condition of affairs existing In the anthra
cite coal regions by the strong arm of the
military at your command. A record of
twenty-one murders, a long list of brutal
assaults, houses and bridges dynamited,
dally acts of violence, now taking place,
and several washerles burned down, are
actual evidences of thls condition of law
lessness existing there. Are you asking us
to deal with a set of outlaws? I can hardly
conceive of such a thought. The respect
able citizens of these I'nlted States will
insist upon the ofticers In power giving to
the citlsens of Pennsylvania law and or
der, and the right to work if they so de
sire. Mr. President, I represent the Individual
coal operators and In addition thereto we
represent for better than Mr. Mitchell does
a majority of the anthracite coal workers.
Including some li.tMO men who are now
working, endeavoring against great odds
to relieve the public of the possibilities of
a coal famine, in muklng this appeal to
you. Mr. Mitchell's organization is a small
minority of the total number of workers
in the anthracite coal field and he Is hold
ing a large majority by Intimidation, coer
cion and attempts at bodily harm. If you
desire anthracite conl to be placed In the
market quickly, take the necessary steps
at once and put the federal troops In the
field, and give to those desiring to work
proper protection. By proper protection Is
meant that the men dealrlng to work
shall not only be allowed to do so, but
shall be protected while doing so; at their
homes, while going to and from their work,
and at the operations where they are em
ployed; and in addition to this-. While the
men are absent from their homes at work
their families In their homes must also
be protected. You do this (the citizens of
the United States whom I represent seem
to feel that they have a right to oak this
of you), and I will assure yoj that anthra
cite coal will be rapidly placed In tho
market to relieve the seriousness of the
National Guard Too Light. t
Please remember, Mr. President, that
there Is a large Idle class of men now In
the anthracite coal fields, taking fcvery
kind of unlawful act to prevent those who
desire t.) work to relieve the situation In
the anthracite coal market. Please remem
ber that In the field now are only 3.Xn na
tional guard; please remember that the
total national guard of the state of Penn
sylvania Is only about lo.OUO.
Mr. President, a condition exists, not a
theory. In the anthracite coal fields, be
tween a set of professional agitators and
their co-workera on the one side (anarch
istic In their acts), and the operators and
a majority of the worklngmen on the other,
who are endeavoring to relieve the serious
ness of the anthracite coal situation. You,
Mr. President, I believe, can relieve tho
situation at once. Will you do It?
President Trneedale'a Statement.
The atatrraent of Mr. W. H. Truesdale,
president of the Delaware, Iackawanna &
Western Railroad company:
Mr. President: Representing the Inter
ests of the Delaware, lckawanna & West
ern Railroad company. Its board of man
agers and Its stockholders, permit me to
say that, realizing tully the gravity of the
situation as stated by you and appreciat
ing the burden of responsibility which this
situation Imposes upon us, we feel that
our duty at this time, having In mind all
existing conditions, Is so plain and straight
forward that we cannot possibly mistake
It. As citizens of this country, as trustees
of vast and Important Interests committed
to our care by the thousands and tens of
thousands of security holders, whose sav
ings or lejacles are invested in these
properties; as men who have committed to
them the interests of thousands of as loval.
truthful and faithful citizens and employes
as ever inarched to victory in support of ;
right and freedom under the flag of this I
or any other country, but who with their
families are today outcasts, hunted,
hounded and driven almost to despair and
desperation, simply because they seek to
exercise their plain, simple right and duty
of working at their chosen vocation, or as
In many cases of protecting and saving
from destruction by lire, flood or dynumlte
the properties of other citizens, their em
ployers, who are only endeavoring lawfully
anu peaceiuuy to maintain possession or,
I protect and operate their properties. This
. duty unmistakably plain thut "he
. w no runs may reau.
Must Have the Troops.
It Is first and foremost our duty ami we
take this occasion to state It and press It
upon your consideration, and through you
upon that of the authorities of the state ot
Pennsylvania, to Inbist upon It that the
existing conditions of anarchy and law
lessness, of riot and rapine, a condition
which has been raging with more or less
violence throughout the anthracite regions
during the last four monies, be Imme
diately and permanently suppressed. That
to this end we ask that the entire authority
and power of the state of Pennsylvania,
civil and military, and, if need be, mat of
the United States government as well, be
Second. We ask that the civil branch of
the I'nlted Stales government, taking cog
nizance and following the decisions of its
courts rendered In decisions of cases under
similar conditions, at once Institute pro
ceedings against the illegal organization
known aa the United Mine Workers' asso
catlon. Its well known ofticers. agents and
members, to enjoin and restrain perma
nently It and them from continuing this
organization and requiring them to detist
Immediately irom conspiring, conniving
aiding or abetting the outlawry and in
tolerable conditions in the anthracite re
gions, for which they, and they alone, are
responsible. We are adv',sea by our coun-
. i . w .. . ...... u I .. 1 1 ...,... ,m 1 1 . .
. r .- i-r,n,..i wi.... t..ur u.
' U la wrll known that the United States
statutes are dally being 0enly and grossly
violated, that previous decisions uf tbe
courts fully Justify such action being taken
at this time and that such remedy can le
given effectively and Immediately fur the
So Faith la t alon Men.
We feel It cur duty, Mr. President, to at
this time urge that the protection of the
laws of tbe United States be forthwith
given our property and our employes, as
suggested above. Can It he expected that
those who are now dally flagrant lolators
of the law, state and national; who have
no respect for persons, property, order or
good morals, will be subject by the de
cision of any i-mmisslon or body of men
which has no power or authority to com
pel compliance therewith. We kpow they
will not I
Third. Then, Mr. President, there la a
ONLY THE BEST PICTURES
that can be obtained of
maltcra that are of inter
cat to the people In The
Bee's' territory are used In The Illus
trated Bee. Each week It ll aent
out. a bright example of what pains
taking care can do In the way of
preparing a genuine treat for thts
public. Each number contains new
and timely Illustrations of events of
current history, made from photo
graphs taken for this paper by Its
special artists. In the forthcoming
number will be found:
Women Golfers of the West
Photographs taken at the Country
Club links during the Traosmla
sisslppl championship tourney.
Nebraska s Contribution to Brazil.
Splendid picture of Hon. D. E.
Thompson, Just appointed minister
to the great South American re
public. Dramatic Order Knijjhts
Short sketch of notable secret so
ciety, with pictures of leading
Queer Things Dene in New Zealand
Special article on the features of
that far off country. Illustrated
American Goods in Paris.
Frank O. Carpentcr'a weekly letter
of travel. Illustrated from photo
graphs made In Paris.
Tea Gardens and Geisha Girls.
Special article describing one of
the feature of the Island Empire
well known to travelers.
King Ak-Sar-Ben VIII. and Queen.
Splendid pictures of the newly
crowned rulera of the Kingdom of
In addition to these special featurea
will be found the usual number ot
personal pictures, crisp comment,
chatty gossip and pointed anecdote.
No department of the paper haa been
neglected, and all will be found
complete and up to the minute. If
you are not now a subscriber you
ehould order the paper from your
great, a pressing duty Imposed upon ua at
this time to the thousands of true loyal
citizens of Pennsylvania, who have been
lawfully pursuing their various vocations
or professions under great difficulties and
who with great-sAcrlflce have been abused,
vilified, boycotted and In many cases al
most ruined because they had the man
hood to raise their voices against the Il
legal acta and violences of thla Illegal or
ganization and Its ofticers and agents. No
step can be taken by us, Mr. President,
which can possibly result In placing these
good citizens of Pennsylvania at the fur
ther mercy of this Illegal organization, Its
officers and members. Think of It, Mr.
President! Physicians have been boycotted
because they saw fit to minister to the
dying child of some poor worker, because
he was exercising his God-given right to
labor for his family and to provide for the
wants of his dying child. Members of the
clergy have been treated likewise for per
forming the ofllces of the dead to the mem
ber of a nonunion worker. The conditions
there are simply Indescribable and It Is
hard to believe that they can possibly exist
to the extent that they nave anywnere Hi
thla free country.
Save Koture Citlrena.
Fourth. Another duty, Mr. President, and
we regard it as the most supreme. One
sixth of the membership of this Illegal or
ganization Is composed of young men and
bovs between the ages of 14 and 20. the fu
ture citizens and lawmakers of the great
state of Pennsylvania. These young men
and boys during the last few year have
had their young. Immature minds poisoned
with the most dangerous, anarchistic, dis
torted wicked views and errors concerning
the rights of citizenship and property that
any one can possibly conceive ot; all
through the teachings arui practice of the
ofticers, organizers and apostles of the
United Mine Workers' association. Mr.
President, no adjustment of this matter
can be thought of which by any reason can
result in further strengthening and fixing
In the minds of this youthful element in
the anthracite coal fields the belief that Ihe
teaching of this organization and Its offi
cers, with their acts and doings in support
thereof, constitute the ethics and objects
of American citizenship frequently referred
to during the last week In proclamations
Issued in behalf of this Illegal organization.
The consequences that may result to the
coming generation In the anthracite coal
regions as tne reull or existing conditions
there are fraught with the gravest dangers
to the stability and perpetuity of thla
country and its Institutions.
Fifth and finally, Mr. President, aa a
plain citizen of these United States look
ing at the whole question broadly and with
reference to Its possible effect on our fu-t-ire
welfare and prosperity. I think It my
bounden duty to resist ami combat with
every power and faculty, but physical and
mental, the avowed nnd evident object and
purpose of this United Mine Workers' as
sociation as exemplified In the anthracite
district of Pennsylvania today, and aa
tuught and defended by Its ofticers and
other opponents of well known and so
called purposes and principles.
Friend of Organised Labor.
Mr. President. I am no enemy of organ
ized labor when so organized as to promote
the real Interests of the laboring man
and when In accomplishing this lawful
and legitimate method are nuraued. I do.
however, oppose tne I nnea .Mine oraers
association because many of Its avowed
purposes are absolutely at variance wnn
the sDlrlt of our laws and Institutions, be
cause Ite officers and members are not con
tent to be governed by tne several laws
and like administration of the several other
citizens of there United States. As wit
ness, see the conditions today In Penn
sylvania, with the Mine Workers' associa
tion in full control of the large body of
Its members, violating every principle -of
our government and our laws pertaining
to the rights of persons and property.
The same condition exists today In Ten
nersee or Alabama where the members of
this organization have but recently gone
on a strike. This same condition existed
in Kentucky for aboi:t two years, where
this organization wa In control and where
Its members practiced tne same unlawful
methods as are being followed In Penn
sylvania today. Mr. President, we firmly
believe that any adjustment of this mat
ter as has been suggested here today will
only result In perpetuating conditions that
are titterly abhorrent to any sood citizen
and most intolerable and damaging to the
Interests which I represent. We cannot,
therefore, concur therein.
Attorney Wilcox's atatement.
Statement, of Mr. David Wilcox, vice
president and general counsel of the Dela
ware 4t Hudson Railroad company:
The United Mine Workers cf America Is
an association composed of a large num
ber of miners and laborers engaged
throughout Ihe country In mining anthra
cite and bituminous coal and employed by
the owners of the mines. It haa divided
the whole country Into varlojs districts,
each of which Is represented by a so
cal.ed president and embraces local unions,
and It seeks to cum)el everyone engaged
lu the Industry to iuln the oranl.iion.
The affairs of the association are managed
by an executive committee having its hend
qusrter at Indianapolis and by conven
tions called from time to time represent
ing the entire organization. The object
and practice of the association are so far
as possible to regulate the supply of labor
engaged In the occupation of coal mining
throughout the country and the terms of
employment thereof. It thus consists of
one central organization which restrains
and rontrnja the production of f.iel every
where throughout the country and monopo
lizer the kihor etrs"J therein. Thvee
are He purposes and results: Its ultimate
object Is to control Ihe entire fuel supply
of the country. At this hearing It Is rep
resented by one pron while six persons
represent but a part of the production of
anthracite coal. It Is, therefore, the most
extensive combination and monopoly which
the country has ever known. It habitually
enforces Its orders and directions by what
ever rnnns may be most effectual. Includ
ing strikes, boycotts, picketing, besetting
and the like not cennned to Its own mem
bers alone, but In which are compelled to
Join as far as possible all other persons
similarly employed. Its violent methods
have already received the condemnation of
the circuit court of the United States
(Helnecke County against Wood, 112 Fed.
Rep. 478; United States against Weber, 114
Fed. Rep. too; United States against Hag
gerty, 116 Fed Rep. 610).
In accordance with these objects, last
May the United Mine Workers ordered a
strike In the anthracite coal region, which
extended to all the workings therein.
Since that time It has been, so far as pos
sible, forcing all persons who are willing
to work to cease doing so. Within a few
days one or more miners who had re
turned to work, having been formerly con
nected with the Mine Workers' association,
have been murdered by those acting In
sympathy with the strike.
These facts show that the Mine Workers'
association la not within the rules regarding
ordinary local labor organizations. On
the contrary, the association and all of
Its members constltu e a combination or
conspiracy, not only at common law, but
also In restraint of trade and commerce
among the several states, nnd also an at
tempt to monopolise the labor necessary In
supplying coal found In one state to the
markets of other states, and thus to monop
olise thla part of the commerce among
the several states. The action had by said
United Mine Workers has greatly Injured
the Interstate business originating In the
anthracite coal Melds. The courts have
already many times held that such a com
bination Is unlawful within the act of
congress of July 2, 1890. passed for the pur
pose of preventing restraints of Interstate
commerce and known as the "Sherman
act." (United States against Council, 54
Fed, Rep.. 9!4; J57 Fed, Rep., 5; Thomas
against Cincinnati County 62 Fed. Rep.,
'2 803; United States against Agler, 62 Fed.
Ren., 834; United States against IClllott. 62
Fed. Ren., got; 64 Fed. Rep., 17; Arthur
sgalnst Oakes, 63 Fed. Rep., 310; In re Debs,
4 Fed. Rep., 724; Affd., IBS; U. S.. 664, SuO;
United States against Transmlssourl Asso
ciation, 166 United States, 240. 243, 356.)
Jadgre Jackson's Opinion.
In addition, Ihe circuit court of the
I'nlted States for the western district of
Virginia, upon March 25 last, held that
this Identical United Mine Workers' asso
ciation was Illegal (United States against
Weber, 114 Fed. Rep.. 960). The case comes
clearly within the Debs' case. That waa
an effort to organize a Universal associa
tion of railroad employes, covering the
whole country, for the purpose of controll
ing Interstate commerce. The government
Instituted suit by Injunction, and when
the Injunction was disobeyed, enforced the
same by the use of the United States army.
This quickly disposed of the matter, and
the action of the government was upheld
by the courts (In re Debs. 64 Fed. Rep.,
724. Affd., 158 V. 8., 564, 600). The true
course for the national government, there
fore, is to proceed In accordane with tho
precedent In the Debs case.' Theso con
siderations were called to the attention
of the president and the attorney general
The anthracite coal companies are mak
ing every effort o mine cnl cb rapidly ns
possible. They are obstructed by the fail
ure of the state authorities to fully pro
tect those who desire to work for them
and by the failure of the natlonul gov
ernment to enforce the statute under
which the Mine Workers' association has
been already held to be Illegal. As soon
as action of that sort Is effectively token
there can be no doubt that the supply of
coal will be ample. The question at pres
ent Is merely whether an unlawful asso
ciation shall be permitted In this country
by means which are Illegal to decide who
shall be allowed o work; what shall be.
his hours of work and what he shall be
paid. Thla Is contrary to the spirit and
the letter of our laws. If they are en
forced, such an effort will cease at once.
Wants More Protection.
While the United Mine Workera have
been endeavoring ever since the strike
began to prevent the production of coal,
tho operators have been actively seeklna;
to Increase the same, and are now ac
tually producing- about 16 per cent of the
normal output. This company now hn-s
about 1.000 men engaged In the business.
The production Is steadily increasing and
the rate of increase would have been more
rapid but for the failure of the state and
national governments to protect the life,
liberty and property of those desiring to
work for the operators, and to protect tho
operators from the onslaught of this llle
jnl combination to restrain and monopo
lize the entire fuel supply of the country.
If the functions of government In thla
egard were efficiently discharged, produc
tion would be rapid enough to supply all
necessities. Grave aa are the matters men
tioned In the president's memorandum, the
questions fundamentally Involved are even
more serious. They are whether freedom
of life and property are to continue in
this country, or are to exist merely In
accordance with the will of combinations
and conspiracies which are prohibited by
the constitution and the statutes and the
common law, ajid whether thla company's
faithful employes are to be delivered to
the destruction which surely awaits them
In case of the triumph of the Mine Work
ers association. This company respect
fully and earnestly urges upon the presi
dent the use ot hla lawful powers In the
premises, which was made In the Debi
case by one of his predecessors and which
was sustained by nil the courts. If the
national government would now enforce
the law with equal promptness, the strike
would end next week.
Ptefmses to Arbitrate.
The representative of the United Mine
Workers haa now stated that Its members
are willing to return to work, and he has
frequently said that he did not demand
official recognition for the union, notwith
standing; that the Shamokln convention of
March last resolved that the employment
of nonunion men should be a cause for
striking. The condition of returning to
work which he makes Is that a commis
sion be appointed by the president to In
vestigate existing conditions, and that the
Mine Workers and the operators agree to ,
atiHle ny its recommenosiions. i n per
sonnel of such a commission Is uncertain;
Its action would be without authority of
law or precedent, and It would be with
out knowledge of the varying conditions
In the different collieries and regions. This
company has no power to commit the wel
fare and existence of the property to such
uncertainties. Moreover. as already
pointed out, the Mine Workers Is an illegal !
oody ana nas no iawiui coniroi over
members. This Is shown by the fact that
after the settlement of 1DM). local strikes
were more numerous than ever, nnd that Its
representative Is now constantly counsel
ing against violence, while, nevertheless,
outrages and murders are of constant oc
currence. He must, therefore, be power
less or Insincere, ana any assurances as
to the future would be without value.
Wtlllnsr to Go to Court.
In order, however, that this company
may be under no charge of unwillingness
to endeavor In good faith to remedy any
grievances which may exist upon the part
of Its employes at its several collieries it
is willing that the same shtll be ultimately
passed upon by the Judges of the court
of common pleas of the state of Penn
sylvania for the district where such col
lieries are situated. These are the local
officers of the law having knowledge of
the facts. It Is willing, therefore, In rasa
of a resumption of work to add to Its notice
already posted a provision to that effect,
similar to that In Mr. User's statement.
This would be as follows: "If the em
ployer and the employes at any particular
colliery cannot reach a satisfactory ad
justment ot any alleged grievance It shall
be referred to the Judges of the court of
common pleas of the district In which the
colliery is situated for final determina
tion." Flower Is Brief.
Btatemeat of Mr. Thomas R. Flower,
president of the New York, Ontario ft
Western Railroad company:
To the President I beg leave to state
that I fully concur In the statements sub
mitted at thla time by the other gentlemen
whom you have Invited to be present at
today's conference. I, bowever, ask leave
to present my views more fully at a later
day and hope to have In your hand early
next week a statement presenting In some
detail the sertojs situation and conditions
prevailing throughout the anthruclte coal
regions at the present time.
The president then asked Mr. Mitchell If
be had anything further to aay.
Mitchell's Retort to Charges.
Mr. Mitchell Tbe charge made, by tba
seal leu a that twtatgr murderers have been
committed la the anthracite coal region
during the present strike la untrue. If
they will name the men and show that
they have committed the murders. I will
resign my position. That It a fair propo
sition. Mr. President, that Is a fair ex
ample of how our organization la maligned.
The truth of tbe matter Is there have been
seven deaths, unfortunately. No one re
grets tbem mora than I do. On of them
was committed by the coal and Iron po
lice, and no one else haa been charged
with them. God knows the miners do not
escape being charged with everything done
there. They speak about burnings. There
was a reward offered for burnings. I
ran bring affidavits of 100 people that the
lightning . caused one burning that they
charged to the United Mine Workers. Mr.
President, I have admitted on more than
one occasion that there haa been aome law
lessness, but I will say that a large por
tion of such lawlessness has been provoked
by criminals who have been brought Into
the region to recruit the coal and Iron
police. I want to aay, Mr. President, that
I feel very keenly the attacks made upon
me and my people, but I came here with
the Intention of doing nothing and saying
nothing that would affect reconciliation.
So Hope for Arbitration.
The president then asked the presidents
of the anthracite companies whether they
would accept Mr. Mltchell'a proposition.
They answered, "No."
In response to a further question from the
president they atated that they would have
no dealings whatever with Mr. Mitchell
looking toward a aettlement of the question
at Isaue and that they had no other propo
sition to make save what waa contained In
the statement of Mr. Baer, which waa In
effect that If any man chose to resume
work and had a difficulty with his employer
both should leave the settlement of the
question to the Judge of the court of com
mon pleaa of the district In which the
mine was located.
At about 6 o'clock the conference waa
brought to a close, without agreement.
Maybnry Presses Ilia Plan.
DETROIT. Mich., Oct. 3. As soon as
Mayor Maybury learned this evening that
President Roosevelt's conference with the
operators and mine's bad not resulted in a
aettlement ot the anthracite atrlke, he an
nounced that citizens and common council
committees would meet at noon tomorrow
to take final action regarding all details
for the reception of the 1,000 delegates who
are expected here next Thursday to take
part In the national conference to devise a
way to secure a supply of hard coal. Upon
receiving from Secretary Cortelyou tonight
a brief message announcing the result cf
the conference In Washington Mr. Maybury
wired the following reply:
"Many thanks for the courtesies extended.
We all regret that the kindly Intervention of
the president waa unsuccessful. The con
ference called to meet at Detroit Thursday,
October 9, will surely assemble and we
earnestly hope that out of these deliber
ations may come auch results aa will stay
the calamity which now threatens tbe com
fort, health and even lives ot our citizens."
The key to health le In the kidneys and
liver. Keep these organs active and you
have health, strength and cheerful spirits.
Prickly Ash Bitters Is a stimulant for the
kidneys, regulates the liver, stomach and
bowels. A golden household remedy.
TO QUIT WORK ON MONDAY
Labor Trouble In the Alabama Mines
to Cause Suspension Next
BIRMINGHAM. Ala., Oct. 3. President
Flycn of the United Mine Workera of Amer
ica, district of Alabama, atated today that
he had issued orders for all the minora of
the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railway com
pany at the Blue Creek and Bloeton mlnea
to auspend work on Monday next.
About 1,600 men will be Involved, which
added to those already out in the Pratt
mines division, will make tbe total number
of strikers over 4,000. The strike grows
out of the refusal -of the company to with
hold assessments made by the Miners' union
for tbe anthracite strikers from the wages
of those miners who object to paying It.
President Flynn says all miners who refuse
to pay the assessment will be expelled.
Tell This to Your Wlte.
Electric Bitters cure female complaints,
surely and safely; dispell headaches, back
aches, nervousness or no pay. 50c. For
sale by Kuhn 4 Co.
424 Seven Cored Skirt,
22 to SI waiat.
Women'a aeven gored skirt, 4244; to ba
made with or without tbe circular flounce
No akirt auits the stout figure more p
fectly than the one cut In seven gores. 1
seams mean vertical lines that alwaya tei
to give a slender effect, and tbe many goreb
allow of shaping anugly and smoothly over
the hips without the use of darta. Thta
very excellent model haa the advantage of
giving a choice between the plain finish and
a circular flounce at sides and back that
gives grace and freedom yet does not do
tract from the apparent height aa the front
gore Is left plain. Aa shown the material
la fine black cheviot trimmed with bands
of moire held by fancy buttona at the front,
but all aultiog. gown and akirt materials
The aalrt is cut In aeven gores of full
length tnat are carefully abaped to ba anug
about tbe hips and to flare freely at tbo
feet. The flounce extends from the front
fore, where it is Joined to its edges, sud
can be cither seamed to tbs lower edges of
the side snd back gores (the material be
neath being cut away on lines Indicated In
the pattern), or applied over the full length
skirt as preferred. The fullness at the back
la laid In flat luverted plaits.
The quantity of material required for th
medium size Is 10 yards 21 Inches wide,
7 yards 2 inches wide, i yards 44 Inches
wide or i'i ysrds 62 Inches wide when
flounce Is used, and material cut away un
derneath 10Vi yards 21 Inches, t yards 32
Inches, H yards 44 Inches or !V yards 62
Inches wide when made plain.
The pattern 4244 la cut la sizes for a 22,
14, 2. 28, 20, 22, It and 36-Inch waist natal,
Fop tbe acroiumodatioa Cf To Due rs4
ra, theas'pattercs, which dually retail al
from 25 to (0 cents, will be furalshed at a
nominal price, 10 cents, which covers all
expense. In order to get a pattern a,
elost 10 csnts. glvs number a a name W
Saturn wanted and buat measure.
MOORE ELECTED PRESIDENT
Philadolpjiia Man Chute to Haad Natianul
HIS ELECTION IS MADE BY ACCLAMATION
Convention Ckvoses omoeru. Adept
Platform, Names Ifeve Kaeeutlve
Committee and Adjourns
for the Tear.
CHICAGO, Oct. 8. J. Hampton Moore ot
Philadelphia waa today elected president
of the National League ot Republican
cluba by acclamation.
When President Hamilton called the aes-
alon to order the report of the committee
on credentials waa adopted. There were no
contests. The committee on resolutlona had
Ita report draughted, but aecured a delay In
Its presentation, la order that it might be
typewritten. It waa then resolved to pro
ceed with tho election of officers. J.' Hamp
ton Moore of Philadelphia bad no opposition
tor the nomination for president. He waa
placed in nomination by Karl Kuwole of
Iowa. Speakers representing othtr statea
seconded the nomination la culogUile
Mr. Moore'a election waa made by ac
clamation. Other o Ulcers were elected aa
Secretary, E. J. Weeki, Iowa.
Treasurer, Bid B. Redding, Arkansas,
Vice President. J. J. Rlordan, Illinois.
The only contesta were over the offkea
of treasurer and vice president, Byron K.
Sheffield of Kansas, having been a candi
date for the former .and L. W. Mott of New
York for the latter.
The president-elect, when he received tba
gavel from Retiring Preaident Hamilton,
made a brief speech. In which he urred
the necessity of organized effort in seeking
the success of the republican party.
The committee on time and place of next
meeting, after mentioning Pennsylvania.
Missouri and California as candidates, left
the matter to the new executive committee.
League Platform Adopted.
The league platform aa produced by the
resolutions committee, waa Ihen preaonid
to the delegates, who adopted It vllhout
discussion. Tho platform follows:
The National Republican league. In Its
thirteenth convention assembled, congratu
lates the party of Abraham IJncoln and
our American citizenship of all parties upon
the prosperity that has restored to th
whole people, under the wise and patriotic
policies that signalised the administration
of William Mckinley In peace and In war,
and that have been continued with enenry
and fearlessness by the soldier statesman,
We give unqualified commendation to his
administration. We believe In hla honesty
of purpose, admire him for his courage and
love him for his unswerving republicanism.
The convention records Its tribute of grief
over the tragic death of the beloved Amer
ican. William McKlnley, and mourns him
as the champion of the American prosperity
and the dauntless defender of national
We approve the action of congress and
the national executive In redeeming every
pledge that the nation made to Cuba upon
the outbreak of the Spanish war. We be
lieve that the Philippine Islands, having
become a pait of the United States terri
tory, should so remain in order that the
benefits of popular government msy be ex
tended to and enjoyed by their inhabitants,
We favor the admission to statehood ot
the territories of New Mexico. Oklahoma
and Arizona and the extension of a territo
rial form of government to Indian Terri
tory at the earliest practicable date, having
due regard for the interests of the people
of the statea and territories and of the
The unexampled prosperity that followed
the exercise of the republican tariff policy
Is obvious and commanda unwavering ad
herence to that policy as one of cardinal
Importance In protecting American labor,
maintaining American Industries and sus
taining American institutions.
W deplore the unfortunate conditions
which hsve brought about the differences
between operators and miners In the an.
thracite coal region, and we urge such ac
tion by all parties that speedy adjustment
may be made, to the end that the needs
of the people of the country may be
We condemn every combination of capital
whose purpose is self-aggrandizement at
tho expense of the workingman, the gen
eral public, the nation, or any state or local
government, or to Increase the cost of the
necessities of life, or In any way to assail
the moral, physical cr political welfare of
We deprecate the employment of children
of tender age at prolonged and exhaustive
tabor In mills, factories and mines, and In
all unhealthful vocations, as an evil which
calls for such legislation by tbe proper
authorities as will protect the young In
thlr morals, health and growth.
We characterize the democratic party as
one without a fixed policy on any of the
great public, questions of the day. It offers
no remedy for any existing Ills, and it la
only active In opposition to the progressive
acts of the republican party, while It
awaits a possible national calamity that
may furnish It an Issue. .
And, finally, we pledge to cur party the
constant and loyal support of the repub
lican clubs throughout the oountrr and
urge upon the officers of the National
league the early formation of state organ
isations In states whore they do not now
Kew Bxeeative) Committee.
An executive committee to aerve during
the new administration waa appointed. It
Texas W. H. Atwell. Dallas.
Illinois George A. Hubbard, Chicago.
Montana W. F. Sanders, Helena.
Missouri Harvey P. Dow, Sedalla.
New Mexico J, R. Colby, Albuquerque.
American Republican College leagus H.
Li. Waracr, Notre Dame untveralty, In
South Dakota W. C. Lush, Yankton.
Iowa Fred A. Bennett, Sioux City.
Kansas Byron E. Sheffield, Atchison.
Indian Territory William Noble, South
California F. K. Rule, Los Angeles.
Arkansas A. D. Fowler, Little Rock.
The convention then adjourned.
f At Pan-American Exposition.
Unlike Any Other !
The full flavor, the delicious qual
ity, the abiolute Tlirltr, of L-w.
nejr's Breakfast Cooa distinguish
It from U others t
No "treatment" with alkalies; ne
adulteration with , flour, starch or
groi-nd cocoa shells; nothing but the
nutritive and digestible product of
the choicest Cocoa Beans.
Ask Your Dealer for It.
Powered by Open ONI