Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 02, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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    TITE OMAIIA DATLT BEE: TOUHSDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1002.
The omaiia Daily Dee
E. ROBE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION,
pally bee (without Sunday). One Yer..HXj
Xally Be arid ounuay, une Year
Illustrated iiee, uno ar
fcuncmy nee. One lear
baturuay lite, une Year Ls"
'I'weutleth Century armr, One Ycar...l-W
' DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
Ualljr Bee (without Sunday), per copy.... 1c
Lally hue twitnuut Sunuuyj. pr wueK...Kc
Jmiy iiea (Including cjunoay;, pr wea..lic
fctunuay Ute, per copy
Evening bee (without Hunday), per wee lit
fcvenlng Bee (Including Sunday), per
week. 100
Complaints of irregularities In deliver
should be addressed tu City Circulation D
uarunent. OFFICES.
Omaha The Bee Building'.
South Omaha CUy Hall Building. Twen-ty-ntth
and M Streets.
Council Blurts 10 i'earl Street.
Chicago 1MU L'nlty Building.
New fork 23-' Park Row ttullrilng.
Washington 401 Fourteenth Street.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter should be addressed: Omaha
'Bee, Editorial Department.
BUSINESS LETTERS.
Business letters and remittances should
be addressed: The Bee Publishing Com
pany, Omaha.
REMITTANCES.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of
mall accounts, personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as:
George B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The . Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of September, lfr2, was aa fol
lows: 1 80,1X0 81,100
2 3O.T40 17 81.O20
t BOIBO 18 81,140
4 80,810 19 '.......81,1W
S 81,070 20 81,450
. 80,420 21 29,670
7 29.8TO 23 81,000
80,900 23 84.BOO
80,700 24 82,240
10 81,OBO 26 31,200
Jl 80.N20 24 80,770
12 81.2BO 27 80,050
tt 81.20O 28 aO,28
14 29,BM 29 80,800
15 81,050 so ai.ieo
Total 28,22S
Less unsold and returned copies.... 10,144
Net total aales 018.O81
JVet dally average 3Ot02
GEO. B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me thla 30th day of September,
A. D. 1902. M. B. HUNGATE.
(Seal) Notary Public
Carnival time la where Omaha's wide
etreets come In for bandy service.
The people will not be satisfied until
they get municipal homo rule.
' The base ball fan will now no longer
have even the satisfaction of reading the
score in the paper uui.il the ecasou opens
next spring.
Kansas is bidding' for notoriety with
the first snow storm of the season. Ne
braska has no immediate hankering to
get into the competition.
' The hunting season is at last fully
open. Restaurant men can now offer
"prairie chickens" on their bills of fare
instead of simply "birds."
Mayor Moores does not propose to get
out of practice a a writer of veto mes
sages. And almost Invariably bis vetoes
are strictly In the Interest of the tax
payer. That meat packers' merger has been
neither effected nor called off for sev
eral days. The meat packers are losing
a chance for a whole lot of free adver
tising. Unless conditions change, the coal de
partment of the county poor agent will
be the most popular branch of the
county government during the approach
ing winter.
There may be nothing to arbitrate be
tween the coal operators and the coal
miners, but there is something to arbi
trate between the coal producers and the
coal consumers.
If Wall street only realized what a
mall part of the big American continent
It covered and how little its present ex
cltementa are reflected outside of Its own
boundaries it would quiet down and stop
baking a show of itself.
Omaha wants moredwelling bouses
for working people who can pay moder
to rental. The demand for such houses
constantly exceeds the supply. Owners
of unimproved real estate In this city
should make their property bear income
by such sure Investments.
President Baer wants the people to
live In faith that there will be plenty of
coal to supply every demand by the
time winter sets In. For some reason
or other, however, the public does not
seem inclined to experiment with the
faith cure as a remedy for skyscraper
coal prices.
Nebraska farmers are again complain
ing of the scarcity of farm laborers and
the difficulty of getting the corn husked
without help. They never had to com
plain on this score . before republican
prosperity reopened the mills and fac
tories that give, employ uieut to all la
borers able and willing to work.
No danger that the. vacant place on
the supreme court cdmmlsion will have
to hunt for aomeouo to fill It. There are
plenty of lawyers in Nebraska willing to
annex the life title of judge by serving
a few months as assistant to the su
preme court Justices without reference
to the disputed question or overwork
. pad underpay.
A good delegation from Omaha and
(Nebraska is expected to attend the
National Irrigation congress. Omaha
and Nebraska are vitally interested in
the promotion of irrigation as an agency
for the settlement and upbuildiug of the
west upon which we depend In so many
ways. The irrigation legislation already
accomplished is largely the result of sys
tematlc agitation and organised effort
.which must be .continued If what has
feecn gained U to W held and extended.
TRADK HKLATIOXH TTITH CANADA,
A question which Is commanding a
good deal of attention In New England
and Is of general Interest Is that of trade
relations with Canada. There is unques
tionably much Involved In It, for our
litiRlnex with the Dominion Is large nnd
growing and It Is desirable td retain and
cultivate It. While consideration Is be
ing given to extending our trade In other
parts of the world It would manifestly
be foolish to lose' flight Of of neglect the
valuable commerce at our doors.
It has recently been stated thnt the
Canadian government will be ready to
accept overtures In trade made by the
United States, thus Implying that until
this country makes a move looking to
closer commercial relations nothing will
be done on the part of Canada. If this
correctly represents the attitude of the
Dominion there seems to be little prom
ise of an early realization of that coun
try's desire for trade reciprocity, since
there I apparently no thought at Wash
ington about making overtures and even
the strong sentiment in New England fa
vorable to reciprocity with Canada has
not made any decided Impression upon
the country at large and we do not think
It is likely to do so.
In a speech a few days ago Senator
Lodge of Massachusetts referred to this
matter, pointing out that the Canadian
attitude In regard to the Alaskan boun
dary wag largely responsible for the
failure of reciprocity before the joint
high commission. lie said that it was
a republican administration which set
on foot the movement of reciprocity
with Canada and that It was Canada
which broke off the negotiation on the
boundary question. "The time has been
reached," said Senator Lodge, "when
the United States can no longer go, hat
In hand, to Canada, and ask to settle
these other questions and beg that she
lay aside the Alaskan boundary." Ho
did not know how much value we should
find In Canadian reciprocity. "We open
to Canada a market of 80,000,000 of
people and she opens to us a market of
5,000,000 of people. It would be of great
value to Canada, greater than it could
possibly be to us to make that treaty."
Mr. Lodge Is not opposed to closer trade
relations with the Dominion, but he de
clared that It "will never advance one
inch toward consummation while Can
ada stands over us with a manufactured
claim to our territory to which we have
held undisputed title for over seventy
years,"
A vigorous effort Is being made to pro
mote sentiment in this country favorable
to reciprocity with Canada. It is being
especially pressed upon public attention
In New England and there Is also an
earnest movement being made along our
northern boundary, where the strongest
opposition to reciprocity has hitherto
been shown. It Is claimed that this
movement Is making progress, particu
larly in the northwest We have ob
served no indications of this, though It
Is not altogether Improbable. We be
lieve, however, It is safe to say that
there will be general acquiescence in the
opinion expressed by Senator Lodge that
there can be no reciprocity arrangement
with Canada so long as that country
persists in its unwarranted claim re
specting the Alaskan boundary.
ZOLA.
The world will receive with a sense of
relief the assurance that the end of the
courageous life of Eraile Zola was acci
dental and not self-inflicted. Aa a lit
erary man he had long achieved for him
self a place of world-wide Interest. lie
was almost as distinctly the greatest
novelist of France in his day as his
elder Victor Hugo, although their meth
ods were different, or as Balzac was
still earlier. As the founder of a school
of novelists, that of "naturalism," as he
insisted on calling it hi contradistinction
to romanticism, and as its most distin
guished exponent, he exerted a powerful
Influence In the literary world.
Of Zola's power there is no dispute,
however the morality of much that he
wrote may be called in question. It is
possible to point out many passages in
his stories that are commonplace and
even dull, for he shares the fate or all
voluminous producers of books, but for
the most purt his s ylj 1 bold and pictur
esque, rising to climates of extraordi
nary power. To the genius of keen in
sight he added capacity for indefatigable
labor..' Ills life from the beginning was
distinctly that of the literary man, for
he was only 2'4 years. of age when his
first novel, "Conteg a Nanon," appeared,
and the vast series of his works repre
sents the continuous concentrated effort
of an intellect naturally gifted.
Zola is no longer denied, as some crit
ics once sought to deny him, the power
of illumlnutlng Imagination, because the
stuudpolut from which he regarded man
Is that of modern science, of which he
was a profound student, lie made his
ow u the cold, scientific truths of heredity
and environment, and he wrought out
their effects upon Individuals, classes.
Institutions and society with consum
mate art. Lacking , Balzac's humor,
Zola's vast cycle of novels lesembies in
scope, and In some respects In lauuuer,
the plan of his great predecessor's "Hu
man Comedy" that Is, as a picture of
lite at once artistic and genuinely philo
sophic.
It was unfortunate for Zola's reputa
tion, uud doubtlesa also for his perma
nent pluce lu literature, that he chose
lor so large a part of his subjects the
buse aud vicious side of life. The lust
word ou the morul effect of literary
realism in evil has not yet been spoken.
Zola himself Indignantly repelled the Im
putation that lu depicting vice in all Its
native lildcousnc he ; necessarily pan
dered to vice. But those who have taken
delight In his treat uieut of fluer subjects
will regret that he dwelt so dispropor
tionately on the disagreeable phases of
life aud that lu dealing with depravity
he should sometimes become tediously
disgusting. They could prefer that the.
splendid power put forth in elaborating
the horrors of "Therese Itaquln, " "L'Aa
somolr" and "Nana" had rather been
employed to produce more stories like
"Germinal."
It is hardly profitable to seek to dig
cover precisely what Zola's motives were
In choosing subjects, as Max Nordau
attempts to do In his analysis of the
great French author's wra. Probably
In, large pnrt chance more than delib
erate choice prevailed with him as with
novelists generally. Very likely the
Kougon-Macquart scries of stories fol
lowed naturally upon the accidental dis
covery of the remarkable records of a
certain criminal and degenerate French
family, .on which Max Nordau lays so
much stress. This epoch of Zola's lit
erary life exemplifies his Idea of pure
raturalism. But Zola like Tolstoi ad
vanced to a higher ethical plane In a
magnificent series of novels, Including
'Le Debacle." "La Terre." "Fecomlltc,"
"Rome," 'Tarls" and "Lourdcs." They
are truly masterpieces and upou them
very largely his permanent reputation
will depend. They are a high form of
"the novel with a purpose," conceived
In ultimate effect to enforce some social,
economic or moral lesson, nnd yet In ac
cordance with the methods of supreme
literary art.
E in lie Zola as an author was not more
distinguished for artistic genius and In
defatigable devotion to his work than us
a man ho was distinguished for courage.
He stood unfinichingly true to his con
victions both as an artist and as a man,
not hesitating In "Le Debacle" to enrage
a whole people or in "Lourdes" to offend
a religion. The intrepidity with which
In the Dreyfus case he stood forth to
protest against national madness and in
justice to an individual, accepting the
penalty of banishment aud social ostra
cism for himself, received the generous
applause of mankind.
TWO TEAKS AGO JSD StOW.
Congressman Mercer's campaign man
ager Is afflicted with a very treacherous
memory. He resents the publicity given
by a Fourth ward republican to a well
defined rumor that he and his chief lieu
tenant, Ourley, knifed the republican
legislative ticket two years ago. Mr.
Blackburn's disclaimer is coupled with
the assertion that he not only voted for
the legislative ticket in 1900, but urged
his friends to do likewise.
If this Is true, it Is passing strange
that Mr. Blackburn's urgent appeals on
behalf of the legislative ticket for 1900
had no effect upon William F. Gurley,
who was associated with him In the
management of Mr. Mercer's campaign.
It Is a matter of notoriety that Gurley
not only supported the fusion legislative
ticket, but that he also after the elec
tion acted as champion and attorney for
Frank Ransom and the other fusion
members of the legislature who secured
their seats through wholesale frauds.
It is also very, very significant that G.
M. Hitchcock, then a candidate for United
States senator, urged the republican
county clerk, Mr. Haverly, to place
Thomas W. Blackburn on the board to
canvass the returns of Douglas county.
If Blackburn was really a warm sup
porter of the republican legislative
ticket, why should Hitchcock exhibit
such anxiety to have him appointed as
canvasser of the election returns? And
why was Blackburn in open alliance
with the fusion legislative candidates
after the election in the movement to
prevent the election of two republicans
to the United States senate?
According to Mr. Blackburn, the
Fourth ward republican who Insinuates
that Gurley and Blackburn were dis
loyal to the legislative ticket two years
ago Is a truculent prevaricator and dis
loyal republican. The man whom
Blackburn stigmatizes is a Grand Army
veteran whose republicanism has never
been challenged.
Mr. Blackburn's solicitude for the elec
tion of the legislative ticket nominated
under Mercer's dictation Is lu decided
contrast with his lack of solicitude for
the election of the ticket two years ago.
Blackburn and Mercer both knew that
there . was an organized conspiracy,
which had been set on foot by William
J. Broatch, John N. Westberg, John Mc
Donald and several of the candidates on
this year's legislative ticket, to knife
the republican ticket two years ago. He
knew that these men sought to accom
plish their purpose by urging their re
publican followers and friends to vote
the . straight democratic ticket, but
neither Mercer nor Blackburn sounded
the alarm or sought to prevent the con
summation of the plot that had for its
object the defeat of all republican candi
dates for United States senator and the
election of two democrats.
These things are still fresh In the
minds of a few republicans in Omaha,
and the Fourth ward republican who re
fuses to be dragooned into the support
of Mr. Mercer this year, although he
supported him and worked for him for
five successive terms. Is only one of
many republicans who are not disposed
to pay a premium on political duplicity
and treachery.
"Curses, like chickens, come home to
roost."
AO ftDSHAL A V'tliOHlTT.
The decision of the president and cab
inet that the federal government has no
authority to interpose for the settlement
of the anthracite eoul strike is undoubt
edly correct, though there will be a very
general feeling of regret that such Is the
case. It has been thought that perhaps
the Sherman anti-trust luw could be up
plied, on the ground that the railroads
controlling most of the anthracite region
are In a combination or conspiracy iu
restraint of trade, but the best legal
opinion appears to be that this law does
not reach the case. Nor are the rail
roads in this matter amenable to the
interstate commerce act, having done
nothlug affecting rates of which the
commission can properly take notice.
As the situation stands, therefore. It
seems that the only power capable of
dealing with it is lodged In the state of
Pennsylvania and doubt is expressed
whether the exercise of this power
would give relief as soon ss desired,
Indeed, It Is the opinion of some that
any movement in this direction would
only aggravate the trouble and that con
sequently the wiser course is to let the
contest be fought out, unless the oper
ators can be persuaded to make a set
tlement. Of this there appears at present no
prospect, nor Is there any promise of
submission on the part of the miners.
An early ending of the struggle Is pos
sible, but so for as can be judged from
indications the termination is still remote.
As usual the university regents are
preparing to ask the coming Nebraska
legislature for special building appropri
ations aggregating more than $200,000
In addition to the 1-nilll levy which Is
now regarded as a vested right of the
university. When the 1-mill levy was
granted it was represented that the pro
ceeds would not only take care of all
the running expenses of the Institution,
but also provide for all the building re
quirements for years to come In fact
the increase In the levy was made for
the special purpose of affording a build
ing fund and with the distinct under
standing that! It was to be a temporary
grant only. If the grand assessment roll
reflected the real growth of the state's
taxable wealth from year to year, the
university would be receiving an an
nually increasing revenue that would
leave no excuse for additional demands.
The friends of the university ought to
throw themselves with all their force
into the fight for tax reform that would
place upon the assessment roll the mil
lions of property that now altogether
escapes taxation or, like the railroad
property, Is returned at a ridiculous
fraction of Its Just ratio.
For the meeting of the National League
of Republican Clubs an apportionment
has been made calling for the attendance
of nearly 2,000 delegates. It would be
surprising If one-fourth of that number
put In an appearance. The league has
for several years been steadily going
down hill until It has practically petered
out. It would be much better to meet
only In presidential years or to disband
than to continue the farce of holding
annual meetings for an organization that
no longer exists except on paper. Yet
the National League of Republican
Clubs has fared no worse than the
league of democratic clubs, which to all
intents and purposes has also gone glim
mering.
A Lincoln paper comes out with the
declaration that if an electric trolley line
between Omaha and Lincoln would tend
to make Lincoln a tail to the Omaha
kite, then Lincoln people will want none
of It. Why stop at the trolley line? Why
not start a movement in Lincoln to shut
off railway traffic between the two cities
and cut out the telegraph and telephone
lines? Or perhaps our Lincoln friends
would like an embargo that works only
one way that would encourage Omaha
people to go to Lincoln, but absolutely
prevent Lincoln people from coming to
Omaha,
It transpires that the selection of L.
T. Durant to fill the vacancy on the dem
ocratic state ticket In Michigan, created
by the withdrawal of his brother, who
had been nominated for governor, is also
a victory of th'r gold democrats as
against the silverite wing of the party.
That settles it that Colonel Bryan will
not participate la the Michigan cam
paign this year.
Ia It Go4 Laekt
Washington Post.
Mr. Bryan announces that he will con
fine hia speech-making to Nebraska dur
ing the month of October. Here is another
bit of democratic good luck.
Living Within Ita Income.
Boston Transcript.
Japan has advanced to an exceptionally
high standard of civilization. Its last
financial reports show that it is living
within its Income a fact which shows a
high grade of Intelligence ia man or na
tion. Working; a. Good Thin.
New York World.
Mr. J. J. Hill's description of "indus
trial enterprises whose only Industry Is In
running printing presses to print shares of
stock" fits a good many "merrere"
among them his own Northern Securities
company.
Land Grabbing- la Canada.
Minneapolis Journal.
Alarmed by the American Invasion, the
Canadian government wants to spend 12,-
000,000 next year in encouraging immigra
tion mostly from the British Islands.
When the Britishers arrive they will have
to buy small parts of Canada from Amer
icana. May Hla Tribe Increase.
Kansas City Star.
Judge O'Neill Ryan of St. Louis takes the
refreshing position that, - In trying cases,
the broad Intent and purpose of the law
should be considered, rather than the triv
ial technicalities which are employed by
far too many members of the legal pro
fession for the purpose of thwarting Justice.
May hit tribe Increase, for, heaven knowa,
magistrates of that stamp are sorely needed.
Becoming- More Intelligent.
Baltimore Sun.
The conditions of employment nowadays
discourage Ignorance. Intelligence and
some degree of education are indispensable
In almost every industry. This is well un
derstood by representative worklngmen, and
if they were not so fortunate as to enjoy
educational advantages in their youth they
are not withholding these advantages from
their children. The worktngman of the
future will not be "brother to the ox," as
the American poet represents the toller of
other days. He will not be content to let
other do his thinking for him. He will
have his own ideas about economics and
social conditions. Knowledge will ' bring
power to him, and the question then will be,
How will he use this power?
Marked Changes la the Army.
Indianapolis Journal.
The register of the United States army
for the current year shows the great change
that has taken place In the officers Incident
to the Spanish-American war and the ser
vice in the Philippines. The army has
been Increased from 25,000 to 75,000, which
caused a corresponding Increase of officers.
The greatest change is noted In the pro
motion of old officers. Those who were
lieutenants six years ago have reached
much higher ranks, one of them being a
brigadier general; captains have become
colonels and majors brigadier generals, and
most of them have been retired. A few
years ago a large part of the officers of the
regular array saw service In the war of the
union; now the number Is very small and
very aooa those living will all pass to th
retired list i
BITS Or WASH1SOTM MFK.
Minor Scenes and incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
"Now that the 'Little White House' has
taken definite form and Is receiving a coat
of paint," writes the Washington corre
spondent of the Brooklyn Eagle, "the pub
lic can see what manner of building has
been erected as the working place and
general reception quarters of the presi
dent. It is not an exaggeration to say
that not a single favorable comment has
been passed on the mean looking little
structure thnt has sprung up alongside the
old White House. The latter was never
considered a thing of beauty, but by com
parison with the new building it becomes
a veritable palace. The Little White
House might have been designed by a
school boy, so straight and plain are tts
lines, not a elngle thing but windows and
doors to break the monotony of its four
outBlde walls. Rough brick was used In
the finishing, and above the one row of
windows Is a line of cheap Iron grating
so suggestive of a barn that one almost
expects to see wIbps of hay sticking out.
In fact, the structure has been likened to
a stable or a barn by nearly every ob
server. It has Just received its first coat
of white paint, whlh has emphasized the
impoverished appearance. Perhaps three
or four coats will Improve it, but at pres
ent it Is a sad and dreary looking affair.
It Is a matter of universal regret that
when it became necessary to mar the
beauty of the White House grounds by
putting up another building proper steps
were not taken to insure the erection of a
creditable structure. The new building is
not even fireproof."
To the average Washlngtonlan the state
ment that between the White House and the
capttol lies a replica of a little spot of
Death's valley, California, than which there
is no more barren desert, would seem ab
surd. And yet, this very thing can be found
In the west corner of the botanic gardens,
relates the Washington Post. A tiny spot
It Is, but true to life In every detail. Its
dry, barren sandy alkali soil Is a startling
contrast to the background of giant palms
and sacred cedars which bound it on the
north and west and the fragrant path
laced lawn which rolls out toward the east
like a bolt of emerald velvet, dotted here
and there with ponds of pink and whlto
liMeaall typical of the moisture-laden land
of the east, where even the commons are
strewn with gay weeds and wild flowers.
There is no branch of the botanic gardens
which necessitates such care and constant
trouble. No plant is so difficult to handle
and In some cases dangerous to work with
as the cacti. Then, too, few plants are so
delicate In this climate as the in Its native
soil undying cacti. The plants which will
endure for ages In the dry, burning air of
the southern desert soon shrink and totter
and fall to the ground a rotten harmless
trunk when exposed to the cold rains and
sudden changes of our eastern climate.
When the first snows of winter approach,
the desert spot Is denuded of its thorny
plants and the rare collection Is placed In
air-tight glass conservatories. When this
work 'starts the most trying and painful
laburs of Llie botanic gaidueis beglu. The
heaviest of buckskin gloves do not protect
the hands from the stabs of these plants.
d for days after the clearing of the
desert many of the workmen and the. su
perintendent are seen with bandaged hands.
However, although the cuts from these cacti
are extremely painful, only two of them ace
dangerously poisonous, the two varieties of
the euphorbia lactea monstrosa, the Juice
of which Is very venomous. The Arizona
and Mexican prickly pears are extremely
brittle and in handling them their leaves
frequently snap and fall upon the workmen.
They pierce the clothing and are burled
deep into the flesh, making ugly festering
wounds. '
One of the most interesting cacti In the
gardens Is what is commonly known as the
bishop's bonnet or bishop's miter. The en
tire plant is covered with a fine network
of sharp needles.
Not the least Interesting of the great col
lection of "fighters," as the old gardener
calls his cacti. Is the Calvary cactus, or
"crown of thorns," as It is generally called.
There is an old theory which dates back
hundreds of years, which declares that from
this species of cactus was made the crown
which pierced the brow of Christ. Certain
It is that this thorny bush Is Indigenous
to the Holy Land and It was from there that
the specimen which Is now in the botanic
gardens was brought.
The spider web, the West Indian fence,
the prickly pear the hedge hog and all the
others are there with their technical, names
placarded upon them, but familiar to the
visitor from the arid lands by their common
titles. One of the finest specimens extant
of the spider web Is at the botanic gar
dens, and Just now It is beautiful with Its
natural waterproof wool tufts growing out
to protect the tender new shoots. This
wool substance Is absolutely Impervious to
water and appears on the plant during the
wet seasons especially, and sheds all damp
ness from the top of . the plant where the
growth appears.
There are two specimens of the euphor
bia lactea monstrosa, which are the poison
ous cacti. One of these is more deadly
than the other, but both are risky plants
to handle unless one Is familiar with such
work and trained to extreme care.
There Is also the Jumping cactus, which,
when approached, la drawn to one as a
needle to a magnet, and pierces whoever
gets too close to It. Then there are the
Indian well cactus, thorny plants from al
most every tropical country of the world.
and every variety known to be indigenous
to American soil. California, Arizona. New
Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Nevada, Wyoming,
Kansas and all the western states whose
plains and deserts produce these sharp lit
tle vegetable weapons have contributed to
the miniature desert of the botanic gardens.
Nor are the sage brush, the mesqulte, the
grease wood, the paola verde and Innumer
able leafless shrubs which thrive on the
western wastes missing from this remark
able botanical collection.
The cab drivers of Washington have been
trying to break up the business of a con
cern that Is running what are known as
"seeing Washington" cars in a continuous
trip over all the lines of one of the street
car companies in order to take in all the
sights of the capital. The cabmen allege
that the cars are run in violation of the
charters of the street car companies and
of the general law regulating such traffic.
The other day the district attonrey rendered
a decision sustaining the "seeing" cars,
which, he says, in no way conflict with the
time achedules of the street cars, and give a
service ertlrely different from the ordinary
street car service.
There Is one little girl in Washington
who recently gave her parents an exhi
bition of her nature for which tbey were
totally unprepared. The child was cross
eyed, and her affliction was a source of
extreme snnoyance to herself and family,
relates the Washington Post. An oculist
was consulted, who advised an operation to
remedy the defect, and so tt was decided
to take the little one to k hospital in Bal
timore. The utmost secrecy was observed
In the matter. Miss Annie had once made
a great fuaa about having a tooth pulled,
and, of course. It was to be expected that
she would enter serious objections to an
operation on her eyes.
She was taken to Baltimore under the lm
pressloa that sh was going on a pleasure
trip with hep father and mother. When
they arrived at the hospital the mother
took her daughter In her lap and nervously
broached the real object of the trip. Bhe
set forth in all Its triple horror the em
barrassment which la the lot of the cross
eyed person, stating that the trouble would
Increase aa she grew older.
"Now, Annie," the tald finally, "we have
brought you over here to have your eyes
straightened. It won't hurt you at all.
Wouldn't you like to have your eyes like
other people't?"
"You Just, bet I would," exclaimed Annie,
to the astonishment of the others. "You
can go ahead and do anything you want,
and I don't care how much It hurts. I'm
Just tick and tired of having a park of col
ored boys spit Into their hats and cross
their fingers every time they meet me."
The operation was performed forthwith,
and the young lady has as good a pair of
eyes as anybody In Washington.
SOFT COAL A MONEY HA VEIL
Necessity Produces Stoves and Far
nacea to Consume It Profitably.
Chicago Chronicle.
If people would talk less about seeking
relief from the anthracite famine by go
ing to congress or the courts or the gov
ernor of Pennsylvania for laws and receiv
ers snd troops and do more for themselves
by preparing to use soft coal they would
be much surer of getting what they want,
not only for the time being, but tor all
time.
There has been good reason for giving
the preference to hard coal for domestto
purposes. With the stoves snd furnaces In
use heretofore it hat been impossible to
burn soft coal' economically or without an
almost Intolerable nuisance of soot, smoke,
dust and care and trouble In management.
These objections to soft coal have now
been overcome In a great measure. Stoves
and furnaces sre in the market which burn
the cheapest of toft coal without producing
any more offensive soot or smoke than
hard coal yields. All that was offensive
and objectionable Is consumed, with the
result that as much heat Is obtained from
a ton of the cheapest soft coal as from a
ton of hard coal.
If people will turn their attention to these
stoves and furnaces they will find as soon
ss prices get down to the normal again
that they are getting what heat they re
quire for half or less than half what they
have been paying. In view of the econ
omy and other considerations they will con
tinue to use soft coal permanently.
The consequences to the anthracite mine
owners and operators, to the coal roads and
to the miners would be pretty serious,
but we need not concern ourselves about
that. Consumers will be far better off and
lets liable to be bled by strikes and lock
outs. Producers, from owners to miners,
will find it uecestary to show more regard
tor the interests of the great consuming
public
PERSONAL NOTES.
Charles M. Schwab's New fork home will
be a six-story granite mansion, to cost
$900,000.
Chicago peddlers are doing a land office
butlnest selling stick pros on which bits
of "genuine anthracite coal" are mounted.
The new medical college to be endowed
at New York by Mr. Rockefeller will have
departments for both allopaths and homeo
paths. Secretary Shaw has accepted the Invita
tion to be present at the meetings of the
New York State Bankers' association on
October 9 and 10.
Ex-United States Senator Stephen W.
Dorsey of Arkanaas has bought a handsome
residence In Los Angeles, Cal.. and will
make that city his home. His art collec
tion Is expected to be the most noteworthy
In Southern California. '
Elting Elmore of Milwaukee has retired
from the coal trade and for the first time
since Its first cargo of coal was received
the Cream city has no Elmore represented
in that traffic. Members of the family have
had a continuous Interest In the trade for
tome sixty years. y
Dr. Selor, professor of the Americanist
chair. In the University of Berlin, endowed
by Duke Laubat of New York, accompanied
by Dr. uon der Stelnen, professor of eth
nology at the University of Berlin, have
left Berlin for New York to attend the
Americanist society's snnual meeting.
Admiral Sohley recently celebrated the
thirty-ninth anniversary of his wedding at
Laconla, N. H., and the village folks pre
sented to him a French clock and cande
labra of ornamental design, wrought In
bronze, to express their gratitude for the
commander'i personal servloe to New
Hampshire.
6peaker Henderson's unexpected retire
ment hat retulted in a Wall ttreet rumor
that he is very comfortably fixed so far
as money Is concerned. It Is aald that
Andrew Carnegie In the past few years
has given his brother Scot tips that have
rolled up quite handsome banking ac
count for the Iowa man.
Adjutant General Dalton of Massa
chusetts, who announces his Intended re
tirement, will on January 1 next have com
pleted a twenty-year occupancy of a po
sition which Is practically the administra
tive head of the state's military establish
ment. General Dalton was originally ap
pointed by Governor Butler.
Over in Michigan they seam to have
rather a poor opinion of Governor Bliss'
powers gs an orator. One leading news
paper declares that he Is the very poorest
speaker "that ever was or will be," adding
that so far at known the governor hat only
been outdone once. That wat by an Eng
lish agitator who managed to crowd three
grammatical errors Into two words
Them's them.
The late John D. Lyman of Exeter, N.
H., bequeathed to one of bis daughters
some old volumes of The North American
Review which, at he stated In hla will,
were once borrowed by Young Colbath,
then a bound apprentice to a farmer, and
In later yeart bad bit name changed to
Henry Wilson, and eubtequently became a
United States tenator from Massachusetts
snd vice president of the United States.
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ANOTHER BLOW AT BRYASIHM.
Connecticut Gives Democracy's White
Elephant a Jolt.
New ,York Tribune.
Connecticut treads oa the heels of Massa
chusetts In cutting loose from Bryan and
Bryanlsm. The downfall of George Fred
Williams has been followed by the obscura
tion of Alexander Troup. Through the aid
of these two active and devoted lleutonantt
Colonel Bryan hna maintained for six years
past an unchallenged Influence In New
England politics. Taking advantage of the
disruption of the democratic organization
In the six New England slates forced by
his own nomination for the presidency In
1896. the Nebraska statesman promptly In
stalled as leaders of the broken democratlo
remnant men like Troup and Williams, on
whose fidelity to the radical departures
of the Chicago platform he could confidently
depend. Flattered at the power and prom
inence given them In democratic councils,
theee newer leaders expended their ener
gies not so much In fitting the party In
New England for future vlrtorles at lu
holding It loyal to Colonel Bryan's polit
ical theories and personal fortunes. Now
England's representation on the national
committee and In national conveatlons was
successfully employed to counteract the
natural drift of eastern sentiment away
from Bryanlsm and to supplement the de
mand of the west and southwest for an
other test of the Nebraskan's mettle at a
presidential candidate.
Until thla year the democratic party In
Massachusetts and Connecticut had submit
ted with unquestioning docility to a dom
ination baaed on conditions whose day had
plainly passed. At Boston a week ago the
structure of Bryanlstic theories and Bryan
istic authority so laboriously erected by
George Fred Williams was toppled over
like a bouse of cards. On Thursday at New
Haven Mr. Troup's fantastic . leadership
was repudiated with equal emphasis. This
vigilant representative In Connecticut of
Colonel Bryan's Interests has for some time
been urging the desirability not only of re
affirming the Chicago and Kansas City
platforms In 1904, but of making Colonel
Bryan once more a candidate for the pres
idency. But party sentiment In the state
has evidently rebelled at this "continuous
performance" program. For when the res
olutions committee reported a platform to
the state convention It was found that care
had been taken to eliminate all reference
to the two great declarat1oos-those of
1898 and 1900 which Mr. Troup and his
confiding followers hold to constitute the
legitimate democratic faith. The platform
as reported and adopted affirms "allegiance
to the democracy of the nation" and "faith
In its principles." The Bryan forces tried
to append to the latter clause the phrase
"as promulgated by the Kansas City dem
ocratic convention," but the resolutions
committee rejected the amendment by 16
votes to 7, and the Bryanltes ware afraid
to expose their weakness further by fight
ing to reverse this "betrayal" in the con
vention itself.
MIRTHFUL REMARKS.
Detroit Free Press: "Do you believe that
the rain falls alike on the Just and un
just?" "Not a bit of it. The unjust have the
umbrellas."
Pittsburg Chronicle: "Here," said Mr.
Snaggs, aa he laid a volume on the table,
"here ia a book that I am very desirous
Lucy shall read."
"Very well," replied Mrs. Snaggs; "I'll
forbid her to touch It."
Philadelphia Bulletin: "But. papa,"
pleaded the millionaire's daughter In be
half of the poor young man she wished to
marry, "surely it Is no disgrace to work for
a living?"
"N-no, my dear no. What I object to Is
being the one who uv worked for it."
Cincinnati Tribune: ' "Do' your debts
worry you?" asked the sympathetic' guy.
"What I owe other people?" said the will
ing spender. "Well, I should say. not. It's
what other people owe me that bothers."
Baltimore Herald: Judge I tell you
KUngers is happy. He feels as If he has
Just found money.
Fudge How's that?
Judge He has employed a lawyer who
has succeeded In having his taxes low
ered X5.
Fudge What was the lawyer's fee?
Judge Ten dollars, I believe.
Chicago Tribune: "What did you do,"
they asked of the man who had Just re
turned from a hunting and fishing trip to
the far west, "when you saw your first
mountain lion?"
"I left him In possession of the land
scape," he replied, "and went back to my
mountain trout."
Philadelphia Press: Tens She didn't
wait long for a husband.
Jess Why, she only left school last year.
Tess And now she's to marry Jack
Klubley. She didn't wait long, did she?
Jess No, but she will after her marriage
If she means to sit up for him nights.
Chicago Post: Our friend tells us of
hearing the new cantatrlce In her operatic
selection at the recital.
"And what," we ask, "was the burden of
her song?"
Here his face grows hard, as if with
bitter memory.
"Listening to It," he rasps.
A BIT OF GENEALOGY.
In the kingdom of Qulvlra, -
Many, many years ago.
Dwelt a maiden, wise and tender,
Heart of tire and brow of snow.
Smiled this maid, so fair and gentle.
When the tun was low.
In the days of Coronado
Bhe was beautiful and free,
Heir to wealth of all the ages.
Proud and strong and great was she;
Merry winds tossed her wild tresses.
Whistling In their glee.
On her cheeks bloomed richest roses.
Deepest violet were her eyes;
Her sweet name was Virgin Prairie,
Stainless as her brooding skies;
All the air waa filled with perfume
From her fragrant sighs.
Came the yellow-haired Mondamln,
Manly, handsome, loving, brave,
Wooed and won, this ratlin nt maiden;
Weeping, heav'n a. bleBilng gave.
Ev'ry year, the King Ak-ar-JUen
Rises from his grave.-
Crowned with all Mendatnln's splendor,
Many harvests fur him grow.
For him gleam the- fires pf cities,
Llghtnlng-llght and furnace glow.
Virgin Prairie s dreamt enfold him
When the sun is low.
Wlnside, Neb.
BELLE WILLET GUE.