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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 1, 1902)
The OMAHA Daily Bes
K. BG6EWATER. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVEIllf MOKN1NO.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPAQ X.
STATEMENT OP CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as:
Oeorge B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Bea
Fubllshlng Company, being duly worn,
aaya that the aoiual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bea printed during
the month of September, liwU, was as fol
18 81,1 BO
Less unsold and returned copies.
Net total aalea
Net dally average - OOWJ
GEO. B. TZBCMUUK,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me thla nn nay oi wpirmmr,
A. D., 1902. M. B. HUNUATK,
(Seal.) Notary PubUc.
And still consumers of bard coal reel
that they need not to get hot over It
Those market gardeners are not to be
blamed in asking for their money back
when the show failed to be pulled off.
The sale of the Omaha street railway
property seems to be a serial story
printed on the Installment plan one chap
Or at a time.
The Stratton will contest threatens to
develop Into another case of "nothing
to arbitrate," If only enough lawyers
break into the litigation.
E-Senator Peffer has shaved off his
whiskers, thus corroborating the ear
lier report that he has forever aband
oned the Kansas populists.
By the time the Grand Army of the
Republic reunion is on at Washington
Fresldent Roosevelt will show us that he
Is no hospital soldier, either.
Visitors from out of town who want
the best newspaper during their stay In
Omaha will read The Bee. No other
local paper can nil the bill as well.
Up to date we are In the dark as to
the position of the various candidates
for the legislature on the paramount
local issues of home rule and railroad
Rural delivery has grown into mag
nificent proportions. At the present
Uncle 8am is already paying out over a
million dollars a month for delivering
letters to the formers.
St Taul young women have organized
ft girl's league for uniou with union men
only. If the Omaha girls would follow
suit the Union Pacific lockout might be
unlocked before Thanksgiving.
Residents of Council Bluffs and South
Omaha may consider themselves doubly
fortunate. They have all of the benefits
of Ak-Sar-Ben brought freely to their
doors without any of the attendant bur
Teople of Omaha and vicinity acquired
the midway habit through two succes
sive years of expositions and it has not
been allowed to die out by disuse. That
accounts largely for the popularity of
treet fairs In this neck-o'-woods.
Governor Cummins delivered an ad
dress from a Des Moines pulpit Sun
day night. The purpose of the innova
tion, as It is explained, is "to popular
ise the meetiugs." Now if the same
church will secure Speaker Henderson
It will make a hit
The Missouri penitentiary will need
enlarging for the reception of the mu
nicipal boodlers and promoters who are
now ou trial at St. Louis, just because
they were so Indiscreet as to leave $250,
000 of lubricator funds in a safety de
Department of Agriculture experts
have figured it out that the 1902 corn
crop will beat all that have gone before
It and raise the topnotch record by 200,
OOO.iXiO bushels. Two hundred intuitu
bushels alone would be a big output for
tbs average corn licit state but Ne
braska this year will register close to
500,000,000 bushels. Corn is king.
The Indian land speculators near the
Omaha and Winnebago reservations
have received a Bevere jolt at the hands
of Secretary Hitchcock. The revised
rules of the Interior department require
all the Indian reservation lands to be
old under sealed bid to the highest re
sponsible bidder. In due tlm the land
lease ring will also discover that a pull
with Agent Mathewson does not reach
far at It used to.
MISSOURI i.TD RtBRAtKA.
The supreme court of Missouri has
Issued a writ of mnndnmus. ordering
the State Hoard of Equalization to re
convene and make a new assessment of
the railroad, telegraph and express com
panies and other corporations whose
properties are subject to assessment
ond taxation by the stste board on the
basis of their actual value, which means
the market value of their stocks and
lond. This action of the supreme court
of Missouri stands out In marked con
trast with the recent refusal of the su
preme court of Nebraska to grant re
lief to the taxpayers of this state
from flagrant discrimination in favor
of railroad corporations. In Missouri
the sessions of the State Board of
Equalization are held In public, and not
In star chamber, as In Nebraska. The
Missouri board designates days for hear
ings and publicly invites county and
city officials aud all citizens Interested
in assessment of railroads, public
bridges and telegraph property to pre
sent their statements, testimony and
arguments, while the Nebraska board
allows its time to be monopolized be
hind closed doors by railroad tax
agents, attorneys and pass distrib
uters. The assessment by the Missouri
board are made on careful estimates
of the valuation of tho tangible property,
classified Into roadbed, superstructure,
rolling stock, depot buildings and other
Improvements on the railroad right-of-way,
whereas the Nebraska board has
dumped together all railroad property
regardless of betterments or Increased
vulue and increased volume of traffic
The striking contrast between Ne
braska and Missouri railroad assess
ments Is presented by a comparison of
assessments la the two states the last
two years. The railroad mileage in
Nebraska for 1801 was 0,052 miles, as
sessed for $26,442,254, or $4,679 per
mile, while the total railroad assess.
mcnt for 1802 is $20,588,592, with a
mileage of 5,704 miles, or an increase of
52 miles, which at $4,061.57 per mile
shows an actual decrease of $17.43 per
mile or $97,918 less in 1802 thun in the
The total mileage of railroads in Mis
souri for 1901 was 7,427 miles, assessed
for $112,673,980, or $14,605 per mile,
The total mileage of the Missouri rail
roads for 1802 Is 7,552 miles, or an In
crease of 125 miles, which, figured at
$14,605 per mile would have added to
the total value for 1902 $1,825,625,
making an aggregate of $114,499,611.
But the Missouri board raised the as
sessment of 1902 from $112,673,886 to
$120,870,668, or an increase of $8,107.
682, muking the average per mile $16,
005. According to the auditor of Mis
souri all property in that state is as
sessed at one-third of its actual value,
while the ratio In Nebraska is about
one-sixth. Assessed by, the Missouri
standard, Nebraska railroads would
average $8,002.50 per mile, instead of
$4,661, and the total assessment of Ne
braska railroads would be $45,724,429,
instead of $20,589,592.
And yet the Missouri supreme court
declares that the Missouri board has
been derelict In its duty In assessing
the property of the railroad, telephone
and telegraph companies, away below
their true valuation as measured by the
price of their stocks and bonds. In a
nutshell the Missouri . assessment . of
railroads at - double the value placed
upon them in Nebraska is pronounced
Intolerably unjust and the people of
Missouri are given relief by their su
Tan UIVKPENDENT iXDCBTRlES.
It is a well known fact that every
article that is produced by a trust Is
also produced by outside parties, some
of them of comparatively small capital.
These Independent Industries are nu
merous, they employ a very large
amount of capital and a great deal of
labor, they constitute a bulwark against
monopoly and their preservation Is man
The last census report furnishes In
structive statistics in regard to the in
dependent Industries. It shows that In
1900 the total number of manufac
turing establishments In the United
States was, 512,339, of which 785 were
corporations controlling 2,040 plants,
All the establishments together em
ployed 4,749,270 wage earners, of whom
400,046 .were employed by corporations
or trusts, being a fraction over 8 per
cent of the whole. The total wages
paid by all manufacturing establish
ments during the year was $2,034,2X5,,
456, of which $195,122,980 was paid by
so-called trusts being a fraction . over
9 per cent of the whole. The total
value of all manufactured products dur
ing the year was $11,820,784,665, of
which trusts produced $1,667,350,949, a
fraction over 14 per cent of the whole,
These figures show how great a part
Is played In our industrial system by In
dependent or' Individual enterprises,
which compete with the combinations.
According to the democratic campaign
text boox there are 287 trusts, so-called.
of which It claims 168 enjoy tariff bene
fits, though it falls to designate which
these are. (Conceding the claim, how
ever, it is still a fact that only about 14
per cent of our manufactures are pro
duced by the combinations or trusts,
which also employ only about 8 per cent
of the wage earners In the manufactur
ing Industries and pay only a fraction
over 8 per cent of the wages annually
paid In those Industries. In 1900 there
were 13.896 establishments engaged in
iron and steel manufactures, of which
2.040 were in combinations or trusts.
The entire number of these establish
ments employed 733.968 persons and
paid out In wages $381,875,489, of which
the combinations employed 143,609 per
sons and paid $1,008,583 In wages. The
product of the trust establishments was
a fraction over 28 per cent of the whole
It being Impracticable to remove tariff
duties from, goods made by the com
binations without removing protection
from their Independent competitors, any
on can. understand after au examlna-
TJIK OMAHA DAILY UEEt WEDNESDAY,
tirm of the above figures what the ef
fect would be of the democratic propo
sition to put trust-made goods ou tho
free list It would simply result In
destroying many of the Independent in
dustries, with enormous Injury to both
capital and labor. The bulwark against
monopoly being thus broken down there
would be a clear field for the combi
nations and there can be no doubt thnt
they would make haste to cultivate It.
No more certain way of destroying
competition with the trusts could be de
vised than the democratic free trade
proposition and with the destruction of
our Independent Industries there would
be created international combinations so
formidable as to be almost beyond con
trol or regulation.
THt trkasurt policy.
There has been shown In some quar
ters a disposition to liud fault with the
course taken by Secretary Shaw for the
relief of the money market but there
appears now to be no doubt that results
will Justify his policy. There was an
apprehension that the secretary contem
plated some more or less radical ex
periments, but he promptly removed
this by assuring the market that noth
ing of this kind would be done, though
In this connection be let it be understood
that the national treasury must not be
expected to do anything that would pro
mote reckless speculation. While most
willing to do everything within his au
thority for the protection of legitimate
business, he did not propose to make the
government a party to any purely spec
ulative operations. These must take
care of themselves as best they could.
Lie has met the exigency, as now
appears, Judiciously. A departure from
the former policy of the treasury was
necessary, but it Is not of a nature to
which any serious objection - can be
made. In releasing the banks from the
requirement that they should maintain
a reserve against deposits of govern
ment money secured by government
bonds a large sum has been made avail
able for the use of the market and It
Is a perfectly safe proceeding. No pos
sible harm can result from it and the
benefit will be very great The proposal
to accept as security for government de
posits first class securities other than
government bonds may not be generally
approved, but there can be no doubt
of its safety.
The "country banker from Iowa," as
some of his critics have contemptuously
styled Secretary Shaw, seems to have
a very clear and adequate comprehen
sion of what the situation requires and
has established a very strong claim to
public confidence In his financial judg
ment americax labor advahtaub.s.
There is a statement in the report of
the commission of the British Iron
Trade association on labor conditions
in this country that should interest
American worklngmen. It says that in
the United States workmen appear to
enjoy a larger measure of Independence,
based on the kuowledge of the fact that
work is more easy to obtain than In
older countries; that they are able, as
a rule, to save money, and are, there
fore, less dependent than when living,
as la not unusual in Europe, from
hand to mouth. This is the statement
of men who make the comparison
chiefly with the labor conditions in Eng
land, where they are on the whole
better than anywhere else In Europe.
There is a good deal of Independence
among the worklugmen of England,
but not so much as here, where the
labor field Is so much more extensive
and the opportunities so much greater.
The chief advantage to American labor
is in the higher wages which enable
the prudent and thrifty to save from
their earnings. Still another advan
tage pointed out by the commission is
the readiness with which workmen
here of exceptional capacity can them
selves become employers and capital-,
These are conditions which It is mani
festly most desirable to maiutaln and
if it be asked how this shall be done
the obvious answer is, by continuing
the policy under which the conditions
have been created. A generation ago
American worklngmen could not be in
dependent because work was not then
so easy to obtain as now; neither could
they save much, however thrifty aud
economical, from their small earnings.
Our marvelous industrial progress and
commercial development have given to
American labor a degree of independ
ence, with other advantages, enjoyed
nowhere else by labor. It is of the
highest Importance to our material and
social well being that this shall con
tinue and in order that it may there
must be maintained the policies to
which it Is due. No class of our people
have a larger Interest In this than work
The merger of the American and Brit
ish tobacco manufacturing concerns
shows bow futile would be the repeal
of the American tariff duties as a means
for the suppression of gigantic indus
trial combinations commonly known as
trusts. The potential force of the British-American
merger agreement is the
clause in the compact that binds the
contracting parties on both sides of the
Atlantic not to compete with each other
but on the contrary to co-operate with
each other to maintain prices. The re
peal of the duty on tobacco would
therefore have no more effect on the in
ternational combine than the pope's bull
agaiust the comet.
Secretary of War Root says that when
he gets ready to retire from the cabinet
there will be no rumors, but simply a
resignation. Secretary Root is likely to
make 'himself unpopular with the Wash
ington yellow Journal mind readers who
imagine that they have a divine mission
to prepare the public mind for coming
The Lincoln Journal Is discussing the
practical features of an electrical trol
ley line which It says is sure to be built
between Lincoln and Omaha within the
next five years. Before the Lincoln
Omaha trolley line Is built however,
the lines connecting nearer points such
as Omaha and Plattsmouth, Omaha and
Premont Omaha and Blair will have
to matiiallze. One thing at a time.
The aggregate amount of taxes levied
upon all property in the city of Omaha
to defray the expenses of city govern
ment for the year 1002 Is $1,110,000.
The amounts paid In by all the railroads
thnt center in Omaha, including also
nine miles of the Oninha Belt line, tho
west half of the Union Taclflc bridge
and the west half of the Omaha Bridge
and Terminal company's bridge, all their
terminal facilities, passenger and freight
depot grounds, passenger and freight
depot buildings, headquarters buildings,
machine shops, roundhouses, town lots
and Improvements outside of the right
of way, furniture, fixtures and all other
personal proiH.-rty Is $20,549.00, distrib
uted as follows:
Inlon raclHc fl,m4 IM
Burlington 8,423 HO
Missouri Paelac... . . .
Omtkt Bridge At Terminal..
Minneapolis At Omaha
Total. 2tt,ft49 OO
The lowest estimate of the) actual
value of railroad property In Omaha is
$15,000,000. Had this property been
taxed the same as all other property in
Omaha, namely, at 40 per cent of its
actual value, the total tax from railroad
property would have aggregated $180,
000 for the year, 1902. Manifestly the
unrighteous and Inequitable mode of as
sessment which now prevails has en
abled the railroads to unload upon the
other taxpayers $153,453.40 of city taxes,
which they should have paid under the
rulo of uniformity in taxation.
With the appointment of 3eneral Al
ger to be United States senator from
Michigan the senate receives another
former cabinet officer Into its member
ship. Instances ore few where cabinet
officers have refused to look upon a sen
atorial seat for a promotion, but there
are many instances where senators have
refused tenders of cabinet appointments
on the ground that they would consti
tute no promotion.
As chairman of the Irish Parlia
mentary party, John Redmond has
called a meeting of the nationalist
members of Parliament to prepare their
program lor the coming season. Isn't
this going to unnecessary trouble? The
program of the Irish nationalists at the
coming seaslun will be the same as it
was for the last session. They will be
"agin the government"
Sor Fame In Its Action.
If the honorable gentleman from Illi
nois is elected speaker of the house It will
be mighty little use for the demooratlo
members to look for glory In bis mouth.
SpectBc , for Degeatraey.
Washington Post. . ,
The lawyer who Is to defend William
Hooper Young will endeavor to prove that
be is a degenerate. Well, there is notblug
In the law to prevent the electrocution of
Not Thoroughly Learned.
The Gregson Incident, in which a British
officer waa whipped and ducked because be
was "socially undesirable," seems to In
dicate that the lesson of the Boer war on
the worth of "social" standing In armies
is not yet thoroughly learned.
Rrdoclnc tho Nation's Debt.
While the purchases of government bonds
by Secretary Shaw have attracted atten
tion chiefly becaute of their effect on the
money market and the circulation of cur
rency, the fact ahould not be overlooked
that the debts of the nation are being paid
up at a rapid rate by these transactions.
Horace Boles and Hta Cnre-AII.
Horace Boles, the democratic candidate
for congress in Speaker Henderson's dis
trict in Iowa, has at last discovered some
thing to offer as an excuse for running.
He finds that tbo Issues are the trusts and
the tariff, and ha wants the tariff "battered
down," even if it is "reduced below a rev
enu basis." Experience has shown that a
democratic revenue ba.la for the tariff
means a big deficit and bu.ines. prostra
tlon. But the country does not want any
deficits and disaster, such as the democrats
served under Cleveland.
Home Building; and Ownership.
Saturday Evening Post.
During the present year there Is more
home-building than was ever known In the
history of the country; and the Important
part of it Is in the suburbs and in the rural
regions within reach of cities. Moreover,
there is distinct Improvement in the size.
quality, and genuine merits of the houses
And what Is of even larger Importance Is
the fact that every man who builds is try
ing to get as much ground about his home
as possible. AU this 1. the best kind of
good new.. It means happier Uvea, stronger
children, and the best generation of Amer
icans that the nation hss ever known.
Mailman Vnlne of Laaa.
The maximum values of land In tha
North Atlantic states were reached la 1880,
and the falling off during tbs past decade
ba. been especially marked. In the south
Atlantic and south central states farm
values reached a high mark In 1860. Tha
heavy drop of ten years later reflects the
havoc of civil war. Sines that time tha
trend of value, in these states has been
upward. In the west the values have rap
Idly advanced. The only apparent excep
tion Is the last decade. But the lower fig
ures for 1900 are due to tha large amount
of cheap land thrown open to tha public.
ftlmiile American Faahloa.
Kansas City Star.
Royalty Is given to a useless expenditure
of words, as of everything else. In drink
ing to the health of the czar last week the
shah of Persia said: "I take this Ood
given opportunity to thank your majesty
for the kind sentiments and kind, sympa
thetic and pleasant welcome which I have
received in your empire. In the hope that
the ties uniting the two countries, already
so firm, will be drawn still closer than they
have been In the past, I drink to the health
of your majesty, their majesties, the em
press and your august family, to the hap
piness, glory, and long duration of your
reign and to the prosperity of your states."
An American citizen, would have said:
"Here's hoping." with quite as satisfactory
OCTOBER 1, 1902.
impudence of Wall Street
Detroit Free Press (dem ).
The attack mads by the Financial News
on Secretary Shaw baa all the characteris
tic Impudence of Wall street. Mr. Bbaw
does not live In New York, and so It Is Idle
to suppose that he could possibly know any
thing about administering the affairs cf Ms
office. Every msn that lives In New York
Is a veritable humanised Bullion Report,
while no man living outalde of New York
can ever learn anything about finance.
Nevertheless, the Outlanders might be In
telligent enough to take the advice of the
Truly Inspired, and this, It appears, Mr.
Shaw hss not had sense enough to do.
"The secretary seems to be conducting
the business of the country more on the
scale of a retail store than as the financial
agent of a great nation whose Income Is the
largest In the world," sneers the Financial
News. "Does the secretary suppose that
trade will thrive and business prosper with
the secretary of the treasury so adminis
tering the surplus revenues of the govern
ment as to maintain an interest rate of 20
to 25 per cent?"
The disadvantage of locking up tho
money of the country in the vaults of tho
treasury are apparent: but the Financial
News cannot expect anybody living outside
of New York to believe that the recent
ROUfD ABOIT NEW YORK.
Rlaploa on tho Current of uts la the
The vast number of skyscrapers In ths
metropolis, besides creating a race of rub
bernecks, adds a new aliment to tho stock
of common afflictions. It is known a.
"skyscraper feet." The floors of the big
buildings, as a rule, are of concrete or
marble. Instead of wood, as used to be the
case with office buildings before the era
of very high edifices. The new physical ill
Is suffered by ball porters and elevator men.
and is a painful soreness In the feet, which
culminates In corns and similar excrescen
ces. Attendants in office buildings walk
about on the hard floors sll day, and they
find that the exercise In many cases leads
to sore feet. The soreness Is not a trifling
matter, eitner. Many men can be seen
with their shoes cut to ease the pressure.
ana tney nmp about the hallways in a way
that speaks eloquently of their suffering
The doctors have a scientific name for the
new disease, but the elevator man who
poured his tale of woe into peoples ears
me otner arternoon could not remember
what It was, except that It bad a doleful
A New Yorker of a statistical turn of
mind has been figuring on what the people
of the city pay for luxuries and other things.
ror instance, he says: "For our dally
newspaper reading our papers use from
450 to 1,000 ton. of white paper a day,
wmcn in tne average eight-page oaner
amount to from 8,000,000 to 20.000,000
copies. The various press associations
cable us between 80,000 and 100,000 words
a day. Our entertainments In our forty
odd theaters cost us from $76,000 to $100,000
a nisnt- we nii on our stock exchange
floor over 251,000,000 shares of stock during
the last year, and while 1,000,000 shares a
day Is a large average, on May 9, 1901, the
traffic amounted to 8.338,695 shares. And
so it goes. We surely are Justified In de
claring that New York Is the city of big
numbers, as well as big things."
There Is a retail establishment oa Fifth
venue which Is probably without a paral
lel In New York or this country In the
fact that, although technically a shop, as
It deals only with private purchasers, it
has no till er money drawer and no cash
la ever seen In It in connection with any
business transaction. The things sold, re
ports the Evening Post, are so costly and
most of the customers are so rich that
payments are Invariably made by check.
A similar condition prevails In the parent
house in London, established some thirty
years sgo. The New York store has ex
isted about twenty-five years and now
rivals the business of the original estab
lishment, with which it Interchanges arti
cles In stock, as the needs of customers re
quire. There ba. also been for the last
few years a branch of the business tn Paris
In charge of an agent, but the amount ef
stock kept there la small In comparison
with that of the two other houses.
The business of the firm controlling these
places Is dealing in antique art objects,
such as are sought after by experienced
connoisseurs and wealthy collectgrs, not a
few of whom are multimillionaires. Orig
inally the firm dealt In antiques, curios,
tapestries, etc., but these did not include
such expensive thing, as are frequently
handled now. The grade of the stock Im
proved with the growth of the business
and the establishment Is known throughout
the art world today a. among the most
liberal buyers of the most costly objects In
Its line,, which It is always able to dispose
of at a profit. One of ita representatives
In conversing on the subject said that a
fine thing could always be sold at a good
price, and that bla people were never
afraid either to buy such a thing or to
keep It on band for a long time, as It was
sure to Increase in value like old wine.
Really fine old art objects and curio, are
.teadlly getting scarcer and the demand
for them is now greater than the supply.
One of the districts of New York city
that has completely changed as to Its ap
pearance In the last ten years Is that small
spot which was known a the "Flvo
Points."- Mulberry Bend and other streets
In the vicinity which used to be choked
with squalid life, are now open to the
sun and air, so that It is difficult to
Imagine them under their old conditions.
True, there is a "Five Points clothing
house" at one corner. The sign I. flaunted
with much dash, as If begging passers-by
not to forget that there used to be a col
lection of thieves' kitchens and crooks'
workshops where now 1. green grass and
electrlo lights. Aside from this one sign,
there is little to keep In one's mind the
ancient character of the quarter. Wide
streets, and, above all, Mulberry park, one
of the most attractive breathing spots In
the city, have driven out the wretchedness
and crime of old, and when one goes to
the Five Points now, be finds himself la
one of the most cheerful neighborhoods oa
the whole esst side.
The mere bigness of New York Is the
quantity that first strike, the newcomer,
say. a Pltt.burg Dispatch letter. Later be
finds that the city has other claim, to
the distinction of being called the world',
metropolis. He find, that about half ' the
big .hip. that plow the ocean are beaded
for this port. He discovers that modest
looking men that have offices on Broad
street are financing South American re
publics, exploiting Mexico and figuring on
plan, to open up China. He, find, that
there are a number of men here who prac
tically own a half dozen Islands of tha
Philippine archipelago and who Individ
ually bave more power than many of tho
world's potentates. He learns that while
Plerpont the First Is a very grsat man
indeed, "there are others." He need only
stand oa the curb In front of the Stock
Exchange for s few minutes to discover
that men who talk in millions are not
large exception. He discovers that there
are politicians here, who don't know the
difference between the nominative and ob
jective or the singular and plural verbs.
squeeze In the money msrket was due to
this secretion of revenue. Everybody out
side of New York knows that the Wall
street speculators, with their financial air
ship methods, are chiefly to Name tor the
pinch. They are the people that have been
boosting up the Interest rate. As for the
surplus. It Is only a flyspeck In comparison
with their Inflated transaction. The experience of hundreds of Ofciaha resi-
The secretary of the treasury Is not re- dents, expressed publicly throish news
sponsible for the government's having a papers and other sources, plana Poaa's
surplus. He does not frame the revenue
laws, lie Is not responsible for the reve
nues, and he may dispose of the funds of'
the government only as congress directs.
He Is a subject of law, not s financial
It s the theory of Wall street that the
sole function of government Is to promote
Wall street speculation, and provide mesns
for assisting the operators when they have
been squeezed In the vise of their oifn reck
lessness. For them the Treasury depart
ment Is a House of Providence which ought
to be ready and willing at all times to re
lieve their distress. If the government
fails to meet their notion, of Its responsl-
bllity, It follows, of course, that the secre
tary of tho treasury Is a blithering Idiot.
A man that does not know enough to help
Wall street does not know anything.
whs make some of the petty rulers of Eu
rope and Asia look like unto the Inconse
quential nine-spot. Then, when be leaves
Broadway and plunges deep Into the In
terior by way of a croestowa street, be
makes another great discovery. New York
is not merely a great American city) It is
a great coemopolls as well. Ho may walk
through the Ghetto on the east side for
an hour without encountering a single per
son to whom ths English language Is fa
miliar. He may stroll through Chinatown,
Just a little of the Bowery, and for all
practical purposes be Is for tho time trans
planted to Peking or Canton. A half bout
In Elizabeth or Mott streets Is practically
a half in Florence or Milan. In little
streets that dart off from the river front
he will see sights and bear sounds that con
jure up pictures of London's Wbltechspel.
Along upper Broadway or Fifth avenue he
will be forcibly reminded of splendid Parts
and Berlin boulevard.. From tbs tall dome
of the World building he may see, within a
radius of a half mile, the oils podrtda of
nations snd the quintessence of all Ameri
CLEAN KEW9PAPER9 PROSPER! Q.
People C Healthy Minds Rallrlae;
There are encouraging indications of a
revival of clean Journalism. It Is not com
ing through the establishment of "endowed
newspapers." Few practical newspaper men
believe in that agency for the reform of
deplorable newspaper tendencies. Tho very
fact that a newspaper waa endowed would
so far detach it from ordinary conditions of
publication as to make It useless as sn
I example. Moreover, the existence of such a
newspaper would imply confession that a
really clean and moral Journal was un
profitable; else why the endowment?
It Is not philanthropy that is wanted so
much as business sagacity and a good news
paper sense Joined with a high purpose. A
newspaper la not a moral tract, and cannot
be displaced by tracts. A man who should
spend millions in endowing newspapers that
were too good to stand alone would not be
nearly so great a benefactor as the man
who demonstrated that a clean newspaper
can be made to pay.
This demonstration Is now being made In
several American cities. Soma of tho most
successful newspapers repudiate altogether
the methods of the "new Journalism." They
do not disfigure their psges with cheap pic
tures, nor with huge blotches of red Ink,
nor with headings In .type four Inches high.
They do not pad three lines of actual news
transmitted by cable with half a column
of lurid details manufactured In the office
preceded by a lylpg date line. They have
no dragnet out tor scandals; they show
some - respects for rights of privacy. Yet
tholr news service Is of the best. They
are well written and well edited; tbey ap
peal to healthy minds; their circulation Is
large and Increasing.
A Bombay Parses proposes to band over
$5,000,000 to a trust for the relief of Indian
calamity stricken districts.
There Is said to be not a college graduate
on the New York republican state ticket,
though some of them have played foot
Armstrong Cornsllk, who has been granted
a pension by the North Carolina pension
board. Is the only Indian thus provided for
by that state. Cornsllk Is a Cherokee. He
served In the Sixty-ninth North Carolina
regiment from April, 1862, to the close of
The new comet, which will be visible to
the unaided eye In a few days, is approach
ing us at the rate of 8,000,000 miles a day.
It is understood, however, to be scheduled
to pas. the earth on a side line. Its destina
tion is unknown.
When Lord Salisbury and bis family were
at Homburg recently Lady Gwendoline
Cecil, bis lordship's daughter, bought him a
cane chair. She was rather proud of her
bargain, saying the shopkeeper asked I
mark, for it, but that .he bad got It for 4.
"My dear," .aid the portly ex-premler, "are
you sure It will be substantial enough for
me at that price T"
f the majority of the people who visit our store know that
we make every article of clothing we 6ell, in our own fac
tory and makes it exclusively for our fifteen retail stores?
So one else can purchase or have dealings with it what
ever. Borne clothing stores tell you how good theirs is,
but the only have some manufacturer's word. For a num
ber of years our name has been before you and the reliabil
ity of our merchandise has made us what we are today
the biggest and best ready-made clothiers In the world
and when we say that our suits and overcoats at flO up
to $30 are the best on earth you know we' are speaking the
truth. No clothing fits like ours.
Visitors are welcome In our store and we wish to make
this their headquarters. Our waiting rooms are all that
could be asked for, and whether you purchase or not we
want you to come here and make yourself thoroughly at
home. Don't forget we have the official Ak-Par-Ben necktie.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
Q. 2. Wilcox, Manager.
Nothing; Can Underrhiis It In ;
PeooLe are somtlmes slow ti reeognln
true merit, and they cannot be tlamed. for
J so many In the pat baa been liimbugged.
Kidney Pills on a firm foundation
Mr. W. C. Thomas of 1110 MartHa street,
trsveler for the Fremont Brewing Co. of
Fremont, Neb., says: "The constant Jar
ring of train, when I travel afftcts my
back snd I think causes the severe pains
which catch me In the loins, especially
mornings, when I have awful work to get
on my shoes. I thought sometimes my
back would break. Seeing Doan's Kidney
rills advertised. I got a box at Kubn &
Co.'. drug store, corner 15th and Douglns
streets, and before uslnx them many days
the pains disappeared and I was finally
cured. I never Intend to be without a box
of Doan's Kidney Pills in my grip. I can
not speak too highly of this valuable prep
aration." For sale by all dealers. Price M sents.
Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, N. ' Y., sole
agents for the United States.
Remember the name, Doan's, and take no
FLASHES OF FTJH.
rrro!t Free Press: "She didn't read the
"No; the cover design didn't harmonise
with any of her house gowns."
Indianapolis Newn: "When a man of 20
considers a woman he thlnke of her beauty,
but at 80 he thinks of her loquacity."
"What does he think at 40?"
"Oh. he thinks only of himself by that
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "She is plain
enough to stop a clock."
"If she's as plain aa that T Should think
she would be more apt to make It run."
Boston Transcript: Hester How did you
enjoy your ride In your automobile?"
Edwin Oh, we didn't ride any: we only
put In our time fixing the machinery. It
wasn't very exciting, but It waa wonder
fully good exercise,
Chicago Newst Hhnployraent Agent I
have a oook that will just suit you. She
is a young widow and Is very fond of chil
dren. Mrs. Rlchlelgn But we have no children.
Employment Agent Oh, that'll be all
right. Ma'am. She has six ot her own.
Baltimore American: "And' you say your
friend Is a professional humorist?'1 asks
the incredulous person of. the candid In
dividual. "Well.'? says the candid one, "I don't
know whether he Is or not, but he Is one
of them people who think, It Is funny to
spell 'funny' 'ph-u-n-n-y.' "
Boston Transcript: Mrs. Barnes I bone
you will have a pleasant winter, . Mrs.
Mrs. Howes O, I am sure to have that.
Just think of the amount of enjoyment
mere win oe in telling; people wnat a
dreadful time I had at the heach the past
summer on account of the terrible weather I
"It in tha Barb.
Today I asked of Madge, the winsome
To whom I'm pledged by grace of love's
"Were you not rather startled when, last
"I caught you In the dark conservatory
"And kissed you?" The effect -of her reply
I'll leave for you to glimpse, then draw
"Well, no, not startled," came fcer answer
"I thought twas you but wasn't cer
tain!" BE READY,
S. B. Klser In the Record-Herald.
When the train you wish to board comes
Not a precious second will It wait while you
Wish to hurry .bark to see
If perhaps there still me be '
Some little thing which you forgot to do
When she sweetly looks at you and sighs
some day, -Be
Someone else may hover near, prepared to
The word that you In fear
Hesitate to let her hear;
Love is often lost when it is turned away
Opportunity will some day ring- your boll
She will not inquire If you're in or well.
She will not stand waiting there,
While you hasten to prepare.
She must hurry to where anxious others
A messenger will summon you some day-
Ha will not withdraw. Implore him as you
H will not consent to wait
While you pray to Ood. too late.
To lot you live to clear mistakes a way
The youngest and greatest
pianist who will be heard In
America this season.
"The dry bones of the wan
ing f aeon were ruilely shaken
last Tuesday night hy Ar
thur Hochman. He has
priceless gifts." William J.
Henderson in the New York
Times, March 18. 1902,
His picture will shortly
appear in these columns.
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