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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1902)
TITE OMATFA DATLY BEE: SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1902.
'Hie umaiia Daily Bee,
E. ROHEWATER, EDITOR.
rUELlSHEU EVERY MORNINO.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Ooorge B. Tar-chuck, secretary of The Bee
: Publishing Company, being amy sworn,
ays that tho actual number of full and
icooiDleta cotls of Tbe Dally. Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
tn month of August, lwi, was aa rouows;
1 28, TOO
Lm unsold and returned cople
i Net total sales Sliu.son
Net dally average 28,021
GEO. B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
, erore me taut ut day or September, A. D.,
lt- JO. U. HUJVUATK.
(Seal.) Notary Public.
And now there is to be a combination
among the owners of cord wood.
AU roads run to Omaha while Ak-Sar-
Ben holds his royal court here.
The battle of Nebraska Is progressing
with smokeless and noiseless powder.
Is 11 U cuuia Jo lujuuciluiia L pioxy
whenever the judges are too busy to do
the work themselves?
Berlin waa a little too high up for Ne
braska on the diplomatic tree, but Rio
Janeiro seems to be within reach.
Put It down that no other country In
the world except the United States ever
prepays Interest on Its public debt.
Connecticut democrat have also
turned the Kansas City platform toward
the wall. Isn't this rubbing It In with
a wooden nutmeg grater? '
Montana Is not a big state in point of
pojnflatlon, but we presume it can sup
port two democratic parties Just as well
aa Delaware manages to support two
President Roosevelt is out of the reach
of any trust that J. Plerpont Morgan
can form, but J. Tlerpont Morgan may
find that he Is not entirely out of Presi
dent Roosevelt's reach.
Russell Sage la again calling down
brakes oh the financial train. Your Uncle
Russell can see a red light ahead on the
money market further than any other of
the Wall street engineers.
If D. E. Thompson accepts the Bra
illan mission he will have to brash up
his Portuguese as well as his French
vocabulary. lie has been studying Mex
ican Spanish for some years.
Mexican war veterans have Just held
thelr thirtieth annual meeting, with fifty
members present, representing ten
states. As an old settlers' reunion It la
said to have been a brilliant success.
, The Postofflce department has Issued
a proclamation designating nine Alas
kan postofflces for which no mall will
be received during the winter season.
vHere Is where wireless telegraphy has a
clear field to get In Its work.
It la now up to Police Judge Berka to
'decide whether the samples of art ex
htblted In the picture slot machines eon
'form to the rulea that would be observed
by the hanging committee of an art loan
enterprise. Verily, the wisdom of Bolo-
mon would be overtaxed on a police
The latest advices are to the effect
that the emperor of Corea may not be
dead, as reported. Even should his lm
portal highness remain In tho land of
the living be will not be able to enjoy
reading many obituary notices, as most
of the eulogies were withheld to await
the official death certificate.
' Fifteen million dollars worth of rail
road property lu Omaha paid exactly
$2rt,0i0.00 lu city taxes for the year
.1002, while tho owners of other prop
erty of equal value were compelled to
pay $180,000 In city taxes for the same
(year. How much longer will Omaha
taxpayers tamely submit to such rank
Omaha contributes millions every year
to the railroads in the shape of freight
and passengrr tolls and affords the rail
roads police and fire protection and all
the benefits of municipal government at
a cost of more thau $1,000,000 a year.
Why should not the railroads cheerfully
contribute their full share toward the
xpenses of maintaining our city gov-
RtLTlUfi VPttN Disro.tTtiTT.
The hope of the democratic party now
n In the pnot in In popular dlseontpnt,
of which thin Is Rlway more or loss,
however favorable the Industrial and
other condition. In every national
campalKn for year the appeal of that
pHrty has been to the dlosatlfified senti
ment, which It ha Bought In every pos
sible way to Increase and Intensify. The
leader are not counting upon the farm
er, becauso these having abundant
crop and being prosperous are well
antlsfied with existing conditions. Rut
thev hope to gain recruit from the
working "m W,,m ?
fes to believe there Is a great deal of
dissatisfaction "arising out of the pres
ent high prices and the failure of wages
to keep up with them."
We noted recently the statement of a
democratic leader that the bad condi
tion In the anthracite coal region and
In a good many manufacturing centers
"where, the people, although occupied.
have hard work to get along, Will do a
at deaL. we are not looking to the
Agricultural states for our gains, he
hu If Ig In the CODEestcd districts. Where
political conditions are' more .nicely
.,... . il
weighed, that we shall encroach on the
opposing party." In a late Interview
the chairman of the democratic na
tional congressional committee endeav
ored to prove that there Is no prosperity,
an effort utterly futile when addressed
to Intelligent people. He asserted that
worklngmen are paying more for their
living and have not received an ad
vance In wages over what they received
five years ago, but neglected to speak
of tho increased opportunity for labor
that the worklngman has and Ignored
the fact that steady employment Is an
evidence of prosperity.
There Is every probability that the
democratic party will gain less this year
from popular discontent than In the
past particularly six years ago, when
dissatisfaction among the people with
then prevailing conditions was much
more general than at present. There
is undoubtedly an exaggerated Idea as
to the extent of discontent among the
working classes at this time. We think
there Is no doubt that a very large ma
jority of them are well satisfied
with constant employment at much
better wages than they received five
years ago. It Is true that the
cost of living has Increased, but
except as to a few of the neces
saries It is now less than a year ago. In
any event, what does the democratic
party offer that would benefit the wage
earners? The overthrow of protection,
which that party demands, every Intel
ligent worklngman knows would be dis
astrous to labor. Grant that it would
reduce the cost of living, It would at
the same time destroy the opportunity to
earn it There is no promise of better
ment for wage earners In democratic
success. That party's policy is hostile
to tbe Interests and the welfare of the
industrial classes and it is not to be
doubted that this is well understood by
all Intelligent worklngmen.
EX-UOTCRlfVR BOIES US TRUSTS.
In bla formal acceptance of the demo
cratic nomination In the Third Iowa
congressional district ex-Governor Bolca
for hl9 keynote proposes Just one thlng-
free trade as the exclusive remedy for
trusts. This he proposes In order, as he
says, "to strike the heart of the trusts."
He utterly Ignores all other suggestions
of remedy for trust evils, and Is oblivi
ous or contemptuous regarding the views
of all other publicists of standing on. this
No recognized authority, whatever his
opinion of the tariff, has gone so far as
to advocate free trade as a complete
remedy for monopolizing combinations.
Radical free trader as be was, Mr,
Bryan at the Chicago trust conference
In 1000 would only advocate It as a
partial remedy, and Insisted mainly on
national control, but with a states rights
string tied to It Mr. Boles strikes out
as an Indiscriminate destroyer, and his
appeal constat simply of the time-worn
sophisms of free trade revamped under
the text of trusts.
One Important check on trust oppres
sions Is the multitude of competing in
dlvidualu, firms and Independent cor
porations which, In most lines, still en
gross the bulk of production. Mr. Bolea
would really strike these to the heart
by tariff revolution and sacrifice busi
ness prosperity In a blind effort to
remedy trust evils. When evil-doing
American trusts had-got rid of domestic
competition, In tbe general depression
that always follows democratic tariff
meddling, bow long would It take them
to combine with British and other for
eign trusts on tbe basis of a community
of interests? Even as the case stands
such alliances have ' already been
formed, and that, too, by the managers
of some of the Identical trusts whose
aggressions are most complained of.
Mr. Boies' pronunclaiuento Is utterly
fatuous. He knows that during the
term for which he is a candidate for
election tho senate will not permit a
general ripping up of tbe tariff, whether
the democrats succeed lu controlling the
house or not. He selects his portion
(o gull voters and to make a platform
for himself as already an aspirant for
the presidential nomination at tbe next
Under the plan of Tax Commissioner
Fleming all taxable properly lu Omaha
la to be assessed for the coming year at
full value. This would be eminently
right If all property was required to
bear Its Just share of the burden of
taxation In proportion to Its actual
value. But If six-sevenths of the tax
able property Is to be assessed at 100
per cent and the one-seventh which
represents the railroads Is to pay taxes
on less than 2 per cent of Its actual
value, the new departure will work
greater Injustice to tho great body of
taxpayers than did the assessment for
1002, which was made on a basis of 40
per cent. The only way for the tax
commissioner to carry out the spirit as
well aa the letter of the constitution
I to schedule the property and fran
chises of the railroads at 100 per cent,
the same a he proposes to do with tbe
property of the street railway, gas,
electric lighting, telephone and watir
ORGAMZtD LABOR i.VD STRIKES.
SOUTH OMAHA, Pept. 26. 190J. To the
Editor of The Bee: I fully appreciate your
generous motive and sincere desire to be
fair and give all sides a chance to be heard
which prompted you to give my letter pub
licity, notwithstanding that many of your
opponents persistently assert that you re
fuse to publish any matter not agreeable
and In accord with your own views and
Ideas. I thank you for thevvaluahle space
so generously contributed making public my
personal vlews of tbe Union Pacific strike
situation and the manner It Is being con
ducted by those engaged on one side of
the strife; for I feel sure I express the con
victions and sentiments of a vast majority
of the community when I assert that fre
quent and persistent strikes fail to accom
plish any good, but are against the spirit
of true Americanism as well as detrimental
to public policy,' uncalled-for and Inexcus
able, and only calculated to heap misery
and destitution upon the families of the
wage workers, at the same time disrupting
business affairs, while the citizens are kept
In a constant state of turmoil and excite
ment. I very much fear if tbe Imprudent course
being followed by strike leaders and labor
agitators Is continued there will be more
Idle men in the near future than was ever
known before in the hlitor of the country.
Why? Because the large operators snd
manufacturers, whose patience Is about ex
hausted, will close up their establishments.
Tbe employers of labor In all lines of busi
ness are heartily tired of being dictated to
by the employee, and the whole business
agencies of the United States will quit for
a season and take a reat, until the laboring
class can appreciate good pay, good treat
ment and the general prosperity that all
are now enjoying. .1 heartily concede that
a majority of laboring men mean to do right
and frown upon those false leaders who are
continually .ytng to mislead and deceive
them. And I am firmly convinced that a
man who joins some of the unions lowers
hla manhood and aurrendert Thla Indnnend.
ence to a tyrannical dictum of coercive
Tou say that some of the Union Pacific's
shopmen who left goodjobs and went out
on a strike were a long time employed by
the company and some own their homes.
Well, I don't suppose any of these were en
rolled as pickets, Intercepting and molest
ing others who desired to work. If so, they
are surely blind to their own Interest and
subject to serious condemnation.
One would conclude by reading your
article that the unionists and strikers con
stituted the rank and file of those who work.
wish to remind you that this whole na
tion Is made up of a stupendous and stren
uous class of Industrial people, and the per
son who won't work. Is not entitled to any
abiding place on top of tho earth. All hon
est labor Is honorable. Even the ragpicker
and junkdealer follows a worthy calling if
their business methods sre conducted In an
upright manner, although the vocation be of
a menial character. There is a chance iu
this beloved country for persons of all
grades In life to rise In their profession.
You say the avariciousnees and greed of
trusts and corporations should be checked
Well, our worthy nresldent
and his administration, are endeavoring to
hold those combinations of great Industries
to account If they are guilty of any wrong
toward the publlo or violation of the laws
of the land. But what about that other
most dangerous of all trusts, the organiza
tion of labor, who defy the laws of our
country and arrogate to themselves the right
to destroy Ufa sod property and prevent
their neighbor and fellow cltlien from work
ing to support himself and family unless he
becomes a member of their union?
Labor strikes and lockouts are the nat
ural outgrowth of the industrial revolu
tion which has srfbetitutcji machine pro
duction for hand production.' Before the
Introduction of steam and electric power
In mills and factories and before the
railroad took tbe place of the wagon
train, skilled mechanics were in position
. i -..hi. ii r
in tuu j vu iuvii iinwi n ivu buiuii uui
tal. Apprentices became Journeymen
ana journeymen masters witnout ae-
pendence upon large capitalists for sub-
slstence. Steam propelled labor saving
tiin.hlnerv drnr rh rrr miu of mo.
vuou.i-o iuw "iu..uw., ,u
which all Individuality was lost and the
man became simply part of the machine
which turns out tbe modern factory
To meet these changed conditions
labor had to organize for self-protection.
The right of labor to organize conceded,
the right of labor unions to fix the price
at which Its members will sell the only
commodity at its disposal namely, brain
and muscle, must also be conceded. If
the tradesman can set a price upon his
merchandise, the mechanic and laborer
surely has the same light to eet a price
and fix the conditions under which he
will hire out I
This is tbe bedrock on which modern
trades uulons are built The strike Is
the only weapon with which organized
labor can enforce Its demands or protect
Itself from aggression. All strikes are a
species of industrial war. Such conflicts
always involve self-sacrifice and suffer
ing on the part of the worklngmen, but
whether successful or unsuccessful they
tend to benefit all wage workers, be
cause It Is an indisputable fact that the
fear of strikes impels employers to make
concessions that otherwise they would
not grant v
All labor conflicts carry In their train
more or less lawlessness, which Is de
plored by ail rational friends of labor
Just as war and Its terrible consequences
are deplored and abhorred. Tbe so-called
Union Pacific strike Is really not a strike,
but a lockout forced upon the shopmen
by demands with which they could not
have complied without disbanding their
union or violating their aolemn obllga-
, , , " . ,
Burt assumed the responsibility for all
the consequences, whether they affect
the men, tbe company or tbe public
If the union labor trust foments strife
and begets lawlessness, the danger to
the country from thla source Is luoom
parably smaller than Is the danger from
the lawlessness engendered by colossal
corporations who systematically disre
gard aud violate all law, levy tribute
upon the people to enrich themselves.
corrupt tbe fountains of Justice through
the bribery of public officials in city,
state and nation, and trample under foot
the rights of their employes and patrons
alike. In the Irrepressible conflict be
tween the labor trusts and tbe corporate
tnihta the. irraf nf lD.rl...n ..
I, It. If O...V nniat 1,1. .I.lo. Ill V - l
w "., wu in ut
terested on the side of organized labor
rather than on the side of organized
Tho suit brought against the city by
the proprietors of a hotel to recover dam
ages sustained by reason of the estab
llRhinent of quarantine against Inmates
taken with smallpox opens up a serious
question an to responsibility for loss re
sulting from the enforcement of sanitary
regulations. If the city were held liable
It Is plain that there would be no end to
such suit, because hotel men have no
rights that ordinary citizen do not have,
and every threatened epidemic of con
tagious disease would bankrupt the
treasury. Admitting the hardship It
often Imposes, still if the constitutional
guaranty that private property shall not
be taken for public use without full com
pensation could be invoked to block all
precautions to safeguard the public
health, our whole system of sanitary
protection would have to be revised.
Annual reports of the different rail
roads continue to be highly flavored
with prosperity. Not only that, but they
show In almost every instance substan
tial ' Increase In the net earnings as
compared with the year before. None
of them are in danger of being pauper
ized by overtaxation.
Where do the candidates for the legis
lature stand on railroad taxation and
municipal home rule? This question Is
propounded to the candidates of all par
tiesrepublicans and fuslonists alike.
The columns of The Bee are open to
all of them to declare themselves.
It seems that the amount of labor de
volving upon Secretary Cortelyou In con
nection with the abandonment of the
president's western trip Is almost equal
to that devolved upon him in arranging
the details originally. The president's
secretary Is a busy man,
There's the Rwb.
Kansas City Journal.
In one respect the North pole Is like the
presidency of the United States everybody
knows where It is, but It Is awfully hard
Great Opening; for the Ueneroaa.
The people who are not getting a chance
to spend their money for coal might utilize
It to help swell tbe J. P. Morgan million-
dollar fund for converting the Filipinos.
Good Enough and Better.
New York World.
England boasts of a locomotive that bas
run a million miles. Over here tnat ma
chine would long ago have been put In the
scrap heap and replaced by a better one.
That's the difference.
Civilisation Not Bo Much.
St' LAuls Republic.
With all of our boasts of advanced civ
ilization, the fact remains that until some
solution of the labor problem 1s found that
'm PP'7 equitably to the employer and
employe true progress cannot, do recoroea.
The Baron Humble Himself.
"I am not 'a prophet," declares Brother
Baer when -asked how soon the miners'
trike will end. The admission will greatly
surprise the' public, which certainly bad rea
son to understand that Brother Baer held
most Intimate and confidential relations
with Omniscience. .
A Rave Characteristic.
Mr. Hay's note was timely. We don't
want this country to become a dumping
ground for paupers. Yet one has only to
walk through the East side to discover that
not one of the Jews Is begging. The whin
ing mendicants belong to other races, and
you cannot get the police to interfere with
l.tt it Go at That
Admiral Hlgglnson says the navy gained
valuable experience by the recent war game.
No doubt it. did. The game was serious
work for the officers and men engaged In
Perhaps the publlo would have taken
.h maneuvers more seriously If the un
fortunate word "sham" bad not been ap-
plied to them.
A Farther Setback.
The announcement of a discovered exten
sion of tbe rich Transvaal gold field gives
further setback to bimetallism. The
I plentlfulness of tbe yellow metal not only
serves to answer the demand for primary
money the world over, but It gives a spurt
of appreciation to prices which Is always
construed as evidence of prosperity.
riea for the Street Car Coadaetar.
At tbe very best the street car con
ductor's work is trying snd wearing, but
It would be made lighter, less disagreeable.
If every paaaengger should, In good temper
and human sympathy, try to make It , so
by practicing In his behalf the virtues' of
civility, courtesy and kindness. Conductors
and conducted are made of the same clay
and are pretty much the same, though
one takes the fare and the other gives It;
they are alike fellow creatures, bound upon
the same long Journey, to the same end,
and It becomes every mortal to make
tbe Journey through this rough old world
of ours as smooth and pleasant as poaaible.
RcTlaton aad Reform.
Cleveland Leader (rep.).
It is difficult for democrats to understand
the republican position with respect to the
revision of the tariff. Every time a repub
lican of prominence says be Is In favor of
a readjustment of the tariff the democrats
at once cry out that another convert to
democratto tariff reform has been won.
But there Is all the difference In the world
between tariff revision as advocated by re
publicans and tariff reform as urged and
fought for by democrat. The difference
Is that the republicans. In considering the
ln lew 'hdoc'rin"
I of protection, while, on the other hand, the
democrats only favor tariff reform because
they believe It will ultimately lead to tree
The Sab-Trraaarr System
As a matter of fact, the sub-treasury bas
already been largely superseded by tbe na
tlenal bank depository as the receptacle of
surplus revenues, much more than one
half the available cash balance of the
United States treasury now being carried
by tbe bank depositories. It would not bf
a very radical step to put the rest of the
surplus where the bulk of It Is and keep
It there. Held by the sub-treasuriea, the
money Is taken out of the market and locked
away from the use of trade; while In the
banks It would be kept in use. But the
government should at the same time end
I tb Policy of letting the banks bave the
I u or tbls money rree oi cnarge. u
I anil aknulJ Ika mtnaA m amirria nf r rofl r a
I " " - r
- ltha Dublin luiin.
New York republicans manifest a whole
some dislike for trust partners seeking
Notwithstanding his three score and
twelve years, Senator Thomas Collier Tlatt
can sidestep as gracefully as ever. "Me,
Too," appreciates a hot ball without feel
A novelty In politic! Is being cultivated
In New York that of the nomination seek
ing the man. The strange proposition Is
confined to the prohibition party and is not
likely to spread to other parties In that
Treeldent Roosevelt remarked not long
ago that tbe Mississippi cannot be dammed.
If the president will put St. Louis on his
next Itinerary and sample the water on
tap there his opinion will undergo a radical
Massachusetts democrats sre still jubilat
ing over their anti-Bryan platform. But
their Joy is somewhat chastened by the
fear that O. Fred Williams may explode a
bomb under It. O. Fred Is the Foxy Grandpa
of Bay state democrats. ,
Mayor Rose of Milwaukee thinks be la tho
right kind of a posy to adorn the executive
mansion of Wisconsin, now occupied by
Governor LeFollette. There are roees and
roses, but precious few of the democratic
variety survive the fall frosts of tbe Badger
Michigan democrats entertained tbe hope
that Judge Durand would take a fall out
of Governor Bliss in the race for governor.
Since Judge Durand waa forced by Ill
health to retire from the race democratic
hopes have taken on the shape of a collapsed
For several moons back office holders In
Illinois were assessed 5 per cent of their
salaries, being classed as a "voluntary con
tribution" to the republican state cam
paign fund. - When the levy became known
the civil service commission of the state
notified the contributors that the levy was
unlawful and that each might recover by
action In the courts. One office holder had
the courage to follow the advice and en
tered suit. When the case was called the
defendants confessed Judgment and paid
back tbe money.
Murat Halstead Is a candidate for the
republican nomination In one of the con
gressional districts of Ohio. From 1833
to 1889 Mr. Halstead waa the editorial
head of the Cincinnati Commercial and the
Commercial-Gazette and In that capacity
was one of the noted Journalists of the
country. In 1889 President Harrison nom
inated him for minister to Germany, but
he was rejected by the senate. Later be
made his home In Brooklyn, but his friends
In Cincinnati always regarded him as one
of themselves. His latest Journey abroad
waa one of personal Investigation Into
affairs In tbe Philippines. He Is 73 years
Virginia democrats ran turn a poohbah
trick much more effectively than the one
attempted hereabouts recently. A home for
confederate soldiers near Richmond has 800
inmates, all democrats. The national home
at Hampton has 3,000 Inmates, nearly all
from the north and republicans. To meet
the emergency the attorney general has
decided that under the new constitution of
that state "no inmate of a soldiers' home
or other charitable Institution Ib entitled to
register and vote anywhere except in the
place of hla residence prior to becoming an
Inmate of the Institution." They had to
disfranchise 300 democrats In order to dis
franchise 3,000 republicans.
GROWTH OF RURAL DELIVERY.
Cost of the Service Keeps Pace with
Its Growlnar Popularity.
The rate at which rural free delivery Is
growing Is shown by the fact that Post
master General Payne will ask congress at
Its next session to appropriate tbe sum of
112,000,000 for Its maintenance and exten
sion. For the fiscal year 1901 the appro
priation amounted to but $1,750,000. In the
next year those figures were more than
doubled. For the present year the postal
officials have available for this purpose tbe
sum of $7,500,000. It Is estimated that there
will be a deficit of about $300,000. By July
1, 1903, there will be 14,000 rural routes la
operation. It Is estimated that It will re
quire $9,000,000 to maintain the service next
year and that the other $3,000,000 will be
necessary in making the extensions de
These seem like very large figures. A
jump from $1,750,004 to $12,000,000 In three
years means that the service has grown
Immensely. There is no question that the
service is popular with the farmers, whom
It Is designed to benefit. The only question,
therefore, Is whether It Is not growing
faster than the department can stand. But
In answer to this objection It Is urged that
the Postofflce. department Is very near
solvent showing and that in time the rural
delivery service will be placed more nearly
on a paying basis by superceding fourth'
class offices, star routes and mall messen-
gers, and by bringing about an Increase of
business. At any rate there Is not likely to
be a restriction of the delivery. The more
It Is extended the greater will be the de
mands for new routes. Every part of the
country will want to share In Its benefits.
Consequently, the expenditures on this ac
count will be a steadily Increasing Item for
some years to come.
HOW HEX GET RICH.
The t sar Drops a Rare Pearl oa the
Philadelphia North American.
In an address to deputations of subjects
from provinces In which peasants recently
attempted to evict tho landowners and con
fiscate their property, the czar of Russia
Remember that a man gets rich, not by
seisins the uroperty of others, but by
honest labor and thrift and by living ac
cording to the commandments ot Uod.
Considered aa advice and moral teaching
the czar's words are excellent; as state
ment of fact they are open to criticism of a
skeptical sort. It would be nearer the truth
to say that a few men do get rich by honest
labor and thrift, but mapy more acquire
wealth by seising what belongs rightfully
The process ot accumulation by hones
labor and saving Is too slow for those to
whom infinite wisdom has given control of
tbe property Interests of the world and leg
islators have given the privilege ot ex
clusive access to natural resources. There
are other ways of robbing people besides
knocking them down and rifling thel
pockets and many of them are so Ingen
lously contrived that the victims not only
are unconscious of loss, but so enamored of
the processes by which they are plundered
that they resent all efforts to protect them
from the thieves.
It Is a sign of distinct progress when our
criminal court Judges from Virginia to
Texas, as by common purpose, carry on
this fresh crusade against the plstol-toters
No matter who they may be whether high
In office, rich in purse, eminent In social
station, or poor and unimportant erery
man caught armed with deadly concealed
weapons should be given the limit of the
law In such cases made and provided. The
practice of pistol-toting la a curse to any
community, and It la' full time that It
should be made odious and obsolete in our
southern communities especially.
OTHER LAUDS THAW Ot'RS.
The German emperor appears to be very
much In evidence during the recent army
maneuvers In tbe neighborhood of Frank
furt. Naturally his presence was an un
failing presage ot victory. On the last
day but one the blue forces had been get
ting much the worst of It theoretically.
They had been driven backwards by the
Reds, and were supposed to be In a sadly
demoralised condition. But during the
Ight they were reinforced, aad In the
morning under the emperor's invincible
leadership, they fell upon their pursuers
nd routed them hip and thigh. The em
peror himself, mounted upon his Arab
charger, rode at the head of 8,000 cavalry,
and delivered a charge which completed the
discomfiture and route of the enemy. He
galloped victoriously through the guns snd
over the Infantry, and received the con
gratulations of the attendant officers, In
cluding several distinguished American and
British generals. The correspondents men
tion casually that for five minutes he was
exposed to a heavy infantry fire, and that
later on he galloped for a mile In front
of the enemy's guns, which belched fire
nd smoke, but luckily for him no bullets.
The military experts congratulated his
majesty and pronounced the maneuvers
exceedingly Interesting, successful, and In
structive. What they thought will not be
known, publicly, until their reports are old
nough to be harmles.
Roumaola has lately put In force a new
labor law which carries one back to medie
val times, when guilds were all powerful
among artisans.. Under this new act no
one will be allowed to work at a handi
craft unless he has obtained a certlflcate
from one of the guilds which are estab
lished by the law. These are to be under
the supervision of the local chambers of
commerce, snd will be required to estab
lish Insurance funds, to maintain labor
registries and to found adult technical
chools. The guilds must furnish certifi
cates to all who show satisfactory knowl
edge of, their trades, and bave also to nom
inate two workmen and two employers to
act with a representative of the govern
ment as a board ot conciliation. The most
Important clause of the new law encourages
associations of workmen on the lines that
have worked well In Italy and New Zealand.
These associations of Roumanian workmeu
are to have the right to deposit as secur
ity only half of the amount required ot
private firms tendering for government
The process of RussiBcation which works
so admirably in barbaric Asia, Is being ap
plied with extraordinary vigor in civilized
Finland. Already the Finns are placed
under laws authoritative only In Russian, and
find the Finnish version regarded as an un-
fflcial concession. Russian governors, con
trary to the law and precedent of the land.
which Russia had engaged to respect, will
displace Finns In every province, and per
manently. The appeal of the municipality
of Helslngfors against the replacing of tbe
local police by Cossacks bas been refused
by the Emperor. Everywhere the Russian
official succeeds the native. The process ot
rushing out a national spirit under the
forms of humanity has rarely been so care
fully planned, and mo uupariugiy pruuiui.su.
Germany In the conquered provinces pursued
more gradual way. It should be remem
bered too that the Russiflcatlon of Finland
means, broadly speaking, the substitution of
an Inferior civilization. It is this which
gives to the spectacle a peculiar poignancy.
No relief Is In bight; but one must Imagine
that the better educated Finns will not wish
to become subject In a Russian province,
and tbe prophecy might be ventured that
we shall see from Finland an emigration of
the class represented by the French Hugue
nots and our own Puritans.
Greece is the latest country to be con
fronted with the problem of forest destruc
tion. This summer vast tracts of her for
ests bave been burnt over and laid waste,
and as her wooded land was not very
large, comparatively speaking, the situ
ation is a serious one. Her two chief
assets are her climate and her natural
beauty, tbe latter more or leas enhanced
by tbe ruins of her past. Now It Is said
that her climate is deteriorating with
alarming rapidity. Rain Is becoming less
frequent, but more violent, and long
drouths sre followed by terrlfflc storms
which complete the denudation of tbe
mountain slopes which waa begun by mau,
while the rapid flow of water to tbe plains
causes annually serious inundations. Some
little effort baa been made to reforest parts
of the country and to protect such wood
lands as are left, but no great success bas
Who would not be present at the army
maneuvers ot Nicholas of Russia, espe
cially If ho were to bo a guest of a czar?
These maneuvers have been taking place
In the vicinity ot Moscow, and tbe czar has
been prevent personally to oversee tbe
work. In order that he might live In com
fort during his stay In the field, and like
wise entertain bis guests in a manner
befitting his and their station, a magnifi
cent pavilion was erected, one which sur
passed the fabulous beauties of those tents
which sheltered Saladln, and just behind
this pavilion was a Gargantuan kitchen,
S00 feet long, with a staff of proportionate
size, where the meals of his majesty were
cooked. Even William of Germany never
went to mimic war In such magnificence.
Progressive as Japan is In some respects
the over population of the islands causes
In some parts, especially the larger cities.
condition of life that Is but little better.
even if It Is not worse, than slavery. Sta
as well as town folks are equally welcome to mir waiting
rooms, on the second floor of our building a pleasant
meeting place for friends. Your packages looked after
and information regarding both town and carnival cheer
And maybe if you visit our store out of the vast
assortment of clothing and furnishing we are dis
playing there might besomething to interest
THE MOST FOR YOUR MONEY and
No Clothing Fits Like Ours.
THE OFFICIAL AK-SAR-BEN NECKWEAR Red,
green and yellow, neat Btripes, to be had here
25C AND DOC.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
R. S. Wilcox, Manager.
S.W.Cor. 15th & Douglas Sts-f OmnliM, Neb.
tistics that bave rocrntlr bees prepared
show that In the cotton mills In and about
Osaka, there are about SO.OfO persons mi
ployed, of which tiumher nearly 60.0IM' :ire
primitive; no car If taken by the employers
or supervision by the government relative
to tbe health ot the workers, and In conse quence
consumption Is prevalent. Some of
the women get wagts equivalent to but
three or four cents a day, and the ililMici)
average but two cents a day. As a result
the methods of living sre of he niranrt.
and a sort of ro-operatlre system prevails,
the employers providing the sleeping pWr.
Here tho human beings are treated wore
than brutes, the report telling of one In
stance where thirty-four persona wire
found to be sleeping In a room, the dimen
sions of which were but 11 by 3 fet.
SENTIMENT AOAIST (Oil, ntltOX.
tirredy Operators Rapidly Slldlue to
Kansas City Star.
The fact that a circuit Judge of Chlruao
should suggest that the state take charge
of the Pennsylvania coal mines Indlrntr
the degree of popular exasperation over
the course of the mine owners In the strike.
When the trouble began the publlo knew
little about, tbe care and no pronounced
sympathy was shown for elthir side. But
with the progress of events the owner and
operators have undoubtedly created a had
impression, until today the current of opin
ion Is decidedly against them.
Tbe mine owners have alienated the pub
lic chiefly by the persistence In assuming
that a strike involving 200,000 men Is a
purely private affair In which tbe con
sumers of coal bave no Interest. Holding
thla position they have steadily refused to
submit any poin't i the dispute to arbi
tration. They have further turned senti
ment against themselves by foolish state
ments, such as that by President Baer of
tbe Reading road, that "the rights and
Interests of tbe laboring man will be pro
tected and cared tor, not by tbe labor agi
tators, but by the Christian men to whom'
God In hla Infinite wisdom has given con
trol of the property interests of the coun
try." By their arrogance and by their Ignoring
the Interests of the public the operators
have provoked a feeling that may prove
dangerous to them. When a circuit court
Judge Is willing to suggest such radical
remedies as those outlined by Judge Gib
bons It is probable that tbe public at
large Is strongly aroused. The fact la that
the people east of the Mississippi, at least
have too much at stake to allow the pres
ent situation to persist indefinitely or to
recur frequently. The operators may be
fairly certain that eventually tbe publlo
will defend Itself on the ground that the
rights ot property are subsidiary to the
right of the state. Tbe refusal of the mine
owners to provide any remedy Is tending
directly to that state Interference which
they are now so vigorously opposing. By
a singular infatuation they aeera blind to
the fart that their course Is Inviting the
very thing which they profess thoroughly
Town Topics: "What did you get out ot
your garden this year?"
"Not u. iiy want by that I man I have
one of my neighbor's) chickens for dinner." '
Boston Transcript: Stoughton Oh, I
know when I get enough. -.
Hosteller But when you get enough you
don't know anything.
Record-Herald. "He used to be so opti
mistic always smiling and full of hope."
"I know It. ut that waa before he found
out that he was getting 13 a week leaa
than the man at the next desk."
How Is your brother,
"Ill in bed: he's hurt himself.
How did he do thatr?"
"We were playing Who cotild le'Rn furth
est out of the window and he won.":
Atlanta Constitution: "Uncle William,
what Is your opinion of politics?"
"I dunno, aah. De las' time I had dentin's
wrld It, It only gimme a dollar fer two
votes; so I wonders what politics' opinion
is of mel"
Brooklyn Citizen: "Boy!" shouted the
woman, with her head out of the window,
"what ye throwln' etonea at?"
"At yer cat," replied the boy.
"And what are you, thrbwln',.aimy cat
for?" t . i i
"Because ye hain't got no dog ti throw
Boston Transcript: Father Sullivan Tou
say you love your wife; then why don't
you go to work and support her?
Patrick O'Brien That's Juat the trouble,
your reverence. I love her ao much I can't
bear to leave her long enough to get a job.
Philadelphia Press: "My!" exclaimed the
old ludy who wna taking her first trolley
ride, "1 should think it would be mighty
dangerous workln' on these care all tho
time. Ain't you 'feared o' the 'lectrtclty
slrikln' ye?' 1
"No'in," he replied, aa he took her nickel,
and neglected to ring It up on the register,
"you see I'm not a good conductor."
Thla flower la fuller of the sun
Than any our pale north can show;
It has the heart of Auguat won,
And scatter wide the warmth and glow.
Kindled at summer's mldnoon blaze.
Where gentians of September bloom,
Along October's leaf-strewn ways.
And through November's paths of gloom.
Herald of autumn's reign. It seta
Oay bonfires blazing round the field;
Rich autumn paya In gold hla debts
For tenancy that summer yields.
Beauty's slow harvest now cornea on.
And promise with fulfillment won;
The heart's vaet hope does nut begin.
Filled with ripe sveds of aweetneaa gone.
Because Ita myriad glimmering plumes
LJke a preat army s stir and wave;
Because Its gold In billows blooms.
The poor man's barren walks to lave;
Because Its eun-ahuped blosHoms show
How souls receive the llgbt of God,
And unto earth give back that glow
I thank Him for the goldenrod.
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