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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 25, 1902)
TITE OMAITA PAITA TnUKSDAT, BEPTEMT1E11 25. 1002.
'Fire omaiia Daily Bee.
E. BOSEWATER. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVEKT MORNING.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Jltat f Nohraaka- Douslaa County, aa:
Oeorse B. Tsschuck. secretary of f ha Baa
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complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
tea mouth of August. 1902, was aa follows:
t 88, TOO
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GEO. B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed tn my presence and sworn to
before me thla 1st day of September, A. D.,
1802. it. B. H UNGATE.
(Seal.) Notary Public
Presidents may come and presidents
may go, but Ak-Sar-Ben goes on Just the
It Is not knockers who hurt a city, but
rather those who never boost except
itvltb hot air.
Homeseekers' excursions are now on.
The homeseeker who locates in Ne
braska will have no after occasion to
Board of trade speculators may send
prices up or down, but they will all have
to settle with the farmers before they
deliver the goods.
Indications seem to point that the
democrats are not able to convince them
selves tbat.lt Is safe to hoist the tariff
s the paramount Issue. .
Colonel Bryan will be at large In Ne
braska during the entire month of Oc
tober, and no other state shows any
disposition to come to Nebraska's res
cue. The latest Is that there will be no
meat packers' combine, but merely "an
understanding" between the meat pack
ers. The understanding, however, is ex
pected to do the work Just as welL
When there is' news that is news The
Bee is first In giving It to the public.
That Is why a Bee extra is convincing
where those of other local papers are
Questioned unless the Information Is
verified by The Bee.
The democratic candidate for gov
ernor of Michigan has been compelled
to withdraw on account of the condi
tion of bis health. The republicans evi
dently are not to have a monopoly of
the withdrawals this season.
The best balm for disappointment over
the president's failure to visit Nebraska
Is to be had by taking In the Ak-Sar-Ben
festivities, which will surely repay a
trip to Omaha even without the presi
dent as the chief guest of honor.
Roumanla does not take kindly to
Secretary Hay's note of protest against
the persecution of the Roumanian Jews.
Roumanla may yet have to go through
a; little of the experience from which
Turkey and China have recently gradu-
Democratic papers that were criticis
ing the president for touring the coun
try will now begin to criticise him for
not carrying out his touring program.
It Is a cold day when the democratic
ra pen cannot find something In the
president's actions to find fault with.
When the walls of the court rooms In
Omaha's new federal building are em
bellished with their $8,000 tints and fres
coes. It Is to be presumed that the fed
eral Judges presiding In them will be
able to issue far more artistic writs of
Injunction and mandamus than at pres
When discussing trust problems, re
member that when the democrats were
In control of the national government
they never did anything to repress trade
combinations, but, on the contrary, con
tented themselves with the republican
Sherman anti-trust law as the best leg
islative restrictions to be devised to
meet conditions then existing.
President Roosevelt , insists that we
must treat the tariff as a business prop
osition rather than from the standpoint
of the temporary needs of any political
party. The trouble Is that each politi
cal party professes to be the only one
that treats the tariff as a business prop
osition, ' but taking the barometer Of
business prosperity as the gauge, the
republican tariff pulley has alone proved
Itself successful from the business
AMERICA STANDARD OF LIVIXO.
In no othpr country I" th verngp
standard of living of th working classf"
so high an In thp United States. The
(Trent majority of American working
men and their families are better fed.
better clothed and have more of the
comforts of life than the wage workers
of any other land. A prominent Eng
lishman who visited this country a few
years agi spoke of It as "the paradise
of the worklngman." A similar remark
has been made by later visitors from
abroad who came here to Investigate
Industrial and labor conditions.
The policies that have produced this
must not be abaudoned. In his speech
at Logansport President Roosevelt
urged the Imperative need of preserving
the American standard of living for the
American worklngman. What he said
In regard to this is so pointed and per
tinent that we reproduce it In order to
more strongly press It upon popular at
tention. "The tariff rate," said Mr.
Roosevelt "must never fall below that
which will protect the. American work-
lnrmnn fi llnn-ln or rYr tho 1 1 ffprence I
between the general labor cost here and
abroad, so as to at least equalize the
conditions arising from the difference
In . the standards of labor here and
abroad, a difference which it should be
our aim to foster insofar aa It repre
sents the needs of "better educated, bet
ter paid, better fed and better clothed
worklngmen of a higher class than any
to be found in a foreign country. At
all hazards and no matter what else
Is sought for by changes of the tariff,
the American workman must be pro
tected in his standard of wages that
is, In his standard of living and he
must be secured the fullest opportunity
Certainly all Intelligent worklngmen
will approve this, which states a guid
ing republican principle through all the
years of our Industrial development.
For more than forty years the repub
lican party has made the protection of
American labor a cardinal feature of Its
policy. Its greatest leaders have con
tended for this and the results have
splerfdldly vindicated their wisdom.
The United States has been made the
paradise of the worklngman, labor has
been elevated and today the wage earn
ers of this country are envied, by those
of other lands. The republican party
stands now where It has always stood
In this respect It proclaims through
its distinguished leader continued devo
tion to the interests and the welfare
of the working classes and points to
what It has accomplished In their be
half as giving It a Just claim to the
continued confidence and support of
There must be no lowering of the
standard of living for the American
worklngman, says President Roosevelt
Moreover, he must be secured the full
est opportunity of employment Every
body should concur in this, yet the
democratic proposition - to overthrow
protection would take employment from
labor and necessarily lower the stand
ard of living. Worklngmen at least
should give thoughtful consideration to
the words of President Roosevelt
HEW YORK ItEPVBLlCABB.
The harmony of the New . Tork re
publican convention was somewhat dis
turbed by the contest of candidates for
lieutenant governor, but this was set
tled In a way that Is probably satis
factory to all concerned and the party
will enter upon the campaign united
and In condition to make an, aggressive
fight There was no opposition to the
renominatlon of Governor Odell, who
has given the state an excellent admin
istration and whose re-election can be
The platform 1b explicit and unam
blguous in Its treatment of public ques
tions. It heartily approves the national
administration and pledges the earnest
efforts of the party In the state for the
election of President Roosevelt In 1004
Reciprocity with Cuba is favored and
the legislation for the Philippines 1b
commended. It Is declared that "the
greatest national issue Is the mainte
nance of prosperity," and that "the In
tegrlty of the protective tariff must be
preserved," aa being required "to main
tain the highest scale of American
wages and the supremacy of the Amer
ican workshop." There la condemnation
of combinations and monoplles having
for their purpose the destruction of
competition, the limitation of produc
tion, or the Increase of cost to the con
sumer of the necessaries of life, and the
party is pledged to the support of such
legislation aa win suppress and pre
vent the organization of . such illegal
The republican administration, having
been highly creditable and the demo
cratic party in New York being disor
ganized, there appears no reason to
doubt that the ticket placed In nomina
tion yesterday at Saratoga will be
elected by a decided majority.
THE BOER APPEAL.
The appeal of the Boer generals to the
civilized world, for contributions to allay
distress and enable their people to re
store their homes should receive a gen
erous response. The provision for this
purpose , made by the British govern
ment being wholly Inadequate and the
effort to have it Increased having failed.
the Boer generals call Upon all people
who sympathize with the overwhelming
misfortune of their countrymen to come
to their assistance and avert the further
suffering that threatens.
There Is no doubt that in their mani
festo they state conditions precisely as
they are. The progress of the British
army was one of devastation. As the
generals say, thousands of homes were
destroyed and the country laid waste.
There hsve been few more desolating
wars, for the time it lasted, In history
than was the South African conflict
Many thousands of helpless widows and
children are now to be cared for and the
appeal of these for help should not fall
upon heedless ear a If all whose sym
pathy wss with the Boers during their
struggle with their powerful foe were to
respond to the manifesto of the Boer
generals all the relief needed would
speedily be supplied, but while this can
not be expected there is reason to be
lieve that the response will le generous
and Hint the American people will be
among the most liberal.
EXrtrTt.lt TO ZQVARE THEMSELVES.
An overwhelming majority of the citi
zens of Omaha, Irrespective of party,
are In favor of home rule in the govern
ment of the police and flre departments.
They have been taught by experience
that police boards uppolnted by state
officers, whether by governors, land corn-
ralsaloners or attorney generals, simply
become political agents of their makers,
and have always used their power to ac
complish political ends In violation of
the solemn oaths of office, which obligate
them to disregard politics and creed in
the appointment, discipline and govern
ment of the police and lire departments.
The most objectionable feature In gov
ernor-appointed police boards Is that
they are not responsible to the cominu-
nit V fl nd CRtlllOt he held tO HCCOUIlt Of im-
peached by anybody except the man who
appoints them. It is a matter of no
toriety, moreover, that nearly all the
governor-appointed police commissions
which have dominated Omaha police
and fire departments within the past
eight years have been appointed at the
Instance of railroad magnates for the
purpose of subjugating the people with
That was the object aimed at In the
appointment of the Russell-Churchill po
lice board, whose appointments were dic
tated by General Manager Iloldrege of
the Burlington. That Is the character
of the present commission, whose ap
pointment was dictated by mutual agree
ment of all the railroad managers, not
only for the purpose of forcing the nomi
nation and election of David II. Mercer
against the will of the rank and file of
the party, but also for the purpose of
controlling primaries and elections In
this city and county by coercion and In
timidation. Under existing conditions It was not to
be expected that a county convention,
dominated by corporate mercenaries,
would declare In favor of home rule or
In favor of equitable taxation of rail
roads, telegraph and telephone and ex
press companies. The failure of the con
vention to pledge the candidates to tax
reform and home rule does not however,
obliterate those Issues from the local
campaign. On the contrary, it will force
the candidates on the county ticket to
square themselves with the people and
especially with the friends of home rule
and equitable railroad taxation,
In other words, the candidates on the
republican county ticket are expected to
declare themselves on those issues or
take the consequences. With one or two
exceptions they are reported to be
against home rule. Some of them have
been outspoken in favor of the continu
ance of the Mercer-Baldwin commission
in control of the police and fire depart
ments and against any change that
would allow the people to elect'the mem
bers of the board as they do all other
city officers who are entrusted with tho
disbursement of public funds. We have
yet to learn that any of them have raised
their voice against the iniquitous system
of railroad taxation by which the Union
Pacific bridge, which earns $1,000 a day,
contributes $40.98 a year in taxes toward
the expenses of government of the city
of Omaha, which run up to $1,000,000 a
year. This 1b a sensitive subject with a
great body of Omaha taxpayers, espe
cially with the owners of small homes,
who are compelled to bear an undue pro
portion of the burdens of municipal gov
ernment The taxpayers of Omaha will want to
know positively where each Individual
candidate for the legislature stands
They will want some assurance that the
men who are to represent them in the
coming legislature will stand up for
them rather than for ' the tax-shirking
railroad corporations. They will want
positive assurance that their representa
tlves will help to erase from the statute
books that part of the charter that de
prtves the citizens of Omaha of the right
to govern themselves and subjects them
constantly to personal caprice, political
Intrigue and corporate conspiracy
Nothing Illustrates so well the public-
spirited character of our citizenship as
the heroic good grace with which west
ern cities that had prepared to enter
tain the president are swallowing the
disappointment caused by the abandon
nient of his trip. While the two are not
to be compared, we can yet hear the
ugly mutterings that were raised by the
people of London when the attack of
sickness compelled King Edward to
postpone his coronation ceremonies.
Notwithstanding their disappointment
the western cities that had expected to
be honored by a presidential guest are
taking the untoward turn of events with
an optimistic air on the theory that all
is for the best They yet hope to en
tertain the president at some near fu
ture time and make up with Increased
cordiality for the delay In the recep
tion. Yellow journalism in Omaha has been
subdued but not suppressed by a long
ways. Our hyphenated yellow tries to
attract attention to itself by glaring
headlines In studhorse type which must
have not only startled but shocked its
The abandonment of the
western tour by President Roosevelt and
the comparatively trivial operation
which he has undergone are announced
In these words: "President passes under
surgeon's kulfe." People who had not
heard of the change of program In the
president's tour naturally would be
frightened out of their wits and would
Imagine that the president was the vic
tim of another attempted assassination.
According to the reports of the police
court hearing of the men charged with
participation In the unfortunate fray
that resulted in the killing of one of the
Union Pacific strike breakers, the county
I attorney was assisted in the prosecution
I by W. Ft Curler. Why should the
county attorney need outside assistance
n a case like this? Who does Hurley
represent? Is lie retained by the Union
riiclflc to represent their Interests? Or
is this simply one way the railroad has
of paying Hurley for the olltlcal work
he has been doing' for the Baldwin-Mercer
rrobably the only sigh of relief that
the president will not coine west will be
raised by the police officers upon whom
would devolve the duty of safeguarding
the president and handling the crowds
anxious to see him. The magnitude and
exacting character of the extra work
Imposed on the police by special events
of this character are scarcely realized
by the public.
Many words of approval have been re
ceived by The Bee on Its protest against
confetti-throwing ruffianism In connec
tion with the Ak-Sar-Ben street fair.
The confetti nuisance is without reason
or excuse. It should be abolished once
and for all. It Is not too late to Issue
the order of suppression.
Apprehension Is felt because a few
public school buildings In this city have
not yet been supplied with coal and may
be caught unprepared for a sudden cold
snap. Several private dwellings In the
city are also without a coal supply and
will have to take the risk of premature
visits from Jack Frost
President Roosevelt Is said to have
received a large number of messages
of condolence. These messages must
have been misdirected. The messages
of condolence should have been sent to
the various communities that had to
suffer cancellation of their engagements
with the president
Wise fMf n Versus Foola.
E. Benjamin Andrews says that as trusts
increase general conditions improve. Mr
Andrews was once a supporter of the free
sliver ticket, which suggests that every
body changes bis mind except Mr. Bryan,
and he would rather be wrong than be presi
A Vavln Search.
General Grosvenor is looking for the
man who can sell a steak for the same price
when .cattle are 18 per hundred that was
demanded when they were $3.60, but his
search will be as fruitless aa would be
that to find a farmer who Is anxious to
go back to $2.60 per hundred tor cattle.
Where the Oldest Inhabitant Shlaea.
New Tork Tribune.
The prevalent opinion in New York has
been that the summer of 1802 was pretty
nearly the coldest on record, and the stock
holders tn the Ice trust have suffered an al
most continuous chill. But the oldest In
habitant, always-a killjoy, rises to remark
that In 1816 there was frost In every month
from January to December Inclusive. And
what are we going to do about It?
A Pair of Ticklers.
New Tork Mail and Express.
Having been tickled by Bryan,
Johnson returns the tickling by saying:
"I have never been a free silver man, but
I have always been a Bryan man." Tbeae
Alphonse and Gaston proceedings are pleas
ing features of the-circus performance, but
the real "after you" business will not begin
until the chase of 1904 delegations Is due.
What Extinction Wonld Mean.
Combination has become the breath of
the business life of the country. The greater
the tree, the deeper Its roots. Imagine a
power great enough to destroy at a single
blow the steel trust, so-called. Imagine
the consequence of Its exercise for pur
poses of destruction. Thousands of fires
would bo banked immediately. It Va the
age of steel. The demand outstrips the
supply. With the extinction of the trust
would come paralysis such as would beg
gar all power of description. This Is the
sort of thing that the demagogue says ha
would Invite and It Is against thai sort
of thing, against anything likely to even
remotely resemble It, that the president set
his face at Cincinnati.
Tricks of the Plro Cnderwrlters.
Tho recent test of the new flre main
service demonstrated that the system will
be exceedingly effective In extinguishing
fires in the congested business districts of
the city. The test was so far convincing
as to Induce the exeoutive committee of the
board of firs underwriters to make a re
duction of 16 cents In the "pink slip" rate
of 25 cents, but the residue of the onerous
pink slip" charge will not be removed until
the completion of the pumping station,
No immediate relief from the "blue slip"
charge of 25 and 60 cents for the conflagra
tion district Is promised, notwithstanding
the success of the flre main testa It la
urged by the flre underwriters that no
movement has been made to comply with
the conditions for the reduction or removal
of these charges.
President's Safety First Consideration
The New York Times doubtless expresses
the feeling of the thinking people through
out the country when It says that the death
of President McKlnley and the narrow es
cape of President Roosevelt "have gives
rise to a certain nervousness, which is en
tirely natural and springs from the beet
motives," and that "the risks Incurred In
travel and in the crowds to which the presi
dent is exposed have been considered with
due care by him and by his advisers, but
multitudes will breathe easier when they
shall have been safely passed." No doubt
all the possibilities of accident are fully
realized by those who are charged with the
oversight of his movements, and the direc
tions which have been given from Wash
ington for the reception and escort of the
president have unquestionably been inspired
by public solicitude for his safety.
A contract not to go Into business again
for a specified period of ttme may be en
forced by a trust aa against persons bought
out In order to acquire a monopoly, ac
cording to the dictum of the supreme court
of Maine in an application for an injunc
tion to restrain certain individuals from re
entering the sardine packing business. The
court held, briefly, that a contract to stay
out of business la reasonable, valid and
legal, and the fact that such an agreement
would tend to regulate or limit competition
could not vitiate Its binding force. As to
the effect of s combination upon the public,
it was affirmed that no Injury need be ap
prehended, for, said. Chief Justice Wlswell,
"the moment the price of the product should
b Increased beyond a sum that would
afford a reasonable profit, new capital
would rush tn and new competition would
prevent the accomplishment of the purpose
of such a combination." This potent con
sideration is undoubtedly a great safe
guard to the people against Industrial mo
STORIES OP STRATTON.
Persons who are fond of discovering the
dramatic element In things have often
pointed at W. 8. Stratton. the Cripple
Creek millionaire, as the most remarkable
example of luck In the latter part of the
nineteenth century. It tins been thplr way
to say that he rode out of Colorado Springs
almost penniless one summer morning and
came back so rich he himself couldn't tell
how much he owned.
Superficially, there seems to be some
truth In this picture of Stratton's sudden
change of fortune. Actually, however, it
is most misleading.
The fact Is that no man ever worked
harder, thought .more earnestly or overcame
more difficulties to attain wealth than did
Stratton. The great merchants who have
built up vast businesses from small begin
nings have had plain sailing compared
with the long and stormy voyage that
finally brought the Croesus of Cripple
Creek safe Into port.
There Is a tradition that ss s young man
tn Jrffersonvllle, Ind., Stratton was wild
snd unamlable, and that when he went
west in 1872 he left a bad name among the
Hooslers. Be that as it may, he had
learned to be s good carpenter and when
he struck Colorado Springs he found plenty
of work at his trade, which lasted as long
and came as often ss he rsred to have it
during the next nineteen years.
It wasn't many weeks after Stratton
struck the Springs before tho gold fever
marked him for Its own. It's a lingering
disease at the best or worst, according to
the way you look at It but there are many
who catch It suffer aoutely for a while snd
Not so with Stratton. The longer he had
It the more malignant it became, until
along In the 80s folks got to calling him
"Crazy" Stratton. That was because his
faith In what other men regarded and aban
doned as worked-out pockets snd barren
claims persisted and led him on through
multiplied failures and disappointments.
The first Investment In mining property
which has been laid to Stratton was the
$3,000 that he planted In the Yretaba mine
at Cunningham Gulch. It Isn't likely that
he had $3,000 to drop there all at once, but
whatever he bad he began to put Into the
Yretaba In 1873, less than a year after his
arrival In Colorado.
He got a lot of good schooling In that
venture, but nothing more. For ten years
he spent a large part of every summer
working the claim for the gold that never
came, and in the winters he plied the ham
mer and the saw to earn money with which
to feed himself and lay In material for the
next warm-weather campaign In the gulch.
When the Yretaba scheme had petered
out Stratton made up his mind that he
ought to have more scientific knowledge, so
he took a course In metallurgy at Colorado
college, and thereafter he carried a blow
pipe tn his wanderings among the bleak
hills that were to yield up their treasures
to him. When ho wished to test a specimen
of ore he had both the Implements and the
knowledge with which to do It.
Years afterward when his ship had come
In he gave Colorado college $50,000 as a
mark of his appreciation of what It had
done for him. This college training Is a
point that the exponents of the luck theory
ought not to overlook.
Certainly a man who will pursue a forlorn
hope for ten years and then go In for a
scientific education to help him In the fur
ther prosecution of the same purpose Isn't
altogether a child of fortune If after years
more of patient toll and careful thought he
finally oomes to his reward.
His college course completed, Stratton set
out again on the old quest The Yretaba was
a vanished dream, but there were other
fields to proepect, snd In some of them he
was sure he would find the means that
would enable him to put away the carpen
ter's kit forever and a day.
In the meantime, however, he didn't
despise his trade. Colorado Springs saw
him intermittently and gave him work when
he wanted it. Then when there was a
little money In the stocking It saw him
no more for a time and the neighbors knew
that the carpenter had become a gold hunter
A good part of the ttme Stratton was
spending his own money In the quest for
pay dirt, but whenever he could find any
one disposed to grubstake him and divide
with him on the chance that some day his
dream would come true he took up the part
It was under such sn arrangement that
he set out for Cripple Creek In April, 1891,
Samples of ore which had lately come down
from that region led him to believe that It
would give up a great store of wealth to the
man who had the persistence and the know!
edge to examine it thoroughly.
He had been working on the grubstake
contract for a month or two when the man
who was putting up the money concluded
that It was a bad bargain and quit within
striking distance of millions.
Stratton went back to Cripple Creek, re
plenished his store of necessarlea, and on
July 8 rode out of town on horseback to
resume his prospecting, thla time on his
own hook, with no one to stand the loss
or divide the gain, as the case might- be,
The next day he did something which
showed that, like nearly all persons with
sufficient Imagination to do great things.
he was a man of sentiment.
He staked out two claims, and, as It was
the Fourth of July, he named one Inde
pendence and the other Washington. It
was a happy thought for the greatest day
la 8tratton's Ufa.
Out of those two claims so patriotically
named Stratton accumulated a fortune
estimated at $14,000,000 and other men also
grew rich beyond the dreams of avarice. An
early assay from the Independence showed
ere that yielded $380 to the ton; so Stratton
wasn't long In making up his mind that he
would hold on to that claim and get the
money he needed for further operations
from the Washington, for he did need
money, never more than at that moment,
when millions lay Just beneath bis feet.
Ha sold or leased the Washington for I
sum that is sometimes stated aa $60,000,
sometimes as $80,000. At sny rate he got
about $10,000 In ready cash out of the deal,
and later, when the buyer or lessee failed
In the required payments, the Washington
reverted to the possession of its discoverer,
With the first $10,000 that he got out of
the Washington Stratton set to work on the
Independence. He was never In a hurry
about taking out gold, even in later years
when he had the capital to push things to
the limit if bs choss to do so.
"It's Just as safe In the earth as any
where else," he would often say to those
who were urging him to work faster.
In 1894 $60,000 waa all he had cleaned op
from the Independence. From that time
on, however, the product of the mine wss
fabulous. Stratton was taking put not less
than a million a year when In 1898 be sold
a controlling Interest In the mine to an
English company for $10,000,000. He some
times regretted this bargain, snd his faith
in Cripple Creek never wavered. The bulk
of his money when bs died was still la
Illiteracy la the Lost Caste.
The lncreaae In the number of students a
all the principal universities scarcely bears
out the theory that higher education Is los
COLD CHRF.R FOR COAL CONSUMERS.
New York Commercial: If It lasts much
longer the coal strike will have merged Into
Philadelphia Press: With coal at the pres.
nt high price warming up on campaign
peeches ourht to become popular.
Washington Tost: Never judge a neigh
bor's financial standing by the amount of
moke that comes from his chimney. It
may not be coal he la burning.
Baltimore American: With coal In Its
present condition and the prosrect ahead,
what would not the fickle public, that never
nows what It wants, now give for a prom
ise of warm waves?
Boston Globe: The coal trust has now
aken a contract on its hands that will
prove the toughest It ever bad to grapple
with if the strikers hold out much longer.
As soon ss the frosts of autumn begin to
pinch severely and all industries are
threatened with an embargo, the only Issue
will be as to whether the trust Is master of
the whole people. In such a crisis the de-
Islon will not be difficult nor long post
Philadelphia North American: It the coal
combine is mining 164,000 tons of anthracite
coal a week, where Is the coal? The Read
ing company has only 4,000 tons for sale, the
price of coal Is still going up and dealers
cannot get any to supply their customers.
According to the operators, they are produc
ing at the rate of 8,000,000 tons a year with
out the aid of the miners, and yet the mar
ket Is bare. The story Is not a good one
even for the marines.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
Taking tho world as a whole SS per cent
die before they reach the age of 17.
The population of Damascus, reputed the
oldest city In the world, Is calculated at
San Francisco leads American cities with
the largest ratio of suicides, or 89.1 per
100,000 of population.
Tasmania's senior coroner and justice of
the peace is Captain Edward Dumaresq,
who Is now In his 101st year.
Louis W. Thomburg of Ottumwa, la.. Is
the oldest settler tn that stste and his wife
wss the first white child born In Iowa
The two American cities In which the
number of colored Inhabitants Is Increasing
most largely are Washington and Phila
The fine residence of the late George W.
Chllds on Walnut street In Philadelphia
was sold the other day for the third time
within a year, the price thla time being
Austen Chamberlain Is not the first son to
sit in the same cabinet with his father. In
1856, snd sgatn In 1866, Lord Derby was
the head of a cabinet of which his son.
Lord Stanley, was a member.
A remarkable family passed through Kan
sas the other day enroute from Iowa to
Oklahoma. It was composed of Michael
Streckendorfer, with sixteen sons, two
daughters and grandchildren enough to al
most fill a car.
Slgnora Mayor des Planches, the wife of
the Italian ambassador at Washington and
new acquisition to diplomatic society
there. Is described as a womaa of remark
able beauty and as a charming talker. Slg
nor Mayor Is the youngest of the ambassa
dors. He and his wife will entertain on a
The names of two women are still on the
British pension list dating from the time
of George IV. One Is Lady Barrow, the
adopted daughter of John Wilson Croker,
Lord Macaulay's "bad, very bad man, I
fear." The other Is the mother of Sir Wil
liam Anson, M. P. for Oxford university
and warden of All Souls.
Ex-Senator Carter of Montana has pre
sented to the university of that stats his
private collection of congressional records,
giving a complete history of legislation
from the beginning of the first congress to
the close of the last. 'This, Mr. Carter says.
helps to "fill up" the library of a struggling
educational Institution and ssves a great
deal of space and rent for himself.
Albert Chase, who died at the national
soldiers' home at Togua, Ms., a few days
ago, was ons of the numerous characters
who figured In the John Wilkes Booth
tragedy. He was sergeant of the guard at
the navy yard bridge at Washington on the
night of the morder of President Lincoln
when Booth passed. Chase held Booth for
some time, but aa Booth gave such a good
account of himself he waa allowed to go.
Chase received part of the Booth reward,
WESTERN CORN AND CATTLE.
What the Bis; Crops Mean tor the
Parmer ana for the Consasnsr.
The record-breaking corn crop In the
western corn states means a revival of
the cattle feeding indetry, and this, In
turn, means a forthcoming decline In the
prices of middle grades of beef. Last year
the corn crop did not come up to expecta
tions and stock coming In from the rsnges
In the fall could not be fattened. A com
bination of meat packers took advantage
of this untoward state of affairs to mark
prices up and discover, if possible, the max
imum figures that the traffic would bear.
Domeatlc consumption waa sharply cur
tailed, while foreign export trade shrank
In volume under the Influence of arbi
trarily advanced prices. Public discontent
was rife snd found expression tn demands
for legal restriction of huge combinations
of middlemen, who - controlled practically
the entire meat supply of the country.
Beneficent nature has stepped In with
potential energy to aet aside the schemes
of traders In public misfortune, snd to
encourage an industry that needs no syndl
cats to assure prosperity. In five cattle
feeding states Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri,
Oklahoma and Colorado much of the huge
corn crops this year will be put Into fat
cattle for the general market. Experts In
the trade estimate that not less than 1,300
000 cattle will be fed In these states alone
during the ensuing ninety days, together
with nearly 2,000,000 sheep. The concentra
tion of channels and sgencles of dlstrlbu
tlon has had no effect upon the enormous
and practically Independent Industry of the
western cattlemen. High prices for beef
and mutton have stimulated production
to extraordinary activity; new stock yarda
bave been established; new capital has been
attracted to the business and conditions
of supply readjusted quickly to the In
creased public demand. Thus additional
employment has been furnished to thou
sands of enterprising men, while a larger
domestic market la assured for the leading
product of the western agriculture.
What has been accomplished Is, In fact,
a restoration of the economic balance be
tween two Important and vital factors of
American Industry. A 2,000,000,000 bushel
corn crop will no longer mean a nominal
export price, with western farmers burning
their corn for fuel Instead of sending it
to market. A higher level not only of pro
ductlon but also of consumption has been
attained, and both agriculturists snd cattle
raisers may face the future with confi
dence undisturbed by fears of crop failure
Such spprehenslon, moreover, should be
largely lessened at this time. In view of
the rarity of lean years and the Instructive
experience and heavy profits of propitious
seasons. With a fair field open to corn and
cattle growers, they and the American
people may bid defiance to all trust comb I
nations that seek to engross the food of
direct rniM tnii.it in mixnksota.
Oeeeral Satisfaction with the Result
of the Reform Movement.
New York Tribune.
The new primary law of Minnesota was
tested last Tuesday, when nominations were
made for congress and judicial, legislative
and county offices. Tassed by the leslnla-
ture of 1!01. It had never been tried In any
general state election, and judgment of lis
effectiveness was awaited with considerable
nterest. even outside of Minnesota. Tho
most Important provisions of the lsa are
The primary la held not less than seven
weeks before election day. All parties vote
on this primary day, each party In a sep
arate ballot box, the officers of the primary
being the regular election officers. When
the voter at this primary appears at th
polls and demands to vote his register
number Is looked for, and if he is not reg
istered he cannot vote at thla time, but he
may register for the next primary. If he
is registered he receives an Australian bal
lot of the party In which he la registered.
If he refuses this ballot, announcing that
he has changed his politics, he Is not al
lowed to vote at this primary, but may re
register himself for the next primary. It
the voter at the primary la challenged be
may vote by taking the oath that be voted
that party ticket at the last general elec
tion. The primary tickets are made out and
printed by the county auditor. The regular
canvassing board canvasses snd announces
the result. The candidates announce them
selves by a petition of a certain percentage
of the voters of the party, snd this petition,
In case of a congress nomination, for ex
ample, must come proportionately from all
parts of the district. The law applies to all
nominations except those for state offices
and municipal offices In cities of leas than
It Is somewhat early to pass final judg
ment upon the merits of the Minnesota
plan, but the principal newspapers of ths
state have little except praise for Its oper
ation thus far. In an "off year" Tuesday's
vote In Minneapolis seems to have been
as large aa In the primary election of 1900
(Minneapolis adopted the plan for city elec
tions before the rest of the state); and the
number of voters who registered their pref
erences in St. Paul was well up to the aver
age strength of the electorate. Of the re
sults as shown In the choice of candidates
the St. Paul Pioneer Press says that the
republican nominations in that city are the
strongest that could have been made and
commends the makeup of the democratic)
ticket aa well.
Some defects are noted, however. The
Minneapolis Tribune and the St. Paul
Pioneer Press sssert that the declaration of .
party affiliations Is unpopular, and that
many voters are kept from the primaries
by this requirement. The large number of
minority candidates Is thought by some
critics to be a serious objection to the new
method of making nominations (in five ,
congress districts, for example, the repub
lican nominees are the choice of a minority
of the votes cast). But the Minneapolis
Journal thinks that these minority candi
dates sre, after all, as truly the choice of
tue people as the compromise nominee of
a hard fought convention, and that lesa
bitter feeling, leading to "knifing" the
ticket on election day, is likely to follow a
lively primary than an angry convention.
DAILIES SUPPLANTINO MAGAZINES
Newspapers Swarm Over the ' Field
Once Ocenpled by Pictorials.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Publlo attention has been arreBted by the .
recent announcement of one of the month
lies that It would no longer attempt to com
pete with the great dallies In Illustrated
articles on current events, but will turn Its
attention exclusively to fiction, essays and
poetry. The reason given Is that the dally
papers have advanced so far In their art
departments that pictures in the monthlies
are belated, and as for news It Is presented
every morning from all parts of the world
with a completeness and skill that leave
nothing but small gleanings for other
periodicals. A necessary result of this situ
ation Is that the magaxlnes must narrow
their operations snd the period Is probably
near when they will represent some special
field of thought or particular line of social
effort in order to preserve a practical toot-,
Ing. As matters stand, with a network of
electric wires and cables covering tho
world and the dallies expanding their art
and literary feaures In every direction, the .
monthllea must look well to their reason
for existence. Upon that necessary consid
eration rests their margin of profit, the de
cisive point in the end, for periodicals can
not live oa self-esteem alone.
AID TO DE KIN NY.
Washington Star: "Do you think the
color of that conspicuous girl's hair Is
'Yes," answered Mlsa Cayenne, after a
moment's Inspection, "to some people."
PhlladelDhla Record: Hoax There's a
bird called the pastor bird. I wonder-why
they call it that?
Joax on, l suppoae its Decauss ivs a
bird of prey!
Baltimore Herald: Heryl Who was that
young man that Just tipped his hat to us?
Sibyl I can't Imagine. Iet's see oh, yes,
that ia the man 1 became engaged to last
New York Herald: He Your kiss la like
Chinese tea. it has an exquisite flavor,
but It's not very strong.
Bhe Ferhape It man t a raw long enougn.
Juds-e: "Mlxem. the chemist, has made
his fortune at last," says the friend.
"But I thought he coulrtn t nnci any sale
t all for his cough mixture," answers the
"He couldn t. so he labeled it -genuine
maple syrup' and sold every bit of it the
first cool duy we had. Now he la rushed
with orders for It."
Yonkers Statesman: He You say you
spent your summer over on th Bound?
Bhe Yes, and 1 was engaged to three
different men while there.
"Oh, yes; I read about the sham en
gagementB over there thla summer."
Baltimore American: "Love Is blind."
murmured Mr. Meekton. regretfully.
"That a nonsense, repuea nis wire.
"Whn a Klrl (alls in Inve with a man
she sees magnificent qualities In him which
none of her rnmiiy cao maae out ana
whii h become wholly obscure even to her
In the course of a year or so."
What do I think of
the signal service?" repeated TJncle Hlllv
Harlow, in reply lo a query. -wen, 1
think that a weather prediction, well stuck
to, is as good as the truth."
TUB BOY THAT lot) ISED TO BE.
W. D. Nesblt In Baltimore American. .
Would you know Mm again today, ,
If he somehow should coma to you, ,
If he halted you on the way.
Would your memory servo you true?
With the air of the old boy-days.
With the smile that waa glad and free.
Would you know, If he met your gass
Just the boy that you used to be?
Ho! The boy that you used to be,
Kre you wrinkled with rare and fret!
What a wonder If you could aee
That boy! Isn't he living yet?
Does he never come back In dreams,
Made of memory's witchery?
Straight and fair In its rosy gleams
Just the boy that you used to bel
Do you never hold speech with him
In that past with Its afterglow?
See his figure, though blurred ar.d dim?
Ask him why did he ever go?
Do you never go hand-in-hand
Wander back, till ag.'iln you see
All the charm of the old boy-land.
With the boy that you used to be?
Does he know you. when oft he comes
Where you're dreaming your dreams
Is the melody that he hums
But the one that to song has grown?
Honest-hearted, and white of soul
Do you know sui-h a. one aa he?
Th'-n you're reaching the Rreatest goal-
Just tho boy that jou used to be!
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