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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 20, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY HEK: SATUKDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 11)02.
Tiie omaiia Daily Bee
E. ROSE WATER. EDITOR.
rCBLISMEl EVERT MORNING.
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Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me thin 1st day of September, A. D,
l'JOZ. M. U. HUNUATK,
(Seal.) Notary Public.
It Is evident that the weather man Is
trying his best to ''recoup his popularity.
It Is not the first time Speaker Hen
derson has refused to entertain a motion
According to ull accounts "the Iowa
Idea" on the tariff Is just simply the old
Several kinks In the primary election
law ought to be straightened out by the
next Nebraska legislature.
Whoever may lie elected In the Third
Iowa district, be will be best known as
"the man who succeeds Henderson."
There need be no expenditure of sym-
puthy upon the coal dealers. They are
Charging the highest prices they can get.
., Of course "legitimate" combinations of
capital are ull right. And, of course, you
can Blur no trust maguato who admits
being In uny other kind.
It Is to be noted that ex-Governor
Holes Is not olio- of the distinguished
gentlemen who appealed to Speaker
llendcrsou to reconsider his with'
Lieutenant Peary consoles the public
with assurance that, while he did
not reach the pole, he made Important
scion title - discoveries, but he does not
mention what they are.
umana s national banks come
promptly to the scratch when the comp
troller calls for a statement of their con
dltlon and they have every reason to be
proud of the sound exhibits they make.
Not to be outdone by President Roose
velt, Colonel Bryan has succeeded In be
comlug the hero of a smash-up accident
No man with presidential aspirations Is
safe until he has weathered at least one
railroad or trolley car collision.
That reminds us those carefully pre
pared cartoon which our Dave hud
shipped to him In big boxes from Wash
ington representing him as the colossus
of public1 buildings with dogs barking at
his heels must have been lost In the
If the County Democracy does not be
stir Itself the Jacksonlans w ill win all
the laurels. To offset the disturbance of
the kitty, the Jacksonlans are arranging
for periodic social sessions with music.
oratory and other harmless amusements.
The County Democracy will have to
start something quick.
The Bee will lssua-its special Ak-Sar-
Ben number Sunday. It will be replete
- with 1 Illustrations and feature articles
relating to the Ak-Sar-Ben carnival and
' President Roosevelt's coming visit as
Ak-Sar-Bcu's guest Place your ardors
for it and send extra . copies to your
friends. The edition is limited.
Trial of the direct primary under the
Minnesota law seems to give unusual
satisfaction at any rate the people
there have persuaded themselves that
they have had more to say on the make
up of the tickets than they would
have had uader the old convention sys
tem. Even if there were no more sub
stantial galas, this comforting faith
a ought to count for something.
As the price of anthracite coal goes
up, the pretense of the operators that
they cannot concede any part of the de
mands of the strikers because tha In
crease In wages would have to be got.
ten back tn Increased prices which In
time would restrict the sale, become
all tha more shallow. If the operators
fear high prices will drive consumers to
ths us of cheaper bituminous coal, w by
ax the putting prices upl
THE TRIE.1D Of LABOR.
The Connecticut nrnbllcan platform
says: "The) rrpuMirnn party nns ever
recngnUrvl the vnhte ami dignity of la
tor, which Is the foundation of our na
tional wealth, prosperity and happiness.
and Roupht to enact such legislation as
jjj would safeguard the true Interests of lft
i. bor, and It will continue to favor all
measures Justly calculated to secure
that end." This Is said of the party
In Connecticut, but It applies generally.
In every stato where the republican
party has been In control It has shown
Itself the friend of labor. It Is to the
republican party that the credit Is due
for legislation In the Interest of labor.
Before that party came Into control of
the national government there was little
recognition of the dignity or the rights
The republican party Is still solicitous
of the Interests and welfare of labor. It
still believes In protecting American
wage workers and maintaining and pro
'moting industrial conditions In this
country that will Insure to labor steady
employment and good wages. The pol
icy for which the republican party
stands has elevated labor and made the
worklngmen of the United States the
most prosperous of any In the world. In
no other country, not even In England,
Is labor so much respected as here or
Its value so well recognized. The work-
lngmnn who remembers conditions a
generation ago knows bow great has
been the Improvement, and this has
been attained under the operation of re
publican policy. That party has the
strongest possible claim to the support
COXGRESSMAK LITTLE fltLDS ViCR'S.
Congressman Little field of Maine, who
Is expected to lead a movement at the
coming session of congress for legisla
tion to regulate the Industrial comblna
tlons, and who has given the subject as
careful study as perhaps any other man
In the country, In a recent speech
pointed out the error of several proposed
remedies for trust evils. He denied
that menacing conditions can be re
moved by tariff revision and said that
democratic Interference would result In
driving all business enterprise out of
the country. He declared that tariff
reform and tariff revision is the panacea
of the democratic party for nearly
every difficulty'' that afflicts the body
politic. It has always, in good times
and in bad, fought the principle of pro
tectlon and It Is now simply following
Its traditional course.
totn parties concede that there are
trusts and industrial combinations,
Both admit that these have Injurious
effects. The Important consideration Is
as to which of these parties, the repub
lican or the democratic, shall be trusted
to deaT with this question, In connection
with the other great questions that con
cern the welfare and prosperity of the
country. "So far as this question Is
concerned,", said Mr. Llttlefleld, "the
republican party asks the people of
this country to trust the party that has
given It In connection, not only with
this question, but all other important
questions, constructive and not de
structive legislation. Thd democratic
party has never suggested reasonable
constructive legislation. It is destruc
tlve legislation tear down. The repub
lican party proposes to give wise and
conservative legislation." This clearly
states the attitude and aim of the two
parties. The republican party proposes
to regulate the combinations, to put
them under such governmental control
and supervision as shall be found nee
essary to correct evils and abuses. The
democratic plan Is one of extermina
tion, which If It could be made effective
in regard to the trusts would necessarily
also destroy the Individual Industries.
It is not to be doubted that most In
telllgent men understand this, knowing
that It Is impracticable to strike the
combinations through the tariff without
also hitting those enterprises, which are
numerous, that are outside of comblna
tlons and competing with them In the
home market. But those who are de
voted to free trade are of course quite
Indifferent to this consideration. They
are willing to overthrow the protection
policy at whatever cost to the Industries
and the business of the country. It is
not conceivable that a majority of the
American people are ready to support
the purty of destruction.
Senator Piatt of Connecticut, author
of the amendment that was incorporated
in the Cuban constitution, said in a
speech before the republican convention
of that state that he believed "the time
of dealing Justly with Cuba has only
been delayed and will surely come."
He urged that there should be reciproc
ity In trade between the two countries
mutually advantageous, a reciprocity
whereby we would extend our own
trade and at the same time benefit tha
industrial Interests of Cuba. This he
thought to be entirely practicable and
said: "If ever ou'e nation was obligated
to' deal' Justly' " amf liberally with
another, we are obligated to deal justly
aud liberally with Cuba. We can help
Cuba In the maintenance of her Inde
pendence with great benefit to our
selves. We can enable her to start on
a career of self-supporting nationality
without perceptible Injury to any Ameri
can Industry and with manifest benefit
Senator Piatt, whose state produces
tobacco with which the Cuban product
competes to some extent, la one of the
most earnest supporters of President
Roosevelt's position regarding Cuba.
He has given the question of reci
procity with the Island most care
ful consideration, from the point of
view, of a thorough protectionist, and
when he says that tariff conces
sions can be made to Cuba with
out perceptible Injury to any American
Industry aud with manifest benefit to
ail, the statement la entitled to atten
tion. It has been intimated that the presi
dent may not refer to thU question dur
ing his western trip, but It is highly
probable that be will discuss it with his
characteristic directness and candor.
The people of ,n ""t w"1 wtalnly
be glad to hear the president's views
on this Important subject and he will
flud that a very large number of them
are In accord wlthils position.
AMIR1CAX tUHUlS MLXACbh.
Duly atniut six mouths ago IttissU
gave a pledge to at once begin the evacu
ation of Manchuria. According to re-
cut advices T.e Is now determined to
expel all foreigners from that Chinese
province, which she practically donil-
nates. If this course shall le pursued
by llussia It will violate the treaty rights
of Americans and should be met by a
very decided protest from our govern
By the treaty of 1-StiS, which Is still
in force, between China and the United
States, It Isjirqvlded that citizens of the
United S Jr visiting or residing In
China shall en'oy the same privileges,
immunities cr uiemptions In respect to
travel or residence as may there be
enjoyed by Ihe citizens or subjects
of the most favored nation. Under
this - treaty Americans have as good
right to reside or travel in any
part of the Chinese empire as have
Russians or any other foreigners
and it is the duty of the Chinese govern
ment to see that this right Is protected
and respected. If Manchuria has be
come Russian territory, if it has been
ceded to that power, China should make
the fact known to the world, but until
she does this It must be supposed that
Manchuria Is still a part of the empire
and that Americans there are to be pro
tected In all the rights secured by treaty.
The United States has perhaps a
greater Interest la Manchuria than in
any other part of China. Our trade with
that section is large and In recent years
American Investments have vastly In
creased. It Is a rich region that holds
out great promise for future commerce.
Our government should make an earnest
effort to prevent any Interference with
the rights of Amerlcau citizens there.
Tilt FRKSlUtXTS WtSTtRS TRIP.
President Roosevelt's western toul
will be a fitting complement to his re
cent travels through New England and
the south. His welcome here will bs
at least as spontaneous and cordial aa
among the Yankees and the southerners.
The west has always had a fellow feel
ing and admiration for Theodore Roose
velt, eastern-born though he Is. His
courage and progressive genius, his op
timism and his broad, genuine Ameri
canism have every badge of the west
ern spirit, and his varied life on the
plains and mountains have endowed him
with common experiences entered with
the zest of a native. The ranchman's
saddle and the hunter's rifle are familiar
suggestions In connection with bis per
sonality. In the west probably more
than In any other section are the presi
dent's energy and. boldness appreciated.
The west will take pleasure in the op
portunity to signify its approval of his
positive and aggressive stand on public
questions. It will not merely greet the
president with formal honors, but it will
approve the man and his public course.
Ills progress through the west will leave
him In no doubt on that point. The west
is not the whole country, but the presi
dent will understand the true attitude of
the American people toward him after
he completes his western trip.
PREPARE FOR OCR QUESTS.
Only a week remains for us to prepare
for the guests Omaha will be called upon
to entertain during the reception to
President Roosevelt and the annual fall
festivities of Ak-Sar-Ben.
Omaha's high reputation as a live,
progressive, up-to-date community must
be sustained and it devolves upon every
person who takes pride In his residence
in Omaha to contribute toward bringing
about this desired result
The public buildings will be suitably
decorated and Illuminated, but the
decorations and illuminations should not
stop there. Every business bouse can
at small expense put on a few extra
touches in honor of the event and noth
ing will Impress visitors more forcibly
with the public-spirited character of our
citizens than the extent to which all par
ticipate in the work devolving upon us
This year's Ak-Sar-Ben carnival Is to
be an extraordinary occasion by reason
of the promised presence of the presi
dent and an extraordinary effort should
ue maae to make tne occasion memo-
The voting trust in the Southern Pa
cific, whose powers under the reorgani
zation are to be made perpetual, is an
other device for entrenching perma
nently the clique now In control. This
trust agreement has been signed by the
holders of $1)1,000,000 of the capital
stock, the total of which is $180,000,
uuu. nut uuuer tne trust agreement a
majority of the pooled stock controls
the action of all, including the election
of the board of directors and the whole
administration of the company. Thus
the holders of $10,000,000 of stock, or
only a trifle more than 25 per cent of
the whole, can indefinitely hold and dic
tate the control of this vast property.
This Is one of the most dangerous
aspects of latest trust development.
Delegates to republican county and
congressional conventions want to real
ize- the responsibility that rests upon
them. They owe It to themselves and
to the party to nominate only such men
as may reasonably expect election. To
put up candidates sure of defeat in ad
vance can bring no satisfaction to any
body. Republicans need a strong ticket
to win this year under present condi
tions, and It Is up to the members of
the conventions to make sure of victory
by nominations that will command the
whole party strength.
A Very Mvaera Notion.
' There are members of the Chicago city
council who are fully convinced that If
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson,
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Altxsadsr
Hamilton and other giants ot Ue revolu-
"Combinations of cspltal
the market In commodities necessary to
the general use of the people, by suppress
ing natural and ordinary competition, thus
enhancing prlcra to the general consumer,
are obnoxious to the common law and the
public welfare. They are dangerous con
spiracies against the public good and should
bo made the subject of prohibitory or penal
Who was the author of the above words
that certainly leave no doubt as to the
meaning sought to be conveyed?
Waa it William J. Bryan or Henry Wal-
terson? Is It one of the oratorical periods
of Champ Clark or the written lucubration
of ex-Magnate Wetmore of St. Louis? Were
these carefully worded sentences formu
lated In the brain of Orover Cleveland or
of David B. Hill T Is It an oratorical effort
of some Mississippi valley republican,
spurred to brave words by the sentiment
of his constituents? ' Theodore Roosevelt
might have been their author, so straight
forward are the words and devoid of double
meaning. - v .
They will be found. In the letter of ac
ceptance of William McKtnley, the la
mented president of the United States. This
man, whose memory all revere, who was
acknowledged during his life as the fore
most republican, who was certainly con
servative In all matters affecting the busi
ness Interests of the country, did not split
hairs about the evils of Illegal trusts or
"combinations of capital, to use his para
phrase. He said that suppressing competi
tion and raising prices to the general con-
tlonary period were In the flesh at this
time they would not be able to carry their
own precincts. .
Don't Get nay.
Uncle Hod Boles, however, should not be
In a hurry to let the contract for bis con
gressional air castle.
A Wise Hnallflratlon.
Mr. Bryan told an Ohio audience that If
be had been elected he would bave put
stripes on a certain class of millionaires.
The little word "If Is much used In the
Bryan speeches these days.
Greasing the Tentacles.
They are forming an elevator trust In
England, and the London papers refer to It
aa "a lift amalgamation." Lift la English
for elevator, and "amalgamation" has a
tenderer sound than "trust."
Anthracite coal has reached $12.50 a ton
In Philadelphia and some dealers are pre
dicting that it will go as high aa $25. Such
prices as those will force legislation of
some kind to deal with the problem of the
Working Mexico to a Finish.
American money Is said to be literally
pouring Into Mexico these days, with the
understanding, of course, that by way of a
slight return for the Interest we are tak
ing in the siste republic, Mexican money
will be literally pouring into the United
States later on.; : . .
- Prinirj. 'iw Worki Well.
MlfttssVpolls Times. -The
new primary law realizes almost all
Ua friends claim for It In small voting dis
tricts, where candidates are personally
known to voters. It has kept In office ex
cellent county and city officers, well known
by long service. It has caused the feeling
of the community to be reflected In gen
erally sound legislative nominations. It
raises the standard of the city council year
HOW STRIKES AFFECT POLITICS.
Few lllnstratlona Taken from Re
Leslie's Weekly (rep.)
Let the republican party beware of the
effects of the coal strike in tha congres
sional canvass of 1902. Strikes bave an
ugly habit of registering themselves in na
tional politics and they hit the party which
Is in power at the time. This has been
the experience of the United States in all
the great labor confllcta. The first or
these took place in 1877. That was the year
of the great railroad strikes throughout the
east and middle west, in which there was
rioting in Pittsburg, Chicago and many
other places. Hayes waa then president
and the republicans were the dominant
party. In the congressional election of
1878, the first Important canvass which
came after the strike, the republicans were
beaten. In the strike of the Gould sys
tem of railroads. In 1886, which lasted
many weeks and which was under the di
rection of Martin Irons, great destruction
of property took place and many cities. In
cluding St. Louis and Kansas City, were
terrorized. . That was during Cleveland s
first term. Consequently It was the demo
crats who were hit then. In the congres
sional election of that year the republicans
did not carry congress, but they reduced the
democratic majority to comparatively small
figures. Some of the democrats afterward
said that the strike of 1886 had something
to do with Cleveland's defeat for re-election
The experience of 1892 is near enough to
be remembered by every voter. The Home
stead strike of the year, affecting the Car
negie steel works, figured with decided
prominence in the campaign which began
Just as the strike was sending. Cleveland
was then running the third time and for
his second term and his opponent was
President Harrison, who was seeking re
election. Several things were assigned by
the democrats after the canvass waa over
for Cleveland's brilliant victory in 1892. In
which he gained a majority of 132 votes
in the electoral college. The McKinley
tariff of 1890 was one of these causes. The
Sherman silver law of the same year was
another. The republicans themselves, how
ever, lay the blame of their defeat to the
When the coal miners first and the em
ployes of the Pullman company afterward
began their strike in the early half of 1894,
In Cleveland's second term, the political
borlion suddenly darkened tor the demo-
crats, who controlled congress as well aa
the presidency. The fate of the republicans
in the strike of 1892 was cited m iss aa
an omen or the things which were to come
to the democrats when the people went to
the polls. Nor did the omen fall. The re
publicans won congress in 1894 by the most
aweeDlnc victory which any party ever
gained in a contest for the national legls
Ia 1902 it Is the republicans who are In
power during the year of a great labor con-
fllct. Senator Scott of West Virginia, a
stalwart republican, says that the strike
may cost his party three congressmen la
bis state and several tn Pennsylvania.
With the drift, as it is, against the re
publicans for other causes the outlook for
the dominant party is far from being rosy,
The coal miners' lockout may register Itself
In politics la November with a decisiveness
which may surprise the country and con
found the republican fisrty,
which control sumor was obnoxious to "common law and
public welfare." He called Illegal com
binations "dangerous conspiracies" that
should be mnde the subject of parliamen
tary or penal legislation.
In what speech of early or recent date
has Theodore Roosevelt iffed stronger
language concerning Illegal trusts? The
New York Sun and other Morganlzed news
papers, who seem to be preparing to op
pose Mr. Roosevelt because he will not
yield allegiance to corporated wealth, lay
great stress upon the president's promise
that his administration should follow the
lines laid down by his martyred predeces
sor. That Is Just what Mr. Roosevelt Is
doing In regard to the trusts. If he shall
go further and demand a "careful, prudent
and businesslike reduction of the tariff"
he will still be following the course out
lined by Mr. McKinley and one that the
lamented president, had he lived to All
out his term, would have followed on his
We are proud in our belief that Ameri
can sentiment once aroused to the justice
of a cause is irreslstable, magnificent,
dominating, and that money cannot dic
tate to manhood in this republic.
Great is Morgan and powerful are the
monled Interests at his back, but his
greatness shall avail as nothing, his finan
cial sinews shall crack in very weakness
when the American people decide, aa they
are ready now to do, that Illegal trusts
must bo placed under governmental super
vision and that those of them that are fed
by a protective tariff must seek elsewhere
for unjustified sustenance.
David B. Hill is not saying a word, but is
doing a powerful lot of fence mending. ' '
Tom Johnson's political tent has been
lined with asbestos so as to withstand the
ravages of hot air.
The democrats of Delaware bave turned
their backs on the sacred platforms of 1896
and 1900. Common sense Is giving hysteria
a cold shake these melancholy days.
Under the new election law of Maryland
party emblems to distinguish the candidates
upon the official ticket have been abolished.
Maryland was one of the. early states to
The liberal democrats, or Bryanltes, in
New York declared themselves In their
platform in favor of "the establishment
of an agricultural school by the state for
Tha New York Herald has hoisted this
political pennant: "The people's anti-trust
candidate for 1904 for president, Theodore
Roosevelt of New York; for vice president,
George Dewey of Vermont."
George Thornton Beck, whom the Wyo
ming democrats have nominated for gov
ernor, is a business associate and chum of
"Buffalo BUI," a son of the lamented Sen
ator Beck of Kentucky and a great-grand-nephew
of George Washington.
For the first time in the history of
Vermont a Koman Catholic priest has
been elected to the legislature tn the per
son of Rev. D. J. O'Sulllvan, who was the
successful candidate for town representa
tive from St. Albans, Vt. Father O'Sulll
van was elected by the democrats and local
option republicans. He is a total abstinence
man In his personal practice, but Is op
posed to the prohibitory law.
The defeat for denomination of Governor
Gage of California recalls the fact that
factional divisions in the past have more
frequently defeated republican candidates
tor. governor in California than the pre
ponderance of the democratic vote against
the nominee. In 1894 the republicans car
ried the state by pluralities of from 20,000
to 40,000, but their candidate, Estee, was
defeated for governor by 1,206 votes.
In Oregon the advocates of the initiative
and referendum should be satisfied, as
both parties declared in favor of the sub
mission of a constitutional amendment
providing for the system. Submitting con
stitutional amendments and adopting them
are different things, however, as past ex
perience has shown In Oregon. Oregon
voted on five proposed constitutional
amendments in 1900. They were all de
feated. One was for woman suffrage. It
received 26,000 votes.
Chief Justice Fuller of the United States
supreme court, appointed in 1888, is 69.
Justice Harlan, appointed In 1877, Is 69.
Justice Brewer, appointed in 1889, is 65.
Justice Brown, appointed in 1891, is 66.
Justice Shlras, appointed In 1892, is past 70.
Justice White, appointed in 1894, la 67.
Justice Peckham, appointed In 1895, Is 64,
and Justice McKenna, appointed in 1898, is
69. With the retirement of Justice Gray,
there is now only one supreme court Justice
over the age of 70, and the new Justice,
Holmes, is 67. There are three justices
under 60 three of the nine.
A FRl'ITFVL YEAR.
Bonnteons Harvests Invoke the Spirit
The shortening days and the Increased
chilliness In the air are reminders that
the year Is two-thirds gone and that the
season for gathering up the results of 1902
is fast approaching. It Is an acceptable
season, especially when the year has
brought so much as this one has to make
Taking the season of 1902, and it Is
doubtful if, all In all, any similar season
In the pact gave more. If as much, reason
for gratitude. There bave been seasons
when some one crop has been ' larger than
this season's. The wbeat crop of 1891, for
instance, measured 135,000,000 bushels
more than this year's crop and the rice
and cotton crops' It the south will be
somewhat below the average. But corn,
oats, rye, barley, potatoes, buckwheat and
nearly all the fruits have yielded bumper
crops. The only shadows on tne year s
landscape have been the nigh prices of
meats and of coal. But the former Is
fast correcting Itself and reason must
soon rectify the latter.
With an abundance of cheap food and
with plenty of work at good wages the
American people can look back on the
eight months and a halt of 1902 which
have gone with well earned satisfaction.
Whatever has happened elsewhere their
country has been free from famine and
convulsions. Bountiful crops bave re
warded the husbandman and good
wages and plenty of work the laboring
man. The latest report of the Massachu
setts Bureau of Statistics, taking the years
1898 and 1902 as comparative points,
showed that the annual earnings of an
average family had Increased $164.73 and
the expenses of the same family $96.94, a
gain for the worklngman of $67.79, in addi
tion to the Increased expense of being
almost for Increased comforts. This la
only one example of many that could be
It Is ten weeks and some days away
to Thanksgiving day, but it Is not too
early to begin to realize what the season
of 1902 has brought to this country In
order that the gratitude expressed on that
day may be adequate to the occasion. It
Is a satisfaction ttat should be general
and is typified by the full corn cribs of the
western farmer as well as by the increased
saving bank account of the eastern work
man. It has been a fruitful year aad has
made the people glad.
other lai m oi r.
Australia has gone farther than any other
country In her restriction of immigration.
The "Immigration Restriction Act" which
went Into effect toward the end of last year
was passed at the behest of the labor rsrty
and was aimed primarily at "yellow labor,"
meaning Kanakas, Japanese, Chinese and
EsRt Indians. In reality, however, it can
keep out of Australia anybody, white or
black, should It so be desired. The princi
pal clause In the act provides that no per
son shall be allowed to land tn Australia
who "when asked to do so by an officer (the
word officer being defined as an officer espe
cially appointed, or any customs officer) falls
to write out at dictation and sign In the
presence of tho officer, a passage of fifty
words in length in an European language
directed by the officer. There are additional
clauses providing for the rejection of un
desirables, but the first Is widely embrac
ing enough for all purposes. The broad
character of this clause was purposely de
signed so that any class of laborers, even
Englishmen, mipht be kept out of the coun
try if It seemed likely that they would work
for less than the native. Some of the Im
portant industries, especially sugar grow
ing, have already been materially affected
and great discontent has resulted. This is
only one of several differences between the
various states, which have not yet been able
to get the national standpoint and look for
the greater good of the whole country
rather than that of one section.
All the while that Great Britain was busy
with the work of war In South Africa, the
work of peace In North Africa never slack
ened. The dam of Assuan Is now completed
the newest engineering wonder of the
world in the land which holds the earliest
of Such wonders that still stand. This pen
ning of Nile 400 miles above the Pyramids
has been a work of a generation, abandoned
as Impossible by the Egyptians and the
French; but pushed to success by British
skill and perseverance. When the easier
task of Aselut is finished, as it soon will
be, Egypt will have a reservoir of a billion
cubic yards of water every year; crops will
be dependent no longer upon the risings of
the Nile and the fatness of the land will
exceed that of the days of Joseph, father
of all grain cornerers and first of trust mag
nates. The cost of the two dams will be
$25,000,000, but their value in the future
when the "Cape to Cairo" dream is real
ized will be tncalcuable.
It la but a few years since the Japanese
assumed the mastry In Korea, but the evi
dences of Japanese progress and advance
ment In commercial pursuits are already
marked. In Seoul, the capital of the coun
try, there are now published two daily
papers, representing two views of public
opinion, and one trl-weekly. The dally pa
pers have a combined sale of 6,600 copies,
while the circulation of the trl-weekly is
2,600. The papers are especially Increasing
In favor in the provinces, for they give the
only means for the ventilation of popular
grievances against the official classes, who
up to the present time have been supreme
In their tactics ot oppression and have kept
the people in ignorance of what was going
on except when it came the time to collect
the taxes, which bave been extraordinarily
heavy. The office-holding classes are bit
terly opposed to the publication of the pa
pers, for with the letting in of light upon
their doings their chances for peculation na
turally grow smaller. The transformation of
Seoul into the semblance of a western capi
tal also goes on apace. The electric railway
now embraces a large portion of the city
and suburbs. The principal thoroughfares
are lit with eleotrlo light, whioh Is Installed
also in the palace and many prlvatSl houses.
A handsome" Xfew Japanese postoffice bas
recently been erected in the foreign quar
ter, and a scheme of waterworks Is
A difficult point ot etiquette bas arisen
over the rumors of a possible exchange of
visits between the king ot Italy and Presi
dent Loubet. Although these visits would
68 most heartily received by the people
of each country, It is bard to see how
President Loubet could pay bis respects at
the Qulrinal without haxardlng a com
plete rupture of dlplomatlo relations be
tween the Qual d'Orsay and the Vatican,
and a consequent rending ot the Con
cordat. It may be taken as slgnficant,
however, that the section of the Paris
press which most enthusiastically advo
cates such an exchange of amenities Is
run by the Combes government. It Is not
seriously believed that President Loubet,
with an antl-clerlcal campaign in full swing
on bis hands, would have the courage to
present himself to the pope while the guest
of Victor Emmanuel III, whose stringent
views of the rights of the Qulrinal are well
known. But that Is what M. Loubet, the
chief executive of a nominally Cathollo
state, would be obliged to do If he
Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, prides
Itself on being the best served city, so far
as telephones are concerned, in the world.
A correspondent writes that while London
has forty-seven telephones per 10,000 Inhabi
tants, Paris seventy-one. New York-150, and
San Francisco 706, Stockholm reaches the
figure of 980. In every bedroom In every
hotel there is a telephone; every tradesman,
warehouse, shop and private dwelling Is
connected, and even the ordinary washer
woman Is on the exchange. In the streets
nearly every corner Is public kiosk, where
on payment of a small coin one can speak
not only to any local subscriber, but even
to one in any other town throughout the
length and breadth of Sweden.
A Light Weight Overcoat
would be about as pleasant an article as you could
purcbas: of us now unless you mention gloves.
The Coats that we are selling at $10, $12.50, $15 and up
to $25 are all that you could ask or desire
for the money, and
No Clothing Fits Like Ours.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
R. 25. Wilcox, Manager.
mr. nnYAv ami iiowF4 nti.r..
Another In Mlaonarl.
Kansas City Times (dem.)
A groat deal of Interest bas been at
tracted recently to the efforts of the larger
cities of Ohio to secure home rule, and the
slate legislature has been much censured
for ita apparent determination to keep the
municipal affairs largely under the control
of the state's officers. In his speech at
Toledo last Saturday Mr. William J. Bryan
"They say you are Incapable of home
ruie here In Ohio, and If you bave s bit of
American manhood about you, you will re
Sent that Insult."
That was very well put. Rut It is to be
noted that Mr. Bryan did not say It or
anything like it In his speech at Joplln,
Mo., a few days ago, where be spoke from
tho same platform with a governor ot
Missouri, a former governor, and the mayor
of Kansas City, who defended two years
ago In public addresses the system by
which the state machine at Jefferson City
controls the police force and election ma
chinery of Kansas City. The principle of
"home rule" for cities Is correct, whether It
Is opposed by a republican 'administration
In Ohio or a democratic administration in
The only reason for the refusal to permit
Kansas City to administer its own affairs
for Its own benefit Is to perpetuate the
state machine In power and overcome aa
opposing political majority by a trained
force of 275 police officers aud the concen
tration of Flections control In the hands of
state officers. Whnt evils In this regard
exist In Ohio prevail with greater force In
Missouri. The Ohio legislature attempted,
at least, to grant special charters to Cleve
land and Toledo which would allow those
cities not only to control their police sys.
tems, but to determine their own course in
levying taxes for municipal Improvements.
But Kansas City may not go beyond a
narrow limit of expenditures even If every
taxpayer In the city desires to do so with
out getting the consent of the people In
the Oxark counties and other parts of the
state who know no more about the affairs
of the city than do the residents of Green
land. From an economic standpoint Kansas
City Is very well able to take care of Itself,
and from a political standpoint it Is an
outrage that a police department owing
allegiance to the governor only should be
allowed by law to spend as much of the
city's money as It wants to without having
to ask the council for permission. If Mr.
Bryan bas any regard for sincerity he should
advocate municipal home rule In Missouri
with as much warmth as he bas cham
pioned It in Ohio.
FLASHES OF FIX.
Baltimore Herald: "Thank hearens.
said Cheerful John, "that the man who
borrows trouble never pays it back. '
Atlanta Constitution: "I tell you," cried
the author, "I'm going to rise in this
The editor eyed him doubtfully for five
seconds and then asked: "Balloon or ele
vator?" Washington Star: "You say that young
woman complimented my singing, he ex
"In a way," the young woman replied;
"she said she would rather hear you try
to sing than try to converse."
Chicago Tribune: Mr. KreeSUs What is
that tropical landscape worthT--
Art Dealer Two hundred and fifty dol
lars Mr. Kreesus I'll take It. I want to bang
it in the parlor. It will be cheaper than
having a fire in the grate
Baltimore American: "A man In Wis
consin," begins the Individual who reads
the papers and then tells about it the fol
lowing week, "ate a hundred ears ot corn
the other day. and thenrr'' .
"And then,' Interrupt the person who Is
blessed with a logical mind, "and then they
planted Jilm, of course." . , ' j
Philadelphia Press: Copy Editor Did you
write this stuff referring to Dr. Bocum as
"one of the ablest exponents .of medical
science? ...' ,
New Reporter Yes: hes the prominent
physician. Isn't he? We has a large prac
Copy Kdltor Exactly. He's an "expo
nent of medical practice," not "science."
QIIET MAN IN THH CORNER.
8. W. Glllilan In Los Angeles Herald.
I lingered o'er a checker game a night or
two ago; , . ,
The one who played against me seemed to
have no ghost of show;
I bad a bunch of lusty kings that strutted
all about .
And bullied my opponent s men, who dared
not venture out.
Way over in a corner shrunk a timid little
Who "staid right In his station ever sine
the game began.
He watched my crowned heads marching
by with banner and with song.
And seemed to be discouraged over stand
ing still so long.
But pretty soon an opening occurred two
And not another moment did that little
fellow stay. ,
He bounded o'er the board and took three
kings In one fell swoop.
Then landed in my king row with a wild,
You've known these quiet fellows that Just
sat around and thought,
And never made a noise while tha others
raged and fought;
The whole community had coma to think
of them as dead, .
Or else so very near ft that their hope of
fame had fled.
The chaps with recognition for their por
tion pose and strut,
And seem to overlook the man who keeps
his talker shut.
But some day, when most everyone la
looking t'other way.
This quiet fellow sees a chance to break
Into the play.
He reaches out and grabs things that the
others had ignored;
He puts Into the life game all the energy
Through all the years of silence. Bo you'd
better not forget . . .
The still man in the corner, for he'll reach
the king row yetl
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