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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 25, 1902)
end down the coast tbey went to their
anchor off Thatcher' Inland. At this time
the officer on the deck of Kearearne was
Lieutenant Ray Stone, with Midshipman
William DUworth Puleeton M the Junior
officer In tommand. In contrast to othera,
the. morning was clear and bright. On
tha bridge. doten Jackie atood upon the
lookout. Onar thee wag Dae lei Staehle,
n apprentice of the Brat-claaa. Ha atood
well forward, peer In .an tha lea aide. The
flagihlp waa Just falllof down Into a trough
when he notified the ensign at hla sidq
that he could see the enemy. The officer
of the deck called Flag Lieutenant Evan
nd Flag Secretary Bristol, and it was
tut tha work of a moment t inform Ad
miral Hlgglnaoa of the probability that
the time for decisive action waa atband.
i All ia Qalckly Over.
It Was real war then. General quarters
were aounded, there waa a quick rush of
many feet, the manning of a hundred poata,
tike (lank of the anchor chalna, the ring
ing of bells, tha giving of orders and a
general clearing for action. Not many
momenta passed before the flagship waa
under way, steaming at fourteen knot,
with Alabama and Massachusetts many
lengths In the rear. Some diatance back
waa . Baraey, rapidly overhauling the
othera. . .
At 6:40 the Ships, aided ' by Scorpion,
which was In time to be In at the finish,
and Barney, which had overtaken the fleet,
formed a horseshoe about the White
squadron. The elation among the men
on the Dlue squadron ran high, but there
waa something pathello In the picture
when Commander Pillsbury signaled his
surrender, passed In his barge from Prai
rie, walked up the gangway of Kearsarge
and offered hla sword to Admiral Hlggln
aon. "Keep your Sword, air," said the se
nior officer, his voice quavering a bit in
aplte of himself. "I would not accept the
sword from so gallant a foe."
"And I, air," responded Pillsbury, with
dignity, "could not aurrender to a nobler
or better officer, air."
This exchange of word ended tha ax.
tual surrender, and at the invitation of
Admiral Hlgglnaon Commander Pillsbury
stepped down to the cabin of Kearaargo.
and here the two officers discussed In pri
vacy the incidents of the daya aince the
"declaration of hostilities" on Wednes
4ay. After the Battle.
At thq conclusion of the conference
Commander Pillsbury was returned to hla
flagship, and It was not long afterward
that Prairie headed down the coast. A
little later signals were given for the Blue
aquadron to return, to Rockport. Later,
by the- aama system of- communication es
tablished sad maintained so successfully
alnce Wednesday, messages were die
patched to all points, from Portland to
Frovlncetown, ordering all the warships
of the defending squadron to return to
Rockport for further Inatructlona and at
the same time to collect on the way to
this harbor all signal men who had been
detailed at both Island and mainland ata
tiona along the coast.
In an Interview on board his flagship
Admiral Hlgglnaon expressed hla pleasure
a ) ! -c-V vfc.w Y- V
during the week. He commended 8taehle,
the apprentice boy, who waa the Aral to
report the preaence of Commander Pills
bury' aquadron. He said to some he be
lieved the maneuver had taught the navy
It point of weaknea and strength dur
ing a Urn of real action, and he believed
much good would com from the "war
Leak far Plllabary'a Reason.
The naval expert are discussing the rea
son for Commander Plllsbury'a maneuver In
teaming Anally to the northward and com
ing to anchor a he did at a point off Mag
nolia and near Gloucester harbor, espe
cially In the light of the Information that
he had Intended to anchor in Salem. It la
believed that the admiral of the White
aquadron had aeen that be waa discovered
and meant to aurrender, or to try at a
, moment unaeen by Admiral Hlgglnaon, to
get Into Salem harbor.. The theme of dis
cussion In Rockport tonight among the
aeafarlng people who know the Maaaachu
eetta coast a well aa they know their own
homes, was tha apparent. rejection of all
atrategio movements bv Commander phi..
bury. He had not tried to land offlcera or
marlnea ashore to learn of the enemy'
movement and he had aalled almost to the
baee of the defense Just before daylight
when capture seemed Inevitable.
Hlarrlwsoa Points the Leasoa.
To an Associated Pres correspondent Ad
miral Hlgglnaon (poke jery freely of the
aignal service. He laid empbaala on the
effective work of the men detailed to aignal
duty and aald he Intended to Issue a
commendatory letter to all the men of his
command. He acored the telephone aervlc
and said it appeared very antiquated. He
emphasised . the necessity of the wlrelec
telegraphy and Illustrated the benefits if
ahlp of the navy were fitted with thta
'.There would have ' been no need for
the torpedo scout,' he aald.. "for I
would hav known at all timea the exact
location of my hlp.' W need this aervlc
badly. We are three year behind our
foreign friends In th'a respect and I hope
the ayatem wilt be Installed on the ship
of the 'navy soon."
Commander Pillsbury waa naked regarding
. hla movement and stated that when he left
Prlncetowa last Tuesday hi fleet steamed
directly to sea, running off some 400 miles
about southeast of Cape Cod. Hla plan waa
to lay off there until Saturday night and
then to ' try for Salem Harbor. Coming on
the eoaat' laat night he had Brat thought of
making a feint with one of hla ahlp in the
direction of Portland, hoping to draw off
Admiral Hlgglnaon and the big ahlp of his
command, but a hoary ten waa running and
hi ship alow, he decided not' to do this
and made hi run directly for Salem harbor.
The only ship of .Admiral H'gglnaoo'a fleet
aeen during the entire trip waa the torpedo
boat Barney, which he discovered about the
aama time Staehle discovered him.
. Taa Mara Llabt.
VINaJYARD-f HAVEN, Aug. 14. United
'Statea Steam ship Panther, commander J. C.
Wilson. f ha defeated. White squadron,
anchored In this harbor -tola afternoon an
the way from Salem to New London, at
which pert It will remain until August II,
when the vessels will take on board the
naval mil It la of Coaneotlcut and report to
Rear Admirer Hlgglniea t participate ia
the tooVBuenee of the naval maneuver.
The executive officer oa board Panther
etated tonight that the three ships of the
attacking aquadron had bee lying about
eighty mile off ahor awaiting favorable
weather to Make a dash for the eoaat. The
weather had been delightful and the bright
moonlight nighta had hern extremely un
favorable for an attempt to gain an anchor
age along the eoaat without being discov
ered. It was deelded to make aa attempt
last night and the ships steamed forward
In aa effort to reach harboi. .No Ughta were
displayed and they succeeded in pasting th
Una of scout without being observed. They
Easy to take, easy to operate
were off Manchester Into morning when day.
light broke and there were discovered.
Report to Waeataa;tea.
WASHINOTON. Aug. !4 Prompt Infor
matlon of the unsuccessful attempt of Com'
mender PUlebury fleet to enter Salem har
bor and hold It against the ahlpa of Ad
mlral Hlgglnaon' fleet eama to the Navy
department tbia morning In the following
atspatcn from the commander of the at
tacking fleet: , ,
OLOl'CF-flTER. Kfv Aug. ti-JVhlta
squadron surrendered to tilue at daylight
this morning while entering Salem harbor.
Panther and flupply hav ,been ordered
to proceed In obedience to the department a
Instructions. Pralrl goea to iVmod to-
uii-rrow ior repairs. FIL.18Bl.HY.
The White' defeat ha been anticipated
here by naval officer. They believed he
waa "handicapped by the limited area of the
defending line, the alow speed of h a ahlp
and the small number of porta which he
could enter under the rulea. ; t y
HAZELTON MEN SEEK PEACE
Two Go to Sew York City ta Irate
Hatty Strike Settle
eat. HAZELTON. Aug. 24. D. J. McCarthy.
cnatrmaa, aad D. J. Long and Harry Sil
verman, member of the; executive ' com
mittee dt the People' alliance of Haxelton,
went to New York today to endeavor to
put Into operation aome plan looking to a
termination of the strike,- They decline
to make public their' plea or say , whom
they hope to aee In New York.
SHENANDOAH. Fa., Aug. 14 Report
received at brigade headquarter today
shows the entire anthracite coal Held to be
very quiet Brigadier Oeneral Gobln said
today that a settlement of the strike ap
pear to him to be a far off a when he
arrived ' here nearly four week ago.
Troop will In all probability remain her
until the etrike come to an end.
WILKESBARRB, Fa.; Aug. 24. The com
mittee from the Public alliance of thl
city, which waited oh Senator Quay, and
Penrose at Atlantie City last week and
urged them to use their good office to
bring about arbltratloa in the coal strike.
performed a like mission In thta city to
day when they called on President Mitch
ell and requested him to aid In bringing
about a aettlement of the strike. Mr. Mitch
ell said he would do anything that waa
houorable to bring about an adjustment.
and he furnished the committee with the
statistic of the strike from the miners
poiut of view. These were forwarded to
Senator Quay tonight.
It haa been learned that President Mitch
ell was shaken up In a railroad wreck at
Relslng, 111., last Monday. The train ran
Into a washout and Mr. Mitchell was
thrown with much fore from hla berth.
BUFFALO, N. Y., Aug. 24. United States
Senator Marcu A. Hanna arrived in Buf
falo today from Niagara Falla. He waa ac
companied by hla daughter. Miss Ruth
Hanna, and her friend. Miss Phelps of Cleve
land. They were on . their way home to
Cleveland from Niagara Falla. After a drive
round the city they returned to Cleveland
tonight on the boat.
For the flrat time Senator Hanna stated
Lia auauuuuuivub uuaiijr uf mil euui C tu eiid
the coal atrike. He believe that the op
erators should meet the miner In arbitra
"I have exhausted my efforts," said Sen
ator Hanna. "I have done all In my power
and can do no more. ' I will make no fur
ther attempts, for It would be useless." ,
He said there was no chance of arbitra
tion co long as only one side, the miner,
wa willing to arbitrate. He gave It aa hi
opinion that the miner will not glv in so
long as they are able to fight.
"It will not be a ahort fight," said he.
"If will bo prolonged and such prolongation
will mean not only hardship for the min
er and the women and children dependent
on them, but it will have It effect on the
American people. The longer thl struggle
continues the greater will be the lncreaae
in the cost of coal."
He said he considered the Refusal of th
operator to arbttrat a final. "I talked
with Mr. Morgan before be went to' Europe,"
continued the aenator, "and before the
strike waa fully under way. He deplored
th altuatlon, but would take ao active
part toward aettlement. Hi attitude In
my opinion la not changed."
NEW YORK, Aug. 24. President Roose
velt will be aaked to call a special session
of congress to end the coal atrike. Thla
waa decided at a meeting today of the
Central Federation union, representing
250,000 worklngmen. A mass meeting under
the auspices of the labor union of New
York and vicinity will be held, at which
resolution will be adopted urging Presi
dent Rooaevelt to call congrea and adopt
measure which will bring tb atrike to a
FIVE WISH TO BEG0VERN0R
Callforala Repabllcaa State. .Cara-rea.
tloa Flag Itself with Abane
aee of Candidate.
SACRAMENTO. Cat.. Aug. 4 The re
publican atate convention,' .which will as
semble tomorrow, promise to be Interest
ing. A full state ticket will be placed In
nomination. The chief fight la over the
governorship. There are Ave prominent
candidate. H. T. Gage of Loo Angeles,
the present state executive; Thomas Flint,
Jr., or San Benito,. O.. C Pardee of Ala
meda, J. O. Hayea of Santa Clara and B.
B. Edaea of Santa Clara. The convention
will be jcompoaed of 130 delegate and no
on candidate la assured of the neceasary
415 vote to aeleot on the flrat ballot. Gov
ernor Gage haa the largest following, but
he is thought to be much short of the
Thus far th different factlona have been
unable to agree on a temporary chairman.
For thl honor there are two conteetant.
Th Gag and Pardee force are support
ing Congressman Victor H. Metealf, and
the Flint,' Hayea and Bdaon people hav
lined up behind Lieutenant Governor Jaoob
H. Neft. Today'a flghtlag ha been over
the chairmanship. At a late hour tonight
no compromlae had beea reached and It
look aa though th fight will be carried
Into the convention t be settled by the
vote of th delegate.
OKLAHOMA GETS CHICKASHA
Aparerral ef Reearvey ef tha "laety
, Eighth Merlalaa Places city
I'nAee Mew Hal. '
GUTHRIE, Okl., Aug. 14. Advice from
Washington to th territorial eflletela atate
that the Interior department haa approved
the J.ihoeoa and Kidder survey of th llth
meridian, which placea ft four aad a frac
tion miles east of the present boundary
between Oklahoma aad the Chickasaw na
tion, Indian territory, thu adding t Ok
lahoma the city of Chlckaaha, the moat Im
porta at commercial aad railroad point In
that part of tha aouthweat. A long drawn
out legal battle la expected to follow thla
decision, and the matter muat ultimately
be paaaed upon by the United State eu
' FIRE RECORD?
Horse Baraed aad Maa lajared. '
SIOUX FALLS. S. D . Aug. 24. (Special
Telegram.) Fire early thl morning burned
five valuable horaea belonging to Dick ft
Hargo, proprletora of a local meat market.
N. L. Steinberg waa perhaps fatally Injured
by aelag kicked while leading horses eut
el an adjoining barn; " - -.-
rrra OMAIfA DAILY J.EE: MONDAY,
PREPARING FOR STATE FAIR
Secretary FnniM Opsns Up His OflTcs and
ii Beadj for Business.
HAS ASSURANCE OF FINE EXHIBITS
Reports from Over the State Arc Gt
easraglag aa t Atteaitaaee
Mat of t laae Saper
lateadeata. (From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Aug. 24. (Special'.) The en
ulng.week will be a buey one for the
manager and promoter of the Nebraska
tat fair. Secretary Robert W. Futnaa
of the State Board of Agriculture, . who
haa immediate direction of the major por
tion of the state fair work, arrived In
Lincoln today and tomorrow will open
headquarters In one 'of the hotels. He will
be assisted by a large staff of officials and
clerka. Moat of the detail work Incident
to the arrangement of the exposition is
yet to be done. On Saturday the office
will be removed to the exposition grounds
and on Monday the gate of the fair
will be thrown open to the public. '
"I have aeen good Indications for nu
merous other atate fair in the paat, but
never haa there been aucb a manifestation
of interest aa there la In the fair thl
year," eald Secretary Furnas. "We thought
a few weeks ago that the attendance would
not be large in proportion to the num
ber and quality of exhibits, but If the
advices we are getting are anywhere near
the truth, It la safe to predict that all
records for the paat ten year will be
"We have the exhibit and are not worry
ing any In that regard. All of the princi
pal buildings will be filled and some to
overflowing. The display of farm imple
ments and machinery will be the blggeat
we have aeen for ten years. Borne of
the Implement manufacturera have built
permanent building on th ground and
will have complete atock for the publie
Inspection. The facilities for the display
of livestock have been Increased and
number of new featurea have been, added
to the program for the week.
"From what we know and from all we
can see there Is no doubt that the fair
will be better than any held by the associa
tion. All we want now ia a good attend
ance. W could not ask anything better in
the way of exhibit and attractions, but
we will be hard to aatiafy In the attendance.
People with money are easential now and
we are confident there will be plenty of
them throughout the week."
The following class superintendent hav
Class A, Horses E. L. Vance, Pawnee
Class B, Cattle E. Filley, Beatrice.
Class, C, Swine L. W. Leonard, Pawnee
C'fass D, Sheep R. M. Woicott, Archer.
Class E, Poultry C. M. Lewelllng, Beaver
Class F, Farm Products L. Morse, Benk-
Class O, Woman's Department Mr. G.
H. Devereux, Omaha.
Class H. Fine riMr. f. M. Hall. Lin
coln. Class I, Dnlry-S. C. Bassett. Gibbon.
Class J, Education Charles Fordyce, Uni
Class K, Beea and Honey Ed Whitcomb,
Class L, Mechanical Art W. H. Barger,
Class M. Machinery H. L. Cook, St. Paul.
Class N, Inatruinenta W. H. Barger,
Clasa O, County Collective Exhibit W.
E. Ewlnjr, Franklin. ,
Class P, Discretionary W. H. Barger,
Claas Q. Specials H. C. Lydlclt, Decatur.
Class R, Speed G. F. Dickman, Seward.
Claaa 8. Agricultural Inatructlnn T 1.
Lyon, Lincoln. " .r' ' .
RAINS CONTINUE OVER STATE
Threeblac aad Haytag; Delayed Some
what la Maay Portloaa by
NORTH LOUP. Neb., Aug. 24. (Special.)
Two inches of rain ha fallen here within
the last forty-eight hour, with prospect
of more. Threshing I greatly retarded on
account of wet weather and aa very little
grain waa stacked here much of It Is in
danger of damage from sprouting. What
threshing haa been done shows up a great
yield, from thirty to forty bushel per acre
for winter wheat, oat forty to sixty bush
el, rye twenty-live to thirty-fire bushels
per acre. Corn I now promising the larg
est crop ever raised in this county, but
there wa much late planted corn that will
take nearly thirty day yet without frot
to reach maturity.
MILLER, eb.. Aug. 24. (8peclal.) A
fin rain fell la Buffalo county Thursday and
Friday nights, which Insures the greatest
corn and grasa crop ever harvested in thl
county. Wheat that haa been threshed has
ranged from twenty to fifty bushela per acre.
Rye tun from fifteen to forty bushel per
acre. Landaeeker are becoming more num
erous and land ia beginning to advance. F.
N. Smith, a large landowner or Falrbury, 111.,
returned home Wednesday after leasing sev
eral piece of land in thl part of th atate.
TRENTON. Neb., Aug. 24. (Special Tele
gram.) Several local showers have fallen
here alnce Friday and It ha been cloudy
and cool. Precipitation la reported from
a quarter to over aa Inch. It will aid
corn and cane very materially and freahen
pastures, a It I th first rainfall of any
consequence for nearly three week. Work
In cane and broom corn will be delayed
a day or two. Fall plowing ha not been
LAUREL. Neb., Aug. 24. (Special Tele
gram.) Rain and abundant molature ha
obtained here for two week past. Farm
er have been retarded In threshing and
atarklng their grain. Corn I Immense and
if frost stay off three weeka will be the
largest crop ever gathered In the county.,
Land I going away up. Jack Haywood,
alx mile from town, cold hi quarter for
60 per acre; D. W. DeLancy, alx miles
northwest of town, tor $50; William Mason
sold for tit; N. J. Fuller, bla home quarter
for SS0; J. N. Triplett aold for 154; H. W.
Simpson withdrew hi quarter from the
market. Hated at $60; Fred Brechman la
offered $65 for a farm two mile from
town. All th above farm are Just
common with the ordinary Improved farm
of thl comparatively new county.
Believes It Case of Salelde.
FREMONT. Neb.; Aug. 24. (Special.)
Mra Charles Osterman, Jr., widow, ( the
former Fremont sheep man, who wa found
dead out on the range In Wyoming week
before laat, arrived here yesterday after
noon and will reside with her mother at
Nlckerson. Mrs. Osterman la of th opin
ion that ber husband waa not murdered,
but committed suicide in a tit of despond
ency. When found he waa lying face
downward with a raxor in one hand and a
revolver tightly clutched in the other.
There wa a gash cut in hi throat. Mr.
Oaterman alao saya that th feed on that
part of the range, which by agreement be
tween the sheep and cattlemen wa uaed
by the sheepmen, waa not enough to keep
the aheep and that on account ot
tha shortness of th rang her husband
had loat a good many head and had acrupu
loualy lived up to the agreement with the
cattlemen not to croae the dead line. The
cattlemen, she ssld, were, not using all
the range aet apart for them.
TABLE ROCK, Neb., Aug. 24. (8pecial.)
Charles Goodell, th maa who caused so
much excitement her torn three week
since by wandering away from bla home,
waa taken before the Board of Insanity at
Pawnee City yesterday, having gradually
grown worse alnce that escapade. The ex
amination I to be continued tomorrow and
ha will tfoubtleis be sent to the Inssne
hospital tor treatment, a his symptom
hove become at time quite alarming.
t'haaeea la Leap t'eaaty.
TAYLOR, Neb., Aug. 24. (Special.) At
the present time Loup county, Nebraaka,
furnishes as attractive site for cattle
ranrhea aa any place In Nebraska. In thl
county there are about 161.000 acre filed
upon, but about 200,004 acre of govern
ment land remain subject to homestead.
It is well known that the natural graasea
In this county would support ten or twelve
times the number of rattle that are at
present run In the county. Thouaanda of
acres of the beat kind of paature land lay
Idle hi summer without a head of atock
being run upon It, and the cattle her are
a fat a one would wish for beef.
To locate here It Is only necessary to
come upon the ground and take a little
time to pick out a site for a ranch. Per
son who have followed the stock raising
Industry In Loup county for a few year
have alt done well and If present price
prevail a few year more there will be
many money leaner among the Loup county
ranchmen. Thl county I In the O'Neill
land district, but partlea looking for ranch
locations can make their filings at Taylor
before the clerk of the district court, or
county Judge and lave the expeni and
time of a trip to the land office.
Aeeldeit at Baptism.
SILVER CREEK. Neb.. Aug. 24. (3pe
del.) At the campmeetlng being held In
Mustard's grove. Just across the river In
Polk county, the Lord came near claiming
one of hla own, laat Sunday evening. A
Presiding Elder Wright Immersed Mis
Helnemyer, a young woman convert. In the
waters of the Platte, be loat hla grip and
she disappeared, but a big husky farmer
appeared and dragged the strangling girl
Coaatlea Jola la laatltate.
TEKAMAH. Neb., Aug. 24. (Special.)
Burt and Thurston counties Joined their In
stitute thl year and were well pleased with
the .reault. They had a six-day session,
closing laat evening. One hundred and four
teen teachers were in attendance. The In
atructore were Prof. Pile, Superintendent
Warren, Superintendent Barnea, Mis Crow
and Mrs. Richmond. Superintendent Brook
lny;s conducted the institute.
Saea for Heavy Damage.
FREMONT, Neb..' Aug. 24. (Special.)
Simon Landon of thla city haa brought suit
agalnat John Ma'.loy and Ed Huret of Saund
ers county for $5,000. He claim that tha
defendant assaulted him with a piece of
Iron a few weeka ago, Injuring him ao badly
that he wa unable to attend to hi duties
ot buying Junk for some time.
Falla City Peopla Pleale.
NEBRASKA CITY. Neb.. Am. 24. (Sne
clal) The German Slnglnc societies of Falls
City, accompanied by the famoua Falla City
Dana ana a large number of persons, held a
pionlr. at Mntrnlra prove, north of tnwn, fn-
day. ADout 300 people were present.
JENKS RETURNS FROM ORIENT
Special Commissioner Completes III
Iaveatlgatioa of Systems of
SAN FRANCISCO,, Aug. 24. Dr. Jeremiah
W. Jenks, special commissioner of the
United Statea In the Orient for th War de
part men t and proteasor of political economy
and politics In Cornell university, has re-
turned from hi rwr'i Journey throughout
Europe and southeastern Asia and la spend
lng a few day with friend at Stanford uni
verlty. He will tart for tha east next
This Journey be had undertaken at the call
of the War department, having been ap
pointed by Secretary Root special commis
sioner to Investigate the working of the
currency of eastern countries, their system
of internal taxation, the Importation of
cooliea and Chinese' labor to work the plan
tation of the East Indies, the use of native
police and the organization of the constabu
laryIn general, to report upon the Internal
administration of the Dutch and English
possession in the far east. The purpose ot
the Investigation was to throw all the light
possible upon the problems which confront
the United Statea government In the devel
opment of the Philippines.
Mr. Conant, holding a somewhat similar
commission, went to the Philippine direct
and made an Investigation of the currency
In use In the Philippines. Dr. Jenks' report
In matter of currency wa completed during
hi seven week' atay In the Phlllpplnea, and
the reports on taxation, imported labor and
police control while he was in Japan. These
report are now in the hand ot the secre
tary ot war.
Prof. Jenks found that th prestige ot the
Unltedv8tatea throughout the east had been
vastly Increased by the event of the last
four years. In trade, particularly In China,
no power except England ha the future be
fore it that the. United Statea haa, and com
mercially England Itself Is likely soon to be
outstripped by the great republic Ger
many has a vast and rapidly growing trade
with the eaat, but It geographical position
will enforce a severe handicap In the future.
Russia's influence la largely political, and Is
likely to be confined pretty strictly to th
Following hi Instructions,- Dr. Jenks vis
iud th different countries of Europe with
colonic In th east, to learn what their ex
perience might teach fn governing of the
peoples of the Orient and trading with them.
After passing some week in Egypt h then
ailed for India, touching at the Island of
Ceylon, .Hla Itinerary and laveatlgatlon
also included Burmah, Java, Sumatra, th
Strait Settlement. China, the Philippine
and Japan. .
. While In India, tha Dutch colonle and
Japan gold haa been declared the atandard,
silver, except in Japan. I almost exclusively
the medium of exchange. A par of exchange
between gold and ailver wa reached in In
dia about four yeare ago. Tb ailver la nse
throughout the Eaat ladlea 1 pretty gen
erally the Mexican trade dollar or torn aim
liar coin dating back to tha old day of
Spanish supremacy In war and trade. A
peculiar atate ot affaire exlata in soma ot
th island, particularly In East Sumatra,
where the Dutch otnag 1 the official cur
rencey demanded, In taxes and impost and
paid to all goverament official, while the
liver money of the Straits settlement 1
uaed to pay the coolie and Chtneae laborer
who work th plantation and in ordinary
MARSHAL'S WOUNDS ARE FATAL
Desperado' Ballet Accomplish Death
of A. M. Godwia ( Cairo,
CAIRO. Ca., Aug. 24. Tows Marshal A. M.
Oodwln, mbo waa fatally wounded In a bat
tle last night with Galey True, a negro
desperado charged with the murder ot a
companion, died here today from hla wounds.
Tfo additional officers, who were deputised
to arrest Trues, were wounded. A posse 1
In pursuit ot tb negro. -
Raaata reels th Jar.
LONDON. Aug. 25. "Violent earthquakes
were felt last Friday," rable th St. Pe
tersburg correspondent of the Dally Mall,
"at Andishan and Pavlovsk, near St. Petersburg"
AUGUST 25, 1902.
SOME ASSESSMENT FIGIRES
ProgreM of tb Stnipglt to Shift tb Burden
Upon Othera Bhoulders,
RAILROADS ARE AHEAD UP TO DATE
Tables Shewlac Decrease la Valaatloa
of Farm Leads aad Railroads
tapald Tears aad the
LINCOLN. Aug. 23. To the Editor of
The Bee Dear Sir: Tour editorial in this
morning's Bee, entitled "Tex Bureau Quack
ery," la to the point and timely. Without
commenting on the point you make, It can
be shown that the present floating atate debt
rannct be accounted for by simply looking
at the uncollected taxes and aaylng: If the
delinquent taxea were all paid there would
be no floating debt, but, on the contrary,
there would be money in the treaaury." Thl
I true enough as a hypothetical proposition,
but the fact ia that the delinquent taxes
have not all been paid and that a goodly
percentage of them never will be paid, the
reason therefor being well stated In your
Plenty of other hypothetical propositions
could be stated. For example, If the levy
for general fund purposes had been 10 mill
instead ot 5, and if approprlationa had been
no greater, and If collections had been made
In corresponding ratio, there would be no
floating debt today. Or,, leaving the levy
at S mills. If the legislatures for the last
four or five sessions had refrained from
making such heavy appropriation agalnat
the atate general fund there would not now
be a floating debt. But the fact I that th
legislatures made heavy approprlationa ao
heavy. In fact, that by placing the full 6
mill limit on every county It wa Impossible
to raise enough In two yeare to pay the ap
proprlationa for the bienntum without ma
terially increasing the grand assessment
Start of the Debt.
"At the close of the fiscal year ended No
vember 30, 1886. there wa In reality no
Hunting debt. There waa outatanding $11,
943.46 In general fund warrants, but there
waa In the treaaury general fund amount
ing to over $22,000 to pay the warrant upon
presentation. It la a practical impossibil
ity to have no warrant outstanding, even
If there were million lying Idle In th
treaaury to pay them with. Accordingly,
whatever floating debt we have today has
accumulated since November SO, 18S6, and
whatever caueed It must hav occurred since
that time. Our theory of government la to
pay current expenses with eurrent taxea,'
and the $1,677,982.64 of unpaid and mostly
delinquent general fund taxes due the state
on November 30, 1886, could not possibly as
sist in creating a floating debt aubsequent
to that date. Had thl amount been fully
collected up to that date, of course, and been
applied to subsequent expenditures, the
present floating debt might have been
mailer; but the amount waa then unpaid
and the atate was out of debf, If we except
toe stale bonus, which were not due at thai
time. Hence, ao far aa our present floating
debt la concerned, In examining the, cause
therefore we may start with November 30,
1886, with no debt and wholly disregarding
the then uncollected and delinquent general
If the floating debt can be charged wholly
to delinquent taxes, the Increase in amount
ot debt and unpaid taxea should go hand In
hand. Let us aee If they did:
. floatlaar Debt.
November SO, 1900
November SO, 1888
Increase in fourteen year. ...$1,715,604. 26
, I'npatd Geacral Faad Taxea,
November 30, 1900 $2,417,742.65
November 30, 1886 1,577,982. M
lncreaae In fourteen years. ...$ 839,760.11
"From this It would appear that If every
cent of taxe levied for general fund pur
posea since November SO, 1886, bad been
fully paid disregarding, or course, tha de
linquencies prior to that date there would
now be a debt or $875,744.14. The only ex
planation or thl is that such or the aeven
legislature beginning with that ot 1887
haa on the average appropriated aomethlng
over $125,000 from the general fund In ex
cess of the amount which could poasibly
be raised by a 6-mlU levy, under prevailing
assessed valuations, even it every cent could
"It la charged that Nebraakana In par
ticular and American In general are a na
tion of tax-ahlrken, and there la doubtless
an element of truth In the charge. It
is most natural In any community, where
the heaviest property holder ha hi as-
teased valuation pressed down even faster
then the value ot hia property lncreaae,
for th smaller property owner to Imitate
him. Tha law of elf-preservation almoat
compete them to do so. And a comparison
or railroad assessments with land assess
ment from the year 1874 down to the pres
ent time, will tell the story of a con
stant struggle between the precinct aaaea
tors and th state board to se who could
press down valuation tb faater.
Shrlakatrc la Valuations.
A tabulation for several years may Drove
of Interest The following glvea the aa
seseed valuation per mile ot railroad and
per acre of land (Improved together) for a
number ot years:
Per Mile Per Acre
ftf R i 1 rr.a A t.t T n ,1
1874 $10,095.89 $3.91
18T6 8,762.80 1. 82
1876 18.104.22.168 $.43
1877 7.146.83 8.10
1878 6.938.15 1.00
1879 7.4)74.86 f.86
18M) 6.124. 65 $.37
181 6.552. (tl $.20
1"3 6315.08 S.Ot
18M..V 6.788.42 t.m
,!. M 1.(1
4.613 .23 2.6
"How this atruggle progressed Is best
shown by percentages showing th de
creases In assessed valuuatlona ot an av
erage mile of railroad and an average acre
of land, leaving out or tha calculation the
Increases In the actual value of each. Using
the year 18.4 for our starting point, th
Per Cent Per Cent
. , Decrease Decrease
' Valuation Valuation
. Mile R. R. Acre Land.
1875 13.3 T.4
187 6 8.S
177 tl JO.O
1878 1.1 2
1879 1.4 8 4
ua 14 11.1
Total for alx year 21. S 13.8
'lncreaae over year prevloua.
"Thu In th alx year from 1374 to 1880
th valuation of a mile of railroad had
been decreaaed from $10,095.89 to $6,124.65,
a decreaae of $3,971.24 per mile, or 39.S per
cent; but in the same period the assessed
valuation of an acre or land had been re
duced only S4 cent, or 1S.I per cent,
Deereaea Laat Year.
"Viewing tha assessment or 1901 from
the etandpolnt of each of the aeven years,
1874 to 1880. Inclusive, the decrease in 1901
In IU'1 In 11
Viewed from: YearQIven. Year Given.
1874 HI HI
175 , 47.1 11 I
l7 42.7 .!
1T7 33.3 K-i
Averages gs.7 2V
"Regardlesa of what may be the fact
concerning the actual Increase In the value
of an acre ot average land, or the value
of an average mile of Nebraska railroad.
It ia a matter of record that the assessed
valuation of a mile of railroad In 1901 waa
64. 1 per rent lower than In 1874, 47.1 per
cent lower than In 1873 and ao on, the 1WI
aeaessment being S8.7 per rent lower than
the average for the seven year named.
On th other hand the average decrease In
the assessed valuation of lands In 1901 was
only 25.6 per cent.
"On the face of the returns It would
seem that if the railroads are today as
leased Juatly and equitably, they muat have
been grossly overtaxed In the year 1874
to 1830. The average assessed valuation
of a mile of road for the seven years was
$7,744.89, and If we reduce that 25.6 per
cent, to correspond with the decline la
land, the 1901 valuation should hav been
$5,762.19 per mile, or $1,131.76 more per
mile than the state board actually fixed It,
Such an Increase per mile would mean
aa Increase of $6,451,186.98 In the railroad
assessment for laat year.
"The area of assessed land ha Increased
from 11,000,009 aere In 1874 to 12,000,000
acres in 1901;' and railroad mileage from
1.100 mile in 1874 to 6,700 In 1901. The
11.000.000 acre assessed In 1874 covered
what Is now the garden spot of Nebraska;
the S2.000.000 acres In 1901 extend over the
entire state .and Include many acre of
land which will never be very valuable, and
thl tend to bring down the average ot
actual value. To aome extent the aam
argument may be made for the railroad
mileage, especially the branch linen; but,
when we consider the earnings, capltallxa
tlon, etc., there la little doubt that Ne
braska railroads have Increased In actual
value per mile a greater percentage than
Nebraska lands have increased In value per
acre, yet the decrease in assessed valua
tion I a half greater than the decrease
in aeseaaed Valuation of lands. In other
word. In the scramble to crowd down
aaseseed valuations, th state board ha
been 60 per cent more efficient than the
precinct assessors. Your very truly,
"CHARLES Q. DB FRANCE."
HOLMAN OF IOWA IS DEAD
Eaalara Appelated to the Navy Klne
Years Aarei Jampa OU
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. The death of
Ensign Frederick R. Holman of th navy on
August 13. on board Celtic, while on the
way from Manila to Sydney, Australia, I
reported in a dispatch received at the Navy
department today from Captain Speyer.
Celtic 1 a refrigerator ship and presumably
was on it way from Manila to Sydney to
obtain provisions for the army and navy In
the Philippine. According to the dispatch
Holman met hi death by Jumping over
board. Hla act wa presumably due to ill
health. -He waa a native of Colorado and
wa appointed to the navy from Iowa in
1893. Hia father in New York City ha been
notified of hi death.
MAINE'S SHOWING NOT SO GOOD
Official Figures for Battleahlp'e First
Bnrst of Speed Are Lower .
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. An official re
port of the trial trip of the first clasa bat
tleship Maine over the Cape Ann course
yesterday was received at th Navy depart
ment today from Captain Train, the presi
dent of the trial board. It read:
BOSTON. Aug. 24.-The trial of the bat
tleship Maine successfully completed. The
mean speed uncorrected ror the tidal er
rors, 17.96 knots. ,
It la stated at the Navy department that
the corrected figures for tidal allowance
may make a alight cbapge, showing greater
or lea speed. 0.
Richard Will Not Resign.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. A private dia
patoh received ber from Solicitor John K.
Richard, now at hi summer home at
South Dux bury. Mass., say the published
report that he will reelgn hi office and go
into a law partnership with Abaer McKln
ley Is without foundation. Mr. Richard
ay In th telegram that he ha no Inten
tion of going into a partnership with Mr.
McKlnley or anybody else.
StrWkea la Hia Palplt.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. Rev. Robert
Nourae, Congregational mlniater and lec
turer, waa atricken with heart failure while
in the pulpit of the First Congregational
church today. Heart atimulanta were ad
ministered and tonight Dr. Nourae la aome-
what better. He la about 63 year ot ag.
Rear. Kelley to tha Pope.
LONDON, Aug. 25. In a dispatch from
Rome the correspondent of the Dally
Chronicle ay that Rt. Rev. Benjamin J.
Kelley, blahop ot Savannah, Ga., had an
audience with the pope prior to vliltlng
other Italian cities, and took advantage
of the occasion to urge upon the pontiff
the wishes of a large number of American
bishop ror emancipation or American Ca
tholicism from the Jurisdiction of the con
gregation of the propaganda at Rome, on
the ground that the congregation wa only
intended to supervise religious affair In
Th maintaining of that high
degree of axccUaoca that won
for "Blars" its enviable repu
te tloa 'way back in the fortUa.
ha raquirad andevlatinff ear
in th selection of materiala,
and tha constant attention of
tha moat aklUed maater of
tha brewera art,
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The true solution of the "fond question'
iwuiki. crry ri Known to
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