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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEEt SUNDAY, AUGUST 24, 1902.
Tie Omaiia Sunday Bee,
E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
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(Scl. M. B. HUNGATE,
The men who fought mlt Siegel will
'fight again under no other leader.
Senator Spooner must be a devout
subscriber to the adage that silence la
It's a deficiency In temperature with
which the weather man now stands
Chancellor Andrews has the peculiar
faculty 'of talking so as to set other
people a-talklng. v
It looks as if Congressman Mercer Is
determined to attach his campaign car
to wrecking train. J
Iowa's state fair Is on this week. Ag
ricultural Iowa has something to show
this year above all other years.
Municipal home rule Is the rallying
cry in Ohio. It is a cry that strikes a
sympathetic chord In Nebraska.
Do you think you would resign a Job
paying $1,000,000 a year If you were
in Mr. Schwab's place J Then why
blame Schwab for holding on.
The anthracite coal barons are coining
mints of money out of the strike of the
coal miners while the miners are starv
ing and the consumer pays the freight.
By the way, that threatened war be
tween the two great American tele
graph corporations has not yet pro
duced any noticeable effect In the di
rection of reduced telegraph tolls.
More gold Is now held by the United
States treasury than by any other finan
cial institution in the world. That
dearth of gold so freely predicted by the
sliver flatlets seems to be further away
The National Civic Federation is get
ting ready to devote its attention to
buses of taxation and defects of our
tax systems. It will get Into a field
where It can be prolific of good when it
tarts to open up unjust Inequalities in
tax burdens, city, state and national.
The latest Is that Agulualdo has no
desire to come to America to lecture,
but on the contrary has acquired a
farm In the Cavlte district, to which he
will retire to pursue a rural life after
the faHhion of several Illustrious ex
amples. Whether he will edit a weekly
paper from an office In his barn Is not
i European hotel keepers and trades
men will inlss the home-coming horde
of American tourists, whose money.
forms their principal circulating'
medium during the season. An embargo
that should shut the American Invaders
(out of European ports for a year would
.create as tmu-h distress abroad as
Russell Sage is once more cautioning
the public against the dangers of ex
renslve Industrial coiubiuatious, taking
decided eiceptlon to the plea that the
great trusts are purely for the benefit
of the people. Your Uncle Russell may
.be eccentric, but when he tells us
beware of panic following Inflated capi
talization be shows where his head
The railroad tax bureaucrats should
next begin to print testimonials from
the converts they have made by their
statistical J'.iggles. !lre ! a form try
might send out: "I have read your
bullctiui sd traveled cs your passes
and am now satlvfled that the rail
roads of Nebraska are not only over
taxed, but should have all the taxea they
hare already paid turned back to them.'
AMERICA 9 OOLDEH ERA.
We are living in the golden era of the
treat American republic, an era of mar
velous prosperity and unprecedented de
velopment. It Is the golden era of
America not merely because the pre
cious metals are more abundant than
they ever have been in the history of the
world and more gold Is now being mined
every year than has been taken out of
the earth In any decade of the nine
teenth century, nor because an tne
money In circulation, greenbacks, na
tional bank currency, silver certificates
and silver coin art all as good as gold
and pass current for gold In the ex
changes and markets of the world. We
are living In the golden era of the
great republic because of its unexam
pled commercial prosperity, Industrial
activity and agricultural wealth. The
farmers of America will coin more gold
this fall and next winter out of the
products of the soil than has ever been
coined by all the mints of the United
States, England, Germany and France
In any single year.
According to estimates of the govern
ment reporters, the wheat harvest of
1902 will yield in the neighborhood of
C4H.500.000 bushels, salable on the farm
for not less than $400,000,000. A con
servative estimate of the corn crop of
1002 Is 2,500,000,000 bushels, which If
marketed in the raw, or converted Into
meat at 25 cents a bushel, would be
coined Into six hundred and twenty-five
million gold standard dollars. In other
words, the corn and wheat raised in
America this year will exceed In value
$1,000,000,000, and the oats, barley, rye
and hay crops and products of the dairy,
orchard, apiary and hennery will ap
proximate close on another $1,000,000,-
000, while the cotton and tobacco crops
will exceed in value $500,000,000 more.
Compared with the mountain of gold
mined from the fertile soil of American
farms, the output of precious metal
from American mines, which under most
favorable conditions will not exceed
$200,000,000, or less than one-third of
the value of the corn crop alone, is of
small Importance. The only rival of
the army of American farmers Is the
grand army of American skilled and un
skilled workmen employed in the mills
and factories In converting the raw ma
terials of the farm, plantation and or
chard Into finished products, with which
America supplies not only Its own
wants, but the demand of all the other
civilized as well as the uncivilised na
tions, and gives employment Incident
ally to the million of men who operate
our railroads, navigate cur steamships
and act as middlemen and money
changers between the consumer and pro
To make any rational calculation of
the stream of gold that passes through
all the channels In and out of the na
tional clearing house would make a man
with ordinary brain dizsy. Suffice It to
say thai the beginning of the Twentieth
century has ushered in America's golden
era, which, .barring an unforeseen re
action, will make the United States at
no distant day the greatest as well as
the richest nation of the nations.
. IXSVLAR ADMIHIHT(ATI0S.
President Roosevelt's speech at Hart
ford was principally devoted to what
has been done In the administration of
Insular possessions and the duties yet
to be performed in relation to these.
Domestic questions he did not refer to
and it Is to be inferred that he does
not Intend to discuss them during his
present tour. The president pointed to
Porto Rico as an example of the best
methods of administering our Insular
possessions and la this there will be
general acquiescence. The policy re
garding that Island has been eminently
successful. The men selected to ad
minister affairs there were fully
qualified for the task and the result Is
entirely satisfactory to the rorto Ricans
and to the American people. There
have been no scandals connected with
the administration of the Island, the
people are protected In their rights, the
laws are justly administered, public
education Is being promoted, industrial
and commercial conditions have Im
proved. The people of Porto Rico are
contented under American rule and are
consequently entirely loyaL
In the Philippines, where the task
of civil administration Is Infinitely more
difficult, good progress Is being jnade
toward the attainment of results as sat
isfactory as those In Porto Rico. Prac
tically the same governmental prin
ciples are applied In both. The estab
lishment of civil government In the
Philippines has gone forward as rap
idly as practicable and natives Lavs
been given a large participation In It, to
be extended after time, when the
maintenance of peace and order on
their part Is fully assured. Doubtless
there Is a dissatisfied element amoug
the Hllplnos, but them Is good reason
to believe that a very large majority of
the people have accepted American
sovereignty In good faith and will re
main loyal The enthusiastic greeting
given Governor Taft on his return to
Manila cannot be regarded otherwise
than as attesting the satisfaction of the
natives with existing conditions. The
more intelligent of them realize that
American rule means for the Filipino
people a larger measure of freedom
than they have ever known, the guaran
tee of civil and religious rights, oppor
tunity for education, material progress
and an Improvement lu conditions gen
erally. They have already found In the
operation of our civil governmeut much
benefit, while they see In growing
trade the advantage of being under the
sovereignty of a nation whose policy
Is to upbuild snd uplift and to give to
all people within its power or Influence
h lMiwnt of the highest civilization.
As was said by President Roosevelt,
"We are governing the Filipinos
primarily In their own Interest and for
their very great benefit, and we have
acted In a practical fashion, not trying
to lay down rules as to whst should be
done In the remote and uncertain future.
but turning our attention to the Instant
need of things and meeting that need
In the fullest and amplest way."
No one who will consider fairly and
without prejudice American adminis
tration In our Insular possessions and In
Cuba can fall to commend It as a whole.
The record Is an eminently creditable
one, of which we may Justly boast as
without a parallel In the history of the
IS DESPERATE STRAITS.
The arbitrary action of the Mercer
contingent In the congressional com
mittee and its attempt to force the re
nomination of Mercer by high-handed
usurpation of power and lawless Inter
meddling with the functions devolving
exclusively on the county committee
shows the desperate straits to which
Mercer and his corporation backers find
themselves In the face of the popular
A great hue and cry ha been raised
in past campaigns about the arbitrary
work of the so-called city machine, but
the Moores machine never displayed
such reckless disregard of all precedent
and was never guilty of such flagrant
violation of tbo primary election law as
the Mercer machine.
Never before has a congressional com
mittee arrogated to Itself the powers
and duties vested by law In the county
committee to designate the voting
places, appoint election officers and ap
portion the representation of delegates
to which the county is entitled among
the various wards and precincts.
Never before has a congressional com
mittee composed of members living in
other courkles undertaken to conduct
primary elections In this county and to
Issue credentials to delegates who are
to register the choice of the republicans
of this county in a congressional con
vention In which the other counties of
the district are accorded the privilege
of selecting their own delegates with
out the aid or consent of non-resident
committeemen appointed by a non
Mr. Mercer will discover before he is
much older, however, that you can lead
a horse to water, but you can't make
him drink. Mr. Mercer can set up Jobs
to bar out honorable competitors and
harass the voters, but he cannot pre
vent the rank and file of republicans
from administering a telling rebuke at
The republican motto is "A fair ballot
and an honest count," and republicans
of Douglas county will exercise their
rights and enforce them. If need be, by
JAP AH AH A COMPETITOR.
In the struggle for the trade of China
the commercial nations must reckon
upon Japan for vigorous competition,
with some advantage of position in her
favor. In the past six months Japan
has launched several important under
takings which contemplate the develop
ment of some of China' domestic en
terprises and of some of the immense
natural resources of that empire. These
show that Japan is keenly alive to the
necessity of taking and holding a place
against Europe end America in the race
for the spoils In China.
It Is noted that recent utterances of
Japanese statesmen indicate v how se
riously the governing minds of Japan
would view the domination of American
or European influence in the Industrial
and commercial concerns of China. It
Is ,sald that the ablest statesmen Japan
possesses believe that the national ex
istence of the country depends upon the
possession of the Chinese trade. This
has been preached by such statesmen
as Marquis Ito for years and It has
become thoroughly Implanted In the
minds of the people. Japan Is promot
ing steamship companies with particular
reference to the trade of China and
other enterprises are projected.
The Japanese are an enterprising and
energetic people, who are not behind
western people In commercial acumen.
The industrial development of Japan
within a few years has been remarka
ble and her financial position at present
is strong. That ahe will secure her
share at least of the Chinese trade and
play a very Important part In develop
ing that trade may be confidently pre
dicted. a a false position.
Bishop Potter, who takes a most active
interest In the question of preserving
Industrial peace, has expressed the opin
ion that the anthracite coal operators
have all along maintained a false po
sition. "They take the stand," he said
in a recent Interview, "that they will
not deal with the organization, but in
sist ou dealing with the men as indi
viduals." This he declared to be all
wrong, adding that any body of men
whose Interests are common have the
right to organize Into an association for
mutual protection and are entitled? to
recognition as an organization lu mat
ters which affect their individual and
This view will be acquiesced In by
everybody who bas given the subject
of labor organizations Intelligent con
sideration. The right of worklngmen to
organize for their mutual protection and
welfare has been fully established. It
has been recognised by the courts and
by legislative bodies snd must be re
garded as unquestionable. It Is a right
that belongs as much to labor aa to
capital This being so the men com
posing a labor union are clearly en
titled, as Bishop Potter said, to be rec
ognised aa an organization In matters
which affect their Individual and com
bined Interests and they do well to In
sist upon this. Otherwise organization
would be utterly useless. If the anthra
cite miners were to undertake to deal
aa Individuals with the operators that
would be the end of their organisation.
since It could thereafter be of no value
to them. Of course the miners fully un
derstand this and are prepared to un
dergo great hardships and privation In
the struggle to maintain their organiza
tion. They are still willing to settle the
contest by arbitration, but this the op
erators will not consider, their deter
mination being to destroy the miners'
organization at whatever cost
That public opinion Is very largely
against the attitude of the operators is
abundantly evident. Condemnation of
their policy Is general and they are
being warned that persistence in It may
compel legislative Interference. "The
presidents of the great companies which
control the anthracite fields," says the
New York Evening Post, "would do well
promptly to heed thia fast-swelling tide
of public opinion. They must either
resume the mining of coal themselves,
or face a strong demand that the gov
ernment shall Interfere, In one way or
another. President Baer and his
associates cannot afford to maintain
their present attitude. Public opinion is
overwhelmingly against them and no
little group of capitalists can defy the
nation." Such admonition and warning.
however, seem to be entirely without
effect Bulwarked by the righta and
privileges which the state of Pennsylva
nia haa given the coal combine, It de
fiantly proclaims that there can be no
compromise and that It will permit no
interference with the policy it has de
cided on. Meanwhile the danger of a
coal famine Increases and the helpless
public is completely at the mercy of a
little group of capitalist who are ut
terly indifferent to its interests and ne
cessities. WHERE OMAHA CAPITAL, WOLLD COVST
There is a tide in the affaire of cities,
aa well aa of men, which taken at the
flood, leads on to fortune. The Im
pending acquisition of the Omaha Street
railway system by an eastern syndicate
of capitalists will place several million
dollars at the disposal' of the present
owners to be Invested where, in their
Judgment it will bring the most profit
able returns and prove most advanta
geous to their interests.
In view of the fact that nearly all
of the present owners of the Omaha
Street railway and recently acquired
Council Bluffs and Omaha lines are busi
ness men largely Interested in Omaha,
it may be taken for granted that they
will giTe Omaha the preference over
any other locality In Investing their
money in enterprises that would promote
Omaha's industrial and commercial
In our Judgment no project, not ex
cepting even the establishment of the
proposed power canal would give
greater impetus to Omaha's growth and
prosperity than a pipe line from the oil
fields of Wyoming to Omaha. The ex
istence of vast oil deposits In the Big
Horn district and other sections of
Wyoming was known to explorers and
pioneers west of the Rockies years be
fore the Union Pacific railroad wa
built The oil fields of Wyoming, it Is
believed, have an almost Inexhaustible
quantity, not only of petroleum, but also
of lubricating oil much more valuable
than petroleum and more valuable than
the products of the Ohio, Texas or Penn
sylvania oil gushers.
The only reason the Wyoming olt
fields have not been developed before
this is their remoteness from any rail
road and the consequent expense in
volved In the transportation of the prod
uct. A pipe line from the Wyoming oil
fields to Omaha, or rather to the vicinity
of South Omaha, would solve the prob
lem. It would, moreover, make Omaha
a second Cleveland as a refining and
oil distribution center. It would deliver
t our doors the most concentrated and
yet the cheapest fuel that conld ever
be secured, which would mean cheaper
power than could be secured by any
other agency, not excepting even the
power supplied by the proposed Platte
While no correct estimate can be
formed of the cost of a pipe line from
the Wyoming oil fields to Omaha, the
approximate cost is estimated at less
than $3,000,000, which would be a mere
bagatelle, considering the Incalculable
benefits to be derived from such project
Assuming that the enterprise would In
volve an outlay of even $5,000,000, there
can be no doubt that with an actual
expenditure of one-third of that iuu
the promoters could readily secure all
the necessary capital by bonding the
lines, as has been done In Ohio, Penn
sylvania, Indiana and other states that
now have pipe line connections with the
The possibilities of development In
consequence of the establishment of oil
refineries, factories and mills, that are
usually operated In conjunction with
such plants, would of course Include the
laying out of suburban factory towns
and villages and numerous enterprises
that spring up in every great manu
facturing center' under modern condi
tions. The Bee could name half a dozen men
In Omaha who by united effort could
connect Omaha with the Wyoming oil
fields within twenty-four months. If they
would put their shoulders to the wheel
and venture In earnest upon floating
the enterprise. The question Is, Will
tbey do It T Are they fully awake to
the opportunity and public-spirited
enough to Invest their money where It
will give Omaha a tremendous lift and
at the same time repay double, and pos
sibly treble or quadruple, the money
they would have to invest?
One of the fire insurance papers has
drawn a striking contrast between
different class of steel construction
commonly supposed to be fireproof In
equal degrees. By test of experience
steel frame buildings In which the metal
work Is exposed to direct heat action
shows little or no resisting strength, but
on the contrary Is quickly bent and
twisted by fire into total collapse. Iron
or steel columns that are measurably
protected by fire tile or other non-burning
material have proved able to go
through the hottest kind of fire and
remain standing under the weight they
were supporting. The conclusion
reached by Insurance experts Is that
properly protected steel work will with
stand almost any fire test while unpro
tected steel work will withstand
scarcely anything. Merely because a
building Is erected on a metallic frame
does not entitle It to a claim of fire
From the tenor of President Roose
velt's allusions to the Isthmian canal
the makeup of the membership of the
canal commission has not yet been
definitely settled, all the stories of the
imaginative Washington correspondents
to the contrary notwithstanding. The
president haa a thorough realisation of
the Importance of this great undertak
ing and may be depended on to weigh
the qualiflcatlona of everyone whose
name Is presented to him for place on
Cubans are already complaining that
President Palma does not come up to
their expectations. Just what their ex
pectations were, however, Is not made
clear. It la Just possible they expected
their new president to see to It that
everyone was legislated rich enough to
live without working.
Usaal Caase Laeala;.
Detroit Free Press.
Thar Is no particular reason why the
German crown prince should marry an
Americas girl. H doesn't need the money.
Ctreansstanoea Alter View.
There Is no question that the trusts op
press people sometimes, but you know that
wouldn't keep you from buying stock in
one, If you could get It cheap enough.
Aetlaa Battel to the Case.
Saturday Evening Post.
When a woman has a weak cats she
adds her nx to It and wins: and h.n
has a strong ease she subtracts her
from It snd deals with von ha-vi.
than h man,
Reform la th HUM Direction.
Th young women of Fremont, Neb., have
formed a trust with th avowed Intention
of reforming the young men of that place.
Without this explanation It might b
thought that they had gone into th trust
business because the octopus hss so many
Bpeclae for Royal laaomala.
Tho etar of Russia sleeps In a room
lighted with a glare of electricity, and
complains that be doesn't sleep well Well,
w should think not If th esar would
saw wood for four hours la the evening and
try a corn husk mattress In a dark garret,
hi Insomnia would leav him. But his
ministers would b horrified.
Every Frospoot Pleases.
Now York Tribune.
The prospect for the farmers In th north
west Is uncommonly enoouraglng. It Is
practically certain that the crops in that
part of the country will b enormous, and
th railroads hsv decided to reduc freight
rates. It la a time of hard work, but also
or rejoicing la the vast stretches of the
plains, now white tor the harvest.
A Soloavoa la Aetloa.
W may spplaud the gallantry of the St
Louts Judge who holds that a woman may
kiss sny man that she wants to kiss, but
mere is reason to feel apprehensive of
soma possible results of the decision. It
might be awkward, for example, If a gen
tleman should be seised upon snd oscu
lated by an entire stranger just ss his wits
cam around th corner. What would th
learned Judge recommend In such a situs
Too Uses ot a Uo Tatar.
New York Sun.
It Is painful to find further proofs of what
Mr. Bryaa would call "apparent prosperity."
Th slat superintendent ot Instruction In
Nebraska says that th farmers ot the west
trn part of that stat ar so prosperous
that "th farmers' sons and daughters don't
need th mrraey and will not teach school."
o many Nebraska villages are without
school masters and school mistresses. Would
It not be better to hsv loss "apparent pros
parity" snd mor school teachers t What
could b sadder thaa to ss not only Ne
braska men putting th dollar abovs th
man, but Nebraska women putting th dol
lar abovt tbs school mistress T
BILLBOARDS AND THE YOl'TH.
Peraleloaa Effect of Load Pletaroa oa
Bishop Fallows Is of th opinion that
the billboard advertisements ar pernicious
In their effect upon th youth of the land.
He thinks that th small boy who tsts th
pictures of long haired gentlemen holding
revolvers ia their hands at one seeks an
opportunity to acquire a trusty weapon and
hasten to the great plains r th Indlau
ha become extinct. Tber ar 'plenty of
good arguments for and against th bill
board without delving Into the mists of
psychology In this matter. Th cold power
of logic would not seem to carry th bish
op's theory to s satisfactory end. The bill
boards display entrancing pictures of dainty
maidens, with neat aprons tucked about
them and with elaborate coiffures, merrily
engaged In cooking dinner oa a largo and
Impressive rang. Does history record that
any young woman and young woman ar
mor Impressionable and mora quickly
swayed by sentiment thaa young men does
history record that any girl, after gating
upon this picture, has torn madly down
th street snd rushed Into th kitchen to
order her mother therefrom, and proceeded
to Imltat th pictured act of th billboard
lady? Ar there any statistics showing
tbat a millionaire haa converted his bonds
snd securities into greenbacks and thrown
them to th elements after seeing a ptetar
representing such aa act on a billboard?
Has anybody ever aeen a hors race that
looked like th ones shown In th posters?
Or was there ever a circus lady so fair and
sweet snd beautiful withal aa th on who
plrouttes upon her to and k'ases her fair
whit band to ns from th gorgeous eight
sheet? Do w have any record of any
woman who whe has forsaken horn and
friends and mother dear and gone a bare
back riding after fondly eyeing this at
We might, go much further with this In
quisition, but wo think w hav established
our point. Billboards do sot affect th mind
to any further extent than to Indue th
observer to spend hi money for th goods
advertised tnsreoa. and th newspaper ad
vertlsemeat I better thaa th billboard for
BLASTS FROM RAM HORN.
A good man will always find some good
Ood sends the seed, but we must furnish
To lose sympathy with men Is to miss
success with them.
When religion ceases to go to servlc It
will run to superstition.
Th sugar oa satan's pills may be very
wet, but It Is very thin.
Small vices may be fordabls on at a
time, but they soon unite Into an Impassa
When the church Is an arbor of rest for
the rich It cannot be a harbor for the refuge
of th wrecked. -
SRCTLAR SHOTS AT TUB PILPIT.
Baltimore American: It must be a very
unsanitary theology that prompts a "min
ister" to predict destruction for th people
who bath at Atlantlo City.
Indianapolis News: In the light of the
pope's letter, th sympathy extended to
th Philippine friar by th Catholic Fed
erated Societies seems to have been pre
mature. Washington Pott: A Chicago dlvln has
received a call from a London congregation.
Now that he Is compelled to Import his
religion from this country, John Bull's cup
of bitterness must be running over.
Minneapolis Journal: The suggestion of
Father McKlnncn that as soon ss th Amer
ican hierarchy is established In the Philip
pines some 400 young priests be sent to the
United States for a year's instruction Is
an excellent one. Its sppllcatlon should be
good for th Catholic church and good for
th people snd government of the Philip
pines. TENDENCY OF THE TIMES,
Good Deed Unchecked by tho Cora,
World s Work.
Th truth Is w hear too much about the
commercialisation of the professions. There
ar men who vulgarise them all no doubt
and who sell their craft-right for a mesa
of millions, for ther have always been such
mea. But ther Is another tendency of
our times that Is far stronger than the
tendency to get wealth: It Is the tendency
to establish, to build and to maintain Insti
tutionsInstitutions of any useful and hon
orable kind. Men give themselves In the
most unselfish way to build up colleges and
universities, hospitals, museums, clubs,
associations for th sdvancement of trades
and professions, libraries there la no end
of th list. Men labor to turn their business
Into Institutions. Many manufacturers plan
their factories so aa to give them an In
stitutional character and value. The nat
ural constructive tendency of an active peo
ple Is toward Institution building. Strong
ma In almost every department of work
show such a tendency, often aa a dominant
irait or cnaracter; and this is a stronger
motive than th mere wish to be rich. The
rich man who stands alone, who haa not
established something, who Is not Identified
with some great Institutions, commercial
or public, Is not envied. He Is mor likely
DR. ANDREWS Olf THE UNMARRIED,
Eaa-a-erated Vtteranees Tested oa
ealo ot rBTaralshaa History.
President . Benjamin Andrews, who has
a useful but somewhat misleading faoulty
ror saying things, sometimes wis and
sometimes otherwise, which attract publlo
attention because they touch on subjects
of wide publlo Interest which others hsv
neglected, Is hsvlng a week or so of news
paper comment by devoting his "convoca
tion speech" at ths University of Chicago
to tne wickedness of being unmarried.
Following a long train of legislators snd
teachers through many centuries. Dr. An
draws Is unwise enough to denounce, with
out exception snd without qualification, the
unmarried man or woman aa a poor weak
ling who has neglected his duty tn life.
Thsr Is enough In history and some
things la current life to prov th ex
travagance of Dr. Andrews' scolding, but
neither he nor those who comment on hi
utterance appear to be aware that h is
dealing with a aormal social condition
which always haa and, so far as on can
see, slwayt will accompany an Increase
la the oomforts and "opportunities of life.
Whether or no men decay aa wealth accu
mulates, ther Is no question whatever but
Tims ws a century ago when it waa
a favorlt declaration of political econo
mists, led by Malthua, tbat as wages rose
and food grew cheaper th marriage rat
would increase and births grow numerous.
This was specious, snd for nearly fifty
years was accepted as true. . But the enu
meratlon of population during th last 100
years have settled It beyond question tbat
th reverse takes place. As Mr. snd Mrs.
Sidney Webb have shown beyond question
In their works oa "Industrial Democracy"
and "Trades Unions," when wages rise in
any calling, trad or employment th mar
riage rat tends to diminish snd births
tend to decrease. It does not need psgea
of statistics ta prov this to anyone who
looks out oa society and sees that th num
ber ot unmarried womea increases ss th
advantages of life lacreaao.
Marrlag comes early ss a matter ot
court to th young woman In th lower
stratum of th laboring clata, but as th
family wag Increases th number of un
married women also Increases, snd when
on reaches th average of families able
to spend $1,000 a year or so la educating
their daughters sfter they become 1 or 14
years old, and who are able to continue
this education through a colleg course,
about four women out of ten ar left un
married. This takes plac about squally, whether
th young woman goes to college or not
"Society," as It is called, Is on vast array
0? Spinsters. Among th tsvored families
who have tome hereditary meant, a fixed in
come and th various advantagea which come
from social relations prolonged through
mor than on generation, In this city and
la all cities, th noticeable fact Is the large
number of young women who "com out,"
who stay out for two, three or four years.
gradually fading Into th background of
unmarried womea which constitutes s sort
of frlng in soolcty,
. What Is true of this particular set If true
all through th social organism. During
th last fifty years In ths United States, In
which th wealth of th country bas enor
mously Increased, growing from three to
fourfold, the marrlag and th birth rates
bar aa steadily decreased. This decrease
slats among all classes. It Is largest, a
everybody knows, among families whose an
cestors cam to this country before the
revolution. Many of tbes families ar vis
ibly dying out It Is aext apparent In those
whose progenitors cam here before 1860,
and who now figure la th census columns
ss children of parenta of foreign blrthThe
only class where births a re numerous and
marrlag constant la la th last deposit of
Immigration, which la still engaged la a
hard struggle for Ufa.
History bas th tame record through all
Its courts. Always as nations have grows
tn civilisation and grown la wealth they
have decreased la marriage and birth rata,
Beginning with aiwiiUa iS ifcl lty ef creese
members enabled them to get a little th
start of th rest la wealth. Thus nats
revengea herself oa th desires tof man to
gala mor thaa his net. .
PERSONAL AND OTHERWISE.
Some wlseacr says paper money spreads
ccntaglon. It does, professor; It spreads
a fever tor more.
"No unclean dollar has sver passed my
hand," exclaimed Colonel Henry Wattar
ton. Th colon! likes Me n fresh treat th
Th 129th birthday snnlveraary of th Bal
timore American last week was mad un
commonly Joyout by a libel suit for $30,
000, Instituted by sn lc company.
A reunion of ths Smith family la th latest
fair project at St. Louis. Should all the
family attend the tbow, patt records at th
btx office would be redueed to Smithereens.
One day recently It was possible to rids
from Texas to Chicago for SO cents. A few
bargain hunters paid ths price, but th
majority contented themselves with ths
lesser evil and stayed at home.
Th contempt shown by J. Pterpont Mor
gan for poker as a moneymaker Is worthy
of respect. When a financier can rake In a
pot ot $302,300 without showing his bsnd. It
la apparent the old professionals ars not to
be mentioned In th tame breath with ths
modern ahufllera. That's what Plerp tcooped
In out of the Monon deal. And It waaa't aa
average day for dealt either.
An official Inquiry Into the financial epar
atlont of ths Tripler Liquid Air company
Is In progress tn New York. People M
national fame are mixed up la th com
pany's stock manipulations whereby th fl
lows on th ground floor pocketed th cold
cash, whlla the suckers on th out d re
ceived lsrga doses of hot air. Th output of
the latter exceeded th supply of llqald
Although a Missouri court refused to pua
Ish a dog which masticated th thumb ot a
man who attached a can to th canine's
narrative, some intelligent dogs revenge th
Indignity more effectively. One thorough
bred In a Pennsylvania town resented aa at
tachment consisting of a stick of dynamite
to which a lighted fuse was spluttering. The
dog chased the man who did the Job Into his
home snd camped In the parlor long enough
to go up with th fragments. Ther wss
not enough of man or dog found to give th
coroner a Job.
Rabbi Leo M. Franklin, formerly ot Omaha,
hat added to bis ministerial duties ths
pleasurea and perplexities ot an editor. His
name appears at the masthead of ths Jew
ish American, publlahed at Detroit Llk
all farseelng men ot the cloth, Rabbi Frank
lin appreciates the value ot the press st a
co-worker In th vlneysrd. Words spoken
In the pulpit reach th few. The printed
word reaches the many. By combining both
pulpit and press Rabbi Franklin vastly In
creases his field of usefulness and his
power for good.
Chicago Tribune: "Wasn't your courtship
and marriage of that Boeton girl rather a
"Yes, I took her right oft tho loo."
Ohio State Journal: Dolly Dimples I
can't find my bathing suit.
Giddy Gladys Did you look In your
Philadelphia Preaa: Her Mamma You
certainly were flirting outrageously with
that young man on the beach. Don't you
know you're a umiiieu "Wiiti, m.
Mrs. Gay Yes, but he didn't.
Boston Transcript: He I suppose now
that I shall have to ask your father for
She No, Harry; after th first time you
called pa said I might have you If I wanted
you. Pa and I bavo understood it tor a
Chicago Poat: "Did he marry her for
her money?" asked the girl in white.
"Well, let's be charitable and say he
did," answered the girl in gray. "There's
no use casting aspersions on bis taste and
Detroit Free Preaa: Ho Darling, I've
tried to tell you of my lovel Will you sail
with m over the ea of life?
Vole from Upstairs Mary 1 Oh I Mary,
If you're going to take paaaago with that
fellow you d better grab tho rudder and do
Chicago Tribune: "I wish our pastor
wouldn't preach such short sermons, com
plained Uncle Jerry. "He's always through
before I've halt finished my nap."
Philadelphia Press: Mr. Upjohn I wish
you would tell Kathleen she cooks her
steaks too much.
Mrs. t'ujohn You are three girls late.
John. The nam of th present on Is
A SONG TO BRAVE WOMEN.
A. J. Waterhouse In Succaas.
They were married In the autumn whan th
leavea were turning gold.
And the mornings bore a menace of ths
winter's coming cold,
Sid by side they stood and promised, hand
In hand, to walk through lif.
And th parson aald, "God bless youl" as
he named them tnan and wife.
They had little wealth to aid them; little of
the world they knew;
But he whiapered: "Oh, my darling, I have
riches 1 have you."
Then they vowed that, walking ever eld by
mltim and hand In hand.
They would gain the distant summits pf
ineir iar-osi, nappy ianu.
Side by side they walked together, linger- 1
Ing sometime for a kiss.
Dreaming of those far-off summits, of th
future's perfect bliss;
But th battle-stress was on thsm, snd th
rnpma n hndA them vtela.
And their onward stsps were hidden by th
smoK upon tne neia:
And his heart stew faint within him as he
murmured "I must fall,
For the toeman presses ever, and his co-
hnrta ennnuef all."
But the woman, loyal ever, only whlsperad:
You snail win:
You ahaM snatch th victor's laurel from,
th battle-strife and din."
Then again he struggled onward, though
nis wounas were gaping wiut,
Listening ever for a whisper "I am bat
tling hv vnur aide."
Strussling onward, struggling ever, though
tn mists were aam aooui;
Beaten downward by the foeman, tost In
mists ot gloom and doubt;
SUII he heard that gnt!a whisper that his
nIHt must nbtv
Till he reached the golden summits psst the
borderland of gray.
Then the world, as wise as ever, aald, "Be
hold a conquering anigni:
For it never heard the whlaper that had
urged him to th height.
Call It fable, fable only; lo, th World !
full of these.
Men who struggle onward, upward, till th
splendid prls they sols:
Men who stumble, stumble often, dased or
stricken In th din. .....
But to rise and falter forward at tha
whisper, "You shall wis!"
And we name them knUhts and heroes of
the battle and the fray.
Knowing not that there behind each la tb
one who showed the way;
Juat some little, loysl woman forcing back
the tears that blur
You may honor your brave hero; I will
sing a song to ner.
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