Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 23, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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    THE OMAHA DAILY KKEt SATUItDAY, AUGUST 23, 1002.
'Die Omaha Daily Bee.
E. P.OSKVATErt, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVEKT NOBBING.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally p.ee (without Sunday), One Year.-KOO
Dally H-e and Bunday, one Year .)
liluatrated Uro. One Vear 3
Sunday liee, One Yrar 1.W
Baturdny Hee. One Year l.M
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year.. 1.00
DELIVERED RT CARRIER.
Dally Bee (without Sunday), per copy,.. Jo
Dally lwe (without Bundayi. per week.. .120
Dally Ree (Including Sunday), per week.. lie
Sunday Ree, per copy ac
Evening Ree (without Sunday), per week. loc
Evening' Ree (Including Sunday), per
week 15c
Complaint! of trregularltlea In delivery
should be addressed to City Circulation
Department.
OFFICES.
Omaha Thr Bee Dulldlng.
South Omaha City Hall Building, Twenty-firth
nrt M Streets.
Council R luff's 10 Rear! Street.
Chicago lirto Unity Rullding.
New York Temple Court.
Washington 61 Fourteenth Street.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Communications relating to newa aifd edi
torial matter ahould he addreased: Omaha
liee, Editorial Department.
BUSINESS LETTERS.
Business1 letters and remittances should
be addressed: The Bee Publishing Com
pany, Omaha.
REMITTANCES.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Ree Publishing Company.
Only 2-eent stamps accepted In payment of
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
THE BEK PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska Douglas County, ss.t
George B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full ana
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Re printed during
the month of July, 1903, was as follows:
l so.sau 17 2'.B10
I .S,ST0 IS 29,080
I 8U.S40 1 UO.0TO
4 1TO,C20 10 30.018
( 20,320 21 U1.BM1
2U.60O 22 20.B60
7 211,510 23 X9,B40
1 28.4BO 14 29.BHO
.... 20.B40 S& JJtt.UTO
10 SU.BBO . 26 39,M0
11 .....X9.B10 27 2D.4H0
13 29,020 28 Stt.550
IS. Xtt.OlB 23 ..29,6ftO
14...., o,eo so aa.oto
U... ...29,500 . SI SW.530
16 .29,80 ' .
' ToUl... W10.4BO
Less unsold and returned copies.... 0.020
Net total sales B08.S24
Net dally average....... 29,202
GEO. B. TZSCHUC1C
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this list day of July, A. D. 1902.
(Bea.U , , M. R. HUNGATH.
Notary Publlo.
King Corn doesn't hare to ask If his
crown, it on straight this year.
Sir Thomas JLlpton still has his eye
on that America's cup. That Is all he
has got on It so far. .
Illinois grain dealers In convention
have been discussing plans to prevent
corners.- Bound them off.
Omaha society has discovered that
Italian music Is not all embossed on the
barrel of the Italian hand organ.
The session of the plumbers, in this
city seems to have made no noticeable
difference In the outflow of the water
spouts. Germany's meat Inspection fees are
evidently levied on the Donnybrook
fair theory of bitting a head whenever
you see It
. When our navies are transformed into
fleets of submarine boats, the spectacu
lar part of a naval demonstration will
completely disappear.
It the Real Estate exchange Intends
to swap the compliments of the season
with the head, of the Union Pacific rail
road, the sooner they get at it the better.
Our nonresident congressman must be
In hard lines when he has to import out
side rooters to work up enthusiasm for
him la what .he professes to call his
home ward.
The well-defined rumor that President
Burt Is-getting good and ready to confer
with the Union Pacific strikers has yet
to be verified. We will believe it when
we see Mr. Burt spit on his hands.
It is safe to say that neither Governor
Savage, Congressman Mercer nor Pom
padour Baldwin will receive Invitations
to act as the guest of honor at the com
ing Labor day demonstration in this
city. V
Those Texas whitecaps whose hospi
tality for an alleged divine healer took
the form of cutting Lis hair off short
ahould be called down with a thud.
How can a divine healer do business
without the regulation long hair?
The state luncheon given by the shah
of Persia is said to nave cost his royal
highness $15,000 at least that la the
figure at which the bill was made out
Beef trust prices evidently prevail in
London as well as on this side of the
water.
Every candidate on the prohibition
state ticket In Nebrabka swears that
Lis nomination came, to him without
the expenditure of a single 5-ceut piece.
Ne one will question the faithful
veracity f these aelf -sacrificing prohi
bition martyrs. ,
The democratic nominee for congress
would like nothing better than to have
the republicans renominate Nonresident
Mercer for a sixth term. But do the re
publicans of this district wsnt to make
their nomination for the benefit of bis
democratic opponent?
If the attack of an invading foreign
navy would really create no more com
motion out here than the mimic war
fare of the naval maneuvers off the
New England coast, we may rest un
disturbed that Nebraska Is at safe dis
tance from danger In the event of a
naval war.
A sharp reminder by the American
rnlnlator has etlrrwl the Turk lab. sultan
to return a package of Insurance poli
cies, the pjojx rty of an American cltl
aen, that had been seized by the Turkish
authorities. Needless to add that the
sultan could nor realise on the Insurance
policies, anyway. ' v
TAX BUREAC QVACKtnf.
Whenever a man "gives tip the ghost
nowadays the doctors charge It .up to
heart failure. On the same theory the
railroad tax bureau quarks have figured
It out that delinquent taxes have caused
the state debt. .
The (state debt at this day aggregates
over $2,000,000 and has for the part ten
years been growing at the rate of from
$100,000 to. f 150.000 a year. The rail
road tax agents place the amount of de
linquent taxes at $1,090,873 for the
whole state, of which amount they say
$157,747 has been delinquent for thirty
years or longer. In other words, more
than one-sixth of the delinquent tax as
set consists of cats and dogs that cannot
be g"lvanl7.ed Into life by any known
process. That would leave $i39,120 of
live delinquent taxes, "which would be
about $1,100,000 short of paying the
state debt If all delinquent taxes were
collectible. No rational business man
conversant with the true condition of af
fairs would contend that CO per cent of
the taxes delinquent for more than five
years are collectible.
Everybody knows that these delin
quencies represent town lots that have
been turned Into corn fields and could
not be sold for the taxes.' It represents
sand hills that were palmed off for fer
tile farm lands upon the unsuspecting
Investor during the boom timet and
are in about the same position as the
child that cannot discover its father.
Nobody claims to own them and nobody
Is willing to pay taxes on them. The
delinquent tax list moreover represents
hundreds of thousands of dollars of per
sonal taxes' levied upon bankrupt or de
funct business concerns and parties who
are out of the reach of the tax collector.
In Douglas county, for example, the
aggregate delinquency Is represented as
$220,042.20, or 10.12 per cent of the taxes
levied. How much of this $220,000 Is
collectible? We venture to assert that it
is not 10 per cent. The railroad tax
quacks know well that under the law
the tax levied Is always 10 per cent
higher than the estimated amount of col
lectible taxes.
Everybody in Nebraska familiar with
state finances knows that fully one-half
of the Btate debt has been caused by
bank wrecking aud embezzlement.
Everybody knows that the state lost
$230,000 In Charley Hostler's Capital
National bank depository. Everybody
knows that the state lost nearly $000,000
by Joe Hartley's benevolent financiering.
Upon these losses the state, has been
linjiug flow i U 7 per cent luieiesl ami
the total loss now aggregates more than
$1,000,000.
Was this part of the state debt caused
by tax delinquents or by bank wreckers
and public thieves? Is It not about time
for the tax bureau charlatans to quit
their bunco bulletins and come down to
the two main points:
First, what is the actual value of rail
road pioperty in Nebraska, and, second,
what proportion does Its assessed value
bear to its actual value?
Manifestly, If the railroad property in
Nebraska is worth $325,000,000, a may
be proved by their own bulletins, lt as
sessment for $26,500,000 Is scandalously
below the ratio 4t assessment of all
other property returned by the assessors.
The property which the assessors have
failed to return can cut no figure in
theBo computations any more than the
testimony of 100 men who did' not see a
man steal sheep can offset the testimony
of two witnesses who did see him steal
the sheep.
MORGAN IS KMlKPlXQ BUST.
The return of J. Plerpont Morgan to
the United States' Is expected to be
speedily followed by interesting devel
opments. The speculative world 4s, said
to be waiting with no little anxiety
for some further disclosure of the plans
of the "Colossus of finance." Traders
have hesitated to take any pronounced
position In the market until they could
discover which way the Morgan cat
was going to jump. There is nor definite
Information as to what was accom
plished by Mr. Morgan In Europe In
regard to his international schemes, but
It Is safe to assume thai his efforts were
uot without practical results. He ws
a guest of King Edward and of Em
peror William, but paid nokattentlo4 to
lesser moharchs. It Is said thut be has
carefully prepared the rulers of Great
Britain and Germany for what U com
ing and that Instead of having their an
tugouism he will probably ecure their
co-operation. ' ..
Mr. Morgan has plenty of wort to do
in this country. There are great
schemes yet to" be carried out. One of
these is the auttleuient of the Louisville
& Nashville railroad deal, Involving tue
consolidation of several lines. It Is un
derstood that all the details were ar
ranged while Mr. Morgan waa abroad
and that & plan has been drawn by a
railroad expert which the financier will
pass upon. If .he approves the plan the
public will be given another opportunity
to add a few millions to the Morgan
fortune. The complete details of the
steamship combine are yet to be nade
public by Mr. Morgan, If he purposes
doing so. According to the terms the
public has thus far heard, Morgan has
arranged to pay $100,000,000 for one
group of steamships that can be dupli
cated with more modern lai-hluery for
$50,000,000, yet there is no doubt be will
profit handsomely by the operation. It
was hoped that Mr. Morgan would
make some effort to bring about a tt
tlement of the anthracite coal strike,
but it appears that he approves of the
course of the operators. Nobody will
be surprised at this, since his
sympathies are necessarily and from
self-interest with monopoly. There has
never been a financier who cared less
for the public Interests and welfare
than J. Plerpont Morgan, '
A New York dlxpateh says that what
Wall street experts him to do Imme
diately Is to 6tart a new movement In
stocks. Many are carrying a load of
Morgan industrials which were bought
at very much higher prices than are
now, prevailing In Wall street and they
tore? hoping he will enable them to un-
ond. He will doubtless do the best
he can in this direction in order that
the confidence necessary to the carrying
out of his other schemes shall be main
tained. No one will question the finan
cial Ingenuity and resourcefulness of Mr.
Morgan, but there are many who re
gard him, perhaps events will show
Justly, as a most dangerous enemy x of
the public interests and welfare.
Tfl DEMOCRATIC UOPK.
The hope of the democrats, according
to Washington advices, Is In the dis
satisfaction of the industrial classes.
They are not counting upon the farm
ers, for the reason that with good crops
the agricultural producers are well satis-
fled and people who are In this state of
mind do not support the democratic
party. Democrats at the national cap
ital admit that the favorable crop con
ditions are Injurious to the party's pros
pects, but they profesB to believe that
this loss will be more than counter
balanced by the dissatisfaction among
the Industrial classes "arising out of
the present high prices and the failure
of wages to keep up with them." They
sayt- "The bad condition in the coal
mining region and in a good many
manufacturing centers where the people,
although occupied, have hard work to
get along, will do a great deal. We
are not looking to the agricultural states
for our gains. They will be republican
anyhow, but it Is In the congested dis
tricts, where political conditions are
more' nicely weighed, that we shall en
croach on the opposing party."
It Is the usual thing for the democrats
to base their hope of success on popular
dissatisfaction and it Is quite probable
that the party will profit to some extent
from the existing unrest among the In
dustrial classes, but the result may
show that the democrats are' greatly
overestimating this advantage. Intelli
gent wage earners, who consider po
litical conditions rationally, will ask
themselves how they can be benefited
by giving their support to the demo
cratic party. In what respect could the
condition of the Industrial classes be
bettered If the next house of representa
tives should have a democratic majority?
It would not be able to accomplish any
thing. It could carry through no legisla
tion not acceptable to the republican
senate and president The only effect
the election of a democratic house of
representatives would have would bo
the creation of a fear of democratic
ascendancy' In the government, which
would certainly not be conducive to the
maintenance of financial and business
confidence. Grant that the Industrial
classes have reasonable ground of com
plaint in the fact that wages do not
Increase with the rise In the price of
commodities, the election of a demo
cratic house of representatives would
not remedy this condition. On the con
trary. If it should have the effect reason
ably to be expected, an Impairment of
confidence through apprehension of the
democratic party securing control of the
government, the situation would prob
ably become more serious for the In
dustrial classes. At all events It as
suredly would not be improved?.
There Is no promise of betterment for
the wage earners In democratic success
and any one of that class that believes
there la Is deluding himself. The policy
of the democratic party Is hostile to
the Interests and the welfare of the
Industrial classes. This ought to be
and undoubtedly Is well understood by
all intelligent worklngmen and it Is
therefore most Improbable that any con-
sfflerable number of them will at this
time be drawn to the support of that
party.
A correspondent writes us to suggest
that something more onght to be done to
procure for Omaha equal treatment at
the hands of the railroad with that ac
corded Kansas City. He tells us that
for the Priests of Pallas festivities Kan
sas City has secured a one-fare rate on
all railroads for a distance of 200 miles
extending over twelve days, while for
the Ak-8ar-Ben carnival Omaha Is to
have 1U one-fare concession only for
three days and a smaller radius. As a
result Kansas City can invite Omaha
people to visit the Priests of Pallas at
reduced railroad fare, while Kansas City
people cannot come to Omaha Ak-Sar-
Ben week except by paying full rates.
If these conditions are as represented,
complaint ought certainly to be entered
and an effort made to equalize the rail
road concessions to the two cities.
The republicans of Douglas county are
entitled to the same treatment In the
selection of delegates to nominate a suc
cessor1 for David H. Mercer as Is ac
corded to the republicans of Sarpy and
Washington counties. They have no
right to ask for more and they will not
be satisfied with less. The republicans
of Washington and Harpy counties have
been allowed to elect the number of del
egates apportioned to them without the
intervention of the 'congressional com
mittee- and the republicans of this county
should have the same privilege.
We shall presently see whether the re
publican congressional committee of this
district represents the rank and file of
the party or the nonresident congress'
man. wnue Mercer was auoweu to
name the committee as the candidate of
the republicans of this district the com
mittee is expected to "represent the re
publicans of the district and not simply
Mr. Mercer or his man Friday, who Las
assumed to be the "whole thing" and
irl vea nut his own program for the whole
committee, of which he W only one of
the nine members.
Emperor William of Germany and
King Victor Emmanuel of Italy are about
to exchange courtesies by visiting one
another . at each other'a capital. The
medal makers, will be kept working
overtime to turn out . the souvenir
decorations their majesties will bestow
on each other's subjects.
The rainmakers have gone out of busi
ness In Nebraska this year and the
weather prophets who predicted terrible
scorchers between July 17 and August
21 have lost their reckoning.
But cabbage put la the pot
It goes in cold and comes out hot.
Away down south in Dixie,
the same as before the "wah."
Slstmsr Ip the Kinship.
Philadelphia Ledger.
A Cuban editor declares that this coun
try Is not the father of the Cubaa republic;
only the stepfather.
A Glane Backward.
Indianapolis Journal.
Probably there waa not a single trust
formed la this country during the (Santo of
189S to 1858, caused by democratic legisla
tion and mtsgovernment, but there were
hundreds of mills and factories closed.
Moving- the Cora Crop.
' Indianapolis Journal.
It would take a railway train girdling the
world more than three times to move the
wheat crop of the United States this year,
with the bumpef corn crop to hear from.
The Job will be neatly handled by breaking
It Into sections.
A Blgmiacsuat SI sTB.
Minneapolis Journal.
Tia fact that the steel trust refuses to
Sell rails to a railway company which re
fuses to explain Its purpose to the trust Is
indeed profoundly significant. It indicates
that the trust Is in alliance with the great
railway systems of the country to prevent
the building of new and independent lines.
The company must go abroad for Its rails.
And it will have to pay a tariff on them,
too.
Rational Game Tabooed.
Philadelphia Press.
Secretary Shaw has done a wise thing la
punishing clerks found guilty of playing
poker. Not only have their families suf
fered for a long time, but there was con
stant tear of. government loss. As a result
their salaries were reduced and their work
transferred so as to make It Impossible for
them to take anything valuable, even If
they tried. That is proper. The secretary
retained the men only because of their fam
ilies. Irrigation l'p-to-Date.
x Philadelphia Record.
Irrigation Is a process by no means con
fined to the efforts of cpomotevs who are
owners of arid landsk . The Irrigation of
stocks Is an active Tti&stry. A tharp
tongued contemporary says';. "When a rail
road becomes proaperoufTtt never cuts down
rates; It waters its stock until dividends
are reduced to nomrqaV proportions. " The
triok la as old as the., hills. There are even
political philosophers ;who Insist upon irri
gating the coin of the) realm.
sue V
Better Salaries Should Be Paid.
Minneapolis Journal.
Nebraska school are likely to remain
closed because teachers can't be obtained.
Maybe this condition 'will lead to an In
crease in teachers' par In that state. If
there is any class, of tollers that deserves
better pay It Is the common school teachers
everywhere, who fender the state a service
of supreme but El Ue ..appreciated impor
tance. It will beVno credit to -the Ne
braskans If they, in their prosperity, close
their schools through reluctance to raise
salaries.
access la Life.
Ban Francisco Chronicle.
There are scores' of living men who might
be mentioned who Jtave attained to all that
goes to make up success as It is commonly
estimated. They have wealth, social and
political Influence and popularity; they have
everything that heart can wish, and yet the
man of the world of the average sort would
not tor a moment admit that their success
Is to be compared with that of the man who
has lost everything yet has served his coun
try as a patriot, has made the foundations
of the stato a little atronger, the life of the
common people a little sweeter and happier.
has given to hi family and his friends an
example of unspotted rectitude and In do
ing these things has missed personal ad
vancement and pleasure.
THE "TIDAL WAVE" SCARE.
Apparently Sensible. People Infla-
eaced fcy a Foolish Prophecy.
Philadelphia Press.
The fact that once a state of general ap
prehension Is created, through no matter
what silly Influences, sensible people will
yield to its meaningless menace is proved
once again In the matter of the Atlantlo
City tidal wave scare. ' While no one of the
thousands who took the scare seriously
would have been affected by It at first In
stance if they had heard Rev. Andrew Jones
uttering his absurdities on the street
corner, they were affected after the vague
prophecy of an Ignorant and foolish man
had been merged Into a general rumor of
Impending danger, originating one knew not
where.
Now that It Is all over the whole episode
Is a commentary on the curious, bait super
stitious attitude that so many otherwise
counted as well-informed and. well-educated
people maintain toward all natural phe
nomena. To them all the doings of nature
are profound mysteries.- And since the
mysterious has always in it more or less
of threat, more or less of that which is In
exorable and malignant, as well as Inex
plicable, they are fearful of phenomena that
are as orderly as the movement of the earth
on Its axis and beneficent In effept.
If, for Instance, tie mass of those leav
ing out the avowedly Ignorant who were of
the same race and color as the false prophet
who were apprehensive over the so-called
"tidal wave" had had the slightest Idea of
wave causation they would have had no oc
casion for fear, if they had known the
simplest facts as to the conditions favorable
to earthquake waves or the factors la the
making of storm waves that move outward
from some great storm center they would
have known what Incredible folly lay la the
alleged ability of an Itinerant religious
mountebank to predict a "tidal wave." But,
unfortunately, though our schools fuss over
nature studies to a marked degree, neither
the cider nor the younger generation has
the slightest grasp on nature In Its larger
aspects.
Our faulty education Is responsible, there-
tore, for whatever degree of Importance was
attached to the rumors of death and de
struction that took on so vital an aspect -to
so many people. Even the weather Is
taught , la some of our schools, but by
teachers who have no Idea of weather causa
tion and simply repeat old errors, while the
children, Idle away their time with kinder
garten exercises la the making of weather
records. - .
Nothing is apprehended of the broad prin
ciples of physics, nothing is understood eC
general tendencies; everything is knowa
smatterlngly. And, consequently, being but
little above
The poor Indian, whose untutored mind
Bees God la cloud end bears Ulna la the
Wind,
any Idiot barking at the creesroada U
listened te with mouth sgape.
Nebraska's Bumper Crop
New York
S'.x and seven years ago the biggest crop
that Nebraska Sould boast of was her
"anti-plutocracy" resolutions. Conditions
had been good for the sowing and the
cultivating, and the spring and summer
of 1896 found almost all classes of Ne
braska people' pelting the country at large
with platform anathemas against wealth
and banks and corporations and railroads
and everything In- sight that was known
to be a single dollar ahead of the game
and anxious to keep that dollar honest.
Nebraakans were poor, and they were for
the most part consumed with a burning
desire to punch the whole wide world as
being responsible for It.
Today you probably couldn't get an antl-money-power
or free silver resolution
through a Nebraska town meeting or any
political gathering there, or by any In
fluence persuade more than one Nebraska
farmer orator to rise up and denounce
things in general, ae was their wont. They
haven't the time much less the Inclina
tion. They are too busy getting rich
themselves. With only Inconsiderable
mineral resources and few manufactures,
Nebraska still baa broad and broadening
farms that are proving In the long run
to be better wealth producers than mines
or mills or steamships. The yield
of wheat and corn ta unpre
cedented this year. and the Ne
braska farmers are all overflowing with
WHO PAYS THE RAKE OPFf
Fancy Profits Gathered In by Trast
t'aderwrltera.
Chicago Chronicle.
Two recent dispatches from New Tork
show that there is money in some trusts
for some people.
One of them states that the members of
the underwriting syndicate for the United
States Steel corporation has received . a
third dividend of 6 per cent on the faoe
value of the $200,000,000 for which they are
liable.
The syndicate was called on to advance
only $25,000,000 of the $200,000,000 for which
It was liable. It has now received $30,000,
000 as compensation for assuming the lia
bility in addition to the cash which it ad
vanced. That Is to say. It has oleared 123
per cent on the cash actually advanced,
less a small sum In loss of Interest.
The other dispatch states tbat tire latest
underwriting syndicate formed by J: Pler
pont Morgan for the purpose of taking
over the Monon railroad for the Southern
railway and the Louisville ft Nashville has
received a profit of $302,300 without having
advanced a dollar.
That was clear profit, or compensation
for assuming a liability which Involved (no
outlay whatever.
For the enlightenment of tb uninitiated
In the mysteries of trust financing It may
be stated that an underwriting syndicate
for a trust Is a syndicate whlc-h undertakes
to supply a certain amount of cash If It is
found to be necessary fur luo put yuan ui
"taking over" the plants of the constituent
concerns.
In the process of forming a combine
some of the concerns which are wanted or
some of the stockholders in some or all of
them may decline to take the stock or
bonds of the proposed corporation and de
mand payment In cash. - To provide the
cash which is supposed to be necessary to
meet these' demands a syndicate is organ
ized. This syndicate is promleed liberal com
pensation In cash an agreed percentage
of the sum which It undertakes to ad-'
Yanoe, even though the deal may be car
ried through without Its having- to ad
vanoe a dollar.
In addition to this cash compensation It
receives stock of the combine In some
agreed proportion to. the sum underwrit
ten, all of which Is "velvet."
As appears from the dispatches above
mentioned. In some cases the underwriting
syndicate has to advance only a small part
and in other cases none at all of the sum
underwritten, while the compensation Is
the same as If It had advanced the entire
sum. It will be seen that the profits may
be enormous and out of all proportion to
the capital actually advanced.
On the other hand, in some instances the
underwriters have to advance every dollar
and never get anything out but unmarket
able stocks and bonds.
It is proper, of course, that compensa
tion should be In some proportion to the
risk, but it would seem that Mr. Morgan's
syndicates do not take very great risks,
while they rake In very handsome profits.
Who pays?
political Drift.
West Virginia has the highest proportion
of native-born voters of American par
entage and Wisconsin the lowest.
When W. C. Whitney remarked that the
democracy was without a real leader he
must have forgotten the old reliable Adlai
E. Stevenson.
President Roosevelt alarmed the supersti
tious among his friends by making the
thirteenth person at table at Oyster Bay.
While others of the party exhibited much
concern the president treated the matter
with Indifference.
The democrats of Pennsylvania In their
support of Robert E. Pattlaon for governor
are devoting great attention to the Issue
of electoral reform, so-called, the adoption
of which "Is expeoted to do away with frauds
la balloting In Pennsylvania and thus bring
about a political revolution the state.
They depend much upon an expression of
popular interest In this issue.
, There la a plaintive note In Henry Wat
terson'a words retiring from the race for
the nomination for governor. "Sometimes
I have declared," he says, "that I would
like the people to write 'governor of Ken
tucky' on my tombstone. But I should 111
rest la my grave It there were the sus
picion of a stain upon a letter of that hon
orable epitaph." Meanwhile the aballow
pated are overwhelmed with Joy.
New Jersey, small in area, gets ae large
an Increase In representation under the new
congTCBS apportionment ae Pennsylvania;
twice as much as Massachusetts or Con
necticut and proportionately more than
either New Tork or Illinois. The large la
crease la its population consequent upon
the great development of Its Industries ac
counts for a gala which Is not evenly dis
tributed among the several divisions of the
state.
South Carolina elects a governor this year
and for the democratic nomination there are
three candidates: James H. Tillman, now
lieutenant governor aad a nephew of Sena
tor Tillman; Representative Talbert, a
confederate veteran and former superin
tendent of the State penitentiary, and
Captain Heyward. Democratlo nominations
in South Carolina are decided at party
primaries and are ratified by the voters
at the polls at the regular election.
The democrats of Michigan at their De
troit convention put up a gold democrat for
governor and there baa been some threat of
p-'.ltlcal reprisals by the silver democrats.
It la a some what curious fact tbat although
the voters of Michigan have been, unlike
the voters of Wisconsin, frequently partial
to soft money or free sliver, the populist
party in Michigan nsver gained any Im
portant foothold aad Michigan has bees
unswerving la Its support of the republican
Commercial.
good nature and optimism. From framefs
of resolutions aad populist orators they are
turned Jokeemlths and money lenders If
they ran find anybody to borrow their
surplus cash. They are all dangerously
near the- plutocracy line. Lots et farmers
have 15.000, $ 10,000 or $28,000 wheat crops;
there are reports of several $40,000 and
$50,000 yields; and as to corn, all the known
adjectives out there are powerless to ade
quately describe the crop.
The Nebraska editor ao longer "de
nounces." He laughs end even tells a
harmless whopper or two now and then. A
newspaper In Dawson county soberly dis
cusses the feasibility of utilising the corn
stalks to replace the rotting poles of the
local Independent telephone company. An
other country sheet jnslsts that the corn
cobs will go to waste this year because
tbey are too big to use In the ordinary
furnaces, fend the small number of sawmills
la the state prevents any other use et
them, unleRS the railroad companies will
employ them for ties.
And so It goes. Big crops In Nebraska
and big prices! That combination can't
come every year, of course. But the Ne
traskans are being given an opportunity
to reflect that It doesn't pay to .fight the
benevolent system of government under
which they live whenever prosperity doesn't
happen to he quite so overwhelming as at
present.
OTHER LAXDg THAW OVRS.
As to the actual comparative efficiency of
the British fleet In action there Is room for
Wide differences of opinion. The fact that
with the officers who fought at Trafalgar,
almost 100 years ago, there died all prac
tical experience In real sea fighting cannot
be cited to the disadvantage of Britain's
navy as compared with the navies of
France, Germany or Russia, since no great
European power has engaged In a serious
conflict at sea since the Napoleonlo wars.
All the powers ' except the United States
and Japan, which are not likely to be Eng
land's foes, are deeUUite of officers who have
experienced the Shock of battle at sea.
Hence' there Is no reason to suppose that
British captains and admirals, man for man,,
would acquit themselves less creditably
than their European opponents. In the
British navy, moreover, there exists a body
of fighting traditions which must be reck
oned high as an asset of marine warfare.
Unless British officers have wofully degen
erated, they are steeped In those principles
of the Initiative which Nelson so dasxlingly
exemplified, and which, other things being
equal, would place a British fleet at the
outset on the way to victory. The Ger
mans have no salt sea traditions; their
naval history Is a blank. The French have
traditions, but, unhappily, the traditions
grown- up since the time of Tourvllle are
those of nerveless Inefficiency and defeat.
In the course of few hours the House
of Common a the other dar gave formal
sanction to ' expenditures amounting to
$150,000,000. The legislative machine In
Great Britain has manifestly broken down
6XMer the weight of business. Nominally
every Item of expenditure can be discussed
in committee of the whole (er committee of
supply, as they cay in England); In fact,
only one Item in a hundred is subjected to
adequate criticism. By way of remedy It
has been suggested tbat some of the powers
of the House be delegated to subordinate
bodies; but this would lead to what the
unionist majority In Parliament affects to
call "disunion." An alternative suggestion!
im mo oeiegation. 10 appropriate committees
of the consideration of various xlasses of
supply bills. The adoption of either method
would mean the Americanization of the
methods of the British Parliament, and our
transatlantic cousins. may have to resort to
both the congressional committee system
and the devolution of local legislation upon
English, Scotch and Irish local legislatures.
Parliament can no longer deal effectively
with both Imperial and parochial affairs.
.
There Is not a promising outlook for the
plans to induce the settlement of farmers
on the agricultural lands of the Vaal and
Orange River colonies. The great draw,
back Is the aridity of the climate of the
South African plateau. Irrigation is a pre
requisite of success In farming on the un-pre-empted
landf even cattle raising can be
conducted only on a scale limited by the
shortage of surface water In the dry sea
son. Irrigation Is expensive and can be re
sorted to by individual cultivators only un
der exceptionally favorable circumstances.
Isolated farmers uannbt construct the costly
works required for the Impounding and dis
tribution of flood water. The amount of
governmental assistance that would be
needed by eettlers la the new colonies
would be prodigious, and as long as there
are wheat lands In the Canadian northwest
to be had practically free of cost the tide
of emigration will be unlikely to set in for
the Cape. Lord Kitchener's prophecy of a
new America In South Africa must remain
long unfulfilled, If It shall ever be realised.
The surprising defeat of a conservative
member of Parliament for the south' divi
sion of Belfast In a by-election Is another
Indication tbat the Balfour ministry cannot
count with confidence on a normal majority
cf 140 In the future. The North Leeds de
feat was a warning; the' desertion of the
unionist standard In a unionist stronghold
like Belfast Is a severe blow. The former
unionist member had twice received plu
ralities of 2,600 and had been three times
returned unopposed, while Thomas ' Sloan,
the present member-elect, secured a ma
jority of 82 votes. The dispatches assert
that the election, has no bearing on the
home rule question, but the defeat ot the
unionist candidate wis due to dissatisfac
tion with the government's, land policy.
When strong unionist districts like Ulster
revolt at the unsatisfactory handling of the
land question, it must appear conclusive
that the only possible solution of the Irish
question will consist, not In the revival of
the crimes act or Other forms of repression,
but In a Just aad reasonable treatment of
the relations of landlord and tenant, which
la the basis of centuries ot discontent and
agitation.
In connection with Russia's attitude upon
the baet sugar bounty question it Is Inter
esting to observe that with the single ex
ception of Denmark, .whose Industry Is too
small to count materially, Russia Is the
only European country that Is this year in
creasing Its acreage of sugar beets, all the
others having materially decreased theirs.
Russia now has a much larger sugar beet
acreage than any other country la the
world, though, owing to her poor soli, primi
tive methods and general inferiority, her
production ot sugar is much smaller than
that ot either Germany or France, and
probably smaller . than that ot Austria.
While Germany gets nearly two tons of
sugir from an acre, Russia gets only three
fourths et a ton. -
' Giving Pelaters to a Dtltt,
Chicago Chronicle.
We read that last Tuesday Duke Boris
played poker and visited Dr. Kaiser. Prob
ably there Is no connection between the two
circumstances, yet It would be Just as well
to have them "segregated" especially as
his royal highness was separated from quite
a few rubles at the American national
taaie -
AMAEINO AGniCVLTinAL rnOGRKM
Dlaieaslone of the Mala Pillar of
Aaaerleaa Prosperity.
New Tor World.
Agriculture being the main pillar ot
American prosperity the census survey of
the nation's farms Jutt published Is ot un
usual Interest.
From Its final footings we learn that the
total value of farm property Id the United
States in 1900 was $20,500,000,000; that the
total value of their products, including
crops, animals, poultry, eggs, dairy articles
and everything, for the preceding year (1899)
waa $4,739,118,762, and the "gross tnoome on
Investment" In farming for the whole coun
try was 18.3 per cent.
Analysis snd comparlcon of these huge
totals are necessary to make them In
structive. The number of farms In 1900 was
four times a many as id 1S50 and one
fourth larger than In 1990. Their total
value was five times as great tn 1900 as In
1850 and 28.4 per cent greater than in 1890.
The total value of their products was very
nearly doubled in the one decade from 1890
to 1900. No suck amaslng agricultural
progress has ever taken place before In the
world's history.
Nearly all this Immense Increase in agri
cultural values has taken place in the
north central and south central groups of
states. In the north Atlantlo division, com
prising New York, New England. New
Jersey and Pennsylvania, the total value ot
farm property decreased nearly, $20,000,000
in the last decade. The seven leading sgrl
cultural states are, beginning at the west,
Missouri, Iowa, Illinois,. Indiana, Ohio,
Pennsylvania and New Tork; and Abraham)
Lincoln's state leads the anion in the value
of Its farm property at $2,004,118,897, hut
Iowa Is a little ahead of all other state In
the total yearly value of Us farm products,
which Is $365,000,000 or $10,000,000 more than
Illinois.
New Tork Is not quite the Empire state la
agriculture, but in the total value of Its
farm property and its annual farm products
it leads all other states save three only
Illinois, Iowa and Ohio and Ohio and New
York are so nearly even tbat they almoet
tie each other for third place.
DEMAND EXCEEDS Bt'PPLY.
Why the Price of Meat Mar Contlnae
' ' ' ' ' ' Utah.
John Gilmer Speed In Success.
There is another important element that
seems to indicate that the price of meat
will oontinue to be higher for a long time
there Is a falling off In the production ot
rattle. In the United States, on January 1,
1900, the oxen and other cattle numbered
27,610,064. At a corresponding time, four
years earlier, the oxen and other cattle
numbered 82,084,409.' There is a falling off
of something like 14H per cent,' during a
period when the population increased some
thing like 10 per cent Here are conditions
which were not brought Into existence by
the beet trust, nor yet by the predecessors
ot the beef trust.
Is the beef trust preparing to take ad
Vantage of these conditions T That seems
very likely, for the men who have combined
to form this trust have waited until now
to do It, waited until a time when the
eyes of the whole toountry are turned upon
them to form a combination nu.e Intimately
connected with the life and the happiness
of the people than any of the other great
enterprises the steel, the sugar 'and the
oil trusts,, for instance. Ib their purpose
sinister? That can hardly be, unless It Is '
sinister to employ, large aggregations ot
capital In a large way; for, after all, the
only security that the futufe holds out to
them is good service to the poople. The
people are Just.bagianing.la look-into-lals
matter of trusts. They will understand
them very thoroughly . before' discussion
ceases," and, If they are baneful in their
Influence, ways will be found to curtail
their power. Besides, beef cattle and other
animals can be raised and killed In the
old way In the older parts of the country.
But meat .Is likely to be high, If not as
high as at present, until the production
and the demand are in more harmonious
aocord.
FLASHES OF FUN.
Atlanta Constitution: "What de reason
Br'er Williams shet bta eye Wen de col
lection basket gwne roun'?"
"He say de slngln' do him so much good
dat he 'bleeie ter fall asleep en dream er
heaven 1"
Judge: . "Gentlemen," said the new sena
tor from the oil country. "I have not pre
pared a speech, I do not consider It nec
essary. I have $20,000,000."
After a long, long time the hearers as
similated the thought that money talks.
'Philadelphia Presst Mr. -Ferguson You
want to know what good my vacation did
me, do you? It gave me a season of rest.
It oiled up the hinges of my mind.
Mrs. Ferguson I don't' believe It. You
snore a good deal louder than you did be
fore you went away.
Chicago Tribune: Girl with the Gibson
Girl Neck And . you've been to prayer
meeting? That must have seemed strantre,
after being three weeks at a summer re
sort. -
Girl with the Julia Marlowe Dimple No;
It reminded me very much of the summer
resort. There were no men there.
Philadelphia Press: "Some of these
people," protested the telephone girl,
"would try the patience of a saint."
"And do you consider yourself a saint?"
"Well, I always bavo a 'hello around 1
my head." - ' .
Chicago Trlbune:"I am much Impressed
with tho peculiar geological formation of
this country," observed the foreigner who
had had financial dealings with the gov
ernment. "Its geological formation?" said the na
tive. ,
"Yes; you have to dig through so much
red tape to get at it rocks.
Washington Btar: "Don't you sometimes
long for your childhood's happy days?" said
the sentimental peraon.
"Yes," ' answered Mies Cayenne, "there
are times when I would enjoy hanging on
the fence and rnaaing races at people 1
don't like,, Inateud of having to aay, 'How
do you do, dear? Bo glad to see you I' "
Puck: Clementine I wrote mamma that
you had taken me out behind your $6,000
horse.
Kuiene He Is valued at 1S00.
Clementine Well. It doesn't coat anything
to give dear mamma that additional $4,uv
worth OI pleasure. .
Philadelphia Press: The Chinaman had
refused to give up the waahlng.
"But." said the man who had called for
It, "this Is the right check, ain't It?''
"Check all light," answered the China
man, blowlna- a mouthful of sorav ever the.
towels he was ironing. "Man all long.i
Check says 'ugly little man.' 'You ugly big
man.
THE MYSTERY.
Brooklyn Life. -
"Oh, a half a yard of dark-blue aerge
And a couple of spools of braid.
And a spool of thread,
That's all," she aald.
"Are you euro the goods won't fadef
"Will It stand the rlaA of the aummer e
And the salt of the summer sea?
And It mustn't shrlr.k.
For, Mercyl think
What a dreadful thing 'twould be!"
I gased upon her fair sweet face
And her gown of faultless fit)
And I wondered why
She came to buy.
And what she could make of It
The months rolled on and we met agait I
On the shore of the aummer sea.
Chs was Jue! e fal':
And her costume rare
A little too rare Ah. met
'Twae a half-yard of dark blue serge
And a couple of spools of braid.
And a apool of thread ;
"Ye godsl" I said:
" Twaa a bathing suit she mad!"