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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 26, 1902)
TOE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1002.
The omaiia Daily Bee
B. R08EV7ATER, EDITOR.
rUBUSHED EVERT MORNING.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Stats of Nebraska, Douglas Couaty, as.:
Oeorge B. TmcnuiSt. secretary of in. Be
Fubtisning Company, being ouly ,worn,
say, thai the actual number ok full and
complete copies of Tbs Dally, Morning,
Evening and Hunuay Be, printed during
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!i iin la 2U.44IO
,.. ...... !H1 lull
' t .29,610
tt ,. .29,540
Less unsold and returned copies.... 0.OO2
Net total sales 879,009
Net dally average 29318
GEO. B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presenco and sworn to
before me tills tdta day of June, A. D., IDOL
, (Seat) M. B. H UNGATE,
' Notary Public.
i Are not these dally rehearsals of the
coronation procession likely to wear the
newness out of the performance?
Like the candidate for office, the pro
fessional prize fighter Is always confl
uent of winning up to the very eve of
The Bee will be pleased to .welcome
President Burt of the Union Foclflc Into
the editorial profession as soon as he
launches his promised paper.
Now that the drouth In Texas has been
(broken we may expect the Texans to go
back to raising the same old brand
which has made them famous.
A messenger boys' strike has stag
nated the business of the telegraph com
panies at Chicago. The Imitative bump
is well developed In the American youth.
It Is only fair to assume that when
Oyster Bay was given its name the
founders had no idea that it would ever
become even the temporary abiding
. plac of a president
v The announcement has been made
that a truce has been patched up be
tween ex-Senator Allen and Edgar How
ard. The shade of Jefferson may now
rest In quiet during Its summer vaca
tion. Our Dave pretends to be still waiting
for his committee to tell blm what to
do, while the committee cannot move
until our nonresident congressman gives
the word. The deadlock between Mr.
Mercer and his committee Is certainly
wonderful to behold.
Another revision of the railway map
of this section of the country by absorp
tion and merger Is predicted. The rail
way revolution baa only taken a start,
and not even those most familiar with
the situation are willing to hazard opin
ions as to where It will stop.
Mr. Bryan's Intimation In his Boston
speech that there Is room In this coun
try for only two permanent national po
litical parties must be discouraging to
the populist allies unless they can de
lude themselves Into the belief that the
populist party Is to be the permanent
party and the democratic party soon to
vanish from the earth.
The grand assessment roll for Ne
braska, as complied by the State Board
of Equalization, shows an Increase in
assessed valuation of more than $3.000,.
000. The assessments of the railroad
property, however, do not contribute to
tbu increase. But the railroad tax
bureau keeps right on trying to persuade
the people that the railroads of Ne
braska are overtaxed. ,
' Of the $3,000,000 added to the assessed
property valuations In Nebraska subject
to taxation for 1002 as com Dared with
1001, $3,000,000 comes from Pouglaa
county, and Douglas county will pay
nearly a seventh of the entire taxes
'raised by the state. Yet when Douela
county appears before the legislature
with any measure that relates exclu
sively r even chiefly to its Interests
it will be treated as if it were a foreign
Colonel Bryan now divides the demo
crats who refused to follow his leader
hip In 181)0 luto two classes those who
bolted out of Ignorance and those who
bolted kuowlugly. The Ignorant voters
he would like to welcome back on con
dition that they acknowledge their In
feriority, wbil on the other hand be
wll) bolt the door against the intelligent
voters who knew what they were doing
.when they bolted. If this logic does not
prodaos) the much-desired democratic
Jiarcjgnj what will!
BCsiXKts inert on thk folic hoard.
The Massachusetts editor of the de
funct Omnha Republican made himself
famous by prefacing his sugnr-contod
sawdust pie editorials with the declara
tion, "and we desire It distinctly under
stood that we do not wish to be under
stood." That Is precisely the present
position of the World Herald, which de
sires It distinctly understood flint It Is
for home rule In the government of the
police, but rejoices over the 'decision
which takes away borne rule from
Omaha and transfers the government
of the Are and police to the state house
at Lincoln. When the air Is cleared of
the sawdust and sand and the true In
wardness of the movement for another
change of police boards is disclosed, the
business men of Omaha will discover
that they have been imposed oa by
schemers who have no other object In
view than to use the police commission
to promote their ends In politics.
The original object .of the creation of
a lire and police board appointed by the
governor was to make a strictly non
partisan body free from local partisan
influences that would divorce the fire
and police departments altogether from
politics. The first board appointed by
Governor Thayer chosen from among
his personal friends was so intended to
be. The board consisted of Chris nart-
man, L. M. Bennett, George Gilbert 'and
Howard B. Smith, two nonpartisan
democrats and two strictly nonpartisan
republicans. The board sought to keep
out of politics, but In spite of all its ef
forts was accused by the opposition
press with being In politics.
When Mr. Bennett dropped out Wil
liam Coburn was substituted, but that
did not seem to make the board less
offensive. When James E. Boyd became
governor the democratic organ raised
the howl of politics and insisted upon a
change. In response to this clamor
Governor Boyd tried to displace Chris
Hartman by Con Gallagher, a non
partisan business man whose principal
business was politics, and to oust two
of the other members will his own
favorites. Governor Boyd's nonpartisan
board failed to connect, however, by
reason of supreme court Interference,
which was denounced by the World
Herald as the most rank exhibition of
Two years later Governor Crounse in
jected Attorney V. O. Strickler luto the
board in place of Mr. Gilbert. This ap
pointment was made expressly for the
benefit of the World-Herald, which then,
as now, pretended to be In favor of bus
iness' men on the board.
Governor Holcomb's appointees to the
police board were Charles 11. Brown and
D. Clem Deaver, to serve with Strickler
and Smith. This board was eventually
ousted by special legislation that trans
ferred the appointing power from the
populist governor to the republican land
commissioner and attorney general.
Their successors, the Churchill-Russell
board, were business men out of politics
who were always active iu politics.
namely, W. J. Broatch, A. C. Toster and
Pflul Vandervoort. This trio, although
decidedly in politics, appeared to be em
inently satisfactory to the World-Hqiald
ond Its political backers, and they found
no fault when Broatch was succeeded
by another business man out of politics
In the person of . Captain II.- E: Palmer,
6V when, a year later, P. 1 W,' Birkhauser
took the place of Vandervoort.
When these nonpartisan business men
were displaced during Governor Hol
comb's second term . by such business
men as Lee Herdmau, Dr. J. U. Pea-
body, Attorney D. D. Gregory and W. C.
Bullard the change brought on no re
sentment from the nonpartisan organ.
The Herdman board succumbed to the
home rule decision originally rendered
by Judge C. B. Scott and confirmed by
the supreme court, placing the appoint
ing power in the bands of the mayor
The only really offensive partisan
board, then, is that appointed by Mayor
Moores, constituted in the first Instance
of the late Charles J. Karbach, Dr. V.
II. Coffman, M. IL Collins and P. W.
Birkhauser, who bad also been a mem
ber of a former board. In what respect
Dr. Coffman differed from Dr. Peabody
from the standpoint of business or poli
tics and how far Mr. Karbach differed
from Captain Talmer or Mr. Collins
from Lee Herdman as political factors
will scarcely be discernible to anybody.
The present police board, including,
besides Mr. Collins, F. A. Kennedy,
George A. Mead and P. C. Ileafey, cer
tainly has as good business standing
outside of politics as any of its preae
cessors. The objection to It is not that
its members do not belong to the Com
merclal club or associate with ojther
business men, but because they have not
ground political grist opon the popo
cratlc mill. They have offended not by
what they hove done politically, but
what they have failed to do. The fire
and police departments of Omaha are
surely as well administered today as
they were under the two Gallaghers.
The board and the departments under it
certainly Jiave not been as perniciously
active in politics under home rule as
they had been under the model business
man's boards made up of Broatch,
Palmer, Herdman, Vandervoort and
Foster, when everything went "Just
lovely" in the eyes of the sham reform
organ. Order Is well maintained, prop
erty is secure from destruction by tire,
Internal dissension baa been banished
from fire and police forces. The World
Herald Is clamoring frantically for a
change simply because It expects to reap
a political advantage.
TBK FAKAUA XKUVJtATlOSS.
The treaty between the United State
and Colombia' la regard to the canal
will probably not be signed before Hep
teiuber and perhaps later. The delicate
question respecting sovereignty over the
territory to bo ceded for the canal is
still to be determined and may con
sume some time. In the meanwhile the
American officials will go to Paris to
look Into the various legal questions
connected with the transfer of the ia
nal property to tie United States. The
counsel to tha. Panama, coieptm is sew-
on his wsy to Taris to assist In the In
vestigation of the matter of title and
he hns expressed no doubt that the re
sult will be entirely satisfactory to our
government, an opinion acquiesced In
by some of the ablest lawyers In con
gress. Tlio question will undoubtedly
be speedily settled after the American
officials get to Paris and with this dis
posed of in the way expected an agree
ment with the Colombian government
will promptly follow.
It appears that Nicaragua and Costa
Rica are still hopeful of some hitch in
the negotiations that will give them a
chance. The ministers of those coun
tries at Washington profess to believe
that the United States will not be able
to make satisfactory arrangements for
the construction of a canal at Panama
and will therefore in the end revert to
the Nicaragua route. This Is of course
possible, but as now appears not at all
THE DK MOCHA TIC "HA B M OA T" MEET IRQ
The meeting at Nantaskct under the
auspices of the New England Demo
cratic league, with a view to promoting
party harmony, contributed nothing to
the attainment of that object, if in
deed it shall not have the effect to ag
gravate democratic discord and division.
The conciliatory talk of Edward M.
Shepard of New York was neutralized
by the utterances of W. J. Bryan. The
former would have the differences of
the past forgotten and all democrats
united on the questions of the present
Mr. Bryan declines to forget the past
and he refuses to harmonize with those
democrats who did not accept the Chicago-Kansas
City platform and support
him. He still believes that the doc
trines upon which he made his two
presidential campaigns are the true
principles of democracy and be proposes
to adhere to them.
Mr. Bryan divides into two classes the
men who did not support him in 1800
those who understood the issue pre
sented and those who did not under
stand the real nature of the contest
Of the former be declared that until
they "are completely changed in their
sympathies they cannot return to the
party without Injuring it" The refer-''
ence Is to that large body of democrats,
Including the ablest men in the party,
who rejected the free silver heresy and
who still believe in sound money. This
element Mr. Bryan proposes shall not
be recognized as democrats and shall
not be permitted to have anything to
say In regard to democratic principles
and policies unless they repudiate what
they did six years ago and confess they
were wrong In not supporting Bryanlsm.
The inference is that If they are ad
mitted to the councils of the party Mr.
Bryan will refuse to associate with
Thus democratic "harmony" has been
given another slap and it remains to
be seen what the effect will be. Be
yond this the speech of Mr. Bryan at
Nantasket Is inconsequential. He said
nothing that ho had not uttered many
times before. The country has been
long familiar with his demagogic class
appeals and they can exert no Influence
now upon the intelligent stnd discern
ing. They had some potency when the
country was under a pall of industrial
and commercial depression and millions
of people were idle, but they carry no
weight now when prosperity abounds
and the demand for labor In portions
of the country Is in excess of the sup
ply. When the people are in distress.
as they were a few years ago under the
operation of democratic policy, theJ
demagogue has his opportunity, but his
voice is not heeded when all the peo
ple are prosperous, . The opinions, the
doctrines and the predictions of W. J.
Bryan during the past six years have
been utterly discredited by events. No
Dolltlclan in our history was ever more
completely wrong than bo has been. IWs
latest deliverance shows that he has not
gained in wisdom and therefore has not
Improved bis claim to popular con
fidence. CUBA IS THAAQCIU
According to trustworthy advices
there is no substantial foundation for
the reports of possible disturbances in
Cuba. Havana correspondents say that
the Cubans realize that the eyes of the
world are upon them as well as the
United States and their pride is at stake.
They know that the life or death of
the republic depends upon their behav
ing themselves and they are determined
to conduct themselves aright The most
radical leaders, it is stated, Impress this
upon the people, and it is safe to say
that their counsel will prevail, for they
bave a pride in their republic and are
determined to give it a fair trial
It appears that there is a bitter feel
ing on the part of the anti-annexation-ists
toward the annexationists, but It
is not likely to lead to any serious
trouble, because there is an impression
that if any grave disturbance should
occur in the island, anything threaten
ing a revolution, the United States
would at once interpose and perhaps
take permanent control of the island.
Doubtless our government would offer
the Cuban government assistance If it
should appear necessary to preserve
peace and order In Cuba, but only In
the event of the inability of the Cuban
authorities to pat down an uprising
would the Un.ed States intervene.
Meanwhile affairs in the new republic
seem to be moving along without any
great difficulty. The financial situation
Is not quite satisfactory and the gov
eminent is not getting as much revenue
aa could be desired, which prevents pub
lic improvements that would give em
ployment to the people and better the
situation. Yet less complaint is heard.
the people as a whole seem to be fairly
well contented and there is a very gen
eral disposition to keep the flag of tho
The Lincoln Journal persists that the
recent refunding of the Douglas county
bonds which had five years to run at
0 per cent into twenty-year bonds at
8 per cent unloaded by the bond brok
rs oa Ux tut school fund on a 8 par
cent basis, Is a good bargain. There Is
no question whatever but that it is a
good bargain for the bond brokers and
the bond holders, but the taxpayers of
Douglas county, who will be losers by
at least $14,000 by the transaction, fall
to see where It Is a good bargain for
them. So far as the Investment of the
school fund Is concerned. It Is neither a
good bargain nor a bad bargain, because
the school fund could have had tho
bonds af the same terms by direct pur
chase any time they might have been
refunded by the county. In the interval
the complication over the release of the
old bonds and the delivery of the new
ones threatens to make It a still worse
bargain for Douglas county taxpayers.
To appreciate the nonpartisan charac
ter of the movement for a new police
board made up exclusively of business
men out of politics one need only look
behind the litigation that has brought
out the latest police commission de
cision. The suit was first Instituted os
tensibly to shield Fire Chief Bedell, for
whom that notoriously nonpartisan bus
iness man. Captain II. E. Palmer, stood
as bead sponsor. This suit led to the
petition for a writ of mandamus against
the governor, applied for In the name
of that nonpartisan business man. At
torney C. C. Wright for whom those
twin apostles of duplex partisanship,
Frank Ransom and W. F. Gurley, ap
peared as special pleaders. But of
course there was no politics In It
Tho story about the national organiza
tion of millers planning to Invade the
congressional district of Speaker Hen
derson for the purpose of defeating the
speaker in retaliation for his opposition
to a measure In which they were in
terested Is denied as only another po
litical fake. The millers unquestion
ably have a right to support or oppose
any candidates they see fit but we may
be sure that their fealty to the repub
lican policy of protection will keep them
from going over in a body to the de
mocracy, or to democratic candidates.
They know they could not help them
selves by electing free trade democrats
When President Burt starts his paper
to drive the existing newspapers out of
Omaha he will find that running a
newspoper is very different from run
ning a railroad.
Wbat Has Become of Adlatf
It is observed that the Hon. Adlal Stev
enson refrains from mingling In the demo
New Designation for the "Peerless."
It is Impossible tor Mr. Bryan to travel
without leaving a trail ot vociferation in
his resr. He Is the human sprinkling cart.
Which Coat, Is the Rah.
St Paul Dispatch.
. "Every democrat should take off his coat
and get to work to elect democratic con
gressmen," says .an organ ot that party.
But which coat? The Bryan coat or the
Morals of the Uragg Incident.
One moral of the General Bragg incident
Is that a public man should not write pri
vate letters. Another moral is that a busi
ness man Is a better selection for the posi
tion of consul general at a port with which
we have large dealings than a veteran of
war and politics, of peppery temper and
but little acquainted with commerce.
Americans Ahead In South Africa.
The trade commission sent out from
England to inquire Into the beet methods
of pushing British trade In South Africs
was disgusted to And a number of restless
Americans already Installed there and
pushing business without watting for any
commission to Instruct them. They had
chosen their own methods, and the com
mission was obliged to report that they
were meeting with the same success in
South Africa aa In tb rest of the world.
Under the circumstances. It would seem
that the best recommendation the com
mission could make to its constituents
would be to study the methods of the
Americans and follow them as closely as
PERSONAL. AND GENERAL.
The school board of Newport, R. I., has
elected a colored woman aa teacher In the
public schools. She is the first negress
to be so honored In the New England states.
A wonderful beard Is worn by Jean Co-
non of Montlucon, France. It Is 10 feet
10W Inches in length and nearly 5 feet ot
it, when he stands erect, rests on the floor.
The ends ot bis mustache bang below his
Senator Depew Is said to be consulting
several famous Parisian physicians with a
view to his son's studying for the medical
profession. The young man will probably
be given a private laboratory In the Pas
The king of Italy la a great eater of
sweet cakes and fancy bread ot every de
scription and his cook has a reputation for
bis confections. The king rarely touches
wine, his chief table drink being two Aus
trian mineral waters.
The total emigration of Sweden to Amer
ica during the last fifty years has exceeded
150,000. while about 150,000 Swedes have
gone to other countries. Of the emigrants
to the United Slates only I per cent have
returned to their native country.
The latest reports of ths British regis
trar general shows that the natural Increase
in population in the United Kingdom during
the three months ended in March 11 laat
was 95.011. ,The dea'.b rate during that
quarter was 18.1 per 1,000, and the birth
rate li t
Ras Makennon, the Abyssinian general
who has been visiting Paris, surprised the
French people by his lmperturballty. The
magnificence of a military display at Long
champs did not move htm to enthusiasm
and he almost yawned at the fireworks dis
played la his honor. He found ths weather
depressing and, altogether, seemed to
vote the entire place a bore.
Charles de Lesseps, son ot the late Fer
dlnand de Lessep, the projector of the
French Panama Canal company, expresses
the opinion that the United States will be
able to complete the enterprise within six
years. He gives the amount expended. by
the French company on the work as $2SZ
000,000. All its rights are to be acquired
by the United Elates for 140,000.000.
Michael i. hennessy of Wvikiitcr, M:s .
baa allowed twenty-one pieces of akla to
be cut from his legs to be grafted upon
tnoae ot Francis Earl, an 1-year-old boy
who was recently badly burned and Is now
undergoing treatment la the West Penn
sylvania hospital, PkUburg. Hennessy
was taken to the hospital for wounds r.
celved la a railway acoident and became
iniarattei ia tha taa ot arL
A REMAHKABLD IND19TRY.
mechanical Appliances for Cultivating
Tbs extent to which machinery Is applied
to agricultural operations in the United
Slates la one of the wonders of the time. A
complete revolution In farming methods has
taken place wltbln a lifetime In much lees
than an average lifetime in many direc
tionsowing to the introduction of the in
genious devices which have supplanted the
primitive tools with which the husbandman
gathered his crops and prepared thera for
market The manufacture of agricultural
implements baa long since become a great
American industry, furnishing an Important
contribution to our export trade,, while it
remains, and Is likely to remain, in execu
tive possession of the home market For a
decade the paltry sum ot $108 represented,
so far as the treasury reports show, tbe
value of the agricultural machinery im
ported Into the United States from 1891 to
1900, inclusive. The menu I activity and In
genuity exerted in the Invention of agri
cultural appliances Is Indicated by the cen
sus statement that 42.674 patents have been
Issued for various devices from the organi
sation ot the patent office to January 1, 1902.
The value of the agricultural machinery
manufactured and sold for home us In a
single year (1900) was 185.101,279.
The special census report on agricultural
Implements for 1900 says that before 1850
the manufacture of said implement was
little more than a hand trade, and In no
sense a factory Industry In the modern
cense. The Industry before that year was
conducted, for the most part, in small shops,
and the output was sold in the Immediate
neighborhood. There were many more es
tablishments in operation in 1830 (1,833)
than In 1900 (T17). The development of the
industry is best exhibited by tbe Increased
capital invested. In 1850 it was $3,564,282;
In 1900, $157,707,951.
The special census report graphically il
lustrates the time and labor-saving value of
agricultural machines In practical opera
tion on the farms. Contrasting conditions
In 1830 with those of 1896, the report says
that the amount of human labor now re
quired to produce a bushel of wheat Is on
an average ten minutes. In 1830 the time
required was three hours and three min
utes. The cost of the human labor required
to produce a bushel of wheat fell in the
sixty-six years' interval from 17 cents to
3H cents. Similarly striking examples are
given with respect to corn cultivation and
hay making. Taking tbe country over, "In
the case of the crop of corn the money mea
sure of the saving of human labor required
to produce it in 1899, in the most available
economic manner, was $523,276,642; wheat,
$79,194,867; oats. $52,866,200; rye, $1,408,950;
barley, $7,323,480; white potatoes, $7,866,820;
"The total saving in tho coBt of human
labor for these seven crops In 1899, owing
to the possible utilization of the Implements,
machines and methods of the present time,
in place of the old-time manner of produc
tion, reaches the stupendous amount of
$681,471,827 for this one year."
The development of agricultural ma
chinery is not complete. Tbe probable use
of the automobile In farm operations Is one
of the Interesting predictions made by the
census report which closes with this ob
servation: "It seems safe to predict, in view ot the
development of the automobile, that within
the next decade the feature of modern In
vention will have found an additional ap
plication ss a motive force In connection
with agricultural Implements of tillage,
planting and harvesting."
Philosophies nomination on the Good
Crops Always Following Disaster.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
One of the strange things about agri
culture In Nebraska is the fact that, while
the crops are ruined there many times
every growing .season, the harvests are
almost invariably bountiful.'
This statement of course will call to
mind the somewhat similar conditions
which prevail annually throughout the
peach district of Michigan. However, there
is a difference. The Michigan peach crop
Is ruined ss a rule by a late frost, and
only once every spring, whereas the Ne
braska corn, wheat, oat, rye and barley
crops are ruined frequently every summer
by drouth, floods, hot winds and hall
Travelers through the parts of Nebraska
which have been desolated most frequently
are surprised to find them thickly inhabited
by a happy and prosperous people. In
those counties where the drouths, floods,
hot winds and bail storms lay waste thou
sands of acres of growing grain every sea
son may he seen from a railway car window
handsome farm houses, fine barns, fields of
golden corn, herds of fat cattle and other
evidences of the bounteous blessings which
nature bestows upon aa Industrious people.
Nobody but a complete stranger to the
way of Nebraska, however, will permit this
apparent contradiction to trouble htm. The
traveler familiar with the vagaries of agri
culture In this tranamlssourl common
wealth will simply contlnne to look out of
the car window and say nothing.
The crops of Nebraska had already been
ruined three times this season when the
following dispatch reached the latsr Ooeaa
'A terrific hall storm prevailed over a
considerable part of the farming country In
this county this afternoon. Chunks ot 1c
weighing nearly a quarter of a pound fell
for fifteen minutes. Chickens were killed
and young stock Injured. Oats and corn
were driven into the ground."
That the oats and corn should be driven
into the ground by chunks of ice weighing
nearly a quarter of a pound will surprise
nobody. Neither does It seem strange that
such hailstones should kill chickens and
Injure young live stock. The strange thing
is that there should be anybody or anything
left In or near Hastings to tell the tale.
Perhaps these quarter-of-a-pound chunks
ot ice fell with the soft side down la most
cases, or perhaps they fell with force ouly
on the tassels and heads of ths corn and
oats. How far the stalks were driven Into
the ground the dispatch leaves ua to con
jecture and we are equally at a loss to
know whether they can be pulled back again
In time to break a corner on the Board of
But we presume they can.
When your complexion is
allow, and you are troubled
with Constipation, Malaria,
fciick Headache and other Liv
er Complaints, take
It stimulates healthy liver
activity, increases the now of
bile, improves appetite, pro
motes digestion, enriches the
blood, and improves the whole
OTHER I.AXDS TIIAS OCR.
The coming general election In Japan
will be ot probably greater Interest and
Importance than any which has preceded
It, because In It more than In any other
definite party lines .will be drawn. Ever
since the establishment of the constitu
tion, Japan has been moving toward party
government on somewhat the same lines
as the free countries of the western world.
Various circumstances have retarded the
process now and then, but at the present
time party development has reached a
point where It may be said to be crys
tallzlng Into permanent form. Neverthe
less, Japanese psrtles are still a puxzl,
to most people outside of that empire, ap
pearing to be organized upon entirely
different bases" from parties of similar
names In other lands. Thus a Toklo cor
respondent points out (hat Intelligent ob
servers have In successive Interviews re
garded tbe same Japanese statesman as an
ultra conservative, a moderate liberal and
an extreme radical. The key to the puzzle
lies in the fact that Marquis ho. the con
servative or constitutional leader, is a
conservative In politics because he Is a
radical in social reforms,' while Count
Okuma, the radical or progressive leader,
la a radical in politics because he Is a
conservative in social matters.
One of the dangers of the telephone
where the service is In the hands of the
government has been curiously Illustrated
in Germany. An association, of which a
well-known German "captain of Industry"
is a member, recently found It necessary
to ask him by telegraph If he was satisfied
with a certain resolution passed by the
society. The telegram was forwarded to
Cologne by means of the telephone, and
on Its way the word resolution became
revolution. This was enough to make the
operators at the Cologne central turn over
the dispatch to the secret police. With
their customary wisdom, the latter saw In
the message plain proof of a widespread
anarchist conspiracy to overturn the gov
ernment particularly aa It was signed by
an, organized body. Forthwith two detec
tives rushed to tbe hotel and arrested the
captain of Industry oa sight Since the
latter's name Is known throughout Ger
many, he found It easy to prove his inno
cence and to explain the message. But
what would have become of htm had he
been a foreigner, or an lnconnpicuous per
son from a far-off village, is something
about which tbe knowing prefer to remain
silent and look wise.
Before the present year closes the great
Transslberian railroad, the longest con
tinuous line in the world, will be open for
traffic, and Russia can well claim posses
sion of the most wonderful line of trans
portation in existence. The new road will
extend for a distance of over 6,300 miles
and connect with the old Russian road
from Moscow to the Ural mountains, thus
forming a continuous line from Moscow to
rort Arthur or Vladtvostock; the passage
will occupy about 'Sixteen days. The road
has cost the Russian empire 750,000,000
rubles, or $375,000,000 a vast sum of
money, but one that will no doubt he re
paid with ample Interest within a very few
years. It is one of the grandest works un
dertaken by the government of the czar,
and it premises to Increase the wealth of
his dominions almost Immeasurably by
bringing China Into direct commercial
communication with Russia.
An official return of Incomes subject to
taxation in Prussia shows that In the last
ten years the number of persons with in
comes ranging from 800 marks ($225) to
8,000 marks ($750) has Increased by 62 per
cent, while the number of incomes over
8, POO marks has Increased by 87 per cent
Tue rise from Incomes below to incomes
above 900 marks has been proportionately
much greater than from incomes below to
Incomes above 8,000 marks. The number ot
persons enjoying Incomes from 900 to 1,000
marks has always been six or seven times
ss great as those with 3,000 marka or mcr,,
but the aggregate Income of the former
class has not been much larger than that
of the latter, and Its Income tax contribu
tion has been much less. This would seem
to show that the burden ot the tax falls on
the shoulders of those best able to bear It
Persons enjoying Incomes ot 900 to 1,000
marks, with the members of their fatally,
formed in 1901 $0.44 per cent of the popu
lation ot Prussia, while persons with In
comes above 3,000 marks formed, on a
similar calculation, 4.81 per cent.
Canada la gratified to observe that Us
export trade has nearly doubled In nine
years; in 1893 it amounted to $102,000,000,
and In 1903 to $196,000,000. It is especially
flattering to Canada to observe that Us
manufactured exports much more than
doubled In the nine years. Of ths total
Increase of $94,000,000, $29,000,000 Is In ths
product of the mines. Ths ratio of In
crease is nearly sevenfold; in no other
In and about our store make it necessary
to dispose of as much of our merchant
dise as possible, for we rather sacrifice
prices now than to hold the articles subx
ject to dust and dirt,
25 and 50 Per Cent Discount
Wash Suits, 11.25, Discount off Makea rrice .05
Wash Buits, fl.BO, Discount off Makea Price f 1.15
Wash Buits, f 2.00, Discount off Makea Trice tl-50
CHILD'S WOOL SUITS
From $3.50. to $8.50, 25 per cent off.
BOYS' OR SMALL MEN'S BUITS
From $7.50 to $15.00, 25 per cent off.
One Table of CHILD'S SUITS AND KNEE PANTS
50 per cent off
BOYS' AND CHILDREN'S STRAW HATS
50 per cent discount.
50c nats 25c, $1.00 llata 50c.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
( XL 3. Wilcox, Manftcer.
W Close Saturday at 9 p. m.
brsnch of exports has the ratio beea nearly
so great. The Increase In the exports ,
from the fisheries Is $6,000,000; this Item
did not double; tho forests furnished aa
Increase of $8,000,000, which IS less thsa
2' per cent; animal products Increased
$28,000,000; this Is not very far short of I
doubling; agricultural products Increased '
$15,000,000, or about two-thirds. Msnufac- j
tured exports were $7,693,957 In 1803 and .
$18,462,90 in 1902. This Increase in manu- !
factured exports Is the more notable be
cause tbe population of the Dominion has
not Increased rapidly; tbe results ot ths
last census were much below wbat It was
hoped and expected that they would show.
Bomcrvtlle Journal: Alice (proudly) I
mad, this walKt myself.
Maude Tes, I knew It
Somervllle Journal: It is seldom wise to
play a practical Joke on the man who
Lies the amount of your salary.
Chicago News! 'Tut not your trust In
riches, said the clerical-looking man In
the runty coat
In'livM0 i'" JfX,eA the Prosperous-looking
.... my nones in iruns.
Smart Set: "It IS your plain fluty, and--..n.SI'i.'T."'
n? ,h"1 whRt makea It so
-hJii fct,ve' we once In a
!!i!i 5Ve , du,v " ornamental thnt It
would be a pleasure to contemplate It."
v-n5!I! Statesman: Patlence-That Mr,
hJ?-M B.at ln CUS'1 P". nd do you
kncwf his trousers just matched the cu,-
wa,nton BtTt "Tou mu-t forget
tnat you owe your country something."
JLh 1 -nT """wered e'naf-
frfph"nV. . B mr country, I am happy
,,"y'J" n cr"r. and I am too
worry me." phllo,Ph8r l " debts
.Sity!Z1,a Standard: "T have been toM."
l.i ,he n1w Patient "that you are the
hl.f".t.autnorlt'r on aPIen11oltls."
..,r ,ltno,r-" Tepll-d the eminent
lion1 ' char9 w00) Pr opera-
. V"lT: H Tou know Tom married me
for my money.
f,,B.h?Ke1.1- I m r,a1 you K'vs me credit
Tor not being an utter foot.
nTh Il"r,in. S,nri "po"'t trust too fsr
'?,,J,2b 00, 'n,er"""." ld Uncle Khen,
In .17.". y" h,f,5 ,kl11 baC " O0Ol
Intentions F;.tlne, de raan what hns m.
muslcC" -u"itlon of a heap o' choir
A Ditty of Finance.
Little drops of water
Sprinkled through the stock
Leave the Wall street lambkins
Hopelessly In hock,
THE GIRLS OP LO.Q AGO.
Leslie Griswold in Los Angeles Times.
Ob, the dear old-fashioned girl that I knew
lng years ago,
When the world, the girl and I, were In
Bhe was dear as early snowdrops amid the
Bhe was sweet as the wild rose of sum
mertime. And she knew Just how to mako
round and sponge and ginger cake!
bhe could spin and weave and knit the
"d the butter, cheese and cream I
Why, I think I have a dream
Of our driving home the cows through
Oh, these vaunted modern days! Nothing
In them can compare
To the husking bees and spelling schools
Nothing sets my heart a-dance as the
musio on the air,
MCrjr J'"1111 of slelghbelis In the cold.
, Oh, those days of long ago,
tt AV1?en .the winters frost and snow
Held, In close embrace the woodland vale
Wrapped in robos and blankets warm
What cared we for wind and storm.
When we gathered at the weekly singing
. . school!
Oh, the old-time singing school, my heart
' a-thought the faster ,
Beats, at the mem'ry of those days of
It keeps the very time of the dear old
Unconsciously I'm humming some tune I
used to know!
And in memory once more
At the old red schoolhouse door
Pm waiting for "ye maid" of olden times,
And I feel her fingers small
Lightly on my coat sleeve fait.
While our hearts are beating to the sleigh
Oh, the dear old-fashioned girls havS with
time grown calm and stately!
For I sometimes meet them In the street
They nod their pretty heads, smiling at me
With a flash of eye or dimple as of yore.
And the gentle tones, the while.
Of those days we talk and smile.
When we all were happy boys and girts to
gether! And the happiest of our themes
Like the dearest of our dreams
Are the singing schools we went to all to
On, those days of long ago!
Oh, the boys I Used to know!
Oh, the girls who made life's sunshine .
bright and fair!
When we've crossed the "great divide,"
Passed on the other side.
We shall meet them, know them, greet
tnem, over ttutrei
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