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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 17, 1902)
TIIE OMAIIA DATLT BEE; TIHTItSDAY, JTJLT 17, 1002.
Tire omaha Daily Bee.
, E. KOBE WATER,' EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO.
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UEXJVKKKD BY CARKlfcR.
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h-vtung B-a (witnout Sunday), par week.lwo
Evening , Baa , (including ounuay), per
Complaint of lrregularltiee In delivery
Should be addressed to v-iiy CireuiaUon
Omaha Tha Baa Building.
South Omaha City Wan Building, Twen-ty-h(th
and M Streeta.
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street.
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New York Temple Court.
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Communication! relaUng to newa and
editorial matter ahouid be addreaied:
Cmana Bee, Kuitorlai Jjepartmenu
. BUSINESS LETTERS.
Buaineaa letters and remittances ahouid
bo addressed; . the Baa publishing Com
REMITTANCES. ; ' ' '
Remit by draft, express or poaUl order,
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Only 1-cent atampa accepted in payment uZ
mall aocounta. personal checaa, except on
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1HE iJh.il) PbBi-leHliili COMPANf.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska. Douglaa County, es.t
Ueorge B. Tssenuck, eecretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being ouly sworn,
aye that the actual number of full and
complete coplee of The Dally, Morning,
ICvenlng and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of June, 1902, waa aa followa:
1 20,410 U 2M,4eO
1 80.4OO 17 S,MO
I Stt.ttSO ' II 8V,T60
4 IW.BTO 1 8t,T0
8U.0UO - 0 ,!
aw.sio 21 S,S7U
t SiO.BTO 22 lff,B0
Stt.lKKJ J3 JtU.BSO
I ....JW.040 M 81,880
10...... 80,810 K SM,00
11 20,000 M 8,BSO
11 20,810 17 S0,WO
ii S0.S8O 28 80,040
14 80,MM 29 8,StO
IS 2U.BSO W 89,010
Total : 840.820
laa unsold and returned coplee.... 0.O83
Net toUl aalea S79,Bes
Net daily average 80,318
OEO. B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subaciibed In my preeenco and aworn to
before me thla 20th day of June, A. D. ,1901
(Seal.) M. B. H UNGATE.
A grocers' trustv Is the natural se
quence to offset a butchers' trust
Nonunion men come and nonunion
men go, but the strike on the Union
Pacific does not subside.
It used to be between slaughter bouse
and packing bouse. Now It Is between
engine bouse and market "bouse.
With a steadily rising thermometer. It
jwlll presently be too warm even for the
Issue of Injunctions and mandamuses.
Iowa democrats need a newspaper or
gan at their state capital, but whether
they feel the need of it to the extent of
$100,000 Is decidedly open to question.
- .Millions may be lost In the Chicago
grain market by reason of the superb
summer weather, but for every million
lost in the corn pit ten millions are made
In the corn belt ,
, All Interest now centers In the na
tional golf championship. The com
petitor who makes the best score on the
links can command first page position
at least for a day.
For some strange reason Secretary of
the Navy Moody- seems to have become
Imbued with the queer Idea that naval
officers ought to know how to plow the
water rather than the land.
The new battleship Maine has come
out of the shipyards ready for the tests.
It Is to be hoped, however, the new
Maine will not try to outdo the old
Maine In making a record for us to re
The St Louis exposition has gotten
Into the courts already over resistance
to its effort to acquire land by con
demnation. No real exposition can get
on the road to success before It gets
Wyoming republicans have nominated
all the present state officers who are
eligible to re-election, but It Is worth
noting that none of the Wyoming state
officers bad made themselves Ineligible
by their own acts.
The terms of Acting Mayor Karr and
Acting Governor Steele have been ex
tended beyond their original exDecta
tlons. The attractions on the Pacific
coast, are too numerous and too great to
be passed on the fly.
The enterprising British newspaper
men who are figuring out the changes
In the British ministry can now appre
ciate the fun our Washington news
paper correspondents enjoy every little
while building new cabinets for our
The Itinerary for President Roose
velt's fall trips through the west and
southwest Is made up. If by mis
chance it should fall to show a place as
signed to King Ak-Sar-Ben, It would be
the first time that august potentate was
caught without his lucky bean.
The troubles accumulating on Nicara
gua Illustrate again the adage that "It
never rains but It pours." Nicaragua
was banking heavily on the prospects
of a canal built with American money
but with the location of the canal trans
ferred to Panama, Nicaragua futures
have taken a decided decline.
South Omaha people are being regaled
with the usual complaints from subordi
nate divisions of the municipal govern
ment that they have not been given
sufficient appropriations In the levy
ordinance. Most cities go through this
performance every year, but It Is seldom
that a city department cannot cut Its
garment according to the cloth, if made
distinctly to understand that so more
cloth 1 to be had.
TLATMQ A DtfrtRAtt QAMZ.
The Indian land lease ring, which bas
bad Its own way at the Winnebago res
ervation ever since tbe appointment of
the redoubtable Charles P. Mathewson
as agent Is making a desperate effort
to retain Its grip on the reservation
lands. It Is an open secret that be six
or seven land speculators who consti
tute the close corporation that operates
In reservation lands have done a land
office business at an enormous profit
By adroit manipulation, they managed
to secure control of leases of over 40,000
acres of Indian lands and sub-leased
them at an advance of from- 60 to 200
per cent to actual farmers. Three of
the leading speculators, who have man
aged to acquire leasee for -over 20,000
acres, are as follows: F. B. Hutchens,
who brought an nnsavory reputation
from Sioux City over Into Nebraska,
held leases last year for 8.300 acres;
C. C. Maryort, brother of the Indian
trader at the Omaha reservation, held
leases for 7,816 acres; the O'Connor
brothers, Indian traders at Winnebago,
held leases for 6,041 acres. Four or
five of their associates In land lease
speculation bare control of 20,000 more
With ample means at Its disposal, the
land lease ring now proposes to divide
half a million dollars by tbe purchase of
the allotment lands that are to be sold
under regulations that are eminently
satisfactory to the ring. These regula
tions, held as strictly confidential by
the Indian bureau, were In the bands of
the coparceners almost before the print
er's Ink was dry, and they have lost no
time in proceeding to forestall outside
Under ' the regulations, tbe price of
the land must be deposited In a bank at
the time tbe sale is made. While this
will not seriously embarrass the mem
bers of the ring, It will keep out the
men who would buy and settle the land
If they were permitted to make partial
payments, as was done In the conduct
of former Indian land sales. This In
dian heir land properly belongs to the
government and, If sold through an im
partial commissioner, industrious farm
ers, willing to permanently locate and
cultivate tbe land, would purchase tbe
land instead of the speculators, who
will either resell at an enormous profit
or lease the lands to tenant farmers at a
valuation largely in excess of the pur
Tbe partial payment plan and the
plan to dislocate Agent Mathewson from
his Job does not meet with tbe approval
of the land syndicate. Its members
boldly assert that they do not propose
to be disconcerted by The Bee nor Its
editor. They make no secret of It that
they have enlisted the backing of In
fluential men In public offices and are
sure of United States Attorney Sum
mers, who played into their hands
through the manipulation of tbe federal
grand Jury that enabled them to
frighten Indians and white men In and
about the reservation who ,were dis
posed to make complaint or who had
signed affidavits . . ln, support of the
charges that had been preferred against
the Winnebago trader and agent But
we shall see what we shall see.
The departments at Washington are
proverbially slow, but even the reddest
of red tape cannot shut out the search
light of publicity. Right will eventually
prevail and the greed of the men who
have enriched themselves by fleecing
and swindling the Indians will be ef
fectually curbed In the no distant
THE THKSIDIBT l! MARS EST.
The effort of Mr. Griggs, chairman of
the democratic congressional committee,
to depreciate and discredit the attitude
of President Roosevelt regarding the
great combinations, does not commend
Itself to all democrats. The Detroit
Free Press, 'for Instance, one of ' the
ablest democratic newspapers In the
country, says In reference to the recent
statement of Mr. Griggs Implying that
the president's movement against trusts
Is . only a bluff, that the entire public
career of the bead of the national gov
ernment and the whole story of bis life
tend to brand the accusation as a libel.
"Such faults as he has," says tbe Free
Press, "grow out of his extreme candor
and that aggressiveness which Is at Its
best when he Is opposed. He Is not
only a born fighter, but he fights in the
open and the prospect of encountering
defeat Impairs neither bis bravery nor
The Free Press believes the president
to be thoroughly in earnest in the mat
ter of trusts and remarks that no "bluff"
would have gone far enough to have
dragged men like Mr. Morgan and Mr.
II 111 Into the courts, provoked the Meat
trust to a. threat of dire revenge or ex
posed by Investigation the Inherent evils
of the Coal trust adding: "lie has
shown himself a poof politician as the
game is played these days, but be is
next to the people and If be-keeps
straight on In the way he Is going they
will probably see to It that the trusts
and the trust servers do not do the nom
mating In 1004."
This democratic paper reflects the
opinion of all whose Judgment Is not
completely under the control of partisan
prejudice, which precludes them from
conceding any honesty or sincerity to
the declarations or acts of those in po
litical opposition to them. There Is no
doubt we think, that a large majority
of the people believe that President
Roosevelt Is earnest In the trust matter
and Is determined to do what be can
to bring about the legislation which be
regards necessary to tbe regulation and
supervision of the combinations engaged
In Interstate commerce. He has made
his position In respect to this entirely
plain. Ilia Is not a policy of extermina
tion, lie recognises the fact that if It
were practicable to destroy the couiblna
tlons this could not be done without
Inflicting enormous and possibly Irre
parable Injury upon the business of the
country, domestic and foreign. But tbe
combinations may Nte subjected to gov
ernmental regulations. They may be
placed under such supervision aa will
require them to deal openly and fairly
with the public. Some of the more
serious evils now complained of can be
This Is what President Roosevelt will
endeavor to accomplish and that he will
earnestly exert himself for Its attain
ment will not be doubted by any ODe
who understands his character. In tbe
meantime there will be no abatement
of the efforts of the administration to
enforce existing laws.
THE MIARS' C JJVW TlOX
The result of the national convention
of miners, which meets at Indianapolis
today, will have great Interest not only
for the striking miners in the anthra
cite region. In whose behalf the conven
tion was called, but for the general pub
lic, which la concerned as to the future
supply and price of coal. The conven
tion will consider the question of a sym
pathetic strike by the bituminous coal
miners and as an alternative to this the
supplying of relief to the anthracite
strikers. The probability Is that the
representatives of the latter will urge
a sympathy strike, but there Is. said
to be a strong feeling among the soft
coal miners against this and In favor
of the relief plan.
If it should be decided to extend the
strike to the bituminous miners a grave
situation would be presented and It Is
therefore to be hoped the convention
will approve the relief proposition. In
either event it Is very likely that the
anthracite operators will take steps very
soon after the convention to resume
mining. Some of them have stated that
they were prepared to do this at any
time, but would defer action until after
the miners In national convention had
decided upon a course. A new phase
in the contest is therefore to be expected
A. J VST PUNISHMENT.
The action of the president in retiring
General Jacob H. Smith, whose "burn
and kill" order brought reproach upon
the army In tbe Philippines, Mill be
generally commended. Although Gen
eral Smith has a good record as a sol
dier and is undoubtedly a capable offi
cer, his retention on tbe active list would
have been a great mistake in the circum
stances. It was manifestly necessary
that he shoult1 be made an example of,
both for the benefit of the army and
tbe credit of the government. Ills
offense was not mitigated by the fact
that In only one instance was bis order
carried out and therefore the punish
ment decreed Is entirely J tint.
In his' review of the case the presi
dent speaks of the well-nigh Intolerable
provocations which the .iruiy in tho
Philippines suffered - from the cruelty,
treachery and total disregard of the
rules and customs of civilized war
fare on the part of Its foes. With
these provocations the American people
will perhaps never be made fully ac
quainted. The court-martial records on
file at Washington, in cases where Fili
pinos have been the defendants and the
charges against them hare been atro
cious cruelty to American soldiers, omit
In most Instances details of tbe
methods of the cruelty charged, but
enough Is given to show that the
barbarities committed upon our soldiers
bare been of the most brutal and dia
bolical nature conceivable. Referring
to a number of cases reported a Wash
ington correspondent says: "These
cases simply furnish examples of tbe
character of warfare against which the
American soldiers have to contend In
the Philippines. Tbe stories told by
enlisted men of cruelties practiced by
natives who were never captured and
concerning whom no record baa been
made, show more brutal atrocities than
any to be found in tbe archives of tbe
War department Hundreds of soldiers
in the Philippines have disappeared and
their fate has never been ascertained.
In the army It is known that they fell
into the hands of murderous Filipinos
and were probably butchered In accord
ance with the blood-thirsty and cruel
methods usually pursued by these peo
The Smith matter having been dis
posed of In the proper way should now
be allowed to rest
Just to keep up a show of Independ
ence, the populist end of the Third dis
trict congressional convention had to go
through the form of nominating a popu
list for congress, pulling him down, bow-
ever, at short meter to band the allied
certificate to the present democratic in
cumbent When tho democrats give
back anything to the populists that they
have managed to sequester under the
fusion plan of operations, It will be
much colder than any day we are likely
to meet in a midsummer month in Ne
braska. Senator Burrows of Michigan is cred
ited with the ambition to engraft on
the rules of the senate a penalty for
members of that august body who in
fract the peace by assaulting their
associates. Whether such a rule Is prac
ticable depends on whether the rules
can be amended without unanimous
consent If unanimous consent Is nec
essary the chances are sixteen to one
that tbe senate will always have one or
two bruisers responding to roll call who
will not consent to punishing them
' Tbe Weather bureau summary of crop
conditions chronicles more favorable
temperature and atmospheric conditions
in all the central sections of the coun
try. Tbe government crop bulletins
hsve been conservative all of the time
when alarms were being sounded over
the Incessant rains, refusing to see the
damage on which the exchange specu
lators were counting. The people who
depended on the Information furnished
by the government are the ones who
have come out safely.
In Nebraska tbe railroad attorneys
point to Iowa as the Ideal state, where
railroad property Is taxed on a fair and
equitable basis. In Iowa the railroad
attorneys point back to Nebraska and
contrast its low assessment with that of
Iowa, which they pronounce extrava
gantly high. One thing they agree on,
however, In Iowa and Nebraska both,
and that la that the farmer has much
the best of it In taxation over the rail
Executors of the will of Cecil Rhodes
are Inviting suggestions as to the best
methods to be adopted for the selection
of candidates for scholarships under Its
provisions. It Is Just possible there may
be difficulty In finding capable young
Americans worthy of the scholarships
willing to go to England for their edu
cation when they can compete for schol
arships at our best American universi
ties with almost the same chances of
winning out A hope Is expressed that
tbe Rhodes' scholarships may be
awarded for the year 1003. If so, the
most satisfactory suggestions will come
out of the experience acquired In put
ting the scheme Into practical opera
tion. Colonel William J. Bryan has accepted
an Invitation to speak at the forthcom
ing banquet of the New England Demo
cratic league in conjunction with Sen
ator Bailey of Texas. The presumption
Is that the support of the pugilistic
Texan Is necessary to enforce the har
mony sentiments that will be expressed
by the great silver leader.
Cold Comfort for tho Cornea.
New York World.
No man ever got caught in a corn corner
who followed Commodore VanderblU's rules
"Never buy what you can't pay for nor sell
what you haven't got"
The Coming Test of I)mgeraoy,
Detroit Free Press (dam.)
' Possibly In time no man will be consid
ered a good democrat unices he can prove
that his family has voted the ticket
straight for at least three generations.
The gentlemen who cared for the remains
are disposed to resent Mr. Bryan's declara
tion that Mr. Cleveland stabbed the demo
cratic party. The expert opinion Is to the
effect that he hit it on the head with an ax.
You Can't Loi 'Em.
Catch a Cecil asleep when there Is a
public office IS sight! The most noble
marquis and hit Insidious nephew have
worthily maintained tbe family reputation
which waa in full fragrance as far back as
the time of Elizabeth.
Shortlived Popalar Favor.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
General Kitchener Is the present hero
of the hour. How they come and how they
go! It seems only yesterday that It was
Wolseley. Then It waa Roberta. Now It Is
Kitchener. And if Kitchener goes Into the
war office It will soon be somebody else.
Baals for aa Issaa.
It Is announced on what Is called excel
lent authority that the attorney general
will make one epeech during the campaign
In which be will aet forth clearly the policy
of the administration respecting trusts.
Now, if some of the several brands of dem
ocrats could do a like service for the dem
ocratic party tbe country would have the
baals for an J'sqye. '
Stapendon jProJects of Oar Time.
New York Tribune.
Officers of. the' Pennsylvania railroad an
nounce that the enterprises and Improve
ments to which that giant corporation is
now committed will cost at least $100,000,
000. Such figures would have staggered
belief in any generation before this one.
No task, however vast appears to be im
possible in these days of coloeaal plans, and
tbe world goes spinning down the ringing
grooves of change.
Strategy la Peace.
Philadelphia North American.'
It must be a great relief to the British
public to have Lord Methuen announce that
he docs not Intend to fight his battles
over again. Tbe promise goes to ahow that
he Is a better strategist in time of peace
than of war. If General Buller had been
wise he would have maintained tbe same
reserve on his return to England. His
love of controversy, which caused tbe re
vival of tbe stories of the siege of Lady
smith and tbe 'fight at Splonkop. has done
much to dim ' his prestige. After all, It
was to Kitchener that was assigned the
tedious task of fighting over the battles of
the earlier generals, from Roberts down,
and his fighting was done on the South
African veldt not at London banquets.
High hopes are entertained as to young
King Alfonso. It Is reported that be is
learning to swear.
Thomas B. Reed does not Jump Into the
newspapers heatedly declining nominations
tbat haven't been offered him.
Geronlmo wants to hunt down Tracy and
says he can do It It cost $1,000,000 to
hunt down Geronlmo, and tbe government
will hardly take another risk on him.
In about five years, when foreign nations
want to fight, they'll have to borrow battle
ahlps from Mr. Morgan, with a guarantee
that they will be returned In as good order
as when loaned.
Governor Odell of New York has refused
to iaaue extradition papers In the case of a
mother who took her own child out of
Connecticut having been awarded the lit
tle one by order of the court.
It was noticed when John D. Rockefeller
waa bidding his son goodby at the steamer
dock In New Yerk a few days ago, that the
Standard oil man looked careworn, wrinkled
and aged to ' an extent not generally
dreamed of by those who only see him oc
casionally. There are 257.00 names in the new city
directory of Boston, sn increase of 4,721
over the number last year. Surprisingly,
the John Sulllvans thla year outnumber the
John Smiths three to one, but there are
no indications tbat the Smiths are In danger
D. H. McAbee, state factory Inspector of
Indiana, is urging tbat a law be enacted
requiring architects to paas an examine
tlon In ventilation appliances. He says
tbat moat of tbe school bouses in the state
have no ventilation except through the
windows, which Is wholly unsatisfactory.
Prof. A. O. Bell, who has juat been deco
rated by tbe London Society of Fine Arts
with what is known ss the Prince Albert
medal, was formerly professor of vocal
physiology In Boston university. He was
born In Edinburgh fifty-five years ago. Prof.
Bell Is tha fourth American to receive this
honor, his predecessors havtng been Captain
Eada. Thomas A. Edison and D. E. Hughes.
John J. Bcannell. former lire commissioner
of New York, baa made glad the heart of
aa old friend. General DuBols Brlnkerhoft
of Flahklll Landing. N. Y.. by buying at
auction the general's farm, which was sold
to satiety a mortgage- After his purchase
Scannell aald to the previous owner: "Mr,
Brlnkerhoff. that farm Is yours to stay on
as long aa you live. Order what yoe wast
to Improve tt sod send the bUle to me."
ROUND ABOUT JIEW YORK.
Ripple mm tho Carrent of Life la
What appears to be the largest pudding
that has thrilled the nostrils of New York
aolons since Jake Sharp wielded the mu
nicipal cutlery fills the city council cham
ber with appetising odors and presents s
temptation almoat as Irresistible as that
which Impelled Anthony of ancient memory
to take to the woods. The pudding is tbe
tunnel project of the Pennsylvania Rail
road company, which has the sanction of
the mayor and city comptroller and nets
the city a handsome annual rental. The ap
proval of tbe aldermen Is necessary, but
that has been delayed under various
pretexts. The president of tbe company
has Intimated to the reluctant solons that
tbe eompany will pay "millions for Im
provements, but not a cent for tribute."
The aolons, however, fondly believe they
can Philadelphia the company and decline
to proceed to business becauae tbey have
not had a chance to do business In a busi
nesslike way. Some judicious friend should
read to the hesitating dads the story of
what happened to their brethren In St
New York snd its suburbs are In the
grasp of whooping cough, that dread disease
of children. Doctors at the health board
say It amounts almost to an epidemic an
epidemic which might be prevented if
people would but take the proper precau
tion. They say that many of the children
now suffering from the disease and some
of those who have died might not have
been sick were It not for the prevalent but
nevertheless unreasonable idea which pre
vails that a child must have the disease
some time and, hence might as well be ex
posed to tbe contagion first as last. Never
was there such a dangerous doctrine, say the
health board men; that the less a child la
exposed to any disease the better for the
A curious feature of the present Increase
In whooping cough, says the Times, is
that the proportion of adults afflicted Is
greater than usual. This is particularly
the case In the Oranges, N. J., where the
coughers are very numerous. In New York
City the average weekly death rate of
the disease for the last three months has
been over thirteen, In face of tbe mis
taken notion tbat whooping cough is not
a dangerous malady. Tbe number of deaths
from the disease last year was 389 In
Greater New York. Tbe number of deaths
for the first six months of this year was
$08,' snd if the present prevalence continues
last year's deaths may be doubled In num
ber before January, 1903.
Manhattan has had, of course, the great
est number of deaths. ' Brooklyn is sec
ond. Then follow the Bronx snd Queen's.
Richmond ' Is singularly free from the
disease. In all of last year only four deaths
occurred there from whooping cough.
In his talk on needless taxation Mayor
Low shows that the people of New York
are suffering excessive taxation of at least
$6,000,000 a year, owing to laws which com
pel the city to provide double back-action
sinking fund protection for bond issues
which go into Investments yielding sufficient
revenues not only to pay interest on the
bonds, but to lay up a fund to cancel them
at maturity, and yet for which same purpose
the taxpayers annually must contribute
both Interest and sinking fund deposits.
There seems to be no flaw In Mr. Low's
argument tbat there should be legislation to
remedy this condition of affairs, which, It
continued until 1928, would give a fund that
"would contain, after discharging the last
bond it Is pledged to redeem, the vaat sum
of $300,000,000." But at tbe same time the
mayor seems to suggest the change in order
that the city may have more money to spend
in "doing everything that good judgment re
quires to be done" in dealing adequately
with the city's current needs, whereas what
the taxpayers want is that the expenditures
should come down, so that the taxes may
The little "fresh-air girl" of fiction, who
said "You put it In," when the country boy
milked the cow, has many prototypes tn real
life. Two little girls from the slums who
arrived at the country home late at night
relates the Post, came out on the piassa the
next morning to view the vicinage. Great
was their hostess' surprise when she saw
that, tbe two children looked upon the land
scape and all Its constituent parts with
manifest disapproval. Determined to find
eut what waa the matter, to fathom the
working of these juvenile minds, sbe sat
down with them on the grass aad drew
them Into a long, confidential talk.
"What's the matter, children," abe asked;
why are you disappointed with tue coun
"Why, there's no grass here," said one.
pulling a blade and biting tbe end of it.
The woman could only gasp.
"What's your Idea of grass?" she asked at
last Little by little she managed to bring
it out Grass was about the belgnt of a
man, to begin with.
"It this were larger, would It be like
grass?" was the next question, and prompt
"Oh, no!" showed that there was still more
to be explained.
"How is it different?"
"Why. it's black." aald one.
"Black and white," said the other. Sud
denly tbe explanation flashed upon tbe
"fresh-air lady's" mind. The little girls
bad obtained their Idea of vegetation solely
from pictures they bad seen in school
books or papers, ordinary black and white
prints. The idea that color of any sort ex
isted In the country bad never entered their
little East Side heads.
"It did not need the cycle parade, suc
cessful as It was," says a New York letter,
"to prove that there has been a revival of
cycling as a sport this season. Thousands of
people who had temporarily abandoned the
amusement have returned to It with new
seat and interest.. The reaction which fol
lowed the great boom of several years ago
waa entirely natural, but this reaction has
reached its limit snd the pendulum is be
ginning to swing the other way. It waa a
fitting way of celebrating the twenty-fifth
anniversary of cycling in America by hold
ing a parade on Fifth avenue."
Clothes of Daasllnc Brilliancy Pro
posed for tho' Army.
New York World.
To the honors won by ths army of the
United States on many a bard-fought field
new luster la now to be added, so far as
military millinery can do this, by a drees
coat of eye-daszllng splendor.
As suits an era of expanalon, this garment
Is bigger than the coat that Grant and Sher
man wore. It Is really longer; it is made to
seem wider by putting the two rows of
buttons down tbe front further apart And
tbe color! Ah, tbe color! Halt-inch cords
of red, yellow and blue; half-inch rows of
gold lace on the collar, gold lace and a
"French knot" on tbe cuff, gold cord and
algulllettes on the shoulder; lapels that
generously opn to reveal yet more ex
panaea of red and blue and yellow! And
tha chevrons, incorrectly pointing down
ward, under which our commanders have
most Improperly and Irregularly won their
battles these will hereafter point up, her
aldlcally symbolising the rafters or a Douse.
Let us have the sartorial splendors by ail
means; let ue get the vitally important mat
ters of heraldry straight. But let us mean
while not forget tbat the moat glorious uni
form Is that which la never worn In a war of,
oppression or used to overawe human as
pirations for freedom.
ASSAILS TIIE SUGAR TRUST
Remarkable Dooumsnt Jut limed by
Authority of Senate,
ATTACKS ALL WHO FAVORS RECIPROCITY
Reviews tho History of tho Isssr
ladnetrr la tho United States
Orders aad CsaatM la
tho Poetal Service.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. July IS. (Special.) A
remarkable document has just reached the
document rooms of tbe senate and bouse
from the government printing office. It Is
entitled "The Deadly Parallel" on Cuban
tariff reduction and was compiled by Tru
man O. Palmer. It waj ordered printed
during the closing days of congress aa.a
senate document. Mr. Truman calls It "a
parallel without a parallel Jn the record of
falsehood." It contains extracts from the
testimony of those favoring Cuban reci
procity, compared with similar extracts
from the testimony of those opposed to It,
before the ways and means committee, snd
hundreds of extracts from newspaper edi
torials and other news sources, ths object
being to show bow little ground ths ad
vocates of reciprocity had to stand on. Mr.
Palmer does nit hesitate to attack everyone
in favor of reciprocity with Cuba, and In
his Introduction makes the following ref
erence: "With a people none too scrupu
lous with their words, especially when
their pockets are concerned; with a gov
ernor general at one end of the cable urg
ing tariff reductions and anxious to facili
tate the early withdrawal of his troops;
with a secretary of war at the other end of
the cable animated by the same feelings,
snd with a misinformed press, the sugar
trust, tbe great benefactor of any tariff
reduction on Cuban raw sugar, has had a
marvelously complete channel through
which to fool the people." An interesting
comparison is made between the letters
and cablegrams from Cuba to newspapers
and commercial organisations In the
United States claiming tbat there was
great distress in Cuba, and the ststements
of witnesses before tbe committee on ways
and means, on practically the same daya,
to the effect that no suffering existed in
Cuba at tbat time. Considerable space le
given to the exploitation of tbe position of
Senator Elklns on ths Cuban reciprocity
question, as well at General Grosvenor
and Representative Steele, Speaker Hen
derson and others.
Reviews History of ladastry, '
A review of the history of the sugar In
dustry tn this country follows, in an effort
to prove that the American Sugar Refining
company would be the primary beneficiary
from the passage of tbe reciprocity bill.
This Is supported by a great many clip
pings from the editorial columns and the
news columns of hundreds of newspapers.
Following thla Is a digest of the testimony
before the ways snd means committee, for
the purpose of showing that the Cubans
are not distressed and that the people who
are asking for tariff concessions are Amer
ican syndicates who own vast sugar plan
tations in Cuba and Spaniards who still
bold allegiance to Spain. Mr. Palmer takes
up the war between the sugar trust and
the beet sugar Interests of the Missouri
valley snd claims that the sugar stock
went up from 116 In January, 1801. to
1S3H on March 23, the reciprocity bill hav
ing been adopted by a majority of the re
publicans of the ways snd means commit
tee on March 18. In this connection he
gives hundreds of other clippings from
newspapers relating to the war on beet
sugar by can. sugar refining Interests. .
The purpose for which this compilation
was made and printed is not apparent at
present, the bill having been defeated, but
it will doubtless bs used extensively In
support of tbe arguments of tbe opponents
of that measure, and will probably be in
evidence next -winter, If tbe subject again
comes before congress.
USE STEAM 10 STOP FIRE
Novel Method to Ro Employed to
tVaeaeh Flames la aa
NEW ORLEANS, La., July 18. News from
Jennings, La., says that the Ore at the
Jennings well No. 2, owned by the Hey
wood brothers. Is still raging, but that the
great valve has not given way. Those who
are fighting the fire are now planning to
surround tbe burning well with boilers and
to attempt to snuff ths fire out with steam.
Hundreds of people have been attracted to
Two tauks, containing almost 2,400 bar
rels, have been burned, and It Is estimated
tbat 60,000 barrels from the gushers hsvs
been destroyed up to this morning. W.
Heywood said that If the steam plan waa
successful the fire would probably be sub
dued In four or five days.
Tbe fire engine from Beaumont, which
arrived during the night, waa unable to
accomplish anything. There is consider
able apprehension at ths scene of the fire,
but It is not thought that there will be
great danger to surrounding property un
less the great valve gives wsy.
BELMONT ISAGAINST REIFF
Jockey Raled Off English Track
Caaaot Rldo on Metro
NEW YORK. July 18. Through authori
tative sources it Is learned that Chairman
August Belmont . of the Jockey club has
taken a decided stand against the rein
statement of Jockey Lester Relit by the
Western Jockey club. Relff was ruled off
the track by the English Jockey club.
On Saturday John A. Drake of Chicago,
according to report, declared his Intention
of presenting Savable, Reiff up, at the
Futurity post. . Mr. Belmont Is reported
to have said tbat under no clroumstances
will Relff be permitted to sport silk 00 a
As the situation stands, tbe Jockey club
finds It necessary to decide between the
English Jockey club and tbe governing body
In the west. As in the Sloan eaae, Mr.
Belmont snd bis associates will, it la said,
support the constituted turf authority of
SULTAN LOSES GREEN CROWN
Doeoratloa, with Other Valaables,
Stolea from tho French Cos.
sal at Saa Fraaetseo.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 11 A perch
climber entered the residence of French
Consul General de Lemagne laat night and
got away with diamonds and jewelry worth
$1,500. Altogether thirty-three pieces ot
jewelry were stolen, many of them heir,
looms and some gifts from rulers of na
tions, to whose courts M. de Lemagne had
been sent In the diplomatic servloe of
Ons loser by the thief Is the sublime
porta. The robber took the green crown
of Turkey,- a gold and enameled emblem
with which M. de Lemagne bad been
decorated. This decoration Is merely
loaned aad upon ths death of the recipient
Is to be returned to the sultan. This was
a heavy piece, worth as gold $(00.
whT IK DI'STTtlAL" ARB LOW,
Pahlle Coafldoaeo la Waterlogged
Combines Radly shakea.
The industrial hat fallen oa evil times.
Not even tbe enormous earnings which
the last report of the United States Steel
trust Indicate, and which It has certainly
earned, have sufficed to advance its stocks.
Nothing seems to be sufficient to lesd
ths general publlo to treat tho earnings
of these corporations as are those of rail
roads In determining tbe value of their
Ths Colorado Fuel and Iron company,
which a month ago waa to lead the ascend
ing Una ot these securities, has dropped,
abruptly some twenty-three points, from
110, In a short time, and has paased Its
dividend. These have been few, however,
during the laat ten years. Onoe, just be
fore 189S, snd again la the recent boom.
But the fall in this company means leas
than tbe abrupt fall of the American Ice
company, whloh found Itself tn trouble last
week, having fallen from 31, which It
waa laat January, to 11H, which it wab last
week. It, too, has deferred Its dividend
snd decided on a bond Iaaue. The Dis
tilling Company of North America la going
through a readjustment" and has fallen
from 10 last February, to 614.
These all are added to the long list whloh
Includes Asphalt Amalgamated Copper,
United States Rubber company, whloh has
begun to advance, but la still less than
half its price a year ago, and others in like
It is true of all of these that they have
gone through the same change which found
the American Sugar Refining eompany (tbe
Sugar trust) melting 90 per rent ot the
sugar used in this country, and leaves It
melting less than one-halt, with a 'constant
Increase In competition. When tbe United
States Rubber company waa consolidated it
Included practically all tbe plants In tbe
country. Today Ita capacity Is considerably
less than half. When the Asphalt trust
was formed it united the competitive com
panies in a single corporation. It Is no
longer without a rival. Even the Steel
trust y another year will have a much
smaller fraction of the steel and Iron out
put of the country than when It was or
ganised. It is for this reason that It de
sires to Issue $50,000,000 of bonds snd the
prudent among its preferred stockholders
are trying to turn themselves Into creditors
at 6 per cent Instead of remaining preferred
stockholders at 7 per cent
The broad difference between these com
panies, however, and the same plants when
they were In private ownership Is that the
loss, due to lack In profits, decreasing out
put, or even suspension, was ones felt by a,
few, and is now felt by tens of thousands.
The recent lists which have been published
of the stocks held In the steel trust show
how widely the securities are diffused.
Probably five years ago not over 5,000 per
sons owned all Ita plants. Today they are
owned by nearly 60,000 persons. Tbe
management and control of these corpora
tions depends no longer on ownership, but
upon manipulation, speculation and "man
agement." The steel trust has In all 10,-
186.602 shares. The largest Individual
holder holds 169,340 shares, or a little less
than 2 per cent ot the entire stock. There
is no combination which holds even 10 per
cent. Ownership Is diffused through - a
vaat number Of small stockholders, who are
only too glad to vote for any group of able.
powerful and visible men who seem likely
to give them dividends. '
There is a complete change from past
conditions of manufacture, tn which those
who controlled owned snd those who owned
controlled. It will render it possible to
plunder any ot these Industrials whenever
ability and Integrity happen to be separated
In their management.
SMILES Olf SUMMER BREEZES,
Somervtlle Journal: Perhaps It may com
fort you these hot July days to think how
it would make your back ache If you had
to shovel snow aa you did last winter.
Puck: "He Is a terrible woman hater."
"Yes; I suspect that ho must at soma
time been a floorwalker In a department
Washington Star: "Don't you think that
anybody has rights except yourself T"
"Certainly," anawered the trust magnata,
"There are numerous lights whloh wo do
not possess. But we are gathering them la
as rapidly as possible."
Philadelphia Press: Mrs. Bubbuos Drlr-g-a
thermometer with you when you coma
out from town this evening, Henry.
Mr. Bubbubs Huh! I'd better bring two
or three. One thermometer couldn't neain
to do the work in this hot hole.
Chicago Record -H e raid : "But why are
you taking your doctor with you on your
trip?" he asked. ,
'There is to bo so much going on," she
answered, "and you know I am 'not vary
Washington Star: "Contentment," said
Uncle Eben. "is a mighty fine thing. But
de trouble about it Is dat It is kin' o1 hahd)
to 'atlngulah fura laalneas."
Brooklyn Life: Mrs. Wlekler Did
ever see how all the necessaries of Ufa
have gone up?
Wlekler No, they haven't all gone up.
"Well, I should like to have you men
tlon one thing that hasn't gone up."
"Certainly. My salary."
Boston Transcript: "80 this is a portrait
of ons of your ancestors? He doean't look
much like you."
"No. he never had an opportunity to copy)
my style, don't you know.
Washington Star: What makes you so
sure your composition will be a hltr' asked
"Because," answered tho song writer,
confidently, "my musical friends say tho
muslo Is trash and my literary friends
agree that ths words ars tommyrot"
Chicago Post: "Figures don't lie." said
the promoter, as he submitted a financial
atatement ot a prospective enterprise.
"Don't they!" returned the Investor,
"Well, my experience with them has taught
me that they can give & mighty good Imi
tation of what Isn't so."
THOUGHTS Olt VACATIOaT.
J. J. Montague In the Oregonian.
There's a murmuring brook In a mountain,
That over the boulders is flowing.
Where the scent of the hemlocks Is spicy
And the life-giving breesea ars blowing.
The grass Is like velvet beneath ths taO
The squirrel Is Joyously calling,
Ths high branches whisper of far-away
And the needles like snowflakea are fall
ing. And there the mosquitoes are bigger than
And nevsr atop work for a minute.
And the hillsides are sprinkled with treach
Each one with a rattlesnake In It
There each stretch of woods la exactly
And the camper, for exercise yearning,
Who starts out at dawn for a half a da
Must spend the next week la returning.
There's a surf -circled beach by the aide ot
Where the billows are tossing aad oomb
Where the tall ships are leaving the rooks)
on the lee.
And the skies are aglow In the gloaming.
The campflrea gleam on tho sand dunes by
And the night birds to seaward ax
And the moon rides above while Ha bread
belt of light
O'er the uneasy ocean Is streaming.
And there tho hotel bills are haVT a mile
As is also the fish that they feed you.
And unless you do utterly nothing but buy.
The sweet Summer girl doeo not need you.
There is nothing to do but meet each dinky
That brings crowds to the four-by-nina
So when I consider these places again
I gues I'll not take a vacation.
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