Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 12, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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J.--,, - -
iiTiiE omaiia Daily, Bee.
Daily Be (without Sunday), One Tear.lJ W
X'ally fiee and Sunday. One Tear 6.W
Illustrated Bee, Una lttr..II'MMM J-0
Sunday Bee, Ona Tear. ....
Saturday Bee, One Year - J-JJ
Twentieth Century iarmef. One Year. 1.00
fal!y Bee (without Sunday), per copy.... Jo
ally Bee (without Sunday), per wie....U
lally Bee (including Bunday), per week.. 170
Sunday lie, per copy...
Evening Bee (without Sunday), ber week. loo
bvenlng Bee (Including nun on.;,
week ... 1"
Complaints of frregularlHe in lrrl
houid be addressed to City Circulation
Omaha The Bee Building.
South Omaha-City Hall Building, Twen-ty-iiflh
and M Streets.
Council Blurt iu 1'earl Street.
Chicago 1W0 Unity Building.
New York Temple Court.
Washington Got Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to --.
sditorial matter should te aui". i
Omaha Bee, iwiiioriai P'"""-"-
Iil'QIVl'Hll T .KTTE KB. I
Business letters and remittances .hould
be addreesed; The Bee ruUuamug uu.u-
pany, Omaha. I ,
Ttomlt h ilmft fiiirau or postal order, I
Pttb?, T,h" .nlkCW
mail accounts l'er,ona' f6''. 'accent
Omaha or eaHtern exchanges, n aoc' I
the BEia BLBUSHiNti coMPANr. I
.t.tpmt circulation.
state of Nebraska, Dougiaa Couaty. as.t more earnest supporter than the secre
FuCTnf crmpaUny:"ngaryduiyB;o1 tary of tho Interior and Mr. Ultchcock
pays that the actual number of fun and may be depended upon to push the work
complete copies 01 iu I
Lvenlng and Sunday Bee printed during
he mourn ot June, iWJ, waa imu-..
...211,4 IO
211 7tiO I
fm Li- mftu
211, B40
2,T4o I
...20,500 1
90 VU KtUl I
o!.!-.. !ao,SHO
34...... 81330
10 M..21,610
1. 21,BBO
....... 20.B10
n M an,nM
m, ,, M m
29.. ........... 20, (wo
13 20.B80
4 , 21,O0
1C 20.B80
Total '. ...S8t,2ao I
Usa unsold and returned copies.... 9,sa
Net total sales. ..,.w......8T9,BOS I
Net dallr average BW.31S
oeo. n. tzschtick. I
Subscribed in tnv nreaenca and aworn to I
before me this nh rfay of JuneT A7 D.. 190J.
vf n tiTrvniTw
Notary Pubilo.
Is not Henry Watterson about due of
another installment of political erup
There Is some consolation ln the fore-
cast of Weather Trophet Hicks that the
tot blast is still a week off.
The elusive Harry Tracy and the de, I
luslve Pat Crowe might get together on I
a community of interest scheme. I
When submarine wireless telegraphy I
becomes an established fact, every live I
community will want a water front with
Oceania connections. I
If schemes of the oleo makers pan I
put, tne revised version will be every
man his own artist so far as applying
the color to his artificial butter is con-
Another unanswered question Will
Poet Laureate Austin be allowed to pro
ject a second coronation poem just be
cause that crowning ceremony has been
Colonel Bryan Is still several lengths
ahead of Grover Cleveland. The news
papers have not yet extended to him the
discussion whether he wears trousers or
simply pants.
With a blind-partisan organ like the I
19j ellMIHI He
World-Herald, everything Is personal It not probable that there is some ex
bias or prejudice. Contrast that sheet's aggeration, that conditions are really not
news reports of the Omaha tax case and so bad as they are represented to be?
of the railroad tax case. I
From, the number of notices ana I
proclamations flying about, one would I
judge that the Union Pacific strike had
reached the stage where the typewriters I
have been called into requisition. I
The threatened California lumber I
combine would be operating too far
away to hurt any one ln Nebraska. It j
is .me com Dines that cover the home I
territory that touch the tender Bpot I
Asplrants for Judge Keysorg Judicial
roDe are anxiously awaiting the return
Df Governor Savage, providing the Judge
tenders his resignation ln time to give
the governor a chance to exercise his
appointing power.
Congressman Neville seems .to be the
only fusion congressman who Is taken
at his word. Judge Neville declared he
would not seek reuominatlon and his
party Instead of forclpg it on him nomi
nated another man. How mean!
American steei manufacturers are
said to be scoring ahead of British
competitors in contracts ot construction
work ln South Africa. That would be
the Joke of the season for Great Britain
to furnish the money to the Boers ta
restore their destroyed bridges, rail
roads, factories and so forth and find
the American stepping in to relieve the
Nebraska democrats are willing to ac-
cept General Barry as a candidate for
congress, but they turned him down
.With a thud w hen the populists proposed
him for governor at the Grand Island
convention. The explanation is found ln
the fact that a governor at Lincoln dls -
tributes the ule. while a Domillat eon.
gressman at Washington Is quite harm -
less to the pie biters.
Governor Stoue of Pennsylvania has
the right Idea as to the time when the
militia should be called out In a strike.
He says that the governor will potior so-called trusts, do not indicate how
hesitate to send troops "if there is a
condition of riot, mobs or Insurrection
which the civil authorities are unable to
suppress." The Interference of the
uililtlii before actual lawlessness U
precipitated as a rule serve only to
stimulate violence )n retaliation for the
new grievance. The military authority
should bo the last resurU .
Alrrndy work has i b?en started In com
pliance with the Irrigation law and the
promise is that It will bo pushed with
all possible vigor. According to the
Washington correspondent of the riill
ndelphla Ledger there has been much
peculation as to where the actual work
of constructing reservoirs and ditches
will be begun. There . are but few
points where the surreys and specifica
tions hare been completed, so that con
tracts could be let this summer. Arl
sona claims three such places, but it Is
unlikely that any work will be done
there this season, It being understood
that a territory will have to stand back
and wait until some state has the first
chance. It is said to be possible that
several small contracts will be surveyed
and let for reservoirs in Nebraska this
summer, but It is not expected, that any.
thing extensive will be started. Wyo
-.. far Soida
. ' . ' ' . ..
extensive wont unaer xne new imga
ton nnWrv and it la -thomrht will have
" "
the first Impetus Of the system.
practical work of building lrriirat-
, . . , .
tratlnn tn Yta nnssed iirtnn bv the otfl
clals of the Interior department and
there will doubtless be a good deal of
, , ., , , .
manipulation to secure the first advan.-
tages of the law. The new law has no
ijj it.
provided for With energy.
vrcixciat riuuugu xjttu 19 du nt'u 111-
rormea regaraing (Jubun conditions and
character that what he says respecting
Bltlinfnn ln -tha 1ulnnl mill tha Ant.
must command attention. Ills view
Is distinctly pessimistic. General Lee be-
Heves that the public school system and
uw eumutry system esutuujsueu uuuer
American occupation are destined soon
peri8h. He looks for trouble from
army, from the claimants for back pay
and from those who are trenerallv dls
... ...
wiui vuo x uiuia uumimsiruuou,
as wcu as rrom aiscnargea laDorers wno
m 1 .1 iAt . 1 -
Klu lu"' luclr Vw
the commercial stagnation. "Knowing
the Cubans as I do," said General Lee,
"and being ln touch by correspondence
with many ot them, I firmly believe
that unless confidence is restored and
some relief afforded ln the sale of their
Products, there is nothing ahead except
anarchy and annexation." It Is stated
"at American mercnants are losing con
fidence ln the success of the experiment
self-government in Cuba and fearing
domestic troubles there are declining to
eMp merchandise to the island, while
Cuban Importers are animated by ex-
actly the same feelings as are American
There is no doubt that the industrial
situation ln Cuba Is unsatisfactory, but
It Is certainly very much better than at
the beginning of the American occupa-
tlon or at any time during that occupa-
tlon and since the Cuban people got
through that period without any great
nmnnnr nf Riifferinir and without serious
complaint as to conditions, It is not easy
to understand why they should now,
less than two months after the institn
tlon of an Independent government, 'e
suffering. Testimony given last Jan
uary before the ways and means com-
mltteo of the hoUBe of representatives
showed that at that time there was no
destitution ln Cuba and that labor.
was well employed and well paid. How
can the extraordinary chango in the
situation said to have come about within
the last few months be explained? Is
We are Inclined to think that this must
be the case, for it seems hardly possible
that the comparative prosperity of six
months ago should have given place to
so distressing a state of affairs as is
Implied ln the remarks of General Lee,
As to the political dissension and dls
satisfaction, that was to have been ex-
pected. It Is entirely characteristic of
the people and was plainly foreshad
owed when Palma was elected. No ad-
ministration could satisfy all the politl-
clans and President Palma appears not
tn have shown the most sagacious ludg-
"m,.t in the treatment of the negro ele-
rr-hn Cuban neoDle are undergoing
teBt of their capacity -for self -govern
ment They need to learn patience vvx
fortitude and self-reliance. Depending
upon the favor of some other country
for their material progress and pros
perity is not the wisest or best way of
building up the country and placing the
new republic on a firm foundation. It
is not improbable that there will be
political troubles of a more or less
serious nature ln Cuba, but we do not
apprehend that there is any great dan
ger at present of anarchy.
The favorite remedy with many con
gressmen who are after the trusts," re
marks the Boston Transcript, "is to re
move the customs duties on all trust
mado goods. This sounds well to those
who want to hear it, but in operation
would lay the Industry of the coun-
try prostrate at the feet of foreigners,
8lnCe there is no way conceivable of so
legislating as to discriminate effectively
between goods maae py combinations
nd those made by private individuals
1 in application of the tariff. Uhe
Individual would suffer With the com-
1 blnatlou. The business would be slm
ply transferred to the foreigner, for they
have combinations abroad as well as
I here."
I Those who propose to apply the tariff
I remedy to tho industrial combination,,
this could be done without affecting the
Individual manufacturer. There are a
great many Independent industries
I ln the country which produce sim-
liar articles with the trust and
I these would necessarily be affected
by the removal of the tariff on
such article, for as the Transcript say.
I there is no way conceivable of so legls-
atlng as to discriminate, effectively be- I
ween goods made by combinations and I
thoso mnrio hv nrlrate individuals in
lk ,r..i.,. r-,r v far!- If la on Q I
. . V . . . . - it, , I
10 understand u.e .avocacy ox un
icy y free traders, but aimcuit to com-
prehend how a friend of protection can I
favor it
The Real Estate exchange is entitled
to much credit for Its successful effort
to bring about reform In the assessment
of property for 'city and county taxa
The success of the real estate men
was made possible only by the cam
paign of education by the press that
preceded their work and created a pub
lic sentiment that upheld them through
the entire contest
The reduction of the tax rate by a few I
points docs not, however, accomplish all I
ti.o m n .1 n env... I
material reuueuon 01 taxes in umana I
nd Douglas county can be effected un-1
til the affairs of city, county and school I
district are conducted on a strictly bus-
iness basis, not by raising the cry of
weu-aennea rumors to elect aemocrats, i
but by an honest endeavor to eliminate
sinecures and tax eaters and by com-
pelllng county boards, school boards and
city councils to remain strictly within
the bounds of law ln tho expenditure of
public funds,
This requires constant vigilance and I
occasional appeals to the courts. The
experience of the Eeal Estate exchange
uas snowu mai u couiu not secure
higher tax assessments and reduced I
levies merely by passing resolutions,
neither can it hope to stop wasteful and
1 r
lawless expenditures by resolution.
nat tne exenange must ao to retain
the advantages which realtv ln Omaha. I
wlll derive from lower tax rates 1b to
vcuici -o tret. vtu i
An 4 a Si 1 r a A-t a wp ann Inniinl swv Iit rw - r w
assessment seasons upon tne local gov
e ruing boards and authorities charged I
with thn iHshurRement of th mnnev cnl- I
i ..... t .i rri... m l
. ... . ., . . .
uuuuuca "i""" DauJU u-uc "u
systematic procedure as has the cam- Everyone who had previously given the sub
palgn for more equitable assessments. 'ect ""r study expected that It would be.
It will require the services of competent Mariposa's furnaces are equipped with com-
attorneys who will Interpose by legal
process whenever any lawless expendl-
ture is attempted and stop leakages I
wherever they can be plugged up by
,1T. . - .
court order.
According to General Test, the erup-
tlon of Mount Pelee has filled the air
with a vast amount of carbonic and
other gases which has pervaded the at-
mospnere anu prouueeu an auuurumi i
rainfall over certain sections of the I
earth precisely as the gases caused by
a sxeat battle invariably produce rain I
over the field where a battle has been
iouguu a uieeo ec., u
Test, "will be spread all through the
atmosphere the abnormal moisture will
oenae." For these observations and con-
t. i
uiuu mo i""iJ'" l'auu"""' I
sippi country snouia reet very gratuiut.
There Is. however, a slight suspicion in
thn minds of some neonle that if Instead
. - ,feoii m i,Q
vl wul.uuvu?
had a continuous drouth the gases
emitted by Mount Pelee would have
been also held responsible and predic-
- i.t.r Ha, mi,rT,
. . . . , j . ..u .i. i
have been Indulged in with the same de-
gree of plausibility. Instead of cbarg-
ing the gases with creating moisture
rw mlt hnv been chareod with ab-
.i T. a Airr i Koot
Buiuiiis n '"8 v""
One of our readers writes approval of
The Bee's reference to the continuous
performance of arresting bootleggers on
the Indian reservation for the purpose of
brinirlnir erist to the fee-mill. With the
addition that the whole thing is a grand
farce that has been worked for years.
The suggestion is offered that, if guilty,
clving the offenders the full penalty of
l-ur wmilri nut & aton to the practice.
" " " ' I
. . ni nDnn. m . , f i
wirno me picYam8 B)B
them all off with nominal punisnmeni
plays Into the bands of the unscrupulous
men who work the game at both ends
both for profit and for fees, mileage and
perquisites. Without question the In
dians are the precarious victims of a
vicious system that ought to be abol
Bead the stenographic report, as pub
lished In installments in The Bee, of
the proceedings, testimony and argu
ments In the great railroad tax case
submitted to the supreme court of Ne-
i.,.v, . thia U. Thla case involves
me inosi iiupuii vu..v-.D
the people at the present time that of
euuitable taxation of franchlsed corpo -
rations. No better way of gaining an in -
aleht Into the fact and arguments pro
glgUl 1UVO UIO b"
ana con is to oe iouuu wiu mat
sented by this hearing before the court
of last resort
The Beatrice fire is magnified out of
all proportion by Omaha's morning yel
low. which Indulges in lurid description
of tie conflagration and advertises the
population of th. town under martial
law Just because a corporal s guard of
special policemen naa oeen enroueu w
patrol the business portion of the town
during the night following the fire. We
snViuthaai fh sllKintlfia
aouoi. oowcTci. """
men of Beatrice appreciate that sort of
Now that the pure food department
ha. been pronounced tttt
valid by tne supreme court, . v
hoped the Nebraska hog will shea ouiy
pure bird and the Nebraska cow wm ex-
th nimiir from it fresh blue lac-
teal fluid.
Think of th Crowaleaa Gown.
Chicago Record-Herald.
King Edward might fool th soothsayers
by having himself crowned In the back par
lor some evening without previously send
ing word.
Wkm th Klek Come In.
Chicago Chronicle.
Whatever may bo the affection ot th
Canadian brother for the mother country,
no on who know him will entertain the
least suspicion that b will allow bis sentl
mnt to Interfere with hi thrift. Neither
Mr. ChamborlaUi aor anyoa els will fr-
susd the frugal Canuck to tax himself
poor, for the benefit of the emplr.
iinnpri .s 7 w r.
Philadelphia Record.
The 1nJuncMon become, rather
complicated to the Judicial mind when
striking workmen apply to one Judge for
an Injunction to prevent the issue of an
Injunction by another Judge.
. Alas, I'Mr neorbark!
New' York Matt'and Express.
"Alas, poor Roorback I I knew him well.
He was aa issue of Infinite promises."
And, with a sigh, Hamlet Democracy
tossed to the grare dug .by publlo opinion
the dry bones of anti-imperialism.
Where limnrr Reaorts.
San Francisco Call.
It Is hard to say what is the record for
hottest weather, but the recent announce
ment that In an Arizona town tho othor
day the mercury stood at 106 "in the Ice
box" must come pretty close to making a
new one'
It must have been an Interesting stent
ee Governor Savage of Nebreska and
,orf "ur"J or Washington on the
,D, tot he.Ud riVeV Into' VeVot
the battleship Nebraska at a Seattle shin-
Jr& - Each of them, of course, will frame
,M cnat ror 3 cent which he received In
payment for his labor.
Paddled Batter Scoff mt Law.
Buffalo Express.
Tbs law which was designed to kill the
Oleomargarine Industry seems to have
Pro7ea oenenciai ror the renovated butter
nT 'rr'SteS S
eagerly bought ln all parts of the country.
The competition is now so keen that the
Prtc of rncld nutter, which formerly was
mi,0tn'whiei.Pi11? " "iT 11 ""f"
The mixture which Is thrown into the vats
for cleansing and ourifvlng Is artifleiaiw
colored before it is ready for the market.
Why should the law permit the manufac-
l""" "nor"c ?utter . t0. color thelr
makers of oleomargarine T
Test of on iinrnin Farnace.
Bttl Francisco Chronicle,
tnai trip ot tne ocean steamshln
Mariposa with oil-burning furnaces under
Us boilers proved to be a complete success.
wWch removeB the onlT forcefu, objecJtIoi;
the Navy department has hitherto raised
against the use of the new fuel in the fur
nace8 01 our waaips. The success of the
compressed air spray does away with the
nw.Kitv . i.
, Bu ""vjii; ui
iresh water to make up the loss involved
n the use of steam Jets in oil-burning fur
Somewhit Ahead of the Season, bat
Worth Thinking; Ahont.
Chicago Record-Herald.
Ahout this time of the year look out for
seasonable hot weather advice. If you have
Tint Kaon nrnvMa ferlM. . .
tJ met every p0SslbIe hot weather emerg-
ency, from sunstroke to excessive thirst and
indisposition to exercise, it is because the
hlth department In your locality is not
la opporiunu;ea. irsi ana tore
moat comes the Injunction to "keep cool."
The- health department that does not ad
monlah the people to "keep cool" in sum
mer "olstice does not know 1U business.
A, other precautions are of minor conae
quence compared to this. The directions
pertaining to diet, drink and clothing are
useful and of hygienic value, but little cora-
tort Is to be derived from them unless the
advice to "keep cool" U carefully and re-
l'glously followed, t Unless those who sweat
mnd 8weiter are willing to heed this advice
they cannot hold the health department re-
sponsible for heat prostrations and other
HtbiS- consequences ot July weather.
Next in Importance comes the advice to
"keep on the shady side of the street." If
there la no "shady side" to the street you
Should move off the street. If your grocer
"d. "i 'u"!
other ,ia or elM tr.aa iomewhera else.
The health officer will also caution you "to
avoid exertion," which Is good advice to
nJ "yi,me f. W"' caae '
,ny klnd na g(f home 0f eek Bome coo,
quiet spot. In any event It Is best to get
out of the sun. You will also be told that
Deet to ar,nk t drinks and take hot
i uftiuB. iw ma i wwu mil liic warmer me
. . 1. - .1- -
body the cooler will seem the atmosphere,
Anyone who will take the trouble to fol
low these simple, hygienic suggestions can
"ruy ii u peua a coraionaDie summer,
Importance of the Improvements on
the Overland Route,
Brooklyn Eagle.
An engineering operation that a few
years ago would have seemed formidable
Is to be undertaken by the Union Pacific
railroad, the first of the roads that was
laid across this continent. Maps that are
printed ln advertisements show railroads
as straight streaks across the country,
with cities wrenched out or place in or
I Jt fc 1. l . V. I . II.. 1 II Jt
th t . .. cre,,denU. ometm
are . different matter. The old Pacific line
1 that runs -rcv. Omaha to Ban Francisco
j wriggles like a hurt snsko. It Utsts
wara every point, as. inaeeo. it mui oiwn
I n nritee tn thllh feanlhle rraillenta
acroM tb, mountains. In the days ot light
locomotive much had to be sacrificed to
these gradients and every road in a moun
tain country that I not facilitated by tun
nels wilU nearly box the compass ln it
climbs and descents.
Work now in progress will shorten th
old Central line by fifty miles, thus
curing a gain in running time, ln length
ofrack U equip nd keepU Irln
Dortatlo,COI,omies to be made by initial
outlay of mor than I5.000.00O. Several
long curves will be converted Into straight
Unes by cut and tunnels, grades will be
I vw V AC u 111 W waa w w .w-.f
Great Salt Lake from Ogden to Lucian. to
th9 dlmag9 of the icenery. but the gain of
I forty miles in distance. Wood and stone
I are to bo used ln this construction and th
strength of the brine la the lake Is held
Be-g f tJje waUr ,n tha northcrn part
of tn, ake uai th, infreqUency of sever
What the Union Pacific is doing is com
mended to other companies that operate
in parts ot the country where no such
difficulties are encountered as in th west
Straight road are economic roads and they
invite traffic. Th wild yanks and alarm
log rolls to which passengers are subjec
on some of them cause train sickness
which is a form of seasickness, and bead
ache, and they cause rapid deterioration
of cars and engine. Those railroads mak
th best bids for patronage that promise
not merely speed, but comfort, and steadi
ness Is the mor comfortable because It
Indicate security. We have been eager to
extend th mileage of this country. Now
I w might show some expedition in reduc
I lng it by straightening needless turns and
lowering or raising needles grades.
While the House of Commons and Its
governing committee, the British ministry,
theoretically possess supreme power
throughout the empire and could by leg
islative act or resolution in .council annul
th constitution or any law ot any colony,
the Imperialistic scheme of suspending par
liamentary government at the Cape, sug
gested by Lord Mllner.and favored by Mr.
Chamberiala, had t be abandoned In defer
ence to the collective objection of the colo-
lal premiers now assembled in London.
measure of this character was denounced
as a precedent which would have menaced
the liberties of every self-governing colony.
The abandonment thereof, on the other
hand, has established a contrary precedent
that will act as a constitutional limit on
the powers of. th Imperial Parliament.
Interference by the home government with
colonial charters ceased ln practice with
tne achievement of American Independence;
the principle of noninterference has now
become part of the unwritten constitution
of Great Britain ln obedience to the de
mand of the colonial premiers.
The czar of Russia has addressed a lone
rescript to his ministry of education with
regard to the general principles upon
which a reform of the Intermediate and
higher education ought to be conducted.
In referring to th recent disturbances
among the students he says: "My fatherly
heart has been comforted to learn that a
considerable majority of the students
toward the end of the present academic
year themselves recognised what their duty
was and returned to the orderly pursuit
of their studies. I hope and believe that
during the summer holidays the students
will take tranquil sounael with their own
consciences and, following the advice ot
their parents and friends, will hearken to
my vole calling upon them and all my
faithful subjects to return to their work
and to obey the law. For the sake of the
patlon Intrusted to my care, an end must
be put to the disorders, which are a dis
grace to science and to the universities,
once the just pride of Russia, and which
cause the ruin of so many young lives,
dear to the fatherland and to me." The
Intimation here seems plainly to be that
the students have sinned against light and
reason, and that there Is more need for
repentance on their part than for reforma
tion ln the government system.
Tho Polish question Is likely to occupy
prominent position ln European politics
for some time to come. Chancellor von
Buelow does not seem to be In the least
Inclined to recede from tho position which
he baa assumed. Speaking In the upper
house of the Prussian Diet the other day,
be said that there could be no doubt that,
ln spite of all the benefits which the Prus
sian government had conferred upon the
Poles, the ultimate object of the Polish
movement was to separate the bilingual
provinces from the Prussian monarchy. A
separation of these sections of the king
dom would undermine the foundations of
the monarchy, and consequently those of
the German empire. Without the province
ot West Prussia that of East Prussia
would be untenable. The Prussian gov
ernment would never desist from its task
until all PollBh subjects adopted an atti
tude of loyalty to the Prussian state. He
declared that the government took tho
greatest interest in the German Catholic
settlements .in the eastern provinces, and
that it was a misrepresentation of the
facts to assert that the Roman Catholic
church could only flourish ln those dls
tricts through the Influence of the Polish
element. The chief burgomaster of Posen
supported the chancellor by declaring that
the Poles were no longer a Roman Cath
olio ' party, as the clericals would dis
cover sooner or later, but a national. More
over, - the Polish movement had ceased to
be aristocratic and had become democratic
and radical. He believed ln the Bismarck
lan policy of settling German peasant in
the eastern districts and establishing gar
risons, as social centers. In the smaller
The ministerial newspapers In Spain are
disposed to make light of the agrarian
movement in Estramadura and Andalusia,
on the ground that, with the exception ot
Badajoz, there has been nowhere sny ac
tual breach of the peace, and that at
Badajos Itself there has been little diffi
culty in restoring order. Nevertheless, ac
cording to the stories of foreign corre
spondents, the condition of affairs In Se-
vllle, Malaga and Cadis is far from satis,
factory. In all three districts a conceo
tratlon of agricultural discontent seems to
be taking place, and not Infrequently the
rallying centers are anarchical clubs. At
Jerex a union ot laborers ha been formed,
under the direct inspiration of th an
archists, which, thoygh It has not yet se
cured many adherents, has issued a pro
gram ot demands Intended to serve as a
preliminary challenge to the employers.
who are threatened with strikes ln case
of noncompliance. The conditions of Held
labor in southern Spain differ so much
from those that exist elsewhere that many
of th demands without explanation would
be unintelligible. The main point, how-
over, insisted upon Is the abolition of
work by the job" and that is a point
upon which employers assert that It 1 Im
possible for them to agree. Whether the
union of Jeres, ln the event of the rejec
tion of their proposals, will succeed tn
bringing about a general strike remains
to be seen; but if they do there Is very
little doubt that the anarchists will play
an Important part in th dlreotlon of it.
Th visit of Prince Ferdinand of Bul
garia to St. Petersburg has attracted much
attention In Berlin. It Is pointed out In
various - journal that ln th exchange of
toasts at Peterhoff, neither th czar nor
the prince mentioned the sultan, Prlace
Ferdinand's suzerain; while both speakers
talked as if Bulgaria were an independent
state. The omission of Prince Ferdinand
to propose the sultan's health Is Inter
preted a a proof that be la no longer
obliged to ask the ruler of Turkey, as an
act of grace, to declar th Independence
of Bulgaria, which, presumably, has been
Informally recognized by th czar, and It
is foretold that th prlnc will consider
himself henceforth a full-blown sovereign.
A forward step In th civilization of Mex
ico ha been taken in the Paclflo coast
state of Jalisco, wher th congress ha
abolished th customs ot bull fighting and
cock fighting. Th step I directly du to
th urgent labor of General Luis C. Curlel,
th governor of th state, but ha 1 backed
by th principal citizens. Jalisco is one
of the most prosperous states of th repub
lic, Guadalajara 1 th capital, and It has
1,000,000 Inhabitant. The bull fight, a leg
acy from Spain, baa been growing In dis
favor for years, and now it is forbidden
by th people themselves, who, without
th tutelage ot a superior race, are de
veloping their own civilization In their own
Wanted, n Party Leader.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Th instincts of th masses of th party
have brought them together oa certain
main issue now before th people. It la
possible that betor th next great con
test a national leader will aria who will
be free from factional entanglement, with
nothing to explain and no revenge to wreak.
Such a leader will have th loyal support
of democrat who have been wasting thalr
strength tn party feuds. It is desirable
that there should b harmony, but It Is
altogther likely to b remot until a leader
arises who caa copsl IU
Indiana republicans will blow off th po
litical lid on September 20 with "a hur
rah in every county."
Even Old Missouri turned up ZOO demo
cratic delegates to the state convention
who favored dropping free silver.
Indiana democrats, who have been
handed a few hot bawl by the Commoner,
re responding with words that blister Ih
nearby asphslt.
Governor W. Murray Cran of Massa
chusetts achieved the unuuat distinction
ot having his recommendations enacted
into law by three successive legislature.
The recent populist convention ln Indi
ana was mor notable on account of the
absence of delegates thsn from their pres
ence. There wer only twenty-six persons
The reform administration of Now Tork
City succeeded In reducing the - tsx rate
by four mills. Omaha's cut, city and
county, Is a shads over six mills. Let
the good work go on.
The new state constitution of Alabama
has done away with August elections in
that state and by reducing the opportuni
ties for fraud has added, many think, to
the prospects of the republican minority.
The new constitution of Virginia pro
vides for a corporation commission of
three members, and though the appoint
ments will not be msde before Novenfber
next, 110 citizen have already been an
nounced as candidates for the three posi
tions. While jubilating over the acquittal ot
Colonel Fred Ames, chief of police of
Minneapolis, charged with receiving rake-
offs from "blgmlt men," th grand Jury
handed the colonel and hi brother. Mayor
Ames, a bunch of new Indictments. The
unexpected bsndout marred the joy of th
After one term In congress, representi.....
the Twelfth Ohio district, Emmett Tomp
kins, who defeated the redoubtable Lenta
by a plurality ot some eighteen votes in
a total ot some 61,000, has decided that
the game Is not worth the candle and he
has notified his party to look for another
Section 4 of the amended Virginia con-
stltutlon excludes from the suffrage "per-
sons who, while citizens of thl state, after
the adoption ot this constitution, fought a
duel with a deadly weapon, or sent or ac
cepted a challenge to fight such a duel,
either within or without the bounds ot this
state, or knowingly conveyed a challenge
or aided or assisted ln any way in the
fighting of such a duel."
In the present congress thre are two
Congressmen Alien', two Congressmen Ball,
two Congressmen Butler, two Congress
men Cooper, two Congressmen Foster, two
Congressmen Gaines, three Congressmen
Henry, two Congressmen Jackson, two
Congressmen Jones, two Congressmen
Powers, two Congressmen Richardson, two
Congressmen Robinson, six ot the name of
Smith, two ot Stewart, two of. Taylor, two
of Tompkins and two of Williams.
The newly elected Oregon legislature
will be even more strongly republican
than the one it succeeds, even though at
the recent June election the democrats
elected one candidate on the state ticket,
their nominee for governor. In the last
legislature there were twenty straight re
publican members ot the senate and thirty
six of the house. In tho next legislature
there will be twenty-four ln the senate
and forty-eight ln - the bouse, a gain on
joint ballot for the republicans of sixteen
Marvelona Proarrean Within Two Gen
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The beginning of the second half of 1902
sees the railroads ot the United States
cross the 200,000-mlle line. Construction
during the last six months was not es
pecially active, though It was larger than
last year's corresponding time, but the
total which had been reached by the end
of 1901 was so near the 200,000-mlle mark
thst that line was certain to be passed
long before 1902 neared its close. It Is
only by comparing this mileage with that
of some of the rest of the great countries
that the American people can fully realize
the tremendous development which has
taken place ln this field In their own land.
Figures ot railroad activities for the world
at large are not very trustworthy, but
taking those which are most recent and
reliable th United State Is seen to be far
ahead of any other country. Germany has
about 82,000 miles of main track; Russia,
29,000; France, 27,000; Auetrla-Hungary, 23,
000; Great Britain and Ireland, 22,000, while
no other European country has as many as
10,000 miles. All of Europe has about 175,
000 miles of road, or considerably less than
the United States, while the entire world'
mileage Is approximately 100,000, of which
the United State furnishes two-fifths.
Al this railroad construction has come
ln about two generations of time. When
John Stevens In 1S22 got a charter from
the Pennsylvania legislature to build a
railroad from Philadelphia to Columbia,
on the Susquehanna (which was never
built) somebody asked on of the Penn
sylvania papers, "What Is a railroad, any
how T" Th editor gave It up, but said
that "perhaps soma other correspondent
can tell."
It Is only seventy-four years on th
Fourth of July since work was started on
the construction of th first ot America's
great roads; it Is only fifty-one year since
the waters of the west at Lake Erie were
first reached by through rail from th At
lantic coast, and as recently as Appomat
tox there were only 12,000 miles of main
track ln the whole country, as compared
with 200,000 miles now.
That's the kind of clothing we sell and It's the reputation
our kind bears, and "No Clothing Fits Like Ours." Beau
tiful summer and outing suits from -
$7.50 to $25.00
Covers a multitude of qualities, and they are the best that
can be made for that money. We know what we are talk
ing about for we make all that we sell, and our fixings, to
go with the suit in furnishing and hat pre of an cxcluslVe
' ness that other stores cannot duplicate. " -
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
17. 8. Wilcox, Manager. ' .
, ,. ,f . . . . ,.
Conarensmen Itrnah the 4oil' Art my
ni ran It na -original. '
PaHlmore American.
Congress has adjourned and the conges
tions! humorists have gone their several
ways. Many times during thl past ses
sion we bsve felt a If called upon to speak
a few words of criticism eonaerhlng the
alleged hrriRhtly Wit fathered by statesmen,
but have kept our peace. We thought It
would b Interfering with them while they
were actually and actively endeavoring to
be funny. But now that it Is all over, we
wish to go on record as sincerely hoping
that the next session of congress will pro
due a batter order of humorists and a
better degree of humor. The stories that
have been published, ta the public prints
and blazoned on th entertaining pages of
the Congressional Record as falling Ilk
freshly cut Jewels - from the lips of our
statesmen hsv beep cobwebby. The dim
vastness of the past has been Invaded; th
tombs of centuries of Jokes have been
ruthlessly ransacked, and the page of hu
morous history have been torn from their
volumes, that some congressman might
glisten as a shining light Of rare anecdotal
gleam. We have noted several stories thst
were stolen originally by tho late Mr. Boc
caclo; others that were preserved from
forgetfulness by the lste M. Balzac; and
till others that once formed the nucleus
of the celebrated and venerated "Joe Mil
ler's Joke Book." Within the past week,
indeed, other fields wers invaded. Her 1
a sample:
There Is a man In Representative'
Knox's district who wrote a letter ad
dressed to himself as follows:
, MA88.
It took soma thne for the postal clerk
to decipher the address, but the letter wa
linauy aenvereo to
Andover, Mass.
There aro grayheads and baldheads ln
this country who remember pondering over
this Item ln the collection of puzzles that
used to form a part of the brain sttmulent
ln the back pages of their dog-eared mental
arithmetic. "John Underwood" of And
over, Mass.. was enshrined in. th pellucid
Ilrht of fame rears and rear ago before
tn9 reprBentatlv who seized him by hi
unwnin)r hand and forced him to bend his
age-stiffened spine ln a rusty bow to an
unappreclatlve public was born, we sub
mit that the resurrection of this roan "Un
derwood" was too ghoulish; It waa carry
ing things -too far. The publlo does not
expect Joke of pristine freshness from its
statesmen, but It does demand something
that is not mildewed. With these few words
which, we hope, will sink deep Into the.
hearts ot future congressmen we leave th
subject, again explaining that we only go
into the matter for reason of public wel
fare and enjoyment.
Puck:'' The Hostess There's one thing
that can be said for Mrs. Talklngton she
never retails scandal.
The Caller No?
Th Hostess No; wholesale exclusively!
Detroit Free Press: "Money talks," as
severated Gildersleeve.
"I am not so sure of that," retorted
Throckmorton. "It Is not on speaking
terms with me."
Philadelphia Preesi "When he found
that death was at hand was he resigned?'
"No, Indeed. You see, he had Just bought
a 50 Panama hat, and he realized thut he
couldn't wear it and a halo at the same
time." .
Washington Star: "How do you think
you stand with the voters in your town?
"I never trouble myself about that," an
swered Senator Sorghum; "but I stand all
right with the men who control th voters."
Chicago Record-HcTald:" "isee that hash '
ha become the fashionable dish at the
White House."
"Well, you must remember that the pres.
Ident gets a good, big salary. I suppose
they have chunks of real rm-at In It, too,
don't they?"
Detroit Free Preset "Was it an enter
taining affair?"
"Very. First a man got up and sang,
'Are There Any More at Home Like You?
and then a lady arose and recited 'W
Are Seven. "
Chicago Post: "Poets are born, not
made," asserted the poet.
"I'm glad to hear you admit that," re
turned the critic. "I had always supposed
from your manner that you thought you
came into the world In some superior and
more original way."
. Portland Oregonlan.
Now glory to our base ball team, and them
that play thereon.
And keep the glory whooping up till all the
same is gone.
For turn ye East, or turn ye West, ana
rubber South or North,
A team like that that play Tor u has
never sallied forth.
Wher Uvea the aggregation that the
proud distinction clalina
That It within but two brief week ha
lost eleven games?
Full yellow ball we've seen before, with
- errors manifold.
And games that multiplied a soore th
blackboard would not hold.
We've seen the gallant dry good clerk
combat the butcher boys.
We've seen the Elks and Eagle play with
enmity and nolso.
But e'en the worse of all these teams got
on a winning gait, ' ...
If only now and then, and nona e'er lost
' ' eleven straight.
Ah! lovely pennant, fluttering before th
players' eyes.
What thoughtless fate hag made of you
the one and only prize?
For If a pennant was hung up for those
who play the worst.
Our doughty player In th race to claim It
would be first.
Yet still our team Is worth lta coin, for In
a few weeks hence,
All those who bet against It will have mad
a competence.