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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 1, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEEt TUESDAY, JULY 1, 1902.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee
E. R08EWATER, EDITOR.
I PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btate of Nebraska, Douglas County s.!
George B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Be
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ays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
(the month of June, iwi, waa as louowa
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OEO. B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 30th day of June, A. D., 1902.
(Seal.) M. B. H UNGATE.
The name congress will reconvene for
second Innings next December.
Adjournment of house and senate adds
another reason for jubilating on the
Haytl's election broils indicate that Its
people are taking their lessons In self
government In dead earnest.
, If the Plngree potato patches and posy
gardens are not a success this year It
will not be for lack of the watering can.
The Isthmian canal bill Is now a law
fcut excursion parties via the Isthmian
canal will not be organized for a little
iwhlle yet . .,
' 'apan'i imports from the United States
are increasing every year. The Jap
knows where to get the beat goods for
the least money.
We know several business establish
ments that would envy City Treasurer
Bennlngs his long line of people wait
ing to pay him what they owe the city
King Edward's recuperative powers
astonish the physicians. The physi
cians must be disappointed at prospects
that promise to make their work a
shorter Job than they expected.
Senator Elklns thinks our war with
Spain delayed the annexation of Cuba,
which otherwise would already have
been accomplished . It Is a question,
bowever, which would have been least
One thing at a time In the tax reform
program. The first point of attack was
the city assessment and the next the
county assessment The state equaliza
tion, however, is also on the list and Is
not to be overlooked.
It is suggested that Trust Smasher
Smyth should have a consolation prize.
If the ;iittle giant" had the proper
sense of self-sacrifice he would get off
the ticket and make way for Smyth to
gratify his ambition to lead the forlorn
Dope forces. '
One would Imagine that It would be
easier for the populists and democrats to
fuse en platforms than on tickets, but
the reverse appears to be the case. It
'is one ticket on two platforms not two
tickets on one platform. A Joint plat
form committee for the two fusion con
ventions will be in order next time.
; The people of Seattle will take due
notice that Governor Savage and a com
plete staff of gold-laced colonels will be
on band to superintend the laying of the
f keel of the battleship Nebraska, in
1 Jcourse of construction there. Informa
tion as to tl)e preferences of the guests
can be had of the head of the co 111 oils
The campaign for more equitable taxa
tlon or railroads is not confined to any
one state it' presents an Issue sure to
'be raised in every American common
wealth where these great corporations
nave been evading their just shares of
the burdens of taxation. That Is why
Hhe railroads are so strenuous In their
efforts to head off-the fight In Nebraska,
so they may use their success here as a
lever in other states. '
Mr. Bryan's statement that no invita
tion to the Tilde n club banquet ever
reached him is met with the production
of postofflce receipts for the registered
letter containing the invitation.. The
question, however, U not important . Mr,
Bryan, even bad be received the invita
tion In due time, would not have at
tended any meeting at which Grover
Cleveland and David B, Hill were ad
.tertlaed to be the star performers.
THKXCfV FISCAL TSAR.
Todsy begins the new fiscal year of the
government and the notable fact In con
nection with it is the abolition of the
war taxes of 1808. After today the
taxes which were levied to carry on the
war with Spain will end and the prom
ise given by the republican party that
these taxes should be abolished as soon
as It was practicable to do so will go
Into effect. It Is another illustration of
the good faith of the party In power In
carrying out its assurances to the peo
ple. The abolition of what Is known as the
war taxes will take a considerable sum
out of the annual revenues of the gov
ernment Those taxes yielded a large
sum, but they are no longer necessary,
and the republican party, following Its
uniform policy of relieving the people
of unnecessary tax burdens, has ordered
the relinquishment of this taxation,
which amounted to many millions an
nually. While It is true that these taxes
were not felt to be particularly burden
some, because of the general prosperity
of the country, there will be a general
feeling of satisfaction that they are re
pealed. As to the effect upon the rev
enues of the government the reduction
will amount to a larg sum, put accord
ing to official estimates there Is no
danger of a deficit resulting, unless con
gress should be more extravagant In the
matter of appropriations at the next ses
sion than It has been in the present one.
It is not probable that It will be. On
the contrary, It Is reasonably to be ex
pected that the disposition will be to
curtail appropriations for the next fiscal
year to what is absolutely necessary to
the public service. The appropriations
at the present session have been on a
pretty liberal scale and It may fairly be
assumed that the limit has almost been
At all events the cutting off of taxes,
which will reduce the Income of the
government many millions annually,
must compel congress to pursue a con
servative and prudent course in expendi
tures. The national treasury Is well pro
vided with money and the revenue out
look Is satisfactory, but the situation
does not warrant uudue extravagance in
ova uHowiao kxpomts.
Evidence of the magnificent expansion
of the business of the United States is
seen in the statistics of the exports for
the eleven months of the fiscal year
ending with May. They show a volume
of exports almost) unprecedented and
which attest particularly with reference
to the agricultural products, something
absolutely out of the ordinary. - For ex
ample, the statistics show that the ex
ports of agricultural products last year
were greater than ever before for any
single year, and this notwithstanding
the fact that in the same period we will
also send abroad a greater amount of
manufactured products than ever be
fore in our history.
These facts are particularly Impres
sive. They demonstrate a commercial
power on the part of the United States
that is infinitely greater than any politi
cal Influence which It can possibly exert
The real power which this country Is ex
ercising today and will exert In the
future is absolutely financial and com
mercial. The productive energy and
power of the United States, the Indus
trial expansion and growth of this na
tion, will have more to do with the
spread of its influence and authority
than even Its political and diplomatic
That our trade will continue to expand
seems to be an absolute certainty. All
the conditions favor this proposition and
especially the fact that we are able to
surpass every other country in both the
quality and the quantity of our
labor. The fact is universally recog
nized that American labor is the
best and most productive and effi
cient in the world, and It is
largely due to this that we are able to
outbid and outvie the world In all the
contests In which labor is the chief ele
ment What has already been accom
plished In the extension of our manu
factures to foreign .markets suggests
that greater achievement lies In the fu
ture. The superiority of American labor
that has won so much In the past can
reasonably be depended upon to win
more In the future. We are today
stronger than ever before In all our his
tory In those conditions which make for
material progress and there is every
reason to expect that in the years to
come our advance In the markets of the
world wlll.be more rapid than in the
WUT HOT ABOLISH TBK SVPBBIX
TCKDIMTI The dominant majority of the Board of
Education makes no bones of it that it
has no confidence In the ability of Super
intendent Pearse to give efficient direc
tion to the teachers of the public schools.
This lack of confidence is exhibited at
every turn, not only in the selection,
promotion and assignment of teachers,
but also in the regular disregard of the
superintendent's recommendations with
reference to the subdivision of the
school work, the choice of textbooks.
As a natural consequence of this de
plorable condition, the board has virtu
ally taken to Itself the performance of
duties' that should devolve upon the
superintendent and relieved him not only
of the functions, but also of the responal
blllty of his position. To all intent
and purposes, therefore, Superintendent
Pearse is treated as a figurehead rather
than as the general manager of the
public school system. The upshot is
that for all practical purposes his serv
ices might as well be dispensed with.
In other words, with a superintendent
who lacks the essential qualification
and does not enjoy the full confidence
of. the board, the office becomes a sine-
cute that might as well be abolished.
The damaging effect of this state of
affairs upon the educational system can
be scarcely overestimated. Imagine, if
such a thing could be, a general man
ager of a railroad who did not enjoy the
confidence of his board of directors, who
felt forced to exercise his functions
themselves through committees or Indi
vidual members. Imagine any other big
institution under like conditions whose
general manager because of his Incom
petency bad to be shorn of authority,
without which discipline is impossible.
Would not a change In manager be Im
perative as soon as his contract should
expire? Would the stockholders of any
large concern allow the directors to
Jeopardize its success by retaining a
general superintendent or manager who
lacked the necessary executive ability
and was unable to command the respect
of subordinates or superiors? ,
This Is precisely the handicap under
which the public schools of Omaha have
been administered for several years
past and under which they will con
tinue to be weighted down until a com
petent educator Is placed at the helm as
The attorneys of the Burlington road
have filed a labored plea in support of
the action of the state board of rail
road assessors with the supreme court
as friends of the court A few weeks
ago the attorneys of the same road made
a labored plea before the state board
against an Increase of its assessment as
friends of the board, and after the board
had acceded to their request not to as
sess the franchises and sought to Justify
their action in its answer in the tax
case, the attorneys who appeared in be
half of the Burlington prevailed on the
board to contradict itself in an amended
answer. It would seem that these at
torneys can play friends of the board
one week and friends of the pourt the
next week without winking an eye, but
the people who see through this game
of shuttlecock and battledore are not so
The next house of representatives will
Include twenty-nine more members than
the present house as the result of the
new apportionment bill passed In con
formity with the census of 1000, and in
this additional representation republi
cans are expected to get the bigger share.
If the representation were strictly ac
cording to the constitutional provision,
that reduces the number of congressmen
wherever a state discriminates ou race
or color lines, the southern representa
tion would be greatly reduced aud the
republican preponderance Increased. The
only hope of democratic control rests on
fraudulent representation for the dis
franchised negroes of the south.
The most serious grievance growing
out of the action of the county board
raising the assessments of the South
Omaha stock yards and packing houses
belongs to the assessor of the packing
house district If this keeps up, the
position of assessor will no longer be
deemed more Important in the election
there than the presidency, as was the
case in the election of 1900.
According to State Superintendent
Fowler, the demand for experienced
school teachers In Nebraska is greater
than the supply. That may be ac
counted for by the surplus of ste
nographers graduated by commercial col
leges which award diplomas in three
months while normal schools require
three years training.
Elements of a (Much.
With a Mickey in Nebraska and a Mc-
Jlmsey in Missouri It does look as if the re
publican bold on the Irish vote Is as secure
Affliction Doubled Vp.
Unfortunately the canceling of the corona
tion preparations cannot reach the corona
tion poetry or the anxious British publlo
might have been spared one pang the more.
A One-Slded Affair.
According to Admiral Dewey the capture
of Manila must have been something fierce,
since the Spaniards were not permitted to
Ore on the Americans under the rules ot
The Man the People Like.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
The American people like the Roosevelt
way of doing things, however much pain
that way may give to that indomitable little
band of critics who fear that he will go
wrong unless they chide htm from time to
time. The people like a man with blood
and human sympathy in him, who stands by
bis friends and hits back vigorously when
they are unjustly assailed.
Conselentlons Mr. Bryan.
A characteristic bit of Bryanlsm is the
latter's recent reference to the trusts.
Cleveland did less, he says, than Knox has
done. But why Knox? Why not aay Roose
velt T Why, that would recognize some good
In the man who may be running for presi
dent In 1904! Cleveland is to be condemned
for his administration's Inaction, but any
good this administration has done must be
credited to Knox. Oreat man, this Bryan!
80 Just, so careful, so conscientious!
Federal Raids on Grafting;.
New Tork Tribune.
"Endless chain" frauds are missing links
In various parts of the country, as the
Postofflce department In Washington has
been taking vigorous action against the
boldest of- these audacious swindles. In
cities and towns not a few prosecutions of
dishonest bucket shops have been carried
on effectively. All these efforts to protect
the unwary and simple-minded are com
mendable and ought to be encouraged by
every honest citizen.
The Good nnd th Bnd.
The accusation that there were politics
and bad management In the distribution of
the Martinique relief funds was to be ex
pected. With the generous showing made
by human nature on occasions of great
disasters there Is generally mors or less
of Its worse phase also. The story Is a
familiar one, and as long as human naturs
Is mixed In its good and evil Impulses
It will be repeated. Th good In the end.
however, generally outweighs th bad.
Dot In the Manner Policy.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Bryan, of course, waa wis In refusing
th Nebraska fusion nomination for gov
ernor. He knew his party would be da
tested In any ess and a defeat tor him at
th head of the state ticket would tit his
prestlg pretty hard. Th fact, however,
that both elements of ths coalition wanted
Bryan to accept and th further fact that
th conventions of the democracy and the
populist la Kansas wr vcrvbslmlBfl
Bryanlte In sentiment show a situation
which will give some trouble to the re-
organiser. Bryan will never be president
but be can and will throw obstacles In the
wsy of any anti-Bryan democrat wh at
tempts to reach that office In th next few
I'rabrellas ns I.lsrhtntasr Rods.
The steel frame umbrella Is light, con
venient and much less clumsy than Its pred
ecessor with a wooden shaft; but there Is
an element of danger In It. A woman at
Atlantlo City, a day or two ago, waa struck
by a bolt ot lightning attracted by the
metalllo frame of her umbrella, and men
have been killed by Inadvertently letting
the steel points of their umbrellas com In
contact with low-hanging electrlo light.
Such cases are not numerous, but they have
occurred and as the season of thunder
storms has now begun. It Is well to exer
cise some car In carrying umbrellas epuip
ped with steel rods.
Prodnct of Small Collesres.
United States Investor.
Ootng back Into past times In our own
country, and reverting to colleges not Cath
olic, when the old manly training yet
swayed the minds of all good educators,
we know well that modest college of mean
exterior and scanty means sent forth the
men who made the nation what It la, and
it may be said here, too, that the land
would not be what It Is today if these men
had been moulded on some groping elec
tive system. They would not have had th
clear rang of Intellectual vision, th com
prehensive grasp to do what they did, and
it is due to the old-time system now so
much maligned as antique that we owe the
best elements of our citizenship.
CIRIOC9 "SEJtSE OF HOJfOR."
How the Spanish Commander nt
Manila Arranged the Surrender.
In Admiral Dewey's testimony before th
senate Philippine committee he exposed a
peculiar view ot the Spanish "sens of
honor." His description of the circum
stances under which he occupied th city
and forts of Manila 1 picturesque.
He said that the Spaniards wer afraid of
surrendering to the Filipino forces under
Agulnaldo's command. They anticipated
that such a surrender would lead to a gen
eral massacre. They arranged deliberately
to deliver the city, fortifications and forces,
numbering about 16,000 men, directly to
Dewey, whose fleet commanded the entire
But the Spanish commander had a "sense
of honor" in the matter which he demanded
should receive consideration. Speaking of
the surrender, Admiral Dewey said:
"That was all arranged and there was no
need for the loss of a man In the capture of
the city. It was to have been done at a
signal and no gun need have been fired by
us but for the desire of the governor gen
eral, who said that his honor demanded
that a few shots should be fired. So I
had to Are and kill a few people."
To manufacture some spectral evidence
that he had not surrendered without re
ceiving a shot, the Spanish commander de
manded that Admiral Dewey should fire at
him a few times. Dewey consented, but
stipulated that the Spaniard should not fire
back, which might have endangered soma
This "sense of honor" In the Spaniard
the notion that he could honorably sur
render without firing a gun after a few of
his men had been killed Is like the French
sense of honor which is satisfied In a duel
when "swords are crossed," though .with
out causing bloodshed. Such a "sense of
honor" Is a very inoffensive national or
This Is the "sens .of honor" which Fal-
staff ridiculed. He says:
"Honor pricks me on. Tea, but what if
honor pricks me off when' I com on bow
then? Can honor set a leg? no; or an arm?
no; or take away the grief of a wound? no.
Honor hath no. skill In surgery, then? no.
What Is honor? a word. What Is the
word honor? air."
On this line of thought Falstaff's view of
honor proceeds. It is evidently the kind
of honor which the Spaniard desired to
protect In his negotiation with Admiral
Dewey .for the surrender of Manila,
TREATMENT OF JURORS.
Novel Salt for Dinifti Instltated In
New York City.
New Tork Commercial Advertiser.
The case of Mr. Manhelm Brown, on ot
the Jurors In th Mollneux trial two years
ago, will deservedly receive a very large
share of public sympathy. Mr. Brown Is
suing the city for the sum of $50,000 be
cause of the injury which he is alleged to
have sustained during the progress of that
famous trial. He asserts that bis health
has been permanently shattered by reason
of gross neglect on th part of the court
officials to provld him with reasonable
conveniences and proper car while he was
serving as a juror, and that, although his
physician certified to his condition, he was
compelled to walk In the pouring rain and
to suffer other exposures, as the result of
Which he Is now permanently unfitted tor
engaging in business or any other occupa
tion. He therefor demands such pecuniary
compensation from the city as shall In
demnify him for the Injury said to have
been done him by the negligence of th
officials who wer in charge of th Jury of
which Mr. Brown was a member. '
Against this claim it Is argued that Mr.
Brown's Jury service was a publlo duty, to
which he, in common with all other citizens,
was liable; that th state cannot be sued
for damages because of Injuries received
while in Its service, and that If such suits
ven possible there would be endless HUrr-
tlon upon ail sorts of pretexts, so that
th whole Jury system would fall Into dis
repute. No doubt from a strictly legal point of
view, this argument la a very strong one,
and yet It doe not wholly satisfy th die-
,te of common sense, nor indeed tu
time-honored legal maxim that for every
wrong there exists a remedy. It Is true
that every citizen Is bound to serv th
stat in th capacity of a Juror when
legally Impanelled, but, on th other hand,
there are some very special reasons why
this service should not entail more physical
and mental discomfort than Is absolutely
unavoidable from th nature ot the service
Itself. Th orderly and efficient adminis
tration of Justice 'Is promoted by the co
operation ot responsible and Intelligent
men in the Jury box, and how can responsi
ble and Intelligent met be otherwise than
anxious to evade their duty when they
know that they are likely to be treated al
most as though they wer criminals, to
have the most necessary conveniences de
nied them, and to be subjected to such ex
posure as msy shatter their health and
permanently Incapacitate them for work?
It Is hard enough to have one s business
Interrupted for weeks and possibly months,
to clt dsy after day ia a stifling court room
and to b practically a prisoner at all
other times, yet thee things are Inevitable
What Is not inevitable or la any way ex
cusable Is th neglect of sanitary condi
tions or brutal Indifference to physical suf
fering. Tsk a case such, as th Mollneux
trial, where the ordeal was on which
lasted nine long weeks and where a human
life was at stsks how can a Juror who Is
suffering from Illness, Intensified by ill
treatment, b expected to follow with a
clear mind th progress ot ths evidence and
to glv a verdict lotelllgsatly sad without
LABOR IN THE MINEf.
Some of the Condition Prevalent In
tho Anthraelte Resloo.
R. D. Rhon In Review of Reviews.
The employes In the S6S collieries of the
anthracite coal region In th year 1900 num
bered 143,824. This is according to the
latest report of the Bureau of Mines, The
newspaper figures are somewhat In excess.
A breast Is generally worked by four
men two miners and two laborers; each
miner' call his partner Ms "butty;" th
laborer are also "butties" to each ether.
The miners have a contract with the
operator to work the breast at a certain
price per car, the miners to furnish tools
snd powder and to pay the laborers. It
is their business to cut the coal, to direct
the opening and advance of th breast and
to prop th roof. No .miner can be em
ployed who has not a certificate. In order
to obtain which be must have had two years'
experience as a laborer In the mines cf the
state and must be able to answer, before
the mine examining board, at least twelve
questions In the English language pertain
ing to the requirement of a practical miner.
A miner's day's work Is done when ha
has cut enough coal to fill the cars as
signed him by the mine boss. He may do
this In three or four hours, when he goes
home to smoke his pip and talk politics,
leaving the laborers to load the cars and
clean up the breast ready for th next day's
work. The miner likes his job his place
la cool In summer and warm In winter, th
hours are short, th labor light and th ele
ment of danger Is never calculated upon.
It is upon the mine laborer that the hardest
work falls, and he receives little more than
half as much aa the miner.
Of the employes about one-fourth are
boys. The law forbids the employment of
boys under the age of 14 Inside or under
12 outside a mine. The boys Inside drive
and tend the mule which -pull the coal
cars and open and shut the many doors in
the dark labyrinth. Outside they work
In the breaker as elate pickers. A person
of humane Instincts cannot contemplate
with calmness these children kept out of
school and forced to such grim and tedious
work. In the great labor parade of 1900
large companies of these children marched
through the streets; It was a holiday for
them, and with the exuberance of child
hood, which even the hard conditions of
their lives could not crush, they were
shouting and whistling. They carried ban
ners, on which wer Inscribed sentiments
'What our fathers were we will he also."
Give our fathers justice and we can go
"We need schooling but must work."
"Abolishment of the young slaves."
"Our mothers are up at 6 p. m. (sic) to
get our scanty meals."
Those poor little banners, with their
badly-spelled legends, were not ridiculous
but touching, for they revealed a state of
affairs that even dwellers in the coal re
gions are not accustomed to consider.
The miner Is the unit of the mine-labor
question. The wage scale, fixed by the
car, Is the basis of payment. The other
labor of a mine the opening and timber
ing of gangways, the laying of tracks, the
cutting of tunnels through rock is known
as "dead work," and is paid for on a dif
ferent basis by the day or by the yard.
It is not considered mining at all.
Dewey still Insists that he won the battle
of Manila and successful dispute of his
claim seems hopeless.
The way the young king of Spain is be
having toward his mother seems to show
that the maternal slipper was not properly
exercised In his earlier years. '
Harlan P. Hall, a candidate for governor
on the democratic ticket of Minnesota,
started five newspapers at St. Paul, four of
which survived and are prosperous.
A Brooklyn automobile carrying a party
of merrymakers who were singing, "Good
Morning, Carrie, balked and tucked and
finally blew up, spilling the occupants In
the gutter. They ought to know It was
The population of Philadelphia has in
creased 60 per cent In the last twenty
years and the cost of municipal govern
ment 300 per cent, though the citizens do
not seem to be getting any more for their
A Massachusetts nurse claims to have
disposed of thirty-one sickly men, to whom
she administered copius doses of poison.
Thus the proportion of males to females,
already grleviously low, suffers a severe
Stockholders of the world's fair, 1,000
In number are promised a final dividend next
fall. There is $480,000 in the treasury
ready for distribution, but th managers
ot the fund, having held on for eight years,
hate awfully to let go.
A. Elzry Waters of Baltimore, who re
cently visited the king of Slam at Bangkok,
has sent an Invitation, through Dr. T.
Heywood Hays, physician to th royal fam
ily, to have the crown prince ot Slam pay
him a visit during his American tour.
The season's novelty In the story line
comes from Texas, where the sun was so
hot last week that it boiled the water
melons on the vines. This seems to con
firm General Sheridan's Impression of
Texas, that be would rather live In "the
Former Lieutenant Governor Jones of
New York, long known as "Jones, he pays
the freight," has Just finished a novel of
country life In New Hampshire. For sev
eral years he has beea practically blind,
but has worked faithfully on his book, dic
tating to a stenographer.
Boston will tolerate a great deal, but
rigorously draws the line against reflec
tions on the dignity of its policemen. A
Harvard student with money to burn called
one ot the guardians a "Cop" and pushed
in th crown of his dolicboc phallo helmet.
That was too much. It cost the student
$50 to square himself.
Senator Mason met Postmaster General
Payne the other day and th latter said:
"Mr. Mason, I hear you have a presidential
boom." "I am now engaged la running
down a rumor to that effect," said the
senator, "and if there's anything In it I
shall know how to conduct myself. My
wife and th cook have declared for me, I
know, and there may be others."
A short time ago a representative of a
temperance paper went to Washington
snd sought aa interview with Speaker Hen
derson. He was In th chair at the time
and could not see th caller, who sent In
an inquiry as to who was responsible for
the house restaurant. This reply was
sent out: "I gave the permit. David B.
Henderson." And bow temperance papers
are attacking the speaker on the ground
that be runs a saloon la th capitol. Ths
not be sent out has been lithographed,
too. and Is being circulated to enlarge this
particular phase of the Iowa man's infamy.
Among those who shook hands with
Crover Cleveland at the Tllden club dinner
la New York waa Frank H. Brooks, long
a newspsper worker In this city. In ths
court of their brief chat Mr. Brooks said:
"Mr. Cleveland, I owe to you the only
political' honor ever conferred upon me.
You appointed me consul to Trlests, but
I did not car for that position at the
salary attached. Then you changed the
appointment to consul general at St.
Petersburg, but family reasons compelled
m to decline again." "Let me shake your
hand one more." said th ex-prealdent.
"Never before bar I bad tb distinguished
honor of shaking hands with a democrat
who refused two offices."
ROUND ABOUT NEW TORK.
Ripples on the Carrent of Llf In th
Occasionally there come to th average
American citizen, who has no combine of
bis own, a bunch of news which lends
vitality to ths belief that greed works out
Its own destruction. The greediest of
modern combines, the American Ic com
pany, which doubled prices In New York
Isst year, has overreached Itself and begins
to feel the pinch of poverty. Those rare
June days, so cool, mclst and depressing,
played havoc with the Income of the Ice
truat. and for the first time in Its odious
career it was obliged to pass the usual
dividend on preferred stock. This Is takea
to mean that ths trust Is on Its last legs.
"Ex-Senator Hill, in his Tllden club d
dress, spoks ot political conditions this
year as resembling those of 1883, when the
democrats swept the stste," says the cor
respondent of the Philadelphia Ledger.
"There are. Indeed, certain points of re
semblance. The year preceding President
Garfield was assassinated, and waa suc
ceeded In the presidency by a New York
man, Chester A. Arthur, Just a another
New York man succeeded another Ohio
president last year. Then, as now, there
was a republican governor and a repub
lican congress. Th democratle party had
long been out of power. Three years be
fore Tammany hall had bolted the state
ticket and John Kelly ran as an Independ
ent for coventor. Ha was near th end
of hla leadership ot Tammany. In Ilk
manner Richard Croker has retired rrom
in and Tammany Is in a stat
of disorganization. But her the similarity
ends. In 1882 the republican governor was
defeated for renomlnatlon, under circum
stances which created a profound dissatis
faction among republican voters. This
year Governor Odell is to be renominated
without! opposition. In 1882 the star of
Grover Cleveland rose in Buffalo. Just at
the time that that of Samuel J. Tllden
was gradually declining. Today no suc
cessor of Cleveland appears. No new star
in the democratic firmament is ascending.
There are dissensions In th republican
party now, but not such deep a cnastn as
separated the stslwart and half-breed fac
tions in last. Then Cleveland wa elected
governor by nearly 200,000 plurality, but
nnhndv believes that it is possible lor any
such political revolution to take place this
The rnnt of covernment In the city of
New York as compared with that of other
American cities has been very clearly shown
In diagrams prepared by the Merchants' as
sociation. The outlay for maintenance and
operation In 1900 of Chicago, rnnaaeipnia,
St. Louis, Boston, Baltimore, Cleveland,
nnffaln. San Francisco. Cincinnati. Pitts
burg, New Orleans, Detroit and Milwaukee
was $115,838,846, an average of $18 per capita
ot population. The outlay in New York wa
tins 73 277 an averaxe of $31.62 per capita.
Only one other city Boston cost per capita
more than New York, me aiagrams snow
that thirteen other cities maintain their
police, their parks, their sewers, their
streets, their lighting and their Ore depart
ments at a far less cost than New iora
Another Astor hotel, to be named the St.
Regis, Is rising at Fifty-flnst street and
Fifth avenue and Is te outshine any hotel
yet built In a city ot palatial hotels. Th
furniture alone will cost $700,000 and the
furnishings of a French chateau valued at
$200,000 is Included In the bill. Through
out the house the main trim and furniture
will be In Circassian walnut, together with
vermilllon and rosewoods and white and red
mahogany and satinwood. This item Is
$100,000 more. The trim of tb rooms ana
the furniture will be of the same woods.
Every room in the building will be harmon
ized In color, In style, In ton and in gen
On the second floor th stat apartments,
as they are called, will b furnished equal
to any palace in Europe as far as rare
woods are concerned. Th style chosen is
that of the period of Louis XV. The five
rooms in the suite will cost for furnltur
alone $26,000 and the cost of furnishing the
bedroom is $8,000.
On the first floor, where the restaurant,
csfes, palm garden and office are to be, the
ornamentation Is In caen stone, in Intricate
patterns of high class carving.
The palm garden will be furnished in
Persian style and the hangings will be se
lected In Constantinople.
Throughout the hotel the corridors will be
finished in white marble, costing $260,000.
Elevator ehafts and the entire basement
and sub-basement occupied by the kitchens
and the machine rooms are covered, In
cluding ceilings, with whit ttling, the cost
of which enters Into the thousanda of dol
lars. In Belfast, Me., the linens for the St.
Regis will be made according to special de
sign. This item causes an expenditure of
$60,000 and the sliver, of American manufac
ture, near equals that sum.
Royal Worcester crockery, also made of s
special design In England, will be used. Th
bedding, exclusive of the linens, has been
selected In th United States and Is th
For the single expense of plumbing all
the baths are rooms de luxe, with large
window the amount of $200,000 has been
From the wine vaults and machinery room
in th sub-basement to th seventeenth
story th entire building will be an exhibi
tion structure as regards It magnificence.
THE MODERN MILLIONAIRE.
Genlas of the Newer Edacatton
Hypnotising! the Wealthy.
Detroit Free Press.
"Wisdom hath her excesses which de
mand restraint, no less than folly," said
wise old Montaigne. Education, too, has
Its excesses, ns less than Ignorance, and It
was these excesses which President Angell
selected as the theme for hi baccalau
reate sermon to the graduating class of
the University .of Michigan. Tb excess of
overspeclaltzatton, th excess of commer
cialism, th excess of political Brahmln
lsm, th excess ot social Brahmlnslm, the
excess of materialism.
They are real excesses, to be .insisted on
ss such, and all the more because of the
different relation that th higher educa
tion bad come to assume to society. There
wa never another time, at least sine ths
dsys of Athens, when tb educated man
touched the life of his community at so
many polnta. He Is no longer a rseluss,
content to be merely a scholar, satisfied
with his tub If the Alexanders will only
keep out of bis light. Hs is everywhere
that men go; in ths mines, in th facto
ries. In the counting rooms. In the labora
tories, on tne larm, ana at me caucuses,
as well as In ths pulpit and on th bench.
and in th professor's chair. Instead of
being a man who holds himself beyond
the daily life of bis fellow men, he Is an
integral part of the herd, whether It be
vulgar or exalted. A few decades ago the
college man was th exception. Now he
snd his fellows are to b counted by th
tens of thousands. His numbers ar In
creasing .Ilk Jacob's flocks. Hs is doing
th world's work, and doing It as It was
never don before, and It is evident that
his Ideals and his aspirations and hs am
bitions ars to exercise a greater influence
than ever before In shaping the existence
They are already having their effect.
Tb magnificent endowments that ar
being mad annually for purposes of edu
cation ar not the result of a suddenly
conceived spirit of philanthropy ea th
part ef millionaire that hav mors money
than they know what te do with. Th 1
fact of the matter is that th genius ot ;
th newer education has beams to influ- i
enr even tb millionaire, who had few I
chances for education himself and mad
his way up from poverty by sheer brut
fere. HI endowments sre his tribute to !
th gods of bis lost opportunities which
are present before him th more clearly In
the light of his great financial success. In
the broadening life of th .community the
rran who hs mad a speslalty of business
has come te appreciate th great truth
that money aa aa end la Itself I not worth
th effort, while aa a means to an nd It Is
worth anything th end Itself Is werth,
It Is net th mlllinnair who Is making
the new education, In spit ef his lavish
endowments. It Is th new adueatlea and
th new educators who havs beea making
a newer type of the millionaire. What
they will do during the next fifty years
no man can say; but there I little that Is
reasonable which they may not legitimately
hope to do, if they will but cling to their
Mr. Roosevelt's Frankness Commend
Itself to Americans.
Probably If President Roosevelt had been
trained In the school of practical politics
he would hesitate long before defending
himself and his administration as frankly
as he doe in his publlo speeches. Other
presidents have spoken publicly In defense
of their party policies. Under personal
criticism either of themselves or of sub
ordinate administration officials they usu
ally have deemed It wise to smart In si
lence. But If It is the part of good politics to Ig
nore criticism it -Is not la Mr. Roosevelt's
temperament or character to do so. His
Memorial day address resolved Itself into
a stirring defense of the army. In his ad
dress to the Harvard alumni the other day
he took up the cudgel on behalf of General
Wood, Secretary Root and Governor Taft
and lustily belabored the critics who have
passed censure upon those officials. In
cidentally he did not hesitate to imply that
this nation has shown the traditional in
gratitude of republics. Oreat Britain's pub
lic servants, its Cromer snd Kitcheners,
when they return from foreign service well
performed receive large and tangible re
wards. Our men of that stamp, said the
president "come back to the country and If
they can find of the strings left loose when
they sundered their old connections and
if they are unfortunate they are accused
of maladverslon in office."
This Is a kind of plain speaking which the
American publlo has not been trained to
expect from its presidents. In the oppor
tunity it affords for criticism from oppos
ing partisans it Is In the last degree im
politic. Yet It is certain that the average
American will approve of the president's
vigorous defense of the men who have
served with him snd whom he likes. .
WHITTLED TO A POINT.
TV' ..l4n.(nn fit.-. UTTk. . . L - M
T. UB...,ib..,,. 7.ai. IV link BIUIICU inO
awful row In that group of politicians?"
"I don't know. But I should surmtse
that one of them had gotten up and sug-
Bcsiea a suneme lor narmony.
Philadelphia Press: "What we need most
In this country," said the political re
former, "Is an honest count."
"They ain't no such thing," declared
Mr. Nurltch. "I know all about 'em, tor
my daughter married one."
New York Sun: Wife Well, the cook
has gone and It's your fault.
Hunband Mine! Why?
"She said you didn't treat her any bet
ter than you treated me."
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "i sea it' Is re
ported that Mr. Bryan has a large block
of stock In a new airbrake company."
"I suppose he thinks It's going to make
back platforms safer."
Ohio ta.te Journal: "How does It com
you resigned your position as office boy?"
Inquired the gentleman ot little Jimmle,
"didn't you like your employer?"
Yes.'r replied Jimmle. "I liked him well
enuf, but I didn't like th' brand uv eeegars
Detroit Free Press: "A couple were mar
ried In Bt. Louis the other dav who
couldn't understand each others' language,"
said Mrs. uiuey.
"And I suppose that they are unspeak
ably happy," commented Mr. Gilley.
Puck.: When th good old man saw six
large . boys hammering one small boy
within an Inch of his life his curiosity
"Why do you do this?" he asked.
"Because he takes medicine for 10 cents
when the union scale is 16 cents," ex
plained the large boys courteously.
Chicago Post: "Is this where you make
trouble?" asked the little man at whose
elbow stood an aggressive looking woman.
"This is the marriage license bureau,"
answered the man behind the desk.
"That's what I meant," said th little
man, as he signed ana reacnea into ms
pocket for $2.
A PATERNAL CAROL.
J. J. Montagus In Portland Oregonlan.
I know a sour feller who says life Is full
That happiness ain't found outald o' senti
That all the world's a wilderness, in'
shlnln' through the gloom.
Is nothln' but tne feeble lamps that lights
us to the tomb;
That only fools is cheerful, an' th plague
o human Kina
Is smllln', iokln' tellers, that la light o'
heart snT mind.
He says in all his dreary life he never
found no 1ov.
An' he don't think that none exists but he
aln t got no Doyl
I know another feller who saya 11 f ain't
worth the while:
The game ain't worth the candle, an' th
lamp ain't worth the He;
That men just tolls an' worries on, till
by-and-by they dies,
An' only one In thousands draws a half
way decent prize.
He's worked, he says, for years an' years.
an sun is wnrain more,
An' all the things he ever se ain't half
worth workln for.
He saya that we're just gropln' In a blindln',
Without a hop of Just reward but h ain't
got no giri.
An' still another feller says that married
life's a snare,
A drlvln' manly men to drink, an' cowards
That all It means Is doublin' up already
An' startln' out for heaven on two widely
That no two people ever could go yoked
fur years and years
Without the man a cussln' an' th woman
bathed In tears.
He says that when a man la wed th worst
o' life begins.
An' youngsters only make It wort but h
ain 1 got no twins:
Why not have the early,
dark, rich color restored?
It's easily done with Ayer's
Hair Vigor. Nearly every
body uses It. Ask your own
friends. Probably they know
how it always restores color,
checks falling, and keeps the
hair rich and glossy. .
' I have used Ayer's Hair Vlror and
have found it a great remedy. It
checked tho falling of mjr hair when
all other remedies bad ailed."' Airs.
C. A. Morrison, Mlnfnociet, Ms. ,
tit. AflsrsgrlsU. J.C irerfCOiwstClsna,
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