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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 25, 1902)
TIIF OMAHA DAILY HEE: "WEDNESDAY, JUNE 25, 1902.
TlIE OMAHA DAILY BEE
X. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANT.
STATEMENT OT CIRCULATION,
fjtat Nehraaka, Douglas County,
George B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
u mocui or May, mm, was as follows;
' 4 28,804
' f 80,800
18 21), QUO
. 16 20,r40
iss unsold and returned copies.... 10,70(1
Net total sales 8O8.8H0
Ust dally average 2,3l
u .... 1 OEO- B- TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed tn my presence and sworn to
fcefor me this Slat day of May, A. D. 1901.
(.Beat) M. B. H UNGATE,
Appendicitis Is no respecter of persons.
Mr. Cleveland still has the better of
-Mr. Bryan In the ratio of two elections
to two defeats.
Those thrifty British tradesmen who
Insured the life of King Edward as a
precaution against loss In event of a
failure of the coronation were not such
fools after all.
The unanimity of the fusion congres
sional conventions In Nebraska is not
o much an evidence of the popularity of
the candidates as It Is of lack of confi
dence and consequent competition. This
Isn't a calamity year In Nebraska.
Mr. Bryan didn't attend the harmony
banquet, but that Is no sign he wasn't
Interested In the proceedings. His re
ply to the Cleveland plea for harmony
Indicates that a marked divergence of
opinion still exists between those emi
The bond of union between America
and England is again shown in the
hour of national anxiety. The current
f sympathy which flowed from Eng
land during the dark hours of Presi
dent McKlnley'a Illness is now reversed
and flows from America to England.
Receipts of hogs at the local market
how a healthy Increase over the fig
ures for the corresponding season last
year. The prices, too, are much higher,
and the farmers who raise the hogs are
Correspondingly more prosperous. These
(acts do not tend to make populists.
Omaha mechanics who are out on
strike for better pay disclaim any Inten
tion of disorderly conduct They assert
their desire to win or lose without any
riotous or other unseemly proceedings.
Omaha baa few strikes and fewer riots.
and the course of the men In this In
stance will be commended.
Democrats In congress wax wrathy
when their records in the matter of war
are presented to them. After boasting
that they forced the country Into the
war, they are now complaining because
republican presidents have been sufH
clently courageous to end the war with
honor. Consistency never was a demo
In his dolorous summing up of the
calamatles that have befallen the coun
try under republican administration, the
temporary chairman of the democratic
section of the convention at Graud
Island very carefully avoided any refer
nee to the fulfillment of the popoeratle
prophecies made during former cam
palgns, notably in 1800.
The Kansas City union depot Is as
aessed for $390,000 for city and county
purposes. The Union depot and the
Burlington depots in Omaha are dumped
Into the Union Pacific and Omaha
Southwestern mileage at a nominal fig
Bre that would scarcely pay the wages
pf the elevator boys In the city hall
(he janitors lu the court house.
Accordlug to the rn 11 road tax bureau
Council Bluffs has an assessed valuation
it over 112.000,000 and shows a property
issessiueut per capita of over $500,
(gainst $100 per capita for Omaha and
pouth Omaha. As a matter of fact
(he total asueseinent of Council Bluffs is
less than $3,500,000 and the per capita
Is $140 Instead of over $500, against
ruaba'i $160. The $12,000,000 prop-
pray, vaiuaiiou or rae tax uureau in
lludea tne wnoie or 1'ottawuttamla
rounty, tut the railroad tax bureau jug
tiers have credited Council Bluffs with
the entire assessment of Pottawattamie
county, juvt to make a contrast between
Qmaha and tha town across the river.
fa Uureau figures doa't Ue, of course.
Swiftly following the report from
London that King Edward appeared to
be tn his usual health came the an
nouncement of his serious Illness from
most dangerous malady, musing nec
essary the postponement of the corona
tion. For the past two weeks the con
dition of the king's health has caused
much anxiety In England, notwithstand
ing the reassuring statements from day
to day of the physicians, and a dis
patch a few days ago stated that odds
of 100 to 3 were given against the
coronation occurring, or In other words
the rates on the risk of the king's living
until June 2tt ruled at 3 per cent pre
mium, many thousands of pouuds ster
ling having been underwritten on this
basis. This showed to what extent pub
lic nervousness had grown in certain
It was commonly supposed, as Indi
cated by the statements of the physi
cians, that King Edward was merely
suffering from the effects of a severe
cold contracted at the Aldershot mili
tary review, but the ailment which re
quired a surgical operation undoubtedly
had Its Inception ion- before the review
and perhaps was preying upon the
king's system for weeks. Its develop
ment doubtless accelerated by the ex
posure and the arduous duties to which
he has recently been subjected. These
have been very wearing to a physical
system by no means to vigorous as It
outwardly appeared to be. King Ed
ward Is nearly Gl years old and at that
time of life the chances are against re
covery from such an operation as hd
has undergone. It Is easy to believe,
therefore, that his condition Is even
more critical than the physicians have
stated. The operation gave relief to
the patient, but this may prove to be
nly temporary and It Is quite possible
that there will have to be other opera
tions. It Is a very serious question
whether the king can survive the effects
of the single operation. I
Unfavorable conditions have attended
the coronation ceremonies since their
Inception and it Is said that King Ed
ward himself shared In the not uncom
mon belief that he would never be
crowned. The Indefinite postponement
of the coronation means a heavy loss
to many people in London who have
gone to large expenditure for the en
tertainment of visitors. The official
tatement of the cost of this week's
festival was 500,000, but that sum rep
resents a very email portion of the
money expended, in some cases posi
tively squandered, In getting ready for
the event. Now there will be an exodus
from Loudon of foreign visitors that
will empty the hotels, while most of the
money expended In erecting seats and
stands Intended to accommodate 1,500,
000 persons will be lost The Illness
of the king was correctly termed by
Mr. Balfour, government leader of the
House of Commons, as a disaster for
the English people. There will be uni
versal sympathy with the distinguished
STUEFER'S FOOL FRIENDS.
Some people never appreciate generous
treatment That fact la Illustrated by
the fool friends of State Treasurer
Stuefer, who seek to make a martyr of
him, when everybody knows that he Is
simply the victim of his own wrong
doing. Their attempt to create the im
pression that the opposition of The Bee
to his renomination was inspired by
malice or some personal grievance will
scarcely deceive anybody familiar with
Mr. Stuefer's career aa treasurer.
When the republican party declared
against speculative financiering by cus
todians of public funds and demanded
the publication of monthly exhibits
showing the amounts of public money
in their custody and where they were
deposited, Mr. Stuefer was In honor
and duty bound to live up to the plat
form pledge. His failure to do so seri
ously Imperiled party success last fall.
The subsequent exposure of his bond
deals made his re-election Impossible.
Whether bis Intentions were good or
bad, the fact that he had placed 180.000
of school money In the hands of a mid
dleman and allowed him to consummate
a bond purchase for the permanent
school fund, whereby he pocketed
$3,000, stood out against Stuefer. No
end of explanations could palliate this
wrong, nor could even the crediting of
the interest on Illegal deposits on the
treasury books vindicate him.
Treasurer Stuefer's first Impulse to re
sign was right His second Impulse
not to stand for renomination was ra
tlonaL His resentment because he was
not allowed to jeopardise the ticket this
year Is both childish and foolish.
STILL REJECT ARBITRATION.
"There will be no arbitration, that Is
certain," declares the president of one of
the anthracite coal-carrying railroads,
who expressed the opinion that the mines
will again be operated with the men
who are now on strike. In his address
to the public the president of the mine
workers' union states that every effort
was made by the officers of that or
ganization to avert a conflict and be
repeats their proposition to arbitrate all
questions tn dispute, saying that "if our
premises are wrong. If our position Is
untenable. If our demands cannot be
sustained by facts and figures, we will
again return to the mines, take up our
tools of Industry and await the day
when we shall have a cause to claim the
approval of the American people."
Here is an entirely fair and honorable
proposition, which If accepted would
undoubtedly speedily end the strike,
with results greatly to the benefit of
the public and with the effect of avert
ing the danger of most serious trouble
which the situation now threatens. But
with an utter disregard of the public
Interests and apparently wholly Indiffer
ent to the menacing danger, the combi
nation of railroads controlling the pro
duction of anthracite coal rejects the
offer of the miners and declares that the
struggle muat go on. There can be no
doubt that the purpose Is to destroy the
orgaUaUua bt i&liwasjid ifci be-
lng well understood ItJs to be expected
that the striking miners will hold out
as long as they are able to endure the
privations which Idleness entails, In the
meantime seeking such sympathy and
support from other organized labor as
It may be disponed to give.
It does not appt-ar that anything can
be done by either state or federal au
thorities to remedy this state of affairs,
which has already been of no little in-
Jury to the public. There seems to be
no law that reaches the case. Anthra
cite coal Is an article of public necessity,
essential to the carrying on of a num
ber of Industries, but the corporations
that control the mines cannot be com
pelled to supply it. It Is their unques
tionable right to refuse to work their
properties. The miners, also, are
within their rights so long as they con
duct the strike peaceably. There has
been some violence and every day In
creases the danger In this direction.
What may result from the national con
vention of miners called to meet July
17, if the strike is not ended before that
time, no one can foresee. The purpose
of that convention is to consider the
question of a suspension of coal mining
throughout the country, which If done
would paralyze the activity of prac
tically all the mechanical Industries of
the United States. It Is not easy to
believe that so radical a step as this
will be taken and yet the obvious aim
of the owners and operators of the an
thracite mines, the destruction of the
organization of coal miners. Invites it
When it is understood that a general
suspension of coal mining would throw
out of employment perhaps 3,000,000 of
wage-earners In the manufacturing and
mechanical industries of the United
States, besides many others employed
In transportation, the very serious char
acter of the situation can be realized.
The persistence of the operators in re
fusing to arbitrate places upon them the
weight of responsibility for whatever
future troubles and difficulties may
THE DEMOCRATIC CVVKTT TICKET.
The democrats have come Into the
field early with their county ticket leav
ing plenty of time hereafter to discuss
Its personnel. A hasty glance at the
names embodied on the legislative list
will convince anyone that on the whole
it is made up of nominees without any
special qualifications for the positions
which they seek. But one man in the
whole array has had legislative experi
ence, and his record will not overwhelm
anyone with its imposing grandeur.
For the county offices the men selected
seem to be chosen rather for their affili
ation with one faction of the local demo
cratic hosts than for their ability to
come up to the testa that should be
Whether the democratic candidates
will appeal to the people of Douglas
county as against their competitors will
be disclosed when the republican ticket
shall have been placed in nomination.
The republicans will certainly prove
disappointing If they do not put up a
better set of candidates.
Star Falling; Popvrard.
Popward the star of Bryan take Its way.
He will have to do the presidential running
tor that party In 1904 or else remain pas
sive, and the latter Is Dot a Bryan specialty.
Give the East a Show.
We are for all reasonable measures to
extend the forest reserve. The west has
had attention. The wasting rivers and
Increasing drouths in the east entitle us
to consideration likewise.
Where Joy Reign.
Now that the American women who csn
afford to go to the seashore and the moun
tains are In transit, each with from two to
a dozen trunks, the baggage smasoer u
naturally In a cheerful mood.
Jlot Weather Diversion.
With Mr. Cleveland as lecturer and Mr.
Hill to stir up the animals the democratic
circus may be able to book a few dates
before the republican aggregation takes the
road with the good old elephant that never
falls to draw and please the crowds.
Harmony and Harpoons.
The eastern and western wings of the
democracy do not flap together yet. The
leaven of flatlsm la still strong with the
Maine democrats. In their recent state
convention they reaffirmed the Kansas City
platform, while their Illinois brethren lg
Poor lAt and His Rations.
If the government has promised the
Apaches or any other Indians to supply
them with beef rations, it is the obvious
duty of the government to do so, and the
high price of beef should not figure In the
controversy. In fact, there should be no
controversy. A promise la a promise and
the government Is rich enough to keep
its promises even to the Indians.
Colonels on the Yell Plan.
Worcester (Mass.) Spy.
Evidently Iowa auctioneers do not con
sider that the War department has any
peculiar right to the use of the title of
"colonel," for at a meeting just held at
Waterloo, la., attention was called to the
fact that there was too many among them
called "colonels." A motion was adopted
to the effect that an auctioneer must cry
1,000 sales before acquiring the right to
be known as "colonel."
Sample of Pip Dreams.
It begins to look as though praying for
rain will have to be conducted with cau
tion in order to avoid disconcerting results.
The agricultural brethren of Nebraska and
Dakota, for Instance, began petitioning for
rain early in the spring and now they have
twelve or fourteen Inches of water standing
In their wheatnelds. Unless some means
san be devised of shutting off the pluvial
stopcock it may become advisable to stop
bothering Providence and allow the rainfall
to regulate itself.
Refnndlnar Iar Taxes.
It Is proposed, out of the treasury sur
plus of nearly S 100.000.000, to refund to re
ligious, charitable and educational Institu
tions the amount of tax paid upon legacies
and bequests devised to them during th
operations of the war revenue act. Th
amount thus accruing about 14.000.000 was
but a trifle la comparison with the vast in
come of th government and might well
Jwf beam left untouched, bi U tax
githerer. The refunding act bow pending In
congress Is Ilka a halting and dilatory
apology for an unnecessary and In some
cases Injurious exaction.
The Bole ff Chronle Scold.
Kansas City Star (Ind.)
Representative Cannon undoubtedly
touched a weak spot In the demo
cratic program when be said In the
house the other day: "We pull the
wsgon and we do the work and you
find the fault. And now when we are
doing the best we can, solving the ques
tions that grew out of the war, gentlemen
of your party, still you scold." In other
words the opposition party has contented
Itself with picking flaws, whereas It might
have formulated a definite policy on which
to go before the country next autumn.
Afraid of American Jockeys.
It Is a queer characteristic of the Briton
that he prides himself most upon a virtue
which he is absolutely destitute of that
is. his ability to take a beating gracefully.
The bravery of the Englishman Is be
yond dispute. His recognition of other
men's bravery Is unstinted. He can be
generous to a vanquished foe. But he can't
take s licking. This Is demonstrated once
more In the efforts of the English horse
men to have American Jockeys ruled off
the French racetracks. The Americans are
beating the English boys and J. B. can't
stand it He never could.
Balklnsr the Steel Trait.
The billion-dollar steel trust has been
knocked out In an attempt to retire s por
tion of Its stock for bonds and opining that
It cannot afford to stay beaten Its attorneys
lately notified the supreme court of New
Jersey that they expected an opinion at
once. The court declined to take orders
even from a bllllon-dollar trust and politely
Informed the attorneys that they would be
heard In their turn. The legislative branch
of New Jersey's government may be co'm
mltted to the policy of giving the combines
all possible privileges for revenue, but the
Judicial branch seems commendably averse
to trust dictation.
Hot Fighting; In the Sixth.
There is evidently robust republican con
fidence In the sodhouse section of Ne
braskathe Sixth congressional district
This district a few years ago gave from
2,500 to 6,000 fusion majority, but the pres
ent congressman, William Neville, was
elected by a narrow plurality of 200 over
Judge Moses P, Klnkald, republican. So
eager were the republican statesmen of
that district for the chance to run against
Neville that It required 177 ballots at
their congressional convention last week to
settle the contest. Judge Klnkald was the
choice and his supporters are confident
that the district will this year be "re
deemed." That Venetian Affair.
If the naval officers arrested in Venice
had not begun by getting drunk It would
never have been necessary to consider
whether Admiral Crownlnshleld had in
sulted Italy or not In his summary of the
coso. There was unquestionable injustice
to the officers involved, but It must also be
remembered that public intoxication Is an
offense much more serious In Italy or
France than in English-speaking countries;
creates greater public indignation and re
ceives a more summary treatment. No
naval officer who Is representing the flag
ought to go without some punishment when
he disgraces It by passing under the Influ
ence of liquor. The day has long since
gone by when It was considered the venial
privilege of any naval man to display this
weakness at any port where he was ashore.
FAILURE OF THE TRUSTS.
Impending; Onteome - of th Attempt
to Strangle Competition.
New York Journal of Commerce.
It has taken twelve years to rehabilitate
industrial capital which may perhaps be
fairly valued at four and a half billions,
with a view to shielding industry from the
operation of the natural law of competition,
whilst the reconstructions have made but
insignificant additions to the original capi
tals of the blended corporations. Within
one-eighth of the same period the creations
of independent industrial capital have
amounted to approximately $5,000,004,000.
Reflect upon the significance of this com
parison and see what It teaches. 1. That
Imposing as the expansion of the trusts may
seem, that of the Independent Industries
is immeasurably greater. 2. That our minor
millionaires and our substantial men of
business have reached the conclusion that
conservatively financed and well-managed
corporations, with moderate capitals, have
nothing to fear from the competition and
the supposed superior advantages of the
trusts. 3. That the surprising magnitude of
the new Independent corporations evidences
a very emphatic and general conviction on
this point. 4. That the Independent Indus
tries are gaining so rapidly on the trust
forces that the hopes of the monopolist or
ganizations seem to be already foredoomed.
6. That the process of consolidating capitals
has released numbers of well trained prin
cipals of successful corporations, who are
new employing their means and experience
in the ranks of competition; the efforts to
create monopolies thus proving self-defeating.
6. The foregoing considerations may
be regarded as largely accounting for such
1 facts as the following: That the new in
dependent concerns are so far generally
doing well and finding no difficulty In com
peting with the trusts; that a noteworthy
proportion of the monopoly claimed by cer
tain trusts In their respective trades has
been reduced; for instance, United States
Steel began with a control of 80 per cent
of natural output and now claim only 67
on steel and 46 on pig Iron; while the
Sugar trust has reduced Its claim of
control from about 90 per cent to 50 per
cent As further symptoms of decadence,
It may be noted that, notwithstanding the
extraordinary prosperity of trade, not a
few of the trusts are falling far behind
their early promises as to net earnings;
expectations as to economies are falling
more or less to materialize, and in several
notable case the consolidated concerns
have been disbanded, while others appear
destined either to early follow suit or to
be reorganized on a more conservative basis.
The foregoing facts foreshadow the im
pending outcome of the new movement.
Its origin was based on a misconception of
the laws that Inevitably control the move
ment of industry and commerce, and it
issue can only be failure and th return
to natural competition, and that possibly
with greater severity and a lower range of
prices than ha heretofore been experi
enced. Th new-fashioned structures, so
far as they may possess substantial back
ing or exercise s material measur of con
trol in their respective trades, may be able
to weather th trial after unloading their
watered stock and otherwise reconstructing
their finances, for, with s sound financial
basis and good management th magnitude
of their seal of business need be no detri
ment to their success, but possibly s help
to It, but, for the others. It csn only be
that a reckoning awaits them proportioned
to their reckless Ignoring of the laws of
sound finance and their folly In Imagining
that they can hold th enterprise of this
greatest of all nations la unjust restraint
Tber is no ecap from th penalty'of tb
maktng-hasta-to-get-rtch policy on which so
many venturous men have been running for
th last flv years. Th inevitable is la
sight to men of sound vision, but th vot
j auy prove to fee comparatively, distant.
Franchises as an Asset.
The franchise negotiations which have
been In progress between the Pennsylva
nia railroad and the representatives of
the corporation of New York City afford
not only that city, but all cities, a valuable
and Interesting object lesson. They estab
lish a general precedent of great impor
tance, set new financial standards and In
dicate a new and rich municipal asset that
In most business centers is all the time
growing. The significance of the transac
tion Is in proportion to its magnitude. The
committee of the Rapid Transit commis
sion, consisting of its chairman. Comp
troller Grout, and one other, appointed
to complete arrangements with the railroad,
"feels bound to say that the representa
tives of the Pennsylvania company have
presented their case frankly and that, al
though It was not always easy to bring
them to see the Interest of the city from
the standpoint of those whose duty It was
to represent the city, nevertheless they
have been neither illiberal nor unreason
able." The management of that company en
Joys an enviable reputation for shrewdness,
but it Is s part of that shrewdness, even
If we give it no higher praise, not to drive
too sharp a bargain with the public. It
has found Its profit In serving the public
rather than In preying upon it It Is true
that the road hoped and doubtless expected
to make better terms for Itself in the large
operations In and about New York In which
It Is about to engage. The public cer
tainly expected that it would. Judging from
all past experiences with corporations and
franchises. But a new and better method
of dealing with this class of .assets is
rapidly growing in favor. Perhaps Boston
has helped on the movement somewhat, but
it has remained for New York to give us
the most conspicuous end comprehensive
exemplification of It that has anywhere
been presented. Comptroller Grout makes
the claim that this franchise Is on terms
more acceptable to the city than any other
ever agreed upon, and that if all railroad
and other corporations UBlng the streets
were to pay on the same basis as that
RISI5Q STREAM OF GOLD.
Sonth Africa Bxpected to Swell the
8t Louts Globe Democrat
Director Roberts of the United States
mint estimates that peace in South Africa
will add $100,000,000 a year to the world's
output of gold. The Rand mines had
about reached that mark when hostilities
practically closed them. Mr. Roberts be
lieves that South Africa can easily Increase
its gold production beyond any former fig
ures. The world's highest yield of gold
was tn 1899, when the total reached $307,
000,000. War sent It down In 1900 to 1255,
000,000 and about the same aggregate was
reached last year. But for the Boer con
flict the world's gold yield would now be
$350,000,000 annually and that total may be
expected before many years. The United
States can feel easy as to its share of
fresh gold. Its output in 1890 was $33,
C00.0O0, and Mr. Roberts places it this year
at $85,000,000. Australia's gold production
is about equal to that of this country.
It Is an Important fact that the great
bound upward in the world's gold produc
tion is a development of the last ten years.
Mr. Roberts gives the average from 1851
to 1860 at $132,000,000 a year; from 1861 to
1870 at $126,000,000; from 1871 to 1880 at
$115,000,000. and from 1881 to 1885 less than
$100,000,000. Since then the total has
mounted rapidly to from $250,000,000 to
$300,000,000, of which nearly a third Is used
in the arts and Industries. Last year the
total amount of gold coin in the world was
$5,000,000,000, an Increase of $1,000,000,000 tn
the last ten years. Mr. Roberts indulges
In no speculation as to the remarkable in
crease in the world's gold production. Thus
far it has stimulated commerce and indus
try, and brought nations closer together In
business, without changing values as meas
ured in gold. A gold yield of $500,000,000
annually may come within the next twenty
years, but mankind generally Is willing to
They may call him Admiral Clark offi
cially, but to the people he'll always be
"Clark of the Oregon."
Charles Frederick Haviland of the fa
mous family of chlnaware makers of
France, Is seriously ill in Denver.
Bourka Cockran is now an LL. D. In
his case it probably means doctor of lan
guage, which he can toss off to the queen's
So Reggie Vanderbilt will not receive
his desrea from Yale. He is backward In
bis studies. He seems to be as much of
a success as a student as a soldier.
Charles F. Lumis of Ban Diego, Cat, re
cently appointed to choose a new home
for Warner's ranch Indians, speaas Span
ish fluently and Is also familiar with many
of the Indian dialects.
nr 3. W Mauck. treasurer of the Chi
cago A Milwaukee railway, has Just been
elected president of Hillsdale college at
Hillsdale, Mich. He was for a time presi
dent of the University of South Dakota.
tw is considerable rivalry as to which
city has the youngest mayor, but the octo
genarian, ex-Attorney General wuuams,
who has Just been elected mayor oi ron
land, Ore., seems to be the nestor of them
F-.th.r Mrflra.ll. chanlaln of Dixie, which
Mxontiv carried suDDlles to Martinique,
while there collected a complete file of "Le
Colonle." the only newspaper published on
the island, for an entire year up to me oe-
structlon of St Pierre.
The Cincinnati friends of the late Jack
Dempsey, the pugilist, undertook to raise
fi.nrt for the erection of a monument
over his grave. After two months' diligent
effort $7 has been subscribed ana nearly
half the amount paid In.
rnn,r,i,min Reldler has a fine farm nine
miles from Cleveland and erve milk to
4.000 families tn that city. Someone asked
him: "Do you Pasteurize your milk?" and
the congressman made answer: "No. I
think it s better to pasturiz th cows."
v.mnrr miles at Oxford. Oa.. at its eom-
mato-oment bM Lowed th honorary degree
of Doctor of Literature upon Joel Chandler
Harris, author of "Uncle Remus." It was
th first tlm Emory college had bestowed
this degree and it was the only honorary
degree conferred by the college at tnis
Clarence Hale, brother'of Senator Eugene
Hale, who has been appointed the United
State district Judge of Maine, has served
a city solicitor of Portland and as a
member of th legislature and Is widely
known ta tb pin tree state. He Is a
member of tb Main Historical society
and has on of the best private libraries
la New England.
Not long ago Congressman Curtis of
Kansas received a letter making lurid com
plaint against th postmaster of a little)
town whom th writer charged wun pay
ing too much attention to selling whisky.
Th congressman advised his correspondent
ta nrcfer charcea against th postmaster.
but few days ago received another letter
saying: "Sine I wrote you before th
postmaster and I bar gone Into partner
ship. He's going to sell th stamps and
I'm golsg to sell U whisky." ,
proposed for th Pennsylvania, th city
would be $10,000,000 richer every year.
That la to say, were all franchises to
acknowledge their obligations to their cre
ators to the same extent that the Penn
sylvania corporation has conceded them,
one-tenth even of the heavy burdens that
New York has to carry would be lifted.
This must be in the nature of a revelation
to all those who have concerned themselves
with problems of municipal finance. Not
only Is there a compensation exacted for
the use of the streets, but for the large
subterranean area asked for. Our subter
ranean experiences seem to be highly edu
cational and are of large public utility,
not only with regard to their particular
purpose, but they suggest general princi
ples which ran be given a very compre
hensive application as bearing upon all
public utilities. When we remember Jake
Sharp's deal m 1th respect to bis Broadway
prlvlltgea a few years ago. and a number
of other transactions somewhat less mal
odorous than that, we have a point from
which to estimate the great advance in
business methods that Is represented by
this recent transaction.
President Orr of the Rapid Transit com
mission has officially congratulated the
city upon the consummation of this ar
rangement, and we think his congratula
tions are warranted. It means a change of
attitude. For long years we have been
accustomed to place too high a value upon
the service anl too low a value on the
privilege. Corporations solicit these priv
ileges not for the benefit of the public,
but for their own profit, and there never
Is any danger that they will agree to
terms, which In their estimation, do not
leave a reasonably certain margin for such
profits. Having established the basic prin
ciple, the next thing is to establish some
general standard for its application. Let
it be understood that a franchise la all
cases means a consideration for the bene
fit of the public and such scandals as that
which besmirched Philadelphia last year
would Incur greater risk than they have In
curred In the past -
BITS OF WASHINGTON LIFE.
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
The maligned and hooted dish of Pov
erty Flat, commonly known as hash. Is
looking up and promises to become, in an
expurgated form, the favorite dish of the
political aristocracy of Washington. The
honors coming to it Is due to Senator Mar
cus A. Hanna, whose breakfasts of corned
beef bash are the envy of the town. The
senator's chef prepares his hash accord
ing to the following recipe:
Equal parts of boiled prime corn beef and
potatoes are prepared. The beef is
chopped as fine as possible, the soft, mealy
potatoes are cut Into tiny cubes. A small
onion is minced to add flavor to the mass,
and the dishes are rubbed with a head of
garlic. Another garlic head Is wrapped
In a piece of the fat and thrown into the
center of the mass. The whole Is then
mixed thoroughly and nicely browned In a
big skillet or frying pan. During this
operation disks of Bermuda onions, cut so
that each round shows every ring of the
onion, are thrown Into a deep dish of pure
lard and browned delicately. When these
disks are crisp they are used to garnish
the edge of the platter, and the hash ts
served garnished with parsley or herbs and
ths usual condiment Is a squeeze of a
Prepared In this way corn beef hash Is
said to be very dainty and appetizing. It Is
a survival of the days when the beef scan
dal agitated the country. A coterie of
army officers first prepared the dish for
Senator Hanna, using canned corn beef for
basis.- It was served as a convincing
argument that canned corn beef was not
only nourishing, but palatable. Senator
Hanna fixed up a dish according to the
army recipe and served It to President
Roosevelt as a delicate reminder of his
i jugh rider days. Since then It has taken
vogue, and now It Is the proper thing to
bring on a dish of corn beef haah a la
Hanna whenever one wishes to entertain
The perquisites of a congressman's wife.
and particularly of a new congressman's
wife, says the Washington Star, are one of
the chief sources of concern of her official
life at the nation's capital. Sometimes the
wife of the legislator has cleaned up the
things belonging to her station with so
much enthusiasm that she has overreached
herself to the extent of becoming ridiculous.
A case of this kind was reported not long
ago from the fish commission. A certain
Mrs. M. C. had heard that It was the cus
tom of the fish commission to distribute
fish to the representatives tn congress if
they desired to have them. This Informa
tion came Just as the lady was arranging a
little dinner party tor the next day and
she Immediately went to the telephone and
called up the flsh commission, explaining
the fact of the dinner and requesting either
six small or three large lobsters.
The reply, most polite and good-natured.
was that the commission was not a market,
but that if she wanted a dozen gold fish for
her aquarium she could have them, if that
would In any way contribute to the success
of the feast
Senator Mason of Illinois has started a
new style in belts, but it is not likely to
become a rage. Recently the senator bad
a great need for a belt, and, lacking the
regulation leather article, he sent bis wits
to work to Invent one. His Inventive genius
proved equal to the emergency. He got out
a dress waistcoat and a pair of shears snd
quickly cut away all the portion above the
two lower buttons. This left a couple of
strap-like strips running over his shoulders.
but they were in the way and he decided
to complete the Job by lopping them off.
This left nothing to his waistcoat but tha
strip embracing two buttons tn front sod
tha buckle in th back. Mason "cinched"
this up good and tight, and, presto! he bad
a home made belt that answered all re
quirements. The new government printing office ts
approaching completion, and it will be a
gigantic affair. It will cost $2,000,000, and
wilt provide a total floor space of over four
teen acres more thsn two and a half times
the floor area available in the present es
tablishment. As yet th building Is en
tirely covered with scaffolding, but it la
substantially finished, except for the in
terior woodwork and painting.
It will be the greatest printing shop tn
the world employing the services of nearly
4,000 people. Accurately speaking, 3,889
persons will toll under its mighty roof,
nearly 1,000 of them being women and girls.
Each year it will expend the enormous
sum of $4,000,000, nearly three-fourths of It
for labor, and in Its main composing room
124 printer will be engaged In sticking
type. Eight hundred and eighty-five em
ployes will be occupied In 'binding the
books and documents produced, snd an ad
ditional 666 will do nothing but fold th
Figures Ilk these give a notion of th
gigantic seal es which th shop will be
conducted. Each twelvemonth It will cen
tum for bindings th skins of 36,000 sbep
and ll.Ooe goats, la sddltloa to 75,000 square
feet of "Russia leather," made from cow
hid. It will us ua la a IU period 1,000
tons ef waste psper, 40.000 pounds of print
ing ink asj 37.000 pounds of glue, togethel
with 7,000 pounds of thread for sewlns
books and pamphlets and 4.000 packs ol
gold leaf for the titles of volumes de luxe
One hundred and twenty-seven pressej
will be constantly in operationMn the great
building, their total output In a work
ing day of eight hours being Just about
1.000.000 Impressions. These presses are ol
every conceivable kind, one of them being
capable of printing cards on both aides from
a web of brlstol board at the rate of 65,000
cards per hour, while four other machines
turn out 40,000 printed envelopes every sixty
minute. The quantity of type actually em
ployed will be approximately 1,600,OOC
pounds, or 7V tons.
STEAM iMu.a,..n(.a DOOMED.
Revival of the Fond Dream of F.lee
Chicago Inter Ocean.
The device briefly described by Blon J.
Arnold of Chicago to the convention cf the
American Institute of Electrical Engineers
on Thursday promisee to realize the fond
est dream of electrical engineers the dis
placing of the slesm locomotive In long
distance transpnratlnn by the electric
When the electric motor was first applied
to transportation problems the aim was to
Improve on horse traction. Direct current.
low-tension motors, fed from overhead trol
leys, were pitted against the horse, and In
time American Inventive Ingenuity enabled
the electric car to do away with the horse
car. The change was of the greatest Im
portance. It made and unmade cities.
But the development of the direct-current
trolley system soon found a limit beyonl
which It could not economically go. The
distances to which the system was com
mercially applicable were limited by tho
expense of transmitting dlrecf-current elec
tricity. So the skill of Inventors was again
called In, and a scheme of transmitting
electric power long distances for traction
purposes, by means of alternate currents
and rotary converters, was devised.
This put the electric motor in the com
mercial field of lnterurban and suburban
traffic. The steam dummy ts now being
rapidly supplanted by the electric motor
car all over the country for short hauls
and quick trains.
But here again a limit was soon found to
the dtstancee Over which the system was a
commercial success, snd apparently this
limit was more difficult to pass than the
former one. Hundreds of schemes have
been suggested and tried In vain. Mr.
Arnold now offers to use the alternating
motor on trains, and thus to place the
electrlo motor in competitioa with the
Mr. Arnold proposes, by the mechanical
storage and use of compressed air, to utilize
on cars the simplest and least costly type
of alternating electrlo motors and to re
move thus all the present objections to the
use of electricity for long-distance trans
portation. If his device is a success and
Mr. Arnold's standing as an engineer makes
his statements worthy of the utmost con
sideration It means that steam locomotives
must suffer the fate that has overtaken the
horse and Is closing In on the steam dummy.
Detroit Free Press: "I missed Farmer
Jones' dog yesterday."
"Dat so. What did ye throw at him."
Ohio State Journal: Milly Too bad about
Gladys' swell new bathing suit.
Polly What happened?
Mlliy Rained the first time she wore It.
Chicago Tribune: "I beg pardon, ma'am,'
but this Is the smokers' seat."
"I know it, sir, and thn wind Is blowing
from the stockyards. Pray keep, on, smok
Yonkers Statesman: "I'm entirely worn,
out, doctor," said the barber, who' had
called at the office of the physician.
"Let me see your tongue.'' said the doc
tor, who never shaved himself.
Philadelphia Press: "Have you really no
affection for any other girl, dear?" she
asked of her fiance.
"No," replied the drug clerk, absent
mindedly, "but I have something Just as
Baltimore Herald: "Well, that's what I
call monumental gall!" declared Mr, Ko
"What's the matter?"
"Why, those neighbors of mine who mo
nopolized my lawn mower all last summer
have now sent a committee over to Inform
me that it needs sharpening badly for this
season I" ,
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Yes, sir, my
wife Gomei'd me this morning."
"Eh! How did she do It?"
"Said she'd start up a wild domestic
rumpus if I didn't give tier $4."
New York Tribune: "Do vou never con
sider." asked Rev. X. Horter, "that even,
prison has Its bright side?"
"Sure," replied the convict, "and I oaa't
help thlnkln and longln' fur It."
Boston Transcript: Brlggs Funny TloW
the same thing affects different persons
Griggs As for Instance?
Brlggs My daughter Jane bad a dress
made Just like Miss Grover'a because. Jan
thinks so much of Miss Graver, but Miss
Grover la aa mad as she can be with my
daughter for presuming to wear a gown
PASTOR AND FARMER'S LAD.
One of the rarlsh sent one mom
A farmer kind and able
A nice fat turkey, raised on corn.
To grace the pastor's table.
The farmer's lad went with the fowl.
And thus addressed the pastor:
"Blame me If I ain't tired! Here Is
A gobbler from my master."
The pastor said: "Thou ahould'st not thus
Present the fowl to me;
Come take my chair, and for me act
And I will act for thee."
The preacher's chair received the boy,
The fowl the pastor took,
Wnt out with it, and then came In
With a pleasant smile and look;
And to his young pro tern, he said:
"Dear sir, my honored master
Presents this turkey, and hi beat
Respects to you, his pastor."
"Good!" said the boy. "Tour master ts
A gentleman and scholar!
My thanks to him, and for yourself.
Here is a half a dollar."
The pastor felt around his mouth
A most peculiar twitching;
And to the gobbler holding fast, , t ' ,
He "bolted" for the kitchen. 1!
He gave the turkey to the eook.
Ana came oacs. in a imnuiv,
Then took the youngster's hand snd left
A k.l ArxWmr in It
Everything depends on tha
etomacn. llorsford's Acid
Phosphate CUKES habit
ual stomach weakness, im
proves appetite, digeution
and nutrition, and removes
the cause of headaches and
wakefulness. It is a splendid
TONIO for all weak condi
tions, quickly improving gen
eral health. Insist on having
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