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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 14, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: BAT UIt DAY, JUNE 14, 1002.
The Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORKINQ.
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Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year. l.w
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THE REE PUBLISHING COMPAXY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btate of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
Oeorge B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Ra
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
aays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evetiintr and Sunday Bee printed during
the mouth of May, 1802, was a follows:
Less unsold and returned copies.... 10.7SU
Net total sales.
Net dally -average..
uiu, 11. 1Z8CHUCK,
Subscribed l In my presence and sworn to
before ma this Slat day of May. A. D. 1901.
(Seal.) M. B. H UNO ATE.
Coronation souvenirs will reach this
country In ample time.
With apologies to the calendar, corona
tion week has been stretched to last
from June 23 to July 5.
Bryan's declination to run for gov
ernor Is very positive. But what will
Bryan do if he Is drafted?
But ex-Scnator Allen Insists that the
consent of the governed has nothing to
do with fusion nominations.
The Chicago foundry proposition hag
foundered. The Omaha union rudders
scented scab In the furnace.
Preparations for the appropriate cele
bration of the glorious Fourth have been
made everywhere. How does Omaha
propose to celebrate?
Spikes to nail down the rails on the
airline from Omaha to Cuba are yet
to be manufactured and the crossties
ire still in the woods.
The position in Tammany Hall
Tormerly filled by Richard Croker has
been abolished. Boss Croker set such a
pace none of his followers could hope
to keep up with it
An apology Is due from the Austrian
Relcbsrath for pulling off another little
Istlc exhibition without so much as in
rltlng Mark Twain to celebrate the oc
jaslon in immortal humor.
If the-ubboni contests in congres
sional conventions , indicate what is In
the air, the republican state convention
may possibly be made to overrun two
Says to delight the hearts of Lincoln
From the number of candidates pre
sented by different counties for the
republican nomination for state treas
urer, one is Justified in concluding that
the place Is by no means conceded to
the present Incumbent.
Changes wrought in the map of South
Africa as a result of the Boer war will
give the school book companies an op
portunity not to be overlooked to work
In a new set of geographies for the in
struction of the growing generation.
It Is eminently proper for the Unlver
slty of Nebraska to confer an honorary
degree on ex-Uovernor Thayer, but it
would have been more eminently proper
had the degree been conferred several
years ago and before he bad reached
his present advanced age.
Figures fur the receipts from sales of
public lands In Nebraska are $33,53 for
1809. $ 85,688 for 1000 and S 103,040 for
190L These increasing sales of Uncle
Cam's domain, notwithstanding the de
creasing choice to be had, afford an
other good Index of the prosperity of
the Nebraska farmer.
A congressional committee is to be
deputed to explore the Philippines dur
ing recess In order to inquire luto and
report upon the conditions existing
there. We feel sure, however, that Our
Dave will not Join the excursion th
summer, but will prefer to spend bis
vacation, .In Omaha. This Is his biennial
visiting period and he would not iulss
it for $5,000 a year and perquisites.
Colonel Bryan, In giving expression to
Implicit confidence that the democratic
reorganlxers will be defeated In their
efforts to gain control of the party nia
cblnery, can not refrain from throwing
a few brickbats at the illustrious G ro
ver Cleveland. We presume this is
merely a way he has of letting his New
York friends know what they sacrificed
when they invited Mr. Cleveland to per
form the chief role at the coming demo
cratic Jubilee Instead of Mr. Bryan,
CAXDlDACTOt WILLIAM STCtFtR.
The practice of depositing public funds
on private account and the loaning of public
funds for private gain Is a flagrant viola
tion of public trust. As a matter of public
safety we demand that the state treasurer
nd every county, city, village and school
district treasurer shall keep the taxpayers
fully Informed, concerning the condition
nd disposition of the moneys entrusted to
his safekeeping by the publication of
monthly financial statements showing the
mount of money on hand, the nam of
each bank In which It Is deposited, with
the amounts on deposit In each.
This declaration embodied in the re
publican state platform of 1901 wns
adopted without a dissenting vote and
In the nature of a pledge to be ful
filled by every republican custodian of
public funds from the state treasurer
down to the treasurer of a school dis
trict. The principle enunciated does not
merely pledge republican treasurers to
abstain from depositing or loaning pub
lic funds for private gain, but also obli
gates them to refrain from employing
public funds for speculative purposes
for the benefit either of themselves or
It Is a matter of notoriety that State
Treasurer Stuefer has not only failed to
comply with the demands of the repub
lican platform so far as it relates to
publicity of financial exhibits of all the
public moneys In his keeping, but has
been charged with using public school
funds In speculative bond purchases.
This charge has never been refuted or
satisfactorily explained away. The
most charitable construction of the bond
deals engineered through middlemen is
that all the profits derived from these
questionable transactions were absorbed
by the favored middlemen. The fact
that the Burt county bonds were paid
for with a check drawn by the - state
treasurer on a national bank In which
school money was deposited contrary to
law stands uncontroverted and unde
niable. That State Treasurer Stuefer recog
nized the grave mistake, to use a mild
term, made by him in the policy he had
pursued was attested by public an
nouncement that he would not be a
candidate for re-election. To that
declaration he doubtless would have ad
hered had it not been for the Meserve
decision and promises held out by cor
poration representatives that they would
Insure his renomlnatlon if he would
stand by the railroads in the assessment
Without pnderratlng the influence
which corporations exert in state con
ventions of all parties in Nebraska, The
Bee deems it its duty to advise Mr.
Stuefer not to press his candidacy for
renomlnatlon. The corporations might
perhaps redeem their pledge to force his
renomlnatlon, but they cannot guarantee
his election. Public sentiment in Ne
braska is as firmly set against treasury
manipulations as it Is against treasury
embezzlements. Governor Savage has
shown wisdom In gracefully bowing to
that uncrowned monarch, public
opinion, and Treasurer Stuefer would
do well to emulate his example for bis
own sake as well as that of the party.
It is Impossible, furthermore, for the re
publican press and republican leaders
who have denounced the state treasury
bond deals to recant or expunge their
Lest we forget what has been said and
cannot be unsaid, The Bee reprints else
where some of the comment passed
upon Mr. Stuefer less than ten months
ago. We are impelled to do this In the
Interest of republican success in the
coming campaign and with no personal
animosity toward Mr. Stuefer. His
candidacy at this time-Is unfortunate
and his nomination would not only em
barrass the party, but Jeopardize the
success of his associates on the ticket.
The question of franchises in the
Philippines is a perplexing one and it
appears that the majority of the house
committee on insular affairs are not sat
isfied with the provision in the senate
bill regarding franchises. They believe
that measure offers great opportunities
for exploitation because its provisions
on corporations and on franchises have
not been safeguarded with sufficient
care. If Is urged that the situation now
Is exactly the same as it was when the
senate bill for the government of Porto
Rico went to the house. Then the pres
ident was given authority to vest In a
few men unrestricted power to grant
franchises and this was changed by the
house so that no franchises should be
granted except under carefully restricted
The desire to adequately safeguard
franchises in the Philippines is com
mendable, but care should be taken not
to provide restrictions that might have
the effect to keep capital away from the
islands. It is manifestly of very great
importance that capital should be in
vlted to go there and in order to do
this there must be a reasonably liberal
policy respecting franchises. Every
body understands that the greatest
benefit which can be conferred upon
the islands is to throw them open to in
dustrlal development Their great nut
ural wealth must be developed and the
capital willing to develop it must be
given the opportunity. The leld must
be opened to Individual enterprise. The
construction of railroads, the establish
ment of industries and the development
of the mineral and other resources will
give employment to the people and as
sure prosperity, the best security for
peace, order and contentment
In his first message to congress Presi
dent Roosevelt recommended legislation
for the granting of franchises and said
that they must be granted and the bust
ness permitted only under regulations
which will guarantee the Islands against
any kind of improper exploitation. The
seuate bill appears to provide such
regulations. While the president and
the Philippine commission are given
considerable latitude, the franchises
authorized are subject to the revision of
congress. Doubt has been expressed
whether under the restrictions imposed
by the senate bill capital to any very
large amount will go Into the Philip-
pines, so that additional restrictions
might be fatal to Investment and
enterprise In the Islands. This is
a possibility which the house repub
licans should carefully consider. It Is
Important to provide ample safeguards
against rapacious exploitation, but the
policy In regard to franchises must be
sufficiently liberal to induce capital to
go to the lslauds.
GCARDISU GlCRMAS IXTtttKSTS.
The recent departure of German war
ships for Venezuela attracted attention
at Washington, where it was surmised
that the German government had de
cided on adopting coercive measures
for the collection of the debt due Ger
man citizens from the Venezuelan gov
ernment A Berlin dispatch explains the
matter by stating that the purpose in
sending war ships to Venezuela was
simply to protect German Interests
there which might be endangered by
the revolutionary movement It Is in
timated that there was no thought what
ever of coercing the South American re
public to pay its debt and as soon as
order Is restored the cruisers will leave
Germany has given our government
repeated and It would seem most ample
assurances that it has no designs in
this hemisphere to which the United
States could make reasonable objection,
yet there appears to be a feeling of dis
trust which manifests itself whenever
a German war ship is sent to this quar
ter of the world. So far as the matter
with Venezuela is concerned, it is highly
probable that coercion will have to be
used to collect the German claim, but
the United States will not object to this
so long as Germany does not take terri
tory. This country does not protect the
southern republics in refusing to pay
their Just obligations.
CltOES CUBA If RIC1PHOC1TT.
President Roosevelt's message to con
gress urging reciprocity with Cuba Is
characteristically direct and earnest
He makes no specific recommendation
as to tariff concession, but thinks that
the proper course is to reduce duties on
Cuban products, rather than to adopt
the doubtful policy of giving a rebate.
The president has no fear that the pro
posed reciprocity with Cuba would In
ure any American industry, but his
reference to Forto Rico and Hawaii in
support of this view is not convincing.
Hawaiian sugar was admitted free to
the United States years before the
Islands became American territory, so
that their acquisition made no difference
In this respect. The product of Torto
Rico is so small in amount that the
competition is not and never will be
felt. Cuba, however, can proauce sum-
clent sugar to supply the entire Amer
ican demand and in a few years will
do so under the encouragement of tariff
concession. This would necessarily
mean the destruction of our beet and
cane sugar Industries.
It will be admitted that the president
has made out as strong a case in behalf
of reciprocity with Cuba as could be
presented. There is no doubt that he
most earnestly believes it to be the Im
perative duty of the United States to
help the new republic by tariff favors
to Us products. ' He does not show, how
ever, that this can better be done by
reducing duties than by granting a re
bate, simply remarking that the latter
Is of doubtful policy. A great many
will concur in the views expressed by
Mr. Roosevelt, but many others, includ
ing men prominent in his own party,
will disagree with him. It remains to
be seen what impression the message
will make upon congress, but the Indi
cations are that it will not materially
change the situation, the position of the
president on this question having been
ell known before.
Aa waa to have been expected, the
hubbub raised over the imminent loss
of Chancellor Andrews to the University
of Nebraska because of more tempting
offer elsewhere has turned out to be
the prelude to a 20 per cent Increase in
the chancellor's salary, making it $($,000
instead of 15.000 a year. Chancellor
Andrews can doubtless make himself
orth that much money, but to do so he
will have to drop outside sideshows and
confine bis efforts exclusively to the
management of the institution under his
care. We take it. too. that this means
that the proposal for a state appropria
tion to provide a chancellor's residence
will not be renewed.
The railroad tax bureau has made the
startling discovery that the assessment
on water craft has gone down several
hundred dollars within the past year or
two. By water craft is understood
steamers, ferry boats, mud scows, coal
oil launches, sailboats, Indian canoes or
anything that creeps or walks In the Big
Muddy and its tributaries. The deca
dence of the Nebraska merchant and
duck hunter's marine in recent years has
been very deplorable Indeed, but it
might not have been noted had not the
railway tax bureau delved into the
depths of the quagmire of taxation.
Mr. Thurber Is entitled to credit for
being candid about it all. His revela
tlous about the money paid out of the
Cuban treasury to promote reciprocity
legislation are no less frank than bis
virtual admission that the New York
Export association, in whose name the
work has been done, is really a tall to
the sugar trust kite. The sugar mag
nates are evidently quite satisfied that
help extended to Cuba will help them or
they would not be so ready to advance
money to stimulate sentiment in favor
of tariff concessions.
The tax evasion agents of "the rail
roads of Nebraska" are trying hard to
make their employera believe that their
property 1 overtaxed. If so, what have
the tax agents been doing all this time
to earn their salaries? Let the railroads
Intimate that they are about to dispense
with the tax agents and these i zealous
officers will come promptly to lie front
with a dazzling array of figures ko prove
how they have saved the railroads from
paying taxes that Justly belong on their
Tempting Self-Deaf ractton.
Should the democrats carry the next
house of representative the Job to prevent
them from ruining the party's chances In
1904 would be undertaken by several and
envied by none.
Venator llanna'a Ambition.
Senator Hanna's friends say that he In
tends to devote bis life more and more to
the effort of Improving the relations be
tween capital and labor, so winning greater
fame than a president can get. Noble
The Hoarse Hoot.
San Francisco Call.
Talk about municipal enterprise! Here
Is a case of It. Twenty years ago Omaha
et about working for the erection of a
market building to cost $200,000 and now
The Omaha Bee says the people have de
cided to compromise on one that will cost
Weary of Populism.
The populist leaders in Nebraska have
been soliciting W. J. Bryan to accept a
nomination for governor with a view of
making a fusion effort with the aid of dem
ocrats to wreat the state from the repub
licans, but Mr. Bryan absolutely declines
to make the race. He proposes to give his
attention to national politics, and Is prob
ably a little shy of further identifying him
self with populism.
OFFICE HOLDER'S ELYSIUM.
Fascinations of Public Life at the
New York Times.
An analysis of some government sta
tistics accounts for the attractiveness of
Washington more convincingly than those
reports that suggest an explanation, either
In the beauty of the national capital, the
fascination of Intimate neighborhood to the
powerful, the opportunities for swift, easy
and Inexpensive social success afforded by
customs peculiar to Washington, or the re
mote possibility of promotion from the low
est clerical position to the highest subordi
"Undo Sam" employs something like
255,000 persons In his civil service. Most
of these persons are in the departmental
service all over the country the customs,
the postal service, the war and naval offi
ces, the agencies of the Interior and the
agricultural departments. It costs about
$131,000,000 a year to pay these public serv
ants, and the average pay Is more than
$550 a year. The government force at
Washington, exclusive of officers of the
army and navy on duty there is about
25,000. Yet the average pay Is $1,129 a
year. This high average, of course. In
cludes the pay of $156 a year to the least-
paid clerk or employe in the classified
service and the cabinet officer at $8,000.
The employe at the lowest rate, however,
Is soon aware of the fact that nowhere else
could the opportunities for advancement be
found that are almost forced upon him In
Washington. To keep out of the race for
promotion is impossible.
Whatever may be the defects of the
methods for ascertaining the competency of
clerks to discharge the duties they are
appointed to perform, it Is evident, from
the fact that 670 persons are employed
for every sixty-three who go out from all
causes each year, that the machinery for
grinding out eligibles works tolerably well,
and that it works fast enough Is rather pa
thetically shown In the report that of the
47,300 applicants who took the examina
tions in th last six months about 36,000
have passed and that less than a third
of the successful applicants will be ap
pointed, of which successful number per
haps 600 will be women.
Wherever the employes of the govern
ment in Washington may serve, they en-
Joy, in addition to the high average of
pay to all classes, whether clerks, en
gravers, printers, binders, electricians,
messengers, or charwomen, the assurance
of prompt pay at the end of each fort
night, a month's leave each year, and the
opportunity to secure another month's
leave, with pay, on account of illness.
There has been a growing tendency to
regard this sick leave as an extension of
the thirty-day leave that must be lived
up to, and clerks who have been many
years In office and have forgotten how
difficult it is to get in are apt to resent
an official admonition that the govern
ment does not insist that each of its em
ployes shall be sick and idle thirty days
of each and idle and well for a like
There are over 6.000 offlceseekers on the
waiting list in Cuba. President Palma will
earn his salary for months to come.
The county commissioners of Arapahoe
county, which includes Denver, looted the
treasury for $40,000 on Inflated printing
contracts. Allowing for the difference in
population, Denver trots in the St. Louis
The Bryanlzed democracy of New York
City publicly denounce D. B. Hill as a
traitor. The chief significance of the
declaration Is that it was penned in the
sandwich room of a Raines law hotel in
New York City.
It is definitely settled that Governor
Odell of New York will lead the republican
party in the approaching state campaign.
The senior senator of Pennsylvania re
tains his position as the keystone of the
political arch in that state.
An interesting Incident of the Oregon
election was the success of the venerable
George H. Williams In the race for mayor
of Portland. Thl is the "Laundalet" Wil
liams whose purchase of a costly carriage
at government expense, though for private
use, contributed to the scandals which agi
tated Grant's second term as president. He
has been lost to sight in national affairs
for twenty-five years.
Utah was admitted Into the union oa
January 4, 1896, and In the election suc
ceeding cast $4,000 democratic and 13,000
republican votes. Four years later the vote
of Utah was dsmocratlc 45,000 and repub
lican 47,000, a remarkable change in the
politics of a new state, and evidence, many
republicans in Washington say, of the fu
tility of figuring in advance on the pros
pects of party majorities in new states.
The voters of Connecticut will be called
upon on June 16 to pass upon the work of
the constitutional convention. The pro
posed amendment to the state constitution
aa to representation In the legislature pro
vides that each town having a population
of less than 2,000 shall have one repre
sentatlve, while towns having a population
of more than 1.000 and less than 60,000 shall
be entitled to two. Cities having a popu
latlon of more than 50,000 and less than
100,000 shall be entitled to three, and those
having a population of 100,000 or more ahall
be entitled to four representatives and one
additional for each 60,000 In excess of
100.000. Under the proposed constitution
the senate will eonslst of forty-five mem
bers Instead of twenty-four as st present,
no county to have less than two. There are
eight counties only in Connecticut. The
present houao of representatives is made
up of 255 members. Under the proposed
constitution the number will be 254, the
redisricting of seats being favorable to the
large cities of Ue state.
OTHER l.AXDS THAI OURS.
Besides a free gift of $15,000,000 for re
stocking the devasted Boer farms, the Brit
ish government undertakea to lend an In
definite sum. evidently all that Is asked for
under the prescribed conditions, without
Interest for two years and thereafter st
1 per cent, and repayable over a term of
years, to aid the Boers In rehabttatlng
themselves. As It was supposed over a few
months ago that the Boers would be as
sessed a part of the military expenses of
Great Britain, and as Indemnities have
been exacted by Oernmany from France,
Russia from Turkey, and the western world
from China, this proposition by the con
queror to give the defeated $15,000,000 and
lend them as much more aa they need on
easy terms deserves especial notice In the
world at large. The cheerfulness with
which the Boers have submitted and their
expressions of good-will toward King Ed
ward, show that this magnamintty has been
adequately recognized on the spot. Nature
Is bountiful, the gold output will be as
large as ever within a few months, money
and capital are to be provided by Great
Britain and the material losses of war will
be rapidly obliterated.
The future of Spain cannot be forecast
with any degree of confidence, so sluggish
Is the conservatism of the people and so
apathetic Is the current of national life.
Militarism, with General Weyler's ascend
ancy over the army as absolute as it is.
may be a menace to the future peace and
welfare of the kingdom, and among 8a
gasta's ministers not even Moret seems
strong enough to take his place and to
carry out wide-reaching, comprehensive
measures of financial, administrative and
educational reform. A prolonged transi
tion period In Spanish politics seems In
evitable; but there are already encourag
ing signs of progress and improvement.
One of these la a matertal Increase In the
purchasing power of a depreciated currency;-another
is the lessening of the pres
sure of taxation; and still another Is the
buoyant feeling of hopefulness pervading
the more progressive towns. The times
have changed for the better since the loss
of the colonies and the close of the war
with the United States. The fighting days
of the army, with the terrible tolls paid to
pestilence, are over; and, while conscrip
tion remains, military service Is now a
system of parade ground maneuvres and
occasional police work. The heavy weight
of unremuneratlve colonial expenditures
has been removed, and there Is a chance
for the revival of 'home Industries and
the development of mineral and agricul
tural resources of a country as rich as It
Is old. The American friend the enemy
cannot perhaps claim credit for altruism
so far as Spain Is concerned, but in real
ity he has bought about deliverance from
economic ruiu and left the misgoverned
natiqn free to pull itself together and
to concentrate Its attention upon its own
resources. Unless all signs fail, a better
day Is dawning for the historic peninsula.
It seems likely that France alone of the
naval powers will have much use for sub
marine vessels in the near future. A Ger
man authority, writing in one of the naval
periodicals, says that It will probably
find them valuable for coast defense. The
islands lying along Its extensive Atlantic
coast, together with the depth of the ocean
there, offer excellent hiding places for these
craft, which would make a blockade ex
ceedingly difficult. The large harbors and
ports of England are also near enough, the
writer thinks, to be aseailed from this
quarter. Submarine boats, skillfully and
boldly handled, and sent against an Eng
lish port Immediately on the declaration
of war, would probably interfere with the
mobilization of the English ships and do
great damage. These reasons may Justify
France in spending considerable sums for
the improvement of its submarine boats.
Whether Germany needs them, he says,
Is another question. The German coasts are
hardly accessible for submarine vessels,
on account of the shallow water, and the
difficulty of entering the rivers and bays
owing to sandbanks and strong currents.
Under such conditions, the coast defends
Itself to a certain extent. A blockade could
be established from the high sea, which
does not lend Itself to the successful op
erations of submarine boats. He concludes
that for the present and for a long time to
come the battleship will continue to be
the decisive naval weapon.
A Parliamentary Blue Book, embodying
the returns of accidents and casualties
on Britleh railways for the year ended
December 31, 1901, makes the surprising
showing that train accidents did not cause
the death of a single passenger during the
entire twelve months. This is the first
time so gratifying a showing has been
made In the annual railway returns of
Great Britain. It does not mean, how
ever, that there were no train accidents.
In all eleven persons, railway employee,
were killed and 637 were injured, of whom
476 were passengers. None of the injuries
were known to have been fatal. There
was a considerable mortality and a large
number of casualltles on or about rail
ways due to other causes than train ac
cidents. For these grade crossings were
chiefly responsible, and almost to as great
an extent was unauthorized trespass upon
right-of-way. The railways were also used
to a considerable extent for purposes of
suicide. From these figures It may be In
ferred that notwithstanding the antiquated
equipment and unprogresslve business
methods which American railroad men criti
cise in English railway management, those
corporations manage to take very good care
of their passengers, and that riding on
trains Is, statistically, about the safest
thing an Englishman can do.
An Interesting Illustration of the diffi
culties which attend the administration of
oriental countries is found In the con
dition of affairs in Gujarat, the southern
part of Rajputana In central India, where
this year's famine prevails. The prov
ince was overrun with rats, which de
stroyed the greater part of the cotton crop
and nearly all of the standing grain. The
British administrators did their best to
fight against the plague, but with little
success, because the populace firmly be
lieved that the rats were reincarnations
of the people who had died In the last
famine, and as such were sacred. The
result was that the vermin had full swing
until there was nothing more to eat. Then
Horsford'i Acid Phosphate
is far superior to lemons as a
thirst quencher that really
satisfies. It is a wholesome
and strengthening Tonio that
relieves the lassitude and de
bilitated condition of the sys
tem so common in mid
summer. Insist on having
they disappeared. The famine Is less
widespread this year thsn hitherto, but
there will none the less be much suffering
In that part bf India, and already over
400,000 persons ere employed on the gov
TUB It EM LT IX ORKC.OX.
Official Returns Tell an Interesting
ft. Louis Olobe-Pemocrat.
The official figures In the vote on con
gressman In Oregon tell a story which
the country wtU be Interested In reading.
Of course, It Is known that the result
on governor in that state Is of no par
tisan significance. A bolting faction of
the republican party took away enough
votes from the governorship candidate to
let the democratic nominee get ahead of
him. The democratic candidate, out of a
total vote of about 71.000, has a lead In
tho neighborhood of 300. If there had been
no wrangle among the republicans their
candidate for governor would have been
elected by a plurality ranging anywhere
from 10,000 to 15,000. All the rest of the
republican state ticket was elected by
long leads. The republican margin In the
legislature Is greater as a result of the
late election than it was In the recent
It is the contest of congressmen, how
ever, which Is of the greatest Interest and
significance. In 1898, the preceding off
year, the margin for the two republican
candidates for congress In Oregon waa
9,694. It was 12,898 in the canvass of
1900, when the presidential excitement ran
the vote up to high figures. It was 15,221
In last week's election. These figures tell
the atory. Usually a party's lead In a
presidential year In the states in which It
has a lead Is greater than It Is in any
canvass until the succeeding presidential
campaign. The canvass this year In Ore
gon made a aharp departure from that rule.
The majorities in last week's election were
far ahead of those of two years ago, when
there was an especial Incentive on ac
count of the presidential campaign to get
out a large vote.
This rise In the republican wave means
something. It means that on the Issue
of national expansion, which will be domi
nant in the congressional canvass through
out the country this year, the republican
party Is Invincible. The voice of Oregon
on this question is the voice of the entire
Pacific coast and of the entire west. It Is
the voice of the United States as a whole.
National expansion, as expressed In the
question of the retention of the Philip
pines is a winning Issue. The republican
party is committed to expansion by tho
voice of President Roosevelt and by the
expressions of the republican majority In
MAGMTIDK OF THE COAL BI MNESS.
Strike Disturbance Affects the Indus
trie, of the Watlon.
New York Commercial.
As bearing testimony to the great Im
portance of the industry most directly
affected by the coal strike In Pennsyl
vania and to its potentiality for injury to
the country's business in general some
recent statistics from the United States
geological survey are especially significant.
The growth in the volume of our coal
output has been almost phenomenal In
recent years. It aggregated 292.240,758
short tons in 1901, valued at $348,813,831.
This was nearly 20 per cent In excess of
the coal product of Great Britain for
tho same year; 80 per cent greater than
Germany's; seven times as much as the
entire coal product of Austria-Hungary and
more than eight times that of France. As
compared with 1900, when the output
amounted to 269,881,827 short tons, worth
$306,891,364, this represents an increase of
22,358,931 short tons, or 8 per cent In
quantity, and of $41,922,467, or 13.6 per cent
Of the aggregate product In 1901 the an
thracite coal of Pennsylvania was repre
sented by 67,471,667 short tons, valued at
$112,604,020 a gain of 17V4 per cent from
the output of 1900, and the highest percen
tage of gain recorded in that branch of
the Industry in - twenty years. A part of
this increase was due, to be sure, to the
decreased output In 1900 from that of 1899
the result of the great strike two years
ago that cut down the anthracite product
over 2,600,000 long tons.
As to the value of the anthracite product
of 1901 at the mines, that was $27,746,160
greater than in 1900, or more than 81 per
cent; the average price realized per ton
was $2.05 the highest In thirteen years.
That was due, of course, to the unprece
dented demand for coal In all branches of
manufacture and right here the serious
ness of the present situation geta Its most
marked emphasis. The disastrous effect of
holding up the anthracite production
throughout the summer can hardly be
measured. But both parties to the contro
versy appreciate (hat far more keenly than
any outsider possibly can.
Coming down to the division of the coun
try's coal output among the states in 1901,
we find that Pennsylvania was, as usual.
an easy leader 82,914,840 tons of bitumi
nous in add' t ion to her anthracite output, or
considerably over 150,000,000 tons In all,
which is more than one-half the product
of the entire country. Illinois stood sec
ond, Ohio third. West Virginia fourth, Ala
bama fifth, Indiana sixth, Colorado seventh,
Iowa eighth, Kentucky ninth and Mary
With Pennsylvania holding, the command
ing position that she does in the coal in
dustry of the United States, It is not to be
wondered at that the entire industrial and
business world Is watching with the keen
est interest every smallest turn in the
For mountain, sea shore or town there Is perfect com
fort in the lightweight flannel, wool, crash or serge tuitf.
They look as cool as they feel, too. The colors are light,
medium or dark, as you prefer, in plain, or relieved with
$7.50 to $15.00.
And very complete lines of negligee shirte, giving the
widest range for selection and everything in neckwear,
fancy hose, belta and other details of hot weather costume.
'0 CLOTniNO FITS LIKE OURS,
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
R. &. Wilcox, Manager.
PERSONAL A SO OTHERWISE.
President Q. Stanley Hall of Clark uni
versity has been studying the almost total
absence of Insanity amotig negroes. He be
lieves It is because, being newer to civili
zation, the race haa not run through n
many different and crucial experiences as
the white rsce.
A native born St. Loulsan has been,
thrice appointed governor of New Mexico.
Miguel Antonio Otero, the man who rules
over the destinies of that commonwealth,
first saw the light of day In the Mouud
city and received his education at the old
St. Louis university.
Kitchener must feel that It is adding salt
water to a raw spot te give him only halt
as much sa "Bobe" received, because he
Is a single man. One reason why he is
single Is that the woman whom he hoped
to marry went to the altar with another
fellow while he was away fighting his coun
A monument Is to be built for Rouget Pe
Lisle, author of the "Marsellatee." His
body Is at Cholsy-le-Rol. A monolith will
be set up over the grave bearing bis medal
lion, his title to fame as the author of the
national hymn, a lyre crossed with a sword
and finally the score and words of the
chorus of the "Marsellaise."
A locomotive engineer could not ask for
higher praiae than that In the remark of
M. E. Ryder, superintendent of the west
ern division ot the Chicago A Alton, about
V. R. Mead, who was killed Friday night.
"He had been running on the Alton road
for thirty years," said Mr. Ryder, "and
never cost the road a dollar in the way of
wrecks or damaged property."
THOUGHTS THAT TICKLE.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Fa, what Is an
end soat hog?" "
'He's the man, my boy, who hns the
soat In the car that you want yourself."
Detroit Frte Press: "It takes consider
able revenue to buy all the joe cream my
girl can eat." remarked Hktdds.
"Internal revenue, 1 suppose 7" asked
Detroit Free Press: "Sen where they've
formed a broomstick trust."
"To beat the carpet trust."
Chicago Post: "8he frightfully de
formed, said the girl In blue.
"Really?" asked the girl in gray.
"Yes; she's built so that her dressmaker
doesn't have to use a bit of padding to give
her the fashionable shape."
Philadelphia Press: "OTm desclnded from
Brian Boru, ma'am, Old hov ye know,"
declared the haughty Mrs. Fits (,'lancey.
"Is thot all, Indude?" replied Mrs. Casev,
the humble lady nf the corner fruit stnnd.
"Faith. Ol'm a desclndant of Eve, the llrst
Yonkers Stateman: Bacon What's his
Egbert Why, he's a drummer for auto
mobiles. Bacon Oh, they have drummers for
those thlnns. do they? Well, It's a good
Idea. I think It would be much safer if
they hnd n drummer and a flfer go In
front of each of the machines.
Rrooklyn Life: She Mrs. Pnreton called
today and I thought she would never go.
He But you are so amiable, I suppose
you never gave her the slightest hint that
you wanted her to go.
She Indeed, I did not. If I had, she'd
be here now.
Before the bulletins there stood a group
Of rubbernecks, each rubbering to see
Which base ball club waa floundering in
Which basked beneath the aun of victory.
And as the figures they so closely eyed
Newcomers did from alt direction, pour.
And each ore as he Goodyeared eager
"What's the score?"
HIS OCCIPATIOX GOXE.
J. J. Montague In Portland Oregonlan.
I've subdued tha DloomlnTaythan through
the 'ole of 'lndustan,
I 'ave tamed wild Fussy Wtrazy an' mads
peace In the Sowdan;
The Egyptian 'e's a model of extreme
An' I've even dragged politeness from tho
I 'ave got the bloody Sultan where 'e's feel
in mighty bad.
An' there isn't any prospect of a row with
An' It's poor ole Tommy Atkins, It Is
mighty 'ard on you,
Now the Transvaal war la ended, for there's
nothln' left to do.
In the list of 'eathen countries that you
find upon the map,
Ev'ry one haa got a friend or a protector
right on tap.
If I cast my eye on Cuba she don't give a
For she only needs to 'oiler hout for 'elp
to Uncle Bam.
An' If on the burnin' isle o' Martinique I
take a chance,
She will hit the red 'ot cable for a battle
ship from France.
So It's poor ole Tommy Atkins, It is mighty
'ard on you,
Now the Transvaal war is ended, what 19)
left for you to do?
In the days that I remember, every way I
Some fat bunch o' 'elplesa 'eathens there
was always to be found,
An' 1 kept my country growln' while my
army all the time
Waa recrultln" with the sons of many a,
new an' furrln' cilme.
But I've got so many lately that the rest is
Till there, ain t one left without some
strong prolactin' nation by,
An' it's poor ole Tommy Atkins, what Is
left for you to do.
For the Transvaal war Is ended an' ain't
left you nothln' new.
So I sits, like Alexander, an' I wipes my
'Cause 1 can't scare up no conquest, never
mind 'ow 'ard I try,
'Cause the bloomln' royal ensign on the
battlefield is furled,
An' there ain't another country that Is free
In all the world.
An" I don't need ltudyard Kipling an' I
don't need little "Boba;"
All I need's a few lawmakers an' of course
'Is royal nobs.
An' It's pcor ole Tommy Atkins, there Is
nothln' more In view,
An' It's bloody 'ard to figure what's the
blccmln' use of you. .
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