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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 12, 1902)
The omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROBE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
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THE BEE I'UBLISHINO COMPANI.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btate of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
George B. Tzschuck. secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full and
complete conies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of May, 1902, was as follows:
1 2,MM 17 20,5O
20,520 19 20,6:10
20.6S0 20 20,600
80,280 21 20,U40
80,300 22 20.5D0
7 80.TOO 23 20,470
20,80 24 20.SMO
20,T0 25 20,MO
10 20,480 26 2O.B40
" 2O.505 27 2O.R30
12 2O.05O 28 20,500
20,530 29 20.43O
2TMMO SO 20.O0O
20,570 81 20,510
Total mil. (inn
Less unsold and returned copies.... 10,700
Net total sales OOS.HKO
Net dally average 20.81B
GEO. B. TZSCHUCK,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 81st day of May. A. D. 1901.
(Seal.) if. B. H UNGATE.
have a surplus of Browns.
Forecaster Welsh says the weather is
much warmer. Does anyone disagree
Senator Quay is getting along even
better than usual and thrives on un
Nebraska has had deadlocks enough
without beginning to experiment now
with convention deadlocks.
The mean temperature now Is the high
temperature that makes people yearn
for the cool breezes of Alaska.
Here Is where Nebraska's high grade
of literacy comes into play. Everyone
can read the thermometer for himself.
Plans for the $15,000 market . bouse
need not be very elaborate. Four plain
walls covered by a roof will answer the
Having participated in the celebration
of every great national anniversary, the
West Point cadets are celebrating a lit
tle anniversary of their own.
In overriding the mayor's vetoes of
ordinances that will create an overlap,
the council may compel the taxpayers to
appeal to the courts or protection.
A Chicago preacher has had the au
dacity to stand up and assert that he
never, jtold a He. Wonder where that
preacher-expects to go In the after
world T """V
. For goodness sake, let the council vote
8. I. Gordon's back pay for his alleged
service as police Judge so that we may
have a rest for a few months at least
from the perpetual claimant
Tax reform J not a political Issue.
Every man, woman and child regard
less of political creed is Interested in
the equitable distribution of the tax
burdens among all classes of property
It was eminently appropriate for the
Nebraska funeral directors to hold their
session In the Crelghtou Medical col
lege. It is perfectly natural and
proper for them to patronize Institutions
which give them the most patronage.
Those German warships will do well
to act with precaution when they feel
like demonstrating for the benefit of
Venezuela. While Uncle Sam has no
sympathy for International deadbeats
be has Interests In South America not
to be trifled with lightly.
Convictions for bribery In St. Louis,
Grand Rapids and Minneapolis Indicate
that American public sentiment Is alert
against corruption In municipal govern
ment wherever it Is unearthed. A suc
cession of such convictions will make
boodling too risky a luxury for the or
dinary city official to Indulge.
Nebraska republicans are not hostile
to the railroad corporations. They
have never shown any disposition to
treat them unfairly, but the railroad
managers should desist from trying to
foist upon the republicans of Nebraska
candidates who have forfeited the con
fidence of the people by their conduct
and shown themselves unworthy of a
' Pennsylvania Is not to be outdone by
Kansas In . professions of loyalty to
President Roosevelt. Kansas in its re
publican state convention endorsed him
for standard-bearer in 1004, but Penn
sylvanla makes the sjiedflc pledge of
Ha support for bis renomination. If
this keeps up, the next national con
ventlon will be as much of a ratification
fcueetlng aa was the last.
Alt explanation is IN order.
On the 28th day of May, 1002. Attor
ney Oenersl Trout filed In the supreme
court of Nebraska a reply to the alterna
tive writ of mandamus Issued against
Governor Ezra P. Savage, Auditor
Charles Weston and Treasurer William
Stuefer, members of, the State Board of
Equalization, which embodied the fol
1. That the auditor had collected the In
formation touching the property of the sev
eral railroad and telegraph companies
doing business In the state by reports fur
nished by part of said companies) and from
other sources as to those companies which
had neglected to furnish such reports, and
that the board completed the work of as
sessment of such railroad, telegraph and
sleeping car companies on May 16, 1902,
and assessed all of the tangible property of
these corporations. .
2. That on May 14, when the demand was
made that the board assess In addition to
the tangible property, which had by the
board already been assessed, the franchises
of these corporations, the board refused to
do so for the reason that under the statute
creating the board and denning lbs powers
It doubted Its right to do so.
S. That at the time the relator appeared
before the board and requested and de
manded the assessment of the franchises
of the corporations the members of the
board bad, and still have, doubts whether
they had the legal authority to assess the
franchises and therefore declined to com
ply with the request and ask the court to
place a construction upon the constitutional
provisions and statutes and instruct the
board whether It baa the power to value
and assess the franchises of the corpora
tions and to announce some equitable rule
by which the value of such franchises may
This answer was discussed, considered
and agreed upon without dissent by all
the members of the board before it was
filed and to all Intents and purposes was
equal to a sworn affidavit to the facts
On the 6th day of June the board di
rected the attorney general to withdraw
the answer be had filed In Its behalf aud
substitute for it an answer prepared for
it by the attorneys of the corporations
directly affected by the demand for re
assessment. In this document Governor
Ezra P. Savage, Auditor Charles Wes
ton and Treasurer Stuefer positively
contradict their first statement by de
claring: That all the railroads listed and re
turned to the auditor for assessment and
taxation the property of every description
belonging to those corporations and that
on May 16 the board made the assessment
of their properties and In so doing consid
ered the revenue and earnings of the com
panies and Included in their valuation the
value of all assets, and that although the
board did not believe that It had authority
to assess franchises apart from the tangible
property, the value of the franchises was
taken into consideration by the board In
the performance of Its duty.
In conclusion, the board insists that It
had performed its full duty In the hear
ing, consideration and assessment of the
properties of the several companies and
therefore is not subject to Judicial in
The people of Nebraska who are now
sitting In Judgment over their public
servants have a right to demand that
they come Into the court of public
opinion and explain the marked discrep
ancies between the answer they made
on tlielr own volition and the answer
made by them under pressure of the
NATIONAL ARBITRATION BOARD.
Ex-Presldent Cleveland has suggested
the creation by congress of a perma
nent national board of arbitration, to
which labor disputes might be referred.
He does not favor compulsory arbitra
tion, for the reason that It "would be
apt to Increase the number of industrial
disputes by awakening expectations of
favorable decisions from the board of
arbitrators," but he appears to have no
doubt that If there was a permanent
national board roost controversies aris
ing between employers and employes
would be submitted to It for arbitra
tlon, because "if such a commission
were fairly organized, the risk of a
loss of popular support and sympathy,
resulting from a refusal to submit to so
peaceful an Instrumentality, would con
strain both parties to such disputes to
Invoke Its interference and abide by its
decisions." Mr. Cleveland thinks that
the very existence of such an agency
would Invite application to It for advice
and counsel, frequently resulting in the
avoidance of contention and misunder
The suggestion Is certainly worthy of
consideration, though recent experience
with the effort of the Civic federation,
of which Mr. Cleveland la a member, is
not calculated to encourage absolute
faith 1n his view of what might be ac
complished by a national board of arbl
tratlon. It is true that the federation
has done some good. It has succeeded
in bringing about the settlement of a
few labor controversies and no one will
be disposed to disparage Its work In the
Interest of industrial peace. But It has
thus far been unable to accomplish
anything In connection with the dispute
between the coal miners and operators.
beyond securing a futile conference of
the representatives of the warring In
terests. The federation sought to have
the matters in controversy submitted to
arbitration, which was earnestly de
sired by the miners, but the operators
absolutely refused to arbitrate. Is It
probable that a national board on Mr.
Cleveland's plan would have been able
to induce the coal operators, who are
manifestly indifferent to popular opinion
and public Interests, o submit the con
troversy to arbitration? The member
ship of the Civic federation Includes
some of the most prominent and In
fluentlal men In the country represents
tlve men who stand high in public
respect and confidence. When such
men fall to do anything for the settle
ment of so formidable and far-reaching
a struggle as the coal strike, In which
the whole country Is deeply Interested, it
Is most unlikely that a national board
of arbitration, such as Mr. Cleveland
recommends, could have accomplished
anything. It Is not contended, of
course, that such a board would be en
tlrely worthless, but simply that with
voluntary arbitration It could probably
do no more than has beta done by the
Civic federation that Is, bring nbout a
settlement of disputes when both par
ties are willing to submit them to arbi
tration. Both capital and labor in this country
are opposed to compulsory arbitration
and perhaps will always be. There
fore boards of arbitration enn be useful
to only a limited extent In preserving or
promoting industrial peace. That they
can be valuable to any extent how
ever, will Justify their creation, for the
principle of arbitration should be ear
TWO CONGRESSIONAL yoMlXA TIONS.
Two republican candidates for con
gress have Just been nominated by con
ventions In the Third and Fifth dis
tricts, which ought to be redeemed from
the fuslonists for the Fifty-eighth con
gress. In the Tblrd district the nominee la
John J. McCarthy of Dixon county, who
has been one of the leaders of the house
for two successive state legislatures.
While the contest for the nomination
was more protracted than usual, the
result seems to have been brought about
without engendering factional strife,
and the republicans of the Third dis
trict may be expected to mass them
selves solidly behind their standard-
bearer. Mr. McCarthy's superior ability
for leadership has been demonstrated on
more than one occasion, and when
elected he may be relied upon to repre
sent his constituency creditably at
The choice of the Fifth district has
fallen upon Judge G. W. Norrls of Red
Willow county. Judge Norrls Is com
pleting his second term on tho district
bench, to which he has. been twice
elected In a Judicial district ordinarily
safely In control of the fuslonists. As
a Judge, he has won the esteem and
respect of all who have come in con
tact with him without regard to party
affiliations, and if his personal popular
ity proves as strong In the congressional
race as It has in his Judicial district, he
will be elected by an overwhelming ma
We believe the people of these two
districts are tired of returning fusion
representatives to congress, and that
they will not let pass the opportunity. to
be presented to them in November by
coming Into line with the party of pros
perity and rallying to the support of
these congressional nominees.
Senator Quay has again demonstrated
his skill and power as a political leader In
Pennsylvania, the republican state con
vention having been completely under his
domination, and this time bis course ap
pears to have been dictated more with
reference to the interests and welfare
of the party and not so much with re
gard to his own political interests. The
administration of state affairs during
the last two years has not been al
together creditable to the party In power
and there was a very earnest demand
for reform, only to be attained under
new men. A member of the present
administration, Mr. Elkins, was early In
the field as a candidate for governor
and developed a great deal of strength.
Indeed, he seemed to have the field to
himself until Senator Quay discerned
that the nomination of Elkins would
be Inexpedient and that the candidate
must be a man of different type and
record. He found such a candidate in
Judge Fennypacker, who was nom
inated yesterday on the first ballot.
Of course the republicans will carry
Pennsylvania. The factional contest
has created some bitterness, but this
will to a large extent die out as the
campaign progresses and while it is not
to be expected that the republican ma
jority will be nearly as large as two
years ago, since the labor trouble is
likely to have an unfavorable effect
the success of the party is not at all
doubtful. The ticket nominated yester
day promises a better administration of
state affairs and therefore the strength
ening of the party for future contests.
As to the platform declarations, they
are unqualifiedly for republican princi
ples and policies and will have very
general republican approval.
Washington advices say 1t Is now ac
cepted as certain that this congress will
provide a general system of Irrigation
for the arid lands. The house com
mittee on Irrigation has amended the
senate bill so as to make It conform to
the views of the president particularly
In the matter of making the arid lands
a part of the public domain, open to
settlement by small farmers for home
steads. The proceeds of the sale of
public land anywhere In the United
States are to constitute an Irrigation
fund to be used for surveys, and con
struction in such sections of the country
as offer the best prospect for the Im
mediate reclamation of arid lands.
It Is confidently predicted by the sup
porters of this measure that it will com
mand a majority in the house and prove
acceptable to the senate, so that there
is every reason to believe that within
the coming year there will be set in
operation a system of Irrigation works
In the west which will add millions of
acres to the public domain and open
to settlement vast areas of now unpro
ductive land. There is still some east
ern opposition being manifested to the
policy of arid land reclamation, but
there seems no longer to be apprehen
sion that this will prove a serious ob
struction to the proposed legislation,
The friends of irrigation have made a
splendid campaign In the present con
gress and It is highly gratifying to know-
that an early success is assured. There
could be no more auspicious time for
inaugurating this great work.
According to the railroad tax bureau.
the valuation of Council Bluffs is nearly
four times as high per capita of popula
tion as Is the assessment of Omaha. A
comparison of per capita property as
sessment Is about as rational as would
be a comparison of the per capita con
sumption of cigars and cigarettes or the
relative per capita circulation of news
papers and periodicals. The thing that
lias not yet been explained by the rail
road tax bureau Is why the east half of
the Union Pacific bridge should be as
sessed at $84,0(10 in Iowa while the west
half of the same bridge pays taxes on
only f l,3t) In Nebraska.
In view of the prospect of Immense
crops west of the Mississippi, stockhold
ers of the Union Taclflc are promised
Increased dividends this fall, but there
Is no indication that the prospective
harvest will Induce the Union Pacific
voluntarily to Increase its tax contribu
tion for the maintenance of state and
local government In Nebraska. Perhaps
Mr. llarrluinn Is not aware of the fact
that Nebraska Is now more than
$2,000,000 In debt when the constitu
tional debt limit is $100,000, and the
debt Is steadily growing at the rate of
$100,000 a year.
St Louis exposition officials have set
tled the Sunday opening question In ad
vance by subscribing to the condition
of the federal appropriation stipulating
for closed gates on the first day of each
week. This will confine access to the
fair for the great army of the employed
to evenings and holidays. Much can be
said upon both sides of the Sunday
opening question, but whichever way
the decision Is, it is good to have It
promulgated sufficiently In advance that
all arrangements and contracts can be
made to conform to It
Complaint Is made that In accepting
an invitation for entertainment by the
visiting French guests on board the
French battleship lying In Chesapeake
waters, President Roosevelt smashed an
other tlmehonored tradition forbidding
the president during his term of office
from passing outside the territorial juris
diction of the United States. Inasmuch
as nothing has been smashed but a tra
dition, no penalty is likely to be In
flicted on the president.
Mr. Harrlman suggests that "bodies
formed for the purpose of controlling
transportation should have In them rep
resentatives of the companies to be con
trolled." In the light of experience with
railway commissions, the suggestion
would be more in order that these bodies
ought occasionally to have In them a
representative or two of the people.
The Imperial council of the Nobles of
the Mystic Shrine is now in session in
Golden Gate hall at San Francisco. If
this is not imperialism and goldbuglsm
under a community-of-lnterest merger,
we would like to know the reason why.
And the worst of it Is that the new
Imperial magistrate of the fantastic
nobles Is an Omaha man.
Poor Time for Prophecy.
Mr. Cleveland has declined to make a
prediction . concerning 1904, thus showing
another great point of difference between
himself and the Bryanites.
lost In the Shuffle.
' 1 "' Brooklyn Eagle.
Nobody has asked for Webster Davis
since the Boers surrendered. Yet he never
was slow In responding to an encore on
even the slightest provocation.
Doctor Catchlnsr Up.
The doctors have finally decided to agree
that consumption Is Infectious. Give the
doctors plenty of time and they will manage
to catch up with the procession. Some day
they may possibly discover a cure for the
Honors nightly Bestowed.
The degree of doctor of letters conferred
upon Miss Helen Oould has more signifi
cance than Is generally attached to that
honor, for every time she has written a
letter about public matters) It has been to
cure some evil or suffering.
CROAKERS TO THE REAR.
Prosperity Kicks Wbinlnsj Pessimists
to a Back Beat.
Recitals of this country's commercial
triumphs are bo often given that the publlo
Is growing weary of reading them. How
ever, a constant accentuating of the facts
Is needed to keep down the clamors of the
pessimists. They seem so anxious to pick
a flaw In the country's claims that one Is
led to believe that they yearn for a retro
gressive turn. The country moves on, how
ever, despite their croaklngs. While they
shift from one point of criticism to an
other In the effort to find some spot really
vulnerable, the country continues to ad
vance steadily, each department of activity
scoring for Itself Its due measure of
It has been the pleasure of the opti
mists to boast of the marvelous growth of
our export trade In manufactured goods
The pessimists have begrudglngly con
ceded that, but, In the endeavor to find
Dome cloud, they have Insisted that the
Increase in the one direction has been
scored at the expense of agricultural ex
ports. Facts have come to the surface of
late to completely contradict this conten
tion. These facts, in the form of govern
ment reports, prove that our exports of
manufactures have increased tremendously
and that our exports of agricultural prod
ucts have scored a corresponding expan
sion. Despite the serious deficiency In the
corn crop the year 1901 closed with our
agricultural exports larger and our
agricultural Imports smaller. This Is a
flat rebuff to the calamlty-walllng pessl
mists. The latest reports show an increase
In agricultural exports over those of 1900
amounting to (100,000,000, while the Im
ports show a decrease of 128,000,000. The
bulk of these exports consisted of cotton,
grain and meats, while the remainder rep
resented a collection of miscellaneous arti
cles. Had the corn crop been of a charac
ter to permit of more liberal shipments of
that cereal the total excess for the year
would have been even greater than It was
The results furnish excellent grounds for
congratulation. When a country's com
mere la 1 statistics can close a year with
such splendid balances to Its own credit
there Is very little matter upon which a
pessimist can craunch with satisfaction.
Such splendid figure tell the story of
progress, advancement and expansion,
There Is nothing indicative of halting or
hesitation. There is no sign there ef the
beginning of a retrograde movement. The
country can find no excuse for weeping, so
long as Its producing class finds Us export
trade leaping forward with big strides.
Prosperity not depression runs hand In
band with a large export business. There
fore, with the full farm of prosperity
plainly In view, surrounded by all the sub
stantial commercial evidences of Itself, It
would be a commendable move If the pessl
mists would seek shelter for a while,, at
least until they have better reasons tor
alcfiax their aielaacholjr songs.
Mr. Harrimaii's Views.
Buffalo Exrress (rep.).
Another Interesting contribution to the tions of railroad properties and Is turning
railroad magnate's side of the combination to methods for controlling them. The rail
question has been made by E. II. Harrl- roads themselves are not so strenuously op
man In an Interview given to the New York posed to control as formerly, as Is shown
newspapers. In Its general aspect It Is not by the reported change In their attitude
unlike the two speeches made In the toward the Nelson-Corliss bill for extending
northwest by James J. Hill about the time the powers of the Interstate Commerce com
the legal attack was begun on the Northern mission. The reasonable request Is made
Securities company. Mr. Hill sought to that a pooling clause be added to the
show that the merging of great railroad
companies and the elimination of competl-
tlon tends to create stable conditions and man thinks the Interstate Commerce com
to lower freight rates. mission Is "a thing of the past." He believes
Mr. Harrlman, as Mr. Hill, points to the
fact that the Interests of the railroads and
the people are common and whatever econ-
omles are effected by the railroads through
combination, etc., ought to be beneficial to
shippers, as well as to the companies. The
public probably has no quarrel with com-
bination itself, but with the abuses which
have grown out of It. It may pertinently
be asked where the blame lies for such very soon, but Mr. Harrlman's suggestion
a feeling. If the railroads had always been regarding representation is worth con
careful to give the people as a whole full elderlng when now appointments are
benefits of the economies resulting from
combination and had refrained from break-
Ing the laws. Is It probable there would addition of members who are actively en
be such severe criticism of the so-called gaged In the railroad business might
mergers? The facts seem to be, however, strengthen the body and lead to more ef
tfcat sentiment is changing toward comblna- fectlve service.
Assistant Superintendent William I Hall
of the Forestry bureau at Washington Is
attempting a little missionary work by
clculatlng a pamphlet, reprinted from a
recent yearbook of the Agricultural depart
ment, and dealing with "Forest Extension
In the Middle West." He announces the
purpose of his paper to go somewhat be
yond local recommendations and show that
the time has arrived for the extensive de
velopment of forest plantations throughout
the section referred to, to Indicate the
sphere of general planting and suggest a
plan of procedure In carrying on the work.
The area of planted timber in the Middle
West already, at the time this pamphlet
was written, aggregated many hundred
thousand acres. Some of this la on the
decline, some at its best and some increas
ing lu value each year. "To the last class be
long most of the plantations made for
profit. Notable among these are the large
Catalpa plantations of central and eastern
There have been numerous requests made
to the forestry division for help In extend
ing these plantations. In most cases they
are small, covering no more than five or
ten acres, or as much as a farmer can con
veniently spare from tillage. But while
these operations are to be encouraged,
"the time has come when men of large
means can get large returns from the de
velopment of plantations on extended areas.
There are reasons for believing that the
work can be carried on more successfully
by companies than by individuals. Tho
long-time nature of the Investment adapts
BRYAN'S DISCRETION APPUAIDED.
His Refusal to Become a Candidate
for Governor of Nebraska.
Detroit Free Press (dem.)
Mr. Bryan displays sound political sense
In refusing, under any circumstances, to
become a candidate for governor of Ne
braska. A man who has twice been nomi
nated for president of the United States
and Is still the national leader of his party
cannot afford to stake bis political future
upon the petty office of governor. If he
won, the victory would' add little to his
power or his prestige. If he lost, he would
be hopelessly discredited, not only in Ne
braska, but throughout the United States.
The utmost dividends that could be realized
would be Insignificant In comparison with
the size of the investment and the degree
of the risk.
It appears probable that the demand for
the nomination of Mr. Bryan came from
the men that Intended to vote against him,
rather than from the men that Intended to
vote for him. The democrats that are op
posed to his leadership would undoubtedly
have welcomed bis candidacy. It would
have given them their chance to seal her
metically the sepulchre of his political
hopes for all time. Naturally, they would
have received the assistance of their
friends, the republican enemy, In this great
work. Mr. Hanna's committee would have
taken Horace Greeley's advice and gone
west the moment the nomination was made.
All the resources and all the ammunition
that the republican party could command
would have been poured Into Nebraska to
defeat Mr. Bryan. His candidacy would
have been made a national Issue. The re
publicans could not have afforded to permit
htm to bo elected governor of his state, if
there were means within their command
to defeat him. The democrats who believe
the leadership of Mr. Bryan fatal to the
party could not have supported his candi
dacy and remained true to their own prin
ciples. In view of his position before the coun
try, Mr. Bryan could not be a candidate in
the local sense. His candidacy would of
necessity be a matter of national Impor
tance, and the contest would be as severe
a tax on his strength and popularity as a
national campaign. If he were defeated, as
he probably would be, his leadership would
be at an end. Perhaps It is already at an
end, but even his extraordinary popularity
could hardly survive a defeat for governor
after two successive defeats for president.
His most enthusiastic admirers would be
forced to confess that a man that seemingly
lacked the ability to be elected to any
office to which the party could nominate
him was not an Ideal leader or a safe po
lltlcal advisor. Unless Mr. Bryan has re
signed all hope of ever being president, he
could not afford to become a candidate for
governor of Nebraska. The game Is not
worth the candle.
Booth Tarkington says that when he re
turns from his bridal tour to Europe he
will turn farmer, as he wants the rest and
quiet that only the country can give.
Virginia Is to be a battleground again.
The British tobscco trust, which has been
organized to fight the American tobacco
trust, will build some of Its factories In
Michael Herbert, who Is coming to this
country aa British ambassador, is known to
all his friends here as "Mungo" Herbert.
No one can explain why the nickname was
given to Herbert, but he has It.
William S. Devery, former chief of po
lice of New York City, has opened a real
estate office and started out last week
with the purchase on his Individual ac
count of a lot valued at 1160,000.
Hon. Charles Francis Adams of Boston
Is to deliver the address before the Phi
Beta Kappa society of the University of
Chicago at the coming commencement. The
date will be June IT, and his subject,
"6hall Cromwell Have a Monument?"
President Roosevelt stands a good chance
of getting a shot at big game should he
make his contemplated trip In the south.
B. E. Bobo of Bobo, Miss., who will ac
company him, killed forty-eight bears last
year and has a total to bis credit ot t,000
, members of the bruin family.
It Is noteworthy, though that Mr. Harrl-
transportation companies should not be
obliged to submit to dictation or control
by "bodies who do not know anything about
transportation," and adds: "Bodies formed
for the purpose of controlling transportation
should have In them representatives of the
companies whose business Is to be com
trolled." It Is not likely that the Interstate
Commerce commission will be abolished
made. The present commission is composed
in part of practical railroad men and the
in the West
It more especially to company control,"
As railroads are to be large consumers
of timber that will bave to be grown. It
is suggested that they establish planta
tions along their lines. "Most of them
hold lands that are well adapted to forest
trees, and by planting tracts of sufficient
size to meet their demands they will
greatly reduce their future expenses."
The railroads have to a considerable ex
tent recognized their opportunity and are
improving It. The indefatigable secre
tary of the International Society of Arbori
culture, Mr. John P. Brown of Indiana,
has been urging this matter upon them
with gratifying success. Even the present
year he has been superlntendening the
planting of a tract with 110,000 trees not
far from New Orleans for the Illinois Cen
tral railroad, and another tract with 21,000
at Kankakee, 111.
The Kansas, Fort Scott ft Memphis road
has planted 2,600,000, and a number of the
big lines In the west are going Into the
enterprise on a large scale. Mr. Brown
has also been authorized to locate and
purchase 6,000 acres In the west for plant
ing, and - this will accommodate several
million trees. Not only in the west, but
In the south and east the railroads have
become Interested In the work. Tree liter
ature Is a good thing, but personal rep
resentation and exhortation must be de
pended upon to carry conviction. The ex
amples set by the railroads, now that the
movement Is spreading, will have a stimu
lating effect upon other corporations and
upon Individuals, and an Impulse bas been
created that promises valuable results.
ROl'ND ABOUT NEW YORK.
Ripples on the Current of Life In the
One of tho most profitable speculative
grafts worked In New York City for years
past has received a knockout blow from
the courts. Speculation in theatrical tlck
bts, by which patrons of amusement places
were frequently charged double prices, had
become a grievous public evil. Some
theatrical managers winked at the evil,
because there was a chance for Individual
loot. Others fought the speculators at
every turn, seeking to protect their patrons
from organised robbery. Refusal to sell
tickets to recognized speculators proved In
effective, as did several ether schemes,
such as driving the speculators from the
vicinity of the theaters. As a last desperate
resort one manager hit upon the plan of
making tickets non-transferable, issued In
the name of the purchaser and refused to
honor tickets purchased from speculators.
The right of the manager to do these things
was taken into court, and was finally passed
upon last week by the appellate division
of the supreme court. The decision of ths
court Is characterized as a sweeping vic
tory for honesty. The contention of the
theatrical manager was sustained. The
court declared that tickets for the theater
and the opera are personal revocable!
licenses, and that managers have the legal
right to refufie admission to those who
bave purchased such tickets from specula
tors on the sidewalks.
John McDonald, contractor of the sub
way, makes the startling announcement
that the best electrical experts consulted
when he was figuring on the contract es
timated that the electrical equipment would
cost 17,000,000, while now the experts say
the cost will be J18.000.000. Here is a
difference of $11,000,000 In two or three
years. Nothing could better Illustrate the
rapid strides In electrical work than this.
What is sufficient for today may be out of
Scarcely a week passes In New York In
which there Is not some theft on a large
scale, which serves to call attention to the
loose methods of most New 'York employ
ers of household servants In the matter of
investigating the same.
A case which happened only about ten
days ago is a fair sample of the many. A
prominent and wealthy society woman, the
daughter of a former mayor of New York,
found It necessary to employ a maid, the
young woman that had been with her for a
number of years having been compelled to
give up her position, owing to a domestlo
affliction. The society woman advertised in
one of the New York papers for a maid,
and had several dozen personal applicants
for the position on the following day. She
selected one ot the appllcsnts out of hand
because ot the girl's good looks, tidiness
and sprlghtllness. As a mere formality she
asked the girl for references. The tidy,
sprightly young woman handed over to her
new employer an exceedingly laudatory let
ter of recommendation from an alleged so
ciety woman of Philadelphia, who gave her
departure on a trip around the world as
her reason for dispensing with the maid's
The New York society woman didn't
make any effort whatever to verify this
letter of recommendation by communicat
ing with the alleged society woman of
Philadelphia, but accepted It without fur
ther question as a genuine reference. Her
new maid was put to work immediately,
and within Just three hours after putting
her foot Inside ths bouse the new maid ex
ecuted a clever disappearance. In company
with about $12,000 of her new mistress'
New York Is nasty now. No one can
deny It, or tries. The subway excavations,
carried on carefully and with remarkable
skill though they are, furnish enough dirt
to give the city a constant dust bath.
Where ths subway does not grow, manifold
boles sprout In the night under the careful
cultivation of those desirable landscaps
gardeners, the gas, sUam and electrical
conduit companies. And to crown the
achievement of ths dirt makers, everybody
has begun to use soft coal.
Today New York, as seen from ths sea,
Buds and Flowers of Home Life.
MAKES AND KEEPS THE CIIIL
DREN WELL AND STRONG.
Mothers Make It the Home Medi
cine For tho Little Ones.
The children, Ood bleet them, are ths
buds and flowers of our homes. Without
their prattle and hearty laughter, our
homes would be desolate. They should even
be carefully tended In childhood and youth.
If we expect them to ripen Into perfect
men and women.
In the home and at school, the children
have their times of Ill-health and suffering.
We often note the pallid and bloodless
cheeks, heavy eyes, nervous movements and
twltchlngs of limbs and muscles. They
complain of headache, drowsiness, weari
ness, dyspepsia and indigestion. All such
symptoms and ailments mean that the seeds
of disease will have a fast and firm hold
unless proper measures are taken to
rcatnt a perfect condition of health.
Tawiwinds of wise and prudent parents
have mid their children happy,, healthy
and vigorous by giving them nature's med
icine, Palne's Celery Compound. In many
severe and complicated cases, Palne's Cel
ery Compound has restored health when
the little ones were given up by physicians.
If your dear ones are not as hearty,
strong and rugged as they should be In
June, try the health giving virtues of
Palne's Celery Compound.. It makes and
keeps the children well.
is a vague, Jagged heap crowned with black
soot from ten thousand spewing kilns. All
Its cyclopean magnificence of plled-up stee
ples and spires and battlements and gables
Is lost. Its one glory of - a sky that truly
was Venetian Is lost. Its gilded facades
and cornices that made It shine In the
morning sun like a splendid shield cast on
the sea are lost. And lost with them Is the
white linen of the finicky New Yorker.
Never before was , there such cheerful
wholesale law breaking as in this soft coal
matter. At first one could see, by looking r'
diligently, that here and there during the
day some particularly daring concern was
taking its chances on a heavy fine and im
prisonment by burning soft coal In fits and
starts. The black smoke would Issue In
little bursts and then cease again suddenly,
so that one could almost keep track of tho
offender's guilty palpitation ot heart.
That was in the day. Scarcely had dusk
begun when all New York, as with one
wicked accord, began to spout blackness.
It was as if the whole horde of sky scrap
ers had entered on one vast bacbanallan
bitumen spree. Before darkness had fallen
entirely the city was almost hidden from,
voyagers on the bay.
Of course, this wholesale Infraction of
the law has put the Health department In
a hole. Practically all the captains and
sergeants and high privates of Industry In
the whole city would have to be locked up
If the law were enforced, and there aren't
Jails enough for that even in New York.
The wonder Is how can a man do busi
ness on Broadway and expect to make
profit, considering the extradordlnary rents
that are exacted. The profits in cigars
must be stupendous, for tobacconists pay
more rent than liquor dealers. A cigar
company has leased a lot thirty-one feet
front on Broadway for $40,000 a year for
twenty-one years. Not a stone's throw
from tho city ball Is a corner shop hardly
big enough to take a long breath in, for
which the annual rental la $11,000. For the
basement beneath it, used as a restaurant,
$7,000 is paid.
The regal beauty and bearing of a certain
New York society woman cause frequent
nnnnlar comment. Madam is also ma
jestic in her own borne, out of society hours.
She went to Newport a short time ago to
mkA sure that all was in readiness for the
summer sojourn. At twilight on the even
ing ftr her departure the 10-vear-old son
snuggled up to his companionable father
and murmured, contentedly: "Isn't this s
picnic, papa; Just you and I together with
out the queen?" ,
, REFRESHING SMILES. '
Bomervllle Journal: The boy with three,
sisters never has any leisure that he can
really call his own. j
Chicago Tribune: Tommy The farmer
caught you in his apple tree, did hel
IMrkey Gee! Ha didn't have to say
nothln,'. He Just stood there enjoyln' hle
Boston Post: "It wants five minutes ot
4 o'clock," said the ungrammatlcal person.
"I hope it will get It," answered the smart
"What It wants."
Chicago News: Tomdlx Did you ever ex
perience what one might term a feeling ot
HoJax Yes, once; I backed a horse that
Philadelphia Prese: "My!" he exclaimed,
as "twelve" struck, "what a peculiar sound
that clock has."
"Yes," she replied, eagerly, 'almost
human, Isn't It?"
"Human? How do you mean?"
"It has such a sleepy and tired sound."
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Pld you ever
hear of such luck as Mamie Gilder's?"
"What about her?"
I m U ' - a n. Mt (Hff ffpaitii.t, An 11 I 1 ft V
night and on Wednesday night she's a
blooming June bridal What do you think
along mighty easy," said Uncle Ehen, ''if
every man couia ne as smart si w w u
thought he was at 26."
I see the boy who BTSduates
Stand up before tne crowd;
His collar's very, very tall.
His tie Is very loud;
He sees his parents sitting there,
As proud as they can be
And there's another, too his breast
Is filled with estacy.
I see him rslse his good right hand
And wave It In the sir;
I hear the big, uncommon words
Roll from his llris. up there;
He draws himself up proudly, and
His face with pleasure glows
I wish that I knew half as much
As this boy thinks he knows.
'Tls fun In summer time to rise
Up at the break of dawn.
And with the cllrklng mower Clip
The whiskers on the lawn.
The air Is fresh, and cool, and pure.
The exercise is great,
And one can cut a lot of grass
From four o'clock to eight.
What matters It, though neighbors swear.
And try to stop their sars?
The man at work upon the lawn s,
Their comments never hears.
Although they fume, and fuss, and fret.
It doean't bother him,
And so he twists the mower 'round
And shoves it with a vim.
Oh, yes. It's fun to stir your blood
And cultivate your brawn
By rising with ths sun to mow
The whiskers on your lawn.
And even though the neighbors' eyes
Are sleepless, open wide,
Pon't let the thought disturb your ior
The law la on vour eidl .
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