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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 8, 1902)
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MAKIU.K AIKII STATION ON CKNTRAL MINIMIS 1 A I I.W A V - Tl : K TUTKNNY Tl'UK.
iCopyrlght, l'JC, liy Frank (i. c.irp tin r
I o.HON, May :t. (Special Cone
I 1 I Hp. hi 1 1 ' ii of Tin1 1 1 . i Coin"
I I uiili in.. ..ml I.L.. ii,l.. II.I-..H .1.
Hi.- Tuppenny Tube. Do you know
what It is? It Ih iiii i in -
III II H I
iron tunni'l, ho big Hint two
could Klaml one on ill- shniil
of the oilier upright within it
iiml I lie hair of I lie np;er man would just
nr.i.i- the roof. It Is six mili'H in length
ami it runs under the busiest part of this
IniHieHl city of the wnrlil. It Hew from
Hlxty to one hutnlreil fn't In-low the Kiirfari
of I lie Htrci'tx ami there i.s an electric rail
road within it which carricx you rapiilly
from station to station, where you can
climb up or climli down. It In made of
castlron pipes bolted together In Hi-Ktiienls.
It Is laid In cement and It cost HomethiiiK
like $:i, 000,(100 a inllo.
I want you to co It beiuuse It is n M
part of thin American Invasion I have
t-omo here to describe. The most of Kb
machinery was madn in New York and the
locomotive were constructed by the (leti
orul Electric company of the I'nited States.
The Tuppenny Tube carried more than
35,000,000 passciiKt'rs last year and Us re
ceipts durinK twelve months were more
than $l,rO(),O0O. Its trallle Is nteudlly in
creiiHinK and it promises soon to bi-como
one of the most profitable rallroadx of
I.oeiilllol Ion In l.oniloii.
Ilefore we ro Into the lube I would like
to say u word about the poBslbl I it u of In
vestments In Loudon locomotion. Tin
population here Ih enormous, but the fa
cilities for carrying it are the poorest of
those of any capital of Kurope. The hi recti
are narrow and the most of them are nc
reiwiblo only by 'bust's or cabs. There are
underground roads run by Htcam, and tram
ways hauled by horse power, but as yet
the electrical uudcrtakluKH are at 111- ir be-KluniliK-
1 have before me the number of passen
Kers w ho paid fan s on cars, i nbs and 'buses
last year. This is count Inn a passenger a
inch fare. The number l. more than
1,000,00(1,000. ()f these :i,".l, one, imo rod-' on
he railways. :i::i.ono.oi.o on tramwa:.s nn.l
r."r,.ooo.oii0 on otnuihtiHcH.
Think of that! More than four limes at
many omnibus rides were taken In 1. mi Ion
as there are men. women and chiblreu in
the I'uited States, ami every one of those
rides was on a 'bus di'HKKeil by two horses.
There are more than :t,'00 omnibuses In
the renter Loudon and more than :too,i no
horsed are used to haul them back and
forth through the MreetH. One omnibus
company carried more than 2oo.imio.ooo pus-Kt-iiKcrs
last )ear. It used !t.ooo horses
and its fares averaged about I! cents a
ride. About one-third of all the people
who rode in Ixindon last year rode in omni
buses, while two-thirds of them were
pulled by horses. And thin is In the big
gest city of the world!
I'lirtmiri In l'.leelrlclt.
Is It any wonder that (he Yankees are
grasping at these enormous possibilities
with itching palms? 1 know a baker's dozen
of New York millionaires who are schem
ing to carry the Iondoiier to and from his
huslmvs more rapidly at a good round
profit to tlieinselves. You have ull heard
of Chailew Tyson Yerkcs. He made a few
millions in (Tilt-ago, Hie most rapid city of
the world, In carting passengers to und fro.
He has come lo linden und expects to
make tens of millions in carrying these
slowest people in the same way. He has,
It In said, the control of the Metropolitan
underground steam roads and will change
their power to t-lectrltlt J. 1'ierpont Mor
gan Is lu another big scheme and the chief
tystems set in destined to be owned by
Indon Is so big now that the possibili
ties of electrical traction within it cannot
be estimated. With fast trulns. twbe us
many will ride as under the present system
and rapid transit will make ti rttv grow
beyond conception. It has 6.000,000 peopl.'
now and It is estimated that It will have
12,000,000 within thirty years. The new
electrical si henie proposed will make the
whole of KiiKland its suburbs and by the
Mono rail systems, of which 1 fliall write
later, millions of piople outside will be
brought to and from it in less than an
In (lie 'I i- ' 'I n lie.
Hut let us enter the Tuppenny Tube. We
lire in til - west end of London and there is
the Marble An h station Jut over the
way. The ground on which it is built is
worth about $. a square inch, but It is
only one slory. You see the mgn 1 Central
IjoiuIoii tailway" and "fare lid to any sta
tion" on the front windows. We make our
way through the 'buses and hansoms and
enter the door.
How clean everything l.s. The walls are
tiled und ull above is while. There are
glass doors in the ticket windows anil over
them Incandescent electric lights. We
each shove lu 2 pennies ami are handed
cur tickets, which we drop into the chop
boxes Just as you do in the elevated road
In New York when you puss through the
We are now on the level of the street
and we must go down almost 100 feet to
get Into the mighty tube, which will take
us to the Hank of London. We might enter
the elevator put in by Amerleuns, but we
prefer to walk down the great spiral stair
case. I low n, dow n, dow n w e go. Wo
wind our way around and around an enor
mous well, walled with porcelain bricks as
tine as those in a millionaire's bath room.
The well Is brilliantly lighted with elec
tricity ami we tun see ourselves in the
white tiled mirror us we wind our way
We stop midway ami listen to the tramp
of the people above and below us. We can
hear the hum of the city overhead und the
volcanic thunder of the cars far beneath.
We wind around and around stci by step
to the bottom and enter one of the subter
ranean etations. We are in a great cave,
roofed and walled with white tiles, with
a railroad running am ss its lloor and with
round black holes at each end. The cave
is as light us day under the rays of elec
tricity, and its brightness aeceutuates the
ilaiknos of the eiitrancis to the tunnel
tube. These black holes are where the
trains from the tube shoot into the station
und out, and static. ni like tin so are at
every half-mile throughout busy liudon
along the line of the lube.
'I lie lilt-r leu it I lit union.
While we wait for the train I notice that
the walls ure hung with framed advertise
ments und 1 look about for signs of the
American invasion. It sticks out like u
boil on your m se. Tin re is un American
typewriter picture Just opposite me. You
can see its trademark, and above it the
statement that :io0 of these Americun type
writers have Just been bought by the Ilrit
ih war olllce. lleside it Is a card pulling
a well known brand of American oats and
farther on is another of those Infernal Yan
kee little pill ads which keep your liver
turning over and over faster than a venti
lating fan run by electricity. You tlud
them all over London and you can't escape
tin in even lu the bowels of the earth.
Hut what is that noise'.' It is the ad
vanco thunder of the invutduu. That is
I he Tube Line train of American cars cur
ried by Auierlcau-built electric locomotives
thiough the Tuppenny Tube. Keep your eye
on the black bole at the left. See that
turtle back engine as it shoots out, drag
ging the lung train behind it. That Is the
little Yunkee baby that does the business,
lu sue it is perhaps the smallest working
engine of the world, but it has all the
stieiigth of bOO horsis. and It can drag
tli.it train along at forty miles un hour, ul
though the average speed down here Is less
than half lint. The engine weighs forty
eight tens und it gets its current from
that third rull In the center by means of
iwo contact shoes which ure mounted on
riu h side of the locomotive.
The engineer stands in the center of the
engine und operates the controller. There
Is a circuit breaker and an smuieter
TTT .a -
mount! d on each side of the cub. and als.i
an air pump und motor of large capacity
under the curved turtle buck. Notice how
beautifully it is made. That engine wa.s
constructed by the Ceueral Klectric com
pany of Schenectady, N. Y., and it is a
Jewel In steel.
I. earning; to llualle.
Hut look at the tars. See the people
rushing in und out. They surely cannot be
Hrltislierp, for they have a move on them
like the hustling Americans. The truth is
that the avi rage Londoner did not know
what the weird "hustle" meant until this
road was put in. (In the ordinary train it
is the custom to stop und take up the tick
ets before you enter the principal cities.
That is what I did before- I got to London,
and 500 people waited with me ten minutes
while they took up the tickets. In the tube
lino the tickets are dropped Into the boxes
before you get In and the conductor urgi s
the passengers to step lively or they will
We have to rush to set our own seats.
The gate closes as soon as we are on the
platform and the cur has started before we
have takeu our seats.
How Americun everything lat We can
almost imagine ourselvis buck in dear old
New York. The cars are almost a facsimile
of those on our elevated railroads, except
that the ceilings are lower und the seals
Hut we have left the station and shot into
the darkness t.f the tube. We t un see noth
ing out of the windows, but within electric
lamps lu balls of cut glass as big as your
list make the cars us light us day. We go
on shooting through section after section
of the great dark tube und coming out Into
light at the stations. It is like riding
through a llute and looking out ut the
hob s. We ride to the Hank and then g-.i
back to Shepherd's Hush, and then back to
the Hunk to study the road.
'!'' iil- Aerm of 1 .1 ( r le 1 1 .
At Shepherd's Hush we ron:e again lo the
surface and go over the enormous t let-trie
works built there to operate the Tuppenny
Tube. They cover twenty acres, und with
the tube Itself cost ull told about $20,1100,
000. There ore sixteen boilers under one
roof and six great generators. The mu
chincry Is almost altogether American. The
most of it was made by the (ieneral Klec
tric company, ami Americans have much
to do with its management.
Here I I 'arn something about the tub'.
The tunnel is six and a quarter miles long.
It consists of two great tubes running part
of the way side by side, and in some pla-ei
above rue another. The average depth of
the tube Is about seventy feet below the
surface, air hough ut the Hank It almo.st ap
proaches I'D feet. The tube runs rig'.it
under the ntreets und not urder the houses.
This was partly because It was much
cheaper, as no right of way had lo be paid
for the route below the streets, wh -reis hid
It been under the houses each property
holder could have claimed damages, for
every man is suppi sed to own dow n to the
center of the earth and this road runs less
than 100 feet from the surface.
The elevators which carry passengers up
and down from and to the streets are also
American. They are imminse affairs, larg,
enough to accommodate several hundred
people. They are octagonal In tdvipe, with
suits about the walls. They move slowly
und smoi'thly without giving you the sen
Fat ion of goneness and sickness of the stom
ach, as some of our elevators. The walls
ure hung with advertisements, and among
them we notice ome of American shoes
and other things. I rose by menus of one
f these elevators to the Hank station, and
there found myself In the very center of
financial I ndon. The great treasure vaul's
of the Hrltish empire were ull about m-,
and I could fee John Hull's subjects rush
ing and scrambling this way and that after
the pennies, notwithstanding they had al
lowed their Yankee cousins to get the
profits of supplying the great J.'O.oOOiiiiil
undertaking I had Just passed through.
IiOiidon already has several other tube
lines, but Done to compare with the one we
Its Electric Road
a:.:i:ric.n iiult klkctrio locomotive, vsed on
I. ave been thiough. There are s vcral whi.il
come out at the Hank station. Suppose wc
enter the tube of the tunnel of the City and
Waterloo railroad. We go down through a
long pipe walled with porcelain til's as
line as a dinner plate. There is a board
chute running up and down floored with
cement. This Is filled with people rushing
back and forth from and to thj cars and
street. Their steps have a curl: us cho and
I stop ut the entrance to listen. The iucliiio
Is easy und I pick up my camera and run
with the crowd down through the tiled b )'e.
The wind from the ventilating fans conv s
fresh against my face as I trot on with a
long-limbed, rt. By-checked Engl sh girl
sprinting beside inc. I look at her out of
the tail of my eye as 1 run, wondering if
she Is u barmaid, a dressmaker or a lady
of quality. At any rate, she is a gojd run
ner and we reach the hottom together.
Here we find a different kind of cor and
engine. The care are more like barrels
with seats Inside them than anything else,
and each cur seems to carry its own motor.
The t ruins go at great speed, but they do
not compare in beauty and comfort with
those of the Tuppenny Tube made by the
Yankees. Nevertheless t hoy carry consid
erably more than luO.OOo passengers a
day and their receipts approximate $1.10,000
a month. The fare one way is 4 cents, or
the round trip for 6 cents.
The electric underground railways of
London will be rapidly extendi d. There
are schemes for something like loo miles
of such roads now before l'arliament, and
the day will soon come when every part
of this vast metropolis will be honeycombed
with railroads. One of the biggest -schemes
of underground extension Is backed by I'ler
pont Morgan, connected with large British
interests, and others, as I have said, are
being pushed by Yerkes. Mr. Yerkcs has
his concessions, und the work of converting
the Metropolitan I'lidergrrund from steam
to electricity Is one of short time und much
money. Kight new tube lines have already
been authorized by l'arliaint nt, and in the
suburbs tin re are several electric tramways
above ground. I have ridden on a number
of these. The curs are double-deckers, with
seats on the roof. They are well patron
ized. The most of tlu ni beli ng to the
London County Council, and I understand
that they pay dividends, notwithstanding
they run working men's trains at certain
hours of the day at one-half and in some
cases at one-fourth of the regular rates.
T r it in -it ii j Worked Ity I lie City.
The tendency here seems to be in the
direction of the city owning us many of
the railroads as possible. About three
fourths of the tramway truffle is now In
the hands tif the London County Council,
which is a term ci.mprt bending the council
which manages the greater London. It
carried on Its southern tiamways last year
more than 1S,000,000 passengers, and on its
northern tramways, which were leased from
the Northern Metropolitan railroad, about
other tramways are bung rapidly ac
quired and It Is safe to prophesy that within
a few years all of the roads above ground
will become the property of the county
couiuil. Many of these roads are now
worked by horses, but in the futute th-y
will be run by electricity.
The first of the roads bought by th c un
cil was along about lsia The Metrrpnlitan
lease was made in ls'.i? and by ltiul that
lease had cost the council over $1,000,000,
The council pays the original hobb rs a fixed
rtnt of over $joo,iuio a year and also D per
rnt on the pur iia.se price of the property,
which It owns in fee simple, and fi per cent
on the value (f its d-'po's and t ther build
ings. It ulso pays l:''u p,-r cent of the In
dorse of the gross receipts over those of
th- year lvu. It pays other fixed charges,
so that the original owmrs have a very
fair bargain. At the came time the receipts
are large. They amounted to almost $lnO.
ooo in 1 :0 1 and showed a profit balance of
ab ut $.'o0,iiiin
On the S, uthi rn L- v. h.n iramwavs th
profit last year to the city was in the neigh
borhood of $ir.0,o,l0, und this notwithstand-
London inm-:u;koinh railway.
ing that the passengers were ,aril d at an
avirage fare of 1 ss than L' cents per ride.
Or. the omnibuses 41 per cent of iht pas
sengers wire carriid at 1-eeiit fares and
4i! per ceni at 2 cents per ride.
The ci unty coiin il is stiadi y buying ral!
r. ads and it has a number under c uistrue
tb.n. I may have more to say of its wori
in the future. FRANK G. CAIU'KNTER.
How He Lost a Pension
I'hiiailelphia Record: "I've jusl upplhd
for a government pension," he said, "hut i
don't think I'll get it."
"Why not ?"
"Will, you see, 1 caught
the civil war."
"An" it's bet n
a-workin' on me ever
"An' tother day it broke out in a gai
lopin' eonsumptii n."
"Why, you don't I. ok like n "
"I know it; an' that's Je.st where the
trouble conns in. The vciy minute tin- con
sumption lilt me, an' I put in my applica
tion to the government, the old lady fell to
prayin' for me, nn' 'bout a quarter to lo
o'clock last night -or mebbe it wu. twenty
minutes to lu hi r prayers wuz answered,
an' I commenced to feel better, until no.v
I'm 'feu red I'm plum well. Takin' me at my
looks no government in the world is a-goi;r
to pension me. 1 don't want to muzzle th
tbl lady, but It looks like I'll have to."
The Dawn of Love
New Y'ork Sun: 'Twas a brave act und it
touched iier deeply. To hi r he was a hero
more than ever.
Hut such deeds were of Jaily o'-eurrem r
with him, and nive li.'.: 'lo breath i ami
from his b"p, l icii!y chest a lit :lc faster,
and except for r, trilling glow th exert 'on
had brought ;o his wtll-taijned eheek, h.
was as if liothlns; I nu.su.il had i.ike'i p!a -e.
They walk d on in silt net: for a few lii'n
ctcs. Sudd. -lily, enable lo ton. all her ad
miration loin; r, she faced him H)ii;ir'i5"C.
"lice, Jim, i' wouldn't cj: no ic w el you
if all 'ell froze uvt I !"
"Not if I hud you ter skat" wid, Li."
And each knew that the other knew.
Why You Should Insist on Having
EUREKA HARNESS OIL
Uuemialcil by any other.
Renders hard leather soft.
Ht-t-jis out water.
A heavy boiliejil oil.
An excellent preservative .
Reduces cost of you- harness.
Never Imrns the leather; its
Ell'cieiicy is increased.
Secures best service.
Stitches kept from breaking.
s sold in all
SlnndurU (Ml Coin pit nr.
Iogs fur sale of all kinds Kaiu-y l'ii.
eons. Ilelglan Hares, and l-'errets' Sen
ti cents for catalogue.
I.ANDIS, I'.ox O. Mower s Station. Herk
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