Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, June 08, 1902, EDITORIAL SHEET, Image 18
J TIIE OatAIIA DAILY HEEt SUNDAY, JUNE 8, 1902. .maiia Sunday Ber. E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: pally Bee (without Sunday), One Year.MOO Illy Bee and bumlay, One Year ( 00 illustrated Bee, One Year '. i Sunday Hee, One Year 2" taturaay He, One Year 1-5" Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year. 1.00 DELIVERED BY CARRIER. Dally Bee (without Sunday), per copy., to pally Bee (without Sunday), per week. .12c Dally Bee (Including Sunday), per week. 17c ttuiMiay Bee, per copy &c J.venlng Br (wlihout Sunday), per week. Wo Jfvenlng Be (Including Uunuay). per week 15o Complaints of Irregularities In delivery ahouid be addressed to City Circulation Department OFFICES. ' Omaha The Bee Building. South Omaha City Hall Building, Twen-ty-flfth and M streets. Council Bluff 10 i'earl Street. Chicago 14') Unity Building. New York Temple Court. Washington 4ul Fourteenth Street CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to news and editorial matter should be addressed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. BUSINESS LETTERS. Business letters and remittances should t addressed: The Bee Publishing Com pany, Omaha. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or postal order, payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only X-cent stamps accepted in payment of mall accounts, personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.: George B. Txschuck, secretary of The Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn, ays that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Dally, Morning. Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the month of May, 1802, was as follows: 1 89,000 17 20.50O 1 8,420 18 2,SM S- Z9.S20 19 29,030 89.6SO JO ro.ooo 80.2HO 21 Z9.640 80.3OO 12 20,610 1 80,790 23 29,470 29,B0 24 20.BNO 20.TOO 25 29,(140 10 20,480 28 ..20.540 XI 29,5a . 27 29,030 1 29.6BO 28 20,000 X 29,530 . 29 29,430 X4 29.03O SO 2tt,U00 1 29,070 11 29,010 AS Z,0O Total 010.03 las unsold and returned copies..., 10,700 Net total sales 9on,8M9 Kst dally average 29,319 GEO. B. TZSCHUCK, Subscribed In my presence and sworn to before ma this Slat day of May, A. D. 190L SeaL) ii. jj, H UNGATE, Notary Public. Make room for the army of 1002 School . graduates. Having been hanged in elligy, J. Tier pont Morgan may aspire to more last ing fame. '. Scientists expect Telee to keep on moking for months. Other long-distance smokers may as well yield up the pipe. v The moving picture show pojlraylng Pelee or Soufrlere in action has not yet arrived, but It may be expected in due time. A Chicago sneak thief has proved that be keeps up to date by purloining' a Panama hat Let St. Louis match that If It can. i If these rains continue, prairie schoon ers will again be called into requisition s the best means of navigation across Nebraska's plains. Lord Kitchener may miss the corona tion festivities, but he can count on a Small-sized demonstration all to himself when he finally re-enters London. It Is to be noted that the newly appointed American consul to Martin ique exhibits no signs of hesitancy in Accepting the position and reporting for ttuty. The next governor of Kansas sub scribes his name with the initials W. J. B. but he writes it YV. J. Bailey and takes pride in being the nominee of the republican party. In the outcome of the Boer war we have another object lesson that arbi tration Is effective In international dis pute only when all parties concerned re willing to arbitrate. Hayti Is not troubled with the prob lem what to do with its ex-presidents. llaytian ex president who can hie himself to Taris with $10,000,000 for pin snoney should be able to take care of himself. Now that the American Tobacco trust bas secured a practical monopoly of the Cuban tobacco and cigar output, we may expect a plea that we do something Sot Cuba In the way of abating the tariff Mi Cuban tobacco importations. r 1 ?g . All the trade reviews report a better business tone as a result of the ter x mlnatlon of the South African war. Add to this the unexampled crop prospects In the west, and the business barometer points only to clear weather ahead. ' An Impertinent congressman wants to know why the congressional library at .Washington should not be kept open on Sundays to accommodate working peo ple who are employed week days dur ing all tho open hours. But think of Compelling the library employes to work putsldetf regulation hours. When the announcement Is made that Edison has devised an electric-propelled automobile that overcome all previous difficulties the statement 1 accepted by the public without the slightest In credulity. Had some other name been connected with it every one of us would have looked askance aud lutl dated that we were from Missouri. The confidence of the public U the inventor's moat valuable asset. To protect the interest of the govern ment In Its unfinished buildings aud make way for ueeded new buildings. President Roosevelt has felt constrained to approve the omnibus building bill notwithstanding the vicious precedent set by omnibus legislation. It is safe to say that were the president euipow ered to veto separate Items of appro priation bill, a vast amount of "pork" carried by this building bill would have fallen by tho wayside. .A SCANDALOUS rERFORUASCE. Once more the people of Nebraska have been shamelessly betrayed by their trusted public servants. The parole and pardon of Joseph Bartley Justly roused the people of this state to Intense In dignation and an overwhelming public sentiment swept the state like a hur ricane. If the liberation of the great embezzler was an unpardonable offense, what should be said of the outrage per petrated by Governor Savago, Auditor Weston and Treasurer Stuefer on the people of Nebraska by their abject sub serviency to the mandates of the rail road lawyers, who forced them In star chamber meeting to recant and recall their sworn declaration to the supreme court, that they had refused to assess the franchises of the railroad corpora tions because they did not believe that they had the legal authority to assess anything but their tangible property? Only two weeks ago, when the appeal for more equitable assessment of the property of the railroads was denied by the board, each member of that body tried to excuse himself for refusing to do bis sworn duty by claiming that the statutes relating to railroad assess ment did not expressly Include fran chises with their tangible property. This plea was Inserted by the attorney general on behalf of the board In his answer to the writ issued by the su preme court, coupled with the respectful request that the court Interpret the pro visions of the constitution and statutes relntlve to the assessment of the prop erties and franchises of railroads and telegraph companies. The answer drawn up by the attorney general was considered, discussed and approved by the board before It was Bled by the attorney general and was In the nature of Individual testimony of each of the three state officers consti tuting the board. The withdrawal of this document from the supreme court and the substitution of a document that attempts to negative in almost every particular the statement originally made, is the most Infamous piece of perfidy and treason to the people of which any state officer could be guilty. There are no palliating circumstances to Justify such conduct. The state offi cers are elected by the people, for the people, and not for the corporations. If there was any doubt in the minds of the members of the board, as to their duty In the premises, the benefit of the doubt should have been given to the people and not to the corporations; but from the outset the "board, while pro fessing to be loyal to the people, ex hibited its Insincerity and disloyalty at every stage. Its meetings were held within closed doors and Its legal ad visors were railroad attorneys instead of the chosen law officer of the state, the attorney general. JL$ the members of the board were honest and faithful to their trust, why should they have held a star-chamber session to reconsider and revoke the original Interpolation addressed to the supreme court with their sanction and on their behalf? T'o these men im agine that the pc...o of Nebraska will exculpate them for such an unheard-of proceeding? If they do, they underrate popular intelligence and misunderstand the temper of the people. If they have deliberately sacrificed the interests of the state for some political advantage they will discover before long that cor porations are impotent to redeem such pledges. From the party point of view, the action of the board is, if anything, more reprehensible than it Is from the stand point of good citizenship. The repub lican party will be compelled to de nounce and repudiate their acts Just as it has denounced and repudiated the unwarranted exercise of executive clemency. church property m philippises. The bill passed by the senate makes provision for the purchase of the friars' lands, as they are called. In the Philip pines. It authorizes the commission to buy the lands of the friars for the pur pose of selling them Immediately to the people who now occupy them. The necessity of taking these lands and giving them over to the people who actually live upon them and cultivate them is unquestioned. As was said by Senator Lodge in reference to -this, the possession of the lands by the friars was one of the bitterest grievances of the Filipino people against Spain. The testimony is universal as to their desire to have those lands restored to them. The position of the United States In the matter is clearly Bet forth In the Instructions of the secretary of war to Governor Taft respecting negotiations with the Vatican, the separation of church and state In the Islands, Impera tive under our political system, It is pointed out, requires a readjustment and rearrangement In Jhe Interests both of church and state "and for the attain ment of the great ends of civil govern ment, of education, of charity and of re ligion." Under the new conditions the religious orders have been shorn of most of their functions and authority and the secretary of war says it is manifestly for the interest cf the church as well as the state that the landed proprietor ship of these orders, which are ex tremely unpopular, should cease. Iti is not proposed to confiscate the lands, but to give full and fair compensation for them and the mission of Governor Taft to Home was to negotiate with the vatlcun for their purchase on equitable terms. There will probably be no serious difficulty In effecting the purpose of our government in the matter so far as the papal authorities are concerned. The pope Informed Governor Taft that mat ters of detail In connection with the questions to be decided would be re ferred to a committee of cardinals and that all the issues would be considered and treated with the sole aim of reach ing a settlement satisfactory to all par ties concerned. The pope understands fully that the requirements expressed fn the Instructions to Governor Taft must be complied with and undoubtedly his Influence will be exerted to have this done with as little friction as possible. So far as the friars are concerned, they are unaMe to make any serious oppo sition and may not attempt to do so. They have no standing with the natives, whom they have Oppressed for genera tions, and when the Filipinos generally understand the policy of the United States in regard to the lands they will have no sympathy with any claims or demands which the friars might make. The friar lands question promised to be a troublesome one, but It now appears probable that It will be disposed of without much difficulty. FACTS FOR CAPITAL AZD LABOR, The prevailing conflicts between capi tal and labor make more than ordi narily Interesting and instructive the facta presented by the United States commissioner of labor, Carroll D. Wright, regarding strikes In this coun try. The statistical history of these conflicts goes back no further than 1881 and the period covered by Mr. Wright Is from that year to 1900. Of course there were strikes before 1881, but the data concerning them were not col lected In a methodical way and there fore are of little value. For Instance, there were two formidable strikes of railroad employes In 1877, particularly that against the Pennsylvania railroad at Pittsburg, which was characterized by serious rioting, but not much of sta tistical value was recorded in regard to these. The most extensive and far-reaching of the historic strikes was that at Chi cago in June and July, 1804, but Mr. Wright says that the conflict possessing the most Interesting, thrilling and dra matic Incidents waa the Homestead af fair of July 4, 1802, in which blood was shed and It was necessary to send sol diers to the scene to restore order. The year marking the culmination of labor controversies in the nineteenth century was 1804, when the Pullman strike at Chicago, the Lehigh Valley strike, the strike on the Groat Northern railroad and other strikes of minor importance took place. Reference is made by Mr. Wright to the steel strike of 1901 as being especially interesting because for the first time the Issue was In regard to the right of the association of work ers to demand the unionizing of the mills, on which the association failed. This strike is estimated to have resulted In a loss of wages amounting to 1,000,000. The instructive and Impressive facts in connection with these conflicts during twenty years relate to the losses suf fered by employers and employes, which are estimated to have been over 408, 000,000. In 1881 there were 471 strikes and the money loss of employes was $3,372,578 and of the employers $1,919, 48& In the year 1900, twenty years later, the number of strikes In the country was 1,779, or nearly four times greater, the loss In wages was $18,341, 750 and the loss- of employers was $9, 431,299. Only one year in the twenty showed - a larger money loss from strikes than 1900, and that was 1894, when the business depression was great and all Industry was greatly disturbed. The total loss in wages in the twenty years of strikes approaches $250,000,000. Such facts ought to arrest the attention and command the serious consideration of both labor and capital. They mean not only much Injury to the general welfare, but In respect to labor more or less of privation and hardship. The anthracite coal strike has already cost the miners several millions of dollars in loss of wages and while the opera tors have as yet suffered no very great loss, If any, the prolongation of the con flict cannot fall to result In their in Jury. Mr. Wright observes that the approxi mate statements are sufficient to con vince any right-minded person that every effort that can be made to adjust differences and deal with grievances In such a way as to prevent an open out break should be encouraged. Every body will concur In this, but unfortu nately when controversies arise between employers and employes It Is nearly al ways the case that one side obstinately rejects efforts to prevent an open out break and effect an amicable settle ment The attitude of tho anthracite coal operators furnishes a notable In stance of this. HlIfaATlOXAXlSM IS EDUCATION. The commencement exercises of the various colleges and universities now in progress naturally bring educational topics to the foreground, but while all this ceremonialism usually takes the form of a paean of Joy and self-laudation, already we have a discordant note in a vehement protest against senna tionallsm iu education entered by Presi dent Northrup of the University of Min nesota. In an address to the graduates at once forcible and pointed, the Minne sota educator declares: Ws are in the midst of aa era of sensa tionalism in education, or we are fast ap proaching such aa era. The paradoxical 1 taking the place of the true. Rockefeller shares the throne of Intellect with Shake speare, and ragtime music hushes the mel ody of the hymns our fathers and mothers loved to sing. Professors attract notice to themselves and their Institutions by utter ances that ought to consign them to the in' vestlgatlon of a commission de lunatlco in qutrendo. Something new is wanted and wanted all the time. It need not be true, It need not ba valuable, but it must ba as toundlng, and must attract general atten tlon. To be unknown and unnoticed Is death, but to be notorious, even as a literary er educational crank or lunatic, is fame. Thank heaven the picture is not true as an expression of the general condition, but it ta true of altogether too large a part of the educational field, and It is time that com mon aense reasserted its authority. While President Northrup might be arraigned for having In these remarks set an example of the very sensational lent he complains of, there Is no question that what he says, although much ex aggerated, contains several grains of unpalatable truth. To the mania for notoriety Is to be ascribed the disrepute Into which too many promising univer sity professors have fallen aud the un seemly disputes that have arisen when university authorities have undertaken to discipline faculty members for over stepping the limits of propriety. To a similar quest for free advertising we must credit up a large number of the great educational Iwncfactlons made by men of wealth more with a view to per petuating monuments to their own names rather than to the unselfish ad vancement of the cause of education. Not that this necessarily detracts from the usefulness of the Institution except so far as It stimulates Ideals at variance with the true aims of life, but It is clearly a reflection of the methods cur rently employed In fields of industry, trade and even art and literature. The educational pendulum cannot swing much further to the extreme of sensationalism and may be expected soon to draw back to the lines of progressive conservatism. SUPERVISION STILL HECESSARF. Replying to the statement of Mr. Ilar riman that the Interstate Commeici; commission is a thing of the past au.l that railroads should be allowed to transact their busiuoss without super vision from bodies und boards that do not know anything about transporta tion matters, Judge Trouty of the com mission said that the time has come when the government must supervise the railroads, unless the railroads are to supervise the whole country. '"If the people of this country," remarked Judge Prouty, "are ready to let Mr. llanlmiiu and about four of his associates In Wall street say what tax every other kind of property shall pay to his property, he Is right, but if, on the other baud, as every court which has had occasion to pass on the subject has declured, and as every disinterested, thoughtful man believes, the government must In self -protection put some check on the greed of Mr. Ilarriman and his asso ciates, then he is wrong." While not denying that combinations among rail roads may be a benefit to "the public, Judge Prouty said that combinations cannot be allowed at all until there Is some government supervision which pre vents the abuse of that combination. If Mr. Ilarriman is taking the trouble to ascertain public opinion In regard to his recently expressed views he is learn ing that the sentiment In favor of gov ernmental supervision of the railroads Is overwhelming and that there Is a very strong demand outside of the circle and influence of railway managers for strengthening the Interstate commerce law and increasing the powers of the commission. Such declarations as those of Mr. Ilarriman serve to intensify this sentiment among the people and ought to have a like effect upon congress. The suit begun by the attorney gen eral of Illinois against the various fire insurance companies operating in that state to enjoin them from continuing to fix fire rates through a Joint agent in evasion of the anti-compact laws will be watched with more than ordinary interest not only by underwriters, but by policy holders everywhere. The sys tem resorted to by Insurance men In Illinois la the same employed generally throughout the country. The rate, no matter by what agent or in what com pany it Is written, is identical, be cause made by agreement through the so-called union effectually preventing every possibility of competition. In fact no combine has been so successful In the maintenance of rates as the lire insurance combine, raising them simul taneously In all companies on the slight est pretext of unusual losses and seldom lowering them except under force of overwhelming pressure. Obstructive laws similar to those in Illinois have for the most part been made dead let ters, as In Nebraska, by refusal of the courts to enforce tbem, but should the present suit produce results, it will stimulate anew efforts to check the rapacity of the combined underwriters. who from a central office undertake arbitrarily to make rates for fire risks in each division of the entire country. Owing to growing opposition chiefly from the democratic side of the house, the outlook for the bill for a govern ment cable across the Pacific at the present session Is said to be less en couraging thun it has been. The demo crats know that inaction by the govern ment means the laying of the cable by private enterprise, constituting a monop oly to which both the government and the public will have to pay tribute, but while pretending to be arrayed against combines and trusts, their posi tion In this matter contributes to strengthen the telegraph and cable monopoly, against which there is no other redress. If popular sentiment controlled congress would not only pro vide for the construction and operation of a Pacific cable by the government. but would follow it up with measures that would without too much delay give us a general postal telegraph system conducted as part of the Fostotflce de partment for the same purpose of facil itating commerce aud disseminating In telligence as the transportation and de livery of the malls. Georgia democrats have Just held their state primaries, at which a candi date for United States senator, as well as candidates for state offices, have re ceived endorsements said to be the equivalent of election. This is pretty close to the election of United States senators by direct popular vote, but It is not a direct vote, because only a small minority of the people have a voice In it It affords, however, add! tlonal evidence that the demand for re vision of the federal constitution that will make this desired reform part of the fundamental law is constantly be coming more and more widespread. President Roosevelt should have been more considerate of his critics of the popocratlc press when he delivered his Memorial day address. They had loaded up with ammunition that was to de nounce him as dealing in stale platV tudes and wornout word pictures only to find that Jie had given forcible utter ance to original views with direct bear ing on present day problems, thus com pelling them to change their whole plan of attack. Had the president realized the inconvenience he was canslng his detractors he would certainly have been more guarded in his words. Secret ef Loasr Llrlag, Milwaukee Free Press. The venerable Senator Pettus of Alabama says: "The secret of living long is to work. I am 81, and happy and healthy as a boy. I notice that al my neighbors who got rich and retired are dead. I never got rich, and I never retired." And be never died. Long may he be spared. A man who Is SI years "young" and still happy and healthy is a mighty good example to hold up be fore this age of hustle, and get rich, and retire. Edison Sees ThlnsTS. Philadelphia Ledger. Inventor Edison estimates that with his new storage battery the cost of an auto mobile can be reduced to about $150. "The man that cannot quite afford to keep a horse and . carriage is the man that I am trying to provide for," he says. "The automobile will be the thing for him. Its first cost will not be any greater, it will not require the care, and the cost of main tenance will come far below the cost of keeping a horse." May bis prophetic vi sion soon be realized! Trlampha of Women. 1'hllndelphla Times. In Brooklvn the other day Mrs. Lennlo Kelley savcl the life of her aged father by climbing over the dashboard of the buggy in which they were driving on the Coney Island boulevard and seizing the reins that bad dropped from his hand and were dangling at the heels of their runaway horse. Would Pamella, or Clarissa, or even Mme. de Stael's extraordinary heroine, Del phlne, have done that? In Pittsburg Mrs. Sarah E. McCloy, in a law court, has just excelled the intellectual feat of Portia, and has surpassed many shining masculine lights of the bar, for she managed her own case in a breach of promise suit and proved, too, contrary to the old adage, that she did not have a fool for a client There were some novelties in her methods of examining witnesses, as, for Instance, her telling one of tbem point blank that he was a liar. In the first case there was a triumph of nerve and muscle, and in the second of nerve and Intellect The obvious conclusion is that the era in which woman was a "down-trodden creature" Is fully past, for, with qualifying experience of the world, she is now quite capable of defend ing her own and of holding it. Science Scores a "Beat." New York Evening Post Newspaper -enterprise has to bow to scientific enthusiasm in the matter of the first ascent of atlll smoking Mount Pelee. Prof. Angelo Hellprin was already known as an intrepid explorer, delighting equally in Sahara and Greenland, and climbing difficult Orizaba, whose height and pre eminence among Mexican . mountains he first correctly determined; but his calm rivaling of the elder Pliny and surpassing him In good fortune by mounting to study. in situ, a valcano in eruption, will make his name famous throughout the world. Of that result, however, ws may be sura that he never stopped to think. His preoccu pation was entlroly that of a scientist, bent on discovery of the truth, even at the hazard of his life. With Intelligence to guard against every needless risk, and yet with constancy and professional seal ' to make him face cheerfully all inevitable danger, he gave a One example of the un conscious courage and heroism of the scien tific spirit No doubt he experienced in tense exhilaration, amid those showers of boiling mud and redbot cinders, as he went on quietly observing the phenomena which bis trained eye could eo well Inter pret. He performed a real service to human knowledge, and, as all journalists must admit scored a tremendous "beat." IS FORTY-FIVE THE DEAD LI.E f Blemishes ta the Business System of the United Slates. New York Times. In a recent report to his government, em bodying his conclusions relative to Amer ican business methods, the British consul at Chicago laid much stress upon the com paratively early age at which a man in the United States is relegated to the ranks of the superannuated. Inquiry and obser vation leads the consul to believe that when a man reaches the age of 45 he has great difficulty in finding employment in Chicago, and, Indeed, in any American city. This he considers a great defect in an otherwise admirable business system. He saya: "There are many business men In good positions over that age who will, in all probability, retain tbem for some years to come and then retire, but a newcomer of that age has little chance of employ ment, as he cannot expect to learn new ways. A man who is out of work at that age is regarded with suspicion, especially when trade is good, because If be had proved that be was worthy of bis position which should be a good one after many years of service be would not hsve been forced out; orjf be bad been, some other firm which had come into contact with him in business would try to secure his services." This would seem to be a very fair state ment of the facts of the case, and, being so, it leaves no basis tor the conclusion that it constitutes a blemish in the other wise admirable business system of the United States. The roan who reaches and passes the age of 45 years, and "looks it," without having made a place for himself In the world of business which renders him independent of the necessity of. seeking employment Is perhaps ths most unfortun ate individual among all of those who ex cits the sympathies of ths practically benevolent. It may be due to any one of a great many causes, but however explained or excused. It remains a misfortune for which It U quite impossible to find any adequate relief. A successful commercial business cannot be organized on the plan of an asylum for incapable. As the rule, the reason these middle-aged applicants for salaried positions have trouble in get ting them is that they are not In a position to offer an employer services in any line for which he would be Justified In paying the salary expected snd demanded by the applicant. For ths man who can do some ons thing better than others can do It there Is no "dead line." The Incapacity of inex perience is capable of correction; at least. It may conceal ths potentialities of great usefulness. The incapacity which lands a man la middle Ufa without employment and without the character and reputation which make a market tor his services Is hopeless from the point of view of the employer. The condition may be due to the fault or the misfortune of tb victim te a misspent youth or to the shape of his head. In moat Instances It is attributable to the fact that the victim has been content to drift, con tent with rendering a minimum service for the largest salary be could earn, and thoughtless of ths future until be sud denly wakes up to ths fact that he cannot hold bis own la the competition with the younger and mors ambitious men seeking a chase to do what he failed to do. la such matters ex poet facto wisdom Is sx csedlng wis, but not specially useful. PLEAMTtES FOR STAT-AT-HOMES. A Few Comforting Tsosihli for Yarattonless People. Baltimore American. As the summer comes the thought of out ings, vacations and trips grows pleaaurably insistent to those able to enjoy them and there is no doubt of the benefit which a pleasant change does, when taken in the year of work, rush and worry. But even those who cannot afford the expense or time of a trip away can get some degree of this change and pleasure by a little thought and management la taking stay-at-home trips. There are many ways in which stay-at-homes can minimize the discomfort and heat of .summer and find out for themselves fresh breathing spots of coolness, green and beauty. The suburbs of the city are now easily reached. Further on, beyond the suburbs, the adjacent country well repays an after noon visit, or even a ride by train or trol ley. To the nature-lover and the observant every walk Into the roads and fields about reveals some new objects of Interest, some new pleasure In flower, leaf and tree. For nature, although working along the same lines, is yet full of an endless variety and "fulfills herself In many wsys," sometimes charming, sometimes curious, but always worth the looking for. Even within the city, the parks, large and small, furnish pleasure in goodly meas ure to those who get Into the wholeeome habit of regularly visiting them. Every man, woman and child can roam at will In the big pleasure grounds that each can feel justly Is as much his as the stately es tates of the millionaire belong to the wealthy owner. The refreshment to eye and spirit In the soft greens and the pictur esque vistas, the benefit to wearied body In the pure air and the cooling breezes, repay the visit, and give, in some degree at least, what the more fortunate ones are enjoying in the mountains or by the seashore. Even In the confines of one's home tbera Is a beauty and an enjoyment to be bad for a little pleasant toll. Interested in Itself and tasting In its effects. There is no back yard, no matter bow small, that cannot be made into a small estate by a pretty vine, a few bright flowers, a bit of smooth-cut grass. It Is a great pity that this means of enjoyment Is so often neg lected, when had at such a small cost. The social theorists of the hour are calling attention to this, and tho popular weeklies and magazines are full of directions how to obtain beauty at small cost of money and labor In this way. Ugly brick walls can be covered with a drapery furnished free by nature's loving hands that the costliest efforts of human ingenuity can not equal; dirt and squalor can be swept away or hidden under a luxuriant growth that asks for its starting only a bit of soil, a few seeds and some little care to establish growth. It Is almost criminal for people to have so much bareness, sordid ness and ugliness about them when it ie Just as easy to have beauty, grace and fragrance. Let the stay-at-homes experi ment in this direction this summer, and the result will be past their expectations. PEHSOSAL AMI OTHERWISE. According to the Chicago code, it is pos sible to riot a few wrongs. Things were distressingly quiet in Chi cago for two days past. Even Lake Michi gan wore a smooth front. A young woman In New York gets sixty days for flirting with a married man over the telephone. Moral, don't get phoney. Where was Lord Methuen when the war dogs were kicked Into their kennel? Per haps the hero of Modder river has a kick coming. The prospect for universal peace, started in South Africa, now glows in the horizon of Kansas. Carrie Nation has been pardoned. Henceforth readers of foreign dispatches will not have their thoughts jarred by the overworked phrase of the veldt, "I regret to report." If some Inventive genius will devise a machine for canning trouble he can com mand his own terms by "showing" the Chicago packers. It is a foregone conclusion that Lord Kitchener will have no regret to report when he bears about the bunch of money handed to him by Parliament. Members of the Cuban congress have voted themselves a salary of 13,000 a year. This is a modest stipend for politicians who have had a long wait tor pie. A man named Reed Smoot is trying to break into office in Utah. He deserves success, if It be true, as his enemies al lege, that he induced three women to share his name. There must be a long time between slices in Illinois, when a resident of that state is found not only willing, but anxious to bitch himself to the post of American consul at St Pierre. - Pension Commissioner Ware is winning "golden opinions from all sorts of appli cants." One application of his poetry Is sufficient to soothe Ill-temper and chase the most persistent out of the building. A Massachusetts man whose eyes lit on a joke in a local paper, actually laughed him self dumb. As this Is the first offense of Bay state papers in a cycle of years, crimi nal action will be suspended on promise of good behavior. During one of the recent evening ses sions of the honorable senate only three members faced the presiding officer, and Wyoming contributed two of the bunch. Senator - Clark gazed lovingly at Senator Warren and whispered, "Senator, ths state of Wyoming is altogether too unanimous.' I'm going home." Thereupon one-half of Wyoming vanished In ths darkness. 1 ONLY THREE WEEKS Now until stock-taking time. Twice a year it's cus tomary to take stock, to clean house, as it were. We go throughvour store the same way and clean up the broken lines and slow selling lots, and from now uutil July I this store ought tb interest you, because of the good things it puts in reach at a very low price. This is by no maens a "bargain sale" in the "cheap" sense, but IT IS three weeks of fine opportunites for buy ers of men's and boys' clothing and furnishings. Take a walk through our children's and men's de partments and see for yourself the numerous bargains shown. NO CLOTHINO FITS LIKE OURS. Exclusive tlothiers and Furnishers. R 2L Wilcox, Manager. ECtXAR SHOTS AT TUB Pri-TIT. New Tork World: The pope's desire to "close his eyes on universal peace" offers aa affecting contrast to the popular con ception of a "strenuous life." Portland Oregonlan: It is said the Presbyterian general assembly had great provocation to put Into its new creed an additional clause on the future punishment of overcoat, hat and umbrella thieves. St Louis Olobe-Democrst: It is believed that the Presbyterians have finally suc ceeded in reforming their articles of faith to a point where they are satisfactory alike to the liberals and the conservatives. Brooklyn Eagle: Presbyterian babies now know that they will not be damned the general assembly has said so. The little tootsle wootales of other denomina tions must get along the best they can, for, poor things, they have no general as sembly. Still, it they have plenty of milk they may weather the want of creeds. Let us hope so. Chicago Chronicle! We are ones more confronted with a question of the great est difficulty and of the highest impor tance. Here is Rev. Mr. Flgg of Papinion, Neb., claiming that be Is the reincarnation of the prophet Elijah and that all others are base Imitations. Yet, ss everyone knows, our distinguished and eloquent fel low citizen. Rev. Mr. Dowle, maintains that ho alone la Elijah II, and that anyone who disputes it Is anthema marnatha. In such a case what can the prudent person do? Is it not a situation which Justifies a departure for the woods with all speed possible? Springfield Republican: Certain clergy men bave been drawing portentous morals . In their sermons from the St Pierre dis aster, some of which seem curiously out of date In the twentieth century. The moral that is most quickly accepted and heeded nowadaya Is the opportunity for prompt and liberal help. The strong points of civilization never appear to better ad vantage than In the speed and efficiency with which relief can be sent to a popula tion stricken with such a disaster as this or the Galveston storm. And If the world forgots ths sufferer quickly in the urgent 1 clamor of new responsibilities, it at least responds generously while Its sympathies - are acutely touched. DOMESTIC PLEASANTRIES. Detroit Free Press: Mr. Foxy So you are a grass widow, eh? Mrs. Grass Why? Are you a grass mower? Philadelphia Press: "Young man," be- ftan her father, 'what Is your object In Ife?" "To become your daughter's subject," he replied promptly. Chicago Post: "Has he been married long?" "Well, I can't quite make out whether he's still In the honeymoon days or ha been married long enough to be well trained. It's one or the other, for 1 notice he's dreadfully afraid of being late to dinner." Puck: Charles Why don't you like our new clergyman, Cora? Cora Too pious. Charles Too pious? Cora Yes. 1 want a clergyman to be pious and to act pious, but 1 don't want him to look pious. Chicago News: Husband I think we had better give up our pew In church during the summer months, my dear. Wife Whv should we do that? Husband Well, I'm going Into the ice business and If there Is one thin 1 detest more than another It Is a hypocrite. Detroit Free Press: "Since you were afraid to tell papa of our engagement, I told him myself,' said Flossie Featherly. "And what did he say?" asked Air. Doo Uttle, anxiously. "He said It was clear that the fools weren't all dead yet." Somervlllo Journal: Nell What makes you think that sister Fan and that young Mr. Walters that called here last nlcht are engaged.? Helle Because I found three cigars on the mantel when I put the parlor in order l?ils morning. Chicago Tribune: "Let me see this Is May, Isn't It?" said the man of business, preparing to begin the dictation of a letter to a country customer. "No, sir," friKldly replied his new type writer cglrl. "This Is Miss Gumford." FAREWELL TO THE HIGH SC1IOOU Commencement Day. so long our goal. When toilsome lessons would be done, We find Instead when It Is reached That they are only well begun. Little of life our few years know The primer Just with hasty look. So little learned, bo much before, The future lies an unturned book. Commencement Day, our childish minds Sow only Joy and flowers gay, With gladness dimmed we find that, too. It brings the parting of the way. Through all our steps up Learning's road We've shared each other's hopes and joys So short to us the way ha been, A merry set of girls and boys. Not as a class henceforth we'll be Surrounded by a loyal band, Whose kindly sympathy Inspires; In "Life's hard school" alone we stand. Each one must take a self-earned place And demonstrate In world's cold view His power to grasp Its problems right And solve them out and prove them true. No more when rings the old school bell We'll gather where so oft we've met. And, though the lessons learned may fade, The sceues and friends we'll ne'er forget. No lapse of years can crowd from sight The once familiar rooms and halls. No other place In coming years Will be to us as these gray walls. No faces when Life's shades draw 'round Will clearer in the mem'ry glow, No names more quick to lip will come Than those first learned in long ago. Farewell, old school! 'Tis hard to break The many ties that bind us here, We linger, loath to say the word That shuts us from a paso most dear. Albion, Neb. CORA A. THOMPSON. .