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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 31, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, HAY 31, 1902.
(TJie omajia Daily Bee.
i. L Ii P
Hi. ROSEWATER, EDITOR,
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINQ.
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Twentieth Centu'y Farmer, One Year. Lw
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, TtliUtUJEh. PUBLlbrtlMO COMPANY.
, STATEMENT. OF CIRCULATION.
Vtata of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss i
Oeorge B Usschuck, secretary of i'be Bee
Fubllstiing Company, being duiy sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
.Evening anu Sunday Bee printed during
the month of April, 13W. was as follows:
i 1 SH,50 M KU.SUO
2 m,ao 11 2W,SU0
I 1 20,030 U 89,640
1 4 itV.SlO 1 20,060
! I . . .1M,61M go Jtv.UBO
20,720 21 2!,BMO
1 .....o,bm 2 20,soo
1 xv.uno u 20,000
20,lO 14 aw,4ao
10. ,..ltO,4BO 26 20,400
11 20,510 26 20,000
U ...20,470 27 20,000
u 20,ato 28 20.000
U 20,080 2 2O.0HO
16 ..20.4io to 20,020
.- Total Be)O,04S
Leas unsold and returned copies... lt,107
Net tour tales el7u,S3s)
net dally average , xv,uJ
UEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
i Cobscrlbed In my presence and sworn to
beiore ids this loth day of April, A. D.
: CSesX) M, B. HUNOATE,
Chicago la on the verge of a second
lea sou of Lent.
I The wpather man does well to hedge
pa his predictions for public holidays.
It la to be hoped our councilman will
be able to score better at base ball thau
they did at tax equalizing.
- In the competition for free advertis
ing, Mayor Moorea and his matrimonial
bureau are several lengths ahead.
Although a potent factor In the South
African fray, the American mule deems
to be unrepresented In the peace nego
The British ultimatum of uncondi
tional surrender bc-pius to have been
grafted" with "several conditions during
the peace negotiations with the Boers.
Before executing his threat to ex
proprlate produce belonging to Ainerl
cans, General Herrera, the Colombian In
surrectionist, will do well to take an
Inventory of his resources.
City Treasurer liennlngs Invites "large
property owners" to hand In their lists
for city tax bills at the earliest possible
moment What taxpayers of ordinary
physical dimensions with greater or less
property qualifications are to do is not
Competition is keen between inquisi
tive scientists to see which can get
nearest to the crater of Pelee while it
s lu its present state of activity. Most
t)f us, however, will prefer to let our
curiosity cool off first, along with the
If the democrats are hankering for an
Issue, why not raise the cry that Secre
tary Shaw'g order requiring customs in
spectors to wear gloves while examining
the contents of tourists' trunks is de
signed to prop up the glove-making in
When we get down to business we will
jfind that most of the volunteers who
served lu the Philippines have come
. lioine and are eligible to vote, and they
fcvlll nut take the word of long-distance
Jpongreosmen at Washington as to
Whether the work of the army has been
jgood or bad.
St. Louis fair managers are perplexed
because bids for construction work
sjxeeed architects' estimates. The man
agers of the exposition should study up
fhe architects' code, which makes It un
ethical and unprofessional to give esti-
mutes that turn out to be higher than
; The local tax burden Is measured by
the sum of all the tax rates Imposed
state, county, school district and city'.
II educe all or any one of these tax levies
and the burden of taxation is lightened.
The campaign inaugurated by the Real
Estate exchange to relieve overtaxed
property owners must not stop with the
city tax levy. . 1
The first question with which Ne
braska fusloulsts will be confronted be
ore they can, accomplish their annual
juerur is the old one of division of the
spoils. If the democrats can only cap
ture tyi head of the ticket again this
year as they did last, the plan to swal
low the populists will have made ma
Apd now it transpires that the stock
pf raw sugar stored In Cuban ware-
bouses and piled up on Cuban plants
I tlona la mortgaged to the American
! Sugar Refining company. That explains
i why Mr. Ilavemeyer and other trust
J magnates could testify before eongres-
atonal committees that the trust owns
1 but a very small quantity ot the sur-
j ylua sugar ttt Cuba.
MtftLtHS VMMBV9 BILL.
C-oncressnian Mercers omnibus build
ing bill tins panned both hotim of con
gress and Is now In the hand of the
president. The 1)111 carries over eighteen;
million dollars of appropriations for
rubllc building sites and construction
In towns and cities scattered over the
The patent for the omnibus fenture of
the bill belongs to Mr. Mercer. The In
vention was for the first time Introduced
two years ago oa a moderate scale and
has already expanded Into colossal pro
portions. From the standpoint of the public wel
fare It Is most pernicious and dunger-
ous. It Is a merger on a communlty-of-
Interest plan of the public building
schemes and real estate deals with the
deliberate design to dump all the pork
Into one barrel aud roll the barrel
through both houses with a whoop-la.
For more than 100 years every bill ap
propriating money for federal buildings
bad to stand or fall upon its own merits.
Whenever any such federal building ap
propriation was In the judgment of the
president in excess of public needs
or tainted with Jobbery, the presi
dent was free to defeat it with
his veto pen. The merger of the
public building appropriations In one
omnibus bill forces the president to
approve the bill as a whole or tuke the
responsibility for defeating all the meri
torious Items In the omnibus. Although
Nebraska has not fared badly in the
deal, Mr. Mercer's Innovation is to be
deprecated as tending to extend the
field for legislative trades aud jobs that
must demoralize congress and degrade
our representatives to the level of spoils
If anything emphasizes the necessity
for a speedy revision of the federal con
stitution to safeguard the treasury from
such raids it Is the Mercer public build-
lug merger, which was heretofore rank
enough when confined to the river and
harbor bill. In every state of the union
under modern constitution the chief ex
ecutive can veto any' separate item of
each appropriation, The president can
not exercise that power. It is inipera
tlve that such power be conferred upon
him at the earliest possible moment
either by specific amendment of the
constitution or by a general revision
through a national constitutional con
THE HEW MCfL'BLlCS DIFFICULTY.
The chief difficulty that now confronts
the Cuban republic is financial. I'resi
dent Talma pointed this out in his mes
sage, when he said he did not know how
the money to meet the ' ordinary ex
penses of the government was to be
raised. American officers who have re
turned from the island predict that
Cuba will be bankrupt within: the next
nine in. situs and that an appeal will be
made to the United States government
for financial assistance loug before that
period expires. Une of them la quoted
as saying that the proposed reduction of
IJO per cent In the duty on Cuban prod
ucta would be only a drop In the bucket
aud would not serve to stave off the
financial crash that is certain to come
sooner or later.
The expenses of government will ma
terially Increase and Cuba has no re-
serve resources to draw on. The tariff
rates are already high aud to add to
them would reduce importations, with
the result that the revenues would fall
off instead of increase. The whole couu
try is mortgaged right up to the limit of
its value and the people cannot stand
further internal taxation. Iuterest rates
on loans are already enormous, being as
high as 15 and 18 per cent on good real
estate security. Pawnbrokers charge 10
per cent a mouth, or 120 per cent a year,
for loans and do a thriving business tl
that rate. No new capital is being in
vested in the inland aud the present
prospect of capital going there is not
very -favorable, owlug to distrust of the
success of the new government.
It is a hard problem that Cuba has to
solve in making provision for carrying
on Its government and it is by no means
improbable that the United States will
be called upon to in some way 11 mi u
daily assist the new government though
Just bow this could be doue ia not clear.
One of the coudltious imposed upon
Cuba by the Piatt amendment is that no
public debt shall be contracted for the
payment of which, after defraying the
current expenses of government the or
dinary revenues of the island should be
inadequate. This restriction may oper
ate to prevent the government negotiat
ing a loan, at least to any considerable
amount until the ordluary revenues of
the inland can be Increased, which us
already indicated cannot easily be done
There Is a condition that the government
of Cuba shall sell or lease to the govern
ment of the United States lands neces
sary for coaling or naval stations and
Cuba can lu this way obtain financial
assistance, but it is impossible to say
bow lpug it will take to conclude the
necessary negotiations. A good dea
will deiend upon the disposition of the
Cuban government lu regard to the
amount to be paid for the sale or lease
of such lands, but it seems reasonable
to assume that under the circumstances
that government will not be inclined to
be exacting In its terms.
The situation is one that may become
very troublesome to; the new republic.
whose people are not, lu condition to
have the burdeu of taxation materially
Increased and who are likely to demaud
more of the government than it can do
with its present financial resources.
serious disappolutmeut of popular expec
tation lu this regard might be dangerous,
Mr. Harrliuan has corrected his Dm
interview. to the extent of saying
while railway pools are not a thlug
the past they have beeu outlived,
the objects they sought to accom
must be secured by combinations
merger. lie repeats that in bis on!
state and national legislators nmrht
do all they can to promote the comb!
nations ratner man to oimtmct them.
rather leave the railway magnates
to promote them by refralnlug from
legislation affecting railroads until the
railroads ask for It. If Mr. llarrltnan's
logic were good. It Would apply to all
other Interests against whose abuses the
pple have sought legislative protec
tion, but we find the railroads seeking
legislation against the scalpers, for ex-
mple, without flrrtt getting the consent
of the scalpers. It's a poor rule that
does not work both Mays.
Very earnest efforts are being made
by certain business Interests to secure
amendments to the bankruptcy law, the
measure for this purpose known as the
Ray bill being much favored. A large
delegation of eastern business men was
n Washington a few days ago seeking
to have a iqwlnl rule made for consid
eration of the bill and urging the Im
portance of action at the present ses
sion. Speaker Henderson, however.
would promise nothing more definite
than that the bill would be duly consid
ered. It was understood that he favored
the measure and desired Its adoption,
but he was not disused to give auy
assurance that It would be taken up at
the present session.
There Is opposition to the bill lu the
south and west some of the representa
tives from these sections being lu fuvor
of the repeal of the bankruptcy law, but
It Is not believed Unit the number desir
ing repeal Is formidable. Whatever ob-
ectlous there may be to the law as It
stands, it Is not easy to understand how
any oue who has given intelligent atten
tion to the matter can wish the law re
pealed and a return to the old order of
things. Experience with the operation
of tho law hus demonstrated that some
changes in it are uecessary, but the best
opinion is that on the whole It baa
worked well and that It would be a very
great mistake to abuudon it and go back
to reliance upon the various state laws,
which no one pretends were generally
fair und Just In their operation.
A Washington dispatch of a few days
ago says that there are not many mem
bers of congress who are willing to tuke
so extreme a stand as this, but most of
them think that the law should be
amended aud that the Ray bill provides
the required changes. It appears evl
dent that it is a question of choice be
tween that measure and a repeal of the
law. No less thun five bills have been
introduced during the present session
providing for the repeal of the law, and
while there is some uncertainty as to
how the contest will turn out it seems
most improbable that the demand for
repeal will succeed. The present bank
ruptcy law wus enucted in response to
the euruest solicitation of a very large
majority of the busluess interests of the
country represeuted in commercial
bodies. For years congresa waa petl
tioued to pasa such a law, as being
uecessury to the proper protection of
both creditors aud debtors. No law on
the statute books received more careful
consideration or more thorough discus
sion. It is not perfect, but ita defects
cuu be remedied aud thla should be done,
If the law were repealed there would In
a few years be as geueral and earnest
an appeal to congresa to enact another
bankruptcy law as there waa before the
present act waa passed.
The World-Herald believea that an air
Hue rullroud to the gulf would be a
great boon for Omaha. That depends.
Building two rouda where one roud cun
do all the traffic the tributary territory
can develop for yeara to come simply
means that the products of that terri
tory will be taxed to pay fixed charges,
operating expenses and dividends for
two roads and forego the prospect or
hope of reduced tolls which existing
roads would be uble to make voluntarily
or could be compelled to grant by leg Is
lutive regulation. It goes without say
lug thut railroads cannot be built with
hot air or by resolution. To build and
equip an airline from Omaha to the
gulf would require all the way from
twenty to thirty millions.
Fahter time Is promised for through
nassencer traffic from Atlantic to Pa
citic with the inauguration or new train
schedules by July 1. There' is no good
reason why the vast betterments re
cently made in roadbed and the large
sums expended by the railroads in lm
proved rolling stock and motive power
of ereater capacity should not show
up in fuster time. If the public were
to reap no advantages whatever from
these Improvements, of what use would
the investments be, except perhaps to
reduce operating expenses or to increase
the fixed charges? The railway speed
limit has not yet been approached.
The State Board of Equalization is
correct in asserting that railway
franchises have never been assessed for
taxation in Nebraska, although the con
stitutlou expressly provides that tuey
shall be taxed. That la no reason,
however, that this valuable property
should be forever exempt. The same
plea was made for the franchlsed pub
lic utility corporations in the Omaua
tax case, but it proved unavailing.
A 8erloa Aeeematls.
Th latest coiDDlalnt seems to be that the
army la the Philippines actually usea bullets
that are liable to kill.
later!. ta lb lat.
From the aumber of congressmen who
are auotlng poetry nowadays it is evident
that they are making a shrewd bid for a
hitherto neglected voting element.
K Csuaee-(r s Amasueat.
Only one person who was In St. Pierre a
ths time of the destruction of that city sur
vlved. He was criminal who had been
confined in an underground dungeon for
trying to assault his keepers. There Is no
likelihood that he will be used as a proo
that virtue Is Its own reward.
v Philadelphia Record.
Friends of ths Indians will hare ad
dltionsl confldencs In President Roosevelt'
integrity, because of his firmness in hold
tng up ths Indian -appropriation bill until
Its objectionable features had see
amended. Practical politicians, of whom
both houses of -congress are full. -wUl see la
this episode a demonstration of the presi
dent's power In Influencing legislation. He
may not be able to effect the best, but he
can halt the worst.
mall Per teat of (lalllr.
In the course of our occupation of the
Philippines we have had st times as many
as 72,000 officers and men In the Islands.
The proportion of our officers and soldiers
who hsve been guilty ot crimes or cbsrged
with them Is to the whole number so smell
that It would require a string of decimals
to express Its percentage of the whole.
Leave- the Railroads Aloae,
E. H. Harrlmsn views with pain and sur
prise the action of some state legtslstures
In enacting laws to prevent railroad con
solidations and declares that "railroad men
are In a better position to know whst the
rsilroads need than legislators. " This, ot
course, is conclusive. The legislatures will
hereafter make respectful Inquiry as to the
wishes of the railroads before Initiating any
legislation affecting them. It may bo sa4d,
Incidentally, that most of them do It al
ready. Secretary Shaw's Reforms.
The way Secretary Shaw is bringing the
precedent worshipers of bis department to
time is highly refreshing. In a greet de
partment of the government there la red
tape and circumlocution that Is necessary
and then there Is a vast amount that ia
unnecessary. The latter sort Secretary
Shaw Is tryfng to do awsy with. The secre
tary has a wild, western notion, too, that
the men and women employed In bis de
partment should work during the six or
seven bours they are on duty and that Is a
most heart-breaking affair to many of them.
If the gentleman succeeds in introducing
business methods In the Treasury depsrt
ment from top to bottom, and smashes a
few precedents established for the purpose
of showing what cannot be done, he will
perform a service worth many times his
WATTKHSO.VS BATTLE CRY.
Let Bygones Be Bygones and Rally
Let none of us be loo critical and fas
tidious about platforms. There were
parties before platforms. Nothing Bhould
go into the platform which would "tend to
drive any one from the party who supported
It in 1896." Nor should anything go Into it
tending to drive off the thousands whose
votes are Indispensable to victory.
To those democrats who cling to tho idea
that we are under some obligation in the
Interest of consistency to repeat the ad
mitted mistakes of other campaigns, let us
say that" there Is nothing sacred either
about platforms or about consistency. Each
presidential campaign at least must stand
as each has always stood, upon Its own bot
tom. So, In the main, must each state
campaign. In public life men must often
do as they can rather than as they would;
in practical affairs, both public and private,
the rule that circumstances alter esses is
above all law. He Is the best leader who, to
the Jeffersonlan requisites of capability and
fitness, unites and exemplifies the genius
for success) because in politics, hardly less
than in war, success is the ultimate stand
ard of measurement.
Why should we agitate ourselves over the
platforms of 1S96 and 1900, on which we
lost two successive presidential battles T If
It be Insisted that wo turn back for a
platform, why not that of 1892, on which we
won our last, presidential battle? The truth
Is, we should retrace no footsteps, saddle
ourselves with no handicaps, but, turning
our backs upon: the past, our faces to the
future and the foe, .we should gather the
ample shelter Of the old democratic camp
ground and rekindle the fires that once
blazed there, saying to ourselves and to
one another saying ia reverence and not In
profanity bygones abtll be bygones by the
eternal and through the grace of Qod by
gones shall be bygones!
A ISKKLL SOCIETY.
Tree-Planting Promoted by the So
ciety of Arborlcaltore.
By the death of Hon. J. Sterling Morton
the International Society of Arboriculture
is bereft of its president and the secretary,
John P. Brown of Indiana, well known to
tree lovers in this city and New England,
has issued a call for the election of bis
successor. It Is the present purpose to
bold the election in Indianapolis, probably
July 5. It strikes us that it will be a
matter of some difficulty to get a large
number of members together for such a
purpose, because the society is what it
professes to be. International, and they are
scattered all over this and various other
countries. There are about fifty members
in Boston alone and a hundred or more in
New England. The European states have
many hundreds and there are large con
tingents in both Canada and Australia.
Not only is its representation a wide
one, but It is a society that does some
thing. Ita late president succeeded In
establishing an "arbor day" In most of the
states, for the purpose of awakening a
definite Interest In tree-planting, especially
among the rising generation. Whether the
new institution accomplished as much ss
be hoped we do not know, but it baa ac
complished something, if only to remind the
people of this country once a year ot the
Importance of arboriculture and fix their at
tention, even if only tor a brief period, on
an Interest that Is rapidly becoming vital.
It Is only by steady and organized effort
however, that definite progress can be made
and largo results obtslned. There roust be
knowledge as well as zeal. As a matter of
fact the knowledge must come first and then
seal Is almost sure to follow.
Secretary Brown has been Indefatigable
in his labors to promote those Interests
which the society Is organized to advance.
His missionary efforts have been put forth
north, south, east and west. He has worked
to a considerable extent for the society
through the railroads and has awakened an
interest that Is very gratifying. The Illi
nois Central has planted 110, 000 trees on a
plantation a few miles from New Orleans
snd 21,000 near Kankakee, 111. The Big
Four planted 40,000 trees two years ago
and they are now strong snd thriving. The
Boston & Maine has planted recently 10,000
snd the Boston ft Albany a smaller num
ber. The Southern Pacific Is about to en
gage In the enterprise on a large scale. Ths
Rlo Grande Western has 65.000 young
trees to Its credit In Utah and the Mich!
gan Central has established a regular de
partment of tree planting. Ths Kansas
City, Fort Scott aV Memphis road has gons
most extensively Into tho business, having
planted t. 00,000 trees In 1.200 acres ot land
purchased for that purpose.
Responsible capitalists hsve authorized
Mr. Brown to purchase snd plant 8,000 acres
In the west, so that tho movement is tak
ing on larger proportions all the while,
As the railroads run everywhere their ex
ample Is likely to be contagious. Of course
tbey grow trees for the benefit of their
property, but If thai policy will benefit
their property it will benefit the property
ef all other land owners. It does not seem
easy to awaken a lively public Interest In
this subject through direct sppeal. More
cap bo accomplished by object lessons such
as the railroads are giving to ths people,
The secretary is to a large extent the
working factor la the society but It Is
highly desirable that a man of high stand
ing la ths service of arboriculture should
bo selected as its prtaldeuL
OTHER I.ASD9 THAI OIBS.
The parliamentary elections In Belgium
are over and the ministry, which refused to
yield to the demand for the abolition of
plural voting and the Introduction ot ths
system of one roan one vote, which prevails
in most countries where tho principle ot
representative government has been estab
llshfd, has been emphatically vindicated
and materially strengthened at the polls.
In the new Chamber of Representatives
out of a total membership of 166 ths con
servatives or Catholics number f6, which
gives them a clear majority ot 26 over
the united opposition. The latter Is com
posed ot 34 liberals, 34 socialists or rad
icals, for those who are called socialists
on the continent of Europe would bo con
sidered radicals In Englsnd, snd of two
Christian democrats. It Is only on rare
occasions that these parties act together,
but In any case the conservatives will eas
ily control the situation. In the Senate
the ascendancy of the latter is, aa might
be expected, also strongly marked. There
are 109 senators, and of these 62 are con
servatives. The remaining membership Is
composed of 41 liberals and 6 socialists,
so that the control of the government In
both branches of Parliament is complete.
How far that control represents the senti
ment of the country is, however, mors
than can be said In the light of such Infor
mation as is accessible.
King Edward has conferred upon the
duke of Marlborough the membership In
the Order of the Garter made vacant by
the death of the earl of Klmberley. "Ths
Most Noble Order of the Garter" waa In
stituted by King Edward III In tho year
1348. J3y a statute passed in 1831, tho order
is to consist ot the sovereign and twenty
five knights companion, together with such
lineal descendants of King George I as may
be elected, always excepting ths prince of
Wales who is a constituted part ot the
original Institution. Extra knights and
sovereigns have since been admitted by spe
cial statutes. The associates of the duke
of Marlborough in the order are the king
and queen of England, the Prince of Wales,
the duke of Connaught, duke of Cam
bridge, king of Denmark, king of the Bel
glums, king of Greece, emperor of Germany,
king of Sweden, king of Saxony, king of
Roumanla, czar ot Russia king of Portugal,
king of Italy, reigning grand duke ot Meck-lenburg-Strelitz,
grand duke of Hesse,
Prince Christian of Schleswlg-Holsteln,
Prince Henry of Prussia, crown prince of
Denmark,, crown prince of Germany, the
earls of Fltzwllliam, Cowper, Spencer,
Leicester, Cadogaa, Rosebery, Derby, Rob
erts, Elgin and Klncardln, the dukes of
Richmond, Grafton, Norfolk, Rutland, Dev
onshire, Abercorn, Buccleuch, Northumber
land and Portland, and the marquises of
Rlpon, Salisbury, Abergavenny, London
derry, Breadalbane and Lansdowne.
In bis recent address to the Austro-Hun-
garlan delegation announcing the Impend
ing renewal of the Triple Alliance, Count
Gouluchowskl dwelt at considerable length
upon the International benefits resulting
from that Instrument. A great point he
said, in compacts of this kind was that
tbey did not offer the slightest obstacle to
special agreements between individual
powers in relation to specific Interests
which affected them alone and the settle
ment of which was in no way opposed to
the general principles which bound them to
their allies, but were more likely to forti
fy the guarantee of peace. . This was proved
by thd confidential relations now existing
between Italy and Franco, and by the thor
oughly satisfactory nature of Austro-Hun-gary's
relations with Russia resulting from
the St. Petersburg agreement ot 1897. He
described that agreement as one of tho
happiest features which had made its ap
pearance In the sphere of recent politics, as
It bad checked perils which caused perma
nent anxiety on the continent.
The bishop of British New Guinea has
authorized the publication In the London
press of a statement showing that the
worst element with which he has to contend
In his African diocese Is cannibalism. He
declares that even the children In the mis
sion schools during the intervals between
lessons play at being participants In a can
nibal feast and perform the dances which
accompany that awful practice. In Febru
ary, 191, two white diggers were killed
and eaten, and two months later the mis
sionary named James Chalmers, a white
assistant, and twelve natives met a similar
fate. Later in the year a great raid oc
curred la the Warla river, when twenty
persons were murdered and devoured. Sim
ilar cases on a smaller scale are constantly
occurring. The area Is so large and the
government staff so small that It Is Im
possible to mete out punishment to the
guilty parties. Tho natives, however, says
the bishop, are Intelligent, and often thor
oughly ashamed of themselves when their
fatal outbursts are over.
GIVISU AWAY INDIAN LANDS.
Crooked Schemes Balked by the Vigi
lance of the President.
Delay In affixing the executive signature
to the Indian appropriation bill has re
sulted only In directing public attention to
the legislative methods employed in sad
dling upon this Item of the public
budget all sorts of schemes for private
advantage. The bill Is now a law, al
though not. It Is to be trusted, without
some sort of assurance that the tricks and
devices to which the president objected
shall not be renewed in subsequent ap
propriation bills. The great west Is rap
Idly filling up. Its mineral wealth on
Indian reesrvatlons Is known to many
shrewd speculators and energetic pros
pectors, who have In recent years sought
refuge in the Indian bill when pressed or
hampered by the present statutory limita
tions of their holdings.
If this sort of thing is to continue un
checked the annual act making appropri
ations for the Indian department must be
come eventually a cloak for public scandal.
When valuable concessions are to be
granted to mining companies and other
corporate enterprises in ths Indian reser
vations ths . authorization should be by
special enactment and not hidden away In
a clause of a general appropriation bill.
Tbe particular Instance to which ob
jection was made by the executive the
parceling out of tbe Uintah reservation
Is but a type of legislation likely to be
come all too familiar at Washington unless
checked st the outset. This reservation la
In tbe northeastern section of Utah, a
broad and fertile valley surrounded by
mountain peaks and terraoed hills In
which rich mineral deposits are stored
away. Many mineral leases have already
been obtained from the Indians and numer
ous mining corporations have been or
ganized to work rich fields of valuable
deposits, t'nder tbe clause of the Indian
bill referred to these companies may pros
pect at will for minerals for a year and
a half, and thereafter may locate under the
mining laws a square mile 640 acres of
contiguous mineral land. In the meantime
each Uintah Indian is to' receive from forty
to eighty acres of agricultural lands with
about 170,094, loss expenses, to compensate
the tribe for mineral wealth that would
purchase an empire.
Dees ot ! Mother.
NEW YORK. May 30 Mrs. Rose Flege
now. wife of a news dmier, killed her 4-year-old
daughter B-rlha today by gas
asphyxiation ant tturn committed suicide
by taking rarboHe acid. Ths woman had
been a sufforer from a nervous disease for
overs) years and it Is supposed BUS was
The difference of cost between a good
and a poor baking powder would not
amount for a family's supply to one dol
lar a year. The poor powder, would
cause doctors bills many times this.
Dr. Prices Cream Baking Powd.-,
the most economical in the end, becau: 2
it goes further in leavening and insures
perfect, wholesome food.
Used always in making the bisci
and cake it saves both health and moneys':
Made from pure, grape cream of tartar,
most healthful of fruit acids.
Pmot Bakinq Powdm Co,
Chicago estimates it will take $20,000,000
to clean up ths city ball. Barnacles have
a powerful grip there.
It Is generally understood that the quar
antine rules proclaimed against Indiana by
Kentucky will be suspended if former Gov
ernor Taylor agrees to come home. s
There Is much wailing and gnashing of
teeth In the office of the Chicago Inter
Ocean. Senator William E. Manon, a
distinguished "old subscriber," stopped his
Fred J. Landis, congressman from In
diana, who kicked the canteen out of the
house recently, is not unusually popular
at home. It took 1,012 ballots to re
Governor Jeff Davis of Arkansas has been
read out ot the Baptist church for drunk
enness and gambling and the pennant of
joy snaps defiantly from the flagstaff of
Andrew Jackson Kendrick at Fort Smith.
Judge William T. Woods of Lexington,
Mo., who died the other day, was rooted
to the soli of Missouri. He was county
clerk of Clay county for seventy-two
years. Death was the only power that
could loosen his grip.
After two years' struggle a bunch of bal
lot box stuff ers In Philadelphia managed
to escape conviction. Between the com
mission of tho crime and the trial the
legislature passed an act governing the
selection ot Juries, which fitted the case
In all but eleven of the fifty-two states
and territories the male outnumbers the
female population. These eleven states are,
along the Atlantic seaboard. California
contains the greatest excess of men, the
recorded number being 156,009; Minnesota
comes second, with 113,586; Texas third,
with 109.000, and Pennsylvania fourth, with
Nine of the eighty-eight United States
senators were born between 1820 and 1830
and Pettus of Alabama, born In 1821, Is
the oldest. His colleague, Morgan, was
born In 1824. Hawley, Hoar and Bate first
saw the light In 1826. Of the old men of
the senate four are southern born, Pettus
In Alabama, Morgan and Bate In Tennessee
and Hawley in North Carolina.
Tbe total vote of Oklahoma, the most
populous of the territories now seeking
admission Into the union of states, was 73,.
000 In the election ot 1S00. In the same
contest Delaware cast 41,000 votes, Florida
38,000, Idaho 67,000, Louisiana 69,000, Mis
sissippi 69,000, Montana 63,000 Nevada 10,
000, North Dakota 67,000, Rhode Island 66,.
000, South Carolina 50,000, Vermont 66,000
and Wyoming 24,000.
As a lecturer, W. J. Bryan Is not a
blooming success down south. Regarding
his last tour, the Nashville American sayai
"Mr. Bryan had 150 persons to hear htm
lecture at Gallatin. He had less than 300
by actual count in Nashville, although the
American - reporter was liberal and gave
him 600. Several months ago he offered
to lecture at Union City and he had less
than eighty In his audience. He refused
to lecture and refunded the few persona
their money. Mr. Bryan's audiences are
dwindling over the country, still he
manages to pick up several dollars at the
business. He Is working ths mine for all
It Is worth as long as It will bold out."
ELECTION OK SE1ATOHI,
Members of the t'pser Hon Oppose
Selection by Direct Vote.
A dispatch from Washington gives the
Impression that there Is a sudden and grow
ing hostility to the election of United
States senstors by ths people owing to the
developments at this session of congress.
The house, which is chosen by direct vote,
Is said to have shown Itself responsive to
public emotionalism, public prejudices and
ill-considered public opinions. An Inevitable
Inference Is thaf this fault Is due to the
method of Its election. Ergo, ws should
stick to the old plan with the senate and
not expose It to the same danger.
The statesmen who are making use of
this argument are singularly obtuss to a
few facts which leave It without any fores
whatever. Take, for example, the difference
between the terms of senators and repre
sentatives. This will not bs affected by
ths proposed constitutional amendment.
The senstor would still bo elected for six
years. Unlike the representative hs would
not havs to plan for a new campaign ths
moment the old ons was finished. Hs would
have tbe full period that Is granted him
now for calculating on ths variations In
popular passions and prejudices, and so he
might exercise a certain temperance in bis
resorts to demagogy If such were his de
sirs. Tbe method of election has no bearing
worth considering on this phase of the
question. For a candidate befora ths legis
lature Is quite ss spt as a candidate before
tho people to assert his rlalms to populsr
backing. Hs will do so if bo Is tbs mere
agent of a corporation or a money-bags
who Is purchasing legislators exclusively on
bis own account. Ths theory of a remote
ness from tbs electorate which was to pro
t mote Independence of action and fidelity to
Note. You cannot, If you vaTue good
health, afford to use cheap, low-grado
baking powders. They are mostly, in
spite of the pure food laws, made from
alum, which endangers the health. All
physicians will tell you that such pow
ders in food are injurious.
principle has been completely falsified in
practice, and the rare Instances In which
men like Senator Hoar defy a party policy
would be Just as likely to meet with toler
ance from the people as from a legislative
Against the wholly imaginary evil of the
change are to be set divers benefits of great
Importance. It would free us from the pur
chase of seats by bribery of legislatures,
from long legislative deadlocks which waste
tbe people's time and money to no good
purpose, and from a connection between
national and local politics which is both
illogical and demoralizing. With tbe elec
tion of senators Out of the way legislat
ures could tend strictly to legislative busl
ness, and their members would be chosen
with no other object In view, to the great
Improvement of s.tate and municipal poll
tics. A reform that counts for so much can
not bs discredited by lrrelevent talk con
cerning the demagogy of the house.
PLASHES OF FIN.
Philadelphia Press: Mr. Hauskeep (at
dinner) This Is a particularly delicious
meal, my dear.
Mrs. Hauskeep Yes, the cook expects
some of her friends to visit her this even
ing. Chicago Tribune: Raynor Don't vou
think a boy only 16 years old Is too young
to be a king?. - -t-t-, ,
Bhyne Huhf Age Is nothing. We've got
an absolute monarch at my house that's
only 2 years old.
Puck: Doctor Adjutant-Blrd-So you have
taken the whole bottle, eh? Well. It's very
strange that you don't feel any better.
The Ostrich Do you know, doctor, It has
Just struck me thut I forgot to remove the
Detroit Free Press: Jack Was the church
gHrden party a success?
Julia Well, I worked hard enough; I ate
Ice cream with , every young man on the
Chicago PoBt: The llttlo game had been
In progress for some time, and the heaviest
loser let out the customary roar.
"I'll be broke In Just about another fif
teen minutes," ho declared In conclusion.
"Never mind, old man," suggested ons of
the others. "You'll have the pleasure of
'kicking,' you know."
Detroit Free Press: Hojaok Here's an
account of how a man wrote a love letter
and got into trouble by It,
Tomdlk I can sympathize with that fel
low. That's how I happened to get
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "One of the
latest novels Is called 'A Remedy for
"Something about house cleaning, I sup.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Tho high price
of meat couldn't have struck me at a mora
4'A1I three of my old maid daughters
fancy they are in love and can't eaUn
Smart Set! Attorney for Defense Tou
are a blackguard and a bluff, sir!
Attorney for the Prosecution And you,
sir. are a shyster and a rogue!
The Court Come, come gentlemen. Let
us get down to the dleputed points of this
Harper's Magazine: A well known Judge
on a Virginia circuit was recently reminded
very forcibly of his approaching baldness
by one of his rural acquaintance.
"Jedge," drawled the farmer, ''It won't
be so very long 'fo' you'll hev to tla a
String around yer head to tell how fee UP
to wash yer face.."
8EHVIMO THE WRIT.
Ohio Weekly- Bulletin.
She was a widow, graceful, young.
And oh, so very neat,
With swan-like neck and rosy lips.
And dainty little feet.
An attachment Issued from tho court
She'd failed to pay her rent
And to her lodgings, with the writ.
The constable was sent.
The constable like all his Ilk
Was a man of lander heart;
Who strove as gently ss he could
His business to Impart.
He bowed and stammered) "Madam, dear,
An attachment I've for you;
It grlevt-a me sore to tell you so,
But ne'er the less 'tis true."
"Pray do not grieve," the widow cried,
" 'Tls very fortunate;
For this same passion you avow
I do reciprocate!"
"But, madt.m, dear," he stammeMd forth,
"Vou do not understand;
You must proceed to court forthwith,
For1 such Is ths command."
"But, my dear sir, I much prefer
That you would take the lead.
For women are so very shy,
Oh, yes, they are. Indeed. . .
I will be frank; I'll not refuse
If you the courting do.
But, prsy, do not exact front me .
The part which falls to- you."
Amazement sat upon his brow.
He gasped to catch hla breath;
And never will he paler grow,
K en In the hour of death.
"Dear madam, you mistake my words, .
This paper will explain.
You must, forthwith, accompany me
Te Squire David Blaine." t
She threw her arms about bis neck.
And seemed fUinoat to taint,
And on the collar of his cost,
Left cojiloua streaks of paint;
And clinging there, like Ivy vino
About the sturdy oak,
'Twaa full a moment ere sgaln
Ut-r voice the silence broks.
"How could you be so very bold -
As to engage the squire,
And even gi-t the license, too,
Without knowing my oVslreT'
With giant strength, he tors away
And ran Ilka a gazelle.
And swore he'd never servo that writ.
No Biatler what betslt - .. Z
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