Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 27, 1902, Page 6, Image 6
TTIE 'OMAHA DAILY BEE: TUESDAY, MAY 27, 1002. The omaha Daily Bee. E. ROSS WATER, EDITOR. - PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, pally Be (without Sunday). On Year.MSO VUy be and Sunday, Una Year i uu Illustrated Btt. on Year ' Hjnoay Bo, Ona Ysar., 2 Saturtiay Bee, Ona Year 1 Twentieth Centu'y f armer. One Year. i-W DELIVERED BY CARKIElt. paflr Bea (without Sunday), per ropy.. 2c frilly lies (arluiout feunuayt, par "i. Uc Jjaiiy Bra (Including tfuuuay), par tk.lit Sunoav Bee. per oopy 6c Evening iiea (without Sunday). per week.luo Kventr.g Bea (Including eiunuay. per week lie Coraplainta of Irregularities In delivery Should be addressed to ClO Circulation ieparlment. OFFICES. OmahaThe Bea Building. Bourn Omaha City Hail tfulldlnf, Twen-t-nith and M streets. Council Bluffs 10 pearl Street. Chicago lt40 Unity Building. New York Temple Court. Washington ul fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to' news and editorial matter should be aadreaaeu: Omaha-Be. Kdltonal Uepanmeiu. BUSiNb8 Lh.'i ifcHn. BuHr.Mi letters and remittance should fee addressed: ihe Bee a'ublisulu' Com pany, umaAL REMITTANCES. Remit by dratt, express or postal order, payable to Ihe Bee Puollsnlng Company, only 2-cent atampa accepted In payment o( mall accounta. pnraonai check, except on p mail a or eaatern exchange, not accepted. Vrlii UhJ -j"BLioHlM CUHfAitY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.. . State of Nbrka,-Dougtfc County, ts: Oeorg B Txachuck, secretary of The Bee Publishing Company, being duiy aworn. y that the actual number of full and complete eoplea of The Lally, Morning, Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the monta of April, waa a toUowa: 1 ...2U,(MO 16 JW.500 8,. 20,03V n 2u,s: ( 29,630 U 3U.B40 4 2,S1U U 2U.6SO t ....2t,5 ao au,no 29,7.0 21 Z,B0 7 !N,MO XI SlU.StMJ 3U,Ut ZS JiU.BOU 2U.U10 34 8H.420 10 .. 2I,4SW 25 2,4W 11 2,olO 2 ifft.SUO 12 ...2,47u SI 2B.OOS 13 SO.SIO Zi Wt.BOO 14 20,5M 2 UO.BSO 14 U,6K 10 21,20 Total &ptt,04S Lbs unsold and returned eoplea... io,107 Net total rale 87U.S38I Kat dally arerage muiT GEORGE B. TZSCHUC&. - Cnbscrtbed In my presence, and aworn to bftior tne this Kith day of April, A. U. 12. (.Seal.) M. B. HL'NQATE. Notary Public. Speculating on the date for conjrres slonal adjournment Is e-t 111 a harmless diversion. The Jackson Ian lnsurrectos of 1S06 and the Jacksouinn Insurgent" of 1902 can shako bands across the chnsiu. . The scientists wbo have been visiting the scene of the Volcanic disturbances Jn the West Indies will now tell us bow It all happened. Among other beneficiaries of these bountiful rains the riugrce potato patches and posy gardens should be specially thankful. Tb latest is the merger of eleven JofAgese steamship lines. Tbe Yankee of the east la not slow at learning from the Yankee of the west. If it accomplishes nothing else, that encampment of High school cadets should scire to reinforce the refrain, There Is no place like borne." The late Ambassador Pauncefote has Immortalized bis name by attaching It to at least one importaut treaty sure to occupy a permanent place lu history. Before South Omaha plunges into municipal ownership, prudence would dictate a thorough investigation by ex pert engineers of tbe probable cost of the experiment It's a poor congress In which some member does not propose some bill to restrict immigration that if in force at tbe time would have shut bis own au ceBtora out of the country. TV violate no confidence in assuring the public that the scbool book trust will be perfectly satisfied with the re tention of Superintendent Tearse at the bead of the Omaha schools. William Jennings Bryan and Tom I Johnson have beeu conferring with ene another. The early addition of the Commoner to the Johnson literary bu reau would not be surprising to many of Lis friends. Our amiable contemporary, the World Herald, might at least have commemo rated the enforced Jacksonlan exodus by, a double-shotted and double-leaded editorial such as it regularly bestows upon subjects of much less vital im jnrtance. A St Louis man comes forward with the explanation that all the deaths at Bf. rieire were due solely and exclu lively to lightning. As none of. the Tictlma can verify or contradict, the St Louis philosopher is quite safe In spreading his theories. A German firm bas been trying to corral a monopoly of the opium market In China by an offer of a liberal cash subsidy to the government. The vile rh&racter of the opium trade cute no figure with tbe advance agent of civili sation when trade profits are in view. Governor Savnge ts reported to be Very anxious to appoint a police and fire commission for Omaha. If this Is true. vhr did the governor appear before the supreme court, through tbe attorney general, to oppose the applicants for a mandamus to order blm to make the appointment? Chile and Argentina are again to settle a little difference by international arbl tratlou. Arbitration has 'been applied most frequently and more successfully to disputes In South America than In any other quarter of the world but then .South America produces more disputes 'to be settled than all the rest of the world. - fTitL time run ACTIOS. The consensus of opinion among all r.irtlea Is that the people of Nebraska have ontllved their constitution of IS".". Experience has proved tho organic law of the state defective In moot vital parts and wretchedly Inadequate to twentieth century demands. This Is espeHally true with regnrd to the Investment end safeguarding of the educational trust funds of the stat and the strait- Jacket Judiciary which has compelled the employment of nine assistant su preme Judges not contemplated by the constitution. Two ways are open for the revision of onr constitution. One Is by the sub mission of essentlsl amendments through the present legislature at tbe coming election the other by the more expensive snd long-drawn route of o constitutional convention. To carry out the first plan a special session of the legislature would have to be called, so that Ita work could be completed by the end of July, In order to comply with the constitutional re quirement of three. months' publicity of the proposed amendments . before the election at which they are to be voted on. If amendments are submitted and ratified this fall the vote would be canvassed by the legislature that meets in January, 1U03, and the revision would go Into effect at once. A constitutional convention, on the other hand, means postponement of its benefits for at lesst five years. A con stitutional convention cannot be ordered until tbe question of calling it is sub mitted to tbe people at an election when members of the legislature are chosen. If the legislature of 1903 should submit this question, the people could not vote on it nntll November. 1004. Should tbe pro(ositlon carry, the legislature of 1905 would have to provide by law for call ing the convention and appropriate the necessary funds for Its estimated ex penses. The election of delegates to the constitutional convention could not take place before the spring of 1905 arid might wait for the regular election In the fall of that year. This means that tbe convention could not meet until tbe fall of 1905' or the winter of 1905-6. Tho revised constitution would be sub mitted to the people at an election in 1900, either special or general, and would not be put into effect until the new state officers are Inaugurated in 1SX7. Manifestly, five years delay of consti tutional reform would be of Incalculable damage to tbe state and Its Institutions. A constitutional convention would en- tall an enormous expense, probably not less than $200,000, while a special legis lative session seed not cost to exceed $20,000. That amount would be saved on interest of public funds aud the extra salaries of supreme court commissioners and their stenographers in one year. The calling of tbe legislature Is at the discretion of the governor. It is within his power to limit the subjects with which the legislature can deal at the special session, and that wltbln Itself enables him to curtail the expense in curred. There Is still time for the gov ernor to act but he must act soon or his opportunity to render invaluable service to tbe state will be lost PEACH W SOUTH AFRICA. All the indications point to peace In South Africa. Every dispatch that has been received from that quarter for the past week has conveyed the informa tion that peace was in sight and the world has been waiting for a confirma tion of that report. The latest advices warrant the opinion that tbe British government is willing to make such con cessions as will insure a settlement of the whole difficulties. In a speech made a few days ago by Lord Salisbury be said that tbe British government would not recede a single bit from the position it had taken in regard to the South African issue. This was generally ac cepted by the world as meaning that tbe British government would not re cede from tbe position it had taken, but subsequent circumstances seem to Indi cate that it is willing to recede from ita position and make certain conces sions to the people of South Africa. Tbe world will hope that the present negotiations will result lu a peaceable settlement of tbe conflict in South Africa. While practically all nations are in sympathy with the valiant peo ple who have been fighting for their independence in South Africa, it is uni versally realised that their canse is hopeless aud that consequently it is the part of wisdom on their part to. give up the contest. It appears to be the opinion of most of them that this is the wise and proper course. AUtdlCAV DIPLOMACY. Beyond question the diplomatic his tory of the United States during the last twenty-five years Is tbe most Illustrious in tbe record of tbe republic. With all tbe diplomatic complications which tbe United States has bad In this period we have maintained the policies snd principles that for all the generations before have actuated us. There-have been some expressions of commendation of the course of Secretary Hay In our foreign relations snd on tbe other band there have been criticisms of bis course, but on the whole the verdict most be that the United States has never bad in all lu history a more thoroughly pa triotic or conscientious public servant than Jobu Hay. Hon. Henry L. Wilson, the American minister to Chile, who Is on a visit to tbls country, said in an lntervew a few days ago that oar. strong snd efficient position in South America Is due in very large measnre to tbe wisdom and conscientious efforts of our secretary of state. The work that Secretary Hay bas done in bringing about better rela tlons. between the United States and tbe countries south of us will never be understood In our time. There bsve been policies snd propositions suggested by blm.'sll looking to better relations between the ' United States and the countries south of us, which have tended all tbe time to tat' creatkm of better r latlons. In a word, the whole policy of the government In the administra tion of the Isst five years, hss been to convince the states to the south of us that our only hope and desire was to promote their advancement, and pros perity under our tuition. rerhaps there Is no fact more convinc ing against the proposition of a desire on the part of the United States to ab sorb countries south of it thsn the posi tions assumed by our government In absolute antagonism to such an idea. There bas never been the lesst Intima tion on the part of the United States government of a desire or purpose to absorb any of tbe territory of South or Central America, but on the contrary there hare been repeated declarations of a purpose never to take any of the territory of those countries. All this Is to the credit of our diplo macy for the Inst quarter of a century. During all that period, and especially In the last third of It, we have been teaching the world that we are not an aggrandising nation, but one which is seeking to Institute ita policies and its principles tho world over and Is willing to make any sacrifice to accomplish this. In this work there Ib no question that our diplomatic labors during the past twenty-five years are the greatest 1u our history ajid among those who bave contributed most to tbe promotion of this idea la the present secretary of state. Commissioner Ostrom is to be com mended for pressing through the county board a resolution Instructing the county surveyor to prepare a railway map of Douglas county, showing all the nialu tracks, sidetracks, culverts, viaducts aud other terminal facilities, including right-of-way and depot grotinds. Such surveys should be mode in every county and maps representing the exact railway mileage and improvements should be ac cessible to the commissioners la every county. Efforts to compel such surveys have been frustrated In various legisla tive sessions by the railway lobby, evi dently because they might be at vari ance with the returns of the railroads to the auditor. Douglas county has more mileage of sldetrftcks and more valuable terminal facilities than any other county In, the state aud Its tax payers are vitally concerned in knowing Just how much railway property there is in tbe county and what proportion of it Is not returned for taxation. According to the Washington corre spondent of the local popocratic organ, ex-Senator Thurston is to be invited to participate in the oncoming campaign and an effort will be made to have him deliver a great many speeches In the fusion districts of Nebraska. Whether this piece of news emanates from tbe ex-senator or from democratic leaders at Washington is not related. Nobody in Nebraska at this time is authorized to extend Invitations to spellbinders, how ever eloquent or persuasive they may be. If Mr. Thurston should be engaged for the coming season by tbe national speakers' bureau he is not likely to be In requisition for tbe fusion districts in Nebraska, where the anti-monopoly and anti-trust sentiment is too pronounced to be igEored or defied. Lincoln will today open formally to the public its new Carnegie library building, which should b a source of pride not only to the Capital city, but to the people of the whole state. Ne braska's high rank for literacy is due to its liberal support of its educational institutions, and the public library is only second to the public school in influence as an educational factor. The conditions of all of Mr. Carnegie's gifts are that tbe community favored with his beneficence show its appreciation by proper maintenance of the foundation and this should bring directly home a realisation of tbe duties that go with the Drivlleces. The people of Lincoln are certainly to be congratulated on the acquisition of such a magnificent public institution. Nebraska always has been blessed with a suDerabundance of square pegs that want to fill round holes. A glance at tbe list of ambitious aspirants who have rjrolected themselves Into the po litical arena as candidates for state and ennirresBlonal nominations affords strik ing proof that the supply of square pegs is greater this year than in any previ ous year of Nebraska's checkered his tory. It eoes without saying that Omaha aunt more mills and factories, but these industrial concerns cannot be se cured by merely passing resolutions in the Commercial club. It takes capital to build and operate mills and factories, nit ra nl ta lists can only be inaucea 10 Invest in Omaha when they have assur ance of lower taxes and favorable rail road rates." Strikta IM Pae Waahlngton Poet Cubs has four political parties and a large atock of Web Daviaee. The material for excitement down that way could hardly be improved upon. Twaal Leal Claata, Philadelphia ledger. If Attorney General Knox does not think k. win data Dlentr of fighting before he finally conquers tbe beef trust he Is not the lawyer be la suppoaed to be. Belated Heaora te Martha Baltimore American. Martha Waahlngtnn'e bead Is to go oa a sump. If some dome tic history ts to be believed, Martha Washington's feet often did the same thing when they tut tbem selves on reccrd. Faaalltarltr wtk Aaeieate. San rranclaco Call. Senator Dolllver recently referred ia da bate to an authority whnta ke called "Kd Burke" and It took tbe crave senators rally fifteen minute to catch on to the fact that he waa talking about Edmund Burke. Pelltleat Seevaaa;re. minefield lMaaa.1 Republican. . It the democratic manager are looking for hidden scandals ta the late military government of Cuba It U te be Loped that their researches will go unrewarded. XbreJ.wU la a brlnht apot la oar hlatorv. on tbe whole, and It would be a keen dtasppoint tnent to find that political scavengers were able to dim Its bister. Raarttoa ef Ike foal Treat. Chicago New. The atrocitlea committed by the coal roads not only against the cooxumer of coal, but agalnut the Independent mine owner are endurable only becauae there bas been no earape from them. Robbery by resive freight rateo. a hard snd fast combination by which the prlre of coal la fixed arbitrarily without regard to Ihe lawa of trade and all the other abomina tions that go with the worklnga of a ban dit trust have been revealed by the teetl. mony presented to the Industrial Commis sion. They are, Indeed, matters of com mon knowledge and common eiperlence. It Is tbls grab-all trut that works the mlnere st ttervatlou wages and refuses to consider their reasonable requests. It U the rapaheaf of trust criminality, the moat conspicuous of all the robber combine. It Is lmpoeelble that the government can continue to let this trust enjoy fair weather. The anthracite coal road outrage calls for prompt and effective treatment and cannot be Ignored or put aside for attention at eome time later. It should be attacked at once. MESACISG ISDCSTHV. Projected Merger of Soft Coat Mlaea In Four State. New Tors. World. The news that a tSOO.OOO.Oon . truat Is being Morganlzed to control the soft coal output in Ohio, Pennsylvania. Illinois and Indiana Is particularly dlnquletlng Juat st this time, when the price of anthracite la mounting merrily toward the 110 mark under the manipulations of the Morgan combination of 1900. It haa been supposed, and it Is la a sense true, that there Is too much bituminous coal to be 'cornered. Thousands of Ameri can farmers can dig it on their own land but how does that help the small con snraer? The private owner cannot buy coetly machinery, and If he could he would be unable to compete with half a dozen men owning the mine that yield coal, the railroads that haul It and the mills that use It. The new trust. In fart, need not control all the coal lands In Its territory, but merely those that are considerable factors in production, and for the present It can safely disregard the vast Tennessee and Alabama fields as too far from the greatest markets. What will Industry, to which coal Is a vital necessity, do to protect Itself? It may Insist upon the literal fulfillment of the statutory ban upon "combinations and conspiracies In restraint of trade and com merce." It may insist that congress shall remove the 67 cents ner ton duty on soft coal. Industry united has nower to do both, and it should be united. WHEN A TOy IS NOT A TO. How the Coal Combine Flnchee the Miner. Philadelphia North American. When is a ton net a ton? Tbls Is not a catch conundrum. The answer Is: When It la a carload of coal at the mine. Indeed, a ton of coal never la a ton anywhere. In some mines a ton demanded from the miner la nominally 2,850 pounds, but as the com pany ordains that each 100 pounds con stituting that ton shall consist actually of 112 pounds, the true weight of the miners ton becomes 3,200 pounds. When It reaches the coal dealer the ton may possibly weigh 2,240 pounds. When It geU Into the con sumers' bin It weighs 2,000 pounds. Figures cited to show the labor cost ot coal at the mine are generally confusing and misleading, and the confusion la due largely to the fact that the ton Is not a fixed unit of measurement. The mine books may show that a certain amount was paid In wages for a certain number of tons of coal, but the figures are alwaya) falae. It is an easy trick to ao Juggle with such data as to make It . appear that the miner re ceives $1.63 for each ton produced. The truth appears, however, when the annual output of the anthracite district, as shown by deliveries In the market. Is com pared with the annual wage account. Last year the anthracite companies marketed 66,000,000 tons and paid 336,000,000 in wages to all aorU of workmen. That fixes the entire labor cost of the production of a ton of coal at 63 cents. The companies get out of the miner something over 30 per cent more labor than they pay for. Tet the operatora complain that the miner is unreasonable and arrogant in de manding that a ton etaall be a ton, and that It shall be weighed and paid for honestly. BUILDING OF GOOD ROADS. A Moreateat f lacreaalaar Impertane to City avad Coaatrr. Minneapolis Journal. The late Congressman Peter ' J. Otey of Virginia delivered a good roads speech Just before his death that was a rwerful ap peal for the federal government to Uke charge of wagon ' road building. It Is a curious proof of the decay of the substance ot the sutea' rights doctrine that the moat strenuous advocates of such a local appli cation of federal authority as the building of country roads should come from the south. The point made by Mr. Otey that It 1 as reaaonabl for the federal govern ment to build and care for country roads as It la for It to Improve navigation on some unknown rill Is well taken. Much ot the money spent for rlvera and harbors might better be spent for country roads. It is sometimes forgotten that there Is good precedent tor federal wagon road building. Though the strict construction ists of the constitution fought it hard the federal government In the P. rat part of the last century built the famous national pUte from the Potomac to St. Louis, 800 milea long and traversing seven sUtes. This road became the great highway of national life and development In tbe twenty years preceding the Introduction of steam rail ways. It at once reduced the time of travel from Baltimore to Wheeling one-half and freight rate quite aa much. Often at one tlma as many as twenty four-horse coaches could be seen on one stretch of the splendid highway, while broad-wheeled Coneatoga wagons drawn by alx horaea carried with esse a much aa ten tona. No better road waa ever built to America than the old national pike. With the Introduction of ateam locomotion ita glory pasaed away and Ita utility a an Interstate route cam to an end. Ever since publlo road making haa declined in efficiency In the Uoltea SUtes. . Yet for purposes of local transportation good roada are now needed more than ever. Almost all of the freight handled by rail ways and steamablpa ia first hauled by team either over country road or city street, and there le bealdes the vast amount ot local freighting that begins and ends wtih wagon carriage. The lack of good roada seems to be due to tbe failure to provide a powerful governmental agency to plan, build and care for them. Whether this aaency ahall b provided by the states pr the federal government makes little dif ference so It t provided. Tbe local com munities must be aaaieted by tbe larger and wealthier communities. Heretofore we have labored under the false impression that a local road la of benefit only to the peraona who us it dally. It Is oa the con trary of benefit to tbe whole country. Oood country roada mean more proaperou coun try people and bene mors prosperity sad Ming tor all. Live Nebraska Towns PONCA Pretty Ponca, the county seat of IUxon county. Is located In a beautiful and picturesque valley at the confluence of the South creek and Aowa river, about a mile south of the Missouri river. It was founded In 18.. being one of the earliest settlements In northeastern Nebraska. Like all frontier towns. It went through the various vletasl tudes of early days, bad booms and de pressions, and the numerous experiences Incident to the growth of a western town. It settled down to a steady growth long sgo. however, snd now has a population, conservatively estimated, at 1.500. Tonca Is one of the prettleat residence towns In Nebraska. It has a profuse growth or trees, part native and part planted by the Inhabitants. Many modern and costly dwellings bave been built In late yrara and a large amount of building ta going on this Miion. The principal business blocks are of brick or stone. The citizens sre enterprising, thrifty, Industrious, and many of them wealthy. Ponra bas an excellent system of rublle schools, with ten teaohera and a modern brick building erected a few years ago at a cost of 320.000. The Lutheran, Preeby terian, Methodist, Baptist and Catholic churches are all represented with neat, well built structure. In the line of general Industries Tones ts well equipped, having well-stocked stores and groceries carrying the beet of everything the market affords. The place has two banks, the Security bank and the Bank of Dixon County, whose last state BOCND ABOITT NEW YORK. Rlpplea on the Current of Life in tbe Metropolis. Sabbatarians In New York were treated to a rude shock recently by the pastor of a Catholic church, who took all his boys to a bsse ball field on Sunday afternoon and supervised a warm game of ball. It differed from the average professional or amateur game in that cheering was pro hibited, swear words tabooed and scrap nn fnrhMrien Even the umpire waa treated with respectful consideration. In n resnerta it was a model game, a rare example of outdoor recreation and de corum. "All the boys work hard during the week," aays the clergyman, "and need recreation on Sunday. It is an experi ment so far and If all goes well It will bo continued during the summer. Boys might do worse things on Sunday." The Brooklyn Eagle commends the good example aet by this clergyman and declares that his views are shared by many paa i nnt nf Ma faith. "Any BDort." says the Eagle, "not wantonly Interfering with the rational observance of Sunday, any sport which take young men and Doys into the suburbs and keeps them in the open air and sunshine and away from the saloons and the street corners should be generally commended and encouraged. You may hear some shouting, for base ball is not as quiet as ping-pong, and occasion ally your ear will catch fragments of lan guage not employed in polite society, but thse offenses against the accepted ideas of Sabbath observance may be forgiven h.n realize that In the recreation Itself there Is nothing to degrade and much to Improve. Sunday ball playing is a gooa thing when practiced within reasonable limitations." During th merry month of May the med ical colleges of Omaha turned out aa fine a Kn nf muiiM a ever doffed the mor tarboard. Young, handsome, talented, am bitious, energetic possessing an tne neo eesary qualities to uplift and adorn tha no ble profession. But In passing from the theoretical to the practical mau, uoum lesa. were uncerUln aa to the best route to the goal of their ambition. The experi ence of a New York doctor, now wen up near the top, may be helpful In getting there. He waa not a genius when he lert college. In talent he admiU being Inferior to many in hi class. But ne naa nerve in abundance and skill in choosing time and place to display it. "I resolved on leaving the hospital," he saye, "that, since I was not at all a remarkable person, my only re course waa to make the public think I was. I decided that If I could only lmpreas upon i mat tha fact that I was a dread fully busy man, they would In time come to believe I was. so, no matter wnere t ktnnnniui to be I always arranged ft with my confederate to be aent for. If I wera in vited to dinner, I had hardly seated myaeu ,h.n . hurrv rail came for my services and, with conspicuous apologies to my host ess. I would be obliged to ODey tne uisucr ...n nr nrofesslonal duty. I consistently permitted my confederate to drag me from tbe theater while tne moat tragic cm on, thus giving th spectators an oppor tunltv to learn how much my professional services were In demand. I never made a call that I was not hurriedly summonea oy mntwltiui cat lent: the Joya of re ceptions, of afternoon teas, ot social Inter course of any kind were aometning a stranger to for three weary yeara. "It waa rather bard while It laated, but It waa effeotual. People began to think I was the real thing: that if there was sucn a demand for my professional advice they must have it, too. Thus mediocrity trt nd manv better doctors who started in with me are still prescribing tor Italians and worklngmen at W cents a can. It was at the Wild West show In Brook lyn. A young man and his best girl eat In front of the observer. Next to the man, oa tbe other side, waa a Hibernian gentleman. As the show progressed the broncho busters came on. Ed Solder mounted the uglieit pony In the bunch and Immediately there ..m.ihln rinln all over the fore- around. Ed etuck manfully to hla saddle until the beast. In a freniy of anger, ronea with him. When tbe broncho had ceased pawing the ground about the prostrate men and had hiked off Into the gloom they picked Solders up Insensible and carried him away. H waa a blood-curdling scene. It Beared the beat girl ao that aha grabbed the young man by the hand and burled her head on hla ahoulders. while he supported her with hi arm. When it waa all over ahe recov ered her composure and bluablngly reeumed ber dignity. There waa a tenae alienee. At last It was broken by the Hibernian gentle man, who. nudging the young man, re marked In a atage whisper: "Say, lad, pray htven thot another wan av thlra guys slta folred " "Have a cigar," whiapered the young man with an understanding look In hla eyes. SnaootalaaT War' Fronslsg Front. Boston Transcript. It Is to' be feared that the time Is not at band when "thry ahall beat their aworda Into plowsharea and their spesrs Into pruning hooks; nstlon shall not lift up sword againat nation, neither shall they learn war any more." But It la a promise of a return of th day when tbe republic dictated "peace to the world from ports without a gun" when a fort is turned Into a pleaaure ground, a transformation which Is now conaummmated by tha favorable action of both houaea of rengress in the case of Governor's Island. The groups ot children at play and of tollers resting In the harbor breezes will make a finer fea ture of th landarap than th bullying enginery of war, even wbea they are eld "ColumbU's." as useless ss blunderbusses. as Its Name. ments showed a combined deposit of nearly a half million dollars. There are two news paper located here, the Journal, founded In 1873. being the oldeef paper In north eastern Nebraska, and the Leader, founded in 1S":. Both enjoy a good business. A fine opera house, a good system of water works and local and long distance tele phone systems sre among tbe up-to-date features of the plare. . The largrst manufacturing Institution of the city 's the Ponca Brick and Lime works, employing fifteen men, and mailt), an excellent quality of brick, which find a ready sale both at home and In neighbor ing towns. The Oath Brick works slso employ a number of men snd turn out good work. The Aowa Mill company, whose riant is run by water rower, does an extensive buslnette, aa does also the Ponca Creamery company. The Ponca Paint factory Is the owner ef leases on a fine lot of ochre and other pigment depos its. Pones has fine potter's clay, excellent ocVre deposit, coalbeds that, sre believed to be In paying quantities, and etrong Indi cations of petroleum and gaa are found along the river bluffs north of the city. What Ponca needs is experienced men ef means to develop her resources. Bvery en couragement would be offered to such men, with every probability of their being able to do much for themselves financially, a well aa adding a great del to the material wealth ot the city. CITAS. S. ASHTOJ. BEPrULICANS OVT FOR CONGRESS. North Tlatte Tribune: As the time for holding tbe congressional convention ap proarhea the. show of Judge Orimes re ceiving the nomination Increases. The people of the district are becoming cog nizant of the fact that h is the logical candidate. Dalnvlew Republican: Senator Young seems to be the choice of the republican editors of this district tor congress. All or nearly all of them seem to think that Congressman Robinson is a hard man to beat and that Young would be the most apt to defeat him. Wausa Enterprise-Herald: W. W. Young seems to be leading the candidate for the republican nomination for congreaaman from thta district at present. Mr. Young Is quito popular among the people of the "Big Third" and his nomination we believe would mean election. Beemer Times: Hon. W. W. Young of Stanton, candidate for congress In this dis trict, was in Beemer on Tuesday interview ing our people and getting acquainted. Mr. Young waa in the senate last year and did good work for hla constituents and would no doubt represent tbls district in an able manner. Clay Center 8un: If the Big Fifth gives Clay county tbe rcngresslonal nomination the popularity of the nominee, Hon. 8. W. Christy, will give him an enormous vote in this county and will give him a strength throughout the district that It ia hardly possible for any other candidate to aspire to. There seems to be nc doubt that Mr. Christy Is the strongest man in the field. Wausa Gazette: As time draws near fpr the congressional convention the situation 1 gradually simmering down to a race be tween the two candidates. Brooks of Knox and Young of Stanton. Mr. Brooks is mak ing an aggressive campaign and Is ssngulns of success. Knox county bas never before had a candidate In the congressional field and can be relied upon at this time to spare no effort In landing the nomination for 1U favorite son. Western Nebraska Observer. Judge Orimes is recognised as ona of th leading candidates for congress from this district and will go Into th convention backed by the delegation from every county In hla Judicial district. Being personally ac quainted with the Judge, knowing Ms offi cial record and high standing In tbe dis trict and believing him to be the logical candidate, tbey will leave no stone un turned to secure his nomination. t Valentine Republican: The republicans of Cherry county should from caucus to convention exert every possible Influence for the nomination of Hon. M. P. Klokald for congressman from the Sixth district. Mr. Klnkaid Is well and favorably known In tbls district aa a man of brilliant thought and exerting ability which thoroughly qualify him to equitably aerve his constituency. He Is a man In perfect harmony with the peo ple of the entire district and hi nomina tion will simply mean his election by an overwhelming majority. Atkinson Oraphlc: Th large number of prominent republicans seeking the nomina tion for congress in th Sixth district indi cates a general belief that the republicans will wln out in tbe next election. Avail able men like Klnkaid, Orimes, Cady, Brown, Beemer and as many more who ax seeking the nomination, are not found In such abundance in many congressional dis tricts. The Big Sixth could, If required, furnish capable and' well-equipped repre sentatives for all tha Nebraska congres sional dletrlcU, and a governor besides, without perceptibly diminishing th ranks of splendid and representative republicans who have their bomea within IU territory. Haatlng Tribune: With all due respect to tbe various candidates who ar after th republican nomination for congress from tbe Fifth district, th Trlbun Is of the opinion that tbe strongest man la tbe field today ia W. P. McCreary. This la not said almply because he halls from Haatlng; far from it, but because of bis splendid ability, his excellent, inimitable and effective campaign work. He haa stumped the state for the republican party for the last fifteen years and has always worked for the election and advancement of others; and hla only fault Is that be has neglected to pull for himself Instead of constantly booatlng for othera. . If th republtcana who convene here In conven tion on the 10th of June should honor Mr. McCreary with the nomination it will be placing honor where they rightfully be long and they will never bave occasion to feel otherwise than proud of their can didate. Kearney Hub: Th Hub Is assured by a friend ot A. E. Cady that he will not under any circumstances be a candidate for tbe republican nomination for governor. This statement is called up by several para graphs that hare recently appeared In the Hub and that have called out favorable comment from other republican papers. Thla Informant states that he entered the canvass for the congressional nomination very reluctantly, but now that he is In it la la to stay, and that he Is "not a man who is likely to change a course of actios after he haa decided upon It." Tbls being the rsae it la of course uaeless to tslk of Csdy and tbe governorship; snd this brings us back again to the fact, or rather to tbe feeling that tbe man who will b nominated for governor t Lincoln next month ts not yet la the field, although there ar several candidates, either of whom would b ac ceptable. 6uperior Journal: Tbe mors th repub licans of tha Fifth congressional dlstrtrt study the situation and analyse tb "Vote given to Captain C. S. Adams in llbl, tbe more cerUIn they fl that b 1 tb logical candidal for W2- HI vot In 1393 abewed a gala over th fuatoa majority of tha year before of 6,t7 votes. In the campaign of 1?S Mr. Adams took an advanced position upon the settlement of all questlona grow ing out of the war with Spain. Every posi tion taken by him and dla-tiascd by blm on the stump the Cuban question, our national policy in the Philippines, th building of an Intwroceanlo canal, our commercial advan ,A avowing out of th algnal vlctortaa of our army and navy, the maintenance of our flag on all raptured territory, the prompt reinforcement of our array and navy has become the fixed policy of our government today. Mis services as a soldier, bis prac tical Identification with all western Inter ests, his experience in agriculture, in stotk raising, in irrigation and the handling of the commercial problems which have atded o materially In fostering and building up weatern interests, have eminently fitted him for a seat in the American congress. PERONt AM OTHERWISE. Now doth the straw hat and the shirt waist glorify the earth. The lawyers did pretty well In the Fair will contest In San Francisco, aecurlng 13.000.000 out of an estate of $17,000,000. That Michigan philanthropist waa not far wrong when he wrote about "Indignant women" In his will. It appears he gave a few of vhera the mlUen. Immediately after Senator Hoar's speech the senate went Into executive eeaslon and discussed a sixty-pound as I moo Introduced by Senator Mitchell of Oregon. Murphy. MacMahon snd Gaffen are the triplets controlling the deatiny of Tammany hall Just bow. Begob." says Dooley, "there ain't many Dagoes In that bunch." Tha esteemed Mrs. Lease Is free-footed at Isst, the courta of Kansas having severed her matrimonial strings. Old Man Lease waa wise enough to remain oa the back seat while Mary Elizabeth did the talking. Msnjlro Karkahania. a Japansss naval officer who haa Just died, was well known In thla country. He waa one of s party of shipwrecked Japanese picked up 'by s New Bedford. Mass., whaler in 1839. He waa educated here, and on his return home translsted into Japanese a number of valuable English books. Dispatcher from various points In Canada say a large number of Americans are settling across the border, buying up farm land, rattle ranches, going into business and taking charge of factories. As a con sequence the natives are chuckling over the prospects for a boom. They seem to like the visitors, too. Judging by their seal In hanging onto Greene and Oaynor. "Joe" Cannon and aeveral colleagues were discussing the right kind of bait for bass when a rather assertive and loud voiced member laid down thla proposition: "Tbe wise man Is he who hesitates; only the fool la certain." "Ar you sure about that?" asked Mr. Cannon Insinuatingly. "I am certain of It." waa the dogmatic party's reply, and It was soma time before he understood why everybody smiled audibly. Shortly before Andrew Carnegie sailed for Europe a friend congratulated him on the success of his new book and Jokingly added that he bad heard the millionaire Intended to write a volume of love poema. "What nonsense!" aald Carnegie. "Why not?" said hla friend. "You have been In love, haven't you?" "Oh, yea." waa tha dry reply. "I have also been seaatck, but that's no reason why I ahould write a poem about It, even If I had ability to write verae." Colonel Poaey 6. Wilson ot Alexandria, Va., frequently Illumines the pages of th New York Sun with letters, discouralve and poetical, and adorned with words and phraaes from foreign tonguea. The colonel In his latest eruption expresses regret be cauae the president did not select htm aa special ambassador to the coronation. "I cannot see," be eaya, "why President Roose velt sends members ot the lgnoblle vu1k' to see the crowner's questing of King Ei ward, when I, a relation of the king's, am willing to go and pay my fare, ex manu mea." That sounds very much like the Poaey that bloomed In Wyoming years sgo and shed Ita fragranc In tbe column of tbe lamented Omaha Herald. POINTED REMARKS. Harvard Lampoon: Elderly Gentleman (as freshman Jumpsi Have a oar! Freshman (breathlessly) No, thanks; Tve got troubles of my own." Washington Star: "I see that our friend, the politician, haa come out uncompromis ingly for reform. Well! well!" rejoined Senator Sorghum; "I didn't know he had made money enough to Indulge in auch luxuries!" Philadelphia Press: "I want to get a dog collar," said the customer. , -Tes, air," replied th cUrk who had re cently been transferred from the haber daahery department. "What slxe shirt do you weart'r Chicago Tribune: "How time doe drag!" wearily ticked the pendulum of the clock. "Oh, I don't know," aald the mercury in the thermometer, rising to respond. "It seems only a short Urn alnc 1 was in th 'thlrtl.' " Smart Bet: Mrs. Jon I don't see what she wanted to marty him for. Ha ha a cork leg, a glass y and fala teeth. Mr. Smith Well, my dear, you know women always did nave a hankering after ramnanU. Chicago Post: "Th pleasing thing about rour husband," they aald to the wife of he man who had Just been elected to of fice, "Ib that he haa a well-defined policy." "Two of 'em," answered th wife proudly; on for tt.OU) and on for tlu.OUO, not to mention tb accident policy." Washington Star: "Theres only on com fort to be drawn from a volcanlo erup tion," said the optimist. "What 1 that?T "It must grind th feeling ef th coal barons fearfully to see auch an enormoue consumption of fuel without being able to collect a cent" Philadelphia Press: Conductor Sixteenth street! Ain't thl wher you git out, ma'am? Mia Ann Teelc Sixteenth! Wby, I told rou Thlrty-alxth atreeb Bucb stupidity I 11 report Conductor Bg your pardon, ma'am. It must be I got to thlnkin' o' alxteen, be kaae 'twaa nearer yer as, ma'am. VOVB SONNETS OF Alt OFFICE BOY. . Chicago Record-Herald. It' over now; the blow haa fell at laat; It seems a though the aun can t shins no more, . - And nothing looks the way It did before; The glad thought that I used to think are past ! Her desk's shut up today, th lid's locked fast; The keys where sh typewrot ar stUl; her chair . Look aad and lonesome sUndln' empty there Thla mornin' when fhe boa com la h found . . A letter that he'd got from her. and o IT read It over twtc and turned around And id: "Tb little fool's got mar ried!" Oh! It seemed a If I'd atnk down through th ground. And never peep no more I didn't though. The chap'e a beau we didn't know ahe had. 1 rorae from out of town somewhere, they say; . I hope he's awful homely and that they Will fight like cat and doga and both be But ttui there. on thing makes m kind of glad: The long-legsed clerk must stair and work away. And though he keep pretendln" to be gay. It s plain enough to e he a feelln' bad. I wish when I'm a man and rich and proud She'd see m tall and handsome then, and be B lamed sorry that ah didn't wait for me. And that she"d hear th peopl cheerio' loud When I went past and down thsr In to crowd 'Id s her lookJa' at m aorrowf ly.