Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 26, 1902, Page 4, Image 4

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Tiie-omaiia Daily Bee
patly Be (without Sunday), On Tear 44 00
Dally Be end Sunday, On Yar
Illustrated Bee, Una Tear t t W
Bun day bra, on Year 100
Baturnay Bee, On Tear 1.60
Twentieth Century Farmer, On Tear. LW
Dally Be (without Bunday), per copy., to
Daily Ba (without Bunday), per wee..Uo
Dally Be (Including- Bunday), per wa17o
Sunaay Bee, per copy bo
Evening Dr (without Sunday), per wek.loo
livening Be (Including Bumiayj, per
week 16c
Complaint! of Irregularities In delivery
should b addressed to ilw Circulation
gmaha The Be Building-,
outh Omaha City Halt jjulldlng, Twen-ty-nfta
and M streets,
i Council Bluffs 10 pearl Street
1 Chlcafo 1 Unity Building.
New. fork Temple Court.
Washington 5ul fourteenth Street.
Communication relating to new and
editorial matter should be add r eased;
Oman Bee. Editorial Department.
Business letters and remittance should
be addressed: The Be Publishing Com
pany, Omaha.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
tayabl to IDs Bee Publishing Company,
my z-cent stamps accepted In payment of
mall accounts, personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted.
Stat of Nebraska, Dougu. County, ss :
Oeorg H Tsschuok, secretary of iam Bee
FuoiUwng Company, being duty sworn,
aaya that ths aotuai number el full and
complete copie of The Dally, Morning,
fcvenlng ana Bunday be pruned during
ith month of April. IlKK, was as lollows:
1 8U,aM 1 29,SM
'S. sw,t3o n ro.Bsu
t itv.sao u ao.Beo
, xt,5io is au.aoo
8U,(MH to n,aao
S,7iiO 21 Stt.BSO
I ....Vtt.olU 12 Stt.BIM)
3u,ttUO . 2 .,..JV,BOO
140,010 U SW,4.20
AO 20,400 26 lt0,4H
u a,aio at s,ouo
13 Jt,4T0) gj stt.aoo
U KtttlO 38 Utt.OttO
14. 29,5tO S HOfittO
U ,4S4 to 28,020
Total 8tMt,B48
Less unsold and returned copies... io.iot
Net total sales...... aTi,8s
Net daily average XStitT
Cobecribed In my presence and sworn to
betor to this tuth day of April, A. D.
Notary Publio.
Count Rocbambeau bad to wait a
long time for his monument.
Among other things Washington is be
coming quite famous as the scene of
notable funerals.
With hailstones described as being as
large only as hens' eggs, there Is as
ret no need of alarm,
When the High school cadets go into
military camp the shirtwaist Issue will
be protected by a flag of truce.
After eelf-expurgatlou the Jacksonlans
may regale themselves once more on the
thrilling beauties of 10 to 1 free silver.
Dave Blackburn Is not yet ready to
trot out Tom Mercer for the sixth term.
The track Is a little too wet and slippery.
The t question is still uppermost In
the minds of all pur property owners,
and will so continue until it Is settled
And our Jacksonlan friends should not
overlook the fact that the World-Herald
admits that It is equally deserving of
. lias the school board the nerve to do
Its duty, or will it shirk and temporize
by the plea that we can stand a f 1,200
superintendent In a $3,400 place for an
other year?
Pull down the flretraps. 'A stitch In
time will save nine." When a frame
tinder box is no longer tenable It be
comes a menace to public safety and
should be demolished.
The Bee does not have to give away
Its advertising to Induce people to buy
cheap magazines or cheap cigars. People
pay to advertise In The Bee because
advertising In The Bee pays them.
' The beauty of a paper that Is edited
by a syndicate Is that it can praise a
man In one article and assail him In
the following one without even subject
ing Itself to the charge of Inconsistency.
'v The disasters flowing from the erup
tions of Pelee and Soufriere are likely
to Introduce a new condition Into life
Insurance policies. People who assume
the risk' of playing with volcanic fire
will have to pay for the haxard.
The Bridge and Terminal company
will, of course, continue Its tax-shirk
Ing tactics before the county board,
Having evaded its Just share of -the
tax burdens so long, It will not relln
qulsh its advantage except under com
The current state apportionment of
school money gives Douglas county
$15.2K9, the bulk of which goes to the
treasury of the Omaha city schools.
The school deficit however, is still able
to eat vp all the extra funds that may
come within reach.
Figures have been compiled to show
that In. the three years of the South
African war 70,000 mules and horses
have been shipped out of Texas alone
by the British, at a cost to them of
$4,000,000. Assuming these figures to
be correct Texas Is likely to pass reso
lutions of regrets when tbo final an
nouncement of restored peace Is promul
President palma of Cuba Is said to
be encountering troubles already, chiefly
through popular dissatisfaction with
bis appointments. The Cubans have
bad the benefit with a few ' excep
tions, of a pretty good lot of public offi
cials under tbe American regime and
any lowering of the standard Is sure to
meet with disfavor, although bow It Is
possible to keep to the American mark
la difficult to sea.
The Independent extends Congratulations
to Edward Rosewater and R. W. Slmeral
for the very able maner la which they
presented the railroad tat question to the
stat board. .It is evident tbey have been
cloee reader of the Independent for a
number of months. Nebraska Independent.
The compliments of the official organ
of Nebraska populism would be better
appreciated If they were not coupled
with the misleading assertion that the
proceedings ' Initiated , by the editor of
The Bee received their Inspiration from
that quarter.
Everybody conversant with the his
tory of Nebraska knows that tax reform
and especially the more equitable taxa
tion of railroad property has been con
sistently advocated by The Bee for more
than twenty years. Its demands for
honest railway assessment have been
made entirely regardless of political ef
fect. It has denounced discrimination
and favoritism in the assessment of rail
way property whether the statehouse
was occupied by republicans or by dem
ocrats or populists It is passiug
strange, however, that It has Always
been applauded by democrats and popu
lists when the criticism has fallen upon
republican officials, while Its efforts were
condemned and denounced by fusion re
form organs when It pointed out the
partiality shown to the railroad corpora
tions by state officers of the populist and
democratic brand.
The most flagrant example of this
sort of partisanship was exhibited by
the Independent two years ago when It
sought to Justify Governor Poynter,
Treasurer Meserve and Auditor Cornell
In refusing to raise the assessments of
the railroads above the figures made by
their predecessors, which the fusionlsts
had previously denounced as Iniquitous.
In Its Issue of May 17, 1900, the Inde
pendent made a labored attempt to de
fend the Poynter board against The
Bee's contention" that the railroad prop
erty In Nebraska was worth more for
taxation purposes in the year 1000 than
it was In 1803, when it was assessed
at nearly $4,000,000 above the figures
fixed by the fusion board. In that ex
haustive defense the Independent ad
vanced precisely the arguments that
have been used by the railroad attorneys
In opposition to any material increase
in the present railroad assessment It
sought to excuse, the rank Iniquity In
the assessment of the railroads by citing
a few instances of undervaluations of
personal property and the failure to re
turn some property that ought to have
been returned, at the same time delib
erately Ignoring the complete omission of
the most valuable property of the rail
roads, namely, their franchises.
It is, however, highly gratifying that
the return of republicans to power has
opened the eyes of the Independent to
abuses which It refused to see so long
as they were being perpetrated by offi
cers of Its own political creed.
In view of the fact that a large major
ity of the bankers of the country are op
posed to the branch bunk provision of
the Fowler currency bill and that there
is much opposition to the asset currency
feature of that measure, It would seem
safe to assume that the bouse repub
licans will defer consideration of the
bill. A conference was held last week
and there will be another this week to
determine what course shall be pursued.
The supporters of the bill profess con
fidence that It will be decided to have
it considered In the house, but It is more
than probable that they will be disap
pointed. The recent expressions of
associations of bankers adverse to the
measure can hardly fail to exert a con
siderable Influence upon republicans in
congress, many of whom have been get
ting opinions frpm their constituents
unfavorable to the branch bank and as
set currency provisions or the Fowler
bill. Western representatives particu
larly have been receiving this Informa
tion and It Is probable that most of them
will be found to be opposed to the pres
ent consideration of the measure.
The chief objection to the branch bank
proposition is that tlie tendency would be
to create a banking monopoly, controlled
by a few great banks in tbe financial
centers. It Is believed and not un
reasonably that the effect of authoriz
ing the establishment of branch banks
would be to completely revolutionize
the existing banking system, with re
sult Injurious to the public interests.
The action of the recent convention of
bankers at Kansas City showed how
strong this belief Is. The proposed as
set currency has recejved little support
and may be regarded as for the present
out of the question. There are other
objections to the Fowler bill, which has
been described by former Representative
Walker of Massachusetts, who was
chairman of the house committee on
banking and currency, as "a bill of no
tions and experiments." It Is more than
likely that If the measure were acted
upon now In the house It would be re
According to City Electrician Bchurlg
the time is near at hand for a perpetual
divorce, between the electric arc lights
and hydrogen gas lamps that now pro
mlscuously illuminate various parts of
the city. Mr. Bchurlg very properly
calls attention to the waste of the light
ing fund of the city in having duplicate
street IlKbtlng In various parts of the
city where one class of lamps, either
electric or gas, would be ample.
With a view to greater economy, Mr
Bchurlg recommends that the city should
be subdivided into electric arc lamp
districts and gas lamp districts, with
electric lamp occupying the business
portion of the city and the gas lamps
the territory outside of the business Uls
trlct If this recommendation Is adopted
by tbe council Mr. Bchurlg believes that
the city can Increase the number of arc
lamps in the business center and pro
vide more gas lamps in the outskirts
of the city with the fund available from
tbe tax levy for lighting purposes.
It seems to us, however, that the pro
posed divorce between gas lamps and
arc lamps will fall short of a satis
factory solution of the lighting prob
lem. What Omaha needs Is a higher
quality of light rather than more lamps
and a more efficient supervision of light
ing than we have bad heretofore. Some
of tbe arc lamps are not much of an
Improvement on ruwb candles and give
a good deal more shadow than light
Many of the gas lamps charged up to
the city are reported not to be charged
with light and require occasional prod
ding to become useful as well as orna
These reflections are not made with
malice aforethought, but Inspired by
painful observation. Incidentally, a sug
gestion may not be out of order: While
It would be very desirable to divorce
the electric lighting from gas lighting, It
would be decidedly appropriate to con
solidate the Inspection of both uuder one
responsible bead. If It is desirable that
Omaha should have a fire coroner, why
can't the duties of that office be dis
charged by the gas Inspector, who does
not complain of being overworked?
Representative Grosvenor of Ohio
made some excellent points against the
proposed educational test for immi
grants. In the course of the discussion
of the Immigration bill in the house
a few days ago. He said that the Illit
eracy of Immigrants Is not due to stu
pidity nor vice, but to the lack of
schools, and it does not Interfere with
their Industry or thrift when they get
here. An educational test would keep
out the honest but Ignorant men and
let In the educated criminals who como
here to plot against the institutions of
our country. Another representative
urged that it will not do to shut out
the hardy laborer, the man who is will
ing to work and who brings here a
healthy body and mind, and who is not
a criminal or pauper, because he is illit
erate. He poluted out that many of our
citizens, or at least the ancestors of
many of our citizens, came to these
shores possibly not able to read and
write a technical document such as the
constitution of the United States, yet
their descendants are among the most
eminent and successful citizens of this
country. He declared that the people
we need nre those who can be employed
In building railroads, clearing the for
ests, opening the mines and doing the
work that some of our citizens are now
not necessitated to do.
Representative Grow argued strongly
against the educational test, saying that
the great question Is as to the character
of the Immigrants and the ability to
read and write is not a test of real
character. "Education has nothing to do
with the great elements of character,"
said Mr. Grow. "Tbe man surrounded
by his family at bis bumble fireside Is
growing up In American society, under
the Influence of American schools, and
his offspring lu the first or second gen
eration cannot be distinguished from
native-born Americans. Why exclude
that class of people, whose only defect
Is their condition In life, made so by
the governments under which they were
born? Why deprive them of the oppor
tunity of working out a better and a
higher destiny for themselves when
they cannot Injure our civilization, but
are calculated to aid like other citizens
in advancing it?" He declared that a
man who possesses common sense, hon
esty, Integrity and frugality is a good
citizen, though he may not be able to
write his name or to read a word of the
constitution. If he la law-abiding, peace
able, ready to discharge the duties of a
citizen, why should be be excluded from
our shores? The only test that should
be applied is in regard to character.
Make the qualification for voting what
you please," said Mr. Grow, "but let
there be no qualification which will ex
clude a man of good character and mor
als from the opportunity to earn his
livelihood with his own right arm under
God Almighty's sunshine on the face of
any portion of God'a earth."
There Is no valid reason whatever for
the proposed educational test. It is a de
vice of the advocates of Immigration re
trletfon for which they have not offered
a single convincing argument We do
not believe it is approved by a majority
of the American people and we think the
party In power will make a very great
mistake If it Incorporates this condition
la the Immigration laws.
The announcement is made that all
improvements In Fontanelle park are to
be abandoned for this year because the
30-mlll levy mude by the council only
leaves $10,000 for park Improvements, as
against $28,000 at the disposition of the
park commissioners last year. We ap
prehend that the abandonment of Im
provements at Park Fontanelle will
cause little distress to tbe taxpaylng citi
zens, as well as to the people who do
not pay taxes, except possibly tbe Indi
vidual workman Mho might have been
employed In throwing up mounds and
planting saplings in that forlorn pleasure
spot. On the contrary, we make bold
to assert that the abandonment of Park
Fontanelle and Its conversion Into a cow
pasture would be much more agreeable
to most people than the continuation of
Improvements at the expense of tbe city
of a so-called park that could well be
dispensed with for the next fifty years.
If it were possible for the city to dis
pose of this tract to market gardeners
at a reasonable price with a view to
reinvesting the proceeds In the improve
ment of parks within the reach of the
city population, the curtailment of the
park area would cause no pang of sor
That members of the Grand Army of
the Republic have not sympathy or coun
tenance for the political attacks on the
army in the Philippines has been clearly
shown at all the reunions recently held
In this and surrounding states. It is
recalled that similar attacks were made
upon the union veterans In connection
with the war to save tbe republic, but
tbey overshot the mark as widely as la
the present Instance, The assailants of
the army forget that the American sol
dier Is no drafted mercenary, but, on
the contrary, a volunteer drawn from
the regular walks of life along which
bis friends and relatives are plodding.
Attempts to blacken tbe character and
Impugn the, motives of our American
soldiers Indiscriminately solely to ac
complish political purposes do sot strike
a sympathetic chord.
Criticism of the British army be
cause of the lamentable weakness shown
In South Africa Is bringing out the es
sential difference between the British
and the American military organization.
A commission In the British army is pro
cured only through Influence and pull.
while positions in the American com
missioned list rest on a democratic
basis. Complaints of favoritism and
personal preferment In the American
army are the exception rather than the
rule, whereas In Great Britain the ex
ception is the officer who reaches a
commanding post solely by bis own
Douglas county remibllcans will take a
go at the direct Drlmary for the selec
tion of delegates to state and Judicial
conventions, Just to see how It works.
Wise Business Precaatloo..
Washington Post.
In case we finally get those West Indian
islands, we should los no time in taking
out a good stiff policy with some reliable
earthquake insurance company.
Time a a Settler.
Philadelphia Ledger.
By the time the court of last appeal has
decided the question raised In the District
of Columbia whether a Filipino may be
come an American citizen the question will
probably have decided Itself.
Congressional Convenience.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
Tbe miscellaneous appropriation bill in-
eludes an Item for the purchase of a medi
cine chest for the house of representatives.
By this means the members hope to obvi
ate the necessity of borrowing each other's
Trade' Drumbeat Getting There.
Philadelphia Press.
In the failure of the drumbeat of America
to be heard around the world the great
American trust steps to the front and fills
the vacancy. The latest advance of the lat
ter Is on the west coast of Africa, where
an American syndicate has about eorraled
all the trade in sight.
Quaint Feature of Law.
Washington Post
There is quite a comic-opera element In
the Incarceration of Oaynor and Greene.
They have bad themselves placed in Jail
in order that they may be safe from the
clutches of the law. But such things will
always be possible as long as the lawyers
monopolize the business of law-making.
Coal Strike or Hold Upt
Philadelphia Record.
Senator Hanna says tbe anthracite coal
strike could have been prevented by an
Increase of 6 per cent In wages, which
might have been readily covered by an
advance of 10 cents a ton on the price of
coal. In Us last analysis this looks like
a suggestion that tbe operators and their
operatives Bhbuld have reached an amica
ble understanding to settle their differ
ences by picking the pockets of consumers.
Triumphs of the Meatless.
Boston Transcript.
The vegetarians score once more in the
fact that one of their cult has Just won lu
an International pedestrian match from
Berlin to Dresden. The second man, who
was a meat eater, was almost two hours
behind the winner. Persons who deny
themselves flesh may find great comfort
and consolation In this achievement and
take it as a sign that they will live much
longer than their neighbors who still stick
to their chops and steaks.
Tho West Set the race.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
The .great avenues of travel and the best
accommodations for travel in this country
are not confined to lines connecting the
four or five big cities of the Atlantic sea
board. Out west an agreement among roads
running between Chicago and Omaha to
maintain a time limit of thirteen and a
halt hours for fast passenger trains has
broken down and the Chicago & North
western began on Monday the running of a
dally train between the two cities on
elevon-hour time, requiring an average
speed of a mile a minute over the whole
distance. It is stated that the road now
has a double track all the way and a block
signal service. And the Northwestern Is
only on of nearly half a doien lines con
necting the two cities. ,
For Innocent and virtuous men Messrs.
Oaynor and Greene display a singular an
tipathy to the scene of their recent oper
ations. Mr. Plerpont Morgan Is reported by New
York society gossip to be off for a Eu
ropean trip in search of something too ex
pensive to buy.
Adjutant General H. C. Corbln and Gen
eral Wood, It is said, have been selected
as representatives of this government to
witness the military maneuvers In Europe
during th coining summer.
J. Harris Patton of New Tork, a noted
historian, has Just celebrated his 90tb
birthday. He was born In Fayette county,
New York, and graduated at the Jefferson
college, Philadelphia, in 1839.
It will be pretty safe to wager a consid
erable amount that no official announce
ment of peace between England, and th
Boers will b forthcoming until It will be
timely for a part of the coronation cere
monies. Ernest von Leyden, one of Germany's
best known medical authorities and au
thors, celebrated his 70th birthday 03
April 20. He has been one of the leaders
in the fight against cancer and tubercu
losis and it Is largely due to his efforts
thst more than 100 sanatoria for consump
tives have been built in Germany during
th last decad.
President Roosevelt will spend his
Fourth of July at Pittsburg. A delegation
sent to Invite the president pointed out to
him that the nation's birthday Is usually
celebrated on a mors elaborate scale la
Pittsburg than in almost any other city in
th United States. Mr. Roosevelt said be
would be glad to become the city's guebt
and be promised to make a speech at
Bchenley park, tbe great public pleasure
ground of Pittsburg.
Thomas Collier Piatt, th "easy boss" of
New York republicans, finds a great deal
of amusement In th caricatures of himself
which appear In th papers from tlm to
time. A stranger who waa introduced to
him recently said: "I should aav knowa
you easily from th cartoons, senator."
With a slow , smile tbe senator . said:
"Well, you know, I rather Ilk th distinc
tion of being about th only man In publio
life whose personal appearance cannot la
any way be Injured by th cartoonist"
Butler County press: Whatever may be
said of Edward Roewwater, he doe not
lark moral courage. II went before the
State Hoard of Equalization last week and
demanded thst the assessment of railroads
In Nebraska be raised.
Imperial Republican: Edward Rosewater
Is making a great effort for a higher rail
road assessment in Nebraska, claiming that
the shrinkage In railroad valuation since
1X90 has been 12 per rent, while the de
crease In personal property has only been
4H per cent.
Wlnalde Tribune: Rosewater Is making
th fiht of his life now to have th State
Board of Equalisation compel th railroads
to pay their Just share of taxes. In this,
no matter what tbe motive is, he should be
supported by the press of the state, re
gardless of politics.
Custer County Beacon: Edward Rose
water Is demanding that the Board of
Equalisation shall assess both the bonds
snd stocks of railroads In thle state. Roso
water Is correct in this matter, snd should
the board do this, th present state admin
istration will receive the thanks of the
Schuyler Quill: The Bee Building com
pany commenced mandsmus proceedings In
the supreme court to compel the 8tat
Board of Equalization to reconvene and
properly assess railroad property. Having
succeeded in raising th valuation of cor
poration holdings In Omaha by the same
proceedings gives hopes that the move will
be successful.
Columbus Times: Editor Rosewster Is
after the leading railway corporations of
the state with a vim tor non-compliance
with the law with regard to assessments
of their property. He got bo satisfaction
from the State Board of Equalization and
the matter is now in th supreme court
on a writ of mandamus. When Rosewater
gets his "war paint" on he Is a fighter to
the last ditch.
Kearney Hub: Edward Rosewater has
taken his fight for an equitable railroad
assessment to the oupreme court, and that
body has Issued an alternative writ pf man.
damus, returnable June 3, directing the
State Board of Equalization to reconvene
and reassess the railroad and telegraph
property in the state or show cause why It
should not. Thle means a showdown on the
question of railroad assessments.
Custer County Republican: Editor Rose
water has applied to ths supreme court for
a writ of mandamus to compel the State
Board of Equalization to assess the fran
chises of railroads. The board consists of
Governor Savage, Auditor Weston and
Treasurer Stuefer. In compliance with the
application the court Issued the writ re
quiring the board to reconvene and reassess
the railroad and telegraph property within
the state or show cause why it should not
Bloomfleld Monitor: Hon. E. Rosewater
Is now poking hot sticks Into the Nebraska
State Board of Equalization for its remiss
ness of its duties in assessing tbe railroad
and telegraph propertes. And why not let
these people bear their Just burdens as well
as the poor devil who has nothing more
than his cow, his cook stove and sewing
machine? Rosewater, aside from any per
sonality or animosity, should have and will
have the support of the taxpayers of Ne
braska la a fight for right.
Waterloo Gazette: E. Rosewater of The
Bee on Monday appeared before the State
Board of Equalization at Lincoln and asked
for a hearing with reference to raising the
assessed valuation of the railroads of the
state and the board fixed Wednesdsy as
tbe day for a hearing. In' speaking of tbe
valuation the governor said that Instead
of being $180,000,000 the aggregate state
valuation should be over $1,000,000,000. The
board will not be very severely censured
If It concludes to raise the assessment a
few thousand.
Plain view Republican: Edward Rosewater
appeared before the State Board of Equali
zation last week and asked to have th
rallrlads pay their share of the state taxes.
He claimed that their valuation was en
tirely too low and that It be raised. There
are plenty of reformers who are good at
long range, but for practical results the
nervy editor of The Bee outranks any if
them. Rosewater Is a man of both words
and deeds. He puts Into practice what
others put Into mere theory. No man In
the state can deny this that knows him.
Stanton Register: The State Board of
Equalization, composed of Governor Savage,
Treasurer 8teufer and Auditor Weston, met
last week and assessed the railroads for
the year 1902. In spite of the increased
earnings, doublethe rolling stock and vast
Improvements, tbe assessed valuation this
year is over $2,000,000 less than in 1890.
A great injustice is done the taxpayers of
Nebraska In that assessment and the re
publican state officials know It. Editor
Rosewater of The Omaha Bee and Attorney
Harrington of O'Neill presented unanswer
able arguments In favor of a radical In
crease, but the board refused to listen to
their advice.
Grand Island Independent: Meaning no
contempt of the high court. Editor Rose
water is carrying his war against the fail
ure to equitably assess the corporation
properties Into Africa. He has through
The Be Building company of Omaha ap
plied for a writ of mandamus compelling
the State Board of Equalisation to assess
th franchises of the roads. Th state
board, consisting of republicans, raised the
assessment by $180,000, an Insignificant sum
and an action which grants practically
none of the relief, or rather of tbe equity,
that Is prayed for. Now th question Is up
to the fusion supreme court. And after
that the people of Nebraska can figure it
out where they are at.
Nellgh Yeoman: Mr. Rosewater has ren
dered a service of Immense value to the
people of Nebraska In his argument before
the State Board of Equalization. He has
shown that former boards have made the
equalization without any adequate knowl
edge of tbe fc value of the property under
consideration; that the grossest Inconsls
tsncles exist In the returns of the several
roads; that some roads return certain prop
erty of well understood value at greatly
divergent figures, on placing it three times
aa high as another; that property of tbe
same value In Nebraska as In Iowa has been
rated from eight to ten times higher In tn
latter state than In ours; that the roads
are returning a lower valuation In 1902
than In 1890, when everyone knows they
have been greatly Improved; that even the
Elkhorn road (according to Its returns)
shrunk In value nearly $1,000,000; that one
road returns Its engines at $1,000 each, an
other at $4,000, but both put a less value on
the mammoth engines of today than on th
small ones of seven years ago. Mr. Rose
water has treated the subject exhaustively
and whatever may be the present result of
his exposures greet good will ultimately
result, and eventually the corporatlona
must bear tbeir share of tbe burden of
Polk County Democrat: The State Board
of Equalization has concluded Its labors
and after alt the big talk that haa been In
dulged In by the friends of that board as to
how It would stand by the little taxpayers
of the state, tbe results appear ridiculous.
In fact, there to not a member of th stat
board but who should be Impeached for
gross neglect of duty. Tb valuation as re
turned Is vastly lower than that of twelve
years ago, and so little higher than on
ysar ago a to amount to nothing whatever
In the aggregate. The attention of the
board was repeatedly directed to the unfair
assessments that bav heretofore existed,
but th day of Tom Bento never wlt
a eased a xnor subservient set of railroad
tools thsn Folmer, Stuefer snd Savage
proved themselves te be. The people have
only one avenue of escape snd that Is
through the supreme court. If that body of
men, a majority of which ar now of the
reform forces, will set and direct the stat
board to reconvene snd do Its duty, we may
ret see the railroads of Nebraska brought
to the place where they will be compelled
to pay their just proportion of th state's
expenses. Let complaint be mad and an
appeal be taken from the railroad hoard
and we shall see If the courts ar powerless
to grant the needed relief.
York Republican: The entlr sytm t
assessment In Nebraska I a shameless
farce. The time haa come to try for some
thing better. Sentiment all over the stat
Is outraged by the mock performance that
Is gone through with every year, and the
state suffers In the estimation of foreign
Investors by reaaon of the high rate of
taxation that appears on tb face of the
matter. It seems Impossible to get at the
rights of the assessment question under the
present system, and that being the case the
system ought to be changed. When asses
sors return York county land at $4 per acre,
or less, and swear that they have assessed
everything In their townships at Its actual
cash value. It requires neither judge nor
Jury to tell what they have done. It is a
crying shame that hundreds of honest men
In the state are every year compelled by a
bad system to swear to lies. When you put
It In old English It sounds shocking. But
really you cannot make anything else out
of it Then let us have county assessors.
with deputies In each township, who have
no interest in the property assessed there.
Then we will have equal assessments, and
there will be the real valuation on which to
levy taxes, and all property owners will be
taxed according to the value of their prop
erty, whether In town or city. Then If any
assessor or deputy makes a false return, or
if any property owner lies about his prop
erty, under oath, arrest them and punish
them for perjury.
Nelson Gazette: The Clsy county re
publican are making a strong-pull to hav
John B. Dinsmore of that county nominated
for governor.
Callaway Courier: Sentiment In favor of
nominating A. E. Cady for governor is
growing In western Nebraska, and it la
possible tbe St. Paul man may be the choice
of the convention.
Tckamah Journal: The Wayne Herald
says If J. T. Bressler of that county la
nominated and elected state treasurer the
republican party wilt have no apologies to
make for his office during his administra
tion. Burwell Tribune: Questioned as to their
choice for the nomination for governor a
majority of the republicans of thus part of
the state mention A. E. Cady of St. Paul.
Cady would be a strong candidate and an
Ideal official.
Silver Creek Times: William Robertson
of Norfolk seems to be in the lead for the
gubernatorial nomination, so far as this
congressional district goes, and he will
make a strong howlng In tbe convention.
He's all right. Push blm along.
Tekaroah Journal: Peter Mortensen, can
didate for state treasurer four yeara ago.
Is spoken of as a candidate for the repub
lican nomination again this year. If nomi
nated this time, Peter, the party can do
better by you than they did before.
Custer County Republican: Should the
republican state convention decide In favor
of placing on the ticket a new candidate
for state treasurer, the Republican would
be pleased to see our neighbor, Peter Mor
tensen of Ord, secure the nomination.
Grand Island Independent: The Otoe
county republican convention emphatically
Indorsed Judge JeBsen of Nebraska City
for governor and permitted him to select
tbe delegation to the state convention. The
Otoe county republicans know a first-class
article when they see it.
Norfolk News: The more people who
come to know W. M. Robertson as his
friends know him, the mors will be resdy
to support his candidacy for the republican
nomination for governor. He is the Kind
of candidate who has hosts of frlende at
bom and wins others wherever he goes.
Tllden Citizen: Among all th repub
licans so far spoken of as candidates for
the nomination for governor, none seems
to have any advantage over W. M. Robert
son of Norfolk. In the extreme northeast
corner of the atate. Speaker Seara has a
following, but with this exception prac
tically all tbe North Platte country is en
thusiastic for "Rob." -
Wayne Herald:. Hon, John T. Bressler,
who is a candidate for state treasurer. Is
meeting with success from all sources and
thst be will receive the, nomination there
is little doubt. Mr. Bressler's ability snd
qualifications for filling the office are well
known and be should receive the loyal and
undivided support of the republicans of
Wayne county. He will be the next tress-'
urer of Nebraska.
Nelson Gazette: Land 'Commissioner O.
D. Foltmer baa made formal announcement
that he will be a candidate for renomina
tlon before the state republican convention.
Mr. Follmer has In the laat two years
proven himself a clean and efficient officer.
He is held in the highest esteem by every
one conversant with his official work, as
well aa those who have a personal ac
quaintance of long standing. His friends in
Nelson and Nuckolls county will use every
honorable means to bring about his rs
nomlnatlon. Pender New Era: Speaker W. O. Sears
of Burt county Is entitled to the nomina
tion for governor above every other man
In the North Piatt country. As to th
ability and integrity of Mr. Sears there'
is "no question. Burt county has a right
to ask for and expect tb support of every
republican In tbe Third congressional dis
trict to place Mr. Bear In nomination.
Take out Burt county's republican strength
and It would be leading a forlorn hope 'or
a republican to run for congreas in this
district. -It hss borne the brunt of the
battle for many campaigns and has always
don Its part to make the district and state
go republican. While Burt county's ser
vices bav not been unappreciated, otlll tt
has gone unrewarded. Now that It asks
for recognition It becomes th duty of every
republlcsn In Nebraska to reward It ac
cording to Its deserts, and place W. O.
Sears In nomination for governor on June
18, 1902.
Ord Quiz: Although Mr. Peter Mortensen
of Ord hss not publicly declared his can
didacy for state treasurer or authorised any
paper to say that hs was a candidate, there
baa been not a llttl comment favorable
to him for tbe place printed by the press
of Nebraska. He ta everywhere recogolzed
as a most excellent man for such a poM
tion. As It is by no means certain that
Mr. Bteufer will be a candidate, and aa
there ar grav doubts In th minds of
many republicans as to tb wisdom of re
nominating Mr. Bteufer, tt is not strange
that the republicans should b casting
about for a proper man for th place. As
w all know, who know Mr. Mortensen
best, be Is not and neyfr has been a seeker
after office. He recognizes that It would
not be proper at this tlm to encourage
th support of his friends until th public
mind I more elesr ss to what had best be
done wtlh Mr. Bteufer. This he believe
will be settled 10 due tlm both by Mr.
Bteufer and th party generally.
Bloomfleld Monitor: Our townsman, Hon.
B. Saunders, will be a csndidst la fact
for tb nomination of stat treasurer on ths
republican ticket and tb chances for se
curing th plum are by no mean discour
aging to his friends. An earnest and n-,
thuslastlc pull la bis favor from now on
until the day of the state convention is
about all tbat Is neresaary to land ths
coveted prize, Mr. Saunders represent
part of the state that hitherto haa bees
an almost unrecognised quantity In Ne
braska state polltlrs for many yeara and
from a part that represent the push and
energy of republican growth snd sound and
lasting loyalty to the party of progress.
Mr. Saunders Is a man of wide atate ae
qualntanco and hers are none within out
borders more competent or trustworthy.
In these parts his friend who will rally
to his support ar not confined alone to
republican ranks, but he Is even now cham
pioned by others who are conversant with
his worth and ability as a man, a friend
and a financier. Let It be Saunders for
state treasurer and northeast Nebraska will
respond handsomely for the honor con
Democratic Treatment of tho Army
In tho Philippines.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
In tbe present hurly-burly ever tb
Philippines th Issue bav become mixed
in the minds of many American citizens.
Th democratlo denunciations of th
army ar made ostensibly for th sake of
national honor and humanity humanity te
our soldier as well a to th Filipinos,
Th republican replies also ar mad osten
sibly for th sak of national honor and
In this confusion of contentions th Hon.
Joseph O: Cannon has don a real publio
service In directing attention to a con
crete act which Illuminates tb whole situ
ation. The question before the bouse of repre
sentatives concerned an appropriation:
"For ths proper shelter and protection
of officers and enlisted men of th army o
the United States,-lawfully on duty tn the
Philippines, to be expended in the discre
tion of tbe president, $500,000."
There waa a roll call. Every republican
voted for this appropriation. Every demo
crat save seven, voted again It.
That Is, every democrat, save seven, os
tensibly for tbe sake of humanity, voted
against protecting and sheltering American
soldiers In the Philippines, voted to expos
these soldiers to the burning sun and tor
rential rains of the tropics, toted to let
them be racked with fever and enfeebled
by disease, and finally conquered. If not
exterminated, by act of tbe United States
"There Is tb record," as Mr. Cannon haa
said, "not In 1861-65, but tn January, 1902,
and all the waters of th ocesn cannot
wash It out"
Detroit Free Press: Tim Is your fadder
in jail ,fer safe keepln'T
Tom Naw. Safe breakln.
Washington Star: "I never stole another
man's brains," said the man with inky
"No," answered Miss Cayenne, thought
fully. "Maybe that's the trouble."
Philadelphia Press: The Leggy Young
Man-How are you getting along with your
graduating essay?
The Swt-et Girl Capitally. I have my
ribbon and my subject both selected.
Somervllle JournAl: The man who always
takes his wife's advlc will be right half
of the time, anyhow.
Philadelphia Press: Tess I told that old
beau of yours that you were married.
Jess Did you? Did he seem surprised?
Tess Yes, Indeed! He said: "How on
esrth did that happen?"
Washington Star: "If some folks could
be as eloquent In lookln' foh work," said
Uncle Eben. "as dey Is In klckln' 'bout
delr luck, I reckons dey'd git a Job."
Baltimore American: "Yes," asserted th
has relieved my pain, but at the same tlm
I must say that you are a regular butcher."
"You may be right." said the physician,
"for It seems that I have cured a ham."
Elvira Floyd Froemrke of Montreal.
Canada, In Buffalo News.
A handsome young Bee was beau to each
FromPOplalnest wild flowers, to those full
and rosy;
He made love to all to old maids and
And well known was he for charm of his
The poor silly flowers turned up their
sweet faces,
Whene'er he flew by. to air his fine graces.
'Twas just for a time he would woo them.
you see.
He was but. In truth, a false, treacherous
He flattered and cajoled drank deeply ot .
This Bee thought of naught, but bliss with
out measure;
He boasted his game, and he said, "Oh,
nnnr thlnfffl.
They d do Justtithe same, If they, too, had
Yet every one knew that he and Miss
Hsd been nearly wed, ah, many time
And as she waa forced Into wearing tho
I weed,
She came to look old, and was going to
The course that he took was one that soon
80 full was his path ot flowers gone to
nleoea :
Of Hose, of Lily, all brown, ser and
blighted, ,
That told whet th Bee had paused or
Th sighs of those flowers, whose hearts
he had renaea, . -Were
caught in a gale, and . swiftly
The winds blew the tale to bright Madam
"I'll fix him," said she "without any quar
rel." I
Way down the mountain her servants sh
To carry her wish, wherever she heeded:
They followed each path, and sounded her
In haunts of the Bees, and homes of th
That night Laurel's house waa most bril
liantly lighted
With electrical lamps not often sighted
By Bee or by Floweret, that live far below.
And never have chanced such a grand
dame to Know.
Our exquisite Bee a gay time expected.
And no tnougnt naa lie tnat iaurei aus
pected Mia hetne- a flirt, for. covered with blushes
She held out her arms her vole cam In
He flew to her breast, this artful young
And fancied he'd never found anything
But chanced, as often one will In such
To find h waa pained by too close em
Hs strove to get free he felt almost
And cried. "Let me gol With ma you
have trifled:
"Oh, no. my false gallant, you II never go
Until l'v your pledge you r a penitent
Now first hi smart buss, then his keen
sting he tried.
But neither would work, he was Sur h
1,.., i
The Laurel laughed gayly and then set
him rree,
A powdered, a smothered, most miserable
HI magic had flown, he'd no power to at-
No Floweret blushed now, through his art
or his tax-t
He grew very sad. and most humble I he ;
He'a no longer bad Just a dron of Be!
At pertain ntiiods In summer th moun
tain laurel throws out s luminous pollen at
night. This pyrotechnic dlspluy is weird
and very beautiful. Inserts are attracted
by It, and when they allsht on flower Its
petals Close insiamiy. iiuiuiu un vwiivie
captive When released tneir narks ar
covered with the pollen, and to this I at
tributed one cause 01 in cross j emula
tion of plant. . . .