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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1902)
TIIT, OMAHA DAILY iXrAl: MONDAY, MAY 12, 1002.
Ti ie omaha Daily Una
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State ot iNebraska, Hougias County, sa :
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says iliui tha actual numuer oi full ana
tiumpleie copies of The Dully, iviorning,
levelling ana Sunday lies pruned during
lh tuuuth of April, iHOi, was as tollows:
l ao.ooo 16 u,ot(o
K ku,u:io IT niti;o
ku.ouo 16 ,ftu
4 vtt.oiu in zit.ano
I XI,5IMJ 20 Utf.MAO
M,7W 21 ai,rNO
1 itO.&IO U Ki,6lMJ
H KI,VM a HH.tVOO
XM.WIO 2i li:,4XO
1U Ul,4."xt Z6... tf,40
11 xti.oio u ai.nni(
12 Ul,470 2! al,tllB
13 ao.sio m tttt.ouo
14 ai,5MO 29 .....Kii.rjM)
16 2U,4eU ' So SCU.UZO
Less unsold and returned copies... IO.iot
Net total rales H7(i,M;iM
Net dally average iu.iil
UEORUE 11. TZSCHCCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before ma this auth, day of April, A. D.
(.Seal.) M. B. HDNQATE.
Omaha needs more advertising, to be
ure, but not on billboards.
Mont Telee will hereafter Lave its
name printed In bigger letters on the
It Is to be hoped Omaha worktugmen
will not be carried away by the strike
Senator McLaurln is following In the
footsteps of the pugnacious senator from
Our theatrical season closes this week.
But our base ball bunch will stay with
us all sutumer.
It looks as If the beef combine might
be up against the real thing, unless It
can prove an alibi.
A volcano whose business end Is en
gaged In active operations is a good
thing to teer clear of. , '
If the Chinese revolts continue to
spread, the emperor may .wish that the
foreign armies had not evacuated so
While there has been a shower of fire
and dust In the West Indian French
colonies, a shower of suowflakes has
fallen la Furls.
Now that the discovery has been made
by an American chemist to make smoke
harmless, American chimneys will
breathe more freely.
Talking about advertising Omaha and
Nebraska, the. best advertisement the
city could have would be a reduced tax
rate Inviting investment.
We will next be told what Thomas
Jefferson and Andrew Jackson wuld
have done bad tuey Issued the orders
under which the army was to operate
lu the rhlllpplues.
When we read about the frightful ca
lamltles overtaking the volcanic regions
,of the tropics we take more kindly than
ever to the conclusion that Nebraska is
the best place to live In.
It might be well to remember that the
deficiencies of Christian Science treat
ment of the sick are not to be made
good by overzeal of medical jiractltlou-
ers to perform an autopsy after the pa
tient is dead.
One county has already held its con
vention and selected Its delegates to tho
coming republican state convention, but
the county committee for Douglas county
baa not even been called together yet to
Az the time for our primaries.
Another airship is ready for trial in
Paris, but the price of staterooms on
the Atlantic lluers from New York to
Southampton and Liverpool will not be
reduced by reason of the threatened
competition of the Twentieth century
ballon air line.
A rival to Marcoui's wireless tele
graphic syndicate has opened an office
la London. We presume, however, that
it will take something more than an
office In London to open up comiuunlca
tlon between Londou and New York by
The republicans will be first in the
Held In Nebraska with their state ticket,
tha fusion convention Laving been called
to meet a week later lu order to take
advantage of any mistakes the repub
licans may' make. The safe thing for
the republicans to do is to lie sure no
mistakes are made.
Eniperor William has added a few
dozen volumes to his library coutalniu
American newspais'r comment ou the
visit of l'rlnce Henry to this country
If any newspaper published lu tlu
United States l uurepreseuted, It Is
the fault of the compilers of the cllt
pings collection and not of tho news
I' ,. . . ... .V-U
thk norEny.vKsrn case.
The bill filed by the federal authori
ties in the t aw acalnst the meat tinckers
Is eoiiiprelienslve, showing that careful
nd thoniiigh investigation has lieon
iuad resie'ting the business and meth
ods of the packing ertnipanles which are
nmed as defendants. The fact that
these companies are engnged In inter
state commerce Is clearly set forth and
Is charged that they have violated
the anti trust law of 1!M by engaging
n a combination and conspiracy be-
ween themselves to refrain from bid
ding against each other lu the pur
chase of live stock and also to control
he prices of live stock by such sup
pression of eomjM-tltlon among them
selves. It Is further alleged that the
efendnnts have combined and con
spired to raise, lower, tlx and maintain
rices on meats, in violation of the anti
trust law. It Is declined that the pack
ers have for years ls-en In conspiracy
with the railroad companies to obtain
monopoly of the supply and distribu
tion of fresh meats throughout the
United States and shipments to foreign
countries, receiving by rebates and other
vices unlawful rates for transporta
tion much less than the lawful rates,
thereby obtaining an unlawful advan
tage to the exclusion of competitors and
would-be competitors and the general
These things the bill declares to be
n restraint of Interstate commerce, an
Injury to the people of the United States
nd in defiance of law, and the court is
sked to grant a writ of Injunction per
petually enjoining the defendants and
II persons acting for them from confin
ing the unlawful proceedings charged.
It Is stated that the packers will not
make a fight when the case comes up
for hearing on May 20, but will submit
to au order temporarily enjoining them
nd at a later date, or when the hear-
ng for A perpetual injunction is had,
Will file a demurrer alleging the insuffi
ciency of the government's petition.
The probability Is that the contest in the
courts will be prolonged, but lu the
meanwhile the public may obtain some
benefit from the action of the govern
ment Those who have professed to
doubt whether the federal authorities
were in enrnest In this matter may now
bo assured that their intention to have
Judicially determined the question
whether the packers have been violating
he anti-trust law is serious and there
is every reason to expect that the pro
ceedings which have been instituted
will be pushed by the government with
all possible energy. It has been no
small task to collect the information
upon which the bill for an injunction
Is based and the Department of Justice
is to be commended for tts prompt ac
tion. It has performed Its duty In the
case thus far In a way that ought to
be entirely satisfactory to the people.
LIVE NEBRASKA TOIt'AS.
The series of short articles which have
been appearing In The I5ee under the
heading, "Live Nebraska Towns," re
veals gratifying conditions throughout
the state. These articles are contribu
ted In each case by men familiar with
their subject. They tell of the achieve
ments accomplished by each bustling
community and outline its needs and
prosis'tts for future growth and devel
That nil of thesfe articles tell the story
of prosperity goes without saying. fe'
braska towns naturally depend directly
upon their agricultural surroundings and
the prosperity of the farmer is reflected
in the prosperity of the country mer
chant and country banker. While Ne
braska has few cities of even moder
ately large population, it Is dotted all
over with energetic and enterprising
towns of a few thousand inhabitants,
devoting themselves steadily to Its In
dustrial upbuilding and commercial ex
pansion. All these towns contain wunin
themselves the variegated activities that
go to make an enlightened and pro
Wo feel sure that In bringing before
the public the advantages and attrac
tions of our live Nebraska towns and
advertising their resources and possibili
ties, we are doing a work that will
assist materially in keeping them to the
front, and whatever promotes the pros
twHtv nf Nebraska's towus inures to
the benefit of the whoie state.
THK MllTtSH STILL ALARMED..
The effort made by Mr. Carnegie to
dissipate ltrltlsh apprehension regarding
the steamship merger appears not to
have had the desired effect The British
public, it Is said, is still alarmed over
the matter und there Is an urgent de-
maud upon the government for some
sort of drastic measure to break up the
combine. Undoubtedly the government
Is giving very earnest attention to the
extraordinary situation, but the problem
Is an extremely difficult one. as mem
bers of the ministry Lave already
How great Hrltish apprehension is
was shown in the reported declaration
of Lord Ueresfoid that "lu three years
we shall be uowhere," that "every one
of these steamers will be under the
Auierlcau flag und officered and mauued
by Americans." He suggested that the
ouly chance of checking the American
advance is for British ship owners to
form au opposing combine and for the
government to give a large subsidy In
supiRirt of It Beresford Is a respected
authority lu matters of this character,
but he probably overestimates the dan
ger to British maritime Interests from
the steamship combine. The agreement
that startled the British certainly due
contemplate American domination of
some English steamship lines in the
transatlantic trade, so fur as the traffic
is concerned, but It din s uot necessarily
meuu that the British steamships are
to come under the American llag or
that they will be officered and iiiaiiue
by Americans. lu order to be under
the tlug they must Lave au American
register, which would require legislation
not likely to be secured, or at any rate
uot soou. Besides, there Is uo reason
to suppose that those In the combine
have sny desire for a change except In
regnrd to traffic arrangements. As was
aid by Mr. Carnegie, the combine is
purely a matter of money making. Its
objpt-t Is dividends and It does not care
a fig for a flag.
rethaps llritlsh supremacy lu th
transatlantic trade Is at an end. That
PIM-ars to be very probable. Hut there
npiK'nrs to le no very substantial ground
for the profound alarm which is said
to prevail In England.
A QVESTIUXABLE POLICY.
Under the act of the last legislature
notoriously passed In the Interest of the
sureties of ex-State Treasurer Bartley,
ho so-called State Board of Compromise
has decided to acci pf . .)( on belislf of
the state in lieu of fKi.JfH.-iri as payment
In full from the boiitlsaieu of the de
faulting county treasurer of Platte
county. Incidentally the bondsmen are
to pay. the costs of the suit Instituted by
the state which has been pending In
'latte county and the county is also re
leased by the board from further lin-
llity to the state.
Tills compromise Is not only of ques
tionable policy, but also of doubtful
validity. In the first place, It establishes
a dangerous precedent that will afford
an excuse for the scaling of deficits due
to the state In counties where treasury
defalcations or shortages may occur
from year to year. Once let It be under
stood that the state will compromise
for less than what tho county treas
urer has collected nnd no bondsman will
ever think of paying up in full.
In the next place, it is questionable
whether the state board has the right to
compromise with the bondsmen of a
county treasurer. The bond does not
run to the state, but to the county and
the county is responsible to the state
whether its treasurer turns over the
money or not.
Lastly, there Is certainly no warrant
for such compromise under the constitu
tion, but on the contrary tlus constitu
tion expressly prohibits the legislature
from entering Into or authorizing such
deals. Section 4 of article ix of the con
stitution of Nebraska reads:
The legislature shall have no power to
release or discharge any county, city, town-
hip, town or district whatever, or the in
habitants thereof, or any corporation, or
the property therein, from their or Us pro
portionate share of taxes to be levied for
state purposes, or due any municipal cor
poration, nor shall commutation for such
taxes be authorized in any form whatever.
If this means anything It means that
no law that contemplates the remission
of state taxes either directly or indi
rectly Is valid. It is exceedingly doubt
ful whether the bill providing for settle
ments of pending suits for outstanding
claims of the state would have passed
had It been known that It was to be
applied to settlements with counties for
taxes collected by defaulting treasurers.
Independent of the section cited, the
constitution In another clause prohibit
ing special legislation declares that the
legislature shall pass no local or special
laws "remitting flues, penalties or for
feitures." A suit against the bondsmen
of a defaulting treasurer is a suit to re
cover a forfeiture of the amount they
have agreed to make good and a com
promise would be simply an evasion of
the constitutional prohibition.
There is really no necessity for an In
spection of the gas company's books In
order to ascertain the value of the as
sets of that corporation. It is Imma
terial bow much the company lias
earned In the yenr 1001, or any other
year. The supreme court has instructed
the board In plain language that the
market value of the stockw aud the
bonded debt must be added together,
and after subtracting from that amount
the value of tho property listed as real
estate and the presumed value of Its
property outside of the city limits, the
residue represents the actual value of
the property and franchises for taxa
tlon purposes. After these figures have
been cast up the only other question
the board Las to determine Is what Is
the tux ratio. If all other property In
this city is assessed at 40 per cent then
it is 40 per cent If less. It must cone
spond In ratio to all the property re
turned to the tax commissioner. The
pefsonal property that Las not been dis
closed cuts no figure whatever in the ap
praisement of the property of the cor
potations any more than it would lu the
property of the Lome owner or owners
of business blocks.
A delegation of prominent colored
men has been waiting on the house
committee on commerce to urge an
amendment to the Interstate commerce
law tliat will do away with arbitrary
discrimination by railroads between pas
sengers on account of color. Everyone
who has ever traveled lu tho southern
states is familiar with the rank lnu
quality of the railroad accommodations
afforded whites aud blacks, both on
trains and lu stations, where the color
Hue la drawn almost like a deadllu
This discrimination will not allow the
colored passenger better service, even
though Le is able and ready to pay for
It While it might not be feasible to
carry mixed passenger trains, the de
mand for equal accommodations with
out regard to color must appeal to all
fair-minded people. If the law can be
made to reach the case by including
this form among the prohibited unjust
discriminations, It should by all means
"Is the free and unlimited coinage of
sliver desirable under present condl
t Ions?" will be the topic uuder discus-
siou tonight before the Jacksonlaus. We
presume that a discussion over the pro
found question whether the free aud uu
limited coiuage of seltzer and soda
would be desirable under present condl
tlous, or w hether milk puuehes would be
more agreeable, would Lave been equullj
appropriate if not more Interesting.
Ex-Senator Allen assures Lis friend
that Le will cheerfully support anyon
whom the fuslonists may uomiuate fo
governor this year, but offers the ad
vice on the quiet that the democrats
annot count on the populist enthusiasm
unless the nominee Is a optiIist. If
lgar Howard does not at once trump
this card with a democratic ultimatum
he will deserve to lose the Jackpot.
Take a. Dark Seat.
Judging from the Illustrations of her
toilettes In the fashion papers, we should
say that Solomon In all his glory would
have to take to the bark streets when this
year's summer srirl Is on "promenade."
Opportunities of a Free Country.
The son of an Irlxh immigrant and a day
laborer became an admiral In the United
States navy and was celebrated throughout
he world as a master in his profession. Al
most anything Is possible in a free country.
Detroit Free Press (dem.)
It is simply impossible to have the reve
lations from the Philippines dealt with un-
er that Judicial directness which puts
side all ulterior considerations. Politics
intervenes because the minority In congress
s stimulated by the proFpcrt of making
capital for its party and has double cause
for Its most aggressive treatment ot the
Ituatlon. The majority has the task of
vindicating the administration policy.
A National Humiliation.
South Carolina has never done anything
more obnoxious to tho country, and that is
saying a good deal, than sending Tillman
to the senate. No one objects to any views
he may have on a public question, or to
how ho may cast his vote. Nor does any
one object to free speech. But we all have
a pride to our name as a nation, and to have
a senator of tho United States delivering
himself of such billingsgate as Senator
Tillman does every time he opens his
mouth Is becoming a national humiliation.
The niRRster at St. Pierre.
Kansas City Star.
It is to be hoped that the catastrophe
that has befallen the town of St. Pierre,
uland of Martinique, may have been less
weeping than the drat reports Indicate.
However, the commander of a French war
hip, who says that he approached near
enough to the overwhelmed city to pick up
thirty survivors, gives out the statement
that practically the whole population of the
city, numbering 25.000, must have perished.
Such a disaster would rival the ancient ones
that befell Pompeii and Herculaneum, a
form of calamity that science had promised
would 'never again be repeated with such
Remedy Heats with Congress.
If the decision of the supreme court of
the District of Columbia, that the post
master general exceeded his power In de
nying second class mailing privileges to
certain publications, is sustained, all that
burdensome mass of matter will probably
have to be restored to the second class
and carried at the old rates. During the
time that It has been obliged to pay post
age somewhat nearer the cost of carrying
it, the malls have paid a profit where form
erly there was always a deficit. If the
Postofflce department has no power to cor
rect this abuse of the malls, the duty to
do so falls upon congress. That body has
shown singular indifference on the-subject
heretofore, but, with this object lesson be
fore it. It must be very remiss if it falls
to enact the needed legislation.
Tyranny of Trivial Thins;.
Margaret Deland In Harper's Bazar.
The great emotional experiences of life
are belittled by the same Insistence upon
the trivial: Life and love look into each
other's eyes a man and woman elect each
other from all the world, but the Joyful
solemnity of marlage la ruffled by the de
tails of the wedding, perhaps by family
squabbles over flowers and gowns and invi
tations! Or Great Death comes in at the
door and the little human soul, over
whelmed with grief, appalled by the sudden
opening of eternity before its eyes yet
fusses (there is no other word for it) over
"mourning," over the width of the hem of
the veil or the question of crepe buttons or
dull Jet! This may be shocking or mourn
ful or ludicrous, as one happens to look at
It, but it is certainly uncivilized.
IOWA STATE! AFFAIRS.
An Eastern Review of the Work of
Whatever Iowa, especially Iowa official
dom, does In these days when Iowa Is run
ning so many departments, in one way and
another, at Washington, Is of national in
terest. The Iowa legislature is one of the
few which holds Its blajinlal sessions in
the even numbered years nd the actions ot
that body, which recently adjourned, were
this year of more than usual Importance.
Aside from the election of Senator Allison
to a sixth term, perhaps the most signifi
cant action, although apparently uninter
esting, was the levy of a 4-mlll tax, the
highest levied since Iowa became a state.
Thelegislators Anally had to face squarely
a disagreeable situation. They saw, as their
predecessors for years bad seen, that with
their usual levy the growing state with its
growing institutions could not remain sol
vent Bankruptcy had stared the state In
the face for a dozen years, and the only
relief had been achieved by pushing off the
day of reckoning a long way into the future.
This is the favorite system resorted to in
many a city Id this country, s fearful are
city officials ot the wrath of the voters
eonsequeat on an Increase of taxes. But
the ides of a prodigiously rich state like
Iowa figuring in the newspapers of the
country as bankrupt was too absurd and
the legislature clapped on the new taxa
Coincident with this Increased rate of
taxation was the liberal action taken by
the legislators toward the state edura
tlonai institutions, especially the state
university. This school has been ham
pered throughout its existence by nig
gardly treatment by the state, and as
consequence has made slow progress in
comparison with such far-famed institu
tions as Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota
and Nebraska, whose legislatures have
been generous. This short-sighted econ
omy has been due to some extent to th
Jealousy of almost numberless sectarian
colleges in Iowa, whoee trustees have
striven against fair treatment toward
the university. Among other injuries
visited on It they accuse it of being an
"infidel institution." Latterly, however,
these critics and enemies have reformed
the narrowness of their vision and the
state's generosity this year las been the
Among the hard-fought measures of the
session was a bill allowing railroads to
Incur unlimited indebtedness. This bill
was passed by the legislature, but was
vetoed by Governor Cummins, who was
said to owe his election to the rallroarti
(as he had been the leading attorney for
one of the great state lines tor years), but
in bis veto he showed Independence ct
their desires. Nothing revolutionary was
done, numerous bill with socialistic ten
dencies were killed and even the attempt
to change the congressional boundaries
which have remained the same for twenty
years, was abandoned. Iowa showed her
self in her reoent legislative session to bs
what she has claimed always to be,
steady, sober but progressivs stats.
inn T1IR STATU TICKF.T.
Mlnden Garette: The strong candidate for
the gubernatorial nomiuatlon at the present
time Is J. P. A. Black, and the probabilities
are that ho will have the Fifth district be
hind him In the convention.
Battle Creek Republlfan: W. M. Robert
Bon's prospects for receiving the nomina
tion for governor grow more flattering each
day. Commendatory remarks are heard of
him on all sides and sentiment is constantly
growing la his favor.
Plalnvlew Republican: H. 9. Beck of
Pierce is receiving favorable mei tlwn for
state treasurer this year. It Is ce tain tho
party will be extremely cautious in nam
ing Its candidate this time. The personal
character of the man will be considered
and for this reason Mr. Beck Is seriously
considered for the place.
Emerson Enterprise: W. G. Seers of Te
kamnh, last speaker of the hous) of rep
resentatives. Is making quite an active
canvass for the republican nomination for
governor and seems to be gaining strength
as the time for the convention drnws near.
He Is a man of experience in public af
fairs and would make a winning candidate.
Albion News: We are pleased to hear
that the probability is that W. M. Robert
son will have almost the unanimous sup
port of the Third district for governor.
This is as it should be. This sicllon of
the state has never had the governor, and
no more worthy man has ever sought the
place than Mr. Robertson. This should be
a winning argument in his behalf.
Burwcll Tribune: The suggestion of Peter
Mortensen for state treasurer is meeting
with favor by republicans over a great part
ot the state and not only by republicans but
by democrats and popullBts who are ac
quainted with him. He Is recognized as a
clean, honorable business man who posses
ses the ability to faithfully perform the
duties ot the office in the interest of tho
people of tho state, and if nominated, as we
do not hesitate to say he should be, would
Atkinson Graphic: Hon. W. M. Robertson
of Norfolk, who la prominent as a candi
date for the republican nomination for gov
ernor, was in Atkinson lust Saturday try
ing to hypnotize the political lights of this
corner of the empire of Holt. Mr. Rob
ertson's chances of securing the coveted
position are not to be sneezed at. He Is a
north Nebraska man and seeniB to lack
nothing in ability, and we recollect nothing
odious of him in the pnet. If a north Ne
braska man can get the honor, Robertson
ought to have It.
Fairfield News-Herald: Hon. H. C. Rus
sell of Schuyler, also from the Third dis
trict. Is a candidate for governor, but what
prestige he will have for the nomination
we are unable to estimate at this time.
Russell is expected to cut quite a wide
swath on account of the old soldier vote.
The old soldiers are all right and must be
recognized on the ticket, but people are
liable to want a governor as well as an old
soldier. We don't think the lightning win
strike Ruesell this year, not for Joseph,
or, rather, for governor.
Atkinson Graphic: J. II. Mickey of Osce
ola passed through Atkinson Wednesday
with a car of thoroughbred stock for th
ranch of his two sons, who are locate-!
thirty miles north of Bassett. Mr. Mickey
Is a successful stockman and banker ot
Osceola, and is favorably mentioned by
many papers in the eastern part of tho
state for the nomination for governor on
the republican ticket. He Is a soldier of
the war of the rebellion with an excellent
record and a longtime resident of Ne
braska. He b.2S many elements of strength
and if nomine led will be elected, and will
make an all-around and reliable governor.
Blair Courier: While men who have never
before been heard of are popping up from
various parts ot the state asking for nomi
nations before the coming republican stats
convention let us remember that It is the
old wheel-horses of the party that deserve
recognition, and we trust it will not be for
gotten that Washington county has a candi
date for the place of lieutenant governor
who if nominated will bring force and pres
tige to the ticket and a man whose staunch
republican principles cannot for a moment
be doubted. That man Is Hon. William D.
Haller, one of the oldest residents of the
county and a citizen of Blair, and a life
long party worker.
Wayne Republican: Hon. W. M. Robertson
ot Norfolk la the casdidate of north Ne
braska in general and of Norfolk to a
definite certainty, the vociferous protest of
that city against the action of Governor
Savnge in thS removal of the insane
patients on the partial destruction of the
asylum buildings by fire last year, and
through this the loss of the only one, of the
fifteen state institutions in the large terri
tory north of the Platte valley. Nor by any
means is Judge Robertson slighting the
duty imposed upon blra to bring again to
the Sugar City the prestige lost in one ill
fated day. The Republican has Dot hereto
fore expressed an opinion upon the candi
dacy of this Norfolk gentleman. We have.
however. Been little wisdom In the spring
ing of a dozen North Platte candidates when
the matter of North Platte pride should
center its energy upon one worthy son and
Insist upon his nomination.
Hartlngton Herald: All friends of the
republican party were sincerely glad to
read Governor Savage's withdrawal from
the gubernatorial race. This, however, is
only to be considered a victorious prelim
inary skirmish for the anti-Hartley forces.
Right at this point is where the Bartley
sympathizers will begin to get la their
fine work, and it behooves us now
more than ever to be wide awake. Let all
north Nebraska unite on Judge Robertson,
then if we find his nomination Impossible,
we can at least dictate who shall be the
nominee. The Robertson forces should
caucus for second choice, and in the event
of Judge Robertson's retirement from the
contest, be a unit . for another man. In
this way and this only can north Nebraska
be a force In the state convention. The
second choice man shold be the choice
of a majority of the Robertson delegates.
It would not do, however, for Madison to
try to work another Barnes deal; the dele
gates wouldn't stand for It.
Daniel J. Schuyler, the veteran attorney
of Chicaso. is a descendant ot General
Philip Schuyler of the Revolution.
Sienktewics Is said to be a demon of
unrest, ana from the time he starts a novel
until he finishes it he goes about from
place to place through Europe writing a
little here and a little there.
Marlon Crawford has not been appointed
to write the umcial biography of the Pope
as was announced, as the Vatican holds that
his florid and melo-dramatlc style would
be unsuitable for the formal record of the
life of the pontiff.
Ex-Govcrnor George Hoadly of Ohio, a
member of the law firm of Hoadly. Lauter
bach & Johnson, has been confined to his
borne at 33 East Fiftieth street. New York
for some time past undergoing treatment
for his eyea. He recently underwent an
fineration and is now In the care of a
specialist. Because of his advanced aire
it is feared that Mr. Hoadly may lose his
At the White House dinner to Prince
Henry, Secretary of War Elihu Root related
one of his favorite stories. It was that
of a New Yorker who left his club rather
late and, proceeding homeward, encountered
a tree. Ha retreated and advancud again,
meeting the same tree. He sat down on the
street and exclaimed, in a sad and fright
ened tone: "Lost! lost In an Impenetrable
HITS OK WASIIISOTO LIFK.
Minor Scenes anil Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
The wife of a I'nlted States senator who
figured quite conspicuously In society dur
ing the McKlnley administration and who la
now a widow, has made herself a laughing
stock by the eccentricities of her mourn
ing. She had prepared and published a me
morial volume on the life and work of hr
husband, and copls have been presented to
a number of the senator's friends. On the
fly leaf of the copy of the memoirs that
was sent to one sVnntor, the widaw wrote
the following inscription: "For Senator So-and-so.
from the woman whom Senator
The same woman at a recent social func
tion here appeared in a costume made en
tirely of some white material. Across the
upper part of her bared arm was worn a
piece of crape. This was the only badge
of mourning that she displayed.
At the close ot the first session of the
Fifty-sixth congress, in June, li'OO, the
late Congressman Cummlnga was one of the
ronferrees on the naval appropriation bill.
There had been a tremendous fight between
the house and senate over the armor plate
provision. Cummlngs had held out until
the wry Inst- moment.' Vncle Joe Cannon
was one ot the conferees for the house
also. The conferees wrestled all night
over the proposition, and finally about an
hour before the time set for adjournment
Cannon gave in to the senate and so re
ported on the floor of the house.
Cummlngs got up, trembling with rage,
and in a five minutes' speech told of his
efforts to keep the house proposition in thq
bill. He accused Cannon of weakening, af
ter saying he would fight to the death, and
then, turning to Cannon, shook his fist at
him and shouted: "You're no cannon.
You're onlv a .tor musket."
Cannon hears of that speech until this
The great influx of multl-mllllonares
from the west has had a market effect on
society In Washington, as well as upon Its
real estate values, reports a Brooklyn
Eagle letter. Scores of rich people from
New York, Boston and other eastern cities,
as well as from the western towns, have
bought winter homes here and spend tho so
cial season at the national cnpltol. Nearly
all of these families have plenty of money.
ana thev com here for the purpose of
letting the world know of their posses
sions. They give elaborate receptions, ger
mans and dinners, and In a very Bhort
time after arriving are In tho whirl of
the social swim cr at least that part of It
composed of what is known as the rich
So easy has the path Into society become
that it is now remarked thnt any family
with plenty of money and a willingness to
spend it can come to Washington and "get
into society" without delay or difficulty.
Of course, there is an old residential set
that keens fo itself and whose portals are
closed to the new comers. The names of
theso families seldom nppear In print, and
when thev elvo a function the fact is not
advertised in the dally papers.
Any report of Senator Tillman's speeches,
says the Washington Post, must be in
complete unless It is accompanied by a
klnetoscope picture to show tho Senator's
face and ge3turn and a phonograph to re
peat the tones of his voice. A recent
speech was no exception to the rule. It
abounded in all sorts of exclamations very
original and expressive, but also very ex
plosive. It is a curious fact about Tillman
that in the middle of a sentence he will
bolt, apparently at a loss for a word or a
simile. At the end of this pause the word
is uttered or the simile expressed with such
appropriateness and emphasis as to nlmoBt
lead to the belief that he had the card up
his sleeve all the time and only waited a
moment In Impressive silence so that he
could play It in triumph.
Some of his sentences are picturesque.
"We want no star pinned to our flag with
a bayonet," is one of bis expressions.
United States Senator Burton of Kansas
once had a bill to collect from an impecu
nious Irish friend who had kissed the Blar
ney stone to some purpose. After many no
tices the "captain" deigned to appear In
Mr. Burton's law office. A half hour cf
complimentary palaver availed him nothing
and he agreed to sign a note covering the
clnlm and furnish "the best man in town"
as endorser. When the Irishman had af
fixed his mark Mr. Burton, straightening
his face, sternly demanded:
"Now, captain, who's going to be your
The "captain" Indulged In enother pass-
ago of the most uncttous flattery, then
leaned over Mr. Burton's shoulder, turned
the note on its face and said:
"You write J. R. Burton on the back
there and it will be the name of tho best
man in the whole country."
Mr. Burton endorsed the paper.
"President Roosevelt shaves every day,
or rather Is shaved," said an attache of the
White House, quoted by the Washington
Star. "A young colored man named De
laney, who is a messenger at the White
House, is the president's barber. He is
from Alexandria, Va., and was in the gov
ernment service for some time before he
was assigned to the White House to attend
to the president's head and face and to per
form the duties of messenger.
'Delaney usually shaves the president
between ?:30 and 3 o'clock each afternoon,
after lunch is served and the president's
guests at lunch go away. Sometimes the
shaving is done earlier in the day. I have
seen Delaney making his arrangements for
shaving before 1:30 o'clock, at an hour when
the president was supposed to be receiving
visitors, but this was nearly always on days
when there were no visitors or callers watt
ing to see the president. In the cabinet
room 1b a folding barber's cbalr, which,
when not in use, is placed against the wall
and remains unobserved. The president sits
in this and is shaved in the cabinet room.
Delaney folds the chair and puts it sway
when ha gets through. The work Is quickly
done, as the president apparently begrudges
the time taken . and wants to be up and
"President McKlnley always shaved him
self, using either a safety or regular razor.
He could handle a razor with great ease,
as he had been accustomed to shaving him
self for years. When be went away be
shaved himself as usual. He could do tha
Job on a flying train as easily as when In
his room. President Roosevelt does not
know bow to shave himself comfortably,
and takes Delaney with him when he goes
IMPOHTAVtU OF THE FARM.
A Leading Factor In the General
Affairs mt the Nation.
The place of the farm as a leading fac
tor la the general affairs of this country
I not so generally recognized as it might
be. There are few ouuide of the largo
business operators who realize that the
farm, after all, is the pivot on which
swings this country's prosperity. It mat
rers not which way the eye is turned, there
are marked evidences lu proof of this
claim. There la a proneness among many
to find all kinds ot explanations but the
right cue as why this country prospers.
Some attribute it to our 'og export trade,
others to our Increased financial Impor
tance, others still to our Immense domes
tic trade, while others ascribe the wbols
aspect f affairs to the general stimulation
due to great expectations. The trui of the
hole matter Is found on the farm. While
there are many who believe that prosperity
moves In avcs or t voles rotermlnously
with the rise and full In the prices fur
Iron, even that theory is effected by the
conditions on the farm.
A moment's reflection will convince any
one that the chief producer pf prosperity
Is great activity in domestic trade. This
trade is directly dependent upon the farm.
Abundant crops, with good prices, never
fall to swell enormously the consumptive
powrr of the American people. Th
greater the power of consumption, the
greater. In proportion, Is the volume of
general business. That explains the direct
connection between the f,irm and the de
gree of activity of our domestic trade.
In exports farm products represent so
largo a percentage that nothing else ap
proaches It for comparison. Our Immense
shipments of grain and other agricultural
products not only help to preserve tha
balance of trade In our favor, but they
also regulate the ship freights sufficiently
to make possible the securing of satis
factory rates for the exports of a general
cargo. This balance ot trade in our favor,
which la due primarily to what the farm
and plantation send out, is what has grad
ually shifted the world's financial center
from Europe to this country.
As to the prices of Iron and their bear
ing on panics and prosperity, it is not diffi
cult to remember, that the low prices of
Iron five years ago were attributable to the
depression among the great farming ele
ment. Low prices for farm products and a
series of unsatisfactory crops had crippled
the purchasing power of the country so that
the general demands for Iron were enor
mously reduced, and prices of Iron fell
These few facts glvs some Insight Into
the important position held by the farm In
the affairs of this great country. The
sensitiveness of the speculative market to
the varying rumors of prospective good or
bad crops tells a significant story. They
all tend to show that while this Is growing
to be a marvelous manufacturing country,
the roots of our prosperity still draw their
main sustenance from the soil of the farm.
MOXIMEXT TO THK PATHFINDER.
Proposed Statue to the Memory of
John C. Fremont.
St. Louis Globe-Democrnt.
It Is understood that the president is es
pecially anxious for the passage of the bill
Just introduced in congress for the appro
priation of $50,000 for the erection ot a
statue to the memory of John C. Fremont
In Washington. The monument project has
been talked about for several years and
most of the newspapers of tho country have
at one time or another expressed them
selves in favor of it. At this Louisiana
centennial season, when expansionist Ideals
appeal with particular force to the coun
try, the time would seem to be opportune
for the erection of memorials In honor ot
the men who figured prominently in the list
of the great expansionists. John C. Fre
mont was one of these.
Other men explored part of the vast ter
ritory between the Mississippi nnd the Pa
cific long before Fremont. Lewis and Clark
and Pike were through a large part of thli
region before Fremont was born, the flrs
and second ot these going from St. Louii
to the Pacific and back by way of the Mis
souri and the Columbia, and the third one
tracing out the western line of the Lousll
ana region through part of its length and
going down Into New Mexico forty yean
before that territory came finally under tht
Stars and Stripes. Long was In the Rocky
mountain region about a dozen years after
Pike, and, like Pike, is remembered by tht
name attached to one of the summits ol
that range. This was when Fremont wai .
a schoolboy and when neither he noijany- -body
else guessed at the connection tilcn
he would have In after years with pathfind
ing In the great west.
It was Fremont's distinction that h
was active at a time when men's thought!
were directed to the region between tht
Mississippi and the Pacific with great ei
interest than ever before. His explora
tion to the Rocky mountains In 1842, hli
account of which was made publle imme
diately afterward, made the route be
tween the Missouri and the mountain!
better known than It had been along ta
that time, marked out the best spots for
camps on the way and pointed out tht
advantages of the South pass as an ave
nue through the mountains. Tils explo
ration of 1843-44 gave the world a better
knowledge of tho Salt Lake basin and
much of the Pacific coast than it had pre
viously possessed. Fremont's report of ths
first of these explorations abolished tht
American desert myth propagated by ths
hasty generalizations of like and Long,
and, with the report of the second explora
tion, Immensely swelled the tide of tha
immigration across the plains to the Pa
cific coast which gained Oregon for tht
I'nlted States In the controversy with Eng
land which ensued In 1846. His story
about the Salt Lake region sent Brtghatn
Young and the Mormons to that quarter.
His third expedition brought him to the
Pacific coast In 1840, before Zachary Tay
lor reached the Rio Grande, and gave bird
the chance to raise the American flag li
California at the beginning of the war wtU
Mexico. The Washington monument hill
ought to pass and probably will pass. Fre
mont rendered brilliant service to tht
t'nltcd States in a great crisis in tts his
tory. i.aighim; rkmahks.
Chicago Tribune: "Now that I've found
what I want," muttered the burijlar. softlj
raising the lid of the family lciox and
flHshlng hi dark lantern at tne contents,
'I think I 11 pull up steass ana go.
Urooklvn Life,: Agent I have a book yov
should buy for your son, telling how to
become a politician, siateaman, presiaeni
of the I'nlted States, bunker. broker
Mrs. Hennesy O'wan: did yer mother buy
wan for you?
rhlln,lAlnlila Press: "It must be hnrS
for you peoplo to Ret along without whisk j
sometimes. '' remarked the tourist in a pro
hibition country. .. .
"tin. I make thn best of It." replied ths
settler, with a twinkle in his eye.
n ariiiiiKi'.ii . j
i v ihi,r riiHnnnttfon might be worse.
said the patient looking woman. m
t hat sounos genue mm
"vu- im hi, nlwiva insists on STolni
ahead and proving It."
. i . tt" Ti...., tfrttArlr Well ftM
Mr. 8oa.ld has finally given his permission
tr tnrt marriage ui mm u'u6", v,
hi. ft.., I- I a flrat t m n w
ever known tu give something for nothing.
Oh, Mary MacLane, you are wonderoualj
fair. , ,
Wld the rose In yotxr chakes and youi
aoft flaxen hair.
Your lips are as swata as the heavenly dew.
And me heart's nigh brakin', me darlln,1
Thrre'a love In your kisses and light la
And a wealth of affection In all of your
And 'tis cruel that I should be longln In
Foil's. "heart so deearvln' as Mary Mac
Lane. Oh. Mary Marljine. T sm wastln' away,
Wld grelvin' anil plnln" for you every day.
Me lieHrt's full of l;hs and me brain's all
a Ma me,
And all for the love of swate Mary Mac
Lane. Oh. Mary MacLnne, quiet foolln', I pray.
And watli' your toim In a profitless
Furst thrcl to love me, then court fickle
And you will be happy, swata Mary Mac
lMne' JAME3 HOOLEY LANIGIN,
Ntola,' la., May 6, IMt.
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