Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 11, 1902, PART I, Image 1

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    The Omaha
Attorney General Aiki for Wr t of Injunc
tion Against Alleged Beef Trait.
Byi Combination Control! Price Secretly
Paid for Lite Stock.
Temporary Bestraining Order Will Be Asked
for at Chicago May 20.
Oeteaelble Obedience to Court' Dcrt
Followed hy Drmirrrr to Peti
tion Problematical Defease
of the rackere.
CHICAGO. May 10. With the full ap
proval of Attorney General Knox, repre
senting the national government. District
Attorney S. C. Del he tbia evening filed
with the clerk of the federal court a bill
for an Injunction, designed to destroy the
alleged giant conspiracy to Illegally con
trol the meat trade of the United States.
The original of the bill was recorded the
moment filed .and was at once placed In the
official files of the court clerk's office. At
the same time District Attorney Betbea
served notice that at 2 p. m., May 20, be
will appear before Federal Judge Grosscup
and ask for a temporary Injunction against
the packers and their representatives under
the Sherman national anti-trust law.
When the case shall come up for hearing
vMay 20 District Attorney Bethea will be
present In person to present his arguments
in support of a motion for a temporary in
junction. He will be assisted by Attorneys
C. B. Morrison and Oliver Pagln from his
office, and probably by Special Counsel W.
A. Day.
Motor of Packers' Coarse.
What the defendants will do now that
the government has begun the long-talked-of
proceedings was forecasted by one of
their representatives. They will not make
a fight on May 20, according to this au
thority. They will submit to the entry of
an order enjoining them from the sets
complained of In the bill and will promise
to refrain from further alleged violations of
the law until the time of the next hearing.
That probably will be about June 20. Be
fore the latter date they will have filed a
demurrer In which the insufficiency of the
government's petition will be alleged. This
demurrer will raise an Important point
under the Interstate commerce regulations,
probably to th effect that the shipping ot
meats to one's own agent In another state
under a certain agreement is not interstate
In the event that the demurrer shall be
overruled the packers will still bavs the
privilege of filing an answer which will
necessitate a further hearing on the merits
of the government's charges. If, on the
other hand, the demurrer shall be sustained
the federal attorneys can file an amended
Notify Packers' Coaasel.
Copies ot the government's bill were re
ceived at Mr. Bethea's office from Washing
(ton today through the malls by special de
livery. The district attorney and his as
sistants then mads out a notice to the de
fendant's counsel and after awearlng to the
bill Mr. Bethea filed it.
The petition charges conspiracy, unlaw
ful combination. Illegal cartage charge, an
Illegal .credit agreement, creating tales
market prices, illegally depressing the mar
ket and accepting railway rebates.
All of the principal packing companies
organised under the laws of New Jersey,
Michigan, New York and Illinois are made
parties to the defense, and all are residents
of Illinois, save Mr. Sulzberger and Mr.
. Noyes of New York and E. C. Swift ot Bos
ton. The government recites that their plants
and yards ars at Chicago, Omaha, Sioux
City. St. Joaeph, Kanaas City. Eaat St.
Louis. Cudahy, Wis., and Hammond, Ind.
Following la the petition In full:
Text of .Petition.
la the Circuit Court of the United States
for the Northern District of Illinois,
Northern DiviHton.
Tha United States of America against
Swift an J Company and others.
To the Honorable, the Judges
of the
Circuit Court of the united
States of
'America, for the Northern
Illinois, Northern Division,
District of
bitting in
Your Detltloner. the United States of
America, hv 8 H. Bethea, Its attorney
for the northern district of Illinois, acting
iby and under the direction of Philander
ivnox, us iniirnry g"11. vim w.i...
Its bill ot complaint. aKulnst Swift and
Company, The Cudahy Packing Company.
The Hammond Packing Company and
lArmmir ttnii t'nmnanv. corporations or
ganised and existing under and by virtue of
'the laws of the state of Illinois; the
Armour I arklna Company, the O. H. Ham
mond Comoanv. Schwartschlld and Bull
berger, curjorallona organised and exist
ing under and by virtue, respectively, of
tne lawa ot me aiaiee 01 nrw iiwipf,
MU'htg&n and New York: Nelson Morris,
Edward Morris ana company, aoing dubi
nru at Chicago. Illinois. Eaet St. Louis
Illinois, and South St. Joseph. Missouri:
J. Ogden Armour, Patrick A. Valentine,
Calvin M. Favorite, Arthur Meeker,
Thomaa J. Conners, Charles F. Lansdon,
Michael Cudahy, Edward A. Cudahy,
1'atrU-k Cudahy. Albert F. Borchert.
Oustavus K. Swift, I.ou1b F. Swift. Law
rence A. Carton, D. Edwin Hartwell. Jess
P. Lyman, Frank E. Vogel, Loula Pfaelaer,
William Kuasel. Albert H. Veeder and
Henry Veeder, ritlsena, respectively, of
the state of Illinois, residing at Chicago:
Rdward C. Bwlft. a cltlxena of the atata of
Massachusetts, residing at Boston, and
Ferdinand .8ulxber-er and W. H. fcpves,
ritsens of the atate of New York, residing
at the city of Nw York. In that state, and
on Information and belief, alleles and re
spectfully shows to your honors:
Places of Baetneaa. '
First That said corporations, partner
hip and persons for many years last past
have been and now are engaged In the
business of buying live atock. tc-wlt. cattle,
aheeu and hoas. at divers points through
out the said United States, where stock
yards and such like open and competitive
markets for the sale of live atock exist t
C hicago. In the state of Illinois: Omaha, In
the atale of Nebraska: Sioux City. In the
state of Iowa: St. Joseph, In the state of
Miaaourl: Kansas Cllv. In the stats of Mis
sourl; Kaet 1st Louis, In the slate of Illi
nois, and St. Paul. In the state of Minne
sotaand slaughtering such live stock at
the several extensive plants for that pur
pose maintained by certain of said de
fendants respectively, to-wit, the plants
of Armour & Co. at the city of Chl-i' In
the stats of Illinois; st the city of Kanaas
City, In the state of Mtseourt; at the city
or couth Omaha. In the state or Nebraska
and at the city of Sioux City. In the state
of Iowa; the plants of the Cudahy Parking
Company at South Omaha, Kanaas City and
Mloux City, aroresald. and at Cudahy, in
the stale of Wisconsin; the plants of the
Hammond Parking Company at Chicago
and Omaha, aforesaid: Hammond. In th
stale of Indiana, and South St. Joseph, In
the stale of Miaaourl; the plants of Nelson
Morris Co. at Chlcao. Kaat St. IxjuIs
and South St. Joseph, aforesaid; the plants
vi ine ornwanxcnua at Buistercer com.
pany at t'hliaio and Kansas City, afore
aald. and the plants of Swift and Company
at Chicago, fcat St. Ixtula. South St. Jo
apb, Kanaas City and South Omaha, afore-
(Ouatiaued, oa ft veals Fags.)
Complain that He Gave Everything to
Yankees, Germans and
(Copyright, 1!2, by Itess Publishing Co.)
LONDON, May 10. (New York World Ca
blegramSpecial Telegra&ij Oxford is still
agitated over the Rhodes bequest, concern
ing the utility of which varying opinions
exist in academic circles. A motion made
la the Oxford Union Debating society, to
forcing house of future British statesmen,
that Rhodes' scheme was Impracticable and
Incompatable with the best Interests of
Oxford, was hotly dobated and defeated by
133 votes to 30. Bitter complaint Is made
that Rhodes did nothing for English schol
ars, but only for Yankees, Germans and
Prof. Phelps of Oriel gives an account of
Rhodes' college character and career which
reads strangely In view of the enthusiastic
declarations ot his will. Prof. Phelps says:
"He was a man for whom the studies of the
place meant nothing. He had no sympathy
with the literary tradition of scholarships
or science of Oxford. He cared nothing for
the characteristic amusements of under
graduate Ufa or the distinctions they con
fer. As a result be formed no lasting ties
of friendship, no very wide circle ot ac
Latest Candidate for Honors Is Also
the Invention of a
(Copyright, 1902. by Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS, May 10. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) A new navi
gable airship has been attracting consid
erable attention during the last week. It
Is named Pax and was designed by Severo
Santns, a compatriot of the distinguished
member of the Braxlltan Parliament. Se
vero has been In Paris nearly a year work
ing on tbe balloon. It Is now completed
and awaiting the first rainless day to at
tempt to circle the Eiffel tower from the
Vauglrad balloon factory, which Is about
the same distance that Santos-Dumont cov
ered. Next Severo intends to sail all around
Paris, following the fortifications.
Thrice last week Severo, accompanied by
an engineer, successfully maneuvered the
Pax while It was held captive 600 yards
above the ground. Numerous prominent
persons attended, afterward speaking en
thusiastically of the Pax's performance.
The airship Is larger than Santos-Dumont's
nd more complicated. Including two sep
arate motors and seven propellora.
French Experts Do Not Give Fall Cred
ence to Bulletins from Wll
helmlna'e Bedside,
(Copyright, 1902, by Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS, Msy 10. (New York World Ca
blegramSpecial Telegram.) It Is whis
pered In diplomatic circles that two French
specialists, one of them Dr. Poxit, were
summoned to Hollaad for a consultation as
to Queen Wllhelmlna's condition. Despite
the encouraging bulletins, the experts here
believe the queen Is still In grave danger
on account of the almost unavoidable com
plications. France has displayed the
wannest sympathy throughout her Illness.
Since the government sent the cruiser
Oelderlaad to bring Kruger to Europe Wll-
hemtna has worshiped the French. The
unanimous opinion among statesmen is that
In the case of the queen's death Holland
will surely refuse to accept a monarch
either from Prussia or Saxe-Welmar and
will undoubtedly become a republic.
France and Spain Report Snowstorms
and Great Damage Done
to Frnlt.
(Copyright. 1902, by Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS, Msy 10. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) France, like
the rest of Europe, Is suffering with
wlntery weather. This season's
meteorological annals are unique. It has
been ralnlos In Paris for the last eighteen
davs and the thermometer has thrice
fallen below tbe freeslng point at night.
The capital has even bad several evanes
cent snowstorms and the rest of the coun
try reports severe snow storms. The fruit
crops are ruined in several region. North
ern Spain also reports snow stones.
Conatrr People Refnee to Receive
Dwellers la llama for Fear
of Smallpox.
(Copyright. 1B02, by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Msy 10. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) One of the
crudest consequences of the smallpox scare
Is now manifesting Itself. Every summer
nearly 100,000 ot London's poorest slum
children get a week In the country by the
exertions of various charitable organixa
tloas. Meantime the epldemlo Is dying
down, as was predicted for the summer
months, but the medical authorities say it
will break out with increased Intensity next
Paris Not to Bo Oatdoae by United
States When It Comes to
(Copyright. 1903, by Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS. Msy 10. (Nsw York World Ca.
blegram special Telegram.) The as
sassination of Paul Leicester Ford had an
exact counterpart in Paris on the same
day on which It occurred In New York
Edouard de Mortlmart shot his brother
Oustave In the latter's house after a refusal
of money, committing suicide at a small
railway station three hours afterward.
The murderer was a former army officer
and the victim a distinguished writer
upon military topics.
Phyalelaa Report Condition of Hoi
land's Yean Raler as tlte
THE HAGUE. May 10 According to the
bulletin Issued at Caatla Loo this morning
Queen Wllhslmlna passed a remarkably
good night. Her fevsr has. not returned
and ber condition la all that could be de
Denied by Canard OSSelsds.
LONDON. May 10. The Cunsrd line of
ftcUla say there la absolutely no foundation
for ths statement made yesterday at Baltl
mors, Md., by William Plnknsy, man
aging director of tbe Neptune line of steam
ere. that th Morgan shipping syndicate
has bought tae Cunard Una,
Invasion of London by Americans Has Now
Began in Earnest.
Mrs. Mackay Brings on Some Wonderful
Picture! and Bare Tapeitriei.
Display a Valuable String of Pearls to
Excite the Envy of Other Women.
Strain of Fitting a Ser
' asallnc
Costomes for f orm
Prove Too J
Her Jfe'
(Copyright, 1902. by
. ublishlng Co.)
4f York World
jj.) The Ameri-
jnatlon has now
estinghouse Is at
Cablegram Specie'
can Invasion for
really begun. Georft.
the Carlton, as well as Mrs. Charles San
ford and Mrs. George Crocker, while Mrs.
Endlcott has arrived on a visit to her
daughter, Mrs. Joseph Chamberlain, accom
panied by Mr. and Mr. Endlcott, jr. Mrs.
Mackay has returned to Carlton House
Terrace, bringing with her some wonderful
pictures, Including a fine Romney and a
Mrs. SiddonSj by Sir Thomas Lawrence,
which, with a number of other extremely
valuable eighteenth century French tapes
tries and furniture, she purchased from an
old French chateau In a secluded part ot
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Mackay have rented
Lord Chesterfield's houBe In Upper Qros
venor street and gone shares with Lady
Charles Beresford In her opera box for two
nlghta per week.
Mrs. Newhouee Is creating a sensation
with a wonderful atrlng of pearls, reputed
to be worth $250,000. Mr. Newhouse has
been collecting them for four years and
many of them have been pierced for tbe
first time. The largest will cover a 6
penny piece and the clasp is formed of a
single large emerald, which alone Is ot
very great value. Mrs. Newhouse Is spend
ing the season at Clarldlgea. She haa been
Installed In a luxurious suite of rooms and
Is going out everywhere. She had a box
allotted to her at the opera for only one
night weekly, but has arranged to occupy
Lord Lichester's box twice a week as well.
Arnold Lawaon, the son of Thomas N.
Lawaon of Boston, has arrived from Egypt,
where he has been wintering with hie
sisters, Oladys and Marion, who are at
present In Rome and are coming on here
at the end ot the month. Young Lawson
Is an undergraduate at Worcester college,
Oxford, where he will shortly resume his
Colonel and Mrs. Lake of Boston, as rMl
as Colonel Henry Borup, aide de caray in
General Wilson, are In London, while Mr.
and Mrs. Tony. Drexel are expected shortly,
though -Mrs. Drexel le still In Indifferent
Costame Fitting; Too Revere.
Commodore Gerry and Mrs. Gerry have
Just passed through to Paris, where, by the
way, the countess of Essex is broken down
and laid up very ill In ber mother's apart
ment In the Elysee, under the strain of
fitting on a series of dazzling costumes for
the coronation.
Mr. Donoghue of the San Francisco bank
ing firm has been In London some months
under medical care. He is often seen lunch
ing and dining at the Carlton with his
medical attendant, who also takes him
around to many of the theaters.
The youngest peeress who will attend ths
coronation la Baroness Clifton, who will
be exactly 2tt years old when she appears
In ber robes at Westminster abbey on June
26. She is an extremely pretty child and
poses with the pride that might be expected
In one who the moment she was born in
herited one of tbe few titles which descend
In the female Una. Baroness Clifton, who is
a peeresa in her own right, is a daughter of
the late earl of Darnley, who died In 1900.
The belr presumptive to Bsroness Clifton's
title Is her uncle, the present earl of Darn-
ley, better known as Hon. Ivo Bllgh, who
succeeded his brother last year. Baroness
Clifton's mother, Jemima, countess of Darn-
ley, before her marriage was a Miss Black
Members of Honae of Commons De
cline to Pat. la Appearance
at 3 O'clock.
(Copyright. 1902, by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON. May 10. (Nsw York World
Cablegram Special Telegram.) Efficiency
of the House of Commons Is seriously af
fected by the new arrangement for meet
ing at instead of at t o'clock In the aft
ernoon. Few members can and fewer atlll
care to rush off to Westminster Immedi
ately after lunch. The result Is great diffi
culty Is found In securing a quorum. Then
the questions which precede all other busi
ness and usually are ths most Interesting
and Important part of the session, being
ths only check left on the administrate
powera to the ministers, are being killed
off by the same cause. Furthermore, th
Innovation by which the House of Com
mons rises for dinner from 7:20 to 8
o'clock haa converted the dining rooms ot
the house, heretofore crammed with mem
bers, Into a howling wilderness and the re
freshing department, though heavily subsi
dised. Is threatened with Insolvency.
French Savants Reatrallse the Kleo
tine and Preaerve Flavor
of the Weed.
(Copyright. 1SU2, by Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS. May 10. (Nsw York World Ca
blegramSpecial Telegram.) Further ex
periments by varloua French physicians
confirm the success ot the discovery which
neutralizes ilia iiluutlue In tobaOvu, au thai
cigars and cigarettes, while retaining their
perfect aroma, are absolutely unlnjurlous
to ths health. Dr. Oautler smoked thirty
large black cigars In twslve hours without
any bad effect, and usually three smoked
successively maks blm 111. Dr. Boulsson
mads a boy of IE a non-smoker, smoki
tour cigars during as afternoon and th
pulse of the boy did not rise and be was
not nauseated. Fastidious amateurs have
tailed to distinguish ths neutralised cigars
from ths ordinary ones. Ths process Is
secret and consists la steeping th tobaceo
leaves tor several hours la soma liquid
Former Philippine Soldier Says He
Knew of bnt One Fatality
of Tbla Kind.
WASHINGTON. May 10. rrWate William
J. Glbbs of the Ninth Infantry today con
tinued his testimony before the senate com
mittee on the Philippines.
The witness said he had never seen the
water cure administered, but had seen prep
arations made for it, and had beard groans
ccmlng from the victim. He also had knjwn
of one Instance In which a man had died
under Its Infliction.
"I did not see him die," said the wit
ness, "but I saw his funeral and it was
the general understanding among the sol
diers that death was the Result of the ad
ministration of the cure."
"Was It understood that the adminis
tration of the water cure was usual or
"It was."
"Who usually administered the cure?"
"Generally the Interpreters or scouts."
"What kind of water was generally
used ?"
"Usually dirty water was preferred to
clean water. The men would go out from
the shore and get a mixture of salt water
and sand and administer It."
"Why was that done?"
"In order to make the punishment more
Replying to Senator Beverldge Mr. Glbbs
said the victims of the water cure whom
he had seen after Its administration gen
erally looked as though sick at the stom
ach, but he had never known of but one
Mr. Glbbs was excused and George G.
Boardman. formerly of the Twentieth In
fantry, regulars, was called.
Mr. Boardman had not concluded his tes
timony when the committee adjourned for
the day, but before he had been excused he
had related some experiences which had
come under his observation while serving
for three years In the Philippines. He said
he bad never witnessed but one adminis
tration of the water cure, and that in that
Instance the victim had given the name
of another man who had told where there
were seventeen guns bidden. He related
the particulars of the murder ot a native
boy by the natives, who accused him of
having deserted their cause and of having
Joined the Americans.
The senate committee on the Philippines
will hold an executive session on Monday to
decide on a policy to be pursued with ref
erence to the ralllna- of witnesses. Some
of tbe members of the committee are
strongly nresslna- to have Miss Clemencla
Lopez, sister of Slxto Lopez, called. This
Question will be decided at Monday's meet
ing. The committee will also consider other
namea at the same time.
Trlbatea Paid by Representative
Stark and Others to Late
WASHINGTON, May 10. The house today
transacted some minor business. Including
the passage of a resolution to print 5,000
copies of Jefferson's "bible" and then laid
aside public business to pay tribute to the
memories of the lste Rufus K. Polk of
Pennsylvania and the late Senator J. H.
Kyis of South Dakota.
Those who delivered eulogies on ths life
snd character of Mr. Polk were: Messrs.
Green of Pennsylvania, Bates ot Pennsyl
vania, Richardson of Alabama, Bellamy ot
North Carolina, Stark of Nebraska, Padget
of Tennessee, Clayton of Alabama.
The following paid tribute to the memory
of Senator Kyle: Messrs. Burke ot South
Dakota, De Armond ot Missouri, Marshall
of North Dakota, Bell of Colorado, Mc
Cleary of Minnesota, Stark of Nebraska,
Martin ot South Dakota and Mann of Illi
nois. Bills were passed as follows: To make
Port Arthur, Tex., a subport of entry and
delivery In the customs district of Galves
ton; to amend ths set to grant the Clear
water Valley Railroad company a right of
way through the Nes Perces Indian lands
In Idaho; to amend the Internal revenue
laws so as to place storekeepers and guag
era on tbe same footing as regards salary;
to grant, an American register to the bark
"Homeward Bound."
The Fairbanks bill appropriating (100,000
for the relief of the citizens of the French
West Indies were presented to the house
thortly before 1 o'clock. Mr. Underwood
of Alabama expressed the opinion that
there waa no occasion tor a "legislative
spasm." He said the reports might be ex
aggerated and thought some official report
ahould be had of the exact condition In the
lslan . It 'would do no harm to wait until
Mondk7. notwithstanding Mr. Payne's pica
for the urg.c ui tu
Democrats of Both Houses to Draft
Measnre to Displace Philippine
Civil Government BUI.
WASHINGTON, May 10. As a result of
numerous conferences between democratic
senators and representatives It is expected
that a meaaure on the political atatus of
th Philippines will be sgreed upon by
the minority In both houses and Intro
ducsd In each house as a democratic sub
stitute for the Philippine civil government
It waa stated today by one of the con
ferees that although the meetings are still
In progress a general understanding has
been reached on certain main features of
concession on each aids. The house mem
bers objected to the democratic measure
in the aerate, which provided for a Joint
protectorate over the Philippines by the
United States, Great Britain, Germany and
other countries entering Into treaty agree
ment for auch protectorate. It la under
stood that this provision will be eliminated
or much moderated.
On the other hand the senators objected
to the house provision Imposing a consti
tution upon the Philippines during a period
preceding independence. This provision also
will be modified.
In other respects the Joint Philippine
bill will combine tbe main features of the
democratic bills In the senate and, house
providing tor ultimata Independencs ot the
Ths new measure has not yet been
drafted, however, so that Its details cannot
be glYcu.
Nominations hy the President.
WASHINGTON. May 10. The president
today sent tbe following nominations - to
tne senate:
Navy Commanders to be captains, Edwin
O. Pendleton and Jamea M. Miller; lieu
tenants to be lieutenant commandera, John
A. Dougherty and Jamea M. Plckrell; llru
trnar.ta (junior grade) to be lieutenants,
Emory Wlnship and Oeorge L. P. gtone.
Marin Hospital Service Paseed Assist
ant Surgeon Julius O. Cobb, South Caro
lina, to be surgeon.
Poelmaeter California. James C. Tyr
rell, st Grata Valley; Nebraska, Lorlng W.
Morgan, at Fulleiton; South Lauta,
trout o 1 i"Uh, at Wotinsocket.
Publication of the Ship Combine Agree
ment Has a Stupefying Affect
Financial Straits of Earland it Wolff Gave
Morgan His Opportunity.
New Tork Banker Did Not Bequire Urging
to Supply Needed Funds.
Lord Charles Bereaford Predicts that
Within Three Ycnrs the End of
British Merchant Marine
Supremacy Will Come.
(Copyright, 1902, by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, May 10. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) The publica
tion of the shipping combine agreement has
caused perfect stupefaction here, where re
liance was foolishly placed In the antece
dent announcements of the operators con
cerned. Public opinion will welcome any
measure, however drastic, to break up the
combine and the law officers of the crown
have been Instructed to report whether a
suit would lie against the British com
panies concerned, oa the ground that the
trust operates in restraint of trade. King
Edward, who was deeply concerned by the
recent reports of the scheme to undermine
British mercantile marine supremacy, was
lulled Into a sense of false security by pri
vate assurances similar to those publicly
given that the agreement contemplated
nothing that would affect the flag of a sin
gle British vessel.
Looking; for a Victim.
As the Rt. Hon. I. W. Plerrle of the Har-
land A Wolff firm is a privy councillor, the
king in his resentment has asked for an
opinion of the attorney general whether a
participation in a combination directly In
lmlcable to tbe Interests of the state is not
laconslstent with the terms of the solemn
oath taken by Mr. Plerrle when be was
sworn In tbe privy council.
The World haa Indubitable Information
that Mr. Plerrle was the originator of the
whole scheme. It appears that when Sir
William Harland died some years ago his
family drew all their capital out of the
shlp-bulldlng yarda, leaving Wolff and
Plerrle so hampered that they bad to obtain
heavy advaacea from the Ulster bank to
carry on their business. Recently the bsnk.
alarmed at tbe risk to British shipbuilding
by the prospect of the enactment of the
American ship subsidy law, pressed for a
repayment ot the advances and In this di
lemma Plerrle and Wolff approached J.
Plerpont Morgan with a proposal of deben
tures as security for advancea. Morgan
saw his opportunity and seized It, and. hav.
ing the Whit Star line in his power, easily
got tbe other companies to come to terms.
England' Marine Waterloo.
The transfer ot the shipping supremacy
of the Atlantic to the United States Is bit
ter enough to Englishmen. What maddens
them beyond endurance is J. Plerpont Mor
gan's subcontract with Harland & Wolff,
binding the greatest and most successful
shipbuilding concern in Great Britain not
to build any steamships without the con
sent of American paymasters. This Is re
garded as of national betrayal, especially
unpardonable la a firm which, through Its
30,000 orange worklngmen, has alwaya been
held up as a model of loyalty In disloyal
Ireland. At the House of Commons today
nothing else was tslked of but the ship
combine, which the members did not hesi
tate to say is the Waterloo of England's
mercantile marine.
"In three years we shall be nowhere
said Lord Charles Beresford to a Newcastle
ship owner. "Every one of these steamera
will be under the American flag and
officered and manned by Americana. The
ship subsidy bill will transfer shipbuilding
to the United States snd with the decline
of our mercantile marine our navy will
suffer. The only chance ot checking the
American advance Is for British ship owners
to form an opposing combine and for the
government to give a large subsidy in sup
port of it."
These views sre not more alarming than
thoss commonly current and exciting devel
opments in Parliament are expected.
Nice Distinction Between Debntaatees
and Married Women at Coart
(Copyright, 1902, by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, May 10. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) Ths king's
newest regulations for his courts read
strangely to those who cannot appreciate
the niceties of etlquet that hedge around
royalty. Tbe following Instructions appear
on ths Invitations to tbe next court:
"It a girl debutantes Is presented shs
wears a train, as will the lady who presents
her, and both may pass the royal presence,
but If a married woman Is presented the
lady presenting her does not wear a train
and does not pas the king and queen.
Ladles who do not paas will remain In a
different room with tbelr husbands and
after the court la over the king and queen
will pass through this apartment and see
their guests and probably speak to some of
those they know."
Tbe king has even so arranged It that
other royalties are kept quite in tbe back
ground at his receptions Instead of stand
ing In a semicircle around the sovereign
as In the late reign. Such guests aa pro
ceed to supper have the privilege of pass
ing the royal table, loaded with delicacies
while they themselves partake of sand
wiches, sweetmeats and thin champagne.
Cold Weather, Sleet aad Snew Come
Whea It Shoald Be
(Copyright, 1902, by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON. May 10. (New York World
Cablegram Special Telegram.) London Is
shivering under unparalleled May weather,
Sleet, anow and thunderstorms of ex
traordinary violence and all the worst fea
tures of the worst kind of January weather
have marked th merry month. Heavy
winter otercoats, furs and footwarmers
have been taken out again and the streets
present an aspect ot bitterest winter. This
state of things has been continuous for ten
days and shows no sign of abating. It has
added a superfluous chill to ths opening ot
ths coronation sesson and Is a serious set
back to th laborious efforts to galavsnls
It Into Ufa.
Forecast for Nebraska Fair Sunday;
Warmer In Eastern Portion: Showers at
Night or Monday In Northwest Portion:
Fair In Fast and South; Winds Becoming
1 Knox Files Reef Truat Salt.
American Come to Coronation.
'hipping Affairs Stnn Rrltlah.
F.rnptlona In Martinique t'ontlnne.
S Money to Finish Omaha Postoltlce.
Flaht Made on Special Embeeay.
3 Nebraska Xcwe.
Thompson to Start a Paper.
Masked Men Hold I p Trnln.
Plana of the 1'rcah) trrlana.
B Severe Snowstorms In the Itorth.
Rrpnrta of Trade t'ondltlona.
South Omaha News,
e Week In Omaha Society.
T Miners Expert to Strike.
Council BlnfTa and Iowa Hews.
ft Sportlna Events of a Day.
10 My tiardrn,
11 Weekly Sportlna; Review.
14 Woman and Her Work.
IS Amaaementa and Music.
Social ((oaalp from Pnrla.
Irt Story, "tanner of nine."
IT Growth of tbe Syndicates.
1H Editorial.
lO Labor In the Harvest Field.
ttnerr Thlnxa at Cnronatlona.
No Heltnlona Decline.
Sit Epochs In Medlcnl History.
2.1 Mnrket Hepurta.
24 tiarbawe Murstlon Ip Aaialn.
Temperature at Omaha Yeatrrdayi
. KI
. M
. R7
. n.t
. AN
Hour. I
1 1. m . . . ,
2 p. in ...
H p. in . . .
4 p. ni . . i
A p. iu , . . ,
I p. ... ,
T p. ui . . . ,
7 a.
H a,
U a.
10 a.
11 a.
VJ ni.
Falls la Michigan, Ohio and Wiscon
sin Canae Conaternatlon Among;
MILWAUKEE. May 10. About an inch of
snow fell here this morning. Later tht
snow turned into raia. The storm Is gen
eral in this vicinity. Temperature Is at
the freezing point and unprotected garden
truck will suffer.
DETROIT. Mav 10. Snow is falling to
day over the central part of the lower
peninsula and fruit growers in western
Michigan are alarmed. Grand Haven and
Sparta report a fall of six Inches. Reed
City and Ionia report light falls. At
Greenville two Inches bad fallen and It
was still snowing.
Fruit trees sre in full bloom in the
fruit belt along Lake Michigan and If the
temperature, which is Just above the freez
ing line, falls any lower the crop will be
seriously damaged. The local forecaster
predicts a steady rise, however, during
the day.
There were very heavy flurries of snow
In Detroit during the morning.
PLAIN FIELD, Wis.. May 10. The worst
May snowstorm In many years vlstied
this vicinity today, equaling a winter storm.
Five Inches of snow fell and much dam
age was done to crops and fruit.
CLEVELAND, O., May 10. A heavy snow
storm set In here today. Only once before,
since the local weather bureau office waa
established In this city, thirty years ago,
haa enow fallen eo late in the season.
Gets Two Years In Penitentiary for
Aiding; the Biddies to
PITTSBURG. May 10. Mrs. Catherine
Soffel, the wife ot Warden Peter Soffol of
the Allegheny county Jail, who entered a
plea of guilty to the charge of releasing
Edward and John Blddle, the burglars snd
murderers of Grocer Kahney and Detec
tive Fitzgerald, waa sentenced today by
Judge Frazer to two years In tbe Western
penitentiary. Mrs. Soffel received the sen
tence calmly and with no show of emotion.
She waa taken to the penitentiary this
Walter Dorman, the member ot the Bld
dle gang who turned state's evidence, and
entered a plea of guilty to the murder of
Kabney, waa called up and aentenced to
It Is understood that for the asalstance
rendered the state he will never be ex
ecuted and that the pardon board will com
mute hla sentence to life Imprisonment.
Alleged Murderer le Located by a
Force of Officers la
VINITA, Okl., May 10. John P. Dunn, the
alleged murderer ot Sheriff Powers of
Clarksvllle, Ark., Is reported located In Ok
lahoma and a force of deputies, accompanied
by Sheriff King ot Clarksvllle, haa Wt here
to attempt his capture. Dunn Is reported
closely guarded by friends and a fight la an
ticipated before he Is taken.
Powera waa killed by one of the gang of
bank robbers whom he surprised at work.
Dunn was arrested In Kansas and taken to
Wichita, where during a controversy be
tween tbe city and county officials over the
reward offered for blm, be escaped. It waa
intimated that Dunn was aided by some of
tbe ofl.cials snd Oovernor Stanley Instigated
an investigation, finally offering a reward,
for his csptur.
Bodies Are, However, Hurled
Different Pnrts of Family
NEW YORK, May 10. A doupls funeral
for Paul Leicester Ford, tbe author, and
Malcolm Ford, the brother who killed hlra
and himself on Thursday, was held today
In ths lata residence ot Paul Ford.
After the ceremony In the house ths two
bodies were taken to Sleepy Hollow ceme
tery, Tsrytown. They wers burled In differ
ent parts of th Ford family plot. Bishop
Edward Burgees of Long Island read ths
funeral servlcs.
W. W. Baldwin Believed to Have Lost
His Life la Colorado Hotel
CRIPPLE CREEK, May 10. A ma a be
lieved to bav been W. W. Baldwin aad to
hav been connected with th firm of Bald
win Bros., hardware dealere of Lincoln,
Neb., waa burned to death today In a fire
which destroyed the Sherman house and
halt a dosn other small buildings on Mey
ers avenue In thi city. Property loss, $20,-000,
Agent of British Ship Said to 'Be Bole
Survivor at 8t. Pierre.
Mont Felee's Deadly Eruption Begins Kay 3
with Dense Smoke Clouds.
Culminates Thursday in Town's Extinction
and Forty Thousand Killed.
Latest Reports Say Crater Contlnaea
Emissions of Lava and Relate
Story of Widespread Rula
aad Distress.
CASTRIES, St. Lucia, B. W. I., Msy 10.
Mont Pelee, a volcanic mountain some ten
miles north of St. Pierre, the commercial
capital of Martinique, is the mountain
which made a faint ahow of eruption fifty
years ago.
May 3, last, It began to throw out dense
clouds ot smoke. At midnight the same
day flames, accompanied with rumbling
noises, lighted tbe eky over an immense
area. May 4 hot ashes covered tbe whole
city quarter of St Pierre an Inch thick and
made Mont Pelee Invisible. At noon May S
a stream of burning lava rushed 4.400 feet
down the mountain side, following the dry
bed of a torrent and reaching the sea,, five
miles from the mountain. In three minutes.
In Its rush the fiery flood swept from Its
path plantations, buildings, factories, cat
tle and human beings over a breadth of
about half a mile.
At the rear of the mouth of the Riviere
Blanche stood the large Guerln sugar fac
tory, on of the finest in th Island. It
Is now completely entombed In lava. Th
tall chimney alone is visible. One hun
dred and fifty persons are estimated to
have perished there, including the owner'a
Sea Recedes All Aronnd.
As the lava ruBhed Into the sea the lat
ter receded 300 feet all along the west
coast, returning with greater strength, a
big wave covered the whole sea front ot St.
Pierre, but doing little damage ashor or
Terrible detonations, heard hundred of
miles northward, followed at short. Irregu
lar intervals and continued at night. In
tbe Intense darkness the electric light
failed, but tbe town was lit up by lurid
flashes of flame from the mountain. Th
terror-stricken Inhabitants rushed for th
hills In their nlghtclothr screaming, shout
ing and walling mad with terror. Th
Pllesono family escaped to St. Tura In a
small steamer.
Thirty-five persons, mostly women ami
children, arrived here In the forenoon of
the 6th and furnished the above details. '
The men remained at Martinique.
Tbe same day, later, telegraphic com
munications were Interrupted with Mar
tinique and St. Vincent. During tbe after
noon of tbe 8th the British steamer Rod
dam, which had left St. Lucia at midnight
on the 7th for Martinique, crawled slowly
Into the Castries harbor, unrecognltable,
gray with ashes. Its rigging dismantled
snd sheets and awnings hanging about,
torn and charred.
Haln of Fire on Board Ship,
Captain Whatter reported that, having
Just cast anchor off St. Pierre at S a. m. '
In fine weather succeeding an awful thun
derstorm during ths night, he was talking .
to the ship's agent, Joseph Pllssono, who
was in a boat alongside, when he saw a
tremendous cloud ot smoke and glowing
cinders rushing with terrific rapidity over
the town snd port, completely. In an In
stant, enveloping the former In a sheet of
flame, and raining fire on board. The agent
had Just time to climb on board when his
boat disappeared. Several of tbe crew of
Iloddam were quickly scorched to death.
By superhuman efforts, having steam up,
the cable was slipped and the steamer-,
backed away from the shore, and nine boura
later managed to reach' Castries.
Ten of Roddam's men were lying dead,
burned out of human semblance, among the
black cinders which covered the ship's
decks to a depth of six Inches. Two more
of the crew have since died.
Two of the survivors of the crew were
loud In tbstr praise of the heroic conduct
of the captalu, steering the vessel, away
from destruction with his own bsnds, which
were .badly burned by the rain of fir which
kept falling on the ship for miles after It
got under way. Beyond burns over his body
the captain Is safe, as is alao the ship's
agent, though be Is badly scorched.
Sole Survivor at St, Pierre.
Mr. Pllssono is believed here to be tbe
sole stirvlvor of ths 40.000 inhabitants of
the town, and all the shipping in the port
haa been utterly destroyed, the West In
dlan and Panama Telegraph company's re
pairing vessel going first, then tbe Quebeo
liner Roralma. Captain Muggah of the lat
ter waved his hand In farewell to Roddam
as hla vessel sank with a terrlflo explosion.
Tbe British Royal Mall ateamer Esk.
which called off Martinique at 10 o'clock
last nlgbt, reports standing off shore five
miles, sounding its whistle and sending,
up rockets. It received no answer.
Th whole sea front was biasing for
milea. Esk sent a boat ashore, but It could
not land on account of th terrlflo fire, which
waa accompanied by loud explosions. Not
a living soul appeared ssbore after the boat
had waited for two hours. Fire and ashes
fell all over the ateamer. ,
In the afternoon a French coasting
steamer arrived from Port de France, seek
ing assistance, as all tbs country was
burned up, tbe stock waa dying, all th
plantationa wers charred, the country peo
ple were flocking Into the towns and a
famine was feared. The steamer was
loaded with food of all aorts and was sent
back to Martinique at 1 p. m. Ths captain
of this vessel reported that some thirty
persons left St. Pierre by th o'clock
boat Thursday morning for Port d Franc,
and consequently were saved.
St. Pierre Eaeloaed by Fire.
All attempts to get to St. Pierre ar
barred by Are. Tbe closests observation
possible showed houses still biasing and
streets strewn with charred bodies. It I
certain that th whole town and neighbor
ing country for miles la utterly destroyed
and it la feared hers that few If any ot
tbe inhabitants escaped.
Th volcano of th island of St. Vincent
baa burst out la sympathetic eruption. A
steamer which returned from there last
night reports that the northern third of
th ialand was la flames and cut oft from
assistance by a continuous stream of burn
ing lava, ashes falling In heavy showers
aa far as 160 miles away. Klngstea. th
capital of BU Vlaocut, la sate, but peopl