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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 28, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: MONDAY, AlMtll, 28, 1002.
Tiie omaha Daily Bee
E. IIOSEWATER. EDITOR.
FUBLI8HKD EVERT MORNING.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Stats of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
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Evening and Bunday Bee printed during
the month of Marofi, 1IW2, was as folluws:
1 Ut,9TO 17 ...aiMWU
l sttr u au,4ao
l.. x,4jv it sn,sw
4 3tt,T70 20 KU,etM
t X,3u 21 IW.Slw
'jatfim b...., 2t,S(M
I iwtjo i3 m.aao
w,ao u xw.aiu
...... .1W.70O la IW.OW)
10 XW.4SO M 2U.OOO
ll... 81,5M XI SWsH
13 ..SW.3TO U 80.S40
1 ..at,40 2 ...JMMUO
It Xtt.UKO W 2t,lr0g
14 M....JCU,TO U....M tf,MO
Leaa unsold and returned copies.... t,tM)T
Net total sale MT,B1S
Net dally average 8V,2T7
OEO. B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 31st day of March. A. 1.
Uv2- OEORQE HASMUBSEN,
(Seal.) Notary Public
Another move on the South African
chess board is about due.
South Omaha politicians are clamor
tog for voting itachiues. Haren't they
had them all of the time?
The rule against talking too much Is
a good one as well for the ordinary lay
man as for the military officer In high
Is it not about time for the valiant
Henry Watterson to make another Up
roarious charge upon his phantom "man
on horseback?" ,
The incorporation of canal power
companies Is the latest fad, but all of
the power canals projected up to date
still remain on. paper.
Olre Senator Jones of Arkansas credit
for one 'good trait He seems to realize
when be Is beaten and to be willing to
subside while his star la In eclipse.
These Christmas tales found ax few
credulous pople to swallow them In
Denmark as they did In America, where
no one even professed to believe them.
A wise American mule will make the
most of it while the Boer war lasts.
There's no telling how soon his services
will be again in such great demand
The struggle for the control of the
eggs of the country has become bo fierce
that artificial egg layers as well as
artificial egg hatchers will be put In
When the telegraph and electric light
wires have been placed under ground
and the billboards are taken down to
stay down the danger In our public
thoroughfares during hurricanes will be
A new code pt laws of ancient Baby
Ionia has been unearthed and deciph
ered. It 1 safe to say that they arc
Just as applicable to preseut conditions
as some of the dead letter laws we
still cherish on .our modern statute
If the reverend senators want to keep
up to the pace that has been set for
tbem by pugilistic and fractious mem
bers they will have to invent' a fe'w
new forms of violent outbreaks that will
each in succession produce a climax In
J. rierpont Morgan's exploits are be
coming so famous that over in Europe
the apprehension is cropping oat that
his venture may be an effort to perfect
merger ot all tie royal crowns
handed down to present owners from
medieval ancestry. That would be a
The call for the populist state conven
tlon which has Just been given to the
public officially apportions 128 delegates
to Douglas county, where the populists
scarcely muster 600 votes, while six of
the biggest ' populist counties, namely,
BuUer, Buffalo, Custer, Dawes, Hamil
ton and Saunders combined will have
only 129 delegates.
The brilliant genius that edlta the
Omaha double-ender makes a most pa
tbetlc appeal to the citizens of Omaha,
South Omaha and Council Bluffs to
emulate the enterprise and push of Mo
bile, Ala. When It Is borne In mind that
Meblle, after 3JO0 years of public-spirited
push and enjoying all of the natural
adrantagea of a great seaport has
managed to carom a population of
scarcely 50,000 and ruts absolutely no
figure in the clearing house record, the
value at this suggestion must Impress
Itself on Intelligent tri city business
t J7f OTUKk SIDS
When the Americnn army In the Phil
ippines is lieing nuhjcrted to severe crit
icism and the soldier denounced as
cruel and brutal. eA'nn the rnruinfindlng
general leing characterized on the finor
of the niitionnl senate by a democratic
sfnntor ns a "dastard villain," It Is Inter
esting to note that there is another side
to this matter which shows that the
Philippine army is not so wholly bnd as
some have proclaimed It
A few days ago the war department
seut to Senator Ixwlge, chninuan of the
senate committee on Philippine affairs,
a mass of correspondence relating to
conditions in the archipelago, included
In which were over half ft hundred pe
titions from native sources asking the
retention of United States troops at
various points In the islands. The pe-
tltlouers declare that by the preseuce of
American troops In their respective lo
calities they are insured humane, treat
ment, protection' and the maintenance
of peace and good order. ; In mauy
cases the petitions refer to Individual
American officers whom the natives
have learned to admire and respect and
to whom they look for protection and
Justice. All these petitions are most
hearty and cordial In praise of the
American officers and soldiers and In
every case where a removal of troops
was to be made express regret therefor,
not a few urging that they be allowed
to remain. There can be no reasonable
doubt in regard to the origin and au
thenticity of these petitions. Their lan
guage and style of expression clearly
show that they are from native
While It Is not questioned that some
cruelties have been practiced In the
Philippines, some things done which
cannot be Justified, there Is no warrant
for the sweeping and unqualified de
nunciation of the army, there which
some have Indulged In. . The truth is,
that with rare exceptions the soldiers
In the Philippines have treated the
natives humanely and Justly and have
patiently borne with provocations of
which people at home can have no con
ception. Those who have been guilty of
unjustifiable cruelty should be punished
and undoubtedly will be so far as it Is
possible to do so, but fair-minded peo
ple will not believe that the entire army
In the Philippines is amenable to the
cba.'ge of cruelty and Inhumanity.
The Indianapolis Journal suggests that
if Canada's friends In the United States
are so anxious for what they call reci
procity, why do they not require that
Canada shall pledgo before negotiations
begin, that the duty on American mer
chandise shall be the same as the duty
on British merchandise,' instead ot 25
per cent higher. "This discrimination
against the United States," remarks
that paper, "Is never mentioned by the
advocates of so-called reciprocity, prob
ably because they know that Great Brit
ain, which makes Canada's trade treat
ies, will not consent to equal duties on
merchandise imported into Canada. The
advantage of 25 per cent In favor of
Oreat Britain Is equivalent to a pro
tective duty of 25 per cent for the mer
chandise of free trade England when
Imported Into Canada."
While this discrimination has not
been of any very great advantage to
English manufacturers, as shown by the
statistics of Canadian trade, it is none
the less an obstacle to closer trade rela
tions between this country and Canada
and it Is one which the latter has not
nronosed to remove, though it would
perhaps be willing to somewhat modify
the discrimination if the Imperial gov
ernment would consent It Is unlikely.
however, that England could be Induced
to relinquish any considerable part of
the protection its manufacturers now
have in the tariff of Its American col
ony and It is entirely certain that the
Imperial government would not permit
Canada to enter into a reciprocity
agreement that would place American
merchandise on an equal footing with
British in the Canadian market
The Interests In the United States
which are most strenuous in urging re
ciprocity with Canada, however, appear
to be quite unconcerned respecting the
tariff discrimination In favor of the
English manufacturers. What they are
troubled about la the threat of Canada
to Increase the duties on American
merchandise, though there is po great
probability of this being done, In spite
of the brave talk of a few Canadian
statesmen, for the obvious reason that
such a policy would work to the disad
vantage of the people of the Dominion
and would not In the least better the
chances for commercial reciprocity tar
Iff retaliation on the part of Canada,
as is being threatened, would be foolish
and futile, for In such - a, case the
United States would not be helpless and
could return some hard blows.
Canada wants a free American market
for her natural product. To grant her
this, as waa done by the old reciprocity
treatv. would be a detriment to our
agricultural Interests, which have as
good clulm to' protection as sny other
Interests. The desirability of closer
trade relations between the two coun
tries may be admitted, but If ever
realised It will be upon a more equitable
basis than Canada has yet proposed, the
most important feature of which must
be the abandonment of discrimination In'
favor of British merchandise.
1 AT ATIOX or MiSH'WBI HtVtR9RlDitS
The Burlington road has invoked the
Dover of the courts to enjoin the coin
missloners of Cass county from levjfng
and collecting a special tax on the rail
way bridge that span the Missouri river
at Plattauiouth. This action revives the
old Issue of railway bridge taxation that
has In years past caused so much vex
ation and bitter contention.
It is a matter ot history that all of the
bridges across the Missouri have been
erec ted under separate charters granted
by congress under the assumption that
the Missouri river is a navigable stream
which cannot be bridged , without the
permission of the national authorities,
I because) such structures would luptde
nsvlgatlon. That these bridges neces
sarily constitute part of the main lines
of the railroads for which they were
constructed Is an Indisputable fact but
the railroad projectors have treated
those bridges as separate from the rail
road proper and have capltallrd them
Independent of their main lines. The
Union Pacific bridge at Omaha, for ex
ample, was bonded for $2,500,000, al
though Its original cost did not exceed
half of that sum.
Having enormously overvalued and
capitalized these bridges, the railroads
have for many years Imposed-a special
bridge toll upon all traffic that crosses
the Missouri river and by such policy
assumed a Just liability for special tax
ation. For nearly twenty years the
Union Pacific bridge at Omaha collected
50 cents for every passenger and $10 for
every carload of freight conveyed across
It. WIthfn the past ten years the bridge
tolls have been reduced by one-half, or
$3 per carload and 25 cents per passen
ger. The bridge tolls across the Mis
souri at Plattsmouth have been the
same as those at Omaha, the only differ
ence being that they do not appear on
the freight bills because the bridge Is
merely an extension of the Burlington
system and the bridge tolls are absorbed.
Whether the bridge tolls are high or
low, Just or unjust the main question is.
Why should not the Missouri river rail
road bridges be treated as separate prop
erty from the main lines so long as the
railroads persist In separating these
bridges from their main lines by special
charges? If Missouri river bridge tolls
are Justified, why should there not also
be special charges at every tunnel which
railroads have built through the moun
tains of Colorado, Wyoming, Utah and
The Missouri river bridges have long
ago paid for themselves, but even if
thero had not been a dollar paid off on
the original Investment is It not right
and reasonable that these bridges
should be separated for purposes of tax
ation so long as the railroad companies
see fit to separate them from the main
lines for the exaction of a special bridge
toll? If these bridges lmve become part
of the main lines for all intents and pur
poses, why should the roads persist in
treating them as special properties that
must earn Interest upon the capital In
vested in their construction, or, worse
yet, upon capital borrowed on the
trength of the ability of the railroads
to levy tribute upon the traffic of the
The bill granting to the Omaha North
ern Hallway company an extension of
three years In which to construct the
road across the Omaha and Winnebago
Indian reservation has passed both
houses of congress and now goes to the
president for his signature. The pro
moters of this air line railroad have se
cured the right-of-way through the
Indian reservations under pretext that
they have the capital to build a rail
road, but the fact that they have log
rolled a bill through congress to give
them three years more time within
which to complete the road clearly
Indicates that this is simply a specula
tive scheme for unloading a franchise,
to some syndicate yet to be organized
or to some existing road that Is willing
to pay a bonus for preventing the con
struction Of a competing line. Whether
such enterprises deserve encouragement
Is extremely doubtful. If there was a
long felt want for the road there ought
to have been no trouble In meeting the
conditions of the original bill within the
time prescribed in the charter. If the
air line Is simply an anchor thrown to
windward It should never have been
given a charter.
The Idiotic gabble about 1,000 Ameri
can Journalists who will be in Omaha
when the next National Editorial as
sociation assembles would be amusing
if it were not so deceptive. At the re
cent gathering of this so-called National
association at Hot Springs, Nebraska,
with its 000 newspaper publications, was
represented by two men and the press
of other states pro rata. A photographic
view of the whole assemblage pub
lished by the St Louis Globe-Democrat
shows a great majority to have been
women, with a sprinkling of men and
some Juveniles, and it is exceedingly
doubtful whether the number of these
Junketeers will exceed one-tenth of one
Each succeeding decision of our su
preme court on questions of vital public
Importance brings new converts to the
demand for an early and effective re
casting of Nebraska's outgrown con
stitution. The necessity for a more up-to-date
fundamental law conforming
more nearly to the new conditions with
which the state Is confronted after more
than twenty-five years of growth and
pi-ogress Is becoming more and more
Imperative, opening the eyes of the
people to the urgency of Immediate
action. The Bee has for years been
consistently calling for constitution re
vision and its agitation is sure to bear
fruit before very long.
The Omaha gusher, better known as
the World-Herald, emits a whole volume
of vapor and gas exhorting public
spirited cltlxeus ot Omaha to emulate
the example of New Orleans, Mobile
and other southern cities. The plan
proposed by the gusher Is very sim
ple. Each and every individual liv
ing in Omaha, South Omaha and
Council Bluffs must wear a metal
budge In the buttonhole of his, ber
or its Jacket, overshlrt or shirtwaist
I as an evidence ot membership In good
standing, and when any of these people
come in front of a fence they must pull
themselves across by the bootstraps or
Taking On a Bracer.
We are not afraid of any nation, but
we are going to spend l-'J.OOO.OOO on new
warships to keep our cpurage up.
Owe Remedy la Slaat.
At the present rate in tea years almost
very t king people eat, drink or use will be
la Um ia f coAbUioUosa, Iters is a
limit somewhere. And It msy corns to the
point where the people of the United States
who shers in neither monopoly profits nor
stock-juggling will be compelled to combine
against the combinations.
Provocation for a Kick.
It Is pretty discouraging for a court of
Justice to hand down a derision against
a shirt waist at this time of year snd with
a hot wave said to be within arm's reach
Joe Saved Ills Hair.
Joseph Jefferson declines to tske any
chances with osculstory females who are
delighted with his performances. Mr. Jef
ferson is too old to take up the piano ss
Good Business Policy.
Secretary Shaw Is to be commended for
ruling that government warrants and
checks may hereafter be paid after simple
indorsement guaranteed by the banks' pre
senting the paper for payment. Heretofore
not only endorsement baa been necessary,
but the check or warrant bad to be ac
companied by s certificate showing the au
thority of the Indorser. The change Is In
the line ot good business polloy.
Chunks of t'aeless Information.
Camilla Flammarlon, the well-known
French astronomer, has announced the fact
that 1,000,000.000 minutes sine the begin
ning ot the Christian era had elapsed on
Friday last at 6:10 p. m. Nobody probably
experienced any sensation whereby the
billionth minute of the Christian era could
be differentiated from any that went be
fore or that have come after. The man
who knows how many commas there are lu
the Bible or how many times tho article
"a" la repeated In Shakespeare will doubt
less seize this chunk of French astronom
ical wisdom with susto.
Germany was never a bright and shining
light In colonial administration, so that
the details of ber deficits in China afford
no cause for surprise. Figures of this
sort, however, are practically valueless, as
the benefits of colonial trade do not appear
in governmental balance sheets to offset
expenditures. Few departments of gov
ernmental expenditure pay their way. We
nt er get back directly what we spend for
police and Are protection. Canada costs
Oreat Britain money, but It comes handy
in war time.
Let In Plenty of Sunshine.
You may go about among nine-tenths of
the comfortable homes In almost any civil
ized country and find that the sun is
counted by the typical housewife her es
pecial foe. Sne does not allow him even
to peep into her parlor, that holy of holies,
where her best furniture and her finest
carpets and costliest hangings are oh, no!
Science ha"s clearly shown that sunlight
properly used decreases mortality. Both
physically and morally we should let the
sunlight have free right of way into our
lives. If we let it into the physical sphere
it will find Its own way into the moral.
There is no such thing as too much sunlight.
A NEW "AMERICA" NKEDKD.
Patriotic Movement for a Tane
Hcy of (he Soli."
The Rhode Island Society of the Cincin
nati has become dissatisfied with the na
tional anthem "America" because the
music to which It Is sung Is not American
snd not even original and, worse than that.
because It is the music to the British na
tional hymn, "God Save the King," the
words and tune of which are said to have
been written in the eighteenth century by
The Rhode Island patriots are right in
their contention. The words of "America"
were written in 1832 by Prof. Samuel F.
Smith, a Baptist clergyman and a graduate
of the famous 1829 Harvard class. The song
was first sung In Boston in tho year in
Which it was written to the tune of "God
Save the King." and that has been Its tune
To secure a fitting musical setting for the
words the Rhode Island society has offered
a gold medal. Further compensation must
be look for In the subsequent fame which
will come to the successful composer. The
terms of the offer are contradictory. The
tune will have to meet snd pass the se
verest criticism of competent musical
Judges and at the same time satisfy the
popular taste. The music which may be
accepted by the experts, however. Is often
"caviare to the general." Perhaps some
middle way may be found and an "Amer
ica" be produced which will satisfy both
sides. In any event, a new tune Is needed
and new words would not be out of place,
for the present ones are hardly up to date
and the form of the verse Is restrictive
upon the composer. The offer of the medal
and the chance of glory may set many pens
at work, aqd out of the multiplicity of
compositions one msy be found which wtll
bo acceptable not only to the Judges, but to
the whole people. It may not be as stately
as the Austrian hymn nor as fiery aa the
"Marseillaise," but if It Is something Amer
ican and somethtng the people can slnr it
will be all right. .
The editor of the Manila Volcano, having
keen fined $100, with a day In prison to
think It over, will nrobsbl ha ).. i
If the "war room," so-cslled, of the
White house Is turned into a bedroom the
sleeper therein may reasonably expect to
have the nightmare.
Paul Revere's house In Boston, from
which he started out on the "ride" April
19, 1775. Immortalized by Longfellow, Is
now a "Bancs Itallana."
Paris baa a .mighty hunter, the viscount
of Bourg de Bozas, who, .with his trusty
rifle, killed six big elephants In four min
utes. Tartarin of Tarascon did nothlnc
Ilka this. '
Aleon S. Sherman, Chicago's oldest liv
ing ex-mayor, was 91 on Monday. He has
the unique distinction of being numbered
among the departed In a Chicago almanac
of this year's Issue.
M. Blenvenu, chief engineer of the Paris
Metropolitan underground railway, la about
to visit the United States to study the
American system of passenger hsndllng, as
well as various projected underground
roads in the larger cities.
John Hays, a close friend of President
McKlnley, has just died In Cleveland st
the sge of 17. He opened the first copper
mines In the Lake Superior district and
Interested the Hanna family in the min
ing district of the upper lakes. He was a
Pennsylvanlan by birth.
Castle Loo, where Queen Wllhelmlna lies
111 of typhoid fever. Is an ancient pile with
a history redolent with the mold ot ages,
and sanitary appliances calculated to start
an epidemic of any old disease. It would
not taks first prize sa a health resort. In
everything except the suae of which it
U built it Is rotten wUh the ooze and
slime of countless generations, and the
damp atmosphere of the place is enough
to drive a atrong mas to drlns The re
covery of the popular young queen under
the elreumstances 4ll bs a great victor
tor madsra medical skill.
FOR THE STATE TICKET.
Fremont Tribune: W. D. Holbrook's csn-
dldacy for lieutenant governor Is generally
accepted as the right thing.
Ord Journal: A large number of repub
lican papers In this vicinity spoke com
pllnientsry of Peter Mortensen as a candi
date for stste treasurer In their Issue of
O'Neill Frontier: J. P. A. Black of
Bloomlngton, Neb., has announced himself
as a candidate for the republican nomina
tion for governor. Mr. Black Is one of the
active, progressive republicans of the Fifth
congressional district and la sure to be an
nctlve figure In the next state convention.
Rushvllle Record: As the time gets
nearer for the state convention our prefer
ence for Judge Jessen for governor gro,ws
stronger. We have not heard a word
against him, and we have somehow a pretty
good opinion of a coursgeous, upright Judge.
Jessen's record Is all right, and these are
the kind we want in office.
Custer County Republican: W. 0. Sears
of Tekamah, late speaker ot the bous has
authorized the use of his name as a candi
date for governor, subject to the republican
state convention. He seems to be among
the leading candidates mentioned by the
newspapers. Taul Jessen of Otoe and J. P.
A. Black of Franklin are also among the
Tork Times: Out at Bloomlngton, J. P.
A. Black haa been brought out as a can
didate for governor. The Republican valley
could hardly bring out a more able and
creditable candidate, and they have a lot
hot good men out there. Mr. Black is an
educated man and a good lawyer, as well
as a highly respected citizen. He would
make a good governor.
Central City Nonpareil: W. M. Robert
son of Norfolk Is receiving some flattering
endorsements aa a gubernatorial candidate.
He has a strong following, not only In the
Third district, but throughout the stste.
The Nonpareil bellves Mr. Robertson would
make a good governor; and, one thing Is
certain, It he Is elected Ez and Joe and
their gang will have to take a seat out In
the bsck yard.
Blair Pilot: The mention of Hon. W. D.
Haller's name as a candidate for lieutenant
governor of Nebraska is a good one and
brings to the front the name ot a man who
In public life has been a staunch friend ot
the taxpayers. The Pilot has faith in Mr.
Haller's Integrity and believes that Mr. Mai
ler, Bhould he receive ths nomination, for
lieutenant governor, would much strengthen
the ticket. His work In the legislature Is
still well remembered, and during his long
public service no man has ever had cause
to question his acta.
Hartlngton Herald: Judge Robertson hss
many old friends In this county who are
Staunch supporters of his candidacy for
governor and he . made a very favorable
Impression on those whom he met for the
first time. Judge Robertson Is unquestion
ably an able, energetic and fearless man.
who If nominated and elected would bring
to the executive branch of the state gov
ernment the, stamina that would make him
governor In fact as well as In name. Pres
ent Indications are that Cedar county will
be in the Robertson column with thirteen
Springfield Monitor: Among Nebraska
republicans who sre willing to serve the
people as governor of our great state is
H. H. Wilson, a prominent attorney and
politician of Llncola. Years ago, way
back in the early '70s, Wilson taught sev
eral terms of school In (his county and If
we remember light it was In the Forest
City, Potwln and Oates districts. The
writer became acquainted with him at that
time and while attendicg the State univer
sity. ' Wilson has continued to push for
ward tc the top of the ladder from the
very start and now his smbltion is to be
governor of Nebraska.
Strangling; the Measure for Election
of Senators by Popular Vote.
Chicago Reoord-Herald (rep.).
The senate committee on privileges and
elections has probably beaten the resolu
tion for the election of United States sena
tors by the people by adopting the Depew
amendment. The amendment provides that
the qualifications entitling citizens to vote
for senators shall be uniform throughout
the country and that congress shall have
charge of ths elections. It Is anomalous
and Irrelevant, and it Is condemned by
Senstor Dcpew's own speech In Its defense.
Consistency should have constrained him
to argue for a general "force bill," but In
one breath he repudiated ths principle and
the objects of such a bill snd In the next
adopted them for his special measure.
There Is a msnlfest !ack of good faith In
such a course, and It becomes the more
marked when It Is understood that the sen
ator is opposed to the election of senators
by the people and would like to see the
The majority of the committee were evi
dently actuated by the same motives, the
purpose being to put the democratic friends
of the resolution In a hole. If they are
compelled to vote on the resolution and the
amendment together they will naturally
prefer that the resolution Itself should fall
rather than that there should be any Inter
ference with the election lawa in the south.
Of the ethics of those laws It is unneces
sary to apeak now, but It Is clear that they
have been lugged into the debate on the
election of senatora by the people without
excuse. The attempt Is being made to de
feat a desirable reform by a trick.
, OOIFEL OP PRITACT.
Becoming- a Marked Characteristic of
Saturday Evening Post.
One reason why nobody has written the
stsndard book upon American customs snd
manners, and a possible explanation why
we wait vainly for the great American
novel, )s the fact that American life Is In
such a constant condition of change. If
one were so gifted ss to catch an absolutely
accurate picture of the nation this yesr,
one would find next year that It was out ot
date and untrustworthy. This refers not
so much to conditions ot commerclsl pros
perity or to fluctuations of political feel
ing, as to the small ways of dally life.
Never has there been, la the history of the
world, a country where Individuals and
whole communities have been so full ot ths
passion for self-improvement as we are.
Among tbs ldess which we ksvs half got
hold of, snd whloh we are likely to take
up with increasing enthusiasm within the
next few years. Is that of the advantages
and delights of privacy. We have been
domestic without being especially private.
We never make much of a point ot pulling
the curtains at nightfall across our sitting
and dining room windowa, and when we
first possessed piano lamps with broad um
brella shadss we put them at ones into ths
front bay window, so that the passers-by
might enjoy them. Formerly we used to
crowd Into summer hotels, and ths nearer
our chairs stood to ths chairs of our fellow
guests ths hsppler ws were. If there Is
a trace ot exaggeration In all this ths
resder will perhsps pardon It, because It
heightens a contrast. Nowadays each one
ot us longs for a small cottage in the
country wti-ra he may plant bis own vine
and fig tree.' We screen our front porches
with flowers sod swnlngs. Soon It msy
happen that some one will rescue the bsck
yard and maks ot it a pleasant garden.
Blight aa the evidences of It are, the
change Is begun. In America, that Is al
most tbs sarns thlag as completed.
BITS OF WASIIISftTOt LIFE.
Scenes ana Inclaents Observed at the
Improvements of s radical character In
the Interior arrangements of the White
House are contemplated. It Is proposed to
uproot modern alterations, msde in yesri
past, and restore the rolonlsl character
of the building both In decoration and ar
rangement of the rooms. For that purpose
sn srchltect Is making plans and esti
mates to enable the proper committees to
provide the necesssry expense.
No president who hss In the pnst found it
necessary to remodel or renovate the White
House has hsd in mind keeping It strictly
to the period In which It was built until
the matter tell Into the hands of President
Roosevelt. Modern works of art snd mod
ern furniture snd modern decoration have
taken the place of the colonial effects
without an effort at preserving the origi
nal. What has been done at Mount Ver
non will be done at the White House. Th9
modern stained glass In the front ball will
be removed, leaving the stately propor
tions of the hall untouched by throwing
what is now the vestibule and the red cor
ridor into one. Some modern msntels ot
Inferior outline will be replaced by thoso
copied after the fine ones in some of the
first floor rooms. The effort of the presi
dent will be to preserve and not destroy
the historic value of the house.
Senator Kerns ot Utah Is doing some large
entertaining this season, reports a Wash
ington letter. He lives at a leading hotel
snd has the reputation of being very rich.
He started business when he was 14: at
that time ha became a "freighter," carry
ing miners' supplies from a railroad
terminus in Nebraska to ths Black Hills.
He hsd quit school four years before for
the mors remunerative occupation of farm
work In Holt county. He discovered the
Mayflower and Bllver King mines and that
was the turning point In his fortunes. He
left off laboring at )2 a day and soon went
to buying railroads and gathering In politi
cal honors. He and Senator Clark of Mon
tana make a congenial working team. They
are now laying a railroad from Salt Lake to
Senator Hanna was recently Informed by
one of his colleagues that Senator Julius
Catsar Burrows of Michigan proposed to
make a big fight against the Cuban reci
"Oh, don't worry about that." replied
Hanna, "It doesn't prove anything, beyond
the fact that Burrows haa a remarkable
capacity for getting on the wrong side of
"Yes." replied the other, "but you don't
know Burrows. He will fight on, and on,
until the last moment."
Senator Hanna paused and then slowly
surveyed his companion with the half
compassionate smile ot one who pities an
"Of course he'll fight to the last moment."
answered the stout Ohloan, "but he won't
fight a minute longer. Did you ever know
Burrows to be out of line at the finish? I
never did. He'll fall in with the procession
Delegate Dennis Flynn of Oklahoms has a
German constituent whose name, for the
purposes of this story, is Henry. The
worthy German, who speaks with a broad
accent, wanted a place as oil inspector,
relates the Washington Post, and cams to
Flynn with his application.
"That's all right," said Flynn, "but you
should see the governor. Tell him what
you want and he will fix It."
Henry went to the governor. A few days
later he saw Flynn again. "Denny," he
said, "I haf vent to the gov'nor and I haf
told him vot I vant.. He says he vlll glf
me dus consideration. I says to him that
I do not vant dus consideration, but I vants
the inspectorship. I says to him to gif
that due consideration to the other feller.
By ths way, Denny, vat sort of s place Is
this 'due consideration' snywayT"
While "Private" John Allen was in
Washington recently he started this story
on Its rounds. "There is sn East St. Louis
citizen named Zellerbaum. Zellerbaum
saw little service during the civil war, but
Insists that he was In the greatest battles.
To his hearing one night at a Grand Army
of the Republic campflro Zellerbaum waa
telling of his prowess in two battles. A
little man In the back of the hall arose.
" 'Both these battles were fought on the
same day and 1.600 miles apart,' he asld.
" 'My - friends,' shouted Zellerbaum,
'there's a traitor among us! Throw the
"And they did."
Secretary Shaw tells a story on Prof.
Hyatt, the weather observer at St. Louis.
Prof. Hyatt has the appearance of a busi
ness man. During the recent street car
strike he was about to get on a car when
a member of the strike committee stepped
up to him and asked if he Intended riding
on the car. The weather man replied that
such was his Intention. The striker sought
to persuade him not to ride, but the pro
fessor preferred riding to walking and
started to get on the car.
"Well, if you ride on that car we wtll
withdraw our patronage from you," said
I don't care whether you patronize me or
not. I'm In ths weather business," replied
Prof. Hyatt, as he hopped on the car.
Prominent men receive all sorts of things
by mall, but a letter found In Senator De
pew's mail last week will match the most
of them. It is from a small town In south
"Dear Mr. Depew," It said, "we are get
ting up a negro minstrel show for the pur
poss of buying a sett of colored dishes for
tbs Baptist church. We are to have four
end men, two of whom are women, and one
interlo you know who I mean (I can't spell
It), who slta In the middle. We need a lot
of new and decent Jokes, so ss not to shock.
There sre lots of old women In our church.
"Won't you sit down and write us about
fifty good new Jokes; soms things that
havs never been used before? Make them
splitters,' aa this show Is for a new sett of
dishes for the Baptist church. Please grind
them out as soon as possible, snd send
them to me.
"P. S. We will put on the program: 'All
these original Jokes wers made up by
Chauncey Depew.' That will pay you for
Seatlmeat In Their Favor Overcoming
Despite the high and austere Intent of
Wesleyanism and Calvinism and without
detracting an lota from the essential stand
ards of either there Is a msnlfest reaction
In favor of surpllced choirs among con
gregations hitherto averse by tradition to
Classic denunciations of prelacy by Puri
tanism are still read with Interest sod
pleasure, but chiefly for the sske of the
style. Milton's prose was never aa popu
lar as his poetry: It grows less so every
generation. . But when Milton writes eVen
prose, even prose glossed over and over
with once fresh but now stale Latin and
Greek compounds; when Milton piles up
epithets until a verbal Felien surmounts a
verbal Oasa, bs will continue to be read
mors or less, perhaps less. But while
Milton will alwsys command homsgs hs
will not always be convincing. Without,
however, reinstating prelacy la unpreWlcal
places a surpllced choir msy be Installed
In a meeting house and not reverse Its
colors nor darken Its predilection for aim.
The vested choir arrears to be gaining
to almost the point of a vested right.
There are reasons wholly untheoloslcal In
Its favor. If all the members of the choir
wesr the sams hue snd cut of tunic there Is
less dlstrsctlon caused among the wor
shipers by their presence. A vsrlety ot
bonnets on the soprani snd altl benches
lures many a sensitive being away from
prayer book and hymnal to millinery and
mantua-mskers. . Variegated scarfs and
neckties among tenorl snd bassl dazzle the
young of both sexes and make for wnrld
llness, while the white garment worn by
one and all suggests other worldllness.
There Is undoubtedly sn esthetic argu
ment, moreover. In favor of the white tunlo.
White Is more becoming to most complex
Ions thsn sny texture containing a plument,
for white and black are not colors, but only
light and shade. White also Is the most
beautiful ot symbolism. It Is the emblem
of Innocence. If tastefully draped It may
even symbolize the angenc array of organ
pipes with an unseen but imaginable 8U
Cecilia at the keyboard.
The churches with vested choirs are
likely to have larger congregations, per
manent and transient, then churches with
out vested choirs. For now as formerly
many to church repair not for ths doctrine
but the music there. Good singing Is a
potent ally for doctrine.
Did not Luther sing the reformation to
success? Now comes ths time to reform
the singing snd to that end a vested choir
Is ss regular army officers leading volun
teers to victory.
HOT A Tit IE "RECORD.
Maw tho Oraaa of Connrr.a s Edited
for Political Effect.
New York Mall and Express.
Ths Congressional Record Is not at pres
ent conducted for the benefit of the people
who pay for It, but for the convenience and
ulterior political purposes of the members
When sn average representative In ths
lower house, for instance. Is permitted by
Speaker Henderson to make a speech, he Is
perfectly well aware that he will not be
reported In the newspapers. The paper
have a great many things to publish, and
have no room for the average congress
man's remarks. The member does not ex-r-ect
to Influence the houss. He knows
that It la Influenced by other considers
tlons than those which the chance repre.
sentatlve can bring forward In a set speech.
Whst he wants to do Is to get his re
marks before his constituents in the most
Impressive way. He does not even expect
them to read his speech, but he wants
them to know that he made It, and to
suppose that It Is of consequence. So he
does what the rules permit him to do and
the practice of the house encourages him
In doing he takes his speech out of ths
report of the regular proceedings In the
next day's Record; be cuts out Its worst
passages and sdds to Its leaden stupidity
various brass ornaments of rhetoric; he
puts a title and a beautiful poetical extract
at the head of It; beneath this he places
his own name, with Its prefix of "Honor
able," and his Parlous congressional attri
butes, in displayed lines, below tEls; he haa
printed all by Itself In a subsequent num
ber of the Record, and then, under his
frank, he has it circulated all over his
His constituents get the idea that their
representative's address Is being honored
with especial prominence and distinction In
the Record. It seems to them to be de
tached and put forward because it was
deemed too important for Inclusion In the
ordinary routine. They are Impressed.
And the representative's object is accom
plished, so far as that speech can accom
The Congressional Record Is by this prac
tice perverted from ita true purpose. Its
report of the proceedings of congress ought
to be a true and complete record, from which
the people, or the few men who look into
things and form Judgments for them, ran
tell Just how much of the wheat of actual
sense and information Is mixed up In the
chsff of buffoonery, "bluff," buncombe and
blundering that make up four-fifths of the
talk in congress. The Record ought net to
be a mere trick to impose on the electors.
It should be full, honest, accurate and ab
solutely literal and downright In Its picture
of the public proceedings of congress.
Detroit Free Press: He I know It! I feel
ltl You have been flirting- with some other
Bho But, my dear, I was so lonesome
Philadelphia Press: "They have two serv
ant." "Huh, that's nothing. We usually havo
two In our house; one going and the other
V UHBl' WO,. .lie v.. ' .-.- .
gedlun went out to advertise his own show.
"That." said the Jnker. aa the tragedian
strapped on the boards, "la a good Illustra
tion or a nam-sanawicn.
Washington Star: "What do you think
win h the ontrome of this Isthmian canal
"Well," answerea uenator norznura, wim
the air of a man who weighs his opinions,
"1 think I can guarantee you some very
Boston Trat.scrlpt: Edith What makes
vou look so downcast, Huth? There must
be something- that's troubling you.
Ruth Tell you the truth. Kdlth. my rfisr
ried life has been a disappointment. Be
fore we were married all. the girls were
after Charley; but now It doesn't appear
that any of them want him. I should ho
so happy If one or two of them would only
try to steal him away from me.
Philadelphia Press- "Whenever I'm In
clined to lose my temper." said the philo
sophic man. "1 Just think to myself: Oh.
there's no use getting mad.' "
''Bo do I," replied the excitable person,
"and that makes me all the madder."
Chicago Post: "Things are very badly ar
ranged In this world."
"Why, the man with the money tinually
lacks the digestion and the miin with ths
digestion seldom has the money.
An Oklahoma poet haa Improved on Poor
Richard. He says:
Karly to bed and early to rise,
IWs very well for skk foils and guys.
But It makes a man mlxs all the fun till
And Joins "he stiffs that have gone to ths
Oo to bed when you please,
A'.l1dle,Ju2tUth.a;,ame with some Latin
y V Nesblt In Baltimore American,
gome folks takes their !"r-
Made of don't know what
Says It tones the system,
An' helps out a lot.
Borne folkM likes their tonlcaj
Hut I think, b'gee,
B nothln' in ths sprlngtlms
(Jood as sassafrsx tea.
Course, I know tho doctors
Says 'at trons sood;
ISut they charse for tellin ,
An' It s understood
They won't cure nobody
ThoJt they get their fee.
Shucks! You take your doctoral
111 take sassafrax tea.
Boon ss I f'l rusty.
I gets Kjiade an am
Then 1 hunts a holler
Where ihey's safcuafrax.
Htle the roots, then strain em
B retell. If so be
yoj Ilka It. Then Its ready,
Ijrlnk your Sumatra lea.
It ain't got no poaters,
Tellin' what It dese
"'Fore sn' after takln .
'Best that ver was.
Nor no testymonyuls.
Hut you bank on me!
Knock that Herd feelln'
With soma safra tea.
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