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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 23, 1902)
TITE OMAHA DAILY BEE: WEDNESDAY, AFIUTj 2.1, 1002.
The DMAiiA Daily Be&
E. ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
PLDLI8HED EVERY MORNING.
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Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska. Douglas County, as.:
Oeorge B. Txschjck. secretary of The Be
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual numtier ot full and
complete copies ot The Daily, Morning,
Evening and Hunday Bee printed during
the mouth of March, li02, was as follows:
1 iiu.OTo 17 at),r,;io
2 2W,70 13 at,430
I x.o 19 m.KIO
I lit, 7 70 29 K0.B1HJ
t ttu.uao 21 vu.aio
VW.SUU 22 iW.BHO
1 20,1120 23 2U.MBO
2W.460 24 !iO,l
2U.70O 26 JI0.51MI
KM ,4AO 26 SMt.OOO
11 ai,BOO 27 il,80
12 2U.37U 28 2H.H40
12 2U.H40 29 211,040
14 zu.aao 20 2o,imh
16 21,70 U 2U,40
Less unsold and returned copies.... t,IHT
Net total sales 007,513
Net dally average 2U.277
GEO. B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before m this 31st day of March. A. D.
im. GEORGE RASMU8SEN,
tSeal.) Notary Public
The organlzntlon of an American beef
eaters' trout Is In order.
If you fnlled to plant a tree on Arbor
Day plant one on any other day.
Colonel Crowder'a Inspection of the
MIsKonri mule camp nt Chalmette has
proved a fiasco.
What 1b the matter with the weather
clerk? Flint he blows hot, then he blows
duet, and then he blows cold.
The National Kmbalmers' association
Is now In session at St. Louis and we
shall not be surprised to hear of the
formation of a mummy trust.
With blizzards In Montana, Nevada
and Utah, hurricanes In Oklahoma and
Lot blasts In Kansas, Uncle Sam Is
catchln' It loth a-comln' and a-goln'.
Judging by the record of real estate
transfers, there will be more home
building n Omaha this spring than dur
ing any previous year since the collapse
of the boom.
The Transatlantic Steamship Octopus
will enjoy the royal prerogative. On the
high seas It will le supreme and above
all law and on land It will be out of
reach of anti trust law, state and na
When the editor of the government
crop bulletin tells us that Nebraska win
ter wheat is in condition to stand more
hot winds than that in any state In the
west It Is to bo hoped that he Is not giv
ing us hot air.
In his very Interesting lecture Prof,
Rudd made the assertion that liquid air
could not be corked. That may be true
of the liquid nlr that ho brought with
him. It wat prepared from the congres
sional spouters at Washington.
There Is a bright day dawning for the
hlgh-prli-ed cigar smoker. It Is pre
dicted that the attempt of the tobacco
combine to secure control of the retail
cigar trade lit Chicago will lead to a war
of extermination by which the best
Havana cigar will sell for the price of a
According to cable advices from
Home the innu who may succeed the
present pope was never a child. The In
ference Is that he was born with a full
set of teeth and' was immune from
measles, whooplug cough, scarlatina and
all of the other ailments to which ordi
nary infants are subject.
The fifteen million dollar omnibus
b i.ldlug bill which will lie rushed
through the house within the next few
days 0ens the way for a few more
sinecures In the atqiervlslug architect's
office. The 5 per cent allowance for
ottice work on fifteen million dollars will
mount up to three quarters of a million.
Tromoter Itlley has tiled a written ob
jection with tho secretary of the State
Board of Irrigation based on the pre
sumption that the Platte river canuot le
dammed. In view of the fact that the
Platte river has been blanked so many
thousand times loug before there was
such a thlug as a State Board of Irriga
tion. Mr. Riley's position would seem
They do things differently in Milwau
kee. A Milwaukee brewing company has
offered to give f 1U),0U toward the pro
posed Milwaukee building to be devoted
to music and art on condition that it lie
allowed a rathskeller iu the basement
and a palm gardeu ou the . roof. This
is a hint for the Omaha auditorium, but
we feel that no Omaha liquid barley
couceru would be willing to step up to
the captain's desk with a evrilned check
A tfVLL iy TH CHINA SHOP.
Topocrats all over Nebraska are pray
ing fervently to be saved from such fool
friends-, as ex-Attorney General Smyth
and the Omaha World Herald. The un
exampled prosperity of the live stock
Industry has' already done much toward
the disintegration of the fusion reform
forces In centrnl and western Nebraska,
where populism was rampant a Jew
years ago. The vicious war waged by
the World-Herald and the former attor
ney general under pretext of cbampiou
Ing the cause of the meat consumers is
naturally calculated to drive every pros
perous stock raiser who has up till now
afflllntad with the fuslonlsts Into the re
The business depression following the
crash of 1.803 and the distress among
producers on account of the drouth in
18T4 and 1.805 attracted thousands and
thousands of Nebraska farmers to the
Bryaulte standard. With low prices for
farm products and empty corn bins It
was easy to ticrsuade these people that
the mouey power was trying to crush
them by making them pay off their mort
gages In 200-cent dollars, but now that
the nightmare of 18ar, 181MI and 1897 has
happily passed, a new light has dawned
In 1800 the average Chicago price of
corn was 25 cents a bushel, of oats 18
cents a bushel and beef steers and hogs
$3.70 per hundred. Now porn sells at
Chicago for 60 cents a bushel, oats at
42 cents a bushel, beef steers from $0.50
to $7 and hogs $0.00 to $7 per hun
dred. And these prices are paid in 200
Does it stand to reason that the farm
ers would look with favor upon any
scheme that would bring down the price
of their products by breaking up the
concerns that have established such a
profi table market for them? What does
the farmer care alwut the consumer so
long as he is literally reaping a golden
In view of the fact that there are
80.000 voters on the farms of Nebraska
and less than 20,000 worklngmen em
ployed In Nebraska mills and factories,
the attempt to drive the wedge between
the worklngman and the farmer would
strike any politician with a thimbleful
of brains as foolhardy and absolutely
ruinous, but Attorney General Smyth
and the local popocratic organ In their
zeal to do up the republican party seem
to forget that they are playing bull in
the china shop.
They are moreover playing with a
two-edged sword. Close up the South
Omaha packing houses and 5,000 work
meu who are now employed at fair
wages would be turned Into the streets,
and, having no employment in South
Omaha, they would either have to move
away altogether or crowd the labor
market in Omaha. Close the packing
houses In South Omaha for any consid
erable length of time and owners of real
estate in Omaha would be unable to
give It away for the taxes.
Fortunately, however, there is no Im
mediate or remote danger of any such
contingency. Teople don't generally cut
off their noses to spite their faces. They
know that the high price of beef Is
chiefly, if not wholly, due to the scarcity
of cattle and the high prices of corn,
hay and other feed. They know also
that as soon as another big crop of corn
and hay has leen raised the prices of
meat will go down and the Beef trust
will not be able to keep it up, even If
all the cattle dealers and cattle raisers
should combine with It.
THt COLOMBIAN PROTOCOL.
The resubmitted Colombian canal
proto-ol is hardly satisfactory In the
character of its terms and is not likely
to be accepted by our government. The
chief difficulty in the way of making
a satisfactory canal treaty with
Colombia Is the fact that the con
stitution of that country does not
permit the government to make
cessions of territory to a foreign power,
nor can It lease national territory to
alien governments for periods exceeding
100 years. It can, however, grant fran
chises lu perpetuity.
It Is sought to avoid this constitutional
difficulty by providing that the United
States shall pay to Colombia $7,000,000,
which will represent a rental of four
teen years at $500,000 a year. At the
end of that period the price which the
United States shall pay each year Is to
be fixed by mutual consent of the two
countries and in case they cannot agree
uiKin a sum it will be left to an arbitra
tor selected lietween the two govern
ments. The protocol also proposes a
joint commission to arrauge and pro
vide for all matters pertaining to the
administration of affairs within the
propued cuual belt. Including the mem
bership of the mixed tribunals for the
administration of justice and other steps
necessary to the Joint occupation of the
While it Is iierhspg possible that an
arrangement of this nature would work
smoothly. It Is manifestly not what the
Uulted States wauts. This government
must have, wherever It shall decide to
coustruct an luter-oceaulc canal, a grant
In pei-petulty of territory within the
canal belt, such territory to lie under
the absolute control of the Uulted States.
Our government should pay for the
graut hen made and there end the
transaction. The plan of leaving the
amount to Ik' paid, after a ieiilled term
of years, to be adjusted by mutual con
scut of the two countries. Is object lou
able for the reason that U-fore the end
of fourteeu years the canal would have
been completed and Colombia might be
exacting in its terms. It is true that
arbitration Is provided for, but the
United State docs not waut any dicker
ing lu this matter. Our government is
able to pay at once whatever prlcxs shall
tie agreed upon for a graut In perpetuity
of canal territory and the matter ehould
lie settled at the outset aud not left to
future negotiations, after a vast sum of
money has been spent In constructing a
Neither Is the plan of joint admlula
tratiou. with mixed tribunals, accept
able. Canal territory must bv under the
tomplete and unquestioned Jurisdiction
of the United States, subject to such
fair and reasonable obligations In re
spect to the administration of affairs In
the territory as our government may as
sume. Mixed tribunals and policing by
lioth American and Colombian consta
bles could hardly fall to be productive
of trouble. If,' Colombia can offer no
more acceptable terms thai) are sub
mitted In this protocol the chances of
the Panama route being selected will be
very materially diminished.
THE MKROER PROCtEDISOS.
The state of Washington has been
more fortunate before the United States
supreme court than was Minnesota, In
being allowed to file a bill for an In
junction against the Northern Securities
company and the railroads merged Into
it. Minnesota was not successful, as
pointed out by Chief Justice Fuller,
because of the want of certain indispen
sable parties who could not be brought
in without defeating the court's consti
The decision of the supreme court to
assume original Jurisdiction will doubt
less expedite a determination of the
questions Involved, chief among which
Is that of the scope and power of the
state laws forbidding the consolidation
of parallel and competing llnus of rail
road. It is stated that the laws of
Washington in respect to this are very
similar to those of Minnesota, so that
whatever the supreme court decides will
apply to all laws like those of the states
In question and a number of other states
have such laws, doubtless In their gen
eral terms very similar.
The country will await with great In
terest the bearing of this matter by the
supreme court and the determination
of it by that tribunal. The issue is of
such commanding importance that it
Is safe to assume the court will give
It early consideration.
TH fc PROPOSED "POST CHECK." 1
Considerable Interest Is being taken in
the proposition to Issue what Is desig
nated a "post check" In place of some
of the lower denominations of paper
money now outstanding and a com
mittee representing the Treasury aud
Postofflce departments will inquire as
to the public opinion on the proposal.
A bill Introduced In the house of rep
resentatives in January provides for
replacing a large amount of paper cur
rency of the various kinds with post
check notes of corresponding denomina
tion and size with the currency and this
measure is now before the treasury and
postofflce committee, though somewhat
modified from its origlnnl form.
The advocates of the proposed note
urge that it would bo a very convenient
currency for transmission by mall. It
would do away with tho custom of
sending postage stamps as a form of
remittance end would obviate the In
convenience experienced In getting
money orders for small amounts. Hun
dreds of millions of dollars lu small
sums are annually sent through the
malls, of course with more or less risk
of loss, but it is claimed for the pro
posed notes that steuliug from the mulls
would lie practically Impossible.
Ou the other hand some objections to
the proposition are pointed out. It is
said that there would be an Immense
amount of labor Involved In the prepa
ration of the notes and should they
attain the popularity anticipated for
them it might happen that the amount
of such currency In circulation would
have to be enormously Increased, thus
entailing the necessity of reorganizing
the bureau of engraving and printing.
This, however, does not seem to be a
narticularlT practical objection, nor Is
It a vital matter that the banks would
be hostile to such a curreucy. The con
venience and advantage to the people
Is the matter for primary consideration.
Whether or not it would be wise, from
an economic point of view, to Issue a
new form of currency in addition to
those we already have Is the question
nt first importance and should have
careful consideration. Another point
worthy of attention is the fact tnat tiie
nooposed legislation would push the
government still further into banking
operations. If there Is a general puDiic
demand, however, for the post check
the objections made will not be likely
to prevent its adoption. The inquiry or
the treasury and postofflce committee
will develop to what extent there la
such a demand.
Mr. David H. Moffatt appears to be
the whole thing In Denver. He Is presi
dent of a big bank, great mogul of sev
eral big mining companies, chief pro
moter of a number of railroads and baa
Just become the proprietor of a daily
newspaper in the Colorado metropolis.
The next thing we hear of Moffatt will
be that he has annexed the whole town.
Try SoauetklBC Else.
n-h this waiting and wringing of bands
over the price of beef 7 Ther la a plenty
ot other things to eat.
Coincident with the appointment of Mr.
Ware aa pension commissioner, came the
discovery of a new comet la the constella
What Are We Comlaar Ta.
New York Tribune.
The postal receipts in this republic- ars
now so large, and have shown such en
couraging percentages of Increase, that the
prospect ot 1-cent stamps for letters looks
less Ilka the baseless fabric of a vision
than It did a few years ago.
Aa Intolerable t aadltle.
President lngalls of ths "Big Four," says
that ona-man ownership ot railways Is In
tolerable. And still thsr are advocates
ot the merger Idea who can't se why com
moa people without a share of rallwsy
stock should b afraid of ths one-man sys
WorhlBsI aa Old Trick.
New fork Tribune.
Shrewd British trademen have adopted
ths trick which prevailed her when the
McKlnley tariff was adopted, namely, ot
putting up prices about ten times as high
aa Ua iacj-eased. duly raise , Uitu. Ib
Election of Senators
Chicago Chronicle (dcm).
The objection which Is urged to the very machinery which had been provided by the
Insistent demand of the people that United men who doubted their rapacity for self
Slates senators bs chosen by popular vote government. They reduced the electors to
Is at length openly avowed. Various sens- mere clerks, havlpg no discretion, and corn
tons have publicly stated of late that "the. pelled by their force of public opinion to
proposed reform would remove one of the exercise, their constitutional powers merely
two bulwarks set up by the fathers against as agents of a sovereign master,
hasty and Ill-advised action by the people." If the electoral system had worked as
The senate Is one of these bulwarks and it intended to work wo should have
the supreme court Is the other. had the same scandals in the selection of
If the opponents of the suggested change our presidents that have lately attended
will hold this ground there will be no occa- the election of so many senators. The mem-
ion for complaint, for the Issue will then hers of the various electoral colleges would
be plain, and It will be possible to reach have been traders and bargainers only, and
a decision understanding!? and without un- not a few of them would have been cor-
necessary complications. The reason why rupted and debauched.
some people wish to retain the present sj-s- Even now, without a constitutional
tem Is the very reason why many others amendment. It would require no greater
seek to do away with It. . change to bring about the election of sen
Fear of the people was a consideration atora by the people tbsn was necessary to
which received altogether too much atten- take the election of presidents out of the
tlon at the time when the constitution ot hands of the electoral agents ot the states,
the United States was adopted. It found LoS practice would make the reform more
expression In many ways, but It was per- difficult, but If It were accomplished It
petuated chiefly In the federal Judiciary and would not be more significant than
In the obstacles which were thrown In the tL,t which was long ago established aa to
way of amendment to the constitution, the presidency. If the various political
While the senate is a continuous body, and, parties were to agree to nominate candl
whether elected by legislature or by popu- ' dates for senator and to vote for them at
lar vote. Is not Immediately responsive to tne polls nothing but a gerrymander
the popular will, it Is hardly to be main- could defeat the popular will, and that
talned that the manner of Its election Is es- sometime bow happens aa to the presl
entlol as a check upon the populace, dency.
The senate represents states and the house There are a good many reasons, however,
represents the people, but the people are why the movement for an amendment to
the state, and the manner in which they the constitution covering the proposed
give expression to the voice of the stats change In the manner of electing senators
cannot be objectionable so long as It accu- should be pressed with vigor. One of the
rately registers Its will. The main thing Is
to accomplish the result desired as directly
l possible. Senators of the United States
would retain their characters as represen-
latlves of states quite as indisputably if
hey were chosen in the same manner that
governors are. In the beginning more strese
was laid upon the continuous existence of
the senate and the ambassadorial character
of Its members than upon the method of
In practice of late It has been found that
senators are as likely to represent great
pecuniary Interests as they are to represent
states. This was a condition of affairs which
some of the members of the constitutional
convention who feared the people wanted
to bring about, but they failed In their at-
tompt. It has been accomplished by pop-
ular neglect aad by trading political ma-
chines. If the aristocrats of 1787 had had
their way the senate would have been ap-
pointed for life and there would have been
property qualification for Its members
which would have made It a check upon the
The most that could be accomplished by
this element was the provision that mem.
bers of the senate ehould be elected, as II
was sought to elect the president, by rep
resentatives of the people exercising dele
gated powers. In the case of the presidency
the people found a way to enforce their
will in spite of the cumbersome electoral
rule here was that if the tariff was In
creased 60 cents a dozen pair on gloves.
the retailer should raise his price BO cents
for each pair. But that sort ot game will
not work permanently.
PteadlDK for Their Own.
Three million people have signed a peti
tion to congress asking for a reduction of
the tax on whisky, It would be Interesting
to know If any of these 8,000,000 really be
lieves he would get more for hi mony If
the tax were reduced than be does at pres
ent. Tree rianttaar a Duty.
It Is every man's duty, said Renan, to
build a house, raise a family and at leaat
once In his lifetime to plant a tree. The
recurrence of Arbor day should be the op
portunity of every citizen who has hitherto
neglected to do the latter to perform this
much of his duly to mankind.
"osnethlnar Must Be Done.
Detroit Free Press.
Two of Mr. Bryan's constituents have
been buncoed out of $500 apiece by a New
York gentleman who sold them a process
for transforming maple sugar bricks Into
gold bricks. Isn't it about time the gov
ernment established a parity between gold
and maple sugar, and prevented such out
rages? Oar Trade with the Philippines.
A still later report Is made of the com
merce between the United States and the
Philippines. Corrected returns for the Isst
year show the trade to have been over
$4,000,000. This was an Increase of 30 per
cent over the previous year. In the mean
time the commerce of other nations with
the Philippines Is more than $30,000,000 a
year, with a percentage of increase about
equal to that of United States commerce.
Shall we ever catch up with the commerce
of other nations seven times greater than
ours and Increasing in about the same
Since the president's visit to Charleston
the Tlllmana have no words with which to
express their feelings.
Ex-Senator James Smith ot New Jersey
has gone to Europe. The senator goes to
Dresden to bring bis wife and son home.
Prof. Brander Matthews of Columbia uni
versity Is to go to London next month to
lecture on the development of the English
drama and on the dramatist's art.
Frank Lashaway of Montague, N. Y., who
died recently, wore petticoats th last forty
years of his life and wa burled to them.
He was one a "bearded lady" In a show.
The late R. D. Hawley's collection of
violins, the most famous in the world, and
displayed at his horns In Hartford, Conn.,
has been sold to a firm in Chicago for a
sum exceeding $50,000.
Glosue Cardhccl's library and manu
scripts have been bought by Queen Mar-
gherita. The post will retain the use of
them while he Uvea and will receive an
annuity of J. 000 francs.
The Wyoming Nations! bank ot Warsaw,
N. Y., claims the youngest bank president
in the country. II Is Wolcott J. Hum
phrey, 14 years old and graduated from
William college In 1900.
Secretary Shaw has taken up horseback
riding In Washington and hopes to be abl
to join President Roosevelt, Secretary Root
and Senator Lodge In their afternoon can
ters over th country roads.
Recent storms have don much damage
to th beautiful South Carolina monument
on th Chlckamauga battlefield, but It Is
not beyond repair. The monument con
sists of a large bronze palmetto tre on a
General Jobs C. Black of Chicago, ac
companied by eighteen citizens appointed
by Governor Yates, have arrived at Vlcks
burg, Miss., where they will mark th posi
tions occupied by tb Illinois commands
during the forty-flv days' siege la 1S6J.
Th lsto Charles G. Sower, publish sr. of
Philadelphia, bequeathed $15,000 la cash to
various religious, charitable and scientific
associations and provided for tb erection
of a hall for th Germaotowa academy. He
also bequeathed many volume to th LI
braxy cuapaay of f UiUdslphla.
most Important of these Is to be found
In the fact that there is some doubt as
to the ability of the people to amend the
constitution. With reference to any sharply
contested point It Is probable that a change
In the fundamental law is impossible.
To become effective two-thirds of the
members of both houses of congress and a
majority and three-fourths of the state
legislatures must favor any proposition
to change that Instrument. In a gov-
ernment where the most Important
and far-reaching measures are usually
carried by narrow majorities, or
by mere pluralities. It will be seen
that amending the constitution In regular
fashion can be accomplished only when
there la practical unanimity on the part
of the people. The history of the existing
amendments Is a record of coercion so
far aa they were resisted, and the only
ones which were regularly adopted were the
very few which did not excite antagonism.
The proposition to change the method of
electing senators Is favored by the great
mass of the people. Very few men In pub-
He life who aspire to a future will oppose
it. It would be worth while to see If the
people, when prsoajeally agreed upon the
desirability of an object can bring it to
pass without violence and in the manner
laid down In the constitution Itself. If
they shall succeed they may be moved to
experiment in some other direction.
Cl'SHMAN'S HOT TALK.
Congressman Attack the Ironclad
nalea of the Honse.
Kansas City Star.
The speech of Mr. Francis W. Cushman,
representative from Washington, delivered
In the course ot the house debate on
the Cuban tariff bill, furnished the best
reading that congress has supplied at this
session. It was at once breezy, humorous,
caustic and daring. It has revealed Mr.
Cushman as a man of good temper, keen
wit and courageous spirit, and bis utter
ances hereafter will be awaited with a cer
tain Interest that has not attached to those
of any member of congress for some time.
What Mr. Cuehman had to say on the
Cuban bill becomes secondary to his at
tack on the rules of the house and the
dictation of the speaker. Some protests
have been made against the arbltary sys
tem to which the members of the lower
branch of congress are obliged to submit.
and other victims of tyranny have had their
say; . but objections heretofore have been
made along conventional lines, and have
been answered by conventionsl arguments.
It remained for Mr. Cushman, who saw
the farcical, as well as the serious side of
the "gag rule," to present the whole subject
In a brief but convincing form.
The rules of the house have made It al
most Impossible for any member to secure
the consideration of a bill on Its own mer
its. The fundamental idea of popular leg
islation ha been almost destroyed through
the arbitrary restrictions Imposed on the
representatives of the people. A degree ot
power wholly unwarranted by traditional
conceptions of congressional processes has
been given the speaker and the committee
on rule. The system has been especially
tyrannical In its application to the pend
ing bill. Democrats have been prevented
from making amendments to the measure.
Republican who are not in sympathy with
the principle or the term of the bill have
been coerced Into submission with the al
ternative of seeing their own measures go
Into oblivion In the committee room or die
on the calendar, which Cushman declares
ought to be called the cemetery.
The congressman from Washington stated
the case when he said that after a bill
had been reported, its author did not con
sult hi own desires, the demands of bis
constituency, the will of the committee re
porting It or the majority of the house, but
that he either consented to let the measure
die, or he put his manhood and his individ
uality in bis pocket and went trotting down
the little pathway that led to the speaker'a
room, and that "all the glory that clus
tered around the holy of holies In King
Solomon's temple looked like thirty cants-
yes. Ilk twenty-nine cents compared with
that Jobbing department ot th govern
ment!" "I aay to you, my friends," continued
Mr. Cushman, "that the system Is rotten
at both ends. It Is rotten at one end be
cause it robs the Individual member of the
house. of the power that th constitution
of the United States and his credentials
as a member of this floor entitle blm to;
It is rotten at tb other end because it
vests power In men who have no right to
It and oftlmes places on them duties that
they bav no capacity to fulfill."
With merciless sarcasm he likened the
members of the house to performing LUl
putlans and described the practice ot pay
ing money to see such performance in a
theater as a sinful waste, when better per
formances could be seen free In the
Force is added to this attack ei an In
defensible system by Ti tact that Mr.
Cushman is a republican, and that be was
a deferential as the circumstances would
permit ta th speaker personally and to
the members of the committee on rules.
It was the system that he attacked. Just
such a speech was needed to clear the at
mosphere of th chamber an atmosphere
that had been clogged with resentment,
hopelessness and a certain species of cow
ardice. It required some such unusual 11ns
of attack to fully expos tb very serious
contraverslon of the original design of a
great legislative body, and also tb almost
farcical position of many of Its members.
It si to be hoped thst Mr. Cushman will
prove to be tb rallying champion of pop
ular rights in the houss. H ought, a
lesst, to receive the profound gratitude of
his ceilsaguM. i
BITS OF WASHIJiaTOI LIFE.
Scenes and Incident Sketched oa
Owing to the precarious tenure of the
office, very few senators establish homes la
Washington. One half the membership live
in hotels and apartment house. "Three
fourths of those who reside In hotel," saya
the Washington Stsr, "are uptown, the,
balnncc being southern senators who have
quarters In downtown houses thst have be
come famous In the past as stopping place
for southerner, and which still have mem
ories of great statesmen clinging to tlrn
that form an attractive feature for many
of those who continue to give them their
patronage. All the senators except two live
In the "northwest," the venerable Senator
Pcttus of Alabama being one of those who
has taken up his domicile In another part
of the city. He Is located on "The Hill,"
not far from the Congressional Library
building and the rapltol. A considerable
number of those not In hotels or apart
ments have rooms and board In private
"The popularity of hotels and apartment
houses as abode for senators is enbsnced
for several reason peculiar to the lives of
public men. A bouse carries with it social
responsibilities which are not always easy
to avoid, however agreeable It might be for
the senator to rid himself of them. But a
life In a hotel does not mean that a sena
tor Is taking but a small part In social at
fairs. Some of those whose entertainments
are the most lavish patronize hotels, espe
cially since during the last few years all
the Urge houses have made extensive im
provements In which the Idea of lavish en
tertainment on the part of guest has been
a prominent factor. A hotel affords ideal
conditions for those who wish to provide
India rubber conditions for entertainment
which wtll do for a small party or for a
great gathering at dinner or otherwise."
Mr. Amzl Smith, superintendent of the
senate document room, has a memory that
is famous all over the capitol and has been
carried far throughout the country by tbe
senators. He rivals Assistant Librarian
Spofford of the Congressional library, says
the Washington Times, in his ability to re
member everything that occur in connec
tion with his establishment.
The other day the senate committee on
Public buildings reported a bill favorably
for a building of very minor Importance In
a New Englnnd city. A reporter who hap
pened to be interested In this particular bill
aeked a member of the committee If any re
port had been made at any time this ses
sion or in an earlier session. The senator
appealed to did not remember and neither
did one of the clerks of the committee and
there was nothing surprising In this. The
newspaper man then went to the document
room and was proceeding to have an Inves
tigation of the record made, when Mr.
Smith volunteered the information that
such a report had been made during the
first session of the Fifty-sixth congress.
"The number of the report," said Mr.
Smith, "t "
And when the clerks had hunted up the
report with that number for the first ses
sion of the Fifty-sixth congress it proved
to be exactly that report and no other.
Since that time there have been many
thousands of reports and many thousands of
bills in each session.
"I lovs to see the rosy early morning sun
shine kiss the dome of the capltot, paint U
golden and make It look glad." declaimed
Representative Robinson of Indiana in the
"Bet you ten you never saw it," broke
In Representative Shattuc of Ohio.
VMy son," replied Robinson, "this Is a
poetical, not a bookmaking proposition."
Some new engraved cards which recently
have been furnished to the mistress of tbe
White House read: "Mrs. Theodore Roose
velt." The president's wife has taken this
means of showing her disapproval of the
fad which is raging among the society
women of Washington for using cards
which bear only the last name, with no
Initial, address or anything else to Identify
them. Mrs. Roosevelt's old cards were In
line with this fad, but recently there has
been so much discussion of the annoyance
caused by such cards that she showed her
approval of the movement to abolish them
by changing bers, though, of course, In her
case her name alone Is sufficient to identify
her. Mrs. Knox, wife of the attorney gen
eral, started the fight against the fad by
writing a note to Miss Keen, sister or th
New Jersey senator, asking If she was the
lady who had left a card which bore only
"Miss Kcan," giving no address. Miss
Kean is said to have responded spiritedly
and then the move for the overthrow of the
fashion was decided upon.
Representative Ruppert Is a great theater
goer, says a New York World letter. A
night or two ago he went to a ten-twen'y-and-thirty
house to see a western melo
drama. He got in at tb end of th second
"The stage was pitch dark when I found
my seat," say Ruppert, "and two men were
fighting a duel. I could bear the knives
clash together and hear the men stumble
around the stage, but I could only faintly
distinguish the forms of the actors. After
a while there was a thump on the floor and
the villain hissed:
' 'Ah, ha! Rudolph Tetherlngton, I have
you now, and no one nigh to see me do
'Then the drummer hit the bass drum a
belt and the calcium man turned on the
light, and away up on a rocky pass the
heroine was seen standing.
' 'Coward!' she shouted. 'Me and heaven
Is here!' "
Can be made to advantage at tbis store
About time to take off the heavy
and on with the light.
Our 50c, 75c, f 1.00, 1.25 and up to
17.50 a garment is the best values to
be found in thin neck of the woods.
And the negligee nhirts, at $1.00,
$1.50, $2.00, $2.50, $3.00 and ?.1.50.
ought to please any man for their
beauty and elegance of fit and fine
ness of quality.
No Clothing Fits Like Ours.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
li S. Wilcox, Mannger.
A TOISQ MAX'S LAND.
Dltlnnlshcd Mrs la Middle Life at
the Columbia Inauguration.
Pr. Nicholas Murray Butler, a young
man who has hardly reached the age of
42. wa Saturday inaugurated president of
Columbia college, In New York City. Th
gathering was a noteworthy one, and iu
the large audience were many of tho most
prominent educators of the country. Dr.
Butler takes charge of the metropolitan
college at a time when th Institution Is
In a flourishing cooaitlon, with a large
number of students and with a faculty in
which are some ot the leaders In American
scholarship. This condition was brought,
about by the man whom Iir. Butler sue.
ceeds Hon. Beth Low, now mayor of New
York. When Mr. Low became president of
Columbia he was but 40 yenrs ot sc, and
In tbe ten years he remained at tho head
of tbe college brought It from a moribund
state to the vigorous prosperity whkh It
Among the distinguished guests at the in
auguration were President Theodore Koohc
velt. a young man of 44; President Arthur
fwinlng Hartley of Yale, a young mnn of
46, and President William R, Harper of the
Chicago university, another young man of
exactly the same age. These are hut a few
of the youths who, before they have reached
the half-century mark have become promi
nent In American affairs, and who were
yesterday brought into close and Intimate
fellowship with such aged men as Lord
Kelvin, one of the greatest ot the world's
scientists, who has now nearly reached
fourscore. There were many gray heads In
the assemblage, but the younger men car
ried off their full share of the honors and
proved that they are playing a conspicuous
part in the great work of higher education.
The same Is true In every branch of the
world's work In tbe church. In the law. In
the medical profession, in Jourmillem, In
great business enterprises. In mighty In
dustrial establishments. In the manage
ment of corporations, with capital of mil
lions of dollars. It la not that the young
men are crowding out the older ones, or
that age, where the brain is active- and thr
body strong, has become a bar to high or
responsible positions. A glance at tho
name of the loaders In any occupation will
show that the older men have not be mi re
tired. Rather it Is true that the wonderf l
development of this country a marvel of
the world has made the demand for such
men so much greater that the younger find
here abundant opportunities and prepare
themaelves for the places which they lino-r
will be theirs Just aa eoon ns they ra.i
prove themselves ready to fill them.
This Is a great land for young men. it
offers them honors, fortunn and even fame
If their ambitions tend in that direction.
These it will not, however, give unless tlm
young man makes It a fair return. He
must prove himself well equipped, capable,
honest of purpose and trustworthy.
every young man keep this In mind and de
termine that he will so prepare httnse.f
that when the great opportunity of his lifts
come he will not be found wanting.
MIRTH Ft I. It l:l tKKS.
Somervllle Journal: It Is a far cry frcm
Adum to the Khirtwalpt num.
Philadelphia l'reys: "In hifi writings.''
said Qoodart, "our friend Jl.-ickrltf in
dulges a givnt deal In Irnnv, doesn't he?"
Huh!" exclaimed Wryvull, "most of li's
stuff la cold steal."
Cleveland Plain Healer: "Llinl-.m r
cheese has gone up, too."
"But It has been about as high us any
body could smnd."
"Yes, 1 know. Still, It had another scent
added to It yesterday." ( ,
Detroit Free 1'refs: Jane Judy had to
go back to the rest-cure.
Kate What for?
Jane Oh, she got n collapse, going round
telling everybody how much good It did
Atlanta Constitution: Kf flnhrul wuz ter
blow his trumpet ler-morrer, some er d"
fault-finders would rise en t II im tl.it
his musical eddicatlon had been negleeti-il.
Chicago Post: "They nay he's an eco
"Kconotnlcal ! Well, rather. Why, ho
told the young man who was engaged to
his daughter that If ho would elope with
her he'il give him half what the wedding
asked the neignnor.
"Gone to the city," answered Mrs. Corn
"Yes. Hiram never deceives me. He al
ius brings home gold brick, or a valise,
full of sawdust, or somethln" to prove ex
actly where he has been."
ARE WOMKM Sf AIM K OIT WE1T f
'Twaa a voice from the west, and It spoke
In a plaintive and feminine tone:
"Oh, the matter Is passing a. Joke
And we wish you would let It alone.
"In our own matrimonial affairs
No assistance that's eastern we need;
We can match up our owif little, pairs
When the parlies ara sort of ugreed.
"Time was, and It's not long ago.
When our men who were hunting a wife
Would have scorned to have sought your
To secure a sweet partner for life.
"Temptation they never had felt
From charms occidental to roam.
But with dun devotion had knoll
To what they could And around home.
"But now, since you're, helping to find
Kach poor, tickle creature a mate
There Is nothing. It seems, to their mind
Hut a woman from some eastern ttata.
"Their excuse Is that women are few.
But somehow we always have found.
And we think that they all the time knew
There were more than enough to go
"We therefore Implore you to close
Your 'bureau'; the fond wedding knot
Can be tied up right here, goodness know.
And we need all the men that we've got.
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