Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 19, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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    THE OMAHA DAILY 1IEK: 8ATUI10AY, A PHIL 10, 1002.
The omaha Daily Bee
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVKRt MORNING.
TKRMD ftf KI-HSWUIPTION.
VnWy lin (without Bumiay), One Year 4 no
Lially lie and Humlay, one Year ''
Illustrated Bee. One Year I0
Kumlay Re-, One Year Mm
Saturday Hep, One Year 1 60
Twentieth Century Farmer. One Year.. 1.U0
iJKl.I VKItKU IIT CARHIKR.
Pally' Reo (without Bunuay), per copy.. 2c
J-'ally liee (without fluntlay), per wees.. .12c
lMlly Ree (including Sunday), per week.lic
HuniiH.v Hee, per copy be
Evening Roe (without Sunday). Ier week.loc
Jtvenlng Bee (Including Kunaay, per
w.ek lie
Complaint of Irregularities In delivery
ho j lt be addressed to City Circulation De
partment. OFFICES.
Otriha The Bee Building.
South Omaha city nail llutldlng, Twenty-fifth
and M street.
Council RlutTa K) fenrl Street.
Chicago 1M Tnlty Rulldlng.
New York Temple Court.
Washington itil Fourteenth Street
CORRESPONDENCE.
Communications relating to news ami
tutorial matter should he addressed:
Omaha Ren, Editorial Department.
BUSINESS LETTERS.
Business letters and remittances should
be addressed: The Ree Publishing Com
pany, Omaha.
REMITTANCES.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
Payable to The Ree Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of
wall accounts. personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted.
THE REE RLRL1SH1NU COMPANY.
t STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btate of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss. :
Ueorge R. Tixchjck, secretary of The Ree
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
aye that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Itee printed during
the month of March, 1W2, was aa follows:
l !h,to 17 liu.oao
1 2tU,70 18 iW,-l30
W,420 1 2itt,B30
2U.T70 20 SiW.SiMI
a.at a sro.sio
IM.OIW 22 Aew,suo
' 21MS2W 23 21I.OSO
i B.4flO 24 M,10
.., JIU.7UO 25 ...XM.BUO
w w,4o 26 m,nito
li..... xu.boo n vu.snu
12 .3TO 28 2U.S40
U 8W.B40 2U.B4U
1 Mao 20 2U.UO0
1 2,70 II 2U.U40
u au.uoo
. Tot' B1T.4W
Less unsold and returned copies.... 9,oi
Net total salee 007,613
Net dally average XU,27T
GEO. B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
Jefore me this 31t day of March. A. D.
I. QEORUli KASMUStEN,
Hegl.) Notary Public.
It usr-d to be Czar need. Now It Is
Despot Henderson.
Kaiser Wilhelin's Arucrlcnn yacht Lad
a meteoric time of It crossing the At
lantic. Now that peace appears in sight In
South Africa, niuttei-iujrs of war are
heard in Ireland.
The South Omaha ballot bunglers
should have known tx'tter than to make
re-marks with a blue pencil.
It Is an ill wind thut blows nobody
good. The heavy advance in the price
of beef may furnish the popocrats with
another paramount Issue.
A 15-year-old high school boy at Den
ver fell dead the other night us he was
leading bis partner to a seat after a
waltB. Moral: Don't waltz.
; What Is the good of nine assistant su
preme Judges If the court can't expedite
decisions on an Issue that Involves the
whole taxing machinery of Omaha?
Secretary of the Interior Hitchcock
declares that all fences must come down.
This will be hard on statesmen who have
been trying to close the gups In the
fences around their political preserves.
After mature reflection the Presby
terian council now In session at "Wash
ington has reached the conclusion that
the pope of Home is nu longer suspected
of being antl-Chrlst. The world do
move.
So long as lands on the South Dakota
Indian reservation can be leased for $1
per acre the proposition to lease the pub
lic domain to the stockmen at 2 cents
per acre will hardly prove attractive to
Uncle Samuel.
Stuffing the ballot box Is the charge
which members of the Chicago Culture
club have brought against a sister mem
ber. The prevailing impression among
suffrage reformers has been that such
naughty tricks were exclusively prac
ticed by men.
Mrs. Carrie Nutlon has turned her
back upon Nebraska. She is mud be
cause the people of Reward declined to
pay her f to for prancing on the stage
lu the cause of woman's right to polit
ical equality with man. There Is a good
deal of method tu Mrs. Carrie Nation's
madness.
i
If "Our Dave" must have a sixth term
In congress because he canuot afford to
retire while he Is under Are, he may
Lave to Invest lu a Belf-nctlng-politlcal
gutllugjeAm that will scatter grape and
canlister through the district and keep
Jave under tire every two years for the
remainder of his natural life.
Now that the war tax is repealed and
the revenues of the government , have
been reduced to the level of anticipated
expenditure, the democrats in congress
and out of congress are hammering at
the tariff, knowing all the time that a
reduction of the Income from imports
-would bring on a deficit and force a new
bond Issue, which would furnish much
needed ammunition lu the next presi
dential campaign.
' The local democratic organ parades an
editorial published at Fremont, appeal
ing to republicans of this district to re
nominate' Mercer for a sixth term. This
is good democratic tactics, although it
is an impenmeuce on me part or . the
paper published iu another congressional
district It is to the interest of demo
crats to Induce republicans to nominate
the weakest aud most vulnerable candi
date, and it may be expected from now
on until the nomination is made that
the World Herald will keep on boosting
Mercer and sandbagging all other repub
lican aspirants for the lierver succes
AS TO REPUBLICAN rROSrtRITT,
Five years ago the republican party
resumed control of the administration of
national affairs nfter four years of demo
cratic rule, during which the country
had cxiKprleneed one of the severest In
dustrial and commercial depressions in
Its history. When the republican party
was restored to power hundreds of mills
and factories were Idle and hundreds of
thousands of people were without em
ployment. Iloth our foreign and domes
tic commerce hnd made little If any
progress lu the preceding four years.
There had leen financial distrust and
an Indisposition on the part of capital
to Invest in new enterprises. The great
transtmrtation Interest was unprofitable
as a whole. The agricultural producers
were not makiug money. . The wages of
lalsir wen; lower than they had been
for a number of years. The consump
tion of the products of the farm and
factory had materially declined.
The republican party promised to rem
edy this unhappy condition. It made
provision for doing so as soon as possi
ble. Indeed, immediately after the elec
tion of 18!H the business situation began
to improve and there was a steadily
rising tide of prosperity. The Industries
of the country became active and con
tinue so. The demand for skilled labor
grew until it exceeded the supply and
wages Increased. Our foreign and do
mestic commerce grew with unprece
dented rapidity. TransiortatIon and
agricultural production became profit
able. The consuming power of the
people was greatly increased.
The country Is still prosperous. All
Industries are In active operation, the
great Iron and steel industry, which
pel-Imps best reflects the general pros
perity, having business which assures at
least another year of undiminished ac
tivity. The great transportation interest
is making good earnings, which promise
for the current year, If crops are fa
vorable, to equal If not exceed the hlgh-
wuter mark of last year. There Is little
Idle lnlor in the country and in some
portions the demand Is in excess of the
supply. The March bulletin of the New
York department of labor states that
during the fourth quarter of 10)1 only
4.0 per cent of the members of labor or
ganizations in the state were Idle as
compared with 8.5 per cent for the same
organizations In the corresponding
period of the previous year, when the
Idleness was less than it had been in
any of the preceding years. Undoubt
edly the percentage has since been re
duced and the labor situation in New
York may fairly be accepted as an Index
for the entire country.
One of the most striking results of
the prosperity uuder republican policy
during the hist five years Is the statis
tics of savings banks. Kquully valu
able evidence of the benefit of this
policy to the agricultural producers Is
the great amount of mortgage Indebt
edness paid off, aggregating hundreds
of millions of dollars. In short, there
is not an Industrial or commercial In
terest that has not shared In the re
markable, proseiity which has pre
vailed since the republican party re
turned to power five years ago and labor
In this country is as a whole better off
today than at any previous time In our
history. Demagogues miiy sneer as they
will at "republican prosperity," but It Is
a most substantial fact, attested not only
by Indisputable statistics, but by the uni
versal personal experience of the Ameri
can people. The fiuanclul. Industrial
and commercial progress of the Uulted
States during the lust five years Is with
out a parallel lu the history of any
other country.
MORGAN UN NICARAGUA ROUTE.
Senator Morgon of Alabama Is the
most persistent champion of the N'lcnrn
guan canal and it is due him to say
that perhaps no man In congress is bet
ter equipped than he to set forth the
claims of that route. He has been
studying and dwelling on It for years
and in consequence he appears now to
be unable to see auy good or advantage
lu another direction, even though
pointed out with clearness and precision
by some of the ablest engineers In the
country. This was shown in his speech
on the subject Thursday, when he ex
pressed doubt as to the feasibility and
practicability of the Tanama canal, not
withstanding the fact that the Isthmian
Canal commission unqualifiedly pro
nounced the Panama route feasible and
practicable and stated that the canal
could be completed for many millions
less money than the Nicaragua canal
would cost. It is curious that the com
mission appears to have overlooked a
danger which the Alabama senator has
discovered, that one or more dams on
the Panama route might fail, with the
result of heavy loss to the United
States. The fact that the engineers
who made the Investigation did not sug
gest this danger will cause many to
question whether there Is any sound
reason for the fear which Mr. Morgan
entertatus. At all events we suppose
that some chances would have to be
taken In constructing a canal at Panama
as well as on the Nlcaraguan route.
Mr. Morgan seems to still think that
the government cannot secure a good
title to the Panama route, notwith
standing the Judicial authority given to
the French company to sell Its prop
erty and the proposition of the Colom
bian government In regard to conces
sions. It would be difficult to say what
more can be desired to enable the
United States to secure a good title to
the property of the Panama Canal com
pany. Mr. Morgan appears also to be
In error in asserting that the canal
commission bad uo authority to accept
an offer of the Panama company, but
even if it be granted that in this matter
he is correct, the matter is not ma
terial. The acceptance of the offer by
the commisslou had no binding force
snd it was just as well to get the offer
before congress lu that way as by any
other. The government was in uo sense
committed thereby.
With some of the general views of
the Alabama senator everybody can
agree, but he by no means demonstrates
that the route he favors is the superior
one. It Is beginning to be shine what
doubtful whether there will be sny
canal legislation at the present session.
COUNCILMAN LOBECK" S PLAN.
Councilman Lobeck has evolved a
plan for reorganizing the municipal gov
ernment of Omaha, which he presented
In elalwrate form at the meeting of the
Douglas County Democracy. According
to Councilman Lobeck. our city govern
men Is a one-man machine which would
work much better if It were converted
into a nine-man machine.
As a remedy for present conditions
Councilman Ixbeck would take the
power out of the executive's hands by
making all of the members of present
appointive offices elective. He would
elect the city engineer, city attorney,
building inspector, health commissioner
and Incidentally also, perhaps, the presi
dent of the park commission and thus
make the legs and arms of the municipal
body politic Independent of Its head.
He would abolish the fire and police
commission and vest Its powers and
duties In the city council, thus saving
the taxpayers about $4,000 per year.
Mr. Lobeck's plan has had a fair trial
In Omaha as well as In other cities and
has everywhere been discarded because
It divides responsibility, creates friction
and destroys discipline In departments
of the city government that should as
far as possible be harmonious. The ex
perience of American cities has favored
the one-man machine as against the
many-headed city government, in which
each officer Is answerable for his con
duct only to himself. Experience in
Omaha, as everywhere else, has shown
also that elective officers are In no
respect superior to the appointed officers
either In character or competency.
Turning over the control and manage
ment of the fire and police departments
to the city council might save the tax
payers several thousand dollars a year,
and then again It might not. It would
not give us more efficient tire and police
protection, It would not give us a better
grade of firemen or policemen, nor would
It tend to Improve the standard of the
men elected to the city council. On the
contrary, It would force the liquor deal
ers to take an active hand In the election
of couucllmen and make the eouncllnien
simply an annex of the breweries and
saloous. Every councilman would claim
the appointment of his proportion of po
licemen aud firemen and political ward
heelers would tag at the heels of every
councilman whenever there was a va
cancy In the police or tire department.
If couucllmen were members of the ex
cise board councilmen would expect to
sample all the beer and whisky on tap us
a privilege and the periodic Jangle and
wrangle over liquor licenses would not
only demoralize the council but dis
grace the city.
Mr. Iobeck, of course, anticipates that
all couucllmen enjoying these special
privileges would always remain above
femptatlon, but there is ground for fear
that some might be tempted to feeep
their bunds closer to their coat tails
than ordinary etiquette would warrant.
At any rate, the exercise of police com
mission powers would not improve the
breed of couucllmen or protect the eoui
muulty from Bcandul.
Mr. Lobeck has beeu in public life
loug enough to know that the voters
who Inflict upon the community a bad
one-man machine would Just as readily
intllct upon It a bad nine-man machine.
He ought to know that the stream never
rises above' its source and he should
know that we must first purify the
source before we can expect a clean
stream. The trouble with municipal
governments is at the bottom and not
at the top.
Comptroller Westberg tries to Justify
his habit of meddling with other peo
ple's business by quoting from the dic
tionary,' which defiues a- comptroller to
be "a critic, a fault-finder, a constant
ceusurer of public officials on behalf of
the people." This definition docs not fit
Mr. Westberg individually or collect
ively. If In the past he could only have
found time to attend strU tly to his offi
cial duties the taxpayers of Omaha
would have beeu better off by many
thousands. For example, when the de
falcation in the city treasury occurred
while be was chief accountant of the
comptroller, he Insisted that the defal
cation was only $3,000, but when the
footings of the shortage were completed
they turned out to be f 115,000, and the
city In the end lost $83,000 by the negli
gence or Incompetency of the "constant
censuier.
A Jaw-Handle Affair.
Detroit Free Press (dem.)
Mr. Bryan's idea of democratic harmony
Is to have all the rest of the fellows sub
mit to him.
Dos
t Kaaw When lie's Licked.
Baltimore American.
General Uribe-Urlbe has suffered two de
feats. Presumably, after the enemy had
whipped the first half of his name, It had
to resume operations on the second.
Too Mack of sv Good Tklasil
Baltimore American.
Uncle Sam is Buffering from too much
prosperity. He baa more money than he
knows what to do with, and more advice
about getting rid of It than he can use.
Henri's Hopeless Task.
Chicago News.
When Henry Watterson succeeds In con
victing the president of being s despot he
will be entitled to curl up somewhere and
dream another thrilling chapter of Ameri
can bistorr. ,
Philadelphia Ledger.
Congressional oratora are sow required
to deliver their speeches on Cuban reci
procity before they can be printed in the
Congressional Record, but they are not
obliged to certify to their authorship.
Chlacaa Esclaalaa.
Kwnsaa City Star.
The senate's substitute Chinese exclusion
bill la altogether preferable to the house
measure. The present law la sufficiently
drastic. That It la effective enough has
bees shown by the experlenoa of the United
Btatfs for the last ten years. The minute
provisions of the house bill, besides being
Live Nebraska Towns
McCook An
McCook Is preeminently a railroad town
and Is justly entitled to the distinction of
being one of the most "metropolitan" of
Nebraska cities of Its class. In two dec
ades here baa been built an up-to-date
liitle city of 3,000 alert, energetic citizens,
a city with excellent waterworks and elec
tric light plants and the latest telephone
system. Being headquarters for the west
ern division of the Burlington route here
are situated the headquarters buildings,
roundhouse, machine shop, blacksmith, shop.
storehouses, etc., In all one of the most ex
tensive railroad plants in Nebraska out Bids
the largest cities, and employing; hundreds
of men In all departments. The Burling
ton's payroll at this place la about 130.000
monthly. While this Is distinctively a rail
road town It haj nevertheless all the de
sirable features of any other hustling Ne
braska city. As the county seat of Red
Willow county It has the finest court house
In southwestern Nebraska and Its achool.
containing over 700 pupils, are the pride of
Its people. All lines of business are repre
sented with stocks of goods which would
be creditable to much larger cities and the
enterprise of Ita business men keeps It at
the head of the commercial procession. A
substantial business district Is backed uo
by the handsomest, best-kept residence sec
tion of any city of Its size In Nebraska.
and it la in this portion of the cttr that
at variance with treaty provisions, were
unnecessarily Irritating to Chinese feel
ings. It is unfortunate that exclusion la
oeceseary. As It la it should be carried
out as decently as possible.
Charming- Monatala Modesty.
Denver Republican.
The Republican Is so much superior to
any other paper printed in the Rocky
mountains that there Is hardly inr com-
Jparlson to be made. It contains at all
times the fullest, the best written and the
most trustworthy reports of current eventa
and the most sensible editorial discussions
of questions of interest.
Colnn to the Bottom.
Indianapolis Journal.
Secretary Root's instructions to General
Chaffee show that the administration In
tends to meet fearlessly the charges of
cruelty In the prosecution of the war In
the Philippines. From whatever aource
they may come the charges are to be thor
oughly Investigated, and If any are sub
stantiated those who are responsible for
the cruel orders or practices will be pun
ished. ISiCLE SAM AS A FARMER.
A Ollmpae of Last Year's Business
wltk Other Lands.
Cincinnati Commercial-Tribune. -Uncle
Sam can well afford to sit on his
farm fence and whittle and let nature do
the rest If his agricultural enterprises turn
out as well In the future aa they did in
the year 1901, for which he has just struck
a balance In the Agricultural department,
where he keeps his accounts roughly
chalked up. They show that he sold to
other nations during the fiscal year the
largest bills of goods in any one year since
he started the ranch, to say nothing of tlie
family consumption, which for 75,000,000
odd at table is no small matter, where
the very best in quality, and' without stint
ing quantity, ' Is always freely supplied.
Indeed, the tacts are freely commented
upon In less favored households of nations
that the Xspk.ee people do not know what
domestic economy means, and that they
waste more of the necessities of life In
any one year than would supply in luxury
the table of their English or French or
German cousins.
In spite of waste and luxurious home
living, the United States managed to sell
abroad farm products to the value of 1952,
000,000, an Increase of over $100,000,000 of
the exports for 1900. Of course, there was
a credit offset to this in certain lines of
staple products which Uncle Sam does
not raise with profit, but which the family
has a taste for. They cost only the trifling
total, however, of $392,000,000, which was
$28,000,000 less than the same goods cost
In the year 1900. It leaves the healthy and
gratifying surplus of $560,000,000, a very
comfortable margin of profit for the horny
banded cultivator of the soil. The account
doee not Include the figures of our trade
with Hawaii and Porto Rico, and that for
the year 1900 did. Since then the junction
of those outlying islands to the home farm
would properly leave them out of any
calculation of what our debit and credit
trade was with foreign consumers, but the
business cuts a small figure anyway, as In
the year 1900 our sales to these islands
amounted to only about $24,000,000, while
we purchased from them a beggarly $5,000,
000. Cotton, for the first time In several
years, took the lead in our exports, followed
as a close second by breadstuffs, and third
in order by meat products. The chief items
imported and which make .up $351,000,000
of (he total value of $392,000,000 were
sugar, coffee, hides, skins, silk, fiber
(vegetable and woolen), tea, fruit, nuta,
cocoa, vegetable oils, vegetables and cptcea,
wines and spirits and seeds.
The result shows Uncle Sam to be ' a
pretty good farmer, even if bis family is a
trifle wasteful and extravagant. .
POLITICAL DRIFT.
After all. Senator Jones Is assured of a
bale of comfort In private life.
The projected statue te General Butler
has been defeated by the legislature. Mas
sachusetts cannot so soon forgive the
Tewksbury revelations.
The legislature of Maryland assembled In
extra session last Thursday for the single
purpose of correcting legislative blunders
committed at the regular session last win
ter. Nebraska's distinguished example Is tak
ing root in Maine. Joseph H. Manley has
Invested In a farm as the first step in his
campaign for the governorship of the Pine
Tree state.
Voting machines were given a trla) at
the city election la Hartford, Conn., on the
8th lnst., and worked like a charm. In two
voting preclncta 2,400 voters pressed the
button during the day.
The assessed valuation of St. Louis real
estate for the current year foots up $3J1,
69,520, an Increase of $15,655,330 over 1901.
Valuations of quasi-public corporations and
of banks and trust companies were also
pushed up, making the total Increase $25,
991,750. Oeorge 8. R. Wright, a member of the
Philadelphia council, has horrified the
other city fathers of that most corruptly
governed community by returning to the
Pennsylvania railroad an annual pass
which the company sent him. Mr. Wright
says he always paid his own fare before
and sees good reason why he should do so
now more than ever.
David B. Hill favors John Q. Mllbura of
Buffalo as the democratic candidate for
governor of New York state next fall. It Is
lotlmated that Mr. Hill Is guided In this
matter by the fact that Mllbura was bora
In England and therefore, even if elected,
Is barred by the constitution from becom
ing president. The ex-senator could there
fore have the glory of favoring a winning
candidate without bringing s dangerous
rival toto national view.
Up-to-Datc City.
the greatest activity Is apparent In fact,
residence building has gone on uninterrupt
edly all winter long, employing every avail
able mechanic. McCook lit becoming promt
nently known as the renter and headquar
ters of the movement to encourage the
growing of sugar beets In the Republirsn
valley and uplands, and It does not require
the vision of an enthusiast to aee In the
not distant future a beet sugar factory at
this place a business project which would
be of the very highest Importance to this
portion of Nebraska and which should re
ceive every encouragement, for In this dl
rection lies one of its most promising
sources of succeea and prosperity. It may
be noted with satisfaction, too, that Ave
times last year's acreage has already been
contracted for the present season. Profit
able results were obtained on the uplands
aa well as from Irrigation In the valley
In addition to the usual crops alfalfa has
come to be' one of the growing crops of this
part of the Republican valley. This means
an expansion of southwestern Nebraska's
chlefest source of wealth, the growing of
stock. It Is to this end that nature has
especially smiled on this section, and along
this sure road to substantial prosperity and
wealth there Is the most permanent devel
opment herein are the most reliable ad
vantages to the settler and Investor.
F. M. KIMMELL.
OTHER LANDS TIIAX OURS.
Among the seditious proclamations re
eently circulated In St. Petersburg by the
students Is one addressed especially to
workmen, which draws a somber picture of
their wretched existence and their moral
and physical degradation. The circular de
Clares that the whole existing situation Is
due to the tyranny of the system of gov
ernment. It then proceeds to assure the
working classes that what Is taught them
In the name of God Is only a tissue of false
hood, a shameful exploitation of religion
carried on for the benefit of governments,
priests and the holy synod; that the peo
ple lu the eyes of the government repre
sent nothing more than a vile herd of ani
mals, without knowledge, will, rights or
worth of tny kind. But, saiys the circular,
the students have taken into their own
hands the people's cause, In -order to free
the workmen from this sad state, and even
though each student should have at his
side ten policemen and ten gendarmes
threatening him with the lash, he would
none the less fulfill the task which he has
taken upon himself for the good of the
people. The effect of this and similar
methods of agitation waa clearly observ
able In the participation of the working
classes in tho recent student demonstra
tions. In France possibly more than in any
other country ail organized demonstrations
for the improvement of labor conditions
are tainted by the extreme actiona of an
archists and radical socialists, who seize
every opportunity to attack all established
institutions and thus force honeBt and
rational opposition to abuses to become
identified with mob rule and violence. A
serious attempt is now being made on the
part of French labor organizations to elimi
nate from their ranks all extreme and revo
lutionary elementa. The first national con
gress of the "Jaunes de France," or yellow
mining syndicate, In opposition to the revo
lutionary syndicate called the "Rouges," or
Reds, Is now in session at the Salon des
Families, In the Avenue de Salnt-Mande,
Paris. The delegatea are numerous, rep
resenting 317 syndicates, with a total mem
bership of 201,745 miners. M. Burrln, dele
gate for Montceau, has been chosen presi
dent! The proceedings promise to be of au
interesting character, for we are in the
presence of an organized attempt to elimi
nate the collectlvlst and revolutionary ele
ment from the settlement of labor dis
putes. The riots In Belgium are much of the
same character, but not yet so general or
violent, as thoBe that prevailed at the last
change in the conditions of suffrage some
ten years since. As at the former period
there Is a good deal of trouble with the
purely lawless element In the cities, but
apparently there la a concerted move
ment, led by the socialists, to force the
government to a wider basis of suffrage.
In 1893 nominally universal suffrage was
adopted, the minimum of age being fixed at
25 years. Then the number of voters was
Insignificant, less than 200,000 at most, and
hardly more than half that at some elec
tions. The new law was calculated to in
crease this number largely. But certain
classes were given what are known as sup
plementary votes. Two additional votes
were given to married men having chil
dren, one was given tor the possession of
a certain amount of property, snd two
were given to the graduates of the higher
educational and technical Institutions. The
result has been to keep the conservative
party In power, though it la undoubtedly
a minority of the voters. There has been
for aome years a vigorous agitation for the
repeal of the supplemental vote and the
adoption of the policy of "one man, one
vote." The struggle has been much em
bittered by the acute animosity of the so
cialists and a large part of the working
men toward the "clericals." It Is impos
sible to say what will be the Immediate
outcome of the present disturbances, but
if events take the same course as In 1893
the government will first suppress the dis
turbance with such success as It can at
tain, and then will yield a more liberal
suffrage.
The following Is a comprehensive esti
mate of King Oscar of Sweden: King
Oscar is a sailor, or rather, was one until
he ascended the throne. Oscar is probably-the
moat accomplished, as well as the
moat majestic, of all old world monarch
of the present time. Besides being a great
traveler, he Is an author, a poet, a dra
matist, an artlBt and a composer. Indeed,
most of the church music now used in
Sweden Is of his composition. Add to this
that he possesses a remarkable knowledge
of history, of Oriental lore, of chemlatry,
astronomy and other branches of science,
that he la a clever and successful business
man, that be stands six feet three In his
stockings, and that he wears on n1s breast
several medals, cenferrea upon him prior
to his succession to the throne, for saving
lives at the risk of his own, and you have
a monarch well worthy in every respect of
occupying the throne of the Vikings of the
heroic days of the Sagas.
The plan of the Russian government to
colonize Siberia on an extenaive scale Is
said to have broken down completely in
execution. The inducements offered to Rus
sian peasants were very generous, and In
the last twelve months over 200,000 have
crossed the Urals to make new homes
for themselves. It seems, however, that
Insufficient provision waa made for their
reception and that It waa impossible to
take proper eare of them until they had
secured their farms and started In their
new life. The result is that at least 60,000
have returned to Russia empty of pocket
and ruined in health from the hardships
they underwent. Likewise has M. Wltte's
plan for the settlement of 8 Iberia by Im
poverished nobles failed. Such persons
were permitted to purchase lands ea the
GramBaIdsig Powder
The difference of cost between a good
and a poor baking powder would not
amount for a family's supply to one dol
lar a year. The poor powder would
cause doctors bills many times this.
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder is
the most economical in the end, because
it goes further in leavening and insures
perfect, wholesome food.
Used always in making the biscuit
and cake it saves both health and money.
Made from pure, grape cream of tartar,
most healthful of fruit acids.
Prici Bakinq Powder Co,
Chicago.
easiest of terms, about 8,000 acres being
allotted to each one, the payments to ex
tend over thirty-seven years. Instead.
however, of nobles taking advantage of thta
offer, these lands have been taken up by
speculators and Jobbers, who in many cases
have resold them at ten times their original
price. But the chief obstacle Russia ha
to meet In the settlement of Its vast Asiatic
dominion Is the unwillingness of the peas
ants to live on farms. They prefer tho
towns and trading stations, and Instead
of becoming active factors in the develop
ment of the country more than often be
come charges on the government.
...
Victor Emmanuel la said to be emulative
of Haroun al Raschid, and enjoys nothing
more than to wander about the streets and
countryside, mixing among hla people,
hearing good things of himself and the
opposite. As Italy Is supposed to be the
hotbed of anarchy, the police are com
manded to keep a particularly close watch
on their sovereign, so that no harm may
befall him. But not a week passes that
he does not elude them and get away by
himself. By this means he is continually
having adventures which are rarely the lot
of monarchs and at the same time he gets
closer to his people, more In touch with
their likes and dislikes, than Is usually the
case with one In his position.
LIXES TO A SMILE.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Thn editor of
the Manila Volcano has been arrested."
"Wonder what they'll do with the
crater?"
Chicago Tribune: "I see old Bklmmer
horn la up for office again. I thought he
had got out of politics."
"Well, you're not far wrong. About
everything he has he got out of politics."
Somervllle Journal: Almost every busi
ness man by the time he gets to be 40
carrfca around 'with him all the time at
least one little bottle of pills, and some
times two.
Chicago Post: "Are they happily mated?"
"I don't think so. I overheard hla wife
telling him that she thought mourning was
very becoming to her."
Philadelphia Press: IJeutenant Ixvett
(sentimentally) I've coma to nay "good
by." I've been ordered to the Philippines.
Miss Giddy How Jolly! It'll be to in
teresting now to read the lists of the killed
and wounded. ,
Baltimore News: "Young man." said the
solemn-looking gentleman In the throng,
"do you know you are on the path to quick
destruction? '
"I do," replied the youth, as he detached
Vv wrs
it's in the Quality
Of Our Clothing for MEN and Coys that
Hake it Cheap.
It Is better In materials and workmanship than you'll tad at
most places. And It doesn't cost more than the kinds that are
cheap only In name.
Men's Suits,
$10.00 to $25.00.
Boys' and Children Suits
$2.50 to $18.00
The novelties In Bailor and Russian Blpuse Suits for small boys
are extremely attractive this season, both in design and materials.
They will Interest every mother of a boy if she desires good cloth
ing at reasonable prices.
No Clothing Fits Like Ours.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
R. & Wilcox, Manager.
Note. You cannot, if you value Rood
health, afford to use cheap, low-grade)
baking powders. They are mostly, in
spite of the pure food laws, made from
alum, which endangers the health. All
physicians will tell you that such pow
ders in food are injurious.
himself and hastened forward, for he had
only ten minutes to epend In tho quick
lunch room.
Baltimore American: "And so," se'd the
member of the Investigating committee,
"you are the gentleman in charge of the
rogues' gallery?"
'"Yes, sir," answered the police lieuten
ant, "we are the committee on weighs and
miens."
This subtle connection of the manage
ment of the Institution with the methods
of cnnKreHs raised dark suspicions In the
minds of the committee.
TUB WASHERWOMAN.
Eugene Ware ("Ironqullt").
In a very humblo cot.
In a rather qule spot.
In the suds and In the sonp,
Worked a woman, full of hope;
Working, singing, all alone.
In a sort of undertone:
"With the Savior for a friend,
lie will keep me to the end,"
Sometimes happening along,
I heard the semi-song,
And often used to smjle.
More In sympathy than guile;
Hut I never said a word
In regard to what I heard.
As she sang about her friend
Who would keep her to the end
Not In sorrow nor In glee
Working all day long was she,
. As her children, three or four.
Played around tier on the floor;
Hut In monotones the song
She was humming- all 'day long:
"With the Savior for a friend.
He will keep me to the end."
It's a song I do not sing,
Kor I scarce believe a thing
Of the miraclea of old;
Hut 1 know that her belief
Is the anodyne of grief.
And will always be a friend
That will keep her to the end.
Just a trifle lonesome she,
Just as poor as poor could be;
Hut her spirits' always rose,
Like the bubbles In the clothes,
.And thouKh widowed and alone.
Cheered her with the monotone.
Of a Savior and a friend
Who would keep her to the end.
I have Been her rub tfij scrub,
On a washboard In the tub,
Whlla the baby, sopped in suds.
Rolled and tumbled In the duda;
Or was paddling lit the pools.
With old scissors stuck In spools;
She still humming of her friend
Who would keep her to the end.
Human hopes and human creeds
Have their root on human needs;
And I should not wish to strip
From that washerwoman's Ud
Any song that she can sinpr.
Any hope that songs can bring;
For the woman haa a friend
Who will keep her to the end.
t