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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 9, 1902)
TflE OMAHA .DAILY BEE: WEDNESDAY, ATOTIj 9, 1P02.
Tire ctmaiia Daily Bee
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COVU'ANY.
STATEMENT OK CIRCULATION,
ptate of Nebraska, Douglas County, se.:
Oeorge B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
I&venlng and Sunday Bee printed during the
Cnonth of March, 1W2, waa as follows;
1 lflM7V 17 2,5SO
3 3tW,7W 18 W,43
'AV,4'Mt It 2,B30
4 !H,7TO 20 3U,StM
( WM30 21 S,610
ZIMMO 22 2,B4M
7 39,020 23 JW.ttoO
2,4SO U 2tw,10
10 JI,oO 28 SW.KdO
11 2U,504 27 ,BW
12 a,S70 28 39,S40
it. ....... ..8,S40 29 80,040
14 20,620 30 moo
u a,7o si w,4o
Le unsold and returned copies.... V,tH7
Net total sales.. v 00T,S13
Net dally average 21MTT
GEO. B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before, me this 8m day of March, A. D.
12. GEORGE RASMUBEN.
tSel.) Notary Public.
All that 1 left for John Chinaman to
do la to grin and try to look pleasant.
Alt Ear-Bon proposes to be an open
sir monarch this year. The good king
has no limits to his realm.
The remaining war taxes come off
Tilly 1, In time for the relieved Inter
ests to celebrate appropriately on
Iowa's legislature Is coming down the
tome stretch and the adjournment po"t
."will probably be reached before the
kreek la out
With the new commandant for the
High school cadets Installed, the blood
less fight over the additional equipment
of guns may proceed.
From proceedings of the divorce
courts, the quickest way to escape mat
rimonial bonds appears to be communion
Jrvlth the Flgglte sect
Bo far as relieving the Judge from
pressure for excuses from service, those
business men on the Jury panels are
Dot what they are cracked up to be.
The popocratlc World-Herald has al
waya been generous In suggesting can
didates for republicans to nominate, but
these suggestions are not entirely disin
terested. neturns of spring municipal elections
throughout the country are variegated
enough to suit the most fastidious and
furnish solace to partisans and non
partisans. Irrespective of political predi
lections. i 1 ii i aarjp
European governments are now test
ing automobile devices for use la army
equipment. Recalling the visions of
bicycling military companies conjured
up only a few years ago only to be punc
tured at first trial, the automobile en
thusiasts will do well to put brakes on
Now that the fate of the Chinese ex
clusion bill has been practically settled,
It would be Interesting to the general
public to know Just who got the money
collected by the Six Companies as a
tax on all the Chinese In this coun
try, ostensibly for' the purpose of pro
tecting their Interests In congress.
The amicable adjustment of the differ
ences that had precipitated a strike
among the shoe workers in the local
field Is a cause for general congratula
tion. It Is a proof that both employers
and employes can meet on the middle
ground of mutual concessions and' reach
agreements satisfactory to both aides.
If the sugar trust Is really contemplat
ing an Invasion of the beet sugar busi
ness it is reminded that Nebraska offers
a promising field for beet sugar produc
tion. This state can readily furnish the
raw material for a score more factories
and la not particular whether they are
erected with the mouey of one syndicate
or the other.
The cordial reception accorded Presl
dent Roosevelt on his visit to South
Carolina may lie taken to Indicate that
th people of the Palmetto state are
heartily ashamed of the disgraceful ex
hibition of their senator In connection
with the Prince Henry visit and want
to omit nothing to prove their disavowal
of the Tillman offenders.
Having destroyed systematic garbage
collection in Omaha, by their tearful
tales about the poor little boys 40 years
old arrested for the crime of hauling
ashes, the local yellow Journals are now
trying to create a stampede over con
taglon alleged to be threatened by con
dltions they themselves have produced.
But there Is no good cause for alarni
thelr latest fakes have no better foujida
tioa taaa the former onea
x rosr Fatcro.
The sham reform orgnn of these parts
appeals to Governor Savage and the
other members of the State Board of
Equalization to carry ont the letter and
spirit of the law In the assessment of
Nebraska' railroad property. The board
Is reminded, that the statute .under
which It Is acting provides that the
ronds shall be assessed at their actual
value, and their actual value, according
to the standard . laid down by Prof.
Bern Is. Is the market value of the stocks
and bonds. In view of the fact the
other taxable property In Nebraska Is
assessed at 20 to 23 per cent It Is sug
gested that the same ratio be applied to
This undoubtedly Is the' intent of the
law, but It Is passing strauge that the
sham reform organ did not press the
strict enforcement of the law when the
fusion reformers were at the helm of
the state government It Is a matter
of notoriety that the railroad assess
ments In Nebraska under the populist
governor were lower than they bad been
under republican predecessors, notwith
standing substantial Improvements and
Increase of rolling stock. It Is also a
matter of notoriety that the failure of
the populists to . redeem their pledges
In regard to railroad taxation lost their
candidates thousands of votes.
But the organ of sham reform hns
made a reputation for ex post facto
grand stand play. When its own party
Is In power It winks at the most fla
grant abuses, condones extravagance
and keeps silence about broken pledges,
but when Its party Is out of power It
clamors for greater economy, denounces
subservience to corporations and Insists
upon the rigid execution of laws. It
Is this policy of making flesh of one and
fish of another that stamps the utter
ances of the popocratlc organ with In
sincerity and destroys whatever force
they might have.
More equitable taxation of railroad
property has for years been demanded
by the people of Nebraska. The Bee
has voiced this sentiment consistently
without regard to political effects when
republicans were In power and when
populists held the state house.
CHIHA MAT RUTALIATB.
It Is very probable that the proposed
drastic legislation for the exclusion of
the Chinese will be adopted, the bill un
der consideration In the senate being
substantially the same as the one which
passed the house. It has been proposed
In the senate to extend the operation of
the existing law during the period cov
ered by our treaty with China, which
expires In December, 10O4. It Is urged
that this would be the easiest way out
of the Chinese difficulty and pending
the expiration of the treaty In 11)04 an
other convention could be negotiated
with China In regard to exclusion and
legislation passed in accord with such
treaty. The suggestion Is to simply
continue present conditions for1 two and
a half years longer, Instead of pursuing
a course that Is likely to prove very of
fensive to . China, now exceedingly
friendly toward the United States.
There Is very small chance, however, If
any, of this proposition being adopted.
The possibility of retaliation on the
part of China Is pretty generally rec
ognized, though It has no effect upon the
extreme advocates of exclusion. Our
cotton manufacturers, particularly In
the south, feel that there Is danger of
retaliation. This was shown In what
Senator Simmons of North Carolina
said in his remarks on the pending bill.
He stated that he expected to vote for
the measure, but was reluctant to do
so because the cotton manufacturers of
his state and the south generally were
appealing against its enactment, fearing
that it will lead to retaliation and that
their market In the Orient might be
checked if not destroyed.
While the Chinese government might
not adopt a policy of retaliation. It Is
by no means unlikely that the mer
chants of China would do so, which
would be quite as effective against our
trade with that empire as action by the
government It cannot be doubted that
the Chinese merchants would be en
couraged to do this by our trade rivals.
This danger in connection with the ex
treme exclusion policy may prove to be
nuore serious than Is now apprehended.
EilBARASSlXO THU ADM 111 ISTRATlUX.
It Is nearly two weeks since President
Roosevelt sent his message to congress
recommending legislation concerning the
establishment of diplomatic and con
sular relations with Cuba when the gov
ernment of the new republic shall le
Installed next month. The president
urged timely consideration of this mat
ter, the Importance of which Is obvious.
The message recommended that provi
sion be forthwith made and salaries be
appropriated and made Immediately
available for an envoy extraordinary
and minister plenipotentiary, a secretary
of legation, second . secretary of lega
tion, consul general at Havana and two
It appears that nothing has yet been
done looking to the carrying out of these
recommendations and it Is reported
from Washington that considerable op
position has been manifested' among a
small group In the senate who Intend to
try to embarrass the administration i
gardlng the Cuban question as much as
possible. It Is stated that should the
measure recommended by the president
be drafted and put through the usual
course It Is the Intention of the opposi
tion to hold It up In some way. It Is
said to have been decided, therefore, to
propose In the senate an amendment to
the sundry civil appropriation bill pro
viding an appropriation for Cuban dip
lomatic and consular officers.
It Is not to be supposed that there are
any republican senators who would un
dertake to embarrass the administration
In this matter and It Is not easy to un
derstand why democratic, Senators
should desire to do so. Everybody rec
ognises the fact that the United States
must establish diplomatic relatione with
the Cuban republic and tt ts manifestly
XlWfiorUut UuU LUt be dvaa as yya as
the new republic comes Into existence,
which will be May 20. American In
terests In the Island are such as to re
quire that our diplomatic and consular
representatives be on band when the
machinery of the Cuban government
shall be put In operation, so that the re
lations between the two governments,
as provided for In the Tlatt amendment
and accepted by the Cuban constitu
tional convention, shall receive promptly
whatever consideration may be neces
sary. There Is nothing In this matter
that should excite partisan opiosltlon.
There Is an International duty and obli
gation to be performed iu the proper
performance of which all our people
should feel an Interest irrespective of
political affiliation. It Is certainly not
apparent what could be gained by the
democrats In attempting to embarrass
the administration lu the matter.
The recommendations made by the
president are Judicious and a bill to
carry them Into effect should be
promptly passed, so tlmt the president
will have ample time lu which to select
the men who will represent trre United
States In Uie Cuban republic.
BASKRVPTCl LAW RlfORM.
The business interests that are dissat
isfied with some features of the bank
ruptcy law and have been urging
changes In the act appear likely to se
cure what they desire. The matter has
been under consideration by the house
Judiciary committee, which will propose
several Important amendments. One of
these protects Innocent transactions like
payments between debtor and creditor
up to the moment of bankruptcy; an
other modifies the present second ob
jection to a discharge and adds four
more objections to discharge; a third
amendment confers Jurisdiction on the
federal district courts concurrently with
the state courts of suits to recover prop
erty of the bankrupt and a fourth
amendment regulates the bankruptcy of
corporations by making the application
for a receivership an act of bankruptcy
by permitting certain corporations to
become voluntary bankrupts and by
adding mining corporations to those
amenable to bankruptcy. Other changes
are proposed, but the above are the most
An informal vote of the house Judi
ciary committee, taken to decide upon
the best course to be followed, dis
closed the fact that four of Its mem
bers favored the reporting of a bill for
the repeal of the law. There Is un
doubtedly a considerable sentiment fa
vorable to repeal, though It Is safe to
say that a majority of the business men
of the country do not take this view. It
Is quite probable, however, that opposi
tion to the law will grow If It shall not
be changed In respects which experience
with Its operation has shown to be de
sirable. We believe that a large ma
jority of Intelligent merchants regard
a national bankruptcy law as essential
and would earnestly opitose Its aband
onment, but they are dissatisfied with
certain features of the present law and
have urged their removal or correction.
Jf this demaud Is heeded by congress
no doubt much of the hostility to the
law will disappear.
WHO WILL BITC1
Two valuable franchises have been
thrown on the South Omaha stock
One of these Is a franchise for a rail
road and wagon bridge to span the Mis
souri river between South Omaha and
the Iowa shore. The promoters of that
franchise have had it incorporated with
an authorized capital of $2,000,000, of
which $500,000 is to be Issued In $100
shares and the remainder at the option
of capitalists who can be, Induced to
float the enterprise and compensate the
promoters for their trouble.
The other franchise represents the hot-
air scheme that was rushed through the
defunct South Omaha city council dur
ing the last hour of Its existence and
approved by ex-Mayor Kelly as soon as
the vote had been recorded. Under this
franchise the promoters are privileged
to supply South Omaha with heat power
and light under ground or overhead.
either by pipe line, wire or balloon. Al
though not yet capitalized, the hot-air
franchise has greater speculative possi
bilities than the suspension bridge, and
the promoters will doubtless see to It
that It Is capitalized for several millions.
The next step will probably be a
merger of the two mammoth enterprises
under the community of Interest plan; so
they may be exploited for all there Is In
them. Th,e only problem yet to be
solved is to find the men of means who
will bite on this tempting bait
Lincoln Is agitating for a change of Its
city charter to provide for the election
of councllmen by the voters of the city
at large instead of the ward alone, fol
lowing the plan first engrafted Into the
Omaha charter and later copied In the
South Omaha charter. The system has
both Its advantages and Its disadvan
tages, which depend largely on the uum
ber of members composing the munici
pal legislature. If all members are
elected at large, although chosen from a
particular ward, they lose tbelr Identity
as representing only part of the city
and become in fact councllmen at targe.
Where the municipal council consists of
two houses, as In luuuy of the larger
eastern cities, different constituencies
for them have seemed advisable. Where
there Is but one branch, efficiency de
pends more upon the character of the
men than upon the area from which
they are selected.
The fact should not be overlooked
that the operations of British . agents
purchasing ; mules in this country are
all In southern. states which are under
control of democratic authorities. While
the state governments have nothing to
do with the conduct of our International
relations. If neutrality obligations were
being violated they should be the first
to know of It and would have to assist
In suppressing the objectionable prac
tices. It would not be surprising If the
states: profiting ' frvia Uie trattlc In
American mules should come to the
front to protect the Interests Involved
and resurrect the old states rights
doctrine as a protest against the Inter
ference of the national government with
a domestic Institution.
According to reliable Washington In
formation, President llosevelt hns been
the most active agency In welding con
tending elements Interested In Irrigation
legislation Into unity upon a single
measure. President Roosevelt's famil
iarity with the west gives him an appre
ciation of the Importance of this matter
to the people in the seml-arld region
possessed by few easterners and his ac
tivity to promote the success of a satis
factory irrigation measure proves his
readiness to assist the west In every
legitimate effort to develop its resources.
With the Influence of the president fa
vorable to it congress may be expected
to give more kindly consideration.
Our Dave never misses an opportunity
for throwing an anchor to windward.
The following dispatch, wired under the
franking privilege, to ex-Uovernor Boyd,
Senate and house conference have just
agreed to accept house bill reducing war
taxes. This suits you.
This has reference to the tax on grain
commission brokers, but what influence
Mercer exerted In bringing about the
action of the conference committee Is
Tom Piatt's Valqae Tribe.
New Tork Tribune.
' There are some things In the United
States which are absolutely unique. In what
other country, for example, Is there an
Takes Cars of Nnmber Oae.
Cecil Rhodes leaves his money to Eng
land. England will get it. They haven't
the habit over there of blackening a rela
tive's character In order to get the money.
. Perils of Close Inspection.
Investigators of that alleged British
camp at New Orleans should be careful net
to venture too close to the heels of the
mules If they care to come back with an ex
Brlnalaaj the Pol at Home.
During the fiscal year 1901 America ex
ported farm products to the value of $952,
000,000, or an Increase of $100,000,000 over
1900. - Imports of agricultural products, on
the other hasd, fell off nearly $30,000,000.
These figures bring the value and wisdom
of reciprocity directly home to the Ameri
What Is Happening; to Jones.
Governor Jeff Davis of Arkansas, seems
disposed to twist the knife around 'sow
that be has It burled In the vitals of Sena
tor James K. Jones. He bas Just written
s letter and sent It to all his friends say
ing: "Don't let a Jones man come to the
state convention It possible, because his
friends, in my Judgment, would thwart any
proposition I might entertain, I want a
platform written by the next state conven
tion so ringing and clear that no man will
mistake It and that will commit the party
of my native state to the destruction of
all truBts and combines that are Inimical
to the welfare of the people." Senator
Jones' political enemies are evidently sot
satisfied with burying him.. They propose
to execute a war dance over his grave.
.Political Uraftlnsr In St. I.oala.
What kind of .men were they who did
these things? Were they exceptionally
clever? Had they unusual powers of mind?
Not at all. Some of them were "utterly
illiterate and lacking In ordinary Intelli
gence, unable to give a better reason for
favoring or opposing a measure than a de
sire to act with the majority. In some
no trace of mentality or morality appeared:
in others a low order of training could
be found, united with a base cunning,
groveling Instincts, and sordid desires."
These were the men who were able to hold
a city by the throat. If the thing had been
done by a Ceasar it would have been bad
enough, for the despotism even of genius
Is Irksome. A despotism exercised by bar
rel-bouse satyrs passes the bounds of muni
cipal endurance. 1
SEW YORK. AM) NEBRASKA.
The Reciprocal Idea la Political Sogj
estlona. '. New Tork World (dem.)
Mr. Bryan in bis Commoner suggests the
name of Editor Norman E. Mack of Buffalo
as the democ ratio candidate for governor
of New York. He mentions as a qualifica
tion the fact that Mr. Maek "supported the
national ticket In 18ft."
Mr. Mack ts a good democrat and an able
publisher, but if only those who "supported
the ticket" in 1896 are eligible to candi
dacies or to a voice In party management,
the democracy of this state would still be
In a minority of 268,489 in the election.
But as one suggestion Invites another, ths
editor of the Commoner will not, we trust,
resent the return advice that he try to pick
out a winning democratic candidate In bla
own state, 'which has now been carried by
the republicans for two years in succession,
the last time by nearly 13,000 majority.
New York can perhaps worry along by
and for itself, as It did In 1887. when the
democrats, by Ignoring the platform and
candidate of the previous disastrous year,
elected Judge Parker by more than 60,000
IVDISTItlAL, RANK OP STATES.
Relative Position aaa Valae of Mann-
New York 8un.
The manufacturing statistics for 1904 for
all states and territories have Just been
summarised in Census Bulletin No. 150.
Tbey are arranged In the printed table In
alphabetical order, but the relative rank
of each state given. In the following
list the states and territories are arranged
in the order of their manufacturing Impor
tance. There are very fsw of them except
several of the leading states which occupy
the same relative position, as to the value
of their manufactures, which they held In
1890. The value for 1900 of the manufac
tured products of each state Is ei pressed
in this table Is millions of dollars:
1. N.w York ,...1Ti
I. Paooay aol .,,.1.1
I. Illinois ,..!
4. MuMcbuaati ...l.ts
f. Ohio tn
. N.w J.rssr. ...... til
1. Missouri tw
t. InSlana !
t. Wlftcenrin - Ml
I. Mlrhlsan tt!
11. Coanactlcut Ski
11. California "
It. MlnoMuta , (at
14. Marylaua .. 4i
16. Jhua Jilsua tn
21 Nona Carolina...
tt. Wtthlnfioa ....mt
JO. AUbtat ,
Jl. Woot Vlrslaia....
it. South Carolina...
tt His. of Columbia.
41. I tab
44. South Pakota
44. Norta iMJurta
47. Now Msitce
W. I4al ,
ri. Indian Torrltarr.
ii- UllAlSt IUUWt
It. Sums", n
11. lo. IV.
IL Kntaekr 16
It. hmbnmkm Hi
M. Vlrslul I-U
ti. Mn. in
n Louisiana Hi
U. ToiM Ill
ft. Mow Hsanwalra.il
Jo. Toaoooaos (7
H litalSi tuuU'lA!
ROISI) ABOt'T SEW TORK.
Ripples on the Current of Life la the
All accounts agree that no one perished
of thirst In New York City on Sunday last.
Likewise, all agree In ssying the day was
the dryest In a generation. Notwithstand
ing the sm'ailng drouth, the authorities ot
the town, In cahoots with newspaper re
porters, manssed to pull off an official bur
glary. In order to test the grafting propen
sities of the police. District Attorney Je
rome selected the house to be burglarized,
placed therein the booty, consisting of $150
In money and $150 worth of silverware,
suitably marked, and turned the Job ove
to the Herald reporter assigned to the
The Herald selected a reporter who went
under the name of Kid Rawley and for ten
days mingled with tho criminals of the
Bowery, where he picked up a "pal" named
Villlera. They approached a detective, told
him they were about to commit a burglary
and offered to divide with htm it he would
help them dispose of the stolen goods. The
plotters say the detective agreed to the
proposition, but the latter declares be re
ferred them to police headquarters. The
newspaper men then proceeded to a house
on the upper west side and "pulled orT"
their little affair. The supposed burglars
met the detective afterward, but be bad
three companions with him.
It is declared that the employes of tbe
newspaper promised to give the detectives
$100 if they would give their assistance and
protection in case the burglary waa traced
to them.a Instead, the detectives placed
Rawley and bis companion under arrest.
Tbey were arraigned today, and the district
attorney bad them released on his recog
nizance. C. S. Cowenhoven, the reporter who went
under the name of Rawley, for more than
a week mingled on terms of Intimacy with
thieves and crooks and masqueraded suc
cessfully as one of their number. In that
rapacity, according to the Herald, he dis
cussed with accredited detective sergeants
plans for the protection ot himself and his
supposed associates in the commission of
crime, and the price to be paid for immu
nity from arrest. To one detective a sum of
money was paid as his share of the pro
ceeds of a supposed procket-plcking ex
ploit. One of the most extraordinary books ever
designed is now being made for a picked
number of Stock exchange men. It is to be
a book of caricatures of the members. The
artlBts are to be such well known carica
turists as Bush, Nolan, Archie Ounn, Rop
ers and Davenport. Each member pays $100
for his copy of the book, In addition to
which he gets the original drawing of him
self. There will probably also be siiort
burlesque biographies of the men. After
the limited number of copies of the book
have been struck off the plates will be de
stroyed. Only one copy will be sold to each
man. Offers of $75 premium are already
being made for tbe copies.
A Are In a pipe-maker's shop the other
day, relates the Post, spoiled the propri
etor's stock of meerschaum, and Inci
dentally disposed of the Idea, common In
most smokers' minds, that tbe commodity
la very expensive. Meerschaum itself Is
not very expensive. That used by the
manufacturers in this country Is Imported
as a raw material from Austria, and most
ot It Is obtained in Asia Minor. Usually
there are three or four different tries,
running from the rough and mixed to the
pure and finely grained article. There Is
no duty upon it. The chunks, not unlike
Cannel coal In shape, are packed In oblong
boxes about two feet and a half long, a
foot wide and a foot high. The raw ma
terial Is quite brittle and has to be snaked
in water before it ts used for modeling.
Meerschaum pipes are expensive because
much of the material from which the
bowls are matte has to be thrown away
before s piece is found that bas no flaws
in It. The shavings, however, are never
wasted. They are used to make a cheaper
grade ot pipes, which are known as chip
Two bunco men rambled outside the
bounds of Manhattan borough In search of
fodder. Tbey struck a dairyman named
Thomas J. Nearn. The first one, repre
senting himself as a New York business
man in want of a country place, railed on
Nearn and offered such a liberal price for
hla farm that a deal was soon made.
The two were looking about tbe farm and
the purchaser was telling of Improvements
he proposed to make when Bunco Man
No. 2 put In an appearance. He was
roughly dressed and professed to be a
drover anxious to buy stock. He acted
as If half drunk and soon began bragging
of a new game he had learned in New York
last week. Then, producing some cards, he
began throwing them clumsily and offering
to bet that no one could pick out the
Tho farm buyer made several wagers and
won easily, and then found It easy to per
suade the farmer to try his luck. Tbe
manipulator of the cards suddenly grew
skillful, and very soon the proceeds ot
Parmer Nearn'a last milk check, about
$50. was In the drover's pocket.
With tbe loss of his money came the
realisation that he had been victimized.
"I've got some more money In the bouse,"
said Nearn, "and I'll get It and try my luck
again. That dod-gasted Joker can't fool me
He made a quick trip to the house, and
on his return pulled out, not a "roll," but
a revolver, which be leveled at the bunco
men and told them to throw up their
They saw determination in the old man's
eye, and up went their hands. His first
care was to relieve them of tbelr revolvers.
This done, be said:
"Now. band over my money and all the
other cash you've got about your measly
They handed it over.
Then he told them to "git," and they
"Doing bunco men pays a durned tight
better and la a heap more excitln' than
farmln'," be remarked to bis neighbors.
As liberal In Its views as New York City
is generally conceded to be In most things,
saya the Evening Post, there have always
been certain Puritan prejudices which It
has clung to tenaciously a few very defi
nite laws against tbe offending of the pro
prieties which one might not violate with
Impunity. Possibly one of the moat strin
gent of these unwritten laws bas been that
which prohibits women from smoking in
publlo places. Until within very recently.
It Is safe to say, not a botel in the city
that pretends to cater to the "better ele
ment" has allowed Its women patrons to
smoke In any of Its public rooms. Either
the owners of these plsces are becoming
broader-minded or else the feminine de
mand to be allowed to smoke has become
too Insistent to be further Ignored. At any
rate, this form of woman's rights bas been
publicly acknowledged by at least one botel
proprietor. In the dining room of a high
class botel an engraved card, bearing this
inscription. Is placed on each of tbe tables
"Gentlemen and ladies wishing to smoke
may do so In tbe glltrootn."
Tbs glltrootn Is back of the parlor on
the second floor and nightly It is filled with
men and women smoking. Simply as a
commentary on tho "progress of tbe
times." tbe fact may be recalled that only
a little while ago a woman was arrested
and tsken to a police station for smoking on
RIGHTS OP t'MIO LAtTOH.
IsalSeaat Derision of tho New Tork
t'onrt of Appeals.
it is refreshing to read the sound, log
Iral and vigorous opinion of lbs New York
court of appeals In the Important labor caae
Jti't derided. The essential principle up
hel I therein has been consistently defended
In these columns as the only one that Ota
modern conditions and modern Ideas of co
operative and concerted action. It Is a
mistake to construe the decision as sustain
ing the right to strike. No one disputes
the existence of this right and courts of
appeal do not waste their time on demon
strating universally accepted maxims.
The New York rase Involved a deeper
question. Have men organized In a local or
national union the right to demand of an
employer the discharge of nonunion men
and enforce this demand by a threat to
strike? Superficial persons Jump at a nega
tive conclusion. No, they say. tbe union
men may not so threaten, for tho non
unionists are entitled to earn a livelihood
and the employer Is free to engage anyone
he sees fit. Which Is perfectly true and
Granting tbe right to organize and tbe
legal right to strike for any reason (or no
reason), it follows that "a labor organize
tlon It endowed with precisely the same
legal right as an individual to threaten to
do that which it may lawfully do." You
may not threaten violence er Intimidation,
because it would bo criminal to carry out
the threat. You may, however, threaten
anything which you have a legal right to
execute. A denial ot these propositions
leads to absurdity.
To quote the appellate court:
The defendant association, as appears
from the findings, wanted to put their men
In the place of certain men at work who
were nonmembers working for smaller pay,
and they set about doing It In a perfectly
lawful manner. They determined that If it
were necessary tliey would bear the burden
and expense of a strike to accomplish that
result, and In so determining they were
clearly within their rights.
The employer, on the other hand, had tbe
right to refuse to discharge the nonunion
men and take the consequences. To say
that union men must work with nonunion
men is clearly nonsense, and It Is equally
Irrational to say that tbey may not, as a
condition of remaining In the employer's
services, ask the dismissal ot persons ob
noxious to them. The wisdom or necessity
of such demands Is not a question for legis
latures or courts.
It is hardly necessary to point out that
nonunion men have the same right to de
cline to work with unionists and that em
ployers have tbe right to select their work
men from either class. On tho subject of
"threats" and "conspiracies" there Is great
confusion of thought, and the New York de
rision is a notable contribution to a con
sistent and enlightened philosophy ot Indus
Tbe king of Slam owns an army corps ot
500 elephants, all well trained for military
purposes and under command of a general.
The man who has Just refused $7,000 for
the season to serve with a bsse ball nine
must be able to wear diamonds as well as
play on them.
Hon. George S. Boutwell was tbe guest
of honor at a banquet of the Daughters of
Massachusetts given in Boston on Thurs
day evening last.
George M. Moulton of Illinois bss been
elected president of the Service Men of tbe
Spanish-American War. The first annual
convention was held in Springfield, III.,
Governor Van Sant of Minnesota bas ap
pointed April 18 aa Arbor and Bird day In
that state and has recommended that trees
be planted In honor ot tbe late President
Prof. Shaller Matbews of the University
of Michigan, who recently returned from
the Holy Land, says that in a small town
east of the River Jordan he discovered a
windmill which had been made in Batavla,
In making bis farewell address to the
city council of Wllkesbarre, Pa., Mayor
Francis M. Nichols said that the appointive
power had made him thousands of enemies
and that be finds himself "grossly deficient
in ability to properly exercise the power."
Mr. Nichols bad been mayor ot Wllkesbarre
for twelve years.
In "Captains Courageous" Kipling men
tioned by name about twenty vessels of the
fishing fleet at Gloucester. Since the publi
cation of tbe volume every one of the
twenty has gone down and the fishing folk
say that the vessels were hoodooed. The
last of the ill-fated boats, the Amy Knight
and tbe Prince Lebo, were sunk in tbe re
cent big storm.
At the celebration in the Pantbeoa re
cently all the celebrities of France were
present, of course, and equally as a matter
of course were bedizened with ribbons,
stars and all other marks of distinction In
which France Is so opulent- There wss one
little man, however, who appeared all in
black and didn't wear a slsgie ribbon er
star. It was Zola!
Dr. D. M. Foster of Bloomington, 111., one
of tbe few survivors of the band of men
who built the first railroad west of the
Alleghenles. baa been trying, without suc
cess, to find some one living who assisted
In that project. Dr. Foster is a nona
genarian, who for thirty years or more
practiced medicine and operated a drug
store at Bloomington. He has lived a re
tired, life for the last two decades, but bis
mind la still clear and be recalls distinctly
the incidents of the projection of the Drat
road west of the Alleghenles, which was
The Order of Things.
If jou haven't a new top-coat that is the first essen
tial for Spring.
Then comes the new hat, and after that tbe spring suit
And No Clothing Fits Like Ours.
Then comes the lighter weight underwear, new shirts,
hosiery and gloves, and a new tie for every day in the week
is a luxury you might consider.
Come here for all these things and be sure of qual
ity, style and a saving of money.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
R S. Wilcox, Manager.
Preenard Postal 4 masllmral to Atnera
The Idea of leor.tlag tbe new Issue nt
stamps with the head of some woman whose
life and work he made her a conspicuous
ft mi re In Amerdsn history Is a graceful
compliment to American womanhood. Alsa
It is significant of the prominence whith
Amerlran womanhood bas taken in our na
There remains to deride upon that woman
whose tareer tot national ends entitles her
to this nstlonsl distinction. If the selec
tion were to be made from women whoso
careers are yet unclosed, tho Judgment
would necessarily be attended by computa
tions, which, in view ot the unfortunate
position of Tarts and tbe women of Olym
pus, even tbe head of the Postofflce depart
ment would ahrlnk from meeting, lint In
our national history there atand out clearly
tbe historic figures of many women whosa
strength of character bas made them ron.
splcuous even among tbe strong men of
those days. There have been women whr
broad charity baa won them a cation's
love; women whose courage bas led thrm
to tbe side of torn and bloody humanity
on the field of battle: women who In groat
philanthropy have spent their fortunes snd
lives for the fallen and suffering of their
sex. We have had many great women In
our 12S years of national life.
In our official life, too, there are many
women, associated with the evolution of
statecraft and wielding an Influence so
strong to leave marks of their contact.
The first American woman to Impress her
strong personality upon tbe world was Mar
tha Washington. Even In the strong light
of that character, which molded our govern
ment and gave expression to the Amerlcaa
spirit of liberty, the beautiful life of Mrs.
Washington still stsnds forth clearly on
pages blurred by time.
Philadelphia Press: VPon't you rn"",
It lucky to pick up a pin? lnqjlred the
"Not If you pick it up sitting down on
It," replied the schoolmaster promptly.
Washington Star: "1 suppose you rejoice
with the rest of us In eee'nf the grass
coming up again to welcome the smile of
the vernal sunshine."
"Of course. 1 do," answered the man wltu
thin lips, "mowing the lawn at a, m. i
the principal fun I get In lire,
Brooklyn Life: The Bride John, do you
know anything about high balls?
"Why. er r. y-yes'm." .
"Then I wish vo;i would cok several for
mv husband a dinner. I heard hlrp. tell a
friend that he dearly loved them.
Chicago Tribune: Aa the policeman
passed the street atand he reached me
chanically for a handful of peanuts.
"No. you don't!" exclaimed- the watchful
proprietor, grabbing him. by the sleeve.
"Youre on a vacation!"
Philadelphia Record: "He's going In tr
politics. Wouldn't he make a eplendld
'What? Why. he's a deaf mute.
"Kxactlv. Just think how easy it would
be for hlfn to be absolutely dumb when It
Yes. but then he could never talk with
out showing hla hand."
Washington Star: 'What Is your Idea cf
a statesman?" . ,
"A statesman." said Farmer Comtossel.
"Is an officeholder who can quit tnlnkln
about quail on toast once In a while ana
remember the American eagle.'
Chicago Tribune: ou are the most
hateful, detestable, abomlnale villain I
have ever met!" exclaimed the Indignant
W" You fill me with gratitude, madam," re
plied the gloomy traveler, whose disagree
able manners had offended her. I hav
been a stage villain for twenty years, an. I
yours Is the first kind word I have ever
had." . .
Ohio Btate Journal: Adam entered the
house tnd threw himself diaconsolately
'"What.'gone wrong Adam?" asked Eve.
"Oh." replied Adam. Irritably, "an Icthlo
saurus haa walked acroes my cornfield and
1 11 have to plant It all over again!
Philadelphia. Press: Friend Oh. by the
way I've alwavs been curloua to know IT
you 'were successful with that strange pa
tient vou were treating last fall.
Doctor Partially; ha bas paid one-quarter
of his bill.
Washington Star: "It I a blessing."
said the patriot. .., jve under a, system
which makes imprisonment lor debt Im
possible." -I don't know about that," answered Mr.
Dunbrowne. "It might be some satisfac
tion to a man to feel that he waa safely
boused where his creditors couldn t get at
ADVICE TO MISSIONARY STOKE.
W. D. Nesblt In Baltimore American.
Ellen Stone. Oh, Ellen Btone,
You're coming home, they say-.
To tell us of the bandits bold
In far Bul-g-rl-ay.
They say you'll take th lecture Held,
If we have got the price -
To pay to hear your narrative
But, here la some advice:
Ellen Stone. Oh, Ellen Stone,
As soon as you snay land
You'll find the Sunday editors
About on every hand. '
They'll tempt you with alluring tales
Irf pictures large and rile:.
Of color-sections rich with, red-
But, here la some advtcet
Ellen Stone, Oh. Ellen Stone,
Wherever you may look
When you arrive, you II see a. mnn
Who aaya: "Now write a book.
He'll talk to you of copyright
In phrases that entire.
And tell you of the fortunes made-
But, here la some advice:
Ellen Stone. Oh. Ellen Stone,
The sober magazines
Will ask you for some articles
On "Captives Sights and Scenes.
We raiiaomed you. Miss Ellen Stone,
(The Imjidita cut the price.)
We've heard enough about the cess,
And bere is some advice:
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