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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 9, 1902)
The Omaha Daily ' Bee.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 1!, 1871.
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL ., 11)02 TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
CULLOM RAISES CRY
Chairman of Foreign Relations Committee
Protest Against Chinese Bill.
CONDEMNS PRESENT FORM OF MEASURE
:aji It Contravenes Existing Treaties Be
tween Americans and Orientals.
URGES OBSERVANCE OF SOLEMN COMPACT
Senator Personally Favors Ezolnsion, bnt
Objects to the Preient Bill.
, BUSINESS MEN OF COAST SEND IN PROTEST
fClaae prrckrla Head. Mat I rglng "en
ate t to Pans the Bill Without
Modlflratlons MrMirs Re
ferred to Committee,
WASHINGTON, April 8. A vigorous pro
test was made in the senate today by Mr.
Cullom of Illinois, against the passage of
the Chinese exclusion bill In Its present
form. Coming from the chairman of the
committee on foreign relations, the protest
made a deep Impression on tbe senate.
Mr. Cullom while expressing himself ae
In favor of the exclusion of Chinese la
borers, said many provisions of tbe pend
ing measure were In contravention with our
treaty conventions with China. He urged
that the United States could not afford to
Ignore Its solemn treaties, although he
conceded the authority of congress to enact
the proposed law If It saw fit to do so.
Mr. Patterson of Colorado and Mr. Per
kins of California, supported the pending
bill, maintaining that In no way did It
contravene existing treaties, as by the
convention of 1884, China had agreed that
Chinese laborers should be escluded from
this country. The bill was drastlo In Its
provisions, they admitted, but no more so
than was necessary to eliminate the pos
sibility of fraud.
Protest of Spread aad Other.
, At the opening of the session today, the
president pro tsm, (Mr. Fry), laid before
the senate a telegram signed by Claus
Bpreckels, and about twenty other bnslness
men of San Francisco, protesting against
the passage of the Chinese exclusion bill
In its present form. Tbe signers of the
telegram declarsd that the exclusion of
legitimate Chinese merchants, according to
the provision of the measure, would be
an act of gross injustice.
Mr. Cullom reviewed the trestles sad
legislation on ths subject of Chinese ex
clusion and continuing said:
Personally, T am in favor of an absolute
exclusion of Chinese laborer. In the ordi
nary meaning of that word, and the proper
enforcement or our present laws, ana u
seems to me that those laws are amply
mifMclent. I do not think it would be wle
for us to pans the bill under consideration,
because I consider many provisions of that
bill to be violations of our treaty relations
with China. J here is nothing in the pres
ent situation that, makes It either expedl
rnt or necessary to pass a law In dis
regard of our treaty with China. We should
do nothing that Is not upon a high plane
or nonur ana dignity.
Most Regard Chlaesc Treaty.
Our treaty with China Is worthy of con
alderatlon In dealing with this subject
Under present conditions it la as sure to
f(im home to the United States as the sun
tihlnes upon us if we do not close the doors
ourselves. The Hawaiian territory, over
l.uuo miles out from our California shores
In the direction of Japan and China In the
l'ucltlo ocean, is In the fullest sense a part
of the t'nIK'd fltatea. The great archi
pelago the Philippine Islands over which
the sovereignty of the United Btates Is pro
claimed. Is still beyond, and comparatively
near to China. 80 wo have opened the wuy
tiy establishing our outposts on the sea
to make It easy for the t'nited States to
control the commerce or that country.
My belief Is, we ought not to pass any
laws in disregard or the spirit or letter n
our treaties; that we can continue the
present laws until the treaty of 18M shill
expire, it notice snau oe given mat tnn
government does not desire It to be con
tinned another ten years, and In the mean
time a new treaty can be agreed to which
will abrogate any possible treaty stipula
tions against the absolute exclusion of
Chinese laborers, and which will permit 11
to enact such legislation as we may deem
necessary for the protection of our country
from the influx of these Chinese laborers
into the United States. It China should
decline to enter Into a new treaty of thl
character we might then be Justified in sro
Ing ahead and passing any law on the sub
ject of Chinese immigration we choose.
Admit Teachers aad Btadeats.
Ia answer to an Inquiry of Mr. Patter
, son of Colorado Mr. Cullom said be wanted
the bill so framed as to enable an honest
student and an honest teacher to enter the
United States without being branded as
criminals liable to a Jail sentence or to
That was ths meaning of the treaty with
China and that ought to be the meanln
of the law. The treaty now In force
clearly prohibits the coming to this coun
try of Chinese labor and even If no la
should be enacted by congress the treaty
would prevent the admission to this coun
try of undesirable Chinese.
Mr. Patterson maintained that afflrma
tlve legislation should be on the statute
books to exclude Chinese, that dependence
should not be placed entirely on the ex
Mr. Perkins of California said that 75
per cent of the Chinese Is this country
bad come through the port of Ben Fran
Cisco. Not only in California, but through
out the country, the sentiment was prac
tlcally unaulmous In favor of the exclusion
of Chinese. He said the reasons for ex
elusion were fundamental and racial. Chi
nese coolie labor, he said, already had dla
placed American workingiuen in factories
tn the Paclflo coast. This condition af
fected not only the Paclflo states, but th
labor market throughout the United
Ths Chinese exclusion bill ss passed by
tbe house was referred to the Immigration
committee. The senate then passed thirty
Bine private pension bills and at 5:10 p. m.
WON'T BE BRITAIN'S GUES
tValtelaw Held Declines lavltatlaa t
Be Entertained hy British Cover
WASHINGTON. April 8. Whitelsw Raid
head ef the special embassy to repress
the United States at the corouatloo of King
Edward VII. haa declined ths tender of
the British government to become Its guest
during tbe ceremoulos. The British govern
tnent extends s similar Invitation to every
one or the special ambassadors, undertaking
10 provide them quarters sod entertain
The difficulty lies In the fact that the la
vltatlon la limited to a six-day star In Lon
don. while Mr. Reld Bods It desirable to be
there st least s week preceding and a week
'following tbe ceremonies, so h has taken
steps to lease a suitable house at Ale awa
IKES THE AMERICAN SYSTEM
Rrltlah Labnr U4fr Point Oat Wit-
4oa of laakera to-Operatlve
LONDON, April S. William Abram. M.
., a prominent member of the labo. party.
a speech delivered hi tbe Rhonnda val-
y. hi" parliamentary division in Wales,
aid (hat his tour of the United Plate
bad thoroughly converted him to the ne
cessity of the men co-operating with their
mployers. They should utlliie the bee.
of labor-saving machinery in all branches
of manufacture, he Raid, and iould run it
o secure the greatest possible output.
Mr.- Abram . 'ared thst the American
masters and. '. '-e, much more sensible
.. A A'.
-nd their attitude
toward each oth.'V. . their British
conferees, and that v 'it,, -i hereafter
o use all his Influence A''. preju-
dice of British workmen
RHODES' BODY LIES IN S i ATE
Ocraplea Place In Drill Mall, Where
Thousands of Moarners Pay
BULUWAYO. Matabeleland, April 8. The
funeral train conveying the body of Cecil
Rhodes, which left Capetown, April 6, ar
rived bore today.
The town was draped in mourning, and
practically the entire population assembled
the railroad station, and accompanied
the coffin to the drill hall, where it is
now lying in state. Masses of wreaths
nd other floral emblems are banked about
Tomorrow the coffin will be taken to the
Rhodes farm. In the Matopbo district,
whence it will be conveyed. April 10 to
tbe hill called "The View of the World."
The religious services there will synch-
onlze with memorial service at 8t. Paul's
cathedral in London.
MORGAN INTERVIEWED AT SEA
Tells Irish Officials He Will Consider
Their Proposals Cssesrslag
QUEEN8TOWN. April 8. Tbe delegation
from Cork headed by tbe lord mayor of
that city, "which purposed meeting J. P.
Morgan when the White Star Liner
Oceanic arrived here today, to urge him to
send tbe Columbia to Cork harbor, to com
pete In the forthcoming contest for the
king's cup, missed the tender and was
therefore unsble to board Oceanic. The
delegation, horn-ever, Interviewed Mr. Mor
gan from the deck of a special tug. Mr.
Morgan leaning over the rail of Oceanic,
asked a number of questions concerning
the details of the regatta and promised to
take up tbe mstter In London. He said he
would do his best to Insure the presence of
the Columbia at Cork during the races.
object to indemnity tax
Chlaesc Village In Revolt and
. GoTrnatsI Troops Ordered to
TIEN TSIN. April 8. Three thousand
Chinese troops and a number of Kruno
guns have been dispatched to southern
Mongolia, where the people are In revolt
against the severs lndemnKy tsxatlon.
Several villages have been strongly
fortified and their Inhabitants are de
termined to fight. They say they are ss
sured of the assistance of 80,000 disaffected
CUT CAPTIVES INTO PIECES
Ladronr Capture Three of the Con-
atabalarr of Sarsegen and Treat
MANILA, April 8. Fifty La drones, armed
with rifles, recently attacked Ave members
of the constabulary of Barsegen, south
west Luxon, raptured three of them and
treated the captives with hideous bar
bsrtty, eventually cutting them Into email
A large force of constabulary went In
pursuit of the Ladronea.
LORD KIMBERLEY IS DEAD
Liberal Statesman of Great Britain
Passes Away Aftar Loag
LONDON, April 8. Lord Kimberley, the
liberal statesman who bad been 111 for some
time past, died this afternoon.
King Hala at H4.
COPENHAGEN. April 8. King Christian
ho was born April 8, 1818, today cele
brated his 84th birth snniversary, sur
rounded by his children snd grandchildren
The monarch, who Is well preserved In
mind and body, entered keenly Into all the
festivities. Sixty members of royal fam
tiles are already present at the palace and
took part In the gaieties, which Included a
reception at noon, a family dinner and In
the evening aa entertainment of ths court
by ths singers of the royal theater.
Three Peasants Are Killed.
CONSTANTINOPLE. April 8. The vail of
Adrlanople, European Turkey, telegraphs
that a band of Bulgarians, with ths object
of provoking retaliation, recently killed and
mutilated three Mussulman peasants and
a boy, near Klrk-Klltsseh, a town thirty
two miles northeast of Adrlanople, and
then sought refuge In Bulgaria, hoping to
be pursued and anticipating that a con
Diet would ensue with the frontier guard.
Feralaa liovernment Loaa.
ST. PETERSBURG, April g It la off!
dally announced that the Persian govern
ment, with the consent of Russia, Is about
to issue a new gold loan of 10,000.000 roubles,
with Interest at 6 per cent, guaranteed by
all the Persian customs, with the excep.
tlon of the customs of the Persian gulf
and the ports of the province of Farslstan.
This security Is ths same as ssslgned for
the loan of ltuO.
Peat Kegatlatloas Stagnant.
LONDON. April 8. After ths cabinet
meeting todsy A- J. Balfour, the govern
ment leader. Informed the liberal leader,
Sir Henry Campbell -Banner ma a. In the
House of Commons, thst the government
had no Important Information regarding the
peace negotiations In South Africa.
Baa af Vaag Ya Dies.
ST. PETERSBURG. April 8. Th son ef
Tang Tu. the former Chinese minister to
Russia, died here on Saturday and It
now admitted that he committed suicide.
The deceased minister's son came to St.
Petersburg to repatriate tbe body of bis
father, wbo died here February 17.
Eight Killed In India.
SIMLA. India. April a. Fifteen Seoors
April 1 en the Mabmud
frontier; sight of the soldiers were killed
I mil Ihn. Bai.n
A "w ,. .
ML'ST KEEP THE PHILIPPINES
United States Possession, Says MacArthur,
is an Absolute Necessity.
FACTOR IN DEVELOPMENT OF FAR EAST
Islands. He ears, Stand an Protection
to Amrrleaa Interests la Orient
Withoat Esertlon af Mach
WASHINGTON, April 8 General Mac
Arthur today continued his testimony con
cerning conditions In the Philippine archi
pelago before the senate committee on the
Philippines. His discussion at tbe begin
ning of tbe session was devoted to a review
of the conditions which led up to the pres
ent state of mind of the Philippine people.
Ho said that long before tbe advent of
the Americans the germs of democracy had
been planted and that these had originated
In the agitations In Spain of a century ago
which had been reflected In tho Spanish
He also described the conditions in the
archipelago at the time of the American
occupation, saying that at that time the
Filipinos were In a vindictive and resentful
mood toward Spain, with an early yearning
UDerty. lamng mese psycnoiogicai
conditions into account and also giving due
character of the character he bad felt when
e assumed command of the Islands, that I
mere was to db iouuu tne most lemie nun
for planting tbe best kind of Institutions.
General MacArthur then took up and dla-
uescd economic conditions In the archi
pelago, saying that they are the finest group
of islands in the world, occupying a strat-
gic position absolutely unexcelled.
Poaseanloa of Inlands a Xeceaalty.
Continuing, he said thst the archipelago
must necessarily exert an active and po-
eotlal influence upon the affairs of the
entire east In both a political and a mili
tary way. The China sea, only 750 miles
wide, be considered a safety moat. The
Islands would therefore stand to protect
our Interests In the Orient without the
exertion of much power on our part.
Hence, he concluded that our presence In
the Philippines will always Insure all ths
protection we need in tbe east, and no
one can now say how great those needs
may be. Tbeir position Is such, he said,
that from the Islands we may observe
whatever passes along the coast of Asia, as
It must pass under tbe shadow of our flag.
He therefore concluded that "tbe pos
session, the permanent possession of the
Philippines, is not only of supreme im
portance, but absolutely essential to Amer
ican Interests." ,
He believed, he sdded, that when the
Philippine people come to real lie the mis
sion of the American people among there,
and that they were a chosen people for
the dissemination of American ideas, they
would rally to this Inspiring thought-and
cheerfully follow' and support tbe American
War of Humane Methods.
Concerning the conduct of the war In tbe
Philippines he said that while It was war,
he doubted whether If any war of modern
times had been 'conducted with as imih
humanity and self-restraint aa this war
Moreover, all violations of the rules of
war had been Instantly punished. Reply.
Ing to questions by Senator Carmack, he
said that the Filipinos had Ideas like our
American Ideas of personal liberty, as em
bodied In our Institutions. "This," he
said, "realizes an ideal of their own."
'Then they have an Ideal?" Interjected
"They have most decidedly," he replied.
"You do not, then, regard them as a
miserable, corrupt, cruel and degenerated
'By no means. Such a view Is, to my
mind, a mistaken view."
"Do you not think," Senator Carmack
th.t the Fllinlnos oua-ht to have
a voice in their governments! affairs, where
they have to do with franchises snd con
cessions?" 'That question is somewhat hypothet
ical." replied General MacArthur. "We are
approximating that condition now. 1
would, however, like to see the Filipinos
pretty well represented In their central
government, and I should like to see the
question of frsnchlses, except for rsilrosds,
held In abeyance until tbe evolution pro
REDUCTION OF THE CEREALS
Raisin of Wheat, Cora, Oats, Rye aad
'Barley, Together with Their
WASHINGTON, April 8. A report Issued
by tbe census bureau today on statistics
In the most Important cereals shows that
1.063,912 farms In the United States dflrlnc
the census year 1900 produced (58,534.252
bushels of wheat of a farm value of 8369.
945,820. This wheat waa raised on 62.583.
574 acres. Of the 5,739.867 farms In ths
nation, 272.918 raised barely, cultivating
4,471.288 acres, upon which was produced
119,632.827 bushels, of a farm value of $41,-
There were 209,460 farms thst cultivated
807.186 acres of buckwheat, producing 11,-
237,005 bushels, of a farm valua of $5,748,
871. On 4,(97.799 farms 94.916.866 seres of
corn were cultivated, producing 8,666,438,
279 bushels, of a farm value of $830,267.
726. while 1.114.569 farms cultivated 29.
639,579 acres of oats, producing therefrom
943.387,375 bushels, of a farm value of $217.
098.584. Besides this 295.108 fsrms cul
tivated 8,054,269 acres of rye, producing
therefrom 25,670,360 bushes, of a farm
value of $12,291,268. The bureau estimates
that the total wheat exported kept for
seed snd ground in flour snd grist mills
sggregated 666.436,141 bushels.
OFFERS TO HELP PRESIDENT
General Pearson Tendere Services ta
Ferret Oat British Camp
WASHINGTON. April 8 Central Samuel
L. Pearson, 1st of th Boar army and
now In this city under date of April S had
addressed a letter to the president tend
ering his services and all the Information
and evidence now In his possession. In
which he may be able to obtain In further
substantiation of ths charges of violation
ef neutrality laws at ths ports of Chal
mette and New Orleans and elsewhere
In American territory, "as set forth In my
letter of February 1, last to your ex
cellency, and further sustained in com
munication. Information and affidavits sub-
"""" "i unuwui
and by him transmitted to the secretarv
WASHINGTON. April 8. The condition of
I Rev. Dr. T. De WtU Talmas showed no
I . '
j ifrun"""""t Tl ... . ,
hatter suesfor damages
Henry H. Roelofs of t'alludelphla
Wast dnartrr Million far
PHILADELPHIA. April 8. Henry H.
Roelofs of this city, who is one of the
largest hat manufacturers In the United
States, today began suit In tbe United
States circuit court for $250000 damages
against fifteen Individuals residing In differ
ent states wbo are members of. the United
Mr. Roelofs alleges conspiracy on the
psrt of the defendants in Issuing false and
defamatory circulars, causing a libel to be
printed In their Journal and having agents
In a number of states seeking to boycott
his goods. He states that about a year
ago. he discharged two men for want of
work. A number of his employes who be
long to tbe local unions thereupon left his
employ and he alleges that sorne of the
defendants In todsy's suit thoh tried to
induce htm to submit to their organization.
Mr. Roelofs Agreed to Join the union, but
wanted the right reserved ' to himself to
employ whom he pleased without regard to
membership In the union. To this the de
fendants would not agrees and then, Mr.
Roelofs alleges, the conspiracy began which
is charged In the statement filed. On one
occasion, as set forth in the ststement,
the defendants prevented the plaintiff from
ming tne sale of $100,000 worth of goods
to CUg.oraer. hence the large amount
named for damages.
John P. Oaynor. Aliened llefraader,
Daren Federal Officials t Extra.
f dlte Him and Green.
SYRACUSE, Jf. Y.. April 8. A represen
tative of the Herald has returned from
Quebec, where he saw John F. Gaynor and
B. F. Greene, who are wanted at Savannah.
Ga., for trial In the United States courts
on charges of defrauding the government
In contract work In that harbor.
In an Interview Gaynor said they knew
before they went to Canada that they
could not be extradited tinder the present
Indictments, otherwise they would not
have gone there. Should they be extra
dited on new Indictments, be added, they
must be tried on thoee Indictments, and
In his opinion, conviction could not be
secured on them.
Informed that Chief Wllklo disclaimed
any effort to bring the fugitives back, and
that the matter rested with tbe department
of Justice, Osynor said: "I want Captain
Greene to hear that." and he called Cap
tain Greene over and the reporter re
peated the statement.
"That does not look as though they want
us. It they are so sure they have us why
don't they do something. We are ready
to be taken back. Why don't they come
and take us If they can? Let them come
and take us If they can; They can't do It.
that's the reason, and they know . they
can't do It."
DEEPEST SNOW OF SEASON
Sixteen Inches Cover Coke Itenlon
nnd Baelueas In at a Ifsas.
" " still. '' ' '?".
CONNELLSVILLE, Pa., April 8. The
deepest snow of the year has covered tbe
coke region to a depth of sixteen Inches
today and business of all kinds is nearly
stagnated by the weather. Trains on the
Baltimore & Ohio railroad are still running
cautiously, but If the snow continues 1
general hold-up Is expected before morn
ing, Street railways are paralysed.
FAIRMONT, W. V.. April 8. There was
stagnation in the coal business today on
account of the storm and fifteen to twenty
account of the storm and 15,000 to 20,000
men were compelled to stop work In north
em Virginia today. All rural malr routes
were abandoned by tbe carriers throughout
mountains. The loss to collspslng
buildings snd delayed traffic in this region
will reach many thousands of dollars.
PITTSBURG. April 8. Snow has been
falling steadily since 8 o'clock last night
and at 10 o'clock this morning there were
over seven Inches on the level. It Is th
hesviest April snowfall in eleven years and
trolley, telegraph and telephone service
has been much impeded. The Indications
are for snowfall with rain all night.
SHAW IS A GUEST OF HONOR
William F. King: of Msssl Vernoa
Iowa, Is Alsa Present nt
NEW YORK, April 8. Secretary of the
Trtasury Leslie M. Shaw and President
William F. King of Cornell college, Mount
Veruon, la., were the guests of honor
a banquet tendered tbem here by tbe real
dent members of the college alumni. David
B. Henderson, speaker ot the house, and
Senator Allison, wbo were unable to leave
Washington, sent letters of regret.
Secretary Shaw confined his remarks to
college snd pedagogical reminiscences.
On the subject of alleged customs abuses
on ths New York piers, Secretary Sbaw ex
pects In a few days to send out a circular
which can be handed to European tourists
so that when they return to this country
they may have an accurate knowledge of
what Is dutiable and non-dutiable, thus
being assisted In formulating schedules
for the examiners. This, be hopes, will re
llevs some of tbe sltustions which arise
under present conditions.
PAYS PENALTY OF CRIME
Jealoas Haabaad Marders Wife and
Ends His Life on the
CAMDEN, N. J., April 8. Ssmuel Van
Stavern was hanged here today for the
murder of his wife. The crime was com
mttted on the night of November 29 last
and was the result of jealousy. Van 8tav
ern and bis wife had been married eighteen
years, but separated frequently and were
not living together at tbe time of the
Van Stavern met bis wife on the street
and fired tour shots at her from a revolver
all ot the bullets taking effect. She died
instantly. Van Stavern surrendered
th police Immediately after the aboot
log. During his trial be professed Ignor
anc of the occurrence.
SOLDIERS LEAVE FOR MANILA
Fart of Eleveath Infantry, Arrived
from Fort Rico, ta Embark v
NEWPORT. VS.. Aorll X Th.
battalion of the Eleventh Infantry arrived
I kin truim v n-nm Pnrl Rim
I listed men leave tonight for Manila by wa
I ef San Francisco. Th remainder of ths
I battalion war n.ld and t 1.1, .-.
1. . . . ' --
i ing m flyt llM
OOSEYELT AT CHARLESTON
resident Receives Hearty Welcome to City
in the South.
LAND AND NAVAL GUNS ROAR IN SALUTE
arty Headed by Xatloaal KseratK
Makes Cralse of Rivera and Har
bor on t atter Algaala
Crowds la City.
CHARLESTON. S. C. April 8 The preel-
dent's train reached Charleston at 9:30
m., on time. The party did not come
into the city, but left the train Ave miles
out, where trolley cars were waiting to
convey them to the naval station, to take
tbe revenue cutter for a tour of tbe harbor.
The president's Immediate party went di
rectly to the naval station, where they were
Joined In a few minutes by members of the
reception committee and invited guests
from the city.
A gusrd of 800 militia men was stationed
about the approaches to the train and stood
present arms as the president Isnded.
At the nsval ststlon fifty men of ths mili
tia were posted, maintaining picket lines
about the reservation, and none were al
lowed within the lines except such as had
The president and his party were shown
about the station aud then were conducted
to the pier, where the revenue cutter Al
gonquin wi s In waiting. As the president
set foot on the deck tbe flag of tbe com
mander-in-chief of the srmy and navy was
raised and the Jackles were paraded while
a salute of twenty-one guns was fired.
In the stream the cutters Forwsrd and
Hamilton were lying and further down
toward the city the cruiser Cincinnati and
the training ships Topeka and Lancaster.
After the committee and guests had gone
aboard Algonquin started on a tour of the
harbor. Passing down Copper river a flno
view of the city and tbe opening of the
bay was presented. The weather wa per
fect. There was not a cloud In the sky
and a gentle breeze blew with Just a brac
ing touch In It, not chill enough to require
Salatea from Boats aad Fart.
Passing Into the bay Algonquin came
abreast ot the cruiser Cincinnati, whose
decks were manned with all Its crew as
well ss -Topeka and Lancaster. As the
president's vessel passed each ship a salute
of twenty-one guns was fired. Off the
fortifications of Sullivsa's Island tbe shio
wss greeted with, tbe same welcome and
It passed out to the ocean amid a chorus
Just a little run to the sea and Algonquin
turned about and re-entered tbe harbor,
passing around historic Fort Sumpter.
While standing up the bay luncheon waa
served In the cabin of .the cutter.
A short run was made up the Ashley
river, giving a view of the city's western
water front, and then the ship was headed
bank for the landing, where a troop of the
Charleston light dragoons was In waiting
to escort the president to his headquarters
at tbe St. John hotel.
All the arrangements were excellent sad
there was not a break In tbe program. The
president seemed In high spirits and en
tered with keen sest Into all the featured
of tbe occasion.
This evening the banquet given by the
city In honor of tbe president will be held
at the Charleston hotel. While this is In
progress Mrs. Roosevelt will receive st the
St. John. Five hundred Invitations have
been Issued to this function. No men will
Tomorrow at 10 o'clock the parade will
move to the exposition grounds, where the
formal ceremonies will be held and the
president will present a sword to Major
Jenkins. Tomorrow the president's party
will go to Summervllle and will spend
Thursday there Inspecting the tea gardens.
A great crowd of people la In the city
and much enthusiasm wss shown at the
presence of the president. Governor Mc
Sweeney Is here and Governor Ay cook of
North Carolina is expected this evening.
Bnnehlne Greets President.
The hope of President Roosevelt last
night that he might see sunshine In the
morning was fully realized. The downpour
ot rain which had marked the trip almost
from the moment of departure had ceased,
the heavy black clouds disappeared and
the day broke with a cloudless sky.
The Journey to Charleston was made en
tirely without accident. To guard against
any possibility of this nature the Southern
railway officials sent a pilot engine ahead
of the president's special. The president
snd Mrs. Roosevelt were early risers and
welcomed the sunshine, as It made It pos
sible to carry out tbe program which bad
been arranged for tbe entertainment of tbe
At Summervllle, twenty-one miles from
Charleston, the party was met by a special
committee, headed by Mayor Smyth, Cap
tain F. W. Wegener, president ot the ex
position, and J. J. Hemphill, who accom
panied tbe president on the remainder ot
the Journey. All Charleston wa up and
out this morning to do honor to the presi
dent snd from ths time of arrival within
the corporate limits of ths city to bosrdlng
tbe steamer It was a continuous ovation.
THROWS GIRLS OUT OF WORK
Xew Electrical Appliance Displaces
Forty Thousand Telephone In-
trnmenta nnd Operators.
CHICAGO, April 8 The Daily News to
dsy says: A financial transaction of big
proportions was announced today in tele,
phone circles. Tbe government of Germany
appears as tbe purchaser of patent rlgbta
covering all Europe, except Great Britain,
Ireland and France, for an automatic
switchbosrd made In Chlcsgo. Ths deal
Is tbe result of seven months' Investiga
tion In this city by a representative of the
The electric appliance will displace tel
ephone system of 40,000 Instruments.
Many operators will be forced to seek
other employment, aa one person can keep
sn entire system in order.
TOOMBS JURY DISAGREES
Caa't Reach Verdict la Chicago Mar.
drr Case aad I Dl.
CHICAGO, April 8. Th Jury in the
Toombs murder trial has disagreed and
CHICAGO, April 8. Ths Jury In the
Toombs murder trlsl wers called Into court
at 10 o'clock, but had failed to agree upon a
verdict.. All but two brothers, named
Kane, expreased tbe belief that an agree
ment waa Impossible. Ths Ksnes urged
the court to ssnd them out for further de
liberation and ths Jury again retired.
At aooa th Jury was still out aad. court
llavk (ace (IU i sfaleclu -i
CONDITION OF THE WEATHER
Nebrsska Fslr snd Cooler
B a. na lie
a. m ..... . !tn
T a. m ..... . !e
H a. m. . . . . . n
W a. m ax
111 a. m 4o
II a. m 40
18 m 41
1 p. m 44
a . m 44
It n. m 44
4 a., m . . . 4(1
R p. m ..... . 4.1
A p. m 4H
T p. m
R p. m
O p. m...... 8!
FORMER PRIESTJS CLEARED
Aeqnltted oa a t liarae of Man
slaughter After Trial of
GENESEO, N. Y., April 8.Tas case ot
Charles Flaherty, the former priest,
charged with manslaughter, which has
been on trial In the Livingston county
court for nearly two weeks, came to a
speedy termination tbls evening by tbe
Judge directing the Jury to render a ver
dict of acquittal. This was at the conclu
sion of tbe testimony of the prosecution.
In many respects the case was the moat
remarkable ever tried in the country. The
defendant acted as his own attorney. He
has twice been convicted of assault and
each time succeeded in getting a reversal
of Judgment from the court of appeals.
There were two Indictments against
Flaherty, one for a misdemeanor and one
charging manslaughter In the first degree.
The miBderaeahor was alleged to have
been committed by the defendant practic
ing medicine without a state license. The
murder was alleged to have been committed
on January 2, l'.Kil, when It was said
Flaherty caused the death of one Michael
Landers by administering to him aa a
medicine an overdose of tincture of
TAFT RECOVERING SLOWLY
Physician Advises Him Sot to Begin
A?tla Work far Several
CINCINNATI, April 8. Although Gov
ernor William H. Taft has been released
from tbe hospital and baa been walking
out and attending to correspondence at the
house of his brother, Mr. Charlea P. Taft,
ho Is not yet entirely recovered, and his
surgeon hss advised htm to wait at least
until April 15 before beginning the duties
that precede his return to the Philippines.
He expects to be able to go to St. Louis
on the 15th or 18th of April to consult
with the officers of the St. Louis exposition
concerning an exhibit from tbe Philippine
Islands. From there he will return to tbls
city, spending a day or two here, when h
will go to Washington, and be there until
after the return of Secretary Root froj
Cuba. He will spend several days there In
consultation with the secretary of war and
the president. When that work Is con
cluded he will spend a day or two In Cin
cinnati and then return to his responsi
ble work In the Philippines.
SHIPMENT IS PROHIBITED
inanition of War ArNot
Sent to Chlaesc In
surgents. to . It
SAN FRANCISCO, April 8. The custom
house authorities have been notified to be
on the alert to discover a shipment of arms
from this country to the Insurgents In
China. Collector Stratton has received a let
ter from O. A. Spalding, acllug secrotary of
the treasury, stating that In the protocol
signed on September 7, 1901, tbe Importa
tion of arms and munitions ot war Is pro
hibited The letter states:
It Is reported that the Insurrectlonnry
movements are now flagrant in the south
ern provinces of China ana that the ins
gentx are receiving supplies of arms ai l
warlike material irnm abroad. The de
partment directs that you do whatever
may be practicable and proper, under ex
isting laws. In the way of restricting the
exportation of arms and warlike material
to t Ulna tor use against a nutum wmi
which the United States Is at peace, and
to the Injury of foreigners (Including citi-
sens or tne uniteu Diatesi iounn in v lima,
should the fact that consignments of arm
and hostile materials have been shipped
from United mates pons to cnina ue as
certained. GETS ON PHILIPPINE BENCH
Prominent Ilrmocrat of Santa Fa Ap
pointed to Judgeship by
SANTA FE, N. M., April 8. William H.
Pope of Atlanta, Ga., for the last eight
years' a resident of Ssnta Fe, United
States sttorney of the Pueblo Indiana and
assistant United States attorney of tbe
court of private land claims, today ac
cepted a Judgeship of the court of tbe
first instance In the Philippine Islands,
tendered him by Governor Taft. He will
sail in June. Judge Pope Is a gold demo
crat, 31 years of age.
TO FIGHT STRIKE TO END
Kot a Spindle Is Kspeeted ta Turn
at Angnata To
morrow. AUOU8TA. Gs., April 8. The situation
In the strike of the cotton mill operatives
was unchsnged today, but at 6:30 this even
ing the lockout in tbe Augusta district
goes Into effect.
The Manufacturers' sssociatlon held a
meeting last night and decided to fight to
the end. This means that there will not be
a apindle turning 10 Augusta or the House
Creek valley tomorrow. Everything Is
BUILDINGS IN ASHES
Residence aad Stock aad Training
Barn In Ohio Are Dr.
YOUNGSTOWN. O., April 8. Fire today
destroyed the stock snd trslntng bsrn of
the Charles F. Bates Horse company and
tLe residence of Manager Norman N. Rog
ers, near Hubbard.
There was little fire protection and
wltbln an hour the fine building and equip
ment, which were acknowledged to be the
finest of the kind in eastern Ohio, were
consumed. Estimated loss, Ii5.000.
FATALLY SH0JIN QUARREL
Mn Take aides la Boys' Fight, aad
James Vonag' Death Will
JOPL1N. Mo.. April 8. Eugene Frltx
wsters, sged 26 years, today shot and fa
taily wounded James Young, aged 35, In tb'a
city, dlstbarg'ng a load of shot Into Young's
right breast at a distance of ten feet.
Ths men bad taken up a quarrel started
by two boys over a game of tops. Young
waa a baker and haa a wife and child
iFriUwatara aurxawkrad, ia ifca Bsliu .
RHODES' INMOST AIMS
His Life's Dream to Promote Racial Unity
on Basia of American Principle.
THEORY SET FORTH BY WILLIAM T. STEAD
Extracts from Letters by South African
Reflect His Cherished Flans.
VIEWS ON AMERICA AND GREAT BRITAIN
Latter, He Said, Slept While Former W
Rapidlj Forging Ahead.
NCITES AGGRESSION ON PART OF ENGLISH
Stead Declares that HI Scparatloa
from Rhodes aa War' Isaac Did
Kot A Sect Their Actual
Political latlmacy. ,
LONDON, April 8 An article en CjcII
Rhodes by William T. Stead will appear, In
the forthcoming number of the American
Review of Reviews. The article, excerpts
from which follow, consists of a frank, pow
erful explanation cf Cecil Rhodes' views on
America aud Great Britain aud for tbe fits:
time sets forth his own Inmost alms. It
was written by himself to V. T. Stead la
For originality and breadth of thought It
eclipses even h's now famous will, yet It Is
irerely a collection of disjointed Idiai, hur-
redly put together by the colossus as a
summary of a long conversation held be
tween himself and Mr. Stead. In thess .
days Mr. Stead was not only one of Mr.
Rhodes' most Intimate friends, as Indeed
he was until tbe last, but also his executor.
Mr. Stead's name was removed from the
list of the trustets of Mr. Rhcdei' will onlv
because of the war which forced tha two
mn Into such vehement political opposi
tion. Of this episode Mr. Stead says:
Intimate Tie Unbroken.
"Mr. Rhodes' election was only natural,
and from an administrative point of view
desirable, and it In no way effected my
status as political confidant in all that re- '
lated to Mr. Rhodes' world-wide policy."
In Its three columns of complex sentences
the whole philosophy of Mr. Rhodes' Inter
national and Individual life is embraced.
Perhaps it can be best summarised aa an
argument in favor of the organization ef a
secret society, on the lines ot the Jesuits,
to promote the peace snd welfsre ot the
world, snd for the establishment of an
American-English federation, with abaolut
"I sm a bad writer," said Mr. Rhodes'
in one part of what might be called his con
fessions, "but through my Ill-connected
sentences you can trace tbe lay of my Ideas,
snd you can give my idea the literary cloth
ing that Is necessary."
But Mr. Stead wisely refused to edit er
to dress It up, saying: "I think the publto
will prrfer to have thess rough, hurried aad .
sometimes ungraraatcal aotes exactly . aa
Mr. Rhodes scrawled them off, rather than
have them supplied with literary clothing
by anyone else."
Key to Hhodcs' Idea.
Mr. Rhodes commenced by declaring that
"the key" to his Idea for the develoDment
of - the English-speaking race was the
foundation of a society copied ss to organ
ization from the Jesuits.
"Combined with 'a differential rate and a
copy of the United States constitution,' "
wrote Mr. Rhode, "is borne rule or federa- .
An organization formed on these lines Iq
the House of Commons, constantly work
ing for decentralization and not wasting
time on trivial questions rsised by "Or.
Tanner or the important manner C4
O'Brien's breeches," would, Mr. Rhodes be
lieved, soon settle the all-Important ques
tion of the markets for the products of tbe
"The labor question," be wrote, "Is Im
portant, but that ia deeper than labor."
America, both In Its possibilities i sill
ance and its attitude of commercial rival,;.','"
was apparently ever present In Mr.
Rhodes' mind. - "
America In the Forefront.
"The world with America In the fore- ;
front," he wrote, "Is devising tariffs to
boycott your manufactures. This is tho
succinct question. I believe that England, .
with fair play, should manufacture tor the
world and, being a free trader, I believe
that until the world comes to Its senses
you should declare war I mess a commer
cial war with those trying to boycott your
manufactures. That la my program. You
might finish the wsr by a union with
America and universal peace after 100
Hut toward this milenntum Mr. Rhodes
believed tbe most powerful factor would
be "a secret soclsty, organised like Loyola,
supported by the accumulated wealth of
those whose aspiration Is a desire te do
something" and who are spared the "hide
ous annoyance," dally created by the
thought as to which of their Incompetent
relations they should leave their fortune.
These wealthy people, Rhodes thought,
would thus be grestly relieved snd be abl
to turn "their Ill-gotten or Inherited gains
to aome advantage."
Pleased with his Owa Idea.
Reverting to himself, Mr. Rhodes said:
"It Is a fearful thought to feel you pos
sess a patent and then doubt whether
your life will last you through ths cir
cumlocution of tbe patent office. I have
that Inner conviction that It I can live
I have thought out something that Is
worthy of being registered In the pstent
office. The tesr is, shall I have time and
opportunity, and I believe with all the
enthusiasm bred In tbe soul of an In
ventor that It Is not selt-glorlflcatlca
that I desire, but to live and register my
patent for tbose whom I tblnk are tbe
greatest people tbe world hss over ssen,
but whose fault Is that they do not know
their strength, their greatness or thslr
destiny, but who are wasting their time
In minor or local matters; but, being
asleep, do not know that through tbe in
vention of steam and electricity, and la
view of their own enormous Increase, they
must now be trained to view the world as
a whole, and not only to consider tbe
social questions or ths British Isles."
flhaddcrs at RSs Rcspauslblllty.
Once again the personal feelings of tb.
man crop out: "Tbey are calling the new
country Rhodesia," be wrote. "I find I
am human and should Ilk to be living
after tuy death. Still, perhaps. If tbst
name is couplsd with the object of England
everywhere it might convey the discovery
of aa Idea, that might result In tbe cessa
tion of all ware and one language through
out the world, tbe patent being the gradual
absorption of wealth and kumsa Binds ef
the higher order to tbs object."
X Ure Mr, Uwiea uaei tne anttavet -
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