Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 23, 1902, EDITORIAL SHEET, Page 15, Image 15

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Cold-Blooded Science Plucks the Whiskon
of Dairymen.
Vlcrobe Sharps G Farther Im
alst on Dorlon Betas? Shorn at
the Patriarchal glga ef
KEW YORK. Feb. 21. A cmudi against
the beard baa been started and. If the
movement kuni th riay It haa alrMdv ec-
quired, it will not ba long before we will
bo aa whlskerless a race aa In the days of
Napoleon. For the edict haa gone forth
and the man of faahlon, the barber and the
doctor are concurring to fire It force. The
first la actuated by mere vanity, the asc
end by gain, the third by science, or at
least hygiene, and In thla latter cause la
found the real significance of the move
ment, alnoe It coucerna the general health.
Heretofore the un bearding of a nation haa
always reflected its mood. People have he
eoma beardleaa after suffering great moral
crises witnesa the time of Cromwell In
England, the period of the revolution In
Franc. Perhaps some people may think
are hare paesed through a great political
grists In thla country, but that, after all,
la not the real motive for the present cru-
bade. It Is true that fashion has been
gradually reducing Ita devotees to the ab
solutely shorn condition. The day of the
Bowing moustache, for instance, was passed
years ago. In spite of the outcrf of the
ladies, the youth of the period long ago
relegated the military twist, to the me
chanic, the laborer and the man who wears
made-up tie. The short cropped mous
tache has been lone; In vogue. But more
recently the young blood, who Is to his tel
lows what the Gibson girl Is to woman
kind, haa shaved his face clean to accord
wrlth his short niched coattall and bis peg-
top trousers, all of which might well take
place at any time without rhyme or rea
son. But here come the doctors, to whom
a flowing beard baa been considered es
sential from the ' standpoint of business.
Declaring that the beard Is, after all,; but
a vehicle for the growth of disease germs
which may menace not only the health of
(he wearer, but which may transmit the
- germs to others; that the dairyman who
wears a beard does so to the peril of his
eun torn era who drink the milk he contaml
1 Dates; that doctors who wear beards report
7 greater mortality among their patients
than tnose who do not; that the man with
a beard who enters a railway coach can
sot coma away without a very palpable ad'
flltlon ' of the bacteria which always In
feat such placea, since It haa been proved
that the matting of the coaches, composed
of many Individual strands or hairs like
(hose of a beard, are literally covered with
The Bearded and the Beardless.
Now, It Is a fact that doctors have long
separated themselves Into two classes,
Ibose who do and those who do not wear
beards, and In the larger cllnloa It Is
noticeable that ths operstors are as careful
pf their hirsute appendages ss Lord Lister
was of his fingernails; but the Idea really
cams to the aotlcs of the publlo when the
frew York Milk commission suggested that
all dairymen with whiskers dispense with
this part . of their facial makeup on the
ground that a milkman with whiskers Is
liable to Impregnate ths milk with germs.
Following the suggestion the managers of
the various milk depots In the neighbor
hood of Blngbamton have decided that only
smooth-faced men will be allewed hereafter
to have anything to do with the milking or
hipping of milk Is that part of ths state.
Orders issued to that effect state that with
Ordinary cleanliness the dust from ths eta
Die la liable to Infect the beard and from
thence the milk. Some of the farmers who
pave long prided themselves on the. beauty
and length of their beards are Indignant
Kt the Implied possibility ot uncleanllness
and at the enforced change I their, per
sonal appearance. One man declares that
he would rather lose his business than his
beard. Others express like sentiments, but
many, on the other hand, are heartily In
accord with the movement. The significance
Of the movement Ilea In Ita relation to the
wearing ot beards In general. If there Is
menace to the dairy, there Is menace to
ether departments ot Industry.
Bo Important has the question become
that varloua health authorities have for
same time been making reforms wherever
Menace of Whiskers.
- "X suppose the Idea came." said Dr,
Park of the New York Board ot Health,
from our suggestion to the milkmen ot the
State. There Is real menace to the milk
W the dairyman is bearded. In the first
place ths milker may be diseased himself.
lie may have tuberculosis and the dried
iputum may accumulate on his beard and
drop from It Into ths milk, which would
then become dangerous to any consumer
already predisposed to the disease. The
milker Is forced to Incline his head over
the mllkpall In order to get near enough
to do hla work and you have so doubt no
tlced that men with long beards have a
habit of stroking them downward. That
Xfot lone siuca there was a great nm
Cta the fish markets because it was an
wounded that fish was food for ths brain.
Of course the fallacy of the fad was soon
exploded. Normally the food w est
nourishes brain,
nerves, muscle.
bones, etc. each
part of the tody
alts. live, sc-
gaordior to its
need, when the
train begins to
show weakness
or the nerves be
come sensitive it
Is a sign that
. there is a Ibsa of
the nutrition
Contained is the
food eaten, and
this loss is in
general doe to
disease of Ihe
stomach, and its
allied orgsns.
Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical
TM voverv cures
diseases of the stomach and other organs
of digestion and nutrition. It enables
the perfect digestion and assimilation of
food, which hi ths source of the strength
of both brain and body.
: "I was troubled wtta very freqiseat headaches,"
Write Mia Belle Bumiaertoa, of ban Una
IniYal Co., Tex., "oltaa aeaompeaied by severe
Vomiting : bowels were irregular and T sto-aa-ech
and liver seemed continually out of order.
Often I could eat almost ootblni, and aaoaailmce
sbaolutely aothiog. for twaly 'ou hours st a
time. I was eotiielv uU foe work, and my
J Whole system seemed so rua-dowa that 1 feared
a severe sck spell eoa was very f
1 coorared. I was advised to try Dr. r"
Qoldca Medical Lnauoeery sad did eo with each
eatiaCactory reoults that oeioro 6atT-Uf tB
tidrd bottle I felt trSicOy sble to aaoertsaa
duties sttetMtiag pubis: school lift-
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser in paper covers is sent frtt, on
receipt of at one-cent stamps to psy ex
pense of mailing only. Adores Dr. K.
V. tierce, BufleL. N. Y.
haa the effect of brushing eft any germs
they may contain. Again the milker may
be perfectly healthy himself and yet ac
cumulate bacteria from the dust of the
stable. The beard, particularly when damp,
may become an Ideal germ carrier, and
on an unclean man would bavs great facil
ity for the -transmission of disease. In
Ihe esse of ths Dhrslclan It mlaht transmit
Isease if brought In contact with It. For
Instance, a doctor with a long beard in
examining a diphtheria case might very
well accumulate the germa of the disease
while he waa bending down to examine a
patient A child with the disease might
cough and the doctor's beard might col
lect the germs, which, when dry, could
very easily be transmitted In this way to
another patient. Understand, I do not say
it has been done, but It could be done.
This danger Is less In the case ot the gen
eral practitioner than In the case of the
surgeon, whose whiskers might not only
interfere with his work, but might collect
ths deleterious elements of some pus-fillei
cavity, which, drying, might bo transmitted
to some other hospital patient. For that
reason, perhaps, many of our surgeons
ars smooth shaven, or at least, wear only
the mustache."
One ot Dr. Park's colleagues, to whom
the writer was referred by the director of
the board, spoks of the danger to health
resulting more especially from bearded doctors.
A Test Case.
"Undoubtedly the beard Is a germ car
rier," he said very poaltlvely. "I could
give you ths names of three or four well
known physicians whose large mortality
records are believed to be due to the fact
that they wear long flowing beards, which
transmit disease. It would ba discourteous
professionally to give you their names, and
for the same reason you must not mention
mine. There is one specific Instance which
came under my notice. We were operating
on sn accident caae, and the chief surgeon
was a man with a long beard. In sewing
up the wound this surgeon accidentally al
lowed the ligature to touch his besrd. It
brushed through the ends of the hairs ever
so slightly. We took careful note of the
part of the ligature that had touched the
hairs of the beard, remembering Just where
that part rested In the wound. And ws
were not surprised when a small stitch-
abscess formed around the portion ot the
ligature that bad been touched by the beard.
Clearly the germs from the surgeon's
whiskers had Infected the previously ster
Ulsed ligatures.
"It Is Impossible that a practitioner, and
particularly a hospital operator, bending
down over the breasts and the mouths ot
the diseased all day long, as soms of us do,
should not run the risk of transmitting con
tag ion through the medium of the beard.
In fact, you have only to look around you
to note the possibilities of disease which
may result from the wearing of beards.
Some time ago a Columbia college In
vestigator went into the elevated trains and
collected pieces of the matting and samples
of the air from tha cars. He did the same
in the ferry houses, the railway stations
and the churches. He took his samples to
the laboratory of the College of Physicians
and Burgeons, and when cultures wars made
he produced an appalling number of bac
terla,' showing the unhygienio condition ot
the various publlo places he had visited.
Now, the bacteria flying In the air of the
elevated trains, for Instance, could not fall
to find lodgment In the beards of the pas.
sengers. It might be said that they would
also find lodgment on the clothes of the
passengers as well, but those clohes are
comparatively much further removed from
ths mouths and nostrils of the wearers and
from the mouths and nostrils of the other
passengers crowded hard In the rush hours
against the wearer of the beard."
' . ',. Inpars Air. ' "
Observations made at Montsours's ob
servatory showed that the sir of Paris
averages 5,400 bacteria per cubio meter and
tha air ot New York was shown by Dr.
Firth of Columbia college to be ss bad.
Dr. Firth constructed an apparatus for ob
taining samples of air in ths L trains. In
ths stations and other publlo places where
large crowds gather. Hla apparatus looked
like an ordinary sachel, but It bad
vacuum pump concealed within It and a
hols cut In the side so that samples of air
could bs drawn In through ths stopcock
that protruded. It was an easy matter tor
Dr. Firth to turn on the stopcock unob
served and secure, a quantity of the air ot
the particular room or car In which he hap
pened to be. Ths sir was, or course, taken
to ths college laboratory and tested. In a
cublo meter ot air taken from tie Queens
county court house he found 11,777 bacteria,
The same amount of air taken from a Brooa
lvn church contained 1,800 bacteria. Is i
New York school room fifteen minutes after
dusting he got 44,428 bacteria from a cubic
meter. In one of ths ferry houses ths bac
teria per cublo meter were 17,66s. in an
other ferry house Jl.lll. In an elevated car
he sot 25.444. But this waa as nothing com
pared to the amount of bacteria round on
the floor matting of tnese cars, in too re
port which ha made on this subject he
"The use of cocoa mate In the cars of the
elevated roads of Manhattan establishes a
condition that la prejudicial. If not perilous
to ths health of passengers. These mats
absorb all ths liquid filth deposited on them
and part with it again after It has dried on
the fibers. I have estimated mat on
fiber one and a half inches long from the
outer surface ot a mat there were between
I 000.000 and 4,000,000 bacteria. On an inner
fiber ot the sams length there were nearly
Whether It could be said that the preva
lency of the beard might be the index of a
nation's healthfulness I do not know. Most
of the plague-infected natlona have worn
beards, but that might be a coincidence,
Certainly the beard, for doctors at least,
la not desirable. The science of antiseptics
Is acalnat It. for of what use is it to be
Immaculate In the matter of apparel and
ot fingernails when from the face ot the
operator bangs ten times the menace In the
form of garm-collectlng whiskers.
Smooth Fsveee in Favor.
The writer made a tour ot the best barber
ahopa of New York to find out, if possible,
the proportion smooth shaven men bore to
the rest ot mankind. The consensus of
opinion was that the practice of wearing
beards is dying out, and that even the mus
tache la growing less prevalent. The bar
ben proclaimed themselves heartily in favor
ot ths beardless face, not because of any
desire for the general good health, but be
cause of the increase it would bring to their
trade. When it was Intimated that perhaps
It would also give them greater chance to
spread contagion by means of the rasor,
they one and all declaimed against the pos
slbillty ot any such a thing taking place.
The raxor, tbey said, cannot spread con
tagloa, since it is always sterilised before
nse In all first-class shops. The only means
of germ transmission that could apply la
a barber ahop la the towel, which, when wet,
furnishes a first-class culture medium for
the propagation of bacteria, and they said
that It Is only la the cheap Italian ahopa,
where the asms towel la made to serve
more than one person. All ot which msy
be true enough. The writer, la a walk
down Broadway,' noted that among 1,000
male foot passengers only 5 per sent wore
beards, and that of the younger men
greater percentage were clean shaven than
muatached. Allowing for the tact that
many of these young men were smooth
faced by virtue of inability to raise hair
en their faces, it Is significant when
consider that it is sot so long since every
third mas ea Broadway wore Vaadyke.
Bermuda and the Bahamas Get Favor of
Local Travelers,
George W. Llnlnsrer Tells of Ideal Trio
for Those Who geek Variety
as Well as Barceaae
I from Winter.
Travel to ths winter pleasure resorts in
the south Is usually heaviest during Feb
ruary and March, these months having ap
parently been selected by the ultra-fashionable
people, thua making possible by
their simultaneous sppearance social func
tions of pretentious character. The resorts
during these months ars thus given more
life snd attractiveness n those who seek
only escape from the disagreeable weather
usual to ths north at thla period of ths
year. Of the latter some prefer to remain
most of the time In certain places, whlls
others, seeking novelty and varied enter
tainment, lay out s tour embracing many
changes. Florida ssd ths Bahamas have
proven the brightest attractions to Omaha
winter pleasure travelers.
Among those who have a . number ot
times visited Florida, ths Bahamas, Cuba
and Mexico during the winter is George W.
Llnlnger, who yesterday. In discussing tha
attractive features ot these resorts, said:
Where to Go la the Booth.
"While the Bahama Islands offer fea
tures of climate snd novelty not possessed
In the sams degree by Florida, the Ideal
winter trip. In my opinion. Is from Vera
Crus to Mexico City, with aids trips to
various points of interest. Nassau, the
more prominent point of Interest in the
Bahamas, may be done, as the traveler
expresses It, In about aeven days, still
leaving ample time for the delights of
bathing. The northern blizzards which per
sist in following the Atlantic coast down to
and Including Florida, do not strike the
Bahamas for some reason. The periodic
appearance of frosty spring weather in
Florida, causing utter ruin to many of
the orange groves, acts as a damper to the
enthusiasm of visitors who go there to
escspe the raw early spring weather In
the north. Besides, one of the effects
is to periodically deprive the tourist ot
many or all of the early fruits snd vegeta
bles, that Is to say, to no small extent.
In Nassau one can go ta ths baths, be
upplled with oranges, limited In number
only by his capacity, and a doxen is gen
erally considered a low tide appetite, and
besides be supplied with a bathing suit
snd other conveniences, all at the expense
of 25 cents.
Ideal Winter Trio.
As I have suggested. Nassau can be
leisurely done In seven days, although one
can find many points ot'real interest in
the numerous Islands composing ths Ba
hama group. My personal experience In
traveling, Including tours through Europe
and Egypt, has convinced me that, when
one takes Into consideration the convent
encs ot access and variety of entertain
ment, a circuitous trip through Florida,
the Bahamas and Cuba, returning by way
of Yucatan snd Vera Crus, through Mexico,
offers features of extraordinary interest to
ths traveler. The mountain scenery be
tween Vera Crus snd Mexico City is the
finest I ever saw. When making the trip I
remained on the rear platform of the last
car, and it seemed to ms that ths engineer
who selected the route ran it to the near
est high mouataln peak, from which eleva
tion he saw another; and then started for
It. And. this successively until hs had
the panoramlo view of the most notable
mountains In Mexico, Including all worth
In Mexico the traveler finds suggestions
of Algiers, of Italy, Francs and Spain, with
local characteristics both novel and inter
esting. A feature ot the southern trip I
have referred to Is ths avoidance of the
long sea voyage necessarily involved In a
European tour, something that forms a very
serious barrier to many to the enjoyment
promised and hoped for. California, how
ever, still attracts ths great bulk of winter
pleasure travel, this being due to some ex
tent to the lively Interest taken by the en
terprlstng people of that state In securing
conventions snd similar gatherings."
Others Who Go sooth.
Charles N. Diets and Mrs. Diets almost
every winter visit Nassau, In the Bahamaa,
preferring It to other resorts In the semi-
tropics, because ot the lnfrequency of
storms, ths svenness of temperature, which
rarely sinks lower than 65 degrees or rises
higher then 86. Gould N. Diets has also
Included Florida and the Bahamas In his
southern tours.
General and Mrs. Charles F. Manderson,
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Kllpatrlck, Edward
P. Peck, Mr. and Mrs. Ouy C. Barton and
Miss Jessie Millard, daughter ot Senator
Millard, usually, every year, go to Florida
or the Bahamaa, or both, during the
months of February and March.
"You never ssw my hands as dirty as
yours," said a mother to her little girl.
"No, but grandmother did," waa the reply.
Teacher Johnnie, can you tell me who
first discovered whalebone T
Johnnie (promptly Yes'm. Jonah.
Teacher (angrily) You bad boy! Why
did you chalk your name on this new desk!
Tommy Had ter, 'cause I ain't got no
penknife to carve It with.
"I'm going to be an astronomer when X
grow up," said small Edgar.
"That won't be a bit nlse," said his little
sister. "You'll hsve to sit up all night and
sleep In the dsytime."
Little Edith wss riding with her father on
a very crooked road and after a long alienee
she folded her small hands In seemlns
resignation snd said: "Well, honeatly.
never saw such a curly road In all my life!
"During my absence," says a physician
quoted in the Rochester Post-Express, "my
two boys got into my consulting room, where
they began to play at being 'doctors.' Pres
ently one ot them unlocked the door snd
disclosed a skeleton. 'Pooh! What are you
'frald ofr he asked. 'It's nothing but an
old skelllngton.' 'W-wa-where did it come
from?' asked the other with chattering
teeth. 'Oh. I don't know. Papa's had It
long time. I expect It was his first pa
tlent.' "
It la the sayings of children that make
men wise, childish prattle turned to profit
that make men rich. In each sweet-tongued
expression, ssye ths Philadelphia Telegraph,
there la a leas on learned or an argument
conclusively settled. This is particularly
true of two tiny tots who toddled down the
street hand in hand ths other day. In s few
worda they decided a much mooted ques
tion, and thoae who believe that the human
being la a descendant of the monkey and
wonder what became of the hairy covering
that still adorns the ainiiaa tribe can now
rest in peace.
"Say." aald the first, "we's Dod's llttls
angels, isn t we?"
"Yeth." lisped the second, "but we haaa
dot any feathers on uth like the 'ittle angels
my mamma showed me la a plcturs book.
"Well, we had once, don't eo kaowt" re-
SEmzsid VJriie to Ulra- PinMsam, Lynn, rJaaa.,
for Advioo It so Absolutely Frca and Haa
Restored Thouaanda off Women to Health.
All Letters Are Sacredly Confidential and No Names Are Published Without Special Per
mission of the Writer All Letters Are Received, Opened and Answered by Women
Only During the Last 20 Years Mrs. Pinhham Has Gained a Greater Knowledge
Regarding Female Ills Than Any Other Person, and is Consequently Better Qualified
to Advise and Guide SicH Wo "en.
It . . fSSS
Discoverer of Lydia E. Pinkham
Vegetable Compound.
Four Letters Showing the Result of Mrs
Pinkham's Advice. Thousands More ot
the Same Kind Are on File In Her Office
at Lynn, Mass
" Dear Mrs. Pinkham : I have been for some years a great sufferer
and thoug-ht I would write and explain my case to you as you hr.d helped
so many others. Menstruation is Irregular and very painful I have suf
fered with painful periods for ten years but the pains grow worse as I
grow older.
" I suffer most with my back, lower part of abdomen and left side, I
have been flowing- all the month and a part of August, not constantly, but
will stop for two or three days and then begin again.
" The doctor says I have misplacement of the womb. I have bearing
down pains when passing urine, and my abdomen is very badly swollen
and sore. Please advise me at your earliest convenience." Mrs. A. V.
Scott, 21 Page St., Kingston, Pa. (Sept. 30, 1900.)
" Dkar Mrs. PinkAaii : When I wrote to you asking advice no one
could describe my suffering. The doctors said I could not be relieved un
less I had an operation performed, but thanits to you snd your medicine
1 got along without having the dreaded operation. I have taken ten
bottles of vour medicine and am once more well and happy. Lydia K.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound is a fine medicine and a God-send
to suffering women. I trust my letter msy be the means of bringing
many of my Buffering sisters to accept your kind aid." MBS. A. V. Scott,
Zl rage St., Kingston, ra. 'Jan. jo, ivvi.)
" Dkab MRS.Pn?KKAif : Some time ago I wrote you that my regular phy
sician had made an examination and tola me I was afflicted with a tumor in
my womb. I had backache, headache, bearing-down pains, and very pro
fuse menstruation. My limbs would ache so I could not sleep, and I was
verv weak and nervous. 1 was bloated from my head to my feet. After
receiving your letter I took Lydia 15. Plnltham's Vegetable Com
pound and Blood Purifier, and followed all the rest of your advice as
near as I could, and the tumor was expelled in pieces, and I regained my
natural size. I continued taking your Vegetable Compound for awhile
longer and felt like a new woman. I cannot thank you enough for your
kind advice, and what your medicine did for me. It certainly saved my
life. -Mrs. Pkrlky b. Willis, versmre, vt.
"Drab Mrs. PimcHAsi : One year ago I read a letter In a paper telling
how much good one woman had derived from Lydia 12. t'lnkham's
Vegetable Compound. I had been sick all winter and was nearly dis
couraged, aa ths medicine the doctor gave me did me no good. I had kidney
complaint, leucorrhaea, itching, bearing-down feeling, and painful men
struation. I wrote to vou describing my trouble and soon received an
answer telling me what to do. I followed your instructions, and have
taken nine bottles of Vegetable Compound, and used one package of Sanative
Wash, and one box of Liver Pills. I am well now, do not have those sick
spells at the monthly period, but can work all day, and that I never could
do until I began taking the Compound. I cannot praise the Compound too
highly. I do hope every suffering woman will learn of your remedies and
be cured, as I have been. I wish all success to the Compound ; it hss done
wonders for me and 1 am so thankful." Mrs. Gknir KiLLoae, Berlin
Heights, Ohio.
Hflrom Pinkfoam'G
Standing invitation
In addressing Mrs.. Pinkham you are confiding your
private ills to a woman a woman whose experience in
treating woman's diseases is greater than that of any living
physician male or female.
.. You can talk freely to a woman when it is revolting
to relate your private troubles to a man besides a man
does not understand simply because he is a man.
Many women suffer in silence and drift along from
bad to worse, knowing full well that they ought to have
immediate assistance, but a natural modesty impels them
to shrink from exposing themselves to the questions and
probably examinations of even their family physician. It
is unnecessary. Without money or price you can consult
a woman whose knowledge from actual experience is
greater than any local physician. The following invitation
is freely offered ; accept it in the same spirit.
Women suffering from any form of female weakness
are invited to promptly communicate with Mrs. Pinkham
at Lynn, Mass. All letters are received, opened, read and
answered by women only. A woman can freely talk of
her private illness to a woman ; thus has been established
the eternal confidence between Mrs. Pinkham and the
women of America which has never been broken. Out of
the vast volume of experience which she has to draw from,
it is more than possible that she has gained the very know
ledge that will help your case. She asks nothing in return
except your good-will, and her advice has relieved thousands.
Surely any woman, rich or poor, is very foolish if she does
not take advantage of this generous offer.
Has restored more women to health than any other medicine the druggists have ever sold It outsells all other medicines for female ills twt t J
one Therefore it must be unequalled. Accept no substitute.
turned the first, "but Dod pulled 'em all out
before Hint aent us down here."
"What for did Him do that?"
"So that we couldn't fly up In the trees
when our mammas want us to come In and
be washed.
The Christian Bndeavor society has at
tained lis majority.
A manuscript bible, richly illuminated, of
about the ytwr nio. has ben sold in Lon
don for 1,300 guineas.
Rev. Heury A. Bulllvan, rector of the
Cathedral of the Huly Croe, Boston, ad
ministers to the spiritual wants of tha
laH con-resliuu in Kew iOusland, his
parishioners numbering- between 8,000 and
Of all the missionary societies, the Amer
ican Baptist MlHalonury union still stands
at the head in the number of church mem
bers, 112.163. the MpthndlHts of the northern
states coming next with 86,260.
The American Sunday School union re
ports that t.4oS Sunday schools were or
ganised under Its auspices in needy places
last year, and that the schools opened with
nearly M,0u0 scholars and teachers present
the first Sunday.
The American Board of Foreign Mlaslons
finds India one of the largest snd most
accesslbla fields In the world. It haa a
population of over 291.uuO.0iiO who ars acces
sible to the Christian teacher.
Mrs. E. L. SafTord of Washington; main
tains and supports a mlaalon out of her
own private income in a curious group of
lvy-growa stone buildings, erected during
the revolution, along the Chesapeake and
Ohio canal. It Is known aa the "Towpatn
Rev. B. J. 8. Kerby, vicar of Penn. Eng
land, Is in Philadelphia to receive money
for the restoration of the church of Penn,
which was built In 1213 and which is Iden
tllled with the family of William Penn.
Rev. Father M an h Irian, tha only i Ar
menian Catholic priest In America, is mak
ing a tour of the principal cltiea for the
purpose of administering to Armenian
Catholics, having received a special com
mission from the propaganda, at Rome. He
barely escaped death three times in. Turk
Uh masaacrea in Armenia.
The northernmost church on thla conti
nent is the church at Nome, Alaska, on the
edge of the Arctic Circle, built and paid
for by the people of that mining town. A
deficit of I2u0 when tha church was dedi
cated was cancelled at ouce bx s Roman
Cat hollo and another man who had been a
saloon ke,e:er.
Represertatlven of all the religious de
nominations of Boston and of the varloua
literary, educational, scientific and busi
ness societies and organisations. In fact
"all Boston." as one of the city's papers
happily phraaos It, are laboring together
for a notable celebration of Rev, Dr. F-1-ward
Everett Hale's tilth birthday on April
I next. All Boston may well unite In It,
for all Boston esteems and lovea him.
lehls Valley Railroad
between Chicago snd New York, or Phils
delphla. Superb vestibule trains through
without change.
Btop-over allowed at Niagara rails.