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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1902)
TITU' OMATTA PATIiT IlEEt FltlDAT, FEBHTTATIT 14. 102.
Tiie omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR;
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO.
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THE BEE PUBJUISHIWU UiarABli
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Stat, of Nebraska, Douglas County, sa.!
George B. Tsschuck, secretary of Th. Bea
Er." tSSf ti:iW Wer'fun
complete copies of The Uaiiy, morning, i
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
th. month of January, 180 waa as fol
4 SO. 110
U , .80,470
U , 80.0T0
ao oao I
(jess unsold and returned copies.
Net total sales
Net dally average....,
Subscribed . in my prea.no. and .worn to
m t t i f Txrn a f"
Bt Valentine has the floor again for
bis annual sbarpshootlng exhibition.
The next edition of patriotic oratory
SvlU sing the praises of George Wash-1
it la had enomrh to and mle valen-
tinea under anv drenm.tancea. but if
you must send them be careful to make
ho mistake in the envelooea
Ex-Police Judge Gordon has not ap
piled for an Injunction or a mandamus I
for a whole week and the people are
beglnntng to be alarmed over his condi-1
Cheyenne Is to have a Union Pacific
railway employes' clubhouse. ' Why
can't Omaha have a1 railway employes'
clubhouse for all the roads that con
verge In .this city?
Tbat Lincoln bank which had trouble
getting Its money out of the safe owing
tu a uiif-u iu ui uwe it.' buuuiu nave
tent for the Detroit banker. No money
fever stayed beyond his reach.
The 'ooen door which the Brltiahaiv
anese treaty provides for may be ell
right 1e the Orient, but the man who
pays the coal bills haa learned to keep
the door closed in this climate. I
Frank C. Andrews, who wrecked the
Petrolt bank, used to boaat that the only I
(ray to get rich is to speculate. ' The
trouble is that It Is also often an ef
fectual way of getting Into the peniten
tiary. :. ;V .
The freedom of the city of London
n uceu cumerreu upon josepu unam- manent relief can come only through an
berlain. . It Is certainly only, fair that amended state constitution that will en
after his long career he should be per- aWe Nebraska to carry into effect the
inittea to go where Tie pleases in the m08t moAem ldeas of fair state and
A Kansas man predicts that the west
rillJiaiea visitation from seventeen-
fear locusts this coming year. There is
fcutblrig the matter 'with Kansas, but
ome of Its people find It Impossible to
fcuit the calamity habit
, xne Boutn Dakota Merchants' . asso-
'triatlon has petitioned congress to re-
fluce lettar postage to 1 cent If the
poutn uaaota mercnants could guaran-
fee to mass, up tne oencit congress
youia cneeriuyy accommodate mem.
' V ;
. Senator Jones." of Arkansas announces
hat anti-Imperialism will be. the Issue
srcicn democracy will rorce during the
coming campaign. Naturally . the . sen
ator prefers to. take a trail which leads
away from the round cotton bale trust
When the automobile supplants the
Historic stage coacn aa tne means of
transit tnrougn tne xeuowstone the old-
timer who used to stage It through the
mountains before the railroad made its
advent will be left without any of the
The American people are hard to
please. They entered objection when so
many women Insisted upon kissing Hob-
on, and now that several have ktssed
the hand of King Edward during the
recent levee they are raising another
protest. If only patience is exhibited,
possibly there will be kisses enough to
go around. A . - -
New candidates for ' governor . are
springing up like mushrooms over night
But none of them have yet ventured to
commit themselves to the Idea pre
sented by Governor Savage that the
salvation of the republican party does
not depend upon the persecution of any
one. They are ail willing to be perse
cuted with an unpardonable term of
Imprisonment in the executive mansion.
PRESS RVJSO COMPKTITIOS.
Borne of the utterance of Gorernor
Cummins In his address at Lincoln are
likely to attract wide attention, not be
cause they are novel or peculiar, but
for the rrnann that ther are made bT a
. , - ,A
"Vuuu u " vu vl
of republican states and may fairly be
... . ,i.m
BBCUUJCU MJ J rI v7ct11 k UiC a." mvuiiua
t . . .n.. ri,
suggestion of Mr. Cummins tbat cor
porations whose 'operations cover the
whole country In other words such as
are engaged In Interstate commerce
should be national, not state, corpora
tions and that every dollar of stock
j8(!Ue)i Dy then, ,u0uld be paid for In
money at par, so mat toe capital rep
resented In the association would meas-
tire the actual value of the property It
acquires," will have large, popular ap
proval. It means complete national
regulation of the greatcorporatlons en
gaged In Interstate commerce and the
placing them on a secure basis as to
their capitalisation. There may be great
difficulties in the, way of attaining this.
Perhaps an amendment of the constitu
tion Is necessary to effect the national
contro1 and tottoa the
rwiratlnna thnf la manlfoatlv HaalraKla
But that the principle la sound cannot
be successfully questioned. The cor
porations whose operations cover the na
tion must come under national control
or the government will pas. under their
Governor Cummins declared that
"competition is, and until we are ready
to enter the last degree of socialism,
must remain the supreme rule of Indus-
trlal llfe and 14 18 our Imperative duty
to preserve competition against the as
gaults of consolidation and "monopoly.'
There will certainly be no popular dis
sent to this proposition.. Whatever the
advocates of industrial . and business
vtnKlnatlnn itul onninlMattAii . .nan
urge in regara to it advantages, public
sentiment Is overwhelmingly in favor
of preserving competition . and there is
every promise that it will continue to
insist that competition shall be pre-
served, even though In order to do so
... . " ...
Jl necessary to maae revolutionary
changes in the . constitution and laws,
What is likely to command chief atten
tion in the utterances of Governor Cum
mins is . the statement that "consumers
have a better right to competition than
producers have to protection," and that
therefore if Drotectlon enahloa anv man.
,tfartuwr .to destrov commotion ,d M-
j-vj. . monono,T thA nrflt(,n BnonM
be withdrawn from the monopolized
Products. This view has a large and
doibUess growing support, the vote in
n means committee on the
caococa amenament to me diu repeal
ing uie war taxes snowing mat mere is
"entlment in congress favorable to it
eTen among republicans who, like Iowa's
Kovernor, are firm believers in the pro-
Another interesting feature of the ad
dress of Governor . Cummins . was his
reference to the Buffalo speech of Preal
dent McKInley and his admonition to
give due heed to the appeal of that
speech for freer trade through reciproc
ity. Mr. Cummins believes that it would
do political wisdom to make some
changes in the tariff and he does not
ehare profeMed fear of thofle who
say that to make changes would Impair
prosperity. ' In this respect the governor
of Iowa is in accord with the platform
of the convention that nominated, him
nd undoubtedly voices the feeling of a
majomy OI iowa reDnDUCan'
where relief. most bk 80UQHT.
Nebraska real estate dealers and real
estate owners are wrestling with the
problem of tax reduction and tax reform
tbat will make investment in real es
tate, whether , on the farm or In the
city, attractive and profitable. Various
plans for equalising taxation 'and in
creasing revenue have , been discussed,
but In . the end substantial and per-
local taxation. The recommendations
of the Industrial' commission on that
subject can readily be carried out "In
most of the states that are not ham
pered by constitutional strait-jackets. ,
Nebraska must either force the cam
paign for' a te!r assessment of cor
porate properties' and corporate fran
chises or continue in a constant' strug
gle against an accumulating public debt
It Is an open secret tbat Nebraska Is
running from f 100,000' to $125,000 be-
hlnd every year. , Wblle, Iowa, with no
I state debt has .f 1,000,000 of surplus in
ju treasury, Nebraska's floating debt Is
about f 2,000,000. , While the state tax
rate in Iowa for 1902 Is 3 mills, the
.fate levy In Nebraska varies from 7 to
The state tax, however, constitutes
the smallest part ef the tax burdens.
It Is the local taxation that pinches
most severely, because under existing
conditions and abuses the great corpora
I tlons have managed to beat their taxes
and ahlft the burden upon real estate
I owned by Individuals who enjoy no
While the constitution of Nebraska ex
pressly provides that "every person or
corporation shall pay a tax in propor-
I tlon to the value ' of his, her or its
I property and franchises," the transpor-
tatlon corporations have succeeded in
getting the revenue laws so framed
that their property is aseseed in bulk.
I through a state board of equalization,
while all other property is subject to
assessment ' by local assessors. This
manifest discrimination, ' made under
pretense of distributing ' the rolling
stock and local Improvement along the
I entire line on a mileage basis, baa prac-
Ocally exempted railroad property from
local taxation and at the aame time has
not increased the mileage valuation of
the roads. Thus millions of dollars of
property that should be returned for
local as well as general taxation is
thrown into the. dump at a mere song
I and the expenses Incurred for maintain-
Ing local government are made to fall
upon the real estate of the respective
towns and counties.
The trend of tax reform Is toward a
separation of sources of state and local
revenues. The older states, like New
York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and
Ohio, are gradually readjusting their
tax systems so as to leave real estate
subject to local taxation only, while the
state derives Its Income ' exclusively
from taxes on franchises, corporations,
Inheritances, etc put before Nebraska
can fall In with other states In the mat
ter of tax reform It must adapt its con
stitution to the changed conditions. In
the meantime, 1 however, the battle
against tax exemption and tax evasion
will have to be waged along the line
to force assessors and boards of equaliza
tion to list' all taxable property at uni
LET IMMIGRATION A LOSE.
The house committee on Immigration
has a majority opposed to immigra
tion. There Is a voluminous bill In the
hands of that committee which provides
for the further restriction of immigra
tion and it is expected that it will be
favorably reported to the house. The
official source of this measure is under
stood to be Commissioner of Immigra
tion Fowderly, who ' has Incorporated
In It a , section authorizing the com
missioner to administer all immigration
laws and exercise control over all offi
cials and employes in that branch of
the public service. It provides that
with consent of the secretary of the
treasury the general commissioner shall
establish all rules, emit all Instructions,
examine all papers, documents and se
curities of officials, make all contracts,
and in short embrace In his person all
the powers and duties of the immigra
tion bureau. This would make the com
missioner a very Important official and
the present Incumbent of that office
Perhaps this measure of Mr. Pow-
derly will pass the house, but there is
reason to think it might not be sue
oessful In the senate, because there it
is likely to receive thorough discussion,
There is no necessity for this proposed
legislation. The industrial commission.
which very thoroughly investigated the
subject of immigration, does not recom
mend any further restrictions, unless
the suggestion of an Increase of the
head tax can be so regarded. The com
mission . recommends more effective In
spection along the Canadian and Mex
lean borders and this is entirely proper.
but it proposes no additional legal re
straints. Evidently that body believes
existing laws to be sufficient If properly
enforced and so will everybody who
can look at the matter unselfishly and
THE COVHTS AX OBSTRUCTION.
In reference to the proposed legisla
tion for Increasing the powers of the
Interstate' Commerce commission, the
Philadelphia Press 'remarks ' that the
difficulty with these - and all similar
measures is the jealousy of the 'federal
courts. It Says they are certain to
minimize all grants of judicial powers
outside of their own jurisdiction. "Beg'
ulatlng rates," observes that paper, "Is
a judicial, not an ' executive function,
The federal' courts love no rivals.
Whatever the power granted the com
mission over rates, its exercise is certain
to be passed on by the courts and by
the time It has been so passed upon
not much will be left of the original
grant of power." ', '
There is warrant for this view in the
experience of the Interstate commission
with the federal courts, but is there
no remedy ? The constitution gives con
gress the power "to constitute tribunals
Inferior to the. suprenu court" May it
not in the exercise of this power, con
stltute a court for the specific purpose
I. of considering issues arising under the
Interstate commerce law and thus avoid
appeals to. the various federal courts
now existing? ; It would seem to be
quite within the constitutional authority
of congress .to .create a court of . this
character, the decisions of which. If not
made final, could be appealed from only
to the supreme court At all events,
the statement' of the Press that the
federal courts, by reason of their jeal
ousy of power, constitute an obstruc
tion to the carrying out of the public
demand for relief from violations of
the law by the railroads presents a mat
ter for serious consideration. Certainly
If It be well' founded our federal 'judi
cial system needs reforming. However,
the Immediate duty of congress Is to
amend the law so as to enlarge the
powers of the commission and It can
then be determined whether the courts
are the obstruction alleged.
, The proposition that, the leading re
publican candidates for mayor of South
Omaha should withdraw themselves
from the race. In order to make way
for a dark horse, seems to meet with
approval among the . republican rank
and file of South Omaha, but we rather
suspect that the only thing that will In
duce the leading candidates to with
draw will be a failure to muster votes
enough at the primary.
, bn the reality of unequal distribution
of tax burdens not even the tax shirkers
will enter denial , What they take
refuge in is that under existing revenue
laws snd their administration they find
loopholes enough to evade their shares
of the obligation snd-slmply ask, What
are you going to do about It?
Portland, Denver and . several other
cities of the west are preparing to en
gage In the meat packing , business.
While a certain measure of success may
attend the effort the present great pack
ing centers will not be greatly alarmed
until nature moves the com belt.
The annual meeting of the Lesgue of
American Wheelmen shows a continu
ance of the rapid decline In membership
tn that organisation. - This la but the
evidence of the paaalog of the wheel as
fsd. The wheel "crank" has almost
If not entirely disappeared and the bi
cycle has taken Us place as a practical
device which Is used like the buggy and
the wagon by people who have a prac
tical use for it.
Another double-shotted Installment of
the Jeffersonlan Jangle may be looked I
for In the hyphenated organ shortly.
John L. Webster Is about to deliver his
second retrospective review of the
Declaration of Independence, with bW
version of what Jefferson might havthat ha la about to retire and leave tbs
said about the government of the Philip- I
pines if he had lived 100 years longer.
la Detroit, for Iaataaee.
Detroit Pre Press.
H. that Is diligent ia business shall
stand befora kings." Also before Judges,
on certain occasions.
Reaaov. th Prov.catloa.
Editor Bryan says It ia necessary for
blm to lecture occasionally la order to
keep his newspaper going. ' But why not
suspend the newspaper and thus remove
the provocation for th. lectures? I,
Oh, They're Met Blew.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
An army beef pontract for South Africa
sold la London for a premium of $50,000,
was then transferred for a. premium of
350,000 and. was finally passed ever to a
syndicate for . a premium ot 11,000,000.
And yet, ws sometlites hear it said that
the Britishers are slow.
Vmim of Grit Ik Reserve.
The pluck of Paterstm In Its serious
calamity Is characteristic of the American I
municipality. So Is th. rapidity with which I
it will rise from its ashes and repair dam- I
ages. Rutns may be picturesque ia the I
older civilisation, but we have no time I
to accumulate them here. I
ameylaar Lltlamtloa Blocked. I
Aixer a nemucay jyncning uuit weeg th. I
coroners jury was selected oy me gentle
men who conducted the affair, and a verdict
waa promptly returned showing that th.
deceased had been strangled by unknown
persons. - uj tnis - process tn. incident is
Immediately closed and there is no annoying
Two Playing at the Same Ga:
Combination begets combination
th. latest Illustrations of this tendency is
mo aciioa oi ine mercnants or u. city of
Spokane. They have - put all their ship-
pmg in tne nands of on. man, who makes
the best wholesale terms possible with I
carriers. The corporations making th.
lowest freight rates, get the undivided
A Job that Pava. I
rnuaaeipnia Times. I
treasury, nr. uaga i
received $8,000 a year, but since his retire-
meat six offers of bank presidencies with
salaries ranging up to $100,000 a year have
been offered to hlnv Mr. Vanderllp. who
was his first assistant, Is already fixed In a
highly lucrative bank position. In view
of the general talk In Washington about
th. Increase of salaries, It would seam that
the treasury might safely be left out of any
of . the plana It V a sure ladder to afflu
ence. . - i . , V 1.,
Cheap Labor,' Cheap Reaalta.
. Philadelphia. Record. .
Governor Teft's reply te a . question on
the subject of labor, put to him by . a menu
ber of the senate committee on the Philip-
pines Is inustratlveof the absurdity of the
,w mea m curiam quarters or tas
competition ot Asiatic, with Americas work-
Ingmen. "Labor. In the Philippine Islands,"
said the governor, "costs more today than
labor, Jj America." .This Is the point of
wi question. ao Aauo may receive out
15 cents a day as wages, but- he gets all he
earns. Flfteen-cent-a-day laborers do net
produce more than 15 cents worth tn r.
suits. .' "'
Railroads Twanpt S.prtaal.
' Cleveland Leader.
The best way the railroads can head off
such perils is by submitting cheerfully to
all proper regulations and obeying all rea
sonable orders or ' requests of the , Inter
state Ccmmerc Commission. The 1ms they
vioiai. or .vaae tne law wnicn is in-1
tended to prevent Injustice betw-en ship-
l"" w piacca urn Dnur i l win d. tor tnem
.u mi. uour oi vneir aanger. . uy insolent
defiance of a body representing th. gov-
crutiueui tn ino vaiuea ai irm ana Dy per-
peuiaung oia anuses wnicn nave neen con-
uvrnuea oj puDua aenument, oy congress
ana ay m. couna, tne common camera are
simply making trouble for themealves. They
" uinpung iaio ana sowing Oregon's
...4 k I
ICC kU. I
Lord Sholto Douglas, brother of the mar-
quia of Quoensberry. has purchased a saloon
and lodging house in Bpokaae. Wash. H.
says he wants to live there because be likes
A beautiful and ' pathetlo ceremony was
the casting of sixty-nine floral places upon
the waters at Gloucester. Mass., laat Sun-
day, la memory of the men who went down
to the sea la skips from that port and never
Francis Grlswold Landon, a member ef
the N.w York legislature, has Introduced
Into that body a , bill to tax advertising
posters. The Idea is to put some limit to
the disfiguration . of town and country
scenery . by luartlstlo and unsightly bill -
boards. . '
Prof. Frank T. Youna- of Chlcaro la
p.rlmeaUng with the purpose of producing
light for that city, with the odor from the
atockvaril Hlr1.t Arkii.. m1r- th.
11ns as Prof. Gorham of Brown university,
who haa been producing light from old beef
steak snd porkchopa
Algernon Sartoris, the grandson of Gen
eral Grant, Is going late business and will
begin at the bottom ot the 'ladder as aa em
ploye of the Werflnghouse works at Pitts
burg. He Intends to master the Intrtca
cles of electrical mechanics and of th. finan
cial features of the work.
The Oeorgla commission has Informally
agreed upon Alexander H. Stephana, th.
congressman, and Dr. Crawford W. Long as
ths discoverer of anaesthesia, for ths sub
jects of th. stat.'s two statues to bo placed
In Statuary hall ia the capltol at Washing
ton. The selection cannot be definitely
ratified until a meeting ot the commission,
m no aeta ta July.
"The population of the clvlllxed world
may be divided today Into two classes,"
says General Stanley Lea In the Critic,
"millionaires, and those who would like to
be millionaires. The rest are artists, poets,
tramps aad babUa end do not count.
Poets and artists do not count till after
th.y are dead, Trampa are put la prison.
Babies are expected te get over It."
William C. Browa, who has been .looted
third vice president of the N.w York Cen
tral railroad aod placed la full charge ot
th. operating and mechanical departments
of the road, has risen from the ranks, hav
ing started as a .action hand oa the Mil
waukee a St. Paul. He Is vice president
and general manager of the Lake Shore
railroad, which office he will retain,
Boundary Line of Work
The voluntary retirement of William C.
Whltnev of New York Cltv from active
business and his expreased. determination
to devote the remainder of his life to rest
and recreation has started anew the old
debate aa to what age should mark tha
boundary line of work. Mr. Whitney re
cently paeeed his 60th birthday, and it Is
In fulfillment of a promise made to himself
stress and strain of th. car. of the fortune
he baa accumulated to the next generation
But as he is still In good health snd In
the natural course of events has many
years before him th. wisdom of his act is
being subjected to examination.
The result of the debate so far proves
tbat oo particular age can be fixed upon
as the limit of work for all men and all
occupations and tbat experience ahowa that
the better a man prepares himself for his
w?rk.,n llf n6 tb lnor" b deTe,op" bls
","; ln" Prioa "
8efulneM "hlrh he can look forward.
, meet,D ot th Chlcaao Federation of
.iuiubi. IUjiivBBiuiti wr a man
45 years of age to obtain employment. One
icaaing rauroaa waa named as having
maa. a rule not to hire any man over that
age, and a delegate was moved to ask bit
terly If "a man should not be dragged out
and Shot when h. reached the age of 45 ?'
It Is probable that this assertion ' needs
qualification, but It is nevertheless - true
that a man who depends wholly upon his
muscular 1 force and never " develops his
mental powers grows old the quickest.
Next comes the business man who has
made the accumulation ot money the sole
object In life. His duties have necessarily
brought blm into contact with a higher
class of men who have educated him, so
far as he could b. carried with the lack
of effort on his own part But this limit
Is soon reached and he finds himself,' at ,
an are when ha ahntild - ha atlll rrowlnt
- o- " a
.nri dunlnnlnt ni nf tntlrh anil out nf
' . Dl "
temper with life. Fifty years can be ,
named aa the dead line of usefulness of
BITS OP WASHINGTON LIFE.
Etchings of People a aid Events at (he
Natleaal Capital. - -
Salaries of American officials In the Phil
ippines, . though much higher than official
aalarlos on the mainland, do not afford a
iarKe margin of profit owing to the cost of
uvtng on th islands. The highest aalarled
Bfflnii i. Governor Taft. who draws $20,000
a year yet he finds the task of making both
ends meet a difficult one. In his testimony
x,. ,. mat pnmmltf th vfivernnr
"When I was appointed civil governor I
was. allowed $5,000 for my legislative duties
. . . P AAA - Jll.. as a awu...,(wa
ana io,uuv iur ui uuucv mm ma va.c.u...o,
matlnr 120 000. The, other commissioners
.nw. k nno for their lerlalaUva1
-.rvla a 110.000 for their executive
auU.., making $16,000, all in gold."
u ,icn allowed a private secretary?"
' yea" '
AAnd you also have a large clerical
"You would think so If you should step
into our offices ; you also would get an Idea
of the necessity for such a force.
"What other allowances are made?"
"None, except that I am allowed, as gov
ernor, to live . In the Malacanan, the old
governor general's palace
"Is it an extensive place?"
"Rather. It .costs me $125 In gold per
ti t ia nftn a vaar oat
L fcit . .T,.t hi. Thar.
are fourteen ponies in the stable, eight ot
which 1. own, and I also- keep three-car-
riages. The ground, are extensive, but
tn6T are lighted by the city ot Manila, as
any otaer park would be' - - -'
..aj, other members of the commls-
provided with residences r
"rh .m not. All of them nav rent.
and I would much prefer to pay mine to be
ing required to live at Malacanan and keep
up that establishment. Out of my $17,500
salary laat year I had only $1,600 left at
the end of the year, and I am sure that If
my Illness had not prevented my entertain
ing to a desirable extent there would have
been nothing left." ' .
Senator and Mrs.iHanna recently gave a
reception at th. Arlington hotel and the
afternoon before the event a friend wanted
, v. . th. ..n.tnr
. Mm ,h. t,ht t dlannaa a oolltlcal
i.leut see you tonight," said Mr. Hanna,
j (qd 1
..r.lv. a wh.tr asked tb. nerolexed ac
... r.alment . retention." reoeated . Mr.
,,. "There are 1,200 invitations out.
TOu know "
When Senator Dolllver of Iowa was a
young man, relates th. Washington- Post,
h. was a school teacher. i In the county
which adjoined him on the north lived a
n,me, charll. Hays, while Will Vsa
Honl Uutf,t school in a county on the
wert. H.y, ,T, up ,chool teaching te
I . hi. ,i.w a i -nrhh
I railroad, and by paying cloae attention' to
his work and acquainting himself with th.
details of the road he attracted the att.n-
I tloo of the general manager and was trans
I f.rred to Chicago. In course ot time h.
I became nrealdent of tha road. - and then
I was offered and accepted the position of
I president of the Southern - Pad Ho at - a
salary of $55,000 a year. Toung Van. Horn
I entered the service of the Milwaukee road
I as a telegrapher, but by his industry snd
1 ability ascended the ladder oi promotion
I until be also occupied a high position.
Finally, he waa selected to build th. Cana
aUtt Pscifio railroad, snd for. his eminent
"uia "r,l services was finally knighted
or uuoan v lcionB ana is
now known as
Sir William Van Horn.
In the meantime Senator Dolllver studied
law and entered politics, until today he ia
one of ths two senators from th. state of
Rear Admiral Schley Is looking In vain
for a clue to the donor of the magnificent
upright piano which occupies a corner la
his rooms In a Washington hotel. When
tha Mini, waa a'aIIwa-paH trim A r v m r nh.
brought It hsnded him a receipted bill for
$1,000 and an anonymous .letter. Much
puxxled, th. admiral read the missive. It
concluded aa follows: "Please accept this
expression of admiration from one who de
sires no notoriety, but who wishes to tak.
this opportunity of showing his regard for
There was no signature. There was noth
I Ing oa th. paper to Indicate who was th.
I writer. Ths handwriting was wholly un
I familiar to the admiral. In vala he quas
I tloned the men who brought the piano,
I They either knew nothing of where it cam.
I from or they had been Instructed to offer
ao explanations. Admiral Schley has ever
since beea trying to learn from .whom th.
gift cam., but has fonnd no clue. Ha has
received many presents, but this la tb. only
on. that came anonymously. As a rule th.
gtv.rs are quite willing to have their names
Public assemblies la N.w York and Wash
Ingtoa are discovering that Milton B. Ailes,
the assistant secretary of the treasury, aaa
graceful abilities as aa after-dlnaer speaker,
such men. There Is nothing more pitiful
than to hear one so situated Inveigh
against the persistency with which h. Is
puebed aside and utter his regrets that h.
cannot turn his mind to reading or to the
study of art after ha haa accumulated the
fortune he coveted. The pleasure is de
nted him because he put money before
mental development and failed to cultivate
the faculties upon which men must fall
bark as age advances.
The men who live lorigoat and carry tbelr
ucefutness with them furthest are the men
who In the hurry of bualnesa or professional
life have not forgotten to broaden tbelr
mental vision and lay up a mental.'store
to draw upon aa the years come on. Such
men never grow old. . . To them, aa Victor
Hugo said, "forty Is tb. old age of youth
and fifty is th. youth of old age." They
keep themselves young by knowing the best
i. m their h,..ir,M. r nrofesslnn and
by .fertilising their intellect by. reading.
study ind observation, and their sympa-
thles op,D hj jetting th. result go out to
enrtch their own lives and the lives of
others. Their bfalns never harden. They
r-Mrer jgjt, on that discouraging look which
Bnowg that a man haa reached his growth,
(bat hls Dr4,n lu hardened Into a mold and
will take la no new Ideas. Buch a condition
Is the last stage of a man's usefulness.
AH men like to remain young. Muicu
larly this cannot be done. In spite ot the
best ear., the most vigorous dieting snd all
the comforts and conveniences that' money
can obtain the muscles harden and grow
useless. But the mind can always remain
young, and as tt la in the mind that a man
lives mainly when he has paased forty It. is
his own neglect or misfortune If be grows
aid there. If Mr. Whitney has ' used his
oDDortunlllea to broaden and cultivate hlnv
self, if he has refined himself mentally by
contact with art and literature, he Is still
young mentally snd some of his most pro-
ductlve years -lie before him. He has
hak . i. ...i.j jiauka4 k- r i-
CMUDU IU. UmllWI, VJ VVBIV
o v ...v. i w .
UK DCUTCIUIV WUCU IU, RUUWICU, VI
iif- well aoent and the record of many aood
..deeda la moat nlnaalna-.''
Recently, at a' Knights Templar gather
ing, relates tha Saturday Eevenlng Post,. he
was the first called upon at th. conclusion
of the banquet. He had been notified tbat
he would' be asked to make a few remarks,
but. not wishing to deliver a set speech, he
had asked to .be placed toward the bottom
of the list and had understood that that
was to be the arrangement. He had there
fore relied on the speakers that , were -to
precede blm to furnish him material for
Though somewhat disconcerted by the un
expected summons of the chairman, Mr.
Ailes rose to the occasion.
"There Is some mistake," said he, "In my
being called upon at this stage of the
proceedings, snd the incident reminds me
of an epitaph which enjoys .local fame in
my native village in Ohio. . At the death
of an eccentric citlsen It 'was learned that
he had himself written out and entrusted
to a marble cutter the legend that was to
be graven on his tombstone.
"When the lettering was completed the
villagers all went out to view the epitaph
and this Is how It read:
" 'I expected this, but not so soon.' "
The oleomargarine fight In the house re
calls the fact, tbat many years ago, when
Senator Ingalls was ,lq the. senate, oleo
margarine was a bone, of contention,; The
debate' led ' Ingalls to utter one of .those
epigrammatic1' sentences which made ' blrA
famous'" " ' ' ' .'. ". " . .
I have never, to my knowledge, tasted
oleomargarine," -said lagans, "but I have
stood In the presence of genuine butter
with awe for its strength "and reverence for
RAVAGES OP FIRE.
Hage'Losaes of Property sil Life la
. v the United States.
Springfield (Maes.) Republican.
Should .the present estimate ot $8,000,000
aa tha loss caused by the fire at Peterson,
N. J., prove correct tbat conflagration, on
the basis ot mere property lost, will rank
sbout eighth of the big fires that have oc
curred In the . United States. But a for
tunate feature In the Pateraon disaster Is
the freedom from the horrible loss of life
tbat has marked many other fires extending
over lees territory. Thus, the fire on. the
docks, of the North German Lloyd steam
ship line on June. 30, 1900, which cost the
loss of $7,000,000 of .property and more than
150 lives, was a much more- terrible affair
than that of Peterson,, while other fires.
such aa the burning ot the Brooklyn theater
on December 6, 1876, which cost $96 lives,
have had many fatalities, but comparatively
small loss of property. Ranked merely by
their, estimated property loss the big fires
of the United State, are as follows:
New York. December it. 1836 Six hundred
and aev.nty-rour buildings fiurnea; -prop
ertv loss, tl7.000.000: no lives loet.
New York. SrDtember . l&w Forty-six
buildings burned; loss, $10,000,000.
unariexsion, e. -., uwanucr ii. iwi
Prnwrlv 1M. I10.O00.O00.
Portland, Me., July 4, 18SS Ton thousand
people rendered houaeless; loss, I15.000.iKX).
Chlcajro. 111.. October B snd . 171 Three
and one-half aquare miles burned over, 17.4&0
buildings destroyed, ttt.&oo people maa.
homaleas, more than 2u0 pwiple killed,
nrnnsrtv loss over ZO0. 000.000.
Boston, November 9, 1K7 Sixty-five acres
burned over. about sw euiimngs ourn-a,
fourteen lives lost: nroDertr loss. $80,000,000.
Jacksonville. Fla.. May i, 11 Property
lnax nearlv 110.000.000. - '
raterson, -w. J., reorowy ana iv, irjn
Property loss, , sa.ouv.uw. .
ant willing to recommend it to ail lor
coogW Mrs. C Simon, New York
lfaest,$Lsa. AlsrartfaUL -
'- v r
1 JJsaaaawaj ' i
ALARMED BT EXFOSfHK.
WMearreaa Wreag Wraaght y l)la
erlaslaatlac Freight Rates.
The annal report of the Interstate Com
merce commission by. Its revelation appears
to have brought the offending railroads to
their knees In an sttltude of at least
transient submission to the laws of : the
country'. The -favored shippers are also
willing "to be good" for the future. It
seems to be a case of rogues who feared
that congress would make the baiter draw
tn order to enforce a beter obedience to
the law. Ths railroad managers and the
favored shippers have not taken the alarm
a moment too soon, for the Indictment of
their audacious violation .of the ' law hv
the Interstate Commerce commission haa
already excited the Indignation of the In
fluential presa of the whole country. The
report of the Interstate Comerco commis
sion cites, speclflo Instances In Which ths
published traffii rates on meats ' are regu
larly cut, contrary to law. In the interests
of four or five large packing, concerns.
Published tariffs are violated in the grain
traffic contrary to law. To ! cover , these
criminal proceedings vouchers are . de
stroyed snd records altered. ' The . effect
of these lawless acts Is to build up a mo
nopoly of the meat-packing . business In tbs
hsnds of a few concerns " and crush out
small competitors and to turn the. grain
business upon each railroad Into the hands
of some particular buyer.. ., ' ".
The. wrong wrought" Is' widespread In Its
Injurious influence. The farmer loses, the
consumer loses and the small . shipper is
obliterated. . Grain and grain products move
to the seaboard upon seoret ratee and the
profit oa this secret rate Is divided with
the officers of the line over,-which, the
shipments are made. Tills is a crime, a
penitentiary offense,, but under existing law
It cannot be suppressed. A mere ."agreed"
rate lower than the published tariff cannot
be punished . unless the failure, of . some
speclflo shipper to get this rate Is proved.
Individuals only . can be indicted. They
escape. . When the law fines, corporations.
Juries will convict. This, briefly stated, .Is
the argument of the indictment- of the
offending railway managers - by f the Inter
state Commerce commission,, which desires
the power to make rates directly and to
enforce them, and the commission asks
Isws to punish the crime' that the railway '
managers have been committing, for they
have violated ' the law requiring an ad
herence to published tariffs; ' the 'law
against secret rebates and discriminations
and the law against concerted traffic' com
binations, and 1 they have just ' confessed
their guilt by publicly announcing that
their confederacy of railway managers and
favored shippers will henoeforth obey the
is. - ; '"" -
'The startling thing about all this ' busi
ness Is tbat the men who form this guilty
confederacy to defy and outwit the law
are railroad magnates oa the one hand and
millionaire meat and grata monopolists on
the other, men of the highest Intelligence
and' ability, who do not hesitate to break
the law to ewell their Ill-gotten wealth. .
LIKES TO A SMILE?. . .
... . . . -. i i :
Yonkers Statesman: "Pa. 'what is a mis
- "A mlanomerT On, when-a ffian goes to
a church basaar and la inveigled Into -taking
chances some people say he's got a
fair chance, but that's a misnomer. . ,
Philadelphia Catholle Standard: "What
makes you so blue?" asked the first new
woman at . the club.
"My father-in-law has come to stay with
us," replied the other, "and John and he
sit at tnelr knitting all day and cryv about
my treatment of
John." ' ' " ;
, - n?M' IN'
Chicago Tribune:. "What . 1st- ai-mes-
InerlBtt" 1 . ..,.,,
"A person who controls vm win' or an
other person and makes himsdo -exactly
what he chooses."
"Can you mention a suecessful mes
"Yes, sir. Any clothing store salesman."
Philadelphia ' Press: "Poor man," said
the Inquisitive old lady, "I guess you'll be
glad when your time Is up-, won't yeu?"
"No, ma am, not partlokrly," replied
the prisoner. "I'm up fur life." . ..
Judge: Amy Any one would think you
had the earth on, your shoulders.
Fred Would that 1 had, that t might
lay the world at your feet. ' '
Washington Star: "I hope I shall get a
ffcjr comic valentines," said Mlsa Cayenne.
- "You hope to get some comlo valentines?"
"Yes. Every one you get is a -sure sign
that you have made some enemy feel per
fectly wretched." r
Philadelphia Press: "It, seems, to me."
said the young housewife, "there's entirely
too much water In the milk you serve."
"It won't occur again,, ma am," aald the
foxy milkman. "You aee. the . farmer"a
man has been giving the cows too much,
salt and It made 'em very thirsty.' The
farmer's got a new man now.".
Ernest . McGaffey In Woman's
Not rose, nor tender eglantine,
Nor Illy, nor the columbine,- " ' '
But from th. prairie's railing mead '
I send a spray of Iron weed t
To greet you as my valentine.
Blue-veined the lilies are, I know.,
And darkly red the roses glow,
But I have sent the Jronweed,
Uncouth sud harsh, whoee dusky seed
Th. palms of unseen sowers sow. .
Not ruds my emblem. If you find
My meaning here, though faint outlined
. For struck from suddeu clash of thought
No purer fire can be wrought
Thau filnt-ateei spark of mind to mind. -
Nay, as you touch It time shall bring
A glimpse of low horlson-rlng, . , .
And dreamy aweep of pliant breece
That undulates- o'er graasy seas-- .,'
The rustle of the wlnd'a broad, wing. .
From mv rough hand to la 'In thine'
1 send this offering 'tis a sign - ,- -i
Of love until my latent breath,
Of Iron faith that holds through death
A sun-burnt western valentine, ' " . .
1 Q) TJ Yoijr cough
IVv f tells of dan
cer, a little
danger if in the throat ;
great danger it down
i deep in the chest.; Re
' member, all coughs
are dangerous. )y',
saves life. ;
Your family, phy
sician will tell you
there is but one
for colds and
" I have used your
".saost valued cough syrup
: r aad cannot speak its
praises highly enough. . I
iastaAUaeoas relist of heav bronchial
City. . , ,
J. C AYE CO. Uwdl, Mass. ..
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