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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 9, 1902)
PAGES I TO 10.
i:stai;lisiied juni: 10, i87i.
OMAHA, 8UNXVY MORNING, FEttTtUAliY 9, 1902-TWENTY PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
he Omaha Sunday Bee.
WEAR ENGLAND OUT
TmiTttl But lrttarj'i Frsiictist ii
for Tsn Tm' War.
COMES WITH OMINOUS SIGNIFICANCE
ftiKxrartfiig DiipttckM Bsfltot Dk Vitwi
of JTitostner. ,
BLICKHOUSE SYSTEM PROVES FUTILE
OtlT Tactic Ntedsd iraiiit lioa a
SCANDALOUS WASTE OF THE ARMY FUNDS
Cattle Captared from Boers Sold Three
or F.ir Time Over to the Got
ernmrnt, at Increase of
Price Each Time.
'Copyright, 1102. by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Feb. 8. (New York World
Cablegram Special Telegram.) A copy of
a. tetter was recently discovered In Pre
toria, addressed by Transvaal State Secre
tory Relti, at President Kruger's request,
when Tar became Inevitable, to certain
members of the Volksraad (congress),
whose determination was doubted. This
letter advised them that if they entered
into the war at all It should be with a
Btmit resolution to see it through, aa It
would last ten years. The letter stated
that the officials of the republics did not
bope to defeat England In the field, but
their clans and resources would enable
them to wear England out in that decade.
One prediction has particularly ominous
significance just now. in view of the dls
oouraglng dispatches this week from the
Pretoria correspondent of the Times, who
reflects Kitchener's views. These die
patches warn the government that the
war cLnnot be ended by the blockhouse
system In the face of an enemy so mobile
as the Boers are. Provisioning and gar
rlsonlng the blockhouses is straining the
British transport and relief resources to
the breaking point, although it Is admitted
that Hottentots are being largely employed
in connection with the blockhouse system
The waste of the army from disease In
January, the worst month for enteric fever,
Included ten officers and 526 men dead,
while eleven officers and 144 men were
killed id action, the total casualties being
eighty-seven officers and 2,663 men.
Incompetence aad Corruption.
The war department remnant acandal.
the treasury having been swindled out of
many millions of dollars, betrays only ons
of the many directions in which Incom
petent and corruption have conspired to
bleed the British taxpayer In connection
with this awful war.
From South Africa comes the positive
statement that the bulk of the vast herds
mt cattle captured from the Boers waa sold
by the military authorities to the South
African Cold Storage company at from 4 to
cents a pound, the company selling the
eattle l ack again to the military, after a
few weeks at from 14 to 18 cents a pound".
In some districts In Cape Colony, it Is
alleged, loyal colonial farmers, acting In
collusion with certain military officials, con
trived to sell horaes snd cattle to the
British military authorities three or four
These scandals were discovered months
ago, ' but the war department quietly
cashiered the officers Implicated, Instead of
Imprloonlng them, hoping by that means to
The government's present policy is to
postpone all inquiry till the war ends, trust
ing that it may find aome further pretext
to evade it altogether, or, at the worst, by
means of one huge chaotle investigation, to
confuse the Issues and dissipate the re
sponslbllity. These moves are recognised
and feared by the governments ewn aup
porters, but their hands are tied by dread
of encouraging the Boers if the govern
ment la embarrassed.
NOBILITY'S SPRIGS OBSTRUCT
Their Coadaet Aaalnat Leajlalatloa Is
Tolerated Becaaae They Are
Relatives of Prlsae Mlalatcr.
Copyright, 1902. by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Feb. 8. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) Parliament
was exceptionally lively thla week, - Lord
Hugh Cecil, favorite son of the marquis
Of Salisbury, with a few other sprigs of
nobility associated with the high chnrch
party, obatructed the passage of the bill
to legalize marriage with a deceased wife's
alster by loitering In the division lobby of
the House of Commons and' defying the
requests of the tellers appointed by vthe
speaker to register their votes.
At the . last session, when certain Irish
members refused to enter ths division
lobby after challenging a division, the
epeaker promptly ordered in the police to
drag them from their seats. This week
when the prime minister's son, nephew and
their cousin. Earl Percy, refused to leave
the lobby, they remained not only un
punished, but unrebuked. They were al
lowed, in fact, in defiance of the order and
will of the vast majority of the bouse, to
carry out their object of preventing tha
bill from being committed.
Then on Thursday night Colonial Secre
tary Chamberlain raised a brief but bit
ter storm by attributing the opposition of
the Irish members to suspending sitting
acder the new rules during the dinner hour
to the poverty that made "cheap dinners"
a consideration to them. Thla contemptible
taunt, coming from a minister, too, sent a
shudder through the assembly, and when
Mr. Dillon hotly characterised It as "dirty
and Insolent" the speaker did not demand
. from him the withdrawal that such
language under couditlona of ordinary
provocation would have Incurred.
TO BREAK THE PlT MONOPOLY
Ras.laa Uavcraaaeat Plane ta Iavada
taadard'a Field for Hew
(Copyright. 1901, by Press Publishing Co.)
ST. PKTERSBCRO, Feb. (.(New York
World Cablegram Special Telegram.) The
Rusln oil trade is becoming more aud
more depressed Small owners are bom
barding the government with petitions for
easier terms, as tbey caunot make, both
ends meet. Many of them applied for help
In cath, offering te mortgage their wells
as security. The government has a plan
to reduce freights on oil to the frontier
of the Rusblun empire in order to open
pew markets where the Standard Oil com
pany baa a monopoly. The government is
la correarondeuce a 1th the ministers of
trade tn Austria, Cermaay aad Turkey on
PELTS EGGSAJ A DEPUTY
Comely Woman Enlivens aa Other
wise Iall Irnalon af the
(Copyright, 19n2 by Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS. Feb. 8. New York World Ca
blegram-Special Telegram.)-A comely
matron with a grievance, greatly enlivened
an otherwise dull session of the Chamber
of Deputies this week by pelting at Deputy
Paulmir with overripe eggs. Admiral
meuner was in tne miasi oi a ieiucu
discourse on the budget when the woman.
standing In a public gallery, began ' to hurl
the eggs, at the same time uttering shrill
enltheta. Intn the aoml-clrrla of deputies
below her. . She aimed at M. Paulmir. but
while he successfully dodged, several oth-
era were sadly bspattered. A stampede
of deputies appeared imminent, but a panic
was averted by the woman's prompt arrest.
Another humorous scene occurred during
the debate on a bill to regulate the hours
of coal miners. The first section of the
bill, adopted by a large majority, pro
vides that six months after it passes
day's work shall be limited to nine hours,
two years later to eight and a half hours
and two years after that to eight hours.
All the element opposed to the repub
lican party combined to defeat this vital
paragraph, but were unsuccessful.
In the discussion Deputy Aynard pro-
duced tables showing that the death rate
In the last ten years Is only 2 per cent
among the shareholders in the coal mines.
An American burglar named Vincent I
Bownes, who was caught robbing the Amerl-
can section of the exposition and sent to
prison, was pardoned a week ago, after
having served eighteen months of his
three-year sentence. The same day he
aem a mreatemng letter to ronco mm-
mlBHloner Lents, who had him arrested.
Last night he broke Into M. Lenti's apart-
menis ana nuea a bag with jewelry, money
ana ever vaiuaoie article easily carriea th( po,e ,n four d4y)lt breathing oxygen re
away. Including a fancy revolver which lay newed chemlca,iy.
icaaea on me taoie. men ne cut wun sois-
sora every article of clothing of M. and
Mme. Lenta and finally woke them both.
Just for the pleasure of Insulting and Jib-1
Ing them, covering his victims all the time
w'lu lu" revolver.
After the burglar left the bedroom. Lenti
uraiu umu nugriiiJB in ids uiuiuh ruoin i
" . BYlaenl,y lalt,nK "reweu
ann. ine ponce commissioner nastenea
v urr .. ue.t De couia jn nis muinaiea tlme ,u par w moBar ,pet in ascer
garments and gave chase. A few blocks wh. .--,-. ha could make
away the pursued burglar came up with
. crowd of bibulous night owls, halted.
.... . .. " ea Dim. snneaea
tieip: ana accusea tne ponce eommis-
"""" u""u lr,ea lo roD n,m- An
eager crowd of volunteers hustled the
commissioner to the nearest police sta
tlon, while the accuser slipped away.
Llane De Pougy announces that she In'
tends to retire from the stage to devote her
self to literature.
, , I
EVICTIONS FOR CORONATION I
Owaers of Hevnsea Along the Mae of
March Barajala with Wonld
(Copyright, 1902, by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Feb. 8. (New York World Ca-
blegram-Speclal Telegrnm.J-Now that tha
oorooatlo" route, has. been settled. ne vwn-
era of houses which will afford a view Of
iuo iroveaaion, are evicting ineir tenants l
wnerevor possioie, as was none at tne lime
. Muoun victorias juonee. ine greatest
aufferera are the poor people occupying
rooms overlooking the route on the squalid
streets on the south side of the Thames.
Extensive plana have been prepared for
erecting stanas aiong me route, ana naicu-
loila stories ara TuihllahAil nf rnlnattal nrloA. I
alUged to have been refused by house-
noi Jers at ravorable points. The king. It is
declared, baa expreased severe disapproval
of the efforts of arlstocratio householders
to utilise tne coronation to make money
oy letting tneir nousea to Americans, and
I. . hA .. '1 . 1 I J . . .
. "" vauiua meir uuiy aa
proviaers oi entertainments.
The duke of Devonshire goes to the res-
cue. aa usual, promising to give a fancy
dress ball more gorgeous than that during
iu. juonee. ioras saiiBDury, noseDery ana
Lansdowne also have algnlfled their Inten-
tlon of giving grand entertalnmenta.
Colonial Secretary Chamberlain la plan-
nlng a great reception for colonial visitors,
to be attended by the king. Hla similar
enori at nospitauty at the jubilee proved
a tremendous fiasco. Owing to Inefficient
ponce arrangements the streets got sol... nrestdent that nark bench waa hi
blocked with cartrages that the then prince
of Wales and half of Mr. Chamberlain's
u.uuen guests never succeeaea in getting
near the house be had hired for the occa-
Slon . .
SCHWABS LtAVb FOR HOME
Steel Maanate Declares He Soaght
aad Fonnd Heat la Chaaaa
of Occupation. ''
(uipyrigni. iu., oy rreae i-uDiiBning i;o.
imhuun, reD. a. (New York World Ca-
Diegram epeciai Telegram.) Charles M.
Schwab, witn Mrs. Schwab, left London this
ZTZTrS Lrr .a.d cohD?.r;,ng
his reception by King Edward
"I waa honored bv belna- received h Vln.
Edward. Beyond that I cannot say any -
H . j - - - -' a i
thing on the subject, nor have I aald a
word more to anybody.1
"Have you enjoyed your trip to Europe.
Mr. Schwab?" the correspondent Inquired.
"Never In all the years I have been com
ing have I enjoyed It more."
"Va. ' An tiAt A nn.ir tn K -v ttmjt . .. .. W
of a rest." it waa suggested. "You have
.. . .. M
"Oh, I could not sit still and do nothing,"
Mr. Schwab replied. "That would not be
rest to me. I find rest In change of scene
and occupation. I have found It and never
Mr. Schwab certainly looked well and
waa In high spirits.
MILLION SUBJECTS IN PRISON
Csa aaaadera Thirty-Five Dollars m
Year la Baylna; Then Books
(Copyright, lsua. oy press Publishing Co.)
ST. FETEKSBVjRU. Feb. 8. (New York
World Cablegram 8peclal Telegram.)
Russian prison statistics lately published
reveal aome atartnng facts, four years
ago the number of prisoners la Russia was
7tti,3(3. now u du rutg to iilus. ir tne
Inmates oi the military prisons, the peas-
anta in houses of correction and the prls-
oners la trancasplan Jails were counted. It
would be touna tnai i.oov.vog of the sub-
Jects of the czar . are incarcerated, not In -
cludlLg the Siberian extlea, who number
77.10. nor the I.S28 convicts In the Eagha-
lin prison. The budget appropriates about
M per prUoner a year, the expenditure ag-
gregatlng 7,5CO.OOO. of wbjlch amount I3S.:5
is squandered on books and papers tor
Dr. TJasoautf- fsrfau Flai far
6- jJl Discover.
AMERICA HAf BUILD STP.AN8E VESSEL
laitet - Dumsit Still TigUM M night
jw Tj,;,,,. ParaBM,
NAVAL EXPERTS ENDORSE THE NEW FUEL
Jjnqaanaa of Coal JJlit ale Islraltim
. Kanaa Enthusiasm.
SHOES TO MAKE WATER-WALKING EASY
President Loahet Has aa Aetoulehlnnr
Baeoaater with tha Falthful
tii of Discipline la
tha French Army.
(Copyright, IKE, by Press Publishing Co.)
PARIS, Feb. . (New York World Ca-
hlavram ansclal Tlram.) Dr. Unschutl-
K..mtl. Mt of tha much-discussed
iUbmr!ne Poi8r expedition, has arrived
frnm Vi.nn tn roofer with some
vrmr - h scientists, who will accomDany the
Dr. Unschuti-Kaempfe says be elaborated
tn, pUn ,t Munich ft year g0 and has now
perfecte(1 ,nd teated the model of a power-
fll, ,llhm.rin. hn.t canahl of raoid oro-
reg, at . depth of nlnety feet whlchf n
., te .ufBM-ni to clear tha ice in the
cojdelrt regions. Ho will go aa far north as
po8slbia ,n Bn ordinary Arctic vessel, then.
wlth nl3 BUDn,arljI. boat, he hopee to reach
Tn. doptop eonB(,.nt be -m be able
. to thm -urf.cll ofte ODnlngs being
.,,,. , di- Polar arlentlatji
,v. ,h -t,. thm water at tha
proper not froien, Tne .ubmarlne
rMel wm but , Franc, or in Amer-
icm ,ccord,ns wh,ch country makes the
jjj bjd fof
Santoa-Dumont arrived here from Monte
Car,0 on Mondar returned today. Hie
for goln(r lo America with proflt to himself
and ,nipecUne ths work on b D.w nlnety-
horM power navgable balloon.
French BaTy experU. after exhaustive
triala, enthusiastically endorse the new fuel
dl8C0Tered by a French engineer recently.
called petroleum briquettes. By a secret
process petroleum is made semi-solid, then
mixed with coal duat and the mixture Is
pressed into hard brlcka. It constitutes the
best navy fuel, makes neither duat nor
nouea, la easily aiurcu au'j uauuicu u au
equal volume represents four times the
.-1 1 II . A . V.aJIaJ mmtjt
beating power of anthracite coal.
The management of the Parla Alpine club
has Just received from Vienna several of
the Captain Grossman water shoea. Ex
periments made on the Seine at Bologna,
thmiarh nn aulta' successful owlne to the
,nck of pracUcei demonstrated that the
Antrl.n Invention la reall , nrarticahle.
Jarossman's - water shoes, which, aorae,ht
1 ,.mhifc - Indian anowahoes. enable . the
Liperlenced waiker t0 gude rapidly on the
,Q yterday's trials the men seemed like
ikater, on the lce . foP the first time,
..ihk.i, in. im..i..
but after a few duckings each mau was
I. v.. . ,,..i iwi,..s. .nm- A,.,.n
Th. ,.,. -uima h. Mn W.,.I
tnree tlme, fa8t a on ,and
Per.t-te.ea of Military Orders.
President Loubet, while walking alone
yesterday In the grounds In the nresi
dentlal palace, reached a secluded bench
tnd started to sit down to contemplate for
a moment the wintry landacape.
a sentinel near by, seeing the- move'
mcot. n resented arms, because he knew ih
president, but said: "Don't sit here. It la
lKint orders." The president remarked
-what foolish potion has got into your
head, young trooper?" and again began
to alt down. The soldier, a hard-headed
peasant, sternly lowered hla bavonat.
shouting aa he did ao the warnino- of French
eentlnels. The president thought be had a
lunatic to deal with and went away without
further InaUtence and an Immediate in
vestlgatlon showed that while M. Faure
favorite resting place and that mora than
three years ago the bench was repainted
an(i a sentinel waa placed there In order,
I to quote an entry In the guardhouse books
I "tn nr. von 1 tha nraaiilan aiMlnv lh. t
anil arnulrtne freah nalnt. rt.nit s
Faure's death and fifty changes made In the
presidential guards since then, the sent!
I nels ahva beei continued day and night,
winter and aummer, with atereotyped or
ders to "prevent
the president siting
Among the soldiers a legend flnallv ar.w
up that the bench waa over a subterranean
magaslne of ammuniUoa intended for h.
defense of the palace in case of riot.
OBJECTS TO BEING CAGED
I Parlalaa Haeoaaa seeks to Be Rid
1 of a
Wife Whose Jealaasr'
(Copyright. 1902, by Press Publishing Co.
PARIS. Feb. 8. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) Pretty Mme,
Ravelote'a love for her husband Is so In
I . " v. v..'.t.-j ... - - 7
i longer, au no umm mkuu vuun to grant
him a divorce. Among other thlnga which
M. Ravelote alleges to substantiate his com
plaint that his wife's affection and Jealous
temperament are Intolerable, la that three
montha ago be casually mentioned at the
table that a certain womaa he was as
quainted with before he married would com.
to town wltbia a few daya, whereupon the
young wife flew la a towering rage and
threw the crockery about, doing great dam
age and endangering bis life. Peace was
made after several hours of stormy argu
ment, and be promised not to see the
woman in queatlon during her stay in Parte,
Nevertheleas, his wife remained auspl
clous, and he testified that, aha caused to be
constructed, unknown to him and II a dis
tant room of thetr bouae, a cage like those
I used in menageries, into which, wit the
I help of a powerful servant maid aad t
man aha thrust bun. intending to keep h.
J thus imprisoned until the woman vho h..
I excited her Jealousy leit fans.
Ravelote alleges that he would not -hsve
been released until then bad not hla brother
I happened to call and discover the situation:
I The captivity lasted, the petitioner aaerts.
I three daya and three nights, during which
I time the wife passed food through the bars
I and left her husband to aleep on the cage
Boor rather than risk letting him out.
The wife was not represented la court,
and the Judge issued' an order for her ap
a I penrance a fortnight btnee lo "corroborate
for deny the petitioner' incredible charges. "
OVELIEST WOMAN OF THE DAY
Dlaeaaatoa Aianaa: l.oadoa People Bet
tlea the Mantle t'poa Caaa-
teas of Warwick,
(Copyright, 1902, by Tress Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Feb. 8. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) "Who among
society women will go down to future gener
ations ss having been the loveliest and
most interesting female of her dayT" waa
discussed recently In a company of wall
known people. It was finally agreed by all
that the countess of Warwick undoubtedly
la, as one expressed It, "the only great
woman who may be aald to strike both the
popular imagination and that of smaller
and mors select circles of diary and letter
writers, who make history in these mat
ters." One of the company, afterward recalling
the discussion, summed it up thus: "Of
course the secret of the countess' personal
popularity Is not far to aeek. The fairies
bo prealded over 'Daisy' Mayoard's
christening endowed her with extraordinary
charm of manner, kindness of heart and
the quick wit so often denied to ths other
wise fortunate possessor of exceptional
In these daya people forget quickly, but
fancy many can remember Lady Warwick's
wonderful girlish beauty In the days when
aha waa atlll a debutante and at 4 time
when it was more than whispered that she
was on the eve of becoming the bride of
our most studious and serious-minded royal
prince. The fact that this same gentle
and kindly royal personage lived to act as
best man at the wedding of Miss May
nard and the then Lord Brooke, showed that
even In these days tha most charming
women of our time know bow to succeed In
oiog what ao many women fall to do,
turning a lover Into a friend."
Chief among the rivals of the countess of
Warwick for the distinction of being the
reigning beauty of her time were the
merchtonesa of Londonderry, Princesa
Henry of Pleas, Mrs. George Keppel, Miss
Muriel Wilson and Lily Langtry.
The engagement of the earl of Lytton to
Miss Pamela Plowden, who last year was
reported engaged to the millionaire Lord
Howard De Walden, has excited great in
terest. Lord Lytton is four years younger
than his fiance, who is 29. He is compara
tively poor, but intanda to devote "himself
to politics, being an excellent speaker.
clever and energetic The marriage la not
one the dowager conntesa of Lytton would
have planned, but her ton baa pleased htm
CONTEMPT FOR THE NOBILITY
Carloaa Motive of Marqnia Who Seeks
to Sell Hla Title to .
(Copyright, 190J, by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Feb. 8. (New York World Ca-
blegram Special Telegram.) Mystery still
enshrouds the identity of the marquis who
offers to marry "a wealthy lady, age and
looks Immaterial," on payment of $75,000
to the future husband. But the identity
has been narrowed down by curious persons
employing the process of exhaustion to two
holders of that title, tie marquis SUgo, a
bachelor in his eeventy-f Ifhth year, with
nothing !but heavily eactuMd IMh-e4
tates, and the marquis of Clanrlcarde, a
gay bachelor of 70, and reputed to be the
worst landlord in Ireland. . Clanrlcarde
Ienda money under the name of Sanguineltl.
la a noted art connlsseur, is eccentric In
dress and habits, is an inveterate cynic
and la said to be a miser. General gossip
Is that he makea his own clothes, and thetr
extraordinary cut would bear out such a
Those who know him declare that he is
capable of this marriage freak, not so
much for the money, though that would be
a consideration, as from sardonic delight
in bringing contempt on his own order of
nobility, by which he Is boycotted. No one
Imagines, If he la the seeker sfter mar
riage In the way outlined, that he would
live with the marchioness ao obtained, but
it is the presumption that he would thus
simply sell her the right to bear the title.
The lawyers acting for the myaterlous mar
quis have had no bona fide offer. '
The earl of Crewe, who married Lord
Rosebery's youngest daughter, has pur
chased Wharncllffe bouse, Curson street.
Mayfalr, for 145.000. It directly faces the
site of the duchess of Msrlborough's slowly
rising town manalon, but haa much more
Lord Crewe Intends to start a political
aalon to aid Lord Rosebery In regaining the
Social Influence counta enormously in
English politics, and, aa Sir Henry Campbell
Bannerman's party haa little, Rosebery's
capture of the leadership is certain If he
can bo brought to exert himself.
ARCHDUCHESS IN A BALLOON
Next Time Ho Coes t'p the Archdako
Will Take Hla Little Danghter
to Bear Hlas Coanpaay.
(Copyright, 1902. by Press Publishing Co)
VIENNA. Feb. 8. (New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram.) Archduke Le
opold has given your correspondent the fob
lowing personal statement of bia experience
In hla balloon ascent:
"I am very proud of the results of this
balloon voyage, aa it was the first, and haa
been undertaken independently, and I am
glad to give an account to your paper. 1
would not have Induced the archduchess to
accompany ma 'bad I not been confident of
safety. The only fear was that aha would
Buffer from cold, but the archducheas, who
waa covered with a fur rug, bore the
voyage admirably. She waa intensely In
terested all the time. The weather wm
clear, although there were featherly, float
ing clouds above the balloon.
"We passed Bruea at a moderate height.
the house resembling brick toys. Ths
finest view waa obtained over the snow-cev
ered mountains. The Gists woods were Im
mersed in the deepest snow. Hers the
temperature was I degrees below sero
(Fahrenheit). The balloon waa perfectly
motionless in ths still sir, while under'
neath a terrible storm was raging, break
Ing the branches of ths snow-clad trees.
The noise caused by thla storm on the
mountains was exactly like that of a rag'
"We followed every kilometer of the bal
loon's voyage, by the aid of Instruments, on
maps fastened to a table. The frontier be
tween Austria and Prussia was passed at
Patrhkau. After passing Mueneterberg the
balloon began to sink over a wide field near
Btetnktrcber. The landing waa compare
lively easy and successfully accomplished.
"Our cclenttfic Instruments worked well
the whole time and aome Interesting re.
suits were obtained. The average apeed
during the four and a quarter hours which
the voyage occupied waa eeventeen kilo
meters i-er hour.
"This was my twentieth and the arch
duchess' fifth balloon ascent. I will take
Dy little daughter eext time."
BIG CUT IN TARIFF
SsTsntv-riva. far 0e Eaductits. Urged
fat Fuilippii Exports.
FAVIRCD BY GOVERNORS TAFT AND WRIGHT
Lew Prisai aid Dull Market laid U
Inquire Frattctien. ,
LOWER INTEREST RATES ALSt ASKED FOR
Tift Says Geld Dollar Chomli Es Basil
REC0MMENIS RETENTItN OF NATIVE COIN
Believes Adoption ef TJalted States
Money woald Dlstarb Baalaeas
Conditions by Raisins
Prlea of Waifi.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8. Continuing bis
narrative before the senate committee on
the Philippines, Governor Tatt today re
verted to hla testimony of yesterday for
the purpose of introducing a cablegram he
had received from Acting Governor Wright
urging a reduction in the tariff on Philip
pine articles imported Into the United
States from the Philippines. He said this
cablegram was in response to an Inquiry
from himself aa to the effect of a reduc
tion of 60 per cent. The reply of acting
Governor Wright is as follows:
MANILA, Feb. 4. The public session of
sugar ard tobacco Interests favor a reduc
tlno of VS per cent at least. A reduction of
60 per cent leaves the tariff almost pro
hibitive. The sugar price Is now very How.
The European market Is very dull on ac
count of overproduction and low price.
The beet sugar planters here have lost
heavily by caraboa, machinery and other
wise. Sugar cultivation Is tn a bad condi
tion. Memorials received from the Sugar
Growers' asrociatlons of Negroa and Panay
ask for free trade for this reason. 1
think a reduction of 76 per cent on sugar
and tobacco would be a measure of relief
and have excellent political effect.
Reajardlast Wealth of Friars.
Senator Rawlins questioned Governor
Taft concerning the holdings of the friara.
The governor aald he thought the general
opinion as to the wealth and holdings of
the friara had been greatly exaggerated.
He did not believe, for instance, that they
bad three-fourths of the property owned
In the city. That, however, the religious
orders have 'eadr cash, waa true, as was
evidenced by the fact that they make loana.
He mentioned a case in which the friars
had advanced money to promote a corner
in hemp, which had afterward failed be
cause of Irregularities on the part of the
Governor Taft said that the Philippine
government Is desirous of purchasing the
Manila property beld by the friars and that
it also would be desirable to secure their
holdings of agricultural lands.
In connection with the loaning of money
by the friars. Senator Lodge asked about
the necessity for a banking law, and the
witness replied that -such. a law Is badly
needed.: ; There are now, ' e aald. two
KnUo-bak!Ja-ad4ltloivAo lfcaE Jwaiah
FUllplno bank, the latter belag controlled
largely by the church and being the only
bank of issue. . .
Most Land Secared by Pnrrhaae
He said there bad been some grants of
land to the church orders, but that aa a
rule they had acquired their holdings by
purchase. "The charge has been made,"
he aald, "that much of their land has
come to them by death-bed conveyancea,
but this chargo is not borne out by
tracing of the title. The truth la that the
friara have the best titles In the Island
and even where there have been irregular!
ties the statute of limitation would pro
tect the title."
He said that according to the charges one
method of extending the holdings of the
orders bad been by extending their lrrlga
tlon systems over .adjoining landa.
"Something after our own method of
watering stock," said Senator Proctor, re
ferring to irrigation encroachments. Sen
ator Proctor also asked where the friars
had aecured money With which to purchase
their lands, and this inquiry led Governor
Taft to say that the fees for the marriages.
funerals, christenings, etc., had . been ao
high aa to be complained of. These charges
for marriages, had, be said, led many
couplea to live together illicitly, but that
in moat cases the obligations thus taken
Advocates Lower Interest.
Again referring to the financial Inter-
eats of the Philippine archipelago, Gov
ernor Tatt said tnat interest rates are
as high aa from 10 to 25 per cent and that
It Is very necessary that there should be
authority for granting franchises to finan
cial concerns which would reduce tha in
As to the coinage. Governor Taft said
that it Is desirable that the gold dollar
should be established aa a basis. He also
advocated a token coin which should bs
exchangeable for gold and the parity as
sured by the United States. This, he said
la the plan of the commission, and he be
lieved it wise. This plan embraced the
coinage of a Philippine peso and the circu
latlon of tnla coin, be thought, should be
confined to the Islands. He thought that
unless the commission waa authorlxed to
make good the token money there would
be trouble, aa It must be borne In mlad
that the Philippines administration is aot
as strong as that of aa established na
Danger la Aduptlaar Hew Money.
Referring to the suggestion that United
States money should be adopted, Governor
Taft aald that if this were done it would
have the effect of increasing the value of
the peso to the extent of 60 per cent an
thla would . unsettle transactions. Thla
plan also would have the effect of raislug
the price of wages and disturbing business
Taking up another point of admlnlatra
tlon, Governor Taft advocated the right to
appeal in certain cases to the supreme
court of the United States, especially auc
cases aa would involve the relationship of
church lands to the government. This he
thought necessary because of the proba
blltty of prejudice on the part of the local
He urged the granting of power to the
commission to give franchlaea for steam
and electric railways and lighting plants
and also mads an argument for authority
to create a bonded debt of 14,000,000 for
local improvementa In Manila.
It is. he aald, especially desirable that
thero should be electric lines In that coun
try because of the difficulty of getting
about In a tropical climate. He thought
no franchise should be perpetual.
He also would have a wider margin
given ia the matter of cutting timber
There ia magnificent timber through the
(Continued an Second Page.)
THE BEE BULLETIN.
Forecast for Nbraska Fair In Fast. Snow
In West Portion, Sunday anl Probably
Monday; Northerly Winds.
1 Boers 1'lnn to Weary Fnaland.
Rabmarlne Vnyaae to fcorth Pole.
niar Cat In Philippine Tariff.
To Keep Bark Corporation Books.
Cold Wave Maintain lt tirlp.
Waate of Missionary Work.
8 Kebraaka Aaalnat Mlaaonrl Pacldo.
Booth Dakota School of Mines.
4 Conanle nr eotrnl nt Pnnama,
Growth of American "mail Towns.
B Has So Fear of notlo Crusade.
Month Omaha anil It Affnira,
6 l.aat Week In Omaha Society.
Woman'a Clnb and Charity Work.
T Omaha (inna Defeat Kansas City.
Farmer Horn a Throws the Tirlu
8 Coaacll Blnffa and J rent Western.
Iowa Monamenta to War Heroes.
9 Sporting; Goaalp of the Week.
11 Yenr's Record nt Stork Ynrda.
Marks that Cancel Cltlaenahlp.
DouRlas Connty Payroll Incrrnacd.
Workmen Swarm to New Shopa.
Municipal Tax Hates Compared.
IS Woman Her Waya and Whims.
13 Asuasenients and Mnalcnl Sotes.
14 Editorial aad Comment.
IB Voices Betray False Wltneaaea.
Teeth of Yankees Snrpaaa World.
IT Kchoca of Omaha Anterooms.
18 Condition of Roalnea In Omaha.
Commercial and Financial Reports
1 "No Other Way," by Walter lleaant.
SO Revenue from Delinquent Tuxra.
Temperature at Omaha Yraterdayi
Hour. Dear. Hour. Dear,
ft a. m ..... . a 1 p. m . . . . . . H
i a. nt X ii p. m lO
T a. m O a p. m 11
8 a. an St 4 p. an IK
O a, aa o Bp. m 11
10 . m 1 p. m lO
11 a. m a T p. an 8
IS m B
Indlcntea Below Zero.
PRESIDENT GOES. TO GR0T0N
Will Join Mrs. Roosevelt at Bedside
of Their Son Patient
"GROTON, Mass.," Feb. 8. From tha
mesger information obtained from the
physicians in attendance it la learned that
the condition of Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Is
as comfortable as could be expected tonight
nd that no decided change In his symptoms
as occurred during the day. The physl-
iana look far no material Improvement for
at least a day or two and will be satisfied If
he ahows no change for the worse during
Mrs. Roosevelt, who arrived at the school
this forenoon, has been In constant attend
ance upon ber aon, and her presence baa
cheered tho lad wonderfully. President
Roosevelt is - in direct communication by
wire with the sick chamber and Is kept In
formed of everything that transpires there.
Mrs. Roosevelt will accept the hospitality
of Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Gardner while here.
Mr. Gardner is a patron of the Groton
school, as well as being an instructor. He
is wealthy and has a fine estate near the
institution. Most of Mrs. Roosevelt's time
will be spent with the sick boy, 'so that
the courtesy of the Gardner family will be
available only for periods of rest.
'Af-wtratrflrtr-wa stated-trr the orwdn
school that there was absolutely no cause
for alarming reports as to the condition of
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. The boy was, if
anything, slightly Improved, and there waa
no change for the worse that would call
for the president's presence.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 8. President Roose
velt and Secretary Cortelyou left for Gro
ton, Mass., at 13:40 on a special car at
tached to the regular night train over the
Pennsylvania road. Just before leaving the
president received a telegram saying his
son Theodore had slept all the evening and
that his condition appeared quite favor
Disappointment at Charleston.
CHARLESTON, 8. C. Feb. 8. The great-
eat disappointment is felt in all clrclea here
at the abandonment of the prealdcnt'a trip
tc Charleston. - Arrangementa looking to
the occasion as the great day of the ex
position. Everything will have to be called
off, aa the president waa the central figure
of the program and the only feature prac
tically for the occasion, the celebration of
Lincoln day was Incidental to the presenca
of President Roosevelt. '
The exposition directors will meet to
night to consider the situation.
EIGHTEEN . HORSES BURNED
Animals Perish la Flames Which Do.
atroy Large Vehicle
NEW YORK, Feb. 8. The Shadbolt Manu
facturlng company'a manufactory In Brook'
lyn la in ruins this morning. Ths concern
manufactured carrlagea and automobile
trucks. The fire waa discovered soon after
midnight and within half an hour the walls
fell In. In the stables were eighteen horses
and all these were burned. The loss to the
Shadbolt company ia estimated at $200,000,
Ono floor ot the building was ' leaaed to
J. K. Parker Co., manufacturers of
waists. The loss to this firm is placed at
Half a dozen firemen were hurt; three
FIREMEN LOSE ALL CONTROL
Pnblio Buildings aad Business Houses
Are Ahlaae In Palersoa,
New J e racy.
NEW YORK, Feb. broke out
shortly after midnight In the carsheds at
Paterson, N. J., and the flames, driven by
a brisk wind, spread to surrounding build
Ing. The First Baptist church has been
completly gutted The office of the Pat
arson Guardian ia burning and that of the
Call Is threatened. Ths electric lighting
system is disabled and the town Is In
darkness. Assistance has been called from
nearby towns. . The damage will amount
to hundreds ot thousands of dollars. The
firemen have no control of the fire.
DOCTOR DYING OF SMALLPOX
Espoaes Himself aad t'oa
tracts Violent Caae.
BOSTON, Feb. 8. A sensation was caused
tonight by the announcement of the Board
ot Health that Dr. Immanuel Pfeiffer, who
voluntarily expoaed himself to smallpox at
the hospital of Galloupes Island about two
weeks ago, la 111 with the dlseass In its
worst form and cannot live. Dr. rfelffer
is one of the strongest opponents of vac
cination In the atate, and recently appeared
before the legislative committee to urge
the repeal of the compulsory vaccination
law. Having the courage of hla convictions,
he went to Galloupea Island and completely
expoaed himself to smallpox.
TO KEEP BACK BOOKS
FraachlssJ Corparatiant IfakaFirat Aratnit
Piitriot Oonrt'i Order.
NOT ANXIOUS TO TRODUCE THEIR RECORDS
Attarnajs Pratsai MstisaW Qauh tha
CONTEND COUNCIL IS WITHOUT POWER
Beardf BstIsw's Aetioa f iaal Aooordiag
to Arfimtats FrsMattd.
ASSESSMENT CASE GOES OVER AGAIN
Real Batata Exchange's Side of Ar
gument WIII Bo Prcacnted Monday
Morulas;, Whra Court May An
The bearing before Judge Dicklneon on
the motion of City Attorney W. J. Connell
to dissolve the restraining order preventing
the city council from levying the 1902 tax
on the present assessment grew to un
expected proportions Saturday and the
court was compelled to order a continuance
until 9:30 Monday morning. Attorneys for
the five franchlsed corporations ot the city
now seek to quash the subpoenas that re
quired not only the presence ia court of
the officers of those corporations, but also
that they bring with them the records,
books and 1901 financial statement ot each
of the companies. . . "
Councllmen Testify First.
Owing to the memorial meeting of the
Omaha bar in courtroom No. 1, which the
attorneya wished to attend, and the heartnga
on the Redell case and the subway Injunc
tion before Judge Keysor, which demanded
the attendance of the city attorney, the
proceedings before Judge Dickinson were
delayed until 11:40. Councilman C. O. Lo-
beck was then put on the stand, and told ot
being Ignored by the majority members
when be tried to block the council's action
summarily disposing of the applications for
hearing on protests of the real estate men
against the assessments approved ' by the
Board of Equalization for the corporatlona.
Lobeck was on the stand until noon, when
a recess was taken until 1:30. Councilman
H. B. Zlmman waa then called and testified
that tho majority members of the board
had denied blm any light on the subject
In the meeting of Monday morning, Jan
uary 20, and that Chairman Karr, sub
servient to Councilman Haacall. had denied
Lobeck the privilege ot explaining hla vote.
Call for Secretary Goodrich.
Attorney J. H. Mcintosh, representing the
real estate interests, wished D. H. Good
rich, secretary ot the Omaha Street Railway-company,
called as the next witness,,
but the latter was not In court and the
attorney demanded a bench warrant for.
hla arrest on a charge of contempt or court.,
The attorney for tha corporatjpn at one
Interposed a motion to" quash 'fne-r'ub-poena
that had been aerved on Goodrich,
and"t"waa this-motion that? carrie the
hearing into the camp of the corporations
and started arguments that will end only
after Mcintosh shall have opportury Mon
day to reply.
The attorney for the street railway com
pany aald that Secretary Goodrich .was
quite willing to appear, but contended that
the demand for the books and records was,
purposeless and unreasonable.
George E. Prttchett. attorney for the gas
company, contended that any officer of that
company might be a custodian of the rec
ords of that company, but had . not tho
right to expose them and make public the
company's business without the company's
consent. W. D. Mcllugh spoke briefly for
the water company.
Contention of the Corporation.1
The principal argument, and the one
that created most comment at the time and
afterward,' waa that advanced by E. M.
Moraman, secretary ot and attorney tor the
telephone company. He said:
The law has created a tax commissioner
nd ricDutlea a the primary tribunal for
ascertaining the value of property for pur
poaea of taxation and has provided a board
of review to review the Judgment or ascer
tainment ot value Dy tne tax commissioner
and hut deputies, and when the tax com
nilsaloner and hla deputies and the board
of review have each acted and fixed tho
valuta no matfr wnat tne property may
be. that is the final and conclusive -determination
of the value for purpose of taxa
tion, because the law haa created no other
tribunal with power to determine the ques
tion. , .
The board of review, under the law. may
aiihudtuta lta own ludament ot value for
the Judgment of the tax commissioner and
MS deputies, oecaune ine taw crraiou inn
board for that purpose and Invested It
with that power.
Council Without Power.
The city council, sitting as a board of
equalisation, has no power to assess prop
erty or lo review lh assessments made
by tne Doara oi review, a ma iiuwer waa
taken awav from the city council by the
new charter and given to the board of re
view, whlco waa irtaua ny ine new cnur
ter. I'nder the old charter, the city, coun
cil, while sitting aa a board of equaliza
tion, possessed the aame power aa the
board of review now poaneaaes. That ia,
it could substitute Its own Judgment of
valUM of property for taxation for tha.t of
the asavMlng officers, and had Jurisdiction
to entertain the complaint of any Individ
ual that tht property of another was as
sesard too low and to hear evidence as to
Its value and increase the aaaeasment it
the evidence warranted It. But under the
new charter the city council., while sit
ting aa a board of equalisation, baa power
merely to eqiutlixe all awieaamenta and to
correct errors in the Hating or valuation
of property foi tiuiation. The power to
equalise or correct errors ia not equiva
lent to a power to ruuwi or to substitute
the opinion of the council as to the value
of property for that of the officers lu
whom the law haa reposed that pw-r. A
mere difference of opinion aa to the value
of property between the city council ami
the board nf rev lew la not an error such
as Is cuntempiateU by the statute.
Board ( Review Final.
The law having given the tax rotnmkt
alonur aud his deuullns In the flrnl In
stance, and th bunrd of review ultimately,
power to determine the value of property
for the purpose of taxation, thulr action
la final ivd conclusive and there can t
no other evidence of tha value ot such
property for such purpoacs. it la the right
of every property owner In the same tax
Ins dlatrlct to have the value of his prop
erty ascertained by the same methods and
by the same officers in order to secure uni
formity of Judgment as to value.
Coupcllmaa Lobeck waa called to the
stand at 11:40 and asked by Attorney J. 11.
Mcintosh If tbs council as a board of equal
ization ever considered the matter ot the
aaaessmeni of the public service corpora
tions sfter the meeting of Friday, January
IT. He answered In the negative.
l.aheck Gives Tcatlmony,
Responding to other queries, part of them
by Attorney Mcintosh lor tbs real estate
Interests, and part ot them by City At.
torney Connell, be said that , It was true
that after the adjournment of the meeting
ot January 17 "no attention waa paid by the
council to what had occurred at that me-t-Ing;"
that the eighty-eight protests In on
resolution and thirty-one In another "were
overruled arbitrarily and without glv
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