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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 6, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY IlEE: THURSDAY, FEBRUARY G, 1902.
Tire Omaha Daily Bee
E. ROBE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY,
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
'tate of Nebraska, Douglas County, a. :
. George B. Tsschuck, secretary of The Be
jMbllshlng Company, being . duly sworn.
th .Ktuil number -of full 'ana
complete copies of The t Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed, during
the month of January. U02, w M fol-
..... 80,400 '
It . 30,470
14 ; ao.ioo
Lena unsold and returned oop'ea.
Net total ale DSa.OTS)
Nt dally average .' SO.ottT
GEO. B. TZSCHUCK.
Subacrlbed In my preaence and aworn to
teror m tnls 1st day or eoruary, a. v..
(Seal.) Notary Public
If the Ice man bag been satisfied the
rest of the community Is ready to wel
come a warm wave.-'
Superintendent - of Schools rearse
Mmi at last to have struck his natural
rait. He would shine anywhere as a
The crown prince of Japan Is the
latest royal personage to announce his
Intention of visiting the United States,
Let blin come, the more the merrier.
According' to the decision of a Vir
ginia court the manuscript of 202 ser
mons is worth $250. At that rate It
would keep an Industrious preacher
busy to make a living.
Between, mandamus and Injunctions
Do public officer in this neck-o'-wood is
safe In performing any official act with
out first ascertaining the pleasure of our
real rulers the judges.
The recent explosion In New York-Is
aid to have destroyed $10,000 worth of
wine In the cellars of a neighboring
hotel. , As a smasher the hatchet Is not
In the same class with dynamite.
Minnesota, Is having a special session
of the legislature to revise lta revenue
laws and so Is Colorado. If either of
these states la in greater need of revenue
law revlalon 'than Nebraska It Is to be
pitied.- .. ..
Et Louis is having the largest washing
pf municipal dirty linen of any city in
the country. It will be a good' thing If
the people manage to bave It all laun
dered before the date 'of the forthcom
ing world's fair.'.;.;,.
The Briton will bave to take a back
eat as a beef eater now; that the sta
tistics show that the American . people
consume an average .of two-thirds of a
beef per year for men man, woman and
fchlld In the. country.
Ransoni and, Hurler, those Siamese
twins, of different political complexion,
whose hearts beat as one, have again
projected themselves hi front of the po
lice commission fight that has been such
a source of profit, if not pleasure, for
them for so many years. '
Democratic, editors have , entered. In
arnest upon the task of swallowing
populism iu Nebraska, In behalf of the
democratic party. According to esti
mates the assimilation .will require sev
eral years, but Nebraska democratic
editor lung ago learned to be patient
. At a social function given at Wash
ington by ex-Soaator Thurston in honor
of 8enator Dietrich Irrigation is said to
bave been - the only tuple discussed.
What conclusions were reached bave not
been divulged, but 'we take It that if
there Was any difference of opinion It
was not on the irrigation of the inner
The attention of our watchful content-
.porary, the Lincoln Journal, la res;ect
folly called to the work of the council
fnanic gang In lta own town, Indiscrluil
,-natelr raising salaries of city officers
land employes amid charges of bad faith
nd violated pledges. If It will take
care of the dirt on lta own doorstep It
will not have time to worry about the
'troubles of Omaha. '
If Governor ravage's-plan for state
'bpllt power and Irrigation canals la aa
'good a thing a be is convinced It la,
Vby shouM it be delayed a ' moment
longer than necessary T -, The cost of an
extra session of the legislature to sub
gait the prerequisite constitutional
amendments would be a mere bagatelle
compared with the Incalculable value of
prater and power for the upbuilding of
THE PRESIDENTS WHITOPT.
The most trustworthy Information In
regard to the position of President
Boosevelt on th' question of tariff con
cessions to Cuban sugar and tobacco
states that he is not In favor of grant
ing the demand for a reduction of from
50 to 100 per cent, but be believes there
should be a moderate concession, per
haps to 'the extent -of 23 per cent It
Is said that the statements which Cu
bans bave been sending to Washington
to the effect that If there Is not at least
a CO per cent reduction In the duty on
their sugar they cannot make It a profit
able crop does not seem to Impress the
president, who, It is asserted, docs not
regard It as the business of this gov
ernment to make sugar growing profita
ble In Cuba. This. Is the feeling also
of most of the republicans In congress.
The prevailing view appenrs to be that
perhaps some advantage should - be
given to Cuba's staple products over
those coming from other foreign coun
tries, but that there Is no obligation to
make suh a reduction, of rates as the
Cubans urge to be necessary in order
to render their Industries profitable.
It la reported to bo probable. In view
of statement of members of the ways
and means committee, that they pro
pose to give fair consideration to the
Cuban question, that a bill for a recip
rocal agreement tha,t will provide lor a
20, or 23 per, cent reduction .on Cuban
sugar will .become a law. The Wash
ington correspondent of the .Philadel
phia Press says: "President Boosevelt
does not conceal, his anxiety to secure
the adoption of such legislation and he
so informed Speaker Henderson and
Representative DalzelL The president
wanta the house to have a chance to
pass' on the matter and does not think
that the ways and means committee
should take the responsibility of refus
ing to report a bill, or that anything
should be done that would prevent .the
house from .expressing its view on the
subject All the president asks Is that
the case be decided by the house and
not by any single committee or get of
leaders." Undoubtedly the influence of
the administration counts for a great
deal In this matter. It is safe to as
sume that the republican leaders In con
gress will not be disposed to antagonize
the president if he shall insist that
there should be a moderate reduction of
the tariff In favor of Cuban sugar and
tobacco. But It Is perhaps equally safe
to assume that congress will not agree
to any concession that would seriously
endanger the American Industries and
that consequently the demand of the
Cubans for at, least a CO per cent re
duction of the sugar duty will , not be
heeded. That at all events, may be re
garded as certain.
a steamship vummne.
The producers of the country will now
be required to pay tribute to an Atlan
tic steamship trust and the Indications
are that they will have to pay liberally,
A pooling agreement has been entered
Into by Atlantic steamship -companies,
which is said to embrace practically
every American and ' English company
operating between the United . States
and Europe, the declared purpose of
which Is to make profitable the carrying
of freight to British ports. In pursu
ance of this purpose ocean freight rates
have been Increased on grain, flour and
provisions. The rate on grain has been
advanced 60 per cent that on flour 20
per cent and that on provisions 33 1-3
per cent The German companies are
not in the arrangement but will prob
ably be forced to enter It It Is one of
the objects of the. combine to suppress
the competition of smaller freight car
riers and thus obtain exclusive control
of the Atlantic traffic with British
It Is stated that the freight rates will
be maintained between American and
British ports partly through the utiliza
tion of the chief railroads of the United
States, controlled by the Morgan-Hill
and other interests, so that It appears
the railroads are parties to the scheme.
It Is a plan which, if successful , in Its
object, will pay rich profits to thoso
engaged In It and these will be contrib
uted mainly by the producers of , the
west. This new development in the
communlty-of-lnterest system has at
tractea less attention than its Importance-
deserves, but it will not be long
until the grain, flour and provision In
terests of the country realize what
means for them: If this International
steamship' trust Khali' prove successful
we may be sure hat American produc
ers will be plucked for all that the
traffic will bear. ."
ISTSRSTATtl MAW AMKSDMKKT.
Senator Elklns, chairman of the
committee on interstate commerce, baa
Introduced a bill amending the Inter
state commerce law which If passed will
materially strengthen that act and give
to the commission the authority which
It has repeatedly asked from congress.
Early, in the session the West Virginia
senator announced bis conviction that
the law ought to be strengthened and
the powers of. the commission Increased,
which In view of the fact that he had
not previously been counted among the
friends of the Interstate commerce act
was regarded as particularly signifi
The amendment; -proposed - in this
measure are for the most part such a
have beeu recommended by the com
mission and It U to be presumed that
body has been consulted In the framing
of the bilL - At all event there Is uo
doubt that the proposed change have
received very careful consideration and
while some of them may not be ap
proved by all the supporters of the law,
they will doubtless be generally re
garded as meeting the requirements
which experience ha shown are necee-
ary to render the act effective. Under
these amendment the authority of the
commission would be enlarged to a con
siderable extent particularly iu the mat
ter of fixing and regulating . railroad
rates. 'Tat provision will doubtless en-
counter opposition from the railroad,
while the pooling amendment will m"et
with more or less objection on the part
of the public, there still being a strong
sentiment against allowing pooling con
tracts. The bill, however, gives the
commission authority, to hear complaints
against the fairness of pooling arrange
ment and to annul unjust and unlawful
Senator " Elklns will probably urge
consideration of the bill at the present
session and as the necessity for legisla
tion to strengthen the law and the pow
ers of the commission Is generally rec
ognized, there Is reason for expecting
action by congress. Certainly no fresh
arguments can be needed to demon
strate that the law as It stands Is prac
tically valueless. The latest Investiga
tions, by the commission, disclosing
general and persistent violations of the
law which the commission is powerless
to prevent should be quite sufficient
to convince congress that If the law Is
to be made effective and Is to accom
plish the purpose for which it was In
tended, It must be amended. There Is
a very keen public Interest In this mat
ter which the republican majority in
congress cannot .safely disregard.
ATTACKlSO THE ORASD J CRT.
According, to the World-Herald the
work of the late grand jury bas been at
tacked by a large number of persons
Indicted for violations of the criminal
code. The great' majority of these as
sailants of the late grand jury are slot
machinists, gamblers and other law
breakers whose attorneys have appealed
to the court to quash the Indictments
because' tiey were loosely drawn and
defective on vital points.
It strikes us that this is not an attack
on the grand jury, but an attack on the
county attorney. The grand Jury dis
charged its duty when It presented these
Indictments, but the grand jury Is not
presumed .to be, sufficiently versed In
law to draw the Indictments presented
to the court That duty devolved upon
the county "attorney, who Is presumed
and expected to prepare the Indictment
papers In conformity with the require
ments of the criminal code.
If the Indictments as drawn are de-
fective and the parties against whom
bills bave been presented for law break
ing are discharged by reason of these
defective Indictments, the county at
torney and not the grand jury will be
justly held responsible. It Is a matter
of notoriety that the present county at
torney Is either Incompetent Irrelevant
or Immaterial In drawing up Indictments,
or Inexcusably careless In making out
Indictment and complaint. In the now
famous Callahan case be bad to prepare
and present three successive complaints
before one would stick. That disgrace
ful experience may bave to be repeated
In the present instance In case the In
dictments are dismissed by the court be
In any event the work of the grand
jury snouia not do maae a costly rarce
because of the Incomrjutencr' or neell-
gence of the county attorney. ' If any of
the Indictments offered . by 'the grand
Jury are thrown out because they are
Imperfectly or Improperly drawn It
would be the duty ot the county at
torney not only to file new complaints
that would stand the most severe test
but also to follow up bis action by an
efficient and vigorous prosecution.
KKOCKIXO DOWK 8 TRAW MEN.
And now it transpires that the soul
stirring and marrow-freealng debate
over the Declaration of Independence
which bas occupied exclusive space in
the hyphenated popocratic organ of
these parts for the last thirty days is ex
pected to have a far-reaching effect upon
the future political destiny of Nebraska.
The contention over this all-absorbing
topic is In reality only an attempt to
put up a straw man and then knock him
down. What John L. Webster and
Father . Williams say, think or write
about any question may interest many
people, but It has no binding force on
any political party, nor doc it In any
way change either the past or the prea
ent position of either political party.
Political parties speak through con
ventions and cannot be held responsible
for the utterances of Individual mem
bers. John L. Webster's version of the
Declaration, of Independence haa no
greater binding force upon the rank and
file of republicans than Father ' Wil
liams' version of the thirty-nine articles
of faith has on the Church of England.
The whole controversy which has
monopolized the editorial page of the
World-Herald for months to cover up Its
significant silence on matters that have
agitated the whole state Is a mere tern
pest In a teapot. The natural rights of
man can be discussed all the year round
and every year in the century without
coming nearer to agreement or definite
conclusions than a discussion over the
immortality of the soul, on which man
kind has differed since the dawn of civ
The republicans of Nebraska certainly
will not allow the World-Herald to
choose expounders for their creed or to
charge up to them individual expres
slous of opinion on obsolete Issues.
If we remember correctly. It was but
a year or so back that our. supreme
court announced with widespread pub
licity that it would uo longer bother
with cases brought before it under Its
original jurisdiction, except In most ex
traordlnary emergencies, but would pas
only on questions rulsed by appeal or
writ of error from the lower courts.
The reason given for the enforcement of
this rule Waa that the Issue of wrlta by
virtue of the court's original Jurisdiction
not only Interferes with the regular pro
ceedings, but necessarily calls for busty
action that hardly comports with the
careful and fully considered decisions
expected of a supreme court If the
court Is to exercise It original Jurisdic
tion It cannot with propriety discrimi
nate between Its petitioner, but must
grant each and all the same hearing
Irrespective of whether they could not
Jeecure the same remedy from lufcriur
tribunals. With the supreme court tak
ing up mandamus and similar cases di
rect It would be foolish for any litigant
to waste time on the lower courts and
pay the extra costs of appeal unless be
wants simply to delay and obstruct
We are glad to learn that Congress
man Mercer la not dismayed by the ad
verse action of the subcommittee on In
dian affairs on the' appropriation for the
maintenance of the Omaha Indian sup
ply depot Evidently our Dave la pre
paring for another spectacular perform
ance by which he will manage to save
the appropriation by rushing upon the
scene just as the heavy vlllian Is about
to carry off the damsel. . Possibly, also,
be may have whispered to the members
of the subcommittee that he needed
their assistance to make himself stronger
with his constituents. That has been
our Dave's way.. On several former oc
casions bills In which Omaha was in
terested Which encountered deadly op
position were rescued and saved by bis
timely and heroic intervention at the
last moment when the grandstand was
full of spectators.
The announcement wired from Wash
ington by the special correspondent of
The Bee that the subcommittee on In
dian affairs bad declined to insert an
appropriation for the maintenance of the
Omaha Indian supply depot Into the In
dian ' appropriation ' bill " has"' been
promptly Interpreted 'as one of those
malicious attacks of The Bee on Omaha
and cited as a sUiklog proof that the
congressional fight la on In the Second
Nebraska district There doubtless will
be some peoplo In Omaha credulous
enough to circulate this well-defined
rumor.. If all of the enemies of Omaha
could be persuaded to emulate The Bee
Omaha would gain more from Its deadly
enemies than from Its pretended friends.
In recent elections In the Philippines
natives bave been chosen, to office in a
majority of instances over American
candidates. The fact that these natives
are permitted to take and hold the offl
ces to which they bave been chosen
should go a long way toward convincing
the Filipinos that the United States
proposes to do what it haa said give
them as large a measure of local self-
government as the. conditions -warrant
Venezuela persist in its refusal to pay
the German and French claims. The
various South .'American countries are
all entitled to a large measure of sym
pathy in these matters. - They bave been
fleeced by foreign promoters much after
the manner of. the chattel loan shark.
There 1 far. more might than equity
behind a majority of this class of
claims. ' " ' 4 - ' '
Statistics show, that the percentage of
Illiteracy among the white, population
of the south I aa high a it was thirty
years ago, - while the colored race bag
imDrbvini' in that resoect At thia
rate the ' democratic politicians will be
forced to change their disfranchisement
plans again in. a few yearn
A number ot democrat are to bave a,
meeting in New York on1 February 22 to
discus methods of pulling the rem
nant .of the party together. But if
Doctors Hill and Bryan are called into
the consultation room the chances are
light that the two schools of political
medicine will be able to agree, '
The mayor and council are going right
ahead redeeming their promise to the
Commercial club to strengthen and en
large the tire fighting force. Now the
question Is, Will the ' Insurance rate
makers come to taw with the corre
sponding reductions In the charges for
fire risks?' -
Ot for the ChI File.
W refuse to believe that such weather
a w have had, for the last few days la
good, for the wneau
Who Sa! Reelrlyt
' Indianapolis News.
Reciprocity treatlesT Who said aaythtng
about reciprocity T There Is Just about as
much chance for any reciprocity treaty to
be adopted by the present congress as there
Is for Prince Henry to be invited to remain
In this oeutnry aa emperor of the Amerl
A Pogmlar Heaaare.
' New York Pre.
The sweeping cut of nearly $30,000,000 la
the Internal revenues of tb government
and the abolition of practically all ' th
war taxes a recommended by th ways and
means committee will b reckoned at th
session's end aa th moat popular legisla
tion of the aesslon.
Where the lea 1 Thia.
- Katwaa City Star.
A London paper deplores th fact that
the women of tb dlplomatlo contingent In
Pektn ahook hand with the notorious em
press dowager. But, If dlplomatlo Inter
course wer restricted by moral exactions,
a aood many rulers would have to be
treated with embarrassing aloofness.
Rather Lr Oraer.
Philadelphia Time. '
The atory that th kaiser will buy the
Philippine la interesting even though pal
pably untrue. W paid Spain t30.000.000 for
a IU lj kra . u w.wv.vuv
th Islands and we
havi alnoa anent 8300..
000.000 Upon them.
Just now th kaiser's
budget la showing no surplus and it worn
b hard to figure out how ha could make
th deal without serious financial mbar-
IarvtasT h Ohle Ntlau
With 8enator Allison controlling th sen
ate appropriations committee, npeaaer
Henderson autocrat of th house of repr-
seatattvea and Secretary 8haw In charge ot
th Treasury department, th Iowa idea
should cut a notworthy figure In contem
poraneous federal politics. Th Ohio no
tion of going after everything la light ha
beea improved' apon farther west.
A Mtaa-d Sltaal.
General Chaffee and Governor Taft both
deny that thr Is aay friction In th Phil
ippine. Th civil aad military rule ar
necessary to each other' existence, tt
seems. Tb clvtl government proclalma lawa
and th military I aceaaary te enforce
them. It la a mixed eituatioa and it la
doubtful if anybody, even on th ground.
ha any clear idea of what Is raliy Ul-
Wore Treason to Jefferson
Edward Everett Hale In the Outlook.
I bar already quoted from my grand nurse had the charge
father's diary the words which seemed to
him big with fate, "T. Jefferson, chosen
president V. 8.." and big with fate they
were. My grandfather, a fine leader of the
people In the fashion of hi time, thought
that dangers untold began for the United
8tates In that moment He wn right enough
In thinking so. But bo did not understand.
and it seems to me that for five and twenty
years nobody understood, that thia country
governs Itself, and that the backward and
forward moves ot cabinets and congresses
have not, in general, a critical Importance
In the history ot the country, or by no
means that critical Importance which the
liveried servants of the country think they
The men who made the constitution
bullded better than they knew, perhapa.
Whether they knew it or not, they mad
such - arrangements that the American
people govern America. True, the -people
of America are constantly harking back
to the supposed analogy between -their
president and the sovereign . king, between
their cabinet and an English cabinet'. Now,
It la hopeless to undeceive Europe on this
subject Every writer on the continent of
Europe supposes that Mr. McKtnley -was a
king, or that Martin Van buren was a king.
But on this sldr of' the ocean we ought
to know that every on of the presidents
has been the servant of - the American
people. . i
Undoubtedly Thomas Jefferson; -without
meaning to: Inflict a serious Injury on tb
fortunes of tjie young nation, really' thought
he was to be a sort' of king.. But the young
nation waa so much stronger than be was
that after he became president- he really
fills the place in history which a fussy and
foolish nurse . fill In the biography of a
man like Franklin, , or Washington, or
Qoethe, or Julius Caesar, of whom th
a Daaajerow a It Look, Wheat
Dr. Edward Everett Hale Is .on of the
venerated prophets of a passing generation.
His well-stored mind, devoted piety , and
patriotism give peculiar weight and . sig
nificance to everything he says.. In an
address delivered in Boston recently the
aged clergyman and writer declared that
one of the crowning weaknesses of Ameri
can character was Us Intolerable self-conceit.
In arrogating to ourselves superior
power and constantly repeating our own
praises. Dr. Hale declares we have become
inflated with the kind of pride that goeth
before a fall. Th distinguished Boston
lan'a eautlon Is not without timeliness, but
w fear Dr. Hal has made the weaknesses
of the few representative of the many.
Vain . laudation of our material and soolal
greatness has come to be a sort ot fad in
one or two eastern tenters of population.
It Is manifest to a high degree In Dr.
Hale's own city of Boston, and, along dif
ferent lines, Is even -worse In New York.
Th Bostonlan believes that his city Is
the home ot the only simon-pure, unadul
terated culture and learning In the world.
The New Torker, on the other hand, be
lieves that In wealth and progresslveness
very other city la only a sleepy village
compared to th towa on Manhattan island.
In Washington th people believe that
political eminence I so great and powerful
that all the force ot earth, aea and air
are subservient to.lt But these types of
conceit are not representative., .They are
provincial and, stand for, certain oddly
developed germs of self-contemplation.
The great masses Of the American people
need rather to be Inspired to greater na
tional pride and personal optimism. Bos
ton, New Tork and Washington conceit is
In each Instance noisy and insistent, but
It will not do permanent Injury to the na
WORKING A KOTAE, GRAFT. :
Minneapolis Times: England face an
army beef scandal now and It 1 said that
there has been as great a discrepancy be
tweea tho price the government paid lor
lta meat auoDlie for South Africa and th
real cost as there was in the purchase of
horses. The . patient . British taxpayer
must be very red in th face by thia time.
Philadelphia Ledger: Powerful political
pulls are not confined to this country. If
we may Judge by the proceeding In the
British Parliament oa Friday night, when
there was some very plain talk In con
nection with th matter ef army expendi
ture. It was shown that in one contract
for horae. amounting to111.000, the con
tractor's profit was 44,000. and there wa
a strong Intimation that similar profit
were made on the whole eum ot 18,000,
000 expended for- remount. It was ad
mitted on the part of the War office that
the government had been swindled, but It
distinctly refused to dismiss the head of
the remount department ana practical ly
admitted that nothing could be done to
correct th vll. . Comment seems to be
Philadelphia Record: On might b
moved by the exposure In the - House oi
Common the other day of frauda In the
purchase ef mounts for the British army to
hurl back ome ot the pleaaantrle of th
London Journals anent th embalmed
beer' scandals during th Bpanisn war.
Th Irregularities of our own supply de
partment aeem petty beside the reported
peculations of ' $40,000,000 In connection
with the horse deals of the British army.
Instead of flinging about tu quoqu argu
ments, however, let us rather bear with th
British secretary ot war in th hop that
aa investigation may show th sooundcal
tsm ot th Intermediaries te hav been lea
deep and th virtu ot British officer Im-i
plicated in th tranaactloo leas y thaa
would appear from the arller revelation.
The betrayal of a truat la a thing to evoke
reaTet rather thaa to call forth animadver
ton: anyhow. International amenities ar
not furthered by recrimination.
1, ...! tta an Innnotlnn but BrhaDB
. ... uvuiu w " ' " .
I niiulni as well a an appropriate one. If
i ;L proposed national monument at Ap
pomattox should take tb shape oi a per
petual apple orchard.
An Iowa woman haa sued a dead man tor
breach of protola of marriage and recov
ered $9,000 damages. Th poor fellow 1 left
with only a small balance of $50 to atart
housekeeping la his present location.
Th construction of th first of th giant
xhlblt building for th world' fair, th
varied Industrie, waa awarded last Monday
te a St. Louis Arm of contractor at a price
far below th estimate placed upon tb
. Representative W. H. L Hayes of Lowell
I preparing a bill to ask tb Massachusetts
lecUlutur te provide for toe erection oi no
quaetiiaa or military statu of Governor
Bealamla F. Butler, to b placed In th
stat grounds.' '
One of th most expert chsuffeurs In
Washington Is Representative Joseph Sib
ley of Pennsylvania. H ha aa automobll
and ch .morning when congress 1 In
assloa take it up th avenue to th aat
front of th capltol, and then turn it eves
to aa attendant. Mr. Sibley Is so expert
that he caa cut flgur lght and do ether
It 1 interesting In
a fashion to know whether Master juiius
Caesar wore his baby clothe six months
loagvr than he should have don under our
practice, .but, as It appear when you read
hi own life, this ha not proved a very
Important matter. In the same way It I
Interesting to know how much fuss and how
much folly there was In Jefferson's pre
tended oversight of th Infant nation, but
when you e that apparently without his
knowledge Pulton and Livingston wer rev
olutionising the world, that Ell Whitney
was revolutionizing the world, that the
pioneers In the valley of the Mississippi
were creating the history-of today, that In
spite of Jefferson and his policy the Infant
navy of , th United States- was.' forming
Itself and that her. Immense maritime com
merce was . cortitog .into being. It Is Impos
sible (o think that Jefferson's administra
tion had that crowning Importance In his.
tory which, bis elder admirers claimed for
him. . T' ' '- ,
To tell the whole truth, the history of
what il' Uke to call the Virginia dynasty.
their1 failures and follle. their fuss and
featherr and fol-de-rol, for the first quar
ter or a century," never got Itself written
down'Tintll twelve years ago, Mr. Henry
Adams thea. published his very entertain
Ing history ot the year betweea 1801 and
One, Joe notice, with a certain Interest,
that ip- Mr.' Adam' volumes wer pub
lished the old-fashioned Indiscriminate
prjrtpe of Jefferson' has almost ended. In
trfttKi Wete'l -Hardly' a reoonwnendaflOn of
hlrf1fr6m'li80t'to 1828 which anybody Tike
to quota. The annexation of Louisiana 1
the on great triumph ot his administration,
and be himself would not have pretended
that he had sought for this. It waa great
ness trust upon him.
BITS OP WASHINGTON LIFE.
Etching; 'of People mm Eveat at the
National Capital. ,
The head and staff of one of th bureaus
of the Postofflce department are slowly
recovering from an enervating shock, the
like ot which has never been experienced
in the department before. The innocent
cause ot the shock. waa a letter from an
antique, and unique patriot who Is post
master of a western city, the name of
which is too great a treasure to reveal.
The postmaster, actually protested against
Increasing his office force, an Incident so
rar in official life that the department
took a bracer forthwith. "I trust," said
the postmaster,-, "nothing will be done to
disturb the present arrangement of clerks
In this office. .They are all. satisfied the
way it is. W(e keep our office open after
the usual supper time here until 7:30. The
clerks, however. ' divide up th time on
duty, In the evening between them so that
some of them ar off duty when the malls
are light. I really do not know how we
could use ..any more clerks in this office.
We certainly do not need them. It would
be Impossible to And work for them In the
dull season. It would divide the responsi
bility and be demoralizing to the service."
No one would accuse Senator Warren of
possessing a vivid Imagination, says th
Washington Post, and yet his description
yesterday of the cold which ha kept him
at his Wyoming home for the past three
week shows that ha is clever enough in
Investing commonplace thing with a ting
"My cold," said Senator Warren, "set
tled. 14, pay .head.. "The first day I Imagined
that enormoua steamboats were plowing
through my temples. On th second day I
thought some one wa dragging a log chain
through tny brain. Then I experienced th
sensation of conical sheila whizzing from
one side. -of. my head to the other and,
Anally,, it seemed to me that my bead waa
being stamped upon by a giant who wore
hobnailed shoes. The flrwt day I was awake
twenty-two hours, and when I got down to
the point where the hobnailed monater did
his .deadly work I waa awake twenty-three
hour and fifty-nine minutes out of the
ii anyooay , can present a more pictur
esque description of the pain which Senator
Warren suffered, let him speak now or for
ever hold hi peace.
The death of Architect Clark, under whom
tb capital has assumed Its present mag
nificent proportions, relatea th Washington
Star, call to mind th aplendld historical
work he did In gathering Into a number of
bound volumes every scrap of written or
printed records he could secure regarding
the building and decorating of the capltol.
Unfortunately much of the decorative ma
terial was "lumped" in tb bills and it
never will be known just what It cost A
curious fact concerning the clock In the
hall of 'the house of representative cam
to light during the summer. The cleaners
tackled th dock, supposing It to be of
some ordinary hard, wood and cast Iron,
bedded tinder varalah. It looked ordinary
, The - cleaner acratched and Jabbed and
scrubbed till nearly aa Inch thick of
varnish had been removed, whan It was
found that th clock is encased in bronze.
Beautiful bronze, too. About th face Is a
wealth of fruit, oak leaves and acorns. The
chief beauty of the clock, however. Is the
eagle standing with spread wings oa the
tp' of tb case, sad th bronza flgur of an
America Indian and a hunter, which sup
port It xa each side. These ar real works
of art, standing about three feet high, th
f$ I lit
If there is nothing the matter, then molasses,
vinegar, lemon, and sugar will answer. .
But when the cough comes, when tho throat
burns, and when the sharp pains dart through
the chest, then you need- a good, strong medicine.
For sixty years doctors have been recom
mending Ayer's Cherry Pectoral as the best
kind of cough medicine.
I coughed vary bard for many weeks. I beagnt a ts)ttle- ef yoar Cherry
Pectoral and it eared zee completely. I thea boaght a second bottl that I might
have th Pectoral oa baad in caa I ahovld tak cold again", ' - i '. ,' i
KOMaXI. pHIUJrl, Philadelphia, Pa. '
iU.m,UM. J. C AYEIl CO. UwlL Mas.
Indian, In war bonnet and scalp shirt leans
upon tils bow and the hunter Is In buck
skin suit, with bis gun la his hand, while
both seem looking down on the house
below. . t
There la no record whatever ot the pur
chase ot the clock, but It was In It plac
when the hall ,was first occupied as the
house of representatives, so-tlie "oldrst In
habitant" says. - The-bronse eagl and tb
figure were not part ot the clock origi
nally, for there Is a record In 1862 which
state that the "eagle'' waa purchased ot
Archer, Warner, Mlskey tt Co. at a cost ot
$150. Architect Clark thought that this
sum Included th two bronie figures alio,
although no mention la made of them her
or elsewhere, aa they were evidently aa
after thought, but, as both lean upon the
clock frame, were obviously designed pur
posely for It though not fastened to th
clock. The eagle haa been welded to the clork
frame. 1 The clock haa been "gold leafed"
instead of varnished and th bronze figures
ar all restored to their original sttte, and
the' whole new present a pleasing appear
ance. V, ,
The board of ordnance and fortification ot
the War department, . la lta capacity as
Judge of the value bt, proposed Implements
of warfare, I frequently called on to In
spect queer types of armament. One of
the oddest specimens of-he kind I now
before It for Inspection. It la called a
mob gun. and -the scheme of it operation
is. simple. , It -consists ef a heavy belt
that Is strapped about the waist. This
belt Is provided with a great many small
compartments that are,4e..hold cartridges.
Attached to each compartment Is a minia
ture pistol frame. This apparatus Is to be
worn about the' waist, sndt V(kfnlt Is de
sired to' bring It Unto' 'attleff.-nll that Is
necessary la to turn up the belt and pull
the triggers. Both handa can be worked
la this way, so that there will be no loss
of time. The Inventor states that before
filing It will be necessary to draw In a
full breath, as th shock of the firing might
otherwise injure the stomach. He calls It
a mob gun because it can do Its most ef
fective work In a gathering ef men. The
operator would not be detected aa armed,
and could get Into the midst bt his victims
and open Are from his batteries before
being discovered. ,w -'
LEADING TO A LAUGH.
New Tork Weekly:. Famous Bclentlst
(excitedly) Something mut be done In
stop the spread of the opium habit among
Great Editor (palmly) Very well, sir;
I'll put In a paragraph savin that a hank
ering for opium la a sign ot old age.
Judge: Will Llngtoo reflectively) I tell
you, a man haa got to take a food deal on
trust In this world. . , ' .
Klbo Zeke (gloomily) Got toT He's good
and lucky If he can get It.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: That eastern
"And, of course, was unsucceeaful."
"Why do you Jump at that conclusion?"
"Because they don't call It speculation
when the cashier wins." ''
Washington Starl Ilr. Jnaon could
remember everything he wrote," said the
"That Is the difference between Dr. John
son and myself," answered the composer of
music. "I write everything I -remember."
Brooklyn Life: Farmer Prymm (In city
theater) Better take oft yer hat, Snry; all
the other wlmln folks bas theh-'s off.
Hia Wife Let them,- the braaen tilings!
Nobody'll ever have a chance to aay thet
I'd do anything in a show plac thet I
wouldn't do In church.
Portland i)rgonlan: "My' husband," said
the pale woman, 'Is today beneath the cold,
cold waves." '
Deeply touched, we paid $1.35 for a 36-cenl
plaster statue of pier the Plowman, which
we did not want.
'Yes," she continued, when the money
waa safely tucked Into her po-ketbook,"l
la firing on . the now; submarine torped
A RfcHKLLlUla.aAYt.?. f ,
James Barton Adams In Denver Post.
There's a panto lu the tepee, ; -
Woe throughout the rest-rvatlon, .
Trouble roll throughout the vlllugs '
And the heart of every warrior
Beems a plum-bob In his boHom!
There are htntings at the WHrpath,
Muttered threats of blood and cat nit l,
And the war snug oft is mumbled
From the lips that once save voicing
To that song in eager act-ants,-. , . -
For the edict soon will reach us ...
That we all mtiet get our Imlr cut,
Wash the paint from off our faces,
Bhed the breechcloth and the blauket
For the pantlea of the paletaco .
And the shirt of open-buckneHs;
Cast away the eagle feathers . i ' .
And HSHiime the anell-llke derby -.-
Or the tnp-mashed-ln fedora;
From our neck the beads must vanish
For the pli-kadllly collar, . .
Cast the moccasins tar from us
And encaso our plgeon-toeness ' '
In the polished shoes of progress.
We'll be told we must no longer u '
Kat the succulent dog pot roast
With our brown and unchaste lingers
(A la rural legislator)
Aa was taught us by our fathers, .
But muKe- feed our hungry facua, , ',
With the tools of paleface table,
And must bow our paint less feature
Humbly down Into the steaming
Of the noodle soup and llstun ' , ,
While the father ask the blessing. '
Soon the ringing of the church bell -'
Will kick up the Sabbath echoes . i
And our everyday apparel
We will have to shod, and wallow .
(Pardon me until I shudder!).-'.
In a governmental bath tub!.'!
Then, In Sunday-go-to-meetlii',
Hie us to the sanctuary,' '
There to read the printed prayers f
To the listening Great Bplrlt.
Aud must chip our smoothest nloket .
In th contribution basket.
Then aubmit unto a eermim'
Chosen from some old back number
That the parson once Inflicted
On a patient congregation -
Yonder In the sunrise country .
Ere he had a pull sufficient.
To eec.ure a Job of preaching '
To the wild, nntulored savage. ' ' '
Will wa stand for- this, my brothers T
Will be bow our necks submissive
To the yoke aa brlndle oxen?
n'lll we slide down to the level
"5T the prayer-saying palefao ; .""
And Indulge in meek devotion '
Till our knees are shod with bunlonsT
Every snarp responaing- wno r
Jaacr stunts Is atrlng U nvachln.
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