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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 8, 1901)
'ttm omaiia Daily Bee.
i:. hoskwathu, nurroit.
Pt.HLIflin.D I.VUIlY MOltNINU.
TF.It.MS OK SUHHCItlPT ION
Dally iteo iviiiiout niind.iy), Onu Vcur. .?;.")
Daiiy )! nun hiiini.iy, Ono iiur
juusiraieii nee. one irur
Hunany ', one Year
riaturoiiy B-c, ono enr
Twentieth Century r'nrmer, One Year
DUL.tVHIliSD UV lAllttlKK.
Dally Uci, without Sunday, per copy.... i'c
JJaliy lie f, without, niiiiu.iy, pi-r wees. Lc
Dally Uti, iiiciiiiiiiik atinu.ij, per v.;eK..lie
Hiitiuny lire, inr copy ,u
evening uei, without Mindny, per i'M..lw
Kvrnnih iiiit, Untuning annuity, jjr nuK.uc
CornpiiiiniH ut iirt'hUitiiitUi) in indivuy
choum lie uudriMcii to City uicuiution tic
Omaha; Tlir Ktf JUillUtllK.
Houin ODiaim. Ity luii Duildlng, twenty
Jit tit Him Ai siiiijI.',
Council mutts; wj'earl Street.
CIiioikii; M) I'lilty-building.
Huv, mrk; Ttinjue Court.
WiKliinKt'ni. mi c ouj tfcuilx street.
Communications reimlng to hows and rill-,
tonal imiiur mould oc miurcaeu: omttli.i
ifte, huituruil i-it-partim-iit.
lti rilNl.SS Ll.Tl'Klt...
Husltuss ltU is i.H'l li-miUiineos nhu'lld Ijc
aourcHsco. J nc J let I'liniisnnig luiupuiiy,
U"","' IIUMITTANCHH. , ' ,
Jt-jltilt bj ilr.itt, express or poflnl nrd"!',
tuyatiio to 'i in1 Hi e i'lioilHiiInu t'ompanj.
Oiny Z-eeiit stumps itcccpteil in payment' 01
mini account. 1 ereonai clucks, ixcrpt on
UtiinliH or canlcrn exenunges, not accepted.
Tim h12l: ruui.itmiiNU co.mia.m.
8TATKMI5NT OK CIItyL-'t'ATION.
fUntu of Nebraska, Douglas County. f.i
Oeoigp It, Tzschuck, secretary of M'no Hoc
rubllsning Compimy. being duly sworn,
nays that tlio actual number ot full ana
complete tuples or The Dally. Morning.
IJvcnlng and biinouy Bcc pnutca during
the month ot Octuucr, Itc.'l, wus ns lot
...'-'I I, -III!
:i . . .
25. . .
). . .
l.cn unsold inn) returned copies... Jt,Hra
Not total pairs) 1107. 1117
Net dally avriiiRr at,B7'l
oicoimi': h. TsciiurK.
Huliscrllied In my prpMrnco and nworn to
liefoic mo this olat ilay of October. A. D.
1901. M. Jl. HUNUATH,
(Heal.) Notary I'tiblle.
T'orlinps tin ilpiiHirriitli' parly does not
need irorpiiilzlni: nrti't' nil.
fiovornor Savniro nuiy now Issue an
unconditional 'I'lianUslvlii,' inoclaiua
linn. (Minimum lt l''rnuco if tlio populist
Htatf coninilttff Is entitled to another
Hoss Crokcr can now realize that for
unco .Atari: '1'waln was not Joking when
lie said It was no Joke.
Cltlnons of Nebraska without rognnl
to politics have (he satisfaction of hav
ing hail a I'leaii campaign.
Someone .oukIi to .ejiblo ,Our( Dnyp
that the liattlo Is over ami It is quite
wife for It tin to return.
I own affords a striking example for
democrats to show what campaigning
un dead Issues can do.
As usual. M'he Hoe has distanced all
nllegcil competitors In the prompt
presentation of the election returns.
Tlio democrats have carried Missis
sippi lty an overwhelming majority.
There was only one ticket In the Held.
1,1 Hung (Munis will have mourners
In all parts of the civilized world. No
other (Miinainan ever had so world-wide
MMie danger Is Imminent that the uon
partlsnn municipal league will llnd Itself
overloaded with ambitious democratic
High taxes -low real estate values
.livery member of the Heal Kstate ox-
change and every property owner should
paste this lu his hat.
MMie case of Admiral Schley has gone
to the Jury. MMie verdict rendered by
the court of public opinion has been
recorded for some time.
MMin't celebrated declaration of a cele
brnted candidate for president, "Oreat
Is MVnt'uian'y and CM'oker Is Its prophet,"
.will have to be revised at least for the
Now that South Omaha has voted tin
bonds to purchasu the new public
library site Mr. (.'nrnegle may as well
have Hint check made out ready for
Chicago's chief of police is getting
hfter Jhe deudboats' who walk' beats lu
the World's l'nlr cliy. M'here Is no ex
ruse for deadbeats lu uniform or out
If. that new Nebraska ballot law Is
tonduclve to straight party voting, what
would have been the outcome if the form
of the ballot hud not been changed by
tlie last legislature?
AVhen the roll of counties Is called to
measure the coiitrllmtlons to the ma
jority that keeps Nebraska In the re
jiiibllenu column Douglas county repub
licans will take no back seat.
Tlio public printer will come in next
or his part lu the Schley board of In
ipilry when the testimony comes to be
liouud up lu litilky, unreadable volumes
caring the gii'erituent trademark.
It scents after all that It Is hardly a
jitafo proposition to depend on South
Omaha and the country precincts to roll
up the majorities necessary "tq elect re
publican cindldntes In Douglas county.
A grcnt deal of conjecture Is being lu
dulged as to the Immediate Intentions
of one ltlchard Croker. M'he Intentions
of Heth Low after ho shall have become
Installed lu the mayors otnee over
Greater New York will bo of much
greater moment and general impoi taucc
MAKtxa iiMr run casm. truatiks.
The action of th" government of
Nlcnragua In denouncing the treaty with
the United Stnte granting the right of
way for the construction of a canal
across the Isthmus Is simply clearing
the way for new conventions niado
necessary by changed condition. The
treaty denounced was negotiated in 1K07
and granted to the Unltd! States the
right of transit across Nicaragua on
any route of communication, also mak
ing provision In regard to the neutrality
and protection of an Isthmian canal and
dellnlng the obligations to be assumed
by the United States. Prior to the ne
gotiation of the Hay-Patincefote treaty,
protocols were arranged between our
government and that of Nicaragua stipu
lating tliat a treaty' between the two
governments would be negotiated In re
gard; to)heconsthii;tloiibf n canal In
aororilfiiice with' The terms nnd declara
tions ofVtlie treaty that might bo lie- j
gotlatcd with Croat Itritaln. j
It Is'explaliied, therefore, that the ile-
uuuclalluu ill this time simply means
that Nicaragua, in anticipation of a
treaty with Great HrltaJn that will
change conditions under existing trea
ties, and In accordance with the protocols
signed a year ago by tlio American sec
retary of state and the Nlcnrngunu min
ister at Washington, hint given notice
that the treaty of 3807 will cxplro In
October, 1001', and that In tlio mean
time a new treaty will bo negotiated In
which the right of the United States to
construct t cannl across the Isthmus will
bo fully recognized and provision made
for leasing or otherwise acquiring the
territory through which the cannl will
pass. Nicaragua also denounced all ex
isting treaties with 1'uropean govern
ments bearing upon the questions af
fecting tin: construction and operation
of an Isthmian canal.
Washington advices, doubtless having
olllclal authority, say that the purpose
Is clearly to brush away all treaty obli
gations that would lu any uianuer em
barrass Nicaragua in negotiating n
treaty with the United States In regard
to the waterway across her territory.
MMils corrects the llrst Impression that
I he action of Nicaragua was lu some
way hostile to the canal project, or was
designed to enable that country to ob
tain some advantage not secured under
the present treaty. It Is stated that a new
treaty of commerce! and navigation will
be negotiated this winter between the
United States and Nlcaragun, lu which
It Is expected satisfactory concessions
will be mnde for the construction and
operation of a canal by this country
and In which such provisions' of the ex
isting treaty will be Incorporated as are
satisfactory to the two governments.
IMicre does not appear to he the least
reason to apprehend any dltlicnlty In re
spect to this, Nlcnragua having thus far
shown a strong desire to have the pro
posed canal constructed nnd an entire
willingness to make all reasonable con
cessions which the United States may
ask. Should congress decide upon the
Nicaragua route there seems to be no
doubt that terms between 'the two gov
ernments can be easily and promptly
A OIIKAT OKIKXrAt, SrA'lESMAX.
In the death of Karl I.i Hung Cluing
Oil I tin loses the most distinguished man
she has produced within a century, one
whoso rank among Oriental statesmen
and diplomatists wns pre-eminent and
who had few equals during his time
among the greatest statesmen of the
westorn world. In Chinese politics he
was, snys a writer on his eventful ca
leer, a past master and the foreign di
plomacy of China for the last forty
years has been his. He came into
prominence as governor of the province
of Kluugsu. In the sixties, when lie was
given distinguished positions and honors
for his services in suppressing the for
midable Tnlpiug rebellion, lu ISliS he
stepped Into a vlecrpyalty, later he put
down rebellions in two of the northern
provinces and advancing from one po
sition of power to another was llnally
created a noble of the llrst class and
appointed to take the Initiative In for
elgu negotiations. He battled with
many able diplomats and won not a
few victories for his country.
Alter (.'hiiiu was defeated by .lapau
In what was 1.1 Hung Chang's war, lie
was required to humble himself and
plead for peace. A year afterward he
made a tour of the world, receiving
everywhere the most dlstlngulslied con
slderatlon. Uetunilui,' to Cjilun In; yas
degraded, then' promoted and. llnally
seated In' the chair of the chief 'grand
secretary of the .empire. . lu IStili he
was made viceroy at Canton and Inter
viceroy of Chlhll and peace comnils
sloiier. In the latter capacity he showed
marked diplomatic sl;lll and ability and
to lilm was largely due the amicable
settlement with the powers.
I.I Hung Chang has been cajlcd the
Maehlavclll of Chinese diplomacy and no
doubt the characterization was correct
Hut he performed great' service for his
country, besides his political ami dip
lomatle labors, he. llrst Introduced a
steam merchant murine as a Chinese
enterprise, steam railways began under
his patronage, he worked the llrst coal
mines, bought a modern licet, started
the llrst Chinese cotton manufactories
and built the fortress at Port Arthur
What other Oriental statesman,, with the
possible exception of Marquis I to of
.lapau, has so much' to his credit V
SKTTIJ.Yu flit! MtHTinVEST.
It Is estimated that about 100,000 p(o
pie have been added to the population
of the northwest thjs year through the
hoiiieseekers' excursions of the railroads,
most of l hem having come from the cen
tral states. An agent of a western rail
road system tohl a representative of
the Philadelphia Ledger that nil the vast
section west of thq Mississippi ,to the
Pacific coast Is now belug settled more
rapidly than nt any time since the
railroads were llrst built Into nnd ncross
It. All the rallroails'lmvo been actively
working to secure emigration to till
section and with excellent success. M'he
state of Washington, It appears,, ha
derived the greatest benetlt from this
movement, though, the emigration has
been pretty 'well 'distributed over tlio
'It Is' uot aktiie ihe roads of -the north
THE 031AH.A DAILY BEE; FRIDAY, IsOVEMBEtt 8, llui.
west that arc endeavoring to settle the
country along their lines. In Colorado,
Wyoming, New Mexico and other mid
dle western and southwestern territory
unusual efforts arc soon to be put forth
by the railroads to Increase the popu
lation In those sections. In order to
promote this the railroads,' It Is said,
realize that the arid states must be
made capable of supplying the needs of
large population and therefore their
Inlluence is likely to be given to the
promotion of Irrigation. M'he railroads
have ccrtaluly been doing a good work
In the matter or Inducing people to emi
grate from the eastern and central sec
tions of the country to the northwest
and more vigorous efforts lu this direc
tion may be expected of them In the
MAT TlltUIl TUWK IXCllKASK.
List year all. that the.. democracy ot
Omabn had to congratulate themselves upon
as the election to tho sehool board of that
grand old man, Millard 1'lllmorc J-unk-
oiner. Tho capable service which ono
crnnd old man performed as a mcinhcr of
tlio school board Impressed itself upon the
people of Omaha, and on Tueoday four grand
eld men were chosen to thut Important body.
Millard Flllmoro Kunkhouser, Kmll Cermak,
Hugh K. Mcintosh, John K. Andreeen, four
Rood citizens, four sturdy democrats, four
grand old men! Here's to tho grand old
teenl May their trlbo Increasn until the
democrats aro In tho majority of the Omaha
school boa rd . Wo r 1 d H c l a I d ,
Thnt lets the cat out of the bag nnd
the republicans who allowed themselves
to be buncoed Into voting for the four
grand old democrats" will doubtless
note with pleasure that their efforts for
non-partisan school board are to be
rowned with success a year hence,
when Ihe democratic machine conti-
dently looks forward to taking complete
control of the management of our public
In the meantime It may be pertinent
ask what that "grand old mnn'
Millard Fillmore Kunkhouser has done
to Justify the compliments showered on
him. Although the only democrat In
the board last, year, he wns made chair
man of the finance committee, its most
important committee, by the manipula
tion of Superintendent Pcarse. Hy an
imposition of an extraordinary school
tax he wns placed In position to wipe
out the greater part of the floating debt
rented through the agency of Pcarse
lu the previous board. With ?1)0,000
more in taxes than in 1N0 and .?71,000
more than in 1IM10. this Napoleon of
linauce has managed to spend It. all
without reducing the floating debt and
without having a thing to show for It
except the Insurance policies on school
MMie only thing that has attracted at
tention to this "sturdy old democrat" is
his grandstand play as tin cx poser of
olllclal corruption In the city hall. Yet
what has he exposed' He has Invented
and circulated slanderous stories for
Which he had no other basis than what
calls "wcll-dellned rumors." M'hose
rumors he tried to verify through
special detectives after the grand Jury
had been called Instead of first ascer
taining their truth or falsity before put
ting the county to the expense of thou
sands of dollnrs for a grand jury llshlng
excursion intended to make political
capital for himself and his party.
What a commentary on the gullibility
of republicans who, while priding them
selves on their Intelligence, allow them
selves to be used ns catspaws to Increase
the democratic tribe.
MMie handsome populnr endorsement of
the republican state ticket is also an
endorsement of the republican state plat
form. MMie people of Nebraska not only
approve Hint platform, but they want its
declarations carried Into effect. Kvery
demand It voices Is for the public In
terest nnd the party has everything to
gain and nothing to lose by requiring
strict compliance from Its representa
tives lu olllclal positions.
Compared with the registration record
of party utllliatlons, the outcome lu
Douglas county warrants the suspicion
that a majority of our conscientious
citizens either stifle their consciences
when they take oath to answer truly
all the questions put to them by the
registrars or change their minds be
tween registration day and election day.
Just to rebuke the appointment of
Denver to the O'Neill land ofllce, Holt
county has elected the republican county
ticket for the first time In years. If
this Is the kind of rebuke to, be, ex
pected the republicans might, do well to
replace some of the -old rlugsters Itti a
few other Nebraska counties.
Consolidation of city and county gov
ernment on a practicable plun Is pos
sible only through constitutional amend
ment, M'he sooner the aniendmeut Is
secured the sooner can the taxpayers
reap the benefits or consolidation
The fusion state ticket lu Nebraska
was nipped lu the bud so hard by the
frost that enveloped the, conventions
that nominated It, that It never re
covered, notwithstanding the beautiful
Indian summer that followed.
No Clinncc to Shoot.
This Is probably tho llrst time on record
that Dewey has1 had to sit and be lectured
without a chance to either talk back or
I'crloillciil ;iioM Wiilk.
Pal Crowe, the Omaha ghost, appeared to
the police Jn a dream the other night, but
when tho forre drew its club tho mysterious
t.'rutlltlra of lllulicr Clvlllnlloii.
evidently the higher civilization Is In
need of some polishing up. A lot of cows
were lately shot by a party of New York
hunters under Mho Impression that they
were a herd of .deep In view of this and
the many casualties of the Maine hunting
fields natural hlHtory ought to be Insisted
on an a necessary branch in tho srhoolt,
mv llrliiH In Your llouiln
fit, Hoiils Olobe-Dcmocrat.
Considering the fact that the government
hnd a surplus of $TT,T17.0SI above Its ex
penditures the offer of Secretary Gage to
resume the buying of bonds Is a com
mendable proceeding from every point of
view, lti tho first pluco It U alwajs good
policy to pay off debts and save Interest and
lu tho next It restores to business a part
of the vast sums locked up in the treasury.
More .Men, o More Ship
Congress UIH bo asked to appropriate
money to build forty new war vessels for
tho navy. At tho present rato of progres
sion It Is pretty certain the country will
soon find Itself very strongly equipped with
vessels, but very badly off for men of ex
perience to command them.
A tecp,-nnn M.vatrry.
Tho mystery nbout Miss Stone's abduc
tion deepens. Some seem Inclined to think,
as far as the brigands nru concerned, that,
like tho famous Mrs. Harris, "thcro alu't
no slch persons," while conHdenco In the
Integrity of tho Macedonian commlttoo and
tho sultan of Turkey Is not embarrassingly
.Siniitl tlltln for llimlnc.
Now York Times.
Tho business men of tho country will cor
dlnlly npprovo the arrangements of United
States Treasurer Roberts, as described lu
his annual report, to Increase the propor
tions of bills of small denomination an
nually Issued. With the approval of con
gress more than $110,000,000 of treasury and
national bank notes bt denominations above
$10 will bo reissued in denominations below
that figure. This will greatly licreaso thn
convenlcnco of merchant throughout tho
country and bo of lasting benefit to trade.
('nnipnrlfMinn Atp Odlnii.
Philadelphia. North American.
Dccauno'an American general has applied
tho roconcentrado policy to tho island of
Samar it docs not follow, on tho British
press seems to think, thnt tho American
people aro bound to applaud Kitchener's
methods and apologize to Wcylcr. Olllclal
approval of (Jeneral Smith's order may
make It appear Inconsistent In an American
to criticise tho TJritlsh for corrallng the
Moors In stockades and permitting children
to dlo by thousands, but that docs not bar
him from saying what Is true. Tho Hrltlsh
policy in South Africa H none tho less
brutal nnd barbarous becnuso It l imitated
.Mnoftlvc A nil nine it In t'selrs.
Tho Iloer war has demonstrated that tho
notion of military affairs in Kngland is
wrong and that of warfare obsolete. If wo
may trust report tho famed armies of Ger
many and Kranco are not ordered on a
much better understanding. Tho old Euro
pean idea of massive formations, of auto
matic precision in drill, of parade excel
lence, still answers tho ideal. Armies,
howeer large, made up In this way can
make little Impression on tho loose forma
tion, accurate Individual marksmanship and
Individual initiative that characterlzo tho
Iloer army. If ono may call their com
mandoes by the name of army.
I'ruKrrn In Xrlirimkn.
Some of the western states aro particu
larly strong on statistics relating to their
Industries and educational development.
Nebraska Is one of these. Its labor bureau,
under tho special direction of C. K. Wat
son, deputy commissioner ot labor, has
prepared an olllclal statistical map which
Is a model In Its way. In tho center ot
tho sheet Is ft map of Nebraska, nnd ranged
about are' figures under the proper heads
showing, among other things, the agri
cultural products 'for the year, the fruit
acreage, tho prleo of farm lands, farm
wages, number ofcacres of vacant public
lands, the state educational lands, tho Ir
rigation grants, population, area, libraries,
public and private schools, number of pro
fessional men ill' ius state, stato labor or
ganizations, list of artesian wells, etc. In
short, the map shows nt a glance all that a
poHslblo settler cnhld wish to know con
cerning Nebraska and many facts that he
might have difficulty In finding elscwhcro.
Other statisticians might well take pattern
by this convenient work of reference.
PKIIIIiS OK AXTI-TOXIX.
Co mm en I on the t'lifortimnte Kiicrl-
ence of SI. I, mils.
New York Tribune.
St. Louis' unfortunate experience with
the antt-toxin of diphtheria, reported In
Saturday's dispatches, will probably not
shake the confidence of medical men In
tho protective and curatlvo virtues of that
ngent. Hut tho general iblle can hardly
fall to be surprised ai t .j outbreak of a
score of eases of loekjnw, many of them
fatal, apparently In consequence of Its
ubc; and until tho highly exceptional char,
acter of tho Incident Is recognized tho
populnr mind Is likely to be somowhat dis
turbed by the rovelatlon.
It Is well to remember, therefore, that of
nil the serums which havo been prepared
for fighting disease, that which Is era
ployed In treating dlphthcrln has' shown
Itself tho most efficacious and freo from
drawbacks. From every part of tho world
where It has been 'systematically tried have
come tidings of a reduced mortality. In
Prussia, for Instance, tho average number
of deaths from diphtheria between 1SS5 and
1894 was ir.5 In every 10,000 people. In
1895 and 1890 and 1897 the proportion fell
off to 9, 7.6 and 6.2 respectively. The use
of Hehrlng's nntT-toxln first became general
In that country Jn 1895. Tho reduction In
mortality from this cause in tho leading
cities of America during the last decade
Is something like CO or fiO per cent, nnd Is
almost exclusively attributed to tho Intro
duction of tlie new remedy.
Trouble llko that which Is now reported
from St. I.ouIb occurred nearly a year ngo
In Italy. First In ono town and then In nn
other persons who had been Inoculated for
diphtheria developed tetanus. In the month
of December, 1900, something llko thirty or
forty enses were observed. A mild panic
resulted, though It wns of short duration.
Investigation soon" revealed tho fact that all
of the nntl-toxln whoso use had been at
tended with such unhnppy consequences bo
longed to n slnglo lot of 305 tubes. It had
been manufactured at the national Imctorlo
logical laboratory, in the management of
which a chango had recently taken place.
It was mado In September nnd distributed
late in November. Hut as soon as its char
acter became evident steps woro taken to
recover all which was yet unused. It waa
assorted that this particular lot of anti-toxin
was tho only one which had ever mado mis
chief in Italy, although the sarao Institution
had. previously sent out no less than 280.000
tubes. And lnce1(that time no further com
plications havo been reported.
Tho method by which tho Italian serum
became contaminated has never been gen
orally known. Hut there Is now little room
for doubt nbout the cause of the trouble In
St. I.ouls. Tho Ilehrlng plan Is to Inoculate
a healthy nnlmal, usually n horse, with
Just enough diphtheria virus to causo mild
sickness and to continue that treatment un
til Its blood possesses the desired quality
of rendering human subjects Immune. The
horse which tho city bacteriologist of St
bouts had employed for this purposo wos
found to bo suffering from tetanus on Oc
tober 1 and accordingly wbb killed, Inas
much as an inspection Into In August failed
to offord evidence of the disease it seems
likely that the latter as acquired In tho
meantime. Although tho case probably has
few parnllels manufacturers of nntl-toxln
will undoubtedly profit hy It. They will
now realize more keenly than over tho im
portance of that vigllancn and caution
which alone gunrnntce au absolutely pure
Of tho state elections held Tuesday that
in Nebraska will probably have tho greatest
effect on national politics. Tha Nebraska
election wns not of special Importance as .
stato content, but tho fact that William J.
Ilryan entered the campaign and mado
ono of his characteristic canvasses with tho
obvious determination to revlvo his prestige
by returning his stato to tho fusion column,
makes the result Interesting to tho entire
Tho returns so far Indicate that the re-
publican ticket, even with a comparatively
light vote, has been elected by a larger
majority than thnt of 1900, when, with Mr.
Urynn as a presidential candidate, tho stato
turned against him. Last year It was
charged that the republican national com-
mlttco mado n determined effort to defeat tho people. Just so long as he can con
Ilryan in his homo commonwealth and spent trire to force these doctrines Into the
money lavishly to accomplish that end. democratic platforms the party will be In
There never was any satisfactory evidence
or the correctness of this charge, but
whether true or not this year's results
cannot be traced to any such Inlluence.
Tho national organization was not actlvo
In any of the slntc campaigns, and little
TAXI.n JUMCIPAl, I'lt.lM'IIIMIS,
SlHiiincnnce of the Illinois Supreme
Illinois has been added, by the decision
of Its supremo court, to the states which
have begun tho taxation of municipal fran
If this Is thoroughly carried out It is a
moro excellent way of securing a public re
turn from tho uso of tho. streets than the
municipal ownership of these franchises.
Tho supreme court, In Its mandamus to tho
State Hoard of Equalization, names every
street car line, gas, electric light or tele
phone company In Chicago. These compa
nies all hold street franchises. Their ele
vated lines, roadbed, trolley poles, gas
mains, tclephono conduits or wires aro In
tho streets. They havo enjoyed, without
payment, as similar companies do here, tho
usn of public property and they havo es
caped adequate taxation on tho value thus
created. They were not taxed ns realty
and a personal tax on their shares wns
Tho supreme court now steps In nnd or-
lers "the market value, or If no market
valuo then the fair cash value," of their
shnrcs and Indebtedness, "except tho in
debtedness for current expenses," to be "an-
ertalned nnd assessment to bo made ac
This sweeps Into the net of taxation an
entlmated valuation of $235,000,000, morn
rather than less, Illinois, like this state,
taxes corporations, but tho supreme court
has wisely held that such a tax no morr
frees these special realty privileges than
It. frees tho real estate of a corporation
from a realty tax. New York hns reached
tho same conclusion In Its franchise tax
law, though It has gono about It In n differ
ent way. Other states must do tho same.
AliO.MICS OK V.lt.
Iodlanapolls Journal: When It Is recalled
that tho British army in South Africa has
COO miles of railway to protect against
small but watchful and relentless bands of
Hoers It Is not cause for surprise
o that now
and then detachments of the large Hrltlsh
army are taken nt disadvantage and sovero
loss Is Inflicted. The resistance which tho
Hoers offer Is ono of tho most remarkable
exhibitions of determined Insistence that
tho world's history presents.
Springfield Republican: It Is evldont that
tho Hrltlsh revereo In the eastern Trans
vaal was the severest experienced since the
first year of tho war. Tho affair comes at
n tlmo to give particular point to Mr. Mor
ley's address to his constituents tho other
evening, when he expressed the vlow that
the time wns coming when the king would
havo to seek new ministers in order to
bring tho struggle to a close. Mr. Morlcy
has been known from tho start as tho Cas
sandra of this war and the parallel is be
coming uncomfortably closo, for Cassan
dra's prophecies all proved Justified by
Philadelphia ledger: Oicnt Hrltaln en
tered last month on the third year of tho
war, with nbout 200,000 mon nnd HGO guns
In South Africa, nnd with 100.000 men in
military training nt home awaiting a call
for their services. Four months' reserves
of food for this great army ami for 42S.O00
horses and mules must bo maintained. The
chancellor of the exchequer, Sir Michael
Hicks-Heach, recently said In a public
speech that tho organized resistance of the
Boors ended n year ngo and that only guer
rillas wero In tho field. Nevertheless, a
year after this organized resistance In
South Africa ceased, as asserted, It was
necessary to keep not less thun 200,000
nrltlsh soldiers and 4G0 guns In the coun
try. Tho war has been prolonged far be
yond tho limit fixed for Its duration by any
British writer or speaKor who unuenooi:
to forecast the outcome, and the end Is not
Those Ilulgarlan brigands nppcar to bo'
beyond the reach of an ultimatum.
David Hennett Hill Isn't saying n word,
but tho sllonco of Wolfort's requires
nolthor a megaphone nor nn Interpreter.
Kilbcllk. the strange, weird boy violinist,
tho magic of whoso bow has for some tlmo
enslaved tho Jiearts of London society, will
sail for America November 20.
Chauffeur Founder Is bringing suit
against tho Long Island railroad, not only
becauso of damage to his machine, but also
because of Irreparable Injury to his repu
tation as nn nutomobllo driver.
Kxorclscs will ho held In Boston nn Mon
day, November 11, la memory of Dr. Sam
uel Grldley Howe, the great benefactor of
tho blind, who was bora Just loo years ago
on November 10, 1S01. United States
Senator George F. Hoar will presido.
L. G', Fisher, whoso collection of "big
animal" heads and specimens has already
attracted widespread attention, secured re
cently what Is claimed to bo tho largest
buffnlo head ever brought into tho United
States. It came from the Hrltlsh north
west. MtB Constance Hecerra, the beautiful
daughter of Uleardo Hecerra, who was thn
Colombian minister to Washington fifteen
years ngo, has at last succeeded In escaping
from Venezuela, where she has been de
tained as a hostage by President Castro.
She wns cducnted In tho United Stntcs,
Tho proposed new constitution of Ala
bama makes the governor of the Btato In
eligible to re-election to tho oUlcc nnd for
bids his accepting nny elective or appointive
oftlco in thn state, and even the United
States sonntorship, for at least one y.ar
after his term of ofllqo as governor ends,
Colonel N. Schlnas, a government military
engineer at Athens. Greece, Is in thl3
country to Inspect the water departments
of the leading American cities, lie says
that Athens, which has a population of
200,000, widely scattered, Is now cupplled
with water by a system of driven wells.
Tho supply Is very inadequate and Iihs
caused many complaints. Tho government
of Greece proposes to establish In tho an
cient city a system fashioned after the 'best
lu the world.
or nothing jvns, done In Nebrnskii to offset
the great effort mado by Mr. Uryn.ii to
swing tho majority his way.
William J: Drynn's political career may
not tie .ended, but his future Is surely
clouded by mu.ch uncertainty. From the
tlmo of his defeat In 1M6 ho has lost
ground steadily. His second presidential
defeat wns vastly worse than his first, not
only In the country at large, but also be-
cause of the loan ot his own state and tho
big Hdrerso majorities In his own city, ward
and precinct. Ho bus clung doggedly to
policies thnt have been utterly discredited
by tho progress of events and repeatedly
repudiated hy the majority of tho voters.
Just so long ns ho sdheres to theso policies
ho will securo no favors nt the hands of
a hopeless minority.
Tho significance of the Nebraska election
Is that the Inlluence of Hryan has been
wenkened Instead of strengthened, nnd In
tho same degree the prospects of true do-
mocrncy have been brightened.
HITS OK WASIIINUTOX I.IKH,
HtchliiRM nf People ntiit Kvrnl nl Ihe
Tlie mania of tho camera fiend to snap
shot every movable object nt or near the
Whlto House has renched tho proportions
of a nuisance to tho occupants. Tho de
mand for pictures of tho president and his
family causes a hordo of choeky snapshot
era to ramp about tho Whlto House, to tho
annoyance nnd Inconvenience of their vic
tims. "For several days." says the Phila
delphia Ledger correspondent, "there has
been a frantle craze to get a snap nt the
Itoosovelt children, nnd tho camera report
ers have waylaid them ns they went In nnd
cnino out of thaWldto House, morning nnd
ovonlng. To oacape them the children have
been golug to school in the mnrkct wagon
belonging to tho White House, and have
started out tho back way. ltceently tho
phqtoinnnlacs got. In the White House
grounds nt tho rear of the mansion nnd tried
to get pictures of the wagon as It was start
ing off. Tho president was not pleased by
the nffnlc but. made no disturbance nbout It.
Colonel Illnghnm. who Is In charge of tho
public grounds In Washington, however,
took action, nnd It was ordered that tho
gates to the park should not bo opened, ex
cept when the grounds are used for tho
weekly Marino band concerts.
"It has been the custom to keep these
gates locked during tho day except for a
half hour morning and evening, when tho
department clerks are going or coming from
their work nnd nro allowed to pass through
the grounds us a matter of convenience, ai
It makes a short cut over tiwn. During
the first Cleveland term these gates were
left open nil dny. nnd the park was en
Joyed by the public 'ns any of tho parks
of tho city might be. When tho Clevelands
came to the Whlto House the second time
tho gates wero locked, so that tho llttlo
I Cleveland girls might enjoy tho grounds,
ITi, I r IViftt (.. Ihn nttl.lt.. I.o n n, t.A.i,
Up to that time the public had not been
1 kept out of tho place sliico (Jeneral Grant's
, time, wben tho gaten were locked to afford
I a safe pasturo for Nellie Grant s pony.
' Mrs. Cleveland would not suffer sightseers
or newspaper plcturo-mnkcrs to meddM
i with her. little girls, nnd Insisted ou their
being protected from tho public, ns was
t..l. I ....... 1 .1 .... . , nl.' I.ilnu ,. . 1. 1, . '
i ih'1' u niiiLU, eiuiiiiiti j , urn uu luiiit .
made no change in the rules about the
grounds, nnd the park was kept as the
private grounds of tho president's home.
There Is little enough privacy In tho II fo
I of tbc occupants nf thn White House, and
a reasonable public will not begrudge the
president nnd his family the use of onu
of the parks of a city full of them.''
A Washington letter to tho Chicago
Chronkio reports that Scnutor Foraker of
Ohio will Introduce n hill when congress
assembles next month to pay Mrs. McKln
loy a year's salary, or $50,000, on her late
husband's account. This will bo following
n precedent estnbllshed In tho case of Presi
dents Lincoln and Garfield. Some friends In
congress desired to pay her the salary of
tho unexplrod term of President McKluloy,
but It was decided to follow precedent, es
pecially ns Mrs. McKlnley has no children.
It will bo recalled thnt In the case of Mrs.
Garfield a popular subscription was also
opened and the handsome sum of $300,000
was quickly realized and turned over to tho
widow. It Is nlso suggested thnt n ponslon
of $5,000 jier year should bo voted to Mrs.
McKlnley. This will bo In line with previous
legislation In such cases.
Tho question of compensation for the sur
geons and physicians who treated President
McKlnley during his fatal illness is. also
being discussed. In this case tho legislative
experts are looking up tho precedents,
l'resldunt Garllold lingered eighty days. A
board of audit llnally agreed to compensate
the surgeons and physicians In the following
proportions: Dr. Hllss, $0,500; Drs. Agncw
nnd Hamilton, $5,000 each: Drs. Hcybtirn
and Hnynton, $4,000, and Dr. Susan H.
Kdson, $3,000, Tho board also allowed
different parties $3,929 for services and
supplies This Included $1,500 to thn Con
tra) Kailroad of New Jersey and $1,102 to
C. Jones of rcihertou. JJxtra compensation
was allowed to .certain government em
ployes, ind, tho total expenditure was
Stories are still being told In Washing
ton nt tho expense of tho )ntc President
Lincoln. During his younger days, when
ho was a member nf congress, ho formed
thn acquaintance of Hon. William A. Newell
You feel old. Hour after hour
you slowly drag yourself through
your work. You are tired out all
the time. Night brings no rest.
What is the cause of all this?
Impure blood. Get rid of these
impurities. Put your blood in
better condition. Build
The doctors report to us the best of success
with Ayer's Sarsaparilla. It's the only Com
pound Concentrated Extract of Sarsaparilla.
"I have used Ayer's Sarsaparilla in order to make my blood pure and improve
my general health. It gave me the best satisfaction of any medicine I
took!" F. B. McCrav, Tripton, III. ' "'cuicine i ever
tl.M. Alldnml.li. J.CAYEg CO.. Low.ll, Mm.
of New Jereey, also a member of tho
house nnd afterward governor of thnt slate.
Their friendship became very Intltuato and
strong. In fnct they were llko brothers.
This friendship lasted throughout their
lives. When Mr. Lincoln becamo president
(lovcrnor Newell wns n frequent culler nt
tho White House. Upon one of his visits
ho told President Lincoln that ho would
send him a box of terrapin.
Tho president, having lived nil his lit"
In tho west, had never heard of tcrrnpln,
much less eaten nny of thnt famous Mary
land dlsb. He' thanked his friend Newell
and then forgot nil nbout tho tlromlso. A
week or so later, however, n box contain
ing half n dozen or moro "things" Presi
dent Lincoln pronounced ns "turtles" ar
rived. Thcro was nothing on the box to
Indicate where they canie from, or who sent
them. Tho president, of course, had no
uso for "turtles" nnd ordered his servant
to let them out In tho Whlto Lot, hack of
the executive mansion.
"They will amino tho children," he ald,
as he went hack to his olllco. It was not
long until tho terrapin itlwpeiued ami
soon found their way to tho Potomac river
and were never seen ngnin. It wns not
until Governor Newell called at tho While
Ilouso a few weeks later nnd linked Ml.
Lincoln how ho enjoyed the terrapin llmt
the president learned that thn "turtles"
which he had turned adrift wrm such a
delicious dish, over which connoisseurs rave
so much. Mr. Lincoln then ronfesed that
he hnd nover heard of terrapin before.
Governor Newell died last September nt
ago of $3 years.
Pittsburg Chronicle: "Why did Tammany
noinlniuo a. Shepard for niayor7" nsked
"To deoolvo tho lnnibs, T suppose," re
Washington Star: "Do you exprct- to
have un ovation when you got up to sou
your constituents again?"
"I don't know," rejoined Senator Sor
ghum, iibsent-nlniledly. "How much ilu
Philadelphia Preos: "Oh!" exclaimed iho
young bride, us they sat ut breiikftist lu the
restaurant, "what a tiny little egg' tho
waiter's brought you. Isn't It cute! '
"No. dear." he mid, after breaking It,
"not cute, exactly. It's elilc."
Hrooklyn Life! She (In a. whlsjicr) That
llttlo mnn wo are. itasslng Is lloliertson
Stunter. Ilo wns one of tho best known
authors lu the country once.
"Strange 1 don't remember him-"
"Hut that was three or four months ago."
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Yes, old boy,
I've stopped smoking."
"Heart giving out 7"
"Nop. You know I can't smoko but ono
"Oh. the brand Is giving out7"
"Nop. The dealer won't trust."
Chicago Tribune: "I'll get even wld' 'em
for dlscliarglu' mo!" mumbled thn cook
lady, lifting up the register and dropping a.
pair of her old hIiocs down tho hot nlr pipe
Just before she went itwuy.
And tho.-e old shoes avenged her for
nearly n week before tho family found out
what was the matter.
Philadelphia Press: He-I think it
woman's club, to be successful, should ulm
nt something fur removed from "femab'
She I can't agree with you. I believe
that should be Its sole object.
1 1,. ttvnet I v. hill If 11 iilniM ut Miimrttliltit?
else It Is moro likely to hit that.
Washington Star: "You must tell your
husband to chance his diet," sold tho phy
sician. "Tell him to eat more b"cf nnd
"Ob. well," mild Mrs. Cuiiirov, 'after a
moment's consideration. "I suppose it Is
Just ns well. Beef and potatoes are gct-
l ling so expensive that even the wealthiest
I """"' nl nsnamet. to eat thorn.
Ciilcaco Tribune: "Oncra books! Hook
of tho opera!" sung out the boy ut tho
theater entrance. "You can't tell wii.u
they're slugln' 'thout the book!"
"I'd rather not know what they are sing
ing, my son," replied the benevolent look
ing old gentleman who was just gMng- lc
Philadelphia Press: "I hear your hunter
claims he saw n coupln of deer todav." re
marked the nno-cyed Adirondack guide.
"That's right," responded tho guide with
thn missing ear. "Ilo was so full Hint ho
saw doublo end took me for two tlct'r."
Brooklyn Kagle: Bcccroft Such music
ns that neighbor of ours makes on that
cornet would hardly soothe the savage
breast! It makes one want to murder
C'hatlcrton Well, nothing h moro sooth
Ing to n savage than I ho anticipation of
He saw 'em with Ills llttlo eye,
, That's why
Their cruisers ll
All buttered up there, on the bench
Schley's u peich,
Ilo opened up with shell uniLshot
Ono ship ngalnst the lot.
Went In to ilo or die,
And ho tlld
Just smashed Ihe lid
Off their cracker box,
Schley old fox!
Hlilii't somebody mention Schley
When tho good news cnino?
Dhl they try
To keep his name,
From being coupled with tho glorious work?
Did they try to Jerk
Tho credit ho had won
Away? ' ,
Well, hardly, hut w'hnt's done Is done
They - "
oro excited that day! '
So hero's to Schley, ,
WTTo saw them with his little eye '
As they ran . . . '
For tho open sea!
Is the mnn who merits prnlsc
To hlin is tlue
The, credit, nnd lio'll get it, too,
Ono of these days!
Just keep on, Schley,
oii'ro nil right;
It was your light
Tho world will know It by and by.
up your nerves.
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