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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 16, 1901)
THE OMAIIA DAITjY "BEE; S1JXDAY, JU'SE 10, 1001.
The Omaiia Sunday Bee.
K. HOSKWATHK, KDITOit.
PUBLISHED EVERY MOHNINO.
TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally Ueo (without Sunday), Ono lcnr..6.C0
Dally Hie iiml Sunday, Onu Ycur S.W
Illustrated lire, Ono Year 2.00
Sunday Bee, Ono Year..... 2.W
Saturday lieo, Ono Year 1.60
Twentieth Century farmer, One Year.. l.W
Omaha; The Dec Building.
South Omaha: City Hall Building, Twenty-fifth
and M Streets,
Council Uluffs: 10 Pearl Street.
Chlci-Ko; 1C40 Unity Building.
New York; Temple Cojrt.
Washington: 601 Fourteenth Street
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter should lie nddrisscdi Omaha
Hot-, Editorial Department.
Business letters and remittances should
be addressed: Tho Uee Publishing Com
Ilcmlt by draft, express or postal ord'ir,
fpayablo to Tho ilea Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of
mall nccounts, Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not acceptld.
THE BEE PL! P. USUI. NO COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btato of Nebraska, Douglas County, S3,:
, Gcorgo B. Tzschuck, secretary of The Ilea
Publishing Company, being duly sworn.
Bays that the actual number of full and
comp'eto copies of The Dally, Morning,
Lvenlng and Sunday lieu printed during
tho mouth of M.iy, 1S01, -was as follows:
X.C8S unsold and returned copies.... J 0,187
Net total sale s:i2,.kih
Net dally nvcrnge 20,803
ai:o. u. tzschuck,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before mo this .11st day of May, A. D. 1901.
M. H. II UNGATE.
Tho Htvpct sliI Knultialo now lias the
middle of Mm sliiKo.
Kor mi olt your, the oliullltlon of the
politic-ill pot ml'ciiis to 1m iIoIiik quite
Morton iind Itrynn iwcp on one tliinpr.
lloth Insist that William MeKlnley Is
Evidently the, assessor's eyes do not
take In n wide angle when looking for
Tlctsy Hoss was remembered on Flag
day, lint Harlmra Kreltolilo suenis to
have been forgotten.
If yon have any railroads to sell pre
pare to dispose of tlioni now. The pre
vailing rate of two for ono In exchange
of stock may not last.
The nnnnnl convention of great na
tional organizations lluds its most ar
dent advocates In the railroads, always
providing they get the long haul.
General Vifiinaln evidently believes in
the old adage, "Third time Is thu
chnrm:" That may explain why he la
out for Bryan for another nomination.
A now law in effect In Pennsylvania
allows people to go llshlng on Sunday.
In Nebraska 110 law prevents a sucker
from biting whenever he wants to and
can see u bait.
There Is no longer any doubt that thu
Omaha ball club will land np toward
tho top If It does not win tins pennant
It has formed an alliance with the
weather man, and that combination
cannot be beaten.
With tho calling of the state conven
tions In sight politicians will begin to
wnrm up. There Is no necessity of get
ting excited, however, as tho country
will be safu if politics should remain
dormant for a little while longer.
Speaker Henderson visited the French
Chamber of Deputies one day too soon
to sco It In real action. Had It been
generally known, however, that ho was
to bu present u dcmoiTstrntlon might
hnvo been madu for his bcucllt.
Whilu this section of country was
sweating and some of thu perspiring
people swearing a heavy snow storm
pvas In progress In Leadvllle. This Is a
great country, In which you can get
most anything you want If you go after
After trying all the circuitous byways
nnd highways, the Cubans will come to
tho Until conclusion that traveling tho
straight road mapped out by the Piatt
nmendment will laud them most quickly
nnd safely at the real point of destlna
tloo. Government by Injunction lias taken
n new turn in Chicago by tho Issue of a
court order restraining the city authori
ties from Interfering with ono of tho
notorious dives. Tho Injunction busl
iiess Is also undergoing u policy of ex
The call for the republican state com
xnittoe provides for u meeting .Minn 27
at Lincoln. According to thu records of
tho committee .the statu headquarters
nro still located at Omaha and Omaha
is the place where the meeting should
bo held. Hut Omaha will not quarrel
about it this time.
Tho nrynnlto wing of democracy Is
greatly agitated because ox-President
Cleveland manages to enjoy lite and go
tlsliini: when ho feels like It. If the
Ilry""lto followers could only feel as
much at easo over what they have ac
complished as Is tho ox-proslilont they
would bo much happier.
Kansas City Is again in tho midst of
n controversy for competing telephone
lines, but cannot tell exactly whether
tho proposal Is one to hold up the city
or to hold up the existing telephone
company. In nine cases out of ten an
application for a duplicate telephone
system Is n bid to bo bought off at a
biff, tat llgurc.
tlAVM lUtt.W.lY TIIAXS1T.
The llrst quarter of tho twentieth ceil
tnry Is destined to witness greater mar
vels in the way of Intercommunication
than the wildest theorist would have
dreamed possible In tho tlrst quarter of
the nineteenth century. At that time
travel and trallle were still being curried
on by stagecoach and oxtraln on land
and by sailing vessels on the sens.
It Is now an absolute certainty thnt
tho llrst (piarter of the present century
will witness railway transit at the rate
of two miles a minute In all parts of
the civilized world. liXpcrlments have
recently been made on the proposed
electrical railway between llerlln and
Hamburg which demonstrate that a
speed of 11 miles an hour can bo at
tained without dltllculty. In using elec
tric niotlvu power the rotary motion of
the motor can at once be transmitted
to tho axlo of the coach and tho motor
axle can serve at the same t line; as the
coach axle. At the rntu of 120 miles per
hour the distance between llerlln and
Hamburg, IMS miles, will be traversed
in one hour and eighteen minutes, or
with two-inlnute stops at four stations
in an hour and a half.
Whatever Is practicable In tho way of
transportation in (j'ermauy Is practica
ble In the United States on roads hav
ing equal grades. With trains running
at the rate of two miles a minute the
distance between Omnhii nnd Chicago
could be traversed In four hours nnd tun
minutes or, say, live hours with stops
at eight or ten of the principal Interme
diate stations. A train leaving Omaha
at () a. m. would ho In Chicago at 11
a. m and, allowing three hours for tho
transaction of business, could set the
passenger down in Omnha ngnln at 7
p. m. on thu same day. At this rate of
travel passengers leaving Omaha at 0
p. m. would arrive in New York the
next morning In time for an 8 o'clock
breakfast. Travelers leaving San Fran
cisco at t! p. m. for New York would
arrive in the metropolis the following
evening In time for the opera, allowing
for twenty three-mlnuto stops enroute.
The effect of thu coming revolution in
railway transit upon tho various
branches of Industry nnd commerce can
scarce be calculated. The llrst effect
would doubtless be to Increase- enor
mously travel between leading commer
cial centers and correspondingly in
crease the use of thu malls while at tho
same time decreasing the use of the tel-
raph. No matter how cheaply a tele
graph message could bo sent, business
men would take advantage of rapid
transit by mall, not only because letters
are iiiorb conlldentlal, but because 2,000
words would cost no more postage than
twenty. And where Immediate commu
nication Is essential the long distance
telephone will be given the preference
over the telegraph. Tho decline of the
telegraph as a medium of communica
tion Is, therefore, among tho tlrst of tho
probable consequences of rapid rail
transit, unless, Indeed, -tho automatic
telegraph is to be substituted for the
present system and messages transmit
ted at greatly Increased speed and
.greatly reduced rate.
It Is obvious also that n revolution In
passenger railway transit will be fol
lowed by an increase of speed In the
transportation of freight, and that
means an enormous increase In the
volume of fast freight and express
The offoet of rapid rail transit will bo
most marked in the growth of commer
cial centers which cannot fall to reap
the greatest benelit from Increased
travel and Improved modes of communi
cation. UAXT Ol.OSEIt ItELATlOXS.
The IJoston Chamber of Commerce has
addressed a petition to President Me
Klnley asking that such steps as aro
necessary be taken, either by recon
vening the Anglo-American Joint high
commission or such other method as
may seem expedient, tp prepare on the
basis of equivalent concessions a recip
rocal trade agreement between tho
United States and Canada, which may
bu brought before congress at Its next
session. A report to thu chamber sets
forth that since the last meeting of tho
Joint commission trade conditions hnve
grown more strained between the two
countries, "brought about by tho unwill
ingness of the Canadians to buy largely
of us nnd our unwillingness, through
speclnl tariff restrictions, to buy largely
from them." Yet It Is pointed out in
the report that during the llscnl year
ending .Mine 150, 1000, wo purchased
from tho Canadians goods for our own
consumption to the value of JfUO.OOO.OOO,
while in the same twelve months they
purchased of us for their consumption
goods to the value of $102,000,000.
These llgures apparently do not indlcnto
an unwillingness on the part of the
Canadians to buy American goods.
There has been some talk of reconven
ing thu Joint high commission, coming
principally from Canadian sources, and
If It should bo reconvened it will of
course bo to consider all the questions
pending between the United States and
the Dominion. It is most Improbable
that our government would ask for an
other meeting of the commission for tho
sole purpose of preparing n reciprocal
trade agreement. In view of tho fact
that Canada was In largo measure,
If not wholly, responslblo for tho failure
of negotiations at tho two meetings of
the commission, it is doubtful If this
government will now tnke tho Initiative
for reconvening the commission. That
sli(4Id be done by Canada and If the
Canadian government should make the
request there Is no doubt the United
States would promptly nnd gladly com
ply. As to a reciprocal trado agreement,
that also Is a matter for Canadian initia
tive. W henever Canada shall bo pro
pared to propose terms for such an
agreement on tho basis of equivalent
concessions It Is snfo to say that shu
will tlnd this government willing to
open negotiations. Tho several efforts
In this direction made by Canada since
tho termination of tho reciprocity treaty
of 18.":t failed from tho fact that sho did
not propose equivalent concessions and
it is highly probable that another effort
would prove futile for the sanio reason.
Tho UlUlculty la that tho Canadians
want the American markets for their
natural products and nre not disposed
In return to give our manufactures an
equal chance in their market with Urlt
Isli manufactures, They Insist upon dls
criminating In favor of the latter, ns Is
now done to the ex-tent of !W 1-8 per
cent. And no reciprocity agreement
would be approved by the British gov
ernment that gave American manufac
turers nn equal chattcu with tho British
In the Canadian market. Yut it Is only
In this way that Cmuula can make
equivalent concessions. Thus however
desirable may bo closer trade relations
between the United States and Canada
tho necessity upon tho latter of protect
ing British Interests is an obstacle most
dllllciilt if not impossible to overcome,
for wo may be sure that under existing
conditions the British government would
niako no concessions In the Interest of
RETltOSl'EVT AXD PROSPECT.
The thirtieth anniversary of the foun
dation of Tho Bee occurs Wednesday,
Juno 10. It Is only meet and proper to
devote a part of this Issue to retrospect
During n period covering almost n
third of n century Tho Bee has voiced
day by day thu best Interests of the
people of this city, state and section,
diffusing intelligence, discussing public
questions and advocating policies thnt
make for tho public welfare. The rapid
development nnd expansion of the great
region known as the Transmlsslsslppl
country tlnd no parallel for tho marvel
ous growth of Tho Bco from tho little
two-page theater program of thirty
years ago to the present modern paper
ranking with tho foremost dallies of the
most progressive cities of tho country.
Tho history of Tho Bco Is a history
of thirty years of push, pluck and enter
prise, of unswerving devotion to public
duty, of honest dealing nnd of unremit
ting labor on the part of those responsi
ble for Its management and production.
Tho growth of The Bco is Intimately In
terwoven with the progress of Omaha,
to which It has contributed as much ns
any other single agency. Its history re
calls every momentous struggle In
which the community has been engaged
for good government nnd every move
ment for the promotion of public Im
provements and tin! extension of Its
commerce and industry.
The achievements of The Bee In the
past ore chletly valuable in the present
as the inspiration and guaranty for the
future. The Bco Is an integral part of
Omaha, Nebraska and the entire west.
Their Interests are Its Interests their
prosperity Is Its prosperity. In the fu
ture as In the past, Its efforts will be
directed to the upbuilding of the west,
to thu championship of popular rights,
to the maintenance of the position it
has so long held ns the best and most
representative newspaper published In
the western half of thu continent.
PROGRESS OF TUB SOUTH.
In his address before the Southern
Industrial exposition nt Philadelphia,
Mr. Hoke Smith, who was secretary of
tho Interior in tho Cleveland adminis
tration, presented Interesting facts
showing the Industrial progress of the
south. That section did not begin to
recover from the effects of war until
1880, but since tlmt time It has been
steadily advancing, particularly in man
ufacturing and mining. Tweuty years
ago there were but 180 cotton factories
In the south, while now there are 800,
and the percentage of Increase of spin
dles nnd looms in this period largely
exceeded that of the number of fac
tories. TJie business of cotton manu
facturing has been very prolltnble,
though sluco the trouble In China tho
export trado In cotton goods has been
materially reduced and of course profits
have declined. In the production of pig
Iron, steel, timber nnd other commodi
ties there has also been mnrked
Mr. Smith snld that the greatest
progress of the south In all its history
has been during tho pnst two years nnd
he expressed the opinion that the race
problem is no longer a menace to the
advance of thnt section, "for men like
Booker T. Washington have beeu raised
up who realize the true status of the
negro race and labor wisely lor Its fu
ture." It Is gratifying to read such a
statement from a southern man of tho
prominence of Mr. Hoke Smith and it
Is greatly to bo wished that thero were
more men of his faith In the south
men who do not sco In tho colored citi
zen an enemy from whom they must
protect themselves by depriving him of
his civil nnd political rights, and who
think tho negro capable, under propor
conditions, of improvement and ad
vancement. The south Is rich In mnterlal resources
and Its continued Industrial nnd com
mercial progress Is assured, but as was
said by one of its delegates to tho ex
position far above every material and
political question Is tho one issue of thu
education of tho ignorant, white ns well
as black tho lifting up of tho dead
weight of Illiteracy that Is bound to tho
body politic. There has been progress
ninile In this direction, but not compar
able with the material growth. Thero
is a realization of duty In respect to
education, however, that promises good
results in tho future.
Ono of tho reforms projected In the
Alnbamn constitutional convention now
In session at Montgomery Is that any
person who shall hereafter bo convicted
of carrying concealed weapons shnll be
forever disfranchised. Inasmuch as n
recent decision of one of our state su
premo courts has held that a rnzor Is n
dendly weapon, It would bo an Interest
ing bit of statistical Information to as
certain how many voters would remain
in thu state of Alabama If this law wero
strictly enforced. In tho glorious old
state of Georgia tho stealing of a
chicken Is classed as grand larceny nnd
every person convicted of that crime Is
pernianenily disfranchised, uuless par
doned by the governor. This peculiar
clause In the Georgia constitution was
of courso aimed at tho colored popula
tion and did yeomnn servlco until tho
discovery of tho grandfather clause,
which effects tho same result with
much more expedltfoh nnd certainty.
AMER1CAX EXAMPLE AlillOAl).
Concentration of cnpltal Is going on in
I'tiropo as well as In this country. In
this Germany Is taking the lead, but in
other countries the movement Is intuit
festtng Itself more or less vigorously.
Belgium Is organizing Its Industrial
forces, Important Industrial coinblna
Hons aro tinder contemplation In France,
and it Is said that even In Itussln pro
motors arc planning trusts In coal min
lug, the metal trades, glass factories,
tramways, electric lighting and the tex
tile Industries. Germany, says the Lou
don correspondent of the New York
Tribune, has n superior equipment for
meeting tho menace of American com
bluntlous of capital. It is the most luil
tatlve nnd llexlblc country in Europe.
Tho groat Iron masters and steel makers
are forming a formidable combination,
tho details o'f which are not yet known.
The corporations being few In number
can bo easily brought under the control
of master minds and their Interests can
bo pooled without llctltlous capltallza
tlon or legislative and political ogltii'
tlon. Combinations in other Industries,
on American lines, nro thought to be
Tho Iron nnd steel Industry of Bel
glum, being controlled by a few mine
owners and manufacturers, no dltllculty
will bo found In effecting a combination
on tho "community of Interest" prlncl
pie. In Frnnce no decided movement In
tho direction of tho concentration of
capital has yet been developed, but it
nppears that fear of tho "American
peril" has spread to that country nnd
may bo expected to Hud expression In
a movement for Industrial combination.
In England industrial combinations are
numerous nnd fresh concentrations of
capital nro constantly taking place. Thu
amalgamation of the iron nnd steel In
terests of the United Kingdom is being
advocated by tho more courageous man
ufacturers and capitalists, but that
would bo u task of such tremendous
magnitude that It is doubtful If It could
be accomplished. There seems to bo no
doubt, however. Unit tho tendency In
this direction is strong.
Thus American example, in tho mat-
ter of capital concentration, is being fol
lowed In Europe and what thu ultimate
result will bo no one can confidently
predict. The foreign combinations nre,
however, not in nil respects similar to
thoso here. They nro not enormously
overcapitalized as the American trusts
aro and therefore are on a safer basis.
But still they aro subject to the same
general economic law. Obviously this
foreign development of Industrial com
bination must be reckoned with by tho
American trusts. It slgnltlcs a determi
nation to meet American competition
with Its own weapons. It contemplates
the most vigorous nnd lntenso struggle
for trade the world has ever known.
English census statistics show that
72 per cent of the population lives in
tho cities. These people are dependent
upon manufacturing or commerce for a
living, nnd It can readily bu seen why
any decadeuco In British commerce or
invasion by other nations of thu Held
held by British manufactures causes so
much alarm in that country. Great as
are tho commercial and manufacturing
interests of this country, Its people nro
not so entirely dependent upou nn out
sldo market for food products and man
ufactured goods. In these facts He the
assurance of the permanent progress of
tho United States.
Nebraska not long ngo had n case dis
closing tho mutilation of stato legisla
tive records with tho evident purpose
of kuocklng out n law obnoxious to the
parties affected. Colorado Is having an
experience of a similar nature, where
tho records of the legislative vote on
tho employers liability bill have been
stolen. A few prizes In the form of
penitentiary sentences for men who thus
tamper with records for private gain
might hnvo a restraining Intluence.
And uow we nre told by a shining
light of populism that under thu consti
tution It Is imperative that the stato
should at 'all times havo a full set of
otllcers. The next time a now set is
sworn in he should at once get out an
Injunction to restrain any of the Incum
bents from resigning, moving out of the
stato or dying before completing their
term of otllce.
Foxhnll Kcene expresses the opinion
that tho invasion of Americans has been
of benefit to the English turf. If win
ning the fat purses with American
horses, .taking all the good mounts from
English Jockeys ami various things of
thnt kind nre called helping the English
turf, tho Britishers might be Justllied In
discharging their help.
Tho Scottish university which has
been the recipient of Andrew Carnegie's
bounty has conferred upon him tho de
gree of L.L. D. Interpreted Into plain
English this title means Liberal Library
CltmiKt ttiT tlu Ilettrr.
Thero Is said to bo an onlargcd move
ment of pianos to tho westorn states this
year. Hitherto tholr political organs havo
furnished most of tbo music.
Coine Went mill E.iiunl.
There are 600,000,000 acres of public land
vacant In tho United States, and yot thou
sands of people llvo In tho tenement quar
ters of big cities, with tholr only facili
ties for farming a half-dozen old tomato
It Wnrk tlmt Wr.
If thero Is to bo a war between two of
tho churches and tho secret societies, tho
secret societies may be expected to In
crease in membership as they never havo
boforo, and most of tho churches will be
on tho side of thu secret societies.
llotiiu fur liiipriMr inrnl,
The other sldo of tho Btory of tho Ameri
can locomotive In England Is that the rail
way employes there aro Inimical to the
machine and run It In such a way as to
make Its malntenanco very cnjtly. This
may easily bo true, but If so, It simply
emphasizes what American business men
havo been telling tbo English lately, that
they do not know how to manage- tholr own
business. An American road generally
knows pretty definitely whether Its men
aro running their engines economically or
Distinction Without u IUfTcrciicr,
Wo aro appropriately shocked to lenrn
thnt Chlneso girls aro sold to tho hlghes
bidder. This wo suffer, In momentary ob
llvlon of our heiresses sold to European
roues, Do tho costly wives of rich man
darlns got nny worso treatment than tho
CaBtellano and Manchester girls?
A (inoil l.n w .Siitnliirtl.
Tho courts of Nebraska havo sustained
the law limiting to sixty hours a week tho
tlmo which women may bo employed lu
stores, factories and shops. That decision
will bo commended, nnd tho peoplo of Nc
braska should now try to mako It posslbl
to dlspenso with tho labor of women In
mechanical establishments entirely.
Jcui'lr) iin nil A Itl to Study.
Tho statement Is niado that a youn
woman who was formerly a student In a
Now England college for girls has been
robbing her fellow students of somo $1.1,000
worth of Jowolry, Including ouo ring valuod
at $1,000. This raises tho Inquiry why
young women attending Bohool should bo
indulging In Jewelry of such value. It can
hardly bo urged that that sort of thing is
an nid to study.
ItlKlit .KnliiNt MIkM.
St. Louis Olobc-Dcmocrat.
Captures of Doers aro reported every few
days, by tho Hrltlsh commander, but tho
fact that moro of them aro always left In
tho field, and that theso nro strong enough
to put up a hard fight whorovor they nro
encountered, is a clrcumstanco of bad omen
for England. Tho war Is not yet ended
England's purchases of horses nnd mules
for tervlco in South Africa shows that
peace, In tho opinion of tho head of tho
lirltlsh army nnd tho British government,
is sun-in tho distance.
Vnt Area .Slioekril.
. New York Tribune.
Tho almost lliconcoivablo forcn nf modern
explosives was exemplified In a mournful
way when a car filled with dynamite was
run Into by n freight train on a New York
railroad last week. Tho shock was felt at
a dlstanco of moro than twenty miles ond
incro was a melancholy loss of llfo as well
as exiensivo destruction of property. Moro
rigorous safeguards In tho transportation
and handling of dangerous materials of
overy kind should bo enforced. Tho Fourth
or July Is near at hand nnd precautions
against fires and disasters aro especially In
I'tifthlnK t'l FrHlit Itntca.
Tho railroads throughout tho country
somo tlmo ago effected a largo advanco In
iroignt rates merely by chanElne classifica
tions. Now tho western roads nro making
further radical changes In classifications to
tno sarao end of giving rates another sharp
upward twist. And tho lnterstnto com-
merco commissioners admit tholr Inability
under various court decisions to do much
moro than draw tholr salaries. Of national
regulation of railways wo now havo llttlo
moro than prior to 1887, when tho Inter
state commerce law wa3 enacted. Theso
aro tho days when "everything goes" with
ino Dig corporations all around.
ChlviiKO Clililrn Itw Hnlnt.
Miss Alysso O'Lcary of San Francisco, n
young woman or eulturo and tho grand
daughter of tho famous Mrs. O'I.eary whoso
cow caused tbo great flro of 1871, was a
rocont visitor In Chicago. Sho Is roportcd
as expressing tho opinion that her fomalo
progenitor rendered an lmmonso service to
Chicago lu owning tho famous cow which
was the cause of the flro calamity thirty
years ago. Looking up to tho eaves nf fhn
skyscrapors, sho said: "Sco nil theso
buildings erected as tho result of tbo
fire." Miss O'Lcary should understand that
tho buildings erected as tho result of tho
flro wero torn down to mako placo for tho
skyscrapers. A link In causo and effect Is
FIcklrumN of l'ulillo Auclnlm,
What Is famo? It Beems only a few days
ago that Captain Clark ot tho Oregon was
making tho trip upon whoso porll3 and
progress tho oyes of tho civilized world
All shipping afloat was on tho watch for
tho gallant craft as it hastened from port
to port, from cllmo to clime, eluding Span
ish spies on tho corners of tho oceans nnd
strnlnlng overy beam to complete tho dar
ing voyago In tlmo to bo of uio to Uncle
Sam. Tho welkin then rang long and
loudly for Captain Clark and his craw,
without whoso successful efforts Spain
might hnve had anothor talo to tell nt that
Captain Clark was In Chicago the other
lay and, except a fow otllcers of tho naval
mllttla, there was none to do him rov-
eronco. Had ho eomo hero Immediately
after his daring feat ho would novo needed
tho police to open a path to his hotel.
"WHY III) JI3. SWKAItl"
An Iimvii ProfcKfior TiiHI-n I he I'nutr
"Why do men swear?" is a question which
Prof. Patrick of thu University of Iowa
attempted to answer in n papor recently
road before a scientific society of Lincoln,
Neb. Tho question Is n reasonablo ono
and If tho cause can be learned a remedy
may bo applied or It may prove that swear
ing Is a necessary ovll and a mild substi
tute for something worso.
Prof, Patrick, quoting from Campbell,
oxplalns that men In anger may bo obliged
to repress every overt act mid every ex
pression of emotion except facial move
ments or somo form of vocalization that
profanity Is therefore n safety vnlvo and If
a man did not Bwear hu would do something
worse, Prof. Patrick holds that thero Is
something more than this In swearing nn-J
that It has an objective as well as sub
jective force, and 1b Intended to call down
a curso from heaven upon tho offender.
Tho psychology of the oath has by no
means hecn determined. Its forms nnd
ramlflcntfonH nrn many and mst of them
nre subtle In character. If tho oath Is a
safety vnlvo, why is it not better adapted
to the uso of women, who nro smd to bo
fnr moro emotional than" men? Anil yet
no self-respecting woman over makes uso
Why did Socrates frequently swear? The
worthy sago had porfent command of his
emotions and needed no safety volvo; yet
again and again ho sworo "lly tho dog,"
leaving an endless number of critics to dls
puto over his purposo and IiIb meaning.
Andrew Jackson's "Hy tho Eternal" may
havo relieved his pent-up feelings, but it
served another purposo equally well, nnd
that was to give emphasis to his sincerity.
Tho psychologists will do woll to ex
amine tho subject of profanity still further.
To label it aB a relief for tho emotions is
not at all satisfactory, for tho emotions
Incrcaso by tho uso of It; and, as to In
voking a curse, the class of people ud
dieted to It havo llttlo faith In Ood or
It Is probablo that tho psychologists aftor
all tholr Investlgatlonrf may eomo to n
belief In tho worthlcssncss of profanity
nnd agreo with tho moralist, who used no
laboratory mcthodj when ho reached tho
"To swear is neither brave, pollto nor
SKCtlAU SHOT AT THU PULPIT.
Somcrvlllo Journal; Tho number of peo
plo who bollovo that Lot's wlfo was literally
turned Into a pillar ot salt Is becoming
considerably smaller overy year.
New York World i That Nebraska evan-
gellst who sees his field lu ho barber shops
ot tho land will find his crusndo talked to
death beforo It leaves tho first chair.
Ilnstnn Tmupprlnt Tim .ntlr.tmia fM1rt
appears to have donned Its thlnklnc can of
late. Not only tho Presbyterians, but tho
Episcopalians aro talking about tinkering
Minneapolis Times: A Mormon elder
has challenged Prophet Dowlo to a joint
ticuatc, but, la tho vernacular of his kind,
luupiiui is ioo cunning 10 101 anytioay
iui m on mo grail.
Detroit Preo Press: When you eomo to
uunK or u tncro is no sense In letting tho
agitation over predestination and Infant
-uiiu la .-nnmri-iii uiiiuug i
Presbyterians, north and south, conimunl-
.iu ueiL ui ino resi ut ino worm, inero
in uuui'iiiBiro reason lor uoiicving inni ino
Westminster confession of faith or any
viuvi iiuui-iuuuf urt-cu win noi govern wncn
uv....w.w .... .........V.U ..(. .W. .......
jiroouiyn hagic: on, the innocenco oi
these good people! Tho general synod of trIc lighting plants for Us public build
tho i0vangeltr.il Lutheran church has do- nKSl ' 1
UlitlUU IUUI IIIU II1UBH 1H IIL'limUUlIlK WIU TUB-
toratlon ot tho army canteen because It
is influenced by whisky advertisements. Not
n drop of whisky wns ever sold In a can-
l..n Tim wl.loL-l. .Inntnru nr.. llnnn I mnllo
In fnvnr nf llin tironenl ulntn nf tlilmm. l.o-
causo It forces tho soldiers to leavo tho
posts nnd get whisky outside.
Church Economist: A priest whoso church
Is located not far from Newspaper Uow nn-
plied through his nrchblshnn for permission
to say mass nt 2:30 in tho morning. Tho
permission hnd to ho grrntcd from Home.
TI1I3 wns done, nnd mass Is now said whon
men on tno morning papers, in tho post-
otllce nnd other down town places got
through work. Sovcn hundred mon nt-
tended tho first morning, but when tho
mncny wuro ou inuro cmne, ns h n-Ruinr
thing, nbout 400. This is tho only plnco
whero mass Is snid In Amorlcn nt this hour,
nnd tho authorities at Homo said It was the
first application of tho sort to reach them
,u" ' l .""'
In other parts of New lork nnd elsewhere,
tuiuiu iuuiu nuuiun n uu it uvtm uu iui
r, t, I- n nliiif.it. I.na nl.K i
undertaken to moot tho need of this night -
working claw. During tho recent missions
In Englnnd services were hold for them nt
tho hour named, but tho meetings con-
flnno.l only fnr a week.
WAKM.n TO HOOIC ItKADHlls.
Iln lie fill Ilffriits of Too Much llonillnic
mill Too I.lttlc; TIiIiiUImk.
Tho stntcmcnt of former President Oil
' " ""J'"'"0 "
KLuiuuiuB ui mu iiumuiiB cuuegu m iiuiu-
i..u. mm. lu Hiuuu .cmims u. uuuk.""
IIMull, auu 13 UB UUIieiUI 1U ll UIICUI. US
nny other stimulant, Is nttrnctlng much
nttcntlon becnuso it coincides with tho ob
Borvatlon of thoughtful peoplo overywhere.
Hut it Is not alono thnt thero Is too much
reading, but that thero is also too much
reading of tho wrong Bort. When St.
Thomas Aquinns was asked in what man
ner a man might becomo learned ho an
swered: "By reading ono book." From
iiiuu iiuineiiiuri.il mu man ui uno uiiuit una
, . ... ... . j t-.. ..
tlmo immemorial tho man of ono book has
uut-ii uu. uuiUKUiiiBt iu m. ifiiruu. nuuuiijr,
howovor, men and women seek to becomo
icnrnca not uy Knowing one, tun many
books not by knowing oaio book thor
oughly, but by knowing many books super
Whon tho or.i of cheap bookmnklng wns
ushered in nbout twonty-flvo years ago it
was hailed with delight, because It placed
tho best literature, of tho world within
tho easy reach of everybody nnd marked
Din .lnnrn nf thn dltnn nnrnl. Whnn finn
could buy ono of tho most notnblo books In oe nl r"ona to 100 metropolis of Mary
English literature for tho samo price that 'n";' , tlraoro has lust completed a city
wn fnr Min blnnd nn.l th.imW nnvnl nal1 for Icsa thnn h0 original Opproprl-
tt was Inovitnblo that tho best book should
endure. Thero is no doubt that a tro-
mendous amount of good was dono through
tho renubllcatlon In chean form of theso
standard books unon which tho copyright
had expired, and thero Is Just as llttlo
doubt that It stimulated public tasto for
reading. But theso chean bonks begot
others nnd eventunlly thero eamo tho flood
of cheap magazines as woll. Being so
cheap peoplo bought of thorn freely, and
In tho courso of tlino nobody wns regarded
as qulto up to date unless ho had read tho
latent popular novel and kept fully abreast
of tho leading articles In tho mngazlncs.
It was at' this point that real harm bo-
gau to bo done. It Is now becoming ap
parent tlmt in mo cnoico noiweon ioo mucn
nnd too llttlo reading tho prcferonco Is to
bo found in tho latter direction. While
moro may no somo gain in Kiinnesa Him
Buporllclnl brlglitness rrom too mucn anil
IUI7 lltuuuotliuiin iiiviu in niiiiu
nlable loss in depth and accuracy. I.at-
crly tho old authors who havo stood tho
test of tlmo aro being neglected for a hordo
ul liuw wiliuin vwiuau miiiu ntaituy juoia
IliTinimli n onnami
A rovulBlon Is Inovitnblo and Is already
elnc manifested ln tho number of luxurious
editions of tbo standard nuthors which nro
lieuiK mnu iinu(iu wnitii uu iiiui uiibiiik iijiiii-
bcr of peoplo aro turning with renewed do- I
11, .1.1 All IliniliTlitrnl nnntiln i-lll linll will. I
i.ftiiv. .... ...w.lpi, ...... w ..... ..,.,
..I 11, ,l. f tl, .In,, .l, hn.
jjiv.miuu . ..! ""j mi"" mum
hall bo murn discrimination exercised in
tho matter of reading, when peoplo will
rend lcs3 if they will, but what they do
ead will be of that character which will
servo to Improve and nt tho eamo tlmo
trcngthen tholr minds.
TViit llic lliiKi-r nf A nierli'ii Vi-iv World
Mm lli'i'ltuui. nf -Miniklnd.
flnlilwln Kmllh In Niw York Run.
Wo shall agrco with yintr correspondent
n deprecating any perversion of history In
the Interest nf thoso elements of tho
American population which aro not Anglo-
Saxon. But equally to bo deprecatod is any
erverslon of history In tbo Interest of tho
This idea of the superiority of tho Anglo-
Saxon and tho selection of him by I'rovl-
uonro to uominato over other races nnd
mold them aftor bis own imago seems likely
to civo tho world some trouble It ln n
10 Mm I0 "o- it "as Its
source apparently In tho hollef of tho Jows
respecting tho Providential supremacy of
their race. Thero Is a sect of Anglo-
Israelites which imagines that tho English-
man lu tho lineal descendant of the Jew
and tho heir to his promised domination.
Ilnw mimh nt Mm nur., l.ln,l nf lit,, fnl.
lowers of Honglst nnd Horsa can bo hup-
iwnui iw tuil 1 11 Will VUUIM Ul Hit) J'CUiia i
. ..t. ii i . i . n
It Is true, and overy Englishman must
I'ruim 01 uiu mci, inai wio iuhuuuiuiih
et Vin ITnlt w1 Qtnino n en 1 ri irn1 V rlnrl fori I
ltu UtWlVW M Vl ivn M w lion'-' """w',lrt.. , i
from I.'m.li.nH Tin! In l!"n"lnnil ItRelf Ihnnn Ur COIlBOrH IllCllHUrO Step nild Str do
from Lngland. But In England ItBcir thoso wm, matnem(ltlc rn,i a'lul rui,
liiotHitHnnti tf Itinv nrn nnrtlv fhi nnrltnrrn I And n-lmi . n nnn
iiiuiiviiiiuu, ,r (. ... - - ""n"
of rnce. are also in large measuro tho gift
nf nlrn.mtlniifn nn rt llMlllirl V nf thll IllSlllnr
nf clrcumstanco, particularly 01 ino n suiar
cnaracter or ino nriiiBii reuini, wnicn nas
saved tlm nation from tho necessity of
standing armies and dopotlsm which thoy
brine In their train. Aftor nil, England had
succumbed to tho despotism of James H and
... .!.,li,.,.,l frnm II nnl an innoh l.v ih.
was delivered frnm 11 not so much by tho
CllOIln III lll "i i-i'iiu un ujr mu limp
of tho "Dutch, who thus rendered her per
haps tho greatest service that over was
rendered by ono nation to another.
Many hands and brains havo gonn to tho
making of the American commonwealth
besides Hiobo of tho Anglo-Saxon. Thn now
world Is the heritage and tbo hopo, not of
any special raco or tribe, but of humanity.
1II.ASTS I'ltOM HAM'S Htlll.V.
Whllo thero's hopo thcro's life.
Ho godly and you will novcr bo lonesoraa.
Tho uso of tho arrow depends on tho aim.
Tho entitlement is bettor than nn endow
Church music Is not for fun hut somo ot
it Is very funny.
When ability meets opportunity tho road
of l,u,y ,s ,,,n,n'
man loses mo consecration ho puts
Int0 tn collection.
It takes tho hammer of practice to drlvo
' t"o nails of precept.
Somo preachers try to cntch tho blc fish
by speaking with bated breath of their sins.
Vmir h f mn.iiiln mm. i,
Injurious If they iln not brrnmn fnnla In
nv..n dm f,miii. v. ., ...
try to mako tho beauty of tholr lamps pass
ior ttao brilliancy of 'their lights.
. Pr.ltMlXAI, AM) OTHUHU'lSi:.
Mr. Schwab l Immin.- n fr .i...
in lining up a J35.000 prlvato car.
,(, Rn,nl mora, WftV0 ,n j.ow
ncierrii mil u-nn n,n tn.t i.i i i.
st. LmiU 1, ,iri,ir.i ,n
I ...... tii'iiiim n.
I UM, . , , , . ...
Vim,' lu"'l'crluu11"0 lnnl CM '"Men
" ,h co,v.cr8' 11 W b ut down
"lnrilinry BUlllSUCS Or Cll CaCO fOI
1,10 SOCond WCOk Of JllHO fatten tho City's!.
"-',ul'luuI' us a rcsorl ot summer.
According to tho dictum of a Yonkera
(:s'. 1'. a man may golf on Sunday
rol,iln 1118 imncnng ns a cnristlan.
Coming events enst their firecrackers bo-
l0- M is a good tlmo to plow flro-.
K"ards nud keep a switch handy.
It may bo Inferred from tho Now Yorlc
iiernid'B discussion of tho "Llfo History
of tho Soft Shell Clam," thnt sumtnor has
reached tho outposts of Long Island,
Boston reonlo resent with unn,wnrv
nCai an inquiry ns to tholr right to tho
Chlneso loot now In their possession. What
they wnnt Is cash, nnd no nursiinns. n.im.i.
a Vnrvi-r,,! n
thVt ",7 Is n s. to ho Hch." S.llT thero
nro a few nmrtnls tnklng long chances on
tho rovIscU verB,on .,Mojy mm a mum
ttirln nf ninn "
I " " nonuon paper
" '' . " " "lr""K ' C10B. 'V'K
,,' , ' eicuons naniica in
thc,.p. r"' lrle3 telegraphing Is
.nurK iwnin,' replying to nn Inquiring
cillzcn or Chicago, writes that tho orlclnal
or tno "Doctor" In "Tho Innocents Abroad"
was Dr. A. Hooves Jackson, ono of Chicago's
most prominent citizens, who died In 1S92.
Tho Cuban constitutional convention
CXncdlted hUNlnnsa u-IMl rnnann,il,ln
noiwitbstanding tho ennll-piico tendency ot
$10 pcr dlomi Fow AmPrcnn Cgslnturca
would overwork' themselves at that rate.
I Tlln fnmlli. nl.i.olrtl mI f 11
Nn "Z ' .1 " "'
of her schoolmates. Ho says her ncrvca
nro unstrung. Undoubtedly. Tho shock
of getting caught nnd going to Jail usunlly
is a scvoro strain on tho nervous systom.
When n woman wills sho will. It sho has
tho price A Philadelphia spinster of 84
paid $00,000 for property next door in ordor
to suppress a continuous output of ragtlmo
i t- , . , . .
niuslo from a piano. Now tho aalot ot her
h enmnorts with tlm r H f
. ...... V. till.
Franchises recently granted by tho city
council of Philadelphia provido that tha
benollclarlcs shall pay Into tho city treas
ury C per cent of tho profits when tho
annual dividend exceeds 6 per cont. Whon,
that tlmo comes fow of tho Quakers now
living will witness tho spectacle
Baltlmoro Is only a nhort run from Phila-
I u-ull,l1,,-i . u lliu lliuueuco Ol IOO jailer Clt.
atIon' I'Mhiuelphla tried to do n llko Job
for .0.000. nnd spent $23,000,000.
Thero nro six surviving governors of Now
ork; Cornoll. oloctcd in 1879: Cleveland.
ln . '. "rst elected In 1S8j: Morton.
elected in 1801; Iilack, elected in 1806 and
Roosevelt, olected In 1SD8. Thrco of tho six
n"or having been govornor, attained
honors ln tho field of nntlonal politics.
Clovoland ns president, Hill as senator and
uoosovolt ns vlco president.
Chicago Ilocurd-Horald: Dolly I wouldn't
marry u man unless 1 could look up to him.
Polly Well, . wouldn't marry a man that
I couldn't prctuid to look up to, anyway.
riiiinfiMnliln. lr.sn: 'iVsYnim Mr s,.n.
bend tolls mo his first numo Is Noah. What
Tess-Funny? It's ridiculous. Noah had
Henso cnougii 10 go in wnen It rained.
I rMilmit.rt Trll.ttt.rt. ititnr. nwn..n
gunco will ruin me. Didn't von toll nm ho.
lore wu wero married you could llvt coin-
..YeH.'l.ut you didn't expect mo to do It,
i uiu yuu, JUUIi;
Cul To" 'n
borhnod whero u young woman married a.
Pln, "'"1 tlle" discovered ho had n wooden,
"now ran thoy tell about It? '
"With a few Jiibs of u hatpin,"
Tlrtulrt.. rTVnnanflnlt Tl. 1t'l. .....I-.
"'"'" ..........(.w. wui,H-11111 IUUIS
young pcopio nro lo Dina Memselves to
geiucr :or lira just lor tno snko ot a fool
Wrniin I know: but that Is Mm nnlv wni'.
you know, that they enn recover from tholr
WnHhlnirton Klnr: "Arnn'f vnn nnhnmnrt
to kii away and leavo vour wlfn In tnrs7'
MHked thu near relative.
"Oil, I don t know," answered tho brutnl
man; "that's tbo way hIio has a good tlmo
wnen sue goes to tho theater.
Detroit Frcn Press: Tho Count Ah. MIm
Kctchum, you makn n perfect plctuio
, " lL('0?.rwny' A" you "ccd ls a
Miss Kotchum 'fwith n feverish nulck.
noss) Count! This Is so suddon! But you
UH" 1 J-
Chlcnso Post: He I object to tvnewrlt
cu ".'tiers, near, i wuiu your own loverjr
lllllivilllllll mum "ii lira uiKua.
She-Dou't bo foolish, precious: typewrit
ten lovo loiters, you hco, nro ready to bo
r,K"1 "u tu "l0 I'nnier.
Philadelphia Press: t'iMUs Hlinrni.Ver.-i
h" begun, "you mum know why 1'vo been
coining bro to much; why I sit hero In tho
,iar0r wlth you night after night and-"
"1 sumioso. Mr. Plnclinennv." All., vrrn.
Hlmrpo Interrupted, "It's cheaper to do that
,,l"a t0 takB "'" out mywhero."
Hi: l .M)i:ilSTA.M).s.
Jortl Wink, In Hnltlmoro American.
OUT CCnSOrH milird lia rnilnilnlinll I.
4HH I1UWJ 11K( UUU'IIOL'H HI OUT UlMMlS,
'Phnu tisnll nun lrwit.wl .,1,..!.. 1 1 fn
jjui mi tno tlmo Uuu initio mom I ft.
"mil n it nitinttji it who nan
Htralghtwny they cry aloud: "Thou foolt"
A!IU "uOI 01,(1 1,011 f',,(1 (-'nil'WO Drlllg
To t.llrBO lhn onn who halting Mantis.
jint, ah, the footsteps wandering
H" understands llo understands.
0ur ccnHorH wob1, 01,r every word.
And Hlft Its sound tor nluii of Bin.
Al,(1 wblsporcd dreams that tiro unheard
AgttlnSt thn Screen Of flltO thoy p n.
Wltll nurplo-smllo they nenrcli our brnln
To hind nur thoiluht with brazen li.-imU.
But hopo bIihII Htrugglo not lu vnln,
iuu an inu umn uuu unnorHiauus,
Ho understands our llttlo foam,
our mini uimniK nun iiiuu woo;
.nm in mu Hiuiiiuiv ui urn years
Iln sees the houl. Ho knows Ho knows
He BraiiH us. nnt as cciisnm do
To mark tho blindly searching hands
TfJut all our good Iln brings to view,
Ho understands He undcrjtaadii.
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