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THE O3tAHA DAFIiY HEEi FKIDAY , OCTOBER 14 , 1808.
Tim OMAHA DAILY BEE
. 11O8EWAT12U , Editor.
PUBLISHL'D UVUHY MORNINOV
THUMB OF SUBSCRIPTION :
Dally Bee ( Without Bunday ) , Onn Ycar.JO.OO
Dally Boo and Sunday , Ono Year S.W >
Hlx Month * t.W
Three Mnnthu 2.00
Hundov Ucc , Onn Year. . . . , 2.00
Hntunlny Be * , One Year. . . , I.M >
Weekly Bee , Ono Year. . . . ? C3
Omaha : The Ree Building.
Rontli Omaha : Hlngor Block , Corner N
and Twenty-fourth Btrccts.
Council Blurts : 10 Pearl Streot.
Chicago omcc : 602 Chamber of Com
New York : Temple Court.
Washington : 601 Fourteenth Street.
All communication ) ) relating to news and
Pdltorlnl matter thould bo addressed : To
All bunlncsM letters and remittances
should bo addressed to The DGQ Publishing
Company , Omaha. Drafts , checks , exprcHU
nnd postnfllco money orrlira to bo made
paynbln to HIP order of the company.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska , Douglas County , PS :
, George B. Tzachuck , secretary of The Bee
Publishing company , being duly nworn ,
nnyu that the actual number of full nnd
complete copies of The Dally , Morning ,
Evening and Bunday Bee , printed during
the month of September , 1833 , wiw as fol-
. ' . , \ . . ' . . \ \ . ' .
* * * ltt 1
( * < B * ' | r >
S BIIBIIO [
10 BI , II :
12. . . : ar.ios , )
14 ' * *
LCSH returna and unsold copies. , . l , < ' ! !
Net total sajcs 7r.B.l
Net dally Average , S5 , WH
' GEORGE B. TXSCHUCIC.
Bworn to before tnc and subscribed In my
presence this 30th day of September , 1S03.
N. P. FEIL.
WELCOME TO- THIS UKO IIUILUING.
Jfu vlxltor ( o Oninlin nitil the
cxtionHlon nliiiulil KO nvmy
without liiHiicclltiK The Hco
iMillrtliiK , the lurKcMt Vcw-
pnper litillilliiK l Amrrlcn ,
anil The Hoc ncivnimiicr
lilnnt , citnccileil lo lie the
tlncM hetwccn Chic-UK" mill
Him Frniicliipo. A cnrillnl
welcome In cxtenilcil In nil.
What nbout that new Sixteenth street
viaduct ? WorU on It ought to bu com-
nicnccd beforu snow lllos.
.Tnbllfu week distractions should not
prevent n full out-turuliiB of reiiubllcuns
ut their city primaries today.
The Illustrated peace Jubilee number
of The Hue In everywhere praised as the
best exposition souvenir that has been Is-
Hued. Send copies to your friends.
Of the 100,000 people who were at the
exposition grounds on X' sldent's day ,
less than 10,000 were from Omaha , so
that fully 5)0,000 ) of them had come to
the city for this occasion.
It Is ftnfo to Hay that none of the In
dians who saw the crowds of white men
ut the exposition president's day will be
In any hurry to take up arms against
the white man's Kovcrnriient.
Iowa democrats had to call In ex-Gov
ernor AltKuld ot Illinois to help open
their state campaign this week. They
will have to nil ! In an undertaker to
help them out after election.
Ilpmember that the exposition con
tinues open until November 1. Those
who have not yet visited It will regret It
all the remainder of thi'lr lives If they
do not seize , tha opportunity.
President , McKlliley will llguro In sev
eral peace jubilees before ho returns to
Washington , but none of them \v\\\ \ \ equal
the Omaha Jubilee In Impressive gran
deur and popular enthusiasm.
Emperor William Is on for his pll
Krlmago to Palestine with n chest of
gifts for 'Oriental olllclals valued at
$1,000,000. 'How lucky he does uot take
such a costly little Junket every year.
The local popocratlc organ continues
to decry McKlnley prosperity by trying
to show that there Is no prosperity. The
popocrats might as well try to make the
people believe the moon Is made of green
The navy chaplain who has been sen
tenced by court-martial to dismissal for
foolish and scandalous criticism of the
navy will appreciate the story of the
parrot which was finally compelled to
admit that It talked altogether too much.
There Is no' good reason why the
search for the Miss Johnson for whom
an Insurance policy for $1,000 has been
found UUIOIIB the effects of a stranger
who has Just died In this city should
not afford the inaterlnl for another farce
comedy about "Too Much Johnson. "
The announcement that no more vol
unteers will be discharged out of the
regiments retained In the service unless
for sickness or disability means that the
colonel of the Third Nebraska will uot
be able to vote this year except by the
assistance of the regimental mirgcon.
The governor general of the Dutch
East Indies has Issued a proclamation
classing nil American yachts conveying
war correspondents as privateers. The
governor general seems to labor under
the delusion that all American news
paper correspondents arc of the yellow
And now the yellows are' dlbposed to
kick because President McKluley did
not state In his Omaha spc'ech exactly
what he proposes to do with the Philip
pine problem. If he had told them , they
would doubtless have assailed him Just
as hard. Hut President McKlnley has
n full realization of his own responsibil
ity In' this serious matter and ho will
Inker his critics Into his conlldcuce when
the time Is rlpo and no sooner.
KXI'AXSIOX AM ) LA HUH.
Wo have heretofore pointed out that
the program of territorial expansion that
la being advocated , If carried- out , must
Inevitably have results detrimental to
American labor. If we absorb the
Philippines , with their millions t > f cheap
laborer. * , and proceed to the development
of those Islands Industrially and com
mercially by the utilization of this cheap
labor , nothing can be more certain thai )
that In time our homo labor will suffer
from the competition. We shall not be
able to perpetually safeguard It by the
system of protection now In operation ,
because the American Interests In the
Philippines , If they shall become so ex
tensive us many anticipate , will most
certainly demand that the American
market be opened to them and there'
can be no doubt that the demand will.
be complied with. The American cap-1 !
tul Invested in agricultural production
and In manufacturing In the Philippines
will want the privilege of the American
market for such products as may be
profitably sent here and It will gut It.
Xat only this , but there Is every reason
to expect that there will bo nn Influx
of labor from the now possessions Into
the I'nltecl States. We have excluded
the Chinese and we forbid laborers to
come Into the country under contrar-t ,
but how shall we bo able to exclude
HnwalliuiB and Filipinos when they
have become citizens ? The New York
Times correctly bays that "a movement
of labor within our owjn possessions
would no I be amenable to tne restraints
of our existing laws against contract
labor and assisted emigration. We have
already annexed some hundreds of tliou-
sands of Kanakas and Puerto Itlcam
who may be tempted to our shores and
who may lawfully. It seems , be brought
to them under contract. We threaten
to annex for an Indefinite period some
hundreds of. thousands of Ouba s and ab
solutely some millions of Filipinos. All
these sorts and conditions of hieji nru
used to a lower than the American scale
of living. All of them who are willing
to work at all are willing to work at
less than American wages and some of
them furnish tractable and valuable
labor. If any shrewd employer makes
arrangements to Import them , there is
apparently nothing In our existing stat
utes to keep them out. llestrictlons upon
the Importation of foreign laborers , as
coolies or contract laborers , cannot be
Invoked to prevent the movement of la
borers between our own possessions , the
Importation of colonists to the 'mother
country.1" There can be ho question
nbout this. Hut It may be urged that
laws can bo enacted to keep out , these
people. Crrtal.ily , but what would be
the probable result of such discrimina
tion V Is it not most rcasonablo to as
sume that It would bo resented and
that much trouble might be caused ? The
Filipinos , there can be no doubt , would
regard with disfavor a policy that would
place them on a level with the Chinese
so far ns entering the United States Is
concerned. If they accept American
sovereignty they will expect all the con
sideration and the privileges which that
Implies and they will not tamely submit
to having this defiled fhein.11
Terr"otlal expansion as no'fr proposed
: s n very serious matter for American
labor and the opposition of that labor
to expansion 'should have more vigorous
expression than has yet been given It.
ir.iK off TJIR suaAn a/fusr.
The American people will profit , nt
least for a time , from the war that Is
being waged against the American
Sugar Hellnlng company by outside re
fining Interests. The contest , according
to report , is on in earnest and where It
will lead and when It will end no one
Ventures to predict. The war , It Is need
less to say , was started by the trust with
tlie purpose , of course , of breaking down
competition , but from present indica
tions tbls Is not likely to bp accom
plished. JThe fact Is that the ugaV re
fining Interests outside of the trust have
become pretty formidable and the great
combination Is confronted with a com
petition stronger and more determined
than It has ever before encountered and
which evidently means to make a per
sistent and uucompromlhlng light. In
this It will have- the assurance of public
sympathy and support.
It Is always to bo apprehended , how
ever , In a conflict of this kind , that
sooner or later the more powerful com
bination will be abje to buy off some of
those In competition with it and thereby
weaken the opposition. It Is more than
probable that some of the refiners out
side of the trust will be found after a
time disposed to make terms with the
great combination and drop out.of the
contest , If the trust Is willing to treat
with any of them In this way. The
trust Can afford to lose a good deal of
money | n the fight and pay liberally ( or
shutting out competitors , but It probably
will not resort to the latter course until
persuaded that U'c ' competition cannot
bo destroyed by cutting the price of
Meanwhile the war of the refiners has
an Interest for till consumers of sugar
and while it Is not probable that It will
result In very serious disaster to thn
trust , there will be a general hope that
It may eventuate In breaking tip the
A.TTR&D TllKSCHUOL UUAIWI'HlUAniKS.
The public schools are nearer and
dearer to the American people than any
other Institution. They lay the founda
tions for the rlslng'generatlon of Ameri
can men and women to whom the re-
pjibllc looks for Its perpetuation.
More people are Interested directly In
the efllcleucy of the public1 schools than
In any other of our Institution The
lawmakers of Nebraska have recognized
! this fact by extending the right of suf
frage for school otllcers to the mothers
of the school children and to women
who contribute In taxes to tllo * main
tenance of the schools. Yet compara
tively few people show an active Inter
est In our school government and thu >
selection of the men in whosc'lmuds the
management Is placed.
The Hee has always contended that
the greatest eltlclency of the system
could bo reached by divorcing the school
man.iKomcnt from politics. Hut expert-
enco has proved that non-partisan school
| boards can become possible only by
divorcing school board elections from
other elections which arc cs cntlnlly po
litical. Until this Is done the effort to
elect non-imrtlunn boards Is liable to be
futile. The best rennlts under existing
conditions can therefore be obtained
only by forcing all political parties to
nominate their best available men.
The republican hchool board primaries
will be held In till the different wards
of Omaha today ( Friday ) afternoon
and every republican who has the real
Interests of the schools at heart should
attend and lend Ills support to the can
didacies of men who will do credit to
the community when elected. The ques
tion of residence within a particular
ward should be entirely subordinated to
the possession of the qualifica
tions of Intelligence , capacity and
honesty. The school board Is not
made up of representation by wards
and there Is no good reason why a nom
inating convention should feel obligated
to respect ward lines In the choice of a
school board ticket.
Hy emphasizing at the pi'lmarlc's the
demand for clean , capable , representative
tive- school board candidates , the republicans -
publicans of this city can best serve
their party and their sehonK and a good
school bo.ird ticket that 1 spli-es Inth con-
lUlence and respect will contribute mate
rially to strengthen the republican cause
reflected In county and state tickets.
I'OSSKSSIUX. or I'OItTO ItlCO ,
.The report from General Brooke , that
the Spanish military commission in
Porto HIco Ims'asseuted to the demand
of our government for possession of the
Island on October 18 , will be ns gratify
ing to the country as It Is said to be to
the olllclals of the War 'department. On
Tuesday next the American flag will
float over San Juan , the , capital of Porto
Ulco , npd the Island will become Ameri
can territory. The Spanish authorities
In Porto HIco have behaved exceedingly
well. The commissioners to arrange for
the evacuation of the Island have not
tried to complicate the situation , but
have addressed themselves strictly to
the work they had to do. In this respjct
their conduct has been In marked con
trast to that of the Spanish commis
sioners In Cuba , though latterly these
have shown a better disposition than
at the outset.
The ultimatum of our government In
regard to Cuba Is that the United States
will assume complete' control of that
Ibland on December 1. It Is reported
that this Is displeasing to tha Spanish
authorities , but the pleasure- the' '
Spanish will hardly be consulted should
they attempt to obstruct the execution
of the American plans. Hccognlzing , as
thej' must , the futility of hoping to pro
long even a lingering foothold In their
former western colonies , the Spanish
authorities may be confidently defended
on to accede to the demand as Brace-
fully as necessary before the month of
December hcaws Into sight.
With Porto HIco given over to the com
plete control of the American olllclals ,
and the occupation of Cuba only a mat
ter of a few weeks , the position of the
American peace commissioners In Purls
must "naturally bo materially ( Strength
ened and the outlook 'for an early con
clusion of their labors In negotiating the
peace treaty made much more encourag
ing. While there will doubtless be still
further friction over the question of the
Cuban debt , the rellnqulshmcnt by Spain
of all Its former-possessions In the West
Indies had been practically settled from
the signing of the peace protocol , leav
ing free for discussion and possible seri
ous dispute only the , solution of the
In General Miles' opinion the lowest
peace footing of the army should be one
disciplined and equipped soldier to every
1,000 of the population. I other words ,
ho wants the United States to maintain
a regular army of not less than 70,0)0 ( )
men , whereas the present organization
Is short of that number by more than
10,000. Up to the war with Spain the
United States managed lo get along with
n regular army of less than ii.'i.OOO. Hut
the nation Is a pre-eminently peace na
tion , -President McKlnley has Mild ,
and It will not enlarge Its standing army
further than the necessity of the new
In making up their'school board'ticket
It behooves republicans to take cnro that
only men are nominated who have the
requisite capacity for the position and
who also command popular confidence.
The school board Is no place for ward
politicians who want an honorary olilce
simply to work It for perquisites of a
questionable character. Several aspi
rants who can have no other motive for
'their candidacies nnd will be dead
weights on the ticket are having themselves -
selves mentioned as school board possl-
bllltlos. This class should bo carefully
avoided In primary and convention. u
When the Indians return to their ro'sef-
vntlons from the Indian congress with the
story of their rct-cptlou to the great
father , It will doubtless he received with
the sumo Incredulity that met th\o ( ; } -
tnul announcement to the redskins of.Hig
arrival of the white man from ovcr.tifc
ocean In the Krout caravels of oiiinj-
bus.tlilch they linuglned to bo + hupc
birds of the sea. . .
Of course Chicago will say that Gen
eral Hrooke , whose military headquar
ters uro properly In that city , timed the
evacuation of Porto HIco and the hoist
ing of the American flag over San
Juan for the 18th , Just to lit in with
the program for Its peace Jubilee , which
will be' at Us height at the very same
The general commanding the Ameri
can army says that the average citizen
of the eastern states neither knows nor
appreciates the 'sacrifices and ' hard
ships of the men enlisted In military
service. Why not station all the troops
In the west , where they will bo ap
preciated ? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
if n I'nrt ) ' .
We never expected to see the democratic
party to poor that It' would have to make an
asilgnment to "Coin's Fool. " Yet that Is
the only responee the national committee
can make tt > the action of the eastern demo-
cratd In Ignoring the Chicago platform and
uniting on etatc Issues. Wo do not ecm to
bo getting together with any alncrlrj.
llnril In I'.cnnc.
Now It appears those Cuban Insurgents
don't want to go to work. First they merely
xk6d for limited rations and now they want
nn Indefinite loaf.
A I'ninl ly Air air.
Louisville Courier-Journal ,
Talk about our' ' not being able to gov *
ern the Islands of the neat Why , nobody
knows jet hbw many governors we could
draft from the Von Wyck family alone.
The "Alilcil l-'orcc.i 01 Urforiii. "
Wa-shlngton Post. ,
The. scandals In Kansas' state Institutions
are having a depressing effect on the popu
list campaign. The discovery that populist
officials can be naughty Is In the nature of
With Nebraska's 137,000.000 wheat crop
looming up against the sky , It Is not hard
to bclfevo.that the advuno agent of prosper
ity l.i not so far ahead of his phew as ho was
a few ydars ago.
fit , Louis Olobe-Dcmocrat. '
Nebraska failed to cast Its electoral vote
for-51ajor McKlnlcy. but there will be noth-
j ( Ing In connection with the great assemblage
! at Omaha this week to Indicate that the state
will ever again bo guilty of such a derelic
tion of duty.
Tlii > YelliMtn In I'nln.
1 New York Tribune.
It Is entirely natural that detainers of
the administration should make wry faces
over the tcstla-ony concerning the conduct
of the ar given by General Wheeler , a
southerner , a democrat and a veteran , and
lately the object of their vociferous praise.
The exact number of men killed on our
side In the naval war wlUi Spain was six
teen anil seventy-four wounded. All but
one of the killed and nearly all of the
wounded received the enemy's flrb In the
minor sklrmlrhetf along the const of Cuba ,
particularly at Cardenas , where flvc lives
were lost on the torpedo boat Wlnslow , and
at Quantanamo , whcro six marines were
killed. Considering the -results achieved the
record Is most amazing. No one before the
war could have believed It to bo within the
bounds of possibility.
Itlvnt for Iv
Sprttiefleld ( MUSH. ) Republican.
A great schema Is being projected by the
dressed beef , Intercuts .of Chicago , hpadcd
by Armour & Co. , to supply the English
markets dally with , fresh meat directly from
tho. company's refrigerators , which will bo
operated In continuous rnlluay and ship-
beard lines from Qmaha eastward. To thlc
end the slaughtering plants at Omaha will
bo greatly enlarged and Improved , It Is
said. It will bo good news for the whole
Anglo-Saxon race. Killed with roast beef
and old sack this humble and contrite fol
lower of Jesus will > bo all the more strongly
disposed to carry our Christian civilization
to ILo ends of the world and batter It
Into the heads of any pagans who have
lands and valuables worth taking ,
Mini In Hie IllKlit Plncc.
Nearly all the prominent leading military
officers who were , ' In the Santiago light ,
now that General Law ton Is sick and about
coming north , havaxleft Santiago except
General Leonard Wood , who jwas colonel of
the Hough lUiiors atld 'since ' the surrender
has < becn idolniMJfttacL'Ing and successful
\fork as mllltarynlfoym'aor of the city 'of
Santiago. His mri\kal. experience has no
doubt helped felip , , ji \rhatavor may be
the cause , ho , has .certain ) } ; cleaned up that
city well , and'It wilt coon be considered as
healthy as"a northern t&rtn. His courage
and bravery as an ofllcor were not only
shown at Santiago , but years ago In the
long march after Ocronlmo. In his new
position as governor of the whole provlncrt
of Santiago , as General Law-ton's bucccssor ,
his diplomatic , tactful and courteous char-
'ajjterlstlcs will be of unusual service to tha
MO SbAVUIlY I\ ANY FOIIM.
I'rotvnt AKnhiHt Tolerating
C'nullu J.nlior In llnwall.
St. Pau ) Pioneer Press.
It Is said that the Hawaiian commission
will , In Its report , recommend ten years as
the time to bo allowed for the substitution
of free labor for tbo system of coolie slavery
cow In vogue among the sugar planters on
the Islands. Alsd that "powerful pressure' ' '
has been brought to' bear to Induce a recom
mendation from th'em that no limit bo set
when the Importation of Chinamen to work
In tbo rice fields must cease. Rico culture ,
they are told , cannot be carried on at all
with free labor , and they are reported as
"hesitating" about this recommendation.
Republicans may well hope both of these
statements may -prove unfounded. We
didn't annex Hawaii for the purpose of re
establishing slavery In 'any form under the
American flag. Ten years Is about ten times
-too long a period to allow for the termina
tion , of air Chinese iCoollo labor contracts.
That such contracts may have been entered'
It'to for u greater or less number of years
by th or parties .thereto doesn't Involve the
necessity of assent"1 to them by the United
States. Contracts made by the Hawaiian
government with foreign nations , In the
shape of treaties , ore held to have been
abrogated by the act of annexation. Surely
the contracts of Indlvlduals.'contrary to the
laws and sentiment of pur land , cannot be
1 eld to have a greater sacr'edness than
these of- the former- ! Independent nation to
which they belong. As for rice culture , If
wo can't go on cultivating rice In Hawaii
without , the afd of slave labor In any form
WQ can do without Hawaiian rlcu. But the
assertion that this cereal cannot bo profit
ably grown by free labor Is ono of these
lies , by which greed seeks to Justify In
humanity. The climate of Hawaii Is more
cquabo ) than tlmt of our southern states
novdr quite as 'hot. In these states
principally in Louisiana and South Carolina
the production of rice during the1 year
1897 amounted to 128GQO,434 pounds. This
at once .disposed , of the .claim tha < co'ollo
labor Is necessary for "Its ' cultivation In
It Is painful to see oven some republican
Journals discussing this question as though
It might bo necessary for the American
people to "adopt broader views" as to the
kind of labor desirable for the development
of our new possessions , and to tolerate for
an Indefinite period , In Hawaii and In the
Philippines , systems abhorrent to the con
ceptions of right , to establish which our
civil war was fought and won. The only
kind of Imperialism for which real Ameri
cana are ready Is ono of Imperial freedom.
If , to extend put dominion over any land , we
must give countenance to slavery , It would
bo better that our new "expansion" should
Opposition Journals are not slow to sneer
at republican commissions and newspapers
which are willing to discuss as a possibility
the spectacle of our nation temporizing with
1 slavery , The Hoaton Transcript , for In
stance , affects to see In the toleration of
slavery and tike evils a necessary con
comitant of what U calls American lin-
perlallim. It remains for republicans to
send to the next congress tuch a majority
of meu , true to the earliest traditions of the
party , ay shall at once- demonstrate that It
remains still tbo "Party of Freedom , " not
merely within the former bounds of our
union , but la every land where our flag
IH'TY OP Tim COMlfKMCm.
AVhnt Should HP Dour with Cnlin ,
l'nr < o IIloo nnil tlir riillliMilne * .
la jin address before the Twentieth Gen- ,
tury club of Boston last Saturday , ex-S na-
tor George S. Boutwclt dlscujscd tbo duty of
the United Statis toward Cuba , I'orto Ulco
and the Philippines , ire sajd , In part :
"Hawaii Is annexed to the United States
and Porto Ulco Is a possession of the United
States. Without hesitation I say give them
territorial government upon the American
basis , wfth the largest opportunity for pro
gress and for statehood In the American
"Cuba Is not a possession of the United
States , and our policy In regard to that
Island should not correspond to the declara
tion of ccngrers , Cuba has been freed frohi
the dominion of Spain , and upon the under
standing that tfie Inhabitants of tbo Island
are to set up and maintain a republican
government. If the United States Is bound
to Cuba , the obligation hath this extent
only that the Inhabitants shall be free fioai
any Interference while the work of organi
zation Is going on. This obligation can be
kept easily , but It will not bo accepted and
acted upon In good faith by the leaders
who have carried on the war against Spain ,
Prom the first their ultimate object has becii
the annexation of the Island to the United
"That object they will pursue through
many years' , and with the tenacity that thiy
have exhibited In the thirty years of contest
with Spain. In the contest now before us ,
the landowners and the political leaders of
the Insurgents of Cuba , transformed Into
ardent friends of the United States , will re
ceive the support of a Urge bckly of the
people of the United States , especially In
the manufacturing and trading dlstr.cts of
the country. Every attempt to frame a
popular government will Le reslsteJ , and any
government that may be set up will be de
nounced as a failure. Aside from political
considerations there are , however , three
largo classes of Americans who are Inter
ested In adhering to the declaration of con
" 1. The taxpayers , who , In case of the
annexation of the Island : must supply the
deficiency In revenue , aay not less than
IGi',000,000 ' a year , caused by the loss of
duties on sugar nnd tobacco brought from
Cuba to the United Spates.
" 2. The masses of Anicrlcan laborers , of
every grade and occupation , who will bo
forced Into competition with the millions
of underpaid'and unclothed workers of the
" 3. The owners and workers of land whose
Interest In'the ' sugar producing Industry is
to be destroyed.
"My conclusion , however , must bo this :
After such a survey of the situation as 1
have been able to make , and notwithstand
ing the declaration of congress , and not
withstanding the many valid objections to
the annexation of Cuba , I reach the con-
Juslon that there IB much reason to fear
tbat the project for annexation will have
become an accomplished fact In the near
"Even more serious are the questions that
must arise from our possession of Manila
bay and the capture of the city of Manila.
Thcsq acquisitions arc , and for the moment
only , military lodgments made In time of
war , and , they cannot be treated as the con
quest of the Philippine Islands. They con
stitute standing ground for diplomatic de
bate or for further military undertakings.
"Tho conquest of the Spanish Islands In
the Pacific ocean was no part of the purpose
of the war , as the purpose was declared by
us , and the seizure of these Islands may be
treated , wisely and properly , as a means of
Compelling Spain to yield Jurisdiction over
the Island of Cuba , which was the only ono
avowed object of the war.
"Spain has surrendered all jurisdiction
over Cuba , and thereon the government of
the United States may with propriety , wls-
TOAnd Jdstlco , surrender. Us t temporary
possession and all jurisdiction In the Islands
of the cast , and that without controversy , or
debate , or thought of compensation.
"If wo assert a right In these Islands on
the basis of conquest , then and thencefor
ward wo are , and are to be , parties to ques
tions and controversies , not with Spain and
AfiulnafJo only , but with many countries
'hat havo. Interests and establishments for
business In the Islands.
"Consider one Question : By our constitu
tion the duties levied upon foreign products
must bo uniform throughout the United
States. Presumably our system of duties Is
enforced In Hawaii as It Is In the city of
Mow York. The trade between New York
end Honolulu Is coastwise trade , and duties
wo not Imposed upon American products.
Upon the annexation of the Philippines the
trade between those Islands and other coun
tries will bo diminished seriously. , Will
England , Prance nnd Germany be content
while wo take Into our hands the trade of
the 10,000,000 Inhabitants of the Philippines ?
My propositions are these ;
" 1. Give to Hawaii and Porto Ulco terri
torial governments and upon a liberal basis.
" 2. Insist upon an Independent government
for Cuba , and give no encouragement to tbo
project for annexation.
" 3. Abandon the Spanish IsTands of the
Pacific ocean , without controversy , debate or
negotiations with any ono. "
The Pillager Indian war seems to have
been brought about because the red man
1 6d Imbibed too much bottled , civilization.
Ono of the first effects of smoking a tea
cigarette , It Is said , Is n desire to sit down.
The tea cigarette might be used to ad
vantage upon the long-winded speaker at a
Another gentleman burglar has been ar
rested. Ho lived with his family In Brook
lyn and was supposed to bo a commercial
traveler. Ho had no pals and did his work
alone , but the Inevitable' came at last.
A young Texas girl ate the heads of 212
parlor matches In an attempt to commit
suicide. When she repented she swallowed
n lot of lard and bacon as on antidote. The
combination was fatal In a few minutes.
Frederick Hachmann of Milwaukee claims
to have Invented a telegraph Instrument tbat
will print messages In typewritten letters
without tho1 aid of an operator at the re
ceiving office , which may bo hundreds of
Mrs. Amanda Purcell of Portsmouth , N.
II. , | s the only woman who hired a substitute
'o fight In the ctvll war. At the time she
was a , widow and her sons too small to fight ,
bull she believed she should send some one
and so'pa'ld'$800 to her nephew to go.
Major Baker of Fort Sheridan has Issued
an order Imposing a fine of | i for each
odenao on every soldier who leaves his coat
unbuttoned. This should effectually euro
the soldier habit of giving buttons away to
every young woman who asks for them ,
EUlo Do Wolfe , the actress , Is reported to
have won J'B.OCO at baccarat. This she did
by giving an unknown player UOO and when ,
ho had run the winnings up to $150,000 they
divided. Miss Do Wolfe has Just returned
to this country and the story Is certainly a
better ono4han stolen diamonds or the other
The announcement that the German em
peror will enter Jerusalem on a milk whltu
Arabian steed presented for the purpose by
somebody or other , will greatly relieve many
people who , from numerous recent events ,
have feared tbat his Imperial highness might
get up on his ear again and go Into the holy
city on that ,
In Huosla no one knows how rich are the
Demliofls or the YoutoupoBs , because their
fortunes are In the shape of vast domains
containing gold and silver mines of Incal
culable value. These have uot yet been de
veloped , but they are but two of the million
aire families and there are hundred * of
others In tbo empire.
A ( inilMAN'S VIEW OK AMHUir.t.
Some Infnrmntloit Hl iicimcil Aliroiul
liy n Hitrtnril Profcimor.
New York Times.
Comparing America with UcrnMny , Prof.
Mucnstcrbcrg asserts In articles ho has Just
published In Germany that It would bo very
etisy to prove that ) more verses are written
and read on the shores of Massachusetts tuy
In a year than anywhere In Germany nnd
that In the same place more philoiophy Is
expounded , listened to , discussed and read
than any n hero In the country of Kant and
Hcgcl. Ho mentions the odd fact. In view
of the German Idea thuo the Yankee Is a
practical being pure ana simple , that such
practical sciences as chemistry and medicine
BIO moro studied In Europe than la America ,
while such unpractical subject as Axsyrlol-
ogy , Sanskrit , , psj etiology and astronomy are
most at homo In Ameilca ; that Latin and
often Greek' form part of Che usual educa
tion of .he American noman and that real
Instruction of art from the purely aesthetic
sldo flnus a place In school life In America
which docs' no exist anywhere else In the
Again , take 100 of the principal merchants
of Heilln and as many of Hamuurg and
Fiankfort , compare them with the same
number of merchant princes In Boston , New
\ork and I-hllauclphla and ascertain how
many years of their llfo they have devoted
to gcLeial education against t'he American's
twenty-one. Amci leans buy and read more
books and magazines than the Germans and
aio so used to reading a number of news
papers that circulations become possible
which \\ould scetn fabulous to the German
publUher. The American Is not only so
cially polite and hospitable , but he Is really
alv\ajs icady to hup others even uJ mucu
aacillico of himself , which In Germany \\oulu
oeera giotcsquet "Tho whole social robru
m America is built uj on a llUelity and taut
10 an extent unknown In Germany 0.
LOUISC I'aeio are Buinulers autl thieves lieic
as there are everjwhcie , but the cnaracici-
Utlc | , oiut Is that thu cornersione of life lu
Atncuca Is fai.h lu honesty o ( one a lellou
liitn aiiu not , as too oitcn lu Lieimany , tlu
icar of.dlshonesty. "
TOI.O OCT 01CUtjUT. .
Judge "You say the defendant turned
und whistled to the Ucg. What followed. ' "
intelligent \\ltncsi ' "i ho uog. "
Briefs So Lawyer Sharkcy got ten thou-
caud dollars for his BUI vices In breaking
old Hannlgau's will ? How much of an us
Utc Utd old Hunnlh-ati leave , anyway ?
Hilawvby , ten thousand dollars , of
course ! '
An Arkansas lawyr has at the top of his
tmsltifcBH curd the following scriptural ques
tion : "If Demetrius and the ciaftsmeti
tvhlcb are with him have u matter against
any niuu , the law Is o ; > un anu there are
deputies ; let them tmpliud oue another. "
Acts xlx. , 38.
"Prisoner , " said the judge , "tli * Jury has
declared you guilty. " ,
"Oh , that B an light , Judge , " rcsponde.
the accused , ' | you are too Intelligent u man ,
[ think , to bo Influenced by what they say. "
Lord Norbury was one day driving with
a witty Irish barrister , named VarBDnu , and ,
hapi/biiing to pass a glbbU , tald to him ,
"Now , Parsons , if the gullowa had Its duo ,
where would you be ? "
"Driving alone , niy lord , " responded the
It has been decided by a Chicago police
justice that the word "lobster , " applied tea
a human being , Is not a term of reproach ,
Insult or abuse , 'Ihu learned justic ni-i
talncd that the lobster was one of the most
beneficent and Important elements of mod
ern civilization , and that he who said to his
brother , "Thou obster ! " was not ou that
account In dangcjof hell fire.
Sump.cw AI-U on 'inp.
' Milwaukee Wisconsin.
Omaha should try to arrange a good
weather exhibit on the occasion of the con
vention of the weather bureau officials.
THE llUUULAll AU.llV O.
The smoke of the battle nils the air and
the dust Is flying high ;
Wo RIVO three chveru for the volunteers
and the men about to die.
For the Tieroes bravo whom wo know , we
wave , aa they charge In gallant style ,
And we xhout hurr.iH for the rhur < o ( war
and the favor of Fortune's smile ,
And the glorious ckcua ii.uii.u leader
reads are the thing * we all mity know ;
But not so plain lu the might and main of
the Regular Army O.
On the nation's tongue arc the words unsung
sungof this silent , moving mass.
Yet the victories won by heart and gun
might never have come to piu-s
If their' measured swing nnd their rifles'
ring hud not been there that day
To bear the brunt at the battle's front In
the Regular Army way ,
Wo give three chc-Oiv lor ino volunteers ns
they charge o'er n fallen foe-
It were better still If our throats might 111 !
for the Regular Army O.
In Time's great mint , when the circling
Kllnt of tno glory coins are seen ,
Tlulr luster will strike on the boys , alike
as their glorious deeds have been.
And as turo as Fate mftc o i 'n the great
their fullest measure of right ,
There shall bo no buns' , uui u locord long
of the onea who trained to fight.
There shall bo no dime In the mint of Time
struck out In the afterglow ,
But an eagle of gold shall bo unrolled for
the Regular Army O
SIKMHMi Till , ! . , . \ l"l'll'i KI/AG.
He mends the tattered battle flag
That lies upon his knees.
Its folds have never dipped to aught
But bugle call und breeze.
The 'scarlet stripes are dull with smoke ,
The Htais are shot away.
And all the bunting streaked and etalned
With drops of salty spray.
He mends the tattered battle flag
A stripling long ago
Upon a gallant man-o'-war ,
Ho Unrned to patch and sew ;
And now with all a woman's skill
Ho draws the needle through
And stitches down th fraying red
And darns the ravelled blue.
He mends the tattrred battle flag ;
But who will mend In turn
The scar upon his withered check ,
A bullet's cruel burn ?
Or who restore the ICK ho lost
When , reeling deck to deck ,
The Kearsargo fought the rebel ship
And sunk the shattered ivruck.
Ho mends thn tattered battle flag ;
Once moro It proudly flics ,
Its starry splendor scarcely dlmincn ,
A glory In the skiey.
And so. when poor old sailors pass
Beyond the feas of pain.
The Lord , who Is the captain there ,
Will make them whole again.
TIIEIll MAMIOOI ) IS THE SAME.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
They came from oust , they came .from
They came from sunny south ,
The heart beat warm In every breast ,
A chwr spread every mouth.
Their elbows touched alone the line ,
Their eyes were all allame.
East , west or south , they bore the sign
Their manhood ! the same !
They marched ns to u welcome feout ,
For"ot was Oust and drouth
Tlrao brothers of the west and cast ,
These brothers of the south.
The word rant ? out , on swept the charge
HtrnlBht up the slope they came ,
And proved upon the bloody murco
> Their manhood is the name !
The rugeed yousster of the plains
The child of prairies wide ,
The petted heir to hoarded gains ,
Marched chumming side by Hide.
They le-pt together , ate and drank ,
And fousht their way to fame- ' ,
For what to them wus see al rank
Their manhood wau the samel
Ond bless 'cm for the work they did I
God keen their valiant noulst
Their deeds of proweiH run't bo hid ,
They flitter on the rolls.
The Htrnnge assorted little- band
That HchtliiK could not tame.
Has shown to all the ctircimK land
Their manhood U the same !
Cleveland Plain Dealer : "Grumsby
the only man who wore a dresN suit the
other nlKlit. "
"Yes , nnd that wasn't his. "
Yonkcrs Statesman : Hho Now , dear , wo
must begin to economize ; .
He All right. Itegln by making the
Indianapolis Journal : "Uenlly , now , "
mused the nutumn lenf , "I don't seem to
be on. "
But just then It dropped.
_ _ 4
Washington Star : "DM vmi cnv h " -AS
n famous man ? " Inquired young Mrs.
"Certainly , " answered her husband ,
"Dear mo ! You wor'c'n't ' 'h'rii' ' ' 'o innk
nt nun. Ho Isn't hdavy enough for n pu
gilist nor light enough for a Jockey. "
Detroit Journal : At Hrht of the ) now out-
In , i < Kirt. the * world laughed.
"HrovUy , " xclalmcd the world , "In the
soul of wit ! "
' 1 ho world Is prone to glvo to general
principles a sweeping application , thus of
ten dong | cruel injustice1.
Boston Transcript : Mniulo I sec you
with Charley lommlns a good deal. 1
begin to think you like him bitter than
your soldier boy , Fred.
Carrie Charley Is nicer ono way. Ho la
so good , you know. Ho writes all my
letters to Fred. That's something Freddy
never did. I used to Imvj to write them
Washington Star : Unsafe. "I must con
fess , " said the Spanish statesman , nn ho
closed the atlus. "that 1 am apptehenslvu
for the future.1'
"Don't you think we're , out of trouble ? "
"Wo arc , but only for the present. An
the ease now stands we're notK \ \ enough
to whip anybody and not small enough to
get along without beng : noticed. "
Somcrvllle Journal : Casual Caller
Don't you over got tired writing jokes ?
Humorist YM , but when I do It rests mete
to think how much more tired people must
jet reading them.
Chicago Record : "Cousin Josephine hides
lor iKafncss with great tact. "
"How ? "
"She tnlks all the time. "
Somcrvllle Journal : When a No. S
woman Is pcrsuadc'd Into buying a No. 4
jhoe , xhc pi'li ' her foot Into It In moro
, iense. than one ,
Chicago Post : "Sir ! " exclaimed the Irate
narent. "liow do you explain your audacity
In iinkliiK mo for tlu nuiKi ui no UUUOH-
ter ? "
Merely as a courtesy to you , sir , " re
plied the young man. " 1 assure you I nave
on no ocuiuion to regard It as u neces
Washington Star : ' "I must put my future
In the hands of my friends , " said the Chi
nese emperor , Hiuily.
"Well , " answered LI Hung Chang"that's
itbout the best thing you can do. But I
mny ns well remind you that none of your
friends holds anything higher than a pair
of deuces in this administration , "
The AV y Out.
t Chicago Rtcord. ,
The time we lee In whining ,
In Krowllm ; and r.pplnlng ,
Were better spent In merriment
And conduct more rcllnlng.
Thoucfh fortune bo deluding ,
Small roliuo comes from brooding ;
The smll'iiK ' face will find a place
Where frowns would be Intruding.
So crowd your troubles under , ,
And If you make a blunder
(3et lit ) and drat nnd swear you must
Retrieve yourself , by thunder !
TIUr.Ml'H OK KI.ATTHHY.
"He never shall wed
Ml' ( ln-"rhT " r * * " "i-M. -
"She shall never bo his , with my consent ! "
hue hdu iiioiu.a ) 1.i.n ,
To tnp wlmlH that blow.
And freely she gave her feelings vent.
The mnltjcn wan fnir.
And the rrothor had hair
Of the color tImt'H commonly known n3
Thp man In the case
Had nu Imjcinl foce ,
Uut plenty of gray mutter ; stored In his
S g"3 '
My daughtjr , " she said , - , , \ ,
"Neveritii in > tout. . . , o..d she ;
But the Icllow knew ' '
Of a trick or two
And ho courted nnd waited patiently.
Her lia'r was red ,
AH has Veer. said-
One day ho "fferred to h r "auburn hair ; "
She had scorned him once
And called him a dunce ,
But he won hir approval then and there.
OUH DAILY IIULLETIN.
JACKSONVILLE. Flo. . Oct. 14. 1898.
Under the fchedulo of the War Denartment
a largo force of troops will leave hero' today
for Cuba. About 50.000 soldiers in all will
bo required to garrison various nolnts In
that Island and Puerto Rico.
Is a special day with us in our
several departments Some
unusual values will be shown
and it will be of interest for you
to visit our store. One is an
$8 suit for men another is a
$2,50 suit for boys. Still another
is a $13.50 overcoat. Then we
have some underwear at 50c.
hosiery at J5c and severa
styles of men's hats at $2.00.
These are extra special for to
You will always find in any
purchase you make here true
value for your money , and the
best for your money , or your
O W. Con Ml * < * JfeujlM U.