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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 7, 1898)
THE OMAHA DAILY WE 13 : 1TTUDAY , OCTOHETC 7 , 1808.
TUB OMAHA DAILY BEE.
U. HOSUWATIiR , Kdltor.
l-l UL.1HHKU 15VHUY JIOIININO.
TKR.MB OK BUHSCIUPTION :
Dally llco ( Without Sutidny ) , One Yenr.M.M
UMly Hee nnd Sunday , Ono Year . 8.01
Hlx .Months . . . 4.1M
Three Months . 2.W
Ht.nuay life , One Year. . . . . 2-M >
Haturday Uco One Year . 1.60
We kly Uae , Onu Year . U
Omaha : The Heo Uulldlne.
South Omaha : Sinner Block , Corner N
and Twenty-fourth directs.
Counrll UlufTBi 10 Ponrl Street.
Chicago Office : G02 Chamber of Com
Now York : Temple Court.
Washington : 501 Fourteenth Street.
AH communications relntlni : to news nnd
editorial matter should be addressed : To
All buslnciR lettcrH and remittances
Phould bo addressed to The Hco Publishing
Company , Omaha. Drafts , checks , express
nnd posinillcB money orders to be made
payable to the order of HIP company.
THE BEB PU11MSHINO COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska , DoiiRlns County , ss :
GcorRo I ) . Tzscliuck , secretary of The Hco
Publishing company , foulns duly sworn ,
pays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally , Morning ,
Evening and Sunday Bee , printed during
the month of September , 1S9S , was as fol
J.css returns und unsold copies. . . il. . " ! t
Net total sales 7.-l."t (
Net dally avniKO U5.O8S
GEOHGB II. TZSCHUCK.
Sworn to before me and subscribed In my
presence this 30th day of September , 18DS.
N. P. FRIL ,
wi3i.fo.Mi : TO THE iinn ntman.vo.
No vlnltor tn Oiiiitlm nnil the
cxiionHloii nliiiiild KO
irltlinut liiNtifctliiK Tin *
liiilldliiK. the lurwHt IHMVH-
iuiirr liullilliiK In Aiiierlcn ,
nnil The Hoc iicivniuicr
Iiliint , unnct'iliMl to lie the
llncHt IiolwtMMi Chicago anil
San KrniiflNCMi. A cordial
vrclcome IN oxteiiilcil to nil ,
There mny be other Rnln festivities on
the same order , but there Is only oni1
Itooscri'lt wont Into the wnr tovln
and lie has gone Into the New York
campalHii with the same heroic pur
All political conventions this year have
to endorse the republican president for
his successful conduct of the war with
"NVo regret to bo compelled to admit
that the battle of Wounded Kueo Is lu
danger of paling into InslgnlflcnncG be-
elde the battle of Hog-Ah.Mo-Go-Shirl ; .
No election would be complete without
a few bond propositions for the voters
to grapple with and the coming election
will be no exception to the general rule.
People who attend parades should not
leave their houses entirely unprotected
as an open Invitation to thieves. Tin.
police cannot Insure any one against his
Omaha has voted market house bonds
several times , but has no market house
yet. If It votes them again it wants
some assurance that the market house
The popocratic olllceholders are still
traveling about on free railroad passes
asking HIP people of Nebraska to reelect -
elect them on a platform denouncing
the pass bribe.
If the man who wants to (111 ( Dave Mer
cer's shoes Is so anxious for a debate
he might send for Phoebe Conzlns and
work oft' his old sun , moon and stars al
legory once more.
It is only to be expected that the popo-
cratlc yellow Journals will not bo satis ,
fled with any War department Investi
gating committee that falls to bolster up
their fakes and falsehoods.
Peace has been restored long euougli
for it to bo again In order for the In
ventor to come forward with a new
bulletproofdevice f that will make it
Impossible to go to war nnd get killed ,
Since his testimony before the Investi
gating commission the popocratic yellow
journals seem to be reconsidering tin
motion by which they voted General
Wheeler Into the galaxy of war heroes ,
The tin horn brigade should reserve
Its energies until the last day of the
last month of the great exposition. That
day will be hero all too soon and give
ample vent for Us exuberance of splnl
mid surplus wind power.
If the corporations know what Is good
for them they will take their hands on
the county machinery of the republican
party and stop obstructing the recon
struction of the legislative ticket sc
necessary to complete party success.
Those Indians who persist in making
trouble up In Minnesota seem to over
look the fact that their warlike demon
strations may threaten serious Interfer
ence with the plans of William Jen-
wings Hryan to have himself and his
regiment mustered out of the United
States volunteer service.
It appears that the yellow journals
have also been indulging their faking
propensities in connection with the In-
tllan outbreak In .Minnesota , raking
has become second nature for them so
accustomed have they become to mak
ing bloody battles out of every little
iklrnilsli and exaggerating every eveiu
that can bo given a sensational hue.
SAIUXC I'XDER PALSK t'O/.U/W.
The cornerstone of populism Is opposi
tion to monopoly. The founders of that
party raised the standard of antl-
mohopoly through the Farmers' alliance
nnd all the populist victories won lu Ne
braska , Kanstu , .South Dakota and
other western states have been won
under the anti-monopoly banner.
It was as an uncompromising nntl-
monopolist that William A. Poynter Avas
fleeted to the legislature , and everj
honor that has been conferred upon him
up to this time by the people of Ne
braska has been accorded on the pre
sumption that he Is a true and mifllncli-
ng anti-monopolist. Now , when William
A. Poynter presents himself as candi
date for the highest olllce within the
gift of the people of Nebraska on an
anti-monopoly platform , It is pertinent
to ask , Mow has he lived up to his
intl-monopoly pledges In the past and
what may be expected of him in the
future when he comes to deal with cot-
loratlons as chief executive of the state ?
There is no doubt that Mr. Poynter
made a fair record as an anti-monopolist
during his first term of legislative serv
ice. Having thus Ingratiated himself
In the confidence of his constituents , .Mr.
L'oynter secured promotion to the senate
and was honored by the null-monopoly
majority with election as acting pros'-
dent of that body. In this position ho
soon yielded to the siren songs of the oil-
room lobbyists , and not only accepted
corporation favors , but actually solicited
I > as8-bribes from the railroads for jun
kets for himself and others.
From that time on Mr. Poynter was
booked in the ollroom lobby as one of
the anti-monopolists who could be approached
preached and that reputation lias clung
to him ever since. That the lobby
seldom makes mistakes was subse
quently shown by Poyuter's manipula
tion of the stock yards bills , which , as.
chairman of the sifting committee , he
carefully suppressed. The more recent
Jugglery of the stock yards plank of the
platform adopted by the last populist ,
state convention was therefore in keepIng -
Ing with Poynter's afllnlty with the rep
resentatives of the stock yards moiicm-
Those who know Poynter best realize
fully that he Is 'not ' an anti-monopolist
In the true sense of the word , but Is
simply masquerading under the cloak
of anti-monopoly while secretly conniv
ing with the corporation managers , who
can always depend on him when they
THE AWARD JURIES.
Now that the exposition Is gradually
nearlug a close the delicate task of mak
ing the awards of medals and diplomas
must be taken up. Under the rules ot
the exposition the award juries are ap
pointed on the basis of one juror ehoseu
by competing exhibitors in any class ,
one juror named by the exposition and u
third selected by the two. This rule , H
honestly carried Into effect , should be
fair to all concerned.
ThereIs , however , 'always some dan
ger of chicanery and underhanded
scheming whereby the finding of a jury
Is fore-ordained and inferior exhibits
given preference to which they are not
entitled. As a matter of precaution
against abuse and to prevent just com
plaints of discrimination and favoritism
the utmost vigilance should be exercised
by exhibitors who have a voice In thu
selection of juries and the representa
tives of the exposition , whose only In
terest should be to reach impartial ver
dicts in each contest.
The greatest scandals in former expo
sltlons have arisen from the juggling
and corrupt manipulation of award. '
through Incompetent or dishonest Judges
and combines between preferred exhib
itors and exposition oillcials or tlieli
subordinates. Such scandals should li
possible be avoided by the Transinissls-
slppi Exposition , which in the main has
been so far conducted satisfactorily U
all classes of its patrons. The exposi
tion management owes It to the public ,
and to Its own .reputation that no ex
hibitor shall be in position to display u
prize which he has not obtained bj
While it is not possible for any jurj
or set of juries to make awards that wli
not rouse some complaint on the part ol
those whoso expectations have been tils
appointed , flagrant partiality and notori
ous favoritism to any exhibitors or class
of exhibitors would seriously Impair tin
value of all awards and reflect discred
itably upon the management responsible
for It. Tills responsibility cannot bt
shifted upon subordinates who may ust
their positions for private gain , nor Is li
to be borne by the Department of Ex
hibits alone because it has had control ol
Installation of exhibits and selection 01
the Juries. When the history of the ex ,
position Is summed up the responsibility
for any serious blunder will be charged
up to the whole executive board , whlci
Is presumed to exercise reasonable precaution
caution against abuses In all depart
UUVERXMHXT OF HAWAII.
The commission to recommend to con
gress a plan of government for the Ha
wallan Islands having returned to the
United Slates , some Interest Is being
manifested In regard to the nature ol
the plan which the commission will sub
mlt. It appears probable that n tern
torlal form of government will bo rec
ommended and It Is easy to understand
that this Is what the men who have beei
In control of alTairs In the Islands de
sire , because It would mean ultimate
statehood. If Dole and his political as
sociates can secure a territorial govern
ment , Its creation will speedily be fol
lowed by an agitation for the admission
of Hawaii to statehood and some time
the party In control of the administra
tion and congress , having In prospeci
a close election , would be Induced to lei
the Islands Into the union as n state.
Tills is the goal to which the politicians
there ate looking and if they have been
successful lu persuading the commis
sion that a territorial government is the
proper thing they have reason to con
gratulate themselves. However , tin
commission can simply recommend , it
Is for congress to decide and congress
will be guided not by the desire of tac
but by public sentiment In
this country. That this will be favor
able to placing Hawaii In a political re
lation that may lead to statehood , when
the people have been made to clearly
understand what this would mean , Is
hardly conceivable. The mere sugges
tion of allowing a peoplei ii.OOO miles
distant from our borders participating
In the government of the United States ,
with power In some possible exigency
to determine the election of a president
and having an equal voice in the na
tional senate , should create a practic
ally unanimous sentiment of opposition
to any plan of government for Hawaii
that could lead to this.
It Is said that a property qualification
for the exercise of the suffrage will be
proposed , an elector being required to
have $ " ,000 worth of property. This
is to apply , however , only to electors
who will choose the members of the
upper house of the legislature. This
would place the control of the local sen
ate and practically of the territorial
government In the ha-uds of the few ,
thus lu effect maintaining the oligarchy.
Suffrage based on a property qualifica
tion is , however , wholly repugnant to
American Ideas and it may bo doubted
whether any congress would approve
such a proposition.
In regard to the commercial value of
the Islands , Senator Cullom appears to
have become convinced that they will
bo vastly profitable. There is as yet
no Indication of tills. No now capital
Is going to Hawaii for Investment and
for the simple reason that annexation
did not Improve the opportunities there
for Investment. It was predicted that
many Americans would go there , but
there has been no remarkable exodus
and of those who have gone few
found anything to do. The value of
Hawaii commercially will never be very
much more than It is at present ana
we had secured about all of It before
.1 SlOA'IFtCAXT L'TTKRAXCE.
The address of Postmaster General
Charles Emory Smith at the exposition
possesses peculiar significance as the ut
terance of a member of the cabinet. It
Is by reason of this that its declaration
regarding the policy that the United
States should pursue In respect to the
Philippines will command general nttcn
tlou. The question that Inevitably sug
gests itself is , did the postmaster gen
eral speak only for himself , or did lu
voice the views of the administration.-
It seems hardly possible that he would
have made such a declaration of policy
at this time unless it was In accord
with the position of the president
Mr. Smith left no doubt that he Is In
favor of the United States holding more
than a naval and coaling station in tin.
Philippines. It was not territorial ag
grandizement , he said , that was sought ,
but benignant trade expansion and civi
lizing Influence. Territorial expansion ,
he declared , Is a secondary and inci
dental consideration. "The great aim
overshadowing question is one of com
mercial openings. The heart of the Issue
is not mere territory , but trade neces
sities and facilities. " There is involved
the broad problem of America's destiny
lu the commerce and civilization of tin-
world. Assuming this to rcllcct the view
at Washington , what does It Imply ? Ob
viously that we should not be satisfied
with the single island of Luzon , since t- >
do so would be to place a restriction
upon our commercial nnd civilizing-
fluence. Of course permanent posscssio .
of that Island , or even only so much ol
It as we now hold , would give us u
commercial basis , but that would not In
sure us the trade of all the Philippines
and does not our destiny in the com
merce of the world demand tliat we
have this trade ? Then as to our civi
lizing Influence , It Is not very grcatlj
needed in Luzon , or In the greater portion
tion of It. Most of the people of that
Island are fairly well civilized. Hut In
much of the archipelago there is great
need of civilizing influence. Must wo
not , In obedience to the behest of des
tiny , undertake the civilization of these
people , notwithstanding the fact that
they have been resisting all efforts In
this direction for centuries ? And In
order to do this Is It not clearly neces
sary to take possession of the territory
Inhabited by these people ? Certainly
we could not reasonably hope to accom
plish anything otherwise. Thus it Is
apparent that our so-called destiny in
the commerce and civilization of the
world involves , so far ns the Phil pplncs
are concerned , the taking of territory
and however we may endeavor to per
suade ourselves that such territorial ag
grandizement is a secondary and inci
dental consideration , the world will be
very likely to take a quite different view
MiSmith's line of reasoning leads In
evitably to expansion and if It be sound
as applied to the Philippines , why may
It not be extended to other territory lu
that quarter of the world to China , for
example , where it Is thought a good deal
of our commercial destiny Is at stake
and where there can be no doubt that
our civilizing Influence would bo useful ?
China is being sliced up among the Eu
ropean nations. Can we not find it in our
destiny to secure a slice for ourselves
while anything worth having remains ?
A poll of the Third Nebraska regiment
Is said to disclose the fact that S7 per
cent , including Colonel Bryan , want to
come home. Hut all this ought to have
been unnecessary. The decision on theli
home coming has beiui left to Governor
Holcomb and the governor should have
been willing to take Colonel Bryan's
word for It without requiring verifica
tion by poll of the regiment.
It Is in the closing days of a legislative ;
session that the Jobs and steals are
usually rushed through. Special vlgi
lanceIn the closing days of the exposi
tion is demanded for the protection of
the stockholders against eleventh-hour
schemers and grafters.
The popocratic candidate for congress
In this district says that Congressman
Mercer knows where his opponent
stands on all the Issues of the day. It
EO , Congressman Mercer must be a mind
reader and expert In occultism superior !
lo the seventh con of a seventh fattier. '
The woulil-be popocratic congressman ,
for example , only a short time ago do- ;
ilounccd 10 to 1 free coinage as robbery
and said it could be justified on no
grounds whatever and then when tht. j
silver bitlllonalres' syndicate poured a
few thousand dollars Into Ids tottering' '
newspaper he switched around for un-1
conditional and unlimited free silver
without the aid or consent of any other
nation. Who knows but that a money
consideration may at any moment make ;
the popocratic organ switch back and
again espouse the single gold standard ?
In declining the sllverlto nomination
for governor of New York , young Henry
George asserts that neither his father
nor himself was ever n believer In 10-
to-1 free coinage. What he advocates
Is grceubacklsm and flat pure and sim
ple. This Is doubtless In the nature era
a surprise to a large number of Bryan-
Iterf. It will be remembered that the
local organ that pretends to speak for
Bryan said during the Greater New
York camfmlgn that Henry George more
nearly represented the views of Mr.
Bryan than any of the other candidates.
Of course this may yet be true , as the-
only logical goal of the free silver doc
trine Is flatlsm , but it goes to emphasize
the hazy line supposed to divide the sil
ver democrats and the populist green-
It is not a question whether Germany
is opposed to American retention of tht ;
Philippines but whether their retention
Is for ( he best Interest of the United
States. It will be poor policy to go into
the annexation business just to splte >
Germany or any other foreign country.
The United States has euougli to tlo to
look out for matters that concern itseli
directly without bolng guided by their
probable effect on Germany.
The Koiimllliif ; Up to Silas.
Governor Holcomb of Nebraska Is now
looking for the man who left the boy orator
on Ills doorsteps.
Win Mir e 11
If Hon. J. Sterling Morton decides to go
to South America we mny expect a fresh
batch of cyclones and revolutions down
lli-arn Ponil in .Mutton.
As was to have been expected , New York's
Wool exchange has burst , but the business
of shearing the lambs will continue to thrive
In Wall street.
Ilnrvilino < n liny.
Secretary Hay Is paying the penalty for
his youthful Indiscretion. It Is estimated
that at leiist nine out of ten callers at the
State department suggest that he hold her
jozzlo to the bank.
An Liiliiuiiilt-il Clnliu.
Kansas City Star.
Omaha has carried Us ( lattery of Kansas
City to the extent of"adoptlng Its carnival
colors , nnd red , green n"i' ' yellow are now
fighting each other . , In the streets of the
I2xiiniiMlon ' if the Navy.
In two or thieo months the new battle
ships Kcarsargo and Kentucky will be
ready to take the place In the Atlantic fleets
left vacant by the Oregon and the Iowa.
Continued expansion In the American navy
Is a settled matter. '
, Di-imi-iatlr CoiiM
It Is Instructive to find democratic papers
opposing an Increase of the regular army In
ono column and In the next printing a tirade
against military Inexperience. The demo
crats are for aptralned and seasoned army ,
but against organizing It.
TriiulilvH of u Oovi > riior.
JIInnen : > olts Tribune.
Governor Holcomb Is In one kind of a pre
dicament for fear ho will have to succumb
to political pressure and muster out Col
onel Uryan's regiment , and Colonel Bryan is
In still another frame of mind for fear ho
may not be mustered out. Meanwhile Ne
braska Is headed toward the republican
camp In cold-blooded Indifference to the
fact that an ambitious statesman's hopes
arc going to bo everlastingly crushed.
General AVIirvler'M TcNtliiiuny.
St. I.OU'H Globe-Democrat.
General Wheeler , as an eye-witness ,
speaks In high terms of the management of
Camp Wlkoff. The army transported there
from Santiago had about 1,000 men pros
trated by sickness and a much larger num
ber seriously run down In health. Visitors
judged the camp by their condition , forget
ting that the mischief had been done by the
tropical heat and rain storms of Cuba. More
or less of suffering Is inseparable from war ,
as General Wheeler says. "I was myself , "
ho remarks , "one week without a change
of clothing and without any tent , sleeping
without any covering , in rain or other
wise. Wo did tho. best wo could. " The
best was a most brilliant victory , as the
world knows. General Wheeler may rest
assured that the services of the Santiago
army will be remembered with something
else than a snarling criticism of details.
EFFICIENCY OF THE VOI.UXTEBUS.
ItctlcclliiiiN by ItfKiilnr.s Unwar
ranted liv tinFactH. .
In the judgment of General Copplnger
who commanded Camp Wheeler at Hunts-
vlllo , Ala. , the sufferings of volunteer troops
in camp were largely due to the Ignorance
of their Inexperienced officers , who did not
know how to procure and care for the ra
tions , nnd of the company cooks , who did
not know how to cook the provisions fur
nished by the government. The difficulty
In regard to inadequate clothing supplies is
attributed by this authority partly to the
appointment of staff officers from civil life ,
and partly to the magnitude and sudden
ness of the war emergency.
If General Copplnger's vlows be correct ,
the volunteer military system Is predes
tined to practical failure whenever there
shall be an urgent call for troops for fed
eral torvlce. It would be extremely dim-
cult , however , to convince the American
people that only regulars can take care of
themselves In camps and In the field , and
that volunteer officers arc generally Ignor
ant and Incompetent. There Is no deep and
Inecrutlblc mystery In the work of recruit
Ing an army In the field , nor can the citizen
soldiery of the republic be properly chargei1
with the errors nnd delinquencies of theii
superiors In the service.
Volunteer officers may be Ignorant of the
best means of stirring up an Inefficient com
missary department ; but thcso officers
most of whom are experienced In the tac
tlcal practice of military science , arc non-
the leas the chief reliance of the natlor
when Us Interests nnd honor must be de-
ft-nde-d. The future battles of the republic
will bo fought and won by volunteers ; am'
the present duty of the war office Is to
learn from recent experience how best thU
arm of the military service can bo rea-
Uurcd highly efficient ,
coixM iiAiivnv's 01,11 .SCHOOL.
Chicago Test : U Is peculiarly fit that
"Coin" Harvey should bo chosen an the
director general of this revival , Silver
brought him reputation , Influence and
wcnlth. Qy the dissemination ot free anil
unlimited fiction In the guise of fact ho be-
ciuiio the schoolmaster of free silver , and
his tracts on the relation ot cheap wheat to
cheap silver deluded thousands and thou
sands of voters Into charging the low price
of products ngnlnst a fixed and honest cur
Minneapolis Journal : "Coin" Harvey has
been appointed by the national democratic
committee head promoter of what Jones of
Arkansas calls "tho cnuso of bimetallism. "
Of course Jones nnd his party have never
been advocating "tho cause of bimetallism , "
but the single silver standard and legal
tenders "redeemable In nothing , " as Dick
131 a ml says. "Coin" Harvey is ready for
any flat money exploitation , posing as
"friend of the people" nnd working to give
them bad depreciated money.
Chicago Times-Herald : for thirty years
the democratic party has been noted for Its
blunders , but In all that time wo can recall
no such blunder as this appointment of
Harvey. In the face of nn aggressive , de
termined and victorious enemy It splits Its
forces Into two factions and puts at the
head of one of them a man whoso only
qualification for the place Is that by means
of brazen falsehoods ho once deceived a very
large number of his countrymen. Will the
deniocrntlc party , the steadfast rank and
flic , north , south , east and west , rally under
such a man ?
Chicago Journal : There Is some doubt ns
to the powers conferred on Mr. W. II. ( Coin )
Harvey by his election as "general manager
of the ways and means committee" of the
democratic party. His selection , however ,
makes evident the fact that frco silver Is
still regarded by the national committee as
the most Important Issue before the country.
And so long as the author of "Coin's Finan
cial School" is at the helm there can bo no
doubt of democracy's attitude on the ques
tion. Whether Mr. Harvey will make n
good general manager Is an entirely differ
ent matter. Ho has failed as n lawyer and
rca ] estate boomer before ho became a
publisher. "Coin's , " his first newspaper ,
had only a temporary succers nnd his inter
newspaper , the Patriots' Bulletin , suspended
only recently. As a press agent until the
opening of the national campaign Mr.
Harvey might be a success , but he has- too
many failures to his credit to be trusted
with the management of affairs In 1900.
I'EIISONAI * AM > OTHEKWI.HE.
Dr. Conan Doyle Is described na tall , bluff ,
hearty and an enthusiastic cricketer.
Colonel Richard Malcolm gave up the la\v
to become a school teacher and school teach
ing to become a writer.
The Canadian senate Is the most patrl-
archlal ot contemporary upper houses , one-
third of Its members being In the 70s , flva
in the 80s nnd one 94.
Clarence Grcathouse , chancellor of Corca ,
who was reported a Callfornlan by birth ,
says that ho pomes from Kentucky. He is
65 years old and has been In Corca only since
It is puld that John D. Rockefeller Is to
surmount his family mausoleum at Cleveland
with a monolith second only in size to
Cleopatra's needle , and It will contain an
eye largo enough for a rich man to go
The new rules on the New York , New
Haven & Hartford railroad require that "the
cap shall be worn straight , neither tipped
sideways nor backwards. " Hereafter It will
not bo the women alone on the consoli
dated trains who \vlll ask "Is my hat on
straight ? "
General I ee almost precipitated a serious
run on a. bank in Richmond , Va. , "the other
day. He paused In front of the bank to
speak with a friend and a crowd Imme
diately formed around them. A timid de
positor fancied that a run had been begun
and frantically demanded his money. The
example was followed , and not for an hour
or moro was confidence restored.
Ira T. O'Drlen of Rome , Ga. , is often re
ferred to as the successor of Ellhu Durrltt ,
"the learned blacksmith. " Besides being nn
expert at the forge he speaks German ,
French , Greek , Spanish nnd Italian as well
as he does English , and reads several other
languages , all of which he has picked up
at Intervals between shoeing the horses of
his customers. He Is especially proficient
in his mastery of Latin.
POhTAIj SAVIXOS IIANICS.
Xcert of Them UCCOIIICN Store
Kansas City Star.
The PosBofilco department of the United
States government has recently adopted two
measures which may lead to the establish
ment ot a postal savings bank. Postmasters
have been authorized to issue money orders
payable at the office of Issue and they have
also been empowered to pay pension checks.
It ! probably will be found that these two de
partures will prove that thcro Is a demand
'or a branch of the national postoffice , which
.vlll enable the people to put their money In
the hands ot the government for safe keepIng -
Ing and to utilize , the nostofllco machinery
moro fully than at present for the transfer
There Is a growing and urgent need either
'or less or for moro banking facilities by
the government and a postal savings bank
probably pfi'crs the best solution of some of
the pioblems which confront the Treasury
department. At present there Is a great
surplus of cash In the Breasury which ought
to be available for general use In business
and the only way It can be put In circulation
is by depositing in national banks , with gov
ernment bonds for security. If the country
had a postal savings bank tbo surplus funda
of the treasury could bo Invested , through
the bank , In government bonds and other
high grade securities and thus bo made a
source of profit to the treasury nnd at the
same time kept ) In active use.
A few years ago the nation had to bor
row money to pay current expenses. With
a postal savings bank the Treasury
department could borrow the people's
money , lu times of need , on short term
treasury notes. Thus , whether there is a
surplus or a deficit In the revenues , the na-
tlonat tieasury would always have at hand
the facilities for meeting nil emergencies
and for doing business with the least possi
ble disturbance of prlvatu finances , and on
the most economical plan that could bo de
To provide for the use of the treasury
surplus , as well as to cnablo the government
to obtain funds readily whenever Its reven
ues do not equal Its expenses , would neces
sitate a broadening out of the postal savings
bank beyond the bounds which ordinarily
limit the operations of such a system , but
It seems to bo desirable to do that. Gov
ernment revenues will fluctuate a great
deal during the next few years , owing to the
.ransltlon which Is going on In the taxing
O'Btem , and a postal savings bank , devised
on a proper plan , would be the best means
of affording the government an easy way
to provide variations In Its revenue , with
.ho least possible effect on the money mar
The need of a postal savings bank ns an
aid to the operations of the national treas
ury , Is unquestioned , but there Is come
loubt In the minds of eminent financial
authorities as to whether there Is any teal
cinand for & postal savings bank In a coun
try with such complete and extensive bank-
ng facilities as exist In the United States.
The experiment of paying pension chockn
and of permitting people to deposit money in
ihe postoffice on money orders payable at the
office of Icsue , wilt throw gome light on this
ECHOKH OF TIM : iATI : WAII.
Who discovered George Dowry ? Who
placed him In the way of meeting the op-
liorrunlty of a lifetime ? An answer to
thcso questions Is volunteered by n brother
of the hero of Manila , Charles Dowry nr-
rlvcil In New York from hla homo In Vor-
moiit last Friday , sought Colonel Theodore
Kooseveli nml Introduced himself.
"My name is Dcwey , sir ; Charles Dowry.
1 am the brother of George Dewey of Ma
nila , I came hero to thank you for the kind-
nits that jou have aliomi to my brother.
U Is not necessary for mo to go Into details.
You wcro assistant secretary of the navy
nnd moro than nny man lu the Navy de
partment wcro responsible for the nsslgn-
ment of my brother , Admiral Dcwey , to
Manila bay. "
"Thank you , Mr. Dcwey , " replied Colonel
Kooiovclt ns ho grasped Charles Dowey's
"That's all right. Colonel Roosevelt. " re
plied Charles Dewey , "I simply want to
grasp your hand nnd wish ) ou luck. I nm
only n private citizen , and hove nothing to
do with politics , but when I read lu the
newspapers that you had been nominated
for governor of Now York I wanted to come
down here from my home In Montpeller and
hunt you up anil tell you that you wcro n
trump , because you helped my brother nnd
gave him an opportunity which he had been
seeking ever since Farragufs days. "
Although this story Is ridiculed as a cam
paign ynrn by Dick Croker's curbstone pa
triots , It is nevertheless true that Roosevelt
was the original Dcwey man , a fact grate
fully admitted by the admiral before leaving
Washington for Hong Kong. A naval cap
tain who gave Dewcy a farewell dinner
relates this Incident :
"I had Dewey at dinner with me On board
my ship. Over the cigars he got to talkIng -
Ing rcmlnlscently. Then ho looked ahead
and ho brightened up.
" 'My chance has come , ' he said , 'and | I
owe It largely to Theodore Roosevelt. Why
ho took such an Interest Hi my application
I don't know , for , though he was n friend of
mine , wo never were very Intimate , nnd b <
seems to bo the friend of the whole navy.
There were three applicants , you know , and
my claim wasn't the best. Some opposition
arose , but the nssistant secretary of the
navy ovcirame It , nnd I go. '
"Thru Dcwey leaned back and said :
" 'You know Fnrragut didn't get his
chance till he was over sixty , but ho took
It and '
"Dewey stopped and broke out In a laugh ,
as If to say , 'But what nonsense this Is wo
are talking about me and Farragut. ' "
Commodore Howcll and Cnjviin Mat
thews were the two other applicants for
the Asiatic squadron , and they both ranked
De ey. The matter was talked over In No
vember Eomo time. Mr. Roosevelt believed
then that war was coming , and no one else
did. Ho wanted the hardest fighter he could
get for the .Pacific , for there , he prediotetl ,
hard fighting would have to bo done. So he
urged De-woy. - "That dude ! " they said.
"No matter , " said Roosevelt. "I know he
will fight. I want a man there who will
take Manila. "
A friend of Mr. Roosevelt asked him once
how ho knew Dewcy , whom many other
people took for a mere dude , gentle , re
fined , easy-going ; how ho recognized in him
the fighter ho sought. The Rough Rider's
answer was characteristic. He leaned for
ward , screwed his eyebrows down and
showed his teeth as he said :
"You can always tell a fighter by looking
ing- Into his eyes. "
The Washington correspondent of the De
troit Journal reports that the War depart
ment , in Investigating the merits of numer
ous requests of wives for the discharge of
thfir husbands from the army , has discov
ered a curious and not altogether pleasing
state of affairs. In many cases , In fact , in
a largo number , the husband is uuither
caper or anxious to go homo nnd resume his
position ns provider. When the man him
self declines to be In favor of going to his
homo the government usually takes no ac
tion. It would do no good If It did , ns the
sofdler might or might not return to his
homo. They are In some Instnnces trying
to break away from home ties and freedom
only assists them.
Relief societies are confirming what ex
perienced officers In the army suspected
would bo the cnse In the volunteer army.
It Is true to n limited degree In the regular
crmy. Men enlist for the sole reason of
getting rid ofhomo - responsibilities. Young
men who have families that they found
moro or less Irksome , volunteered with the
hope that when the war was over something
would turn up to help them get a new
start In a new place. They wcro sim
ply abandoning their families. After
marching away with their regiments thej
would cease writing home altogether. If
they got service out of the states so much
better. Their helpless family would soon
be a charge on some relief society or private
charity. It would gradually adjust itself
or bo adjusted to now conditions. The
family ceases to look upon the husband as
a quantity In Its little world. This Is as
ho had hoped. When ho goes to the hospi
tal and is about to die he may remember
his family , but if ho has the nerve to stick
to his disgraceful and cowardly purpose ho
will never whimper. Some time or other
ho will be discharged from the army and
will settle down in n , new city.
There nre not a few , but a great many
such cases. The governors and state au
thorities could doubtless tell of a greater
number than could the officials at Washing
ton. An nrmy officer In discussing the mnt-
tcr , sold : "Governor Plngrce has the right
idea ; a married man should not be per-
mlt'ted to enlist. Perhaps It might do to
have exceptional cases where It wns shown
that the family of the soldier had sufficient
for its care while ho wns away. There are
enough single men In the country to do all
of our fighting with third-rate powers llko
General Joe Wheeler Is an examplar In
more things than the conduct ot a battle.
Ho thinks there was nothing wrong and no
hard conditions that were avoidable at Camp
Wlkoff , nevertheless "If there be any blame
to come while I was there , " ho says , "It
should bo put on me. A commanding ollicer
Is responsible for the well-being of his men ,
and I shall not endeavor to escape that re
sponsibility by trying to shift It upon any
one else. "
Henri Dunnnt , the founder of the Red
Cross society , Is now about TO years old. Ho
spent half his fortune In his great work
and then lost the other half by business
reverses. Ho was In absolute want , but
has been pensioned by the dowager
empress of Rutsla nnd tbo federal council
of Switzerland. The citizens of Stuttgart
have nleo raised a generous subscription
( lENEIt.YU WIIKii.Klt'S : EXAMPLE.
HM | Conception of 11 Soliller' * Duty
Coiiiinc'iiileil ( o Klelcei-H.
Chicago Times-Herald ,
As soon as the peace protocol had been
signed and hostilities suspended there were
clamorous demands from many volunteer
regiments to bo mustered out of the service.
Among these was the Third Nebraska ,
commanded by Colonel William J. Bryan.
Governor Holcomb of Nebraska naturally
espoused the caueo of this regiment , and
after Importuning the president at long
range for Its release finally went to Wash
ington and made an appeal In person.
In the meantime the colonel of the Third
conveyed Intimations to the public that hlt >
enforced service with Its requirement of si
lence on political subjects was a great hard
ship upon him , and that ho was becoming
rapidly surcharged with eloquence , which
needs must find vent.
In striking contrast to the colonel ot the
Third Is the attitude of another coliller , who
Is also it democrat nnd nUo a politician
(1rnor.il ( Joseph Wheeler. When questioned
regarding Ills probable length of service
General Wheeler said :
"As lo how long I shall hold my couimln-
slon In the nrmy I nm unnblc to tell. The
mattrr reals entirely with the president , I
think Mr. McKlnley has favored mo moat
'handsomely ' , nnd whatever ho asks regardIng -
Ing my future movements will be law. If
ho wnnts mo to stay In the nrmy I shall
do so very willingly , nnd If ho doalres that
I shall retire I have left my future mova-
ment g to hls discretion. "
General Wheeler's conception of a soldier's
duty is contended to nit who nro seeking to
cscnpe further service because the spec
tacular part of the wnr Is over.
But then General Wheilcr did not enter
the service for spectacular effect.
iiiticiiT A.M )
Detroit Journal : "Theological beliefs nr
very unsettled. "
"Oh , very. Why , there Isn't a woman In
the congregation who has the confidence-
fro ahead nnd mnku Christmas slippers for
the minister. "
'Philadelphia Record : "No , Maude , denr ,
pool rooms nrc not bathing establishment ? ,
but certain people often tnko n plunge
there , ncvcrthclt'i < B. "
Cleveland Leader : I.lttlo Hurry Pn , why
do thi\v call them stump speakers ?
Pa Well , I guess lt'n becnuso so ninny
of tin-in uro Ktiimpcil when you nk them
to explain where they got their figures.
Detroit Kroo Prots : "Butcher , do many
people complnln of your tough mrnt ? "
"No'm ; after my customers hns bin n-
entln' my meut u whllo they don't know n
tendi r olcak when they gits It. "
Cleveland Plain Dealer : "Did you ever
henr the defendant accused of marked tur
pitude ? "
"Yes. your honor , I did once. They nnld
he- used too much of It when ho tried to
paint his own house. "
Chicago Tribune : "Uncle Sam mny not
bo oxuctly cnld toward the Nicaragua
canal , " suld Rivers , rcnimlng the nrgu-
mint , "but he Is certainly dlstnnt. "
"But ho still keep ? up n wort of acquaint-
nni-e , " stoutly maintained Brooks. "I no-
tlco he hasn't cut It. "
Washington Star : "Young man. " paid the
young womnn'H father , "you have boasted
several times that you possess an honored
"Yos. sir , " replied the foreign suitor ,
"Well , mny I Inquire wlmt bnnk It will bo
honored nt nnd for how much ? "
Indiannpallo Journal : "My boy , " cntd the
mnn of Idenl temperament. "If you want
to boconip n mnst'r of your profession , you
must Btiidy : ttudv dny nnd night. "
"Yi-i , " replied the energetic youth ; "nnd
whllo I'm away off In a corner studying
some otbor mnn will bo hustling nround
setting all thf bUHlnc ? ? . "
THE 1 , . VIM'S I.OOICINR GLASS. , ' 1
Colin nnd I. the othpr < lny ,
Walked o'er thu .H.indhlll to the. sea ;
Thcfttlng' SMIII ndnrnrd the const ,
His beams entire , hi ? fierceness lost ;
And on the surface- the deep
The wind * Iny only not nsleen ;
The nvmphs did , like the pcrnc , appear
Sfronolv plonsnnt. calmly fair :
Pnft frit her words ns llew flip nir.
With ppcrpt Joy 1 heard her sny
Thnt Pho would never nils ? ono day
A walk PO fine , n sight 10 gay.
Hut , oh. the chance ! The wind grows high ,
'mpendlnn temnpstw charge the sky ,
The llehtnlng files , the thunder ronri ,
The big waves Insh the frlch'ened shores ,
Rtruck with the horror of the sight.
She turns hrr hcnd nnd wings her fllclit ;
And , trembling , vows she'll ne'er ngntn
Approach the shore or view the mnln.
"Once moro , nt least , look back , " pnld I ,
"Thysolf In that Inrpo JJIIIBS denary :
When thou nrt In peed humor drest ,
When Rpntlp reason rules thy breast ,
The sun upon the calmest sen ,
A incurs not half po brlcllt nn thee ;
'Tiq thpn that , with dellcbt. I rove ,
Upon boiindlrfH depth ? of love :
I bless my chnln , I hand my oar ,
Nor think on all I left the shore.
"nut when vain doubt nnd groundless feat
Do thnt dtnr. foollph bo om tenr ;
When the bl < r Up nnd watery cvo
Toll mo the rising storm Is nigh ;
'TIs then thou nrt yon nntry mnln
ppformpd by winds nnd dashed by rain ;
And the poor snllor who must try '
Tts > fury Inbors less thnn I.
Shipwrecked , In vnln to Innd I mnke ,
While love nnd fate still drive me bnck ;
Forced to dote on thee thy own way ,
I chide thco first , nnd then obey ;
Wre-p'md when from thcc , vexed when
I with thep , or without thee , die. "
OUR DAII/V IIULMSTIN.
CHICAGO , Oct. 7 , 1898. Mnurlco Grau
the well-known manager , will today Inaug
urate a season ot grand opera In this city
with a brilliant company of artists. After
a thrco weeks' stay the company will visit
other largo cities of Uho west.
You cannot equal our clothing.
Try it on , observe the lining of
the coat and of the sleeves , the
collar and even the buttons ,
You will find it to be a perfect
ly tailored gar nent.
This not only applies to these
special lines of overcoats we are
selling at $ J5,00 but of those
$15,00 dress and business suits
as well , When you see them
you will ask yourself why- you
have been willing to pay $25
for a coat or suit in no respect
superior only that it was made
by some merchant tailor. We
have plenty of fine garments if
you want them , well made and
fully guaranteed as to wear , for
a good deal less , if you prefer.
N , B. See special display of
Indian Souvenirs in our Doug
las street window.
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