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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 24, 1898)
0 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SATTJBDAY , SEPTEMBER 24 , 1808.
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE
13. UOSEWATEK , Editor.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION !
Dally Bee ( Without Sunday ) . Ono Year. 8.00
Dally Be and Sunday , One Year 8.00
Hlx Months 4.00
Thr o Months 2-W. '
Sunday Bee , One Year > 2-lfl
Saturday Bee. One Year i.W >
Wc kly Bee , One Year
< U Omaha : The Ben Ilutldlntr. _ ,
South Omaha ; Slnecr Block. Corner N
and Twenty-fourth directs.
Council Bluffs : 10 Pourl Street.
Chicago Office : 502 Chamber of Com
New York : Temple Court.
Washington : 601 Fourteenth Street.
AH communications relating to news and
editorial matter should be addressed : To
All business letters and remittances
should be addressed to The Bee Publishing
Company. Omaha. Drafts , checks , express
and postofllcp money orders to be maoe
payable to HIP order of tli < " comtmny
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska , Douglas County , ss :
George B. Tzschuck , secretary of The Dee
Publishing company , being duly sworn ,
says that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Daily. Morning.
Evening nnd Sunday Bee , printed during
the month of August , 1893 , was as follows :
2. IMl.o 11) M\'M
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! . ! ' - -S7.7JKJ
5 ttHISO JS.1UO
6 a.s , < m < >
8 1 7,7CW
9 iH,7il :
10 ai ,7 a
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! . , :
is ! ! . ! ! ! ' , U8.02O
Total bWI.SU t
Loss returned and unsold copies. . . . llri-t ;
Net total sales H-l.t : l
Net Dally Average 27i629
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Sworn to before mo and subscribed In
my presence thla 1st day of September ,
1893. N. P. FCIL ,
WELCOME TO THE IJEE DUILDI.NG.
No vIiiKor to Oinnhn nnd the
< * xionlttoii | Hhonld RO array
without liiMieediifi The Ilec
linllilliiK , the \nrgent IIOTH-
liniier hiilldliiK In America ,
and The IJee iie Hiiuiicr
plant , conceded to be the
llncnt between ChlcnKO and
San FranclHCO. A cordial
welcome In extended to all.
That nntl-liomoirule plank hi the pop-
ocratlc platform should now be chopped
Mayor Moores Is agalu able to preside
over the meetings of the legal police
A few days each week with 50,000 at
tendance at the exposition will clinch
If you want to Invest In slot machines
call at the court Ijouse and apply to
County Attorney Baldrlgc.
Judge Keysor's Injunction is now dis
solved and the new board may perform
Its duties without being In contempt of
The exposition has paiseil 'the million
and a half rna'rK In Its att'en'dancc1and
Is rapidly moving toward the 12,000,000
A call Is out for another bank state-
Kent and the public will have some
more statistics reflecting republican
The outlawed police board , which
was galvanized into life by Injunction
after it had been pronounced a corpse ,
will pass from the stage and Into ob
Friday , September 150 , will be peace
Jubilee day In the Nebraska schools.
Every child In the public schools should
have the lesson of the war llrmly im
pressed upon him.
The alleged insuilicicnt advertising or
the exposition , which was the burden of
the song of the croakers a month ago.
no longer affords a theme for our local
The Apaches at the Indian congress
indulged In a flue dance , but it is to be
hoped that neither the Apaches nor any
ether Indians on the grounds will IP-
dulgc In a flrp-water Jag.
Ak-Sar-Ben's street Illuminations this
year will surpass nil that has been done
before in this direction. Let the busi
ness men also cutdo themselves in the
decoration of their buildings.
People who have been stricken with
the Philippine fever this summer are
liable to bo cured almost as speedily as
were people who were carried off by
the Klondike fever last winter.
The poor henpecked emperor of China
has abdicated- favor of his wife ,
whoso curtain lectures have become
very peppery , and LI Hung Chang will
soon recover hia peacock feather.
The Union Pacific railroad has de
clared a dividend on its stock the tlrst
time In the last fourteen years. Wring
ing out the water Inflation by the purga
tive process of foreclosure coupled with
the prosperity restored under the ad
ministration of McKinlcy and good bus
iness management Is responsible for It.
The prospective new depot , as part of
the East Omaha bridge terminal , will bo
a welcome adjunct to Omaha's railway
facilities. But the prospective extension
to Omaha of the Illinois Central , Great
Western and Batlmore & Ohio systems
holds a still greater promise for this
city's commercial supremacy.
Up to this time no expedition has been
gout out to explore the island of Cuba
for the purpose of locating the seat of
Kovernni9nt of the paper republic or
Cuba , nor have any of our troops or
commissioners been able to encounter Its
president or any member of its cabinet.
It Is fortunate , however , that President
McKlnley had the foresight and Urm-
uess to refuse recognition to u govern
ment which did not possess the attri
butes of popular sovereignty.
THK CVB AX AUTOXOU1ST8.
According to AVfiHlilngton advices who , *
Is known ns the autonomous govern
ment of Cuba , organized Just before the
war tinder the decree of the Spanish
government proposing political reforms
in Cuba , Is more or less active lit con
nection with the discussion of terms for
the evacuation of the Island. Thu men
who compose this government , it Is
needless to say , are lu sympathy with
Spain. They were elected by thu .people
who were loyal to the Spanish govern
ment and they nro still tinder .Spanish
Influence. If these autonomists can do
nuythlnff to contribute to the advantage
or benefit of Spain they will do It.
Whatever may be desired of them at
Madrid they will endeavor to accom
plish. As they constitute an Influential
class It Is possible that they may some
what obstruct negotiations.
Of course thvse people understand that
Cuba will be evacuated by the Spanish
forces. Spain's agreement to this de
mand of the United States Is Irrevoca
ble. But It appears that they desire the
settlement of certain Incidental ques
tions before the evacuation begins ,
among them the payment of the Cuban
debt , the rates of tariff for Spain and
the future government of the Island. It
Is easy to see in this the tricky play or
the Spanish government. But It will
not avail. The Washington authorities ,
it is stated , very properly hold that no
such questions can be considered by the
military commission , since they have
nothing whatever to do with the ques
tion of evacuation. The commission was
appointed for the specific purpose or
arranging the time and method for the
departure of the Spanish troops and It
has no authority to consider any other
matter. It will adhere strictly to the
terms of the protocol.
The view In Washington Is that the
Cuban autonomists , as well ns the
Spaniards , have no questions to advance
or settle before evacuation Is determined
upon and there can be no doubt this Is
the correct view. The fact Is that Cuba
is not now a Spanish colony. The
sovereignty of Spain over the Island was
unconditionally relinquished when the
protocol was signed. That agreement
provides that "Spain shall relinquish all
claims of sovereignty over and title to
Cuba" and this was accomplished the
moment the protocol became effective.
What possible right , then , have the
Cuban autonomists or the Spanish gov
ernment to demand the settlement ot
any questions not directly related to
that of evacuation ? Obviously none
whatever. The question of the Cuban
debt , for example , is one to be dealt
with , If our government is disposed to
consider It at all , by the peace commis
sion , to which it is said the matter will
be presented by the Spanish commis
sioners. As to the future government
of Cuba , it Is a question in which Spain
has no concern. Its determination will
be left to the Cuban people , who it is
safe to predict will make their govern
ment republican In form. lu this work
they should be subjected to no external
dictation or undue influence.
Our government should not hesitate to
deal firmly and decisively with Cuban
autonomists or auy others who may at
tempt to obstruct ( ir delay the- negotia
tions for the evacuation of Cuba. It ap
pears that the accomplishment of that
will at the best occupy several months ,
so that it is important to hasten It as
much as possible. Let It bo uuderstood
that no dilatory tactics from any
quarter will be tolerated.
TIIE OREGON SENATORSHIP.
The Oregon legislature will meet in
extra session on Monday next to- elect a
United States senator. There bad been
a vacancy lu the senatorial representa
tion of that state since March 4 , 1807 ,
the last legislature having failed to elect
u successor to ex-Senator Mitchell. The
governor appointed Hon. II. W. Corbctt
to the vacancy , but the seratc , after
a very thorough discussion of the mat
ter , refused to seat him , thus furnishing
another and perhaps conclusive decision
that where there Is failure by a legis
lature to elect a United States senator
the governor has no authority to appoint.
The present Oregon legislature Is re
publican in both branches and It was
elected on a sound money platform. It
Is entirely safe , therefore , to say that
the senator chosen will be a gold stand
ard man and will In all other respects
be in full accord with the republican
party. The chances arc favorable to
the election of Mr. Corbett , who was
active in the campaign that resulted in
the victory for sound money , but a vig
orous effort is making to defeat him ,
with ex-Senator Mitchell as the leader.
It is thus possible that a sharp tight
may develop In the legislature but as
under the constitution of the state an
extra session Is limited to twenty days
the probability Is that the republican
caucus will promptly make n choice. If
It shall fall to Mr. Corbett , as appears
likely , the result will be satisfactory to
republicans generally and the cause or
sound money will gain nn able advocate
in the national senate.
AS IXCWEXT OF PROTECTION.
It Is reported that the former owners
of the largest tin plate establishment In
the world are about to remove from
Swansea , Wales , to Plttsburg. They re
cently sold their extensive plant In
Wales , which had for some tlmo been
Idle , at a considerable sacrifice and will
use the proceeds In erecting mills near
Plttsburg , believing that the United
States is hereafter to bo the fonynost
tin plate producing country of the world ,
as It Is already the greatest market for
This Is an Incident of the policy of pro-
tectlou and there Is none uioro striking
in the entire history of that policy. Be
fore the passage of the McKlnley act ,
observes the Philadelphia Press , this
country Imported annually from $ Lt,000 , .
000 to $30,000,000 worth of tin plate.
Gradually the Importations have de
clined until for the last fiscal year they
aggregated only $3,800,143. "Not only
has this great Industry , " says that pa
per , been thoroughly established by
means of a protective tariff , but the
price of tin plato has been greatly re
duced. In thla respect the experience
has been the same as in the case of steel
rnIN , wire 'nails and hundreds of other
articles. " In his eloquent address to
the republican convention of New Jer
sey , Attorney General Gripes said that
the democrats may denounce protective
tariffs , but no one will care. In the light
of such facts as the above and many
others 110 loss strong in proof of the
merits of protection the opponents ot
that policy arc at n tremendous disad
HETTEH aorEHX.MEXT FO/l OMAHA.
The refusal of the supreme court to
grant n rehearing of the case lu which
It declared unconstitutional the law
which vests the appointment of the
Board of Fire and Police Commissioners
in the governor will be hailed with sat
isfaction by all citizens who desire bet
ter police government In Omaha.
At no time In the history of this city
have our people suffered more from po
lice lucompete.ncy and Inefllciency than
under the defunct Herdman board. At
no time has there been a more crying
demand for police reorganization ,
through which alone the discipline or
the force can be perfected and adequate
protection afforded the community.
From its very inception the Herdman
police board , which was presumed to be
non-partisan , has prostituted the police
power to political ends and has not only
Ignored and dolled the law , but made
iteelf an adjunct to a gang of black
mailers who stood lu with keepers ol
lawless resorts and levied tribute upon
brewers and liquor dealers. With a
chief of police who never had n day's
training lu police service before he was
appointed and who Is Incapable of giv
ing Intelligent ditectlon to his subordi
nates , the utter demoralization of the
department was Inevitable. With reck
less indifference to the public safety the
defunct board not only uiado no effort
at police reform , but countenanced the
most flagrant abuses , and under thu pe
culiar provisions of the law theru was
no redress from police mlsgovurnment
so long as the governor was haud in
glove with the outlaws and refused to
Investigate charges against his ap
When the supreme court declared void
the law under which the board was
commissioned the outlawed board , in
stead of vacating , sought to prolong its
existence In order that Its intluence
might be exerted long enough to dom
inate Its party primaries and conven
tions and Its satellites given a further
opportunity to exploit the police-pro
tected criminal resorts.
The advent of the now lire and police
commission will , It Is to be hoped , bring
Into the police department such re
forms as are urgently demanded to meet
existing conditions. While it is not to
be expected that the force can be thor
oughly reorganized and brought to a high
standard of elliclency In a day or a week
or a month , It can under competent di
rection be materially Improved In every
respect and gradually built up to the
high standard which prevails in the lire
department under Chief Iledell.
The infamous scoundrels and Irre
sponsible vagabonds who have been
given free run of the columns of tiio
popocratic Fakery can be depended on lu
the present campaign to fabricate auy lie
that suits their purpose. The other day
they represented the city editor of The
Bee as saying that a largo number or
new employes had been placed on
the pay roll of The Bee to vote
at the republican primaries , when
as a matter of fact not a
single employe was added to any de
partment and the city editor never said
anything of the kind. This brazen false
hood Is supplemented by the report that
the managing editor of The Bee had
gone to South Omaha previous to the
primaries to arrange with Joseph
Koutsky for the payment of his pre
liminary campaign expenses for a legis
lative nomination. This Is also a willful
falsehood. The managing editor of The
Bee does not know Koutsky except by
reputation , never met him , and has not
been in South Omaha for several years.
He had nothing whatever to do with his
candidacy in the South Omaha pri
maries. The Fakery , however , will doubt
less continue to print dally fabrications
about The Bee and members of Its staff.
Governor Holcomb Is smooth goods.
He chaperoned Bryan to the White
House with a tearful appeal for the sol
dier boys In Florida and Manila , but in
reality ho was simply trying to wedge
In a plea for a furlough for Colonel
Bryan , whose soul yearns for the politi
cal harvest home feasts of Illinois and
the popocratic barbecues of Nebraska.
Chill and Argentina have agreed to
submit their boundary dispute to arbi
tration. This way of settling interna
tional disputes is much less costly
than settling a dispute by the arbitra
ment of the sword.
Working ? the Main Gnn.
General Blanco'a epistolary activity
indicates that In addition to hla side arms
be has becu allowed to retain his trusty
I'onef fur the PouullHt * .
The populists declare that the proper use
for gold Is In repairing "the diseased teeth
of the people. " Are the populists quite sure
that their own wisdom teeth do not stand In
need ot the accursed filling ?
American l'r < > nrex Southward.
Argentina has offered J. Sterling Morton
a princely salary to go down there and build
up a department of agriculture. The
Argentine republic likes American methods ,
Its public school system was started by
One Place to Keep Afloat.
Mr. Bryan is In a position to let himself
down easily , if he would only recognize
j the fact. The tide has set strongly
, against his hobby , and he can not hope
to stem It. Let him stay In the army , and
keep his head above water.
Here' * ( o the Marines !
New York Sun.
Hero'a to the marines ! If anybody should
ask : "What Is the matter with them ? " the
only reply that can be made Is ; "They're
! all right ! " Ot the battalion of marines who
i did such splendid work at Guantanamo not a
single man has been lost through sickness ,
and the percentage of Illness has been ex
tremely low. The marines were splendidly
provided for , and in addition they knew
how to talto care of themselves In battle
and la camp. Men and officers deserve the
greatest credit for the fine showing they
That Popular War Loan.
So the banks have already got hold of , \
third of that "popular" loan issue ? This
Is not surprising , but It will be surprising
It over one-half the Issue Is not found ulti
mately in possession ot the banks , and
most of the remainder in possession of
trustees ot estates and large Investment
corporations. It was n partially popular
loan In the sense ot vcrmittlng small
capitalists to speculate on and profit from
the market premium , but in no other sense.
As such It cost the government nearly $10-
000,000 , that being about the present market
premium on the entire Issue.
Spain sides with the czar and has officially
expressed her approval of hlg disarmament
Aesop once wrote a fable of a fox ,
which , having lost Its tall through stress of
circumstances , endeavored to start the
fashion among all animals of going without
tails. They were cumbersome , ho argued ,
not at all ornamental and a nuisance gen
erally. Hla arguments were considered good ,
but his motives were suspected , and the
Spain would doubtless agree that navies
are an unnecessary expense , and would side
with any nation that would suggest the turn ,
lug of all Ironclads Into plowshares and
POLITICAL , 1)1UFT.
Only nine populists responded to a call
for u state convention in New York.
The democratic delegation from Hartford
to the Connecticut state convention stands
sixteen gold men to ono for silver.
Six Independent free silver parties are
abroad in Colorado and the campaign has
only passed the flrst shooting stage.
Roosevelt's nomination for governor of
New York by the republican convention next
Tuesday Is as good ns made. Over 700 of the
OSO delegates are pledged to him.
John Donovan "Donovan of Bay" who
achieved a reputation four years ago by be
ing the only democrat In the legislature of
Michigan , was turned down by his con
stituents the other day. He sought a third
term and failed to get the nomination.
John realizes now that popularity is fleet
President Guggenhelmcr of the New York
council has a new Idea that Is happier and
more hopeful than his scheme to punish
profanity in Gotham. He Is preparing an
ordinance to compel street car companies to
place the steps on their cars not higher
than nine Inches from the street , and to
compel the cars to stop when a passenger
The democrats of New York are casting
about feverishly for a candidate for gov
ernor. The task of the leaders is well cal
culated to banish sleep and promote brain
fag , for the drift to Kooaevelt is as irre
sistible as a tidal wave. The latest victim
suggested Is W. U. Hearst , publisher of the
New York Journal. His candidacy would
be a yellow one In a double sense. He has
a surplus of journalistic ochre and an nbun-
dance of yellow metal drawn from his gold
mines in the Black Hills and elsewhere.
The latter quality is a magnet of wonderful
power In a campaign.
Ono of the menvtalked of for the demo
cratic nomination.for governor of Now York
is Mayor J. K. Me McGulre of Syracuse ,
publisher of the Syracuse Courier. The
mayor possesses vote-making abilities of no
mean order. He would get the full Mc-
Gulro vote. "I am a McGulre of the Mc-
Gulres , " he says. "My name is McGuire ,
my father's name was McGulre. my
mother's name was McGulre before she
was married , my mother's mother's name
was McGulre , my wife's name was McGuire -
Guiro and her mother's name was Mc-
Gulro before she was married. "
In the city of Cincinnati 'there ' is no non
sense about the budget or the use of any
superflous phrases. The chief municipal
departments are four In number , the
"watch , " "fire. " "hospital" and "light. "
For the "watch" or police department $575-
000 Is required this year , for the flre de
partment $440,000 , for the hospital depart
ment $118,000 and for the light department
$335,000. This year , it appears , Cincinnati
has less money to devote to municipal pur
poses than It had a year ago , but neverthe
less it ls threatened with an increase of
expenditure of $200,000.
Colonel James Mitchell of Little Rock.
Ark. , editor of the Llttlb Rock Democrat ,
who Is attending the reunion of the Mitchell
family at Corning , la. , declared to a re
porter that the "free silver Issue is dead. "
"When I was at our state convention , " he
said , "and they adopted resolutions carTnrs-
Ing free silver and reaffirming their feAity
to Dryan , I told some of my friends an
ancient story. When a Scythian king died
his court arrayed him in all the habiliments
of royalty , placed his crown on his head
and his scepter in his cold , clammy hand
and they with great solemnity would march
into the regal presence , saluting and mik
ing obeisances to the dead monarch , crying ,
'Long live the king. ' So with the retain
ers of free silver ; they know their monarch
Is drad , but they are still going through
the post-mortem ceremony. "
PERSONAL AND OTHERWISE.
Chicago does not take kindly to the
theory recently advanced that it's late spell
ot Santiago weather was a blessing , Inas
much as it baked out disease. And the
theorist actually defended it with sunstroke
statistics. How the fellow escaped a season
In the Cook county asylum is one of the
mysteries of the town.
Clarence Oreathouse , chancellor of Corea
and personal adviser to the king of that
country , Is a Kentucklan , but lived for years
on the Pacific coast and has only been In
Corea since 1S93. Ho won favor with the
oriental monarch through being a splendid
story teller and because of his great fund of
general Information. He Is about 55 years
Assistant Secretary Howell of the Treas
ury department , who Is back in Washing
ton from a tour of the west , speaks enthusi
astically of the condition of the Imperial do
main. He reports thu crops are large , the
farmers are receiving good prices for their
cattle and other stock , the banks have an
abundance ot money , labor Is well employed
and the people generally are contented and
feel that they are entering upon nn era
of prosperity that promises to be lasting.
Mr. Howell attended the Transmlsslsslppl
Exposition , which , ho says , is a great suc
cess from every point of view.
Peace has its expenses a trifle ICES pro
nounced than war. The American peace
commission now heading Parlsward , will
knock a large , juicy bolo in half a million
dollars by the tlmo the treaty becomes a
part of the nation's archives. It Is gen
erally understood that each of the five com
missioners is to receive a fee of $2nuOO , the
secretary , $20,000 , and much smaller sums
to members of the staff. All expenses are
to bo paid by the government. This In
cludes $20,000 for transportation ot thirty-
five persons. $20,000 for entertainment In
Paris and about $00,000 for personal ex
penses. Taking the honor with : ho bullion
In the affair , a position on the commtsa'on '
la a bandtome assignment.
IIO.VOIIS FOR MORTON.
DlntliiKillnlicil Nehrnnknn Tendered n
Pout In Argentina ,
Kansas City Star.
The president ot Argentine has invited
J. Sterling Morton of Nebraska , Mr. Cleve
land's secretary of agriculture , to come
down to the progressive South American re
public nnd establish an Agricultural depart
ment there similar to that which forms u
part of the government of the United States.
A good salary has been offered to Mr. Mor
ton to perform this service , but he has not
yet decided whether he will go or not.
Agriculture is nn Industry almost as Im
portant in Argentine as In this country
Wheat nnd meat nnd hides are the chief
exports. The trade of Argentine , and the
railroads and public Improvements as well ,
are largely controlled by Europeans , but the
republic buys a good many agricultural Im
plements here , nnd the material resources
and the necessary lines of Industrial devel
opment of Argentine arc more like those of
the United States than any other country.
It Is natural , therefore , that the statesmen
of the most southerly of republics should
look to the great free country of the north
for Its models of government and of Indus
trial progress. Mr. Morton's experience ,
both as a farmer and ns secretary of agri
culture for four years , makes him the right
man to establish a beneficial agricultural
bureau In Argent'lne. Some people may be
Inclined to think It rather unpatriotic for an
American .citizen to use his talent to aid a
competing country to develop Its resources ,
since such service Is expected to result In
Increased shipments of farm produce from
Argentine to countries which buy foodstuffs
from the United States. Dut that Is a nar
row view to take. The asrlcultural Inter
ests of the world are so vast that ono man's
efforts to make the business of farming more
profitable In a far country cannot have an
appreciable effect on aggregate results , even
though he might bo able to greatly benefit
the Argentine farmers by introducing there
American methods of fostering agriculture.
If Mr. Morton should accept the offer that
has been mode to him , he probably will be
able to increase the Argentine demand for
American agricultural machinery while he
is showing the people of that country how
the United States government helps the
farmer with experimental farms , investiga
tions of animal diseases nnd pests thM dam
age crops , the Introduction of new products ,
the extension of foreign markets , the care
ful records of climatic , weather and soil
conditions , and the many other services
which ore performed by the Agricultural
WHEAT CHOP AND PRICES.
Present Tendency of the Market De
pleted Hecerve Slock.
There is a tendency in the wheat trade
to accept as probably correct the estimates
ofthe United States wheat production ,
which are more moderate than some of the
over sanguine calculations of the yield put
forth by experts earlier In the season. Es
timates of a production of 600,000,000 bush
els are more In favor than the 700,000,000
bushels yield predicted In June and July.
This conservatism of crop guessing In the
absence of precise data concerning acreage
and thrashing results will do no harm , even
if the actual yield should confirm the ac
curacy ot the earlier maximum estimates.
It has already had a tendency to arrest the
unwarranted bearlshness of speculation.
The best authorities agree that the wheat
yield of the world approximates more nearly
to the abundant harvests ot 1894 than has
that of any other year ; but it is conceded
also that the world's reserve stocks are very
much smaller now than they were In 1894.
After a season of extraordinary stock de
pletion the natural impulse of traders and
consumers the world over to upbuild re
serves may reasonably be expected to pre
vent undue depression ot values. This , at
least , is the predominant sentiment now
manifest in the wheat markets.
KEEP PORT JJFFICERS BUSY
Work of Starting Commerce at Manila
Betas Pushed by the Amer
ican Officer * .
SAN FRANCISCO. Sept. 23. An As
sociated Press correspondent , writing from
Manila under date of August 30 , says : The
work of setting the wheels of business In
the harbor of Manila in motion has been
Intrusted to Captain Henry Glass of the
United States steamship Charleston.
ObCr of his first duties was that
ot taking an Inventory of all
tne slrpplng that fell into Admiral
Dcwey's hands on the 13th Inst. This In
cludes everything afloat , either on the bayer
or river , which means a radius of forty
miles , and Its value is about $1,500,000. To
aid Captain Glass and Lieutenant Brauners
In the work , five officers were detailed from
Admiral Dewey's fleet. Ensign Model has
been busy with gun cotton and , dynamite
blowing up the wrecks that were sunk In
I the Paslg river and the outer harbor , and of
| the twenty or thirty wrecks In the river
nearly all have been destroyed so that ships
drawing fifteen feet of water may now enter
and come to the wharves. Lieutenant Mc
Millan , late of the San Francisco hydrographic -
graphic office , is in charge ot the weather
bureau buoys and lights and the hydro
graphy of the harbor generally. The ship
ping in the river is under Lieutenant
Marcus Miller and Lieutenant M. F. Wall
Is the boarding and berthing officer. Lieu
tenant J. T. Meyers of the marine corps Is
In charge of all the prizes. The natives are
rushing to the office ot the captain of the
port with all sorts ot complaints , so that
the place Is at once a justice court and
entry and clearing office for vessels.
RECEIVE PECKJrYITH FAVOR
Commissioner to Part * Exposition
MakcH a Favorable
WASHINGTON. Sept. 23. An agreroble
impression has been created in connection
with the arrival at Paris of the United
States commissioner to the World's lair ,
Mr. Ferdinand W. Peck , according to word
received here. The French cress is much
pleased with a speech of Mr. Peck's In
which he linked together the names of
Lafayette and Cambon , the ambassador at
Washington , In the following words :
"Lafayette and Cambon ! The knif t of
liberty of the eighteenth century and the
wise diplomat of the nineteenth cnntury.
The fraternity Inaugurated by the im
mortal Lafayette more than 100 years ago is
again cemented by the friendly diplomacy
of the ambassador of France In promoting
the blessings of peace that have come after
our recent struggles with a foreign foe. "
Mr. Peck's plan of erectlns at Paris a
monument to Lafayette as one ot tr
features ot the exposition also Is attract
ing much favorable comment with the
officials and public generally at Paris , and
altogether it Is said the friendly senti
ments between the two republics Is being
made more apparent than ever.
Innurniirc Men Indicted.
FRANKFORT. Ky. , Sept. 23. The grand
Jury of the Franklin circuit court , which Is
tbe fiscal court of this state on recommenda.
tlon of Prosecutor Franklin , returned In-
dlotmcnte against seventy-four leading In
surance companies of the country doing bust-
ness in this state , charging conspiracy and
the formation ot a trust to prevent compe
tition in fire Insurance rates.
Kold from I'lirope.
> NEW YORK. Sept. 23. Heldelbach , Ick-
clhelmer & Co. have engaged at London
$600,000 gold and Kountze Brothers $250,000
I for Import to the United States.
OTHER l.A.\DS THAN OURS.
Chinese reforms have so generally begun
and ended with the resolution to undertake
them that ono is justified In doubting tha
anything will come of the latest decree
of Emperor Kwang Hsu announcing his con
viction of the superiority of western civili
zation over the existing older In his do
minions and his intention of grafting the
best features of Occidental upon Chinese
Institutions. The Riibcdlct accompanying
this decree and which contemplates the es
tablishment of a postal service throughout
China merely carries out an idea IOUB en
tertained ; and If the creation of the machin
ery for a Chinese postofllco department shall
bo Intrusted to European experts nnd the
mandarins prevented from hampering the
work something substantial can doubtless
bo accomplished. The edicts , which extend
the right of petition to everybody and de
mand monthly accountings of receipts and
expenditures to bo made to all provincial
governors , tnotls nnd Tartar generals In
fact , by all officials who collect revenues
and disburse public moneys are probably
Intended to placate with smooth words urn' '
fine promises the masses , who are on the
verge of revolt In many parts of the em
The situation in Crete is really impossi
ble. The Moslem Cretans and the Christian
Cretans will try to exterminate each other
and the Turks will help the former , If the
English , French , Russian and Italian forces
withdraw. The powers keep their fleets and
troops at the Cretan coast to prevent re
ciprocal butchering. In the Interior the
Christians are In control , having completed
the work of extermination there. The Mos
lem landlords and peasants have been robbed
of their property and such of them as sur
vive are cooped up In the coast towns ,
where they are lu dlro want of the neces
sities of life. They ask the powers to re
store them to their lands. The powers , how
ever , sympathize with their enemies and
the ultimate solution of the trouble , doubt
less , will be the transfer of the Moslem
Cretans to Asia Minor. This Involves much
hardship for them , but ecenis to bo the
only way to get peace In Crete. It Involves
also the forcible expulsion of the Turkish
troops now in Crete. The use of force may
have no serious results If England , Franco ,
Russia nnd Italy continue to agree in all
matters , but the sultan will do his best to
The work on the Trans-Siberian railway
has been carried on during the present
summer with such activity that it Is fully
anticipated that the rails will bo laid to
Stretlnsk by the spring of 1900 nnd there
will then bo unbroken communication ,
partly by rail , partly by steamer , through
from St. Petersburg to Vladlvostock. There
will then bo no further peed for sending
troops and war material round by sea from
Odessa or St. Petersburg , as the camps
from the Sungarl river to Port Arthur can
be supplied In very much shorter time and
more secretly by rail. As regards the traffic
on the already completed portions of the
Trans-Siberian railway. It Is Increasing so
rapidly * bat the available rolling stock is
found quito Insufficient for the requirements
of business. The amount of freight moved
In 1897 was moro than double that during
1896. It Is calculated that at least 40,000,000
roubles will have to be expended to enable
the line to meet the present needs , of which
notness than 25,000,000 roubles would be for
rolling stock alone , estimated at 300 loco
motives and 10,000 cars.
Notwithstanding the disaster that three
French exDedltlons In Africa recently met
with along the great disputed belt that
runs westward from Abyssinia across Egypt
to Senegal and the Niger , Lieutenant Bre-
tonnet is to follow up the Gentll "mis
sion" in the Lake Chad region. He Is sup
posed to have left Marseilles a week ago
for ho mouth of the Niger , on the French
Congo. Lake Chad , It will bo recalled , Is
the eastern extremity of the boundary line
dividing the Drltlsh and French spheres of
Influence. .According to a report published
by the French government , Samory , the
Niger rebel , has retreated into the Hinter
land of Liberia. A force under Major
Plncau , while on Its way < to Kong , In the
lately disputed territory , came Into con
tact with some of Samory's troops , whllo
another party , sent to occupy Dona , which
had been evacuated by the English , effected
a Juncture with it. Samory crossed the
Vandama and went off In the direction of
Sassandra and it Is expected that he will
penetrate even Into Liberia. It is believed
that Lieutenant Bretonnet's expedition will
be quite a formidable army , Including sev
eral battalions of Senegalese , and abundant
supplies , with directions to penetrate the
country eastward of Lake Chad and to make
treaties with the chiefs there before they
can possibly bo reached by any expedition
that the English may send out through the
newly opened pathway of Upper Egypt.
Cavallcre Cerbonl of Rome has Just written
a brochure on Italian emigration , In which
some remarkable figures are given concernIng -
Ing the Increase of the Italian population
In Argentina. The entire inhabitants of the
South American republic number , according
lo the most recent census , 4,045,000 ; of these
over 1,000,000 are said to be of Italian birth
or parentage. Of the 600,000 inhabitants of
Buenos Ayrcs , one-third are Italians and
to that nationality belong nearly half of the
15,000 shops or commercial houses of that
flourishing city , controlling more than 750-
000,000 lire out of the 3,000,000,000 of capital
In use. Seven-tenths of the 6,000 factories
and workshops established In the capital are
the property of Italians , who also own over
100,000,000 lire of the deposits In
the principal bank. Italy's trade with the
River Plate rose from 21,000,000 lire In 18S5
to 56,000,000 In 1897 , the latter figure equal
ing that of France , and the Cavallere
draws special attention to the enormous
scope of Its development. Horses for the
army and sun-dried meat might , for in
stance , be imported from Argentina , whllo
wine and tobacco should form Important
Items of export from Italy. "To come acrors
a genuine and authentic Italian cigar Is a
treat to our compatriots in South America , "
writes the Cavallere. Fourteen factories for
the production of the spurious article have
sprung up In Buenos Ayres within the last
few years. Some 965,300 Italians landed at
that port alone between 1857 and 1897.
The new Central American republic will
make Us mark in the world If It adheres
to Its avowed policy , which Is not to make
war , foreign or domestic , but to devote its
energies to Internal Improvement. It Is not
In condition to make war , for It has neither
The Royal U tbe hlgfieit grade baling powder
known. Actual test * show It goes one-
third further than any other brood ,
KOYM. tAHna > 0 M CO. , HI * VOM.
army nor navy. Salvador has 4,000 rcRUlnn
and 18,000 rollltla. Its navy Is a solitary rev
enue cutter. Honduras has COO regular sol-
dlers nnd 20,000 mllltln. It hn no navy ,
Nlcaraugua has 2,000 regulars nnd 5,000 re
serves. The three states could not make
much of n showing against Guatemala , which
has 50,000 regulars nnd 30,000 reserves
Guatemala has pncced through domestic
troubles during the last two or three years
and Its army U In good condition , as Latin
armies go. taking Into consideration that
the coniiuon suMlcrs get all the nuppllen
ordered for them , except what men In hlsh
official station steal. In view of the
strength of Guatemala , It Is unlikely that
the republic will attempt to force Guatemala
to Join. U Is surmleed that the republic
was formed moro for defense than for any
.MIHTH lItllV.Mi : .
You may buy , you may rcuttrr the fruit If
But the rind of bananas will trip you up
Indlannpolls Journal ,
Donr Undo Sam , It's plain that you
Have stun a winning way.
In fact , > ou always seem to do
Whatever U. S. A.
They greeted him with Pinllcs nnd ttnrs ,
Filled him with lieef nnd mutton
And carried nway for souvenirs
Ills lust remaining button.
In looking for s'Kns ' nnd for tokens
Which help men to po In and win ,
Look out for the man with a frown on his
And , below It , n big double chin.
"Tho preachers , ' said Satan , with chuckla
nnd grin ,
"Hnvo mostly como back from their
But they've Kot to work htird if they catch
up "gain ,
For I have not taken a day off. "
Harper's Bazar ,
lie got his daughters off his hands ,
And thought It quite n treat
Until ho found he had to keep
Their husbands on their feet ;
He didn't mind the Harrys or
The Gcorglea with their Ilia ;
The Jacks and Petes he rather liked ,
But drew the line at Bills.
When do fiddle RH | ( to singing1 out a ol
Vahclnny reel ,
An' you 'mcnco to fenl a tlcklln' In yo'
too nn' In yo' heel ;
13f you t'lnk you got u'llglon nn' you wants
to kue it , too.
You Jos' bcttah tek a hint an * git yo'solf
clean out o' view.
Case do time Is mighty temtpln' when d
cliuno Is In do swine ,
Fu' a durky , saint or sinner man , to cut
do plceon wlnjr.
An' you couldn't ho'p f'om dancln' cf yo'
feet was boun' wif twine ,
When Angelina Johnson comes a-swlnjrtn'
down do line.
Don't you know Mlsg Angelina ? She's ds
da'llu of do place.
Wy do ain't no high-toned lady wlf alch
mannhB an' slch cracc.
She kin move across de cabin , wl Its
Blanks all rouch an' wo' ;
Jes' do samc.'s cf she was dancln' on ole
mlstus' ball room flo'
Fact Is' you do' see no cabin cvaht'lngr
you see look era ml ,
An1 dat ono ol' squeaky flddlo Houn' to you
jcs' lak a bun' :
Cotton britches look lak broadclof an * a
llnsey dress look line.
When Angelina Johnson comes a-swlngln'
down do line.
Some folks say dat dancln's sinful , an' da
blessed Lawd , dey sny ,
Owlno to punish us fu' eteppln' when wo
hveth de music play.
But I tell voti , I do n' b'llovo It , fu' d
Lawd Is wlso and good ,
An' he made de banjo's metal an' ho mada
do fiddle's wood.
An' he made do music In dem , so I don't
aulto t'lnk he'll kecr
Ef our feet keeps tlmo a llttlo to do mel
odies wo hjcah.
Wy dey's sotnefn downright holy In da
wav our faces shine ,
When Angelina Johnson comes a-swlngin. '
down do line.
Angelina steps so gentle , Angelina bows
so low ,
An' she lit' huh sku't so dainty dat huh
shoeton skacely show ;
An' dem teef o' huh'n a'shlnin' , cz she
tek you by do nan'
Go 'way people , doln't unothah slch a lady
in do Ian'I
When sho's moovln' thee do Jiggers er a-
ilanclnc by huhse'f ,
Folks Jcs' stan1 stock-still a-sta'ln' , nn1
dey mos' nigh hoi's dey bref ;
An' do yountr mens , dey's a-snyln' , "I'so
irwlno melt dat damsel mine , "
When Angelina Johnson comes u-swlngln"
down do line.
WASHINGTON , Sept 21 , 1K9S The Amer
ican members of the Spanish Peace Commis
sion , which is < o hold Its sessions In Paris ,
will have a preliminary meeting here today ,
when a special report about the Philippines
from General Merrltt will be officially pre
sented and received.
And the boys arc al it again
wearing out their clothes.
Our school suits this fall , as
in past seasons , are made in our
own factory and are constructed
There is a mistaken notion
that if a boys' clothes are strong
they must be clu nsy. Nothing
could be further from the facts ,
if you buy them of us , We
never sacrifice strength for style ,
but we combine them both and
if any sacrifice is necessary it is
in the prices.
Boys' 2 pfece gray and brown
mixed suits in cheviot and tweed
sizes 7 to 16 , price $3.50i
Boys' long pants , gray and
brown mixed suits , in cheviots
and tweed , sizes J4 to 19 , price
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