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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 23, 1898)
I THE OMATIA DATLY JVEE : FRIDAY , SEPTEMBER 23 , 1898.
OMAHA DAILY DEE ,
E. R08CWATUII , Editor.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION :
ly Bee ( Without Sunday ) , Ono Year.$4.00
lly Bee and Sunday , One Year 8.00
reo Months I.W
nday Bee , One Year 200
urday Beo. One Year 1.50
ekly Bee , Ono Year ( w
Jmnhn : The Bee Building ,
f louth Omaha : Blneer Block , Corner N
1 d Twenty-fourth Streets.
: ouncll Bluffs : 10 Pearl Street.
: hlcaco Oillce : D02 Chamber ot Com-
pw York : Temple Court. x
ashlngton : 601 Fourteenth Street.
II communications relating- news and
orlal matter should be addressed : To
; BUSINESS LETTERS.
Jill , buslnrMR tetters nnd remittances
, MUld bo addressed to The Bee Publishing
.ompany , Omahu. Drafts , checks , express
[ nd iiostofTlce money orders to be made
uynblo to the order of the company.
THE HEU PUBLISHING COMPANY.
Itnto of Nebraska , Douglas County , ss :
i George B. Tzschuck , secretary of The Bee
Ig'ubllshlnfj company , being duly sworn ,
ys thnt the actual number of full and
lomplcto copies of The Daily , Morning ,
ISvcnlng and Sunday Bee , printed during
B Iho month of August , 1898 , was as follows :
17 S7iwi :
14 as,74o ' ' ' ' '
IB as , mo . . . . . . . . . . . . , ll 0
[ 7 a8oos 23.
| 8 27,701) 24 atlS10
o 2s,7u : 25 2 < l,4as
28. . . . a ,7 H
I 27 au , : ia
3 28i8t : : 29 a , ! Kll
so . . . , .aoaNU
iiw.oii * 31 a.toi ( :
| ia as.osu .
Total bO 1,804
( Loss returned and unsold copies. . . . mcat !
Net total sales 8IB , 41
Net Dally Average 27i629
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Sworn to before mo and subscribed In
my presence this 1st day of September ,
1833. N. P. FEIL.
WBLCOMK TO TUB I1CB IIUIMIING.
3Vo vliiltor to Oninliii nncl the
cxpoNltluu nhoulit RU u rnr
ivlthout InniicvtliiK The Hoc
luilliUiiK , the InrRCHt iiewn-
impcr InillilliiK In America ,
niiil Thf Ilee ncivnimper
Iilniit , conccilud t be the
Uncut between CIilcnRO and -
Sun FrniiclHC" . A uordliil
relcoinc In cxlcniloil to nil.
The battlccry of the exposition comes
from tlio ludlnn camp.
Who Is 'to bo Hrynn's successor as
colonel of the Third Ncbra&kaV
Candidate 1'oyntcr Is still sawing
Wood for his next winter's supply.
Come and watch Ak-Sar-Bcn's royal
entry Into Omaha week after next. Is'o
keys to the city will be needed.
Colonel I5ryan promises to loosen his
tongue once more as soon as he can
dolt his shoulder straps and uniform.
As export jugglers of llgnrcs for po
litical purposes , the Nebraska popo-
crats nro entitled to > the highest award.
Does Congrcumu Stark's stay In
Washington mean that he will make a
megaphone campaign In his Fourth dis
This week will be another record-
breaker for the exposition. And so will
nearly every week from now till the
gates closq In November.
Omaha merchants have no reason to
complain about the full trade , although
the sultry summer weather persists In
lingering beyond the equinoctial.
This Is a republican year. Hut It Is
not a year when any candidate labelled
republican Is sura to bo elected whether
his personal record Is good or bad.
The more the details of that cession
of Tort Arthur become public property ,
the more shrewdly Kubslu appears to
have acted In getting the best of the
One of the regiments of Missouri vol-
wntecrti retained In the service Is asking
to bo mustered out. Wonder If this is
the one In which llryan was offered the
place of colonel ?
General Garcia Is expected to visit the
United States very shortly. While In
the country the Cuban lender should bo
euro to take in the Trnnsmlsslsslppl Ex
position at Omaha.
The popocratlc organ seems to be
chuckling over some assurance that
John L. Webster's bungling manipula
tion of the legislative ticket will' assist
the man who Is Itching to 1111 Dave Mer
cer's congressional shoes.
Ilciiomluatlons arc the order of the
day for republican congressmen In al
most every state In the union. Itepub-
llcaus everywhere are rapidly learning
the advantage of presenting experienced
men for places in the national legisla
If the report Is true that Chill has
Issued an ultimatum to Argentinewith
live days to accept unrestricted arbi
tration of Its boundary dispute , South
America may yet furnish the world with
Its next war and that before the end
of the fateful year 1S9S Is reached.
It Is reported that Japan Is on the
point of negotiating a foreign loan of
ffiO.OOO.OOO. There are mighty few
countries that can equal the record of
the United States In Its last operation
of lloatlng $200,000,000 of emergency
war bonds without going outside of the
subscriptions of its own citizens.
Acting Governor Harris is putting a
few plus Into the popocratlc balloon
between performing executive duties
during Governor Ilolcomb'a absence
from the state. As soon as the gov
ernor hears what the acting governor
has been saying ho , will hurry back to
resume control of the governor's otlico
nnd take care , also , that Mr. Harris
does not have another chance to pose
as governor even for a day.
FAITH IX AMERICA * ItUXOll.
A recent dispatch 'from Havana stated
that the Cuban Insurgents are slowly
accepting the logic of the situation nnd
cling to the hope , that when the Span-
lards have left the Island the United
States Will reconstruct the government
on the lines of Cuban Independence.
The Cubans , said the dispatch , arc actIng -
Ing with the greatest tact and prudence
throughout the Island nnd have unlim
ited faith In American honor. They
will hare their election and form n
ntablc government nnd then patiently
wait for the time when the American
government may deem It proper to turn
into their hands the destinies of their
country. IJy way of attesting their1
faith In American honor the Insurgent
commanders have resigned nnd will be
ta ko themselves to peaceful pursuits
nnd while the forces have not disbanded
they undoubtedly will do so ns soon as
an American army of occupation shall
reach the Cuban capital.
The Cubans have fnlth that the
United States will fulfill itfl pledge to
give them an Independent government.
They know , ns the American people
know , that when this pledge was given
It was with the sincere Intention or
faithfully carrying It out and they be
lieve that such Is still the Intention.
The Cuban people have had nil experi
ence which would justify them' In being
distrustful. Spanish promisees have
been made to them repeatedly only to
be broken. But they now feel that
their destiny Is In the hands of n just
and honorable nation a nation whose
people have enjoyed Independence for
more than a hundred years and whose
government Is founded upon 'tho ' con
sent of the governed. The pledge this
nation has made is contained in tliU
solemn declaration : "Tho United
States hereby disclaims any disposition
or Intention to exercise sovereignty or
control over said Island ( Cuba ) except
for the pacification thereof and asserts
Its determination when that is accom
plished to leave the government and
control of the Island to Its people. "
Pacification will be accomplished when
the Spanish forces shall have evacuated
the Island , the insurgents nro disbanded
and the people are left free to form ana
put In operation an Independent gov
ernment , j .
Our duty in this matter" is' so clearly
denned that It Is not possible there can
be any misapprehension In regard to it.
Wo must give the Cuban people the
fullest and fairest opportunity to es
tablish for themselves a government , in
the framing of which all of them slmll
have n voice and under which all shall
have equal rights and equal protection.
Yet there Is an organized effort in this
country , having the countenance nnd
support of some prominent men ami
newspapers , to defeat the hope of the
Cubans for a free nnd Independent
government. This effort is to create
sentiment in the United States nnd In
Cuba In favor of annexation. There Is
a league , composed chiefly of men
conspicuous In financial and commer
cial affairs , the object of which Is to
promote the annexation of Cuba to the
United States , regardless entirely of the
obligation of honor and duty this
nation Is under to the Cuban people
who have for years been struggling for
independence. The men who are en
gaged in this are undoubtedly honor
able In their business affairs. Wltli
most of them , doubtless , their word Is
as good as their bond. But they do
not hesitate to counsel n policy regard
ing Cuba which would compromise the
honor of their country nnd there are
reputable newspapers that do the same.
Cuban faith In American honor must
not bo disappointed. The pledge we
have given the people of Cuba must be
faithfully carried out Otherwise we
cannot expect to retain the respect and
confidence of the world.
HE SURE I'OV'RB
The standing order onall railroads
to conductors , engineers and men in
control of the active operation of trains
is , "Be sure you're right , then go
This terse precaution Is equally ap
plicable to those who conduct the active
operations of an Important political
campaign. It is especially applicable
to the conduct of the campaign upon
which the republicans of Douglas
county are entering.
Douglas county Is on all hands recog
nized ns the pivotal point in the battle
ground on which Is to bo fought the
contest for regaining republican suprem
acy in Nebraska. Republicans have
victory within their grasp , providing
always that their forces are marshalled
under standard bearers who command
The nomination of clean , capable and
popular men representing the various
elements of the community is absolutely
essential In order to Insure the undi
vided support of the party nnd acces
sions from the ranks of the opposition.
Any break IU the line must endanger
the entire chain. Instead of observing
the rule , "Be sure you're rlsht , then
go ahead , " the late convention rushed
headlong into the nomination of a legis
lative ticket which must Inevitably
cause defections that will Imperil not
only the county ticket , but may cost the
state ticket thousands of voles.
To save the party In botli county nnd
state from this menace It Is the para
mount duty of every loyal republican to
endeavor to right the blunders made by
the convention , even If by so doing 'lie
Is called upon to forego his personal
ambition. In the Interest of party suc
cess The Bee has withheld all comment
as to the merit or demerit of unypar-
tlcular candidate nud has counseled a
reconstruction of the ticket upon lines
that will enable the party to make an
aggressive fight and draw to It every
citizen who desires good government ,
carried on through men committed to
the policies that have brought about the
restoration of prosperity.
In taking this position The Bee may
Incur the displeasure of thoughtless
partisans who Imagine every man. Domi
nated by a republican convention Is en
titled to the votes of republicans-wUat-
ever his record , character or capacity
ion mere was u luevuUs ui uiv vuuuij
mny be. Kxperlence , however , 1ms
shown that thousands of republicans
will not ratify the work of a convention
when It commits the parly to unworthy
candidates. Experience has also shown
that the strength of a ticket , like the
strength of a chain , Is only that of its
weakest link. The weak candidates pull
down the strong ones and often cause
the defeat of the best men.
It , therefore , behooves tne party to
strengthen Its lines ivhllo It can , before
It gets under lire of the enemy , and It
possible so readjust Its ticket as to se
cure satisfactory representation of those
elements to which It must look for
T11K PRESIDENT IX EARNEST.
President McKlnley Is. having dim-
culty Iti completing the commission to
Investigate the supply bureaus of the
War department. Five of the men se
lected for this duty have accepted and
four more are to be appointed , the pres
ident desiring to make the membership
of the commission nine , so that each
of the supply bureaus quartermaster ,
commissary nnd medical may have
three members of the commission as
signed to Its Investigation and the work
be thus facilitated.
Some newspapers have advised the
abandonment of the Investigation , but
according to trustworthy report the
president is earnest In the desire for the
fullest possible Investigation nnd Is
anxious to have It begin at the earliest
practicable day. It Is stated that or
ders have been Issued to the heads of
the War department bureaus to so ar
range all papers relating to the admin
istration of army affairs since the be
ginning of the war with Spain as to
enable them to be Immediately pro
duced upon the call of the commission
nnd ofllccrs of the nrmy nnd civilian
employes have been notified that , if
called upon to furnish information , they
are to make full and complete answer
to all questions pertaining to the busi
ness of the department. The commis
sion , being appointed without authority
of law , would be powerless to compel
witnesses to testify , but no witness that
mny be summoned in the investigation
will be likely to disobey the executive
order to give the commission all the
Information nt his command that should
be asked for. In this as In all other
matters connected with his administra
tion the president desires the lullest
publicity and there can be no doubt
that when the commission is completed
It will be Instructed to make Its Inves
tigation thorough nnd searching.
Meanwhile the newspapers which
have been most aggressive in their as
saults on the War department have
moderated their attacks , possibly having
discovered that their course did not
have the approval of fair-minded peo-
pe who know something about the mis
ery and suffering Inevitable in war.
THE PERIL IU FRANCE.
Conditions In France are rapidly
ripening for an outburst thnt will put
the republic In great peril and may pos
sibly eventuate In a dictatorship. The
Influence of militarism Is vStlll powerful ,
but the indications are that it is weak
ening and the question is whether , If
it shall find its power to be dangerously
menaced , the army will not set up a
dictator , or attempt to do so. Perhaps
there would be little dlfllculty in find
ing a man willing to play such a rolo.
It has even been intimated that Presi
dent Fnure , who has strongly mani
fested his devotion to the army and
who Is believed to be exceedingly fond
of power , might be Induced to accept
dictatorial authority supported by the
army. But how would the people receive
such a changer The masses In France
have shown themselves to be well sat-
Islled with the republic and would un
doubtedly resist n change , nor Is it by
any means certain that all of the army
would favor it.
The Dreyfus case , It seems evident ,
will not down without a revision. The
recent disclosures make an Irresistible
demand that' the case shall have a re
hearing under conditions which shall
afford some chance for Justice to pre
vail. The determined opposition to this
only serves to confirm the convlitlon
that Dreyfus is the victim of a con
There has been so much parading ,
marching , counter-marching and enter
taining In Omaha since the opening or
the exposition that it Is quite natural
that prominent men who are busy with
their own affairs should look upon the
Invasion of this city by visitors from
neighboring states as a matter of course.
For all that , Omaha's hospitality Is by
no means exhausted , nor does It fall to
appreciate the compliments It Is receiv
ing at f ids of the hosts of exposi
tion pair It Is not out of place ,
however , The Bee to suggest to the
people of Omaha that n display of en
thusiasm on occasions like Iowa day ,
when the governor of Iowa ami his
staff , with other distinguished citizens ,
paraded through our principal thorough
fares , Is always In order.
The popocratlc state committee la
bored for weeks with the Douglas
county gang to fix up the legislative
ticket on lines that would appeal to dif
ferent elements from whom they expect
to get the votes. The popocrnts admit
that they made several mistakes , but as
they have no hopes of carrying their
whole ticket , they can carry their dead-
wood. Republicans who want to elect
the entire republican ticket should have
at least as much political astuteness us
their popocrutlc adversaries.
CriticAKree on One Point.
About the only thine in the recent war
that somebody has not made "a kick" about
Is the conduct of the negro reeulars. All
agree that they fought like heroes.
Iowa has made a move In the rleht di
rection. The Iowa State Board of Control
bas laid down the rule that there shall be
no sex distinction In the salaries paid at
any of the state Institutions under Us
Jurisdiction. For like work there will here
after be a like wage. This ehould be the
rule -wherever there is common employment
of the sexes in the schools , In the hospi
tals and In nil ofTclnl capacities. The
state should not discriminate.
.Men IV.re Until } .
Admiral Montojo has been suspended nnd
Admiral Ccrvcra will be denied any form of
welcome on reaching homo. Spain's fight
ing men fare much worse than monsters
like \Yeylcr , who never get near the firing
Sidetrack the I'olltlclnim.
Minneapolis Times ,
The politicians should have mercy on
the president and cease their efforts to In
duce him to make his vacation trip to Omaha
a stumping tour. Ho has earned a rest
and should not be expected to go campaignIng -
Ing for congressmen who arc In tight places ,
It Is not a part of the president's duties
llixiii of the Century.
St. Louis Republic.
The man who has Invented an artificial
egg equal to the "real thing" In everything
but fecundity bas conferred an everlasting
boon upon the overworked hen. She can
now turn her attention to her family affairs
In bliseful Ignorance of the fact that her
ancient enemy Is "laying for her' with an
ax. With artificial eggs and artificial hatch
ers , the time-honored "landmark" ot the
barnynrd Is sure to get it In the neck.
The Ilrcord Dp to Intp.
To the close of the week the deaths In the
army since the campaign began were 751 ,
uhllo the deaths in battle were 33J. This
makes a total of 1,083 out of an army of
268,000 men. This is four men to each 1,000 ,
or less than one-half of 1 per cent. Still ,
the yellow and copperhead papers will con
tinue to print harrowing tales and the old
reconccntrado cuts , used while they were
trying to force congress to recognize the so-
called Republic ot Cuba.
New York Tribune.
Sagasta tells Spain bluntly that she Is a
nation In decay. The diagnosis Is scientific
and accurate , but whether Us communication
to the patient Is professional or not tbo state
nnd the minister will have to settle between
them. It Is certain that thi. * old Spain must
perish and all the clumsy mediaeval ma
chinery of Its government bo cast away.
But perhaps a new Spain may arise with
new impulses and ideals , with the school
master abroad Instead of the monk and the
barefoot friar nnd the resetted matador , In
which event she will be In better form for
her new race without the handicap of
The Huron of Trust * .
The state of New Jersey advertises its
corporation subserviency well in the charier
granted to the gigantic steel combination
known as the Federal Steel company. This
document Is rightly called an omnibus cUar-
ter , for it authorizes mining ot all kinds ,
manufacturing of all kinds , transportation
of all kinds on land and water , building
of all kinds , Including houses , ships , cars ,
factories , engines , railroads , etc. , and buyIng -
Ing and selling and mortgaging of all kinds ,
including land and the business of other
corporations , firms or persons. It can do
everything , apparently , except coin money.
How long at this rate will It be , however ,
before sovereignty in the United States will
abdicate this function In favor ot some
PHUSOXAI , AMI OTIIKHAVISE.
The Maine Incident has run up a bill of
$375,000,000 for Spain to date.
There Is an apparent disposition in Span
ish political circles to mjike Toral the Drey
fus of Spain.
Captain N. M. Dyer , who has been promoted
meted for bravery at Manila , was once
second mate on a Massachusetts whaler.
Mitchells belonging to the western branch
ot that family have Just held a reunion at
Corning , la. Their forefathers were pioneers
Organ grinders and banana vendors arc
recipients of uncommon attention In Austria
Just now. The native motto Is , "When you
see an Italian head , hit It. "
Spain's continual assertion that she will
never , never give up the Philippines begins
to look as If she was afraid we would refuse
to take them off her hands.
Weyler nnd Pando are not shedding any
tears over the emptiness of Spain's treasury.
Piotestlng they didn't do It , they cry out
In unctious unson , "Search mo. "
Assurances come from Washington that
"Dewoy Is well able to hold his own" nt
.Manila. As a disseminator of ancient news
Washington Is acquiring a reputation.
It has rarely , If ever , been the good fortune
of a government to close a costly war with
$316,000,000 of cash , and 76 per cent of It In
gold , In its treasury , says Henry Clews.
It Is said that the European brlarwood
product has been supplanted almost entirely
by homemade goods. Our friends across the
water can put this in their pipe and smoke
A Chicago paper admits that a lightning
Hash which struck a trolley car actually
shocked the conductor. Must have been a
phenomenal crash. Ordinary lightning
could not fcase 'em.
Henry R. Wolcott , who has been nomi
nated by the republicans ot Colorado as their
gubernatorial candidate , Is a brother of
Senator Edward II. Wolcott and a cousin of
Governor Wolcott of Massachusetts.
Charles A. Harden and William A. Ross ,
two Boatonlans who went to the Klondike ,
and were found dead In that region , had
staked a claim next to some unclaimed land
which has since turned out a fortune.
When we get our wires working regu
larly to and from the West Indies the
countly will be treated to details of cyclones
and the llko compared with which the
home-made variety will pale Into Insignifi
With tbo cold water people on one side
and the champagne party on the othci
clamoring for recognition at the Illinois
battleship christening , the only safe course
for Governor Tanner is to mix bis drinks
and end the dlfllculty.
President Faurc , at the conclusion of the
army maneuvers last week , conferred the
cross of the Legion of Honor upon General
Alfred C. Bates , the military attache of the
United States embassy in London , who bos
followed the maneuvers.
A New Yorker , gifted with more than
the average Gotham Intelligence , appeared
at the morgue and solemnly declared after
viewing a corpse Identified ns bls'n , "That's
not me. " Thereupon his weeping wife 'de
nounced him as an Impostor and refused to
Little Danny Maher , the Jockey who hopes
to eclipse Ted Sloan , bas signed a contract
to ride next seuson at a salary of $10,000.
That will gho the featherweight an oppor
tunity to make some $20,000 or $30,000
easily nnd perhaps a larger amount. The
graduate ot the stable keeps some of the
graduates of thu college guessing.
The proposed trepanning of the skull of
Alexander Karat , the Coracll student now
suspected of arson and posalbly even graver
crime , will be for the avowed purpose of
attempting to "restore his mental and moral
faculties , " and It opens a wide field for In
vestigation for the medical and metaphys
ical experts , as well as a broad beam of
hope for criminals. Karst is said to have
bad bis skull fractured at one time in his
life and to be subject to a certain amount
of mental eccentricity on account of it. If
the operation relieves him of this Incubus
In a way that the law can take cognizance
of , a previously fractured skull may be
come frequent defense In criminal trials.
SUCCIJSS OP TIIIJ KXVOSITIOX.
St. Louis Republic : The now assured suc
cess of the Omaha exposition Is good news
for the whole west.
Maryvllle ( Mo. ) Democrat : The Omaha
exposition reduced Its floating debt during
August $122,623.17 , nnd now has an Indebt
edness ot only $57,834.40 remaining. From
this showing It will doubtless close with a
flno surplus to Its credit
Florence ( Ariz. ) Tribune : The Omabn ex
position will bo likely to gain largely by
the close ot the war. The outlook for It
was dark at the outset , but the attendance
throughout has been surprlnstngly large.
From now on the fondest expectations
should bo realized.
Troy ( N. Y. ) Times : The promoters of
the Omaha exposition have made a remark
able display of that kind of American enter
prise which overcomes obstacles and
achieves success. The managers of the big
show announce that they have already paid
oft $122,623 of their Indebtedness , and with
two profitable months remaining for the
fair there Is no question of their paying the
remaining $57,834 debt still outstanding.
Those Omaha bustlers ore to bo.congratu
Indianapolis ( Ind. ) Sentinel : It Is pleas
ant to know that the financial results ot
the Omaha exposition are proving so satis
factory. It took a great deal of courage for
Omaha to attempt an enterprise of this kind
after the notable scries , beginning with the
World's fair and Including the expositions
at Ban Francisco , Atlanta and Nashville.
But the pcoulo of Omaha proved equal to
the emergency. They have made a mag
nificent exoosltlon and are to be congratu
lated upon the fact that , notwithstanding
public absorption In the war , and other
drawbacks. Us financial success now seems
to bo assured.
I2CHO13S OK THIS LATE 1VAH.
That Texas regiment of warm volunteers
which eworo by high heaven not to accept
pay from a negro paymaster took a sudden
tumble when the government elevated Us
spinal column and cheerfully pocketed the
proffered money. The regiment did not
smell any of the enemy's powder or come
within 500 miles ot Mauser bullets. Had It
campaigned at Santiago with tbo colored
regiments and saw the courage and dash
of the "Smoked Yankees" along the firing
line , the Texans would have cheerfully sub
scribed to this tribute , paid them by Gen
eral Wheeler : "All that can be said in
praise of any regiment that participated in
tbo campaign can be said of those regi
ments which were made up of colored
troops. The only thing necessary In handl
ing a colored regiment Is to have officers
over them who are equally courageous.
Glvo them the moral nfluenco of good
leadership and they aro'as line soldiers as
exist anywliero In the world. Put them
where you want them , point out what you
want them to shoot at , and they will keep
on shooting until either their officers tell
them to stop or they are stopped by the
The privates saw and felt more than the
officers the warm sympathy and kindness of
the dusky troops. They withstood the effect
of the climate better than a majority of the
whites and that enabled them to prove them
selves "better Christians than the white
men. " A volunteer who was brigaded with
the Twenty-fourth Infantry during the cam
paign made that statement and explained It
aa follows :
"We bad a lot of trouble about firewood
on the island. It was hard to find , nnd It
often bad to bo carried two miles to our
quarters. Gathering It was a heavy job for
our fellows , for most of them were pretty
weak on account of the fever. The fellows
In the white regiment In our command were
ti llttlo better off than wo were they were
regulars , you know and managed to have
fires pretty regularly. If wo had to depend
on them , we would have put cold .rations In
our stomachs all the time. 'Say , old man , '
I heard said to them , 'let's cook a little stuff
on your flre when you're through with It ,
won't you , please ? ' And what do you think
they'd say ? 'Aw , go hang , ' one of 'em said
to mo. 'We ain't got enough for ourselves. '
It was a good deal to ask of a man , I'll ad
mit. Why , I've seen half a dozen sick men
wait around a flre until the men who owned
It were through , and then make a rush for
the embers , llko seven dogs after one bone.
But 'the ' negroes were different ; they had
biftger hearts. They stood the campaign In
great shape , you know , and It wasn't much
for them to gather firewood. They'd
build a flre. six feet long , and they never
crowded a poor devil of a weak man out If
ho wanted to use It. 'Gimme a chance at
your fire ? ' the fellows would ask them.
'Co'se , ' they'd say. 'What yo' think we
raado a big fire fo , ' anyway ? T' cook our
own grub on'y ? Come on , honey. ' That's
just tbo way they'd say It , and as jolly as
you like. The negroes are all right , and I've
got a place In my heart for the Twenty-
fourth infantry , I tell you. "
W. G. Thurman of the Sixteenth regiment ,
who is now at bis home In Evansvllle , Ind. ,
recovering from a wound , says the charge
at San Juan Hill was the work of a bugler.
When the Sixth and Sixteenth Infantry
had gained a point of l&O yards from the
foot of the hill after a scrips ot short rushes
across the plain they dropped to flre and
load. They were flat on the ground await
ing the bugle call to make another rush.
Suddenly the notes rang out. Instead of the
short call "forward , " which they expected ,
came the longer thrilling call of "charge. "
With a yell that would have done credit to
the bronzed warriors of the west the soldiers
sprang to their feet and swept up the bill.
With a rush they carried It and on the top
stood shooting down the fleeing Spaniards.
The commanding officer of the brigade ,
General Hawkins , was astonished at the
charge and the bugle call which ordered it.
After the hill had been gained General
Hawkins started an Investigation to discover
who was the bugler. He had no success
until he said he did not wish to punish the
man , but to compliment him and get him a
promotion if possible. Then the man was
pointed out by his willing companions. Ho
was Bugler Schroder of the Sixth Infantry.
He received the commendation of his chief
modestly. The fact that Bugler Schroder
ordered the charge was not noised about ,
but the men in the brigade knew It , and it
was common talk with them. He was a herewith
with them , for they considered bis act tha
only thing to do. At each short rush more
men were falling. As they neared the foot
of the hill the Spanish flro was getting mor
deadly and demoralizing. Tbo order to
charge would doubtless have come from the
commander after a few more short rushes
and rest , but Bugler Schroder hastened mat-
Admiral Dewey's expenditures In powder
and shell to sink the Spanish fleet at Manila ,
according to bis own official report , wai
about $45,000. The cost for the same Iten :
In disposing of Admiral Cervera's fleet on
Santiago Is between $90,000 and $100,000
Experts regard the figures in both cases ai
surprisingly low. The cost of killing th.
Matunzas mule and of various bombard
ments by Admiral Sampson has not been
General Augusttn'a story of the capture o'
Manila by Dewey and Merrill contains llttl
that is new. He adds hU testimony to tha
of earlier reporters , that the action ot the
German ship , Kalserln Augusta , In taking
him away , was sanctioned by Dewey , nnd
he explains the hurried departure of tbi
vessel by the fact that the German admlrtl
desired to send the emperor the flrit neem
< ot the capitulation. j
N MIMTAHY IIUIIDUNS.
What the Cinr ScrU * to Dlinlnluli l > y
General I' , S. Mlchle , professor In West
Point Military academy , in a letter pub
lished In the Independent recently , throws
some light on the enormous burdens Im
posed on the taxpayers by the military es
tablishments of Europe , which the czar of
Russia seeks to diminish by disarmament.
General Mlchle presents a table wherein Is
shown : (1) ( ) The strength of the peace es
tablishment ot tbo army ; (2) ( ) that of the
navy , nnd (3) ( ) the annual expenditures for
the support ot the nrmy and navy :
(1) ( (2) ( ) (3) ( )
In addition to this Is may also be stntcc
that the continental nations ot Europe arc
ns a general rule , increasing their natlona
indebtedness. The total debt of France Is
estimated to bo about J2,000,000,000 o
francs , which can , In part , be accounted
for in considering the enormous sums she
bas expended for armament , war ships am
fortifications since 1S70. The debt of Ger
many , which was $411,000.000 marks in 1SS4-
85 , was over 1,915,000,000 at the end o
March , 1S94. The annual budgets for the
payments * of the Interest on the fundet
debts , all of which were mainly Incurred it
the prosecution of war , are In themselves
enormous ; thus that of Franco Is over
$234,000,000 ; Russia , $203,000,000 ; Germany
$177,000,000 ; Austria-Hungary , $117,000,000
and Italy , $115,000,000.
i\II > O OK A "HOHUOH" STOUY
A Snniplc of tltc Avr-rnBC "Yellow'
l < "nlirlvntlon.
No story concerning 111 treatment o
soldiers was more widely circulated o
I caused more Intemperate denunciation of the
authorities than that describing the con
dition of the Eighth New York regimen
when It passed through Cleveland on the
way home from Chickamnnga. Over 230
men were sick and were represented as
practically uncared for , as suffering terribly
for the comforts of life until relieved by
Cleveland women , who brought them
delicacies , bathed their faces with Florida
water and laid flowers upon their pillows
Some of them were said by Clevelam
physicians to be BO 111 that they woulc
hardly get home alive , and Dr. LIndhelm
the surgeon in charge of the train , was
urged to Icavo thcso men at the Cleveland
hospital us the only chance for their re
covery. Just what business these Clevelam
doctors had on that train was not ex
plained ; but , perhaps the professional ethics
which forbid interfering with a fellow-
physician's patients in private life do not
include government surgeons. At nl
events , Dr. Llndheim was heralded far am
wldo as a monster of Incompetence cm
hoartlcssness , and was tbo target for end
less abuse. His 250 patients nro all wel
now , In spite of Cleveland doctors and yel
low newspapers , while Dr. Llndheim Is
dead driven to his grave by tbo attacks
upon him which bo could not answer. Be
fore he died he told a friend that a reporter
who boarded the train at Cleveland with
the visiting physicians threatened to
"roast" him If he did not leave tbo tick
men behind. Ho also ald that some ono
on the way had telegraphed to a Cleveland
undertaker to meet the train prsnared to
take care of six dead soldiers. The under
taker was there , but there were no dead.
The circumstances in this casn support
what baa come to bo considerably moro
than a suspicion with those who have
watched the course of events carefully ,
namely , that agents of tbo incendiary presser
or other enemies of the government were
engaged in a conspiracy to misrepresent
the facts concerning the army and Its
treatment ; to exaggerate all the dr.iwb.icks
and to manufacture tales of woo when ex
aggeration failed them. The * scheme was
overworked , however. So many of the
stories of horror proved to be without
foundation that the public began to grow
skeptical some tltno since , and Is now slow
to accept them without Investigation. The
reaction will not tend to benefit the sensa
tional press , and it would bo well if an
outraged public would show its indignation
In a way that would prevent a repetition of
IVOUMAL CUHHU. > CY UM'ANSIOX.
.Viiturnl < ind Orderly Growth of Our
New York Mall and Express.
There has Just been Issued from the treas
ury bureau of statistics a historical state
ment of banking and currency operations
and the production of the precious metals
In the United States which is particularly
interesting In Its showing with regard to the
development of our circulating medium. For
purposes of comparison the following table
showing the per capita of money in circula
tion , counting the entire population and ex
tending over a long period , is highly Instruc
1300 $ 4 SKI
1810 7 CO
1820 6 96
1830 6 69
1S50 12 02
I860 13 85
1SG5 20 57
1S70 17 50
1SSO 19 41
IbSO 22 82
1S9S 24 74
These figures show that the growth of our
currency circulation has been orderly , pro
gressive , natural and conspicuously free from
artificial Inflation on ono hand and from
forced contraction on the other. It has kept
almost mathematical pace with tbo Increase
of population and its advance does not ap
pear to have been more than momentarily
disturbed by the panics of 1837 , 1857 , 1873
and 1893. Rallying from each of those violent
lent shocks , the currency supply speedily
adjusted Itself to tbo legitimate needs of
the country , and within three years of each
Brent crash all signs of the disorder , so far
a It affected the volume of circulation , bad
It Is worth noting also that In spite of
tbo demagogic bowl about currency contrac
tion and Insufficient circulation , the normal
Inflation has been greater since the resump
tion of specie payments on a gold standard
basis than It was during any former period
except that extending from 1860 to
IS65. The volume rose from $13.85
per ciplta in 1860 to $20.57 per cap
ita In 18C5 , but that was an Interval of dis
ordered currency , suspended specie pay
ments , Inflated values and artificial cxpan-
tlon caused by the colossal expenses of war
On the other hand , with a currency abso
lutely restored to tbo gold basis , the per
capita circulation bas increased from $19.41
( n 18SO and $22.82 In 1890 to $24.74 In 1833.
In other words , with an Increase of nearly ,
If not quite , 35 per cent in purchasing
power , as compared with the purchasing
power of tbo dollar in 18G5 , tbo actual volume -
umo of the circulation bas been increased
14.17 per capita during the same period.
The first conclusion to bo drawn from
these facts IB that the surest suaianty of
nil needful currency. Inflation U the main
tonancu of n strict honi-at-monty basts for
ill forma of the circulating medium. With
bat safeguard securely established the vol
ume of money will adjust Itaelf automatic
ally to the legitimate requirements of trade
nnd Industry , Insuring perfect Immunity
from dangerous expansion on one hand and
from harsh contraction on the other. The
whole trend ot our monetary s ) tem Is In
itho direction of this safe , rational and prac
MiiiTiirri , < ; IIAMMH. ;
Hnrper's Hnzar : "FlghtlM * * hot busi
ness , ' said Willie , n IIP read about the
p regiments. "First thine they K t peppered
i nt by the enemy , an' then they get mus
tard out by their own KoVincnt. "
Jndce : Surjreon I don't know whether
he will hn ubln to utiuiil nn uppnitloli.
I'hy.ilcliin Is lila hivirt wsnk ?
Surgeon No ; ha doesn't seem to have
Indlnnauollu Journal : "Is It true that
you had Barker arn-stcil for threatening
iyou ? "
I "Yes. I found thnt he had. It In for me ,
and so I hat ) him In for it. "
i Detroit Journal : Cobwlggcr What bcne-
, fit would wo derive from letiilnlng the 1'hll-
1 Ipplnta ?
I Merrltt To Judge from the customs of
the native * , our clrln would probably got
Bomo now Ideas of bicycle units.
Somervlllo Journal : Winks I have com *
to yon to net some Information.
Blnkfl WJ-II , 1 don't know anyone who
needs It more.
Washington Star : "Skldlcy always socms
Industrious , " remarked the gossip. "And
yet he never accomplishes much. "
"Yes , " replied the eager listener , "he's
one of thcso people who , whenever they do
nnythlnp. make you think they'd be Hrst-
rnto hands nt something else. "
Harper's Baznr : "Things nln't llkn they
used to be , Orlcgsby. We dnn't get the
tobucco wo used to have ; nor tha wine :
nor the music "
"No , Uuckmuster , we don't. Fact Is , the
only things that haven't Mmngod arc the
Jpkfs In the papers. They're the. name old
things they always wna. "
ChlcnKo Tribune : "So your sister woa
married last week , was she , Bessie ? "
" ' "
"Flno wedding ? "
"Bridesmaids In plenty , I suppose ? "
"I don't know for sure , but 1 KUCSS thcr
'Who was the best man ? "
' ' "
' 1 sny who was the best man ? "
"O , papa. "
aintiint SiirprlNr 1'nrty.
Ono day In paradise
Two nngijls , benmliiR- , strolled
Along the amber walk that lies
Besldo the street of gold.
At last they met and gnzed
Into each other's eyes ;
Ihen dropped their harps , amazed ,
And stood In mute surprise.
And other nnctls came.
And ns they lingered near
lleurd both nt once exclaim :
ojy , how did yon get here ? "
Once moro down Old Midway we're roam >
Ing , It seems ,
As In witching enchantment It haunts our
wild dreams ;
We revel tijmln In those wonderful sights
That rival the scenes of Arabian Nights.
All real wo view what before was but
fable , '
'Mid confusion of tongues llko the building
of Bable ,
And the countless bands pluy , nnd the
naughty girls dance
Ah , forever we'd stay In the Midway
All too swift speeds the hours , too soon
must wo lly ,
Where the Drcum City lifts up Its towers to
the sky ;
A vision It seems of some heavenly shore.
Its beauty so stately , majestic nnd pure ;
Then we say , ns bright vistas of glory ap
As exclaimed one of old , "It Is good to bo
But the night shadows fall before far wo
For wo tarried too long In the Midway
Life , too , has Its Midway , where pleasures
so gay ,
Knchunt us. Invite us forever to stay ;
But like phantom mirage they'll fade on
our view ,
We should always nnd over seek the lastIng -
Ing und true.
There are fair Isles yet waiting the sailor
Promised lands where the valiant nnd
mlKlity may reign ;
But life's night will o'crtako ere far we.
If we linger too long In Us Midway
J. F. LEWIS.
Rlvcrton , la.
OUIl UAII/V JUULLISTI.N.
NEW YORK , Sept. 23 , 1808. A conferenc *
of oyster magnates Is held here today to
arrange the plans for a gigantic trust which
will own and control all the oyster beds
of the United States and Canada. It will
have a capital stock ot $5,000,000.
We were never so ready as
now to meet the demand for
ligh-class clothing for men ,
joys and children. Our fall and
winter goods comprehend the
newest patterns , and in such
variety as to grades as must
meet every reasonable require
ment. We don't deal in "cheap"
clothing , but our prices are
moderate for goods of enduring
In men's fine cheviot and
worsted suits the prices range
according to materials , from $15
to $25 , with half a dozen inter
Isn't it about time for a light
weight ? We
overcoat have a
complete assortment for you or
your boy , if you have one.
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