Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 21, 1898)
Powered by OpenONI
THE O rAITA DAILY BEE : WEDNESDAY , SEPTEMBER 21 , 1898.
A Chinese Legend.
How the Princess Loiilt-Sou I'cd tlio Strange Worms mid the Em
peror IIoang-TI Ttmulit the Chinese to .Malic the First
It was a bcnutlful spring morning some
< ,547 > cnrs ngo. The sun had melted away
the tnnw from the fields nml meadows , unit
a carpet of sappy green and briniant colorf J
flowers covcrcil the ground. Some of the
trees were already resplendent ) In their new
coatB of large light-green leaves , whllo oth
ers , like the oak nml the mulberry , had been
nfrald of thn treacherous night frosts nnJ
tiad only } u t begun to sprout out the first
delicate leaflets. Above trills budding world
nndlslble everywhere through the tiny
foliage the sky shone In dazzling azure , a
Tew white feathery clouds drifting slowly
before a Hght breeze.
In the renter of the largo park of which
wo speak nho\c wo are not relating a. fairy
tale , but a true story there stood a magnifi
cent , brilliant palaco. The golden gate , In
front of which tierce , grayhearded warriors
Blood on sentry duty , was opened wldo and
through It caino Hoang-TI , the emperor of
China , accompanied by his Ilttlo daughter ,
Loult-Scu , and followed by Ills mandarins
nnd many ofllcers of his household. He wore
a superb garment made of panther nklnt and
was In excellent humor , for ho had just re
ceived good tidings from his councilors and
various affairs of state and meant to refresh
himself after the morning's work by a walk
In the now green of the park.
As they proceeded through the long rows
of budding mulberry trees leading from the
] > alaco to t'ho bank of the river the little
princess suddenly halted In front of a young
mulberry shoot , Htandlng close by one of the
older trees. Under this hitter's protection
Its leaves had sprouted somewhat faster and ,
ns It seemed , I'rlncess Loult-Scu had made
a discovery about ) the nhrub , which con
sumed her entire Interest. The emperor
nlEO approached and remained captivated by
the odd spectacle offering ItEclf to his eyes.
There were hundreds of tiny black worms
that had just escaped from their eggs and
were now Industriously craw ring along the
twigs and branches In quest of nourishment ] .
The Ilttlo princess enjoyed herself as only
children can who have received a now toy
end the emperor ordered the entire shrub
to bo carefully transplanted Into a magnifi
cent vase and placed In the room of his
I'rlncess Loult-Seu followed with over-
increasing Interest the progress of her now
wards and had them provided with fresh
leaves when those upon the shrub had been
THE YOUNQ PRINCESS SUDDENLY HALTED IN FRONT OP A YOUNG MULBERRY SHOOT.
aten up by the hungry crowd. Luckily
there was no lack of mulberry leaves in the
garden of the palace. The princess never
tired In observing how the tiny worms grow
and grow and how their color gradually
changed from black Into milk-white. Often
ehe would call In her mother , Empress Tc-
llng-Sbl , so that she too might Ebaro her
pleasure in observing the cute Ilttlo pets
feeding on fresh leaves and growing al
most from day to day. Ono day , however ,
Loult-Seu perceived something BO extraor
dinary that eho was unable to master her
excitement nnd did something she was
strictly forbidden to do. She rushed into
her father's privy council chamber.
Without oven noticing tbo amazement of
the old premier minister , who bad been
about to submit his report on state matters
of firavo Importance to the emperor , the
Ilttlo princess harassed and begged her
father to come and see the wonderful things
eho had to show him , until ho gave in and
followed the Impulsive Ilttlo girl.
Some of the caterpillars , now grown long
and thick , sat among the mulberry twigs ,
Ableu they had despoiled of their leaves ,
within a fabric of shining yellowish threads.
Zealously they kept moving their little
heads to and fro and the sharp-sighted cui-
peror noticed that tbo fine thread Issued
from their mouths. This thread they kept
on winding about themselves , turning a.
Ilttlo further at every move , and before the
very eyes of the emperor the flue veils
first enclosing the caterpillars became
thicker and closer , until rtnally the in
dustrious worms were completely hidden
from view. The emperor turned to his wife ,
who had coma to see the unusual sight ,
leaving her loom , at which she had been
"They are industrious little creatures , "
raid the emperor ; "they follow your ex
ample and weave a beautiful garment for
From that day on the emperor cama
rather often to his daughter's room , now
then several times a day. Ilia interest
for the curious Ilttlo animals was now
thoroughly aroused. Ho not only watched
them whllo they spun themselves in until
the last ono hod completed its shining
color , but ho also racked bis brains and
puzzled about what would now bccomo of
them. One day a few weeks later ho found
the reply to , his burning question. Ho
fancied hn could hear a slight noise within
ono of the egg-shaped formations. As ho
bent down to examine it more closely , ho
saw that It had discolored at ono end and
apparently had become moist ; how this end ,
giving way under some pressure from
within , bulged outward ; bow the outer
threads were gently pushed to ono sldo
and how some tiny whlto feet made their
appearance , soon followed by a Ilttlo whlto
head. A small , trembling , whlto animal
crept forth , its wings grew nnd strength
ened noticeably after being opened and shut
a few times until it suddenly ( low away.
The emperor , the empress and the Ilttlo
princess were very much suprlsed. They
all had often seen the little whlto butter
fly in swarma about the old mulberry
trees In the garden , particularly in the
twilight of a warm summer evening. It
was cot long before the little princess had
a lot of these butterflies in her room ,
much to the discomfiture of her maids ,
who did not take kindly to this now whim
of their mistress.
Hut Loult-Seu was a child nnd a
princess at that. So she Insisted upon be
ing allowed to feed her new pets , Just as
she had formerly fed the much less jolly
caterpillars ; but at first she was very uu-
hnppy that her butterflies would not eat
of the fresh mulberry leaves she had
brought In for them e\cry day ; still they
would always keep near the boughs placed
In the room. Shortly after the clover child
made another discovery. She found upon
the boughs tiny globules nnd remembered
having seen similar ones upon the branch
that had been brought first from the garden.
She apprised her parents of the news nnd
between them they soon found the truth.
They had discovered the transitory forms
of the development of the silk-worm.
Slnco that tlmo Kmperor Hoang-Tl was
often sum In deep thought. Whenever he
found the empress at her loom he would re
main nt her side for hours watching her
quick hands guiding the shuttle thiaugh the
wnrp. K went so far that while looking at
the empress1 work ho would sometimes neg
lect even urgent state affairs.
"Just think of it. " said the master of the
household to the minister of war ono day.
"His majesty has not listened to mo or
heard ono word of my verbal report about
what measures I propose to employ to stop
the damage done by the caterpillars in tbo
Imperial gardens. We would have ample
work for nt least ISO people If the emperor
had sanctioned my plan nnd approved of the
croitlon of the new charge of MmperiJl cater
pillar destroyer.1 I even had Imagine ! most
haudsomo uniforms for these very useful offU
"Oh. yes. you are. quite right , my dear
friend , " retorted the minister of war , "life
majesty certainly lacks the mental vigor of
former days. Whllo I read my report on
the state of our northern fortifications yes
terday the emperor played the whole time
with ono of the little egg-shaped balls made
by the worms of the Ilttlo princess , and
when Ihad finished ho had it pulled to
pieces and Into numberless flue threads. "
The two old courtiers shook their gray
heads In dismay and went on their respective
errands. Their astonishment about the
whims of their Imperial master rose higher
still when In the following spring Emperor
Hoang-Ti gnvo orders to collect all the
worms that could bo found on th mulberry
trees and had them fed and cared for in the
largest state halls of his sumptuous palace.
The empress and the princess supervised this
work In person and never a day passed with
out the emperor himself Inspecting the pro
gress of bis hobby. When the worms ceased
feeding on leaves and began spinning their
cocoon * the emperor came forward with a
Ilttlo machine , which made It pomlbln to
unwind the fine threads from the cocoons
and to turn them into a yarn of a fineness
previously unknown. When a sufficient
quantity of the yarn hart been obtained the
princess again turned to her loom and what
eho wove then was not wool , but the new
fiber procured by the machine of the cm-
pcror from the tocoons. The monarch had
thus bccomo the founder of the silk Industry.
Soon ho also taught the art of dying the silk
in various colors by moans of vegetable dye-
stuffs. The first silk fabric that came from
the loom of the empress won worked Into a
garment for the little princess , Loult-Seu ,
who was radiant In the dazillng yellow-
whlto dress , but the very next Was a baud-
some , shining gown for the emperor , In blue
the color of the sky and yellow the color
of the earth In memory of the beautiful
spring morning when the emperor In the
light of n radiant sky had discovered on
catth wherewith to make his people wealthy
Long ere grim death put an end to the
glorious reign of Emperor Hoang-TI many
thousands of Industrious workmen were en
gaged In the newly created manufacture of
silk. When the entire people through dele
gates wanted to thank the emperor for giv
ing his valuable discovery to the nation the
modest monarch disclaimed all merit and
only said that ho had thought "a novel oc
cupation would be the most adequate means
to ralso the moral standard of his people and
to combat poverty. "
After the death of Emperor Hoang-TI
the pcoplo rose as a man to erect a monument
ment to bis memory such as no mortal had
ever received. Hut then there npcarcd an
old anchoret , who had for many years lodged
In the mountains in deep seclusion and ex
hausted nil earthly wisdom. "Would you , "
Bald ho to the people , "erect to the man
who was moro modest than the meanest
among you , a monument made of Iron ?
Very well , then , do so If you think it will
satisfy your sense of gratitude. But It
would bo far moro beautiful if you could
succeed In setting an everlasting monument
ment to Emperor Hoang-TI in the memory
of our entire nation. Teach your children
to look up In clear nights to the starry
heavens above , nnd to couple with the
brightest of the stars the memory of the
great emperor and with the hardly less
brilliant star next to It the thought of his
noble wife. Lot that pious devotion pass
on to your children and to your * children's
children indefinitely ! "
And BO it happened. Thousands of years
have since gene by. We know not whether
the great Emperor Hoang-TI ever had a
metal monument erected to his memory
nor where It once stood. But when night
falls in the Flowery Kingdom and star upon
star flashes up in the sky , then the Ilttlo
Chinese children come out of their houses.
They turn up their eager faces and search
among the stars until they have found what
they were looking foi , and then they joy
fully exclaim : "Tsan-Fang * . the Ilttlo silk
house ! "
And then they think of the great Em-
peror Hoang-TI , who moro than forty-five
centuries ago understood the art to observe
Nature's own forces at work and to make
use of what he learned for the benefit of his
* Tsan-Fang , the name for four of the
brightest stars in the constellation of the
1T.XSIONS KOIl WUSTUHN VKTKIl.V.VS.
MirvlvorN of Civil Wnr Itenipiiiliercil
liy tli < > flpiicrnl fiot eminent.
WASHINGTON , Sept. 20. Special. )
Pensions have been Issued to the following :
Issue of September 7 :
N'ebraska Original : John Price , Tcka-
mah , $ S. Renewal : Henry M. Brooks , Sew-
ord , $8. Increase : George P. Warren , Har
vard , $6 to $12 ; Edward O. Lemmon , Geneva ,
$10 to $12.
Iowa Renewal and increase : Silas
Rucker , Vlllisca , $6 to $8. In
crease : Jacob Rogers , Council Bluffs , $ C to
$8. Reissue nnd Increase : John Staver ,
Waukee , $6 to $8. Original widows etc. :
Special September 9 , Emma A. Glover ,
Spirit Lake , $8.
I'renlili-nt Mnlcex No I'olllleul Speceli.
CHICAGO. Sept. 20. The Post's Washing
ton special says : The president ! has decided
against appeals which have been made to
him to make political speeches In Ohio and
Indiana , or anywhere else during the cam
paign. He gave Representatives Overstreet
and Paris to understand today that on his
way to Omaha ho would make stops at In
dianapolis and Terre Haute , but ) not to make
speeches , On his way back he may make
two or three similar stops In Ohio , but on
none of these occasions will there be polit
ical spcechmaklDg by tbo executive.
Par brOMru surface : , oures , insect bltea ,
burns , skin diseases , and especially piles ,
there Is one reliable remedy , DeWitt's Witch
Hazel Salve. When > ou call for DeWitt's
don't accept counterfeit or frauds. You will
not bo disappointed with DoWlU's Witch
Pushing Electric Lines Penetrating th
Preserves of Steam Bonds ,
INDICATIONS OF "MANIFEST DESTINY
for Orenlrr Snfcty of
Ocnm Trnvcl IZIoctrIc Hull-
roniln In Hnroiie Other
An Indication of what electricians call
"manifest destiny" is given in the report
that electricity is to supplant steam as the
motive power on the cog road that climbs
the rugged sides of Pike's Peak. This Is
but ono of the many symptoms of the change
going on gradually. The electric trolley
lines are carrying a very appreciable proportion
tion of the suburban passenger tralno that
once belonged entirely to the railroads
which run by steam. This is moro notlce-
nblo In tbo cast than in the west. The
Western Electrician makes a statistical com
parison which Is very striking. In the ten
years up to and including 1S93 the number
of passengers carried on the steam railroads
In Massachusetts Increased at the rate ot
6,825,000 a year. The next four years they
decreased at the rate of 4,766,000 a year.
The decrease In passenger Journeys from
1893 to 1897 was moro than 19,000,000 , or
j 1C.65 per cent. Whllo the number of Jour
neys fell off 15.65 per cent , the passenger
. miles fell off only 6.66 per cent , showing
that the average Journey grew In length
nearly 12 per cent. There are six steam
railroads entering Boston. These lost 12.2
I per cent of their passengers Into and out
| of Boston from 1893 to 1S97. There are flvo
electric street railroads that enter Boston ,
and these gained In the same four years 31.2
per cent in the number of passengers car
ried. The lower fare charged by the elec
tric lines helps to get the business , but In
many cases the Inducement of open cars and
no dust or cinders Is of Itself a strong one
In hot weather.
bafety in Ocean Trnvi-1.
The wreck of La Bouigognc in a fog near
Sable island , in which 1G3 lives were losf ,
has brought out a lot of suggestions for
warning vessels when in close proximity to
ono another. Probably the most original
suggestion that has > et been advanced Is
that ) of dispelling a fog by means of elec
trical discharges. Mr. Alexander McAdlo
In a recent contribution to the North Amer
ican Review advocates some such method ,
and gives his reasons for so doing. At the
outset ho states that air at ) sc.i level at a
temperature of SO degrees Fahrenheit ,
half filled with moisture , has eleven grams
of water vapor to each kilogram of air. If
the temperature Is lowered , say fifteen de
grees , through a change in the pressure , the
air will become saturated with water vapor ,
or In other words , will ha\e all It can hold.
Mr. McAdlo then goes on to say : "If the
mixed air nnd vapor can bo lifted about
4,000 feet , the rain engineer can ordinarily
form a cloud or fog. Conversely , It he can
Increase the pressure and supply the requi
site amount of heat , he can nlt'er conditions
no that no fog forms , or if it has formed ,
cause it to disappear. Provided wo can con
trol the thermo-dynamlc conditions , wo can
condense the Invisible vapor of the air Into
visible cloud , and on the other hand , change
the visible fog inco invisible vapor. " In Mr.
McAdlo's opinion this desired result might
be accomplished by a method suggested by
Prof. Oliver Lodge , the well known English
savant , some time ago , In a lecture before
the British association at Montreal1. At that
meeting Prof. Lodge related some experi
ments which ho had carried on with a view
to discovering a method ot dissipating dust
fog , which frequently gathers in towns and
cities. He stated that he had found that a
bell Jar filled with magnesium smoke or
with steam could readily be cleared by an
electrical discharge. Uxperlmcnts were also
carried on in a room filled with thick tur
pentine smoke , it being definitely shown
that the air could bo speedily cleansed of Its
solid particles by discharges of electricity at
a high potential.
In 1887 Prof. Lodge. , whllo cnroute to this
country , was detained for several hours by a
very thick fog , regarding which he subse
quently wrote ns follows : "Fog Is an un
mitigated nuisance. Electric light Is power
less to penetrate It , and as we lay there
idle it was impossible not to bo struck with
the advisability ot dissipating It. It is rash
to predict what can bo done. It is still
rasher to predict what cannot be done. I
would merely point out that on board a
steamer are donkey engines , nnd that these
can drive a very powerful Holtz or Wlm-
shurst machine , ono polo of which may be
led to points on the masts. When electricity
is discharged into fog on a small scale the
fog coagulates Into globules and falls ns
rain. Perhaps it will on a large scale , too. "
Mr. McAdlo thinks that the time has now
como to try Pi of. Lodge's suggestion , made
over ten years ago , and points out as one
of his reasons that all steamships and oven
ferryboats , ot any size , are now equipped
with dynamos which could readily bo made
to generate economically high poten
tial currents of from 40,000 to 50,000
volts by the use of suitable trans
formers in series. Ho is of the opinion that
"within a reasonable distance such dis
charges would certainly dissipate the fog
nnd clarify the air. " On the other hand , ho
admits that fog might ho BO dense as not to
bo affected by such electrical discharges ,
but thinks such cases would be exceptional.
There would seem , In our opinion , no reason
why such an experiment on a large scale
Bhould not ho tried , as It could be done at
comparatively little expense ; whether it
would prove successful , however , Is debata
ble. That a discharge of high potential elec
tric currents from a ship will dissipate n
heavy fog at any considerable distance from
the vessel Is scarcely to be expected , and
unless the area cleared were of at least
moderate sire , thus allowing the lookout to
see a considerable distance ahead and on
either side , it would not render ocean travel
materially safer than it Is at present.
Europc'N Klcctrla Italians N.
On January 1 , 1898 , 204 lines of electric
street railways , with n mileage of 1.422
miles , were In operation In Europe. The
rolling stock consisted of 4,514 motor cars.
The following table shows the status of
these lines in the different countries of
Length , Motor Cars ,
Country. Miles. Number. ,
Germany . T07.3 2.1)3 .
France . 1W.5 11 '
Great Britain . 97.fi 232 '
Switzerland . 80.8 237 ,
Italy . S. .S 311
Austria-Hungary . Cfi.l 243
Belgium . 42.8 107 1
Spain . 37.9 50 ,
Hussia . 19.0 65
Sweden nnd Norway. . . . 14.9 45 '
Sorvla . G--i 11 i
Bosnia . 3.5 .
rtonmanla . . . 3.4 in
Hotlnml . 1.9 ' ' 1 '
Portugal . 1.7 3 j
Total . flTISTo Tsll
Germany has sixty-five , France forty-four , |
Austria-Hungary thirteen , Great Britain '
twenty-four , Switzerland twenty-three and '
Italy eleven electric railways. The system 1
most in use is the overhead trolley , which s
Is operated by 172 lines , while eight lines ,
have adopted the underground trolley , eight , *
lines the third-rail system , thirteen lines . '
storage or accumulator cars , and three | '
lines have a mixed system of overhead trolley - <
ley and accumulators nt certain points on
their lines Tbero would seem to bo two
notable facts developed in these figures :
First , that Germany is far and away in advance -
vance of other countries , eclipsing France ,
with her largo city population and numerous i
Industries dependent on street railway comI I
munlcatlon. Again , little Switzerland la , i
How to save a lot of money
As we have had a host of requests from Bee subscribers , who
cannot take advantage of our excursion , Sept. 21 and 22 , because this
time the excursion includes the B. M. R. R , only , and they live in
towns not on the B. M , , we have yielded to the demand and made
A Special Exposition Offer
September 21 and 22
We have issued a coupon ticket which will admit the holder to
the exposition grounds ; to the following shows on the Midway ;
1 Hncenbnck's Trained Wild Ant-
2 The Chinese Village and Chinese
3 Pabst on the Midway.
4 The Streets of Cairo and Theatre
5 The Flying Lady.
0 The Bombardment of Ma-
7 The German Village.
8 The Scenic Railway and Buttle
9 Shooting the Chutes.
10 The Palace of Mysteries.
and will also obtain a special discount on hotel rates at the Dellone ,
Arcade or Saratoga hotels.
All for $1.35
WITH SUNDAY RATES. . THE OMAHA DAILY BEE.
$2 for 3 mos.
WITHOUT SUNDAY. . THE BEE PUBLISHING CO. , Proprietor.
BOc per mo.
FROM ALL AOP.NTS.
IBc per week Town.
/ hereby agree to take The Omaha Daily Bee for three months from date ,
through x i and pay for same at regular rates ,
in consideration of the privilege of joining the Omaha- Bee Exposition Excursion
September 21 , 1898.
to Obtain Tickets.
Whether you are a subscriber now or not fill out the blank above. I you take or wish to
ake the paper through an agent , fill in his name in the place marked X , otherwise insert
ihe word "mail. " Place the name of the town where you live at the top and sign your name
at the bottom , and you can get your tickets at the above price , by calling at The
Bee Building , Omaha.
Or , for § 2.00 we will send you a coupon ticket as above and WEEKLY BEE for one year.
close up to Great Britain , although the
necessity for swift lines running out from
her small cities to the scenic objects ot nt-
ractlon Is evident enough.
Electric Mull Sj tera.
During the last few weeks a very Inter
esting series of tests have been carried on
at Jersey City Heights with a model car or
carrier Invented by J. II. McGurty of Jersey
City , says the Electrical Engineer. For this
purpose a circular track one-quarter of a
lullo In length has been constructed at the
comer of Central and Manhattan avenues ,
and around this track the mlnlaturo car
speeds at a marvelous rate , fulfilling the
expectations of the Inventor and his friends ,
as well as suggesting the possibility of a
commercially successful system of electric
express service. The system Invented by
Mr. McGurty Is for the purpose of caarylng
mail , newspapers and general express mat
er at a high rate of speed , embodying de
vices to have the car stop at any desired
station nnd doing away with an attendant
on the car. To accomplish these- desirable
features Mr. McGurty has invented several
now and Interesting devices , such as auto
matic controllers , a novel trolley , insulated
sections and brake , all of which will be re-
en od to later on.
It Is proposed to run the cars at a speed
of 120 miles per hour , but the model car
shown in the illustrations , which is box-
shaped and pointed at one end , is flvo fetl
eng , three feet high and two feet wide
and weighs 530 pounds , will not run nil this
speed. It docs , ho\\erer , with six-inch
sheets , attain a speed of eighteen miles
tor hour on this "continuous curve" track.
The practical car will probably be thirty
cct in length and have a capacity of about
The Inventor , who has carefully worked
out every detail of bis scheme , claims as
new an alternating current motor , ono ot
\\Iilcli is mounted directly on the front and
ono on tbo real axle of the car. On board
ot the car la an automatic rheostat for
starting the car , there being no attendant ,
and this rheostat embodies a mechanism by
means of which the car can bo started as
slowly or rapidly as H desired , bringing it
up to speed in ono or two minutes or oven
a fractional part of one minute. Tbero is
further provided an ingenious electric brake
which goes Into action as soon us the cur
rent is applied to it , and is released when
the ' current Is shut on. It can bo so regu
lated by springs as to stop the car at a
definite predetermined place anil any de
sired tlmo after the current is applied 01
shut off. An automatic controller Is also
placed on the car which reduces the speed ot
the car when turning corners or down
grades , or when approaching stations.
Having now given a general description
of the several devices employed by Mr.
McGurty , a general idea of their employ
ment by looking into the method of opera
tion of the system Is in order. The cars are
aent away by a train dispatcher from ono
end of the line. He Instructs the operator
at tbo station where the car Is to be stopped
that the car has started on its journey and
should be stopped at his station. The
operator then throws his station snitch ,
thereby cutting the current off from a sec
tion of track near tbo station. The car ,
arriving at tbo station , will find the track
In this condition and will automatically
have tbo brakes applied and stop at the
appointed place. When it Is again ready
to proceed on Its onward Journey tbo oper
ator opens his switch and the car is started ,
stopping at any station when so desired
or passing through It when no switch la
thrown. It Is , of course , necessary to use
the ordinary block system , allowing only
one car to bo on any ono section at onetime
time ; in other words , to have the cars ono
station apart. It is also necessary to send
the "through" cars ahead and have the
local cars follow. A car can , of course , betaken
taken out of the line and be returned , the
road being double tracked.
GUB nud Klcctric Motor * .
A gas advocate concedes that the electric
motor , ns compared with the gas motor ,
presents n number of desirable features.
It requires less room , Is started and stopped
in the most simple manner by a turn of the
hand , requires very Ilttlo outlay of atten
tion or lubricants , and its first cost is much
smaller than that of a gas engine. But ho
claims that when the question ot economy
of cost of operating and maintaining 4s
considered , the advantage Is all with the
gas engine. He puts the saving In the use
of the gas engine , for steady working , at
not less than SO per cent , even though the
charges for electric current when applied
to power purposes are greatly reduced from
those for current for lighting , and ho holds
that when employed but half the time the
gas engine will still effect a saving of 40
per cent. These deductions are drawn tea
a considerable extent from tbo conditions
obtaining In Cologne , Germany , where gas
and electric motors are working under con
ditions favorable to a fair comparison of the
respective systems. In the comparative table
it is assumed that both motors shall bo
run during ten hours each day for 300 days
in the year , when at full work. Both ma
chines are of the latest construction , and
are of four-horse power. The gas engine
requires 91.8 cubic feet of gas per hour ,
and the hourly absorption of current by the
electric motor Is 3.8 kilowatts. In each case
interest on capital Is reckoned at 4 per cent ,
and wear and tear is estimated at 7 per
cent. The cost ot the gas motor plant was
2,300 marks , or $340.50 , and it entailed a
jearly expense , including interest , wear nnd
tear , cost of gag , oil and waste , attendance
and cleaning , of 1,260 marks , or $296.10. The
tlrst cost of the electric motor was 1,100
marks , or $329 , and its yearly running ex
penses amounted to 2,700 marks , or $846,25.
The cost per horse power Is thus seen to
be 10.5 pfennigs ( of 100 to tbo mark ) for the
gas motor and 23 pfennigs for the electric
motor. When the motor wires were used
only half the time the comparison was moro
fa\orallo ) to the electric motor , but even
Ih'Ju ' Its cronoruy was 40 ttr cent belo-s-
that of tbo gas engine.
Klfrtrlclty i" Surgery.
Of late years America has gene far ahead
of any country in developments In the ap
plication of electricity to medicine and sur
gery , but an extract from the presidential
address of Dr. John Duncan to tbo British
Medical association has Interest In showing |
that the movement now in such active
prosecution In this country was started
many years ago. Dr. Duncan said : "Tho
other improvement to which I venture to
direct your attention Is the introduction ot
electricity Into tbo Infirmary. Tor thirty
years I have preached , in nnd out of season ,
the surgical uses of electrolysis , but I feel
assured that even now it has not met with
tbo appreciation It deserves. Yet In clreold
aneurism no other treatment can bo com
pared with it for a moment. In naevus of
tbo usual mixed variety , if you desire to
avoid a scar , there Is nothing so sure and
EO safe. It docs excellently in some other
forms of angioma. It gives good results in
goitre. It is useful In uterine fibroma. It
is an efllclent depilatory. Many of thesn
are common diseases , which ought to ho
treated by the ordinary surgeon , who , I
trust , will soon employ It in suitable casca
with no more hesitation than in performing
lithotomy or amputating a finger. "
WHAT THKV HM'KCT.
( rlcrnncon of a AVoiiiiin CInlmliiir
Humility with .Mini.
She was a new woman and was rather
proud ot the fact that she had a place in the
world ot business that enabled her to regard
herself as being on an equality with man.
But there wns ono thing that annoyed her ,
reports the Chicago Post.
"I go down on the car early every mornIng -
Ing , " she said , "with a > oung man who lives
n Ilttlo further out than I do , and I don't
mind baying that ho doesn't know what
courtesy nnd gcntlemanllness Is. "
"What does ho do ? " inquired her big
brother , who doesn't think very much ot
new women , anyway , and is consequently
opposed to his sister being In the world of
"It isn't what ho does , " she replied ; "it's
what ho doesn't do. Tlmo and again ho haa
lot mo stand up all the way downtown ,
when it would neom as If the very least ho
could have done was to get up and offer rju
hlfa Heat. "
"That Is wrong , isn't it ? " returned th
"It's contcmptlhlo selfishness ; that's what
it is , " she answered.
"Tho fact that ho Is in possession of a
scat , " went on the big brother , "of course
does not entitle him to It It a fellow clerk
of the opposite sex happens to want it. Ami
yet men of business will do those things.
Why , I know n girl who has twice , tha
grievance you have In that lino. "
"What's happened to her ? " she asked.
"Man thcro first nnd refused to glvo up
when she came along , " ho explained.
"Glvo up his Beat' "
"No , glvo up his Job. She has discovered
that It would Just about suit her , but the
great big brute of a man hasn't chivalry and
courtesy enough to get up from his desk ,
bow politely and bay : 'Madam , permit mate
to offer you my Job. ' Actually , ho Just
bungs right on to It hlmcclf and lets her go
hunting round for something to do. Most
iitigentlrmanly , Isn't It ? But , do you know ,
I think the old-fashioned courtCHy Is "
However , nlio did not wait to hear about
that. She merely said ho was a mean thing
and didn't understand what was duo lo n
woman at all. And ho himself admits that
constantly changing conditions make It
mighty hard to find out.
TinIllHi lim - < l > - for I'liu.
Mr. John Muthlai , a well known slocll
dealer of 1'ulaskl , Ky. , says. "After BufferIng -
Ing for over a week with flux , nnd my pby-
slclan having failed to relieve me , I waj
udvtsfd to tty Chamberlain's Colic , Cholera
and Diarrhoea Kuinedy , and have tbo picas
urn of stating that the half of one bottlu
cured mo. "
film i\iilnxlon : lii Coal .Mine.
YOUNOSTOWN. O. . Sept. 20. A gas ex
plosion occurred In the Slope coaf mine at
Llbbon , thirty miles from here , last nlglu
John Coiitielly was klllud. The remainder
of the night shift had narrow VKcapes. The
mine Is on flru halt a mlle from tbo en
To .Sum liuctur'N Ullln
Use "Garland" Stoves and HUUCUL