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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1898)
(5 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : TUESDAY , SEPTEMBER 13 , 1898.
THE OMAHA DAI LY BEE
* k. , Udltor.
PUHLISHUD liVUHY MOHNINQ.
THUMB OP SUBSCIUPTION :
Dnlty Hco ( Without Sunday ) , Ones Ycnr.JG i
Dally Hco and Sunday , Ono Year . 8 (
Hlx Months . 4 (
Thrco Months . 21
Sunday lieu , Ono Year . 2 (
S.iturrtay lice. Ono Yo.ir . 1.1
Weekly lice , Ono Year . I
Omaha : The Uco Bulldlnc.
South Omnlia : Slncrr .Block , Corner ]
and Twenty-fourth directs.
Council UlurTH : 10 tv.irl Street.
ChlcoBO Oince : 502 Chamber of Con :
New York ! Temple Court.
Washington : Ml Fourteenth Street.
All communications relutlntf to news nn
editorial matter should bo addressed : T
All business lettcrH and remittance
should ho nildresHcd to The Hoc I'ubllHhln
Company , Omaha. Drafts , checks , cxprep
and imutolllcfl money orders to lie mad
payable to thu order of the company
THU BUU PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OP CIHCUbATION.
State of Nebraska Douglas County , ss :
George 13. Tzschuck , secretary of The De
Publishing company , being duly swori
say.H that the actual number of full an
complete copies of The Dally , Jlornlni
livening and Sunday Uee , printed durln
the month of August , 169 $ , was ns folio wi
2 211,010 18 20,12
3 usr,7i : 19 27,17
4 2y,7IO 20 27,70
5 US , 120 21 US , III
C 2H,0IO 22 2II.S7
7 usoor 3 20,2(1
8 27,7(10 ( 21 20,81
9 US,7.'ll 23 20,12
10 20,7 'l 20 2(1,7:1 ( :
11 20,0:15 : 27 20t : : !
12 UO.O.'O 28 2(1 ( , til
13 T usist : : 2D uwai :
ll usno : 30 20,2S
15 2S.OIO 31 u.-or
Total SOISl (
Less returned nnd unsold copies . . . 1UB2
Net total sales 8l5il :
Not Daily Average 27.621
GEOHQE B. TBSCHUCK.
Sworn to before mo and subscribed I
my presence this 1st day of Septcmbe
1833. N. P. FEIL ,
WUICOMK TO THUS HUB HUIMH.M
Ro tlNltnr to Oniiiliii mill the
c\l > Nltton nlioulit K < > nwuy
Mltliout iiiNprctlnn : The lire
llltlllllllK , till * llirKCNt I1C1TH-
iniiier ) > ull < llnpr Ii > Anierton ,
nnil TinDec iic niuiiier
liliuit , contM'iltMl to be the
Ilnt'Ht lictwci'ii ClilciiK < > mill
hnn rruiifl.sco. A iMirillnl
IN cxti'iiilcil to nil.
Maine 1ms re-elected Thomas 15. Hec
Hjicaker of the next house of. icpre&cut ;
Omnha Is full of visiting stranger
Omaha's hospitality nuibt be extended
ouo and all.
The Omaha peace jubilee- the 1)1
gest thing In sight and grows bigger !
it approaches nearer.
The Jackboiihiii barbecue slipped
barb , but the touching committee got
Its work jtibt the .same.
Congressman Mill Greene boasts th
ho first spoke of war with Spain on tl
lloor of congiess. Now we know tl
cause of all the soldiers. ' buft'erliigs at
The best thing about , the cnptun
Spanish Hags that have been broug
home by our soldiers Is that no cup tun
United States fiags aie to be seen <
display In Spain.
The teachers have been assigned
the various public bchools where tin
will hold forth for the coming year ai
one more cause of anxiety ami wlr
The exact figures for the Maine elc
tlon may not be known tor a day
two. but the fact that Maine htlc !
Meadfabtly to the republican party h
been known all along.
And soon the Twenty-second Infant
of the regular army will be back
their quarters at Fort Crook with M
ring tales of Santiago and the war w
be fought over again on Nebraska so
Home was not built In a day , nelth
Is a bi'ttboueil army created witho
subjecting the soldiers to the luco
voulenco of camp life and the dangc
of sickness that results from cllmal
If rainy weather were needed to he
the crops , everyone would cheerful
welcome It. Hut the crops are sate , ai
as the rain only Interferes with the e
position attendance , the sooner It
runs : off the more pleased wo will i
Chasing fakes perpetrated by the pc
ocratlc yellow journals Is a tlmnklc
task. That Is why there Is no rush
serve on the commission which the pr <
ident wants to Investigate the condi :
of the War department in the rece
Cowardly assassination of a defeui
loss woman can meet no approval trc
civilized human beings anywhere. T
brutal murderer of the empress
Austria will therefore go to his exc <
tlon without one word of sympathy
applatibo even from the worst monarcl
If the school board were troubl
with surplus financiering Instead
deficit financiering , the proposition
double current expenses for High sclu
work by the erection of two HI
school buildings might bo broached w
homo degree of plausibility. The era
a school board surplus , however , see
to bo'on the ever receding horizon.
Douglas county has boeu represent
in the legislature In the past by stro
and reliable business men and workli
men who have left their maiks
state legislation an well as by pollti
nonentities who have never been her
of since adjournment of the sess !
they attended. In the coming leglslati
Douglas county will insist on being r
resented by men of ability who v
uiuke their Influence felt
TtlK TllAHU Of TUB OR/BAT.
Senator Davis of Minnesota Is chal
man of the foreign relations commlttt
of the Tutted States cnate and a men
her of the ptacu commission , llt'foi
his appointment to the commission
was understood that ho strongly fi
vored the policy of territorial e.\pm
slon , that he believed it to be the dut
iid Interest of the United States to n
aln possession of conquered terrltoi1
n the far east , as a means of cxtemlln
American commetce In that portion c
lie world. Last week Senator lav ;
cllvcred a speech In Minneapolis opei
ng the republican campaign , In tli
ourso of which he clearly Indicated Ii !
losltlou on the question of terrltorti
\panslon. As a member of the peac
omnilsslon he was constrained troi
Ivlng full expression to his personi
onvletlons , but he declared and tli
eclaratlon is Important "that this goi
rnmcnt will secure from the Mtuutlo
n the Chinese Orient whatever Amcr
an commeice , American honor an
Vmcrlcan morality and plillanthrop
vlll require. " How far these may I )
undo to reach , under the impulse t
errltorial giccd , it is impossible it
ny one to say. Where shall we sto
f wo begin acquiring tertltory for tli
xploltatiou of American morality an
Like very many others Senator Dav
s allured to tenltorlal acquisition by
Islou of wonderful commeiclal expai
ilon. Ho sees In the trade of the Or
nt the means of immensely developln
lie states of the Pacific slope , Iroi
vhose advancing piosperity the nortl
\cst will derive great benefits. M
) nvls Is no ordinary optimist when 1 :
lilnks of what is to come trom tl
radc of the Asiatic lauds. It wl
r.ako the Pacific states teem with
) opulatlon ten to one what It Is nov
'I believe that great fleets will sail 01
if those great bays , " said the Minn
ota senator , "and greater cities tha
ve dare conceive of will stand upo
heir shores. I believe the Unite
States \vlll be strengthened where
tatlstlcally shows at present it Is wen
mil that one of the noblest , most pr <
luctlvo and richest and patriotic po
Ions of our commonwealth will be wi- :
if the mountains where the sunset an
ho sunrise beat upon the Sierras
This Is certainly a captivating vlsic
mil the man who has It may bo pa
loned for favoring territorial expai
ilou. Mut theio are some prnctlc ;
'onsideratlons which modify the attra
ivcness of the Imperialist dicam.
The chief of the > > e practical consider
ions , as we have heretofore pointed on
s that the United States must compe
ivlth rival commercial nations for th
rade of the Orient and It will get on
such share as It can command I
easou of any superiority we may hav
Wo must contest with Knglnnd , Oc
unity , France , Russia and Japan l'i
his eastern commerce and it need n
Jo said that the contest on their pa
will be sharp and vigorous , the ndva
tage at the outset being with them ,
hero no lesson in the trade with Son
America that bears upon this ? M
liavo been endeavoring for years to o
tain such share of the commerce
< outli American countries as we thli
ihould be ours. We have had suit
success , largely for the reason that 01
commercial rivals obtained a linn lo <
told there and have shown greater c
; erprtse in cultivating that trade. 1'c
Imps we should be more success !
igalnst these same rivals In the t ;
L'ast , but let us not delude oursclv
with visions of an ensy commerci
conquest there. Our rivals are as all
o the opportunities as ourselves.
Unquestionably we should put for
our best efforts to Increase our trm
with Asiatic countries , but success w
ilepend upon our entcrptlbo and o
ability to compete with other great coi
mcrclal nations and not upon the la
of possessing mote or less territory
that ( juarter of the world.
VERY SOUll OllAl'HS.
The man who had to retire from t !
executive committee of the Transm !
slsslppl Imposition because of his dai
uging Inrompett'iicy in the work of pt
motion is greatly dlstiessed over t
piomlnent part played by The Uee ai
its editor in making the exposition
monumental success. Having exhaust
himself and his staff of faulrs in tin
desperate effort to create an autn
onism between the country press ai
the Department of Publicity , ho no
seeks to find vent for his bile by i
tempting to belittle and ridicule the i
cent achievement of the editor of T
Uee In connection with the pua
That the eminent newspaper wreck
was staggered and chagrined by the a
uouncement that President McKlul
and his cabinet had acceded to t
urgent Invitation conveyed to them I
the editor of The Mce to attend the i
position Is not to bo wondered at.
was natural , therefore , for his paper
try to smother this Information ev
though he knew It would Insure t
presence of several hundicd thousai
visitors In Omaha during Jubilee we
and at the lowest computation won
put at least ? 2OC,000 ( Into cliculati
among our business men , to say nol
lug of the Increase of not less th
$100,000 In the exposition revenues.
The labored effort of this JournallH
genius to amuse himself at the expcii
of the exposition by ridiculing the mn
ager of the Department of Publicity
only another case of sour grapes.
TJIK IXDVSTHUr , CUMM1SSIOX ,
The commission created at the h
session of congress to Investigate
dustrial , commercial and labor con
tlons , has been completed and will m <
some time this month to organize a
make preparations for beginning
work. The commission Is comi > osed
ten members of congress five senat *
and five representatives , who were t
pointed by thu vice president n
spcaker-aml nine persons appoint
by the president , several of whom i
representatives of labor. All polltli
paitles arc represented on the comni
The Investigation which the comic
h required by the law to man
Is very compieheiislve and Is expcctc
to occupy that body at least two year
H Is to Inquire into the various quo ,
tlons of labor , capital , wages , dlstrlbi
tlon and collateral matters , the purpos
of the act being to elicit all the Inforim
tlon which it Is possible to thus obtal
for the Instruction of congicKS In legl
luting for the Industrial and comme
clal Intoiests of the country. The elm
ncter of the commission warrants tl :
expectation that It will go to the bo
torn of the questions presented lor li
vestlgatlon. All classes of people wi
undoubtedly be cnlled upon to contrll
ute to the infoimatlon which It Is id
sired to obtain and the result caniu
bo otherwise than a vast mass of lad
and opinions , more or less valuabl
Hut whether the investigation will n
suit In anything practical , will real !
help toward a solution of any of tli
Industilal and economic problems whlc
are sources of agitation and coutn
versy , Is of course a question , llov
over , It is possible if not probable tin
some good will come fiom the invest
gallon and It should be made with tt
greatest care and thoroughness.
.dA * E3UXKXT JUltlST DEAD.
In the death of Judge Thomas A
ooloy the legal profession of the Unite
Slates loses one of its most emlnei
nombcrs. Judge Cooley's attalnmen
is a lawyer were of the highest orde
le was especially distinguished as n
'xpouuder ' of the federal coustltutio :
ils treatise on that Instrument havln
eng been accepted as a Mandaul ai
horlty. When the Interstate Common
commission was organized , in lt > 8
President Cleveland appointed Judj.
L'ooley as Its chairman and during tl
rears In which ho held that position 1
'outrlbutcd more than any other men
jcr to the worn of defining the Intc
tale commerce law and the functloi
of the commission. After his ictlr
neat from the commission , the dntli
of which he found too arduous , Jinl ;
Jooley continued to devote hlmsel
: hough less zealously than before ,
The death of the eminent Jurist wt
lot unexpected. Several months ai
ils mental faculties became serious :
impaired and the most careful trea
incut in a pilvato sanitarium tailed
give moie than tempoiary icllcf. It
tated that in such Intervals , Iud ;
Jooley fully realized his condition ai
wished for the end. Ills was a great
useful life and he has left a inouumci
of intellectual ability ami profession
industry that will perpetuate his mei
ory as one of the greatest lawyers <
According to a AVashlngton dlspatc
going the rounds of the press , of tl
places to be filled In the United Stat
senate this winter four are now he
liy tlie populists , namely , from N
brnska , Utah , Montana and Novad
and in these the political successh
will hot be disturbed. This Is a trll
premature at least for the flrst-uami
state , .because in Nebraska even tl
populists admit that It Is a serious qut
tlon whether they will bo able to b
cine a legislature that will re-elect the
representative fiom this state In tl
upper house of congiess. It will 1
well for the Washington prognostic
tors to wait till the election returns a
In before they assign the Nebraska so
atorshlp In their political complexh
Today Is Wisconsin day a.t the expo1
tlon and will bo made a worthy coi
mcmoratlou of the pait of the I5ndg
state In the great .show. The Wlscons
building Is one of the handsome
among the gioup of handsome strv
tures erected by the different stat
participating in the exposition , althoiij
Wisconsin Is not strictly a trausmlss
slppl state. Its Interest , howo'er ,
so bound up with those of this sectli
that theie Is little or no line of d
Unction to be drawn. Wisconsin has
light to feel proud of Its share In t
exposition at Omaha and will certain
icay the benefits of its liberality ai
enterprise for years to come.
King Ak-Sar-Ilen the great Is one
the few mouaichs who fears nelth
assassins nor levolutions. Ills men
making subjects have no thought
anything but to make each success !
coronation fete surpass the one that h
Admiral Dewey Is another of the I
roes of the war who Is perilously nc
the age of compulsory retirement lie
active service. His retirement , when
occurs , should have soveial stroi
strings tied to It.
I'ncir > Inii the
St. Louis Republic.
Ten thousand Cuban Insurgents are marc !
Ing toward Havana. Our commissary C
partment can pacify them by meeting the
with its "hand out. "
Varied MIIIIIN of Clioan Money.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
A goldbug In Colorado knows exactly wh
he wants , but It taxes six silver parties
the state to represent all the flne shades
the 40-cent dollar.
1,1'N lU iTNllile Jacket.
Ll Hung Chang's latest dismissal fro
ofllco may have a string to It. Ho has oft
been "degraded" before. The Cblneso t
ways flnd a way to appease Indignant foreli
powers and a hlch offlclal may be Kick
out and at the sarao time stay In.
UiiHCfinly ( iriiltililliiK.
At the end of the civil war , after fo
years' hard service , not a single regime
asked to be mustered out and not case
homesickness was reported. The troopsjve
glad the war was ended and happy in t
prospect of solng home , but they await
orders and did not kick.
If the decision of the French cabti
council Co revlso the Dreyfus case mea
as seems likely , a reopening and a new tr
of the case , It Is a remarkable concessl
on the i-art of the government. It ir
not mean a fair trial for Captain Dreyf
but tt is remarkable that the governme
after having to long and stubbornly re/m
to reopen the case , should dually const
to do BO. There mnst have been a ere :
change In popular feeling and perhnps hi
portant new evidence to bring about BUI
action , but the government Is so strong
committed to the theory of Dreyfus' gul
that tl ) will bo hard for him to'get a fa
All Toneher , 8lnnillnK >
Now York Sun.
Hero's to the Army of Santiago , tl :
Array of I'orto Itlco , the Army of Luzo
and tbo Reserves In canipt The sum i
their achievements la today Immcasurabl
and their prldo in the glory which the
have added to the Stars and Stripes shoul
ll\o always with them stronger than an
Oft Yeitr Itiillllcrrnue.
New York JInll and Express.
Returns from Monday's elections lu Vc
rnont nnd Arkansas show that tha rcpul
llcnn majority In the first named citato h
fallen oft 21 per cent , while tbo democrat
majority in the last named state has d
cllncd 27 per ecnt , as compared with tl
results In 1SDI. It any democratic phllos
pher can flnd a modicum of comfort
thcso facts ho Is entitled to It.
American MutlioilM lu
New York Tribune.
The Santiago custom house for the fir
tlrao In Its history Is taking In money wit !
out having It stolen. It pours in in
golden stream which waxes dally , payb
all the expenses of vhe municipal goven
mcnt and leaving a hamlsoma surplus. Tl
wholesome Influence of American admlnl
tratlon Is thus made mnntfest from tl
outset and will appear elsewhere In tl
Island as fast ns It Is Introduced.
Why Kiirly Action Id Ncccminry.
New York Sun.
The nomination ot lion Wharton Darki
of Pennsylvania for nrcsldcnt and of Ho :
Ignatius Donnelly of Minnesota for vl <
president by the middle-of-the-road popull
convention nt Cincinnati should not he n
gardcd as prcmatuic. The platform upc
which these gifted cltl7cnsBtand Is so lot
that readers of average industry canm
hope to master it before the fall of 1900.
we understand the system of the commltti
on resolutions , It was to clvo 1,000 won
of resolution per capita.
( liawliMicil Democracy.
New York Sun.
The temporary chairman of the Io\
democratic convention made a speech abe
sixteen times as big as the conveutlo
"Chastened by forty-ono defeats In fort
three state campaigns , " said he. "tho ba
tle-Bcaired but unconquered and unco
quciablc democracy of Iowa are again a
setnbled In state convention for the pu
pose of rcacsertlng the eternal prlnclpl
of equity among men. " The eternal prl
clplcs of pquity having been asserted , t
bittle-Rcarred but unconquerable democra
went home to wait for some more chaste
Ing. While watting they aio cheered
the thought of what the temporary chalrmi
called "tho Roman countenance and t
Spartan courage of an Incomparable Bryan
We should describe the countenance
Colonel Bryan as rather Italic than Iloma
but doubtless this Is purely a subjectl
si : AMI Tim AIIMV.
IlluntrntloiiN mill CoiniinrlHOiiN Mm
> tlth the AVur for the Liilon.
In four months out of 1,326 offlcera a
men the Ninth Massachusetts regiment h
lost fifty-four by disease. This command
believed to have had a heavier death n
from this cause than any other in the n
tlonal service. But how mercifully slenil
It appears as cont'fastcil with these appalll
regimental death rolls'1 of the war ot the r
Killed or died Died
of wounds , dlsea1
Second Malno 10
Fifteenth Maine ( i
Twenty-fourth Malno 1
Seventh Vermont . , n
Kle\enth New York 23
Eleventh Kentucky 21
Ono Hundml and Thlrty-
llrst Illinois 1
Sixth Michigan 78
Eighteenth Michigan 18
In that war , RS In this , the victims of dl
ease vastly outnumbered the victims of t
shell and bullet. Then , as now , this wai
of human life was chiefly unnecessary BOI
of It murderous. In part It was unquestlo
ably chargeable to olllclal negligence , but
great deal more of It was due to the awf
fundamental fact of military unpreparedne ;
The nation that , blind to the lessons of oil
nations and to its own disastrous experleni
Imagines that an army can bo conjured
out of nothing by a legislative act or exec
tlve pronunclamento can hug Its delusion
Its breast year after year , for there Is
power which can prevent It but time a
time again It must pay a fearful price for
in the blood of Us own sons.
If there are shortcomings In the civil a
ministration of the War department , strl
them and strike them hard. But do not fc
get the real murderers of our men , the doi
agogues and the fools who have done thi
shrill utmost to demoralize and destroy o
little regular army and to make the ve
name of the American soldier odious.
A SUCCUShFUt , IMPOSITION.
Phenomenal III Attendance nnd I
Philadelphia. 1'rebH , 9th.
The success of the Omaha exhibition
ono of the marked events of the prese
year. There was much doubt as to wh
the result would bo when the project w
first undertaken. An exhibition on a lar ,
scale had never been held before nt a pol
so far west. This doubt ripened Into ce
talnty when a war with Spain was declar
before the gates of the exposition we
opened \lsltors. .
The result has shown , however , that tac
fears were not well founded. Notwlthstan
ing the Interest attached to the war a ;
the attention a growing prosperity has d
mandcd for business , the Omnha exhibit !
has attracted a flattering amount of patro
age. The number ot visitors up to la
Monday night was 1,180,650. By tonight tl
number will be Increased to nearly 1,300,0 (
nnd when the gates close finally the to )
number of visitors will doubtless exce
2,000,000. As Omaha is a city of about 1C )
000 inhabitants and the country around
sparsely settled comparatively , the atten
anco can bo considered phenomenal. T
financial success is equally encouraglr
According to a statement made by t
treasurer of the exhibition a few days a
the outstanding bills amounted to only $5'
834 40. With the constantly increasing i
celpts this balance will eoon bo wiped c
and a surplus left over all expenses.
This Is repeating the good fortune wht
attended the Nashville exhibition of IS !
That enterprise was found unexpectedly
have more than paid expenses when t
books were closed. The managers of t
Omaha exhibition have conducted their c
terprlso with equal financial success. Ma
ing exhibitions pay in a money sense h
new discovery. The past record of tin
enterprises contains a long and unbrok
list of financial failures. So certain ot su
a result had projectors of exhibitions * I
come that It was usual to Ignore this feat !
and rest the claim for support on the ct ]
eating benefits of these enterprises.
There is no doubt as to the esthetic i
suits of well-managed exhibitions , but t
financial results have discouraged a go
many efforts to undertake them Now , ho
ever , that Omaha and Nashville ha\e dei
onstrated that they can bo made to pay it
financial as well as In an educational sen
the number held In future will probably
CUIMH OK AN ASSASSIN.
Indianapolis Journal : The killing of Km
press Ull7abcth of Austria was more wan
tonncss ot murder , haxlng no other objec
than to "strike terror in the social order.1
The savagery of such a deed Is only sur
passed by Its idiocy.
Chicago Tribune- The brutal nssasstna
tlon of the empress adds a new sorrow t
the hapless house ot Hapsburg , to whlc
Franz Josef belongs. The crime goes t
swell the lengthening record ot cases I
which the liberty ot free Switzerland ha
been abused by plotters and murderer
In the name of anarchy. The deed is on
which nothing but Insanity can fairly ac
count for or palliate In the. slightest da
Chicago Inter Ocean : No royal family I
Europe has carried a heavier burden of ml :
fortune and sorrow than that of the relgt
Ing house in Austria. The emperor hltr
self is an epileptic. His brother Mnxlml
Ian was shot lu Mexico , and the wlilov
Carlotta , Is insane In Belgium , The en :
pcror's son , Archduke Rudolf , was klllc
by a nobleman whoso sister ho had b <
trayed. and the heir to the throne has bi
come a hopeless consumptive. After sue
manifold allllctlons the aged sovereign carnet
not bo expected to survive long tbo vli
lent end of his wife.
Kansas City Journal : The death of th
empress may have no Immediate effect upo
the political affairs ot the empire , but I
will hasten the dreaded end when it will b
necessary to flnd n successor for Francl
Joseph. The emperor is old nnd broker
the ono stay of his llfo being his dcvotlo
to the empress and her love in returr
Her shocking death and the loss ot he
companionship , added to the many othc
sorrows and humiliations of his llfo , wl
tell ecvcrely upon the old monarch , and It I
not probable that ho will long survive th
good Elizabeth. After Francis Joseph , whc
of Austria ?
St. Louis Globe-Democrat : "Assassin !
tlon , " said Disraeli , in referring to Lli
coin's death , "has never changed the hii
lory of the world. " The meaning of tl
great British statesman's aphorism w :
that assassination never accomplished tl
object Its authors bad In view. Lincoln
own taking off , which was , of course , i
profoundly regretted in the south as
was in the north , added to the troubles ar
dlfflcultles which his hare-brained murdcn
doubtless desired and expected to dlmlnls
The blindness and folly ot assassination n :
its most striking features. When tl
nihilists Killed Alexander II of Russia I
1S81 they removed the emancipator <
24,000,000 serfs and put in his place tl
cruel and gloomy bigot Alexander III , wl
drove the Jews out of his dominions ,
few days ago , Just after the world heal
of the present czar's proposition to redui
national armies nnd to further the cam
of International peace , it read of an elabo :
ate attempt to murder him. The assasslnt
tlon of the emaress of Austria removes
worthy nnd popular woman , without d
mlnlsblng in the faintest degree the pov
ers or pretensions of crowned heads In ar
part of the world.
AIIATK THU WAH TAXES.
rirnt and 3Iont 1'rennlnK Dnty i
Detroit Free Press.
The vigorous prosecution and speedy tei
ruination of the war has made its cost con
far below what was anticipated when coi
gross passed the war revenue bill. Instec
of lasting a jear and entailing an expend
turo of ; 100,000,000 to $500,000,000 , the Wi
has been fought out In less than four inontl
nnd has cost only about $235,000,000.
It follows that a bond sole that will brie
$200,000,000 Into the treasury and a war Is
that will yield In the neighborhood of $150
000,000 of revenue will place In the hands i
the government about $115,000,000 more cas
than it will need for the conduct of tl
war with Spain. If there were likely to 1
deflclcnces In other sources of revenue th
surplus might persaps bo profitably usi
In meeting them. But the Indications a :
that there will be no deficits for the presci
at least. In spite of the war the cash ba
ance In the national treasury has kept c
growing , having been $295,814,808 on Augu
31 , an Increase of nearly $70,000,000 slm
March 31. When the proceeds of the bor
sale are all in the balance will come cloi
Then there is an increasing revenue undi
the present tariff law. Assistant Secretai
How ell has estimated that this law h ;
produced a surplus revenue of nearly $10
000,000 in excess of the ordinary expens <
' of the government for the flvo months end (
June 30 , and It Is calculated that Increaslr
Importations will greatly swell this surplt
by the end ot the fiscal year.
So it seems certain that our national trea ;
ury Is to bo embarrassed with an excess i
riches. This will bo better by a great de
than to be embarrassed by a lack of r
sources. But the situation should imp
congress to relieve the people at the earlle
possible moment of an unnecessary burde
Unless some unforeseen financial strei
should entirely change the situation bcfo :
the flrst of December , it will be the obvloi
duty ot congress to reduce taxation by aba
Ing many , if not all , of the special taxi
now being paid by the people. Such actlc
would not only afford relief from \exatloi
form of taxation , but would aid material
in avoiding an excessive and troublcson
WHY THIS HUMOCUATIC SLUMPt
Ainnclnir HeNiiltx of the Hlcctlon I
Two state elections liase been held th
week , ono in the cast and the other in tt
west. The returns from both states a :
incomplete , but it is known that the fallli
off In the democratic majority in Arkans ;
is much greater than the falling off In tt
republican majority In Vermont.
Why this democratic slump ?
In 1894 , the last off-year election , tl
democratic majority In Arkansas was 43,72
This year the Llttlo Rock Gazette estlmat
I the democratic majority at 30,000 , a loss i
over 18,000. The republican majority In Ve
, raont In 1894 was 28,621. This year It
estimated at 24,828 , a loss < of 3,693 , or le
than one-fourth the democratic loss in A
Why this democratic slump ?
i In Vermont the republicans made no cai
' vass , distributed no literature , held no mec
Ings and made no speeches. And yet the
majority fell off only 13 per cent as con
pared with 1894 , when an active canva
was made. In Arkansas , however , whe
the democrats made an energetic campalg
holding Joint debates and urging the par
\oters to the polls , the democratic major !
fell off 3S per cent.
Why this democratic slump ?
The average republican plurality In t ;
last four off-year state elections in Vermot
not Including this year , was 21,145. Tl
year the republican plurality is eatlmat
at 24,828 , or nearly 3,700 above the avcrac
The average democratic plurality in the la
four off-year state elections in Arkansas , n
I including this year , was 38,178. This ye
! the democratic plurality Is estimated
30,000 , or 8,000 below the average.
> Why this democratic slump ?
In Pulaski county , Arkansas , the coun
in which Little Rock , the capital of t
state , is situated , less than half the \c
cast two years ago was polled last Monda
In September , 189B , Governor Jones recelv
about 3,500 votes in this county. This ye
he will not receive over 2,000 votes. Su
a falling off cannot be found in the repu
llcan % oto anywhere In Vermont.
Won't somebody explain this democrat
KUIIOUS OK Tim WAH.
When the yellow sensationalists run shor
ot material with which to exaggerate thi
condition of soldiers at Camp Wlkoft the ;
Invariably wind up their florid account !
with : "Soldiers fear to talk ; they will re
main silent until mustered out. " This con
\pys the Idea that some horror Is hlddci
through fear ot a court-martial. There I
about as much truth In that assertion ns ti
the average story ot neglect put In ctrculn
lion for political effect. A private lottc
from a member of Company C , Twenty-sec
end Infantry , formerly stationed at For
Crook , refers briefly to the condition of th
regiment and the camp , and his voluntar ;
testimony outweighs a ton ot mcgaphon
assertions. "I was stricken with chills am
fever In Cuba , " ho writes , "and they kcp
up until Tuesday last. They came nea
killing me. You would not know me now
I nm still very weak ; can hardly walk
Would like to glvo jou an Idea of how were
\\oro treated , but can only say , now , that
considering the short time In which th
troops wcro moved and notwithstanding th
rumors lu some yellow papers about ba
management , we nro faring exccedlngl
well. Special praise Is deserved by ou
regimental surgeon , Captain Clark , wh
worked day and night helping the sick. H
deserves a medal. You will see that th
Twenty-second lost but few men throug
fever , though 90 per cent had a touch of it.
Admiral Sampson's luck was not as ewll
as ho hoped for in that coming out tune
tlon at Santiago , but the fortune of wa
stuck to him to the finish. Ills share of th
prize money , not Including the Santlag
ships surrendered to Ocncral Shatter , wll
bo about $40,000. Admiral Dowcy's receipt
from his May day adventure at Manila wll
Unless there is greater expedition on th
part of the government than was shoni
in like cases after the civil war , sovera
jcars will roll around before the prlz
money Is distributed. The destruction o
the confederate fleet by Admiral Farrogu
at Now Orleans in 1862 netted the officer
and men $143,544 lu prize money , but twcn
ty-two jcars elapsed before the distrlbutlo :
took place. Red tape tied up the mouc ;
until most of the participants passed fron
earth. As the time Is ripe for slashlni
red tape , it Is expected prize money dls
trlbutlon will be expedited In the presen
Only by degrees is the country learnln ;
how narrowly the army at Santiago escapci
disaster In the minds of rho correspond
ents. Out of the hundred or more correspondents
spondonts who went to the front , only four
teen remained to finish , but these falthfu
chroniclers of momentous events saw , bean
or Imagined Innumerable things whlc ]
soldiers neglected to mention on their ire
turn. A correspondent of the Chlcag
Chronicle a\crs , without fever or hysteria
that General Shatter's escape from bclni
a Spanish prisoner is duo to General Torai"
lack of sand. Shaftor's headquarters wa
some distance to the rear ot the lines am
was indifferently guarded. At any rime be
twcen July 4 and July 12 it would hav <
been an easy matter for the Spaniards t
capture the whole outfit. The main roai
from Santiago , according to the Chronic !
man , was unguarded to within a quarto
of a mile of the camp and the guard a
the camp could not protect it against 20
charging cavalrymen. But Spanish courag
was not equal to Us opportunities. A Span
Ish and an American officer were dlvldlni
a bottle of wine and talking war talk on
day In the Cafe Venus In Santiago. "I an
free tx > admit , " Bald the American , "tha
we underestimated your fighting ability. '
"Yes , and I as freely but regretfully adml
that wo overestimated the strength o
lour lines. " "And I am happy In thi
knowledge that you did. It would hav
been very awkward for us If you had cap
turcd our commanding general. "
AM ) oTiiuiiwisn.
Justice White appears to bo ono of th
men whom the ofllco sought and did no
The statue of Oliver P. Morton , Indiana'
war governor , which Is to bo erected ii
Washington , will cost $5,000.
The peace commission changes color evei
before It gets together , but then the chang
from White to Gray is not a violent one.
They are going to run cars up Pike's Peal
by electricity Instead of by the present coi
s > stcm. The broomstick train Is getting ll
The spectacle ot the great powers of Eu
rope bending their energies to suppress i
street row in Crete Is ono for the edlflcatloi
of gods and men.
Those Pilgrims whose first house In Plym
outh has Just been marked with a tablet
bullded better than many have been knowi
to build since their day. A house 278 year
old Is pretty nnclcnt.
Two Eouthe.ners , Victor Blue ot South Car
ollna and Thomas M. Brumby of Georgia
were the flrst to hoist the American Hog 01
our now possessions , the former on Cubai
soil , tbo latter at Manila.
Some verdant New Jersey newspaper
think Grover Cleveland has about the rlgh
build for a United States senator. Jersey
It may be remarked , entertains conslderabli
respect for great corporations.
The coincident deaths of Eugene Boudln
the marine painter , nnd Charles Gamier , th
architect of the opera house In Paris , recal
the fact that both men started llfo as pee
boys. The former was originally a sallo
and the son of a Honfleur pilot ; the inothe
of the latter was a vender of vegetables.
Admiral Sampson lost thirty pounds It
weight during his service in Cuban water :
and ho was not a heavy man to begin with
His duties as a member of the Havana com
mission , however , though they carry hln
back to Cuba , will not bo of the same flesh
reducing kind , and bo will doubtless recuperate
Coincident with the presence In New Yorl
ot a lineal descendant of Baron Mun-
chauscn , the New York Times gets off the
following without fracturing a lib"Sevei
years ego a calf tore a man's vest fron
a back yard fence , where it was hanging
chewed up- the garment and swallowed a goli
watch that was In the pocket. A few week
ago the calf , now a full grown animal , wai
slaughtered for beet , and the watch wa
found in such a position between the lung :
that the process ot respiration , closing am
filling the lungs , had kept the stcmwlndp
wound up and the watch had lost only fou
minutes in seven years. "
The Royal U the lil < ) he t grade baking powder
known. Actual tests how It yarn on * .
Ulrd further than any other liraad.
ItOViL l > K ! a fOwCJH CO. , M * YOAK.
Detroit Journal : "I luivc tlrtink the cup
of humiliation to tha drrgnl" ho cried.
Ulttorly shu reviled him for hla weak-
nossiTunkl" she exclaimed , with much scorn.
Chicago Record : "That's n mean mUnn-
tngt' to tnke of u man. "
"What ? "
"Why , this paper snyn that when thcjr
wcro married no was lying helpless on hli
Uuffalo News : "Did you hear about th
woman In Dunkirk ? " asked the kid as In
rolled a rlgnrotte.
"No ; what nliout lier ? "
"Whv , she Bent a halt-dollar to n firm
In lloston who promised for that sum to
send a roclpo on how to get fnt. Two dn >
afterward she rccelvtd a postal card which
lend , 'lluy It of the butcher1 "
Chicago Tribune : "My son , " said the In.
dlKiiaiil father , "I've stood your Impudcnci
lust ni hiiiB im I urn going to Htand U.
ion haven't had ix whipping for n good
while , but you ro going to got onenow. .
Tuko olt jour coatl"
"It won t be necessary , dad , " replied th
hunky boy "i can do > otl up with It on "
New York Tribune : "When I was a
young limn , " snld tlio hardened old cynic.
I used to bo nlrald that 1 wns not Va
liant enoiiBli to become famous. "
, iVul "w ? " nskcd u listener.
"Now , " he replied. "I lm\o decided that I
nm not stupid enough. "
Cleveland Lender : " 1 HOC , " siild the MichIgan -
Igan young man , who him a place In the
AVur department , " ( hut General Mlle-j
Blurted home fiom I'orto Hlco on tha
i1 mlitnke. " replied Ills nuperlor ,
! h ° tmm ° Ot th ° b0at <
eB ? Dam. "
Puck : Muldoon An' so ycr frl'nd
shtood by nil' saw Urannlgan gl\ " you tliol
tlrrlblo batin' vvldout makln' ony offer t' '
hllp > o ?
Duccy ( mournfully-He ) did. Ho ylllort
out "go In nnd win , Duccy , " nn' thin limed
ng'ln ii posht wld his bonds In his pockets.
Rii > cognition wldout Intliervintlon wuz all
Ol got from Casey.
. "If T cv ( > r 'ncklo ' anythlnrt
In the line of Inventions , " ho mild , " 1 Bhafl
endeavor to devise HOIIIO scheme by which
n person Bottlnp on nn open street cat can
do It without sitting In the lap of the fol
low who sticks to the outside scut. "
"I'slunv1" ho exclaimed , "do you want
to spoil all the fun' "
HISU OHOHS AIIMY MIHSI3.
J. E. V. Cooke In Youth's Companion.
The praises of the Admirals nro rlnglnfi
The plaudits of the Generals are singing In
the nlr ;
The men who sailed to sink their llvea
within the Merrlmac
( So dauntless ) they that even death was
fearful to attack ! )
The hard marines whose tactics knew no
signal for retreat ,
In the rnln of Mnuser bullets and the
drench of tropic- heat ,
The rough-and-ready riders In their reso
All make our dally records a continuous
Wo cry them in our stories ; wo chant them
In our verse ,
Hut let us sing n stanza for the Red Cross
She Is In the foremost battle , she is in tha
rearmost tents ,
She wears no weapon of attack , no nrmor
She Is braver than the bravest , she Is truer
than the true ,
She. a.skH not If the soldier struck for red
and white and blue ,
She nskw not If ho fell beneath the yellow
and the red ,
She Is mother to the wounded , she Is sister
to the dead
The victors' cheers rlnir In her ears , but
these she docs not hoed ;
The victims' moans nnd dying groans aro.
given n her meed ,
And many u suffering hero chokes his blind
nud sullen cut so
To smonth It to a blessing1 for the Red
Cross army nurse.
Work on , O , noble nrmy , nnd the crown ot
crowns be- > fours ,
Not always shall destruction be the glory
which endures ,
It Is coming : It la coming ; you arc helping
on the day
When we learn the nobler action is to BUC-
cor , not to slay ;
It IH coming ; It Is coming ; you are aiding
It along. , ,
When wo know the feeblest nation Is as
potent ns the strong ;
It Is coming ; It Is coming ; you are bringing
It to pass ,
When the ships liavo shed their nrmor nnd
the fortresses nro glass ;
Hut In the stormy waiting till the arma-
jr.ontH disperse ,
Our blessings on the flower of war the
Red Cross army nurse !
A Mackintosh is what you
want or an Umbrella. Our as
sortment of Mackintoshes Is the
largest and best that can be
found and they are guaranteed
to keep out the rain. Of Um
brellas we have plenty and at
prices to suit the purse.
Don't get wet keep dry-
when you can do so at such a
a. V. OoiHtB an4 OopjlMjHta.
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