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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 31, 1898)
1IARE1I VANITY SAT UPON
The Mailed list of Abdul Bmitca
Transparent Veils ,
EDICT OF A HORRID OLD TYRANT
Attempt of TnrklNli Women to Show
Tliclr Fncc In Public McciH Mltli
n Iloynl ItcbtifT Kcinlnluo
When I was la Constantinople
months ago , I found an odd utato of affairs
existing In regard to the dress of Turkish
Roracn , notably In regard to the covering of
their faces. I am referring now to Turklnh
* omni of the better class , these who belong
to the more Important harems , and are nblo
to clothe themselves In the richest stuffs
From time Immemorial , It has been the cus
tom of the land , than which no law Is
stronger , for such
women to appear upon
the streets or In their caiques on the Dos-
phorus , or In the queer bullock wagons that
take them for Friday afternoon picnics on
the hills of Scutari , wearing the feradjl ami
the yasmak , the former a sort of capo with
sleeves under It , the latter an arrangement
' Ut l10 could not raak
them H i .i ,
don ten I ' Wh.at KovorcISn could ? ) aban-
fhn y ° f ctKIUCt The
from u , ,
to heart nniV" ? b ° Cn tnkcn ° to °
U ° n ° f
Usc < 1 Wln.t thcm-
Umt , ,
± ' ? f ° hcart far bcttcr
the yasmak had
over done. For now
nothing was easier than to elude the vlg-
of any prying eye , thanks to an
outer garment which made Fatlma different
in no respect from
Ncgdar or Zahra or
Sophia or any other charming woman who
might bo going about the city for purposes
ot her own.
a. . ackBhrou''cd ' ' figure passed through
door and Into a particular house.
who could know or say whether It belonged
there or in some other house ? And at the
holiday Gatherings on the Sweet Waters of
Asia , when the whole winding stream with
Us shading cypress trees swarmed with
caiques , in which sat laughing women , who
THE OMAHA DAILY JJEE : WEDNESDAY , AUGUST HI , 1808. 1)
At his earlier visits the chief eunuch would
remain In the room while ho did his work ,
but afterwards ho would Le left free from
surveillance and could chat with the women
as ho pleased. Ho assured mo that they arc
Ilko a lot of school girls , except that they
have far less Instruction than the average
European school girl , and that they would
worry his llfo out with questions about the
women of America. Endless Is their curi
osity to know how our women dress , down
to the smallest detail , how they spend their
time , and especially what use they make of
the wonderful freedom given them by Amer
ican men. Already many of them In the
house wear European dress , the veils and
charchaffs being put on only when they go
out of doors. Many of them , too , are studyIng -
Ing French and English , with native gov
ernesses to teach them , and are reading
with a great thirst for knowledge such
hooks In thoEO languages as come Into their
"Aro there many pretty ones , " I asked of
the dcnttat , "among these Turkish women ? "
"Of course there are a few , " he said , "but
most of them arc fat and coarse looking
and altocethcr uninteresting. You know a
Turk doesn't think a woman is beautiful
unless she has a figure Ilko a beer barrel. "
"Aro they Intelligent ? "
"Some of them are vcrv , and no doubt
many would develop Into fine women If they
had half a chance that Is , If they had
better instruction and a decent religion. It
of gauze veiling that covers everything ot
the face except the eyes.
Thus clad , the women went about freely
la the streets of 'Stamboul , driving sharp
bargains at the bazars with men of their
own race , or , crossing the Galata bridge ,
wade their way to Pera , the European
quarter , and went shopping on the European
plan at the Don Marche. Sometimes they
went on foot , sometimes In carriages , and
were nearly always accompanied by a dis
creet female slave , for already the old days
of Jealous guardianship by ferocious eunuchs
with scimitars were" In the past.
It Is to be presumed that this greater
freedom accorded to Turkish women carne to
them as a sweet privilege and stirred liv
their breasts that desire for admiration
which Is strong Inall _ daughters of Eve. NOW
that European" fnlluences had permitted them
to step from behind the heavy walls and
latlced windows that used to guard them ,
why should they not got that thrill of pleas
ure which comes from the homage of men ,
even strangers. Why should they not , these
of them who were fair , let the world see ,
as they passed by , not only the langon t
glow of their dark eyes , but the red of the
lips and ( ho smoothness of their brows ,
nnd their perfect teeth ? Plainly , there was
only the yasmak with Us white folds to
prevent such a revelation , and this obstacle
might bo done away with by making the
gauze thin enough , so thin as to be almost
transparent. And the new fashion spread
from ono harem to another until It came
to pass , a few years ago , that the real beau
ties ot Constantinople were offering their
faces to the practically unobstructed gaze of
v hoover cared to look , the only women who
clung to the thicker yasmak of old being
those who had no beauty to reveal.
The Sultaii'H IJIdCovery.
And all went merrily In the Turkish cap
ital , with many smiles through the flimsy
folds and many looks that seemed to say ,
to some dashing Turkish officer or elegant
European : "I am glad you think mo beauti
ful ; " but ono day the sultan , strolling about
In his rose garden , passed near some Turk
ish women who had corno to visit the women
of his palace. And one of the visitors who
was exceedingly fair and knew it , Instead of
withdrawing modestly , and casting down her
oyea as usage commanded , stood before
Abdul Harnld unblushlngly uncovered , or at
least veiled with so fine a gauze that It
might as well have been nothing. And the
eultan , on Investigating the matter and
learning how the new fashion was threaten
ing Turkish notions of modesty , Issued a
proclamation that the women of Constantl-
were to decide whether tho"amiable Turk
In the stern beside this woman or that
woman was there by right of proprietor
ship or by no right at all save that which
levers take to themselves ? For It must be
berne In mind that no one In Turkey , neither
soldier nor officer of the law , would think of
liijuiR hands upon a woman or bidding her
show her face , since a woman's person Is
sacred throughout the sultan's realm , except
to her husband.
No doubt the harem beauty who flirted
thus ran a. certain rlak ; she might wake
up some morning and find herself neatly
sewn In a bag at the bottom of the 1303-
phorus , for Turkish husbands do not trifle
with thcso matters. But when , pray , did
woman let the thought of danger quell
the promptings of her heart ?
After about a year of the charchaff
regime the pashas and men of Influence clo
dded that things were going badly In their
harems , that the women were no longer
content to sit there all day putting henna
on their linger nails and stuffing themselves
with sweetmeats , and waiting resignedly for
their lord and master to favor one of them
with word or look. Rebellion was brewing
among them nnd the heresy of European
notions was working sad havoc. They did
not even bollovo any longer that they were
born to be men's slaves and created to servo
men's pleasure. And the charchaff .was
offering them practical Immunity for very
So , from ono olde and another , appeal was
made to the sultan that the women might
bo allowed or compelled to put aside the dis
simulating charcbaff and go back to the yas-
A TURKISH 1'ICiNiC 1'AUTV
nople.khen they went abroad , should wear
the yasmak no longer , but another garment ,
called a charchaff , a great shawl enveloping
the body from head to foot with a piece at
the front falling down over the face like a I
As the charchaff Is wadeof satin or silk ,
there was no longer any possibility of the
women gratifying their vanity ; Indeed ,
when you see a Turkish woman thus attired
you eee nothing at all , no more than If a
black bag was moving by with a rather un
graceful swaying or waddling. Sometimes
the black bag carries In its arras a baby era
On several occasions. I amused myself by
snapping pictures of these women wearing
the charchaff an ! ono of them Is herewith
rfproduced ; It stows a number of Turkish
Vomen of the \etter \ class disembarking
a DUpnorus ferryboat , each ouo looks
ithrr nn-1 < * nrh one la na
mak , which at least made It possible to tell
who was who , and was now regarded as by
for the lesser of two evils. What consulta
tions and discussions went on in the big
white Ytldlz Krosque no one knows , but at
last , less than a year ago , a now proclama
tion was Issued , which was BO quecrly .
worded that It practically gave women the
choice of dressing as they pleased , so long
as they made some pretense of covering their
face. Which meant , ot course , that even In
Turkey women were beginning to get their
About this time I made the acquaintance
In Constantinople of an American dentist
who has the honor of looking after the sul
tan's teeth nnd In consequence has many
patients , both men and women , among the
highest classes. Ho has spent hours In vari
ous harems and has thus been able to make
the acquaintance of many Turkish women
nnd pt'Vtly tholr chgrartpra and pprullarlMpg ,
Is my opinion they are getting pretty sick
of being treated as animals without souls. "
I have no doubt the American dentist Is
correct In this opinion , and these recent
revolutionary happenings with the yasmak
am' the charchaff are significant of other
things to come they show the way the
wind Is blowing.
A HAWAIIAN ROMANCE.
Story of Ah FOUR : iiiul IIU Beautiful
Family of UntiKlitcra.
There Is a dash of romance In the brief
announcement telegraphed from San Fran
cisco of the engagement of Dr. J. C.
Thompson , surgeon on the United States
steamer Mohican , now in Hawaiian waters ,
to Miss Alice Ah Fonc of Honolulu. The
lady's name Indicates the curious and some
times perplexing mingling of races In those
The history of Ah Fong , the father of Dr.
Thompson's fiancee , is a most Interesting
one. He was a Chinaman who came from
his native land to Hawaii a generation ago ,
either ivs a contract laborer or as a small
merchant. Ho was a man of more than
ordinary ability and Intelligence. It la said
ho had left a wife and children in China ,
but , according to Chinese religion and
custom , this was no bar to his taking a
new wife In Hawaii. He married a beau
tiful half-caste Hawaiian girl and brought
up a largo family of daughters. So upright ,
honorable nnd Just was Ah Fong in all his
dealings that ho won universal respect.
From a plantation hand ho became a
planter , merchant and millionaire. On the
outskirts of Honolulu ho built a residence ,
which , with the tropical gardens surround
ing it. Is described as a dream of loveliness
and beauty. Ills daughters were educated
In the United States and became the most
beautiful and accomplished young women
of the Hawaiian metropolis. To their soft
Polynesian beauty was added the brilliancy
of the Orient and the piquancy and chic
duo to the admixture of the American blood ,
and their society was sought by the most
aristocratic In the city. One of the daugh
ters married Captain Whiting of the United
States navy ; another a Judge of the circuit
court , and others Influential merchants of
Honolulu , the youngest , Miss Alice , now
being chosen by Dr. Thompson.
All this tlmo Ah Fong continued to sup
port his wife and children In China. He
was never Christianized and always were
his Oriental garb. It was a curious sight
to see this full-blood Chinaman In his
magnificent homo or driving out in the
family carriage with his troop of beautiful
daughters , almost as white as American
girls and dressed as such.
The departure of Ah Fong from Honolulu
was as romantic as his coming. About ten
years ago ono of his grown-up sons In
China visited his father In the Islands and
Induced him to return to his first wife ,
whom he bad not seen for twenty-five
years. He told his Hawaiian family of his !
Intention to go home , never to return , and
made the most liberal settlement of his
property upon his wife and children , so
that they were almost millionaires , while
Ah Fong went back to China almost as poor
as ho came.
Dr. Thompson was formerly surgeon of
the monitor Monterey , but went to Honolulu
( on the collier Brutus , being transferred
there to the Mohican. Now that the war
with Spain Is over , Dr. Thompson expects
, to resign from the nayy. marry his young
financea and settle down In Honolulu to
practice bis profession.
I'our Million of Quid Aboard.
CHICAGO , Aug. 30. Word -was received
bore today by the North American Trans
portation company of the arrival at Seattle
of their ateamer Roanoke from the Yukon
with 11.000.000 In gold dust from the Klon
dike , The iloanoke also carries a full list
FIGURING UP THE WAR LOSSES
The Total Much Less Than in a Single Battle
of the Rebellion.
INCURRED CHIEFLY ABOUT SANTIAGO
The Army the Greatest Sufferer Only
One American Navul Olllcer
Killed CiiNiiiilttcB ot
It Is now possible to reckon up with some
degree of accuracy the loss of llfo and limb
In the 111 days' war. The double total 13
probably less than that of single battles In
our civil war , relates the Now York Times.
The Spanish casualties arc , of course , far
greater than ours , but arc difficult to esti
mate because of conflicting reports. The
first defenders of Spanish honor to fall in
the war were undoubtedly killed at the
bombardment of Matanzas , on April 27 , the
war having been declared by congress to
have commenced on April 21.
Shortly after this the cruiser New York
fought some Spanish cavalry at Cabanas ,
thirty-eight miles west of Havana , without
sustaining loss , and on May 1 Dewey won
his world-famous victory off Manila , after
stopping for breakfast when half way
through. The loss on the Spanish Bldi > footed
up 400 killed nnd over 600 wounded. The
American casualties consisted of the wound
ing of six seamen.
Among the Spanish wounded were the
two commanders of the Castllla and the
Don Antonio dc Ulloa and the executive
officer of the Rclna Crlstlna. The captain ,
chaplain , clerk and boatswain ot the Relna
Crlstlna were killed. A few days later
Dewey captured the gunboats Leyto and
Callao , and the Spaniards captured the
American bark Sarauac.
Only American Xavnl Olllcer Killed.
The Vlcksburg and the cutter Morrlll en
gaged the Sauta Clara batteries off Havana
on May 7 without sustaining Injury.
Four days later came the fight In Cardenas
harbor , In which the only American naval
officer to be killed In the war met his death.
The cruiser Wilmington , torpedo boat Winslow -
slow aud gunboat Hudson had entered the
harbor to attack some Spanish gunboats.
In the light a shell burst aboard the Winslow -
slow , killing Ensign Worth Bagley and four
others. The Spanish losses In Cardenas In
cluded one medical officer , three sailors ,
two women , three children killed ; wounded
The day of this skirmish was also the day
on which the cruiser Marblohead , the gun
boat Nashville and the auxiliary cruiser
Windom attacked some Spanish troops be
hind Improvised breastworks at Clenfuegos.
Ono seaman was killed and another was
so badly hurt that ho died later. Captain
Maynard and Lieutenant Cameron Winslow -
slow , both of the Nashville , were slightly ,
and Robert Volts of the Nashville , Herman
W. Kuchnclstcd , John Davis and John T.
Doran of the llarblehead , and William
Levory were seriously wounded. Many other
Americans received trifling wounds. The
Spaniards lost 300 killed and many hundreds
Sampson's bombardment of San Juan do
Puerto Rico , an engagement satisfactory In
Its results , took place the next day , the
Iowa , Indiana , Now , York , Terror , Amphl-
trlto , Detroit , Montgomery , Wampatuck
and Porter Joining In 'tho ' attack. The
enemy responded with a heavy flre , killing
Frank WIdemark , a seaman onthe New
York , and the gunner's mate on the Ani-
phltrite , and wounding seven. The ships
were uninjured. , , TJho Spanish governor
general reported thoiCasualtles In the town
as eight killed and thirty-four wounded.
A second minor attack on Cardenas took
place In .which , seven Spaniards were re
ported wounded , and on May 31 Commo
dore Schloy bombarded the Santiago fortl-
flcatlons , firing on Alorro CastleLa Zoca-
pa and Punta Gorda , Our forces were un
scathed and the Spanish loss was reported
heavy. On Juno G Sampson took a turn at
the forts , silencing them without sustaining
loss. On the Spanish side Colonel Ordonez ,
Captain Sanchez , Lieutenant Yrlzar and
Officers Perez and Garcia were wounded.
An ensign and five sailors were killed and
sixteen sailors wounded. Ono Infantryman
was killed and twenty wounded.
IJOHNCM In the * Marine Corp. * .
Five American ships bombarded Caiman-
era , In the bay of Guantanamo , on Juno
7 , and forty marines went ashore there from
the Oregon three days later. Then they
were joined by GOO moro marines from the
troop ship Panther , under Lieutenant Colonel
nel Huntlngton , nnd the Marbldhead , Vixen
and Dolphin ran up the bay to fire on the
Spanish earthworks. The first battle of
the marines took place Juno 11 , when As
sistant Surgeon John Blair Glbbs of Richmond
mend , Va , , Sergeant Charles H. Smith and.
two privates were killed. The Spanish loss
Is unknown. in the next two or three
days' fighting , In which the marines did
gallant work , Sergeant Major Henry Geode
and Private Tauman were killed and five
privates wounded. There were also some
Sampson's next bombardment of Santiago
resulted In the killing of an officer and thrco
men and the wounding of an officer and
tventy men. On Juno 13 the Yankee fought
a Spanish gunboat off Clenfuegos , and Solon
P. Kennedy of New York was wounded.
Three days later the Spanish general , Joval ,
was killed In a naval attack on Santiago. A
gunner was killed at target practice on the
Yankee by an exploding shell.
Then Shatter effected a landing In Cuba
and moved upon Slboney , and the army
took up its share of suffering and danger.
The daring and famous charge of the Rough
Riders and the Tenth cavalry and the First
cavalry on Sevllla Heights , near SIbonoy ,
when 1,000 Americans fought twice their
number , took place on June 21. The killed
Included Captain Allyn K. Capron , Sergeant
Hamilton Fish , Sergeant Marcus D. Russell ,
all of the Rough Riders ; Captain Maxlmll-
lane , Corporal Whlto of the Tenth cavalry ,
Corporal Doherty and ten privates ; Major
Crow , Lieutenant Colonel Alexander 0 ,
Brodle , Captain McCllntock and Lieutenant
Thomas of the Rough Riders and Major Bell ,
Captain Knox and Lieutenant Byram of the
First cavalry were wounded and forty-six
other soldiers. The Spanish lost 285 killed
The Texas shelled the Santiago batteries
on Juno 22 , when a six-inch shell killed
Apprentice Frank E. Blakely and wounded
CuaunltlcM lit Santiago.
In the advance on Santiago of July 1 , 2
and 3 there were killed twenty-one officers ,
205 enlisted men , and seventy-seven officers
and 1,197 enlisted men were wounded. At
this time eighty-tour enlisted men , of whom
many have since been found , were reported
In the destruction of Ccrvera's Scet on
July 3 Chief Yeoman George H. Ellis of the
Brooklyn was the only American killed.
Three were slightly wounded on the Texas.
The Spanish loss has been estimated at
3SO killed and ICO wounded , Including Ad
miral Cervera himself and Captain Eulate.
Besides this , in the sinking of the Spanish
cruiser Hclna Mercedes , Captain Acoata , five
seamen and twenty-one marines were killed
and a lieutenant and cleveu men wounded.
In the subsequent mutiny of Spanish pris
oners on the Harvard six of them were
killed and fifteen wounded. The loss with
the Spanish cruiser Alfonso XII Is unknown.
General Miles , after effecting his landing
In Porto Rico , at Guanlca , has had such a
gratifying time of It that there were prnc-
Hryjly Tin ArrPrtrr ! * i p ? iT lfff _ firf qln
Mirrors , Frames , Backing and ArtUV
BOILLR ANU : > HEc.TlRuN WORKS j
SticccNiorn Wllftoii A , UraUe.
Manufacturers boilers , smoke Blacks and
fcrecchlngs , pressure , rendering , sheep dip ,
Inrd ami water tanks , boiler tuboH con
stantly on liHtul , MCiotul hand boilers
linueht nnd sold S . HI Ctrl | irrtinv > t to I
repairs In city or country. IQlh nnd Plerco.
ftl'frs 1 Jobbers of Foot Wear
WESTERN AOKNT8 FOll
The JosopU Barugau Rubber Co.
Rubbers and Mackintoshes.
Cor. H1 M entli A ; Faruam S < M. , Omaha.
J3oolst Shoes and Rubbers
Baliiroomi 110M1C4-11C * Uarner StrttU
' . iorse Co.
Boots , Shoes , Rubbers ,
Otnce and Salesroom 1119-21-23 Howard St.
" Importers aud Manufacturers
614-16-18 South nth Street
Growers nnd manufacturers of all fonn ot
CROCKERY AND GLASSW ARE
II Bliss ,
ImporUr and iToMcr
Crockery. China , Glassware
Oliver Plated Ware. Looking Glasses , Chan *
dellers , Lamps , Chlmneya , CutUry , Sto.
1410 FAIIN'AM ST.
Boilers , Englneo , Feed Cookers , Wood Pul
leys , Shafting , Belting , Butter Pack-
aes of all Ulndo.
W7-809 Jon 3 Bt. - - - - - -
E , Smith & Go.
Importers and Jobber * of
Dry Goods , Furnishing Goods
Glhon Barrett and four men , all Sixth Mas
sachusetts , were wounded In a fight before
Yauco , where four Spaniards were found
dead and several wounded. On August C
eight privates were wounded at Guayama.
One Spaniard was killed and t\\o wounded.
Five men were wounded at Coamo August
9. Three days later , at Asomanta , Lieuten
ant J. P. Ilalncs , Fourth artillery , and two
privates were \\ounded and a corporal killed.
Ono man was killed aud an olllcer and fif
teen men wounded near Ilormlgueros.
In the fight at Manila July 31 the Spanish
loss was estimated at 300 killed and 1,000
wounded , and we lost nine killed , ulno seri
ously wounded , Including Captain Helnholdt
Rlchter , and thirty-eight slightly wounded.
The last battle of the war , at Manila ,
August 13 , caused a loss to the Americans
of fifteen killed nnd forty wounded.
The last casualty In the navy was the
death of Emanuel Konlourls , a coal passer
on the gunboat Bancroft , who was killed
during a recent engagement with Spanish
rlilemen at a point of land jutting out Into
Corporal Swanson was killed by a shell
In General Wilson's advance In Porto Illco.
Captain Lee and Lieutenant Mnlnes and
three privates were wounded. The Spanish
loss has not been reported.
Total I.DMm-ji In Until ArinlcH ,
General Var.i del Rey of the Spanish forces
was ono of those killed at Rl Caney. Gen
eral Toral declined to estimate the total
Spanish losses there. It Is safe to say that
their loss In killed In battle on land and
sea Is several times our loss In dead. Ac
cording to the estimate at hand , the nivj
has lost : Killed. 1 olllcer and IS men ( in
cluding Cadet Boardman , accidentally shot
at Cape San Juan , August 10) ) ; wounded ,
3 oillcers aud10 men. The army has lost *
Killed , 23 officers nnd 216 men ; woumlnl ,
S7 officers and 1,350 men. Total American
loss , 24 officers and 261 men killed ; 90 ulfl-
cers and 1,390 men wounded.
The estimating of the number of Ameri
can soldiers uho lost their lives through
sickness in the war Is a moro dl'Ilcult ' mat
ter , because of the lack of complete reports
from all hospitals. At present the Navy
department has no sufficient datu on tho.
matter. As to the army , 220 deaths Is a
The land that Spain must add to men mid
ships In her column of losses Includes ' " 'uba'a
43,319 square milts , Porto Illco couttlni
3,550 nqUare miles , and la the healthiest of
all the West Indies. Guam , or Gunhiiu , la
the southernmost and larytst of the La-
drone group. If we select U as our per-
fijiQl | > n < ri fhnf lf > j" Htv WP TVJ'I fft n fnrHlrv
isSiarslson Orug Co.
902-906 Jackson St.
J. O. niCHAHDSON , PrcsU
a F. WELLER , V. PrcaU
31'fri ftanAitnl fliaftnnomilleM Prepara-
tiont. Kveftul Formulae Prrfarnl to
Vraef Nttiafor Cutittognt.
laboratory , ilU Howard St. , Omaha.
Bruce & Co *
Druggists and Stationers
"Queen Hea" Bpcclaltlt * ,
Clears , WttiHj und Brandies ,
Coma tOtli tad Ilurncy
Electric Wirlncr Bolls and Gas Lighting
a W JOHNSTON. Msr. 1510 Howard SL
I , V3l Farnam Ot ,
and PO WER PLANTS
424 South 15th St.
8. W. Corner l."th and Howard StB.
Uembers of the National League ot CommlB.
jrion Merchant * ot tba UnlUd Statea.
13th and Lcnvemvorth St
Staple and Fancy Groceries
TtA AND COrrU ROASTERS , Etc ,
M eycr & Raagsko ,
IT ) | Teai. Eptces , Tobacco and Clraur * .
I 1403-1107 Uarner Bsretl
fedor 6 Wilblmy Co
Wholesale Hardware ,
f ee-Clark Andreasen
10 hardware Co
Blcjclej tnd SportingGoods. . 1310.81-25 Hu
piece of ground 100 miles In circuit , thickly
wooded , anil provided with a couple of Span
ish forts and a roadstead. The Philippines
have an aggregate area of 11-1,100 square
miles. Wo have taken thirty or forty trans
ports In the course of the war.
IAllll IiA nil DYING.
The Jinn AVIin I.oil ftrrnt Hallroml
Strike ftfiir Illx Kitil.
Martin Irons , the noted leader of the Mis
souri Pacific strike , la now lying 111 of
typhoid fever In a Little Hock hospital and
Is not expected to recover.
Martin Irons was horn In Dundee , Scot
land , October 7 , 1832. Ho emigrated to the
United States with his parents at 11 years
or ago and was placed as apprentice In a
machine shop In New York City. Hero ho
volunteered his small means to enable sew
ing girls to recover wages that wore Ille
gally withheld. That marked the begin
ning of what has been more than a half
century's devotion to organized labor. Ho
subsequently worked at his trade in Carrollton -
rollton , La. Then he opened a grocery
store , but , falling In business , again be
came a mechanic and headed a strike for
ten hours labor a day In machine shoas at
Lexington , Ky. Ho joined the Grangers ,
became master of the largest grange in the
state and established a wagon factory. He
embarked again In business without success
and returned to Kansas City and again
found work as a machinist.
Removing to Sedulla , Mo. , ho became a
member of the Knights of Labor. In 18SC ,
as chairman of the executive board , district
assembly No. 101 , comprising Arkansas ,
Kansas , Texas , Missouri and the Indian
Territory , ho sought to adjust the griev
ances of employes against the Missouri ,
Kansas & Texas railroad , nnd falling In
thct , ordered a strike , which spread to nil
railroad employes of the southwest , causing
misery In thousands of families and dis
turbance of business throughout the coun
"I am getting too old for active work In
labor movements , " said ho the other day
to a reporter. "I will get out of this soon ,
thanks to the splendid nursing and cxceU
lent accommodations. I have several ap
pointments awaiting roe , but I do not think
I shall ever (111 them. I have spent my
llfo In Urn work with llttlo compensation
and now have nothing to show for It. Or
ganized labor suffers fiom the presence In
Us ranks of a dishonest clement which
pushes honesty to the rear , In Arkansas
the Knights of Labor has been ruined by
trickery , treachery and dishonest
-Hanay & Go.
Jf / r
IIAHNKS1 , HADnTih.a ASD COLLARS
Jobbers of Ltathfr , tfaddln'n Hardware , EtO
Vie solicit your orders 1315 Howard Et
ftoiss & So
Proprietors of AMKIUCAN riQAn AND GLASS
24-iS ( Boutli 14th St.
Liquors and Cig&rs ,
1118 Parnura Stre t-
East India Bitters
aolfl n Shear Flire Rye nil Bourbon W
Willow Bpr/08 * Dlitllle/y , Il r * O * * X1U (
Harnty Btr el ,
Wines , Liquors and Cigars *
OJ-4U a Uth
3. A. Moftet. 1st Vice Pre * . L. J. Drake , d n Un
. . . .OILS. . . .
Caroline , Turpent.ns. Axle Grease. Etc.
Omaha Branch and AKenctcs , John B. Huth JIgT.
Printing Paper ,
Wrapping Paper , Stationery ,
Corner lltli and Howtrd street * .
1014-1016 Doilslas Street.
Manufacture anil jobbers ol Qteam , Oaf * n4
Water Supplies of All Kinds *
[ \mt2d States
u Supply Go.
. . .
rio8-iiio Harney St ,
Steam Pumps , Engines and Boilers , PI
Wind Mills , Steam and Plumbing
Material , Belting , Hose , ffito.
r real Western
( Superior Copptr Mired Tjrp * U thi ) tact w
1114 Howard StreaU
For an up-to-date
Head The Omaha Bee
been prominent In Us councils , This man
is J. n. Sovereign. "
AT TIIR FUO.Vr.
Scciio in < lu ; Flclrt
There is ono incident of the day , writes
Edward Marshall in Scrlbner's , which
shines out in my memory nbovo all others
now as I llo in a New York hospital writ- ,
ing. It occurred at the field hospital.
About a dozen of us wore lying thero. A
continual chorus of moans rose through the
tree branches overhead. The surgeons , with
hands and bared arms dripping , and clothes
literally saturated , with blood , wore strain
ing every nerve to prepare the wounded for
the Journey down to SIbonoy. Behind me
lay Captain McCllntock with his lower log
bones literally ground to powder. He bore
his pain as gallantly as ho had led his men ,
aud that Is saying much. I think Major
Brodlo was also .there. . It was a doleful
group. Amputation and death stared Ita
members In their gloomy faces.
Suddenly a voice started softly :
"My countrv , 'tis of thee ,
Sweet land of liberty ,
Of theo I sing. "
Other voices took It up :
"Land where my fathers died ,
Land of the Pilgrims1 pride "
The quivering , quavering chorus , punctu
ated by groans , and made spasmodic by pain ,
trembled up from that llttlo group of
wounded Americans In the midst of the
Cuban solitude the pluckiest , most heart
felt song that human beings ever sang.
There was ono voice that did not qulta
keep up with the others. It was so weak
that I did not hear It until all the rest had
finished wlh the line ,
"Let Freedom ring. "
Then halting , struggling , faint , it repeated
"Land-of-the Pilgrims' pride ,
Let Freedom "
The last word was a woeful cry. One
j more son had died as died the fathers ,
Content ( InSutro Will.
SAN FRANCISCO , Aug. 30. The Kxam-
Incr says : Four heirs of the Adolph Sutro
estate have begun a contest of the will on
the ground that the ex-mayor was mentally
Incompetent to execute a valid Instrument
at the date mentioned in the document.
Those who challenge the probate of their
father'u will are Mrs. R V. Morblo , Mrs. K.
Neusbaum , ICdgar Sutro and Miss Clara
Sutro , Their attorneys will attark the will
on the legal grounds allow r.1 by the statutes
of California. Two of the heirs , Mrs. Dr.
Kmina Murrltt and Churks Sutro , have not
* p"fl In the contest. TUo matter will
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